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LAYING THE FOUNDATIONST ONE OF THE | CASTLEREAGH I MEMORIAL CLOCK TOWER. The picturesque little town of Machvidl th wai quite alive on Tmrsday af'.ernoon, Ju'y 15th, when Viscount Caitltrtajli lv.d the fo ii.tLtion itme of a (lo--k tower which is t ) b. erected in commemoration of his a tiining his majority. That event took pt lee in July of last yeart when it was suggested that some peimaaett monument of a useful and ornamen :ai character should be erected in the town of Machynlleth. That mode of cjlebrating the event was proposed because, owing to a deep family sorrow, it Was considered to be more in harmony with the feelings of the Plas family thn rejoicings of a more demonstrative nature. It is scarcely necessary to s-ty that such a sensible suggestion would go unheeded. A committee was then appointed, and its members have. kept the object steadily in view, and have arrived at a result satisfactory to all concerned. Mr D. Howell was chairman; Mr H. Lb Jones, treasurer; and Mr Richard Jones, secretary; while the ordinary members were Mr R. Gillart, Mr E. Morgan, Mr J. 0. Jones, Mr Phelps, Mr Meredith, Mr Edwar ■ Rees, Mr Thomas Breese, Mr G. W. Griffiths, and Mr John Thomas. A subscription list was opened, and in *L*ew weeks about £1,000 was collected, Sir Watkin W. Wynn subscribing a handsome contribution. With such funds in hand the committee eventually decided to erect a ciocs tower, and with the surplus to plant the town with trees. The latter object has been carried out for some time, and the streets present a marked improvement in appearance in consequence. Plans for the clock tower were invited, and one has been selected, in competition, from forty-eight other designs. It is said there is a perspective view of the tower in the Royal Academy Exhibition and the London publications have reviewed the plans very favourably. The tower, which is to consist or a vunth Cuurse, the platform of which will be attained by steps, will ultimately be sur- rounded by an ornamenta* railing. On this platform, at a future period, is to be placed a fountain which forms part of the design. The lower storey will be a space thirteen feet two inches square outside on plan, having open arches on the four sides, and buttresses at an angle of fifty-five sustaining each corner. The arches, ■vpith polished angle columns and carved caps, will be crowned by crocketted canopies and small figures hold- ing bannerets in their hands, on one of which the arms of Lord Castlereagh will;be carved. These figures will rest on each cjrner of the springing of the shaft or body of the tower, which is to be of Tremadoc stonp, splayed at the angles, and will have a rampant course of Mansfield red stonjon each side with foliated loop hole windows at distances all the way up. The shaft or body of the tower will rise from the groined ceiling of the arcade and will be terminated by four enriched faces with angle pinacelled turrets. The tower will be roofed by means of a stone crocketted spirelet terminated by a large iron vane. The dials will be framed in ornamental ironwork. The whole height of the tower will be seventy-eight feet from the base to the top of the vane, and forty-eight feet to the centre of the dials. The architect is Mr Henry Kennedy, of Bangor and London, and the contractor is Mr Edward Edwards, builder, Machynlleth. An illuminated clock with three faces is to be placed in the tower, and will be given by Lady Edwards. The site is that upon which the un- sightly Town Hall formerly stood, and is the gift of Sir Watkin Wynn. The decorations were of a brilliant character. Standing on the site, which is at the bottom of Maengwyn-street and at the junction of Pentrerallt and Pentreihedyn-street, a treble avenue of flags met cne's gaze, the majority of the mottoes wishing long life and happinpss to Viscount Castlereagh. At the Maengwyn entrance to the Plas grounds was an evergreen arch surmounted with a flag bearing the inscription, Croesau i yagolion Machynlleth a'i hamgylchoedd, Gorph 16eg, 1874." (Welcome to the Machynlleth and neighbouring Schools, July 16th, 1864 ) This decoratian was illuminated in the evening by two large gas stars. At the West Lodge entrance was another inscription, "Success to Machynlleth and neighbourhood." Near the foundation stone Mrs Jones had a very liberal display uf bunting, and a larce line of flags stretching from one side of the read to the other. At Mr J. Lumley's, Stamp Office, were three neat flags, one wishing the Viscount "Long live and happiness," and upon another, The PIas Family for ever." Mr T. Breese, the Eagle Tea Warehouse, was very novel—creditably so, perhaps, for he wished his lordship "Long life and a good wife," May God preserve the noble family of Plas Mach- ynlleth." Mr William LJoyd, draper, Hir ces i deulu'r Plas." Mr Eiward Rees, chemist, was verv tasteful with his decorations, and he expressed a hope that lady Edward; would enjoy a long life. The noble Plas family for ever" was another of his in- scriptions. Mr Lewis Morris, grocer, was not in the shade, and as much can be said of Mr David Davies. Mr J. Foulkes Jones displayed three flags with suitable mottoes. Mr Evans, Lion Hotel, had a good show of flsgs and a gas illumination, and Mr Adam Evans, who must have nad a busy time in printing the motto Long life and happiness," showed bow much he could do on an occasion like that of Thursday. Castlereagh—may the dews of heaven fall thick upon him," was the wWh of the Misses Hughes, of Plas Cuttage, and Dr Pughe had a good display of flags. To give a complete list of the flags, &c., and the mot- toes, would be almost an enditss task, as all tried their beat to make the town as gay as possible. I "ear the foundation stone was a suitable and ingenious i englyn (composer unknown r;t present) as folows:- j C'oc mawr i ar.vain c,Lociau-y dref I gad%vr amserau; A'i sylfaenydJ fo'r un wedd Yn blacnori yn mhob rLin wtdJ. At about three e'e.'ock a frocesnon wa3 foim^d ia front of the site, and was headed by the Corris Br3?s Band, under the leadership of Mr H. Roberts. The deputation came next, and then the children belonging to the Sunday and day schools of Machynlleth and the neighbourhood, with their teachers and fiiends. The MachynllechChurch Sun- day School had a banne: with blue ground, trimmed with evergreens, and bearing the inscription Viscount Castle- reagh, please accept the greetings and good wishes of W els hearts and hands." Uwchygarreg Sunday School and the Maengwyn Cnapel Sunday Schools followed, bear- ing banners and bannerets with suitable inscriptions. The Machynlleth Wesleyan Sunday School children came next, and carried three banner- and the (irtig Chapel Sunday School, which followed, carried a banner wishing Success to the Memorial Clock Tower." They were followed by the Sunday School children frem Aberhosan, Corris, Darowen, Abereegir, Derwenlas, and Talwern, the total number of children In the procession being considerably over one thou- sand. The Loyal Llynlloedd Lodge of Oddfellows in their i also formed a pleasing feature in the processien, which was organized m a most successful manner by Mr E. Morgan and Air J. 0. Jones. The procession being formed four abreast then proceeded through Pentrerhedyn-street to Plas Machynlleth, passed ia front of the mansion without stopping, and came out at the Maengwyn-street exit, and proceeded down Maengwyn- street to Pentrerhedyn-street, where the teachers and the children remained duting the ceremony, and kept in marching order ready f-ir the return to the grounds. In the meanwhile the band stopped at the mansion, and also the deputation, who requested Viscount Castlereagh to accompany them to the sue to perform the ceremony. Tremendous cheering took place when the Viscount, the Marquess and Marchioness of Londonderry, and the little s Lady Aline Vane Tempest, accompanied by the chairman and several members of th- --Omlnittee, ascended the plat- form, and at this time some thousands of spectators had assembled. All the windows overlooking the site were occupied by anxious sight-seers, and some were courageous enDugh to mount the roof of a half-tinished house near the spot. Among those present at the ceremony, and at various periods of the day, were noticed the Marquess of London- derry, the Marchioness of Londonderry, Viscount Castle- reagti) Lady Aline Vane Tempest, Mr J. B. Emerson, Mr 11. À; Johnson, Mrs Rack, Mrs Atkin, and MissRuck, PantUudw; Ir C. F. Thiustcn and Miss Thruston, Tal- gart! Hall; Colonel Steuartand Mrs Steuart, Esgair Hall; Mr D. Howell and family, and Major Davies the Rev. Cane-n (iritl-iths and party; Mr and Mrs Gillart, Mr E. Marfan, Mr C. R. Kenyan and the Misses Kenyon, Bryn- llwydwy'n; Mr Edward Jeffreys, Mrs Jeffreys, and Miss Part-rM^e Glandovey Castle; Mr H. LI. Jones, National Provincial Bank Dr Lloyd, Mr J. H. Jones and Mrs Jones, Aberdovey; Dr Pugte, iIr Owen, Llawr, Penegoes; Miss T,ne* Vane School; Mrs Catherine Jones, Corner Shop '■Ir T' n Tones and fjmi'v, Miss Kerr, Frongog Mr Ed- ward Rees and Mrs Rees, Mrs Owen, the Rev J. L.Jones, Aber'1 are; Rev. D. Morgan, Penegoes- Rev Josiah Jones, Rev Daniel Evans, Llanwrm; Rev. J. Morgan, Corns Rev. Richard Jones, Parogen Rev. Henry Parry, Mach- ynlleth Rev. J. Jenkins, Dyliffe; Rev. J. M. Jones, Machynlleth Rev. John Roberts, L wchygarreg; Rev. J. Roberts, Aberhosan; Mr and Mrs Meredith Penrhyn; Mr J,I-,u Lumley and Mrs Lumley, Mr J. Thomas and Mrs Thomas, &c., kc. The ceremony of lay in., the foundation stone commenced at about half-ps»st three o'clock, when, after quietness was obtained, Mr D. HOWELL, chairman of the committee, said-My Lords, Ladies, and Gentlemen,—It is my privilege as chairman of the committee of subscribers to ask Lord Castlereagh to do us the honour of performing the cere- mony which has brought us together this day. The occa- sion is one of unusual interest to this town and neigh- bourhood. It is the first opportunity we have had of public;7 congratulating his lordship and his noble family on the attainment by him of his majority. (Hear.) I would Mt be tempted, even it time permitted, to travel over ground associated wi.h .he historic name he inherits, and the fame of uis J'red^>-3sors. I will confine myself to less conspicuous, o<- 3\v83 lnteresting topics (Lon^pUuseT T. fook^ V Dt he J his noble mother-(cheer8)-aa Pthe him a- the TViWards, whose name ia atiU a grandson of bir JJ^n eers)—as the future suc- household word among V™ ;di3tant date, 0f the cessor, though foremost in the perfoimance noble ivLaumess, who fca* Jwe-i AV1* 0-nnd wai-l- of every day, 'and in the promotion of_e ery good work ever tince l\e came to re^e among (■-j, w;ii we have every confidence that Lord Castle e g foil ow the excellent examples which he has had the of. (Hear, hear.) In -ecining upon asking his lordship to p.-rfor:n the ceremonv of to-day, we consulted former plr, cti The nob.e Marchioness has been ever ready to uadrr'ake similar duties. (Hear, har.) Many of us well ember tl',e, liarpy days when she laid the founda- tion e o. our V*n<- Infant School, when she cut th firjt x"r': four railway, and when abe afterwards took tit, J,e;¡,di. j). rt in the apening of tt. (Chopra.) Where eou'i ] we find a more fitting representative of her ladyship to-day than her eldest son, with whose name this memorial will be associated? (Loud applause.) I should ill f fulfil my duty if I did not refer in terms of high respect and gratitude to Lady Edwards, whose j name La* for more than one generation been inseparably connected with she advancement of objects cilculated to b nefit this neighbourhood. (Cheers ) It is matter of re- j 'icing to her ladyship's numerous frieuds that she has been spared t) see this day, and to witness the growing attach- ment felt towards her fauiiiy and descendants anung her old neighbours. The last gift by her ladyship to the town is the clock for this Memorial Tower. (Great cheering.) It is a happy circumstance suggested by the spot on which we now stand, that the excellent site for the memorial is the gift of one of the noble Marquess's earliest and most valued friends. Sir Watkin—(cheers)—Las thus given us | an opportuiiy of replacing the old familiar Town Hali, which did much good in its day, by ansther structure, which we tru-t will continue an object of ornament and utility for many generations. (Loud and continued ap- plause.) The Rev. CANON GRIFFITHS then said—I deem it a gr-at pleasure for us to be here to-day, not only to tender our good wishes and congratulations to Viscounc Castlereagh on the anniversary of his birthday, but also to take part with him in the excellent work which will bear his name, and will show to future generations the love and esteem in which he and his noble family are held in this neighbour- hood. (Cheers.) It is mentioned in the Scriptures as a mark of distinction which the King of Heaven confers upon those whom he approves and delights to honour, that they should always be had in remembrance, and that their memory is blessed, while on the other hand it is said of the opposite character that their remembrance shall perish out of the earth, and that they shall have no name in the city. Now, ladies and gentlemen, I should like to know what you mean by the erection of this memorial tower which you are going to set up on the most conspicuous and beautiful spot in our town ? Do you intend by this very act to show to the world at large that so far as in you lies you are resolved that the name of the Viscount Castlereagh shall not be forgotten in the streets of this ancient and beautiful town. (Loud ap- plause.) I would go further, and ask—Do you not by this very act constitute yourselves judg-s, as it were, of the noble viscount's past life, and this is the verdict you have brought in? (Hear, hear.) I believe that is what you mean, for in our bumble way we show by this act that his lordship is fully entitled to the high and illustrious name that has descended to him—(cheers)—and I am sure, ladies and gentlemen, that I only express the feelings of every one here present when I say that, from the bottom of our hearts, we hope his lordship will long be spared to bear that illustrious name, and not only so, but that he will e have grace not only to retain it untarnished, but to send it i down to posterity with increased lustre. (Cheers.) I feel fully convinced that this will be so; and I now ask you to join me in humble prayer to Almighty God for His blessing all this work. Almighty and most gracious God, without whom nothing is strong, nothing is holy, we implore Thy blessing upon our gathering here this day. Enable us humbly and gratefully to acknowledge Thee as the only true source of blessing and prosperity. Bless the hands employed in the erection of this work. Impiess their minds with the truth, that except the Lord build the house they labour but in vain that build it. While they are engaged in it let them seek, and do Thou throw over them, the shield of Thy Almighty protection and graciously suffer them to bring their task to a successful completion without any sacri- fice of human life. Bless him in whose honour this structure is erected. Regard him, we beseech Thee, with Thy special favour. Let him realize and practically acknow- ledge that the fear of the Lord not only brings, but per petuates riches and honour and life. Impress upon him the fixed desire of living to Thy glory of rising superior to the facinations of the world and of diligently improv- ing all his talents in the attainment and promotion of the greatest good. May he live in this world remembering that the fashion of it passeth away. Grant him an in- terest in Thy great salvation. Enlighten his mind and subdue the rebelliousness of corrupt inclination within him. Work in him to will and to do of Thy good pleasure, that he may run with patience the race set before him, ever looking unto Jesus and when his course is finished crant that he may leave behind him a name better than any which earth can confer, even an ever-lasting name which shall not be cut off. Finally, increase and multiply upon us all Thy mercies, that Thou being our Kuler and Guide, we may so pass through things temporal that we lose not the things eternal. Grant this, 0 Heavenly Father, for Jesus Christ's sake, our Lord. (Amen). The ceremony of laying the foundation stone was then proceeded with. The Viscount stood near the inclined plane opposite, to where the stone was suspended, the architect being on one side, holding the browel and mallet, and the contractor on the other side with the mortar beard and mortar. The trowel was then handed to his lordship, who descended the trench and spread the mortar over the spot where the first stone was to be embedded. The hon. secretary then put a bottle into a cavity already prepared. The bottle contained some daily and local papers, and several gold, silver, and copper coins. There was also a small metal shield with his lordship's rrest en- graved on one side, and on the counter side the inacriotion i\r coffadwriaeth am ddyfodiad Coriarll Castlereagh i'w ced, Gorphenaf 16eg, 1873." (In memory of the coming of age of Viscount Castlereagh, July 10ill, 1873). The shield was engraved by Messrs John Rees and Son, Maen- gwyn-street, Machynlleth. Some more mortar having been spread by his lordship the Chairman directed the foundation stone to be lowered, the assembly cheering vociferously, and the band playing a lively tune. The architect having handed the mallet to the Viscount he completed the ceremony by striking the foundation at its four corners, and declaring it properly laid. The trowel was of solid silver, tastefully ornamented, with an ivory handle, and was procured from one of the first bouses in London. The trowel and a silver mounted mallet were the gifts of the architect and contractor. The inscrip- tion on both the trowel and mallet will be as follows :— Presented to VISCOUNT CASTLEREAGH, On his laying The Foundation Stone of the Clock Tower at Machynlleth, in Commemoration of his Attaining his Majority, July 16th, 1873. Henry Kennedy, Architect. Mchynlleth, July 16th, 1874. Viscount CASTLEREAGH, having ascended again to the platform, then said-.Ilr Howell, ladies and gcLtlemen,—I feel it is quite impossible for me to attempt to find words wherewith to express my thanks to you for the kiadness you have shown me on the present occasion, and also for the kind invitation of the worthy chairman of the committee who has asked me to come here to-day and lay the founda- tion stone of the Memorial Clock Tower. When I say I thank you heartily, and from the bottom of my heart for such kindness, I feel I have not expressed my gratitude to the extent I would if words could be found. (Applause). And while I endeavour to thank you for what you have done, and for the kind wishes expressed on the present oc- casion, I would also thank you for the great kindness shown to me during the many years I have been among you, duiing which I have become to know nearly every one pres- ent here to-day. (Loud applause). Ever since I can re- collect I have received nothing but kindness and regard at your ban is. From the moment of my birth you manifested an interest in my welfare, when you asked my mother to lay the foundation-stone of the Vane Infant School in com- memoration of my birth and during the years I spent my boyhood with you, every day testified your good wishes for my prosperity but now to-day you have crowned all your kindness by doing far more than I could ever have expected you to have done by asking me to lay the foundation-stone of the Memorial Clock Tower, which is to be erected to my honour, and to commemorate my coming of age. (Loud cheers.) It was only this day last year that you were pre- pared to show what you felt towards me, but you were pre- vented. Then my parents, my family, and myself were bowed down with a great sorrow but that sorrow was very much lightened by the delicacy of feeling you manifested and the "sympathy which pervaded the whole of the town we all loved. (Applause.) We knew then that everyone was anxious to come forward to congratulate 1 me upon having attained my majority, and to show your appreciation of the way my parents have brought me up—(applause)—but we little knew then how nvich was in store for us, though we felt that if you could not on that occasion show how much you meant yet you wished me the long life and prosperity that I now see so often expressed all around me. (Cheers.) With regard to the kind expressions made by Mr Howell and my friend the worthy rector, Mr Griffiths, I can only say I cannot lay claim to one hundredth pare they give me credit for. What there is in me that is honourable I hope you will put down to those parents who have brought me up as an honourable man and a Christian man should be. (Loud and continued applause.) I have now arrived at what is termed man's estate, and as years go on I hope I shall be able to be of great benefit to this town. (Cheers.) In conclusion, I hope every one here present will believe me when I say that from the bottom of my heart I thank you, though I cannot find words to express my gratiinde to you for the kindness you have shown me ever .since I can remember, but more especially for that of to-day. (Loud cheers,) The Marquess of LONDONDERRY said—It appears to me upon this occasion that my eldest son has paid a very great compliment to his parents in speaking of the manner in which he ha3 been brought up. It appears that at least one point has not been neglected by him, and that is, the way to make a speech, for in that respect he has surpassed "his worthy and affectionate father. (Laughter.) I assure you, I idies and gentleiner, that it is with feelings of the deepest pii Ie and pleasuie that Lady Londonderry and I are present to witness this most interesting ceremony—interesting, in as much as n. will be the means of improving the beauty of the town, but far more interesting to_us as the m- raorial is raised by the spontaneous efforts of those with whom we have so long lived in memory of one who, on this day Irish ¿-r, attained tho rank of n.aa's escate. (Cueeis.) lam perfectly aware that the idea was originated last but with singular good taste and fe?liD0 wa? postponed in con- sequence of the heavy cloud which hung over us, and which « not yet totally dispelled. It is now twenty-two years re bhe Vane Infnt School was built to commeiio- haveD^ L°f my .e;,desti son- These Verity-two years -dochTound 'rtyoSS\ duricS that Pe»od the link asesch year naJl i e stror'8'-r and stronger g-atP!eLuVt^tete f^w(ChV,ee")raild if: the commencement of a i,mne "av^ been soared to witness hi, eeDoing of jf('Commemorate never be forgotten by hirQ I KNOW M™3* Y WIU be effaced from our memory while^' f iV?1 Wil1 -inJ-y sure— (applause) —for we cannot for~eMhtv arQ w have always received when we lived at, '6'3 h"c"s.) WbAW, h;l\e seen wiHaÚdvTIe J;e:¡f\ the chiin of LESPEV. N 1 affection which has LO.V so LJ,^ a bound us together, for which we inmt ever feel deeply grateful. (Applause.) I feel I have very imperfectly ex. pressed my feelings and thosn of mv family on this occa- sion, but belit-v, me, though words fiil me to express it, that you have our lasting gratitude. (Loud applause.) Mr HOWELL-The proceedings being n .w over, I beg to propose three chetrs for the fa*niiy of Plas Machynlleth. (1 remendous cheering ) Tiii- pro-jessioa was then re-formed, and accompaniej, the Viscuunt back to Plas Majhynll-th. On the dep t-A., ion taking their leave, the band played "God save the Queen. After the ceremony the beautiful grounds of Plas Mach- ynlleth were thrown open to the public. Tea w is provided in a lnrge marquee for the children and their frienids, and it is needless to say they enjoyed that part of the com- mittee's arrangement exceedingly. In the evening a variety of sports were indulged in by all classes, 1 ULhard D. Jones, outfitter, Maengwyn-street, was very successful in "letting off a couple of balloons. Cannons were fired at intervals throughout the day, and the proceedings generally passed off in such u manner as to give credit to the chairman, secretary, and members of the committee for their excellent arrangements, which seemed t) have been carefully studied before-hand. There was no crush at the station, Mr Dix having done his part towards making the anniversary of Viscount Castlereagh's birth and the laying the foundation stone of the clock tower in commemoration of his coming of age, a successful occasion, and to carry it out in the manner it deserved to be.