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---------_._---NOTES & NOTIONS.…


NOTES & NOTIONS. -+-- Childhood must pass away, and then youth, as surely as age approaches. The true wisdom is to be always seasonable, and to change witli a good grace in changing circumstances. To love play- things well as a child, to lead an adventurous and honourable youth, and to settle, when the time arrives, into a green and smiling age is to be a good artist in life and deserve well of yourself and your neighbour.—R. L. STEVENSON. It is difficult to reason with the passions of an individual or of a fow; with of a multitude onca aroused, it is impossible.—W. E. GLAD- STONE. The announcement that the Duke of Beaufort is about to offer Chepstow Castle for sale affords the text for an interesting disquisition in the Standard upon the past historyof that ancient stronghold upon the Marches of Wales.. But that is only one instance out of many where the historic homes of England are passing out of the hands of the historic families, says the Str James's Gazette. Has not Cliveden, dear alike to the historian and the lover of the picturesque, passed out of the hands of the Duke of West- minster into those of Mr. Astor P And has not another American millionaire, if report speaks true, but lately purchased for his own use and pleasure the still more historic beauties of Kil- larney? Meanwhile the ruined scions of our aristocracy are to be found in the h legion of the lost," on the cab-rank, and even in the work- house. The day appears to be fast approaching when all our great castles will be the property of South African millionaires, and all our great families the preserve of American heiresses. Here's another item which should be intereet- iugto the people of Swansea. "The balance-sheet, shewing the first twelve months' working of the Southampton tramways, must be most gratifying reading to the public," says the Southampton Observer and Hampshire News, A net profit of considerably over £3,000 has been earned, not- withstanding that the TramwaysCommittee have had many difficulties to contend with, and the management has been anything but plain-sailing for them. Senior-Baihff Dumford, the deputy chairman, asserted that the actual profits were nearer £8,000 than a large proportion of the surplus had been absorbed by the extraor. ainary expenditure, not the least inconsiderable item being the payment of 5 per cent. interest to the old Tramway Company upon the award for the time it remained in abeyance through circum- stances over which the committee had not the slightest control." Prize day" at Llandovery College was a great success. The boys were naturally full of good spirits and pleasurable hopes. Were not the much-expected holidays before them ? The attendance of friends was larger and more influential than usual, and the Warden was able to point to a splendid year's work. Llandovery College was founded to promote antiquarian and philological investigation, "in combination with a good, sound classical and liberal education, fitting every young man destined for any liberal profession or scientific purpose intended to be exercised and followed in the Principality of Wales, and more especially for young men desirous of qualifying themselves to be efficient members of the Church." How well these objects have been attained is testified by the records of the college. Indeed, few schools in Great Britain can boast of such glorious records as Llandovery. The present scholarly and practical Warden is more than maintaining the high standard set by his brilliant predecessors. Llandovery boys n:ay be found all the world over, occupying important positions in science, in politics, in the Church, and in Nonconformity, and they love their Alma Mater with a deep love. The speeches at the prize day on Tuesday were as interesting as they were instructive, and if there was one note more "^fifrhpr it was the note of satisfaction at the continued remarkable success of Llandovery, in spite of the creation of intermediate and technical schools all over the country. The college has for very many years played a highly important part in the Welsh educational movement, and it will continue to do so as long as it is fortunate enough to be favoured with the services of scholars and teachers of the type of the present warden and his staff. Last year a fund was started to increase the accommodation. About £10,000 are required. A little over £5,500 have already been subscribed. Among the donors we may mention Mr. B. Evans, J.P., who subscribed the handsome sum of £1,000. Wo are confident that the balance will within the next few months be subscribed, for Llandovery College deserves the loyal and generous support of all Welsh people. Mr. B. Evans, J.P., was among the speakers at the College on Tuesday. He received a most enthusiastic reception, as he deserved to, for he may well be considered one of the most valuable and loyal friends of the institution. In the course of hia brief but extremely interesting speech he sought to impress upon the boys the mportance of manliness, as being essential to success in life. Manliness may, we think, be regarded as one of the most marked and pleasing f eutures of British school life. It is certainly very largely responsible for our commercial and political supremacy. At Epsom on Saturday Lord Rosebery said that our schools have been the best schools of manhood that the world has ever seen, and, if they succeeeded in that I, for one, put all the studies of the sciences and classical mathematics in a secondary position." People who do not agree with Lord Rosebery, might well ask themselves how comes it that England, Germany and the United States present such an extraordinary contrast to the southern races, to France, to Spain, and to Italy. Want of schools cannot account for it. A lad who has gone through the course of a French lycce and has taken his "bachot" is a fairly drilled man as far as knowledge goes. The French educational model is pretty well followed both in Spain and Italy. How comes it that the average Frenchman, Spaniard, or Italian of the educated classes is a poor creature, even when he is ingenious and learned, as he often is, by the side of the Englishman, the German, or the American ? There is no more ugly sign in France to-day than the growing taste for crnel shows. It is a distinct reaction towards a lower level- Even the old gallantry of the French which survives in such men as Major Marchand is found combined with a maudlin folly which would hardly be fotind here in a long-haired minor poet. Amativeness, gush, cruelty, and an insatiable vanity seem to reign in France. Why is it so ? It is because manliness does not exist in the schools. It does exist in our British schools, and therefore as a nation we are manly and strong. The boss of Llandovery, we have no doubt, will not fail to appreciate and act upon the advice of Mr. Evans to he manly. There Is a striking article in the Angust Nineteenth Century by Field-Marshall Sir Lintorn Simmons, G C.B., G.C.M.G., on "The Excessive Armies of Russia." Sir Lintorn, after dwelling upon Russia's feverish military and naval preparations, writes The question then naturally occurs: Why is Russia increasing her army and navy so prodigiously at the very time that the Tsar is so earnest in impressing upon all the Powers of the world the advantage of peace and the necessity of not adding to their military strength, the support of which is almost aD unbearable burden upon their peoples. The answer is that he is in reality in the hands of those who, holding him in leading strings, have designs for enlarging the Empire in several directions by conquest, and, generally speaking, to thoir own Sir Linto strongly advises British capitalists not to as_" Russia.