Jpag^tnc < £ -firarte, MAGNETISM IN IRON MANUFACTURE. Chambers' Journal notices an application of electro-mag- netism to manufacturing purposes which is now talked about. Certain ingenious iron-smelters at Sheffield have contrived a plan by which they send a stream of magnetism through the molten metal in their furripce, and the iren so treated is said to be made in a shorter time than by the ordinary process, and to be much better in quality. The magnet used in the process is a fixed bar-magnet excited by a Smee's battery; and the stream of magnetism thereby pro- duced passes into the red hot metal through an opening in the side of the furnace. Persons who have witnessed tfce operation say that the effect on the iron is to make it heave and bubble, while impurities are thrown off which are re- tained in iron made in the usual way. This general descrip- tion is all that, as yet, has been made public of this interest- ing subject, but furtbtr particulars may be expectel shortly. Enough, however, j, known to indicate that we are on tlieeve of important changes in the manufacture of iron, and o f applications of magnetism in the mechanical arts of the most surprising nature. SOCIAL AMBITION" JUSTIFIABLE. Is this desire for what we call 1, position'' one of those baser natural appetites (for natural it is) that must only be indulged in secret, and whose very existence must he ignored as far as may be? Is it reallv more mean and base and rlis. creditable to wish to get into a little better society, than to wish to make a little more money, or ride a better horse, or eat a better dinner? Remember what good society implies or should imply, and must be understood, if you please, to imply in these wandering pages. Not more luxurious eating and drinking, costly gew-gaws, and other pomps and vani- ties but a higher culture, a more polished conversation, a heightened self-respect, more appreciation from your friends and more friends to appreciate. It may minister, no doubt to your pride and vanity, and will, if you yourself are hope- lessly narrow-minded; but it ought rather to refine your tastes, to enlarge yoar views of life, to increase your influence for good. Some finer qualities of mind may lie as yet only half-developed, tor want of a wider field of exercise. Why on earth do we ail applaud a tradesman for pushing his business, and reckon it a merit in a man to confine himself in a dingy office tor eight hours a-day merely for the sake of amassing pounds, shillings, and pence, and yet feel inclined to laugh at him wilen he spends some of his hard-earned money liberally in the evident desire to make himseif a gentleman" ? Is it that this last ambition is really meaner than the race for wealth ? or is it that those who have no desire to raise themselves, or who feel the attempt hopeless sneer at all such aspirations because they are higher than their own; while those who consider themselves gentlemen already, resent any intrusion upon their sacred order? This last prejudice is even more unworthy of the two. Suppose the rich plebeian, when he has made his money, sits down in stolid content to enjoy himself; suppose he say, to himself I have no wish to be a gentleman I am content with my station in life; lam as good as my lord; I can drink as good wine, and cheaper, because I know where to get it; I ride as good a horse, I give better wages to my butier, I take more expensive lodgings in Brighton, and I haven't to pay X5000 for getting my son into Parliament." Is he such a very noble character? be we really think that his feelings are more creditable to him, more manly, more English, than those of his younger partner, who began life as a shopboy in the same house of business, but who takes advantage of his own success in life to enter upon a very different course who sends his son to Eton aad Christchurch, and gets him re- turned to Parliament for one of those convenient little boroughs which in our present immaculate liberality we are going to destroy (but where he will possibly represent the "working classes" as really and effectively as Mr. Beales or Mr. Potter); who puts a hundred quiet little wheels in motion to get his own name into the commission of the peace, and bestows much pains and trouble to reach and maintain a somewhat insecure position among the gentiemert of the county ? Are these kind of advantages worth as much to a man as money ? If they are, why should it be con- sidered more unworthy or more ridiculous to struggle for tne one than for the other ? Why are all the various schemes to make money, though they may sometimes go very near the wind, regarded (especially when successful) with an indulgent smile, and why is the smile changed into a sneer when a mother schemes to get her daughters invited to the best bails or to improve in some harmless way an acquaintance which she thinks desirable? We all care for notice, and adnuration, and greetings in the marKet-plsce, quite as much as for money—some of us a great deal more; why are we all so terribly ashamed of confessing the one craving, while we almost make a boast of the other ?-Bla-k-w(,od's i',Iagaz,'ne. MEDICAL CHARMS. While the knowledge and skill of the early Greeks passed among the Arabians, the hardy hordes of the north of Europe were nearly contined to the lancet and the beneficial juice extracted from herbs. There were no ophthalmic institu. tions, and if a person's eye was visited by cataract he was auvised to catch a fox, cut his tongue out, let him go, dry the tongue, tie it up in a red rag, and hang it round his neck. If the ailing was only temporary, the patient was sure to rub the five fingers of the hand next the affected organ over it, and repeat three times, Tetune, resonco, bregan, gressco," and spit thrice. Blood was staunched by pronouncing the words, "Sicycuma, ucuma, cucuma, cuma, uma, ma, a," or by saying, ";Stupidon a mountain went; stupid stupid was." Had poor Robert Burns lived under Lihelred the Unready he could have easily got rid of that terrible toothache, a year's experience of which was his worst wish for Britain's foes. He had only to pronounce, in tolerably distinct utterance, Argidam, margidam, sturgidam," catch a two-year-old frog spit in his mouth, and desiie him to walk utf with tne took-ache. Of the evil wrought by belief in the efficacy of charms theeditorquotes the following instance. Hearne the North American traveller, being importuned by an Indian to write out a charm for iiim i.icti would be efficacious in in- juring an enemy, drew some circles, and tiiangies, and un- meaning figures on a pi-ee of p iper. and handed it to him. In a few days he i1 horrified to find that the man whose prejudice the Indian had intended, was dead. Having been told that the Pale Face Medicine Man had concocted a magic charm against him, he took to his bed and died through the mere workings of his imagination. It was the first and last attempt in the field of magic by the remorseful Hearne. Another instance not so tragic is worth relating. A woman troubled with sore eyes procured a written amulet fiom a wag who wiote it in the German tongue. Faith doing its usual duty, she refrained from siiedding tears, and was recovering rapidly. A friend hearing the circumstance expostulated with her on the sinfulness of having recourse to charms, and induced her to show him the amulet. He read out some bar- barous words, and then gave their horribie, dirty, and jocular meaning in English, and the eyes of the shocking patient were oon in a worse state than ever.-Dublin university Magazine.
To COLLIERY PROPRIETORS, CONTRACTORS, A-c. MR. JAM E S CLARKE, SHIP HOTEL, 0 a S. S T E E E T, BUTE DOCKS, CARDIFF HAS FOR SALE *20 TONS OF T-HEAD RAILS, From 3-j to 65 lbs. per yard, Price £40 5s. per Ton. 947 TO COLLIERY PROPRIETORS, CONTRACTORS, &e. MR. JAMES LODGE, a GEORGE-STREET, CARDIFF, AS ALWAYS ON SALE a Large Quantity of Selected SECOND-HAND DOUBLE AND SINGLE T, COLLIERY AND BRIDGE RAILS, FIT TO RELAY. Als°, a QUANTITY of COLLIERY,and other SLEEPERS. 149 IMPROVED ENGLISH HARMONIUM. BJ. H. GARRATT, GRANGE-TOWN, Eos to announce to the Inhabitants of Cardiff and neighbourhood, that he has Opened the only Agency }a Wales, for the improved English Harmonium, of which he always a number on hand, and invites inspection. Also. large assortment of sheet music by the best composers. All kinds of Musical Instruments tuned and repaired. 102-5 CASTLE FOUNDRY, CAERPHILLY. *° COLLIERY PROPRIETORS AND OTHERS. EDWARD JONES, I^ECHANICAL ENGINEER AND IRON FOUNDER, Is pcecared to undertake the construction of all kinds of PUMPS FOR MINES. Alas, the Erection of the same in the Pits, &c. ^ECIFICATIONS AND ESTIMATES PREPARED. ORDERS FOR BRASS AND IRON CASTINGS "heated on the Shortest Notice, and on the most reasonable > Terms. TURNING AND BORING DONE. Agent for Briggs's Patent Brattice Cloth and Tubing, for Ventilating Mineg. 373 ESTABLISHED 1842. J. AND T. ROBINSON CONTINUE TO MANUFACTURE TONE MANURE, for Grass and Clover. BONE MANURE, for Grain Crops. Bone MANURE, for Roots. Bone MANURE, for Potatoes. TONE SUPERPHOSPHATE. j These Man ares have been well tested by practical exper- and their superiority is shown by a sale extending now Tlr 'lore than twenty English and Welsh counties. CAV6^ a^so manufact,lre LINSEED and COTTON SEED luj E, from good seed only as imported, and free from ad- k PERUVIAN GUANO and NITRATE OF SODA, as im- ported. Apply to J. and T. ROBINSON, at their Manufactory, St. Phillip's Marsh, Bristol; at the Docks, Gloucester; or to their Agents. 1002 ESTABLISHED 1812. 1I. AND T PROCTOR, CATHAY, BRISTOL. IN calling attention to their SPECIAL MANURES, have touch pleasure in stating that they will be found of »ery superior quality, and the most economical whioh are anllfaclured. Turnip, MANGOLD, AND POTATO & MANURES. ave produced results of the most satisfactory and remunera- tive character on every description of tillage land. j^VHEAT, OAT, & BARLEY MANURES "CDgthen the Straw, increase the quantity, and improve the quality of the Grain in a very marked degree. JONE SUPERrPHOSPHATE OF LIME ^*8 been proved to be the most economical source of phos- bates for the growth of luxuriant root and corn crops. GRASS MANURES e very effective in imapioving the Herbage. The prepara- of Grass Manure is regulated according asy may be the to be more or less permanent in their character. v MANUFACTORIES: ^STOL, BIRMINGHAM, CHESTER, AND WARWICK. 911 LAWES' MANURES. SEASON 1867. |1HESE MANURES, which have been manufactured by ,4* Mr. Lawes for a period of upwards of Twenty-five years, have gained a very extensive Sale throughout England, 1reland, aad Scotland. They are now ready for delivery, and t44 be obtained of any of the appointed Agents. LAWES' TURNIP MANURE. The above is of the same high quality and valuable com- 48 previous years; it ia the best Manure to SECURE A CROP OF TURNIPS that can be used. LAWES' SUPERPHOSPHATE OF LIME. s This contains 20 or 25 per cent, soluble, and 10 to 12 in- lnble phosphate. The former is the valuable part of this ZT^ire. It is sold at a low price, and will give satisfaction "ere a higher-priced Manure is the objection. LAWES WHEAT, BARLEY, GRASS, AND MAN GOLD MANURES, especially prepared for these Crops, and have given Z^ttly satisfactory results. The barley Manure is found to improve the quality and yield. «r. Lawes begs to give notice that the Bags, when they c **e his factories, are all stamped with his name and des- *Ption of Manure in large letters. ADDRESS :— JOHN BENNET LAWES, j LONDON: SHREWSBURY: DUBLIN: 'Adelaide-place, Market-square. Af,r> 22, Eden Quay. London Bridge. ————— These Manures can only be had of the accredited Agents— ■^ERGXVENNY Messrs. Tucker Bros., Millers, Seed and r,. Com Merchants. CARDIFF: Mr. J.M. Hall. NEWPORT and PONTYPOOL: Messrs. N. and F. Wilmot. Mr. Richard Scudamore, Pengethly. FRITH Mr. John Phillpotts, Skenfrith Mills. 5AGLAN and USK Mr. Thomas Hallen, The Brooks. ytlCKHOWELL: Mr. Henry Jeffreys, Maltster. HEREFORD: Mr. Joseph H. Sunderland, Jnnior. ltEcON: South Wales Mercantile Company, Limited— Manager. Mr. A. Jebb. ^ANSEA: Mr. Robert H. Hancorne, Fern Cottage, Oys- termouth. ^NBY Mr. Thomas Rees, Vernon House. EJlBROKE: Messrs. Nicholas and Rogers, 7, 8, and 9, > Main-street HMPETER Mr. W. Broad. ^EANELLY Mr. W. Higginsoa, Dyffryn. JJ*KDIGAN Messrs. Davies and Lowther, Bridge. ^AVERFORDWEST Mr. Thomas Hughes. V.ENCABER: Mr. J. Jones Evans, Cwmbvchan Farm. S.EATH Mr. P. David. ELCHPOOL North and South Wales Coal Co. (Limited), -.Manager, Mr. E. R. Morris. 11,3 Seeds: SEEDS! SEEDS! The cheapest and best House eR AGRICULTURAL AND GARDEN SEEDS IS JOSEPH WALKER'S, No. 2, SMITH STREET, CARDIFF. to &r Fine White Seed Oats, weighing from 47 to 521bs per bushel, go to JOSEPH WALKER. For Tartarian, Welsh Black Oats. and Seed Barley, go to te JOSEPH WALKER. Ðr Ashleaf, Alma, Kidney, Fortyfold, and other Seed Potatoes, go to JOSEPH WALKER. p*seph Walker has always in Stock an assortment of °tatoes for culinary purposes, which be delivers to any part of the Town Free. 1215 CABS, CARRIAGES, HORSES, &c. S. ANDREWS, CAB PROPRIETOR. J\OATH MEWS, I WESTGATE MEWS, I DOCK MEWS, Plucca-laiie, Cathedral-road, Dudley-street, •Plucca-laue, Cathedral-road, Dudley-street, Cardiff, Canton, Bute Docks, ^MEGS to inform the public that all kinds of Carriages, Breaks, Phaetons, Dog-carts, and Post and Saddle <*ses are atwavs ready at the above addresses. YS FOR WEDDING AND PLEASURE PARTIES. BURNING COACH AND HORSES FOR FUNERALS. Orders by Post, or otherwise, punctually attended to, and y be left at either of the above places, or at S ANDREWS'S, CONFECTIONER, 51, JAMES-STREET, DOCKS, CARDIFF. 480
I (Smral gitfos. Mr. Martin F. Tupper has written a third series of his Proverbial Philosophy," which will be published early in May. The Liverpool guardians expended last year no less a sum than £ 170,000 for the support of the poor. Of this great amount zEI00,000 was spent upon lunatics and indoor paupers. AN EXTENSIVE EMPLOYER.—M. Schneider, President of the Legislative Body, employs more than 20,000 workmen, 10,000 at the mines and as many in bis workshops, and with his son directs the little kingdom himself. THE MARQUIS OF EXETER AND THE POPLAR POOB. On Tuesday, large quantities of hares and rabbits, which had been killed on the Marquis of Exeter's estates, were forwarded to Poplar for the benefit of the starving poor in that district. It is said that his lord. ship bad previously shown in a substantial form his sympathy for the distressed there.—-Stamford, Mercury. REMARKABLE DEATH.—A little girl, Ellen Dean by name, eight years of age, was carrying a large soup jng aleDg one of the streets of Liverpool on Friday when she slipped and fell; the jug was broken to pieces, one of which penetrated the child's throat near tl:e jugular vein, and caused her death in a few minutes from hemorrhage. A Boy SHOT BY HIS COMPANION. A boy named James Boyle, 16 years of age, belonging to Edinburgh, went out with a companion on Wednesday to shoot. Both were provided with pistols and Boyle through some misadventure received the contents of the other boy's pistol behind the right ear, and was killed on the spot. THE MOUNTED FARRIERs.-Tiie Friendly Societies' Registrar, Air. Tidd Pratt, writes to the Times to say that the Farriers spent £ 03 10s. 3d. out of their Benefit Society's funds in attending the Reform Demonstration. He conseauently informed the officers that he should proceed against them unless they replaced the money, which they according did. ACCIDENT AT A MEETING.—Daring a lecture on the "Confessional" by Mr. Murpby, at a Methodist chapel at Wednesbury, on Friday night, a temporary gallery, upon which there were about 400 persons crowded, suddenly fell on those beneath, causing a dreadful panic. Two men bad there backs broken, and many others are dangerously wounded. RAILWAY ACCIDENT.-On Saturday morning, on the Tynemouth branch, of the North-Eastern line, a lifeboat was being conveyed on a goods train from Blyth to London, when one end of it, which projected over the truck, carried away a lamp-post, which was thrust into a third-clsss carriage of a passing train. One womao bad her skull fraetured, and a little girl was so fright- fully injured that she died soon after the accident. STRIKE SUPERSEDED.—It is a noticeable fact that when a meeting of the coalmasters of Yorkshire was recently held at Leeds, and a counter-meeting of coal- miners was held the same day at Norm at, toin, the only colliers in the neighbourhood who did not cease work for the day were those of Henry Briggs, Sons, and Co. The understanding established between shareholders and workers induced both employers and employed to stay at home and attend to their joint interests, instead of going on to cabal against each other.-The Industrial Partnerships Record. THE CASE OF TOOMER.—A letter has been received from the Home Office by Mr. W. R. Bartlett, of Reading, solicitor to the father of Neville Maskelyne Toomer, informing that gentleman that the Right Hon. S. H. Walpole, her Majesty's Secretary of State for the Home Department, having given a most careful and anxious consideration to the whole matter, feels it to be his duty to recommend her Majesty to remit the re- maining portion of Toomer's sentence. REMARKABLE CASE OF LONGEVITY.—At Heihgenstadt, in Lower Saxony, a shoemaker, named Joseph Tanod, has just died at the age of 114 years. He was a Hun- garian, born in 1752, and had taken part in the cam- paign against the Turks, in which he received five wounds. He bad lived a very temperate life, and for the last eleven years had not touched meat; on the other hand be was a great smoker, and scarcely ever without a pipe in his mouth. A MARRIAGE BETWEEN DWARFS.- On Monday morn- ing a couple of dwarfs, Mr. Samuel Neild and Miss Janet Campbell, who were fulfilling an engagement at a theatre in Sunderland, were married at the parish church. The bridegroom is 49 years of age, and 42 inches in height; and the bride 37 years of age, and 38 inches in height. GREAT SALMON.—On Friday, Colonel Hemming, angling in a boat about six miles from the head of Loch Tay, hooked a salmon which, after a long struggle, was secured, and found to be of the enor- mous weight of 48lbs. length, 49 inches girtb, 26 inches. This is, we believe, the largest fish ever taken in Loch Tay, and the largest known to have been taken by the rod in Scotland. The fish was in high condition and of splendid appearance. REMARKABLE EFFECTS OF LIGHTNING.—The Courrier du Jura gives the following remarkable example of the effects of lightning. A small farmer of Ordagna, named Debauchez, was returning home from his work, when a violent thunderstorm broke over the district, and the electric fluid forcad away a basket which he was carrying on his shoulder, tore his clothes to threads, and broke the wooden shoes on his feet into splinters. When he reached home three large bruises were found on his body, one in the stomach, another in the loins, and a third on the left hip; and, in addition, the general shock to his system was so great that his life is considered in danger. FRAUD BY OMNIBUS CONDUCTORS.—The Manchester General Omnibus Company has just discovered that its loss by the dishonesty of its conductors has averaged j68 000 a year for some years past. The prosecutions that have been instituted have brought about con- fessions which have fairly staitled the directors. For instance, a driver has confessed that fcr many years past the guards have handed him over 4s. per day as his share of the embezzled fares. To prevent this rascality in future it is proposed to adopt a system of THE CHAMPIONSHIP FIGHT.—Tbe patrons of the Ring bad to submit to a disappointment on Saturday. it was arranged that on that day the fight for the championship between Baldwin and Worirald should come off," but by some extraordinary blunder on the part of one of the backers of Baldwin, the 11 Giant lost the train that was to convey the party to the place fixed for the encounter. After waiting about for some time Wormald and his friends were compelled to return to London, where they learnt the cause of Baldwin's non-appearance. The referee saw no extenuating circumstances in the case, and awarded the zC400 to ^THE^LVW OF LICENSING.—A case having been sub- mitted by the Shrewsbury magistrates to Sir John Karslake and Mr. R. E. Turner, on a doubtful question resnectina tbe transference of an ale and spirit licence, the following "opinion," signed by those gentlemen, was received"—" We are of opinion that a minor is not raVS'proper p»rS„n » be licensed ing of the act (9th Geo. I\ cap- 31)i .„„J trates would not be acting legally, or on a sound inter- pretation of the act, in permitting a transfer of the liceoce in question to a minor." The app ica for the transfer was accordingly refused. A RELUCTANT BRIDEGROOM.—A farmer, ot Wath- upon-Dearue, who for nearly 20 years had wooed the daughter of a respectable t-radesman of the same Place, at last arranged preliminaries of marriage, and fixed the wedding day for Easter Tuesday. The morning came, and the bride and friends all dressed and ready for the marriage, the wedding feast being prepared, the ringers also in attendance, intending to give a merry peal; the vicar and clerk were waiting at the church, the bride- groom kiting the only party who was missing. After waiting very patiently for some time, a search vias made and the intended bridegroom was found at a public-bouse in a state of inebriation, and caused a message to be sent that be did not intend being mar- ried The affllir becoming known, a large concourse of people soon congregated with curt and ropes a party of women volunteering to bridegroom out of the public-bouse, and tie bim m tbe cart for ex- hibition through the streets, but was prevented from carrying this part of the scene into execution by tbe police. Some hundreds of people congregated around the dwelling of the intended brides father and as many as three barrels of ale were procured and tapped in the street, the mob distributing the .same, and amusing themselves by dancing and uproarious noise. An effigy of straw and old clothes, representing a run en man, was made and paraded through the s ree s^ o a and afterwards burnt in front of the farmers dwelling b ou se. -Sheffield Independent.. A WHITE BEAR AT LARGE IN NOTTS.-Dunng the past few days a bear, supposed to have escaped ro menagerie of Messrs. Stevens, which was exhibiting in Nottingham, at Easter, has been roaming in the fields about two miles from the town. It was first observed by same men who were milking cows, and they pui- sned ii, but it got out of the way. The same evening it was seen on the other side of the Trent, having evi- dently swum the river, a distance of about 100 yards. A iciing man, named Cockayne, who was ploughing in the neighbourhood of West Bridgford, suddenly came upon the brute, and tbe ploughman becoming alarmed, hastily beat a retreat. Cockayne gave information to the county police, several of whom pursued the beast b it, lost all trace of it when they arrived at Bridgeford Cover, in consequence of the darkness. The animal is still at large. RAILWAY ACCIDENT.-On Monday night a railway ac- cident occurred in Scotland. A cattle traiu coming from Perth to Edinburgh consisting of fifty waggons parted in the middle, and the latter half was pie- cipated over the Carron viaduct, a height of fifty feet. Three persons who were in the guard's van escaped with slight injuries, but many of the cattle were kited, or had to be slaughtered. SISTERLY AFFECTION.—Two maidan ladies named Hinde, one aged 70, the other 75, daughters of one Major Hinde, were last week buried in oce grave at Epping. One of them died a few years ago, and the other bad the body enclosed in a leaden coffin and kept it in the house till her own decease. She was accustomed every day to place fresh flowers on the coffin. THE CHURCH ESTABLISHMENT IN THE COLONIES.— Mr. Remington Mills is going to introduce the thin edge of the we'ge" for the purpose of upsetting the State Church, by introducing a bill for repealing the several Acrs granting and regulating the appropriation of X20,300 from the Consolidated Fund for the ec- clesiastical establishments in the West Indies. Mr. Mills will respect vested interests by permitting the present recipients of the grants to retain them for life. INDECENT ASSAULT IN A RAILWAY CARRIAGE.—A case of assault in a railway carriage was before the Marylebone police magistrate on Saturday. The complainant was a girl named Elizabeth Westerley, between 13 and 14 years of age, and the accused a person named Barne, a contractor, residing at Lee, in Kent. The assault was said to have been committed in a third-class carriage on the Hammersmith and City railway. The defendant and the girl were in the carriage alone, and there was no doubt as to the character of the assault, a guard named Cavet, whose attention had been attracted to tbem, hav- ing witnessed what took place, and requested another passenger to go into the compartment until he could give the defendant into custody, which he did on arriv- ing at Moorgate-strect. It was admitted that the girl went to sit by the defendant at his request, although they were on opposite sides of the carriage, and that she made no resistance to his kissiug her. His solicitor contended that the show of resistance which she did make at length was only in consequence of her having caught sight of the guard. Mr. Mansfield sent the defendant for trial, but admitted him to bail. A NOVEL CANNON.—A good deal of curiosity has been excited of late in military circles in France by the re- port that a new cannon, so light that it can be carried by two men, on being tested had given the most won- derful results. Those who witnessed the experiments made with this piece were only able to test the fearful ravages caused by each discharge, as the gun itself was carefully concealed. It is stated that this cannon can be fired forty or fifty times a minute, that it carries correctly for two thousand yards, and.that a single dis. chaige is sufficient to destroy the whole front of a battalion. Such aa arm will prove a set-off to the Prussian needle-gun, should hostilities unfortunately break out between France and Prussia. SHOCKING BRUTALITY TO A DOG.-At Samsgate Petty Sessions, on Thursday, William Farley, a dustman, residing at Newcastle-bill, was charged with unlawfully and cruelly using a dog on the 20th of March last, by forcing a red-hot poker into its body. The particulars of the case are of a very revolting and disgusting des- cription, and are unfit for publication. Mr. Bowling, who appeared on behalf of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, characterised the case as one of the most brutal that had ever come before any bench of magistrates. The chief evidence against de- feadant was that of a lad nine years of age, named Nairne, which was delivered in a truthful manner. The defendant merely denied the charge, and called a witness in his behalf, who did not help him out of his dilemma. He was sentenced to three months' hard labour in Sandwich Gaol. DIABOLICAL ACT OF A WOMAN THROUGH JEALOUSY.— An act of the most fiendish nature was perpetrated in Liverpool on Monday night by a young woman named Elizabeth Alexander. On Monday night about twelve o'clock, Alexander went into a public-house near the docks, where she met a young sailor named Christian Weimar, with whom she formerly bad beea on very intimate terms. He was in company with another woman. Alexander got into a fearful rage and after abusing him in a violent manner for his 11 unfaithful- ness," seized a small walking cane that was lying oa the bar counter, and thrust the end of it into one of his eyes with such force that the cane came out through the other eye to the extent of about six or seven inches. The stick was so tightly wedged in that it could not be removed until the unfortunate man was conveyed to the hospital. Alter undergoing frightful agony the cane was removed, but the man's sight is gone for ever, and his present situation is one of the most dangerous. The magistrate characterised the act of the woman as that of a demon and remanded her for seven days. The prisoner, who is good-looking, appeared to treat the matter with indifferance SINGULAR INCIDENT.—The Roman correspondent of the Pall Mall Gazette says:—A strange incident oc- curred at the Colosseum on Holy Wednesday. A pro- cession of penitents, headed by Cardinal Pitra, bearing a cross, went there to hear a sermon by a Monsignor Bastide, a prelate of the Court, attracting to the place an immense crowd, which, being composed chiefly of Zouaves and other foreigners, Monsignor addressed in French. In the midst of the discourse a man appeared in the amphitheatre above, gesticulating and declaiming with great vehemence. It was thought that he was mocking the preacher, and a wild rage seized the Zou- aves, who flew up the steps and clambered on the top of the arches to drag him down, while the fanatics below called on them to dash him to the ground. The Zouaves, however, vociferated that he should be crucified on the great cross in the centre of the area; and they were proceeding to carry out this design when the preacher interposed, demanding that the offender should be given over to the Inquisition. Thus the poor man was rescued at least from being torn to pieces, if not a more cruel death. He turned out, on inquiry, to be a poet, who, coming suddenly on the full view of the ruin, and being overpowered by its grandeur and beauty, burst into a rhapsody, after the fashion of the poets of Spain, his native country. In the fervour of his inspiration he overlooked the congregation below. CROSSING THE CHANNEL IN A BALLOON.—Mr. Hods- man, the aeronaut, has described his voyage from Dublin to Westmoreland, stating that as soon as be bad endeavoured to descend, shortly after starting, he found the balloon was being rapidly driven seaward between Howth and Ireland's Eye. He knew his only chance was that he might be carried to Wales or Lancashire and, dropping the grapnel to the full extent of 120 feet, and placing one hand on the rope, the effect of its striking the water when be happened to descend was felt. He kept an open bag of ballast on his knee, and when made thus aware of being near the water, it being very dark, he threw out a few handfuls of sand. This plan was pursued for three hwurs, at the end of which the most drenching and merciless rain he ever felt came on." He could not see fifteen feet before him, and the noise of the rain on the balloon completely un- nerved him. His hands were numb, and he was drenched to the skin. Falling into a stupor, he was only aroused when the balloon sank to within six feet of the water. He then threw out the last of his 25 stone of ballast (28 lb.), and the balloon rose to the altitude of a mile, entirely through the rain clouds, where the moon shone brilliantly, the effect of its light on the cloud beneath being indescribably grand the shadow of the balloon was distinctly to be seen travel- ling over the rough and uneven clouds, giving the idea of a balloon race." The balloon soon after began to descend; a glimmer of light was seen; small squares, with dark margins, being the fields of Westmorland, were recognized; the playing of music was eventually heard, and the voyager, bawling out lustily, received help from the villagers of Dafton. He was treatdii by them meat kindly, several breakfasts having been pre- pared for him, of which he stood sorely in need, as he had set out on what he intended to be but a pleasant ball-hours trip, without a top coat, a sandwich, or a glass of brandy. The conntry people were very in- credulous as to a man coming from Dublin in "sic a thing as that 1 1, and at first thought him a bcgle." THE LUXEMBURG QUESTION.-The King of Prusia has consented to a Conference on the subject of the rival claims of Luxemburg, and an amicable settlement is now almost a matter of oertainty. This change in the feel- ing of Prussia has doubtless been brought about by the moral pressure which the great Powers have I)een exer- cising on the Berlin Cabinet to prevent war, and the fact that Queen Victoria had addressed to the King of Prussia a letter full of exhortations to peace. The fol- lowing is the gift of the » identical note of England, Russia, aud Austria on the Luxemburg question. Tbe three mediating Powers, it appears, not only doubt the right of occupation of Prussia, but consider it to have ceased with the dissolution of the Germanic Confedera- tion. They are of opinion that the separate treaties between Prussia and Holland concerning the occupation of Luxemburg have validity enly as illustrative appen- dixes to Art. 67 ot the Act of Congress of Vienna, which designated Luxemburg a Federal Fortress. If this sti- pulation of Art. 67 has collapsed with the dissolution of the Bund, the validity of tb especial treaties has ceased likewise. These treaties were brought under the cegni- zance of, aud ratified by, the Federal Diet. Conse- quently it was the troops of Prussia only II" a member of the Confederation, and not as an independent Power, that the King of Holland, aa a member of the Confede- ration, tolerated in the Federal fortress, and in that portion of his territory which belonged to the jurisdic- tion of the Bund. Sir Roderick Murchison publishes farther infor- mation which makes him more than ever distrost the report of Dr. Livingstone's death. He now urges that a fcearch expedition should be sect out immediately. How THE FRENCH GET PURE IIILK.-When shall we legislate for the protection of the English subject after the fashion of the paternal Government of France ? Here is an instructive extract from a French provincial newspaper:—" The Tribunal Correetionnel of Grasse has condemned Dominique Crege, milkman, to six days' imprisonment, and a fine of sixteen francs, as guilty of having exposed for sale an alimentary substance which he knew to be impure (milk diluted with water), and has also decreed that the said judgment shall be inserted in the local newspapers, and advertised in the said town in the usual places, to the number of ten copies, the whole at his cost." A SMALL AFFRONT.—When the Mcntagnes end Capu- lets wanted a taction fight, a bite of the thumb from one or the other was enough but even a higher degree of sensitiveness prevails amongst the London tailors. On Friday, at the Marlborough-street Police-court, John Clarke, a journeyman on strike, was charged with using behaviour with intent to provoke a breach of the peace" towards Mr. Meyer, a master tailor. The com- plainant said he was attended by a picket whenever he sat a foot outside his door and defendant, who formed one of the unwelcome attendants, pointed and winked at him three times." It being elicited in cross- examination that the police-constable to whom defen- dant was given in charge did not himself see the illegal prosecution, the case was dismissed. boy PREACHER.—A boy preacher has appeared in North Wales, who, according to his admirers, is to ex tinguish Mr. Spurgeon. This promising youth is Master Enoch Prebert, who has just completed his eleventh year. On Easter Sunday he preached to crowded con- gregations in the Baptist Chapel at Gladestry, Radnor. A local print says of him—" He has a sweet and power- ful voice, which he manages well. His delivery is remarkably distinct, and his hearers were astonished at such marvellous truths from a boy of such tender ye!1rs." After preaching two sermons on the Sunday, Master Probert spoke at length on the following day to the Sunday scholars. THE UNITED STATES AND PERU.—Admiral Tucker, late of the Confederate navy, was some tine since placed in command of the naval forces of Peru. It is alleged by the American Admiral Dahlgren that Admiral Tucker, on a recent occasion, rudely repelled courtesies tendered him by a United States com- mander. The United States goveriament demanded an apology from Peru. Peru refused to comply with this request. Thereupon the United States naval com- manders in Peruvian waters were ordered not to salute the Peruvian rear admiral. Admiral Tucker then ordered that all courtesies to United State officers should be suspended by Peruvian officers, asserting that in refusing to salute the Peruvian rear admiral tbe United States commander bad insulted Peru. This position has been sustained by the Peruvian govern. ment and Admiral Dahlgren informs the United States Minister that the question has become an in- ternational one. A MAN CHARGED WITH MURDERING HIS MOTHER.- Intelligence of a very brutal murder has reached Lon- donderry. The victim is an old woman, named Fanny Lynch, and the person who stands charged with the commission of the crime is her own son, Patrick Lynch. They lived together, along with a daughter of the de- ceased, at Ballyanan, near Buucrana, county of Done- gal, and supported themselves on a small farm there. They had the land stocked with abeep, and on Saturday these trespassed on a neighbouring farm, the owner of which drove the animals to the pound. This circum- stance appears to have annoyed Patrick Lynch, and when he returned to his mother's house, be was in- clined to quarrel with her, as well as with bis sister, as he thought that they should have prevented the sheep from trespassing. He turned his sister out of the bouse, and she sought shelter with a neighbour during the night. Next morning she returned home, and asked to see her mother. Patrick Lynch denied that she was in the house; but his sister entered the room, and found her mother lying on the bed quite dead. Marks of vio- lence were found on her neck, and there could be no doubt that she had been foully murdered. Patrick Lynch, the deceased's son, waa at once taken into custody, and at the coroner's inquest on Wednesday the jury found the death of the deceased bad been caused by vio- lence. They had no evidence before them to show who was the actual perpetrator of the murder. They, how- ever, stated that suspicion rested upon Patrick Lynch, and he was sent for trial at the next assizes. Belfast ^yfexvs TiP.tt.ar IMPORTANT PROPERTY CASES.—The Court of Exche- quer is occupied in hearing the Slade Baronetcy case, the question at issue being the legitimacy of Alfred Frederick Slade, eldest son of the late Sir Frederick William Slade, Bart., Q.C. The contest lies between the nephew and uncle. The latter, being twin-brother of the late baronet, claims the estates and the baronetcy, in succession to his brother, on the ground that at the date of the letter's marriage with Miss Mostyn she was already the wife of a Lieut. Carl von Krober, an officer in the Austrian Engineer Corps, and who was living in the year 1833, without having had his marriage with Miss Mostyn set aside. Indeed, valid or not, no attempt was ever made to have the marriage declared void, and Von Krober lived on down to 1853, when he died as brigadier-general in the Austrian army. The defend- aat's position, however, is that the marriage of bis mother with Von Krober, at Milan, in October, 1825, was null and void, through non-compliance with certain formalities required by the civil and military laws of the empire of Austria, with which the Lombardo-Venetian kingdom was then embodied. The case is likely to oc. cupy some days.—Another extraordinary suit is pending in the Probate Court, to determine the validity of a will relating to property of no less an amount than from X400,000 to £ 450 000. The testatrix was Mrs. Thwaites, widow of a tea merchant in Fenchurch-street. The larger portion of her property she left to two brothers, named Smith, one of whom was her medical attendant; and her will is disputed by relatives, who allege that the old lady was crazed on religious and other subjects.
Ularhels. LONDON CORN MARKET.—MONDAY. Last week's foreign arrivals of wheat and oats were large, but moderate in other grain. With short supplies from Essex and Kent this morning, peace rumours and fine weather occasioned the loss of Friday's advance, leaving Monday's prices unaltered. There was much less doing in foreign; but Friday's rise of Is. to 2s. per qr. was maintained. Norfolks were held at Is. improvement, but the demand was slack. French, Spanish, and Russian sacks were here held at the same advance. Town flour up to 60s. per sack. The price of maize was maintained, but the home demand was slow. Malting sorts of barley were dull, but grinding foreign being in fair inquiry was very firm. The malt trade was dull, with prices much the same. The increased supply of oats and rumours of peace made business slack, but Monday's rates were maintained. Rates of all hard corn were well supportea. With but a moderate inquiry for peas rates were unchanged. CURRENT PRICES OF BRITISH GRUN" AND FLOUR IN MARK.LA.NE. Shillings per Qr ShiUmgs per Qr. A-heat-Essex and Oats-Scotch feed 23-30 Kent, white new 58 to 71 Scotch potato.. 28 34 Ditto, red new. 58-71 Irish feed, white. 22 26 Norfolk, Lincoln- Ditto, fine 27-30 shire, & Yorksh., Ditto, black. 22-26 red 55-68 Potato. 27 31 Barley 32—35 Beans—Mazagan ;i 37 Chevalier new. 38-48 Ticks 37 Grinding.32 — 34 Harrow • • • "J Distilling .37 — 42 Pigeon • • *41 46 Malt—Ei-sex, K»r- Peas-Whiteboilers -10 42 folk, and Suffolk, Maple lif-w 69-73 Gray new 38-40 Kingston, Ware, Flour-Town house and town-made holds, per sack of new 69 — 73 2801bs. 54 iO Brown, new.. -54 — 62 Country 43— 48 P.je—New. 32—37 Households ..48 00 Oats—Euglishfeed. 25 — 31 Norfolk and Suf- I English potato..28 — 34 folk on shore .42—47 WEDNESDAY. At Mark-lane to-day both English and foreign whe at was held at an advance on Monday's prices, but little business resulted. Spring corn of all descriptions .was in fair request at late quotations. The flour trade was steady the top price of town made qualities is now 60s. per 12801b. METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET.—MONDAY, The arrivals of live cattle and sheep, &c., into the port of London from the Continent during the past week have been larger. The beef trade to-day was heavy, and lower prices had to besubmitced to; the top quotation was not more than 5s. per stone. The mutton trade was also heavy, and the best quality made not more than iJs. 2d. per stone. The supply of calves was larger than usual of late, and in con- sequence prices at onco receded bd. per stone for the best quality. There was no alteration in the pig-market. Lamb of choice quality maintains its price, but middling and in- ferior qualities are difficult to sell. Prices, however, are not I lower. Statement of Prices, per stone, Monday. Beef 3s. 6d. 5s. 0d. | Veal 4g. (jd. Os. 6d. Mutton 4s. Od. 5s. 2d. j Pork 3s. 0d. 0s. 6d. Lamb 6s. 8d. 8s. 0d. [ HOP MARKET.—MONDAY. According to a circular of Messrs. Woolloton and Son, the stagnation in business continues without any sign of improvement, and transactions can only be effected at re- duced quotations. i
LOSS OF TWO LIVES FROM CHOKE DAMP. On Thursday week, a young man named Jesse Wood, and a boy named William Jones, lost their lives bv suffoca--ion by choke damp in a pit. forming part of the Hurst Colliery, Dudley. The colliery is the property of Messrs. Cochrane, and isworkea. tor them by Mr. E. Dainty and his son. The pit in which the accident 0(:- curred had been cl. sed since Saturday week, but it had been ventilated during the interim, and was considered perfectly safe. A quantity of damp had, however, collec- ted at he bottom of the shaft, and this needed dispersion. At six o'clock the colliers employed in the pit assembled on the bank, and five men, together with the deceased persons, entered the skip for the purpose of descending. The shaft was but forty yards deep, and when near the bottom, the banksman, Joseph Round, head the cry Hold." The signal was conveyed, and the banksman spoke IO the men, but received no answer. When the skip arrived at the mouth of the pit it was empty, the men having become stupefied with the choke damp, and fallen out. Two sons of the doggy, Reuben and Richard Dainty, immediately jumped into the empty skip, and ordering the men standing round to dash buckets of water upon them as they descended, went to the rescue of the unfortunate fellows at the bottom. Their orders were carried out in good earnest, and in a few seconds the brothers arrived at the bottom, nearly drowned, but perfectly conscious, the greater part of the gas having been driven off by the water. They immediately placed the persons near them in the skip, and they were drawn up. A man named George Hale, who had a brother in the pit, then descended, and having found him put him in the siiip. Exhausted, however, with the damp, and a struggle with his brother, who, being at the point of death, fought fiercely, Hale had not power to pack the skip properly, and after it had ascended a yard or o, both men fell out, and the skip returned emp y. The brothers Dainty again went down, and brought out the brothers Hale and the boy Jones, who was the last in the bottom. Upon the arrival of the men at the bank, restoratives were app ied, and every available means used to bring them back to consciousness. They were so far successful, that the five men previously mentioned were pronounced out of danger. Upon examining Wood and Jones, however, it was found that life in each case was extinct.
STRIKES IN AMERICA. The disputes between employers and workmen in America are assuming quite as serious an importance as they presented in England and France. In the City article of the Times, thera are some observations sum- ming up the latest news on the subject which has reached this country. lhe trouble seems to be greater with the cotton and iron workers than any other class. In the New England mills the female and male operatives are combining to resist the reduction of wages, and also to obtain a reduction of the hours of labour. The daily labour now averages between eleven and twelve hours. In Iewiston, Maine, the male spinners are on a strike for ten hours a day, but the employers have procured new hands, and hope to continue work as usual. In Manchester and Lawrence a number of mills have been compelled to stop, in consequence of a strike fur the ten hour system. In the mining districts the position is still more threatening. In Pennsylvania there is dan- ger of serious riots, and the sheriff of one of the counties has telegraphed to the Governor of the State for military aid. The men have combined for higher wages, and the companies profess their inability to comply with the demand. The majority of workmen refuse to permit the minority to work at existing rates, and a number of crimes and outrages are reported. Obnoxious superin- tendents have been murdered, and a reign of terror exists.' In Pittsburg and its vicinity several thousand iron-moulders have been on strike for some time for higher wages. The employers have sent to Europe for hands, and the efforts to effect a compromise have so far failed. In the State of New Jersey the iron-miners are also on strike to the number of several thousand. All work is praciically suspended, and if the strine continues the price of coal throughout the country will be in- creased. In the Stdte of Connecticut the embarrass- ments from the agitation for a reduction of the hours of labour are increased by political complications, and in the Portland quarries 1,000 men are now on strike. The Illinois Legislature, at its last session, passed a law making eight hours a legal day's work in the absence of contracts to the contrary. The employers and employes in that State are everywhere forming associations in consequence. The employers desire to pay by the hour on the basis of the present wages for ten hours' w ork, 'lhe workmen resist this, and assert that they can generally perform as much work in eight hours as was formerly done in ten hours, and they therefore claim the same pay. In the City and State of New York a num- ber of trades are likewise on strike for higher wages, and there is considerable interruption to business in conse- quence."
DEATH OF LORD LLANOVER. With much regret we record the death of the Right Hon. Lord Llanover, Lord Lieutenant of the county of Monmouth, which sad event took place in London on Saturday morning about three o'clock. Lord Llanover had been some time suffering from a most painful disease, and it had been generally understood that his recovery was hopeless. The information of his demise, therefore, while much lamented, cannot be said to have been un- expected. Lord Llanover will long be remembered for his consistent and unswerving Liberalism, as well as for his undoubted acuteness of intellect and his high ad- ministrative ability. The deceased nobleman was the eldest son of Benjamin Hull, Esq M.P., of Hensol Castle, near Cardiff. He was born in 18U2, and consequently was at the time of his death 65 years of age. He received his education at Westminster and Christchurch, Oxford, and first entered Parliament as member for Monmouth in 1831. In November, 1837, he was elected for the borough of Marylebone, which constituency he continued to repre- sent until June, 1859, when he was elevated to the peerage with the title of Lord Llanover. Pievious to his acceptance of office, Sir Benjamin Hall took a lead- ing and active part in the House of Commons on ques- tions affecting the Church Establishment. In August, 1854, he accepted the office of President of the Board of Health, which he held until August of the following year, when he accepted the post of First Commissioner of Works. It was during his tenure of that office that Sir Benjamin Hall introdued the measure for the local government of the metropolis under which the present Metropolitan Board of Works was elected, and made such great improvements in the parks of the metropolis. He was created a baronet in lb38, privy councillor 1854, and Lord Llanover in 1859.
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES, ABERYSTWITH. The committee formed for promoting middle and high class education in the Principality of Wales, having purchased the Castle House, Aberystwith, a large and magnificent Gothic structure, newly erected at a cost of about 180,000 far a college, held public meetings in the great hall of the building on the 26Lh inst., with the view of expounding to the residents of the town and neighbourhood the nature of the institution soon to be inaugurated in their midst. Colonel E. L. Pryse, M.P., Lord Lieutenant of the county of Cardigan, presided at the morning meetiug, and was surrounded by a large number of the leading magistiatea and professional and other gentlemen of the town aud county. A letter was read from Sir T. D. LloJd, M.P. for Cardiganshire, which expressed bis regret on many accounts at not being able to be present to take part in the proceedings. The Mayor of Aberystwith (Mr. Richard Roberts), occu- pied the chair in the evening. the attendance on each occasion »as large and inlfuential. A deputation, con. sisting of Dr. D. Thomas, Mr. Hugh Owen, and Dr. T. Nicholas, the secretary, all of London, attended and spoke on behalf of the general committee; and numer- ous other speakers, lay and clerical, rendered aid in hearty advocacy of the work. The couise of education coutempiated will be of the highest order, including all the subjects, except dogmatic theology, usually b long, ing to a university curriculum. The evidence of Chris- tianity, however, will be taught; special attention will be par.) to natural science, oil account 01 us neanng upon the important mining and manufacturing industries of the principality. No privileges will be withheld on ac- count of rtligioti8 distinctions—the members of all churches being placed on an entirely equal footing. The best men available, whether churchmen or tioncoin- formists, will be- electeU to tile protessot-,bips. The ob- ject in view being the best education at the lowest practicable rate of cost, the principle of free compotitirn will bear sway, as it respects both teachers and students, and fees for lectures will be reduced to the most reason- able proportions. As Wales loyally contributes its share of tite pub lie taxes, a portion of these will oe sought fer towards the permanent support of the institution, The curriculum, after entrance by examination, is to extend over nine terms, or three years, but a preparatory course will he provided to meet the case of students who may need assistance for the entrance or matriculation exami- nation. Academic residence will be rigidly observed. The building is one of the most extensive and most commodious for collegiate purposes in the kingdom, con- taining in all above 200 rooms, some of large dimen- sions. Its examination hall will comfortably seat on the. ground flour 600 persons. The dining bail is above 100 feet long. The library and chapel are each 60 feet long, of ample breadth, and of elegant and massive con- struction. The whole was erected from designs by Mr. J. P. SeddoD, architect, of London.
prntrD. NOT DEAD. THEY have said for long long- years she was dead, T hat the daisies and heather grew over her head But when sitting- at twilight alone in the room, ,-be often comes buck to me out of the gloom Her cheek's pressed to mine, and her voice in my er r, Her hand clasped ni mine, as in old days, my dear. Or I walk to the sen-shore with faltering feet, And gaze through the sunset my lost one to meet. Though keen blow the north wind, and chilly the spray, My darling will see me—she passes this way. Yes, she comes with her fair hair aflame in the light, When the sun in the rough waves dips down for the ni^ht The wild gulls clang shrilly, and salt is the brine, But her eyes are raised slowly and shyly to mine. Sometimes in the beech-woods, so quiet and deep, I wait for her yet, while the flowers are asleep, And the pheasant and lev'ret cross bold where I tread, And she glides back to me, o'er the fern from the dead. My hair has grown white, and my step totters slow, But my darling is young as m days long ago- She is young as we were when I wooed her that spring, When the leaves were in bud, and the birds on the wing With the primroses pule, and the orchards aglow, And the daffodils lifting their beads from the snow.
POLITICAL. Mr. Edward Baines has written a long letter to Mr. Crawford, the member for the City, urging that some- thing must be done to reinstate Mr. C-ladstone in his posidon as head of the Liberal party, if the party itself is to be saved trom utter destruction Mr. Baines says he can hardly justify Mr. Gladstone in the course he has thought fit to take, unless on the ground that it was reaily necessary to show the Liberals the ruinous con- sequences of their d sunion and if it should have that effect it will be vindicated. But if the leader's conduct has been questionable, '.hat of his followers has been so bad as not to admit of any question whatever as to its character. Mr. Baines will impugn no man's motives hnt Liberal members cannot fail to see what has been the disastrous effect ot abandoning their party and them leader in a great crisis. Mr. Ernest Jones, writing to the Times on behalf of the advanced Liberals, calls on Mr. Gladstone to tell the country-i. Whether he is in favour of household suffrage. r 2. Whether he will place himself at the head, of a national H oveinent for such a measure of enfran- chisement, pledging himself not to compromise the prin- ciple, and not abandon the agitation until that mea- sure shall have become law r On his answer-" yes' or no" -will depend, Mr. Jones insists, whether the working classes will accept him as their leader or not. This the great gathering at Leeds oil Easter Tuesday intimated in the plainest terms. Colonel Akroyd, M.P. for Halifax, has given his con- stituents an explanation of his vote against Mr. Glad- stone's amendment. He says that the amendment was calculated to defeat the object professed by the leader of the Opposition himself, namely, to settle the question of Reform this session. Moreover, Colonel Akroyd con- sidered the amendment less liberal than the Govern- ment measure, and he did not think that if the Liberals returned to office the question would be nearer solution than it is at present. The hon. gentleman further main. ains that an independent Liberal member has a right to act upon his own judgment without being bound alto. gether by party ties.