tThe following appeared in our Second Edit,ion of Saturday lc"t.J BRECONSHIRE CHAMBER OF AGRICULTURE. PAPER BY MR. DANIEL OWEN, ASH HALL. A meeting of the members of this chamber was leld on Friday afternoon at the George Hotel, Brecon. The Hon. Arthur Morgan presided, and :Iiere were also present- The Rev. Prebendary Garnons Williams, tha Rev. J. L. Da vies. Major John Morgan, Captain Travers, Capt. Miers, Dr. James Williams, Mr. Powe!-Powel, Mr. l'.iviiiel Owen, Ash Ha;); Mr. W. S. Miller. Forest Lodge Mr. Thomas Jones, Talybont Mr. iitseelles Carr. Cwrt-v-vil; Mr. Tuttou, secretary of tiia Cowbridge Farmer.<' Ctub Mr. Councillor Morgan Morgan, Cardiff; Mr. A. Smith, Buckland Mr. James Hurman, Cardiff Mr. Meredith Thomas. Tilantigan; Mr. Baker, Cardiff; Mr. Evans. Blwch; Dr. Lewis Morgan, Havod; Mr. Hall, Tynewydd; Mr. Morgan Williams, Cardiff; Mr. M'Turk. Cnwr Mr. Owen Price, Naiity-rlian Mr. ^wiltiin, Tredomen Mr. Lewis Williams, Brecon; Mr. Jani«s Hall, Penkftlly; Mr. Davies, Tymawr; Mr. Powell, Cui, &c. The C'HAIKMAN said he was glad to see so many farmers present, and lie hoped that when they went, home they would try and instil into the minds of their neighbours the usefulness of the chamber, because it brought farmers together and gave: them an opportunity of talking over matters affecting their interests in a friendly manner, and of giving each other hints which might be of very great value. The hon. gentleman then introduced Mr. DANIEL OWES, who read a very able and exbausttVt3 paper on "The -lgriccitui.ii Custom of Breconshire, as it former!}- existed, as now modified oy the Agricultural Holdings Act, and as it is capable of further improvement." He said tha until ho undertook to compile the paper his only acquaintance with the agricultural custom of Breconshire was what lie had obtained from a perusal of Dixon's Law of the Farm," but he had since addressed himself for further informa- tion to several gentlemen residing in the county who, from their position and experience, were entitled to rank as authorities upon this subject Although differing in some points, all his infor- mants agreed in describing a state of things to have existed in Breconshire which was absolutely antagonistic to a progressive scientific system of husbandry. Mr. Owen then proceeded to give a synopsis of the results of the inquiries he had instituted upon the following points 1. Date on which tenancy begins and ends. 2. Notice required, and date thereof. 3. Has a valuation of tenants' improvements been customary, and how have valuers and umpires been appointed? 4. Has outgoing tenant any iegal claim on landlord for amount of valuation if not, has he had a legal or customary claim on succeeding occupier? 5. What lias been t lie average amount of compensation paid So the outgoing tenant of an average farm of mixed arable and pasture-six, twelve, or eighteen months, or two years' rental or more ? 6. Is an outgoing tenant compelled to leave hay and straw on holding to be taken by his successor at con- suming v.ttue, and, if so. how much is the con- suming value of hay and straw under the market price? 7. Is the outgoing tenant allowed to sell farmyard manure off the holding, and, if not, what price, if any, does the incoming tenant allow for it? And lie pointed out the difference between the practice which obtained in Breconshire with regard to these various matters and that adopted in Ulainorganshire. And in the course of his remarks said it was late in the dav now to argue in favour of an equitable system of tenant right. They had all, Tories and Liberals alike, been educated up to that point long since. The Agricultural Holdings Act, 1883, amidst more modern proposals for land legislation, read almost like ancient history. He might be forgiven, how- ever, for quoting here some remarks upon this subject which had this merit, at all events, that rhey were publicly uttered long before what might fairly be described as the "Tenants' Magna 3hart<1" was passed into law in 1883. Speaking )n the subject of the Glamorganshire Custom in May, 1381, he remarkedThe object of this custom is to offer an inducement to the outgoing tenant to leave his farm in a high state of cultiva- tion.; and it is found in practice that although the amount to be paid for a highly-cultivated is much more than for exhausted or badly cultivated farms, there is much greater competition for the improved holding. The incoming tenant finds 0 11 that it pays him to give a good sum for the valua- tion, as the farm becomes immediately productive, and the outgoing tenant finds that it pays him to smploy his horses, and skill, and labour up to the last moment of his occupancy, as he is certain to De fairly remunerated for the same. He is practi- cally accumulating a capital on which to retire or inter another occupation. Meanwhile, the oroperty of the landlord is constantly bein« mproved, and the compensation due to the out" going tenant affords a substantial guarantee for the payment of all arrears of rent. The custom is often described as I landlord's right' as well as tenant's right.' Thus everyone benefits-the landlord, the incoming tenant, the outgoing tenant, and the public, who are interested in the land being made as productive as possible. There can surely be nothing revolutionary in the general application of a custom which in Glamorganshire has the sanction of noblemen and great landlords -like Lord Bute, Lord Windsor, and Mr. C. R. M. Talbot." He had described the Act of 1883 as the tenants' Magna Charta. It was necessary, however, that, to secure its advantages, there should be sotne recognised system of estimating the value of tenants' improvements. The following was a reso- lution arrived at on this subject by the Cheshire Chamber of Agriculture:- That in estimating the value of such improvements as are made by applying bones, lime, or manure, or by draining, or eradicating fences, reclaiming land, or planting new hedges, it shall be essential to consider- tirst, the relative improvement which has resulted therefrom, and to tabulate it as of first, second, or third class, and then to apply the subjoined schedule of proportions to the original outlay, or to the estimated tirst cost, to determine its value at any subsequent time:- I ::¡ I: For application of Schedule. IsJ So! 55 i'gj 1. Ground "raw bones" toReduction pasture land and not after-: of first wards ploughed or mowed,1 cost yearly to be esti- mated at. 1/10 1/8 1/6 2. Boiled bones to pasture,' land and not afterwards ploughed or mowed Ditto 1/7 1/5 1/3 3. Raw or boiled bones" onj land, afterwards mown Ditto 1/4 1/2 3/9 4. "Ground bones" or pur-; chased animal manure* to| crops on land under tillage. J Ditto 1/2 3/4 5. Lime or marl to grass or tillage crops .) Ditto 1/6 1/4 1/3 6. Draining — drain pipes,] enrtage and labour included] Ditto .1/201/16 1/12 7. Draining—landlord having1 given drain pipes Ditto .l/10i 1/8 1/6 8. Eradicating hedges, filling up pits, or railing, planting,; aridcultivatingliedgeswheni all cost is borne by tenant.I Ditto .1/201/16 1/12 9. Ditto, ditto, ditto, when' drain pipes, posts, and rail3,| and quicksets are found by landlord j Ditto .il/10i 1/8 1/6 Animal manure means the produce of live animals. Vouchers to confirm expenditure or claim should be cept and produced as evidence of outlay. In case of ixpenditure without improvement resulting, compensa- tion for outlav cannot be claimed; but should the expenditure be largely profitable as an improvement, compensation may be due on a more liberal scale than the first class. Draining (Nos. 6 and 7) are improve- ments of which notice to the landlord is required before execution, and landlord's consent must be obtained to I tht' items numbered 8 and 9 to entitle to compensation. It. is recommended also that outgoing tenants should be paid the full value of all farmyard manure upon the farm which has been properly cared for and made up I into miduens; and too- the consumption of cake or corn consumed by stock on pasture, or on growing turnips, as tar as the land is improved by the manure of such stock. In conclusion, Mr. Owen said If this society I has not already done so. I would strongly urge upon it the wisdom of framing without loss of time a similar scale suited to local requirements. It will be by the sense of security thus created that the tenant will be encouraged to cultivate his land to the highest possible degree. Without some such saieguaid it is not to be expected that he wouid invest his capital in another man's land, I subject to its forfeiture through some misunder- standing which might easily occur upon the best- managed estate. And here let me remind land- owners that this is a question that affects them far more vitally thin it does the farmer. If the farmer cannot make the land pay he will take his skill and his capital off to some other occupation. This may be a difficult courso to take, and it'.is certain to be attended with serious loss. But great is the tenant's loss may be, the greatest loss of III will fall upon the landlord. He must -o the ultimate sufferer. Land that won't let a 'armer live will not pay any rent to the landlord. for this reason, therefore, all classes—and above ill other the landlord class—should rejoice in the wtablishroent by law of a just and reasonable system of tenant right. We farmers have fallen upon evil days of late years. Agricultural dcpres- sion has reached a point that few of us remember to have existed before. Still, I am not without hope of a sppedy recovery. The foreigners whose corn and meat are flooding our markets now are at present prices selling their produce at a loss. This is a. state of things that cannot last long. Neither Yankee corn growers nor Australian sheep breeders are clover enough to know how to live by their losses. They have, just, now, a sur- plus to dispose of, and it must be sold for what- ever it will fetch. But, depend upon it, they will not knowingly raise a surpius again for the sake 3t giving it away to the Britisher. Their love for (h., old country does not extend quite so far as fhat. And when these surpluses are exhausted p'"ices in this country will again become remune- rative, and with a cycle of good seasons the far- mer will smile once more. Meantime landlords will act wisely as well as generously by exercising that forbearance which so many have displayed in times past, and by voluntarily sharing with their tenants the burdens which an enormous reduction in the prices of all agricultural produce has im- posed upon the farmer. (Applause.) The Rev. Prebendary GAKNONS-WILI.IAMS moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Owen for his most able paper. Be would not say anything himse!f upon it at least at present but he felt that they owed to Mr. Owen a debt of gratitude for the very lucid and eloquent manner in which he had explained the old customs of Breconshire. Mr. POWEL-POWEL, in seconding the motion, said the paper was one they had all listened to with very great pleasure — a paper which showed that the tenant farmer of Breconshire in years tone by had anything but a satisfactory time of I it. So far as he remembered, he had no claim when he quitted his holding except the value of his clover seed. He introduced some clauses many years a?o into his agreements which were some- what analogous to those now prevalent in Glamor- ganshire, as stated by Mr. Owen, because he con- sidered it unreasonable to expect a farmer who contemplated leaving his holding to bury money in his land unless he had something to compensate him for the capital invested. 1 The motion was then put and carried with accla- mation. Mr. DANIEL OWEN, in acknowledging the com- pliment, said he certainly considered that the Agricultural Holdings Act of 1883 was a great boon to places like Breconshire, where there was in fact no custom existing at all; but he did not regard it as any boon to them in Glamorganshire. Their custom was better than the new Act. but neither the custom nor the Act in his opinion went far enough. He thought something ought to be done with regard to the general condition of a farm. If a farmer took a farm in very poor con- dition and farmed it on the four-course system, and left that farm in one or two years, he would get his compensation according to the scale but supposing that man farmed, say, for ten or twelve years, on that principle, and fed it liberally, the farm would be like a hotbed and if he left it then his successor must derive con- siderable benefit from it for many years after. Therefore, he thought the general condition of the farm ought to be taken into consideration. (Hear, hear.) Supposing farms were classified from 1 to 4 if a man took a farm that was fourth class and brought it up to the first class, when he left it he ought to be compensated for its general condition and, on the other hand, if a man took a first class farm and it was brought to a fourth class when he left it, he ought to pay for the deterioration. (Applause.) Mr. MILLER said that a sub-committee of that chamber had proposed a scale of compensation for the county, and it was ready to be submitted to any meetiug which might be called for the purpose of receiving it. There had been considerable diffi- culty jn arriving at a schedule, because the relative manurial value of different feeding stuffs was a good deal in the dark, and unless they had clearer I data to go upon than they had at present he was afraid there would be a Jot, he would not say of I' wilful swindling, but swindling notwithstanding. The meeting closed with a hearty vote of thanks to the chairman, proposed by Dr. LEWIS MORGAN, I' seconded by Mr. OWEN PRICE, and carried with acclamation. — •'
I SHOCKING ACCIDENT AT A COLLIERY. FIVE MINE US DROWNED. On Friday morning five miners, named John Archibald. James Archibald, John Davies, Robert Stark, and Allan Johnston, it is believed, lost their lives in Eldin Pit, near Bonnygrigg. They went down for the night shift at ten o'clock on Thursday night, and on the inspector making the usual examination on Friday morning he found himself surrounded with water. There is no hope of the men being found alive.
THE ATTEMPT TO KILL TWO! GIRLS AT LLANWONNO. PRISONER BEFORE THE PONTYPRIDD BENCH. EVIDENCE OF THE VICTIMS. On Wednesday at Pontypridd Police Court (before Mr. Ignatius Williams) Evan Lewis, a naLive of Llanddewi Brefi, was brought up in custody charged with attempting to murder Rosanna Jones, 19, and Anne Mary Lewis, 9, at Pystill Goleu, Llanwonno, on Saturday, the 26th o September last. The court was crowded to excess' and the proceedings excited deep interest. The prisoner, who is a tall and bony man, glared about him in a curious manner. He made no attempt to deny his guilt. Mr. Thomas Phillips (instructed by the Treasury) appeared for the prosecution. The prisoner was undefended. John Evans said he was a timberman, employed at the Penrhiwceiber Colliery. He was also occupier of a farm at Llanwonno, named Pystill Goleu. The prisoner had been in his employ at the col- liery for about a month, but was paid off on the 19th of September. He did not see him afterwards until he was in custody on the 29th of the same month. On the morning of the 26th he left home about eleven o'clock to go for his pay at the colliery. At that time Rosanna Jones, his daughter, and Anne Mary Evans were at home in good health and uninjured, but when he returned home about three o'clock he found his servant and his daughter both injured. He saw the bullet (produced) picked up by his eldest daughter in the kitchen. The Prisoner: All this trouble I am in is because of John Evans. Jchn Evans: All I did was to refuse to work with him. The Prisoner: He wanted me to go out into the yard to load timber. Philip Jones had said it was not my duty to do so; that I had nothing to do with the timber outside. Mr. Howell Williams, accountant, living at Ynysybwl, deposed to meeting the prisoner oa Friday, the 11th of September, and being asked by him the way to Evans's farm. John Pedrazzini, Bute-street, Cardiff, said he sold II a revolver similar to the one produced and 50 cart- ridges to the prisoner between the 16th and 19th of September last. I Rosanna Jones, 19, the servant girl at Pystill Goleu, gave her account of the occurrence as fol- lows :—On Saturday, the 26th of September last, I and Anne and the other children were at home, when we saw the prisoner coming towards the house. It was between eleven and twelve o'clock of the forenoon. I went to the door, but he opened it first and asked me whether John Evans was at home. I said "No; he is gone to Penrhiwceiber;" He then asked if we had any milk, and I replied "No, we have sent it to Ynysybwl." I invited him to come him, and gave him a chair. He asked for food-bread, bacon, and tea. After he had finished the meal, he asked the way to the back, and passed through into the yard. In about ten minutes he returned into the house through the front door, and again passed through the house into the back kitchen. I saw him going towards the lobby by the back door. The bolt of that door had come off. He then returned from the lobby into the kitchen, where I and the children were. I was standing I near the settle, which forms a partition to the front door; Anne Mary was standing near the cupboard close to the window. When the prisoner was coming into the room I saw a revolver in his hands, and, when four or five feet from me, he pointed the revolver at me and fired, the bullet entering the front of my throat. When I was shot I dropped down on the settle. The prisoner then shot at Anne Mary twice he was then about 8ft. away from her. I did not know then whether the shots had struck Anne Mary or not. He then turned round, and, facing me, fired again. At the same time I lifted my hands in front of my face and heard a report, and felt myself struck on both hands. I then ran to the lobby of the back door, and found it fas- tened with a nail (produced). The prisoner over- took me at the door, and while I was trying to take out the nail and open the door he struck me with something on the back of my head, cutting it. I opened the door and ran out, but the prisoner, instead of following me, returned to the front kitchen, where Anne Mary had been left. On going outside I saw Anne Mary in the field going in the direction of Nantyrisaf Farm. I followed her. She was bleeding from the wounds. The clothes worn by the witness at the time were produced in court. They were covered with blood. The poker also was produced. Witness, continuing, said: The prisoner did not say a word when firing. At the spot where Anne Mary stood are three holes in the wall which were not there before. There is a similar hole in the wall near the settle where I had been stand- ing. Prisoner: I am glad to see that the wounds on the girl can hardly be seen. The statement she has made is about correct. I had no intention to shoot the girls when I went into the house. Anne Mary Evans, a very interesting little girl of nine, who looked amazed, stated that M she had passed Standard III." She wished to be sworn in Welsh. This was done by Mr. Stockwood, Bridgend. She corroborated the evidence of the previous witness. Dr. R. Morgan stated that he found Rosanna and Anne Mary bleeding and suffering very much from fright. On the back of Rosanna was a wound four inches long and down to the bone. On one of the thumbs was a grooved wound and a lacerated wound on the other hand. He found also a gunshot wound on the left of her neck. He failed that day to trace the bullet, but extracted it on the 8th of October on the right side of the neck. (Bullet produced.) Anne Mary had a gunshot wound on the right side of the nock. He extracted the bullet an inch from where it had entered. There was also a wound near the right nostril which reached into the tissues. The lives of both, especially Rosanna, had been in danger. Both were now well. Inspector Thorney gave evidence, which has already been reported, to the effect that prisoner gave himself up at Aberdare Station, and that he stated at the time he had intended to shoot John Evans in revenge for having procured his discharge from Penrhiwceiber Colliery. The prisoner, in answer to the Bench, said, with an air of great contrition, I had no intention to shoot the girls. I was going there to look for John Evans for throwing me out of work without a cause. I had asked Philip Jones (overman) whether it was my work to load timber in the yard. He asked,* Who wants you to do it?' I answered,' John Evans I am working with, and lie wants me to do it without extra pav.' Philip Jones then stated it was not my work that I had nothing to do with loading timber. I was vexing; I was out of work and vexing about my bad leg, which hindered me from working for months at a time and vexing because 1 saw my money wearing away. I believe I did the deed when suffering from great weakness of the mind. I am very sorry I shot the girls. I had no intention to do so. John Evans was the' bird I was looking for." Prisoner was then committed for trial at the next assizes.
DISASTROUS FIRE AT A COLLIERY. A very alarming and destructive fire occurred at an early hour on Wednesday morning at Old Silkstone and Dodsworth Colliery at Dodsworth. The whole of the lamp and engine rooms and over 1,000 safety lamps were destroyed. The fire reached the headgear of the shaft, but fortu- nately was extinguished in time. The night shift were in the pit, and great excitement prevailed, but the whole of the workmen were withdrawn without accident.
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SINGULAR FIND. Two colliers at Leigh, Lancashire, on Sunday found an old vest in a field containing £ 700 in notes stitched inside.
DEATH OF AN OLD NAVAL OFFICER. Admiral Gambier died at Alverstoke, near Ports- mouth, on Saturday. The deceased entered the service in 1816, and was present at Navarino.
THE ENTOMBED MINERS. The efforts made on behalf of the five men who were entombed on Thursday in the Edlin Pit, near Bonnyrigg, resulted on Saturday in their rescue alive.
THE ABBE LISZT. The Times is informed that Franz Liszt, the famous composer and pianist, intends to visit Lon-1 don in April to be present at the revival of his St. Elizabeth," which will take place at Messrs. N'cvello's oratorio concerts.
A BRITISH SHIP PLUNDERED BY PIRATES. A Lloyd's telegram from Hong Kong on Monday says:—The British steamer Greyhound, Hyden master, has put back to avoid capture. She had been plundered by pirates. The captain vtas killed, and the second officer and the chief j engineer wounded. j
SERIOUS TRAMWAY COLLISION IN BIRMINGHAM. A collision occurred on Saturday on the Birming- ham and Midland Steam Tramway Company's line at Smethwick, owing to the dense fog. An engine and car coining from Birmingham ran into another travelling in the opposite direction. Both engines were badly damaged, and the passengers were severely shaken.
SERIOUS RAILWAY ACCIDENT. FIVE PERSONS INJURED. Shortly before seven o'clock on Saturday even- ing a passenger train from Manchester ran into two stationary engines on the London and North Western Railway, at Ribble Bridge, Preston Station. Reuben Johnson, the stoker of the passen- ger train, sustained severe internal injuries, and Mrs. Hough and Annie Helm, of Preston, and Margery Wood and Clement Elliott, of Leyland, were all badly contused.
ALARMING FIRE IN LONDON. NARROW ESCAPES. Early on Sunday morning a fire broke out at 11, Upper Marsh, Lambeth, London, occupied by Mr. Wilcox, fishmonger, and adjoining Canterbury Music-hall. The escape of the inmates was cut off, and Mr. Wilcox, having thrown two children into the arms of a constable, jumped from the upstairs window and broke his ankle. The wife afterwards jumped out, and was caught by the bystanders. Being seriously burnt she was removed to the hospital.
SAD ACCIDENT AT ALDERSHOT. TWO DRUMMERS KILLED. Late on Friday evening six drummer boys of the 1st Lancashire Regiment set out from Alder- shot Barracks to obtain sand for their floors at Thornhill, which is much honeycombed owing to the soldiers taking the sand. The lads had only been at work a short time when about 20 tons of earth and sand fell upon them. Patrick Fitz- patrick and Henry Higgins were killed, another is dangerously injured, while the remainder narrowly escaped.
SHOCKING AFFAIR AT BARNSTAPLE. A BABY BURNED TO ASHES. A horrible crime has been detected by the police at Barnstaple. A single woman, named Bucking- ham, gave birth to a child on Sunday, and on Monday the police found small human bones among the ashes in the grate of Buckingham's house. She first denied all knowledge of the crime. but, after a medical examination, admitted having burnt the body of the child. Being too ill to be brought before the magistrates, she was on Mon- day removed to the union. The prisoner was addicted to drinking.
HORRIBLE END OF A LUNATIC ON SNOWDON. An inquest was held on Monday at Llanberris, at the foot of Snowdon, on the body of John Collier. of Manchester. Deceased had been drink- ing heavily, and on the 8th inst., while suffering from deliriam tremens, he dashed away and was not afterwards heard of; he must have wandered about in the woods and eventually died from cold and exposure. A large number of men organised to search daily for him found him at last lying in the woods, death having apparently overtaken him while asleep: A verdict in accordance with these facts was returned.
A PASSENGER STEAMER ASHORE; The London and North Western Company's express steamer Violet, running between Holyhead and Dublin, went ashore on Saturday morning at half-past six o'clock, during a thick fog, on a gravel bank at the entrance to Dublin Harbour: The Violet carried 75 saloon and 101 deck passengers; Opposite Poolbeg Lighthouse a steamer appeared through the fog going in the opposite direction; Captain Taylor, to avoid collision, ported his helm, and the Violet immediately ran aground on a shoal on the Clontarf side. The shock was slight, as the steamer was going dead slow: The vessel is believed to be uninjured. There was no panic on board. The passengers, the luggage, and parcel post were landed in the company's tug and cargo- boat;
DEFRAUDING A DETECTIVE, Sergeant Price, the famous discoverer of the Invincible dynamite distillery in Birmingham, has just been made the victim of a most impudent fraud. He possessed a fine picture, which was valued at jE50, and, wishing to sell it. be put a reserve price on it and sent it to a local art sale. The reserve price was not realised, and the picture was returned. A few days ago, however, the auctioneer's clerk wrote to Price, saying he had found a purchaser at Wolverhampton, and asking Price to send the picture on to him. Price com- plied with the request, and it turned out that the auctioneer's clerk, as soon as he got possession of the picture, pawned it. There is a warrant out now for his arrest.
THE ARMSTRONG ABDUCTION CASE. The October Session of the Central Criminal Court was opened on Monday, and the Recor- der, in charging the grand jury, referred to the Armstrong case, and said the defendants would be charged under the old law with taking a child named Eliza Armstrong by force and fraud from the custody of her parents without their consent. All the defendants, excepting Madame Maurez, would be charged with conspiracy together to take the child away, and with indecently assaulting her. One of the defendants, who had published certain statements in the Pallillall Gazette, had stated, in reply to the charge, that there was nothing fraudulent or improper intended to be done, but that his object was to show that such things could be done. It was his (the recorder's) duty to tell the jury what was the law, and this was no answer whatever to such a charge. He directed them to return true bills against all the defendants on all the counts.
HEROIC ACT OF A MEDICAL MAN. The Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland presented at Dublin Castle on Friday the Albert Medal to Dr. C. Thompson, of Tyrone Infirmary, in recognition of the heroism shown by him in the practice of his profession by the performance of an extremely dangerous operation—removing poisonous matter in a case of diphtheria by sucking it away—a mode of saving the patient which has more than once proved fatal to the operator. Colonel Caulfield, 4th Royal Enniskillen Fusiliers, having introduced Dr. Thompson, the Lord-Lieutenant, addressing the doctor, spoke highly of his skill and courage. The latter quality, his lordship observed, took many forms, and the highest form of it was that in which the moral qualities mingled with the physical. His lordship added: "It is my most satisfactory duty, in the name of my Sovereign, to mark you out as one of those who have signally distinguished themselves in that respect." Having referred to the act for which the medal wasqiven, the Lord-Lieutenant remarked :—" It was an act worthy, not only of all public commendation, but of all imitation. The Queen, ready as ever to mark her sense of every noble act, has awarded you this medal, and in the name of the Queen, and as her representative, I have the greatest possible satisfaction in presenting it." His Excellency then handed the medal to Dr. Thompson, who replied.
THE MANCHESTER SHIP CANAL. MESSRS. ROTHSCHILD TO FINANCE THE LOAN. With a private prospectus for the issue of £ij,OOO,OOO share capital and £2.000,000 borrowing powers, the directors of the Manchester Ship Canal have issued a map of considerable interest. It covers an area of above 100 miles north and south by 75 miles east and west, the nearest approach to the centre of which is occupied by Macclesfield. This busy and populous district reaches from Skipton on the north to Wolverhampton on the south, and from Rotherham and Sheffield on the east to Wigan, St. Helen's, and Chester on the west. The numerous towns that it contains are represented by circles, of sizes proportionate to the populations; and the total number of the inhabi- tants amounts to 27 per cent. The City editor of the Pall Mall Gazette says :— There is a rumour abroad that Messrs. Rothschild have undertaken to finance the Manchester Ship Canal Scheme. If there be any truth in such a statement, the fate of the canal will not wait long on the public for subscriptions, for its financial success will be immediately assured, and the capital will as a consequence be taken up in the bulk, and very little be left in the shape of J610 lots for the humble citizen, who, it was expected, would have come forward and subscribed for this semi-national project after the style of the French- men who hand their small savings over to M. do Lessees.
LIFE IN A LONDON LODGING-HOUSE. ALLEGED FRIGHTFUL OUTRAGE ON A GIRL. DISGRACEFUL CONDUCT OF A WOMAN. Lewis Keavy, 38, an eating-house keeper, of Church-lane, Whitechapel, was charged at Thames Police Court on Saturday with assaulting Sarah Schwatz, a single woman, of 22, Back Church- lane. Prosecutrix, who was unable to speak English, and whose evidence was interpreted by Mr. Schmit, the interpreter to the court, said she was eighteen years of age, and had been domestic servant to the prisoner, but was only there one day-last Sunday. As so many roughs frequented the house she told the wife of the accused that she should not remain there. Her mistress then went to the prisoner and said," She is going. Now you can go into the girl." His wife then told a number of young men they could do what they liked with witness, and if they felt inclined they could kill her. There were altogether about 28 men there. One of the men placed his hand over her mouth so that she could not call out, while another man closed her eyes with his hands. She was then thrown down, and the men acted in a shocking manner towards her. During the whole of this time she was being held down, and was also struck by someone. The pri- soner was there during the whole of the time, and encouraged the young men. Witness fainted, and when she came to she found she was on the ground, and alone. The prisoner's wife came in and laughed at her. Witness then crawled out of the house, and went to a neighbour's, who took her in and gave her some refreshment. On Monday she went to Dr. Swyerd, who treated her. She afterwards came to the court and obtained a warrant against the prisoner. By Mr. Ogle, who appeared for the defence: She applied on the Monday for a warrant, but then had no money to pay for it. Before she went to prisoner's house she had lived at 40, Castle-street, which was a restaurant. The young men who used the house were not any of those she saw in prisoner's house. The latter were quite strangers to her. After that she lived at a house in Grace's-alley, but not with a man. Since the assault she had not received any money from the young men who assaulted her. but had got 10s. from somebody whose name she did not know. All S, the young men helped to assault her. When the prisoner urged the young men on his wife was present. Mr. Lushington: I am going to order a warrant to be taken out against the wife. Cross-examination continued: After the outrage was committed upon her she was taken back to Castle-street. Detective Patrick Enright, H Division, said at half-past eight on Friday night he arrested the prisoner at his house in Church-lane. On telling him the charge he said, I know nothing about it. I was out at the time." When charged at the station he made no reply. Witness had known the prisoner for about four years. Mr. Lushington ordered the prisoner to bo re- manded.
THE FAILURE OF A WELSH COLLIERY PROPRIETOR. STATEMENT OF AFFAIRS. LIABILITIES OVER £ 200,000. The summary of the statement of affairs, with the Official Receiver's observations thereon, have been issued to the creditors under the heavy failure of Mr. Richard Attenborough. The debtor was a large colliery and ironstone mine owner, and also carried on business in New Bond-street as a jeweller and goldsmith, the principal mines owned by him being Wedgwood Colliery, Tunstall, the Hall of Lee Colliery, Stoke-on-Trent, and the Resolven Colliery, Neath. Upon the application to appoint Mr. Roderick Mackay special manager of the estate it transpired that the total liabilities would exceed £ 200,000. Tha accounts filed show gross liabilities £259,812, of which £69,990 is unsecured, and assets £ 9,525. From the observations of the Official Receiver, it appears that the debtor for many years carried on the business of a pawnbroker, money- lender, and jeweller in Piccadilly, and retired in January, 1874, at which time he estimates that he had a surplus of about £ 100,000. Of this £60,000 was said to be represented by the estimated value of his stock at Piccadilly, the realisation of which extended over about ten years, resulting in a loss of about £ 25.000, included in which is a loss of £ 5,000 on the business in New Bond-street opened for the purposes of the realisation. Since 1874 the debtor has sunk and expended large sums in the purchase of building estates at Reading, and in the Lower Resolven, Hall of Lee, and Wedgwood Col- lieries, Strata Florida Lead Mine, Brixworth and Spratton Ironstone Quarries, St. James' End Works, Northampton, &c., most of which have resulted in a heavy loss either from forced sales and working, or arising from depreciation in values as estimated for present realisation. On the Whitley Park and Gully Farm Estate, Reading, the cost and outlay are put down at £ 104,500, and the loss upon realisation at £37.500, but there is an estimated surplus on the Kate's Grove Estate at Reading of £ 6,400. The debtor attributes his failure to losses resulting from the forced sales of the two estates above mentioned. The books are not kept sufficiently to disclose his transactions and the position of his affairs, and the deficiency is only approximately explained. In the unsecured liabilities are in- cluded claims of the debtor's relatives amounting to £ 38,000. The item of other property in the assets, £5,800, consists of the estimated value of the leases of the mines and other properties. The first meeting is appointed for the 28th inst.
TERRIBLE EXPLOSION AT WALTON EIGHT PERSONS INJURED. Great excitement was caused in the neighbour- hood of Harcourt-street, Walton, on Friday night, by an explosion which occurred in that thorough- fare through the accidental bursting of a ship's distress rocket, by which eight persons were seriously injured, one of whom is not expected to recover: It appears that a boy, named John Clynch, sixteen years of age, a shipwright's apprentice, on leaving his work got from some person a ship's distress rocket encased in metal. He showed it to some of his companions in Har- court-street, and being curious to see what it was composed of he obtained a hammer, saying that he would show them the inside. He proceeded to break it open with the hammer in front of a house, No. 35, Harcourt-street. After striking several blows the rocket ex- ploded with terrific force. The boy and his companions, as well as some persons who were passing at the time, were knocked down by the force of the explosion, and the contents of the rocket with its casing inflicted serious injuries upon them. A number of neighbours and the police, who were quickly on the spot, conveyed the unfortunate sufferers, eight in number, to the Stanley-read Hospital, which is close to hand. The boy, John Clynch, was found to be in a serious condition, suffering from internal injuries as well as a wound in the leg, caused by a piece of the metal being emhedded in it. A woman, named Mary Lorrimer, 52 years of age, who was passing at the time of the explosion, was also severely injured. A little girl, named Margaret Williams. was found to be so seriously injured that little hopes are entertained of her recovery. The names of the other sufferers are Donald Cameron, aged 10; Jessie Catherine Cameron, aged 15; Mary Jane Cameron, aged 20; and Ann Howard, aged 14. The Camerons live at the house in front of which the explosion occurred. ==============
EXTRAORDINARY CAREER OF A CONVICT. SUCCESSFUL SHAMMING. A remarkably-clever case of shamming illness and thereby saving a long term of penal servitude was heard at the Birmingham Quarter Sessions, which concluded on Saturday. Henry Williams, 29, a strong, healthy-looking man, was charged with breaking fnto the Old Curiosity Shop" of Mr. Thomas, New-street, Birmingham, and stealing antique rings, &c., value about JE90. The prisoner pleaded guilty, and the deputy-re- corder, possibly ignoring his past extrorditiary career, passed the lenient sentence of fifteen months' imprisonment. The prisoner, who is de- scribed by the officials as having looked a picture of death, beyond the art of shamming illness, was, in 1883, discharged from penal servitude by order of the Home Secretary, the gaol authorities having reported that further incarceration would be fatal. After mixing among thieves prisoner was again arrested, and, at the 1884 Midsummer Assizes, was sentenced by fiaron Huddleston to ten years' penal servitude for burglary. A few days after his removal to the Birmingham Gaol his countenance assumed a death-like appearance, and he was placed in the infirmary. Every care was taken of him, but he appeared oblivious to everything. The officials were divided as to whether he was shamming, Mr. Waterson, sur- geon to the gaol, being of opinion that the case was one of genuine illness, and that detention in the gaol would be fatal. Other testimony as to the man's illness being obtained, the facts were communicated to the Home Office, and an order for his immediate discharge was sent. Prisoner left the gaol looking pale and sickly but, after associating with thieves for a few weeks, was arrested for the burglary of which he stands con- victed, having completely regained his robustness.
DISORDERLY HOUSES. A member of the Bristol Board of Guardians has been convicted under the Criminal Law Amend- ment Act, 1885, of letting two dwellings with the knowledge that the premises were used as dis- orderly houses, and has been sentenced for each offence to imprisonment for three months. The conviction will, we trust, lead to the suppression of many of these places, and the fact that a mem- ber of a local authority has been so soon made an example of will lead to more through inquiry as to the character of persons who are now permitted to control local affairs. It is a notorious fact that among the worst house-jobbers who now find theis way on to some London vestries are those who let houses which are used as brothels. The increased rental which is paid for houses thus occupied offers a temptation which can only be checked by the penalties to which landlords, under the new Act, are liable,-Lancet.
THE ATTEMPTED CHILD MURDER AT NORWOOD. Mary Ann Woods was indicted at the Central Criminal Court on Wednesday for attempting to murder her child, Nelly Woods, by cutting her throat. The child was discovered in a field on the 7tb of September at Norwood, and after she was removed to the Croydon Hospital it was found she was dangerously injured. The jury found the prisoner guilty, and she was sentenced to seven years' penal servitude.
MEMORIAL TO DR. TAIT. The Archbishop of Canterbury on Tuesday un- veiled in Canterbury Cathedral a marble memorial of his predecessor, Dr. Tait.
FATAL TRAP ACCIDENT. Mr. Alfred VVatkins, a member of the Monmouth Town Council, was thrown out of his trap on the Coleford-road on Monday night, and died on Tues- day morning from his injuries. He was only 28 years of age, and had but recently been married.
THE BATH MINERAL WATERS. The Bath Town Council on Tuesday agreed unanimously to a scheme for further developing the mineral water baths, at a cost of £20,000. New buildings will be erected with all the Continental systems of thermal treatment.
SUDDEN DEATH AT BURRY PORT. It is with regret we have to record the awfully sudden death of Mrs. Mary Davies, of the Ship-a- Ground Inn, aged 63 years. She belonged to the Pembrey Church Choir for upwards of 40 years, and was at church and took her usual place in the choir on Sunday morning, and while preparing herself for church in the afternoon she was seized with a fit and suddenly expired.
FRIGHTFUL ACCIDENT AT A PONTEFRACT COLLIERY. TWO MEN KILLED. At the South Kirkby Colliery. Pontefract, on Monday, whilst two men, John Eyre and George Bradley, were being drawn to the surface, the cage was drawn into the headgear and overturned Both men fell down the shaft, over 600 yards deep, and were dashed to pieces.
THE FATAL ACCIDENT AT ALDERSHOT. FUNERAL OF THE DRUMMERS. The funeral of the two drummers of the Royal Lancaster Regiment who lost their lives by the landslip, took place at Aldershot on Tuesday. Full military honours wero accorded, the whole regi- ment following the remains to the Military Ceme- tery.
THE NEW MCJNSTKR BANK. Tho Munster and Leinster Bank opened on Mon- day in Cork and Dublin, and at ten branches in Cork a very satisfactory business was done. Up to noon no less than £10.000 had been lodged in deposits and current, accounts. The bank will restrict its loan business at present to small ad- vances, and will work its way carefully and steadily. The reports from the country districts are also satisfactory, and a feeling of relief pre- vails.
GREAT BURGLARIES AT LEICESTER. At Leicester on Monday a mechanic named George Sharpe, of Belgrave, was committed to the Quarter Sessions on a charge of burglary. He was some time ago committed for stealing a safe and its contents from Mr. Colton's factory. During his imprisonment awaiting trial the second robbery, of notes, cheques, and cash. amounting to close on £1,000, from Gemson and Sons, ironfounders, has been traced to and confessed by him.
MRS. LANGTRY IN THE COUNTY COURT. An action was brought in Brompton County Court on Tuesday by Mr. J. Day. hosier, London against Mrs. Langtry to recover a sum of j614 for shirts and collars supplied at defendant's request to her servants. As Mrs. Langtry was out of town the case was adjourned for her attendance. It is stated that the defence will be a repudiation of her liability for goods supplied to her husband's household.
SHOCKING COLLIERY ACCIDENT AT CWMAMAN. On Monday, whilst a journey of twenty laden trams was proceeding up an incline at the Fforchaman Colliery, Cwmaman. the rope broke, and the wagons were thrown by the manhook off the road, crushing to death John Jones, aged 15, of 306, Cardiff-road; and Gwilym Williams, also 15 years old, of 25, David-stroet, Aberaman, who happened to be walking from their work by the side of the line when the unfortunate mishap occurred.
DIABOLICAL OUTRAGE AT LLANISHEN. Early on Tuesday morning Mr. Robert Pow, of Fair Oak Farm, Llanishen, discovered one of his horses with its throat cut so badly that it is not expected to live. This is the second case within a week, as on Tuesday, the 13th inst., a valuable colt belonging to Mr. Pow was found with its throat cut in n similar manner. The police are making every inquire and it is hoped the mis- creants will be brought to justice. Mr. Pow has offered a reward of JB20 to any person who will give such information as will lead to a conviction,