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THE MAHDI SUING FOR PEACE.

WITH GENERAL EARLE'S COLUMN.

DIFFICULTY OF COMMUNICATING…

EFFECl OF LORD WOLSELEY'S…

EXPECTED RETREAT OF OSMAN…

ENGLAND, TURKEY, AND EGYPT.

EGYPTIAN FINANCE.

ACTIVE OPERATIONS IMMINENT.

RUMOURED DECLARATION OF WAR.

DEBATE-IN THE. FRENCH CHAMBER.

THE EARTHQUAKE IN SPAIN. |

THE FENIAN OUTRAGE IN NEW…

FURTHER FRENCH TROUBLES IN…

MR. VANDERBILT AND GENERAL…

GERMAN COLONISATION IN WEST…

PROPOSED BRITISH ANNEXATION…

THE ABYSSINIAN MISSION.

DECORATIONS FOR PRINCE EDWARD…

DEATH OF AN EX-AMERICAN VICE-PRESIDENT.

FRANCE AND GERMANY.

SOCIALIST MURDER IN GERMANY.

GERMAN CORN DUTIES.

--AUSTRALIA AND THE GERMAN…

THE DIVISIONS OF CARMARTHENSHIRE.

THE PROPOSED LOCAL LABOUR…

POPULATION AND REPRESENTATION.

F, ENGLAND AND HER COLONIES.…

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SUGGESTED CANDIDATES FOR WELSH…

A CAMBRIAN SOCIETY FOR SOUTH…

CORRESPONDENCE.

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•T. KENT (Aberdare),-The books are worUi about lOd. or ls. a volume at the outside. "M.P." (Ystalyfeia).—We do not answer such ques- tions. »t." (Csrdiff),-Ptloud, 11,112; King»wood, 932. MOTHEP. AND 80N, R:,m Vass" (Mountain Ash) forgot to tell us tile son's age. This is important. "FAIR PLAY (Tonna).—Had better be ldt untouched. We thi: k. CHURCH2\fAN" (Newport).-you are mistaken. The weeldy table of services at Llandaff Cathedral is published ou rur leader page just over th," title. PROPOSED SKTTLKMENT. M. 'J. it." must have this prepared by a local solicitor. ACMB" (Carditi).-ln April last year the number of Cardiff clubs was 30, with a registered membership of J.¡etwe<èl\ three and four thousand. D, W. S," (Ferudi1le).l'he question is a medical, or, rather, a physiological, one, and does not come withiu the cahgory of thuse we undertake to answer. ENGLISHMAN (Newport).-It would only give rise to endless correspondence. Your points were made sufficiently cl:.>ar in Jour previous letter. HonŒuL" (Oystermout.li).— four lettel is olle we would not care to print, in its present form, even v. jth your reall1ame alld address attached. E. ADAMS (Cardiff ),-We published the gist of Signor Damlani's challenge ()¡¡ Saturday. We are too crowded just ,IIOW, we are rotry to say, to give room for the long letter of Mr, Eglinton. "CONSTANT HEADER" (Loughor). Probably Judge Grwilym Williams, Miskin, could inform yuu if you wrote 1;0 hlln, COUNTY FRÄNCHIS.lt. Penarth is informed that thb will be the same as in boroughs whell the next registers are Inade up. "CHRI8TJAN" (Newport).-ûur journal is n0t adistinc- tively religions onc. lour remarks are so little to the argument underlying the questiun t hat their publica- tion by us .wou,ld serve 110 other purpose than tbat of affordmg tood for lanahter to the irreverel1t- which neither you nor we wish to do. COUNTERFEIT COIX, F;, W ."(Cardiff) wasquite ju:tified iii breaking the counterfeit coin which was offered to him as a genuine one, and the person who offereù him .he base metal must bear the loss. But it he hul made It mistake, and destroyed or defaced a genuine coin, he inust have made it good. When there is no doubt as to the piece tendered being counterfeit it is the duty of every honest person so to deal with it as to prevent anj' further mischief being don" ly means of it, but due discretion and judgment arc requisite in all such cases. WEIGHTS AND MEASURES.—" Blues" (Rhca) is informed that local and customary weights ItIHlmeasures were abolished in 1878,wh,-n UlP us* or the Poaid of Trade standlLras was made compulsory ill all parts of K/nflaud and Wales, The law is tlw same ia Glamorganshire as In Monmouthshire. DKLAY IN DELIVERY.—Has Roberto" (Penygraig) paid for the goods ? When he agreed to purchase them was any time fixed for the delivery, and was the ord2r given subject to the punctual delivery ? How IOBg; bas the delivery been delayed ? "Bome time" is too inde1inite. R.I£GIS1'RAR'S FEES. Pro Bono Publico (Swansea) bas been undercharged; but we do not know that the public would derive much benefit from the exposure vi .,he registrar who was so negligent of his pecuniary interest as to supply two certificates for the pr;ce of one and the stamps. The proper fee for each certili- cate is and one penny for each stamp, It is very unusual for registrars to be so lax in collecting their fees. Perhaps he may have been favoured cause he was a neighbour, and, therefore, a reduction Was made" on taking a quantity." There is nQ charge for registration at the registrar's oface, and none has been made, DRAMATIC PERFO]O!A)!CE. R, D," (Penarth) is in- furmed that the keeping open of any house or other place of public resort tor the public performance of stage plays is prohibited except in places authorised by virtue of letters patent or licence from the Lord Chamberlain, or the justices of the peace acting in and for the divisioll in whICh the building is situated, under a penalty of £ 20 for every day during :-vhich such house or place shaH have been kept open without legal authority. There is no differenctJ in this respect between the performances of ILmateurs and profes- 8iou¡ils, Any person who for hire shall act 01' perform any part of a stage play in any such place will be liable to a pcnalty of £ 10 for every day on which he shall so offend. EIGHT OF \V A Y Inquirer (Caerleon) cannot have acquired an adverse right over land so long as he has been the temmt of the owner of such laud, and alluwed to use the ruad in the character of tenant. Had he occupied the laud without leave ot the owner, and not as his tenant, the pusition would have been entirely different. DUTY 0]>' EXECUTOR.—"Amicus" (Caidiff) is advised that the will may be proved by the personal attend- am:6 of the executrix at the probate office, with valuations of the leasehold allll other personal estate aud effects. The freehold property, be- ing; real estate, will not have to be taken into account. An account must be rendered of all tho, personal estate, including the testator's money In the house and bank, debts due to hnn 011 mortgage and otherwise, and auything else which may not be in the valuations, awl also an accouut of funeral expclIses and dehts, which wiil beallowed to be deducted from the total, and duty will be payable on the balance. The assets being, as WII understand, about £ 1,l00 in value, the probate dllty will be at the rate of twenty-five shillings for every full sum of £ 60, and fur any fractional pan. of £ 50,if the total vallle is under that amount; or three pounds for every £ 100, and for any fractional part of £ 100 if over that sum, No legacy or succession duty will be payable during the litetime of the widow, who is also tenant for life of all the property, both real and personal; but the will must, be proved now, HUSBAND AND WIFE.—•« E, W." (Rhayader) did not be- cume entitled te his wife's money by virtue of their marriage but on her death intestate the right of ob- taining letters of allministration of her personai estate and effects devolved upon him, and when he has obtained the grant he will be able to got in the out- standing personal estate for his own benefit. The heir has no claim upon penonal property, which passes to the survlVlIlg husband. After he has completed his title by administration he will be the absolute owner. RIGHTS OF HEIR. E, J, M." (Bridgend) has not made the position clear, and had better write again and explain. He says that he is heir to the property, and yet he mentions a will, Now, If the estate has been disposed of by the will of the late owner, the rights of the heir are superseded by such disposition. The heir at law only inherits in oase ot intestacy. If we are to advise on the construction of a wHl, it is necessary that we should see a copy, DOUBTFUL WILL.—On what grounds does" Invicta." <pontYPool) dispute the validity of his late father's will? Has he entered a caveat against probate of such will being granted ? We could not advise without know- ing the whole of tbe facts. Ii the will is to stand, our correspondent, cannotclaim anything whIch lsnot given to him thereby. Was his father incompetent to make a will, or what is the foundatiun for the assertiOD that tbe will is illegal ? If he intends to oppose probate, he should enter a ca-veat, 01' he may be too late. H. can then write us again fully. LICENSED VICTU.ALLhR. Beaconsfield (Merthyr) is advised that it is the duty ot a licensed victualler to keep his house in an orderly and peaceful state; there- fore, he would be justified in refusing admission to any person who hdd been in the habit of making dis- turbances in the house, even though sober at the time, Borne discretion muiu uccessarily be exercised in such cases, BANKRUPTCY. H. 1\T," (Newport) has no remedy the bankrupt cannot now be sued in respect of any debt which might have been proved under Ills bankruptcy, even although it has bee11 omitted from the statement of his affairs. If the assets had not been distributed, he might have proved against the estate, and 110 re- ceived the same dividend (if Rny) as the other creditors. Has he seen the trustee on the sUbject? If he has a trifle in hand, he might pay the dividend now on the debt being proved. WAREHOUSING FURNITURE.—If "X. W. M." (Blackwood) arranged for a certain payment in respect of tbe ware- housing of the furniture, he can retain the goods until the hire is paid, If not, he must give them up on demand. It would spoil the grace of a neighbourly action to begin now to charge so much" per leg per week" for what he appears to have undertaken gratis, and he could not succeed in such a clalm. PROMISSORY NOTE. W. E," (Swansea) is adrised that it would not be safe to pay the money to B alone, and as ù is under age a good discharge cannot at pre- sent be given for the amount. The income of the minor's share might, without much risk, be appro- priHted for her bencfit during her mmonty but the principal will have toremain until she becomes of age. The money was evidently invested in that form lor the benefit of the children of A, but It was a very un- wise arrangement in the circumstances. The father having died his daughters WIll be entitled in equal shares if the younger one should attain the age of 21 years. If the borrowers wish to pay the money off before that time they may pay it.into court, and let the person entitled apply for Jt at the proper time, It would have been much better if the father had invested the money in his own name alone. Then, if he had made a will, his executors could have given a good discharge for the amount due, or the administrator If he had uied intestate. LAND 1'AX. D. F." (Gower Koad) is informed that a certain amount has to be raised by the parish every year, and this is charged upon all the rateable pro- perty in the parish, the sum charged upon any parti- cular property being altered from time to time as may be necessary. The rate will seldom be the same as the poor rate, but. the poor rate use3sment may be used for the purpoge of !1scertaining the annual rateabl»> value of eac-h property. LANDLORD AND Inquirer" (Cardiff) has nff legal remedy. The injury appears to be too trifling for an action to be worth bringing in respect thereof!) and from what he says it does not appear that any!; intentional mischief has been done, but only such as! is usnal when the owner of two properties builds upoft < one of them. It would doubtless have been mort> polite if the landlord had told him previously what hø intended to do; but some men are naturalIv more polite tV An others, to say nothing of the effect of t trailing. But our correspondent must not break that; law because his landlord has been somewhat deficient! in courtesy; that would place him in a false positional He must not remove any of the trees, shrubs, &c-t j1 which he has planted, nor the wooden border whicB J is affixed to the soil. These belong to the landlord having become part of the freehold. His postscript was unnecessary. In the first place, the course taken is not by any means unusual; and secondly, th« question of the rent having been fully paid has not anj connection with the matter of which hecomplaini. COPY WILL.—"Western Druid" (Swansea) may writa to the Record Keepers, Probate Registry, Somerset House. London, W.C. If he had told us where th< testator resided up to the time of his decease wil might have referred him to the district registry; butj we cannot give a list of all these (forty in number)an<l the several districts assigned to them respectively. STOLEN BANK NOTE. C. A." (Swansea) has been MIS* informed; the case which he quotes was decided mortl than 70 years ago it never went quite to the length- which is represented and so far as the present casrf is coucerned it has no bearing on the decision of the* magistrates, which was founded upon a statute passed1 nearly half a century after the former decillion w": given, which shows the carelessness with whicb| books are made when they are intended for sale aadi not for use, As the magistrates had power to makad the order on which the dispute has arisen, we advise* our correspondent to leave the bankers to test theirf strength against that of the law. The position of thel bankers is ti&same as his would have been if he had' not parted ^Bh the note, or had paid it into his owl* bank- MORTGAGOR AND MORTGAGEJ: Cadmus" (Thebes) il informed that the mortgagor pays all the costs, and. the mortgagee holds all the title deeds a8 well as thø. mortgage. l'he mortgagor may have ascheduleof tbø deeds and a statement, of the amount secured, but ali his own expense. We prefer giving this to the mort* gagor in all cases, as otherwisehe has nothing to show? his connection with the property. IMPERFECT WILL. F. ]). J," (Blaenavon) is advised: that a will which has only been attested by one wit- ness Is absolutely void, 1£ the deceased left a widow, and children, the widow will be entitled to one-third of the ultimate residue of the personal estate after pay" ment thereout of funeral expenses, costs of adminis"¡ tration, aud debts, and the other two-thirds musti lit, equally divided among the children aSt they respectively attaint he age of 21 years. I If there are no children, the widow will be entitled to) oT1<ë-half of such residue, and the other half will bei divisible among the next of kin of the deceased. 1111 either case, the widow will be entitled to letters otl ø.dministmtion. The real estate (if any) will descent! to the heir at law, the eldest son or eldest brother, father having died previously, subject to dower if noli barred. INTESTACY.—" J, G, M." (Gower Road) ought tohavetol<! us what the property consisted of, 11 It was personal estate, then on the death of the wife the husband could apply for letters of administration of her per" sonal estate and effects; and when he obtained thef grant he would be in a position to get ill the same for his own benefit. On his death the personal property of which he was then possessed would be applicable to the payment of his funeral expenses and debts, and the costs of administration and the surplus would divisible among the next of kin, But if the propertyl was freehold the heir at law of the lady would becom elJtitJed thereto, subject to the estate for life of the Illlsband if any child of the marriage was born alive.1 even if it died immediately. But is it quite certain- that both husband and wife died intestate? Our! • correspondent ought, to ascertain this by a search ata the Probate Office before he does anything further.1 It is not enough to say that no will is known to have1 been executed by either of them if they died intes- tate letters of administration would have to be ob- tained, and this can be ascertained by the search which ive have suggested. He may write us again it necessary. ■ j POOR KATE. Even though such an order of vestr!! fur assessilJg tbe owners of small tenements as is suggested by T. D" (Glyn Neath) may have been made, if his landlord should neglect, to pay the rat. may be recovered from the goods upon the premise3.. and in order to avoid any unpleasantness we advi96 him to pay the rate aad deduct the amount from hi* next payment of rent. But before he makes thi" deûnction he mllst sf1.tisfy himself that the order of¡, vestry for rating owners of small tenements was duiy^ made at a vestry meeting specially convened for thdj purpose. If there was any defect in the notice, or arm, other irregularity in the proceedings, he could notjr safely make the deduction unless it were allowed his landlord. He may inquire as to this and write u#| again. The conduct of the collector leads us to thinfcf th^t our correspondent must have been misinformed upon this point" as he is with respect to the minimum" which is £ 8, not, £ 10. ApPOR'l'IOX;\fI1X'l' HlIstíC" (Newport) is advised that the last quarter's rept will have to be apportioned be.>| tween the executors ,)1' administrators ot the deceased-* tenant for life and the reversioner, the former takingtf according to the number of days which elapsed be tween the former rent. ùay and the date of death, an till; latter being entitled to the proportion from date of cef1.th to the subsequent quarter. For tbi pnrpose the rent will be treated as if it accrued from day to day, j MORTGAGEE AND £ AN*KR;>PTCY.—If the trustee in th bankruptcy does not pay off the principal, interestjfl and costs due to" Ignoiant" (Pontypool) he may 3e.'w, the property in exercise ûf the power contained in Idjl mortgage deed. If the property should not produ(, | 8ufficient to clear the mortgage, he may prove for tli'g balance. If A HARD CASR: Doubtlp3s, the case of E. W." (Cardiff}, is a hardene, but if the law could be twisted about i>V< order to meet all hard cases, the mischief would Wj. greater than it is, because an element of uncertainty^ would be introduced into the administration justice from which all would suffer, and after while law and juslice would cease to be synonymOu*j terms. Our fair correspondent is now reaping til9!1 while law and juslice woulJ cease to be synonymOll terms. Our fair correspondent is now reaping til9!1 results of her own negligence if her employers we^ in such difficulties as to be unable to pay her sala^X for more than four months, she ought to have upon some plOvision being made lor payment, or le' l' their service. But we think she may yet get soflia^ thing out of the fire. The rule in bankruptcy'I that the landlord may distrain for the arrears rent due not, exceeding one year's rent; and jl. payment thereof and of all cost3 and expenser-i the wages and salaries, rates and taxes, within cett taill limits, are to be paid in full; or if the asse ii should be insufficient for that purpose, what is left èJ to be divided mteably amongst them by way oLP—. ■ ferential dividend. Now, ir"lip Trustee um P'" de other salaries and the wages in full, he has Ina mistake, and for that mistake he is personally resl _ve Bible. For the excess beyond four months, or a -> £ 50, our correspondent ran only claim as an ordina 1 creditor and it appears there will be no divden for them, but, within those limits she c* CLAIM V> receive payment in full, or a preferential dividend, the ca3e may be. We advise her to instruct a sohci to protect her interests in the matter, and not to be I confiding again, j

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