SONG. At parting, Love, I left my heart In keeping safe with thee Nor do I claim it back again— But quickly let me see What interest it has borne since Sit down here on my knee- Our coin is kisses, pay me quick Here—one, two, or three. What-no more ? I fear a client, I see it in the wile Now lurking in these roguish eyes, Now playing in that smile. This glowing blush upon thy cheek Proclaims the truth to me. Why turn away, my dearest love ? Here—one, two, three. But, tell me, while I have been Thus wandering far astray, Has no one falsely come to snatch My dear-priz'd right away 1 Nay, smooth thy brow, I doubt thee not, Yet why so coy to mg ? Forgive, forgive this jealous heart; Here—one, two, three. PERDU. Concluding verse of the "SONNET TO THE MOON," which appeared in the Merlin of Dec. 15. Emblem of God's lov'd Church in sin's dark night, Midst our poor world's sad wreck, unsustained thou art; Rolling in splendid, but reflected light. Blest type thou gladdest many a sorrowing heart; Shine on in glory, sooth'd by thy calm power, Man for a time might dream of nought but bliss; View his short, life but as a troubled hour, And see by faith a happier world than this. Above him now thou shedd'st thine influence sweet, A little while thou'lt roll beneath his feet. K. C. An error of the transcriber occasioned the separation of this verse from the others.
LITERATURE. LORD ERSKINE.—Describing the state of mind of a husband, who, fondly attached to his wife, suspects her fidelity, he painted the different workings of his soul in the most affecting colours and in the most pathetic language—the agonies of suspense—the feverish irritation of unrelieved doubt the struggles of the wounded spirit, as to a fact which, while the heart wished to dis- believe, his mind told him was but too true. The jury followed him with fixed attention, and the audience with deep solicitude for the verdict. He closed the statement with Othello's words from Shakespeare, which so well applied to his case :— But, oh what damned minutes tells he o'er, Who doubts, believes, suspects, but strongly loves This was pronounced with a considerable degree of pathos. But," continued the eloquent advocate, when suspicion is realised into certainty, and his dishonour is placed beyond the reach of doubt, despair assumes her dominion over the afflicted man and well might he exclaim, from the same page- ————— Had it pleased Heaven To try me with affliction-liad he raised All kinds of sores and shames on my bare head, Steep'd me in poverty to the very lips- Given to captivity me and my hopes,- I should have found in some place of my soul A drop of patience. But now-" He stopped, and the effect was visible in every eye in the court The language of Shakespeare, ever true to nature, never fails to make its way to the heart. No one knew how to give it that direction, with more truth and effect than Erskine. The gravity of Lord Kenyon was not proof against the lively sallies of Erskine's imagination. He was particularly partial to him, and always heard him with an attention marked by kind- ness. Erskine occasionally played on his partiality, but which the Chief Justice always took in good part. When any matter of law was started at a trial, Lord Kenyon pricked up his ears, and prepared his note-book to take down the point with great formality. In an action for an assault, which was tried before him at Guildhall, the plaintiff, who was a man of great size and frodily power, kept a public-house of some notoriety, called the Cock, at Temple Bar. It was a house much frequented by country attorneys. A spruce little member of that profession came one evening into the public room, booted and spurred, as ,if just come off a journey. He took his seat in a box, but soon became so noisy and troublesome, that the other guests wished to have him turned out, and called on the landlord (the plaintiff) to do so. He approached the little lawyer with great courtesy, and gave him notice to quit, by informing him of the wishes of the rest of the company, and of his intention to carry them into effect. The lawyer demurred to the law of the landlord, and insisted on his right to the possession of the box, the house being a public one. He valiantly declared that he was inflexibly de- termined to defend his possession, unless evicted by force, and at the same time assumed an attitude of gallant defiance. The landlord, acting under the authority of an habeas corpus of his own issuing, without further ceremony took possession of the person of his puny antagonist, by catching the little man up in his arms, and bearing him in triumph towards the door. The publican's embrace, which resembled the friendly hug of a bear, roused all the indignant energies of the lawyer and being fur- nished with no weapon of defence except his spurs, he sprawled, kicked, and spurred so violently, that the knees and shins of the host of the Cock, to which only his legs reached, were covered with blood. For that the action was brought; and the defend- ant pleaded that the plaintiff had made the first assault upon him, by forcibly taking him in his arms and turning him out of doors. EIskine defended him. He described the combat i,n the most ludicrous terms, and with assumed gravity appealed to the jury, if instinct had not pointed out to every animal the best means of its defence that his client had no weapon of any sort to oppose to the violence of the plaintiff, except his spurs, and which he had therefore lawfully used for self-defence. The turn which Erskine's manner of treating it gave to the case, caused much laughter in the court, and he was not disposed to stop it. To the law cited on the other side, he said he would oppose a -decisive authority, from a book of long standing, and entitled to the highest credit. Lord Kenyon, expecting that some text-book or reporter was going to be cited, took up his pen and put him- self into the attitude for taking down the point. From what ,authority, Mr. Erskine ?" said the Chief Justice. From Gul- liver's Travels, my Lord," was the reply. The effusion of this specimen of the bathos caused much laughter.-Fraser's Mag.
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. As you, Mr. Editor, are ex-officio a guardian of public morals, I beg, through the medium of your excellent paper, to draw the attention of the inhabitants of Monmouth, and more especially of the Mayor, Clergymen, and Bailiffs, or whomsoever else may be the correcting authorities, to that most disgusting and revolt- ing breach of decency and respect for the dead, nightly practised in the Church-yard, by prostitutes and blackguards, who, in the early part of the evening-even before Nox atra cava circumvolat umbra,"— meet there, to carry on, in this the very sanctuary of our families, their" damning dirty lechery." To affix a notice-a Belshazzar-like warning-on the church- wall, to fright away the truants and laggers of the National School, from an idle, and certainly reprehensible pastime, in a spot all should consider as the Holy Land—the Jerusalem of their country,—is at best but a solemn farce-an instance of one-sided Justice Shallowism ;—when these greater-these full- grown culprits aqd offenders-these nauseous screech-owls, who make night hideous,"—have the liberty, or assume it, which is the same scandal, of polluting the graves of our parents, and trampling with their unhallowed feet upon the green-sward homes" of those to whom we still mortally cling, and tenderly cherish the remembrance of. Since death is an everlasting act of parliament," which none -can repeal—neither Kings, Lords, or Commons,-my astonish- ment and horror are excited, that no effective preventive should have been applied to this disgraceful practice-this local shame at once the most gross and the most brutal: the more so, as this may be considered the only rich and poor man's burial place in and for the whole town, and, therefore, where all our fathers meet, and "linger on to immortality." Heaven knows, we all, or most of us, do those things that we ought not to do but to be thus acting, in contempt of the grave, appears to me the very acme of human depravity, and of callous and frozen feelings; and though, as is too manifest, per- sons are most lamentably out of their places both at home and abroad, yet that such scenes of low vice and heartless corruption should be tolerated, after they have been even thus inadequately represented and complained of, will be a sure sign of some- thing rotten in the state of Denmark," which behoves the inha- bitants seriously to consider and correct. It is to aid in the riddance of this opprobrious shame, that I appeal for your assistance, Mr. Editor, to excite public attention and arouse public condemnation and in the name of humanity- by the recordance of all our mourned over fire-side affections— by the honour we should all pay the tenants of the tomb-and who has not, or may not too quickly have to weep for some friend or parent there ?-even in the behalf of our own natural feel- ings, to free them from the indignity and outrage we, in our mind's eye," can behold thus hovering over our manes,—I implore-I intreat the interference of the living, to shield and succour from contamination and insult, the trodden on and un- protected dead, February 5th, 1833. A MOURNER. [We readily give insertion to the above letter, being aware that the nuisance so justly complained of, is absolutely a dis- graW$,°..0Ur town. Why -t e not the constables directed to for [ ti the
HOUSE OF LORDS. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7.—His MAJESTY'S ANSWER TO THE ADDRESS. —The Lord Chancellor informed their lordships that the house had waited on his Majesty yesterday, according to his royal permission, for the purpose of presenting the Address to which their lordships had agreed, when his Majesty had been pleased to return this most gracious answer My Lords,-l thank your lordships for your loyal and obe- dient address. I receive it with great pleasure, and hear with peculiar satisfaction your determination to support me in main- taining the legislative Union with, and due subordination to, the laws in Ireland, which are indispensible to the welfare of my Irish subjects, and to preserve the prosperity, the peace, and the security of my dominions.Ordered to be printed. CHURCH REFORM. Lord King moved for some papers in relation to the revenues of the church. He was glad to hear that at length we are to have church reform, and he was glad to hear that the task of reforming the church had been undertaken by ministers for he was con- vinced that the reform, to be useful and good, must come from the government. It could not be expected that any useful reform of abuses in the church should come from the members of the church themselves. The King's speech recommended an equit- able distribution of the revenues. He hoped that this equalization would take place he hoped that pluralities would be done away with, and he wished in addition, in order that ecclesiastical per- sons might not neglect their duties, that they might be confined to their spiritual functions. These were the important principles of reform which he wished to see carried into effect. He was happy to find that it was now allowed that tithes begot animosity against the clergy, and that a better mode should be adopted of paying them. The noble lord concluded by moving for a re- turn from all the Dioceses of England and Wales, stating the livings, the tithes of which belonged to Deans and Chapters or other ecclesiastical corporations, and thereunto annexed a return of the annual stipend allotted to the minister who served in each parish in 1831. The Bishop of London hoped the noble lord would withdraw his motion, as all the information would be found in the returns ob- tained by the ecclesiastical commissioners. (Hear.) Earl Grey lamented the manner in which his noble friend thought proper to introduce the subject of the discussion and he lamented this on the present occasion, the more especially as his noble friend was aware that the government, in which his noble friend, he believed, placed some confidence, was preparing to bring forward some measures on the subject. If ever there was a subject which required calm and dispassionate considera- tion, this was that subject. He had the highest respect for the church, and if ever he proposed any reform in that body, it should only be with a view of adding to its efficacy, promoting the secu- rity of the church itself, making it more respectable, and placing it completely in safety, as far as that could be done by legislative measures. (Hear, hear.) Never at any time were the clergy- the great body of the clergy of the established church-so respect- able as at present; and never had they done their duty better. The head of the church had shewn a disposition to remedy, he would not say the abuses-that was not the word-but the im- perfections, the deficiencies of the church, as they found them out. He would entreat his noble friend not again to introduce this subject; it might indispose those who were now willing to admit reform so that his noble friend, by dealing in such discussions, would defeat his own purpose. Lord King, in reply, said that he wished to use the greatest possible expedition in taking away the wealth from those who do nothing, and give it to those who do all the work. He wished to see salaries more equally and equitably distributed. The high clergy had done nothing to remedy the abuses of the church, nor would they he was, therefore, most glad to find that the matter was taken up in other quarters, and not left to churchmen, who would never promote reform. The Bishop of London protested against this assertion of the noble lord. EUTl Grey said that his noble friend would find that the infor- mation to be laid before the house would be arranged in the most distinct forms, and would be quite full in every respect. Every, information and assistance had been afforded him by the right rev. prelates, consistent with a view to the security of the esta- blishment. Lord King had no doubt the commissioners had full and au- thentic information as to the whole amount of tithes, but he wanted to be informed as to the exact amount of the reservations. After a word or two from the Lord Chancellor, Lord King withdrew his motion.-The house then adjourned. MONDAY, FEB. 11.—DISTURBANCES IN MAYO.—Lord Teyri- ham moved for a Proclamation of the Lords' Justices of Ireland, declaring the barony of Gallen in the county of Mayo, in a state of disturbance, and requiring an additional force, under the Peace Preservation Act, and for several other papers illustrative of the state of Ireland. His lordship entered into details respecting the Marquis of JSligo, who, on the other hand, explained the part which he had acted, in vindication of his own motives and con. duct. Several complimentary allusions were made to the conduct of the Marquis of Sligo as a landlord. Lord Melbourne consented to the production of the papers, which were ordered to be laid before the house.
HOUSE OF COMMONS. THURSDAY, FEB. 7.—Mr. Wilks presented a petition from the Committee of the Protestant Society for the Protection of Reli- gious Liberty, in favour of the complete emancipation of the Jews. (Cheers.) Mr. Finch asked the noble lord opposite, whether his Majesty's government intended to bring forward any measure for the sup- pression of Political Unions'! Lord Althorp said, it was not his intention to bring forward any such measure. (Loud cheers.) Mr. Finch was proceeding to deprecate the existence of Political Unions, as inconsistent with all regular government, when he was called to order by the Speaker, there being no question be- fore the house. The Speaker intimated that the present was the time to receive all Election Petitions-upon which those against the returns for the borough of Petersfield, the city of Oxford, the borough of Coleraine, the borough of Stafford, and the city of Bath, were ordered to be taken into consideration on Tuesday fortnight; those against the returns for the boroughs of Tiverton and Car- narvon were ordered to be considered on Thursday fortnight. ADJOURNED DEBATE ON THE ADDRESS. Mr. Hume censured the Speech from the Throne, as affording little or no information as to ministers' intentions. They had not even intimated any intention to take off one shilling in amount of taxes, or make any alteration in the mode of collec- tion and the omission made him feel more than ever the truth of the maxim laid down by that great man, Mr. Bentham, that the people should not afford one shilling of taxation, unless their rulers showed a disposition to relieve their just complaints. With regard to Portugal, the people there ought to be left to settle their own differences, and with respect to Holland and Belgium, he was equally opposed to our interference. He put it to the Ifouse to say, whether the affairs of our own country were to be overlooked and neglected, in order to adjust the differences of rival states. In regard to church reform, he was never an ad- vocate for spoliation but if the abuses of the church were to continue much longer, he was morally convinced that spoliation would follow. In the country from which he (Mr. Hume) came, a large proportion of the people were now using all their exer- tions to remodel their own church-a church which was essentially different from the Church of England, and presented none of the abuses by which the latter was disgraced. With this example before us, he warned the noble lord (Althorp) not to apply his remedies with a too sparing hand. He was most anxious to give his humble support to his Majesty's Government; but, as re- garded Ireland, he felt that he could not do so. He should be glad to know if the judge had been impeached, who had taken upon himself to alter the Irish Reform Bill'! Mr. Stanley said he certainly did not agree in the judge's de- cision. Mr. Hurtle-Some more satisfactory explanation ought to be given on the subject. His honourable and learned friend, the member for Dublin, was not the agitator—the right hon. gentle- man was the agitator. He believed the right hon. gentleman in- tended his measures for the best; but, as there was not one man in Ireland who had confidence in him, his removal ought at once to take place. The government of Ireland cost £ 2,000,000. If the grievances of Ireland were redressed, the greater portion of this sum might be saved. The government would, by their con- duct, give additional power to his hon. and learned friend, and make him king. (Laughter.) He hoped the amendment would be withdrawn, and that the amendment which the hon. member for Lambeth intended to propose would be adopted, which was to this effect, after the paragraph calling for additional power-" as may be found necessary but if, under the circumstances which may be disclosed to us, we should be induced to entrust his Ma- jesty with additional powers, we shall feel it our duty to accom- pany that acquiescence in his Majesty's wishes, by a close and diligent investigation into the causes of discontent in Ireland, with a view to the application of prompt and effectual remedies and that, although it is our duty to receive the petitions of the people of Ireland with regard to the legislative union between the two countries, and to leave ourselves free to consider the sub- ject, yet we are ready to support his Majesty in maintaining that union against all lawless attempts to defeat it, or to invade the peace, security, and welfare of his Majesty's dominions." Mr. Robert Fergusson supported the address. Major Beauclerk warned ministers against proceeding in the career which they were pursuing towards Ireland. No allusion whatever had been made in the Speech to the West Indies. Now, if the ministers expected to crush the question of slavery in the West Indies (a laugh), he could tell them that they were very much mistaken. The first ship which would carry out the speech, would bring such news that would produce consternation and terror, the end of which would not easily be seen and, if blood- shed was the consequence, on the heads of ministers be the re- sponsibility. Although he was opposed to the repeal of the le CommisSi'u.01' ?^4 was '"decent in the r rht hon. gentleman r'P declare in that hou vj.titty's govern- Air. Hall said, it might perhaps be deemed presumption in him who had so lately had the honour of a seat in that house, to rise up for the purpose of addressing it after the able and eloquent speeches they had lately heard, and after the lengthened debate which had already been gone into, but he would rather subject himself to such an imputation than sit down and give a silent vote on the important measure before them. He could assure the house, that it was not his intention to take up much of their time, or to prevent hon. members more conversant with the state of Ireland than himself from delivering their opinions, but during the few observations he had to make upon the present occasion, he trusted he might claim the patience and indulgence of the house. (Hear.) The question immediately before them was that an address be presented to his Majesty, in the tenor of the speech from the throne, to which the hon. and learned member for Dublin had moved an amendment, which, if allowed to pass, would compel the house to form itself into a committee, and enter verbatim into the contents of the address moved for by the noble lord. Now he (Mr. Hall) would confess, that, feeling as he did every sympathy for the sufferings of his fellow-subjects in Ireland, he could not but regret the proposition of the hon. and learned gentleman, because he thought it would not tend to any very material benefit, but that the time of the house would be taken up in discussions which, in his opinion, had better be delayed until the questions upon which such discussions must again arise be brought fully and fairly before the house. (Hear, hear.) Upon this ground, therefore, he was not disposed to vote for the amendment of the honourable member for Dublin-but in giving his support to the address, he was well aware that he pledged himself to give additional powers to his Majesty's mi- nisters, to enable them to carry into effect the laws now in ope- rstion in Ireland. He did so with reluctance, because he re- gretted that cause should exist for additional powers but he hoped that in the course of a few days the right hon. Secretary for Ireland would come down to this house fully prepared to lay before it his views and intentions with regard to that unfortunate country, that he would enter into the subject in a tone of con- ciliation, not one of intimidation-(hear, hear)-and that he would explain clearly and explicitly the extent of power with which he desired to be invested. He was willing to place con- fidence in the members of his Majesty's administration, judging of them by their former conduct but although he voted for the address to his Majesty, he must reserve to himself that liberty which every hon. member now had of opposing such additional power, if he considered that the demand was too extensive, or if he deemed it incompatible with the real interests and welfare of the sister country. (Cheers.) He could not sit down without adverting to the real state of Ireland. Let them view it in any way they pleased, he would say that it was in a state bordering upon distraction—the seeds of discord had been sown, and un- less timely remedies were applied, they would reap a plentiful but woeful harvest of misery. Allusion had been made by the hon. and learned member for Dublin, to the absence of a noble lord, and it had been followed up by the noble member for Devonshire. Most sincerely did he join in the regret expressed by those hon. members. He regretted his not being here in a private as well as a public point of view. He lamented the ab- sence of a man endued with every feeling of honour, whose con- duct could only be actuated by a wish to do right; whose ex- cellence of character, and whose integrity of principle could be surpassed by none, but were found equalled in the person of his noble father-(hear, hear, hear)—bearing a title which, con- nected as it was with Ireland, and represented as it was by its possessor, must call forth love and regard from every feeling bosom in his native country. (Cheers.) But what did this ab- sence prove ? It showed that the noble lord would not sacrifice his principle but it also manifested that there was a spirit in Ireland which had proved almost irresistible. He was not one of those who ascribed the present miseries of Ireland to the acts of his Majesty's ministers he would not even lay them entirely on the head of the former administration but he believed that they were the consequences of a long series of misrule, producing internal discontent, and offering food for agitation. (Hear, hear.) He would not now enter into the subject of the repeal of the Union, because if that question should ever be brought before the house he should have future opportunities of discussing it; but at present he would merely state, that although he wished every reasonable benefit to be conferred upon Ireland, and con- sidered that she should partake of the same blessings and com- forts which he as a subject of England enjoyed, he would oppose that measure to the utmost, because he, in his conscience, be- lieved that a repeal of the legislative Union, notwithstanding all that might be now said to the contrary, would tend surely and speedily to a dismemberment of the empire. The hon, member then alluded to the speech of the noble mover of the address, and regretted the tone which had been taken by the noble lord, and after calling upon the house calmly and dispassionately to review the state of Ireland, and laying aside all animosities, to resolve at once to exert itself to ameliorate the condition of that unfortunate country, sat down amid loud cries of Hear." Mr. Tancred supported the address, in a long speech. The hon. and learned member for Dublin had stated with truth that we were on the brink of a volcano. If only one half of what that hon. member had stated was true, he should be willing not only to consent to suspend the habeas corpus, but to appoint the Duke of Wellington, or any other man in whom the country had confidence, to be dictator of Ireland. (Hear, hear.) Mr. O'Connell spoke to order. (No.) He wished to know whether it was constitutional in that house to suggest the possi- bility of the appointment of a dictator 1-The Speaker made some observation, but in so low a tone of voice as to be quite inaudible. -Mr. O'Connell: What the suggestion of the appointment of a dictator over Ireland !—TAe Speaker: I am inclined to think that the hon. and learned gentleman, in the warmth of his feel- ing, somewhat misunderstands what has been stated. There was no recommendation to appoint a dictator. What was stated, was stated hypothetically and, if I recollect rightly, some sug- gestion of of the same kind had been made with respect to the king of Ireland. (Loud cheering and laughter, both of which continued for some time.)—Mr. Tancred had used the expression without the slightest wish to give offence to any one. Mr. Cohbett and two other members rose at the same time. There was a call for Mr. Cobbett, and the others gave way. If, said he, Ireland is good for nothing, as has been said, why not let her go ? You are monstrous loath to part with it. (Hear, hear.) There never was a falser doctrine in the word than that, because Ireland has exported more since the Union than before it, that therefore in the same proportion Ireland is more pros- perous. In exactly the same proportion that the trade of Man- chester increased, in the same proportion have the profits of the manufacturers, the wages of the labourer, and the comforts of the labourer decreased and in these times of excessive pros- perity," there are at least 10,000 persons in Leeds not getting so much as 3d a-day. Mr. Macaulay-I never said a word about prosperity. Mr. Cobbett-The hon. member said, that he had the honour of being the representative of a very prosperous town. He is the representative of Leeds, I remember something that was said by the hon. Secretary for Ireland that pleased me exceedingly. He has given a criterion of the right of resistance and it shows, that a man should not be too confident in what he says, nor be too hasty in pledging himself to any thing. The hon. member for Middlesex, then member for Aberdeen, made a proposition for curtailing the church incomes. The right hon. Secretary for Ireland, a great authority, laid it down as indubitable law, that parliament had no more right to deal with the property of the church, than with the property of any private individual. Yet the right hon. Secretary for Ireland, who made that declaration, has now found out, that parliament has a right to deal with the property of the church-that it is public and not private property. It was necessary, he said, to touch it, and yet to touch it would be spoliation. Nothing is clearer than that the church property is public property; and nothing is clearer than that it is owned by the aristocracy of the kingdom. Not above forty families hold all the church property of Ireland and I ask whether it is the interest of the gentlemen of England to have their estates mulcted to the extent of two millions sterling, according to the calcula- tion of the member for Middlesex, to maintain an army of sol- diers to compel the payment of tithes to forty families 1 Does religion demand It ? Does the religion of Jesus Christ demand it? No—it does not. In these troublesome times, when some refuse to pay taxes, and others talk of resisting this and that, it is extremely desirable to have a criterion or standard of the right of resistance. It has been given to us, and I thank him for it, by the Secretary for Ireland; and, as if his authority were not sufficient, we have the high confirmation of the hon. member for Leeds. They saiabat the Americans resisted, and that they had a right to resist; and they almost added, that they rejoiced in the resistance and its success. I never went so far as that. This is what the Americans complained of: depriving us, in many cases, of the benefit of trial by jury." Let us reflect, that this justified resistance in the case of America, according to the opinions of members of his Majesty's government, I pray you, then, gentlemen, let not us attempt to deprive our Irish fellow- subjects of the benefit of the trial by jury, and thus afford them a lawful cause for open resistance. Mr. Finn entered into a variety of statements to show, that the present condition of Ireland was entirely owing to the sys- tem of misgovernment which had prevailed there. Lord Ebrington contended, that the crimes now in course of being committed in Ireland, did most loudly demand that a strong arm should be interposed for the purpose of preserving property and maintaining order. Sir R. Feel made a long speech on the principal topics in the King's speech. He thought it most important that the house should at length approach to some measure of practical legisla- tion, and that it should consume as little more time as possible in mere debate. He entertained a hope, that the interests, the rights, and the privileges of the church were intended to be main- tained in full vigour. With respect to the Church of Ireland, the words separate consideration" were those to which he objected. If the expression meant that there were peculiarities in the cir- cumstances of the Church of Ireland which demanded the appli- cation of a separate principle to them, he viewed such a declara- tion with horror. (Sir Robert then pronounced a high eulogium on Mr. Stanley.) If long possession and the prescription of more than three centuries, was not powerful enough to protect the property of the Church of Ireland from spoliation, there would be little safety for any description of private property, and much !ess safety for that description of public property which was in hands^gf the lav corporation. He was determined, with the s-A inaintair1-^ as indissolubly connected with the peace, security, and welfare of his Majesty's dominions, the legislative union between the two countries." Do not let it be said that he pursued this course from any desire to recover office. He felt that between himself and office there was as wide a gulf as could separate any man from it amongst those whom he addressed. He wished to say that, although he gave his support to the address, it was not from increased confidence in ministers.— Debate adjourned. FRIDAY, FEB. 8.—The adjourned debate on the address was resumed. Mr. Ruthven, Mr. lioarke, and Mr. Fitsgerald supported the amendment. Mr. Browne said that he had heard nothing which could in- duce him to countenance the amendment. Mr. Peter said that remedy and coercion must go hand in hand. Mr. Rotch said that, if the house should not judge the intended coercive measures necessary when they were proposed, it would rest with the house to withhold them. Putting that interpre- tation upon the words of the address, he should certainly sup- port it. Colonel Torrens said he could not conscientiously vote for the address. His reason was the total omission, in the speech, of any thing like an allusion to the distress which prevailed in this country. Mr. Briscoe said it was his intention to support the address, but regretted that nothing had been said in the speech respecting colonial slavery. ° Mr. O'Dwyer observed that much had been said against agita- tion lately, but, disclaiming any intention on the part of the Irish members to encourage or produce revolution, pledged himself that they would never forego their constitutional agitation until they ridded the country from the baneful influence which the present government exercised over its destinies. Dr. Lushington read an extract from the oath taken by Catho- lic members since the Catholic Relief Bill, remarked, that, when hon. members spoke of destroying the Church, he felt great diffi- culty in reconciling such language with the solemn oblioation they had undertaken. ° Mr. Walter trusted that speedy measures would be adopted whereby the pressure of taxation would be relieved. Under that impression, he should vote for the address. Mr. Shaw observed that he approved of the speech in general • and there was but one allusion made to which he differed— namely, that as to the propriety of applying a separate considera- tion to the adjustment of the property of the Irish church. The hon. gentleman warmly defended the conduct of the Irish magis- tracy, and said, the truth was, the hon. and learned member for Dublin was jealous of every species of authority but his own. (Hear, hear.) The great fault with the Irish magistracy was, that they were content with passive resistance, and that they were not susceptible to the influence of bribery and patronao-e. The hon. and learned member for Dublin called upon the govern- ment to do justice to Ireland but did the hon. and learned member speak in that house as he did when he addressed his countrymen in other places ? That hon. and learned member told his countrymen that no man should hold property in Ireland who possessed property in another country. (Hear, hear.) The sentiments and intentions of the hon. and learned member were plainly pointed out by his own words, for that gentleman had said that he would not be satisfied till he had crossed the threshold of an Irish parliament in College-green, and till he saw justice done to Ireland." He (Mr. Shaw) thought that he had made out to the house that they could not satisfy that honourable member but by the repeal of the Union. For his own part, he (Mr. Shaw) would at once declare that sooner that subject him- self to the mob tyranny that would then indubitably ensne,- sooner than undergo the slow torture of the worst of inquisitions that would be then erected in that country, he would rather part with life at once. Mr. Walker and Mr. F. O'Connor supported the amendment. A division then took place. The numbers were— For the Amendment 40 Against it 428 Majority —388 Another division took place upon Mr. Tennyson's amendment (for which see Mr. Hume's speech). The numbers were— For the Amendment 60 Against it 393 Majority 333 Adjourned till Monday. MONDAY, FEB. ll.CASE OF MR. PEASE.—Mr. Wynn brought up the Report of the Quakers' Affirmation Committee, and gave notice that on Thursday he should move that the affirmation of Mr. Pease be received instead of the usual oaths. Mr. O'Connell presented a petition, complaining of the griev- ances arising from the vestry system, and of the bloodshed occa- sioned thereby, and praying for the abolition of the system. Mr. Slaney gave notice that, on the 25th February, he should move for leave to bring in a bill to secure open spaces in the immediate vicinity of public towns as public walks. Also that, on the 25th April, he should move for leave to bring in a bill to enable journeymen manufacturers to ensure themselves against temporary want, by giving them facilities for raising a joint-stock fund, to be invested in the public funds. Mr. Bulwer asked the noble lord (the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer) whether it was the intention of his Majesty's govern- ment to bring forward any measure relating to the stamp duties 1 The Chancellor of the Exchequer said it was not the intention of his Majesty's government to propose any such measure. Mr. Tennyson gave notice that on the 2d of April he would move an address to the Lords, calling on their lordships to revise their privilege of voting by proxy This notice was received with cheers. Mr. W. Whitmore gave notice of a motion on the subject of the corn laws for the 25th of April. Mr. Beauclerk now gave notice that, on the 1st of May, he would call the attention of the house to the duty levied on malt, with a view to its entire repeal. The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved that the report of the Address to the King be received. Two or three Catholic mem- bers declared against the interpretation that their oath precluded them from legislating respecting the church establishment. Mr. O'Connell considered that he had as much right as any member to legislate on the subject; if not, he trusted he should forthwith be expelled that house. He again strongly opposed the address, and said he should resist the bringing up of the report thereon. He condemned the hypocritical conduct of the ministers. Mr. Spring Rice, in reply to the assertions that the Union was prejudicial to Ireland, referred to various official returns, showing the large sums of English money that had been applied to the improvement of Ireland, and to other officIal documents, proving the advantages which that country had derived from the Union with England. Mr. Cobbett again denied that the increase of exports was any evidence of the prosperity of a country. Mr. Robinson animad- verted upon the line of conduct pursued by Mr. O'Connell and his friends. Mr. Richards supported the address, without pledging himself to approve of the measures of coercion that might be proposed. Mr. J. Browne condemned the conduct of Mr. O'Connell, and repelled the charge of cowardice which that gen- tleman had brought forward against one of his (Mr. Browne's) relations. Mr. M. O Connell contended that there was no cause for the grant of additional powers to the Irish government. Mr. John O'Connell spoke to the same effect. The address having been brought up and read a first time, on the question that it be read a second time, Mr. Cobbett addressed the house at great length, and proposed as an amendment an en- tirely new address. Mr. Fielden entered into various details, to prove the extent of the prevailing distress in the manufacturing districts. Mr. T. Attwood expressed his surprise that, in the King's speech to the first refoimed parliament, no mention was made of the insupportable distress of the people. Mr. Hume considered that it was wasting the time of the house again to divide on a question that had been already decided. Lord Or- melie defended the observations he had made in moving the ad- dress. The house then divided upon Mr. Cobbett's amendment. The numbers were- For the original motion 323 For the amendment. 23 Majority against Mr. Cobbett's amendment -300 Mr. 1. Attioood then proposed two other amendmants, which were negatived without a division and the house adjourned.
POLITICAL ECONOMY. On one occasion, when Mr. Burke was entering the village of Tilford, he overtook Mr. Effingham, walking slowly with his head bent down, and his hands in his pockets. He looked up when greeted by his friend, who accosted him with-" I am afraid your are to be one of my patients to-day, to judge by your gait and countenance. What can be the matter ? No misfor- tune at home, I hope." "No but I have just heard some- thing that has shocked me very much. There is an execution at Dale's." How hard that poor man has struggled," observed Mr. Burke and has it even come to this at last?" Even so, and through no fault of his own that I can see." They are distraining for the rate." Aye that is the way, Effingham thus is our pauper-list swelling, year by year it grows at both ends. Paupers multiply their own numbers as fast as they can, and rate-payers sink down into rate-receivers. This will pro- bably be Dale's fate, as it has been that of many little farmers before him and if it is, he will only anticipate by a few years the fate of others besides small farmers-of shopkeepers, ma- nufacturers, merchants, and agriculturists of every class, always, providing that some radical amendments of the system does not take place." God help us," cried Effingham 5 if so our security is gone as a nation, and as individuals." At present, Effingham, the security of property is to the pauper, and not to the proprietor, however rich he may be. The proprietor is com- pelled, as in the case before us, to pay more and more to the rate, till his profits are absorbed, and he is obliged to relinquish his undertakings one after another field after field goes out of cultivation, his capital is gradually tranferred to his wages' fund, and which is paid away without bringing an adequate return and when all but his fixed capital is gone, that became liable to seizure, and the ruin is complete. There is no more security of propeity under such a system, than there is security of life to a poor wretch in a quicksand, who feels himself swallowed up inch by inch." It is very odd," said Effingham, that none of the checks that have ever been tried, have done any good they seem rather to have made the matter worse." I do not think it strange, Effingham. None of the remedies have struck at the root of the evil, and none could therefore effect lasting good. The test is just this do they tend to lessen the number of the indigent ? Unless they do this, they may afford relief to a generation, or shift a burden from one district to another, or from one class of producers upon another but they will not im- prove the system. I think I dare undertake to prove to any rational being, that national distress cannot be relieved by money, and that, consequently, individual distress cannot be so relieved without inflicting the same portion of distress elsewhere. A child can see that if there is so much bread in a country and no more, if part is given away, the price of bread will rise, and some who could buy before must go without now, which many surplus labourers oa the road feel, saying they are anxious to be em- ployed in the better cultivation of lands now in tillage, or to be allowed to hire such small portions of waste land as would em- ploy the days their services are not engaged by others, and the rents of such small tenants have been eminently well paid. But in some places this has been objected to, from fearing that if produce increased, prices would fall but surely, in 1831, farm- ers would not have been losers if they could have supplied the 2,319,461 quarters of wheat (nearly equal to the fifth-part of the average growth of England and Scotland) which were imported } and if they had raised more than was wanted, are there not capi- talists in London, &c., ready to have stored it till the ports would otherwise be open to foreign corn, and England be sup- plied with her now burthensome hands, instead of in scarce sea- sons depending on foreigners—perhaps enemies ?"-ILlustmtions of Political Economy.
Cobbett's position in the house is singular enough in some respects. There is hardly a public man there who has not, some time or other, been tortured on the "Gridiron;" or, at least, abused with all the vigour and skill which even Cobbett's ene- mies admit him to possess. He now sees himself surrounded by those whom he has been lashing for many a year, with no very nice regard for their feelings or opinions. This, to most men, would be an awkward circumstance but not so to Cob- bett. He has nerve enough to brazen out the results of his writings, and confront those in the House whom he has attacked out of it. He comes, besides, to the House, as a veteran poli- tician, well experienced in debate, and prepared to defend as well as attack. It may be safely prophesied, however, that he will be rather feared than loved by hon. members generally. 'I he reminiscences of past attacks will preclude much cordiality whilst the opportunity now afforded of returning blow for blow will not tend to an accession of kind feeling. Sir William Home's first trial as member for Marylebone is any thing but satisfactory. He had been requested by his con- stituents to attend the great public meeting, held on Monday week, in that borough, to petion for the repeal of the house and window taxes. He did not condescend to send any answer to the letter of the committee. Verily, his constituents ought to re- member him for this. The Republican and Carlist editors of the French journals have been lately deciding on the merits of the Duchess de Berri by firing pistols at one another. The p.iitisans of the Duchess, not approving the terms in which their mistress had been spoken of, challenged the radacteurs of the respective journals en masse. Much recrimination and counter absurdities followed, and two or three duels resulted, to the disabling of as many editors, who, for some time, will not be able to hold a pen, in consequence of having held a pistol. INGENIOUS THIEVES.—A few days ago, a well-dressed man, with an eye-glass hung from his neck, a switch in his hand, and a young and pretty woman on his arm, entered the restaurant of M. Deffieux, on the Boulevard du Temple, and after having, in half French and half English, announced that he came in conse- I ons quence of the high repute of the fare of the house, which he had heard of in London, ordered a dinner of every delicacy to be served in a private room. They were accordingly shown into one, and the waiter having furnished the table with three silver spoons and forks. The waiter asserted that he had already laid them upon which the gentleman became highly incensed, and insisted upon seeing M. Deffieux himself. Complaint was made of the insolence of the waiter, and a search of the two guests, upon the peremptory demand of the Englishman, was made but nothing was found. The most abject apologies were then tendered by the accusing garcon, and offended dignity was appeased. The dinner was served and eaten the bill, amounting to 28f., was paid, with the addition of 2f. to the waiter, as a token of amnesty. This tete-a-tete party had scarcely wtthdrawn, when two good- looking persons entered, and took their seats in the places which had just been vacated. Dinner was ordered, served, eaten, and paid for. The room being again vacant, the waiter entered to clear the table and, happening to move it, he heard something fall on the floor. On looking he found on the ground one of the missing silver forks, and on the under side of the table a large patch of pitch, bearing the impression of the six articles of plate which had caused him so much uneasiness. They had been thus concealed by the first party, and were there found and carried off by the second, who were their confed rates in this ingenious mode of robbery. Two days afterwards a similar manoeuvre was per- formed with equal success at another restaurant in the Bois de Romainville.—Galignani's Messenger. EXTRAORDINARY LONGEVITY.—The Jamaica papers mention the death of Joseph Ram, a black, at the extraordinary age of 146 years. HOT-PRESSED.—A punster, observing two sheriff's officers running after an ingenious, but distressed author, remarked, that it was a new edition of the Pursuits of Literature," unbound, but hot-pressed. THE SNUFF-TAKER AND SIR G- R-Some time since, during the argument of a heavy cause in the Court of Chancery, a friend having in vain endeavoured to draw the attention of the witty Sir G-, then Mr. R-, from his brief, as a last re- source presented him with a pinch of snuff. Sir G-, however, on declining the offer, observed, with an air of solemnity, Had the Creator intended my nose for a dust-hole, he would not have turned it upside down."—The Lawyer.
MARKETS. CORN EXCHANGE, MARK LANE. Monday, February 11.—Our supplies have been, since this day se nnight, of English wheat, barley, malt, and flour, as also Irish oats (29,013 quarters,) great; of Irish and Scotch wheat and flour, English oats, beans, and peas, and Scotch oats, moderately good of seeds, from all quarters, but limited of any kind of foreign corn or flour, none. This day's market was, for that of a Monday, particularly in the early part of it, thinly attended both by London and country buyers and, as most of these seemed disposed to deal sparingly, except at a reduced currency, trade was, consequently, with each kind of corn, but more especially grinding bailey and oats, as also malt, pulse, seeds, and flour, exceedingly dull, at nearly last week's prices. Current Prices of Grain, per imperial quarter.-English Wheat, 45s to 61s; Rye, 32s to 35s Barley, 21s to 34s Malt, 35s to 60s; White boiling Peas, 36s to 42s Grey Peas, 32s to 34s Small Beans, 34s to 36s Tick Beans, 28s to 32s Potatoe Oats, 19s to 23s; Poland Oats, 16s to 20s; Feed Oats, 12s to 18s: Flour. 40s to 50s.-Rapeseed, new, f21 to £ 25 per last.—Lin- seed, 011-cakefl 1. 00s to £11. lis per 1000. Account of Wheat, 5fc. arrived in the Port of T.ondoJi, during the Week ending February 2, 1833. Ors Wheat- ( Barley. ( Malt. ( Oats. Beans. Peas. 8,018 6,730 | 4,798 39,632 2,077 | 1,226 Flour, 7,866 sacks, and barrels. Imperial Average Price of Corn and Grain, for theweek ending January 29. Wheat 53 3 I Oats 17 2 Beans 33 8 Barley .27 5 | Rye 35 2 Peas .36 0 Aggregate Average of the Six Weeks, which regulates Duty. Wheat 52 11 ( Oats 17 6 Beans 31 10 Barley 27 11 Rye 32 8 | Peas 38 5 Duty on Foreign Corn. Wheat 34 8 Oats 21 3 Beans 22 9 Barley 21 4 Rye 21 3 Peas 12 6 SMITHFIELD MARKET. Monday, February 11.—This day's supply of each kind of fat stock was limited, but trade, owing to advanced prices being stiffly demanded, was, with each kind of meat, exceedingly dull. With prime small veal at an advance of about 2d per stone with beef, mutton, coarse and inferior veal and pork, at Friday's quotations. (Per stone of 81b. sinking offal.) Inferior beef, from 2 4 to 2 6 1 Prime beef, from 4 0 to 4 4 Ditto mutton. 2 4 tg 2 10 j Ditto mutton. 4 6to5 2 Middling beef 2 8 to 3 0 Veal 3 8 to 5 R Ditto mutton. 3 6 to 3 10 J Pork 3 2 to 4 10 Suckling calves, from 12s to 36s and quarter old store pigs, 12s to 18s each. Supply of Cattle at market :-Beasts, 2,266; sheep, 16,120, calves, 102; pigs, 120. HOPS. Borough, Monday, February 11.—Our hop trade is merely retail, at last week's prices. Currency: East Kent, in pockets, 1830, X5. 5s to £6. 5s; 1831, X7. 7s to £ ?.. 10s 1832, £8. 8s to XIO. 10s Mid-Kent, 1830, E4. 15s to X6. Os; 1831, f6. 6s to f7.10s; 1832, f7. 10s to X9. Os; Sussex, 1830, £3. 15s to X5. Os; 1831, Z5. 5s to £ 6. 10s; 1832, X6. 6s to £7. 7s; Essex, 1831, £0. 00s to XO. 00S. MONMOUTH: Printed and Published for the Proprietor by JOHN NASH, at the General Printing-Office, Monnow-street. London Agents:- Messrs. Newton and Co., Warwick-square; Mr. R. Barker, Fleet-street; Mr. G. Reynell, Chancery-lane; and Mr. S. Deacon, Coffee House, No. 3, Walbrook, near the Mansion House, where this Paper is regularly filed. Agents for Ireland, Johnston and Co., Eden Quay, Dublin.