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FRANCE. FROM THE PARIS CORRESPONDENT OF THE MERLIN." PARIS, TUESDAY, JUXE 26, 1849. Notwithstanding the prevalence of the opinion that there would be a great deal of excitement and agitation about the elections, nothing of the kind has occurred; on the contrary there seems to have been an apathy, on the part of the voters, that will make the number of balloting papers infinitely less than on any previous occasion and ou Pr; iay, when the result is to be declared, it will be apparent that the greater number of the inhabitants of Paris have abstained from availing them- selves of the privilege which universal suffrage coniers; by some this is ascribed to the determination of the ultra-repub- lican party to shew that they conceive that, during the con- tinuation of the state of siege, there is not that independence which is necessary for the lieeaoni of election. The exceeding hot weather is, however, a good argument advanced by many of those who do not choose to oppose the present administra- tion, and yet do not wish to show their r.pprobation of all its acts. The great occupation of the common people, just now, is star gazing. At the corners of all the streets are to be seen large crowds, looking with the most intense in'erest at a beau- tiful star, which even in the meridian splendour of the sun is visible. Even the members of the national assembly have left the business of the nation, and under the immediate assistance of the great astronomer, Leverfier, have ga?ed through teles- copes at the planet Venus. At first there was a great deal of mysterious superstition excited; but as science explained this curious phenomenon, it has given way to an admiration of the wondrous works of n:.ture. 't he news of the surrender of Rome, and its occupation by the French troops, has been received without exciting the least enthusiasm; and yesterday, when it was proposed in the apsemblv to five a vote of thanks to the general and the army, the Mountaineers refusing to vote, lest it might be imagined un that an approval of the conduct of the goven.metit might be implied, a'sufficient number of members was not found to carry ittherefore it has been deferred until to day; but that makes some little difficulty, tor the proposal for a general amnesty is to come on at the same moment. It is expected that the begin- ning of the next week. the -tft" of seige will no longer exist, as its end and aim in influencing the election? has been pro- duced. Arrests are still going on, and scarcely a day passes without the newspapers giving the names of two or turee un- fortunate persons incarcerated, cr seizures made in private houses, of papers. Several companies of the national guard are vet, it appears, to be disbanded and then it is to be hoped that there will be a little )e?s severity exhibited, for all this depression produces upon such an easily excited nation as the French the worst possible effect. What the policynow to be followed in Rome by the ministers is to be, nobody cm guess; nor does the administration seem to be united, so that most probably it will go on floundering about for some time longer, without coming to an absolute decision. Ihe Ue Falloux portion of the cabinet argues, that iftheropebenotrestorpd. with a), the powers that he has hitherto enjoyed, the Itonan church must lego its influence with the European nations; that the balance of states :s pre- served by him, and that Christianity will have no central point as soon as Rome is under any other government. That when that ceases to be the sacred (ity, the great kingdom whose sub- jects are now devoted to that form of religion, will feel no interest in the maintenance of the faith of their fathers, but that infidelity will rise up in its stead. That, in fact, the interests of the people of Rome are to be made subservient to those of the rest of mankind, that they must be made to bear a form of government, which, Cofferer faulty, has been Up to this moment so beneficial to society. It would require much time to weigh all the arguments that have been brought forward oil both sides; but there is little doubt they will lead to the bringing back the Pope to Rome and he himself, with that liberal feeling which be has at all times evinced, will grant such a measure of reforms as will satisfy the greater part of his sub- jects. No one can deny that there has been much to condemn in the manner in which ecclesiastical rule has been exercised, -that the industry and energy of the Italians have been, for centuries, curbed and overpowered but the time has arrived when emancipation has been effected, without rushing into any of those Violent extremes, which modern good sense and reason prove to be unjustifiable. All sorts of reports of the defeats and surrender of the Hun- garian generals to the Austrian-Russian army reach us one Gay we learn that Georgey has yielded; the next day that Kuss has been taken prisoner; but scarcely have we had time to dis- cuss the effects that wiil be produced by such events, than we learn that they are either false, or based upon such slender 's e, foundation, that we find we can believe nothing of the kind that the newspapers promulgate. Although the Austrians may for a time be successful, yet there are many encounters to come there is no prospect of their being able in one campaign to effect b their object,—and the probability is that much time must yet elapse before peace is actually restored. The Prussians have not yet got possession of Rastadt,-it is however completely surrounded. FribJurg, it is said, sur- rendered on the fourth instant. The French government has directed a number of regiments to march towards the Rhine. On Sunday week there was a grand review of the army of the Alps, at Lyons, and on the following day this fine body of men separated into different detachments, the larger portion of which marched towards the Rhine, Colmas being the head quarters. Such is the inveterate feeling of the French army towards the Prussians, that very little would produce a collision, ■which might be attended with the worst consequences for the peace of Kurope. At length tne cholera has nearly disappeared; the daily bul- letins have ceased to be issued it may fairly be inferred, not- withstanding all that has been done to keep the information of the mortality as much as possible under the real average of what has actually occurred, that no less than twenty-five thousand victims have fallen prey to its ravages. Great efforLS are making to pull down old streets, rebuild new ones upon their site, to cleanse the sewers, and establish fresh ones, and to render this city, which certainly with all its splendour much requires it, more wholesome. Large sums of money have been voted by the municipality to carry out these objects, which have seldom obtained in France the attention they deserve. We are still wondering what has become of Ledru Rollin; his lady obtained two or three days since, from the tribunals, permission to receive his rents and his revenues in his absence. The trial of the Sergeant who has broken into the cemeteries, mutilated the dead bodies, and committed the most honible atrocities, for some time, upon corpses, comes on to day The court is so thronged, that it is impossible to find the possibility of an entrance the greatest anxiety is naturally excited. The defence to be set up is insanity; the first physicians and surgeons attached to the lunatic asylums are to appear as wit- nesses. By some it is alleged that thisvampyre fed upon parts of the bodies that he dragged from their tombs, the hearts of several having disappeared. Victor Hugo made yesterday an admirable speech in the Chambers, calling on the Administration to attend to the miseries of the poor, as well as to the infliction of punishment on the insurgents; that the only way to prevent insurrection was to watch over those classes who were suffering. He stated that a poor literary man had actually dipJ of starvation, after being six days without food. From a statistic report it'would appear that nearly four hundred thousand persons are receiving in the city of Paris alms for their support; that nearly one 4undied thousand are Ul absolute Stress, jlQW fiutil i state of things is to be remedied, or what is to be done in the ensuing winter nobody seems to know; and everything seems verging to a state which it is frightful to contemplate. That a restora- tion to a monarchy will be of anv advantage is not to be ex- pected yet there are many who look to it as to their salvation. The presence of the Prince de Joinville, and the last of the elder branch of the Bourbons, in the same city, is said to have led to a mutual compromise whilst the journey which some of the papers assert that Thiers has made to England, haa awakened some suspicion that changes of no ordinary character are at no great distance and that the present President of the Republic has consented to them. What the real value ot such reports may be I will not presume to say, but they art- preva- lent, and in so changeable a people as the French have been always acknowledged to be, nobody can for an instant say what new events ma\ arise to change the whole condition of affairs. i be only intelligence as to the nature of the votes given for the election, it from Caen, when some of the military. on their way to embalk at Cherbourg, gave their vote* they were all in favour of the Ultra Republicans. Fiocon had the largest amount of votes. This is another bad aucuiytor the ministers; but their majority in the assembly is not likely to be much diminished. The number of prisoners that have arrived from Rome is al- ready very considoabte. The goxemor of the lortiess of the Isle of Saint Merquente, so well known as the prison in which the mysterious iron mask was confined, under the reign of Lom« the Fourteenth, has been called to prepare for the immediate re- ception of six hundred prisoners. During the period of the presence of the French army in Rome, there is to be a constant steam communication kept up between Toulonand CivmVecchia, and steam boats are to ply regularly twice a week between those ports.


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