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Jpag^tnc < £ -firarte, MAGNETISM IN IRON MANUFACTURE. Chambers' Journal notices an application of electro-mag- netism to manufacturing purposes which is now talked about. Certain ingenious iron-smelters at Sheffield have contrived a plan by which they send a stream of magnetism through the molten metal in their furripce, and the iren so treated is said to be made in a shorter time than by the ordinary process, and to be much better in quality. The magnet used in the process is a fixed bar-magnet excited by a Smee's battery; and the stream of magnetism thereby pro- duced passes into the red hot metal through an opening in the side of the furnace. Persons who have witnessed tfce operation say that the effect on the iron is to make it heave and bubble, while impurities are thrown off which are re- tained in iron made in the usual way. This general descrip- tion is all that, as yet, has been made public of this interest- ing subject, but furtbtr particulars may be expectel shortly. Enough, however, j, known to indicate that we are on tlieeve of important changes in the manufacture of iron, and o f applications of magnetism in the mechanical arts of the most surprising nature. SOCIAL AMBITION" JUSTIFIABLE. Is this desire for what we call 1, position'' one of those baser natural appetites (for natural it is) that must only be indulged in secret, and whose very existence must he ignored as far as may be? Is it reallv more mean and base and rlis. creditable to wish to get into a little better society, than to wish to make a little more money, or ride a better horse, or eat a better dinner? Remember what good society implies or should imply, and must be understood, if you please, to imply in these wandering pages. Not more luxurious eating and drinking, costly gew-gaws, and other pomps and vani- ties but a higher culture, a more polished conversation, a heightened self-respect, more appreciation from your friends and more friends to appreciate. It may minister, no doubt to your pride and vanity, and will, if you yourself are hope- lessly narrow-minded; but it ought rather to refine your tastes, to enlarge yoar views of life, to increase your influence for good. Some finer qualities of mind may lie as yet only half-developed, tor want of a wider field of exercise. Why on earth do we ail applaud a tradesman for pushing his business, and reckon it a merit in a man to confine himself in a dingy office tor eight hours a-day merely for the sake of amassing pounds, shillings, and pence, and yet feel inclined to laugh at him wilen he spends some of his hard-earned money liberally in the evident desire to make himseif a gentleman" ? Is it that this last ambition is really meaner than the race for wealth ? or is it that those who have no desire to raise themselves, or who feel the attempt hopeless sneer at all such aspirations because they are higher than their own; while those who consider themselves gentlemen already, resent any intrusion upon their sacred order? This last prejudice is even more unworthy of the two. Suppose the rich plebeian, when he has made his money, sits down in stolid content to enjoy himself; suppose he say, to himself I have no wish to be a gentleman I am content with my station in life; lam as good as my lord; I can drink as good wine, and cheaper, because I know where to get it; I ride as good a horse, I give better wages to my butier, I take more expensive lodgings in Brighton, and I haven't to pay X5000 for getting my son into Parliament." Is he such a very noble character? be we really think that his feelings are more creditable to him, more manly, more English, than those of his younger partner, who began life as a shopboy in the same house of business, but who takes advantage of his own success in life to enter upon a very different course who sends his son to Eton aad Christchurch, and gets him re- turned to Parliament for one of those convenient little boroughs which in our present immaculate liberality we are going to destroy (but where he will possibly represent the "working classes" as really and effectively as Mr. Beales or Mr. Potter); who puts a hundred quiet little wheels in motion to get his own name into the commission of the peace, and bestows much pains and trouble to reach and maintain a somewhat insecure position among the gentiemert of the county ? Are these kind of advantages worth as much to a man as money ? If they are, why should it be con- sidered more unworthy or more ridiculous to struggle for tne one than for the other ? Why are all the various schemes to make money, though they may sometimes go very near the wind, regarded (especially when successful) with an indulgent smile, and why is the smile changed into a sneer when a mother schemes to get her daughters invited to the best bails or to improve in some harmless way an acquaintance which she thinks desirable? We all care for notice, and adnuration, and greetings in the marKet-plsce, quite as much as for money—some of us a great deal more; why are we all so terribly ashamed of confessing the one craving, while we almost make a boast of the other ?-Bla-k-w(,od's i',Iagaz,'ne. MEDICAL CHARMS. While the knowledge and skill of the early Greeks passed among the Arabians, the hardy hordes of the north of Europe were nearly contined to the lancet and the beneficial juice extracted from herbs. There were no ophthalmic institu. tions, and if a person's eye was visited by cataract he was auvised to catch a fox, cut his tongue out, let him go, dry the tongue, tie it up in a red rag, and hang it round his neck. If the ailing was only temporary, the patient was sure to rub the five fingers of the hand next the affected organ over it, and repeat three times, Tetune, resonco, bregan, gressco," and spit thrice. Blood was staunched by pronouncing the words, "Sicycuma, ucuma, cucuma, cuma, uma, ma, a," or by saying, ";Stupidon a mountain went; stupid stupid was." Had poor Robert Burns lived under Lihelred the Unready he could have easily got rid of that terrible toothache, a year's experience of which was his worst wish for Britain's foes. He had only to pronounce, in tolerably distinct utterance, Argidam, margidam, sturgidam," catch a two-year-old frog spit in his mouth, and desiie him to walk utf with tne took-ache. Of the evil wrought by belief in the efficacy of charms theeditorquotes the following instance. Hearne the North American traveller, being importuned by an Indian to write out a charm for iiim i.icti would be efficacious in in- juring an enemy, drew some circles, and tiiangies, and un- meaning figures on a pi-ee of p iper. and handed it to him. In a few days he i1 horrified to find that the man whose prejudice the Indian had intended, was dead. Having been told that the Pale Face Medicine Man had concocted a magic charm against him, he took to his bed and died through the mere workings of his imagination. It was the first and last attempt in the field of magic by the remorseful Hearne. Another instance not so tragic is worth relating. A woman troubled with sore eyes procured a written amulet fiom a wag who wiote it in the German tongue. Faith doing its usual duty, she refrained from siiedding tears, and was recovering rapidly. A friend hearing the circumstance expostulated with her on the sinfulness of having recourse to charms, and induced her to show him the amulet. He read out some bar- barous words, and then gave their horribie, dirty, and jocular meaning in English, and the eyes of the shocking patient were oon in a worse state than ever.-Dublin university Magazine.


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