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00 fBT WESTMINSTBR/j LONDON, SATURDAY. It is very good of the European Powers )o take such pains hi order to prevent t.he outbreak of hostilities between. China and 1apan; but I am bound to say that these humane eR'orts at'; not gt:ea,ciy reh'sbed by the British puMic, who view t-he criticaJ situation with perfect equammity, and think tilll',t a war in the Far E-ast would be mte- !'estiiig a.nd mstructive, and, perhaps, also prohtable. Neither Japan nor China would tiit.M'iere with foretgn trade, and experiments tried in a.ctual warfare with guns, armour .,U:ks, and modern explosives would be ¡'T.inite.ly more valua.ble t.hau those ma,de in i:'n& cf peace. What are even our own .Cav: manoeuvres worth when compared with If!$on to be learnt, from a real iight at << between squa.drons of ironclad's? Then, <t-ga :n, there is the pleasing excitement arising Mt of the expectation, expressed with much simplicity by one cf this morning's papers, that "both belligerents will probably place iarge contracts for wa: materials 1Il this country." The manufacturers of war aia.terials have done very well for many years ttow, owing to the competition of th.e chief rœtions of the world in military a.nd naval hrnu-.ments. The only thing against them is that production has increased even faster {nan consumption, and it is impossible for them not to feel that trade would be greatly emulated by the destructive effects of a downright good wa.r. Besides, Japan and Dhina a.re a. loEg way off, and the loss of .thousands of lives in Corea is not at all the ;a.me thing as if it were to take place at aur own doors. So fa.r as sympathy is felt tt all with either of the belligerents, Japan may be said to be the favourite. The Japanese are a clever, kindly-disposed, alert, &nd enterprising nation, who have shown a !U!pri.sing facility in adapting themselves to Bile use of tlie habits, manners, and tastes tf Western oivilise'.tion; and they are so tn?oh more active and energetic than the Chinese that they will, no doubt, gain the advantage at the outset of tile war. China, advantage at the outset of tile war. China, 3!i the other hand. remains what she has <l\t.ays been—.a, sluggish, un'-vieldy mass on R'hich foreign ideas can make no impression, sut with a. sort of passive strength of resis- tance to misfortunes which in the end has tft-en converted defeat into victory, i'he tctive spirit of the Tartars seems" to have "jpent itself in the successive waves of invc.. ion by the hosts under Chengiz, Timour, md other great leaders, which devastated aJl Wsstern Asia, as fa.r as the Bosphorus, and !!Vpn reached as far as the Danube and the wall'9 of Vienna: and one looks in vain for ti-ny revival in the Chinese Empire of this a.nd aggressive feeling. Put the people are the hardest workers in the world, tnd have a recuperative power which sustains jiha prosperity of th&ir country under the <everest trials. Thus, China seems to have )u,Tt:red no permanent injury from the great f&i.ping rebellion, which laid waste the 30!intry for ma.ny years, and was only aup- res,ed at last by the military genius ot Chinese Gordon, the tenacity and immense ''esources of China may, therefore, in the t'GBg run, make her more than a match lor tte" plucky little neighbour. As for the talked-of intervention of European Powers, t'hat s&ems to me to be cut of the question. Russia ha.s no interests to defend in Cc'rea, p-nd a.ny forward movement on her pa.it M'c.tdd be instantly resented by Great Britain. <vho gave up a few years ago the important strategic position of Port Hamilton in order Ctot to provide Russia, with any excuse for tctermeddling in Corean aSairs. Considering the a.lmost unprecedented stag- Sahon in politics, and the utter indin'erence of newaper readers to proceedings in Par- S-Sxent, nothing i's more creditable to political coders than the way in which they keep tb.L spirits up and make of the most unpro- Sismg subjects a theme for very keen debat- 'mg. No ordinary mortal, for instance, can feel the slightest int.eres.t in tthe Evicted Tenants Bill, which is nothing more or than a scarcely veiled attempt to use the public revenue for the purpose of subsidising pt the Irish members. Yet the. speaking of las' Right on this Bill was excellent. Mr. Balfour and Mr. Chamberlain were both a.t their ?est, an.d Mr. Tim Healy worthily ma.in- tba.ined his reputation foT caustic humour. This hon. member, indeed, acts as a blister, j SsJ 'stings his opponents into usmg tbei" StHiost energies to overcome him. He had a friendly passage of arms with Mr. Cham- ?frisin early in the evening, when, on tue timber for West Birmingham taunting him )riM1 directing the Government and saying )fe would like to direct the Liberal Unionists "0, Mr. Healy. with characteristic readi- "3S, exclaimed, "The day ha.s gone by when ? us.ed to d'o that." This disagreeable re pfunder of the time when Mr. Chamberlain ?!.a.d iB.timate and affectionate rcla- ons with the Irish Nat.ionali.sts provoked from him the retort that he could remember when Mr. Healy, instead of dictftin.g a. policy, was "a sup- tliant for favours. The phrase hurt Mr. Pealy's fine feelings, and Mr. Chamberlain afterwards explauied tJiat he had not meant to suggest that Mr. Healy ever asked for favours whit'.h it would have been dishonour- able for him to accept, whereupon Mr. Healy, vith unwonted grace, withdrew the remarks that had irritated Mr. Chamberlain, it is only fair to Mr. Healy to say that nobody would accuse him of seeking only to gratify Ms private ends. He is a thorough insn patriot, and later in the evening he made en impassioned speech on the wrongs of the Irish peasantry, of which Mr. Balfour tmely said that it came from the heart and was **tbe echo of centuries of passion." No one embodies more forcibly and plainly than Mr. Healy doss the sentiment of unqueuch- a,ble hatred to English oppression which is the heritage of the Irish ppa.sanLt.ry. What is the Irish question in all its various mani- festations but the struggle of a dispossessed face to recover the land seized by their English conquerors ? "It was simply," said Mr. Eealy. "because in earlier days the English had suits of mail and muskets and the Irish more primitive weapons of defence that the English were now the landlords." This vehement protest reminds one of the words which Sir Walter Scott puts into the mouth of the Highland chief "The Saxon came with iron hand, And from our fathers rent the land." This feeling is by no means extinct in Scot- land at the present day, and it naturally ranldpa more deeply in Ireland, where the conauered race have never been able to turn the tables on their conquerors. Mr. Balfour, who is never ungenerous, fully admitted Mr. Ðœly's right to make such a speech, but pointed out that it marked the real desire of Mr. Morley's Irish masters, who would never be sa,tis6ed till they had completely upset the reign of British law" in Ireland. 'Both be and Mr. Chamberlain, however, made significant i.ntima.tions that they were ajixicus to heal the chief social grievance in Ireland, and that they would consider favour- ably a voluntary, instead of a compulsory, tneasure for the restoration of evicted tenants. Will Sir William Harcourt, when the Radicals acclaim him as their conquering hero at the dinner to be given in his honour next Wednesday, have the nla,g-nonimity to acknow- ¡ ledge that the House of Lords h.as behaved ..¥ w11 in parsing c4 Budget which deals j most unfairly with the estates of most of bhe members of that House? As I antici- pa.ted, the Lords have waived their undoubted Constitutional right to amend the finance Bill, and have bowed to the expression of public opinion in Its favour. The Dukes of Devonshire and Argyll showed what harm the Bill will do to the agricultural interest throughout the country, but they contented themselves with making a verbal protest. If these enlightened public men are right m their view of whut the effect of the Budget will be, the men who live upon the land wiH soon have the opportunity of punishing the Government which has despoiled them. Tha Lord Chancellor thought it a good answer to make that the money taken from the land would be paid in wages to ship- builders in the dockyards and to makers of armour plates and big guns in our great towns. But this is the essence of the com- plaint ma.de by the agricultural interest. Why should not the men who benefit by the increased expenditure pay their fair share of the taxation imposed to maet it ? Why should one class of the community ca.Il the tune and another pay th.e pipc'r ? How can it com- fort the groom or gardener who is thrown out of work because his employer is forced by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to cut down his expenditure to be told that what he loses is gained in the form of increased wages by working men in Po'rtsmouth or Shemeld ? But Sir William Ha.rcourt cares for none of these things. Naturally one of the most arro- gant and boastful of men, a.nd feeing con- sci-ou's now of the fact that the men on his own side who call the present Prime Minister a "political Bazaine" have organised the dinner of Wedne-'day as a demonsti'E.tion against Lord Rosebery, Sir William ma.v b<t relied upon to deliver the loudest and most resounding "Cock-a-doodle-do" that has ever issued from the lips of a public man. He will treat the House of Lords with unlimited scorn, and disregard wholly their eminently reasonable conduct with rega-rd both to the Finance Bill and to the important principle of betterment. The country, however, will be able to judge between him and them. The French Government has only done its duty in passing a. severe measure to put down the propaganda, of Anarchism. The provision in the Bill which prohibits the publication of the reports oi trials of Anarchists would probably not be tolerated in this country, but it ought to be useful in preventing the gratification of that morbid vanity which is the special disease ;'ffectin!? this class of crimina-ls. Now that S.witzerland ha.s passed a- law for the expul- sion of Anarchists England is the only country in which they can take refuge. Our Government ought, therefore, to be armed with powers to prevent them from landing in England. It ha.s always seemed to me, however, a whimsical idea. to think that a State can do itself or its neighbours any good by simply expelling Anarchists. It is said that these people hatch their con- .s piracrv in London, but so long as they remain in London they are well watched, and can do no harm to .either Russian Emperor or French President. It is only after they have left thi.s country that they become really mischievous, and then it is the business of the Continental police to deaj with them. The French papers which now cry out against England for harbouring assassins did not show much sympathy with us a.t tha time of the Phcenix Park murders and the explo- sions in London. The nercest party nght of this a,utumn will be fought over the election of the new London School Boa.rd, for the issue raised is the burning one of religious education in the elementary schools. The important meeting which was held yesterday under the chair- manship of Sir Rieha.rd Webster, and at which Lord Selborne waa the' principal speaker, shows that Churchmen generally, and, I balieve, a large body of Noncon- formists, are uetermined to support a-t. the coming election the policy, so furiously and persistentiv assailed in some quarters, of Mr. Diggle and the m2.jOTity of the existing board. Mr. Di??le and his friends main- tain that the "religious teaching" given in the schools under the so-ca.lled compromise of 1871 is quite indefinite and colourless, and sets aside those principles' of a common ChriiS- tia.nitv which are held by almost all bodies of professing Christians. They, therefore, drew up and adopted a, circular requiring the t99.ch.ers employed by the board to give to religious instruction? a. definite Christian character. Mr. Lvulph Stanley and the other pa.rtisa.ns of Un.itM-ia.nism on the board vehemently denounced thi.s circula.r as intolerant, and a large number of teachers protested against being required to put it in foroe- Londoners will be a.sked, then, at the election to S3.y whether they approve of this circular or not. There was some divi- sion of opinion at nrst among the advocates ol' e of relio'ious education as to the expediency of disturbing the practice that has prevailed since 1871. and Archdeacon Fa,r.ra,r made him- self conspicuous in deprecating any oha.nge. In thus acting the archdeacon only repre- sented what may be called the traditional policy of Westminster Abbey, as nrst advo- cated by the late Dean Stanley. At one of the most amusing public meetings I ever attended I remember that Dean Stanley, Dr. Mart-ineau, and Baboo Keshub Chunder, son of the Brahmo Somaj, were all present on the same platform, and I could not but admire tha dexterity with which they all three, while fairly bubbling over with bea.ti- tudes. avoided the enunciation of any religious dogma whatever. I came away feeling much as a man does after sitting in that ingenious chamber at the Earl's Court Exhibition in which the outer walls whirl round so that in a few minutes 'the occupa-nt of the room does not know whether he is standing on his head or his heels. Most men who have thought a.t all on such subjects must have come" to the conclusion that religion without dogma ha.s no meaning at all, and I fancy that Archdeacon Farra.r himself must by this time be convinced of the necessity of either making religious instruction definite or doing without it altogether. It might be fairly contended that the practice which now pre- vails constitutes &n attack on the faith of o:t-dina.ry Christians, as it embodies a dema.l of the "doctrines, held bv all the Churches except the Unitaria.n, of the Incarnation and the Trinity. Thus, I am assured that in the schools a, new version of the Evenmg Hvmn is sung, with the Doxology in the last verse, "To Fa.ther, Son, and Holy Ghost," &c.. omitted. Now, these are lines which i&lmost every child has learnt to lisp at its mother's kaee, a.nd the proscription of the fa.milia.r words must excite curiosity and lea.d the scholars in the board school to believe tha.t the doctrines of the Incarnation and the Trinity are unworthy of credit..