GIRL'S PATHETIO FAREWELL. At Richmond on Monday an inquiry was held into the circumstances attending the death of Rebecca Seabourne Littlechild, 22, a domestic servant, lately of 45, Ennerdale- road, Richmond, who was found dead in the Thames on September 26. The deceased left behind a letter addressed to her mother, in which occurred the follow- ing passages:- When you read this I hope to be dead, as 1 can't go on living in this misery. Do not worry about me, as I am not worth it. I have never known what it is to be happy. Oh, mother, dear, it is so hard to say good. bye for ever, but it is the only thing I can eo now. Think of me in your prayers, and may the Lord forgive me for my wickedness. Good-bye for ever, and forget me as soon as you can. Don't think too hardly of poor Becca." The medical evidence showed that the deceas VB in trouble, and the jury returned a verdict' of Suicide during temporary insanity."
pass always for a perfectly exquisitely dressed pretty woman." That is a true saying, for the prettiest woman will sometimes look plain in an unbecoming toilette, and many a plain woman will look almost pretty if dressed in a gown of the right shape and colour. A plain woman who, on the contrary, neglects the study of her appearance, and professes to despise the friendly flattery and beautifying effects of becoming clothes, is not what she wishes to appear, viz., sensible and strong-minded, but bitter at heart, and men- PINK MUSLIN WITH WHITE DOTS. With fine lace ruffles and insertion. Black tulle rosettes and belt. tally at odds with her Creator. She is also vain in a sense-that is, she believes in her own assumed self-elevation and general superiority over what she calls the "little- nesses" of her prettier sisters and those who, being plainer, try to make the best of their looks. Any woman who, from any cause or :alse motive, neglects her looks is a blot on womanhood; she deserves to be shunned, and usually gets her deserts. Let it not, however he erroneously supposed that I favoui extravagance. The woman who spends mori than she can afford on dress is absolutely culpable. With which statement of my con victions relative to woman's apparel an' dress expenditure, I proceed to give a fev hints how to dress wisely and well. MILLINERY. A look round milliners' shops gives one the idea that tricorn hats in straw, also in velvet, will be worn. Some straw hats have the brim on either side caught up ever the centre of the crown, or nearly so, and the intervening space is then filled in, either with ribbon bows or with fruit. Cherries so placed (in a hat of green straw) are a popular hat trim- ming. Straws, dyed green, will be worn late into winter, I am told. It must be confessed that this style of headgear forcibly suggests a fancy basket with fruit in it. Hand-painted straws are a feature of the newest millinery, but I do not think they will be very popular, and certainly they are expensive. Nothing is more becoming than a velvet hat, and, as Fashion favours velvet, I can suggest nothing more desirable. Pheasants' wings trim many felt and beaver hats. Shaggy beaver is most correct, and it is generally trimmed with sweeping plumes, fastened in with large paste buckles. See, however, that the colour of the hat corresponds to that of the gown, or, if you wear a cloth coat, you may choose head- gear in harmony. In this matter your choice must be regulated as I say; a hat in harmony with coat or with gown is insisted on. COMMENDABLE. I cordially recommend for hard general service a serge dress with modified Russian or moujik jacket to match. This should be doable-breasted, box pleats going from neck to lower edge of jacket. There is a. neat turn-over collar, and a narrow belt of serge hooks over at the side under a mitred end. The length of tlut jacket below the belt is more or less long, but longer than short certainly. For giving a trim appearance to the figure, combined with warmth, this costume is worth attention. It will 'wear to the end of winter. One's furs will fit well over it, be their shape what it may. Have the skirt of the dress made to clear the ground, as Fashion-for once supported by common-sense and sound reason—decrees. Of course, the bodice proper must be trimmed simply, so as to allow for the trim set of the Russian coat. Serge for a full figure, frieze or rough tweed for slight women—these are advised. The untidy, "floppy" style of dres- sing that has been seen of late is not befitting at this season-it was never desirable; and new compactness is to be the order of the day for out-of-door costumes. Welcome to the change, say I. I THE DOG COLLAR. Metal collars in this shape are coming in. They correspond to the neater style of dresa I have just written about. A flexible silver band, which just fits the neck over the dress collar, is not only a handsome, but a very becoming, addition to the toilette, and should, for day wear at least, supersede the long bead-chains which were part and parcel of the neglige style I condemn, for it degene- rated into downright untidiness; and that is most reprehensible. COLOURS. Green is said to be the favourite colour, but a new shade of red is frequently seen, and is used to introduce some enlivening feature in a black or dark brown dress. Dresses of rough cloth, intermingled with colour, are being strapped with self-coloured smooth cloths in harmony with the material trimmed. Tucks and strapping will hold their own, and no better or more suitable form of trimming for heavy gowns than the latter can be devised. Tucks for thinner fabrics are admirable, and not to be improved upon. INDISPENSABLE. Hand-knitted Shetland wool spencers are indispensable to cyclists at this season. The; spencer can be worn under blouse or shirt for golf, cycling, riding, or when travelling. Its elasticity renders it a perfect fit, prevents bulkiness of figure, and gives warmth without weight. A certain firm selling these spencers guarantee them as hand-knit Shetland wool, collected direct from the fisherwomen in the islands. Many a severe cold. with the pos- sible dangerous attendant consequences, may be averted by the adoption of this little spencer, which fulfils all the conditions named, and costs no more than three shillings and a penny, post free. SOME NEW BLOUSES. That inexhaustible topic (blouses) again comes under notice, and I think this subject never proves wearisome to women. A firm in Sloane-street (especially noted for all kinds of dainty things) has some delightful and useful blouses made in art-flannel. One model, the "Ranelagh," is made in a delicate shade of mauve art-flannel, with the design of cream and a deeper tone of mauve. The sailor collar is edged with ecru guipure. and he front is laced with black velvet ribbon. "kicked grass lawn or cream chiffon is used or vest and wristbands, which are finished vith ribbon velvet. The "Kureal" is the dis- inctive title allotted to another blouse of rinted art flannel; it is made also in elaine. There is a cream ground, with fancy attern in mauvs and green tones. The small sleeve puffs and vest are of cream insertion and velvet ribbon. The sailor collar has a transparent band of lace insertion. These blouses have fitted linings. The price of the "Kursal" blouse is just under thirty shillings. The "Ranelagh" costs cne shilling less. Similar models made in silk and to measure, or from pattern bodice in fancy silk, cost L2 7s. 6d. Amongst a large variety of art- flannels I admired particularly the following patterns:-Pake blue, with pattern of pink; pale green ground, with design in cream and pale mauve; pale blue, with deeper blue; and black, with a mauve and pink design. Amongst other pleasing combinations there are warm tones of red, with pink patterns. THE ART OF GOING AWAY should be strenuously cultivated. To do so gracefully is a social charm that many lack. It is painful to see some persons anxious to beat a retreat, yet apparently as unable to escape as trapped animals are, although nothing bars their progress, and possibly some persons present are well disposed to dis- pense with the lingerers' company. Worse still is the social offender who delays her departure indefinitely. Though nervousness is foreign to her, she rises with the words, "I must be going," but her alacrity is spurious; her "must" does not mean any- thing. She seems to have deferred all her conversation until the moment of leave- taking. Her hostess perforce is standing all the time the tiresome visitor patters on, and, like the "brook," seems as if "going on for ever." She shakes hands once, twice, thrice, goes a few paces, then turns back to say a few more unimportant words, and so on. until even her volubility is exhausted; so, with a final "Really, I must be going now," she departs. "At last!" cries the wearied hostess, "at last!" It goes without saying that such visitors cannot be welcome; they are often much dreaded. Alas! there are many such. When you are ready to go, take for your motto the immortal William's advice—"Stand not on the order of your going, but go at once," or, again, "If it were done, it were well done quickly." It is said that the most important social accomplishment is that of ent-ering a room gracefully, but, to my mind, leaving one easily and judiciously seems to be far more important and a much rarer accomplishment. ONION SOUP. Six large onions, 2oz. of butter, salt and pepper to taste, half a pint of cream. and a quart of stock. Chop the onions, put them in the butter in a saucepan, stir about, but do not brown the onions. When tender add the stock, season and strain the soup, then add the boiling cream. Cost, about a shilling a quart. APPLE TART SUPREME. Make an apple tart (pie) in the usual way. When baked, cut out the centre of the lid, leaving a border of pastry all round. Fill up with boiled custard, grate a little nutmeg over the top, and the pie is ready for table. Some persons like it best cold. Either way, according to inclination. APPLE JELLY FOR DESSERT. To every pound of pulp allow ilb. sugar and ha.lf a teaspoonful of minced lemon peel. Peel and core the apples, and boil them in only so much water as will prevent burning. Then beat to a pulp, and to every pound of pulp allow the above proportion of sugar in lumps. Dip the lumps in boiling water. Put in the saucepan, and boil till the syrup is thick and can be well skimmed. Then add this syrup to the apple pulp with the minced lemon peel, and stir over a quick fire for about twenty minutes. The jelly is now done, and may be poured into moulds previously dipped in water. Turn out, and serve with boiled custard round, and garnish with strips of candied peel or stick with blanched sweet' mond8. CHRISTOPHER NORTH'S SAUCE. A delicious sauce to serve with game:-One glass port wine, two tablespoonfuls Harvey's sauce, one dessertspoonful mushroom catsup, same of pounded white sugar, one table- spoonful leiiion juice, halt teaspoonful cayenne, ditto of salt. Mix thoroughly, and heat gradually by placing the vessel in which it is made in a saucepan of boiling water. Do not allow the sauce to come to boiling point, and serve directly it is ready. If carefully boiled, the sauce will keep a fortnight. SOLES TO CHOOSE. The best fish are thick and firm. If the skin is difficult to remove and the flesh looks grey the sole is fresh. Soles or plaice may be served in batter. Take two eggs, flour, bread- \il&uJ.UO. oû,I.i"t rt Li»c luc urn UTJi dip in batter made of the ingredients nammed above. See that the fire is not too keea. at the coating will barn before the flafc Sa cooked. TO CORRESPONDENTS. "Eleanor May.Mofft eeruUoly, if ym d* as suggested. I have an uneasy feeling that I lurn inadvertently destroyed a letter which con- tained a stamped envelope for reply. If tbja be so. will the correspondent who has beat disappointed write again, and accept aj apology? "T. K. B."—Why not wear pale grey satin, trimmed with dark brown far, just an edging of fur? The dress would be quite correct and useful after the occasion. As yoa are marry- ing a second time, white is inadmissible; eo. too, orange flowers.
Th» halasama parridgg, chief of Scotia's footl."— B«rn«. t: Ui# Buy Them 1 wHI# Two Packet8 °* Provost" will make as much Porridga as Three Packets American. There are no Oats like Scotch Oats, PI and 119 Scotch 0ats like "Provost" Oats. IS j/gjg ,We STILL giving FREE a beautifully enamelled Por. SSa ringer to users of "Provost" Oats in exchange for Coupons Xjyl which are on every Packet. B. ROBINSON & SONS, ANNAN, N.B. xam-a
EBITORIAL NOTES. TIlE REFORM IN FEMININE ATTIRE. rr itj ^mer is loth to bid us farewell, and we. Th O'll turn, are loth to say good-bye to it. Slorious weather we are experiencing this Sloofew dayg wil1 considerably shorten the winter in store for us. There is great "to 'n t^le death summer, and we look €ac^ sunshiny day as a dear and yamea ^sion, because we knoiv we shall not have more of them. Even the saddest heart hjj the moert desponding nature is bound to tn and feel a thrill of life when the )¡e shines. Nature has a power over us that 10r.a.re bound to respond to and feel the better ■4. U Ver7 curious manner of carrying a baby °ticed the other day. The child was lying wa small, white cord hammock, and this W S'Utlg across the nurse's left shoulder and ?0ed to the other end, which was passed j0 ep the right arm. The child was well sup- and appeared very comfortable, ana i?ttrse ha<l both hands free. This is a more satisfactory method of carrying a ,/than having it bound up in a shawl, and itr c°oier for summer weather; it is also less uPon the nurse, and is not at all awk- 'l-looking. the chrysanthemum season at hana of flowers will be glad to *now that the allilese have a way of keeping them fresh long time. They burn the ends of the with a bit of flaming wood—not a match. jl fumes of the sulphur would injure the "wer |^0w that the "love letter" craze appears to W6 got into the literature of the day, the 8tion has arisen whether it is wise to 'Ha*6 11 p °ld love letters. If a lover has j^Sed his or her mind, I should say it is a 'tied want of sense to treasure the endear- ijy ^ords penned in moments of madness, if the one who stores suffers heart pangs l^being reminded of a dead past, it is a wilful fcg ,°wing of the feelings which ought not to 14dulged in. w* the "Lady" last week an interesting aPPeare<l on the power of "gracious- to Most people are blessed with the gift Ik ^ttie degree, and it should always be cul- It costs us nothing to be gracious, ti yet how few of us bother about prac- it. If we begin at home by being eous to the members of our own family, fv ^n acquire and cultivate the talent of ojj^Ousness. A kind word and a smile takes ]jv lhe sting even of a refusal, and many Vjw8 are made happy by the exercise of this Of ^e- We are witnessing the death struggles •he .s- Grundy, but let us hope that when >jj, flies womanly sweetness and graciousneso th not become extinct in the twentieth cen- girl. 'tn. an article on the "Reform in Woman's )>j.j8s" in the "North American Review" Mary ^Xtt688 Apenburg, sister of Prince Heinrich °f Eeuss, says:—"The biggest fault of ^!88 ° £ our modern woman is that it is the waist out of the place where 'W^6 intended it to be, and forcing it lower impressing the organs in a manner tie" tnust have the worst effect on their W^opment. Here we lequire a blouse or b()lce which will give the whole trunk of the It, sufficient room in which to come to its natural development—a development is far more beautiful than an unnatu- ijjsmall waist, which gives it* owner the ,Pearance of a half-cat tree." ^.Mother instrument of torture is the high •• against which our doctors ana ^lalists indignantly cry out. The oculist if i*eQins it on the ground that it is a source aneer to the eyes, pressing upon the eye- es and occasioning various ailments. It k condemned by the throat specialist as tithing the throat and rendering it suscep- II¡ I"! to changes of temperature. The throat, v their view, should be left open as much as alble to the air, which a harden- and strengthening influence." ^think one of the funniest descriptions of W^PPearance of the modern day girl is the /^iag fashion note from the "Outlook" in fay. long aSo (in tiae six- ties you know) when Brandma 7eh i wtlking L held her skirts «ol What would she say if she ■ air girls to-day with k i r t t clnt ched so tight- ly they all look this way?
LETTER FROM PARIS THE CZAR'S RECEPTION AT COMPIEGNE. Dearest Babil,- It will be long before the pleasures of the last week are supplanted in our mind by some- thing more gorgeous, and even when that moment arrives we shall still retain an affec- tionate souvenir of our Imperial guests. The days passed with lightning-like rapidity, although each one was fully occupied from early morn till late at night. The Czarina in her gracious youthful beauty seemed to heartily enjoy the cheery reception she met with on every hand. The French are a gallant people, and beauty tastefully dressed-as is always the young Empress—appeals to their most refined senses. Paris will take quite a long time to get over her disappointment; but, then, we must not sympathise with her, for they tell us women-folk that politics, that most disagreeable element, was at the root of the misunderstanding. So the Friday, instead of being passed in the Ville de Lumiere, was quietly spent at Compiegne. In the afternoon their Imperial Majesties drove through the wonderful park, and the evening was devoted entirely to feasting and play. It began with the banquet given by the President and Madame Loubet in honour of the Sovereigns. The table was adorned with the centrepieces of silver and Sevres shown at the exhibition last year and masses of La France rosea. By the side of the Czarina's place was a small sprig of edelweiss (her favourite flower), fastened with a pale blue ribbon, bearing the words in gold, "Porte Bonheur." The Emperor and Empress sat side by side, next to the Empress being Presi- dent Loubet, while on the Emperor's left was Madame Loubet. The Czarina, who had thoroughly enjoyed the day spent quietly in the country, was looking most animated. She wore a dress of richly spangled black tulle, which admirably set off her fail beauty. Over the bodice was worn the ribbon of St. Catherine. A marvel- lous diadem scintillated in her bien coiffe tresses, and around her neck were her famous pearl necklace and a riviere of large dia- monds. Beautiful pear-shaped pearls were worn in her ears. Madame Loubet wore blue brocade embroidered with gold and steel spangles, a diadem of pearls and diamonds, and a necklace and riviere of the same pre- cious stones. At 9.30 the performance in the little theatre belonging to the chateau took place, and the scene was wonderfully brilliant. The "clou" of the evening was the poem composed by Rostand, and recited by Mdlle. Bartet, of the Theatre Francais. It is a dainty specimen in the famous author's most delicate style, and acclaims the "fair Empress" with most taste- ful compliments. The rest of the programme was provided by the Comedie Francaise and the Opera. The divertissement, consisting of antique dances, was especially appreciated, both the Czar and Czarina being quite enthu- siastic over the graceful manner in which Mdlle. Zambelli led her troupe. At the end of the evening, before retiring to their apartments, their Majesties graciously received several of the actors and actresses who had given them such pleasure during tho evening. Saturday, which was reserve for the review at Betheny, and later on foi the departure of the visitors, began for thp Imperial and Presidential party at eight o'clock in the morning. The route from the chateau to the station was the scene of indes cribable enthusiasm. Breakfast was server1 in the train. Carriages drawn by Artillery horses were in waiting at Frenois Station to convey the arrivals. The cortege was escorted by the picturesque Arab chiefs, who had vied in the splendour of their equipment. One wore a head-covering of plumes one metre wide, another had adorned his with an assortment of Orders and decorations of all sizes and descriptions, whilst their companions were, one and all, each equally quaint in their appearance. On arriv- ing two soldiers presented the Empress with a gorgeous bouquet of La France roses from the French Army. The grand review included the review of 160,000 troops, which took in all two hours and a half. During the various movements of the diffe- rent corps d'armee her Majesty indulged in her favourite hobby of photography, and took many snap-shots of her Imperial husband. It is said that the Empress has enriched her collection of views by over 200 since she arrived last Wednesday. At two o'clock the Presi- dent's guestt, adjourned to the splendid marquee erected for the farewell luncheon, at the close of which the President made a very happy speech, tu which the Emperor responded in flattering terms. At four o'clock the guests drove to the sta- tion, the Imperial couple being greeted with wild cheering and the greatest enthusiasm. Before entering the Imperial train which was to convey them across the frontier the Czar and Czarina chatted for sorne minutes with Madame Loubet. A pretty story of the affec- tionate nature of the young Empress is the following: -After taking a kindly farewell of the various personages gathered on the plat- form the Empress turned once again to Madame Loubet and said what a delightful time she had bad, adding, "I have so enjoyed myself, but," and a proud, happy smile broke over her face, "I shall be so glad to see my babies again." Yours ever, PARISIANA.
"THE DECLINE OF CHIVALRY." Dear Editress,—Chivalry is decidedly not dead, but as everything else has undergone a change, so likewise has chivalry, though at heart as long as there are men who respect women they will always be chivalrous. If chivalry has declined it is only in outward forms. In the days of powdered wigs and knee- breeches, when the least excitement or exer- tion was responsible for a fit of hysterics or fainting in our women, they demanded a great deal more attention from the opposite sex than the cool, independent, self-reliant, and infinitely superior girl of to-day. In those days it was not etiquette, and, indeed, not safe, for a. woman to be seen alone in any public place. Now she is as safe as in her own draw- ing-room. Years ago a woman never entered a room unless on the arm of a gentleman, and he saw her to her carriage in the same way. Nowadays picture our modern girl waiting until a man was good enough I to offer his arm to mount a 'bus or wait- ing outside an office (provided she was a busi- ness girl) until the proprietor or the office- boy was good enough to come and escort her to her desk-it would be ridiculous and quite out of date! The modern girl deserves true chivalrous treatment, as much as, if not more so than. the girl of the past, and if it is in man's power to pay her any little mark of respect he may; rest assured it will be appreciated very highly.! The girl who takes her share in bearing the burdens of her family and goes bravely out into the world to earn her own living in some; way or another (more often than not when dire necessity drives her forth) is, surely, of the truest and most chivalrous feelings. I have met men who have been the most chival- rous gentlemen, and I have also come in con- tact with the most uncivil of brutes; but, i taking human nature as a whole, I have no hesitation in saying that chivalry still does, and always will, exist.—I am, &c., AN ADMIRER.
IMMUNITY FROM TUBERCULOSIS can only be attained by cutting off the most frequent and prolific sources of infection, and we would point out that there is no better means of securing such immunity for infante, invalids, and others, than by protecting them from the dangers of diseased cow's milk, which, despite the researches of Professor Kocb we believe to be a prolific source of contagion. The cow's product should be used only in the form of HORLIOK'S MALTED MILK, which is pas- teurised in the process of its manufacture, and! is otherwise much better than the untreated form in its best and purest condition. HOELICK'S MALTED MILK does not coagu- late in the stomach, and can be given even i from the moment of birth, while its field of service is as wide among adults as am-ng children, and it serves many household pur-j poses of ordinary milk. Of all chemists, price' ls. 6d., 2s. 6d., and lis. Send for free sample and pamphlet of important medical testi- monials to Horlick and Co., 34, Farringdon- j road, London, E.G. L2243
FEMININE FASHIONS AND FANCIES. "TIME AND THOUGHT." In Olive Schreiner's famous book, "The Story of an African Farm," the heroine says: I —"It takes a great deal of time and thought to ETAMINE COMBINED WITH STITCHED TAFFETA. Light grey etannine, with taffeta. stitched bands in the same shade. The bolero fastens with little set bows of the taffeta, drawn through gold slides. The reverless top is square. Hat of woven rushes, twisted leaves, and louisine silk. Bunch of forget-me-nots under brim.
CAREERS FOR GIllLS. VI.-ART NEEDLEWORK. Not only Cardiff, but the whole of Sontfc Wales, will be interested this week in the exhibition of Welsh industries held at the Park-hall on Wednesday and Thursday. It is only of late years that these nearly- vanished industries have been brought to the front, and it is pleasing to note the rapid growth of the movement. In connection with, the home industries it may be interesting to call attention to the art needlework, which forms a very important branch of the associa- tion. Visitors to the Park-hall on Wednesday smd Thursday could not fail to bv struck by the beautiful show of art needlework cü. played by Miss Lena Evans, who 18 employed by the Welsh Industries Asso- ciation and by the county council to teach this art. Miss Evans was trained for five years at South Kensington—which is suffi- cient to prove her skill as a teacher. She haa a large number of pupils in Cardiff and tbe district, and the work turned out by them for the exhibition was of a very high order. The most beautiful table centres, handkerchief- cases, sofa cushions, photograph-trames, screens, and numerous other articles were exhibited, and some very fine specimens of painted muslin table centres were also shown at the Art Needlework Stall. The Welsh Indus- tries Association take orders for these painted muslins and satins, as well as for the needle- work. Art needlework as a means of livelihood ia not only artistic, but a highly interesting pro- fession, and the girls who take it up become enthusiastic lovers of their work. The pupils are generally taken from about sixteen years of age. and for girls who have a taste for fancy work and do not oare to embark in r-ental line occupation this is an admirable occupation. A fee of ten guineas is charged for a course of lessons, and the time which it takes to become proficient in the art depends entirely on the smartness and aptitude of the pupil. But in a month's time she ought to be able to receive payment for her work. The workers are paid on the "piece" system, and a smart girl can soon re-pay herself for the expendi- ture on her lessons. Later on, as they become competent, they are sent out as teachers, and they are able to earn very good salaries. County council appointments are worth from X50 to 980 a year, and where a girl takes private pupils as well she can make considerably more. Workers employed on "piece" can make C50 or E60 a year, but, of course, this depends entirely upon the time they take to turn out their work. The hours are short-from nine to five, with a holiday on Saturday afternoon and a month in the summer. This is far better treatment than the girl who takes up office work experiences. As in most professions of the present day. the girls employed are superior and ladylike, and it is the aim of the teachers to keep up the standard of the pupils employed. Art needle- work in Wales is practically in its infancy. but, no doubt, there is a great future in store for it. and appointments for teachers of the art will become more numerous. Already the applications received from girls who desire to become pupils are far more than can be. accepted, and, on account of the growing inte- rest in the work, the county councils are opening more classes this winter than, they have ever done previously.
THE DUCHESS OF CORNWALL The Press Association says there is high authority for saying that the reports regard- ing the imminence of an interesting event in the family of the Duke and Duchess of Corn- wall are without foundation. Their Royal Highnesses' tour will not in any way be inter- fered with or influenced in the manner sug- gested, nor need the reports be taken seriously even apart from their bearing on the Colonial tour.
CONTRACT ARRESTS 0. \\rLSH MAGISTRATES ON THEIR TRIAL. ,1!1 charge of fraud on the War Office. tte, ged against John Henry Coram, J.P.. wner and Government contractor; ^y.0lly James. J.P., and Charles Ewart a sergeant in the .Army Service t?*ti °* Pembroke Dock, was further in- Sated (before Mr. De Rutzen) at Bow- Ci1 Police-court on Friday. f rles Hopkins, re-calle-d to speak to some I items in the carrier's note spoken to tk 8aid he entered a carrier's note "4, the Army book as twelve tons, 12ft. klt4tirement The twelve tons had been to 22 tons, and "E. E. D. in Corporal handwriting, was against the entry. ?ss had no knowledge of tbe alteration, greased amount charged for payment 'e\'e 2 10s. In another entry by witness of tons, 12ft., the seven had been struck '^ti i thirteen inserted, the alteration being ^8^ '^ie °'ercharge in that was for six tons, £ 1 10s. In another in- ^6»Ce there had been an over-payment of In another case 29 tons had been altered t7 1 tons. and there was an over-payment of t, 10 Other items showed overcharges of 5a., Bt and 15s. The amount of the bill when à. 8nt was iCl04 10s. 3d. The amount was Ced subsequently to £ 95 3s. lid. There Oih a total over-payment in respect of that £ 20 17a- 6d- r in George Richard Grier, re-called, said V emembered the two transport forms (pro- being put before him by Corporal V ea in July, 1900. He noticed that they forms used for land transport and *ater transport. He asked Davies to h°w they came to be used, and he that the stores shown in them were 8 ^or wbi°h he had been notified that Sei8P^rt Wa8 reriTlired, but for which he no carriers' notes. He said they were W shed by Coram and Co., and that there ^lje a Precedent for their use. Witness -r e\'ed what he said at the time. The forms h v UP when brought' to witness, and eved the handwriting was that of Bodkin (for the Treasury): Did you look Vit trough before you signed them? ^hpQeSS ^T°' C0Qld not have done that. JW document refers to the transport of w^t on? Bobbs Point to the Haven forts. I^t t?ossi55le knowledge could you have of Haven forts required?—I could not. to trust to him k^iii 8a^ wonld next deal with f°r £ 179 18s. 5d., in respect of which aPParently an over-charge of £ 130. asson gave evidence that in regard to *to tran-port notes (produced) related «res sent from Hohbs Point to one or the Haven for.a. There were no s 6 Sh ^ven- *>ut the stores were grouped in He had been unable to find ? of any kind in the Ordnance book l ^oncher or entry ia. the ledgers of the .Referred to in six of the notes. Witness 8°me °f the transport notes relating i1 'n re&ard to which there were over- "• Were in Corporal Davies's handwriting, the notes purported to have been J Law, as being the officer receiving tpres. a stated that he had made a cal- V tbOn, with regard to which he gave details, ttb. over-charges After comparing them qt ha 1.1 teIl carriers' notes relating to them, ent made was L179 18s. 5d. The ton- 0 ^.over-charged was 79tons 6cwt. 2qrs. \?-ch °ns 12ft. measurement, or a total KX T of £ 130 13s. Id. rtlRs Law, civilian clerk at Hohbs I).. said the signaturek J. Law" on the I'D 0 rt t "tjit notes specified wsre not in his hand- and he had no knc-wledge of his signa- Iv^iyo^ing been used. It would not be :\I. tIe for the bargemen to work with the (y lig^sport forms, such as these were. He seen them used by bargemen. Grier (re-called) said he had similar to give with regard to these docu- in the othei case. Witness was then as to a bill for £ 127 17s lid., in to which, counsel said, it was alleged 341, oyer charge oX £ 86. PafiUun, 1 Grier remembered that on the 3rd of October laat he gave instructions for the preparation of some forts for the Carmarthen Artillery at Popton, Hubberstone, and South Hook. He made a demand on the Army Ordnance Stores for a quantity of bedding, and he had to make the transport arrangements. Coram's barge not being available on the day required, he engaged a steamer from them, for which the charge was R5. He found that was charged for in Coram's bill, and afterwards in another form in the transport notes. The service bad, theitfore, been charged for twice. He found the carriers' notes amounted to L21 18s. 6d., and no portion of that ought to have been charged for at all. He had made a calcula- tion, and found that the total overcharge in the bill for CIZ7 173. lid. was £ 86. The Clerk said he would have a difficulty in re-producing it on the depositions. Mr. Frederick James Tallett, jeweller, of Pembroke Dock said he knew the prisoner Davies, who was a customer at his shop from June 19 last to April 5 this year for a silver cruet, an 18-carat diamond ring, and rings, brooches, mustard-pot, salt spoons, and things of that sort amounting to JB31 19s. 6d. Mr. W. L. Silcocks, bicycle dealer, of Pem- broke Dock, said that Davies purchased a bicycle for Cl6 4b. in September last year, and he paid the last instalment for it on October 6 last. Mr. Pritchard, manager of the National Provincial Bank at Haverfordwest, said that Coram had an account there. The further hearing was adjourned till Saturday. The case was continued on Saturday. Further evidence for the prosecution was given. Mr. Henry Michael Rice, manager of the London and Provincial Bank at Pembroke Dock, said that Coram kept the business account of his firm at the bank. Davies also had an account there, and James had a deposit account. He was in that way acquainted with the handwriting of the three prisoners. Witness identified, upon documents put before him and used in evidence in the case, the handwriting of Davies and Coram. He produced a certifled copy of the account of the prisoner Davies, which showed that on the 25th of March this year there was a payment of 940 10a. in cash and on the 3rd of June there was a cheque cashed for eleven guineas, and that closed the account. He also produced a certified copy of the business account of Coram from the 1st of January, 1898, to the 5th of September this year. In that account from time to time sums paid by the Govern- ment were specified in pay orders and nego- tiable receipts. In the end of October, 1899. there was a War Office order credited for L204 17s.; on the 7th of October, 1899. there was a Devonpcrt order credited for £ 71; on the 18th of April, 1900, a Devonport order for £ 39; on the 14th of April, 1900, a cheque for "selves" debited LZG-, on the 23rd of June there was a War Office cheque for £ 146 5s. credited; on the 21st of June a cheque to "selves" debited I for £ 20; on the 29th of August, 1900. there was a War Office payment credited for X114, and the next day another for £ 95 3s. lid.; a cheque to "selves" was debited on the 5th of October; there was a War Office payment credited on the 5th of October for £ 179 18s. 5d., and on the 6th a cheque drawn for "selves" for £ 50; on the 13th of December. 1900. there was a War Office payment credited for £127 17a. lad., and on the 13th of December there was a cheque debited to "selves" of M. and another to "selves" on the 15th of £ 42; on the 1st of February this year there was a War Office payment of L218 Oa. 3d. credited; on the 4th a cheque was drawn for £17 10a.; on the 8th of June, 1900, there was a War Office Devonport payment of 998 17s. 7d. credited, and on the 7th of June a cheque to "selves" for R,10 debited. Mr. Edward M'Donald, a clerk in the Post Office Savings' Bank, London, produced an, extract from the official ledger of the Savings' Bank account of Charles Ewart Davies, described as a clerk, of Hobbs Point. The deposit account, he said, was opened on the 3rd of October, 1899, by a deposit of CIOO. There were other payments, including pay- ments of JB20 on the 30th of August, CZD on the 6th of October, and X20 on the 15th of December, 1900, and R20 on the 6th of February, 1901. On the lSth of March, 1901, L40 was drawn out. Part of the money on deposit was transferred for the purchase of local stock to the amount of 961 7s. 2d. There was a balance to his credit now of L9 14s. Id. PfiiiiHt mrunt J. Stockley aaid tbat ia the course of his inquiries certain carriers' notes (produced) came into his hands at Pembroke, including the bill for L187 7s. One of the vouchers was perfectly clean, but all the others had traces of having been folded and finger. marked, as if carried by barge men. He arrested James 5rst. That was on the 20th of August. Davies was then in military custody at Pembroke Dock. He arrested James at Coram's office, where James left a note, and he took him to the Defensible Barracks. After he had been there five minutes Coram came, and witness spoke to him, and asked if he wished to speak to him, and told him whovhe was: He replied, "No, your name is not James." Witness took Davies to London the following morning, and Coram travelled in another compartment. When they got to Paddington Coram was standing on the plat- form as they alighted. Davies asked witness if he might speak to Coram. He said he wanted to speak to him about his obtaining bail. He gave him permission, and Davies said to Coram, I suppose you will get me bailed?" Coram hesitated a moment, and said, I will see about it. I will let you know." Mr. Bodkin: That is the case, and I ask that the accused may be committed for trial on the charge of conspiring to defraud the Secretary of State for War, with actually obtaining these orders for over L100 from the Secretary of State foi War, and with forging and utter- ing the receipt for the target, purporting to be signed by Parsons, and with forging and uttering other receipts, put in on Friday, purporting to be signed by James Law for Ordnance stores, ammunition, and with con- spiring to utter these. Mr. Muir: It is obvious your worship will not decide this case, and that it must go elsewhere, and the defendants will reserve their defence. The prisoners were asked if they desired to say anything, and they intimated that they would reserv" their defence. Mr. De Rutzen then committed the prisoners for trial at the Central Criminal Court. On the application of Mr. Muir, his worship allowed the same bail as before, Coram and James of Li,ooo each, and Davies in his own recognisance of X100. Davies was immediately re-arrested by the military authorities.
PASTORAL LETTER BY THE BISHOP OF NEWPORT. In Roman Catholic places of worship in Cardiff and elsewhere in the Diocese of Newport, Sunday being the festival of St. Michael and All Angels, a pastoral letter issued by the bishop of the diocese was read. Bearing in mind that St. Michael, under the native born of Mihangel, was held in great respect in mediaeval Wales, as witness the many churches still bearing his name, his lordship said that the festival was one that must always be of great inte- rest to the Diocese of Newport, not only because the cathedral church is dedicated to St. Michael, but because from the most ancient times he has ever been honoured as a patron and Heavenly protector throughout Wales. St. Michael was the champion of the Catholic Church. It was his office to guard the Incar- nation, to protect and spread the Holy Faith, and to oppose and bring to naught the enter- prises and plots of the devil. They found on the crest of many a high hill in Western Bri- tain the signs of the devotion of our fathers to St. Michael in the remains of chapel or shrine erected in his honour on the very spot where the ancient Druidical worship had fixed its Eeat.
TREASURY RETURNS. The Treasury returns for the quarter ending Monday were issued on Monday evening. They showed that the total revenue of the United Kingdom during that period was E28,636,347, compared with £ 27,213,377 during the corres- ponding period last year. Customs showed an increase of LI,915,339, property and Income-tax an increase of X2,770,000 and the Post Office an increase of £ 180,000. On the other hand, the Excise decreased by £146,916, estate, Ac., duties by £ 393,148, stamps by L30,000. and house duty by £ 60,000.
OLD FALSE TEETH BOUGHT.—Fall value in cash or offer per return.—R. D. and J. B. Fraser (LtdJ, Prinoeeshstreet, Ipswich. Largest buyers. L23Q2 j I
EGIiWYS DEWI SANT, CAR- DIFF. BISHOP OF LLANDAFF DEDICATES A NEW ORGAN. The sole church of the Establishment in Cardiff where Welsh services are conducted— Eglwys Dewi Sant, Howard-gardens—has recently acquired a new organ, and on Sun-! day the Bishop of Llandaff attended there for its dedication. The mayor (Mr. T. Andrews) and several members of the Cardiff Corpora- tion were also present in mayoral state. A procession was formed at the Town-hall, headed by the fire brigade and a posse of police, under the chief-constable (Mr. W. McKenzie) and Superintendent Geen, and including the Post Office Band. The vicar (the Rev. A. E. E. Hyslop) and the Rev. Grif- fith Thomas took the service, the bishop read- ing the first lesson, and his Majesty's chap- lain of the gaol (the Rev. T. Davies) the second lesson. A sermon on a portion of Pealm Ixxxvii. was preached by the Vicar of St Bride's Minor (the Rev. R. W. Roberts). The dedicating prayer was specially translated into Welsh by the Rev. A. E. H. Hyslop, at the request of the Bishop of Llandaff, and is likely to be of future service on similar occasions in Welsh churches. During the announcements the vicar took occasion to say that the whole of the beau- tiful church, with schools and all accessory buildings, had been erected at a cost of -67.000, of which the whole save the insig- nificant sum of dE40, was discharged. Messrs. Albert E. Pease, Stoke Newington, built the organ which has a wonderfully sweet tone, and its specification is:—Fifteen stops, two manuals, three couplers, and pedals according to the College of Organists. The negotiations therefor were undertaken by Mr. W. Williams, solicitor, Llandaff, who on Sunday presided, in place of the church organist, Mr. Rees. On the entry of the mayoral company he played Handel's march from "Scipio," and the second voluntary was one of Mr. Williams's own com- position. The singing was chiefly remarkable for that congregational "hwyl" and verve which always marks the worship of the Welsh.
PENCOED GOLD DISCOVERY. A Coychurch Higher resident made a find of quartz on Saturday which is declared to be richer in the precious metal than anything hitherto discovered in the district. The quartz found on Saturday before being broken was of the size of a walnut and is of a dark brown hue.
LLANDAFF VOLUNTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION. A special general meeting of the above association was held at Cardiff on Saturday, under the presidency of Mr. A. J. Duck, Aber. gavenny. Mr. A. W. Swash, Cardiff, was unanimously invited and consented to become a candidate at the next National Union of Teachers' Executive election for one of the three seata in the Welsh Division. Many of those preeent-from all parts of the Llandaff Diooese-pl-,dged themselves to do their utmost to secure his nomination by their respective local National Union of Teachers' Associa- ticns, and a small sub-committee was formed to assist Mr. Swash in his candidature.—A dis- cussion on the best means of helping forward the claim for equal financial treatment of all schools resulted in the following resolutions being unanimously carried :-(1) That this meeting of voluntary school teachers is of opinion that the time has now arrived when the education of children attending the volun- tary schools (who form the great majority of the scholars of the country) should no longer be dependent upon private charity, and that steps should be taken by his Majesty's Minis- ters in the next session of Parliament to pro- vide for the adequate financing of all elemen- tary schools. (2) That this association hopes that the executive of the National Union of Teachers will start a campaign at an early date with the view of influencing his Majesty's Government in favour of placing voluntary schools on a sound financial basis during the next session of Parliament.
POULTRY REARING IN WALES SUGGESTED FORMATION OF LOCAL CLASSES. Probably our grandmothers, when they paid the rent of their small houses from the pro- ducts of poultry, did not know that the indus- try could come under the dignified title of technology. The technical instruction committee of the Glamorgan County Council on Tuesday, how- ever, meeting at Cardiff under the chairman- ship of Mr. T. H. Morris, M.B., discussed the matter, which was brought before them by a deputation from the Dinas Powis branch of the National Poultry Organisation Society. This deputation consisted of Major-general Lee, Mr. R. T. Duncan (hon. secretary to the branch), Captain T. O. Edwards (inspector of factories), and Mr. R. A. Sprent, Barry. Major-general Lee said that the object of the deputation's visit was to request the com- mittee to consider whether they could under. take to promote poultry rearing. Several county councils had done so. He handed in a statement of what had been done elsewhere, especially in Lancashire, Yorkshire, and Devonshire, where a permanent demonstrator had been appointed. Their idea was to encou- rage and develop the rearing of a better quality of poujjry and the production of eggs. They felt that the council would be the best body to instruct the people in the best methods. Mr Duncan confined his remarks to what had been done by county councils. Excellent reports were forthcoming from Lincolnshire. Oxfordshire, Staffordshire, Leicestershire, Devonshire, and Hampshire since the appoint- ment of an instructor. He added that E6,000,000 worth of poultry and eggs was im- ported from foreign countries, and L2,000,000 from Ireland. There was, therefore, a market at the farmer's door. The Chairman: Do these lecturers give their entire time, or are they the agricultural instructors ? Mr. Duncan: Yes; give their whole time. In several counties there were poultry farms, and. as the climatic conditions of the country wer,3 so equable, there was no reason why poultry farming should not prosper. Captain Edwards said he was interested in the subject from an economic standpoint. His knowledge of rural and industrial Wales proved only too clearly that the great problem was and would be the depopulation of the rural districts. There were many causes for the influx into the urban districts, the wage ques- tion being, perhaps, the greatest, and he felt certain that if the question of poultry rearing and oviculture was taken up and the educa- tion and information given people in the country could augment their weekly wage by another two or three shillings. But before the industry could be remunerative it was neces- sary for education to be given, and he, there- fore, hoped they would give a favourable con- sideration to the petition placed before them. The Chairman: You do not suggest forming classes, but going round the people? Captain Edwards: Yet. The committee decided to ask the lecturer in agriculture to report and to consider the matter later.
POLICE ASSAULTS AT TREDEGAR. At Tredegar Police-court on Tuesday (before Mr. E. J. Williams and other magistrates) John Williams, labourer, and George Harris, labourer, were charged in custody with assaulting Police-constable Powell and Police- constable Hirons while in the execution of their duty on the 30th of September. The policemen were engaged in securing a prisoner when the two men set upon them, and Police-constable Powell was violently kicked and Hirons was also struck Williams was committed to prison for two months, and Harris for one month with hard labour. Patrick Quinn, tramping labourer, was charged in custody with assaulting Police-con- stable Hirons on the 30th ult. Prisoner, who was in a drunken condition, sprang at the officer, tore his tunic, and savagely attacked him. A severe struggle ensued before the prisoner was finally secured.—There were thir- teen previous convictions against the prisoner, who was committed to prison for three months with hard labour.
COLLAPSE OF A CRANE AT CATHAYS PARK. TWO MEN SEVERELY INJURED. An accident of a serious nature occurred in Cathays Park, Cardiff, on Monday. Several big cranes have been erected for the purpose of lifting stone and other building material to the required heights on the buildings at the new Town-haJl and law courts. During Mon- day afternoon one of these cranes collapsed, with the result hat, in addition to considerable damage being done, two men were severely injured. One of the men was named Oscar Rees, aged 23. of 4, Richmond-road. H'e is a fitter in the employ of Messrs. Baker and Co., and on being taken to the Cardiff Infirmary was found to be suffering from contusions of the face and also from a fractured leg. Another was named David James, aged 45, of 17. Kerrycroy-street, The Moors. He was a labourer in the employ of Messrs. Turner and Sons, and is suffering from contusions to the face and head. A lamentable accident occurred on Monday at a building being erected at Kirkoaldy for a firm of linoleum manufacturers. A beam, two tons in weight, was being hoisted to the top of the building, when one of the jibs of the hoist slipped. Two labourers, named Kerr and Patterson, were precipitated from the scaffolding, a distance of 25ft., Kerr being killed on the spot and Patterson very seriously injured.
MIRACULOUS ESCAPE OP MINERS AT MERTHYR. Two men on Monday had a miraculous escape from death at the Metthyr Vale Collieries. Whilst about their duties a large fall of rubbish fell on top of them. Had it not been for some. tranis which broke the weight of the falling rubbish, the men would certainly have been killed. Dr. Draffia, on hearing of the occurrence, immediately went down the shaft, and in the meantime others were busily clearing the fall off the injured men, who were extricated as quickly as possible. Both of the men reside at the same house, in Thomas-street, Merthyr Vale, and hail from the same place, viz., Festiniog, North Wales
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MUNICIPAL TELEPHONES AT SWANSEA. Swansea is following the example of Glasgow and seveial oth r towns in taking up the quejo. tion of a municipal telephone exchange. Aiready the town-clerk of Swansea has issued circulars on the subject. and on Saturday he sent out a seconu circmar as follows:- Dear Sir,—With further reference to my inquiry as to whether you would become a subscriber to a municipal telephone exchange if and when established, I beg to inform you that the proposed exchange would afford the same facilities as are now granted by the National Telephone Company, and possess the following additional advantages, viz.:— 1. Subscribers would not be able to hear other subscribers' conversation. 2. The operator would not be able to listen to the conversation without the knowledge of the subscriber. 3. If a subscriber to whom you wish to speak is engaged, yea would be called up from the exchange as soon as the number is disengaged. 4. The cost of a line for ail these benefits. including mutual inter-communication with the National Telephone Company's subscribers, together with facilities for using the Post Office trunk lines, would be L5 per annum, or, if preferred, subscribers would probably be able to get an instrument placed on their premises for about R2 per annum and ld. per call, or E3 ner annum and id. per call. The town council trust that this information will enable you to indicate that you would be prepared to support their effort to secure a cheap telephone service, which service, it ia anticipated, would almost immediately double the number of users. I may say that the proposed exchange area would be coterminous with that of the National Telephone Compnnv's Swansea area. It will be interesting to cee bow far Swansea- will be able to improve on the idea as developed. in some towns.
PLUCKY CAPTAIN AT BABBY. The steamer Titania, 5.000 tons, belonging to Messrs. C. Howard and Sons, of London, and commanded by Captain J. Macmillan, of May, Scotland, arrived at Barry on Monday after an eventful voyage. Whilst on the run from Cape Town to Buenos Ayres in July the shatto broke close to the propeller and screw. Captain Macmillan and his crew had to resort to the dangerous expedient of repairing the serious damage. The feat, however, was @no. cessfully accomplished^ a new shaft and pro. peller being put in and adequately secured between the 12th and the 15th of July.
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