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"ARE YOU A MASON?"

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OBITUARY.

---------LLANGYFELACH DISTRICT…

SOUTII WALES COAL TRADE.j

SWANSEA WELSH SOCIETY.

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Covtesponkttce.

NEATH AND DISTRICT

ORATORIO AT OYSTERMOUTH.

SALES BY AUCTION.

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Family Notices

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PEACE OUTLOOK.

RUSSIAN MINISTER ASSASSINATED.

SWANSEA FREE CHURCH -COUNCIL,

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SWANSEA HARBOUR TRUST.

BEN. EVANS AND CO., LTD.

SWANSEA POLICE COURT. -

FASHION NOTES-

ARGYLE CHAPEL, SWANSEA,

THE CANCER CRUSADE.

OYSTERMOUTH' HEALTH STATISTICS.

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OYSTERMOUTH HEALTH STATISTICS. MEDIC VL OFFICER AND THE HIGH INFANTILE MORTALITY. "WONDERFUL EXEMPTION FROM INFECTIOUS DISEASE." The annual report just lissued by the Medi- cal Officer of Health for the Oystermouth District contains much interesting informa- tion. The population is given at 4,460 (which includes 33 on board vessels in the offing, males 1,920, and females, 2,540. Dr. A. Lloyd Jones remarks: "The distribution of the sexes shows a female excess of 620 over the male population, and gives a proportion of 4 females to 3 males in the district. As the births and deaths of males and females are approximately equal year and year together, this disparity between the sexes probably points to a greater migration of males out of the district than to their higher mortality, and the question is rather one of economic than of hygenic interest." The birth-rate for the nine years, 1893 to 1901.. is shown at 23.33, the report stating that the explanation of this low rate is "pro- bably to be found in the facts that grown-up families and delicate individuals come to reside in this seaside resort for the sake of health, and that the more robust, especially of the young men, leave this quiet place to eventually make homes in the busy centres, and not in any local degenerative causes." The infant mortality has stea-dily increased from 45.87 in 18S6 to 145.45 in 1901, and Dr. Jones says that "at this rate we shall soon catch up with the towns, and reach an un- enviable notoriety." The average death-rate at all ages is given at 13.29, whtile the "won- derful exemption of the district from infec- tious diseases" during the past year is proved by the statement that the incidence rate is 2.9 per 1,000, and the death-rate only 0.44, whereas the urban death-rate of Glamorgan from zymotic disease is 3.0, and that for Eng- lish and Welsh town districts, 2.5. An an- alysis of the deaths in the district during 1901, shows that "of the 77 deaths at all ages and from all causes, 41 were in males and 36 in females. The mortality rapidly de-, clines from under twelve months to over five years,, and again rapidly ascends from over 25 to 90, the highest rate on the Registrar's list. 'Ten deaths are as it should be from senile decay, from 65 upwards, and if to these are added the 4 from paralysis and 1 from heart disease at the same ages, we have 15 succumbing to the natural incidents of old age. Of the remainder no less than 10 are claimed by consumption, and seven of these during the productive years of life (over 15 and under 65). The phthisical death-rate per 1,000 population is thus 2.24, that fn 1900 being only 0.4 for Oystermouth and 1.27 for the county. This sudden increase is unac- counted for by deaths amongst visitors., but points to the necessity for notification, and the consequent supervision of adequate hous- ing, drainage, feeding, clothing, disinfection, and other preventive measures/ Summing up, the Medical Officer remarks: "Some of the inferences to be drawn from these figures are that our district is slowly and surely growing in numbers, though at the present rate it may take three-quarters of a century to double itself, whilst other non-industrial towns are being as slowly and surely absorbed in the large towns; that our birth-rate is low and in keeping with the deterioration of modern society; that the general death-rate is fortunately also low, owing to a pure atmosphere, a good soil, a fair water supply, and a semi-nautical life; that the high infantile mortality calls for official instruction to mothers in the rearing of infants, for instance, at the time of birth registration, and points a moral to education as well as public health authorities; that our freedom from zymotic disease is further tes- timony to our healthy climate, with its antiseptic ozone,, but it should not lull us into unpreparedness; and that, excluding the infant death roll, other causes of death make an innocent list till age steps in to close the scene."

---THE VACCINATION SCARE.