THE CARDIFF OLD CEMETERY. THE discussion in the Cardiff Town Council, on Monday, on the unsanitary and discreditable con- dition of the Old Cemetery, is, in one respect, most instructive, and in many respects very suggestive. The discussion arose upon reading the report of the Medical Oflicer of Health, which stated that the cemetery was in a most dilapidated and unsatisfac- tory condition that many of the tomb-stones had fallen down, and that graves were sunken in, as apparently to permit exhalations from the interior. The portion of the Cemetery belonging to St Mary's parish has been long filled, and in the por- tion belonging to the parish of St John there are only a few intermediate spaces available for burial and Dr PAINE states in his report that in using these the space in frequent instances is so nar- row as to expose the decaying coffins in the adjoin- ing graves." As the Cemetery, is now in the centre of a dense population, and on sanitary grounds,, not to mention grounds of decency, is utterly unfit tojbe used as a place of interment, Dr PAINE sug- gested that a report be presented to the HOME SECRETARY, so as to obtain an order for closing it Mid this suggestion, we submit, should be at once adopted by the Council. Thero was but one opinion expressed by the members of the Council ai to the disgraceful con- dition of the Cemetery, and the culpable neglect of those who are morally bound to keep it in repair. The proper means to be adopted to abate the nuisance gave rise to some divergence of opinion. Mr YACHKLL proposed that the necessary steps be forthwith taken to close this cemetery against future interments, and this view was warmly sup- ported by the Ex-Mayor, Mr Alderman JONES. Mr SAN IIlms, however, succeeded in carrying an amendment that the Inspector of Nuisances be instructed to call upon the vestries of St Mary and St John to.abate the nuisance. In proposing this amendment we cannot think that Mr SANDERS manifested his usual sagacity, or his usual acquaintance with facts and law. Wo arc unable to discover, either in the Sanitary A cts or in the Burial Board Acts, any power vested in an official of a Sanitary Authority to compel the abatement of such a nuisance in a parochial grave-yard and we believe that Mr SANDERS will search for such vested power in vain. But by the 16 and 17 VICT, c. 134, Town Councils may petition HER MAJESTY to command, by an Order in Council, the discontinuance of burials in any cemetery or burial ground within any city or town, and this is the method suggested by Dr. PAINg, and strongly supported by the Ex-Mayor— which the Cardiff Town Council ought to have adopted. They will find, if they have not dis- covered it already, that their Inspector of Nuisances is utterly powerless in the matter. This, however, may be considered apart from the question who are morally bound to abate this nuisance, and who ought to keep the Old Cemetery in repair. By the ecclesiastical and common law, and, until the "Compulsory Church Rate Abolition Act," of 18GS, by the Statute law as well, the parishioners were bound to keep the parochial burial ground in good and sufficient repair," and che duty was imposed upon the churchwardens m the reprcscKtativcs of the parish, to defray the neces- sary repairs onJ; of a rate to be levied upon the parishioners. Bui Mr OLA I>STOKJ. S Act of 1808 takes aAvay tho legal to make a church -rate, le iving, however, all the luaciituery tor making the ratj intact. The parishioners of any parish may still, if they ploa.se, make a voluntary rate to fe, pair the chureli or the churchyard. But if they refuse thero is no le^al power to compel them, j They arc still, however, under ecclesiastical juris diction, and may be solemnly excommunicated for their contumacy or without, boll, book, and candle. But ecclesiastical thunders have lost all their terror now over the mlud of this Protestant nation—unless it be in the case of some sickly R: tgli¡.;t, who is unhappily afflicted with chronic spiritual dyspepsia—and parishioners care not a straw for the excommunication of a Bishop or of an Ecclesiastical Court. Still, the churchwardens are not relieved from the duty of keeping the church- yard and the parochial burial ground—Avhetlier in use or shut np-in plover repair but the dihicult question, iJ, where they obtain the necessary funds. PuinnAux, in his Guide'' — the edition of 1875, p. 8;says that eU'ectiug the necessary repairs, "is still the duty of the parishioners, and also of the churchwardens, if they can procure the requisite fun-'te far tho purpose, by a rate or otherwise, notwithstanding the passing of the Compulsory Church Rate Abolition Act, 12,G8." But suppose the parishioners will not sub- scribe, and the churchwardens cannot obtain, < £ the requisite funds," what then The only remedy against the parishioners is) as we have said, ex- communication but we very much question whether the churchwardens, in addition to excom- munication—which perhaps will not terrify them— are not exposed to certain mundane pains and penalties. GLEN—no mean authority on this CjnesÜoll- ill his Buriil Board Acts, edition 1871, p. 144, says that the law is the same Avith respect to used or closed parochial yards. "Where it is an ancient churchyard of a parish that has been closed, the churchwardens will be the proper authority to keep the closed churchyard in decent order, and the Avails and fences of it in repair. On the other hand, a closed burial ground will be kept in order, and the Avails and fences in repair by the burial board, if there be one." It is an iu- teresting, and perhaps a puzzling, question to de- cide, whether the Old Cemetery is a parochial graveyard or a burial ground, in the sense under- stood by GLKNt but, whichever it be, that portion of it still in use must be kept in repair by the churchwardens, and not by the Town Council, act- ing as a Burial Board. Alderman TAYLOR, in his speech on Monday, contended that if the church- Avardens had no funds to keep the cemetery in re- pair, they might have made a call upon the over- seers of the parishes, and in that way the expense would have borne by the ratepayers." Undoubtedly the churchwardens might have called upon the 1 overseers, just as OWEN GLENOAVR could call spirits from the vasty deep but suppose the overseers, like the spirits, did not come when they were called ? Can Dr TAYLOR inform us how the church- wardens could compel them ? The report of the meeting says that Alderman TAA-LOR then quoted from the law on the subject, which stipulated that the costs should be paid by the overseers out of the poor-rate of the parish in which the burial ground was situated." The reporter docs not refer to the Act quoted by Dr TAYLOR, but from some of the phrases used, we judge the Alderman Avas quoting the 18th and 19th VICT, cap. 128, sec. 18. But this Act was passed in 1855, and thirteen years afterwards another Act was passed abolishing all compulsory payments for the repairs of churches or churchyards. Overseers had better be cautious now in paying any money out of the poor-rates for the repair of parochial burial grounds, Avhetlier in use or closed. The MAA'OR — Alderman BLLIOTT— thought that it would not be a hardship upon any one in the parish to pay the expenses of re- pairing it, for the Cemetery had never cost them anything; neither the bnd-whieh was given by the late Lord la re;—nor the wall and draining." We dissent uf r- rlv Trom the MATCH'S dictum in this matter, and think that the majority of the parishioners in rhe two parishes have to thank the lite Loid BUTW for nothing. Is the Mayor thoroughly informed on the history of this Old Cemetery, and the conditions on which it was given 1 If not, perhaps a few facts, culled from the annals of thirty years ago, may not prove un- instructi ve. In the year 1840, the Marquis of BUTE gave the field now called the Old Cemetery to the Episco- palians of the two parishes of St. Mary and St. John, as a joint burial ground. It was said to be given to the parishioners of the two parishes— but this was a legal and convenient fiction—for it was given to Church of England worshippers only. The whole of the ground—half to belong to St. Mary, and half to St. John—was to be consecrated after the rites of the Church of England. The Vicars of these two parishes were to receive fees for all burials and tombs and monuments, and only the Burial service of the Church of England was to be read in the new burial place, and only clergy- men of the Established Church could there offici- I ate. And this gift to a sect was by a strange misuse of terms called a gift to the two parishes. In December, 184G, a meeting of the parishioners of the two parishes was called for the purpose of making a rate for enclosing and fencing the new burial ground. The Vicar of St. Mary—Canon MORGAN picsided oyer the meeting, and a rate of of Is. in the £ was proposed. Mr JOHN BATCHE- LOR thereupon proposed an amendment, that the meeting should be postponed for two months, to afford sufficient time to communicate with Lord BUTE, so that he might be asked on what terms he would grant an additional piece of land adjoining, for the burial of Dissenters as well as of Churchmen. This tolerant and equitable amendment to the Vicar of St. Mary distinctly refuse to put to the meeting. Mr BATCIIELOR protested warmly against this clerical and sectarian injustice, and the out- rage upon the acknowledged rights of the parish- ioners, and the result was that the rate to enclose and fence the ground, and to erect suitable build- ings, was rejected by a large majority. The Marquis of BUTE, however, instead of accepting the spirit of the amendment proposed by Mr BATCHELOR, sent a communication on the 20tli of March, 1847, to the two clergymen of St. Mary and St. John, and to the four Churchwardens- through Mr PRIEST RiCHARM-that his Lordshio, in addition to giving the land absolutely, would now, as the parishioners had refused to.make a, rate, drain, enclose, and erect suitable buildings, a his own sole expense. There was no concession, however, to Dissenters. His Lordship practically refused to grant or to sell an additional piece of land for Dissenting burials. Had this been done the rate for fencing and protecting the burial ground would have been granted with- out a dissentient voice. But the Dissenters of Cardiff at that period very properly refused to tax themselves to fence in a burial ground in which i Churchmen should have special privileges, and Church clergymen exclusive user and hearing. From that time till now this Old Cemetery has been the exclusive property of the Church of England. The services of that Church can only be read in the Cemetery, and clergymen of that Church only can read them. The Vicars of St. Mary and St. John have received all the burial fees, and all fees for headstones and monu- ments, and it is a monstrous and an intolerable wrong to demand of the ratepayers of the two pjirishes that they should repair the disgraceful and indecent neglect of those who for so many years have received the income derived from this Old Cemetery. We do not for an instant mean to affirm that the present Vicars of the two parishes —both of whom have recently come into their livings-are in any way responsible for this shame- ful condition of the parochial burial place or that they should put it in repair. But we do mean to affirm that the adherents of the Church of England —for the credit and reputation of that Church- should at once remove the scandal and indecency by putting the cemetery into creditable repair, and not expect. the ratepayers—the bulk of whom are Dissenters — to repair it for them. Alderman TAYLOR said that to put the Cemetery into a state of sanitary and decent repair would require about £200 but in response to his applications he could not obtain more than JE30. This is most discredit- able to those who have possessed this cemetery for 30 years, and Avhose ministers have for all those years received the perquisites and fees, and Mr DUNCAN'S statement at tho meeting on Monday will commend itself to the approval of Doll thought- ful and impartial persons. He said that the Old Cemetery "belunged equally to the parishes of St. Mary ahd St, John, and whatever disgrace attached to any body belonged to the Church people of these two paris:8S. They were the per- sons who received oil the fees, and yet.. they had so neglecicd their duty as to allow tho cciuoteiy to become abomination to the town. Ho. t,hought the Corporation ought not to be put to any ex- pense in connection with the Cemetery." These are pregnant words, which we trust the Church people will to lie art, and by a speedy and sufficient subscription list wipe away the stigma which. now attaches to thoni for having left a paro- chial cemetery to sink into such a discreditable and disgraceful condition.
JlUIUAL FOR DISSENTERS. UN the Burials Bill was introduced to the House of L /rds, many people had indulged in the hope that the Government would try to enter into the feelings of the Nonconformists, and make an honest attempt to settle the question by a compromise which, while satisfying the claims of one religious party in the country, would not wound the sus- ceptibilities of the other. Attached though they are to the principles of Chute! i and SLttc, onr Ministers are Englishmen, and on all sides there was a conviction that they would recognise the religious divisions of society in England. This conviction was strengthened by the speeches of the PRIVATE and other dignitaries, who distinctly pointed to the expediency of some timely and graceful concessions being made to those who con- scientiously differed from the State Church. These hopes and convictions have, however, been shat- tered by the Government Bill, It is IIOAV only too clear that the PKRMIER. has truckled to the parsons that the clamours of a mere handful of men are to bo attended to, whilo the generous feelings of the nation at large upon this solemn and painful sub- ject will remain unrecognised. There can be no doubt whaton,r that the kindly nature of the laity would concede to the Nonconformists the right to bury their dead in the parish churchyards with any orderly religious service. The Government know this full well. Yet they Avilfully act in opposition to it. The Burials Bill is a Bill of false pretences, framed on the HOW well recognised Tory model. Tory measures promise to do a great deal, and as a rule the promise is fulfilled, though, unhappily, they do those tilings which were not expected, and leaArc undone that which they professed to do. The Agricultural Holdings Bill is a famous instance of this peculiarity in legislation but the Burials Bill bids fair to take the lead amongst measures of legislation framed with a view to de- ceive. IS onconformists have the right, under the common law, to bury their dead in tho parish churchyards, but they are deprived, for all prac- tical purposes, of that right by the operation of the ecclesiastical law, which prcA-ents any other minis- ter than one belonging to the Church of England from officiating over the grave. The Government went to Avork to settle the question, and they have settledjt by making the state of things worse than it was before. Mr OSBORNE MORGAN wants a Bill enabling Dissenters to bury their dead in the parish churchyard, having their own services and ministers the GoArernment have framed a Bill which practically refuses the very "claim which Mr OSBORNE MOROAN and the Dissenters make. We expected a Bill to satisfy the Dissenters, and they have introduced a Bill to satisfy the clergy. If Dissenters are buried in the national church- yards, which, as individual members of the nation, they have a right to be, they must have a "silent. funeral." No prayer must be offered, no hymn sung. The dead person, because he was a Dis- senter, and for. no other reason whatever, is to be lowered into his gmve just as a dog Avould be throAvn into his hole. This is the kind of burial Christians once received in Turkey, and which was Arouchsafed to Protestants at some ultra- Catholic cities on the continent. Things are mend- ing IIOAV, even in tnose quarters of the globe but in happy England priestcraft is still strong enough to retain the barbarous method of interment, and ministers are weak enough to consent to it. If the proposal were not embodied m the Government Bill, one could scarcely believe that a body of English gentlemen, laying pretensions to chival- rous and honourable feeling, would have the base- ness to propose that their fellow Christians, who were also law-abiding and patriotic fellow-country- men, should at their death receive the burial prescribed for murderers and suicides and all simply because during life they refused to accept the creed of the State pattern. If it were not con- stantly advocated on platforms, in pamphlets, and speeches, it would seem incredible that men paid to inculcate religion would use their influence to forbid religious consolation and worship at a time when it is most needed. It has been said that the proposals of these Tory gentlemen are an insult to the Nonconformists and the whole Liberal party. We think this indictment altogether too mild. We venture to say that they are an insult to the British, people, and that cycry member of Parliament who has the baseness to vote for silently burying Dis- senters or tying the tongues of mourners at the grave side, will be a marked man amongst his con- stituents. The Government attempt partially to elude the difficulty by establishing cemeteries, at a cost of three millions of money, in various parts of the country. This portion of the Bill bears the impress of Lord BEACONSFIELD. The political jnggler has apparently been at work here. One touch of the master's hand, and lo the religious question is transformed into a sanitary question. Sanitas Sanitatem is a learned phrase, but will it induce the people of this country to spend three millions to provide cemeteries ? If there were need for the expenditure no one would begrudge it but this large sum is to be spent not to improve the sani- tary condition of the country, but to satisfy the pride and intolerance of an established priesthood. The laast thing we might have expected from the party Avhich has opposed taxes for education and other useful purposes, Avas that they would pro- pose an enormous expenditure which is utterly unnecessary. The question is now fairly before the country. It remains to be seen whether farmers and other ratepayers will pay debt rendered necessary by clerical exclusiveness, and whether the English people at large will permit their repre- sentatives in Parliament to enact unchallenged a law which, besides being a grievous burden, will degrade lis in the eyes of the Christian world.
THE ANCHOR LINE AND THE CARDIFF AND NEW YORK TRADE. Since the collapse of the South Wales Atlantic Line of steamers, various efforts have been made to revive a regular and direct steamship communication between Cardiff and New York, but hitherto the negotiations have led to no practical result. The company which has given the most favourable consideration to the repre- sentations made by Cardiff importers and others has been that of Messrs Henderson, the owners of the well-known Anchor line of Atlantic steamers, and there is now a fair prospect that this Company will be induced to afford the desired regular and direct com- munication. For some time past the Anchor Company has been despatching steamers from New York to Bristol and they have consented to despatch a certain number of these steamers to Cardiff if a sufficient quantity of goods is forwarded to them for transmission from New York to Cardiff. As a small beginning the Anchor steamer "Tyrian" is expected to arrive in Cardiff to-morrow with a consignment of goods for Messrs Johnston, Miles and Co. The vessel was principally loaded with foods for Bristol, and having discharged the best partof her cargo at that port, she is to come on to Cardiff with the remainder. It now rests with the Cardiff and local importers of American produce to give this new experi- ment their hearty support, and with the dock officials to afford the steamers their most favourable facilities. Now that the American provision trade has assumed so extensive a character in this dis- trict, and it has been shown that the American fresh meat trade is also capable of wide development, there is fair reason for thinking that a sufficient number of con- signments could be made by local importers to secure regular communication between New York and Cardiff at more or less distant periods. Mr U. S. Stowe is the local representative of the Anchor Line, and will doubtless af- ford every information to intending shippers.
MR R. T. CRAWSHAY'S RETURN TO MERTHYR. Mr Crawshay arrived at Merthyr by the five o'clock train on Thursday afternoon. There was a large croAwd of people at the station, who cheered him, but in compliance with his wish no demonstration took place. He was ac- companied by Mrs Crawshay and other members of the family. The town presented an unusually lively appear- ance at the time Mr Craw shay's carriage drove through the Market-square, and High-street being filled with people listening to tho strains of Mr Chirm's town band, and waiting the arrival of Mr CraAVshay. An opportunity will be gIVen for the presentation of addresses to Mr Crawshav from the inhabitants and workman-
FROi OUR LONDON CORRESPONDjENT LOiNOON. Thursday. SINCE Wednesday ceased, toi>&' devot-d to ecclesiastical legislation it has been one of the dullest dY3 in the House of Commons' week. CertaV-y would have imagined beforehand that yesterday wi? an excep- tionto that rule. Mr and most inoffensive looking of men, and he givi> the-, impression that neither by word nor by deed could he ever give rise to any incident more striking than the customary proclamation bawled oat by the clerk at the table, "Ayes to the right, Noes to the left; tellers for the Ayes, Mr Smith and Mr Junes; tellers for the Noes, Mr Brown and Mr JLfobinson.' Yet his Bill for the registration of newspaper proprietors created such a storm as we have not had for many a day. Brit Mr Waddy was only indirectly the cause. Proximately the tempest was due to Dr Ivenealy and Mr Sullivan. The member for Stoke when he rose was evidently nettled at the very 'distinct allusions which had been made to him and to the infamous paper with which he has been associated, and he made a speech full of bluster and "cheek." He little knew what he was doing. Mr Sullivan Avas all the while pre- paring to answer him, and for that purpose crossed from the Liberal to the Conservative side of the House, so as the better to be able to face and denounce his man. And what an answer it was The papers give but a feeble idea of its consummate ability and tremendous invective. The House was in raptures. It cheered with increasing vehemence each fresh arrow as it sped to the mark, bhot by a master archer. Members became absolutely enthusiastic as well-pianted blow after blow was struck by this well-trained athlete. Mr Waddy, who had been taking notes of the objections raisal by the different opponents of his Bill, for- got to do so while Mr Sullivan was speaking, and laid down his pencil and listened. Mr Butt, one of the greatest orators in the House, burst forth into a generous tribute of praise,saying to his neighbour, Good God. he has exhausted the English language." Then came the division, and in the division lobby occurred that incident which by this time has been discussed in every village of England. Dr Kenealy called Mr Sullivan a liar in the lobby, and in the hearing of Mr Forsyth and one or two other members. Mr Sullivan's friends at once rallied round him, and insisted that the outrage should be brought before the House. The news spread like wildfire. After the division, members, in- stead of rushing out of the House as they usually do, stood blocking the bar, and Mr Sullivan then described what had taken place. Sir William Dyke, in the absence of all his own leaders, went over to the front Opposition bench and consulted with Mr Forster, the only Privy Councillor present. The Speaker consulted with Sir Erskine May, and there was a long pause, charing which minutes seemed hours. Dr Kenealy was then called upon for an explanation, which he gave, and for once had the good sense to speak without bluster. Then he withdrew. Then Mr Forster proposed the re solution censuring Dr Kenealy, and the Ser- geant-at-Arms was told to fetch him. Mean- while an urgert message had been sent across to Downing-street, where Ministers were holding their Cabinet Council, and Mr Cross came hurrying in (for the Home Secretary is expected to lead the House on Wednesdays), and arrived just in time to second Mr Forster's motion. When Major Gossett appeared, bring- ing Dr Kenealy with him, the excitement became greater than ever, and members wanted to prevent the Doctor from going to his seat, thinking that as a culprit he ought to stand at the bar but the Speaker ruled other- wise, and told him to take his seat, Avhen he was informed of the decision of the House, and, in a low voice, made the required apology. I wonder what would have happened if Dr Ivenealy had proved contumacious. His offensive remark was not inside the House proper, or the Speaker would have called him to order, and if he had then refused to obey, Mr Brand might have inflicted the awful penalty of "naming'' him—or calling him "Dr Kenealy," instead of "the honourable member for Stoke." But the offence was committed outside the Speaker's jurisdiction, and any punishment inflicted must have been so by special resolution of the House. Could the House have ordered him to be arrested ? Could it have directed him to be fed with the bread of affliction, and the water of adversity ? All this seems to be a moot question, though it is very desirable that the doubt should be cleared up. I would not have given much for Dr Kenealy's chances of liberty yesterday. Members do not love him. He is certainly not a person who inspires affection; and he would have fared unpleasantly if he had not at once made his humble submission. It is of small use speculating about foreign affairs when in all probability a decisive issue will have been taken during the next twenty-four hours. The Berlin corres- pondent of the Times still maintains that belief in peace which he asserted so strongly on Saturday, and he de- clares that the warlike symptoms are apparent rather than real, and Captain Burnaby, who has just been visiting Asiatic Turkey, declares that he sees no signs there of a speedy encounter. But nearly all the other correspon- dents of the London journals say that Avar is inevitable, and they point to the very offensive character of the Porte's reply to the Protocol as a proof that Turkey means to have war. liven some of the journals which are most severe upon Russia are bound to admit that the kind of answer which the Sultan has sent leaves the Czar no alternative, and that he can hardly do other than fight. To be told that Montenegro is no affair of his, is really to give him a slap in the face, which the meekest of men could hardly endure. Of course, those who have been work- ing so hard for peace do not like to abandon the hope of it even now, but it is understood that Her Majesty's Ministers came to the conclusion at yesterday's Cabinet Council that war could hardly bo averted. It is under these circumstances of doubt and great gravity that the Liberal leaders have to decide upon the course which they will take. Lord Hartington is consi- dered to have done a rather clever thing by framing his motion in the way he has framed it. It has the advant- age of fettering the roving spirits below the gang- way at the same time it is one that Ministers can hardly oppose, as the House is entitled to be made acquainted with all the negotiations that have attended the Protocol. Moreover, Lord Hartington's motion leaves him free. He can content himself with it, and arrange so that no set debate shall take place on it; or if war should be declared he will be at liberty to make use of his opportunity for a direct attack upon, the Government for having failed to main- tain peace. But I do not imagine that much will come of the debate under any circumstances. Ministers will have no difficulty in showing that they worked very hard to secure peace, and it is only a section of the Liberal party who would have resorted to coercion. No resolu- tion having that as its basis will have any chance of being passed, nor is it possible that Lord C Hartington would propose it. "Each in his hidden sphere, we move apart." While most of us laymen are just now thinking only of Turkey and Russia, peace or war, the clerics are absorbed by the coming judgment in the Ridsdal.ritual case. To them, facing East versus facing South is a matter of infi- nitely greater imllOrtance than Sclav versus Turk, and Arestments and wafer bread are far beyond the freedom of the Danube or the possession of Constantinople. Prominent members of the Ritualistic party profess to know beforehand what the judg- ment of the Privy Council will be. They tell me that, bite the Gorham and Bennett judgment, it will be a compromise, which, for the sake of ex- pediency, will sanction the Eastward position, and probably the wafer bread, but not the vestments. They affirm that Lord Cairns especially ia opposed to the last and that Sir Eitzroy Kelly, Sir Robert Phillimore and Baron Amphlett are in favour of them, and will giv separate judgments. They say that they will not accept the judgment of the seven other judges because they do not believe it to be in accordance with the law thereby making themselves superior to the highest court ia the land. They declare that no court will satisfy them which is not purely spiritual, that is to say, which does not consist of the bishops alone and when pressed to explain how it was that Bishop Wilberforce, with their consent, persuaded Parliament to eliminate the episcopal element from the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, they reply that it was because they wished to deprive it of any quasi-episcopal authority, in other words, they weakened it in order that they might be more free to disobey it. In reply to the question if the Eastward position does not really concede to them all that they deem essential, they answer that this will no longer satisfy them, and they expect that even the clergy who have not gone so far as they, Dean Church, for one, will now adopt the vestments. They attach the greatest possible importance to the recent clerical memorial to the bishops, and think that it will prove the finishing stroke in the destruction of the Public Worship Act. They hold that Lord Penza'fa's court has completely collapsed, and having no doubt whatever that he is going to resign both on account of the question of salary, and for another reason which need not be more precisely stated, thus con- fidently affirm that no one will be found ready to take his place. They further say that their party is so rapidly groAving in numbers and power that it is no longer necessary for them to think about the disestablish- ment of the Church, which at one time they were willing to bring about rather thJm submit any longer to the secular courts. They quote with the keenest satisfac- tion Bishop Lllicott's avowal that the recent clerical manifesto had greatly complicated the position. Alto- gether the Ritualists were never more confident of vic- tory than they are now. One cannot say much for the tactics of some of the party. It will be remembered that when judgment was given against Mr Mackonochie on the last occasion, the St Alban's clergy refused to celebrate the communion, but, with their people, marched en vuisse to mass" at St Vedast's. That reductio ad absurdum, did not, how- ever, last long, and after a short time the "holy sacrifice was once more offered up at St Alban's, I believe, very much as before. But noAV Mr I Rodwell, of I St Ethelburga's, Bishopsgate, has de- termined to take a still more absurd course. In order to avoid a prosecution, he has deter- mined not only to give up the unlawful ritual which he had adopted, but to celebrate the communion only three times a-year (the minimum permitted by the rubrics), to give the people on Sundays only "Table "instead of Communion, to give them no sermon, but only to read 1 (me Qf the homilies* and even tha-totdv on condition that. the parishioners will purchase a copy, and to close the church during the whole of the week between Sunday and Sunday. Mr Rodwell himself has gone abroad. The death of Mr Benjamin Shaw has deprived the Ritualists of one of their ablest opponents. They say that he was a good man up to his lights, but they cannot understand how he can have persecuted them. By the way, another prosecution will shortly be commenced that of Mr Randall, of All Saints', Clifton, whose ritua about the most extravagant in jEngland. It is Tffider- ^^•opct the Church Association are finding the neces- sary funds', preiiume that Dr Stephens will lead for the prosecution, bu ,I have not heard who will take Mr Shaw's place junior counsel. The Royal famn.7 of this country have always slioAvn themselves particularly friendly towards hospitals. The Queen opened St Thoma^S aud the London Hos- pitals. The Prince of Wales lateJy re-opened Charing- cross Hospital, and now the Duclrsss (if Teck is going to open the East London Hospital for ciuldren, which lias just been built. It has been erected at Shadwell, and is described as light and airy. It contaim three large wards, and smaller ones for cases requiring isolation, and there are 04 beds and cots. It is hoped hereafter to build another wing. Our Government has been endeavouring to obtain in- formation from other Governments as to their attitude toward" the fine arts." A Parliamentary paper has been printed, containing sundry correspondence thereon. The little state of Baden contributes £i)()OO a year to the en- couragement of art, no inconsiderable charge in its Budget. In Denmark there is an academy otfine arts for the instruction of painters, sculptors, architects and engravers. There are eight professors, who, besides having free quarters at Charlottcnburg castle, receive a salary of about JS70 a year, The Spanish Government has a consulting body called the Academy of San Fernando, which inspects all museums and galleries, and forms a. central committee of historical monuments, and the Government provides funds for the education of young artists abroad, chiefly at Rome. The Austrian Government has lately made instruction in art, which, until now, was a private matter, a matter of Government concern. In Portugal, a project for reforming artistic studies has lately been before the Chamber of Deputies. In Bavaria, "as might be expected, the Government does a great deal for art, and spends nearly a year in en- couraging it. In Holland the Government looks after and preserves the ancient monuments, restores churches, and maintains several museums. In Russia there is an Imperial Academy, at which students are trained in painting sculpture, and architecture. In Prussia, as Mr Consul-General Crowe writes: "The State does almost everything for the cultivation of the arts that a State can do. It founds schools, pays teachers, and keeps up museums, and the charges are almost entirely borne by the public exchequer." Thus most foreign countries would seem to be ahead of England so far as Government support of art is concerned.
DEATH OFIiï RICHARD FOTHERGILL, 1 JUNIOR. We regret to announce the death of Mr Richard Fothergill, son of the hon. member for Merthyr Tydfil. The sad news was telegraphed to Abernant House on Thursday, and rapidly became known all over the dis- trict, where it elicited general sympathy. The deceased gentleman, who was suffering from ill-health, determined some short time ago to pay a visit to Tenby, where the members of his family are staying, hoping that a change of air would relieve him, but he gradually grew worse, and at length was prostrated by a very severe attack of typhoid fever. Dr Reid, of Tenby, was called in, Dr Davies, of Merthyr, the medical attendant of the family, was sent for, and for some few days there was every reason to believe that the young gentleman's constitution, as- sisted by medical skill and good nursing, would enable him to fight through the various stages of his illness. On Sunday, although in a very low state, he was a little better, and no serious change occurred until Tuesday, when the ravages of the terrible disease began to tell upon him, and but scant hopes of his recovery were enter tained by his medical attendants. They, ho AVC re r, used their utmost exertions, and to the last did all that could possibly be done with a view to save life. all Thursday morning, about hali-past eleven o'clock, the end came and Mr Fothergill passed away quietly, after several days of suffering, v.hich he had borne with singular courage and patience. The deceased gentleman was well known in the district of Merthyr and Aberdare, and from his connection with the Avorks was popular as well with the population as with the Avorkmen generally. He took a warm interest in his father's business, and gave promise of becoming a prominent man in connection with local industries. His general amiabilily of character made him a faAourite with all who had dealings with him. and in social circles he was very generally respected and beloved. Mr Fothergiil, who educated at Eton, was a fine speci- men of an Englishman, being about six feet three inches in height, well built, frank and genial in his bearing and disposition. He Avas the only son now alive by his father's first wife, He attained the age of 25 years on the 19th of last month, and at that time any casual observer would have pre- dicted that in the ordinary course of nature he had promise of a long and useful life. In Tenby the deepest sympathy i" ItHmifested towards the family in their bereavement; and the feeling Avill be general in j'oliti- cal and commercial circles to-day, amongst thousands of his acquaintances, when they read the announcement it is our painful duty to make.
LLANGYNIDER SCHOOL BOARD. The usual monthly meeting of this board took place on Wednesday at the Board schools, Nantybweh. Present —Messrs J Morris (chairman). R. J. Robins and E. powell, with Mr Leonard Browne (c)erk). The minutes of the last meeting were read and con- firmed. The clerk reiwrted that he had arranged that the Llangattock School Board should either become joint owner" with this board and the Llanelly School Board of the ballot apparatus, or that they should pay J35 for the use of them at the late election. In reference to the RhydvbleAV school, Mr BroAvne, the clerk, read a copy of a letter which he had written to the Education Depart- ment and also to the clerk of the Bedwellty School Board. He also produced a letter from the Education Depart- ment, dated 22nd ult., in reference to the schools, en- quiring what provisions the board pposed for the 210 children iu the Kassau district. A discussion ensued, and ultimately the clerk was directed to acknowledge receipt' of the letter, and say that in deference thereto immedi- ate negotiations would be opened with the Llangattock School Board, with a vieAv of determining the best mode of providing school accommodation in the dis- trict. A precept of £150 was issued upon the rating authority. The question ot remission of fees was adjourned until next meeting. The master produced a new time table, which the clerk was ordered to forward to the Education Department for approval. Several cheques were signed, and the meeting ter- minated. 0 This was the last meeting of the old board, all the members of which, it may be stated, have been re-elected without a contest—a circumstance which shows that the services they have rendered are approved of by the rate- payers.
THE BUTE TRUSTEES AND THEIR TENANTS. At the Cardiff County-court, on Wednesday—before Judge Herhert-the cases of Gardener v. l'enfound. and Boyle v. Penfound, were heard. In the case of Gardner Y. Penfound, Mr L. V, Sherley appeared for plaintiff, and Mr Vacliell for defendant. This was a replevin action, and it appeared from the evidence that the defendant has been for upwards of 40 years a tenant of the trustees of the Marquis of Bute, renting certain sheds and premises at the Bute Docks. He at first held the premises under a verbal agreement, but afterwards there was a written agreement, and the written agree- ment contained a clause enabling either party to terminate it by a three calendar months' notice. On the 29th of November, 1864, the defendant received notice from the trustees of the Marquis of Bute that they intended to terminate the tenancy on the 2Sth February, 1865, and it was contended on the part of the defendant, Penfound, that as this was a three months' notice, the tenancy under the agreement expired on the 28th February, 1875. The trustees, how- ever, permitted the notice to lapse, and Penfound con- tinued in possession of the premises, and subsequently paid rent to the trustees every half-year. Mr Yachell contended that this fact made Penfound a yearly tenant. Subsequently Penfound sublet the premises to the plain- tiff, Gardener, and a short time ago the trustees served on Penfound a three calendar months' notice to give up possession of the premises. Penfound, however, did not give possession of the premises, acting on the conviction that he was a yearly tenant, and had a right to receive six months' notice. After some time, the trustees polled down the defendant's sheds, and took possession. Pen- found afterwards i distrained upon the goods of the sub-tenant Gardener. Gardener replevied, and the action was brought to try whether Gardener was a tenant of Penfound, or a tenant of the trustees of the Marquis of Bute. After a good deal of legal argument on both sides, his Honour held that the notice given by the trustees, or their agents, to Penfound on the 2!1th November, 1864, to expire on the 28tli February, 1865, was not a three calendar months' notice, and, therefore, the original agreement was not put an end to by it; but that the notice given by the trustees recently was a three calendar months' notice, and, therefore, terminated the tenancy between Penfound and the trustees, and after the termination of that notice Gardener was a tenant of the trustees, and not of Penfound. The amount sought to be recovered was a small one, but to that Gardener was entitled. The next case, Boyle v. Penfound, arose out of the above. Mr Sherley appeared for the trustees, and Mr Vachell for Penfound. In this action the trustees sought to recover jM 18s 6d, balance of rent due from Penfound to them under, and also subsequent to, the three calendar months' notice referred to in the former case. Defendant had paid into court the amount due to the plaintiff for rent, but refused to pay the excess which the trustees demanded for holding over the pre- mises after the expiration of the notice. It was contended by Mr Sherley that the trustees were entitled, after the expiration of the three months' notice to leave, not simply to the rent at which the premises had been let under the agreement, but such rent as would be a fair equivalent for the occupation of the premises under a new arrangement, and in this case double rent was demanded. His Honour held that as it was part of the plaintiff's case in the former action that when the three months' notice to Penfound had expired Gardener became a tenant of the trustee, and not of Penfound, the trustees could not blow hot and cold by seeking to recover from the defendant, whom they had just repudi- ated as a tenant, rent for a premises which were in the possession of Gardener. Judgment would, therefore, be for the defendant, the plaintiff being entitled only to the amount paid into court. Mr Vachell applied for costs, which were allowed.
THROAT IRRITATION—The throat and windpipe are especially liable to inflammation, causing soreness and dryness, tickling and irritation, inducing cough and affecting the voice. For these symptoms use glycerine in the form of jujubes. Glycerine in these agreeable confections, being in proximity to the glands at the time they are excited by the act of sucking, becomes actively healing. 6d and Is boxes (by post for 14 stamps), labelled "JAMBS Errs & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, 43 Threadneedlc-street, and 170, Piccadilly, London." Sold by Prune, 8, Queen-street, Jones, 6. Duke-street; Prust, 8 a43S
CARDIFF TOWN COUNCIL. A special meeting of the Cardiff Town Council and Burial Board was held at the Town-hall, on Monday morn- ing. The Mayor (Aid, Elliott) presided, and the follow- ing members also attended :—Aldermen C. W. David, D. Jones, H. Bowen, J. Winstone, W. Taylor, and Coun- cillors J. W. Vachell, D. Duncan, R. Cory, jun., J. Rowlands, G. A. Stone, T. V. Yorath, A. Thomas, G. W. Armstrong, G. Bodington, W. Sanders, W. Treseder, A. Fulton, D. E. Jones, T. W. Jacobs, R. Davles, T. Bees, Rees Enoch, and D. Lewis. CONTAGIOUS DISEASES (ANIMALS) ACT COMMITTEE. In reply to some questions put by Dr TAYLOR, a to whether measures had been taken to secure the registra- tion of cattle sheds, Alderman DAVID and Councillor BODINGTON stated that the provisions in the inspector's report would secure that end, and if the report of the committee were adopted, it would follow as a matter of course. R LODGINGS FOU THE JUDGES. The EX-MAYOK moved, and Mr DA VIES seconded, the adoption of the public works committee's report. Mr JACOBS inquired whether .any report had been made by the special committee appointed to consider the sub- ject of a site for judges' lodgings. If the matter were delayed much longer he thought that serious incon- A-enicnce must result. Alderman L >AYN>, as a member of the committee, stated that no specific instructions were given to the committee as to what steps should be taken, and suggested that Mr Jacobs should propose that it be an instruction to the public works committee to select a suitable site for the erection of lodgings for judges. Recently he had the honour of a conversation with Mr Justice Mellor, and he asked him whether the judges were comfortable in their present lodgings, and he said they were extremely com- fortable. Mr BODIXGTON doubted the expediency of going further into the question now. as it was still uncertain whether Cardiff or Swansea might be selected as the locality for the central gaol. The MAYOR said that it was the opinion of the com- mittee that they could do nothing more than provide lodgings for the present time. After some conversation, Alderman DAYID proposed the re-appointment of the present committee, and that they should bring the matter again before the council at the next meeting. Mr DI NCAN pointed out that if the committee wished to proceed furtherin the matter they should write to All- Boyle, Lord Bute's agent, giving him the dimensions of the ground they required that was if they were prepared to say how much ground they required, and prepared to continue to negotiate with the trustees of the Marquis. Mr SANDERS thought that before the council decided to purchase the they should go into the question whether it was desirable to build at all. Mr JACOBS then proposed the folio Aving resolution :— "That a special committee be appointed for the purpose of selecting a suitable building site for the accommoda- tion of Her Majesty's judges, and to report on the sub- ject at an early period and that the town surveyor be re- quested to prepare a plan stating what land will be required." The resolution was seconded, and Alderman DAVID proposed as an • amendment—" That the question be left in the hands of the public Avorks committee." For the amendment there voted 15 for the resolution, 7, The amendment was declared carried, and the adop- tion of the committee's report was then agreed to. RLTOKTS. The finance, sanitary, and cabs committees' reports were adopted without discussion, as were also the reports of the improvement committee, watch committee, pro- perty and markets committee, lire brigade, and lighting and water committee. A board of health rate of Is 7d in the £ was agreed to, on the motion of Alderman DAVID. THE DISGRACEFUL CONDITION OF THE OLD CEMKTERY. H. J. Paine, the medical officer of health, in his report, made the following reference to the condition of the old cemetery :— My attention Laving been called to the condition of the old cemetery, t have visited it, and found it to be in a must dilapi- dated and unsatisfactory condition. The general surface hasa verv ncglectvd appearance, many of the tombstones have fallen doAvii, and the graves are so sunken in as apparently to permit exhala- tions from the interior. The Avhole of the portion allotted to the parish of St Nary is entirely filled, that belonging to t John nearly so, there being only a few intermediate spaces, and in using these the space in frequent instances is so narrow as to expose the decaying coffins in the adjoining grave. The cemetery is now in the centre of a dense population, and is therefore, under the circumstances, improper to be used as a place of interment. I therefore recommend that a report be made to the Home Secre- tary, with the "iew to obtaining an order to dose it. Mr VACHELL moved the adoption of the report, and the carrying out of Dr Paine's recommendation. The MAYOR supported the motion. Fees to a large amount had been received at the old cemetery for burials, but not a shilling had been spent in keeping the place in order, and he therefore thought it became the duty of the corporation to close the place at once, and keep it in repair. Nothing could equal the disgraceful condition of the cemetery, with the graves, vaults, and tombs open, and the wlwle place utterly neglected, and some steps should at once be taken to remedy the existing state of things. Mr SANDERS asked the Mayor if he could inform the Board who had in the parish "received the fees, and who I were responsible for the sanitary condition of the old cewct,'>l'Y Mr DUNCAN said that the old cemetery Avas an extra- parochial burial ground, and belonged to the parishes of St Mary and St John, equally divided. Therefore, what- ever disgrace might attach to "anyone for the existing state of affairs belonged to the church j seople connected with those two parishes. Tliey had alloAved it to lapse into that state, and they were the parties who had received the fees. (Hear, hear.) They had the exclusive right. to the use ot it, and they had neglected their duty until the church- yard had become, as the Mayor had described it, such a great abomination that it ought to be closed. He had the same fear Mr Jacobs bad, that some of the expense of closing the churchyard would be thrown upon the town. and lie felt that it was not right the town should father the expense of putting such a place in repair and keeping it so. He believed that while the corporation had the power to close the cemetery, and put it in proper repair, they had the power also to call on the parish authorities to reimburse them for any exjiense that might be incurred. Dr TAYLOR concurred in all that had been said as to the disgraceful state of the cemetery,. He had endea- voured to raise subscriptions to put it in a proper state of repair, but had not been able to obtain more than iloO towards that cud. Mr Johnson, their late surveyor, who made a plan of the repairs, estimated their cost at about He thought that the chureliAvardens had been very lax in the matter, and the responsibility fell oil their shoulders. If the cliurcliAvardens had not funds in hand to meet tho>e repairs, he believed they could call on the overseers, and the outlay could be re- could call on the overseers, and the outlay could be re- covered from the rates. In his opinion the cemetery should be closed at once. When closed it would be the duty of the town to keep it in proper repair. Mr 3ANDEHS thought that if the condition of the cellletery W;13 a nuisance it was the duty of the council to call upon the vicars to abate it. They had no right to do anything further in the matter. The MAYOR We have a right, as conservators of the public health, to see that the place is closed. Mr SANDERS proposed as an amendment "That the inspector of nuisances be instructed to take steps to cause the vestries of St Mary and St John to abate the nuisance existing at the Old Cemetery." Mr REES liecollded the amendment. In reply to Mr DUNCAN, the town clerk said the diffi- culty in proceeding against such a nuisance was this— they (the board) were only empowered to proceed against common nuisances. The amendment and resolution were then put to the meeting. 12 voted for the amendment: 7 for the reso- lution. The amendment was therefore carried. The EX-MAYOK remarked that the vestries might re- fuse to put the cemetery in repair, and as the Vicar was the owner of the churchyard, neither of the vestries could be compelled to carry out their recommendation. The chapel-yards had been closed by application to the Home Secretary, and the same course should have been pursued in this case. The MAYOR said the town clerk had informed him that they could not enforce their resolution, The other portions of Dr Paine's report were adopted, including a recommendation to close four Avells supplying soup houses in Spring Gardens, Roath. lIfISCKLLANEOCS KKJPO RTS. The reports of the surveyor and of the special com- mittee appointed by the council to report on the sanitary condition of Roath district were adopted, it being agreed, at the suggestion of Mr Duncan, to abandon the projiosal to place seats on the footpath betAveenVRoath iCourt and Pengam Bridge. THE ROATH MARKET QUESTION. The special committee appointed by the council to consider the question of opening the Roath market, re- ported that they had considered the question as to the adaptability of the Roath market for slaughtering and the holding of a market, and were of opinion that it was desirable to utilize the market for slaughtering and the sale of live and dead stock and vegetables and that application should be made to the Great Western Rail- way Company to provide the necessary accommodation for the conveyance of cattle to the market. Mr A. THOMAS moved, and Mr LEWIS (Roath) se- conded, the folloAving resolution :— That the committee, hereafter mentioned, make inquiries as to the position of the corporation in respect to the Koath market, and the action pending by Lord Trales^ir, and if they find mas ters satisfactory, that they make arrangements for the more efficient carrying on of the market for cattle, with improved Slaughter- house, and the establishment of a market for the sale of live and dead stock and vegetables; and that the town clerk be instructed to communicate with the Great AVestern Railway Company authorities with a view to their laying a siding into or adjacent to the Roath market. The committee to be thus composed :— Aldermen Jones, Evans, Bcwen, and Winstone and Councillors Bird, Davies, Jones, T. Rees, and Sanders. Mr BODINGTON moved the following amendment :— That the alterations and additions to Roath slaughterhouses and market-place, and the establishment of weekly live and dead stock markets, as recommended by the specia.) committee of in- spection, be not proceeded with until the present approved altera- tions and enlargements of the slaughterhouses of Canton market, and other works connected therewith for market plIrposes, are complete, ami their efficiency IS tested. He said it appeared to him that the resolution pro- posed by Mr Thomas was of a very sweeping character, and the subject demanded very serious consideration. If the resolution meant anything it meant that the whole of the slaughtering of the town was to be taken from Canton to Roath. (No, no.) They said, "No, no;" he said, "Yes, yes." At the present moment they were involved in a law-suit about the lease of Roath market, and that market itself was so small as to be perfectly inadequate to any great amount of work lelllj done theie. On the other hand, they were expending money to make the Canton market equal to its increasing requirements, and the Great Western Railway Company had promised to give them a siding when necessary; therefore it would be absurd to adont the suggestions projiosed iu the resolution. It must be remembered that the question was not one merely between Roath and Canton, but affecting the whole of the ratepayers of the borough and he maintained that they ought not to lay out money at the present moment on Roath market until they had fully carried out the designs for altering Canton market. When they had done that, and could prove that Canton market was inadequate to what was required, then he should Aote for Roath market being opened up. The ratepayers were already asking what was meant by the extenpon of Roath market, and they would have a perfect right to grumble if such a course were carried out. He should not for a moment believe that it was the wish of the whole body of butchers to remove the market to Roath, and he thought he knew as much about the butchers as any member of the council. He supported his views by quoting a number of statistics of the animals sold in Cardiff, at Roath, and Canton respectively, showing that at the latter market the number of sales predominated. Mr VACHELL seconded the amendment. Mr JACOBS supported the resolution, and presented a memorial to the Corporation from a number of Cardiff butchers and cattle dealers (56), who suggested that the weekly market should be held at Roath and not at Can- ton, urging that it would be a convenience to dealers, cattle being thus more easily brought into the market. Mr TRESEDER spoke in support of the amendment. Alderman BOWKN defended the course taken by the special committee, and said they neyer contemplated such a step as the doing away with Canton market. Mr COllY suggested an agreement betAveen the advo- cates of the resolution and the supporters of the amend- ment, so nrov-U-ion no-hfc ha secured, for markets a.t both ulaoen The EX-MAYOR observed that the very tact ol there being no market at Boath proved that no market was re- quired. The dispute with Lord Tredegar's trustees must be settled before any steps could be taken in the matter of the Roath market. TAVO markets Avere not likely to flourish in the same town, and when they had one good market was it wise to create another ? He had no objec- tion to the improvement of Roath market, but before anything could be done they must put themselves in com- munication with Lord Tredegar. Alderman WINSTONE took a similar yicw, and inci- dentally remarked also that they had had a good many speech?? on the subject, and a good many peers had been stuck up for the purpose of hanging speeches on them, I (Laughter.) j Further discussion Jolhnved, and, alter ft Oivtrneted (Laughter.) 1 Further discussion Jolhnved, and, alter ft Oivtrneted debate, the amendment ar;-l resolution were put to the meeting, with the folloAving re.dt;—lor the resolution, I 10 for the amendment, G. On the motion of Mr FI LTON, seconded by Mr SAN- DEBS, it was then resolved to refer the Avhole matter to the Property and Markets Committee, im-tead of to the committee named in the resolution. i'l is! R ANAL l'frJT, On the motion of the E \-M A YOK, secoudtd by Mr 1 ARWSTRO.IG, it was agreed to confirm the appointment of a public analyst made by the Local Government Board, subject to the recommendation of the Privy Council. Some other business of a formal character h:i ing been transacted, the meeting separated.
DISPUTED LIABILITY IX A COAL CONTRACT. In the Exchequer Division of the High Court of Jus- CONTRACT. In the Exchequer Division of the High Court of Jus- tice, the case of Bright v. Fryer and others, was heard on Wednesday before Baron' Pollock and a special jury. The action was brought by a shipbroker and commission agent, at Briton Perry, in Glamorganshire, against the executors of Mr Thomas W alker, recently the proprietor of the Ulaenavon Colliery, near Briton Perry, to recover a sum of more than .ti1,00G in respect of cert,tin colliery transactions with Mr Williams, of Penrith, in Cornwall, on behalf of the Williams Portrcath Co. Mr Charles, Q.C., in opening the case, said that the plaintiff had been acc-ustomcd to make contracts for the late Mr Walker, Tif the Blaenavon Colliery, to supply coal, the agreement being that plaintiff was not to be affected by any losses or gains resulting from the contracts. At Mr Walker's request the plaintiff made all contracts in his own name. In February and March, 18ï:.>, lie managed to effect two contracts for the simply of tons of coal from the Blaenavon Colliery, with Mr Wil- hams, of Penrith. The supply of coal was commenced, but before much had been sent the coal famine com- menced, and a. the coal rose in price Mr Walker became insolvent All action was brought by Mr Williams against the plaintiff, in Avhose name the contract was effected, and uiiimately an award for £2,0(;2 was made on behalf of Mr Wiiliams. The plaintiff, hoAvever, main- tained that he only acted as agent to Mr Walker, and accordingly brought the present action to recoAer the amount of the award, expenses, costs, and interest from Mr Walker, who, having since died, was now represented by his executors. Mr Baron Pollock ultimately, with the concurrence of the parties, referred the ease to an arbitrator, with power to state a case for the court.
SPECIAL TRADE KEPORTS. [FUOU our, OWN COHUESrONDENTS AND EXCLUSIVE SOl'lK'ES.] SOUTH WALES COAL AND IRON SHIPMENTS. [SPECIAL REPORT BY OliH OWN CORRESPONDENT.! CARDIFF, Thursday Night.—Trade at this port is generally in the same state of depression as when I last wrote, and I am sorry to say that I can see no signs of approaching improvement. The carrying trade is still dull, though rather more lively than it was last week. Freights to the higher Mediterranean port" are Jew. but a^ great quantity of tonnage has been chartered for 1'ranee, the arriA'als liaA'ing been exceptionally numerous. The bulk of the orders in the market for France has been thus cleared off, and the demand for tonnage is now less in this direction. The clearances altogether are about 15,000 tons more than last week, but there are far more vessels still in the docks than at the date of IllV last re- port. In the event of war in the East it is anticipated that it will not effect the price of coal to any serious ex- tent, but that there will be a general rise of freights in all directions. Toe entries outAvards of vessels to load in Cardiff dur- ing the week comprise 59 steamers, calculated to carry 05,041 tons, and 98 sailing vessels, of the estimated burthen of 47,060 tons, making a total of 112,101 tons, against 89,463 tons of last week. The supply of fresh tonnage in Swansea amounts, for the week, to lo,378 tons, and in Newport to 24,069 tons. Cardiff has cleared foreign, during the Aveek, 51 steamers and 73 sailing vessels, with 92,174 tons of cod, 100 tons of patent fuel, and 662 tons of iron. Of the latter 360 tons Avent to Bombay. 200 tons to Melbourne, GO tous to Antwerp, and 42 tons to Hamburg. The coal and fuel shipments were distributed a-s follows :—France, 27,300 tons East Indies, 14,582 tons Mediterranean, 13,236 tons South America, 7,118 tons: Spain, 2.011 I tons; Africa, etc, 2,008 tOilS; Baltic, etc., 2,070 tons North America, 1,854 tOils; West Indies, 1,723 tons and Portugal, 320 tons. Swansea has cleared foreign during the week 9 steamers and sailing vessels, with 13,102 tons of coal, of patent fuel, and 30 tons of iron. which Avent to Oporto. The cxiports of coal and fuel were as follows :— France. S,;3 tons; Spain, 1,632 tOilS; Mediterranean, 1, 544 tons; Africa, etc., 1,35S tons: South America, 830 tons West Indies, 560 tons Baltic, etc., 4:10 tons Portugal, 450 tons; and North America, 41 ;• tons, NoAvport has despatched foreign 12 steamers and 23 sailing A'essels, Avith 14,280 tons of coal and 2,200 tons of iron. Of the latter, 1,200 tons Avent to Gothenburg, and 1,000 tons to Taganrog. The coal Avas shipped as folloAA's: --France. 3,869 tons; Mediterranean, 1,950 tons; Eastern Mediterranean ports. 4,743 tons; Portugal, 865 tons; East Indies, 790 tons; West Indies, 445 tons Baltic, etc., 306 tons and Italy, 220 tons. KunTH OF ENGLAND IRON AND COAL T HADES. [SPECIAL HEPORT FROM OUR OWN COURKHPOMll'NT.l MiooLESBoRouGH, Thursday.—The quarterly meeting has come and gone, and the spring is now U] ,(Ill us Avith- out any Impetus beiug given to trade or any better pros- pects appearing. Trade is in the same dull way, with an increase of stocks to a very considerable extent on last month. The stocks are now very heavy, amounting to over 22o,000 tons, and there is nothing at present appear- ing but a likelihood of a monthly addition equal to the last (which amounted to over 25,000 tons), unless the makers should come to some arrangement amongst them- selves to reduce the make,iwliich, a-ccording to present appearances, they are not likely to do. It is stated that the firms who have most of the iron in stock, are well able to hold it, and there- fore have no pressing reason to reduce their make. They cannot, hoAveArer shut their eyes to the fact that heavy stocks must inevitably produce low prices, and even should &ny "spurt "in the trade spring up the fact of there being an unusual quantity of iron in the district would have a bad effect upon prices. The shipments, taking foreign and coastwise deliveries together, were about equal to last year, amounting for the month to above 57,000 tons. In the coastwise deliveries Wales is credited with 5,200 tons, and Scotland 21,000 tons. Of foreign deliveries (Jermany took nearly 8,000 tons; Holland came next for 6,000 tons France for 5,000 tons and Belgium for 4,000 tons, smaller quantities going to other European countries. The total make of pig metal in the North of England district during the last month was close on 187,000 tons. There are few inquiries for pig iron in the district, but these do not indicate any influx of trade. They only show that consumers have been holding back as long as they can and are now forced to enter the market. They, however, restrict their purchases to the smallest possible extent, as the market seems to be every day getting weaker. Pig metal can be bought for quite 6d per ton lower that could be done a week ago, and for nett cash there is little doubt that plenty of No. 3 could be secured at 41s, though 41s Od to 42s is the nominal figure. No. 4 forge Is quoted about 40, and No. 1, 46s, nett cash. We can quite believe makers when they assert that at these prices they lose on every ton of iron they produce, except in those instances where they can use their own materials in the shape of ironstone and coal. We last week mentioned the desperately low condi- tion of the iron rail trade. It was generally believed here that the W elsh rail producers, by virtue of their lower rates, were doing more than the north of England iron rail manufacturers, but later reports would seem to place such a supposition altogether in doubt. There is a good deal of Spanish ore being now brought into the Tees and the Tyne, as local iron companies are holders of large royalties in the neighbourhood of Bilbao. This ore is mostly used for mixture.with Cleveland. The large company of Bolckow, Vauglian, and Co. (Limited), will, however, when they open their new steel works next summer, utilise large quantities for that class of trade. The only real promise in the trade of the district is now in iron shipbuilding, and the cognate branches. There is a good demand for vessels. Orders are coming in very fairly, especially on the Tyne, and as one vessel is launched, another is placed on the stocks. The trade, however, is cut very fine and gives but little return. This has induced the employers to resolutely resist the demands of men in the shipbuilding yards or more Avages. On the Tyne they secured other labour, and the old hands had to give way, many of them being thrown out. In the Tees a strike has been in action, but it is now regarded as practically settled, as the men have Avithdrawn most of their demand*, so that instead of an advance of 10 per cent in wages, what they ask for will not, it is said, amount to £10 per vessel. The prices of finished iron are easier. Ship plates are £ 0 15s to £ 7 puddled bars, £ 4 2s Gd common bars, £ 6 to £ 6 2s 6d angle iron, £ 6 7s (id. j | An arrangement is likely to be effected to bring about a sliding scale in the blast furnace trade for the adjust- mentof wages. The ironstone miners and mineowners have held a meeting, but have come to no resolution. It is probable that the claim of the employers will be re- ferred to arbitration. In the Durham coal and the Cleveland ironstone trades an attempt is being made to arrange a reduction in the wages. of mechanics amI enginemen in proportion to the drop in other Avages. In Northumberland there is a move being made to take away the perquisites of house and coals, which have hitherto been enjoyed by the miners as part of a proposed reduction. The Durham coal trade has remained very dull. On the Tyne there has been a someAvhat better demand, especially for steam coals. An improvement is expected as the Baltic trade opens out. The best demand which has appeared this season has been for gas coals, which have been sold at 8s to 9s per ton for best qualities f.o.b. Tyne or Wear. Secondary sorts are 6s Gel to 7s ditto. Coke does not show any change, and sells at 9s Gd to lis •it the ov ns. WEST MIDLANDS IRON, COAL, AND HARD- WARE TRADES. rSPECIAL REPORT FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.! WOLVERHAMPTON, Thursday.—There was a great at- tendance of buyers and sellers at the ironmasters' quar- terly meeting to-day, but there was no reduction in lead- ing quotations, whether of pig or of finished, and only trifling business was done, excepting for small job lots. Buyers would not give makers their terms, and only vendors of common pigs, which were a good half-crown easier, would giA-e way. There were offers for consider- able quantities of good raw and rolled iron. but only at unprofitable rates, and they were rejected. Makers look for a moderate business next week, resulting from to-day s meeting.
Lord Galway's huntsman was presented on Thursday with £600 and a gold watch, as a token of respect from the gentlemen connected with Lord Galway's hunt on his etiring from the office of huntsman. OOAOt'L/.vK.—ixay's best Cement for Broken Articles 9d Is. 2s. Sold evervAvherc. ADVICE TO MOTHERS.—Are you broken in your rest » siek child suffering with the pain of cutting teeth 1 Co at on, e to a chemist and get a bottle of His yinswws SOOTHING SVIIIP. It will relieve the pooy. sufferer immediately. It is |>erie Olv harmless and pleasant if, taste, it produce.) natural, quiet slee,>, bv relieving the chili. from pain, and the little cherub a\va!;es "as bright as a It soothes the child, it softens t!;e prims, allavs all j*' n, relieves Avind, re^u'ates tlie bow els, nod is the best Known remedy for dysentery and diarrhoea, AV),oilier wising from te\;thins: or other cansos. Mrs WIIISIOAV'S Soothing fiyrup'is S°W bv Medicine dealers everywhere at Is i^<! per hotU-3. in New York, and II- 433, Oxford eUvrt, T.-otuln}. A0S.2 ~ir!K::Vi
TjHHIBLg ACCIDENT IN THE UIIONDDA YALUV. INUNDATION OF A COLLIERY AND LOaf 01" LITIS. > FIVE MEN RESCUED. KIXE MEN STILL IMPRISONED. [FHOM OUR SPECIAL uKroiiTi:n.] Oil Wednesday evening an r,binning accident occurred in the lihondda Volley, at the TyneAvydd Colliery, the property of the Troedyrhiw Collier* Company, by which the lives of 14 colliers Avere placed in jeopardy, and there is tome reason to fear that several lives may have been sacrificei, Full particuIar" of the accident have not yet reached us. hot- it Avould appear, from Avhat AVC can learn that in the evening a large volume of Avater suti&wVj burst into the colliery. Most of the men who were at work in the pit at the time escaped, but, unfortunately, f number of them were unable to reach the shaft, and their escape Avas cut of) by the sudden iiiccrsioH of the Aviu-ei'. It is believe* that these mer are about 14 in number. As soon ;<■> the exact po itioi of aflairs was ascertained, Sir dame Thomas, the i- ima- ger, dc-seeudod the pit to comd be made for the ro.^cae of the men Avho weie imprisoned by the flood. In a few minute; he heard knocking home dis- tance off, and having thus assured himself that the men, or, at least, some of them, Aver? alive, he organised a staff to commence ojieration* for their release. Thi* AA'ill have to be effected by cutting a AA;y through to the place Avhere tliey are coafincd. The v, oik AY as pushed on with all possible speed, but Avith A*, hat sneiss \w are not yet able to ascertain. In all ]-r.diah;!i;-y the locn are without either food or light. (• 'ivat anxlefy i- felt ia the neighbourhood a.s to the fate A'.hieh has befallen them. The details of the circumstances of the alarm ing accident Avliich occurred on Wednesday eveningnt the TroedyrhiAV Colliery in the l.'h.mdda Valley a.iv of an exceptionally dLtro.sing character. The Tr.»cdyrhiw or TyneAA-ydd pit, near I'ortli, is the pro. e -ty of the TroedyrhiAV Colliery Company, and it is re ieoi able as the only balance pit, or a!m<>t the <>nh balance pit remaining in the Kingdom..It is aimost unoc-cxsary lu explain that by the term balance pit the cohicrv is "din tingui.shed from those in Avhich tin- coal is im-cd from the shaft by steam power, this work iu a ba!a::ee pit being accomplished by hydraulic agency. About i-'K) men are employed at the colliery, and hitherto ir; immediate locality has enjoyed an immunity from colliery disasters unhappily exceptional in the mining distend. .d Smith Wales. iSome of the oldest Avorkers in the pit do not remember any disaster of a serious character in the vicinity during the Avhole period oyer Avhich their recol- lection extends -nearly a quarter of a century. The facts of the accident may be briefly narrated. About half-past four o'clock on Wedr.esil.iy afternoon, w: the men Avere preparing to leaA e the mine, that 1 icing the time when the <iay s labours generally terminate, an alarm was raised by a man named Kvar. Thomas of the out- bursting of a large volume of water in the pit. Happily, most of the men underground at the time AVCIC either in the near neighbourhood of the shaft, or so far from the Avater as easily to be able to escape. The names of those Avhose retreat Avas cut off are as folloAvs Porth. 'u' Moses P(lwell, single, ol, of Porth. 11viL¡ Hughes, boy about 1 t of America F,v It. dolin Hughes, oO, married,of America Fach. Uilliam Jones Hughes, boy, of America David denkins, married, 4ii, one child. John Thomas, single man, 'S>. •*Ed. Williams, alias Or' iiiaindy. ;T., wife and seven children. liobert Rogers, lad of U, Thomas Morgan, 00, father, and a Avidower. William Morgan, his eldest HOlt, 2. !I1;!Tit,.I, Avife and one child. Kichard Morgan, 1: FdAvard Wiiliams, G_. William Cassia, (j. As soon as it A-, as ascertained that 14 of lite men were missing, Mr dames Thomas, the manager, with praise- worthy activity, descended the pit t.o sec hmv mattes stood, and take steps for the release of tho imprisoned Avorkmen. In a short time he was signalled to by the repeated knocking some dis- tance ofT. and he lost- no time iu organising a staff of workers to cut through to the locality in wiikh their poor comrades were anxiously a waiting their release. There WIlS no lack of willing, hearty AA-orkers. In addition to Mr James Thomas, who took an active part in super- intending and pushing on the Avork, Air Fdmund Thomas, colliery owner, LlVAvncelvn Mr DaA-ies, manager of the Coedcae colliery; and' Mr dones, Ynishir. rendered similar aid, remaining at the wurk an night. Though the mandrils were plied AVi 1,11 unccasmg assiduity, it AA-as not until long after four o'clock this morning that any hope Avas gained of the reeo\ erv of the missing- miners. During these hours of darkness and bitter dread the in- carcerated men, from the story given subsequent!v by those of them who were rescued", were Avork ing for their own release with might and main. Destitute of food, for the day s supply the Avarning of their terrible danger n ached them, and the air every moment- groAving more deadly, their condition AY as one of utter misery. Still, buoyed up by the prceioiis hope of being once more restored to life and liberty, they struggled hard to make themselves heard, awl as the olmd" of their deliA eivrs' A dices dreAv nearer fresh courage prevented them from resigning themselves to utter despair, and inspired them to employ every effort to break down the AS alls or their prison-house. Only those who, like the writer, heard the story from the lips of one of the chief actors, can form an adequate idea of the tragic pathos of the situation of the imprisoned men. It has been mentioned that Avhen the dangerous stale of a!fairs was first realised the 14 missing men were soon reckoned up by their distressed friends.andit Avas conjee tured,and,as subsequent eA-ents proved,truly,that the poor fellows were blocked in in different parts of the pit, and considerable distances intervened between what may be described without impropriety as their separate prison cells. Five of the men—Thomas Morgan, his two sons William and Richard, Edward Williams, and William Cassia, when the alarm AA-as given were working in what is called "the (Jlynog dip," a more elevated section of the mine than th;t in which their missing companions were immured. This spot is about 400 or 500 yards from the mouth of the shaft, and the most determined efforts were made to hew a way through to the unfortunate colliers. All night the pit and its locality presented an unwontedly busy aspect, and the distress of the wive." and relatives of the poor fellows may be imagined. Tho scenes around the pit-mouth were heartrending, lielow, the excavations were continued with unabat- ing vigour, every few minutes the Avorkers being relieved by a constant succession of fresh hands from among the by-standers. The unceasinglaboura of the searchers were reAvarded at length, some time after four o'clock this morning, by the discovery that they were in close proximity to some of the incarcerated col- liers. These were the nve men whose marvellous escape lias just been indicated. As soon as it was found that but a comparatively little space separated them from their rescuers, a hole was drilled through the wall of oal for the purpose of establishing a clear communication. Die aperture was but a small one, and the air rushed through it with tremendous force, at the same time block- ing the hole up with a portion of the clothing of one of the men—William Morgan—AA^IO was confined on tilt side. The rush of air was accompanied by a tre- nendous sound, described as appalling and deafening in ts intensity. One of the party (William Morgan) met » tragic fate just at the moment release was at hand, I'his poor fellow, who is described! by those who kneAV him as a hard working, steady man, was only 20 years of age. He was married, and has one child. All night he had been working with his father and brother doing his utmost to secure their liberation, and just as he struck his mandril through the vein of coal which divided them from the party who were at work on the other side, by the tremendous pressure of the re- leased air. he was caught up, flung against the hole, and killed on the spot. The efforts of his companions, who seized his coat and tried to pull him back, were as vain as the puny struggle of a child to escape the grip of a giant, and his horrified companions, just as they saw their own way open to liberty, had their joy dashed by the terrible death of one who had been all night long with them, sharing their danger, and to his utmost aid- ing their escape. The release of the five men—four of the number living, one dead-was not completely effected until between nine and ten o'clock,and when the recovered colliers were brought to the surface the scene was of an intensely affecting character. The four whose liAres had been saved were utterly exhausted with the anguish of that long night and their need of food, and they appeared to possess scarcely more life than their poor companion. They were all a good deal bruised, but had sustained no injuries beyond those which food, and rest, and careful nursing will speedily set right. Dr DaA-ies and his assistant were in attendance, and all that could be done was done promptly and with a ready skill which cannot be too much admired, or too highly praised. After the excitement with whiehtbis partial recovery was hailed had in sølUe measure subsided, there Avas a com- parative lull in the eager interest displayed around the pit. About noon Mr Gallaway, insjxetor of mines, arrived on the scene. He descended into the mine, and was soon placed in possession of the critical state of affairs: Long before this time it had been found that the only hope of recovering the lline men still missing la' the diligent pumping out of the mine, and the necessary apparatus was put to work as :0011 as jxwsible. The men who were recovei-ed, as already intimated, had the advantage of being on a. higher level than their unfortunate companions, Avhose fate at the time of writing is yet uncertain. Hut little hope was then entertained of Williams and the lad Rogers, as in boring through the t-pot where they were supposed to be confined there Avas immediately an up- ward rush of Avater, ominously indicating that that part of the mine is wholly flooded. Nor can the fate of the other men be regarded with much more hope. It must IK* borne in mind that they have been living all the time in a compressed atmosphere, which lessens their chances f sustaining the struggle immensely, and it is improbable that they are in any way proA-ided with food. There is still hope of their being brought out, though that hope is but small, and the workers lielow are sparing no effort which it is possible to direct towards their liberation. In the morning it was at one time given out that their recovery was hopeless, as te knocking had ceased, but it Avas heard again subsequent- ly, and hope revived. Throughout the afternoon and eAcning the work was pm-sued Avith unabated vigour, but up to a late hour no more of the imprisoned men lnul been recovered. There appears to he only one theory as to the cause of the flooding of the pit, and it is a illllllo and probable one. The men were Avorking in he direc- tion of the old Cymmer pit, about half a male distant from the shaft of the Troedyrliiw pit, and it is supposed that the water came from the former place. Tftis is hyime out by the fact that during the day it was peiMeived that the depth of Avater in the Cymmer had decreased by as much as tAvcnty-tive yards. Appended is ithe full list ol those at present recovered, and of the men. also still im prisoned in the m.t'OVKUFll. DHAIX—William i\i<ire,"an, married, and children AI.IA'K, Thomas Morgan, 00; Hie sard Morgan, 15 Edward Williams, William < 'assist, 6, AS A' ]•[• VNHF.COVKI«Pk John Hurdles. William Hughes, ) David Hughes, ) s'ms- Edward Williams Robert Rogers. < ieorge Jenkins. David Jenkins. Moses Powell. John Thomas 1st Tnrnsi>AY NKJHT (LAT»:R). The latest neAVp (Tom those at work in the pit is t.h knocking is still,.Audible from the men AAIIO are immure but slender is eutertaiaed of their being recover n.Hve..
electors for some days, if at all. The Liberal council, however, selected him in preference to the other gentlemen who were named. His felt on all sidoJS iliat he is the best man that is to be found, and per.iaps,after all, the absence of a personal appeal t > t'ie electors will not matter a great deal with I, constituency such as that of Salford. The Home Hulei-s will go with the Liberal party, though the Catholic clergy favour the Conservative candidate, Colonel RA KK¡, whose p!atfor;;i is Church and .State, religious education, and the policy of the jpTeseur (Government, both at home and abroad. Strange to say, however, he makes no allusion to the Ritualistic controversy. The Tory cry was once "No Popery." But No Popery" now means disestablishment. Tins MASONIC INSTAXl.ATION AT ABKKOAKIi. AJSIXDST all the pomp and grandeur with which the ceremony of the installation of Sir G. ELLIOT as P.G.M. of the Masonic lodges of the eastern divi- sion of ScraLh Wales, it is much to be regretted that th3 committee did not more efficiently super- visa the arrangements of the caterer, and thus ensure the hundreds of Masons who Hocked from all pints of South Wales and Monmouthshire to the ceremony something pleasant to the palate as well as beautiful to the eye. it. is proverbial that the passporttuthc heart of the Englishman—and maywe not say the same of a Wclshum*—is through his stomach; and though the pomp and gorgeousness of the installation and its surroundings must have gratified that love of display inherent in the human heart, yet the unsatisfactory nature of the tnenu—which, like the late Emperor NAPOLEON'S armies, shone best paper—must have damped the amour of the brethren, and proved the truth of the proverb that there is no rose without a thorn. U.K LOCAL HOARD ELECTION. THK preliminary meetings held by ratepayers and burg esses to consider the qualifications of candi- dates for local honours are not always an index of the rcsu] t oJ the election; but the feeling of the meeting held at Usk, on the 4th inst, was evidently a forecast as to the way the ratepayers voted on the Gth. At the meeting on the 4th inst. the names of the candidates were put to the meeting in alphabetical order, and it must have been the reverse of edifying to some of them if they had heard the remarks made as each name was brought forward* We read that the name of one aspirant, a tailor, was received with groans and cries of "He knows more about county-court business than any- thing else." Evidently some of the worthy tailor's customers have had to be brought before His Honour for the amount of their bills. In the result, three of the four members were elected, the only new member, Mr JAMES JONBS, cabinet maker, having signified his intention of voting for the admission of the Press to the Board meetings; a question which was a sine qua non as to eligibility in the opinion of the ratepayers. .SCHOOLMASTERS AND CORPORAL PUNISHMENT. THE severity of schoolmasters in the methods they omploy to enforce obedience to their commands, or to arouse the slumbering energies of their •scholar*, has been brought prominently before the public rather often of late but in the many in- stances of pedagogue harshness we do not remember one more inexcusable than a case heard at the Car- marthen police-court on Saturday last, in which the master of a school at Ferryside was charged with assaulting one of his scholars. For the sole a-eason that the boy had not done one of his sums, the defendant called him a thief and a liar. What age the boy was is not stated by our reporter, but his reply to the master's uncalled- for accusation was to the point-" I am a gentle- man, sir, and that is more than you are." This answer resulted in the boy receiving a severe casti- gation at the hands of the mortified preceptor, for which the latter was summoned. To justify his appellations of thief and liar to the boy, this worthy schoolmaster wished the bench to believe that in using the plain, outspoken language of the Bible he was but calling a spade a spade, and though it was shown in evidence that the effect of the caning which the boy received was seen in weals on his legs for days afterwards, the master said he only inflicted the amount of punishment a prudent parent would have done." The bench thought otherwise, however, and in- flicted on the defendant a fine of £2 and costs, and also expressed their opinion that the boy's character was cleared from the imputations so recklessly and undeservedly cast upon it by the irate school- master. FORTUNE-TEL LIN G. THE superstitious element has not been entirely Lallllihed from the foolish and romantic portion of the gentle sex by the more general spread of edu- cation, if we are to judge from the cases which from time to time are revealed in the police-courts. The ranks of servantgalism furnish the majority of pigeons which arc ilccced by the cunning old Women of gipsy make-up; and the trade of the planet-ruler must be a sufficiently paying one, -otherwise they could snot aftbrd to advertise themselves in so many newspapers. In a case heard before the Birmingham magistrates, on Sa- turday last, it came out that a young servant, who has a child, consulted the prisoner as to whether the father of the child would marry her. She was told that a widower would marry her, and that she would live happily. But the widower never came, and the girl renewed her visits to the wise woman, each visit causing fresh expenditure. At last the foolish young woman was induced to part with four dresses, to act as a spell upon a certain T OlIN SMITH, and compel him to marry her. The pri- soner pawned the dresses, and the magistrates sen- tenced her to three months' imprisonment. KKNEALYISM. ALTHOUGH Dr KENKALY has been in Parliament so ng, he has not yet learnt Parliamentary lan- guage. Irritated by a speech delivered by Mr SULLIVAN in the House of Commons on Wednes- day, the learned Doctor, on going into the Division Lobby, lost his temper, and called Mr SULLIVAN a liar." Thereupon ensued a scene. The mat- ter was brought before the SPEAKER, and the friend of tho" languishing nobleman" had to apologise to the House for his breach of those rules of con- duct wiroh prevail in places where noblemen and .gentlemen most do congregate.