TEN BOER LEADERS BANISHED. SOME EFFECTIVE WORK BY THE BRITISH. TWO HOSTILE COMMANDOS CAPTURED. The following dispatches from Lord kitchener have been received during the »«ek:— PRETORIA, Saturday. Colonel W. H. Williams captured almost the whole of Commandant Kock's com- mando to the west of Edenburg yester- day morning. Fifty-five prisoners were taken, as well as the whole of their trans- port. Kruitzinger, while endeavouring to force the passage of the Orange River near the Herschcll border, rushed the camp of a party of Lovat's Scouts about one a.m. yesterday. Kruitzinger failed to cross the river, but the casualties among Lovat's Scout3 were heavy, and include Lieutenant- colonel the Hon. Andrew Murray, and Captain Murray, his adjutant, both killed. I deeply regret the loss of Colonel Murray, who throughout the war has led Lovat's Scouts with great gallantry. Report from Benson, just received, that he captured the Carolina commando 45 miles south-east of that place, consisting of 54 prisoners, P. J. Botha, 48 wagons, and all belongings, with a large numbeD of Louis Botha's cattle. Sunday. Boers managed in an attack on Murray's camp to carry off a gun under cover of darkness. They were promptly followed up, and the gun was recovered in a smart engagement, in which Kruit- zinger lost two killed and twenty prisoners. Later. Lyttelton reports that the prisoners taken in (lough's enment have been relea-ged, and are coming into Vryheid with the wounded. Lieutenant Lambton, Burham Light Infacatry, reported wounded, was killed. Buffalo River is iu flood. No change in situation. Tucker reports the casualties at Vlak- fontein were approximately:— 12th Company Mounted Infantry.—Seven wounded; three officers and 50 men missing. Royal Horse Artillery.—Lieutenant Barry and one sergeant killed; six Wounded; ten missing. Bedford Mounted Infantry.—Four killed, four mounded, two officers and 24 men missing. South African Constabulary. Six wounded; Lieutenant Waller and fifteen men missing. Of the missing four officers a<nd 95 men I'llve been veleased rito Basutoland, and 1he wonnded brought into the Water- Works. Pursuing columns are in touck with the enemy near Dewetsdorp. Details of casualties are being separately reported. Monday. Since the 16th inst. results from eolumns (including all separately re- Ported) are :-29 Boers killed, sixteen wounded. 350 prisoners, and 48 surrenders, 245 rifles, 17,800 rounds small-arm am- Munition, 55 wagons, 1,000 horses, and 5.500 cattle. Owing to the enemy's movements in the Vryheid district reinforcements have been worked into Natal. There General Lyttelton is dealing with the situation. In the Eastern Transvaal the columns (except Benson's and Parke's) are moving to the line to re-fit. They htave met prac- tically no opposition in the Ermelo district. Generals Featherstonhaugli and Keke- wich are operating against Kemp to the west of Rustenburg, and Methuen from Zeerust is moving east. A line of block- houses has been run out from Potclief- stroom t) meet another line from Kopjes Station, with the result that the Gatsrand and the Yaal Valley and the whole dis- trict enclosed is now practically cleared. In the Orange River Colony Elliot's coiamns are near Bethlehem, having met with only slight opposition while work- ing north. The country west of the railway and south of Bloemfontein being now practi- cally clear, columns have crossed to the oast, and are following the enemy near Dewetsdorp, in conjunction with Charles Knox's columns. In Cape Colont Myburgh and Fouche are near Ladygrer. v Smuts, after Dreaking through the columns, has moved south to near Bedford, followed by Gorriuge and B. Doran, wh'le Haig is directing other columns against him. In the south Scheepers and Theron evade our columns with great assiduity. The Midland district is ejuiet. and in the far west no change in the situation. Tuesday. Latest information from iNatal, raid- ing force of Boers appears to be return- ing to the east and north-east. BOER INVASION OF NATAL. PIETERMARITZBURG, Friday. the morning of the 16th inst. the Boers ^ted Upper Tugela before daybreak, and a doctor's horses and cattle. A few J them visited Orwin's Hotel, and did some j^riUge there. A shot fired from the doctor's Use warned the garrison of the enemy's j^'inmtaneously a, party of Boers visited e Zunckel's farm, and took away all the ^ttle. The police and two residents of ;Iller Tugela fired at the Boers as they rode t(\ ay during the afternoon. The sound of jj iQon was heard in the direction of Oliviers It is supposed that the Acten Homes ^8°n must have tried to intercept the ^t T s' ^nt with what result is not yet known. 6Hd Tugela two soldiers were wounded one man of a detachment sent after the fjv.1'8 is missing.—Press Association War <Jecial. DURBAN, Friday. 1'1: authorities are extremely reticent klldiulc the situation in the north of the The censorship is most stringent. Strict affected by this raid is the DojJ^rn portion of Natal, to the west and ""West of Ladysmith. Acton Homes is tjj' Spion Kop, a little to the north of the H<iyer Tugela River. The raiders seem to come from the Orange Colony—possibly, lW Sh Van Reenans Pass, and not from a's force on the Transvaal border.] IlERON BREAKS THROUGH. MATJESFONTEIN, Tuesday. cr088ed the railway south of Tonws \y night. After crossing the railway stacked by Major Capper, but the indecisive. We had one man hScheepers has turned north-west re h Meiringspoort. A farmer was brought a.lll\\ ,O-day charged with giving the British formation, which enabled Theron to g railway. He has about 100 men qlliQeers' spare horses. Signs are in- 5 daily that Cape Colony is destined to the principal theatre of the final the war.—Press Association War railway mentioned in this telegram is Qiain line from Cape Town to De and Kimberley. Scheepers and The- tide Were the Boer leaders on the south and it was part of our military ^tJCy. V* P^TOnt them from crossing over ^6 J°ining hands with the Boers who I marauding the Calvinia district. Joining hands with the Boers who I marauding the Calvinia district. Scheepers has been baulked, but Theron has crossed over ] » NARROW ESCAPE OF DELAREY. MAFEKING, Tuesday. Fifty mounted men of the Northumberland Fusiliers proceeded on the night of the 18th inst. from Lichtenburg to a farm at Duikerm- lontein, with the object of capturing General Delarey, his staff, and family. The farm was rushed at daybreak on the 19th inst., but Dclarey had fled overnight. Eleven Boers were captured.-Press Association War Special. CAPTURED BOER OFFICERS BANISHED. PRETORIA, Wednesday. The official Government Gazette" issued this morning contains the names of ten Boer officers captured since the 15th inst., who have been sent into banishment in accordance with the notice given in Lord Kitchener's last pro- clamation.—Central News. DETAILS OF MAJOR GOUGHTS DEFEAT. PRETORIA, Friday. (Delayed in transmission.) OH Wednesday last Major Gough, with three companies of mounted infantry and three guns, was operating between Utrecht and Dundee, pnd white watching the march of a fe.roC' believed to be under the command of Botha. advancing towards the Natal frontier he was surpiiga(i and overwhelmed ny a force of Boi rs largely superior to his own. Fiom a subsequent account it appears tihat h) sighted a party of the enemy about 200 strong near the Blood River. He believed that they had halted and that they were un- supported, and he accordingly off-saddled and pressed forward. Before reaching his objec- tive, however, he found himself out-flanked b I another body of Boers, who are believed to have been the m3.in body of Botha's force, cnd whoc.e number was between six and seven hundred. Their near proximity had been ijuite unknown to Major Grugh. i The British force consisted of about 200 men, and of these only about 25 escaped, Major Gcugh himself getting Away at night, under cover of darkness. The breech-blocks and eights of the guns were damaged so as to reader them useless before they fell into the li £ tiids of the enemy. Stewart, who, with the Johannesburg Mounted Rifles, was moving forward to co-operate with Gough, found Lim- self threatened by superior numbers, and, seeing there Twas danger that he might be surrounded, fell back, managing safely to cover his passage of a drift on the Buffalo River.—Central News. RAILWAY OUTRAGE ON THE NATAL BORDER. LADYSMITH. Sunday. News has reached here that the railway has been damaged near Paardekop, between Standerton and Volksrust, and that ten trucks have been derailed. Six men and thirty horses are reported to have been killed.— Reuter.
WAR ON CONSUMPTION FORTHCOMING CONFERENCE AT CARDIFF. The forthcoming conference on tuberculosis, which is to be held at Cardiff on October 3, by invitation of the mayor (Councillor T. Andrews), promises to be of great -al-ue. On Saturday the Newport, Merthyr, and Bridgend Boards of Guardians appointed representatives to attend the conference, as follows:— 1 Newport.—Mr. T. Dutfleld (chairman of the board), the vioe-chairman, and the Rev-. D. Bevan Jones. Merthyr.—The Rev. J. O'Reilly (Aberdare) and the Rev. S. R. Jenkins (Merthyr). Bridgend.—The chairman, the vice-chairman, the Rev. D. Davies, Mr. James Barrow, and the medical officer of the workhouse (Dr. Randall). BISHOP OF LLANDAFF EXPRESSES APPROVAL. Amongst further letters received by his Wor- ship the Mayor of Onrdiff (Mr. T. Andrews) in reply to his invitation, with regard to the con- ference on the prevention of tuberculosis, to be held on October 3, is one from the Lord Bishop of Llandaff. His lordship expresses regret that, having already promised to pre- side at another important meeting, he will not be able to accept the mayor's invitation. His lordship adds, however, "that the objects which the meeting is intended to promote are of the greatest importance, and I heartily wish the meeting success." His lordship also asks that he may be enrolled as a, member if a local society is formed. Mr. Blandy Jenkins, chairman of the Gla- morgan County Council, writes announcing his election as a delegate, and sta-ting that be will attend the conference if possible. Dr. Rhys Griffiths (Cardiff), in the course of a hearty letter, reminds the mayor that he introduced a deputation upon the subject to he health committee of the Cardiff Corpora- tion two or three years ago. Dr. C. T. Vachell says :The object of the meeting has my heartiest support, and I trust that some practical results will follow." Other letters, all expressing warm approval of the conference, are from the following gentlemen :-His Worship fche Mayor of Neath (Mr. L. C. Thomas), Mr. Clifford Cory, Dr. Walter Baseet, Newport; Dr. R. F. Nell, M.O.H., Penarth; Dr. R. W. Haslett, Pontypool; Dr. Goodall, Joint Counties Asylum, Carmarthen; the Rev. J. Morgan Jones, Cardiff; Mr. Morgan Hopkin, Swansea; Dr. Kenneth Mackenzie, Caerphilly; Dr. T. J. Webster, Merthyr; and others.
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THE LOSS OF THE COBRA SUNK IN SEVEN FATHOMS OF WATER. The "Globe" saya the generally accepted ver- sion of the loss of the Cobra, so far as the public is concerned, is that the veesel was sunk through an error in navigation. We under- stand, however, that the soundings taken round the scene of the wreck reveal the fact that the vessel had ettiik in seven fathoms of water, and that there is no rock or other submarine danger near her, The depth at wireh the wreck lies will enable the Admiralty to carry out salvage operations with comparative ease, and the result of the examination of the hull will be a.wa.ited with considerable interest and anxiety by the Admiralty and the contractors who built the vessel. Without in any way prejudicing the inquiry which is now being conducted into the disaster, it is suggested that it may have been caused by a sudden collapse.. If that should prove to be the case, it is hard to understand how the weather could have caused it, as the fact that a little dinghy shoul dhave been able to keep afloat for hours with twelve men in her cer- tainly shows the sea could not have been eo rough, as haa been several times stated. RELIEF FOR THE WIDOWS AND CHILDREN. The Lord Mayor of London on Monday received a communication from the Admiralty in reply to his telegram respecting the estab- lishment 01 a relief fund for the widows and orphans of the officers and men lost in the Cobra disaster. The Admiralty state that the provision to hp made by the Admiralty will be as follows:—Widows and children of comanis- sioned and warrant officers will be granted the pensions and allowances to -^hich they are entitled; widows of non-commiseioned officers, petty officers, and men will be granted pen- sions from Greenwich Hospital, varying in amount from 6«. 6d. to 3s. 6d. a week, and their children will receive allowances of 2a. or Is. 6d. a week. Other dependent relatives will. in cases where there are no widows or children, be awarded gratuities not exceeding one year's wages of the men. The regulations do not provide for grant of relief to relations of the contractors' men. It has not yet been possible to ascertain the number of widows and depen- dent relatives of the Naval portion of the crew drowned, but the Admiralty will forward this information to the Lord Mayor when obtained.
RETURN OF THE KING AND QUEEN. The Royal yacht Victoria and Albert, conveying the King and Queen, rounded Garrison Point, eherness, at five o'clock on Wednesday evening. The Sanspareil fired a Royal salute of twenty-one guns, and similar honours were paid to their Majesties by the other commissioned ships in Sheerness Harbour, all of which were dressed from stem to stern with flags. The Victoria and Albert was boarded by Mr. George Quint, the King's pilat, and proceeded to Port Victoria, whence thoir Majesties proceeded by special train to London. Elaborate precautions were taken to ensure the safety of their Majesties, and Superintendent Melville, of Scotland Yard, travelled in the Royal entcmrage from the Continent. Every railway ser- vant had specific instructions, and the Rcyal special was preceded by a pilot. An absolutely clear road was impera- tively demanded of all stationmasters throughout the journey, and platelayers handsignalled the train through to Charing Cross, where the public were rigidly excluded from the platform, and a strong force of police was present and posted along the route to Marlborough' House, where therfe were large assem- blages of people.
SAFETY OF THE POSEIDON. The Poseidon is safe, after all. The crew was mainly made up of Cardiff men, and the nerve strain of the relatives during the pro- longed period of doubt was intense. Last evening, however, Mr. Hodaens, of Swansea. received a cablegram which relieved ,all anxiety concerning the safety of the PoseiJbn, which it was feared had foundered on the 16th inst. after being in collision off the coast of Chili. Mr. Hodgens, the owner of the vessel, which is captained by his brother, immediately informed the aigent at Cardiff (Mr. E. Han- cock). where the crew was shipped, that the vessel had arrived all well at Coquimbo. From inquiries made of the owner we learn that the Poseidon was ran into by the steamship Carlos Robertos last Sunday at five o'clock in broad daylight and fine weather. The steamship was badly damaged, and had to put in to Val- paraiso, where the casualty was reported. A tug was immediately sent out to render assis- tance to the Poseidon, but no trace of the vessel could be discovered, and It was feared that she had foundered. With a, fair wind, however, the Poseidon, although cut down to the water's edge, was able to make Coquimbo, some 160 miles up the coast, and turned up there, all well, on Friday morning. The Poseidon, when the collision occurred, had just left Valparaiso for Caleta Buena. She is of 1,708 tons register.
CARDIFF SCHOOLBOYS IN LUCK. DISCOVERY OF A GOLDEN HOARD AT CATHAYS. There is a donkey-driver in Cardiff who is bemoaning his bad luck. He kicked up against a shabby old mattress in a field behind the Gladstone-road Board Schools, in Cathays, on Monday, and thought it would" serve as a sub- stitute for.straw in the donkey's quarters. He had picked up the mattress with the intention of putting it in his cart when he noticed some of those undesirable creatures which come under the heading of vermin, and he there and then dropped the mattress like a hot potato. under the heading of vermin, and he there and then dropped the mattress like a hot potato. On the same day tbe old mattress was noticed by some lads from the school, who set fire to it, and. having had the satisfaction: of seeing it reduced to ashes, they trotted homewards. But there was some fascination about that old mattress, which attracted the boys to the field again oil Tuesday, and, without regard of the principle of "peace to his ashes," they proceeded to kick those ashes about. "Eureka!" eried one of the lads, and in another moment a dozen or more of boyish hands were scrambling in the dirty remains of the mattress. Sovereigns galore were unearthed, and one of the lads m as many seconds had pocketed a dozen of the gold coins. Other lads who were in the scramble got away with a. few sovereigns each, bringing the total amount discovered up to R23. The parents, naturally, became alarmed at finding their children in the possession of so much money, and made themselves safe by taking it to the police-station. There the officers in charge are now waiting for a genuine olaimant to turn up.
SENGHENYDD EXPLOSION. PAYMENT OF CLAIMS FOR COM- PENSATION. We understand that Mr. Walter P. Nicholas, acting on behalf of the Miners' Federation, has met Mr. H. E. Southam, the representative of the Ocean Accident, &c., Corporation (Limited), with whom the Universal Colliery Company (Limited) were insured, and has settled the whole of the compensation claims in those cases where the dependents claim as total dependents, and that the corporation are prepared at once to pay over the sum of X15,367 16s. 6d.. the amount admitted to be due. In the interests of the infant dependents, however, it is thought advisable by the men's leaders that his Honour Judge Gwilym Wil- liams should determine what proportion such infant dependents should take, and we under- stand that immediate steps are being taken with the view of having this done. With regard to the claims in the partial dependency cases, several of these have been agreed upon, but with regard to others the question arises as to the degree of depen- dency, and those are now forming the subject of further inquiry. We. however, understand that in those cases here two deaths occur in the same family a legal principle is involved, which will, probably, have to be determined by the court.
LLANBRADACH EXPLOSION. The committee appointed to appeal for financial support for the local workmen's fund have issued a notice to the effect that £ 2,000 is required to meet the liabilities caused by ttbe recent explosion, and requesting the generous support of the public. Widows and orphans in cases of single fatal accidents get the same benefits from this fund as those caused by big disasters. At the meeting of the Caerphilly Urban Dis- trict Council on Tuesday Mr. J. P. Charles, J.P., Llanbradach (the chairman of the ceuacil), alluded in feelisg terms to the explo- sion at Llanbradach Colliery, and said that he felt it their duty to rass a, vote of condolence with the relatives of the victims. He also hd that their sympathy would take a prac- tical form. The colliers had a fund, on the basis of the old Permanent Fund, and to this they had each contributed lid. per week. By this method they had been able to assist widows by, 5s. and children 2s. 6d. per week, and in order that they might continue to pay the above amounts, notwithstanding the fact that eight widows and 23 children had been thrown dependent on the fund by this last explosion, it was proposed adding £2.000 to the capital, and he (the chairman,) appealed for their practical sympathy.—The motion was carried in silence.
DONIBRISTLE DISASTER. The body of William Forsyth, the youngest of the victims of the Donibristle Pit disaster, haa been discovered in one of the headings. The deceased was 22 years old. There axe still six bodies to be recovered. An inquiry was held at Dunfermline on Wed- nesday into the Donibristle colliery disaster. Mr. Nasmith, of the colliery oompany, spoke of the consultation which he had in November last with the colliery manager and the overman as to forming an air shaft from the Mynhe-er seam. Certain tests were to be made, and as he received no report he assumed the plan had been abandoned. He would never have dreamed of making them3hatt upwards. The colliery manager stated that he was unaware of the operations for forming the shaft. He thought the overman, in doing so on his own responsibility, thought that it would be a feather in his cap. Other evidence showed there was an inrush of moBS over 30 years ago, and that a plan dated 1662 showed Mossmorran Moor as a lake. The jury returned a formal verdict.
MAGISTERIAL TANGLE AT ABERDARE. PENARTH COUNTY JUSTICE OBJECTED TO. Proceedings at the Aberdare Police-court on Tuesday were supposed to commence at 10.30 o'clock in the morning, but there was a delay of half an hour. It was the day fixed for taking the adjourned licensing cases, but when, half an hour late, the stipendiary magistrate and the other justices entered the cour.t they took the usual cases on the charge- sheet. When this was concluded the magis- trates again retired, and were, absent for some time. When they returned it was noticed that, although there was a goodly muster present, the bench was minus Mr. David Davies (Penarth), Mr. Llewellyn (Llanwonno), and Dr. Jones (Penrhiwceiber). Upon inquiring our representative was informed that objection had been taken to the presence of Mr. David Davies, on account of his residence outside the Aberdare petty-sessional division. In the course of an interview Mr. Dawid Davica replied to a question as to the truth of the statement, Yes, it is quite true that I was objected to." "Why did you go to Aberdare?" "I am a justice of the peace for the county of Glamorgan, and see no reason why I should not sit on the bench at Aberdare. In fact, I have sat there several times." "What happened on this occaaion? "Well, when I went into the magistrates'- room, at twenty minutes past ten, I found eight or ten other magistrates and the stipen- diary magistrate (Mr. Marchapt Williains) already there. The stipendiary said to me. 'We have been considering your position, Mr. Davi"-whether it is right for you to sit or not.' I replied that I had a perfect right to sit there, and said that I had obtained legal advice on the point. I also conteaided that I had a right to sit on any bench in Glamor- ganshire. Mr. Marchant Williams remarked, 'Certainly, you have a legal right to sit, but, still, it does not seem altogether right,' or words to that effect. To this I replied, 'I understand that you are here to uphold the law. Whatever is legal. people have a right to carry that out.' Mr. Marchant Williams answered, 'It has not bean the practice for people to come from one division of" the county to sit in another.' "Did that meet your views?" "No. I insisted upon sitting, but Mr. Mar- chant Williams said that if I did sit he would not, and several of the other magistrates pre- sent said that they would act with the stipen- diary, as they agreed with him. I asked, 'Well, what about Mr. Llewellyn, of Llan- wonno?' and the stipendiary replied that the same thing applied to him." "That, I suppose, was the cause of the delay?" "It was eleven o'clock when we went into the court, and then the general business was ttiken. It was the adjourned licensing ses- sions, and before the licensing business was taken all the magistrates adjourned to the magistrates'-room. Mr. Llawcllyn was then asked to withdraw, but he refused; then I was asked, and refused also. This caused a deadlock, but after waiting for some time I agreed to leave the court. Mr. Llewellyn and Dr. Jones, Penrhiwceiber, also withdrew." "What was the reason of this step being Dr. Jones, Penrhiwceiber, also withdrew." "What was the reason of this step being taken?" "I cannot tell you vthat. They were all very kind in their mariner, although asking me to withdraw, and Mi-. Marchant Williams said he was sorry it h happened, because he ha/I known me long* perhaps, than he had known nay of the otiu i-gitmt rates. They asked my why I did not transfer from the Penarth to the Aberdare division; but if I am of any use at Penarth, why should I llat sit on the bench there as well?" "Have you been present at Aberdare licens- ing sessions in previous years?" "Yes, two or three times, and I attend the usual petty-sessional courts, although not so frequently as I did at one time."
INQUESTS AT CARDIFF. FATALITIES ON THE LINE AND IN THE CANAL. MB. E. B. Rees (coroner) held au inquest &t.T.1 the Town-hall, Cardiff, on Monday on the body, of Jaines Smith, 66, a Gornishman, who had lodged at 25, AMsworth-rorad, Canton. deceased was employed as a gate man at the Great Western crossing not far from the sanatorium, near Ely. He was last seen on Saturday morning about eleven o'clock by James Newton, a gardener, who, whilst work- ing, noticed deceased in the act of closing the gate. On the down line side an up train came along and stopped, and Newton, in going to see what had happened, saw deceased lying dead on the oujer side of the up line.—Evi- dence was given by Francis Jamps, driver, and Fireman Edward John Probert. The latter said he looked out to see if the crossing was clear when about twenty or thirty yawda away. There wai no one about then, but a few seconds later he saw deceased being knocked over. Witnesa thought he must have come out of his cabin, whioh was about three, yards from the line. Deceased's head was knocked in, so that death must have been instantaneous. One of the officials said deceased's eyesight and hearing were tested on the 16th ult., and he was found to be in full possession of those faculties.—The jury returned a verdict of "Accidental death." An inquiry followed into the circumstances of the death of John Morgan, 44, repairer, 4. Edmond-street, Britannia, Porth, a single man in lodgings, who was drowned in the Glamor- ganshire Canal.-tCowiand Morgan, deceaseds brother, also a repairer at Hafod, said deceased left his lodgings on Monday, 16th, without saying where he was going, and nothing more was heard of him until witness came to Cardiff on Saturday and identified the body. He was of temperate habits, but had suffered from ill-healtb.-His landlady said he had lodged with her ten years, and left with the intention of going to the Turkish baths at Cardiff.—Police-constable Herbert, Smith found the body floating in the canal near the East Wharf. Deceased had upon him R18 3s. nd. in a purse and handkerchief.—Dr. Buist certified that the catffie of death was drown- ing. The body had, apparently, been some days in the water.—The jury returned an open verdict of "Found drowned.
RIVER TAFF MYSTERY. CORONER'S JURY RETURN A VER- DICT OF "WILFUL MURDER." Mr. E. B. Reece conducted an inqae^t at the Town-hall, Cardiff, oil Monday evening con- cerning the Taff River mystery, already reported. Robert Albert Patchett, 18. Well- street, Canton, at 8.50 on Sunday morning was walking alongside Fitzhamon-embank- ment. Witness's dog was attracted by some- thing lying in a bag at the water's edge. Witness went to it, and found it to be a baby in a piece of sheeting, the head and..one leg protruding. The parcel would be covered with water when the tide was in.-Polioo- constable Robert Jameson, called to the spot by the last witness, said the body was that of a male child. Inside the sheeting was the piece of string produced lying lotrae. The body was recovered fifteen inches below high water mark.—Dr. Pittard gave the results of a post-mortem. The body was that of a child well developed, and remarkably large. It was newly-born at the time of death, which must have taken place four to six weeks ago, and he thought the body had been in the water for that time. On the left side of the neck there was the mark of a dark line about half am inch wide, and four inches long. n ould not trace the line all round the neck owing to decomposition. There were no other external signs of injury. The umbilical cord had been torn. The body was much decom- posed. The tongue protruded beyond the lips, and was swollen. The eyes were wideJy open. The lungs had contained air, showing the child had lived. The organs appeared to have bean healthy. There was no blood in the heart, and no food in the stomach. The chiM had never, been fed. There were indi- cations that the child had not liveff probably more than a few minutes. The cause of death was atrangula-tion.-The Coroner remarked with regret upon the fact that the evidence pointed to wilful murder.—The jury returned a verdict of Wilful murder" against some person or persons unknown.
TO FIGHT THE FOE.
A CONSTABLE STABBED AT CARDIFF. MURDEROUS ATTACK BY A MULATTO. At Cardiff Police-court on Monday (before his Worship the Mayor, Mr. T. Andrews, Alderman T. W. Jacobs, and Mr. F. H. Jotham), Bernard Armstrong Alfred, 20, was charged with "felo- niously, wilfully, and of malice aforethought stabbing Police-constable Arthur Clarke on the left breast with a knife, with intent to kill and murder him, in Caroline-street, on September 22." Prisoner maintained an impassive de- meanour in the dock. Police-constable Clarke said: About ten minutes to eight last night I was on duty on the Hayes, and was called to the eating-house, 20. Caroline-street. When I got there I found prisomer and another man together. Prisoner was argTiing with the young lady behind the bar. He wanted change of a 2s. piece. The young lady said, "You did not give me a 2s. piece." Prisoner repeated that he had done so. I told him that her word was as good as his. and got him outside. He th^n be^an to say what he would do* and became noisy. He eaid, "I could do eight of your sort." He refused to go away, and, continuing to shout, he caused a very large crowd to assemble. He had his hand in his right-hand pocket, and stabbed me twice, first in the chest, just over the heart, penetrating my tunic, vest, and shirt. The second stab caught me in the clothes of my left arm, but I parried it off with my left hand somewhat. This blow did not cut the skin. He did not say anything. but shouted that he would not go away. When I told him I had been stabbed he ran off. I caught him half-way down Caroline-street. His right hand was bleeding, but there was no knife in it. I brought him to the Central Police Station. The knife was handed to me by Edward O'Shea, who said he picked it up in the street. When I was taking prisoner into custody I could feel the blood running down. After he had been locked up, I went to Br. Buist, who dressed the wound. I came back to the Central Police Office, where I I charged the prisoner. He made no reply whatever. v His Worship, as mayor of the town. and chairman of the watch committee, wished to say how pleased he was that the officer too. the prisoner to the police-station after being i-tabbed-an act which the Bench thought to be a very plucky one, and they hoped the head- eonstable would take note of it. The case was again before the court on Tuesday. Ciasie Moore, a young single woman, living at 20. Caroline-street, a refreshment-house, now said that on Sunday night prisoner came to the bouse, and created a, disturbance, which necessitated the calling in of Clarke. After the policeman had ejected prisoner, the latter made a disturbance in the street, and caused a great crowd to collect. Prisoner, in reply to the usual question, said he had no questions to ask. John Ponton, farmer, Penarth, was in the coffee-tavern at the^arae time asprisonex, and corroborated as to the man's conduct there, and aleo in the street, where the stabbing took place. Prisoner shouted ont, "You white son of a b-, you have no right to talk to me. The whole police force can't shift me." After prisoner had stabbed the police-constable a second time he ran away, but was caught, and witness, seeing that the officer was bleeding, assisted in conveying Alfred to the police- station. Edward Shea, labourer, 55, Mary Ann-street. saw nothing of the disturbance, but he picked up the pocket-knife (produced) in a gutter in Caroline-street at five minutes past eight the same evening. Blood stains were still visible on the blade. Dr. Buist described the wound in the chest aa half am inch long and quarter of an inch deep. The force of the blow seemed to have been greatly impeded by the padding in the tunic. There was a good deal of blood on the clothes. The stab was near a vital spot; had it been a little higher or a little lower the consequences would have been more serious. Prisoner askecklo questions, and had nothing HOW to say in defence except that he could not remember what had happened. He had only just come to Cardiff and was drunk. He was committed for trial to the assizes. =--
TRAGEDY AT BRECON. WOMAN FOUND DROWNED IN THE I USK. Shortly before four o'clock on Tuesday a tragic affair occurred at Brecon. Some men were fishing in the Usk. a little below Llanfais Bridge. when they saw a white figure in the WAtrfirst they thought it was one of tbe swans from Newton Pool, but, as the figure struggled and then disappeared, the men became alarmed, and gave information to the police- Police-constable Edwaras and Morris quickly reached the riverside., and the former noticed that Mr. Jones, the landlord of the Boars' Head Inn. was looking out from an upper window, as if in search of something. The con- stable asked him it he bad missed anyone, and the reply was, "Yes, my wife." The river was then carefully searched, and about 5.30 the body of Mrs. Jones was found in a pool about eight feet deeg. The tragic occurrence has caused quite a tensation in the town. The deceased, who was 37 years of age. hafi been in ill-health for some time, and had bsen medically attended.
WOMAN BURNT TO DEATH AT MAESTEG. On Saturday night Betsy John. Charles-row, Maesteg, was ironing clothes when by some means or other she fell en the fire and was fearfully burnt on the body, breast. and face. She was alone tn the house at the time, but neighbours hea.rd'her shrieks and went to her rescue. The woman was so terribly burnt, bow- ever. that she died on Sunday. She was over 60 years of age, and earned her living by wash- I ing and ironing clothes.
SALISBURY LIBRARY AT CARDIFF. PROBABLE TRANSFER TO THE TOWN LIBRARY. A joint meeting of representatives of the Council of the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire and of the Cardiff Free Library Committee was held at Cardiff University College on Wednesday afternoon. The purpose for which the meeting had been convened was one of great importance, viz., to consider a scheme whereby the celebrated Salisbury Library might be made accessible to the public under tne management of the Cardiff Free Library Committee, and also that a suitable catalogue of the books con- tained in the library should be prepared for the use of the public. Mr. Edward Thoma's ("Cochfarf") presided, and there were present Dr Trehr.rne, Principal Edwards, D.D., Mr. Charles Morgan, B.A., Mr. T. C. Evans ("Cad- rawd"), Mr. Ivor .Tames (registrar of the University of Wales), Professor Tanner (vice- principal of the Cardiff College), and Mr. Austin Jenkins (registrar of the college). After considerable discussion a set of very satisfactory proposals were formed, with a view to their submission to the university college council and the fiee library com- mittee. The joint committee are confident th-at after this is done a practical means wih be agreed upon for making the valuable library available to the public. The principal terms of the agreement drawn up are that the books and their cages be lent to the Cardiff Free Library Committee; that the value of the books is to be insured by the Cardiff University College; and that the bools arc to be maintained in fair condition by the library authorities in Car- diff, but any special expense in binding books already unbound is to be borne by the college eouncil. One condition is that the books shall be left in charge of the Cardiff Free Library Com- mittee for ten years at least, and that they shall be made returnable to the university governors subject to twelve months' notice on either side. The library will probably be housed in the building at present occupied by the Cardiff Museum immediately the new museum buildings in Cathays Park are com- pleted. The Sa!esbury Library derives its value by its collector are relating to Wales or have been written by AVelshmcn, and in this respect it is perfectly unique. The library was origi- nally purchased for the university by Mr. Ivor Jamas, but since then there has been a kind of renaissance of Welsh literature, and in the light of the fact that there is an ever-growing appreciation of the literature of the Cymry it is difficult, if not impossible, to estimate the market value of the Salisbury Library, but it easily runs into five figures. FINEST COLLECTION OF WELSH BOOKS. The collection is probably the most compre- hensive collection of works relating to Wales and its people ever made. It is estimated that it contains abouf. 18.000 volumes, of all kinds and sizes. These include booke in the Welsh lan- guage, books about Walea. worts in general literature by natives of Wales, and works relating to the four border counties. In date they range from 1508; the date of the first edition of Geoffrey of Monmouth, downwards. The accumulation of these works waa a gigantic undertaking, and at the present time to bring together so comprehensive a collection would be impossible, even with the command of unlimited funds. The collection belonged to the late Mr. C. E. Salesbury, of Glanaber, Chester, and was purchased for the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire. When the library came ints the market the council of the college had no funds at its disposal which could be devoted to the purchase, and the acquisition of the collection was rendered possible only by the generosity of a number of Welshmen interested in the college and in Welsh education generally. Mainly ttwough the representations of Mr. Ivor James, the late Lord Bute, the late Lord Aberdare, Lord Tredegar, the late Mr. Lewis I Davies (Ferndale), Mr. John Cory, Mr. George Griffiths, Dr. Price, and Mr. James Howell (Cardiff) contributed liberally to the purchase fund. Since its removal to Cardiff the liliraTV has been kedt in a separate room, arranged nearly as it was on Mr. Sales- bury's shelves, in order to render it as far as possible available to students unconnected with the college. Unfortunately, the rapid growth of the college has neoessi- tated the use of this room as a class-room, and this circumstance, together with the crowded state of the general library, where alone readers could be accommodated, has rendered the consultiiag 'of the Salisbury Library by external students a matter of diffi- culty. Some two years ago the authorities of the college issued an appeal for funds with a view to enable them to proceed with the cata- loguing of the books and binding a large number of them. Some time ago, under the superintendence of Mr. John Balhnger, chief librarian of Cardiff. a MS. catalogue was made of short titles, which has proved very useful up to now.
NEWPORT WOMAN'8 DEATH. A coroner's jury at Newport on Monday found that Louisa Hofyoak committed suicide whilst temporarily insane. She was 29 yeqers of age. and the wife et Charles Holyoalf, signal-fitter on the Great Western Railway, living at Eveswell-street, Maindee. They had been married four years, and had had three children, one of whom died sixteen months ago. The confinement in the last case was stated to have left the deceased with severe ) afns in the head and back, and she was subjected to great depres- sion at times. At 10.25 on Friday night, five minutes before her husband returned home, she went out of the house, slamming the door behind her, and a,bout seven o'clock on Saturday morning her dead body was found in tbe waters of the River Usk near the gridiron Some of her clothes were neatly placed upon the bank. She was stated to be a woman of quiet and sober habits.
M'KINLEY'S MURDER TRIAL AND CONVICTION OF THE ASSASSIN. The trial of Czolgosz for the murder of Mr. M'Kintey a fortnight ago began at Buffalo on Monday morning, in the Supreme Court of Erie County. Promptly at t-en o'clock Judge White took his seat on the bench, and the court was convened. The direct charge in the indictment is that of murder, owing to the death of the victim. The Clerk called the names of the first panel of jurors. Czolgosz was then brought into court, and seated between two guards. The District Aitor-,r read the charge, and asked the prisoner how he pleaded. Czolgosz, in a low tone, responded "Guilty." Mr. Lewis, counsel for the defence, said that according to the law this plea, could not be accepted on behalf of prisoner, and asked that a plea of Not guilty" should be entered. This was done, and the trial proceeded. Later.—^There were many sightseers in the streets about the court before the opening of the trial. Although only 150 seats were available, all entrances except one were closed and guarded by police- men, who were posted everywhere, both in and about the building, while reserves were held in readiness in another station not far off. Mounted officers moved slowly around the structure, and nobody was allowed to stand on the side walk of the court- house, and nobody outside saw the prisoner, as he was taken through a tunnel under the streets from the gaol to the City-hall, and nobody was permitted to enter the building without a pass. Messrs. Lewis, Titus, and Lado, Czolgosz's counsel, again saw the pri- soner in the morning, before the opening of the court, but, as usual, he would not talk. In view of the meagreness of any opportunity for a defence, and the fact that the prisoner refuses to aid his counsel, it is not improbable that the entire proceedings will be completed in two days. Mr. Titus says that the mental condition of the prisoner will be absolutely the only defence to be offered. The court-room is small. Czolgosz and his counsel occupy seats directly in front of the judge's bench, the prisoner's chair being just at the back of that occupied by Mr. Titus. All the spectators' seats were occupied, but they filled slowly owing to the extreme care of the officers in the corridors in admitting ticket- holders. Czolgosz was attired in a new suit of dark grey He was elletn-phtveii, and his hair was neatly brushed. Mr. Titus stated the facts already known concerning his connection with the case, and explained that the position of himself and Messrs. Lewis and Ladd was peculiar, their duty consisting mainly in making sure that all forms of law and justice were observed. Judge White replied by paying a tribute to counsel During the examination of the prospective jurors Czolgosz sat bolt upright in his chair and gazed straight ahead at his counsel's back. Beyond rapid blinking he appeared to be quite unconcerned. He made no effort to communicate with his counsel or they with him. On the court adjourning for lunoJieon Czolgosz, seeing that he was about to be taken back to gaol, turned to one of his warders and said, "Guard, get my hat." Beyond his plea of guilty, this was the first word he had spoken in oourt. Mr. Haller, Assistant Distriet Attorney, briefly preeented the case for the prosecution. He said he irould endeavour to prove that Czolgosz had been for several days before he shot the President informed of Mr. M'Kinley's movements, and that he entered the Temple of Music intending to shoot him. The hearing of the evidence then began. Dr. Gaylord, who performed the autopsy, described the location of the wound in the stomach and the direction of the bullet. He said that the gohehot wound caused death. Dr. Gaylord. on being cross-examined, said the wound in the stomach would not neces- sarily cause death. The fundamental cause was the charges in the back of the stomach. The acutal cause was the abeorption of the broken-down matter of the pancreas. The court adjourned at half-past four.- Reuter. The trial of Czolgosz, the murderer of Pre- sident M'Kinley, was resumed at Buffalo on Tuesday. When cross-examined on Wednesday Dr. Mynter said that during the autopsy of the remains of the late President four hours were consumed in trying to locate the bullet. Being a,sked why the doctors then abandoned their efforts, the witness said that the M'Kinley family would not allow them to continue any longer, or injure the body any more, nor would they permit anything to be removed from the body for bacteriological examina- tion. Dr. Mann wat aeked if there was anything known to medical science which could have saved the President, and he replied "No" without hesitation. At the station the prisoner said that he killed the President because he believed it to be his duty. He understood the position in which he had placed himself, and was willing to take his chances. He had gone to Niagara Falls the previous day with the intention of shooting the President. He had been watching the President for three or four days for a favourable opportunity. He had for several years studied the doctrines of Anarchism, and believed in no Government and no marriage relations. He had attended church for some time, but they talked non- sense. and he would not continue there. He had been influenced by the teachings of Miss Goldman and another woman living &t Cleve- land. In response to a request to make a brief statement for publication, the prisoner wrote, "I killed President M'Kinley because I- have done my duty. I do not believe that one man should have so much service and that another man should have none." He planned and ca-rried out the crime alone. He believed that every king, emperor, president, or head of a Government was a tyrant, and should be put out of the way. Mr. Lewis, for the defence, said he had no witnesses to call. He pointed out to the jury that if there existed doubt in their minds aa' to evidence presented by the prosecution it was their duty to give the prisoner the benefit' of it. He had been unable to present any defence; the prisoner had refused to give counsel any assistance. If the jury could find that the man was irresponsible and give him the benefit of that relief it would lift from the minds of the peon.e a ereat load. It would be better to think tha the act of this man was the act of a madman rather than that of an assassin slaying so noble a man in cold blood. Mr. Lewis broke down as he referred to Mr. M'Kinley, and when he had ended his address the tears flowei down his cheeks. A district attorney, in summing up, said that the Anarchists must be given a terrible example of the majesty and irresistible force of the law. In voice trembling with emotion. Mr. Penney referred to the noble character that had been-ttricken down. During the speeches of counsel Czolgosz sat with flushed face and head slightly inclined to one side. Mr. Justice White, addressing the jury, said that the law presumed that defendant was sane. The jury retired at 3.51 p.m. to consider their verdict, and at 4.26 p.m. returned into count with a verdict of "Murder in the first degree," that is, murder with premeditation and intent to kill. The Judge stated that the sentence on Czolgosz would bo pronounced at two o'clock on Thursday afternoon. Czolgosz was immediately taken to his cell, and to all appearances .a s in'no way affected by the result of the trial.-Reuter. Czolgosz remained all the afternoon seated in his chair, with his hands clasping his arms, with his eyes cast down. Not even during the absence of the jury did he raise his eyes or lift his head, or seem to realise that he was the object of most intense interest. It was stated during the afternoon by Czolgosz's attorney that two eminent specialists had pro- nounced the prisoner sane, and it was their report that resulted in the failure of the defence to call any witnesses.-Reuter.