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BRECONSHIRE CHAMBER OF AGRICULTURE.
tThe following appeared in our Second Edit,ion of Saturday lc"t.J BRECONSHIRE CHAMBER OF AGRICULTURE. PAPER BY MR. DANIEL OWEN, ASH HALL. A meeting of the members of this chamber was leld on Friday afternoon at the George Hotel, Brecon. The Hon. Arthur Morgan presided, and :Iiere were also present- The Rev. Prebendary Garnons Williams, tha Rev. J. L. Da vies. Major John Morgan, Captain Travers, Capt. Miers, Dr. James Williams, Mr. Powe!-Powel, Mr. l'.iviiiel Owen, Ash Ha;); Mr. W. S. Miller. Forest Lodge Mr. Thomas Jones, Talybont Mr. iitseelles Carr. Cwrt-v-vil; Mr. Tuttou, secretary of tiia Cowbridge Farmer.<' Ctub Mr. Councillor Morgan Morgan, Cardiff; Mr. A. Smith, Buckland Mr. James Hurman, Cardiff Mr. Meredith Thomas. Tilantigan; Mr. Baker, Cardiff; Mr. Evans. Blwch; Dr. Lewis Morgan, Havod; Mr. Hall, Tynewydd; Mr. Morgan Williams, Cardiff; Mr. M'Turk. Cnwr Mr. Owen Price, Naiity-rlian Mr. ^wiltiin, Tredomen Mr. Lewis Williams, Brecon; Mr. Jani«s Hall, Penkftlly; Mr. Davies, Tymawr; Mr. Powell, Cui, &c. The C'HAIKMAN said he was glad to see so many farmers present, and lie hoped that when they went, home they would try and instil into the minds of their neighbours the usefulness of the chamber, because it brought farmers together and gave: them an opportunity of talking over matters affecting their interests in a friendly manner, and of giving each other hints which might be of very great value. The hon. gentleman then introduced Mr. DANIEL OWES, who read a very able and exbausttVt3 paper on "The -lgriccitui.ii Custom of Breconshire, as it former!}- existed, as now modified oy the Agricultural Holdings Act, and as it is capable of further improvement." He said tha until ho undertook to compile the paper his only acquaintance with the agricultural custom of Breconshire was what lie had obtained from a perusal of Dixon's Law of the Farm," but he had since addressed himself for further informa- tion to several gentlemen residing in the county who, from their position and experience, were entitled to rank as authorities upon this subject Although differing in some points, all his infor- mants agreed in describing a state of things to have existed in Breconshire which was absolutely antagonistic to a progressive scientific system of husbandry. Mr. Owen then proceeded to give a synopsis of the results of the inquiries he had instituted upon the following points 1. Date on which tenancy begins and ends. 2. Notice required, and date thereof. 3. Has a valuation of tenants' improvements been customary, and how have valuers and umpires been appointed? 4. Has outgoing tenant any iegal claim on landlord for amount of valuation if not, has he had a legal or customary claim on succeeding occupier? 5. What lias been t lie average amount of compensation paid So the outgoing tenant of an average farm of mixed arable and pasture-six, twelve, or eighteen months, or two years' rental or more ? 6. Is an outgoing tenant compelled to leave hay and straw on holding to be taken by his successor at con- suming v.ttue, and, if so. how much is the con- suming value of hay and straw under the market price? 7. Is the outgoing tenant allowed to sell farmyard manure off the holding, and, if not, what price, if any, does the incoming tenant allow for it? And lie pointed out the difference between the practice which obtained in Breconshire with regard to these various matters and that adopted in Ulainorganshire. And in the course of his remarks said it was late in the dav now to argue in favour of an equitable system of tenant right. They had all, Tories and Liberals alike, been educated up to that point long since. The Agricultural Holdings Act, 1883, amidst more modern proposals for land legislation, read almost like ancient history. He might be forgiven, how- ever, for quoting here some remarks upon this subject which had this merit, at all events, that rhey were publicly uttered long before what might fairly be described as the "Tenants' Magna 3hart<1" was passed into law in 1883. Speaking )n the subject of the Glamorganshire Custom in May, 1381, he remarkedThe object of this custom is to offer an inducement to the outgoing tenant to leave his farm in a high state of cultiva- tion.; and it is found in practice that although the amount to be paid for a highly-cultivated is much more than for exhausted or badly cultivated farms, there is much greater competition for the improved holding. The incoming tenant finds 0 11 that it pays him to give a good sum for the valua- tion, as the farm becomes immediately productive, and the outgoing tenant finds that it pays him to smploy his horses, and skill, and labour up to the last moment of his occupancy, as he is certain to De fairly remunerated for the same. He is practi- cally accumulating a capital on which to retire or inter another occupation. Meanwhile, the oroperty of the landlord is constantly bein« mproved, and the compensation due to the out" going tenant affords a substantial guarantee for the payment of all arrears of rent. The custom is often described as I landlord's right' as well as tenant's right.' Thus everyone benefits-the landlord, the incoming tenant, the outgoing tenant, and the public, who are interested in the land being made as productive as possible. There can surely be nothing revolutionary in the general application of a custom which in Glamorganshire has the sanction of noblemen and great landlords -like Lord Bute, Lord Windsor, and Mr. C. R. M. Talbot." He had described the Act of 1883 as the tenants' Magna Charta. It was necessary, however, that, to secure its advantages, there should be sotne recognised system of estimating the value of tenants' improvements. The following was a reso- lution arrived at on this subject by the Cheshire Chamber of Agriculture:- That in estimating the value of such improvements as are made by applying bones, lime, or manure, or by draining, or eradicating fences, reclaiming land, or planting new hedges, it shall be essential to consider- tirst, the relative improvement which has resulted therefrom, and to tabulate it as of first, second, or third class, and then to apply the subjoined schedule of proportions to the original outlay, or to the estimated tirst cost, to determine its value at any subsequent time:- I ::¡ I: For application of Schedule. IsJ So! 55 i'gj 1. Ground "raw bones" toReduction pasture land and not after-: of first wards ploughed or mowed,1 cost yearly to be esti- mated at. 1/10 1/8 1/6 2. Boiled bones to pasture,' land and not afterwards ploughed or mowed Ditto 1/7 1/5 1/3 3. Raw or boiled bones" onj land, afterwards mown Ditto 1/4 1/2 3/9 4. "Ground bones" or pur-; chased animal manure* to| crops on land under tillage. J Ditto 1/2 3/4 5. Lime or marl to grass or tillage crops .) Ditto 1/6 1/4 1/3 6. Draining — drain pipes,] enrtage and labour included] Ditto .1/201/16 1/12 7. Draining—landlord having1 given drain pipes Ditto .l/10i 1/8 1/6 8. Eradicating hedges, filling up pits, or railing, planting,; aridcultivatingliedgeswheni all cost is borne by tenant.I Ditto .1/201/16 1/12 9. Ditto, ditto, ditto, when' drain pipes, posts, and rail3,| and quicksets are found by landlord j Ditto .il/10i 1/8 1/6 Animal manure means the produce of live animals. Vouchers to confirm expenditure or claim should be cept and produced as evidence of outlay. In case of ixpenditure without improvement resulting, compensa- tion for outlav cannot be claimed; but should the expenditure be largely profitable as an improvement, compensation may be due on a more liberal scale than the first class. Draining (Nos. 6 and 7) are improve- ments of which notice to the landlord is required before execution, and landlord's consent must be obtained to I tht' items numbered 8 and 9 to entitle to compensation. It. is recommended also that outgoing tenants should be paid the full value of all farmyard manure upon the farm which has been properly cared for and made up I into miduens; and too- the consumption of cake or corn consumed by stock on pasture, or on growing turnips, as tar as the land is improved by the manure of such stock. In conclusion, Mr. Owen said If this society I has not already done so. I would strongly urge upon it the wisdom of framing without loss of time a similar scale suited to local requirements. It will be by the sense of security thus created that the tenant will be encouraged to cultivate his land to the highest possible degree. Without some such saieguaid it is not to be expected that he wouid invest his capital in another man's land, I subject to its forfeiture through some misunder- standing which might easily occur upon the best- managed estate. And here let me remind land- owners that this is a question that affects them far more vitally thin it does the farmer. If the farmer cannot make the land pay he will take his skill and his capital off to some other occupation. This may be a difficult courso to take, and it'.is certain to be attended with serious loss. But great is the tenant's loss may be, the greatest loss of III will fall upon the landlord. He must -o the ultimate sufferer. Land that won't let a 'armer live will not pay any rent to the landlord. for this reason, therefore, all classes—and above ill other the landlord class—should rejoice in the wtablishroent by law of a just and reasonable system of tenant right. We farmers have fallen upon evil days of late years. Agricultural dcpres- sion has reached a point that few of us remember to have existed before. Still, I am not without hope of a sppedy recovery. The foreigners whose corn and meat are flooding our markets now are at present prices selling their produce at a loss. This is a. state of things that cannot last long. Neither Yankee corn growers nor Australian sheep breeders are clover enough to know how to live by their losses. They have, just, now, a sur- plus to dispose of, and it must be sold for what- ever it will fetch. But, depend upon it, they will not knowingly raise a surpius again for the sake 3t giving it away to the Britisher. Their love for (h., old country does not extend quite so far as fhat. And when these surpluses are exhausted p'"ices in this country will again become remune- rative, and with a cycle of good seasons the far- mer will smile once more. Meantime landlords will act wisely as well as generously by exercising that forbearance which so many have displayed in times past, and by voluntarily sharing with their tenants the burdens which an enormous reduction in the prices of all agricultural produce has im- posed upon the farmer. (Applause.) The Rev. Prebendary GAKNONS-WILI.IAMS moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Owen for his most able paper. Be would not say anything himse!f upon it at least at present but he felt that they owed to Mr. Owen a debt of gratitude for the very lucid and eloquent manner in which he had explained the old customs of Breconshire. Mr. POWEL-POWEL, in seconding the motion, said the paper was one they had all listened to with very great pleasure — a paper which showed that the tenant farmer of Breconshire in years tone by had anything but a satisfactory time of I it. So far as he remembered, he had no claim when he quitted his holding except the value of his clover seed. He introduced some clauses many years a?o into his agreements which were some- what analogous to those now prevalent in Glamor- ganshire, as stated by Mr. Owen, because he con- sidered it unreasonable to expect a farmer who contemplated leaving his holding to bury money in his land unless he had something to compensate him for the capital invested. 1 The motion was then put and carried with accla- mation. Mr. DANIEL OWEN, in acknowledging the com- pliment, said he certainly considered that the Agricultural Holdings Act of 1883 was a great boon to places like Breconshire, where there was in fact no custom existing at all; but he did not regard it as any boon to them in Glamorganshire. Their custom was better than the new Act. but neither the custom nor the Act in his opinion went far enough. He thought something ought to be done with regard to the general condition of a farm. If a farmer took a farm in very poor con- dition and farmed it on the four-course system, and left that farm in one or two years, he would get his compensation according to the scale but supposing that man farmed, say, for ten or twelve years, on that principle, and fed it liberally, the farm would be like a hotbed and if he left it then his successor must derive con- siderable benefit from it for many years after. Therefore, he thought the general condition of the farm ought to be taken into consideration. (Hear, hear.) Supposing farms were classified from 1 to 4 if a man took a farm that was fourth class and brought it up to the first class, when he left it he ought to be compensated for its general condition and, on the other hand, if a man took a first class farm and it was brought to a fourth class when he left it, he ought to pay for the deterioration. (Applause.) Mr. MILLER said that a sub-committee of that chamber had proposed a scale of compensation for the county, and it was ready to be submitted to any meetiug which might be called for the purpose of receiving it. There had been considerable diffi- culty jn arriving at a schedule, because the relative manurial value of different feeding stuffs was a good deal in the dark, and unless they had clearer I data to go upon than they had at present he was afraid there would be a Jot, he would not say of I' wilful swindling, but swindling notwithstanding. The meeting closed with a hearty vote of thanks to the chairman, proposed by Dr. LEWIS MORGAN, I' seconded by Mr. OWEN PRICE, and carried with acclamation. — •'
ISHOCKING ACCIDENT AT A COLLIERY.
I SHOCKING ACCIDENT AT A COLLIERY. FIVE MINE US DROWNED. On Friday morning five miners, named John Archibald. James Archibald, John Davies, Robert Stark, and Allan Johnston, it is believed, lost their lives in Eldin Pit, near Bonnygrigg. They went down for the night shift at ten o'clock on Thursday night, and on the inspector making the usual examination on Friday morning he found himself surrounded with water. There is no hope of the men being found alive.
THE ATTEMPT TO KILL TWO! GIRLS…
THE ATTEMPT TO KILL TWO! GIRLS AT LLANWONNO. PRISONER BEFORE THE PONTYPRIDD BENCH. EVIDENCE OF THE VICTIMS. On Wednesday at Pontypridd Police Court (before Mr. Ignatius Williams) Evan Lewis, a naLive of Llanddewi Brefi, was brought up in custody charged with attempting to murder Rosanna Jones, 19, and Anne Mary Lewis, 9, at Pystill Goleu, Llanwonno, on Saturday, the 26th o September last. The court was crowded to excess' and the proceedings excited deep interest. The prisoner, who is a tall and bony man, glared about him in a curious manner. He made no attempt to deny his guilt. Mr. Thomas Phillips (instructed by the Treasury) appeared for the prosecution. The prisoner was undefended. John Evans said he was a timberman, employed at the Penrhiwceiber Colliery. He was also occupier of a farm at Llanwonno, named Pystill Goleu. The prisoner had been in his employ at the col- liery for about a month, but was paid off on the 19th of September. He did not see him afterwards until he was in custody on the 29th of the same month. On the morning of the 26th he left home about eleven o'clock to go for his pay at the colliery. At that time Rosanna Jones, his daughter, and Anne Mary Evans were at home in good health and uninjured, but when he returned home about three o'clock he found his servant and his daughter both injured. He saw the bullet (produced) picked up by his eldest daughter in the kitchen. The Prisoner: All this trouble I am in is because of John Evans. Jchn Evans: All I did was to refuse to work with him. The Prisoner: He wanted me to go out into the yard to load timber. Philip Jones had said it was not my duty to do so; that I had nothing to do with the timber outside. Mr. Howell Williams, accountant, living at Ynysybwl, deposed to meeting the prisoner oa Friday, the 11th of September, and being asked by him the way to Evans's farm. John Pedrazzini, Bute-street, Cardiff, said he sold II a revolver similar to the one produced and 50 cart- ridges to the prisoner between the 16th and 19th of September last. I Rosanna Jones, 19, the servant girl at Pystill Goleu, gave her account of the occurrence as fol- lows :—On Saturday, the 26th of September last, I and Anne and the other children were at home, when we saw the prisoner coming towards the house. It was between eleven and twelve o'clock of the forenoon. I went to the door, but he opened it first and asked me whether John Evans was at home. I said "No; he is gone to Penrhiwceiber;" He then asked if we had any milk, and I replied "No, we have sent it to Ynysybwl." I invited him to come him, and gave him a chair. He asked for food-bread, bacon, and tea. After he had finished the meal, he asked the way to the back, and passed through into the yard. In about ten minutes he returned into the house through the front door, and again passed through the house into the back kitchen. I saw him going towards the lobby by the back door. The bolt of that door had come off. He then returned from the lobby into the kitchen, where I and the children were. I was standing I near the settle, which forms a partition to the front door; Anne Mary was standing near the cupboard close to the window. When the prisoner was coming into the room I saw a revolver in his hands, and, when four or five feet from me, he pointed the revolver at me and fired, the bullet entering the front of my throat. When I was shot I dropped down on the settle. The prisoner then shot at Anne Mary twice he was then about 8ft. away from her. I did not know then whether the shots had struck Anne Mary or not. He then turned round, and, facing me, fired again. At the same time I lifted my hands in front of my face and heard a report, and felt myself struck on both hands. I then ran to the lobby of the back door, and found it fas- tened with a nail (produced). The prisoner over- took me at the door, and while I was trying to take out the nail and open the door he struck me with something on the back of my head, cutting it. I opened the door and ran out, but the prisoner, instead of following me, returned to the front kitchen, where Anne Mary had been left. On going outside I saw Anne Mary in the field going in the direction of Nantyrisaf Farm. I followed her. She was bleeding from the wounds. The clothes worn by the witness at the time were produced in court. They were covered with blood. The poker also was produced. Witness, continuing, said: The prisoner did not say a word when firing. At the spot where Anne Mary stood are three holes in the wall which were not there before. There is a similar hole in the wall near the settle where I had been stand- ing. Prisoner: I am glad to see that the wounds on the girl can hardly be seen. The statement she has made is about correct. I had no intention to shoot the girls when I went into the house. Anne Mary Evans, a very interesting little girl of nine, who looked amazed, stated that M she had passed Standard III." She wished to be sworn in Welsh. This was done by Mr. Stockwood, Bridgend. She corroborated the evidence of the previous witness. Dr. R. Morgan stated that he found Rosanna and Anne Mary bleeding and suffering very much from fright. On the back of Rosanna was a wound four inches long and down to the bone. On one of the thumbs was a grooved wound and a lacerated wound on the other hand. He found also a gunshot wound on the left of her neck. He failed that day to trace the bullet, but extracted it on the 8th of October on the right side of the neck. (Bullet produced.) Anne Mary had a gunshot wound on the right side of the nock. He extracted the bullet an inch from where it had entered. There was also a wound near the right nostril which reached into the tissues. The lives of both, especially Rosanna, had been in danger. Both were now well. Inspector Thorney gave evidence, which has already been reported, to the effect that prisoner gave himself up at Aberdare Station, and that he stated at the time he had intended to shoot John Evans in revenge for having procured his discharge from Penrhiwceiber Colliery. The prisoner, in answer to the Bench, said, with an air of great contrition, I had no intention to shoot the girls. I was going there to look for John Evans for throwing me out of work without a cause. I had asked Philip Jones (overman) whether it was my work to load timber in the yard. He asked,* Who wants you to do it?' I answered,' John Evans I am working with, and lie wants me to do it without extra pav.' Philip Jones then stated it was not my work that I had nothing to do with loading timber. I was vexing; I was out of work and vexing about my bad leg, which hindered me from working for months at a time and vexing because 1 saw my money wearing away. I believe I did the deed when suffering from great weakness of the mind. I am very sorry I shot the girls. I had no intention to do so. John Evans was the' bird I was looking for." Prisoner was then committed for trial at the next assizes.
DISASTROUS FIRE AT A COLLIERY.
DISASTROUS FIRE AT A COLLIERY. A very alarming and destructive fire occurred at an early hour on Wednesday morning at Old Silkstone and Dodsworth Colliery at Dodsworth. The whole of the lamp and engine rooms and over 1,000 safety lamps were destroyed. The fire reached the headgear of the shaft, but fortu- nately was extinguished in time. The night shift were in the pit, and great excitement prevailed, but the whole of the workmen were withdrawn without accident.
£ 20.—TOBACCONISTS COMMENCING.—An Illus- trated Guide (110 pages), three stamps, "How to Open respectably from £ 20 to £ 2,000."—H. Myers and Co., Tobacco Merchants, 103, Euston-road, London. 1831d
SINGULAR FIND. Two colliers at Leigh, Lancashire, on Sunday found an old vest in a field containing £ 700 in notes stitched inside.
DEATH OF AN OLD NAVAL OFFICER.
DEATH OF AN OLD NAVAL OFFICER. Admiral Gambier died at Alverstoke, near Ports- mouth, on Saturday. The deceased entered the service in 1816, and was present at Navarino.
THE ENTOMBED MINERS.
THE ENTOMBED MINERS. The efforts made on behalf of the five men who were entombed on Thursday in the Edlin Pit, near Bonnyrigg, resulted on Saturday in their rescue alive.
THE ABBE LISZT. i
THE ABBE LISZT. The Times is informed that Franz Liszt, the famous composer and pianist, intends to visit Lon-1 don in April to be present at the revival of his St. Elizabeth," which will take place at Messrs. N'cvello's oratorio concerts.
A BRITISH SHIP PLUNDERED BY…
A BRITISH SHIP PLUNDERED BY PIRATES. A Lloyd's telegram from Hong Kong on Monday says:—The British steamer Greyhound, Hyden master, has put back to avoid capture. She had been plundered by pirates. The captain vtas killed, and the second officer and the chief j engineer wounded. j
SERIOUS TRAMWAY COLLISION…
SERIOUS TRAMWAY COLLISION IN BIRMINGHAM. A collision occurred on Saturday on the Birming- ham and Midland Steam Tramway Company's line at Smethwick, owing to the dense fog. An engine and car coining from Birmingham ran into another travelling in the opposite direction. Both engines were badly damaged, and the passengers were severely shaken.
SERIOUS RAILWAY ACCIDENT.
SERIOUS RAILWAY ACCIDENT. FIVE PERSONS INJURED. Shortly before seven o'clock on Saturday even- ing a passenger train from Manchester ran into two stationary engines on the London and North Western Railway, at Ribble Bridge, Preston Station. Reuben Johnson, the stoker of the passen- ger train, sustained severe internal injuries, and Mrs. Hough and Annie Helm, of Preston, and Margery Wood and Clement Elliott, of Leyland, were all badly contused.
ALARMING FIRE IN LONDON.
ALARMING FIRE IN LONDON. NARROW ESCAPES. Early on Sunday morning a fire broke out at 11, Upper Marsh, Lambeth, London, occupied by Mr. Wilcox, fishmonger, and adjoining Canterbury Music-hall. The escape of the inmates was cut off, and Mr. Wilcox, having thrown two children into the arms of a constable, jumped from the upstairs window and broke his ankle. The wife afterwards jumped out, and was caught by the bystanders. Being seriously burnt she was removed to the hospital.
SAD ACCIDENT AT ALDERSHOT.
SAD ACCIDENT AT ALDERSHOT. TWO DRUMMERS KILLED. Late on Friday evening six drummer boys of the 1st Lancashire Regiment set out from Alder- shot Barracks to obtain sand for their floors at Thornhill, which is much honeycombed owing to the soldiers taking the sand. The lads had only been at work a short time when about 20 tons of earth and sand fell upon them. Patrick Fitz- patrick and Henry Higgins were killed, another is dangerously injured, while the remainder narrowly escaped.
SHOCKING AFFAIR AT BARNSTAPLE.
SHOCKING AFFAIR AT BARNSTAPLE. A BABY BURNED TO ASHES. A horrible crime has been detected by the police at Barnstaple. A single woman, named Bucking- ham, gave birth to a child on Sunday, and on Monday the police found small human bones among the ashes in the grate of Buckingham's house. She first denied all knowledge of the crime. but, after a medical examination, admitted having burnt the body of the child. Being too ill to be brought before the magistrates, she was on Mon- day removed to the union. The prisoner was addicted to drinking.
HORRIBLE END OF A LUNATIC…
HORRIBLE END OF A LUNATIC ON SNOWDON. An inquest was held on Monday at Llanberris, at the foot of Snowdon, on the body of John Collier. of Manchester. Deceased had been drink- ing heavily, and on the 8th inst., while suffering from deliriam tremens, he dashed away and was not afterwards heard of; he must have wandered about in the woods and eventually died from cold and exposure. A large number of men organised to search daily for him found him at last lying in the woods, death having apparently overtaken him while asleep: A verdict in accordance with these facts was returned.
A PASSENGER STEAMER ASHORE;
A PASSENGER STEAMER ASHORE; The London and North Western Company's express steamer Violet, running between Holyhead and Dublin, went ashore on Saturday morning at half-past six o'clock, during a thick fog, on a gravel bank at the entrance to Dublin Harbour: The Violet carried 75 saloon and 101 deck passengers; Opposite Poolbeg Lighthouse a steamer appeared through the fog going in the opposite direction; Captain Taylor, to avoid collision, ported his helm, and the Violet immediately ran aground on a shoal on the Clontarf side. The shock was slight, as the steamer was going dead slow: The vessel is believed to be uninjured. There was no panic on board. The passengers, the luggage, and parcel post were landed in the company's tug and cargo- boat;
DEFRAUDING A DETECTIVE,
DEFRAUDING A DETECTIVE, Sergeant Price, the famous discoverer of the Invincible dynamite distillery in Birmingham, has just been made the victim of a most impudent fraud. He possessed a fine picture, which was valued at jE50, and, wishing to sell it. be put a reserve price on it and sent it to a local art sale. The reserve price was not realised, and the picture was returned. A few days ago, however, the auctioneer's clerk wrote to Price, saying he had found a purchaser at Wolverhampton, and asking Price to send the picture on to him. Price com- plied with the request, and it turned out that the auctioneer's clerk, as soon as he got possession of the picture, pawned it. There is a warrant out now for his arrest.
THE ARMSTRONG ABDUCTION CASE.
THE ARMSTRONG ABDUCTION CASE. The October Session of the Central Criminal Court was opened on Monday, and the Recor- der, in charging the grand jury, referred to the Armstrong case, and said the defendants would be charged under the old law with taking a child named Eliza Armstrong by force and fraud from the custody of her parents without their consent. All the defendants, excepting Madame Maurez, would be charged with conspiracy together to take the child away, and with indecently assaulting her. One of the defendants, who had published certain statements in the Pallillall Gazette, had stated, in reply to the charge, that there was nothing fraudulent or improper intended to be done, but that his object was to show that such things could be done. It was his (the recorder's) duty to tell the jury what was the law, and this was no answer whatever to such a charge. He directed them to return true bills against all the defendants on all the counts.
HEROIC ACT OF A MEDICAL MAN.
HEROIC ACT OF A MEDICAL MAN. The Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland presented at Dublin Castle on Friday the Albert Medal to Dr. C. Thompson, of Tyrone Infirmary, in recognition of the heroism shown by him in the practice of his profession by the performance of an extremely dangerous operation—removing poisonous matter in a case of diphtheria by sucking it away—a mode of saving the patient which has more than once proved fatal to the operator. Colonel Caulfield, 4th Royal Enniskillen Fusiliers, having introduced Dr. Thompson, the Lord-Lieutenant, addressing the doctor, spoke highly of his skill and courage. The latter quality, his lordship observed, took many forms, and the highest form of it was that in which the moral qualities mingled with the physical. His lordship added: "It is my most satisfactory duty, in the name of my Sovereign, to mark you out as one of those who have signally distinguished themselves in that respect." Having referred to the act for which the medal wasqiven, the Lord-Lieutenant remarked :—" It was an act worthy, not only of all public commendation, but of all imitation. The Queen, ready as ever to mark her sense of every noble act, has awarded you this medal, and in the name of the Queen, and as her representative, I have the greatest possible satisfaction in presenting it." His Excellency then handed the medal to Dr. Thompson, who replied.
THE MANCHESTER SHIP CANAL.
THE MANCHESTER SHIP CANAL. MESSRS. ROTHSCHILD TO FINANCE THE LOAN. With a private prospectus for the issue of £ij,OOO,OOO share capital and £2.000,000 borrowing powers, the directors of the Manchester Ship Canal have issued a map of considerable interest. It covers an area of above 100 miles north and south by 75 miles east and west, the nearest approach to the centre of which is occupied by Macclesfield. This busy and populous district reaches from Skipton on the north to Wolverhampton on the south, and from Rotherham and Sheffield on the east to Wigan, St. Helen's, and Chester on the west. The numerous towns that it contains are represented by circles, of sizes proportionate to the populations; and the total number of the inhabi- tants amounts to 27 per cent. The City editor of the Pall Mall Gazette says :— There is a rumour abroad that Messrs. Rothschild have undertaken to finance the Manchester Ship Canal Scheme. If there be any truth in such a statement, the fate of the canal will not wait long on the public for subscriptions, for its financial success will be immediately assured, and the capital will as a consequence be taken up in the bulk, and very little be left in the shape of J610 lots for the humble citizen, who, it was expected, would have come forward and subscribed for this semi-national project after the style of the French- men who hand their small savings over to M. do Lessees.
LIFE IN A LONDON LODGING-HOUSE.
LIFE IN A LONDON LODGING-HOUSE. ALLEGED FRIGHTFUL OUTRAGE ON A GIRL. DISGRACEFUL CONDUCT OF A WOMAN. Lewis Keavy, 38, an eating-house keeper, of Church-lane, Whitechapel, was charged at Thames Police Court on Saturday with assaulting Sarah Schwatz, a single woman, of 22, Back Church- lane. Prosecutrix, who was unable to speak English, and whose evidence was interpreted by Mr. Schmit, the interpreter to the court, said she was eighteen years of age, and had been domestic servant to the prisoner, but was only there one day-last Sunday. As so many roughs frequented the house she told the wife of the accused that she should not remain there. Her mistress then went to the prisoner and said," She is going. Now you can go into the girl." His wife then told a number of young men they could do what they liked with witness, and if they felt inclined they could kill her. There were altogether about 28 men there. One of the men placed his hand over her mouth so that she could not call out, while another man closed her eyes with his hands. She was then thrown down, and the men acted in a shocking manner towards her. During the whole of this time she was being held down, and was also struck by someone. The pri- soner was there during the whole of the time, and encouraged the young men. Witness fainted, and when she came to she found she was on the ground, and alone. The prisoner's wife came in and laughed at her. Witness then crawled out of the house, and went to a neighbour's, who took her in and gave her some refreshment. On Monday she went to Dr. Swyerd, who treated her. She afterwards came to the court and obtained a warrant against the prisoner. By Mr. Ogle, who appeared for the defence: She applied on the Monday for a warrant, but then had no money to pay for it. Before she went to prisoner's house she had lived at 40, Castle-street, which was a restaurant. The young men who used the house were not any of those she saw in prisoner's house. The latter were quite strangers to her. After that she lived at a house in Grace's-alley, but not with a man. Since the assault she had not received any money from the young men who assaulted her. but had got 10s. from somebody whose name she did not know. All S, the young men helped to assault her. When the prisoner urged the young men on his wife was present. Mr. Lushington: I am going to order a warrant to be taken out against the wife. Cross-examination continued: After the outrage was committed upon her she was taken back to Castle-street. Detective Patrick Enright, H Division, said at half-past eight on Friday night he arrested the prisoner at his house in Church-lane. On telling him the charge he said, I know nothing about it. I was out at the time." When charged at the station he made no reply. Witness had known the prisoner for about four years. Mr. Lushington ordered the prisoner to bo re- manded.
THE FAILURE OF A WELSH COLLIERY…
THE FAILURE OF A WELSH COLLIERY PROPRIETOR. STATEMENT OF AFFAIRS. LIABILITIES OVER £ 200,000. The summary of the statement of affairs, with the Official Receiver's observations thereon, have been issued to the creditors under the heavy failure of Mr. Richard Attenborough. The debtor was a large colliery and ironstone mine owner, and also carried on business in New Bond-street as a jeweller and goldsmith, the principal mines owned by him being Wedgwood Colliery, Tunstall, the Hall of Lee Colliery, Stoke-on-Trent, and the Resolven Colliery, Neath. Upon the application to appoint Mr. Roderick Mackay special manager of the estate it transpired that the total liabilities would exceed £ 200,000. Tha accounts filed show gross liabilities £259,812, of which £69,990 is unsecured, and assets £ 9,525. From the observations of the Official Receiver, it appears that the debtor for many years carried on the business of a pawnbroker, money- lender, and jeweller in Piccadilly, and retired in January, 1874, at which time he estimates that he had a surplus of about £ 100,000. Of this £60,000 was said to be represented by the estimated value of his stock at Piccadilly, the realisation of which extended over about ten years, resulting in a loss of about £ 25.000, included in which is a loss of £ 5,000 on the business in New Bond-street opened for the purposes of the realisation. Since 1874 the debtor has sunk and expended large sums in the purchase of building estates at Reading, and in the Lower Resolven, Hall of Lee, and Wedgwood Col- lieries, Strata Florida Lead Mine, Brixworth and Spratton Ironstone Quarries, St. James' End Works, Northampton, &c., most of which have resulted in a heavy loss either from forced sales and working, or arising from depreciation in values as estimated for present realisation. On the Whitley Park and Gully Farm Estate, Reading, the cost and outlay are put down at £ 104,500, and the loss upon realisation at £37.500, but there is an estimated surplus on the Kate's Grove Estate at Reading of £ 6,400. The debtor attributes his failure to losses resulting from the forced sales of the two estates above mentioned. The books are not kept sufficiently to disclose his transactions and the position of his affairs, and the deficiency is only approximately explained. In the unsecured liabilities are in- cluded claims of the debtor's relatives amounting to £ 38,000. The item of other property in the assets, £5,800, consists of the estimated value of the leases of the mines and other properties. The first meeting is appointed for the 28th inst.
TERRIBLE EXPLOSION AT WALTON
TERRIBLE EXPLOSION AT WALTON EIGHT PERSONS INJURED. Great excitement was caused in the neighbour- hood of Harcourt-street, Walton, on Friday night, by an explosion which occurred in that thorough- fare through the accidental bursting of a ship's distress rocket, by which eight persons were seriously injured, one of whom is not expected to recover: It appears that a boy, named John Clynch, sixteen years of age, a shipwright's apprentice, on leaving his work got from some person a ship's distress rocket encased in metal. He showed it to some of his companions in Har- court-street, and being curious to see what it was composed of he obtained a hammer, saying that he would show them the inside. He proceeded to break it open with the hammer in front of a house, No. 35, Harcourt-street. After striking several blows the rocket ex- ploded with terrific force. The boy and his companions, as well as some persons who were passing at the time, were knocked down by the force of the explosion, and the contents of the rocket with its casing inflicted serious injuries upon them. A number of neighbours and the police, who were quickly on the spot, conveyed the unfortunate sufferers, eight in number, to the Stanley-read Hospital, which is close to hand. The boy, John Clynch, was found to be in a serious condition, suffering from internal injuries as well as a wound in the leg, caused by a piece of the metal being emhedded in it. A woman, named Mary Lorrimer, 52 years of age, who was passing at the time of the explosion, was also severely injured. A little girl, named Margaret Williams. was found to be so seriously injured that little hopes are entertained of her recovery. The names of the other sufferers are Donald Cameron, aged 10; Jessie Catherine Cameron, aged 15; Mary Jane Cameron, aged 20; and Ann Howard, aged 14. The Camerons live at the house in front of which the explosion occurred. ==============
EXTRAORDINARY CAREER OF A…
EXTRAORDINARY CAREER OF A CONVICT. SUCCESSFUL SHAMMING. A remarkably-clever case of shamming illness and thereby saving a long term of penal servitude was heard at the Birmingham Quarter Sessions, which concluded on Saturday. Henry Williams, 29, a strong, healthy-looking man, was charged with breaking fnto the Old Curiosity Shop" of Mr. Thomas, New-street, Birmingham, and stealing antique rings, &c., value about JE90. The prisoner pleaded guilty, and the deputy-re- corder, possibly ignoring his past extrorditiary career, passed the lenient sentence of fifteen months' imprisonment. The prisoner, who is de- scribed by the officials as having looked a picture of death, beyond the art of shamming illness, was, in 1883, discharged from penal servitude by order of the Home Secretary, the gaol authorities having reported that further incarceration would be fatal. After mixing among thieves prisoner was again arrested, and, at the 1884 Midsummer Assizes, was sentenced by fiaron Huddleston to ten years' penal servitude for burglary. A few days after his removal to the Birmingham Gaol his countenance assumed a death-like appearance, and he was placed in the infirmary. Every care was taken of him, but he appeared oblivious to everything. The officials were divided as to whether he was shamming, Mr. Waterson, sur- geon to the gaol, being of opinion that the case was one of genuine illness, and that detention in the gaol would be fatal. Other testimony as to the man's illness being obtained, the facts were communicated to the Home Office, and an order for his immediate discharge was sent. Prisoner left the gaol looking pale and sickly but, after associating with thieves for a few weeks, was arrested for the burglary of which he stands con- victed, having completely regained his robustness.
DISORDERLY HOUSES. A member of the Bristol Board of Guardians has been convicted under the Criminal Law Amend- ment Act, 1885, of letting two dwellings with the knowledge that the premises were used as dis- orderly houses, and has been sentenced for each offence to imprisonment for three months. The conviction will, we trust, lead to the suppression of many of these places, and the fact that a mem- ber of a local authority has been so soon made an example of will lead to more through inquiry as to the character of persons who are now permitted to control local affairs. It is a notorious fact that among the worst house-jobbers who now find theis way on to some London vestries are those who let houses which are used as brothels. The increased rental which is paid for houses thus occupied offers a temptation which can only be checked by the penalties to which landlords, under the new Act, are liable,-Lancet.
THE ATTEMPTED CHILD MURDER…
THE ATTEMPTED CHILD MURDER AT NORWOOD. Mary Ann Woods was indicted at the Central Criminal Court on Wednesday for attempting to murder her child, Nelly Woods, by cutting her throat. The child was discovered in a field on the 7tb of September at Norwood, and after she was removed to the Croydon Hospital it was found she was dangerously injured. The jury found the prisoner guilty, and she was sentenced to seven years' penal servitude.
MEMORIAL TO DR. TAIT.
MEMORIAL TO DR. TAIT. The Archbishop of Canterbury on Tuesday un- veiled in Canterbury Cathedral a marble memorial of his predecessor, Dr. Tait.
FATAL TRAP ACCIDENT.
FATAL TRAP ACCIDENT. Mr. Alfred VVatkins, a member of the Monmouth Town Council, was thrown out of his trap on the Coleford-road on Monday night, and died on Tues- day morning from his injuries. He was only 28 years of age, and had but recently been married.
THE BATH MINERAL WATERS.
THE BATH MINERAL WATERS. The Bath Town Council on Tuesday agreed unanimously to a scheme for further developing the mineral water baths, at a cost of £20,000. New buildings will be erected with all the Continental systems of thermal treatment.
SUDDEN DEATH AT BURRY PORT.
SUDDEN DEATH AT BURRY PORT. It is with regret we have to record the awfully sudden death of Mrs. Mary Davies, of the Ship-a- Ground Inn, aged 63 years. She belonged to the Pembrey Church Choir for upwards of 40 years, and was at church and took her usual place in the choir on Sunday morning, and while preparing herself for church in the afternoon she was seized with a fit and suddenly expired.
FRIGHTFUL ACCIDENT AT A PONTEFRACT…
FRIGHTFUL ACCIDENT AT A PONTEFRACT COLLIERY. TWO MEN KILLED. At the South Kirkby Colliery. Pontefract, on Monday, whilst two men, John Eyre and George Bradley, were being drawn to the surface, the cage was drawn into the headgear and overturned Both men fell down the shaft, over 600 yards deep, and were dashed to pieces.
THE FATAL ACCIDENT AT ALDERSHOT.
THE FATAL ACCIDENT AT ALDERSHOT. FUNERAL OF THE DRUMMERS. The funeral of the two drummers of the Royal Lancaster Regiment who lost their lives by the landslip, took place at Aldershot on Tuesday. Full military honours wero accorded, the whole regi- ment following the remains to the Military Ceme- tery.
THE NEW MCJNSTKR BANK.
THE NEW MCJNSTKR BANK. Tho Munster and Leinster Bank opened on Mon- day in Cork and Dublin, and at ten branches in Cork a very satisfactory business was done. Up to noon no less than £10.000 had been lodged in deposits and current, accounts. The bank will restrict its loan business at present to small ad- vances, and will work its way carefully and steadily. The reports from the country districts are also satisfactory, and a feeling of relief pre- vails.
GREAT BURGLARIES AT LEICESTER.
GREAT BURGLARIES AT LEICESTER. At Leicester on Monday a mechanic named George Sharpe, of Belgrave, was committed to the Quarter Sessions on a charge of burglary. He was some time ago committed for stealing a safe and its contents from Mr. Colton's factory. During his imprisonment awaiting trial the second robbery, of notes, cheques, and cash. amounting to close on £1,000, from Gemson and Sons, ironfounders, has been traced to and confessed by him.
MRS. LANGTRY IN THE COUNTY…
MRS. LANGTRY IN THE COUNTY COURT. An action was brought in Brompton County Court on Tuesday by Mr. J. Day. hosier, London against Mrs. Langtry to recover a sum of j614 for shirts and collars supplied at defendant's request to her servants. As Mrs. Langtry was out of town the case was adjourned for her attendance. It is stated that the defence will be a repudiation of her liability for goods supplied to her husband's household.
SHOCKING COLLIERY ACCIDENT…
SHOCKING COLLIERY ACCIDENT AT CWMAMAN. On Monday, whilst a journey of twenty laden trams was proceeding up an incline at the Fforchaman Colliery, Cwmaman. the rope broke, and the wagons were thrown by the manhook off the road, crushing to death John Jones, aged 15, of 306, Cardiff-road; and Gwilym Williams, also 15 years old, of 25, David-stroet, Aberaman, who happened to be walking from their work by the side of the line when the unfortunate mishap occurred.
DIABOLICAL OUTRAGE AT LLANISHEN.
DIABOLICAL OUTRAGE AT LLANISHEN. Early on Tuesday morning Mr. Robert Pow, of Fair Oak Farm, Llanishen, discovered one of his horses with its throat cut so badly that it is not expected to live. This is the second case within a week, as on Tuesday, the 13th inst., a valuable colt belonging to Mr. Pow was found with its throat cut in n similar manner. The police are making every inquire and it is hoped the mis- creants will be brought to justice. Mr. Pow has offered a reward of JB20 to any person who will give such information as will lead to a conviction,
THE PENARTII CHAPEL DISPUTE.
THE PENARTII CHAPEL DISPUTE. MR. EVAN ROBERTS AND THE WELSH CALVINISTIC METHODISTS. This matter came again before Mr. Justice Mathew in London on Thursday, when his lord- ship, on the application of Mr. Clement Higgins (instructed by Mr. Belcher, of Cardiff. Mr. Roberts' solicitor), discharged the injunction previously granted against the defendant* on his undertaking not to interfere with the congregation on Sundays. Mr. Roberts claims a right to use the chapel during the week under his agreement with the plaintiffs.
THE FATAL COLLIERY ACCIDENT…
THE FATAL COLLIERY ACCIDENT AT MAESTEG. Mr. H. Cuthbertson, Neath, the district coroner, held an inquest on Saturday at the Police Station, Maesteg, touching the death of Henry Dove, stoker, who was fearfully mutilated and crushed to death on Thursday between the cogs of the drum of the winding engine at Caerdefaid Level. The evidence showed that there was no fencing round the cogs of the drum, though Rule 24 of the Mines Regulation Act provided that all machinery should be covered in. The jury, in returning a verdict of "Accidental death," recommended the fencing in of the drum as suggested.
DISASTROUS FIRE AT BRIDGEND.
DISASTROUS FIRE AT BRIDGEND. £5,000 DAMAGES. On Tuesday evening a very disastrous fire took place at Mr. Stephen Collier's timber yard, near the Great Western Railway Station. The origin of the fire, which commenced at 8.45. is unknown, but it quickly spread along the timber stage work, and the efforts of the Volunteer Fire Brigade to arrest its progress were almost futile. For a considerable time a sufficient force of water could not be ob- tained, and when a stream of water was laid on it had very little effect so fast had the flames run along the staging and other timber which had been raised for the purpose of tho business which Mr. Collier carried on. The flames spread to the offices, which were a substantial structure, and at the time this message was despatched the fire b igade were endeavouring to save a portion of the building. The damage is estimated to be about £5,000, of which the loss is only covered by an insurance of £3,000..
SERIOUS WOUNDING CASE AT FERNDALE.
SERIOUS WOUNDING CASE AT FERNDALE. At Ystrad Police Court on Monday (before Mr. Ignatius Williams, stipendiary magistrate) Wm. Daniel and William Beynon Gwyn, of Ferndale, were charged with seriously wounding one David Rees, collier, on Saturday night. It appeared that Rees was beaten and kicked, his collar-bone was broken, and he was otherwise injured, so as to be unable at present to attend the court. When arrested Daniel said, I'll tell the truth. Rees and his brother came hero (to defendants' lodgings) drunk, and the landlady turned them out. Gwyn went out with them. I followed. Seeing the two brothers pitching into Gwyn. I went to his help. I did kick Rees two or three times." Gwyn said, I kicked him two or threes times, but my boots could not hurt him, as they have no nails." Re- manded for a week.
A DANGEROUS GAME AT TON YSTRAD.
A DANGEROUS GAME AT TON YSTRAD. At Ystrad Police Court on Monday (before Mr. Ignatius Williams, stipendiary magistrate) William Martin, aged 16 years Thomas Turner,, 14 years William Rees, 14 years; Edward Davies, 13years; and John Morris, 11 years, were charged with firing powder in the highway. It appeared that the defendants went to the powder cabin at Bwllfa Pit on Sunday. Turner and Rees broke the top off the cabin, and, entering, brought out three lots of cartridges, which they divided among them then Martin is and Davies went in and fetched threo other lots. Having wetted the cartridges they set light to them, but when Rees was holding one in each hand thev exploded, inflicting injury to his face, &c. Rees was dismissed on account of his injuries; Morris was discharged on his brother promising to give him a birching Martin was lined 40s., or two months' imprisonment; Turner, 15s.; and Davies, 10s.
SINGULAR FATALITY AT FERNDALE.
SINGULAR FATALITY AT FERNDALE. SUPPOSED DEATH FROM EXPOSURE. About half-past six o'clock on Sunday morning two men, named Williams and Devereaux respec- tively, found a man named Denis Henwright, about 60 years of age, lying insensible on the side of the road leading to Ferndale Railway Station. Ho had a eevere wound on the top of the head. The poor fellow was carried on a stretcher to the police-station by Sergeant Lewis and other constables, and Dr. Parry was quickly in attendance, but the man died shortly after his arrival. The deceased was seen on Saturday night, intoxicated, in a neighbouring public-house. Later on the same night a man, supposed to be the deceased, was seen lying by the side of the road asleep. He had mentioned during the day that he came to Ferndale in search of work. It is believed that he died from exposure and the loss of blood from the cut on his head, but how he came by it is unknown. An inquest will be held.
CHESS. To OUR CORRESPONDENTS.—The Editor will be pleased to receive original problems, accompanied with their solutions, for publication, and would be glad if correspondents would place the same on diagrams. All communications to be addressed "Chess Editor, Weekly Mail. Cardiff," and must be duly authenticated by the name and address of the sender, otherwise they will not be noticed. PilOBI.EM No. 75. SOLUTION. White. Black. 1 B to B 7 Any move 2 Mates accordingly. PROBLEM No. 76. BLACK.—5 PIECES. WHITK-9 PIECES. White to play and mate in two moves. The following is a game played in a match of first to win five between two members of the Cardiff and County Chess Club, Black conceding the odds of K B P and two moves:- I White. Black. MR. R. W. DUCK MR. G. W. LENNOX, 1 P to K 4 I 2 P to Q 4 P to K 3 I 3 B to Q 3 P to Q B 4 4 P to K 5 P to K Kt 3 5 P to K 11 4 P takes P 6 P to R 5 (a) Q to R 4 ch 7 Kt. to Q 2 Q take* P ch 8 Kt to K 4 Kt to Q B 3 9 P takes P PtiikesP 10 R takes R Q takes R 11 Q to Kt. 4 (b) Kt to K 5 12 QtoKt3 Kt takes B 13 Q takes Kt Kt to K 2 (c) 14 B to Kt 5 Kt, to B 4 15 Castles B to K 2 16 P to K Kt 4 B takes B ch 17 Kt takes B Q to B 3 18 P to K B 4 Kt to K 6 19 R to K sq Kt to Kt 7 20 R to K 4 Kt takes P 21 R takes Kt Q takes R eh 22 Q to Q 2 Q to B 8 ch 23 Q to K sq Q takes Q ch 24 K takes Q And White soon after resigned. NOTES. (a) 6, P to K B14, followed by the text move, is much stronger. (b) Not a good move, as it enables Black to ex- change off the K B, a very powerful piece in this opening, which White should have retained at all hazards. (c) A ba.d move, which ought to have cost Black the game, for if White had played 14, Kt to Q 6 ch he must have won.
VOLUNTEER INTELLIGENCE. CARDIFF RIFLE CLUB. e On Saturday a competition t.ook place at the Grange- town Itaiige for a prize presented by the captain of the club, together with range prizes given by other mem- bers. Owing to the numerous entries, the shooting was completed only at the 200 and 500 yards. The under- mentioned are the highest scores 200 500 yds. yds. Tl. Sergeant B. Davies 31 32 63 Mr. F. Gotterell 29 33 62 Captain Kigg 31 31 62 Corporal Garrett 32 30 62 Lieutenant BeU. 31 30 61 Private Lattey 29 31 60 Private Botterill 31 29 60 Colour-Sergeant Perkins. 28 31 59 Corporal Connellan 30 29 59 Sergeant, Howells 32 '&! 59 The winners of range prizes are as follow:—200 yards, Corporal Garrett., 32; 500 yards, Mr. Gotterell, 33 points. The shooting at the remaining range, 600 yards, will take place on Saturday, the 3lst inst., as the range will be engaged next Saturday by the members of the Long Range Club. FIRST GLAMORGAN ARTILLERY VOLUNTEERS. The fifth annual repository competition of the Swansea Detachment took place at the detachment's headquarters, Swansea, on Saturday. Captain Jones was in command, in the absence of Captain D. O. Sullivan. Three detachments entered. Major and Adjutant Pitman was the umpire, and Captain Jones and Lieutenant H. H. Maurice were the timekeepers. Twenty-tive points were given for the quickest time, a deduction of one point for each minute, or fraction of a minute, over the quickest time being made from the succeeding scores. Seventy-five points was the maximum for drill, deductions being made for mis-use of stores, talking, numbers found out of their place, Ac. A 32-pounder S. B. gun, mounted on a wooden garrison standing carriage. Operations (a) Dismount the gun by parbuckling over the side. (b) Blew the gun and carriage, (c) Mount the gun up the rear hy long skids and rollers, (d) Place the gun in original position, and arrange stores. Points. Battery. Time taken. Time. Drill. Tl. m, s, No. 1 Battery 9 55 25 66 91 No. 4 Battery,. 14 45 17 63 80 No. 3 Battery 15 30 16 59 75
IPLOUGHING MATCH AT RAGLAN.
PLOUGHING MATCH AT RAGLAN. The first meeting of the Raglan Farmers' Club, after a lapse of seven years, took place on Monday last on the ground of Mr. Townsend. Castle Farm. The ground was in splendid working order, and the 30 teams entered turned out excellent work all through. The judges were Mr. Allen James, Trevedw, Pandy, and Mr. Benjamin Addis, Bridge Farm, Llanvihangel, Abergavenny, for ploughing, and Mr. Edwin Lewis, Tregirog, for horses. A dinner was afterwards held at the Beaufort Arms Hotel, when Lord Raglan presided, being supported by Col. MCDonnell, Usk; Mr. S. C. Bosanquet, Dingestow Court; Mr. Wm. W. Phil- lips, J.P., Major Eastham, and the Rev. Planta- genet Somerset. The vice-chairman was Mr. Morgan, Lodge Farm, Raglan, and about 60 sat down. Lord Raglan, speaking on the question of agriculture, said the scheme which had been set forth by an advanced school of Liberals was that it was the right thing to steal land from persons who knew how to use it, and to give it in patches to others who did not know how to use it. (Ap- plause.) If some Farmers' Clubs wanted to have a ploughing match they could not have itif Mr. Chamberlain's system of theft were carried out unless some three or four gentlemen who owned from two to three acres of land and a cow- (laughter)-put their heads together and agreed to allow it. To prevent this they should, for their own interests, return a Government which would protect them. They must stand shoulder to shoulder and fight the question out. (Applause.)
ST. MELLON'S PLOUGHING MATCH.
ST. MELLON'S PLOUGHING MATCH. The following are the awards of the judges at the above ploughing match on Tuesday:— PLousmNa.—Class 1: 1st, JE3. Arthur Gwilym, Raglan; 2nd. JE2, Charles Vaughan; 3rd, JB1. John Vauglian; highly commended, W. H. AVatkins, Here- ford. Class 2: 1st, £ 3, William Bartlett; 2nd, £ 2, Frederick Hale, Tredegar: 3rd, £ 1, Thomas Webb, St. Mellon's. Class 3: 1st, JB3, Morgan Jones, Mill Farm; 2nd, 22, James Christopher, Newhouse; 3rd, £1, James Bustle, Tynypark; 4th; lOs. John Bevan, St. Mellon's. Class 4 (juniors;: 1st, £1 10s, John Thomas, St. Mellon's; 2nd, jEl, John Jones, St. Mellon's. ROOT CROPS.—The prize of jE3, given by Mr. Stone, Newport, for the best three acres of swedes, grown by Purser and CO:3 manure, was awarded to W m. Roberts, Tynypark. Mr. Edward John, Cowbridge, also offered a prize of 93 for the best three acres of swedes, grown by Norring- tnn's manures, which was won by Morgan Williams, Maesycwchan. The special prize of 4 given by the society for the best three acres of swedes, grown by any manure, was awarded to Edward Davies, Waenfawr. Richard Allen, Ty-to-Maen, was awarded the society's special prize of 92 for the best acre of mangolds grown by any manure. Mr. J. Hibbert, Cardiff, offered a prize of C3 for the best three acres of swedes grown by Golding's manure, which was won by Mr. Gerrish, St. Mellon's com- mended, John Hughes. Mr. Richard Allen, Ty-to-Maen, offpred prizes of £3 and L2 for the neatest and best-kept farms within the district. being arable and pasture, and not less than 50 acres: 1st, Thomas Jones. Bridge Farm 2nd, Morgan Williams, Maesycwchan highly commended, John Hughes, Glan Rumney. For the best and neatest rickyard within the district, given by Mr. G. C. Williams, Llaniumney Hall 1st, £ 3, Daniel Jones, Vaindre 2nd, £ 2, William.Rowlands. Michaelstone; highly commended, Thomas Jones, Bridge Farm. For the best pair of agricultural horses Messrs. Gott- waltz and Bowring, Cardiff, offered prizes," which were awarded as follow 1st, jSl Is, George Alden, Loco- motive; 2nd, jei, William Rowlands, Michaelstone Mill. The prize of 10s 6d given by Mr J. S. Stark, Rumney, for the most-suitably attired ploughman in the field was won by Frederick Hale, Tredegar. Messrs Masters and Co., Cardiff, offered a prize-viz., an overcoat—for the best turn-out in the field, which was awarded to Charles Vaughan. Messrs. W. M. Gerrish, treasurer, and Rowland Thomas, secretary, deserve especial mention for their indefatigable labour on behalf of the society.
GAZETTE NEWS. FIRST MEETINGS AND DATES OF PUBLIC EXAMINATION. Emanuel Goldenson, Tudor-road, Cardiff, furniture dealer; first meeting, October 28, at noon, at Bank- ruptcy Buildings, London. Richard Bryant. Queen's Hotel. London-road, Neath, Glamorganshire, licensed victualler, lately boot dealer; first meeting, October 28, at 10.30 a.m., at the Castle Hotel, Neath. John Perrott, Holborn House, High-street. Ferndale, Glamorgan, grocer lirst meeting, October 29, at noon, at Official Receiver's, Merthyr Tydfil; public examina- tion, November 3, at two, at Pontypridd Court. George Hollway, 19, Brunswick-street, Swansea, baker and beer retailer first meeting, Oct. 27, at two P.m., at 6, Rutland-street, Swansea; public examina- tion, Nov. 25, at Swansea Court. Morgan Hussey, 5, High-street, Swansea, and 45, Market-street, Morriston, Glamorganshire, jeweller; first meeting, Oct. 31, at eleven a.m., at 6, Rutland- street, Swansea; public examination, Nov. 25, at Swan- sea Court. William Owens, 238, High-street, Treorky, tailor and draper; public examination, Nov. 3, at two p.m., at Pontypridd Court. James Bowen Davies, 6, Park-hall Buildings, Cardiff, grocer and confectioner; public examination, Nov. 5, at two p.m., at Cardiff Court. ADJUDICATIONS. John Newman and John J. Newman, trading as New- man and Son, 19, Custom House-street, Cardiff, plumbers. John Perrott, of Holborn House, High-street, Fern- dale, Glamorganshire, grocer. John Morris. 27, Castle Bailey-street, Swaassa, licensed victualler.
TRADE REPORTS. MONMOUTHSHIRE AND SOUTH WALES COLLIERIES ASSOCIATION. MEETING OF THE SLIDING-SCALE COMMITTEE. On Saturday an important meeting of the Sliding- Scale Committee was held at the Angel Hotel, Cardiff. Mr. W. Abraham (vice-chairman) presided. There were also presentOwners' side Messrs. Edward Jones (chairman of the association), Archibald Hood, E. P. Martin, C. N. Holland, and W. Gascoyne Dalziel (secre- tary). The men were represented by Messrs. W. Abraham, David Morgan, Isaac Evans, D. Edmunds, John Jenkins, and John Morgan. The following official report has been kindly supplied by the secretary of the association:— THE AUDITORS' AWARD. The Monmouthshire and South Wales Collieries Association. Cardiff, October 17,1885. A meeting of the Sliding Scale Committee was held to- day (Saturday), at the Angel Hotel. Cardiff, to receiva the report of the joint accountants, Messrs. J. C. Kirk and Charles E. Parsons, on the result of their audit of the coalowners' books for the four months ended 31st of August, 1885. The result is that the wages payable to the workmen in the Monmouthshire and South Wales Associated Collieries shall be 10 per cent, above the standard rates of December, 1879, being a reduction of 2h per cent. as and from November 1,1885. Edward Jones. W. Abraham W. T. Lewis. (vice-chairman). John Nixon. DavidMorgan. F. A. Yeo. David Edwards, Archibald Hood. Isaac Evans. E. P. Martin. John Jenkins. C. N. Holland. John Morgan. Witness to the signatures of the parties hereto, W. GASCOYNE DALZIEL, Secretary. We may add t,hat the above reduction, which is in conformity with the sliding-scale agreement of 1862. was unanimously decided on by both sides of the Joint Committee. The committee then considered the dispute 1 existing at the Messrs. Powell DulIryn and Co.'s collieries at Abercwmboyand Aberaman. The question in dispute WaS in regard to the price for driving headings in the 7ft. seam. Mr. Hann attended before the committee and gave evidence 011 behalf of the owners Mr. David Morgan represented the men, and delegates from these collieries were also present. After a lengthy hearing of the details of the dispute it was decided to leave the matter to the arbitrament of Mr. Bedlington, mining engineer, on behalf of the owners, and Mr. David Morgan as representing the men. The committee next considered the Neath dispute, which had arisen between the hauliers at the Gnoll Colliery, Keath, aJltI their employers. Mr. E. J. Price attended on the part of the owners of the colliery, and the men were represented by LMr. Isaac Evans, miners' agent. Ultimately it was decided that the matter, as represented by both sides, was not one that came within lhe province of the committee. The dispute existing at the Pen Ian Collieries of Messrs. Pearse and Co., Gower Hoad, was then investigated. It appeared that Messrs. Pearse and Co. had recently acquired this colliery, and a dispute had arisen with regard to the difference in the present wages as compared with those paid by the pre- vious proprietors. Mr. A. Pearse attended for the com- paiiy and Mr. Isaac Evans for the workmen. Eventually it was resolved that, the matter should be left in the hands of Mr. Archibald Hood, for the owners' side, and Mr. Isaac Evans, for the workmen, and that those gentlemen should meet at the coi liery at an early date for the pur- nose of settling the dispute. The subject of a disagree- ment at Messrs. the Aberdare Works and Collieries Co.'s Cwmbacli Colliery was next brought forward for con- sideration, but was, after some discussion, deferred until the next meeting of the committee, so as to enable all parties to attend, the evidence before the meeting being insufficient. This concluded the deliberations of the Sliding-Scale Committee, which were necessarily of a protracted nature, the most perfect unanimity, how- ever, prevailing throughout. Following the above a meeting of the Coalowners' Association was held. Mr. E. Jones (chairman of the association) presided. There were also present Messrs. Evan Lewis, L. Tylor, J. Colquhoun, C. J N. Gray, R. Jordan, Archibald Hood, E. P. Martin, It. Bedlington, W. W. Hood, E. M. Hann, A. L. Pearse, W. Simons, solicitor, and W. Gascoyne Dalziel, secretary.—A report from the owners' side of the Sliding-Scale Joint Com- mittee, embodying the official report of the Sliding-Scale Committee, was read, and the resolution ordering a 2h per cent, reduction in the associated collieries from the 1st of November was adopted. ENGINE-MEN AND STOKERS' WAGES. It was decided that the 2A per cent. reduction which is to affect the collieries, as already stated, shall also apply to the wages of these classes. NEW MEMBERS. The following collieries were admitted as new mem- bers of the association :-Messrs. the Llynvi and Tondu Company's Colliery (introduced through Messrs. Foster Brown and Rees), Messrs. The Naval Steam Coal Collieries at Penygraig, and Messrs. The Ffaldau Steam Coal Collieries, Garw Valley (introduced through Pyman, Watson, and Co., of Cardiff). These collieries represent an additional output of 700,000 tons per annum, making the total annual production of the associated collieries about 13 million and a half tons. In addition to the meetings reported, there was a special meeting of the association and also a meeting of a sub-committee, both presided over by 1Ifr, E. Jones. They were held for thfi purpose of making some amendments in the internal arrangements of the association. THE COAL AND IRON TRADES OF SOUTH WALES. Since our last report shipments both from Cardiff and Newport have been heavier than for the immediately preceding week, the proportionate increase being much heavier from the latter port. Beyond this fact, how- ever, there has been Dractically no change for the better in the tone of our steam coal market, and it is but in few cases that merchants are able to keep their stems well filled. The house coal trade continues to present more satisfactory signs, and we hear that orders are more plentiful. As regar.ls prices, however, 8s. 3d. and 8s. 9d. per ton continue to be the market quotations for Nos. 2 and3 respectively. The pitwood market still remains very quiet, and prices rule low. The iron ore market is without much alteration. In the chartering market a decidedly-better tone prevails. Freights coastwise are firm at advanced figures, whilst for the Mediterranean also higher figures are beingobtaiuedthan those curreut until recently. The clearances were as follow :-Foreign, from Cardiff, 127,673 tons; and from Newport, 33,790 tons. THE STRIKE AT GWERNA COLLIERY, MAESYCWMMER. It Is now seven weeks since the colliers at the Gwerna. House Ooal Colliery at Maesycwmmer came out on strike about the cutting price of coal, the particulars pf which have already appeare,1 in the Western Mall. During the past week efforts were made to settle matters, and from what we can learn the question will be re- ferred to arbitration. Hopes are now strongly enter- tained that work will be resumed very shortly at the colliery. Some of the men havo sucoeeded in obtaining employment at different places, but there are a great many idle in the district, who express anxiety to see the question cleared up and work resumed. On Monday afternoon the two arbitrators appointed to discuss the grievance at the Gwerna Colliery, Maesy- cwmmer, viz., Mr, J. Jenkins, of Llanfabon, one of the representatives on the Sliding-Scale Committee, and Mr. E. R. Lewis, manager, met; but a difficulty cropped up about the "selection of a third party as umpire, and the matter still remains unsettled. We learn that strong hopes are entertained that the matter will soon terminate satisfactorily to all parties. THE DOWLAIS COLLIERS. The summonses taken out by the Dowlais Company against several of their colliers for absenting themselves from work without reasonable cause, which were made returnable for hearing at Merthyr Police Court on Mon- day, were withdrawn without being brought before the magistrates. SHORT TIME ON THE BRECON AND MERTHYR RAILWAY. A correspondent writes :—As trade at present is so very dull in nil departments, the men employed on the Brecon and Merthyr Railway have been put to work on short time, and are now working on what is known as thr e-quarter time daily. This step is admitted on all sides to be a highly commendable one and that it is far better than reducing the number of hands, the workmen being retained until such times as trade improves. SWANSEA, Saturday.—A further improvement has been displayed in the export trade during the past week, which, compared with that of the week preceding, gives an increase in the general exports of 3,000 tons. The coal exports amount to 24,786 tons, and patent fuel 1,430 tons; other exports, consisting of tin-plates, iron, steel, copper, and chemicals, brings the total tor the week up to 30,570 tons. The entries of tonnage both inwards and, outwards show an increase over the corre- sponding week of last year. In the early part of the week, owing to the change in the weather, a. large number of vessels left the harbour, no less than 40 sailing from the North Dock alone on Sunday. The shipments of tin-plates have been heavy, viz, 2,750 tons for New York, 122 tons for the River Plate, and several parcels for Italy, France. Germany, &c. The quantity of plates received in the dock warehouses during the week amounts to 26,197 boxes, and stocks to- day stand at 66,400 boxes, a decrease during the week of 31,261 boxes. The past week has been the fourth stop- week at the tin-plate works, and the number closed was greater than hitherto. Mr. James Spence, the president of the association, speaking at the mayor's banquet last night, stated that the last two works out of 82 had joined the combination that day. The state of the market continues satisfactory. Inquiries have again been numerous, the demand being princi- pally for Bessemer and Siemens steel plates, but the orders booked have not been extensive, and buyers have held back orders owing to the high quotations ruling. The orders placed have been at higher prices, 14s. 6d. being the lowest figure for coke tins, 15s. and 15s. 6d. IC. being paid for the superior brands. Bessemer steels have been sold at 14s. 9d. to 15s. 3d. IC.; Siemens steels at 15s. 6d. to 16s., and coke tin wasters 13s. 3d. to 13s. 9d. The import trade has shown some improvement, the total amounting to about 10,000 tons, including a cargo of wool and barley from the Black Sea. SWANSEA EXPORTS AND IMPORTS.—Exports-. Coal- France, 8,358; Denmark, 1,200; Germany. 450; Spain, 815; Italy, 1,342 Algeria, 1,200; South America, 3,654 North America, 1,233: home, 6,534. Patent fuel- France, 1.430; tin-plates, 2,882 iron, steel, and sundries, 1,472 tons. Imports: Pig-iron, 1,545; tin-plate bars, 424 copper ore, 2,141; silver ore, 38 lead ore, 119; manganese ore, 420; iron ore, 2,110 blende ore, 289 phosphate, 125; arsenic, 58; salt, 130; pitch, 289; tin- plates, 271; timber, 105 stone, 340; flour, 680; barley, 160; wool, 378; sundries, 3b tons.
THE ASSESSMENT OF COLLIERIES…
THE ASSESSMENT OF COLLIERIES IN THE MERTHYR UNION. A REDUCTION OF 5 PER CENT. GRANTED. Representatives of the proprietors of the various collieries situated within the Merthyr Union waited upon the Assessment Committee on Saturday for the purpose of appealing for a reduction in the valuation of their several properties. The follow- ing is a list of the gentlemen constituting the deputation and the interests on behalf of which they appeared Mr. Rees Jones, Harris's Naviga- tion Mr. Evans, Cyfarthfa Mr. Bailey, Plymouth; Mr. James, Dowlais Mr. Bell, Nixon's Navigation Mr. Thomas, Gadlys; Mr. Evens, Werfa; Mr. Harris, Brogden and Co.; Mr. Matthews, Rhyinney; and Mr. James Lewis, Aberdare. Mr. REES JONES, addressing the committee, said they were there because they thought the time had come when it was the bounden duty of all of them, as representatives of the various interests with which they were identified, to place before the committee with the greatest respect, but at the same time with the greatest force, their claim to a review of the general situation as regarded their assessment to the relief of the poor. The com- mittee were good enough last year to put them up 7J per cent. Whether it was right or whether it was wrong.it was acquiesced in by the trade at large. Why the coal trade should be singled out for ex- ceptional actior when the committee thought fit tore-adjust the incidence of taxation was to him— here he spoke for himself alone-an inscrutable mystery. There were other interests that ought to be dealt with in the same way. After some discussion, those members of the deputation who were not guardians and like- wise the members of the press were requested to retire, and, after a short ronsultation in camera, the committee, upon the motion of Mr. David Davies, seconded by Mr. Thomas Jenkins, passed the follow- ing resolution:—" That the valuation of the col- liery properties of this union be reduced by 5 per cent."
THE CHARGE AGAINST A DUBLIN…
THE CHARGE AGAINST A DUBLIN OFFICIAL. The Dublin grand jury ignored the bill sent up against Mr. Charles Henry James, assignee of the Court of Bankruptcy, charging him with fraudu- lently appropriating sums of money standing to the credit of bankrupts' estates.
THE WEEK'S MARKETS.
THE WEEK'S MARKETS. CORN AVERAGES. The following is a comparison between the quantities of wheat, barley, and oats sold. and the price obtained, for the week ended October 17, 1885, and the corre- sponding week last year —
1835. 1884. Description. Qurters. Price. Qurters. Price. Wheat 76,091 30/11 73,412 32/4 Barley 135,101 30/9 127,883 31/11 Oats 12,169 18/9 11,046 19/0 CORN. CARDIFF, Saturday.—(From Mr. W. Coleman's Corn Report.)—There was a attendance on 'Change to- day. Foreign wheat linn; English samples varied from 3s lOd to 4s per 61 lbs. Maize, oats, and beans, little business done. Grinding barley quoted at from 17s 6d to 19s per qr. some fine malt,ing samples shown, but without effecting sales. Flour: English firm at cur- rent rates; the same remarks apply to American flour, and shall not have any improvement in trade until after the eloctions. GLOUCESTER, Saturday.—(From Messrs. W. C. Lucy and Co.'s Report.)—There was a fair supply of English wheat offering at to-day's market, and dry samples sold at the extreme prices of last week; foreign kinds quiet at tuily late rates. Grinding barley the turn dearer. Maize lirm. Oats 3d to 6d per qr. cheaper. LUDLOW, Monday.-There was a dull market to-day, and a poor attendance. All kinds of grain a shade in favour of buyers. The following are the prices:—English wheat, per bushel of 75lbs, white, 5s 6d to 5s 8d; red, 5s 4d to bi 6d. Barley, 33s to 35s per qr. Beans, old, 33sper qr. Oats, old, 24s to 27s per qr. Flour, per sack of five bushels of 280 lbs., best, 31s 8d seconds, 28s 4d. COWBRIDGE, Tuesday.—The corn trade was not very brisk to-day, wheat selling at from 3s 6d to 4s per bushel barley, 3s bd to 4s 4d; and oats, 2s 2d to 23 6d. CATTLE. ROATH (CARMFF), Tuesday. Through the con- tinued disagreement between Irish cattle dealers and the Cork Steamship Company there was only a poor supply of stock in the market to-day, and they were not of the best quality. Although the supply was shorter, the prices realised were little, if any, in advance of last market rates. Prices :-Cattle Cows from 5d to 6d per lb. stgerg and heifers, 6jd to o}d per lb. Sheep 4 Ewes, 5d to per lb. chilvers and wethers, bd to 7d per lb. Pigs from 9s to 10s per score. CowBRlDGii, Tuesday.—The market was a very small one to-day. A few cows and calves on offer, and also some Irish calves. Cows and calves sold at from to £19; Irish calves, t3 10s to £6. Sheep were in very moderate supply, with a slight improvement, in values. Fat sheep sold at from tid 1.07!iJ per lb. Store sheep, 26s to Sjs each. The supply of pigs was limited- some changing hands at from 10s to 30s each, accor- ding to age. 11u.GLAX FAIR, Monday.-The annual stock fair to-day was well represented by stock, and a large number of dealers in attendance business, however, was not brisk. A large number of horned and other stock was en- trusted to the hammer of Mr. Wm. Mayberry, auctio- neer, of Usk. Prices ruled as follow :—Fat stock Cows and heifers from X13 10s to per head. Sheep Ewes (heavy English), 32s 6d to 45s per hearl, or from 5id to 6d per lb. Radnors, 20s 6d to âs; ditto lambs. Ids to 23s. Cattle: Three-year-old bullocks, iC13 to 418 per head; two-year-old ditto, £9 to £12; yearlings, t5 to 96 10s; calves scarce unquotable. Horses: A iew good hunters and nags were also exhibited by Air. Ed- win Lewis, Tregirog. and others, but trade did not per- mit of quotations. NEWPORT, Wednesday.—There was a fair attendance j at to-day's market, although the weather was very un- propitions. A large supply of horned and other stock was exhibited, but a slow trade resulted. In sheep a ready sale was effected. The following are the prices: -Best beef, 6d to 7d per lb; inferior quality, 4id to 5d per lb. Mutton (wether). 7d to per lb. ditto (ewe), 5id to 6id per lb. PROVISIONS. MONMOUTH, Saturday.—The market was not largely attended to-day. Prices were as follow :-Fresh butter. Is 4d to Is bel per lb.; Devonshire cream, Is 5dperlb. Home-made lard, 8d per II;, Hen eggs, 10 for Is. Dressed poultry: Geeoe from 5s to 7s bu each, or from 9d to lOd per 10. ducks, 5s 6(1 to 7s per couple, or about 10d per 11),; fowls, 4s to 7s Gd per couple. Live poultry Fowls from 2s 6d to 3s 6d per couplc; geese, 5s each giblets, Is to Is 3d per set. Fruit English melons, 3s to 4s each: foreign ditto, bd to Is each; English hot-house grapes, Is to Is 6d per lb. foreign ditto, 6d to Is per lb. dessert pears, Is to 2s per dozen; ditto apples, 3d to Is per qr. •. cooking ditto, 4d to 6d per qr. filberts, 4d to 6d per lb. cob nuts, 4d to 6d per lb. walnuts, 6d to 9d per 100. Vegetables Cauliflowers, 2d to 6d each; tomatoes, home-grown, IOd per lb. foreign ditto, 6d per lb. new carrots. Id per bunch; turnips, 4d per gallon; potatoes, 4d to 5d per qr. celery, 1 jd to 2d per stick cooking onions, 10d per gallon; pickling onions, 3d pergallon shallots. Is per qr. pickling cabbages, 3d to 6d each; savoys. 9d per dozen. Butcher's meat (prime joints only quoted)Beef. 8d to 9d per lb.; mutton, shoulders, bjdperlb.; ditto legs. 7d to 8d per lb.; veal, 7d to 8d per lb; and pork, 6kd to 8d per ILJ. Game: Pheasants, 5s to 6s per brace; partridges, 2s 6d per brace; hares, 2s to 3s 6d each rabbits, 10s to lis per dozen. BRISTOL, Wednesday.—(From Mr. Francis Barnard's Bacon A good demand for nearly all cuts for shipment, both forward and prompt, and prices are stiffeniug. On the spot an active trade is passing, and holders are firm. Cheese has shown but little alteration during the past week. Markets in America and Canada are steady, and importers on this side are scarcely pre- pared to pay the advanced rates. Butter Choice par- cels still command their value, but. Irish being cheap and plentiful, other grades are somewhat lower. Lard has fluctuated, but quotations are nominally unaltered. Beef quiet, but steady. Flour: Cables report a light export demand. owing to American values being too high for the European markets. There is, however, more disposition shown by millers to meet buyers. On the spot a fair consumptive trade has been done at late rates. BUTTER. CARMARTHEN, Saturday.—There was a large supply of butter in the market to-day, which sold at from lljd to lljd per lb. for ordinary tub butter, and from Is to Is OilLd for fresh lattermath. Cheese ISs to 20s per cwt. HOPS. WORCESTER. Saturday.-(From Messrs. Plerey, Long- bottom, and Farain's report.)—At our market to-day the attendance of both planters and merchants was smaller than last week. The trade, so far, has been active enough to take off the hops as quickly us offered, excepting low qualities. Choice lots a rein special de- mand at full prices, medium hop1, at the same time, coming in for more attentin than previously^ The samples of this district comparing very favourably with others accounts-for the quick clearance. 489 pockets passed the public scales to-day, and 2,004 during the week, which, with 5,973 pockets previously weighed, make the total up to now 6,466 pockets. HIDES AND SKINS. BRISTOL, Saturday.—Hides 931bs and upwards, 4irl to 4id per lb 183lbs to 921bs, iJid to Od per lb 73lbs to 821bs, 4d to IItd per lb; 631bs to 721bs, 3;d to Od per lb 541bs to 621bs, to 3id per lb; 531bs and under, 3¡rt to Od per lb; cows, 63lbs and above, to Od per lb; light, 3jd to Od per lb bulls, 2Jd to Od per lb heavy cuts, to Od per lb light and irregular, 3td to Od per lb. Calf skins: 17lbs and upwards, 5trl to Od per Ill; 121bs to 161bs, 6-4 d to Od per lb; 91bs to 11 lbs, 6|d to 0d per lb under 9ibs, 5Jd to Od per 11..1; cut and irregular, 4id toOd per lb; chance, Od per lb. Horse hides. 9;0 611 to 18s 9d 1st kips, 31d to Od per lb 2nd ditto, 3d to Od per lb. Fat: Mutton, 2 £ d; beef, 2jd rough, 1^1. Wools, D. 8d C, Is 5d B. ^s 6d A. 4s; X, 4s 10d. Forward price to Thursday:—Wools, D. 8d; C, Is P4; B. 2s 7d A. 4s 1d X. 4s lid. Fat, lid, 2¡d, to 21d best beef, 3jd. METALS. LONDON, Thursday.— Copper, £39 17s 6d to 240 5s, Tin, £91 10s to £92. Pig iron, 41s 9d. Lead, Eng- lish, £11 10s; Spanish, £ il 2s 6d. Spelter, £14 2s 6d. GLASGOW, Thursday. The market for pjg iron opened flat, but afterwards became firm. A good busi- ness was done at 41s 7kd to 4^s cash also at 41s to 42s Id onemonth closing, buyers, 41s lid cash, and 42s Id one month; sellers £ d pcrton more.
FOOTBALL. CARDIFF DOCKS V. TOWN.—This match was played in the presence of a large concourse of spectators at the CardilT Arms Park on Saturday. The ground had not recovered from the effects of the previous week's rain, and the players experienced some little difficulty in securing a iirm foothold. Hancock kicked off for the Docks team from the Westgate-street end. The game was confined to scrimmages till Herbert Jones. by a dodgy run, took the ball into the Docks territory. Hancock cleverly collared, but the Town men were not to be denied, anu their opponents soon had to touch down in self-defence. From the kick out Lewis, by quickly following up, secured the ball intended for Jones he, however. tailed to hold it, and Arthurs made off with the leather and grounded it between the posts. Kedzlie essayed the place, but failed to convert. On the ball being once more set in motion, Norton took charge of it, and gut into the Docks 25, but was smartly upset by Hancock. HillawÀ Emery dribbled to near the Docks goal, and a pass from Jarman to Arthurs enabled the latter to again cross the line. Kedzlie, however, again failed to increase the score. The Town then maue a rush on their opponents' goal, and again the Docks had to touch down. On the; kick out, despite the efforts of the Docks backs, Mori is, from a pass by Hill, managed to gain a try, which this time Kedzlie succeeded in improving on. The Docks men pulled themselves together, and from the kick off, by rapidly following up and keeping the ball close, Arthurs managed to get hold of it, and succeeded in passing it to Hancock, who dropped a goal amidst great applause. After the re- start Jarman, by a fine dodgy run, took the ball dangerously near the Docks goal. He then passed to Bland, who got in. Kedzlie then kicked a goal, and half-time was called. Hill re- commenced the game for the Town, and an interchange of kicks took place between the opposing backs. Fast and loose play then prevailed, the strength of the Town forwards making itself felt. After great resistance on the part of the Docks men Morris suc- ceeded in getting in for the Town. A maul ensued, but Morris managed to get the ball down, and a fourth goal resulted for the Town from Kedzlie's kick, Directly after the Docks obtained a touch in goal. The bait was rapidly drawlI to the other end of the field, when Emery managed to get in. Kedzlie again succeeded in kicking a goal. Another try by Norton for the Town was not converted. After the kick out D. Lewis neatly dribbled down to the Town end, and Dal- rymple, who seconded his efforts, planted the ball across the line. The place was a difficult one, and G. Williams failed to convert. The result of the game was a victory for the Town by five goals and three tries to one dropped goal and one try. The following composed the teams:- Docks: L.E. Taylor, back E. Hancock, D. Lewis, and G. Williams, three-quarter backs J. Dalrymple and Powell, half-backs R. T. Duncan, J, Maloney, G. Penco, Kneath, W. Morris, H. D. Griffiths, R. J. Erskine, and Davies, forwards. Town 8. D. Evans, back F. W. Arthurs, W. B. Norton, and H. W. Jones, three-quarter backs W. Jarman and H. Milward, half-backs; A. Emery, A. D. Kedzlie, A. Bland, A. F. Hill, A. J. Hybart, F. Morris, N. White,arid Widdowson, forwards. Umpires: Messrs. H. J. oimpson and G. Vonn" T?pf»rnp. • Mr W. D. Phillips. CARDIFF HARLEQUINS (SKCOXD XV.) v, ELY ROVERS. —This match was played at Ely on Saturday, and after a fast game resuitcd in a victory for the Harlequins by one try (byCullen) to a few minor points. For the winners the backs showed to advantage, while Stadden (the Cardiff half back) played brilliantly for the losers. Teams l/arlequills: Back, Cullen three-quarter backs, F. G. Vivian (captain), LoxCale, Keilv, and R. Williams; half-backs, W. Price and Decandia forwards, C. Jones, Fergusson, Allgood, Forsdyke, Wilson, Bishop, Earl, and Stevens. Ely Rovers: Back, Brace; three-quarter backs. Stadden, Boon, and Gardiner; half backs, Sanderson and Barker forwards. Spinks, Price, R. Price. F. Stadden, G. Peach, A. Peach, Davies, Clarke, and Laing. CARDIFF 3RD V. BANKS.—A match played at the Car- diff Arms Park 011, Saturday between these teams re- sulted in an easy win for Cardiff by two goals and two tries to nil. Stibbs kicked off for the home team, and the ball was at once taken to the Banks end. where it remained the greater part of the first half. The score at half-time was Cardiff one goal and one try. In the second part of the game tlie Banks team tried hard to avert defeat, but the 3rd men were too strong, and they were unable to score. Brough obtained two of the tries, Stibbs one. and Price one. For the Banks Williams, Baker, and Verity showed good form, 1). Rees, Spray, George. Price, Brough. and Davies put- ting in useful work for the winners. The teams were as follow -.—Card)[/' Zrd Fifteen-. G. G. Spray, back; E. Morris, D. liees, and D. T.t&eorge, three-quarter backs A. Davies and J. Price, halt-backs F. Bell, A. J. Davies, Brough, W. Stibbs, II. G. Dunlop, E. Alumford, T. Duncan, Emery, and Horser, forwards. Banks: D. Williams, back W. Williams, C- Verity, Smith, and Pigott, three-quarter backs; Lewis and Prirohard, half- backs D. Thomas, J. Thomas. Gunning, Laker, Verity, and three others, forwards. SWANSEA SECOND .FIFTEEN v. OLD CASTLE BANGERS (LLANELLY).—This match came off at St. Helen's Ground, Swansea, on Saturday. and resulted, after a very interesting game, in a victory foi the liangers by two goals, a try, and live touches down to a goal (kicked from the field) and one touch down. LAMPETER COLLEGE v. SWANSEA.—This n-atch was played at the Swansea ground on Saturday afternoon. The scientific fifteen belonging to the College turned up in strength, and made a good fight of it, and the con- test, which was excellent and spirited throughout, re- sulted in a victory for the College by a goal and a try to a try. The goal was got from a fair catch made about a dozen yards from the Swansea goal-line.
PABRT AND KOCKE'S Welsh Knitted Stockings are the best, 7'a03o
Eirths, Jiiamages, BIRTHS. J FORREsT.-On the 19th inst., at The Greenwood, St. FajW the wife of R. Forrest, of a daughter. FUSSELL.—On the 17th inst.. at Derwen Fawr, near SWW* the wife of Henry D. Fussell, of a son. GRIFFITHS.—On the 17th inst., at 82, KIne's-road, Cant" V.'ar'liff, the wife of Frank Griffiths, of a "on. MATTOCK.—On tlie ICtli inst., the wife of Charles Mat"" Park-terrace. Riverside, Cardiff, of a son. NORTON.—On the 16th inst.. at 49, Marion-street, Sy Splotlands, Carditf, the wife of Mr. J. Norton, & daughter. daughter. PHILLIPS.—On the 17th inst., at Park House. Cardiff" Newport, the wife of Fdward Phillips, of a daughter. WILLIAMS.—On the 18th inst., at Cambrian House, Windsor Place, Carditf, the wife of Morgan Willi surgeon, &c., of a daughter. MARRIAGES. JAMES—EVANS.—On the 15th inst. (by licence), at Parish Church of Llanrhian, Pembrokeshire, by the James Lewis, M.A., vicar, assisted by the ReT. J. Samuel, B.A., curate, William Rees James, TorbaiA Sarah Evans, Abemant.. LEWIS—BRYANT.—On the 17th inst., at St. An Church, Carditf, by the Rev. A. Henderson, Will" Morgan Lewis, Oaktiel.street, Roath, to Hannah fourth daughter of Isaac Bryant, Crwys-road, late of & Oak F irm, Llanishen. OwKN—LEWIS.—On the 19th inst.. at St. Margaret's Pa1 Church, Roath. by the Rev. N. D. Macieod, B.A.. Geoj third son of Thomas Owen, Gold-street. Carditf, to Tjj third daughter of David Lewis, Ed wards-terrace, Cardi PF-NOELLEY—WILLIAMSON.—On the 8th ihsc., at Britannic Consulate, Smyrna, subsequently the same day at Boumabat, by the British ChapM Rowland Annesley, third son of Commander W.J Peneelley, late of her Majesty's Indian Navy, to RebeS daughter of the late W. Williamson, Esq., C.E., Smyma. Asia Minor. PRICIIARD—HUMK-SMEDLEY.—On the 21st inst., at Mary's Church, Tenby, by the Right Rev. the Lord Bi* of Llandatf. assisted by the Rev. George Huntington, M- rector of Tenly, and the Rev. C. M. Phelps, G- Prichard, late 43rd Light Infantrv, eldest son of the >* Richard Prichard, of Collenna, Glamorganshire, rectof Xewbold-on-Stour, and Edith Hume-Smedley, young daughter of the late Mr. Edward Hume-Smedley, DisW Judge of Kandy, Ceylon. DEATHS. Coun.Tis.-On the 17th inst., at Sea View, Aberayon, at short illness. Mary Ann Courtis. BUTTON.—On the 2Cth inst., at the York Hotel, East WM lienry Dutton, aged 48. Funeral will take place J Friday, fmd start from the York Hotel at Two o'cl Friends please accept this intimation. EVANS.—On the lith inst., at his residence, Pengam Ho Cardiff, John Hier Evans, J.P., in his 64th yj Funerd at Roath Church on Saturday. Friends kio" assemble at the Church 11 a.m. (In loving memory].. MARSH.—On the 19th iust., at 107, Broadway, Ro* Francis Charles Marsh, aged 72 (only son of the Thomas Marsh, solicitor, Dartmouth), after many years painful illness, leaving a widow in reduced circumstancelo WTLLTAMS.—On the 17th inst., Mr. James Williams. W Nelson Hotel, Pontlotti n, aged 41 years. Funeral Tu next at Rhyinney Churchyard. j WILLIAMS.—On th" 17th inst., at his residence, Charn" R'J:vh-road. Cardiff. after a short illness, John W aged 3J. WILLIAMS.—On the 21st inst., Charles Lindsay WilliflJ infant son of Samuel A. and Martha Williams, Kings' House, Gordon-road, Cardiff, aged 11 weeks. IN MARBLE, GRANITE, AND STONE. — TøøS Headatoncs, Crosses, Ac. Large book of designs vf prices tree,—E. a. BROWN* ASP Co., Sculptors M Monumentai Masons,—OIlicM and Showroom?, 7, • AlKiUam.NVft-PAUAUK, near lJKAVrtflPOK;, IJLUAT'OL. —^
t I BEHMINAIil NOTICE. f THE ^MMONtAPHON^ « Voice Cultivation by Chemical Means," PH, OARTEn MOFFAT, j The Faropun Inventor of the Ammoniapbono, W j CARDIFF. JJU, QAftTFtf M Or F A Will jleliyep hi" PIRST LECTURE) IN CAHPIFP ON OCTOBER 68TP, To the GAF.BIFP MPSiOAl) ASSOCIATION, fl, VOOAtf U^USTRATIONS by Cardiff 1,4 and (4011 mou Amateurs, showing the marvellous £ tlic*cypl™ Wonderful invention, THE AMilONJM'HQNE, For strengthening, Enriching, -tnl p*t«jdfnf Range of the Human Yoice, Owing to the great interest, pi?wlfs*t(s3 in fl.1. tiP Discovery, Dr. CARTER MOFFAT has bsSil pressed to Deliver a SERIES OF LECTURES IN CARDIfft Dates and particulars pf wlllcl, will be announced Monday Next. Pp, D ARTER MOFFAT liaa just completed a TOO the Eastern Counties, where he has met with J ENTHUSIASTIC RECEPTION, Lecturing to TlJou tughtty. DU. CARTER MOFFAT IN UARDlf* Owing to arrangements which are already comple for visiting other towns. Dr. Carter Moffat call possibly extend his visit to Cardiff beyond a few <>%| All those, therefore, desirous of availing themsely^Jl this exceptional opportunity of consulting this etrti'J jj Specialist should communicate with him AT ONC*'j| order to secure an interview during his brief staj Cardiff. ADDRESS— DIl, CARTER MOFFAT, 1 CARS or THE MEDICAL BATTERY OOMPAtf* (LIMITED), 64876 62, OXFORD-STREET, LOjSDOA J KNoW mere Is not the slightest drtttbfc that tilito a possibility of restoring and beautifying tile hair. The greatest chemists tell us so, and modern proof has been offered In many prepara' tions. That there should be one of superior excellence among these may also be admitted' and the best test of that surpassing excellence would be the lasting patronage received and fame allowed Mrs. B. A. ALLEN'S WORLD'S HAIR RESTORER. MRS. S. A. ALLEN'S WORLD'S HAIR RESTORER Is acknowledged by all to be most efficacious fOf restoring, invigorating, beautifying, and dretf* ing the Hair, rendering it soft, silky, and glos»y< and disposing it to remain in any desired posi. tion: quickly cleansing the scalp, removing Dandruff. arresting the fall, and imparting healthy and natural colour to the hair. It nevet fails to restore gray hair to its original youtbf!11 colour. It acts directly upon the roots of th* hair, giving them the natural nourisbment required. ONE BOTTLE DID IT." That is the expre'' sion of many who have had their gray bait restored to its natural colour, and their bsia spot covered with hair, after using one bottlØ of Mrs. S. A. ALLEN'S WORLD'S IlAto RESTORER. It is not a dye, it can do no harIO' Every one who has used this preparation speaks loud its praise. If you wish to restore your hair as in youth and retain it through life, without delay procure a bottle. JI." — £ New and Revised Edition. Post Free,Tweive FITS.—EPILEPSY oit falling^ NfifcS, with E88AYS ON GIDDINESS. TIONS, FAINTS, and HEADACHES; A practical Treatise explaining the Causes, Trea^i't and Cure of these Diseases with Directions fO; C By S. BERRY NIBLETT, Licentiate of the Bor lege of Physiclaus. øl Published by Mr. Williams, 10, Oxford terrace'ggjl', Park, London. BORWICK'S "DAKLNG FIVE J) GOLD Jl 1> OR WICK'S 13 AKING 7 FOR WHOLE- II SOME JL BORWICK'S "DAKING OOWPJS^ FOR PUD- JLJ .DINGS JL "OORWICK'S T) AKING JL> FOR X> PLUM x -SS&La BORWICK'S 13 AKING T>OW"^g^; FOR TEA J3 CAKES _L AXP^G^, BORWICK'S T3AKING FOR NOK- II FOLK I TJBSMS #F SWBBCRim*N, J PAID IN AUTANCB # 1 Quarter-rear. Half-year. off. JJ, I Weetern Mail fig. 641. las. 041. Weekly Mail 2s. 2d. 4s. 44. If forwarded ky Pest the Charge ^i" f jl* I Quarter-year. Half-year. Western Mail 9s. 9d. ••• I9s. 6d- •" \l> Weekly Mail 29-941. il. M. 1 Fereign Pestage extra..mfil filPi Remittances te be sent by fest-effio* •r*" (ftn Letters af Business te be directed, and **i made payable, to the Manager, Mr. T»»MA». the Chief Office. <J»rdlK. Printed and Published for the Proprietors MACXZXZIX THOMAS, at the Offices of' 3 Mail," St. Mary-»treet, Cardiff, i» w' Glamorgan.