ATHLETIC NOTES. [BY "ABQDS. Argus" solicits the co-operation of secretaries 4tnd others to make this column comprehensive and reliable. Reports of football matches, hockey matches, and personal •terns regardiv-a players should reach The Cambrian" Office not Uuer than Wednesday afternoon in each ueek. >l Argus" sincerely hopes his appeal will be responded to
FOOTBALL. BRAVO, WELSH UHAl\lPIONtJ! THE ALL WHITES AGAIN CARRY OFF THE HONOURS. A GRAND RECORD. The All Whites are to be heartily can- gratulated upon the grand style in which they wound up another most successful sea- son on Saturday, and also upon having lor the fourth consecutive year taken up the premier position among Welsh combinations. 1 am sure no one who has any sense of com- mon fairness will question the galiant Swan- sea's boys' right to be styled the Weish champions, or grudgingly accord them the honour to which they are due. And it must be allowed that there is a deal of honour attached to their elevation at the head of the first-class exponents of the Rugger code. It is no small thing to successfully maintain this proud position for four sea- sons in the face of the strenuous and deter- mined attacks of the several antagonistic combinations, and I question very much whetner any other club has ever accomplished so much. Then it is a source of immense gratification to all admirers of the All Whites to know that their brilliant successes of the past four years cannot fairly be attnouted to an over measure of luck. The soft im- peachment conveyed in the expression "for- tuitous circumstances" may,, in part, be ad- mitted—it was very fortunate, for instance, that we were able to secure the services of Ereear when we lost those of Trew—yet, nevertheless, the fact cannot be disputed that the All Whites have attained their pre- sent eminence in the football world through superior merit. Before going any further in regard to Swansea's record, it would, perhaps, be well tor me to make a few comments on Saturday's "grate hte" at Gloucester. The confidence I expressed in these columns last week as to the Alt Whites' chances of beating the Citi- zens, provided the former were in good form, was fully justified on Saturday, The Swan- sea boys made the journey in good spirits, and took the field trained to the hour, and determined to" win. The consequence was, that although the homesters strove hard to repeat the teat they accomplished last sea- son at k ingaholme. they not only signally failed, but had to swallow a bitter pill IN the shape of a decisive defeat. To lick Glou- cester at home by two goals (one dropped) is such an achievement AS xlo other Welsh club can boast this season, and IT is all the more creditable from the fact that the win- ners were without the services of Lockman, and two forwards—D. Thomas (Dunvant) and D Davies (Port Tennant) E. Morgan and Taylor (of the Seconds) filled the vacancies in the pack, and there was A re-arrangement of the backs. Goorge Davies took up the custodianship, and Gordon went to the centre, Jowett filling the gap on the wing. The game was by no means a pleasantly contested one. It too much resembled the memorable struggle WHICH took place, at Kingsholine at the end of last season. As on that occasion, the 'Cestriana on Saturday imparted a good deal of unnecessary vigour, allowing their great anxiety to win to carry them into the wildest excesses. Although contested in a keen and vigorous fashion, the first half was not apparently marred by any ebullitions of bad temper; it was when Danny Rees dropped a beautiful goal in the early part of the second moiety that the homesters allowed themselves to be carried away by their feelings. The referee, Mr. Nicholls, did his best to control the players, but the Citizens persisting in the most dis- graceful tactics, it was no wonder that some of the All Whites retaliated. Stoppages were frequent, and, at length, when little Owen was "laid out" for some time, the referee cautioned the players. There was little im- nrovement, however, AND after Dick Jones had Scored a fine try'(which WNS converted by George Davies), the followers of the All Whites were exceedingly glad to hear the final whistle. Gloucester were beaten at all points, es- pecially at three-quarter. The forwards managed to hold their own in the loose, but in the scrummaging operations they were fairly and squarely licked, scarcely ever hav- ing control of the ball. The result was that the Swansea rear division received plenty of opportunities, and were constantly acting 01! the aggressive. They brought off some brilliant passing bouts, and deserved to score more than two goals. George Duvies played a capital game at full-back, kicking judi- ciously and tackling in a thoroughly satis- factory fashion. Jowett exhibited remark- ably fine form, being responsible for some very clever dashing and daring work. Gor- don, Dan Rees, and Freear were as irresistible as overL, and this is saying a lot! Owen and Jones were in a happy mood on Saturday. They were certainly opposed to two good men in Goddard and Hall. but so clever, tricky, and smart were they, that there was no doubt left in the mind of any impartial observer as to which was the better pair. And now for Swansea's record. During the 1901-02 season, 32 matches were played, 25 won. four drawn, and three lost; points for, 503; against, 62. As the record is given in full below, I do not think if is necessary to enter into a detailed review of the season, I will content myself with a few general comments. In the first place. I should like to point out that the record which gives us so much pleasure to contemplate was not made against second or third-class organisations. The crack teams of England, Scotland, and Ireland were met and, in every case except one (of which more anon), the All Whites .scored a great triumph. Then, there is no doubt most of the Welsh combinations were much stronger than heretofore, and, conse- quently the various contests were of a sterner and more formidable charactei. The All Whites were most unfortunate in. losing their unsmudged certificate to Newport in January last, and it affords little (if any) consolation to think how different things would have turned out had, not Bancroft, Freear, and Dick Jones been absent. Even with these superlatively useful men absent. the Swansea men would have won the match had they been favoured with just a wee bit of luck, as they led by a try to nothing at half-time. Unfortunately, one of the backs made Pritchard a present of a try in the last few minutes of the game, and a try haying previously been put on by the New. portians, away went the record which had been so gallantly maintained for the space of eighteen weeks. Weakness and its con- comitant disorganisation were likewise the cause of ttle All Whites' second reverse, which came only two weeks afterwards, Stra- dey Park being the scene of the disaster. Naturally enough, the Tinplaters, who had I requisitioned the services of Strand Jones, the Welsh International full-back, and Gabe, the International right wing, went nearly wild with joy, though they should have recog- nised that they had little reason for crowing over their opponents in the way they did. On the day's form they certainly deserved to win by three tries to love, but what else could have been expected, seeing that Parker and Serine, two of the cleverest and most experienced forwards, were absent, and also that the "good old General" (Gordon) was tendered practically useless about ten min- utes after the start? The victory scored over Abertawa by Devon- port Albion on March 22nd away was a. sur- prise packet. They Albions only made two really good movements amongst their backs during the contest, but those came off. Two tries were registered, both being goaled. It. was a day of lost opportunities for the Swran- seaites. All they attempted to do did not come off. G&mlin was ubiquitous. Every time a Swan-^1 mmade a dash for the Albions' ^oal-lii^ Gamlin confronted him. But not daunted, not outplayed, the All Whites returned home with a set determina- tion not to get defeated again awhile, and true to their vows, they won five matches off the reel with an aggregate score of no less than 11 goals and 15 tries to 2 tries, a splendid result, which clearly demonstrated that the St. Helen's men were at their best. Indeed, the form displayed against Rockcliff and the Barbarians was the best of the sea- son. A matter for congratulation. is that ten and nine points were the largest adverse scores registered against Swansea. Again, the Abertawe goal-line for the 31 matches played up to April 8th inclusive was only crossed 16 times, or an average of 1.93 per match. Bancroft, who did not don the jersey very frequently, converted 34 tries, kicked one penalty goal, and one goal from a mark. Geo. Davies converted eight tries, dropped one goal, and kicked one penalty goal. R. M. Owen and P. Lockman each converted seven tries, D. Rees dropped three goals and kicked one penalty goal, and F. Scrine converted two tries. A. Freear dropped two goals. F. Gordon converted one try. W. Joseph kicked one goal from a mark. Only three converted goals were placed against Swansea on the record-sheet, a remarkably small number considering the teams met. The try-getters were: D. Rees 20, F. Gordon 18, G. Davies 15, Jowett 12, A. Freear 11, S. Bevan 7, F: Serine 6, D. Davies (MumbLes)6, R. Jones 5, W. Parker 5, Bancroft 4, W. Joseph 2, D. Thomas 2, W. Cole 2, W. Trew 1. The glorious successes won by the All Whites during the season may, I think, be attributed, in the first place, to the cohesion in the team. Every man having the good of the whole team at heart, and not self glori- fication, unselfishness and combination a1.. ways characterised the performances of the players. As a striking instance of this most pleasing unselfishness, I may at this stage point out a noteworthy fact with regard to littel Owen. No living player has ever had more opportunities of "doing the trick on his own" than has Owen, yet so unselfish has the "Bullet" always been, that not a single try fell to his credit in the course of the whole season! Swansea's success may also be attributed to two other things-the sterling quality of the players' capabilities and good generalship. When Bancroft can- not turn out, we have an excellent substitute in the person of Lockman. Our quartette is, in some respects at least;, superior to any other four in Great Britain; in Dick Jones and Owen we have the smartest and cleverest pair of halves playing; and, finally, the Swansea forwards, if not quite as strong as some we have had in years gone by, are as clever and resourceful a lot as can be found in Wales. Of course, the Swanseites have their ups and downs, like all other players, but on the whole their work this season was i most creditably sound. Gordon has for a long time rendered the Swansea, Club invaluable services, and dur- ing the season just terminated he has mater- ially increased the extent of its obligation to him. He has proved a most efficient cap- tain, and lus popularity amongst the players is greater than ever, thanks to his geniality and kindly disposition. Some time ago there was some tolk of the General retiring at the end of the season, but he has shown such astonishingly good form recently that it is to be hoped he will reconsider the mat- ter. We cannot afford to lose so reliable and strong a player just yet. In conclusion, I desire to give a word of praise to the worthy secretary, Mr. F. E. Perkins. This gentleman certainly has the best interests of the club at heart, and he discharges his manifold duties in a pains- taking and efficient manner. "Forward" ("Western Mail") says: "Swan- sea wound up the season with a victory that is only in keeping with their sound and con- sistent play throughout the season. They have not, in my opinion, played such brito liant football as/they did two seasons back, but they have been just as hard to beat, and, taking their performances all in all, no one but the partisan will deny the rightir right to the distinction which attaches itself to the annexation of the' Welsh championship. It has been a close and exciting race between the All Whites and Cardiff. Just when their prospects seemed brightest the Blue and Blacks cracked up in a fashion which is hard to understand, and instead of finishing first, as they might have done by maintaining ,their form during the greater part of THE SEA- SON* they fall below Newport, and have thus to be content with third place." The complete record isae follows:— lOOl SCORE for. Score AFF. .1 1.. Resu t. G. T. P. G. T. F. hep.H..Dt-tr.ctLeagne.H Won til 6 71. 0 1 3 „ -2L lieherbert H..W011 4 4 *2. 0 0.) 2B.L>N<IGEIUI H..VVON 10 3 59 0 0 OCT. 5 ..MOUNTAIN ASN H..V»„N I 00 0 1^ LLTWTEILY H.WON 1 2 11 0 0 0 t. W..NEATB H..WOD 4 7 41.* 00 0 „ 26 CARDIFF A. DRAWN 0 0 0 0 0 E NOR. 2..L ANELLY A Won 110 4 „ 9..NEWPORT H.pra*'N#I 0 4 n Q 4 16..Leicester A..AJ>au. on acc. AT frost „ I .L'iitlon Welsh .A..Won 118.. 00 0 :Devo port Atiions..H.- Won 1 3 IK. 1 0 5 ». 3I>Aberavon A Won 1 0 6.. 0 O 0 Dec. 14.. Newport .A..Drawn 0 0 0. 0 0 0 >• 16. Ox ORU University..H..Won 11 8.. 0 1 3 „ 21..Gloucester H.Aban. on ace. of frost „ 25.. Wntsoiiions H..W011 2 0 I0 0 1 3 18 Dublin Pniver.'jty.H.. Won 2 1 13.. 0 0 0 28.LVI)t>prid<i H.Won *4 0 LTF.. 0 13 Jan. 4.. Leicester H..Wo:I 1 2 11 00 0 lS..Llcinetly H..VV011 *11 00 U „ 2")..Newport H..Lost 010 26 Feb. 8..Aoatli A..W011$3 2 :0.. 0 1 3 „ Lanclly A..Lost 0 0 0.. 0 3 9 „ 22.. Aberavon H..W00 1 1 8. 0 0 0 Mar. 1.Newprt A..Drawn 0 1 A.. 0 1 3 ..Lardiff H..Won TL 4 15.. 0 0 0 „ 2W.Devonport A..LOST "10 4, 201 24.West Cornwall A..Won 11013 „ 2I)..Hartlep'I Old Soys.U ..Won 2 7 31. 0 0 0 3i..Rjckiitf .H..Woo 1ZU..QOO April I Bui-barial, .H.Won 1 4 17. 0 0 0 „ R. Won t6 1 31 013 12..GLOUCESTER ..A..Won *2 0 9.. 0 4 0 To'als 69 57 503 5 13 62 t Otte, penalty. One dropped, T One goal from a mark. HECORD OF THE SWANSEA H. Like the preimers, the Swansea II. can show a highly satisfactory record. Out of the 21 matches played, they won 17, lost two, "ND drew two. The Cardiff second stringers and Britannia are the teams that defeated them. The latter were lucky in winning by two goals to three tries, the last match of the season, in which the All Whites played a man short and had another off for some considerable time. The complete record is as follows: Paints. Date. Opponents for. agst. Oct. 5.—(W) Llandovery College. (a) 34 D >' EESOLVEN. (A) 2 0 „ 19.—(w) CARDIFF Mackintosh (a) 8 3 V". O'~ PAI:DIFF N. (H) 3 9 2. (W) BNTON FERRY (H) 13 3 „ 9.- W) NEWPORT II. (A) 3 0 „ 16.—-(W) CARMARTHEN (H) 54 0 „ 23. \YR) CARMARTHEN T. COL. (A) 21 3 30.—(W) LLANDOVERY COL. (H) 66 0 DEC. 7.—(D) Tredegar (h) 0 0 „ 14.-(w) LLANGENNECH (h) 3 0 JAN. 4.—(W) BNTON Ferry (a) 26 0 „ 11.—(W) CARDIFF MACKINTOSH (H) 17 OI „ 18. -(D) LLANGENNECH (A) 0 O! FEB. 1.—(W) KESOLVEN <H) 34 5 „ 3.—(W) PAROCHIAL (H) 5 5 22.-(w) Trinity (h) 10 8 Mar. 1.—(W) Newport II. (h) 19 0 8.— (W) MYNYDDBACH (H) 6 Q 15.—(W) CARDIFF 1L 6 3 „ 22.-(1) BRITANNIA (h) 9 1Q NEATH DO WELL. Bristol attracted a very large crowd at I Neath, and to merit the patronage the Neath men gave their very best display of the whole season. In a game which appeared too fast for the Bristolians, the Neath forwards de- ¡ veloped such a superiority that they WERE always on the winning Vside, The backs (says the "Athletic NEWS*') were not so good, for the reason that they fear trusting them- selves, but Saunders, US custodian, ehowed plenty1 of confidence, AND LACKED only J11 length of kicking. The Bristol forwards ap- peared stale, and a FEW talked better than they played. Channon and. Claridge, how- ever, tried hard all through. The backs had few chances, the opposing1 forwards being all over them, while Dates kicked well but fiiiied to tackle. Bristol, however, HAD more of the game than the final score of 25 points to nothing seems to shovr. There IS (SAYS tbf* "Mail's" Day hy Day man), a tray crumb of comfort for Cardiff's beaten team in the fnet that the Merchant Taylor's School wa.- formerly the school for A-LI London Welshmen. So there is a Weuili CONNECTION with the 01<1 Merchant TAYLORS. t LLANDINGAT GUILD v. MORFA RANGERS, LLAN ELL Y. My Llandovery correspondent writes :—This return fixture, the last of the season 80 far as the homesters are concerned, was played at Llan- duvery on Saturday, before a large ANI enthusiastic crowd. Both teams were well represented, the only noteable absentee on the home side being Harry Watkins, the brilliant forward, who was assisting the Tinplaters against Mountain Ash at Stradey. The game, although of a keen character, was played in the best of spirit, and resulted, after one of the most interest- ing tussles witnessed on the home midden this season, in a defeat for the Llandoverians. The i final seores were .-Morfa Bangers, 2 goals, 2 tiiea Lianding&t Guild, 1 goal. Dan Jones scored for the homesters after a capital spritn, Preece converting with a magnifi- cent kick from a difficult angle. WELSH FOOTBALL UNION. The following referees have been appointed to officiate in the undermentioned matches, to be played on Saturday, April 19th, 1902, on the grounds of the first mentioned :— Treorkey v Abertillery-Ben Lewis Aberavon v Bridgend-W. H. Mills Ebbw Vale v Cwmbran W, Bowen Tredegar v Mackintosh-Luther May Pontypool v Blaina-G. H. Jones Llwynypia v Penygraisr- Brynmawr v Mschen-L. H. Lloyd Treherbert v Neath- Llunelly v Bristol—E. John. Mountain Ash v Pontypridd-T. Probert. At Cardiff.-Roath v,E,omiily—J. S. Philp. At Cardiff.-Junior Match-A. Hayes. Monday, April 21st. Ebbw Vale v Llwynypia-W. Willis James. Pontypridd v Penygraie—C. F. Thornley. blaina v Tredeg-ar-C. F. Thornley. Cwmbran v Abartillet-y-A. J. Gould. Caerphilly v Macben-
GOLF. The entries for the Glamorganshire Club Championship closed last week. There were 11 entries, and the draw resulted as follows:- In the first round, which has to be played off before April 28th (a) C. B. Stoddart meets W. A. E. Pyman, (b) W. C. Gellibrand meets F. Mil burn, and (c) A. M. Ingledew meets T. M. Barlow. The following are byes :-James Hunter, 15. C. Morel, Captain Wilkina, John Hunter and Parker Hag-arty- In the second round the winner of A meets the winner of B, and the winner of C plays James Hunter, E. C. Morel meets Captain Wilkins, and John Hunter meets Parker Hagarty. The Swansea Bay Golf Club met the Mon- mouthshire Club at Abergavenny, on April 3rd, when an enjoyable game resulted as follows :— S.B.G.C. Monmouth G. C. F. L. RICHARDSON 5 J. J. Watkitw 0 R. M. BROWN 0 B. Watkins 4 J. K. WATSON 0 O. DAVIS 10 A. O. SCHENK 0 C.Davia. 7 H. Ecoles 0 L. THOMAS 5 5 26 On April 12th the Barry Club visited Jersey Marine, and were defeated by the Swansea Bay men by 12 holes. The individual scores were as follow •.— S.B.G.C. Barry G. C. Dr. E. REID 3 Rev. H. H. Stewart 0 E. Forester. 0 R. ILLINGWORTH 2 R. M. Brown 6 H. H. POWELL 0 John Thomas 3 D. Sibbering Jones 0 J. R. Watson 2 F. N. Jones 0 14 "2 The Swansea Bay Golf Club monthly medal was played for on Saturday last with the following result:— result:— Gross. H'cap. Net. DD. WILLIAMS 109 25 84 W.A.FORD 100 13 87 R. E. HUGHES 104 16 88 T. CROSBY 114 20 94 W. J. P. Player 110 16 94 H. ECCLES III ..J.. 16 95 A. L. stevens 115 20 95 Dr. W. B. HARRY 109 14 95 G. H J. DAVEY 121 22 99 The foundations of the new clubhouse at Jersey Marine have now been completed, and the Wire- wove Roofing Company commenced building operations on Monday. Forthcoming engagements of the Swansea Bay Club include a match with Asbburnham, at Pem- brey, on Saturday next, and the Briton Ferry Cup Competition (bogey) will be played on April 26th. The hon. secretary announces that entries for the Herbert Cup (match play) competition close on April 19th. ASHBURNHAM v. GLAMORGANSHIRE. This match, writes my Burry Port correspon- dent, was played on the Ashburnham Links, on Saturday, in glorious weather, and ended in a victory for the home club by 20 holes. The fol- lowing is the complete score:— Ashburnham. Glamorganshire. E. TRNBSHAW 0 J. Hunter 0 HaroIdTrubahaw. 3 T. ROBINSON 0 W. W. BRODIE 5 H. E. Radford 0 O. E, BOWEN 0 G. CONNER 7 F. N. POWELL 0 E. NICHOLLS 2 A. A. LEWIS 4 A. P. Thomas 0 Rev. Father McLaugh- L'N 2 J. Duncan 0 T.Jones. 3 T.G.Wilaon. 0 PEMBERTON 5 A.DUNCAN 0 A.P.WALLER 7 WM. HO WELLS 0 29 9
CRICKET. THE COMING CRICKET SEASON. u ?orthc°ming cricket Beason, when reports of all important county and loeal matches will be given in these columns, I shall be obliged if club secretaries in the town and surrounding districts will forward me their fixtnre cards for Publication as early as possible. Fixture cards should be addressed; Argus, Cambrian Office, 58, Wind-street, Swansea. ANNUAL MEETING OF THE MORE,! ST ON CLUB. The annual meeting of the Morriston Cricket Club was held at the Minor Hall, Morriston, on Monday evening. Councillor David Mathews presided over a very large attendance of en- thusiastic cricketers. The accounts for last season were read by the treasurer (Mr. Ivor Griffiths), after which the election of officers took place. Mr. Haydn Griffiths was re-elected secretary, and Mr. Ivor Griffiths treasurer. Mr. W. H. Edwards was elected president, and the following vice-presidents: Sir George Newnes, Bart., M.P., Mr. J. Aeron Thomas, M.P., Coun- cillor D. Harris, Mr. George Rowe, Mr. CAPEI A. Branfill, Mr. Morgan R. Jones, Mr. 1- Williams, Dr. E. Rice Morgan, Dr. J. Messrs. WM. Morris, Edward Harris, T. J- Davies, D. J. Clarke, Henry Clement, and D- *• Phillips. It was resolved that only one general committee be formed, to act also as a match committee. The following were selected to compose the com- mittee :—Messrs. D. Mathews, Reginald Rowe, Richard Buckland, D. J. Thomas, D. J. Davies, Tom Harris, J. H. Thomas, W. D. Jenkina Mid J. T. Davies. Councillor David Mathews was re- elected captain, and Mr. J. T. Davies vice- captain. The Cross Hotel will be the head- quarters of the club. It was decided to play on the old football and cricket ground. Practice will commence forthwith, and it is hoped that a strong team will be got together. The entranee fee is only 3s. SWANSEA AND DISTRICT LEAGUE. The Swansea and District League fixtures are as follow:— On the ground of the first-named. May 17—Danygraig v. Bryntswe. „ 17—Swansea 3rd# T. St. Jude's. „ 24—Gowerton v. Danygraig. „ 24—Swansea 3rds v. Clydach. 24—St. Jude's v. Bryntawe. m 31—Gowerton v. Swansea 3rds. », 31—Clydach v. Danygraig. June 7—Gowerton v. Bryntawe. t. 7-St. Jude's v. Clydach. 7—Danygraig Swansea 3rds. „ 14-Cl,dacb T. Gowerton. >» 21-Gówertøn T. St. Jude's. —Bryntawe v. Danygraig. V i^ydaeh r. Bryntawe. July Danynraig y. Clydach. 10 t\ u*le'8 Swansea 3rd*. In ^ypraig v. Gowerton. Clydach v. St. Jude's. 12 J^yntawe v. Swansea 3rda. „ 19-GowGTten ▼. Clydach „ LE 8 V- DANYGRAIG. 26—CJydaah ▼. Swansea 3rda. 26-St- Jude a v. Gowerton. Aug. 2—l*rJntawe Clydach. Y DANVCRRAISR 9—Bryntawe v. Gowerton* 16—Danygraig ▼. St. Jude's. 23—Bryntawe T- St. Jtuje'e. „ 30—Swm»s«» 3rd* v. Brynfc»we. Sept. 8—8**NW»3R«AT* Q»w«rto».
I ROMANCE OF WELSH EDUCATION. LECTURE BY MR. MARCHANT WILLIAMS. The other evening, at a meeting of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, held at 20, Hanover-square, London, under the presidency of Sir George W. Kekewich, K.C.B., Secretary to the Board of Education (Whitehall), Mr. T. Marchant Williams, Stipendiary Magistrate for the Merthyr Tyd- fit district, read a paper on "The Romance of Welsh Education." It was Mr. Fearon, of the Charity Commission, Mr. Williams ob- served, who first drew public attention to the subject. The Bill introduced by Sir Robert Peel's Government in 1843 for the better education of children in factory dis- tricts, received the uncompromising opposi- tion of Nonconformists, who rightly held that it aimad to place the education of the working classes under the absolute and exclu- sive control of the Church of England. The Bill was promptly withdrawn, but it had opened the eyes of the Welsh people to the deplorable state of education in the Princi- pality at that time. If the first chapter of the romance of Welsh education began with the fruitful activities of Griffith Jones, of Llandowror, and Madame Bevan, and ended with those of Thomas Charles, of Bala, the second chapter covered the period which be- gan with the year 1843, and ended with the year 1881, when the Departmental Committee made its report. The improvement of the state of education among the working classes under the proposed Bill of the Peel Govern- ment was to be effected either wholly by. voluntary effort or by such effort supple- mented by Government aid. These were the two alternatives presented to Nonconformists, alternatives which caused them to become divided into two hostile sections. The pure Voluntaryists—including in England Edward Baines,, Edward Miall, John Bright, etc., and in Wales Henry Richard, David Charles (Carmarthen), Caleb Morris, David Rhys Stephen, David Rees (Llanelly), Ieuan Gwynedd, etc., held that the school was a religious institution, and formed part of the machnery of a Christian church., and that the State, therefore, had no more right to interfere with its management than it had to interfere with the management of the church itself. On the other hand, many Non- conformists, such as Dr. Rt. Vaughan in Eng- land, and Hugh Owen, Lewis Edwards (Bala), Henry Griffiths (Brecon), William Williams (M.P. for Coventry), Kilsby Jones, and John Phillips (Bangor), in Wales, held that it was the duty of the Government to promite pop- ular education, and that the acceptance of aid from Government for educational pui, poses was in no sense inconsistent with the fundamental prinoiples cf Dissent. In South Wales the Voluntaryists, whose leading spirit was Henry Richard, were very numerous, very active, and very aggressive. In North Wales the supporters of the opposite prin- ciple, led by Hugh Owen, carried everything before them. The lecturer quoted the memorable letter dated August 26th, 1843, in which Hugh Owen unfolded a scheme for the establishment of British schools in every district of the Prinepality. He traced the growth of the British school movement, showing how in North Wales it extended rapidly from the appointment in November" 1843, of the Rev. John Phillips as agent of the British and Foreign School Society, whilst owing to the unfortunate division iii'Nollcon. formist ranks an agent for South Wales was not appointed till 1853, when the Rev. Wm. Roberts (Nefydd) accepted the post. To pro- mote popular education the English Congre- gationalasts offered to RAISE £ 100,000, and the result was a conference of Voluntaryists at Llandovery at 1844, the Rev. D. Charles, Car- marthen, presiding, when it was resolved to establish a training school for teachers and make every effort to meet the educational wants of Nonconformists without the aid of the State. A college was established at Brecon, and afterwards moved to Swansea, and schools were set up, but all were ulti- mately converted into or superseded by State- aided schools. Meanwhile the Church Educa- tion Committee greatly increased the num- ber of their schools, and founded the Train- ing College at Carmarthen, the Carnarvon College (removed to Bangor in 1892). IN 1896 steps were taken to establish a training col- lege for British school teachers in North Wales, and it was opened in 1862, and the Rev. John Phillips was the principal tiÁÁ his death in 1867. The lecturer was at the col- lege in 1864-<65, and there met Hugh Owen, with whom he WAS afterwards ou intimate terms. The scheme initiated by Hugh Owen in 1854 to establish Queen's Colleges in Wales failed. It was the period of the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny, and the time was inopportune for the scheme. It was eight years later when the late Dr. Thomas Nichols published a series of articles on higher edu- cation, which came to the notice of Hugh Owen. The outcome of communication be- tween them was the meeting on December 1st, 1863, at the Freemasons' Tavern in London, the chairman being the late Mr. William Williams, M.P., when it was resolved to es- tablish a University for Wales. One by one Hugh Owen 8 colleagues on the Executive Committee retired, till he was left to fight the battle of Welsh higher education as best he might. All his friends did not desert him. One was still Iiving-Ur. Stephen Evans, chairman of the Cymmrodorion Coun- cil. The late Lord Aberdare, Sir Lewis Morris, and others came forward to fill the gaps. Though the one great tangible result of Hugh Owen s labours—viz., the Aberyst- wyth University College-was opened in 1872, ^ST1°QR £ J1? S^ESS of life were not over until 1881, when the Departmental Commit- tee made their report on Higher and Inter- mediate Education in Wales Hugh Owen died in November, 1881. For well nigh 40 years he had been the one great central figure and moving spirit of the Welsh educa- tional movement.- After his death hie spirit went on conquering, and was going on con- quering still. The national spirit had often died out-fortunately to be again and again revived—in many a Welsh district, but from time immemorial it had never even slum- bered in the breasts of the Welshmen of London, who, when they revived the Hon. Society of Cymmrodorion and established the National Listeddfod Association, provided the Principality with two of the most poweT. ful educational agencies of this generation. Here, again, Hugh Owen was foremost in action, both societies owing their existence very largely to his initiative. The lecturer outlined the work which resulted in the Pa.!J- sAlrf of the Welsh Intermediate Education W0I LN TT TTO THE establishment of the Welsh University, OF WHICH DR. Isambard Ia/iu\i?reat central figure. Upon him had fallen the mantle of Sir Hugh Owen, NNF Praise to say that he WA^ ° FPRO f W\ Dr. Owen's active L !/FLINIY HLIREDU^TION began, the lEE! turer thought, with the Society for the XJtili, sation of the Wesh Language in 1885. At a meeting of the CYRNMRODORION SECtion of the London National Eisteddfod IN 1887' TLLE late principal Vinamu Jones read paper on "A Welsh University." PRNCIPAL, Charles Ed- wards presided, and On that day the founda- tion stone of the diversity was laid; in seven years the work was done. He was not in a position to apportion the credit for this wonderful achievement. Some of the CREDIT was due to the date Lord Aberdare, some to that fine Welsh patriot, To. Ellis, some also to Principal Reichel, Principal Roberts, Mr. Brynmor Jones, Mr. George Kenyon, J £ R Humphreys-Owen, etc.; most of it was due to the late Viriamu Jones and Dr. Isambard Owen. Such was the outline of the growth of the present system Ef Welsh education. It was said of old, "The Red Dragon will lead the wav." It took the lead on the fiel-ds of Crecy and of Bosworth in the days of long ago. Sir GEORGE Kekewich and Mr. Fearon would tell them that it took the lead AT Whitehall to-day. Did it not all sound to them "like a romance?" The reading of the paper claimed the cloaest attention of an interested audience, among whom were Sir John Williams. Bart., Sir Hugh Owen, G.C.B., Mr. Alfred'Thorriris, M.P., Mr. TIrynmor .Tones. K.C.. :\l.P:, Mr. Frank lldwards. M.P., flnci 1fr. "William Jones, M.P.
THOSE having HOUSES TO LET SELL, or APARTMENTS JO U;TI whether in town or country, GHOOLD ADVERTISEMENT to "THE CAMBRUn." which is the BEST and cheapest JNED!NJRI FOR this purpose. prepaid Terwo: 24 WORD*. Sixpence; three TIMES for One SHILLING. SM Soale of Rates on front page. Office. 68 Wi_4trMt. SJwanse*-
THE BETTING EYIL. ADDRESS BY MR. JOHN HAWKE. SOME STARTLING FACTS. Mr. John Hawke, secretary of the Anti- Gamblmg League, gave an address on The Betting Evil," at the Albert Minor Hall, under the auspices of the Swansea Y.M.C.A., on Monday evening. The ehair was taken by Councillor Richard Martin, and amongst a fairly large attendance we noticed Mr. J. R. Leaver, J.P., Mr. T. O. Meager, Mr. John Powell, J.P., Mr. Hugh Bellingham, Mr. rV. Nicholls (secretary Y.M.C.A.). &c.,&c. The Chairman briefly introduce! Mr. Hawke, who, at the outset, said his subject nataraHy divided itself iuto two sections—betting and gambling. At present the chief evil was that of betting, and he meant that evening to devote the greater pait of the time at his oi-pofcal to that part of the question. At the same time he wished to make a few remarks in regard to miscellaneous gambling. First in importance was the PRACTISE of carrying on raffles at church bnzaais. (Hear, hear.) Probably, people who carried this OR did not recognise it as gambling very likely they had not thought about lbe matter. Is evert be- less, it was absolutely illegal, and the person concerned weie liable to heavy penalties. Since they were expected to do something towards putting a stop to gambling, it vras TLITI dutJ of the churches first of all to see THIST T hei1 hamls were chan, aud this they could never BE so lonsr as there was raffling at church bazaars. Raffles oftentimes led to much greater evils he knew of instances in which a iad'S downward course commenced with winning a prize in a raffle. Sweepstakes were another serious type of miscellaneous gambling, inasmuch as they had done an enormous amount of harm. It was no use trying to grapple with the betting evil if sweepstakes were allowed to go on, and he hoped the law would soon be applied to them. (Hear, hear.) Having also refer ed to "the terribly fascinating game of 'Bridge,' by which large sums of money were frequently lost in high circles, the speaker went on to allude at some length to professional betting. Tracing ths growth of professional betting from its inception, Mr. Hawke ^OKE of how the Legislature were at last forced to stop bookmakers using houses, shops and offices for the purposes of taking and making bets. He showed, however, that the action of the authorities bad not bad its desired effect, inasmuch as betting was largely carried on a.t the racecourses, and even in the public streets. The task of putting a stop to professional betting was a most difficult one, for the b <ok- maker's business was a wealthy one, and there was a certain amount of influence on its side. Street-betting bad increased enormously, and had done so much ha>m that many County Councils and municipal bodies had passed bye-laws with a view to preventing it. No fewer than 20,000 persons were to-day getting tbeir living is the United Kingdom by betting, and some of the leading professional bookmakers had been known to make between £50,000 and £100,000 a year. Nearly all this money came out of the pockets of people who really knew very little about horse- racing. Some of them had never seen a horse-race, and tbeir chance of winning in the long run was so small that it was really like taking their money from them without giving anything in return. There was a constant drain on the wages of the poor, and it had even been found out thatshill ngs given for relief purposes had found their way into the pockets of the bookmakers. This was such a very serious state of affairs that they were more than justified in getting a Parliamentary Com- mittee to make investigations. He was glad to be able, as a result, to say that there was now strong reason to hope that some strong measure would ere long be recommended to Parliament. He hoped that when it came it would not only deal with street betting, for he was sufficiently democratic not to like the idea of interfering with the poor people, and letting the rich and more influential ones in the rings and clubs go free. (Hear, hear.) It was for that reason that the League attacked the Jockey Club at Newmarket, at the commencement of their oampaign. COt)- tinning, Mr. Hawkes said the betting evil was filling thoir law courts, particularly the magis- terial ones, with a large number of very unpleasant oases. One magistrate had stated that nearly the whole of the cases of embezzlement brought before him were the result of bettirg. Another had informed him that at least 70 per cent. of the robberies were due to the same cause. But this terrible evil was not only causing a vast amount of misery in the homes of the people, it was also permeating the public service. He had it from the beet authority that policemen in our large towns took bribes from bookmakers, while tapping of telegraphs and selling their contents were quite common occurrences in the Civil Service. Theevil WAS corrupting the nation, and the crusade under notice was really as important as those formerly waged against slavery and the corn laws. He claimed their support for tbe League. They did not interfere with the liberty of the subject; they only said that men should not prey 011 the weakness and folly of their fellows. Replying to Mr. Powell, J.P., the lecturer said a Bill bad been drafted for presentation to Parlia- ment, but waa delayed twtil the recommendations of the Committee had been embodied. The Chairman asked the meeting to thank the lecturer for his explicit and clear statement of the results of betting in the country, and of the Work of the Anti-Gambling League. A sad state of affairs had been disclosed, and if the country were only aroused to it, bookmakers would not HOW be tolerated in it any more than they were in 1853. (Applause.)
MARCH HARES-A COMICAL COMBAT. From a oursory view of the fields at this season one might imagine that hares migrate also, for you scarcely see a couple where formerly they were dotted over the ground like molehills. The reason is, of course, that each pair of hares HAS withdrawn to the vicinity of some breeding cover, and the females are engaged in family cares. It is in defence of his hearth and home that the hare exhibits his most surprising ebullitions of March madness," ADD the other day was witnessed a performance which would have brought down the house in a circus. We bad put J up (says" Country Life ") one hare in a sloping m<iadow, and it went off uphill like a steam engine and skirted along the hedge at the top. Here, however, another hare, which had not seen us, and had reasons of his own objecting to the stranger's presence, dashed out upon the fugitive and bowled him over. The latter quickly picked himself up and knocked over his assailant in turn, and then leisurely continued his flight. The other hare, however, was furious, and dashed after him, causing the fugitive to turn and await the onset. Several time!! they met with a bang, and at last grappled, each standing bolt upright on his hind toes and trying to pull the other down. They were so evenly matched, however, that they slowly revolved like a pair of old-fashioned waltzers, their long, thin hind legs giving them the quaintest human aspect. For fully three minutes they thus danced together on the green, but the writer will never know which was really the better hare. He was accompanied by two I human boys, who stood it as long as they could, cramming pocket-handkerchiefs into their mouths aud writhing in the agony of suppressed mirth. But the longer the combat lasted the funnier it SEENIED to grow, and at last with a splurt the boys broke into roars of laughter, and the hares bolted in panic in opposite directions. It is not often that wild creatures thus fight in earnest, and when they do it is almost always under a mis- apprehension. The object of the assailant was to drive the intruder back, and he did not kuow that this was rendered impossible by the presence of intruders; so where one had to go on, and the other was determined that he should not, a fight was inevitable.
PROOF AT YOUR OWN DOOR.—There is conclusive evidence in every part of Wales that Dr. Williams' pink cills for pale people are recommended by all classes of people for the way in which they have cured paralysis, locomotor ataxy, rheumatism, and sciatica; also all diseases arising from impoverishment of the blood, scrofula, rickets, chronic ery- sipelas, consumption of the bowels and lungs, ahsemia, pale and sallow complexion, general muscular weakness, loss of appetite, palpitar tions, pains in the back, nervous headache and neuralgia, early decay, all forms of female weakness and hysteria. Th& details of a. remarkable instance at Cowbridge are published in another column of this issue. THESE pills are a tonic, not a purgative. They are genuine only with the full name, Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale Peoplft, and I are sold by chemists and by Dr. Williams* Medioine Co., 46, Holbom-viaduct, London, E.C. at 2s. 9d. a box, or six boxes for 13s. 94. Pink pills sold loose or from glass jars ARE not Dr. Williams' pink pills; accept them oflly in the pink enclosed wrapper AS above described.
INTERESTING ARCHAEOLOGICAL FIND IN" WALES. A discovery of great archteolocical interest has BEEN made in the old rains of Llantritbyd Place, in the Vale of Glamorgan. TlieTC has been un: i.fi rllied a round blook of etoue about two f.oet. m and three feet in dianift. r. apparently tbe l>5q'? nf a pillar or cross fll round its sides the Mono ia finely carved. It i" evideut that the' wOt k is of Norman d.tte. Thp CURVING REPRESENTS atcading, the urohea of which are Norman in sJyJe. Eacb arch is separated by a slender pillar, r>f wliieh the basis appear to be plain, while the c-tT'ital of every alternate pillar is Anted, Tha -iyle is different from anything to be found in a*J olmroh in the Yale of Glamorgan.
I WAR ON CONSUMPTION. LETTER FROM SIR JOHN LLEWELYN, I BART. General H. H. Lee presided on Friday at a meeting held at Cardiff of the finance and general purposes committa? of the South Wales branches of .de National Association for the Prevention of Tuberculosis. Dr. Eldon Pratt, the hon. secretary, stated that the balance in the bank reached JB90, and JE27 9s. 5d. had been spent by the branch. There was, in addition, jE27 in hand on ac- count of the Western branch.—The committee decided to have 50,000 pamphlets printed in Welsh and 50,000 in English.—The secretary was asked to write to the clerks to sanitary authorities, whose assistance will be desired lin distributing the pamphlets. The Secretary read a letter from Sir John T. D. Llewelyn, who said that he was anxious to seek some authoritative advice upon an "ideal site" for a sanatorium in South Wales.—It was understood that the question was to come up at the next meeting of the branch. In the meantime, the secretary is to make another attempt to get views a.s to the probability of getting the co-operation of county councils.—The Secretary said a suggestion that might be considered was that a large house might be rented for the purpose of a sanatorium. This would save the neces- sity of raising a large sum of money for building an institution.
LOCAL PATENTS. The following information, obtained from official journals for the week ended April 5th, is supplied by Mr. N. Watte, chartered patent agent, of Cardiff, Newport, and 58, Wind- street, Swansea. Applications for patents.— John Legg, Swansea, a hot-water calorifier, No. 5,437, March 5th. David Matthews. Swansea, improvement in the treatment of copper ores, etc., No. 6,903, March 21st. Edw. Atkins Ashbury and Thomas Davies, Swan- sea. improvements in railway chairs. No. 7,040, March 22nd. George E Palmer, Thos. A. Palmer, and Lewis G. Edmond, Swansea, brake for rubber-tyred vehicles, No. 7,239., March 25th.—Applications to register Trade Marks.—The Neath and District Grocers' and Provision Dealers' Association, Neath: for laundry preparations, and perfumery. Wal- ters, Nash and Co., Ltd., Swansea for canned fish and fruits. W. Gilbertson and Co., Swansea: for tool steel.
MARKED FOR TRE GRA YE." A COWBRIDGE THATCHER • THREATENED. The extraordinary threat which heads this article was actually applied to a Welsh ex- farmer not long ago. The facts are fully authenticated. "I was told I was marked for the grave," he said to a "Cardiff Times" reporter a few days ago, "and the wonder is that I am now here to tell YOU, about it." The speaker, Mr. John Edwards, who lives io the rural village of Llancarfan, near Cow- bridge. South Wales, is by trade a thatcher, an occupation which, with the introduction of new methods, is fast disappearing, al- though in the fertile Vale of Glamorgan, where Mr. Edwards follows his calling, there i" still sufficient work for a man who knows h'is trade to keep him well employed. Until twelve months ago Mr. Edwards was also a tenant farmer in the same neighbourhood, and is well known throughout the whole dis- trict as a man of high character and respecta- bility. "It was about six years ago," said Mr. Edwards, who owes his life to a medicine well known in Wales, Dr. Williams' pink pills for pale people, "that I had a severe attack of influenza. I did not realise at the time what was the matter with me, and no doubt I did not take sufficient care of myself in consequence. "I was very unwell for about a month, and probably had I kept to my bed at first for a week or two everything would have been all right. Instead of that, I remained at home one day and was out another, until at last I really became very ill indeed. When the doctor called to see me he found me in a very bad plight, for by this time not only had I influenza, but diabetes had set in a'.s well. I was under the doctor's hands for a whole twelve months as a result, and while J had got rid of the influenza I found myself a complete wreck compared with what I was t befcre. I was terribly weak, my cheeks were sunken, hollow, and sallow, and I was re* duced almost to a skeleton. ,My heart also was very weak, and my breath completely gone. To give you an idea, I remember try- ing to carry a bit of hay between my two brands for a distance about the breadth of his room, and I had not gone a few stens before I had to stop. I was actuallv breath- less with that much effort, and absolutely too weak to do it. "I one day asked the doctor what was the cause of all this weakness, and why he could not remove it. His answer was, 'It will take A long time for you to regann your strength, if indeed you ever will.' He asked me if my weakness depressed me at all and. mistaking his meaning I told him. 'No not in the least, as I had no fear, whatever might happen, but 80 long as I was here I should like to be AS strong and vigorous and useful as I could.' Well, things went on in thjis way, and as I did not nnd my strength returning I gave up the doctor's medicine, and thought I would try something else. I did try some of Dr. Williams' pink pills for pale people, but only for a little while, -as I was persuaded to take some other pills, which were made by a local chemist, who said they were quite as good as Dr. Williams'. I took many boxes of these pills, and each box contained over a hundred of them, and after all the hundreds I had taken I was not one bit better At last at another shop I was induced to give the genuine Dr. Williams' pink pills for pale people another trial, as he had h.im-. self derived great benefit from them. TWS a»d dij?!"1?' sion When T 1?MS ONE SINGLE occa- Som home L V^RKUIS A»Y distance I alwave FN' 1 frequently had to do, them RL 1 with me, so as to take T F gularly after my meals. Before long 1 ■ Myself getting a bit better. I was iveiier and more buoyant in spirits, and my ^PPTITE had greatly improved. Finding this benefit I determined to continue takiag the genuine Dr. Williams' pink pills for pale people, and I gave them a thorough and fair trial. By degrees my breath returned. I regained my usual strength, and I am now able to go out at all times and in all weathers to follow my occupation., although I must say I am a little more careful of myself nur when it is raining and I get wet than I USED to be. MIF FNEN<!S WERE QUITE astonished to SEC!I AN £ F- THAT had now come over 're, and it was only recently, when I had nrac- RW°V,ERE(I my usual state of health, tnat they told me ministers and others who had seen me for some time, said that they + PIJER EXPECT*D ME to get over it. Several told, ME that they had 'marked me for the grave,' and would not have been surprised at ally time to have heard of my death. Hap- pily, through the instrumentality of Dr. Williams' pink pills my weakness has com- pletely disapppeared, and I am able to follow my occupation as I have just been telling you. and the bloom of health has come back once more to my cheeks to take the place of the sallowneas and paleness that had taken possession of them." "Yes, I WISH he had stuck to them in the first instance," said Mrs. Edwards, who was present at the interview, "for you must un. derstand that it was only during the last twelve months or BO that he has taken them conwLstently. He did try a few boxes two OR three years ago, but he was persuaded to ^A*E OT"ER kinds of pills which a chemist aaid *1U1^ AS 8RO°^<* AN<* course the fact that they WERE cheaper induced us to fcrr them. "I can honestly give you this testimonial ;«JR concluded Mr. Edwards, IAID SATISFIED that they, and they alone, bave brought me to the satisfactory state of health I 3m NOW enjoying."
They have m Wrexham an annual holiday which they call "Dydd Llun Pawb" (Every- OODJV MONDAY). "Dydd Lie PWBFE WAS held with its cuatomary •uccass last «rfee&.
-4 I The Best I for Supper. I Van Houten's Cocoa is so perfectly I digestible that there is no fear of its I causing a bad night's rest. Its nourishing I qualities enable the blood to build up, 1 during sleep, the material wasted by the I previous day's work, worry or excite- I ment. It soothes the nerves, and is 1 alike strengthening, pure and delicious. van 11outeri) coa ) I Don't forget to order a Tin from the Grocer next time. 1 ':1'1
SWANSEA POLICE COURT, SATURDAY. (Before Messrs. Wm. Walters, David Owen, and A. H. Thomas.) Indecent Conduct. Wm. Crowell, seaman, of no fixed abode, and Margaret Williams, a woman of ill-fame, were jointly charged with an act of indecency on the Strand on the 12th inst.—Both fined 20s.. or, in default, 14 days' imprisonment. A Deserter. Richard Matthews, described as a labourer, charged with deserting from the Welsh Regi- ment at Cardiff, was remanded pending the arrival of an escort. County Trivialities. Dd. Davies, a Dunvant collier, was fined 10s. inclusive of costs for drunkenness; Wm. J. Iddelston, Pontardulais, 20s. for obscene language; Wm. Williams, farmer,, Glais, 20s. for leaving his horse and cart unattended and driving without lights; John Rosser, Gorseinon. tinker, 2s. 6d. and costs for keep- ing a dog without a licence; Wm. Flynn, a Sketty haulier, 10s. for selling coal in bags without the necessary labels, and also 10s. for selling coal in bags without scales. MONDAY. (Before Messrs. W. Watkins Oin the chair), Howell Watkins, Joseph Rosser. Fred. Rocke, and Simon Goldberg.) Miscellaneous. Robert Gould, labourer, 2, Salutation- court,, was charged with drunken and dis- orderly conduct and assaulting P.C. Grove. -The case was proved and a fine of 20s. or, in defaut, 14 days. imposed.—Mary Jane Harris, 29, Gorse-road, and Dd. John Har- ris, boiler-maker's helper, and husband of Mary Jane, were both fined 10s. for drunken- ness.—Others fined for this offence were: Thos. Sullivan, no address; Wm. Hancock, 56, Ysgol-istreet; John Paton, labourer, 3, Pinkney-street; Edith Morris, 72.. Foxhole- road;'and Dd. Gwynn, labourer, 119, Llangy- felach-road.—Thos. Thomas, 7, Watkin- street, was fined 7s. 6d. for driving without lights.—Albert Morgan, a small boy, had to pay Is. for playing tip-cat in Kilvey-terrace. -Another boy) named Geo. Morris, 86, Sy- mon-street, was let off w!ith a caution.—Wm. Bowden, 3., Inkerman-street, and Ernest Lewis, 18, Danygraig-terrace, were summoned for committing a breach of the peace by fighting in Fabian's Bay on the 5th inst.— Lewis was bound over in the sum of 40s., but the evidence against Bowden being in- sufficient. he was discharged.—Charles King, fireman, 47, Dyvatty-street. charged with deserting from the Grenadier Guards in London, was remanded to avraii ar» escoit.. Music and Dancing after Honrs. j Mr. J. E. Fitt, of the Grand Hotel,, Alex- andra-road, was summoned for keeping rooms I open for music and dancing between the hours of 11 p.m. on April 1st and 12 noon o* the following day. Mr. Lawrence Richards prosecuted on be- half of the police. It was stated that P.Co's Gammon and Hocking went to the hotel, and took the names of 20 couples on the night in question. In the unavoidable absence of Mr. Fitt, Mr. Richard Watkins appeared, and informed the Bench that the offence wafl committed in ignorance of the requirements of the Act.—A penalty of 2s. was inflicted. Obstructing the Thoroughfare. John Cathen, 3, Field-street, Landore, Was summoned for causing an obstruction in j jStation-road on the 6th inst. It appeared that the defendant was preaching on the j date in question, and had caused a large, crowd to assemble when P.C. Jones came upon the scene and requested him to go to some by-road, where there was not 150 such traffic. He refused to go away and re- mained on the pavement for thirty-five min- utes. Defendant said the constable's state- ment was not true. The road was at least 40 yards wide at the spot in question, and vehicular traffic was rare. Only from 80 to 100 people had assembled. His reason for preaching in that neighbourhood was because there was a club in the vicinity, of which his children were members, and he wanted to say something against it- He was "trying to do good for God and humanity. A no1 minal fine of 2s. 6d. was inflicted, the magis- trates remarking that they took a lenient view of the case. Defendant quietly observed that 1 mid not submit to a fine, but he was i. illed that his good character would be d rained upon in that case. Adjourned. A case in which Elizabeth Mort, of the London and North Western Hotel, was sum- moned for keeping her house open for the sale of intoxicating liquor during illegal hours on March 24th, was adjourned. TUESDAY. (Before Messrs. J. W. Jones and Dd. Owen.) Inebriation. A seaman, named Thos. Jones, of the s.s Camel, was fined 10s. or 7 days for drunken and disorderly conduct.-A summnos against Chas. Ewards, seaman, 57, Ysgol-street, was adjourned, as it was shown that he was work- ing at Gwaun<-ae-Gurwen, and hadn't received the summons. A Dual Charge. Dd. McNamara, Sketty, dock labourer, was charged with stealing a towel, value 9d., from a lavatory at the Colosseum Hotel. He was also charged with cutting a gas pipe in the lavatory. Complainant said she missed the towel, which was found in defendant's J. possession, and that she saw him cut the gas pipe with a knife.—P.C. Maazo having been called, defendant pleaded guilty, and said he was sorry; he was drunk at the time. —Supt.Thomas stated that the defendant had borne 8IIl excellent character up to 18 months ago., but since then had taken to drink, and had not kept up his reputation. Mr. J. W. Jones: McNamara, you must pay a fine of 20s., or go to prison for 14 days- Prisoner: I've got no money, sir. He went below. Breach of the Factory Act. S. J. West, Carmarthen-road, trading as P. West and Co., grocers pwi*ion mer- chants, was sumiaonid for infringing the Factory Acta by employ10* fellow, named Patrick P M- ON the night Augustus Lewis, H.M. In*P«2?r of Factories, who pro- sfecuted, said the Thursday preceding Good Friday a period <>f great temptation, on account of the trreat demand for hot-cross bans on XSOOD IDAY. Mr. West, previously cautioned, had erpressed the opinion that the whole business wa.s "Tonuar Bot." That might be very expressive, but scarcely ele- gant. especially coming from a baker.—De- fendant denied that he had been disreapect- ful in his behaviour. He had followed the spirit of the Act, if not the letter.—He was fined 20s. inclusive. Refreshment House Keeper Fined James Heaven, 4, Wassail-square, was sum, moned for keeping his refreshment-house open at 11.20 p.m.—Inspector Nicholas and P.C. Kingdom visited the shop on Friday night, and found four seamen eating .fried fish and "chips." Asked if he had a licence, defendant said. "No; I didn't think I would require one."—Fine}d 10s. and ordered to take out a licence, and not keep the shop open after 11 p.m. WEDNESDAY. (Before Messrs. E. Rice Daniel (in the chair), E. J. Boundy, Thos. Davies, Jno. Powell,, D. Owen. A. H. Thomas, and Jos. Davies.) A Charwoman's Theft. A widow, named Mrs. Rebecca Mitchell, of 26, Mier's-street, was charged with stealing a bottle of whisky, a blanket, a sheet, and a quantity of wearing apparel, value in all 14s., from the Albany Hotel, on the previous day. The landlady, Mrs. Tuck, said the prisoner was employed at the hotel as a char- woman.-P.C. Horner deposed to finding the missing articles in the woman's house. Ten previous convictions were recorded against prisoner who was now sentenced to a month's hard labour. "A Little Old-fashioned!" Benj. Abraham Ovitch, a Polish young- ster, aged 13 years, living at 43, Dyfatty street, pleaded guilty to stealing 5s. from the till at No. 124, Llangyfelach-road, the pro- perty of one Ruth Williams.—Supt. Thomas informed the Bench that nothing was known against the boy, who had only been living in Swansea with his parents for a few weeks. However, he appeared to be a "little old- fashioned." The magistrates decided to deal with the defendant under the First Offen- ders' Act, and accordingly bound him over to be of good behaviour, at the same time warning him that if he got in trouble again be would be severely dealt with. Indecency. Mary Ann Johns, 79, Strand, and Christian Sorenian, a Norwegian ship carpenter, were each fined 20s. for indecent conduct. The county business was next proceeded with. A Trivial Affair. A young woman, named Bessie Harris, was summoned for assaulting a little boy, the son of Henry Sanders, Slade Gardens, Mum- bles.—Mrs. Annie Sanders said she saw the defendant, who was in the service of her brother-in-law, strike her little boy twice on the head, knocking him down.—In defence, the girl said she only pushed the boy away from a water tap on the premises of her mistress. The latter corroborated, and in the end the Bench unanimously dismissed the case. A Novel Licensing Case. A case involving an interesting point of licensing law occupied the attention of the Bench this morning. The defendant was a Swansea man, named Mr. Thos. Harris, and HE was summoned for selling intoxicated +I?U TIIA*- Beaufort Arms, Mumbles, on the 6th inst. On Sunday evening, the date in question, Sergt. Hopkins visited the Beau- fort Arms, and there saw the defendant in charge. Knowing he was not the licensee, he asked him how he was in possession. The man made a statement in reply, to the effect that he was manager for the time being. He thereupon went and interviewed the li- censee, Mrs. Jane Griffiths, who lived some distance away, and who made the following statement: "The licence is in my name. but I have finished with the house since the 25th March last. The Swansea United Breweries have bought the house. Harris has nothing to do with me, thank goodness he is under the brewery." Mr. C. W. Slater, who ap- peared for the defence, contended, firstl, that the evidence did not sustain the charge, and secondly, that there was no intention on the part of the defendant to defeat the law. The facts were these. Mrs. Griffiths was the tenant of the house, and the Swansea United Breweries agreed to take a lease of it for a term of years, commencing on the 25th March. The lease was put in hand, but had not been completed in time. The Brewery Company were let into possession of the house on the 25th arch, and the lease not being completed, it was necessary to have someone to keep the house open. As they were not then prepared with a new tenant, the man Harris, who was a servant of theirq, and also as licence-holder in the town, was sent down tp temporarily carry on the busi- ness, an arrangement being made with Mrs. Griffiths whereby the licence should remain in her name. In return for her retaining this responsibility. Mrs. Griffiths was to re- ceive the sum of 5s. a week. It was never intended to keep Harris there more than a few days" and it was perfectly plain from thje, arrangement, tba-t all parties con- cerned desired to comply with the law by keeping the licence in existence. In conclu- sion, the learned advocate for the defence maintained that his clients had every right to make out and carry this arrangement, Har- ris being a servant, and he cited a case in point.—Mr. W. H. James, secretary to the Brewery Company, and Mr. John Harris, the agent, bore out the statement as to the afore- mentioned arrangement. Evidence was also given by the defendant (who stated that he was formerly engaged at the Brewery, and that his wife and family looked a.fter hi licensed house in Swansea), and MRV JANE Griffiths. In the end the magistrates said the case was a novel one. Thev bdd that there had been a breach of t.he law. which would be met by a nomina? fine of 5s. and costs.
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