4 CfiATTY REVIEW OF THE WEEK'S LITERATURE. fh Mr, if)3316 a-nnom.et mcnt of a n«w hook by Mr, if)3316 a-nnom.et mcnt of a iiew hook by Frank R. Stockton was enough to g.he .1 ic'*Pat a tl rill of pleasurable an- Mr. o'00' when it was announced that that i,- ton would appear in a new role— rlory would be one of adventure— antiuipatioii gave way to impatience, ^ig '.r^Wore We what it would be like. Vr^cj ^tory of Advc-nture opens with, the of the good tliip Castor, an American vessel, oommn-aded by Captain »bout* ji orn\ ":tn experienced navigU-tor of vc years of age. Besides avail- Wo i r?°) the ship carried >hr-'e passengers, „ 't, r«nd a boy. One of these, Mrs. fait)*1? "a ladv past middle age, wa* Valparaiso—to settle iconic busine.«s f^tit'' ,j,Cr husband, a New England iner- j'&in '•< other lady was Miss Edna Mark- tu, a school teacher, who had just passed °Jder ;.e!|ty-fifvh year, altliough she looked taJc le wus <>n ^ier way Valparaiso r^ina an "uP°rtaT1t. position in an American Ralph, a boy of fifteen, was her 'siuj.i1' -d she wat> taking him with her ill til "^cause she did not want to leave Jo ,j 0,10 in San Francisco. These two had W* relations, and the education of tii-e -T 'depended upon the exertions o; t.ke '1' Lea.ving- the Wreck. l'oat, were loweivd, and the passengers Rr.'w ^('t aboard with the intention of land- they ?ewl»cre. At the end of three day# J w°Uud a landing-place, and, although ^•itt (jp^ 110 -?ign of human habitation, the oap- *his eIa,*?d that the coast w;s that, of Pi i n. *iU j.i10o"ra!?ed the ladies to believe that, x,re might not be any rescue from the |3at-rJUo ley would bo able to hail a. Peruvian in that means be saved. After °f gw a<*e a camp the ore w went in search v^taii £ ,'llcl rever rcliimd. This left the va°' £ Cooi^1 l'10 *wo ,!a(l;es!> t"ha boy, and the the take care of, and he was equal jjHing^^geney. One day while they were (,p g a fire to cook their frugal meal ihc ScVe,rejeai';?ht the dead leaves of a vine that j*V fj a nug» ro.'k that ros:e alxv.o them. f ^Ccl craokh-d and roared, nad wli,,ii it of 'lS<^ out there Mas revealed the colossal a 'Han carved in the uolid stone. Kr>, bk, The Face in the Rock. ?roat face stared down upon the licile e,8ht ler<d beneath it. Its chin was alxvut "e^bovc the ground, and its stony coi nte- j^'idjd at least tliat distance up tlie attires were in low relief, but clear 5^tih 0n^c^> and a .s-moke-blfaclcened patcih be- l jf6 eyes gave it a sinister ai>iX"ararice. 3- w'(le-streitd)ing mouth a bit of lialf- rf1^ thio"'? '1UT>ff? trembling in the hea.ted air, element of motion produced the im- ,J,re °n several of the ]»rtv that the crea- JWljo.. ut to °P-'n its lip?." faCe ^swvered a narrow doof\ray l>a«k of the opeoied into a passeffe. With K nh\l .pxploired this passage, and there, a lji it, they found, not only rooms. fre.^h water, the latter a most i.m- wiort, c';i«Wfcry, as their supply was running A^arerj d«y Maka. the African <«ok. das- when he returned he liad another ? tlie cn him, who proved to be a member 6i°len tribe. He, like Maka. had been n,6 'i«w Africa, and sold into slavery. From >HS^Tr'va^- itok, it was learned that in a m livtd a band of de •[lei-aidoe6 known J kiilitl^;kbird«. who wouild make no more 1, rliuv "e. wvptain and liis little company ,s a wou;d ri' ea,fcing their breakfast. Here rT,i1 wa„ew nr'd t-rrible danger, and the oap- In r^- to 't to know how to defend his wj+i Uj ('ave offered a fine retreat, for one rV. ia ''1,n a'^ the entriinot' to tlie ixi^eugv deadly work. t*0l, Lake Vanished. nights they kei>t close vrat<h, but ('ntirei4 the meantime their lake ."Tiled' d'isa'PP«u-ed — a*11 an of the hike gave the cap- of whioh the others had not akI)j, lIe saw it would be easy foi the I* cleft in ?i "a'^n accetw to the place through ,tl.tliey yi. ,'e eastern wall of the lake cavern. he -.fi. disf'over that a.perture the cavern hi ^le sani« t■ ti'om the rear and the front <3,Vfuns' and then the cs.ipt.ain feared t),1'111'? tha^q1"^ nc^ ni^ch avail. Of course, \V;is dar-kness which would scon prevail 8,1*1 ^Pt-ain° rv?so,i to expect a rear attack, and Ma for;,lp "^t^hed himself with le^.ving Mok i^r T^i if l, r. l^t, with instructions to give the J,as, i !lear(l the slightest sound, and put jle 0V(^ in the outer passage. As for bn Use at tv.t<>0 an early nap in the evening, be Dt the Vr- fivi break of dawn it would tu 'i 'Cr ^n to l>e ,n the alert. He did hnri as .°?V n.lue^ 'ie depended upon ten ^rie i, *l '*Jn"ier of defence, but now that it f U that chingers- wind, thre; lx>"i the Raekbiids were doubled. 0 ^lhiie „ Strange Negroes. IW Ul« sti11 puzzling their brains «>f the lake four stiaii'ge ^■eLfc}l^ K up<571 aie sceiie- Whfen Mok SnAu ^°r U,pon their necks and almost Eiigliih' On* of th've negroes b0n l*e atirl u■ Vfery well, and he explained tli,* &e bv tk £ comrades ';ac' been held in ■Wo-1,1 •;v°uhl v,6 c''tjird:s arid made to do work. ''Opu R the ,,avs a mule. When not tho °ut of l°('s were kept in a cavity in a of a i11 they could not crawl without. the\a of C0^L1.tldder- They could smell the lta,ek-bir(i kilig, and they knew one day that rd- Wero feasting. fe'rVw A Itaging' vervr>k^U'^ tluddleel in their litfele cave, fcijv^ ^osretK .?n?ry .an^ miserable, and whi.s- to fin°ise, on "7T'or lf they spoke out or ma le 1 st Fe a lopri £ men below would be likely Sh0t at 'hem—« hen suddenly thp 'i )'^e a aPpened. They heard a great out Sher t»j JfU ^nd, '->u'lls' which came from Stroi ey saur i the ravine, and, peeping 8p0 c^itig or vbat.Reemed like a wall of rock 4 KdATar,tthe uttie vai,e>b,it 1,1 a rtar.i ^°i'e iKc, not rock it was water, 8&w them l^ld take two breaths it had nttf,,0lily the a, !t passed on, and they t ea furl oiis and raSin £ Of ik°^er a^i-l ,9urllnff and dashing over *Kev ir ca.v«* :^a«hmg almost up to the floor ^r5ssed k, i y were fi'ightenecl that Sw tried to ^k r far they could get, and ^Voiij' so fp, r111?^ UP the sides of the rocky fWh it1 wcrQ they that the water Cam .0i>Jed ar. iUpon them. But the raging Wo6 ^to tu0- Kur^(X' outside, and none of it but o-ii*" ca've• Then the sound of it «o /• GKerlu "T loud' an<l grew less and less, thi^ri^hten<>fi and companions were hapDon: and so startled by this s.wful howl<i' ^at it D? so SU £ ldenly, as if it had been ilic 0r' £ K^fVVaa some time, lie did :iot know thf. r°°W, a.„01"3 ^ey lift.}] their faces from st), gamut which they were prassing 0 "^en tile ^aildscape. W^' Thfe crept forward and looked Waveti and the roaring wat as the l_ ,ere was no water to be seen iw >rU of thp° which always ran xt tho m,,„krLVme' ai?d which now ?eem«d than it had been that the M e brook was all there ,e,Pt the bare rocks, we^ hC,Kt>ircls a*. inere were no nuts, no °ftk8 wh;ch°t Kven the vines and a Li- etr en J? had been growing up the sides but ck. itn*1 Were aH gone. Not a weed, not (.1 a Kl. a c'°d of earth was left, nothing b,8' 1^ rocky ravine, washed bare aad \y r"l arir] i. ^arkham stepped suddenly for- the Ui. 'fcd the captain by the arm. 'It ravine^ ^he cried; 'the lake swept down 1 J'j aac| ^farkham was right It was the 1Vei-od f^Us were the survivors of the Castor °m the enemy. °n« ast Stores of Gold. I a* Captain Hora was ro"owliol around the cave, he discovered fa opening in the ted of the lake, and, upon investigation, this opening was found to lead 1O another cave. By the light of his lantern he eavv something glistening. "Captain Horn, his face red with exertion and excitement, stood gazing down iuto the square aperture at his feet. On the other edge of the opening knelt Ralph, holding the lantern so that it would throw its light into the hole. In a moment, before the boy had time to form a question,, he was pushed gently to one side, and his sister Edna, who had clambered up the side of the mound, knelt beside him. She peered down into the depths beneath, and then she drew back and looked up at the captain. His whole soul was in his downward gaze and he did apt even see her. "Then came a voice from below, 'What is it?' cried Mrs. Cliff. 'What are you all look- ing at? Do tell me.' "With half-shut eyes Edna let herself down the side of the mound, and when her feet touched the ground she made a. few tottering steps towards Mrs. Cliff, and, placing her two hands on her companion's shoulders, she whispered 'I thought it was. It is gold! It is the gold of the Incaa! And then she sank senseless at the feet of the older woman. "Mrs. Cliff did not know that Miss Mark- hnm had fainted. Shy .simply stood still and exclaimed: 'Gold I What does it mean?' "'What is it all about? exclaimed Ralph; it looks like petrified honey. This never could have been, a b2chive!' ''Without answering. Captain Horn knelt at the edge of the aperture, and. taking the lsntern from the boy, he let it down as far aa it would go, which was only a foot or two. 'Ralph,' he said. hoarsely, as he drew him- self back, 'hold this lantern and get down, out of my way. I must cover this up quick.' And seizing the stone slab by tho handle he lifted it as if it had been a pot lid and let it down into its place. 'Now.' said he, 'get down and let us a.ll go away from this place. Those negroes may be back at any moment.' For the story of this great "find," how it was removed by Captain Horn, for the excit- ing adventures in Paris, for the peculiar charm that goes with Mr. Stockton's unique style, I refer the reader to the book. "A Stony of Adventure. By Frank R. Stockton. v Messrs. ScribiKT and Sons.
OTHER REVIEWS. BOOKS. In continuation of their monographs from the "English Men of Letters" series, which Messrs. Macmillan and Co. are adding- to their three and sixpenny library, the latest publication contains the lives of Seott, by Richard H. Hutton; Burns, by Principal Shairp and Coleridge, by H. D. Traill. The essays are works of literary art, perfect and discTiminatirig, and help the student to an appreciative understanding of the works and writings of the authors under review. A splendid library can be formed at a cheap rate by purchasing what is, undoubtedly- the most popuiar series of the kind in the market. "Phoebe Deaoon" (JarrcM and Sons, War- wick-lane, London) is one of those novels which :t is a pleasure to return to after being saturated with the trashy and vapid trumpeting.? of the neurotic school. Mr. Hude Myddleton, the author, has invested his heroine with an amount of grace, dignity, and sweetness that is refreshing, the character being drawn with exquisite taste. The book, in fact, although not one, possibly, which will create a sensation, is rich in character and incident, full of interest, and is written with taste and expression, a fact which the reader appreciates when the end is reached, and lays the volume down with a sigh of regret and a deeper belief inhqman nature. Two books well worth the attention of musicia.ns are the "History of the Meeting of the Three Choirs of Gloucester, Worcester, and Hereford," a most cartful and interesting compilation, and the authorised translation of "Gounod'f! Commentary on Mozart's Giovanni, by Messrs. Windeyer, Clark, and J. T. Hutchinson. "The Evergreen" is a quaint quarterly, some of whose pictures will be fortunste if they do not succeed in offending Mrg. Grundy. Nature in all its phases is dealt with in poetry and prose, and further issues art, announced aa the seasons raH reund. The binding of "The Evergreen" is yeiy dainty. "Foreign Languages Made Easy," a aerial published by Pitman, of Bath, is one of the bust, most natural, and most ieuof*K»ful attempts in this direction that hiS ever come under our notice. We cordially and confi- dently recommend it. The Rtv. Marcus Richards is a4r»adv known as a poet, and many of Vae pieces in his latest work. "Poems of Life and Death," uphold his reputation. Mr. Rickards shapes his muse on the common thinga of life, a.nd the result is a series of reTy natural and ril&asing 11 rodl1ctionx. Although it has been laid down that. the man who is his ow.li lawver has a fool for a client, there is no doubt that thousands axe kept in tlie way of legal rectitude by referring to the plain and simple advice enshrined in the pages of "Every Man's Own Lawyer" (Orosby Lock- wood), a Vork which is at once voluminous and c-htap, and has just reached its thirty-second edition. Messrs. R. Cocks amd Co. (Regent-street, London), tlie well-known musi? publi.-rheis, send us some of their latest publications, in- cluding a handy Dictionary of Musicians, a Guide'to the Mandoline, and a variety of ibccu- lar and sacred compositions. A very favourable specimen of foreign print- ing and illustration is the tie work, in two volume?) on "Le Corot? de Chambrun et- Stanislas Legis Vv'.agner," with beautiful illus- tiations by Jacques Wa-grcz, and published a.t lOf. by Calmann Levy, 3, Rue Aaher, Paris. MAGAZINES. "Blackwood's Magazine" for this month is is diversified in its matter aa the reader could well desire. Old "Maga" still gathsrs around it the brightest stars of the bteiaiy firmament, and, although a new geucratioa hss arisen since the splendid days of old, the m '.gazing holds its own in the public favour. ° This month the editor mourns the jots of two contributors by death-Sir Gsorje Chtsnev and Lady Grant. Now that the unity and extension of the Empire are sub- jects which form the thoaie of ev&ry-uay utterance by politicians and public writers, the articles on "British West Africa,^ by CapUin Lugard; "Imperial Defence, by Sir George Clarke. Iv.C.M.G. and Ll-tie Wars on the India-n Frontier, will be rean with much interest. There are several beauti- ful sketches, and everyone »hotild reiui "Tammyrotics," by Hugh E. M. fetathelu, which is a dignified protect against the bctt sahonl of fiction. „ u In the "Idler" for June Mr. Joseph iLaUc*i has a pleasant paper on George Stephen- jon, with whom he was brought m co^c when a ladv A new serial by Robert Barr begins in the "LIe number. dt(,r The current number of the Windsor Magazine" is a specially good one, aud the serial itself is beginning to r»n P(me of the older ones close in point of gwnerftl attrac- tiveness. cn A weird tale w "The Turquooae Skull, g* tributed by Fergus Hume to the I ail >»! The "M^ilth News" is pubhxkang startling revelations of well-known patesa nostrums, which those who ts-ke thwn would do well to peruse. "Ga-ssier's Magazine' (Bedford-sbre**fc, Strand) has beautifully illustrated ^article* an "An American Gravity R^ilw'ajr (on a principle common formerly on English coa- lines, but more elaborated); "Engineering Three Hundred Ago,' "Some Keeent Machine Tools," "Gas-Motor Street Cars, and "Electricity for Marine Propulsion." The "Album" (Strand, London) lias thia week a series of beautifully-executed portraits of eminent violinisti. "GaeseH's Saturday Journal" contain# a series' of interesting articles on an slaa y»oTant's experiences of road life. The "Sketch" and "St. Paul's" are both, as usual, crammed with beautifully-exe«uted pictures and bright reading. Both journals make a speciality of things dramatic. The "Strand" for June contains some excel- lent articles and some readable stories, in- cluding a short one by Daudet. Persons interested in fancy costumes will find a won- derful article on the subject, well illustrated. The "Illustrated London News" (June 15) has some well-executed pictures of the Baltic Canal. The comic element is strong in the "New Budget," which also has some interesting; portraits of Madame Patti in her principal characters. The summer number of the "111ustmted London News" haj a complete tale, by Ouida, entitled "Toxin," a coloured plate, and nvmerous other excellent pictures. Ihe summer number of the "Graphie," has some large coloured pictures and a complete story by J. Ashby-Sterry—"A Talc of the Thames." The illustrations are by W. Hatherell. The "Pall Mall Magazine" for July com- mences a series of naval articles on Trafalgar, ar also gives us a biographical sketch of Lord Kelvin. Hie illustrations of the number are n.cet numerous and beautiful. The magazine is to be shortly increased to Is. 6d. Books Received During the week include a practical little book, "Short Lessons in Photography," by G. Ar- daseer (lliffe and Son, Is,): "Patenting Made Easy tlliff-s and Son, 6d.); "The Cricket Hardhook for 1895" (Horace Cox, 6d.): the latest volume of the excellent "Pastime Series," crammed with excellent portraits and masse; of carefully-arra.rsged facts rbouo the national game; "Guid-^ to Waterloo Park" (Highgat-o; Langley and Son, 2d.), a "handy guide to the pretty little park end its many associations, got up in a style which doen the local firm which produces it the highest credit: 'The Speed &ereL" a short-cut to rapid work in i shorthand and typewriting (Iliffe and Son, 6d.), a very practical and sensible little work; "The Lady Cyclist, whi"h has now reached its fourth .numbe-, and has, I hope, come to stay (Cycle Press, Limited, 3d. monthly). I have also to acknowledge receipt of the "Re- view of Reviews" for June.
FAIR, FICKLE, AND FALSE. A WIFE'S UNHOLY FASCINATION FOR AN OLD MAN. The American papers just to hand contain the account- of the first day's trial of a na- tional divorce suit, which was opemd at Long Island City Count-court House. The parties to the suit were Mr. Charles B. CroweH. who sought absolute divorce from his wife, Lidie S. Crowd 1. The sighings of warmest '.ore were poured out in letters purporting to have been written by the co-respondent, Jacob R. Shepherd, the clergyman, banker, and lawyer, famous for his controversy with Secretary of State Blaine in the Peruvian Guano Company scandal, Mr. Crowell is Eastern agent for the Port Koyai and Augrusta Railroad Company, with an .nice at No. 234, Broadway. His wife is the daughter of Hewlett J. Norris, a wealthy citizen of Jamaica, Long Island. She is about 35 years old, while Mt. Shipherd is nearly 60. Mrs. Crowell got a chair next to her husband, just in front of that occupied by the oo-respon- dent. She is petite, dark-ihaired, and )rvther pretty, was mocLi.jhly gowned in black, and sat. with eyes downcast, never noticing her husband. Mr. Crowell is fci31. about 48 yea-re old, wears a military moustache, and is soldierly and hand- some. Every now and then he looked stemly aA his wife and at the squat, odd fignne of Mr Shapherd, who weighs 300!b. perhaps, and has a great, round face, almost covered w- a stubby grey hetird. Lawyer Luckey, for the plaintiff, said he pro- posed to show that Mrs. Crowell had been guiity of immoral relations with Mr Shipherd at various times in 1893. He would show that on a stormy winter's night, while Airs. Crowell and Mr. Shipherd were returning to their homes on a trolley ear from East New York, a flirta- tion ensued, resulting in an acquaintance. After this, he declared, the co-respondent frequented Mrs. Crowell's home daily during her husband's tbsence; that while Mr. Crowell was on a bud- new 'trip his wife lived at the h¡¡-ne of Mr. Shipherd. occupying a room coanoe>ting with his, and that, finally, in .December, 1^93, when Mr. Crowell, apprised of his wife's infidelity, left her for good, Mrs. Crowell became a permanent guest in Mr. Shipherd's home. Miss Sadie T. Bennett, of Jamaica, a +.<11, slender, and pretty gjrL was called to the st.-Mid. She said she was a second cou-m of Mrs. Crowell, and lived with the 'rowtils during 1892 and 1693 at Jamaiva. 'Mr. Shipherd would arrive about eleven a.m., anel he aud Mjs. Crowell would sit on a, sofa in the par.our. The curtain# over the door wonid be drawn, and they would remain there until five p.m. "Did yon ever witness any improper conduct between M-s. Crowell and Mr. Shipherd;" asked Mr. Luekey. "I saw h -r sit on his lap, and they kissed and hugged each ofher. Miss Bennet't said that .Mrs. Croiveli seen began going away after tea, returning at any. v.here from eleven p.m. to one a..m. She always said she was going to a lecture or to church with Mr. and Mrs. Shipherd. She after wards told witness that this was a ruse; that Mr. Shipherd was divorced from one wife and separated from another; that she loved Ship- herd. and that both he ajid she were going to Dakota to get divorces so that they could marry. Miss Bennett said she took three letters, written by Air. Shipherd while he was South lecturing to Christian Endeavour societies, from Mrs. Crowell's bureau drawer. The letters were put in evidence, and some of the calmest extracts are as follows No. 3 -Atlanta, October 8, 1893.—J went to the CongTegatipral Church to the Christian Endeavour. The minister made me talk again. Aft-;r ehuveh I got yocr two letters and a big package. 0, my lamb! It as knoly of you. It adds riches to this pIg s ears to have v >ur little savings Javi:1uxl on hun, levie iweet, my dainty ore. It ■nakes me glad that J 011 like the city of your kin. Mayhap you and I will settle there and put on the plain dress and say thee :md thine, and so drift out. together upon the sleep- ing sea. Would my love like this? Eve.v word you write -ets my heart- aglow, sweetest, and the full, clear name at the end shines like a star cluster in my eves. My own, my own, my only own, and all my own. No. 11.—October 14, 1893.-No. 6 gladdens me thi,s niorniiiig—but, 0, my loveliest leve, e.verv day I hud your words talking for me littler than mv own. I feel as if 1 should like to hliut cut the world, and I'M', alone with my dearest-, dci-rcst love. The longing we lioth feel to be absolutely Mt to ou". elves is only the nimbus of the t>'im of our joy—a halo sur- rounding the pure and central shining. It is sweet to be quite by ourelves — alone, alone, .:tlme < Love vne, dearest, as I love. For the first tJme- in my life I reem to have met one who can love as I love. Always hitherto I have Kiven dollars for pennies, diamonds for stonfs, I shall never he' wearied of you, C1:w-hc, inn er. 0, my love of loves. The tih:rd letter, dated fcur day? later, is of tJw -t.me tenor as the others. Tie fa -?s of 'lie jurymen were wreathed in emiles during the reading. Mrs. Alfretta Klinck, r>f Orange, test*ed that Sirs. Crowell ln.d connded to her fhe etory of her love for Mr. Shipherd, and the court- adjourned.
CRIME IN IRELAND. The "Irish Times" states that a man, named Michae-1 Da-rcy, is under remand at Gort charged with shooting at Mr. James Acton, the agent for Mr. Martyn, of Tilly ray Castle, near Gort. Mr Acton was returning from the Land Com- mission on Wednesday, when Darcy met him, and. after some conversation, shot at him with a revolver. The bulle* struck him on the- chin, and inflicted a. severe wound.
AN INTERESTING COMPANION. "The Lady's Companion" is a fitting mmmiiion fir wives and daughters. It contains a pnmSiete Hiffh-elass Story the Practical Articles on Home Decorations, Toilet, and s on all subjects important to ladies, make it anseful and interesting book Pnce Id. by post, Cahtwright, 8, Johnson s-court, Fleet- street,London. ™Cl383, Ask for Tyler «md Co.s' Gold Medal Flannels
WOMAN, LOVELY WOMAN. IS THE FAIR SEX TIMID AND COW A RDLY ? It was said by an excellent Divine that "ihough many eh jcoveriec have been made in ',be world of self-'ove, there is yet abundance of 'terra incognita' left behind." It hdS plea&ed men to arrogate j, themselveo nearly the whole of human courage and to -g-.iid women as very t^mid and cowardly creatures when compared with themselves. Now, we do not deny t-lvat some women occasionally have little afte- ta- yons which j,ive a (\>lour to this opinion, itiese are scared at meeting harmless- cows or CT.en, as though they were ferocious bulla. T>jey jump i.a terror on a cliadr at the signt t'f a mouse. All these, however, are errors oi' education, just as boys a,re taught from the cradle to despise girls for their supposed want of bravery, and grow to manhood without, see- ing their mistake. Yet Mandeville in his "Search into the Nature of Society" avers that "Man, as he is a fearful animal, naturally not rcver fight if nobody offended him tnid lie rapacious, loves peacc- and quiet, and he would could have what he fights for without it." This may be true of man as a savage. But civilisation gives so much skill and dissipates so many errors a.nd terrors that men have learnt to be quarrelsome, courageous, and self- leliant. It would be natural to suppose the mothers and sisters of brave men would be brave also. We look for cognate qualities in both seies of c^her aoi'mals, and are not dis- appointed. Why should mankind be an ex- ception ? Why should it be imagined that men have all the courage and women a monopoly of timidity ? Simple because of men's stupendous 3elf conceit. The ma- jority have never given c-he subject a rational thought. Tftuy have excluded women from their own fa-vourite field; for the display of braveri- and then pride themselves upon their vast superiority. But, whenever women 1-a.ve had equal opportunities they have proved themselves no despicable competitors with men in physical courage, and far ahead of them in moral fearlessness. At a time like 'the present, when public atten- tion is largely diawn to a comparative "i¡ow of the qualities of both sexes, it may be ju-ofst-tble to draw attention to the bravery of women. We do not desire 'to under-value the conspi- cuous valour of men. On the contrary, we are proud to recognise it to the full. We only wish to point out that women are capable of the same, great quality to a. profitable degree, and that, therefore, it should be encouraged in them as well ivs in men. If the men refuse, let women exhort each other. No one .an doubt that moral courage is superior to physical. Men exceed in the latter, women in the former, and it is not desirable that this should be altered, even were it possible, Yet it would add to the dignity of both if men v-ere stronger morally and women physically. A modern historian says, "Moral and rational faculties may alike be dorman^. and they will certainly lie so if men are wholly immersed in Ihe u-n-l-ification of their senses. Man is like a p':int, v. hicli requires a favourable soil for the lull expansion of its natural or innate powers." If men had been shut out, as women have, from the exercise of their physical faculties, is it cer- tain they would have developed excess of phy- sical powers ? Not-withstanding her social disadvantages in this respect, woman has made her mark in the annals of hravery. History affords numerous examples of great heroines, many of them, too, at a. time when her general position was that of a slave, but we can only note » few. Leaona of Attica bore the severest torture without a word. Telesilla, the poetess, made the Angolic women fearless of death, and discomfited the Spartans. Theodora saved the Eastern Empire. Artemisia. drank the ashe-H of her consort. Camilla, Queem of thg Volsciins, was elain fighting at the head of her troops. lioadicea encountered the veterans of Rome. The Maid of Orleans drove the English from France. Arria stabbed herself to encourage her husband to die. "See, it does not hurt, dear Faetus," she said. The tales of martyrdom are fertile of heroic women. Young maidens met the roost horrible deaths with placid contempt, if not with vehement joy. No fiendish tortures that, devils could devise were a £ ile to shake the fortitude of n:>mberle.s brave women. \Vh" her under Nero or the Bishops, under the Inqu^ji- tion or the French Revolutionaries, it was noted with sjiprise and admiration that the women died more bravely than the men. With what fa-ace and calmness, and infinite tender- ness for others, did Anne Boleyn and Mary of Scotland lay their fair necks upon the bloc-k Even ♦he fparless Raleigh suffers by compari- son, for their queenly dignity excelled, his hall- jocular carelessness. When we come to physical self-sacrifice, ia giving one's life to save the most dear to us, women stand almost alone. Whether to suck a poisoned wound, or 'to intervene and receive the- assassin's dagger, or to nurse the wounded in the midst of battle, or to wittcli by the couch of pestilence and dentil, or to commit suicide to save their own and their husbands' honour, 'they ha.ve acted without a parallel on the part of men. Woman's love is stronger than her fears, a.nd there is no sacrifice which she will not- cheerfully make for him who sways her heart. What she does by impulse man feebly tries to do by calculation. But it is in moral courage that woman shines. Just ae the greater strength and training of man makes him physically superior, gp )he moral strength and training of woman k ,#Îces him morally her inferior. In loyalty, truthfulness, chastity, fidelity, pity, sobriety, honesty, and general perseverance in. well-doing, she is im- measurably above him. This has been noticed by great writes, in every age, and it would not be difficult to discover why she is so much man's moral superior. Mandeville thoughtitwas because her brain was, more accurately balanced. We think, however, that it is largely owing to a higher standard of moral conduct having been constantly demanded from her from, remotest times. But. she must insist upon further phy- ¡.:J.wal advancement, and man should look to his morals, that sexual harmony may result. It is no wonder that the cowards and narrow- hearted among the men are bitterly opposed to the "New Woman." They see "the rod of pire" slipping from their grasp, and feel that their biv.t* 'force and cunn ng ca-oyofc save them. Women --re already man's moral supe- riors, and are fast becoming their intellec tual equals. Their physique is improving more rapidly than the men's. Altogether, the out- look issurcs us of sexual equality at no rar distant- date. Whenever it arrives it will give a universal impetus to progress, and mark a new and hapnier era for humanity, for rignt, not might, will .govern, and the worthiest wear the crown. The brave women of the past and present will then be revered as Hie daring pioneers in the discovery of a New Heaven a-nd a New Earth.
AN EXTRAORDINARY STATE OF AFFAIRS IN IRELAND. 1"he '-Brflblin Da-ily Express" states that an y ,¡,<£ came before Mr. Justice Madden in the Land- Courts on Wednesday. It appeared tiheit in 1887 several tenants of were declared purchasers of tfceip "coMinga under the Land Purchase Acts, but delay took place in carrying out iiiho order, Mid fruitless wfebeoipte were in cuibsequenit years made, by the appointment Oi ixct-hi0.1 f ;o oot-a-iu KiTCtUB of t-anf. More than- twelve ye&rs itud now ^'ftpspc1. without -the payment of rc-n(ii %> Hhat under the Sitatuce cf I.inr.taibion ths -itsnaaits had become the f&s-«imple owners, bbiooel tor tthe nominal own&? spplied rm Tfeuitiday for 2,D order that ffce proposed sele ->/ V¡a7 sihculd bp aa-rrttd Ntt, the tenants b-infe rsnuwed to bring in the pureha«e-monev a fortnLgflvt. Mr. Justice Madden, fhowevpr, held thaft f.s now, by the owner's „f,g.jigenoe, the property had pasged from him to thu ter-f-rtts, tlhe laitttter could not be called on -sitSic*: k> pusdwse or to pay >«eaut, and the f.-n^i.'iw-Aon. must be daamn&std, with coets.
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SWANSEA BREACH OF PROMISE. THE DEFENDANT TURNED UP TOO LATE. At tlie Nisi Prius Court, Swansea, on Satur- day a breach of promise case came on, in which the defendant failed to appear. The plaintiff, Alice Browett, a single woman, living with her mother .it 45, Brunswick-street, Swansea, was a district visitor for Holy Trinity Parish, and the defendant, Henry Hewitt lluinber, was the manager of the Singleton Brewery, SwaT sea. Mr. S. T. Evans, M.P. (instructed by Mr. Jenkin -Tones), who appeared for the plaintiff, said defendant was not present to deny the offer or the breach. The circumstances, there- fore, need not be opened to the jury at any length. The parties lived close to each other, and during the year 1893 they were engaged, and met each other scmeitimefi several times a day, though there were one of those letters io be read which frequently excited so much interest amongst, the jury and the court. Tlie defendant actually courted plaintiff up to tlie 3rd of March this year, and yet, on the 5th, only two days after, he ma.rried another lady, also living at Swansea, conduct which, he thought, he need not cha-ractcrise to the jury. The parties were to have been married at Christmas, and they attended several sales together, bought furniture, and took a house, while plaintiff prepared her tioussea-u for the- marriage. Plaintiff then testified to the promise, and added that she believed defendant Wa6 in re- ceipt of £ 200 or £300 a year, and that he had mmricd a lodg-ing-house keeper with whom he lived. The Re v. A. A. Matthews, vica.r of Holv Trinity, said he met- defendant, whom he had often ( seen in church, with the plaintiff. He said "Excuse me, sir, I should like to make your acquaintance. I have been attending yen- church for some time. I have been paying attention to Miss Prowett, who, J bejieve ig one of your active workers, and I hop-, i- n1.1rry her and make her my wife." Ho said he fel' sure she would make, him a good partner. E T!ie Judge naked for some evidence as to the marriage of defendant, when some sensation vas eaused by the announcement that defendant was in court. A man named Quinn proved defendant's mar- nage to a widow, named -Edit-l Ida Leslie. the case had ))een completed, when defen. dant, in reply to a quest-ion from the Judge, ct.me forward and said lie was not awaio th«j act-ion would be called on that day, and neithea nis solicitor nor counsel .vere present. He wa# not prepared to make any statement, and h« asked for an adjournment. His Lordship pointed out tha.t de5«dai»it> own testimony was what was wanted, and h. then read over the evidence, the defendnjfa denying the promise, aid also that he told til,* vicar he was going to ixarry plaintiff, sayinc* he only asked htm his opinion of her. to the Judge, he said Mr. Matthews save hoi a good character. Still, he never *oldh;m\I intended marrying her He again asked for "J adjournment, but his Lordship replied tfft » would be of no use, and defendant W beta* save lus money for another purpose. (Laum ter.) Iho case had now been tried. i Theory afterwards ret-.jrned a verdict for plamtin, damages £75.
Ask fcr Tyjjr aad Pri" Ce'ø Medal cisti. ami Serges.