A SONG FOR OUR FATHER-LAND. o HURRAH Here's a health to the land, Brave brothers, wherein we were born Here's a health to the friend that we love Here's a hand for the man that's forlorn! Let us drink unto all Who help us or lack us, From the child and the poor man, To Ceres and Bacchus, And to Plenty (thrice o'er !) not forgetting her horn Here's a health to the Sun in the sky,- To the corn,-to the fruit in the ground,— To the fish,-to the brute,-to the bird,- To the vine,-May it spread and abound! To good fellowship and friends, Whom we love or who love us, Far off us, or near us, Below us, above us For a friend is a jewel wherever 'tis found. Here's a curse on the times that are past! Were they better-but now they're no more. Here's to all that is good—may it last! Here's a health to THE FUTURE—thrice o'er! May the Hope that we look upon Never deceive us May the Spirit of Good Never fail us or leave us, But stand up like a friend that is true to the core! Ambition,—oh, lay it in dust! Revenge,—'tis a snake let it die And for Pride,—let it feed on a crust, Though sweet Pity look out from the sky But Wisdom and Hope And the honest Endeavour- May they smile on us now, And stand by us for ever, Fast friends, wheresoever the tempest shall By
CONGREGATIONAL SINGING. To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. MR. EDITOR,—Permit me, through the medium of your ex- cellent paper, to call the attention of the lovers of Psalmody, and more especially the members of the Established Church, to the great and important, but lamentably neglected duty, of .public praise. Time was when the congregations of the Lord joined heart and voice in this most delightful exerise-when the very walls re-echoed to the melodious strains of adoration, wafted up to the Most High. But now, alas! our congregations, for the most part, have so far degenerated from the practice of the Primitive Christians, as to have bcome mere hearers, silent spec- tators, while a very few paid individuals are engaged in singing the praises of Him from whom all blessings flow so that the great mass of worshipers may be said to sing by proxy. To re- remedy in some measure this much to be regretted neglect of a paramount duty. I would propose, that a course of plain tunes, to be gone through every month, or two months (as the Old 100th, Bedford, &c.), be selected, and that they be sung in rotation throughout the year. The words (which should be given out line by line) may be varied for a change without changing the tunes. An organist, singing master, or leader, should be z' engaged to attend a given place, twice a week, for the purpose of rehearsing the tunes intended for the following Sunday, when the charity children (if any), and all other persons so inclined, should not only be allowed but invited to attend. I have no doubt, that were some such simple plan adopted, and were the attention of our congregations awakened to this most pleasing devotional exercise by exhortations from the clergy, the evil of which I complain would be greatly lessened. The best existing model of congregational singing is, in my opinion, among the Wesleyans. It has often grieved me, when in the house of God with females, whom I knew to possess fine vocal abilities, to see them with their mouths closed during the whole time of singing. Some allowance may, perhaps, be made on the score of shyness and timidity, but such feelings should not be fostered in the service of the Almighty. Hoping that every individual whose eye may catch these lines, will use his utmost influence to effect the revival of Congregational Singing. I am, Mr. Editor, Caerleon, July 6, 1831. A CHURCHMAN. The above would have appeared before, but having been by some accident mislaid, it has only just come to light again.-ED.
jHierrllatiB. WHEEL CARRIAGE WITHOUT STEAM OR HORsEs.-Several weeks since we stated that an ingenious shoemaker of this town had constructed a small wheel carriage capable of containing two persons. The inventor having subsequently made some improve- ments in his vehicle, we made trial of it on Saturday se'nnight, and were very much pleased with the result. On a good Mac- adamized road, it is our opinion that this carriage, even in its present state, would travel at the rate of eight miles in the hour, with moderate and agreeable exertions of those within it. We expect soon to announce a public exhibition of the carriage, when a proper place has been found. A long level rope-walk would answer very well, or a very large warehouse room. The princi- pal imperfection in the vehicle at present is the difficulty in turn- ing at an angle; but this is no defect in the principle, and may easily be obviated. We trust that the exhibition will do some- thing towards remunerating the ingenious inventor for the ex- pense and trouble he has incurred in bringing it to its present state.-Liverpool Mercury. ARTILLERY.—NEW INVENTION.—A Custom-house officer at Milan, of the name of Console, has invented a machine which entirely supersedes, in the artillery, the matches, &c. necessary for the discharge of cannon and does the same service in all weathers, by night or by day, and at the same time precludes all the dangers to which men loading guns are frequently exposed in the field, from too great haste or carelessness in the use of those burning substances. It has the advantages that the enemy per- ceive nothing till the piece is discharged, that the firing is more rapid (one shot every four seconds) and, what is peculiarly worthy of attention, the saving of expense, in comparison with other modes of firing, is very great. The machine consists of an iron cylinder, within which there is a ramrod which being drawn and pressing on a case, or cap, in front, with fulminating powder, recoils with great force, and thus effects the discharge of the piece. The importance and the ingenuity of the contrivance are in the case. The secret is known to nobody, and the in- ventor will not disclose it till his improvement is adopted by the artillery in general. The machine is so light that one man can use it without inconvenience like a common ramrod; at the same time'it is so durable that 5,000 shot may be fired in succession without weakening its power. The expejiments fully satisfied all those who witnessed them.-Literary Gazette. To REMOVE GREASE OR OIL SPOTS TROM SILK.—Reduce any quantity of Venice clay or chalk into a very fine powder, form it into a paste with soap water, and divide into small cukes, to be dried by a stove. Mode of application Place the stained silk on a clean cloth, put on the stain some of the compost in pow- der, and over it a piece of silk paper over the paper is to be passed a hot iron by this means the grease is melted and ab- sorbed by the paste. Some of our fair readers may not deem it uninteresting to learn the following very simple process for preserving ornamental feathers, from injury by insects. The articles must be sponged with weak lime water, and then dried. They should be kept in a very dry place, and when about to be used should be slighty beaten and shaken in the air. WINDMILLS.-It is not generally known that we are indebted for these universal and very useful machines to the Saracens. They are said to have been originally introduced into Europe by the Knights of St. John, who took the hint from what they had seen in the crusades. A READER.—William King, the poet, at eighteen years of age, was elected to Christ's Church, where he is said to have prosecuted his studies with so much intenseness and activity, that before he was of eight years' standing, he had read over and made remarks upon upwards of twenty-two thousand books and manuscriptss-The Casket. CONCISE WILL AND TESTAMENT OF A MAN OF PROPERTY.-—I have nothing I am debt for everything the rest I give to the poor.—Tatler. RUINED CITIES.—The tradition of ruined cities is common to all countries. In Cornwall it is believed that the land formerly extended many miles farther than it does at present, and that some of the neighbouring islands formed part of the Continent. On the coast of Brittany there is a tradition that a city now de- stroyed by the sea, once exceeded in magnificence the present capital of France. The same story is related in Cornwall and Somerset. On the coast of North Wales, the present inhabitants say that about the year 500 A. D., a great number of cities, and the whole of a tract called the Lowland Hundred, were destroyed, and now form part of the Bay of Cardigan. On the coast of Suffolk, Dunwich, or the splendid city, is said formerly to have contained 52 churches and monastries, which have beeen swal- lowed up by the sea at present it has no place of public wor- ship.—Mirror.—To these may be added Winchelsea, and the remarkable inundation of Lough Neagh, Ireland, alluded to in the Irish Melodies. A REFRACTORY MOUNTAIN.There is in the neighbourhood of Algiers a high hill, which, from the darkness of its colour, has acquired the appellation of Corra Dog (the Black Mountain). Mussulmaun tradition says, that when Abraham was building the Beit Allah (the celebrated mosque at Mecca), the Creator ordered every mountain in the world to contribute its proportion. Corra Dog alone would not comply, and was thus blasted for its obstinacy. Some of the early Rabbins, it will be recollected, have not scrupled to assert that a portion at least of the punish- ment of Cain consisted in a similar injury done to his com- plexion. A FLY TRAP.-As the season of the year has now arrived when these little insects are in the hey-day of mischief, it may not be useless to adopt the following method for entrapping them -It is simply a tumbler glass, into the mouth of which a paper funnel is passed, the pipe of the funnel to pass within an inch of the bottom of the glass. If sugar, treacle, or some such pala- table and enticing mixture is strewn on the bottom of the tum- bler, the flies will enter throuh the funnel, and as it is much easier to get in than to get out again, they may be taken by this means in hundreds of thousands. It appears by an article in the East India Magazine for August, that the population, towns, villages, and houses, in Lower Ben- gal, which forms only a small portion of the Anglo Indian Empire, is as follows :-Towns and villages, 154,268; houses, 7,781,240; population, 39,957,561. RECEIPT FOR MAKING GOOD TOILET-SOAP.—Spermaceti, 4oz ox gall, 2oz honey, 4oz essence of rosemary, 2oz six pow- dered citrons white sugar rubbed on the citrons, toz; spirit of roses and of Portugal, of each3 oz. (Those spirits are made by dissolving a few drops-say fifteen or twenty-of the essences, in the required quantity of proof spirit.) The foregoing being at hand, take 21b of white soap cut into small pieces, and the sper- maceti—melt them together over a slow fire, then mix with the honey and ox-gall. The juioe of citrons being pressed out, mix it with the sugar, spirits of rosemary, &c. and blend all the in- gredients over a fire sufficient merely to liquify them. When the mixture is completely homogeneous, it is to be run into shapes. M. de Masson asserts that be knew a lady of the Russian Court, in the reign of Catherine II., who kept a slave, who was her perruquier, shut up in a cage in her own chamber. She let him out every day to arrange her head-dress, and locked him up again with her own hands after the business of the toilet was over. His box was placed at her bed head, and in this fashion he attended her wherever she went. His fare was bread and water. He passed three years in this captivity, the object of which was to conceal from the world that this lady wore a wig. The close confinement was a punishment for running away from her service the meagre diet a measure of revenge, because he could not prevent her growing older and uglier every day.- Memoires Secretes sur la Russie. A young officer was once vaunting that he was born, not only on the same day as Frederick the Great, but within a few seconds after that illustrious monarch came into the world. Then, by my soul," exclaimed a brother of the sword, you have the honour of claiming to be-the Jirst blank after the great prize." EXTRAORDINARY MELON.—On Tuesday a melon was cut by Mr. Bartlett, nurseryman, of New Bond-street, Bath, measuring 3 feet in circumference, and weighing 19^1b. This melon is re- presented as the largest ever seen in England.Bath Chroni- cle. CURIOUS CAUSE OF EXEMPTION FROM CHOLERA.—The ltle- dical Gazette contains a communication from a spanish physician, giving as the result of his experience, that cholera always spares a certain number of persons, and of these invariaby, are those individuals who have the itch." The cure of locked jaw in a horse, has been performed, by simply using the muriate of soda, or common table salt, with se- vere bleeding. The horse took about 5! pounds. Dutch wives generally assist their husbands in their business, often taking the most active share in it; and it is a common re- mark in Holland, that were the women have the direction of the purse and trade, the husbands seldom become bankrupts. A young Russian Nobleman, travelling in Germany, struck with great violence the postillion who drove him. Take care," said a bystander, you will kill him Oh as for that mat- ter," said the Russian, I am rich enough to answer for it. What do they charge for postillions in this country ?" On the evening of Saturday, John Douglas, the gardener at Youngfield, brought a potato stalk to our office, consisting of six branches, the longest of which measures 7 feet 8 inches. The others are little inferior in length.—Dumfries Courier. PUBE AIR.-Dr. Van Marum has recently discovered a very simple method, proved by repeated experiments, of preserving the air pure in large halls, theatres, hospitals, &c. The apparatus for this purpose is nothing but a common lamp, made according to Argand's construction, suspended from the roof of the hall, and kept burning under a funnel, the tube of which rises above the roof without, and is furnished with a ventilator. For his first experiment he filled his large laboratory with the smoke of deal shavings. In a few minutes after he lighted his lamp, the whole smoke disappeared, and the air was perfectly purified. In the garden of Mr. Joseph Train, Castle Douglas, may be seen a holyhock, which, in all probability, has no fellow in the British Isles. This remarkable plant measures 152 inches in height (12 feet 10 inches) while the flowers, 400 in number, so far from being common, are as double as a rose, and are of a deep violet crimson colour.—Dumf ries Courier. One evening a respectably-dressed caballero entered the shop of the most extensive silversmith in Santiago de Chili, and re- quested to look at some images of the Virgin Mary, which were shown to him of various size and manufacture, and while the shopman was seeking for other specimens, the stranger slipped one of the most costly under his cloak, and saying he would like to have a friend's opinion before he made a purchase, took leave of the silversmith with the customary good wishes, Queda asted, con Dins; Yo me voy con la Virgen Remain with God I go with the Virgin this he literally did, nor was the witty theft discovered until the perpetrator had time to escape with his prize, valued at 1000 dollars. The old silversmith recounts the anec- dote to all his customers, and gives every credit to the robber for his polite farewell. The first application of gunpowder to small arms appears to have been made by the Germans soon after the invention of can- non for in 1471 we find that Edward IV. brought over into England 300 Flemings, armed with hackbuts or harquebusses.- The Spaniards are said to have adopted them in the army so early as the reign of Philip II. and that monarch caused them to be made of a large calibre, and so heavy that a forked rest was requisite to hold them in taking aim. They were used at the siege of Rhize, and by the Emperor and Pope Leo in 1521. The French had availed themselves of this arm in 1567, to the extent of four harquebusses in each company. Harquebuss soldiers formed a part of the English forces in 1540 and Peter Van Collins is mentioned by Stowe as the first gunsmith in 1543. Naull Shah, when encouraging the Persians to attack the Turks, said—" You need not have any fear or anxiety respecting this nation, for God has given them but two hands one of which is absolutely necessary to keep on their caps, and the other to hold up their trowsers and if they had a third, it would be em- ployed to hold their pipes; they have, therefore, none to spare for a sword or shield." A barber, not 100 miles from Windsor, advertises that he has invented a machine for cutting hair, which will effectually pre- vent baldness or the hair turning grey and also restore the hair to parts of the head from which it had fallen off! What next 1 M. Tayrot, a French physician at Warsaw, has repeated the bold experiment of the celebrated Desgenettes in Egypt. In order to ascertain the possibility or impossibility of the cholera being comnrunicated by contact, he has caused himself to be in- oculated with the blood of a living person with the disease.- French Paper. A gentleman coming out of the Court of Chancery last week, happened to push against a barrister, who peevishly exclaimed, Do mind where you go, sir don't tear one to pieces." ".No, sir," replied the other, that is your business." MEMORY OF A Bui.i.FiN( n.—The late Sir W. Parsons, when a very young man, took great delight in a piping bullfinch, which he had taught to sing God save the Ring. When he was about to visit Italy, he entrusted the favourite to a married sister, of whose humanity he was well assured and on his return the first visit he made was to his sister, who, with all reasonable allow- w ance for brotherly affection, strongly suspected that she was in- debted to the bullfinch for this special attention. The bullfinch had been long in declining health, and was at the moment thought to be dying. Sir William, full of sorrow, opened the cage-door, put in his hand, and spoke to the bird the bird re- collected his voice, shook its feathers, staggered on to his finger, piped God save the King, and fell dead. There is nothing, perhaps, in this story that needs a warranty, but we have it on I authority which cannot be questioned.—Alheiwnm.
SMITHFIELD MARKET. Monday, August 29.-In this day's market, which was through- out largely supplied, the trade was with each kind of meat very dull,—with beef and lamb at a depression of full 2d per stone with mutton, veal, and pork, at barely Friday's quotations. The supply of sheep and beasts was the greatest of the present sum- mer. As, however, most of the respectable butchers frequenting the market, who have or can hire grass to keep forward in, will augment their purchases for the purpose of avoiding, as much as possible, the confusion and inconvenience of Bartholomew fair on Monday next, it will probably be nearly or quite all sold. (Per stone of 81b. sinking offal.) Inferiorbeef, from 2 2 to 2 6 Prime beef, from 3 6 to 4 2 Ditto mutton 2 6 to 2 10 Ditto mutton. 3 10 to 4 6 Middling beef 2 10 to 3 0 Veal. 3 8 to 5 0 Ditto mutton. 3 0 to 3 4 | Pork 3 4 to 4 4 Lamb 4s Od to 5s 4d. Suckling calves, from 12s to 42s and quarter old store pigs 12s to 18s each. Supply of Cattle at market:—Beasts, 2,956; sheep, 27,220; calves, 185 pigs, 160.
MINING.—Sold August 18, at Redruth. Copper Ore 225frtons. Amount of Money £ 14,403 6 6 Average Price 6 7 6 Average Standard 97 4 0 Average Produce per cent. 93 Quantity of Fine Copper 212 tons 0 cwts, METALS. Iron, in Bars per ton £ 6 5 0 tofo 0 O Pigs 4 15 0 to 5 0 0 Hoops 910 0 to 0 0 0 Steel 30 0 0 to 0 0 0 Tins, in Bars per cwt. 318 0 to 0 0 0 ———— Ingots 3 17 0 to 0 0 0 Blocks. 3 16 0 to 0 0 0 Quicksilver per lb. 0 1 10 to 0 0 0 Copper, in Sheets 0 0 10 to 0 0 0 Cake per ton 85 0 0 to 0 0 0 Lead, Pig 13 10 0 to 0 0 0 —— Milled or Sheet 14 10 0 to 0 0 0 Bars 14 0 0 to 0 0 0
PORT OF ^|||# NEWPORT. A List of Vessels which have entered Inwards, with Cargo, and cleared Outwards, at this Port, in the week ending the 23rd of August, 1831. INWARDS. WITH TIMBER.—Prince Regent, G. Bosence, from Quebec, consigned to Thomas Prothero and Co. WITH SLATES.—Gyndan, Jones; and Betsy and Martha, Jones, from Portmadoc. WITH BLOCK TIN.-Cork Packet, Stevens and Mount's Bay, Mitchell, from, Penzance.—Cornubia, Nicholls, from Truro. WITH FLOUR.—Ceres, Veal, from Youghall. WITH CATTLE.— William, John, from Cork. vVrrH CATTLE AND SIIEEP.—Margaret, Evans, from Ross. WITH SUNDRIES.—Moderator, Johns; Carleon, Saer; Bristol Packet, Scott; Friends, Harwood Mary, Coombs; George, Johns; Ann, Richards; Biothers, Luff; Turtle, Wood; and Henrietta, Moxley, from Bristol.-William, Clampitt, from Car- diff.-Memnon, William, from London.-Friends, Whitfield, for Padstow. OUTWARDS. VVITH IRON,—Lima, Lord, for Boston.—Brothers, Luff, for Bristol.—Eleanor, Seedman, for Aberdeen.-Benjamin, Hooper, for London.-Hopewell, Williams Resolution, Jones Gyffdan, Jones; Mary and Kitty, Richards; George Canning, Burstall; and Margaret Jones, for Liverpool.-Mary, Gravells, for New- castle.-Fame, Lowther, for Waterford.-William, Clampitt; Mars, Jones and Fame, Morgan, for Cardiff-—Rebecca, Da- vies, for Aberavon.-Trevor, Prout, for Dublin.—Louisa, Thomas, for Penzance.-Friends, li urnard, for Neivhaven. WITH COALS.—John, Watkins Victory, Puttam Dispatch, Jones Charles, Ilowe Charles, Dibden Vigilant, Hook Felicity, Thomas May, Morgan William, Thomas and Wil- liam, Beckerton, for Bristol.-Surprise, Sharm Union, Mechin; Brothers, Quinton; and Sisters, Waters, for Chepstow.—St. Pierre, Herbert; Five Brothers, Lucas; Defiance, Walford; Unanimity, Rollins; Eliza, Cox Sally, Roberts; and John and Mary, Edwards, for Bridgewater.—Oakwell, Jones; Prin- cess cf Wales, Smith; and Maria, Irwin, for ltfracqm.be.—Com- merce, Barrow Happy Couple, Clark Torridge, Shipley and Dasher, Rosser, for St. Ives.-Cork Packet. Stevens William Smith, Payne; and Mounts' Bay, Mitchell, for Penzance.- Cornubia, Nicholls, for Truro.—Mary, Cook Jubilee, Furze Jane, Sleeman Providence, Honey Elizabeth, l'earce Union, Quance; Mary, Guswell and .Olive Branch, Dorward, for Plymouth.—Margaret, Evans; and Betsy, Thomas, for Ross.— Eliza, Foley Ellen Pope, Watson Freedom, Tamplyn Bless- ing, Malony Swayne, Hill; Harmony, Richards Native, At- tridge; Margaret, Molloy; Dasher, Wevill; Friends, Nicholas; Minerva, Havard; Susan, Williams; Susannah, Lane; Henry, Rodd Olive Branch, Nathan; and Mars, Rowland, for Cork- -Ceres, Veale John and Mary, Shiel; and Little John, Hayes, fm• Youghall.—Diamond, Connor; Union, Howlan; Peggy, Larkin Providence, English and Tiger, Devereux, for Wex- jord.-Sopbia, Cook; Mary, Allen; Happy Return, Clutter- buck; Maiden Oak, Smith and Providence, Green, for Glou- cester.-Ann, Bushen, for Minehead.—John and Elizabeth, Bey- non Friendship, Hullin Sprightly, Britton Hope, Buckler j and Grape, Williams, for Hideford.-Providence, Saxon Looe, Bartlett; Susan, Pearn; Liberty, Mitchelmore and John, Ton- kin, for Fulmouth.—James and Sarah, Hawkins Porth, Nl- cholls Ceres, Knight; Jane and Sarah, Hicks JMizabeth, Ton- kin Star, Burt; Caroline, Cock; Sprightly, Richards; and Friends, Whitfield, for Padstow.—Happy Return, Tregarthen, for Scilly.—Fly, Dyer Speculation, Geach New House, Tadd j Henry, Tippett; and Henry, Luly,/or Foueu.—Ann, Williams,, for Gweek.—Rose, Evans and 0. P., Prettajohn, for Salcombe» -Victory, Travers and Samuel and Mary, Dempsey, for Kin- sale.-Fanny, Tyrer Brothers, Jarvis Lovely Cruizer, Pater; Susan and Mary, Fairweather Belus, Petherbridge and Com- merce, Bradfield, for Dftt-<NMMt/).—Unity, Fowier, for Looe.- Sisters, Cook and Ceres, Knowles, for Bude.—Eliza, Isaac Jane, Jones Albion, Evans Union, Jones; and Lovely Peggy, Lewis, for Aberystwith.—Union, Hoskin, for Penryn. Commo- dore, Bence; and Pilot, Holman. J'or Exeter. Industry, Smith,: for Torquay.—Pilot, Channon, for Waterford. Sophia, Gower, for Lydney. WITH SUNDRIES.—Moderator, Johns Carleon, Saer; Bristol Packet, Scott; Friends, Harwood; Mary, Coombs; George, Johns; and Ann, Richards,for Bristol. MONMOUTH: Printed and Published by the sole Proprietor, REGINALD JAMES BLE WITT, at the Office, in Monnow-street. London Agents:—Messrs. Newton and Co., Warwick-square; Mr. R. Barker, Fleet-street and Mr. G. Reynell, Chancery- lane, where, as well as at the Colonial Coffee House, Skinner- street, this Paper is regularly filed.
HOUSE OF LORDS. THURSDAY, AUGUST 25.-The Ecclesiastical Lands' Bill went through a committee, and with the New Beer Act Amend- ment Bili, was postponed until Monday next.—Adjourned. FRIDAY, AUGUST 26.-The Birmingham Poor Bill, and a Divorce Bill, were severally read a first time. Lord Aberdeen said he understood that government had con- sented to lay before the other house of parliament communica- tions relating to the recent affairs on the Tagus. He wished, therefore, to ask the noble lord opposite if he had any objection to lay a copy of those communications on the table of that house. Earl Grey--N ot the least objection. The bills on the table were then forwarded a stage, and the -house adjourned until Monday. MONDAY, AUG. 29.-The Marquis of Londonderry moved for accounts of the expense of erecting the fortresses in Belgium, which after some discussion was agreed to. The Duchess of Kent's Annuity bill was read a second time, and ordered to be committed to-morrow. The Bishop of London presented petitions for an alteration of the Sale of Beer Act from certain clergymen of the diocese of Salisbury, and from the society in London to promote the better observance of the Lord's Day. J Adjourned at half-past seven o'clock.
HOUSE OF COMMONS. THURSDAY, AUGUST 25.— Mr. Herries moved for a return of all sums contributed by Great Britain for the erection of forti- fications in the Netherlands, in pursuance of the convention of the 13th of August, 1819. The Chancellor of the Exchequer stated that he had no objec- tion to granting the return called for. Sir R. Vyvyan, not seeing the noble lord (Palmerston), the Secretary for Foreign Affairs, in his place, took occasion to ask the noble lord (the Chancellor of the Exchequer) whether his Majesty's government had received any confirmation of the as- surances previously made to it from the government of France, as to the withdrawal of the French troops from Belgium or whether his Majesty's government understood that any orders had been sent to the individual commanding the French troops, directing him to withdraw ? The Chancellor of the Exchequer was glad to be able to state, in answer to the hon. baronet's question, that his Majesty's go- vernment had received accounts from Brussels, that orders had been given to the French troops, now in Belgium, to withdraw from that country. (Cheers.) He begged leave also to add, that after his Majesty's government received the assurances from the French government, so often alluded to, they had never any reason for a moment to doubt the good faith and sincerity of the French government. (Hear, hear.) On the motion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the house then resolved itself into committee on the Reform Bill. After a short conversation across the table between Mr. S. Wortley and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, The Chairman read that part of clause 21 giving the right to vote in cities and boroughs to all persons occupying houses worth £10. Sir C. IVetherell said that this clause would introduce into the country as pure a democratical right of voting as if the system of universal suffrage were to be at once adopted. Owing to the various alterations made in the bill, it was almost impossible ac- curately to understand any one of its clauses-and this one, perhaps, least of any. According to this clause, if an election took place within three or four months after the 1st of August, a man might vote even though he was in arrear for his taxes, though the clause appeared to declare that it was necessary that they should be paid in order to entitle him to his vote. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said that the principal alter- ations made in the clause were, that which made the payment of rates and taxes sufficient to qualifv a person to vote, instead of rent, rates, and taxes, as in the bill as it originally stood, and that alteration which related to the registering. It was felt that every person whose name was placed on the register ought to be allowed to vote, in order to save as much as possible all discus- cussion upon the right of voting at the time of the election. By the clause as it now stood, it was clear that, if he paid his rent up to July, he would have a right to be placed on the register on the 31&t of August, which would entitle him to vote. It was true that he might subsequently get a little in arrear, and that he would not thereby be disqualified from voting according to the terms of the clause but it was thought that a year's occupancy of one house was a sufficient security that he would pay, even though he might be in arrear. In reply to a question from Sir Robert Peel, Lord J. Russeil said, as the clause now stood, the tenant was not called upon to prove that he had paid his rent, unless he claimed to vote entirely upon the amount of his rent. If he could shew that rates and taxes to the amount of £10 had been paid previously to the 1st of of Julv, that would be enough but if he could not do that, and claimed to vote as a £ 10 renter, he was called upon to shew in that case that the amount of his rent was £ 10, and that he had paid it, as well as poor rates and taxes. Sir R. Peel-The clause as amended will open a wide door to bribery and fraud. For the candidate will only have to pay up the poor rates and taxes of an insolvent tenant who is in arrear to his landlord, to entitle him to vote. The Chancellor of the Exchequer— The right hon. baronet must observe that whatever is done by a candidate in the way of pay- ing up rates and taxes under this bill, must be done every year to enable the voter to be entered in the registry. Under the pre- sent system, if the rates are paid up at the moment of election, it is enough but under the Reform Bill, if a candidate wishes to keep a voter on the registry, he must pay up his rates and taxes twice every year, even though he may not want him, and there may be no election during the year. I do not say that it is im- possible that any man will do this but I will say, that the temptation to do it is much lessened. I therefore am of opinion that the objection of the right hon. baronet does not apply to the present arrangement. The Chairman then put the first part of the question, that all the words after £10 in line seven of the old print of the bill, down to the words "rent as aforesaid," be omitted.—This was carried without a division. He then put the second part of the question, which relates to the insertion of the amended clause, in lieu of the words omitted. Mr. Hunt said he should move that the word rent" be left out, as he considered that the clause as now constituted would very much aggrieve the £10 householders by its operation. He had so great an objection to making the payment of rent a quali- fication, that he should persist in dividing the house upon it, as the principle had never hitherto been recognised in representation. The gallery was cleared for a division, and the numbers were, For the original question. o53 For the amendment. 10 Maioritv against the amendment.343 On returning to the gallery, Mr. J. Campbell was moving his amendment, "That no person shall acquire a vote in the elec- tion for any city or borough by occupying premises as a tenant at a yearly rent, if such rent shall be payable more fiequently than four times in a year." After some discussion the committee divided, when there ap- peared- For the amendment. 142 Against it 210 Majority for ministers 68 The Chairman reported progress, and obtained leave to sit again next day. FRIDAY, AUGUST 26.-Sir TV. Guise presented a petition from a parish in Gloucestershire, against the proposed alteration of the law of settlement. Mr. Lambert presented two petitions from the county of Wex- ford-the one from Protestants, and the other from Catholics— praying that the yeomanry may be disarmed and remodelled, which occasioned a long discussion on the Newtownbarry affair. The petition was laid on the table. Colonel Sibthorpe wished to put a question to the Secretary of State, relative to the Rothsay Castle steamer bearing the title of a War Office packet. His object was to ascertain if the vessel in question bore the title of a War Office packet by authority. Mr. Lamb said that the vessel in question was not a War Office packet, and certainly the practice of a steamer being al- lowed to place such a title on her stern was one that required to be looked into. REFORM BILL. The house resolved itself into a committee on the Reform Bill. Mr. Hunt proposed that all persons who should not be en- titled to a vote, should be exempt from taxes and rates, and from being impressed into the navy. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said a few words against the amendment, which was negatived without a division. On the motion that the 21st clause, as amended, stand part of the bill, Mr. Fane opposed it, because it would make a dangerous change in the constituency of this country. Mr. S. TVortley observed that of all the clauses entertained in this measure, none manifested more rashness or recklessness than this, and there was none respecting which his Majesty's ministers were worse informed. Ministers were not justified in proposing this clause, for they were not in possessipn of documents to give them the necessary information. It was absurd to imagine that the £10 householders would make a respectable constituency. Sitting there as senators, they must look on the proposed change with serious apprehension. The Chancellor of the Exchequer admitted that this was one of the most important clauses in the bill. He therefore could not object to any member who was opposed to it to state his ob- jections generally. He could not deny that in a few small towns there would be some difficulty in making up the necessary constituency, but such towns were very few. He did not think they would give satisfaction to the country generally, if they did not extend the franchise as widely as they proposed indeed, it was asserted by many that they had not gone far enough. Those who introduced a measure of reform would act wrongly, if they did not bring forward such a measure as they thought would give satisfaction. He considered that the best safeguard against corruption was to extend the franchise so widely that no man's purse could influence it. In the large towns, he admitted, tJle manufacturers and persons in extensive business would eAn con- siderable influence. To this he had no objection. He thought that that class had as good a right to have the indirect influence of property as land proprietors. Lord Loughborough said that he regarded the bill as a mere stepping stone to something else. (Cries of hear, hear, hear.) The noble lord thought that limiting the franchise to ten pound houses would have the effect of giving a fictitious value to this species of property, and thereby infringe upon the comforts of the poor. If this clause were to remain, the result would be that, in a very short time, all rates and taxes would be paid by the candidates so that, instead of doing away with corruption, they would continue it in its worst shape. He could not sit down without entering his protest to this revolutionary and republican bill. (Cries of hear, hear, question, question.) The motion was agreed to without a division.-Adjourned. SATURDAY, AUGUST 27.—A petition from certain clergy- men (magistrates) of the county of Cornwall, against the New Beer Bill, was ordered to be printed. FEMALE PRIVILEGES IN REGARD TO VOTERS. Mr. Wilkes presented a petition from Mr. Charles Pearson, a solicitor and a common councilman of the city, complaining that in the part of the Reform Bill which confirmed to the present freemen their existing privileges, the existing privileges of free- men's widows and daughters were not retained to them, and they prayed that in the fifty-second clause a provision to that effect might be introduced. In Bristol, Grimsby, and several other places, the daughters of widows of freemen conferred the freedom of the corporation on persons whom they might marry, and that privilege ought still to be retained in the same manner as the present freemen would retain their right of voting. Mr. Lennard supported the prayer of the petition, and although he would be sorry to do any thing which should be supposed to delay the progress of the bill, he should move that the existing rights of the widows and daughters of freemen be retained to them. Sir E. Sugden would not be so ungallant as to oppose a pro- position which operated as a marriage portion for young ladies. (Laughter.) Lord Althorp was understood to say, that he could not consent to the proposition contended for upon an individual petition.— The petition was laid on the table and ordered to be printed. Mr. Hume, in rising to make the motion of which he had given notice, that the order of the day should have precedence of notices of motion on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, and that the house should proceed to business every day at twel-ve o'clock, felt anxious, as shortly as possible, to bring the subject under the consideration of the house. Having entered into a detail of the present rules with regard to motions and orders of the day, the hon. member said he would ask the house whether, knowing the time that the Reform Bill had already taken in dis- cussion, and the anxiety that existed in the public mind with respect to it, it was fit some measures should be adopted more expeditiously to press that important measure through the house. Almost all other public business was at a stand, the wine duties, the stamps, the excise, and other most important business had been delayed, and it was quite apparent no public business could proceed till the Reform Bill was disposed of. The house might meet from twelve till six in committee, the Speaker might then take the chair for an hour or two, and the committee might after- wards resume. Mr. O'Connell seconded the motion. After an alteration in its phraseology, suggested by the Speaker, the motion was then put, that in this present session of parliament all orders of the day set down in the order book for Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, should be disposed of be- fore the house proceeded with any motion. Lord Althorp wished to take the feeling of the house upon the motion, as he would most cheerfully undergo any individual in- convenience or labour, if it were the wish of the house that the motion should be adopted. He thought that, looking at what had already been done by sitting early on Saturday, it afforded no evidence of being able to get through business more expedi- tiously by sitting earlier every day. He now begged to state that he thought it better to commence the Reform Bill, in future? at five o'clock he, therefore, would suggest to his hon. friend (Mr. Hume) to withdraw the motion, upon the understanding that, in the discretion of hon. members, they would, in present- ing petitions, enable them to proceed at five o'clock with the Reform Bill. Some further conversation took place relative to the motion, during which Mr. Hume remarked that ministers were slack- ening" in their efforts to pass the bill. Lord Althorp indignantly denied this assertion. Mr. Hume explained, and ultimately withdrew his motion. THE nEFORM BILL. Lord Althorp moved the order of the day for the house re- solving into a committee on this bill, and the Speaker having left the chair, Mr. Bernal read the 22d clause, and two amendments having been disposed of, Mr. Estcourt moved that all the present rights of voting in elections of citizens and burgesses to serve in parliament (except such rights as appertain to boroughs enumerated in schedule A) be permanently preserved. Sir C. Weiherell considered the present clause a most ob- noxious one, and he should therefore vote against it. The amendment, however, of his hon. friend he would most cordially support, with, the exception of the latter part. Lord John Russell replied at great length to Mr. Estcourt and Sir C. Wetherell. Sir J. Malcolm attacked the Reform Bill generally. Mr. Baynton and Mr. Trevor spoke of the injustice of disfranchising freemen, and after some additional discussion, the committee divided, when there appeared— For the amendment 17 Against the amendment 89 Majority —72 The Chairman then obtained leave to report progress, and sit again on Tuesday. The house adjourned at a quarter to seven o'clock. MONDAY, AUG. 29.-After the presentation of some peti- tions, the house resolved itself into a conimittee of supply, when the following sums were voted £ 5500 to the Royal Society of Dublin for the year 1831 £300 for the Royal Irish Academy; £ 700 for the Board of Charitable Bequests il500 for the Bel- fast Academical Institution £ 12,900 for the Board of Works; and £30,419 for paying the salaries and expenses of the Chief and Under Secretaries, and other offices in Dublin. The house resumed. POOR LAWS-IRELAND. Mr. Sadler rose to redeem his pledge to bring under the consi- deration of the house the important subject of the expediency of establishing some permanent provision for the poor of Ireland. Mr. Locke (he said), in his Treatise on Government," laid it down that the right of the poor, like that of property, was founded on the nature of things," that God never left one man at the mercy of another to starve or perish as he pleased, but that the poor man had a pressing right to demand the rich man's surplus." (Hear.) Such also was the doctrine of Lord Hale and Black- stone, and above all of Mr. Burke. What was the lesson which history taught them on that Why, that where there was no legislative provision for the poor, there was man immersed in barbarism. Such a provision to be effective, must be universal and permanent; for with all due respect for the good intentions of the parties, it was a mockery to consider that now and then going about with a begging-box, or the usual fashionable mode of eleemosynary contribution, could confer any real advantage on the poor of Ireland. The hon. gentleman then proceeded to shew the evils which resulted from the want of such a provision and concluded by moving That it is the opinion of this house that it is expedient and necessary to institute a legal provision for the poor of Ireland." Mr. Strickland seconded the motion. Colonel Torrens admitted that a proper system of poor laws applied to Ireland might do good, but having long considered the subject in all its details, he could not get rid of the difficul- ties which occurred. Those difficulties were, in his opinion, insurmountable. It had been argued that distress might be re- lieved in Ireland by making assessments to increase the wages of labourers. He should contend, if those assessments were made, they would not do good to the people, but bring the better classes to the level of misery, hopeless and extreme. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, the question was one of great difficulty, one that deserved the most serious consideration. The hon. gentleman who made the motion had, he was afraid, given too true an account of the distress in Ireland. The hon. gentleman had stated that periodical distress had almost brought pestilence in that country. It was impossible for him to contra- dict the hon. gentleman, but he could not avoid thinking that something like exaggeration marked the statements of distress.- The proposition before the house was one which they could not adopt without a plan to carry relief into effect. If they enter- tained it without a prospect of affording relief, they would do one of the most dangerous things they could well imagine. Feeling that without some plan before the house they could not effect the object of such a resolution, he should move the previous question. Mr. Western seconded the amendment. After a few words from Mr. S. Rice, Mr. Farrell, Mr. Ben- nett, Mr. Mullens, Mr. Smith, Colonel O'Grady, Mr. Grattan, Mr. D. Browne, Mr. Ruthven, and Mr. Sadler, the gallery was cleared for a division for the motion 52 Against it 64 Majority for Ministers -—12 The other orders of the day were then disposed of; and the house adjourned at half-past two o'clock.
THE HARVEST. Harvest was last week general in the greater part of Scotland. It is about ten days later than in 1826, when an uninterrupted drought and heat for two months gave us a specimen of continen- tal weather. A more favourable season than the present never blessed the labours of the farmer. In the higher parts of Scot- land, containing by far the largest portion of ground under oats, the crop was never known to be more productive. On hard clay and sandy soils the straw is light, but there are no fears that the produce in corn will be defective. The wheat is generally thin, and will be considerably below an average crop but any defici- ency in it will be more than made up by the abundance of po- tatoes. Altogether it seems to be universally conceded that there has not been in the North, for at least twenty years, so long and "^Uninterrupted a succession of warm weather as we have experi- enced this season. One consequence of this has been the early state of the harvest, all descriptions of grain being ripe fully a month sooner than usual. The accounts from Ireland respecting the harvest are very fa- vourable. The barley crop is this year generally admitted to be the most abundant that has occurred for many seasons. TAUNTON.— I he wheat harvest is safely housed in this neigh- bourhood, in the most desirable condition. The barley crop is also, to a considerable extent, secured. Beans do not prove on all lands a full crop, and on some soils are very deficient. KENT.— Ihe wheat and barley crops will prove very deficient in this county as well as in Sussex, being for the most part mil- dewed, thin,%nd of coarse quality. CUMBERLAND.—Wheat, although deficient in straw upon many soils, yields well, and is good in quality barley will be found to be excellent both in quantity and quality but oats are thin upon many soils, and as the crop will be found, in the barn, to be light and defective, owing most likely to the extreme warm weather at the beginning of this month, which ripened the late sown fields too rapidly. Turnips are good and potatoes as a crop, far above an average. The weather has been too dry for the" grassings," and from the same cause the "fog" fields will disappoint the expectations of the graziers; but should the weather become showery, the after-grass may yet be plentiful.- Summer fallows are, in general, very clean, and in some parts of the county already manured and ridged up, and in a proper state to be sown with the golden grain ;-yet it may not be out of place to observe, that upon all dry and exhausted soils, October is the best season for wheat sowing hut all good farmers know that cold clay soils ought to be sown before that season. NOTTINGHAMSHIRE.—Wheat is a full average crop. Barley is very good, but some portion of it is considerably stained. Oats, Beans, and Peas, are good in quantity and excellent in quality. WORCESTER.—The quality of the new wheat is very rough, and farmers are complaining of the crop, as it is not what they expected by full six bushels per acre. Our barley is likewise a very bad colour, in consequence of the rains.
CORN EXCHANGE, MARK LANE. Monday, August 29.—Our supplies, since this day se'nnight, of English, Irish, Scotch, and foreign wheat, have been good of English, Irish, Scotch, and foreign oats, as also foreign flour, great; of barley, malt, beans, peas, seeds, from all quarters, and English, Scotch, and Irish flour, limited. The assemblage of buyers in this day's market, especially those of London and its vicinage, was tolerably numerous but as the abundance of the last week's arrivals of wheat and oats, together with that of the granary supply of most articles, had caused these to anticipate reduced, whilst the sellers aimed in some instances at advanced, prices the trade, though a little renovated, was, on the whole, dull with wheat, beans, and peas, at fully, barley, malt, and seeds, barely last Monday's prices. Fine flour, notwithstanding the greatness of the supply from abroad, has advanced 5s per sack, but is not expected to support its advanced position. Current Prices of Grain, per imperial quarter.—English Wheat, 50s to 80s Rye, 36s to 40s Barley, 26s to 34s Malt, 64s to 72s White boiling Peas, 36s to 48s Grey Peas, 38s to 43s j Small Beans, 00s to OCs Tick Beans, 38s to 40s Potatoe Oats, 28s to 30s Poland Oats, 24s to 27s; Feed Oats 22s to 24s f- Flour, 50s to 65s.—Rapeseed, new, £ 27 to £00 per last.—Lin- seed Oil-cake £ 10. 10s to £ 11.00s per 1000.
Account of Wheat, &'c. arrived in the Port of London, during the Week ending August 27. Wheat. | Barley. Malt. Oats. Beans. Peas* Qrs. 18,322 | 1,560 2,824 59,621 | 466 | 1,245 Flour—4,997 sacks, and 14,492 barrels. Imperial Average Price of Corn and Grain, for the week ending August 23. Wheat 64 3 Oats 25 9 Beans 40 0 Barley .30 9 J Rye 35 3 Peas ..42 9 Aggregate Average of the Six Weeks, which regulates Duty. Wheat 64 7 ( Oats 26 1 Beans 39 11 Barley 31 8 | Rye 36 6 Peas 41 7 Duty on Foreign Corn. Wheat 22 8 [ Oats 7 9 Beans 11 0 Barley 15 4 Rye 15 6 Peas .8 0
HOPS. Borough, Monday, August 29.-The time has at length arrived, that. though there may be partial deficiencies in it, the present year's growth of hops might, with some degree of certainty, be considered to promise a full average crop. In some situations a ton per acre is anticipated. So dull is our trade, that last week's quotations may still be considered as next to nominal. Currency: East Kent, in pockets, 1830, J6. Os to Xg. 10s; 1829, E5. 5s to £6. Os Mid-Kent, 1830, £ 5.15s to £6. 10s; 1829, £4. 4s to £5.10s; 1828, £ 4. 5s to £5. 5s Sussex, 1830, X4. 15s to X5. 10s 1829, £ 4. 10s to f5. Os; 1828, £3.5s to £4. 10s Essex, 1830, £ 5. 5s to £ 6. 0s.