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THE DANES AND SOUTH WALES,…

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THE DANES AND SOUTH WALES, &c. [BY GOTHIC.] It wonld be imnfoessiry to sav one word in commendation of the lecture bv M". A. G. Moffat, as reported in yonr issue of the 7th in"t. One only relrrf-tq that the report appears to be very much condensed. Mr. Moffat has srone over a. fair portion of Viking reiord* dealiisr with the subject, which he treats in a clear and concise manner. A year or two I ventured, under the head- in? Stedwolaneo," to r«fer to evidence which exists of the fact tha.t t'ne Danes on"e conqnprec1 and occupied a larsre portion of South Wales. pcludine Gower. There are, however, many interesting points connected with Souhh Wales and the Da.n<"< I did n"t at that time wish to tire your readers with—(knowing as I do that readers cinnot be bothered with a perpetua recurrence to the onq sto-v. eweciallv'" if it happens to b1* a dry historic one)-It too 'lengthy communication on the subject. I now dare to think that a short reference to the matter mav be risked. It does appear to me that mtnv readers confute the seeminsr hard and fa^t lin" drawn by general historic5* which fix the date of the Danish invasion of this country. Possibly it may he correct that the first regular organised Di,,i,li invasion of this counfrv took nlao about 787. But it will never do for thoae who wish for some- thin? more th-m general statements to bn oontont with generni histories. There is not the slightest doubt that the latter ignores the records which are to be found of many migratory bands of Danes who landed in Wales and other parts of south, Irrespective of north. Britain, and who there can be as little doubt, made a home here. As a fact, the Saxons knew. for instance, the south of England long before the time general history fixes as the date for their first arrival, for we find the Romans were in the habit, centuries prior, of calling the coasts of Norfolk and Suffolk the Saxon Coasts." It cannot possibly be an accident, or the result of a desire to mislead, that so early as 505 we have recorded, in connection with Arthur, the introduction of a Dane. Bnt in 586 we have a most circumstantial account, which no sophistry, no fallacious reasoning, can do away with. Caridic was son of Wtedic ap Edern ap Padame (there were eleven brothers). The Saxons having vanquished the lot in a battle over the Severn, the latter took forcible possession of the land" of the Bethun's, who were the descendants of Glanhector, the most ancient Lords of South Wales.* I merely go into this detail to emphasise its more important following. Latterly, we read, the Saxons confederated with the Danes, and during a battle Caridic was preparing to give Kenrick the west Saxon, Gurmund, the ccm- mander of the Dans, appeared with his army, havinl'! got behind Caridic from the left side of the Severn. This necessitated Caridic's flight, and so we know that be had to cro"a the Severn and Dee, and hide himself in the fastness of the mountain district. These Danes were no new marauding party jaet landed, but evidently residenters. In the year 835. a very larjre fleet of armed men, Danes, landed on the Welsh coast," i.e., Corn- wall, and uniting" made war upon Egbert. It matters very little who the Danes united with, whether Welsh or resident Danes, the conclusion will be much the same so far as the essential matter is concerned. (To be continued.) Divi Britannici, 1675, p. 100.

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