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[By "WESTMINSTER."] LONDON, SATURDAY. Th I!* « wdintegratio anions between Sir ,a' d Reed and the Libei al party of Car- 1S' course, an event of suca paramount iridrL-1 k',n< e that it may be regarded as a land- it (|- ln political history of England but ti0Q ,110t strike me lajst night that the revoea,- jHiSfc Y tlle lion, mem her of t-^e notice of dis- aPDr .e fer'vtn l" 'Hs constituents had (XJQ damped the spirits of the great kptenr1^ who thronged the sahwuis of Londonderry House, after C0nJiillner Kiven by tlie National Union of Duu lvative Associations in lu nour of the "^evons^i;e aE(i ^r- Chamberlain. It tlJft *8 that Lord Londonderry should be tion dinner and the rec-ep- cafJ Castlereagh was the man who Wh ptlle Q'on successfully through the the „ "a-liament, and the pre.-ent chief of stay fTInily is the real leader and niain- 'Qto ° e Unionist party, which sprang lisjj 'stance to maintain the Union estab- J hT iJitt and Cast ■ereagh. Londonde: ry lane 's ,,ne of the few givat houses in Park- yle ^Ch have not passed into the hands of pa,.t. t,nH>i;d kings of South -Uriea, who is rj ttlllHrly affect this part of the town. It portf.1 'n Wul'^ of art, and particularly in Of t]tUt's great statesmen and generals Napoleonic wars, and the rooms are abl'v aci0°* t'1"t they accommodated ooiufoit- 2,000 people who responded to Wv n^onderLV s invitation. Lord Salis- -Mi-. Balfour, the Duke of taiije^ture' aCLi ^1- Chamberlain ii\ I^a-santly together, and were evidently 1 g«od humour, while Mr. Goschen and (ietp,. Vr,'ss hovered around and looked tlle ln'ned nut to be left out in ^n< co'ct. The duke spoke at the War<iU^ with unaccu-.tomeu leadiness ai.d ev<4ut an(* cies'jription of the gradual ll,ri of a new party out of the two Mliarent factor.s brought into temporary },y ^le necessity of defeating the e, ^U;e Bill v,as most interesting. The ^tion that the next Government must nionist Government, rep;eventing "a 8iwfla^ party, was received with the tst euthusiasm. Mr. Chamberlain was tlle 3/8 emphatic in expressing his belie! in tkjg Peil<ianence of the "offensive and liilJe,SlVe alliance" between Con>>eivatives and h« Unionists. With his usual courage, k&isl ll0t 'les*tate to speak of the constructive tiie for j-he benefit of the people which pref Government is pledged to attempt a.s to '"the destruction of Chuiciies, the abou^ industrious tradesmen, or even the s,'gni °Q ^°use of Lord. Tiiese most lainwords p;ove that Mr. Cliaaiber- tij now be relied upon to be no party Or l,> throw of eitlier the Welsh Churcii f;Lll,lllt iioule of Lords. Certainly, if he can to tho that lie gave a Liberal tendency Uov9e '10ilie policy of the late Conservative a«!3Uti. ^^nt, his prolonged and intimate 'iiO'ij'"11 w^x ^le f"1'^ has profoundly the ;ne^ the views once entertained by him on ^•stit 'n'P01'tant questions now before the Policy ^€ne'es- But. s'ince the identity of "et\veen the two \\ings of the party is- kbypj ^pi^'i-e, what is the excuse for still UP two distinct political organisa- I t\t0 v'Uch, as we have lately seen in one or «>He astailCfcs, chcriwh a feeling of rivalry with ^hj^l^her 1 This is a delii';ite question Sihy f the Liberal Unionist leaders fought that, f/' bU: oug''t n°t to be surprised ^-Xt ('°ir l"'>"tP,,Ii«;i:ent of fusion till after the ^d! (l"v,t!lluiei|t has been formed exciter a tive ir C,'iticisin among their Cowserva- S" ^r- Chamberlain spe.tka with scorn of the conduct of Sir William 0tlicB, aiK^ J°bn Morley in cling ng to jjpj Wliyo they cannot carry out their '1'^e, and he is also very seve. e upon tli tuicrr lnem!iers of the. Tory party who are ait^ enough to discuss Ids actions and inffij' a's if it were possible for him to be ^i"!i^n<t'' by any but the most patriotic and la-la 'e<^ considerations. But- Mr. Chamber- Ust intr'n°^ c^a"u be exempt from "tiiat t,r,nity °f noble minds. a legitimate wit" ;i)l1 h'.tjon and a good many Tories Pact lJsl ui^a«ne?s that, by virtue of the com- He + ^r- ChamSerlain is likely in ^liament to secure a separate ^'6^ 'of all proportion to the true ^itU(Tn tbe Liberal Unionists in the con- PteÜi»)r¡C,les, and' so. perhaps, to become the What lIlftnt partner in the new Government. more anxious on this score b»-tiVe "ey know Mr. Chamberlain's com- a''e aLj Spirit and unbounded energy, and contrast these qualities with the °Wn pa^ ^ackadaisical management of their ^Veial —— J th ^€°P^e sPoke to me last night about i&eilt ine?i thought was a disquieting state- "e. "Times" report of Sir Edward i° the ..ft- erv'ew with the Cardiff deputation, t 'r>Hisl C?<; that "^r- Bichard Cory, a Liberal loll f had ^id he wou'd vote at the next 0r the present niemi>er. The ingenious ^bo supplied this report no doubt 1,1 it i niisleading inft!ence to be drawn iu 81 bo ]v Liberal Unionists of Cardiff, r- Cory' bkely to follow the example of 1,L0r(ler t'l 'ywelv mention the matter here !J*Gcia!s ( 'at '*t may not be overlooked by the Jn your kr. Liberal Unionist organisation 1 oorough. Jl0 *Veei bow opinions waver from week «1Ss°lutio ^1 re'tl'd to the nearness of the *^0llgh if"' Last week everybody I met J0.11 He\ v'as eei'tain there wouhl be an elec- t n^tbat Mw, a strong feeling pre- f lbe (,n"i e government wil-1 remain in office J"v I the year. The Opposition, so ..f'y st,dn Ju<1ge> are not likelv to make any J'H dk^°Uf forts to turn tbs"1 "ut- Thc Je Dian-i ?te y ^'r William Harcourt in Neatly mentl of the House has b en He is taunted, for tho^11 "vant °f couiage in refusing to yebh 1 m c '^sure to the discussion of the bis ta; Bi!1- But is easy t0 a vepy Drf s 'n this respect are inspired by n +'C ,.n°tive. Be is extremely ^Clise far° give the Lord's the slightest ecltiatelv that the Bill wai not 1^ If U'scuUSf>ed in the House of Com- ;'trar.j|v debate m Committee were SV!ffieiZ,t sbort, that in itself would be thifi,, 1 eas< n to justify the Lords •-he Bm "»» on r-°Urse, J^\ d. reading. This. of but tlie fate of the Bill in any 1'f,'r'tsj a jnust now be rejected on its So ovc 1 ^jority against it will not S'tmins » A. "» »»« S« j"°ws u.1 o ^ne Peer w^° r15"'1*)* that k isbury told me the other tk^ibed in 6 "oubted if the Lords would be a?, detail, S"mmarily throwing out a Bill all 1 iCDrnv j wbich had been fully discussed TTn large majorities in the eilono Hse! and he added that he was °ne ln this way of thinking. !0,i. Provfi1^ to lje grateful to 'ttle in? the House of Commons with f. f jle ofm^ement by proposing to set up a lia!J ro"1well at Westminster. The A a sta+,'S great a man has never J°n' The 6 ?rected to his memory in Lon- v a\yar0n 7 one in existence, so far as sine18 that presented some thirty the city of Manchester. Irish, of course, detest Cromwell's memory, and the Welsh have no reason to love it; but lie was one of the greatest of English rulers, and, although in his later years he was obliged to govern as a military despot, he had sought earnestly and patiently to found a. free Commonwealth in England, and the principles he had fought for were those ultimately carried into effect at the Revolu- tion of 1688. As for Cromwell's treatment of Ireland, the Nationalists, of course, never mention the atrocities by which it had been provoked. Cromwell's own words a-re that he went to Ireland "to ask an account of the innocent blood that had been shed, and to punish the most barbarous massacre that ever the sun beheld." Mr. W. Redinond and Colonel Nolan denounce the slaughter at Drogheda, but Cromwell himself said of it, "I am persuaded that this is a righteous judgment of God upon these barbarous wretches who have imbrued their hands in so much innocent blood, and that it will tend to prevent the effusion of blood for the future, which are the satisfactory grounds of such actions, which otherwise cannot but ■work remorse and regret. His general Irish policy was statesmanlike, and would have produced tranquility if only it had been per- severed with after his death. Withoutgoing into raptures about him, as Carlyle does, I think his actions show that he was a mag- nanimous man, and free from the affectation of austerity which was fashionable among the Puritans of his time. He loved music and good company, and delighted in field sports. Not only did lie keep racehorses, but he prided himself on his skill as a charioteer, and once nearly came to grief while iriving a team of six horses sent to him as a present by a German Prince. In short, he was a typical English gentleman, as well as a .strong and wise ruler. Let him have his statue, by all means. After an unwarrantable delay of three years, the Government has at last made up its mind to sanction the construction of the railway from the coa.st to the Victoria Xyanza, kit no money is to be provided this year for the commencement of the line. So far as the possibility of settling white labour in this put of Africa is concerned, all good authorities bear out Sir William Harcourt's opinion that noth ing of the kind can be accom- plislJed. The real value of the railway will be to strengthen our hold upon the valley of the Nile from the source of the river to the sea. We now hold securely the two extremi- ties of the valley in Uganda and Egypt, and it is no secret that the Egyptian Govern- ment is making preparations to re-gain those conquests on the Middle Nile which were abandoned after the death of Gordon. I have reason to believe that the Govern- ment has also practically decided to extend the limits of the Empire in Asia by sanction- ing the Indian Viceroy's wish to retain per- manently the command of the road opened by our troops from Peshawur to Chitr.il. With all respect for Sir Neville Chamberlain and the other eminent Anglo-Indians who advocate the withdrawal of our troops, I think it is clear that retirement would be as great a blunder now as the invasion of the country was in the first instance, and that it would put the finishing touch to a tragedy of errors. The whole question of the apportionment of the cost of holding tiiese outworks of the Empire ought to be fully considered by the commission appointed to consider the financial relations between Eng- land and India. Some surprise is expressed at the shabby way in which Mr. Fowler has behaved to India in leaving her to pay all the expenses of the Shahzada's visit to this country. The Government of India is under- stood not to have been at all anxious that this visit should take place, as it likes to keep native Princes under its own control. and not to let them be spoilt by being lionised in London. The idea of the visit originated with Sir Salter Pyne, the Ameer's European manager of public u orks at Cabul, and it 'was pressed on the Ameer with much urgency last year by Mr. George Curzon. As Mr. Fowler invites contributions to the Shah- zada's expenses, ltlr. Curzon is the first person he should apply to. The political importance of the visit ha,s been greatly exaggerated, and the attentions lavished on this younger son of a Prince who rules over territories less important in every way than those of several Rajahs and Nawabs within the limits of our Indian Empire have been carried to such a ridiculous excess as to create wonder and stupefaction among the natives of India. It might be supposed that the English Government was afraid of the Ameer of Cribu] from the trouble it has taken to propitiate this petty barbarian. The vpry title given him, Shehzada, or son of the Emperor, is an impertinent piece of pre- sumption. His father is not a Shah, but only an Ameer. I am glad to notice that Nasrulla Khan is not going to stay among us much longer. He is already sufficiently puffed up with notions of his own impor- tance, I am told that at the Military Tourna- ment he remained stated himself, and allowed the Engii<h officers who have charge of him to stand for a couple of hours, till at last the Prince of Wales beckoned to Colonel Talbot, and told him to take a seat beside himself. Do the British public understand what sort of man this Ameer is 'whose son we are honouring? He may be a useful instrument in our hands, as he is, no doubt, a strong ruler, but in order to keep his Throne secure he has committed cruelties quite as terrible as those we are now lamenting in Armenia.

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