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WORK. Wbat are we set on earth for ? Say, to toil; Nor sek to leave thy tending of the vines For all the heat of the day till it declines And death's mild curfew shall from workassoil. God. did anoint thee with His odourous oil, To wrestle, not to reign; and He assigns All thy tears over, like pure chrystallines, Tor fellow-workers of the soil To wear for amulets. So others shall Take patience, labour, to their heart and hand, and thy brave cheer, And God's grace fructify through thee to all. The least flower, with a brimming cap, may stand, And share it3 dew-drop with another near. E. BABRETT-BHOWircyG.
PEACE AND GOODWILL. P Peace beeinning to be Deep as the sleep of the sea, When the stars their faces gloss In its blue tranquility. th Hearts of men upon earth, Never once still from their birth, To rest as the wild waters rest, With the colours of Heaven on their breast. Love, which is sunshine of peace, Age by age to increase, Till angers and hatreds are dead, And sorrow and death shall cease: «' Peace on Earth and Goodwill!" Souls that are gentle and still Hear the first music of this Far off, infinite bliss! EDWIN ABNOLD.
Baricties, -&r. She (piqued) "I don't know exactly what to make of you, Mr. Bland He (eager to suggest)— Er —why not try a husband i Smith—"Hallo, Jones! You wearing glasses What's that for ? Jones who dislikes to have his spectacles alluded to Corns The difference between a clock and a company is that when you wind up> the former it goes, and when you wind up latter it stops. Mrs. Ward—" Where is your husband working now ?"' Mrs. Precinct He ain't workin? He has got a post in the Government offices." There are two reasons why some people don,t niiad their own business. One is that they haven't any mind, the other that they haven't any business I am tired of looking at brick and mortar I want to get out into the country and feast my vision on green belds. In other words, you want to let your eye browse.' « Father, said a little lad, did Columbus di< cover the Atlantic Ocean?" "Why, certainly not! What made you ask such a question »" wJ Joggerly says he came across it. Man (who prides himself on his weeds)—" Tb f something like a cigar!" Friend-" Something like ? Yes and it s really marvellous to what nTr fection they bring these imitations." e You are as bad as a playing kitten in at conclusions, remarked a husband to hi, •' Do kittens jump at conclusions?" asked the w if!' ThSr'Sr you ne,et "*» their tails « Allow me to' lay this little gift at your feet." "No, no; i nev»>r take any present/f. gentlemen friends But this is only a col^f my poems." Oh, m that case I don't m;S7 °l thought it was something of value." Very bad boy (who has been «« Wbat was de text dis mornin', Jimmv' ? ter tell der folks when I get home, auspect somefin's wrong. Good little vJL v 7 Go slogged, if you re wise. uu §e' Doctor— 'My dear Mrs. Quiverful how ia you bring out a young child on such a'rlo^ „ It's 15 degrees below freezing." MM <*yaa "Ah, doctor, you wUlalwayshaveVour £ can a child of this age possibly know „ about the thermometer ?" anything One of the judges, in crossing the Irish PI, one stormy night, knocked against » "all £ d Q.C. who was suffering terribly fr0m SPa tl- n "Can I do anything for you ?'' said •« Yes," gasped the sea-dcklawyerT='T wi,r §e- lordship would overrule this motion jour Three resolutions passed by a Board of pn„„ •, men in Canton, Mississippi this Council that we build a new gaol p solved that the new gaol be built out of thl materials of the old gaol. (3) Resolved that the old gaol be used until the new gaol is finished." The late Bishop of Ely was once talking to a labourer, and unfortunately let fall a remark which p amly snowed that he had no idea of how turnips Should be sown. Hodge looked at him round eyed -h \too deep for utterance But when the b,shop had turned aside he3 « 'F a plough ri0,i"1 Whoy, A certain Lord l\Iayor of London one day had a thought fit, £ ca9e b,efore h.lm' "J"8 the boy's orthodoxy5bv fi t US1VS P^ctice, to test way whether \sk\ng m ,a Pate™al •fter thev were de»d W6Dt disconcerted by the JS P ™ncl1 ~"7M '■ What°U a cl,s1a t,he Ration, one of the boys stood UD anrtT hesltatl0n, makes speeches," <• NoPt gj °ne who smiling enoouiagingly, but not laMriince, I make speeches, but L *8 man." Another moment's hesitant not,a states- boy said, Une who makes good speJche An eccentric man went to church self in the nearest pew. Soon the seated him- eyed the stranger critically, and then" came pew on the fly-leaf of a prayer-bookT^ V:' book to the intruder. The man read Vnde(3 tlw smiled a beautiful smile, and wrote en f'e messaSe> Nice pew what do you pay f„r jt ,ern^.atl1 his seat, and after service dined witu e ke,,t holder. cu the pew- The Duke of Portland made an atnu* i allusion when presiding lately at the N P*rson»l „f tl^ Society for the Prevention 0f C ^ranCh Auini .Is. He said that when he was tt0 of the Horse a bunting friend wrote £ .aster niarking It's all very tine for you to°^ TVT' RE" of the Queen's Horses, hut I have very 0ff er you out hunting when you were not master** S6en own borse. "i ou are a nice fellow for the officey,"Ur fece Several years since a darkey named Tom r • at Bowling Green, Kentucky, was missed ar.,1 dead body or another darky was foundanL, .,e bridge a short distance from the town j identified as Tom by his friends and relatives T-U funeral arrangements were being made when T returned. 1'he bur,al was however, proceeded wi°th and shortly afterwards, when Tom was aske^T be felt when he came hack and found that iJir, mourned as dead, he replied, Why m M Kechester, jest as soon as I seed the nigger I kno'M it warn't me." w d Kminent Advocate—"Now. sir, what led «. assault ?" Plaintiff (deaf)—" Yes, sir." ^dvn (louder)—" What caused the defendant to a,! you- Pdeaf)-"Har» Advn ^l (roaring)- What made him hit you PhS Wall, vou see, squire, it was this way. r pan"! it*»^ ;»'■ j" b. i that hack m Knock a bale o hay out ot yo^. Advoc ite —" hat. enaUe<1 • Plaintiff—" g Advocate fst^toriou^y)-- What foll0Wed Plaintiff (cheerfully) Also, he done it." Remember, boys, said the new teacher whn being still new at the Business kuew not whit else to say to make an impression, toat i„ the b lexicoon of youth there »nosuCa w d ( ^h. After that he paused to observ. the effect. After a After tbat he pause" deep silence a red-beaded boy from Boston raised his what it Soci-ates ? asked the • wag merely going to suggest," rep °§ster, as he cleansed his sPectac s a<jdkerchief "that if auoh is the case i- would^be advisable to write to th- publishers ot -na- l-\icon and call at- tention to the omission. A Scotchman who bad been e^P n6ar1y his life in the construction <>t railways the High- lands of Scotland went to tne L oma fetates in hi3 later years and settled in a rtewspc ion °Q theplains of the far West. Soon after his amval aproj9ct cin.e up in his new home for the ruction of a railroad through the district, ana tpe Scotchman was applied to as a man of experience in such matters. ■' Hoot, mou," said he to the spokesman cf the scheme ye canna bmid a railway across this country ,v* "Why n"t, Mr. Ferguson?" Why not?" herepeafed, with an air of settling the whole matter. Why not dinna ye see the country's as flat as a flure, and ye have Daw place whatever to rua your toonels through ?" Husband—" Many people at church this morning, dear?" Wife—" Yes, a large number." H.- Good sermon 90 W H. — Where wa, the text W l"fc was—it was— w«ll, really I have forgotten." H. Humph Was Mrs. Jones there W.—" She was. H— 4 What had she on ?" W. Well, she had on an antumn wrap of very dark Pompeiian red cloth, with narrow insertions of black velvet in the sides Of the akirt.A, of the skirt-A. SMAU yoke trimming of the velvet upper P»rt the chest, and wag out- unea with a mixed tinsel braid. A narrow braiding girdled the waist, and the cuffs were ornamented same way. It ha^i a cape attachment and attached by other ±0 the "IT Biving a dolman appearance to the back. Sbe-" H. Tàanl do. I on vonder that you forgot the text." Au^riur^n. deiriUntFa s?S,rA ^ook by a "ofe(I and Noises in the Head, by w&^if 'T home. The Rev. D. H W n Tile 5* «ffeoted at M1 iton-under-Wvchwood, I •II means, it is first rate and has Jen ™ V M-rriee to me." Post free 4d TT publishers, 22, Warwick.-lane, London, E.C? us" |
What the superior mind seeks in itself the (inferior seeks in another.-Confucius.. I Every man has in himself a continent of undis- covered character. Happy is he who acts the Columbus of his own soul. Talents are nurtured best in solitude, But character on life's tempestuous sea. Goethe. If we take out of life its moments of religion, of art, and of pure love, what is left but a long series of trivial thoughts ?—Schopenhauer. Secret kindnesses done to mankind are as beautiful as secret injuries are detestable to be invisibly pood is as godlike as to be invisibly evil is diabolical.-G. B. Doddington. Teach self-denial, and make its practice pleasur- able, and you create for the world a destiny more sublime than ever issued from the brain of the wildest dreamer.—Sir W. Scott. There is no safer test of greatness than the faculty to let mortifying and insulting expressions pass unheeded, and to ascribe them, like many other mistakes, to the weakness and ignorance of the speaker-merely, as it were, perceiving without feeling them.—Schopenhauer. There are too many laws there is too much law defining. Whatever is cut in powder is confused. Multiplying definitions has caused more instead of of less need of advocates and judges. There is more to do to interpret interpretations than to interpret things.—Montaigne. It's all very fine having a ready-made rich man, but maybap he'll be a ready-made fool; and it's no use filling your pockpt full o' money if you've got a hole in tie corner. It'll do you no good to sit in a spring cart o' your own, if you've got a soft to drive you he'll soon turn you over into the ditch. I allays said I'd never marry a man as had got no brains for where's the use of a woman having brains of her own if she's tackled to a geek as eberybody's a-laughine at ? She might as well dress herself fine to sit back'ards on a donkey.-George i Eliot. THE LITERATURE OF NATUBE.—'There is nothing so charming as the knowledge of literature; of that branch of literature, I mean, which enables us to discover the infinity of things, the immensity of Nature, the Heavens, the earth, and the seas this is that branch which has taueht us religion, modera- tion, magnanimity, and that hts rescued the soul from obscuritv; to make her see all things above and below, first and last, and between both; it is this that furnishes us wherewith to live well and happily, and guides to pass our lives without dis- pleasure and without offence.-Ciaro.
■ ♦ SWANSEA POLICE COURT. I FRIDAY. [Before Dr. J. G. Hall, Wm. iliehards, and R. Glascodine, Esqrs.] DRUNKENNESS.—Maria Williams (45), a married woman, lining in Tontine-street, was fined 5s. and costs, or seven days, for drunkenness.—P.O. Cross proved the case. THEFT BY A CHARWOMAN.—Charlotte Rees (51), married, Church-street, was changed with stealing a blanket, two sheets, a toilet cloth, and a pillow case, the property of Mrs. Emily Morgans, between the 25th March and the 2nd April. From the evidence it appeared that defendant was employed bv Mrs. Morgans, as charwoman, at her shop in Wind-street. Mrs. Morgans' suspicions were aroused through losing various articles from time to time. Information was given to the police, and Defective Frederick Morris discovered that some of the lost property had been pawned by defendant with Mr. H. Freedman. The prosecutrix' evidence was supplemented by that of Detective Morris and G. Price, pawnbroker's assistant, and defendant was fined 20s., or 14 days. SATURDAY. LBefore John Powell and A. H. Thomas, Esqrs., and Dr. J. G. Hall.] A DESERTER.-Stephen Harrington (28). seaman, Llangyfelach-road, was charged, on remand, with deserting from the 1st Battalion 60th Rifles, stationed at Winchester, on January, 1879. Prisoner had given himse'f up, and he was remanded pending the arrival of an escort from headquarters. WANDERING ABROAD.—Jonah Davies (22), Ivy- place, ticket collector, on the Great Western Kail- way, was charged with wandering about in Alexandra-road in an unsound state of mind.—The defendant was remanded to undergo a medical examination by Dr. David Howell Thomas. COUXTT DRUNKENNESS. — Frederick Shepherd, labourer, Pontardulais. was charged by P.C. Letherin with being drunk and disorderly on the 21st March. Defendant admitted the offence, and was fined 12s. 6d., including costs.—Wm. Williams, haulier, Pontardulais, pleadel guilty to a similar offence, on Saturday week, and was fined 20s., including costs, he having been previously con- victed.—Wm. Thomas. Heuben Sims, and John Eaton were charged with drunkenness at Gowerton, on Sunday week. Sergeant Titus Davies gave evidence against defendants, who were each fined 10s., and 9s. 6d. costs.—Wm. James and Ezariah Howell#, Gowerton, were fined 10s. each and costs (9s. 6d.), for being drunk at Forest Fach on the 23rd alt. Sergeant Davies, in proving the case said the defendants were staggering drunk." UNLAWFUL PRESENCE.—David Jones, rollerman, and David Job, blacksmith, Gowerton, were sum- moned for unlawful presence in the "Star" lan, Forest Fach, on the 22nd ult.-Sergeant Davies deposed that on the Sunday afternoon in question, he visited the "Star," which was kept by David Thomas. Job was sittiag by the fire, and the land- lord's daughter said that Job and a friend bad come from Yspetty. The friend" (the other defendant), who had gone out to the back, then came in. They had beer before them, and, it was proved, lived .within the three mile radius. They were fined 20s. each, including costs. ASSAULT.—Eleanor Neal, widow, Bonymaen, was summoned by Evan Phillips, for assault on the oOth March.— omptaioant said defendant hit him twice on the head with a stick, and also threw a stone at him. Defendant, it seemed, feltaggrieved because complainant passed her door with his horse and cart, and she also alleged that defendant and his son constantly annoyed her.-She was fined, including costs, JEl Os. Gd., or seven days. MONDAY. [Before J. C. Fowler (Stipendiary), L. Tullocb, and T. Cook Davies, Esqrs.] A RIOTOUS PAUPER.—The porter at the Union. Mr. Geurge Elliott, gave evidence against an old woman, named Johannah O'Neil. who was charged with being drunk, and also with damaging 11 panes of glass at the Workhouse.—The Bench, in con. sideration of the prisoner's age, ordered her to be sent back to the Workhouse. THE BENEFIT OF THE DOUBT.—Michael Slatery (28), labourer, Plasmarl, was charged with stealing a pair of sea boots from 1.150, Neath-road, the property of Edward Stephens, and valued at 7s., on the 4rh inst.—The prosecutor and his wife gave evidence. Prosecutor and prisoner, it appeared, were in the Red House public-house, at Morriston, and prisoner took possession of the boots. He was afterwards seen wearing them, and said be had bought them. Prosecutor, however, charged him with stealing the boorts.—P.C. Morgan (52, said he arrested prisoner on Saturday night in High-street, He was wearing the boots, and said, in the presence of the prosecutor, Did I steal them?" Prosecutor made no l-PDly.—Prisoner pleaded not guilty.- Inspector Flynn said that prosecutor, on giving information, admitted that prisoner had, to his knowledge, worn the boots several times before. -The Stipendiary said prisoner had put himself in an awkward position, and laid himself open to a charge of dishonesty, but under the circumstances, and as he seemed to have no felonious intention. I they would give him the benefit of the doubt. He had acted improperly, but would now be din charged. DRUNK AND DISORDERLY. — Margaret Phillips, married, 73, Carmarthen.road, was charged with being diunk and disorderly in High-street, on the 4th inst. P.C. Evans (67) proved the case. Prisoner urged that she was 45 years old, but had Deve appeared before the magistrates until now She was fined 5s. and costs, or five days.-Sarah J Morgan; 24, a single woman, with no fixed residence" was committed for seven days, for being drunk and disorderly in Wind-street, on the 4th inst Ten previous convictions were recorded against the prisoner in this case.—Stephen Jones, wheelwright 54, Orchard-street, was fined 5s. and costs, or seven days, for a similar offence in st. Helen's-road, on the 5th inst. P.C. English (13) proved the case.- Margaret Sullivan (23), an old offender, who has been up before 21 times, was charged with being drunk and disorderly in Greenhill-streef-, ou the 4th iust., and also with tearing a rug in the cell at High-street police stution, doing damage to the amount of 4s. Inspector Davies gave evidence as to the first charge, stating that he had to bring prisoner to the station on a stretcher. Inspector Flynn proved the second charge. He said prisoner tore the rug into shreds. She has only just come out of prison., and was sent back again for a month. THEFT FROM A PUBLIC HOUSE. — Rebeccah Mitchell, a married woman of 29, living at St. Thomas. who was said to he respectably connected, was charged with stealing four china cups, from the South Wales public house, the property of David Kees, the landlord, on the 31st March.—Miss Harris, he barinaid, said she had occasion to leave the bar and on her return she missed the cups from the counter.-Mrs. Reed, wife of Richard Theodore Reed, who keeps the shop, 27, Orange-street, said prisoner brought the cups to the shop stating that they were her own. and that her husband brought them from France. Prisoner gave the name of j Jones. and said she lived in Garden-street. Witness gave her 3Q. for the cups, which she (witness) after- wards handed over to Detective Frederick Morris — P.C. Kingdom said he arrested the prisoner, who in answer to the charge, simply remarked What's that ?"-Detective Morris having given evidence as to receiving the cups from Mrs. Reed, the prosecutor j appealed to the Bench to deal leniently with the prisoner, who was left off with a fine of 20s., or 14 days. CHARGE OF STEALING A RABBIT. — Arthur Hayward (16), William-street, was charged with stealing a live rabbit from a coop at the back of 102, Waltei's-road, the property of William Henry Howells, and valued at 2s. 6d., on the 3rd inst. The prosecutor, a lad, gave evidence as to losing the rabbit (produced) from a cub, which was fastened with a piece of iron. He afterwards found the rabbit in the Market, in the possession of Mr. Johu3, dealer, who stated to the complainant that he bought the rabbit for Is. 4d.-Detective F. Morris said that prisoner, on being apprehended, pleaded that, in the company of ether lads, he caught the rabbit in the lane at the back of Walter's-road. —Mr. Johns said the rabbit, when he received it, was covered with muck," as though it had been running in a dirty lane. The case was adjourned until to-morrow, for prisoner to call a witness. SURETIES OF THE PEACE.-Richard Davies, labourer, Morriston, was bound over in the sum of 1:5 to keep the peace for three months, as against Thomas Williams, who applied for sureties of the peace. THEFT FROM SWANSEA MARKET.—Ann Thomas (47), widow, Llansamlet, was charged with stealing a loin of mutton from a stall in the Swansea Market, value 4s., the property ot Mrs. Hopkins, on the 4th inst.—Mr. Morgan Hopkins, son of the prosecutrix, said his mother wished to withdraw, as the prisoner was suffering from heart disease.- The Head Constable (Captain Colquhoun) said Mr. Hopkins signed the charge sheet, and also reported the case, before the woman was apprehended.—The Stipendiary ruled that evidence must be given.— Mrs. Hopkins then deposed that she missed the meat from her stall in the Market on Saturday morning, between 11 and half-past.—Detective Morris spoke to going to prisoner's house, and questioning accused about the meat. She said "I have nothing here only what I have paid for." Witness asked to be allowed to see the joints of meat in the bouse. Prisoner then went into a small pantry, and as she was in a stooping position, he looked over her shoulder, and saw her rolling up in some packing stuff, the piece of meat produced. Asked not to conceal the meat, she turned round and sat on it. (Laughter.) After some persuasion, she got up, and putting her arms round witness's neck, begged him to take the money and say nothing. (Laughter.)—The Stipendiary: You must have been quite taken aback. (Laughter.)—Witness I was, your worship. I had some difficulty in getting myself free from her. (Renewed laughter.) Prisoner had other joints in the house, one of which, a piece of pork, be knew had been stolen, the person from whom it was stolen refusing to prosecute, and the woman gave a false address.- Prisoner pleaded guilty. She had been crying all the morning before her case came on. She seemed quite overcome while the evidence was given against her, and finally had to be assisted out of the dock. -The Stipendiary told Mrs. Hopkins that she had strictly discharged her duty in appearing in this case, as it was necessary that acts of dishonesty should be prevented, so far as possible, in the Market.—Fined 20s or ten days. The money was paid. OVERLOADING OF THE STEAMSHIP DENIA".— THE MANAGING OWNER AND MASTER FINED BY THE MAGISTRATES.—Robert Henry Gunning, managing owner of the steamship Denia, and Geo. F. Gregg, the master, were summoned for a breach of the Board of Trade regulations. Mr. Vachell, Cardiff, appeared for the Board of Trade Mr. Naylor defended.—Mr. Vachell, in opening the case, said Mr. Gunning was the owner of the Denia, which, on the 22nd January, was loaded in the North Dock for Dublin. As their Worships knew, the Merchant Shipping Act, 1876, commonly known as the Plimsoll Act," provided that on both sides of a ship a disc should be marked 12 inches in circumference, and through the centre of the disc was drawn a straight line. Section 28 provided that if any owner or master allowed a vessel, after it had been loaded, to be submerged in aalt water beyond the centre of the line drawn through the disc, that was an offence, and the owner or master was liable to a penalty not ex- J ceeding jElOO. The Denia was a small vessel of 159 tons register, and on the 22nd January she was seen by the officers of the Board of Trade loading for sea, and Mr. Gunniug himself was present superin- tending the loading. The centre of the disc was submerged 3J inches, while the winter load line was submerged 4h inches. The vessel would rise in salt water one-and-a-half inches at the outside, and they gave defendants the benefit of the eighth of an inch, so that the centre of the disc in salt water would be improperly submerged two inches, and the winter load line would be improperly sub- merged three inches. Perhaps it would be con- tended that the master was not so much to blame as the managing owner, the latter being present and superintending the arrangements, and he (the speaker) was prepared, on behalf of the Board of Trade, to accept that position. He suggested that in Mr. Gunning's case they should not inflict the maximum penalty, or anything approaching it; but still be had been instructed to press for the imposition of a substantial penalty, Mr. Gunning having been previously warned, and that was not the worst part of his offence, because when the vessel was overladen he tried to induce one of the officers of the Board of Trade to allow her to be sent to sea in the state in which she then was. The officer properly said that to do that would be more than his situation was worth, and the vessel was accordingly stopped. Mr. Gunning having been warned before, there was absolutely no excuse, and he asked that overloading should be stopped here, as in other ports.—Mr. Naylor Rd. mitted the facts, but pleaded in extenuation that the Denia was formerly allowed to carry a much heavier load than she was allowed to carry now under the new regulations, that she was 20 years old, and had never sustained any accident at sea. The magistrates fined the managing owner £ 25 and the master 40s., the Stipendiary remarking that the regulations as to overloading should be stringently enforced. TUESDAY. "Before Thomas Phillips, senr., and W. Stone, Esqrs. J FOUND AND NOT STOLEN.-Artbur Hayward was charged on remand with stealing a live rabbit from William Henry Howells. The evidence in this case was taken yesterday, and the hearing was adjourned for defendant to call a witness. That witness he now called, a lad about his own size named John George, who deposed that on Saturday night, while in the company of defendant, be saw the rabbit in the lane at the back of Hanover-street. The dirty condition of the rabbit afforded confirmation of the theory that it had been found, as stated, and not stolen from the coop. The Bench dismissed the case. SERIOUS ASSAULT UPON A LANDLORD. -George Jones (28) was charged with being drunk and disorderly in Carmarthen-road, and assaulting Richard Gwilym on the 30th January. P.C. Rosser proved the case. Prisoner did not appear to a summons issued at the time, and he was charged with that also. Gwilym, for whom Mr. W. Smith appeared, the landlord of the Malsters Arms, Carmarthen-road. On the evening in question defendant was in the Malsters Arms, and had some words with the customers, and provoked a disturb- ance in the bar. Gwilym remonstrated with him, whereupon defendant asked him who the he was. and threatened to knock him on the "snout." The landlord, without using more force than was necessary, proceeded to eject defendant, who struck him on the head, in the struggle, wich some blunt instrument. The wound thus inflicted was a serious one, reaching the bone, and bleeding freely. The magistrates imposed a fine of 20s. and costs, or 14 days. OBSTRUCTION. -George James, a lad, living in Rodney-street, was fined 2s. 61. and costs for allowing his horse and cart to stand on the pave- ment in Oystermouth-road, thereby causing an obstruction, on the 25th ultimo. SISTERLY AFFECTION.—Annie Price, married, 9, Little Madoc-street, was charged with assaulting her sister, Margaret Argent, also a married woman, on the 31st ultimo. Complainant said her sister smacked her in the face, pulled her hair, and called her a "black cow." Defendant said she merely pushed complainant, and alleged that the latter threw some pea soup in her face. Defendant was fined 10s. including costs, or seven days. AFFILIATION.—Michael Brean, Pentre, was sum- moned by Mary Jane Collins, to shew cause, etc. The child was born in September last, and was the second to which complainant had given birth. Defendant was not the father of the first child, but he acknowledged being the father of the second. By payinc instalments for a time he had admitted his liability, and he was now ordered to pay 3s. 6d. a week until the child is 13 years of age. DRUNK AND DISORDERLY.—Sarah Parker (23), no fixed abode, on the evidence of P.C. Maggs, was fined 10s and cost*, or seven days, for being drunk and disorderly in Barber's-court, on the 6th inst.- T>alnes'. lab°a,fer, Treboth, was charged by 1.0. Price with a similar offence in Llangyfelach- road on March 28 and was fined 10s., or seven days. -Edward Parry. Morriston, was fined 1511., or four day", for drunkenneu 10 Castle-street. Morriston, on the 2o h ult.-El.zabeth Scott, married, Pentre wah drunk and disorderly Union-conrt on t.h- 2, th ultimo, and was fined 15s., or 10 days.-For being drunk in Castle-street on the 30th ultimo Rosanna Walker, Pentrechwyth, was fined 10s or seven days, and Hannah Evans, 2, Green-row 5s or five days, for a similar offence in High-street on the 28th ultimo.—Rachel Huxtable an elderly woman. living at Brynbyfryd, was present in answer to a charge of drunkenness, but was let off on promising to sign the pledge. HIGHWAY OFFENCE.—Edwin Fisher, haulier, Brynhyfryd, was fined 5a. including costs for driving a pair of horses without reins, on the 29th ultimo. OBSCENITY.—Ann Lucy, Brynhyfryd, used obscene language in Cwra-road, on the 21st ultimo, and was fined ICs., or se- en day. WEDNESDAY. [Before Dr. J. G. Hall and Dr. J. Paddon.] AN OLD OFFENDER LENIENTLY DEALT WITH.— Emma McGwyer (22), who has already 20 convic- tions recorded against her, was charged by P.C. Hill with being drunk and disorderly in High- street, and also with breaking a pane of glass in the bar of the Prince of Wales' public-house, High- street, on the previous evening. Prisoner was discharged with a caution for the first offence, and for the second she was let off on payment of the damages. There was scarcely any County business, and none whatever of any public interest. +
THE NEGLECT & DESTRUCTION OF MUMBLES OYSTER FISHERY. RESULT OF H.M. COMMISSIONER'S PERSONAL INSPECTION. WHAT MR. C. E. FRYER RECOMMENDS THE BOARD OF TRADE TO DO. A couple of weeks ago we gave a full report of the startling evidence of general neglect of these famous fisheries, adduced at the Inquiry before Mr. C. E. Fryer, at the Mumbles. We have now before us a copy of the report which Mr. Fryer has made to the Board of Trade, and of the recommendations which be has felt called upon to draw up for the guidance of the Board, as touching the future fate of the Fisheries. The report begins with a statement of the gist of the evidence, of which we make the following few extracts I have the honour to report, for the information of the Board of Trade, that, in accordance with their instructions, I held a public inquiry at Oystermouth on the 11th March With respect to the exercise by the Urban Sanitary Authority for the district of Oystermouth of the powers conferred upon them by the Swansea Fishery Orders, 1871 and 1883. The first of these orders gave to the Corporation of Swansea certain powers for the regulation of the oyster and mussel fisheries scattered over an area of about 100 square miles in Swansea Bay and in the adjoining waters between Worms Head and Sker Point. On the application of the Oystermouth Local Board, these powers were, by the second order, transferred, slightly modified, to that body. The reasons alleged in support of this change were that the Lo';al Board, from its greater proximity to the fishing grounds and to the head quarters of the oyster dredging industry, would be able to enforce the provisions of the orders more efficiently and more economically than the Corporation. When the transfer took place, the Corporation were required to hand over to their successors the balance of tolls or licence dues remaining in their bands after recouping themselves all expenses incidental to the obtaining and working of the original order, and, in Jnly, 1883, the sam of £ 200 Is. 5d. was accordingly paid by them to the Oyster. mouth Local Board the expenses incurred by this body, however, in obtaining the amending order were no less than JE322 13s. 7d. in solicitors' and parliamentary agents' bills alone, and, as there were other incidental expenses amounting to about JE37, they commenced operations with a deficit of about £ 160. No accounts have ever been kept, and the only available information concerning either income or expenditure is that contained in the counterfoils of the licences in the solicitors' and other bills that have been preserved, and in the bankers' pass-book. From this last it appears that down to the 1st June, 1889, which is the last entry, the clerk had paid in £173 16.i. 9J., or an excess of C6 2s. over the total moneys received by him for licenses, so far as these are shown on the counterfoils. The £2 2s. received for licenses in 1889-1890 has not been paid in, being retained by the clerk on account of arrears of an annual allowance of two guineas, made to him in respect of his duties under the Fishery Orders. Beyond the legal and other preliminary costs already mentioned, the only expenditure in respect of the fishery has been t5 2s. 9d. for clerk's services, and 21 to the water bailiff employed on special duty in 1889. The explanation given of the absence of any charge for supervision is that the Local Board have endeavoured to avoid this expense by de. puting some of their own members to act as honarary water-bailiffs, and to superintend other volunteers from the general body of fishermen who might be selected to act in a similar capacity. Two members of the Local Board are said to hold this office, but neither of them could refer me to any warrant, minute, resolution, or other evidence of his authority neither understood the provisions of the orders which he was supposed to enforce neither bad ever taken any steps to prosecute offenders against them and both admitted having themselves constantly dredged, or Owned boats which had so dredged, within the limits of the fishery throughout the whole of the current season -not to speak of portions of past seasons—without having taken out a licence. One of these water-bailiffs" produced a ring or gauge with which he had been provided for the purpose of testing the size of the oysters brought ashore. This gauge measured less than 21 inches in internal diameter, whereas the order provides that such ring or gauge shall not be less than 3 inches in diameter, unless otherwise provided by bye-law. No bye-law dealing with this or with any other matter under the orders has ever been made by the Local Board. It is not denied that large numbers of oysters have been brought ashore, contrary to the provisions of the orders, which would have passed through j even the 2|-inch gauge. OJ As regards prosecutions for offences against the J orders, the only steps ever taken were in consequence of a minute of the Board dated 16th April, 1885. 1 when two summonses were issued against one dredgerman-one for fishing without a license, the other for obstructing a water bailiff. A conviction having been Gbtained in one case, the other summons was withdrawn-by whose authority does not appear. The only document relating to the case is the solicitor's bill, which was paid by the Board, but no part of the amount of which appears to have been charged by them against the fishery. There is nothing to show whether the fine which was imposed was received by the Board. On the day following the inquiry I made a personal inspection of as much of the fishery as was possible. The weather was somewhat too rough for the dredges to work well; but, after making every allowance for this circumstance, and for the fact that only seven weeks of the season still remained to run, there is ample evidence that the ground is only sparingly sprinkled with oysters, notwith- standing the constantly diminishing number of boats that have been working upon it. The most satisfactory feature is the large proportion of young oysters, showing that the natural conditions for the replenishing of the beds are favourable, even though the breediug stock is extremely small. This consideration increases the responsibility which attaches to the Local Board for its neglect to take any steps for the purpose of putting, or endeavour- ing to put, the fishery into a better or more profitable state," as the order has it; for there can be little doubt that, had reasonable measures been adopted, the expense of which would have been trifling, the fishery might have been rendered much more productive. The most liberal estimate of the dredgermen places the total yield for the present season, which is admitted to compare favourably with the previous one, at 300,000 oysters, but this figure, which would include oysters taken outside the limits of the fishery, is probably 50 per cent. above the mark. To sum up, I have no hesitation in reporting that the Local Board of Oystermouth have system- atically neglected, and still neglect, to take steps for "properly carrying into effect and enforcing the restrictions and levying the tolls," under the provisions of the Swansea Fishery Order, 1871, as amended by the Swansea Fishery Order, 1863, and in recommending that they should no longer be permitted to possess the powers conferred upon them thereby. I would, however, in conclusion, venture to submit for the consideration of the Board of Trade whether it might not be desirable, irstead of actually determining the orders, to give some other local body the opportunity of applying for an amending order which would vest in them the powers in question. The Glamorgan Local Fisheries Committie would appear to be an authority on whom such powers might properly be conferred, and such an order could, in all probability, be granted without serious delay and at slight expense under the provisions of the seventh section of the Fisheries (Oyster. Crab, and Lobster) Act, 1877. It is true that the Glamorgan Local Fisheries Com- mittee already possess powers under the Sea Fisheries Regulation Act practically co-extensive with those conferred by the Swansea orders, except on two points, viz., the power to levy tolls, and the power to fix a gauge for oysters. I do not myself attach much importance to the possession of the existing powers in respect of a gauge, which are capable of amendment. But the right to levy tolls might be retained with advantage, while it is desirable that there should be no relaxation—but a considerable increase in the stringency-of the existing regulations fixing a close season. On this point I may say that the opinion was freely expressed to me by local dredgermen that the clause in the Swansea Order of 1883, which permits dredging in Swansea Bay during the months of December, January, and February only, and which appears to have been fairly obeyed, has saved that part of the fishery from complete exhaustion. I trust I may, without impropriety, add that, whatever course the Board of Trade may think fit to adopt with respect to the orders under notice, the question of affording further protection to these fisheries is one which calls for the intervention of the Glamorgan Local Fisheries Committee.—I am, &c., (Signed) CHARLKS E. FRYER, Inspector of Fisheries. The Assistant Secretary, Fisheries Department, Board of Trade.
♦ SATURDAY NIGHT'S POPULAR CONCERT. The attendance in the Drill Hall on Saturday night last was one of the largest that has been witnessed since the commence- ment of the present series of popular concerts, or indeed at any other time. The gathering could not have been larger, the Hall being crowded to the doors. The attraction of the evening was the entertainment provided by the Craig-y-nos Christy Minstrels, under the direction of Mr. W. F. Hulley, who is to be congratulated upon the manner in which the troupe went through a capital programme. The first part consisted of solos and choruses by the minstrels, comic songs being sung by the four cornermen—Messrs. EvanCrapper, C. L. Thomas, Jack Rosser, and Walter Dixon- in a style, and with a finish rarely seen outside a professional troupe. The tenor songs by Messrs. Brophy and Crews were all that could be desired, the former especially scoring with his rendering of "Home once more." Mr. George Milnes was heard to advantage in A hundred fathoms deep." The comic songs, Sammy, ain't you glad you joined the Navy," by Mr. C. L Thomas, and the Fireman in the Amateur Brigade," by Mr. Jack Rosser were especially well acted and sung. Mr. Evan ] Crapper (who is so well known to Swansea audiences) was as usual to the front with his local jokes and funny sayings, which caused roars of laughter. Part 2 consisted of the nigger farce, Caught in his own trap," which was well acted throughout, the ludicrous situations being much appreciated by the audience. Part 3, the plantation scene was very realistic—the Bogie Man," H A little peach in an orchard grew," by Mr. Walter Dixon, being well rendered. The entertain- ment concluded with the parade of the "Pen wyllt Black Hussars," who went through their manoeuvres in a way which would have done credit to the awkward squad of any dusky monarch's body guard, this was certainly the hit of the evening, Mr. C. L. Thomas (in- specting officer) fairly bringing down the house with his comic appearance and acting. The dialogues in the first part were extremely smart, and great credit is due to the corner- men for their exchange of smart repartee and chaff. We understand that the programme will be repeated on Saturday next (to-morrow) at the Drill Hall, and we would advise all who appreciate first-class music and songs, and can also enjoy a hearty laugh, to give the Craig- y-Nos Minstrels "a turn. — Saturday, April 18th has been set apart for a complimentary benefit to Mr. Hulley, the successful musical director, and being the last night of the season, no doubt a bumper house will be seen within the walls of the Drill Hall. Mr. Hulley certainly deserves such a house for his inde- fatigable exertions on behalf of these pleasant evenings.
■ + SWANSEA TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY. THE usual weekly entertainment of this society was held on Saturday evening, and though not so well patronised as customary, the proceedings were very interesting. Mr. J. Griffiths read the Scripture lessons, Mr. Davies offered prayer, and the choir sang a hymn, to Miss S. A. Jones's accompaniment, after which the chairman (Councillor Charles Davies) delivered a few re- marks. Another hymn followed, and Mr. Veter was applauded for his recital of Macaulay's Defence of the Bridge."—Mr. D. J. Nicholas (secretary) remarked that Mr. J. Treharne having been compelled, through ill-health, to relinquish his post as choir-leader, the society had been fortunate in securing as his successor Mr. Daniel Davies, conductor of the Memorial Chapel choir, and he hoped that a strong body of singers would rally round him.—Mr. Williams wa.s glad to stand up and shew his colours on the temperance platform. He hoped all that could sing would join the new choir, as music was the main- stay of temperance meetings, having great power over the human heart. The liquor traffic made the necessaries of life dearer, as well as inter- fered with their personal safety, and it was the duty of all Christians to become total abstainers for the sake of example. Their objects were to make !all total abstainers, and to exhort and strengthen those already in the faith. (Hear). He believed in political power, but more in morai suasion.-Miss R. Johns then sang ,c There is a Home.The Rev. Morris Morgan (who was recieved with much applause) said:—You are here protected from the enemy of our country, under cover, surrounded with a wall of protec- tors, the protection of your friends, and the temperance advocates who believe and labour for the welfare of their fellow men. and who are determined to continue until liquordom is no more. (Hear. hear). The liquor trade is The devil incarnate," and is the most convenient scheme which his majesty "Old Nick" had ever devised for the purpose of keeping down fallen humanity, and bringing down those who had formerly slipped from his grip. I do not know whether we are going to have the Direct Veto Bill for Wales passed this Session—I rather doubt it-but, whether we shall or not, it is in sight. The whole country sees it coming, so do the terrified publicans, and all the lawyers who advised the present Government that there was a vested interest in a license. Even the great Sir Edward Clarke has had to confess that he made a great blunder when found out by the judges. (Cheers). Both liberals and conserva- tives have confessed that the dimensions of the liquor traffic are beyond all reason. The two Bills introduced into the House in 1888 and 1890, by the present Government, were based on the assumption that the mischief done by the liquor trade was such that it ought to be interfered with in a very drastic way, and that by dimi- nishing the number of public-houses. The Con- servative Government say the people should be judges through their representatives, provided compensation is paid, but now the judges have de- clared that the publican has not the slightest ground for compensation, as the day his license ceases all claim does likewise. (Hear). We ceases all claim does likewise. (Hear). We shall go before the Brewster Sessions in Swansea next time on a. locus standi we never occupied before, now that the magistrates are aware of their power. The brewers have been antici- pating the time when one public-house after another would have to stand an attack, and they have tied them together, and the magistrates will cut them asunder; there will be a terrible onslaught on the tied houses. The magistrates will have to realise that they are responsible for every public-house in Swansea and elsewhere —(applause)—especially if the people of the locality declare against the houses. We have had instances in Ffestiniog, in Merionethshire, where the quarrymen and business men declared by a I tremendous majority against the public-houses of the place, but which will all be licensed anew until the engine of local option is in motion. If the Direct Veto Bill for Wales is carried, we should be able to carry the second and third reso- lution, which will reduce the number of public- houses, and prevent new licenses being granted, and be marching towards the first resolution, under which the trade would be entirely put a stop to. (Cheers). Without public-houses there i would be no rows, no cursing and swearing, and no broken legs. Wonderful transformation It is coming. (Cheers). In conclusion, the rev.. gentleman delivered an eloquent peroration, i —A few words from the chairman, a hymn, and i the benediction closed the meeting. 1
'—— I WEBBER AND OX FOK OPTIC3. [155 | 1'10 12s 6d. per lb. for tea. This tea was purchased t by the Mazawattee Ceylon Tea Co.London. 58 a
GLAMORGAN COUNTY COUNCIL STANDING JOINT COMMITTEE. THE SUNDAY CLOSING ACT. The quarterly meeting of the Standing Joint Committee of the Glamorgan Quarter Sessions and County Council was held on Monday at the County Offices, Cardiff, when there were present: —His Honour Judge Gwilym Williams (chair- man), Sir Hussey Vivian, M.P., Sir J. T. D. Llewelyn, Major-General Lee, Colonel Warlow, Messrs. J. Blandy Jenkins, R. H. Rhys, O. H. Jones, H. Lloyd, James Lewis, J. H. Rowland, W. M. North, R. W. Llewellyn, H. N. Davies, J. J. Griffiths, C. Evan Thomas, W. H. Hunter, G. C. James, T. P. White, D. Davies, E. H. Hedley, H. Hopkins, W. Sims, H. W. Martin, and W. H. Mathias; Mr. T. Mansel Franklen (clerk of the peace), Captain Lindsny (chief con- stable), and Mr. T. Lloyd Edwards (county surveyor). THE QUARTERLY BILLS. Cheques were ordered to be drawn for £1.166 Is. Id., including £525 arrears salary to Mr. Franklen, clerk and £542 10s. justices' clerks' salaries. The special expenditure amounted to JE637 16s. 7d., and comprised a large number of items, upon several of which discussions took place, the first being an account from Sergeant W. Martin, Cowbridge, for £228., cost of glass eyes," and an account from Dr. Mellor for JE23 17s. 6d. in respect of attendance on Martin during the months of April, May, and June, last year. It will be remembered that Martin was so seriously assaulted by a constable named Evans now undergoing penal servitude for the outrage: that he lost the sight of one eye. After a brief discussion, Mr. Lloyd moved as an amendment that the sum of £9 9s. be paid to Martin in full discharge of the two accounts sent in, leaving Martin to settle with Dr. Mellor.—Col. Warlow remarked that if they refused to pay such charges they could not expect doctors to attend members of the force when called upon—Mr. Davies re- marked that doctors could take good care of themselves; and added that in view of the reso- lution passed by the committee at their last meeting in reference to the sentence on Evans, they would be stultifying themselves if they paid anything.—The amendment was carried by 13 votes to 7 upon which Mr. Rhys suggested that Martin had received allowances "from clubs.—The Chairman said that Mr. Rhys was out of order in re-opening the question upon which Mr. Rhys gave notice of motion for the next meeting, that in future a medical man be appointed to attend members of the force.—The Chairman You will be in ovder in that case, but you were not in re- opening the matter after the vote. POLICE SUPERANNUATION. Payments amounting to < £ 580 5s. were recom- mended out of the police superannuation fund, and discussions arose in respect of some of the grants.—Sergeant David Evans, ofFerndale, was allowed the full superannuation of £58 per annum. THE CHIEF CONSTABLE'S REPORT. The 'new Chief Constable (Captain Lionel Lindsay) presented his first quarterly report, which was ef considerable length, and dealt with a great variety of matters. He recommended that Deputy Chief Constable Jabez Matthews, who resigned on the 14th February last, was 65 years of age, and had served 40 years and three months in the Glamorgan Constabulary, be superannuated from the above date, and granted a pension of j6157 3s. Id., being two-thirds of his pay. He was unfit for police duty from failing health. He further recom- mended that a gratuity out of the supeiannuation fund be given to the widow of Sergeant John Gill, who died on the 17th February last, of one year's salary-£8410s.-In consequence of the strike at Cardiff, Head Constable Mackenzie applied for forty men to assist in keeping order in the town. The men were drafted from different parts of the county. Respecting the Sunday drinking at Ponty- pridd and other places, he had given instructions and taken all possible means to suppress it, and carry out the wishes of the meeting on the subject. He could only account for the police being less successful in dealing with Sunday drinking than they were with other classes of offences from the fact that whereas in the latter they received valu- able assistanco from the public, in the former they received none whatever. The heavy duties on Saturday afternoon and night, followed as they were by the exceedingly trying work of watching public- houses for long periods on the Sunday following, entailed very arduous work. However, should the present temperance movement result in giving the police practical assistance towards convictions in cases of infringements of the Act, he was confident that there would be a great improvement in the present state of affairs. During the quarter 48 publicans were proceeded against in the county, of whom 40 were convicted. The number of persons summoned and apprehended during the quarter was 3,513; males, 3,179; females, 334; committed for trial, 38; at quarter sessions, 21; at assizes, 17. —In reference to Superintendent Matthews's super- annuation, the Chief Constable's recommendation was adopted.—In connection with the employment of county police in Cardiff, Captain Lindsay stated that the account forwarded to the Cardiff authorities in respect of the services of the 40 men amounted to £348133.; of which sum £102153. would be applied to the county superannuation fund. In answer to questions, Captain Lindsay explained that the allowance to the inspector would be 5s. per day, and to the sergeants and constables 3s. 6d. per day. That was in addition to their ordinary pay from the county.—Mr. D. Davies urged that in such circum- stances men ought not to be allowed double pay but the Chairman and Sir J. T. D. Llewelyn pointed out that even when members of the force were re- moved from one part of the county to another to do special duty extra pay was allowed in accordance with rule, and nothing more had been done in the case of the men lent to Cardiff than to give effect to the rule. As a matter of fact, however, the county gained to the extent of over £100. The Chairman moved that the paragraph in the Chief Constable's report referring to Sunday drink- ing be printed and forwarded to those who memorialised the committee on the subject. Mr Rhys was of opinion that if the police reported everv case of a drunken man who was seen iu tbe streets on Sundays it would tend to check Sunday drinking. (Hear, hear.) Mr Hunter concurred, and expressed a hope that what had taken place would influence the justices in reducing the number of seven-day in favour of six-day licenses. (Several members: Question, question,") In the course of subsequent discussion, it was explained that in accordance with a resolution passed at the last meeting the Chief Constable would present a similar return each quarter. A long argument then ensued as to whether it was per- missible within the law to print and circulate such a return, giving the names of the persons proceeded with; but it was pointed out that railway com- panies who placarded the records of convictions of persons who offended against their bye-laws had been held to have libelled such persons; and the clerk mentioned that in connection with the annual publication in the newspapers, as advertisements, of the returns of fines and fees received had been dis- continued by the justices of quarter sessions, upon the Local Government Board auditor pointing out that such publication was a series of libels, and inflicted a punishment on the persons named over and above that imposed by the magistrates. Sir Hussey Vivian expressed himself as startled by the legal information given, and proposed that the returns should be printed for circulation among the members, but this was subsequently withdrawn, and the matter was adjourned to the next meeting, I on the motion of Mr C. E. Thomas, it being under- stood that in the interim counsel's opinion would be obtained. NEW POLICE-STATIONS. The county surveyor was instructed to prepare plans and estimates for suitable buildings at Mardy and Taff's Well. In his quarterly report on the police-statiwns of the county, the surveyor estimated the cost of the ordinary repairs to buildings during the ensuing year at £600, Contracts had been entered into for the erection of a new court-room at Barry, a station at Ynysybwl, and additions and alterations at Dowlais and Ystalyfera the total amount being £3,338 15s. THE PONTYPRIDDD STIPENDIARY AND CLERK. A letter was read from the Home Secretary in reference to the memorial received on the subject of the proposed increase of salary of the Pontypridd Stipendiary Magistrate and the Magistrates' Clerk. The memorial, it was explained, so far as it applied to the clerk, should have been presented by the standing joint committee, and not by the County Council, while the County Justices should have moved in reference to the Stipendiary. The Chairman remarked that, as shown by the Home Secretary's letter, that committee had nothing to do with the salary of the Stipendiary Magistrate, which would be brought forward at the Quarter Sessions, when it would be proposed to increase the salary on the understanding that he sat one day more per week. It would follow In the natural order of things that if the stipendiary sat an extra day the clerk would also sit A long discussion ensued upon the question of the salary of the justices' clerk (Mr. Stockwood). The County Council had recommended that an increase cf JE100 per year should be granted but a proposal was now made that the increase should be £ 130. On a division being taken, an amendment in favour of S100 was carried by 13 votes to 11. THE LICENSING ACT AND SUNDAY DRINKING. Sir J. T. D. Llewelyn had given notice of the following That it be an instruction to the Chief Constable that he shall present a quarterly return on a foim to be submitted and approved by bhe committee, of all persons in the county charged with offences against the Licensing and Excise Acts, especially with reference to those proceeded igainst for permitting drunkenness." Sir John remarked that, after what had taken place, it was lardly necessary to do more than request that the -eports presented by the Chief Constable should ;ive the fullest possible information. For instance, n the return forwarded quarterly to the Home !ecretary there was one column for other offences gainst the Licensing and Excise Acts," but, while I the number was very large, there were no details. What he wanted to see was those "other oifences" specified. He should also like the number of warnings indicated, as he believed that since attention had been drawn to the matter of drinking throughout the country very great good had followed. (Hear, hear.) It was agreed that the Chief Constable should amplify his report in the directions indicated, and the resolution was then agreed to. Mr. Gwilym C. James then moved the following in accordance with notice "That in view of the unsatisfactory manner in which the Sunday Closing (Wales) Act is observed in Glamorganshire, it is desirable to consider what, if any, further steps can be taken by this committee to secure a strict observance of the provisions of the Act." Mr. James said that in connection with the subject it was not necessary to go into the evidence given before the Royal Commission, but the offences under the Sunday Closing Act demanded attention. For police purposes the county was split up into five divisions, which were practically similar to the Parliamentary divisions. In No. 1 (Aberdare) division there were 510 licensed houses, and in the first full year (1883) of the operation of the Act 14 publicans and 19 beerhouse-keepers were convicted. The number of convictions followed with great regularity from year to year and during 1890, 19 publicans and 17 beerhouse-keepers were convicted. In No. 2 (Pontypridd and Rhondda) division there were 340 licensed houses, and last year there were 36 convictions. In No. 3 (Bridgend) division, the number of licensed houses was 370, and last year the convictions numbered 20. In No. 4 (Neath) division, there were 319 licensed houses, and 27 convictions last year; and in No. 5 (Canton) division, the number of licensed houses was 99, and of last year's convictions 10. It was, therefore, clear to his mind that the Sunday Closing Act was not observed in a satisfactory manner in the county. The question was whether they could take any steps to secure a more strict observance of the pro- visions of the Act. Meetings had been held in various paits of the county on the subject, and suggestions had been made, but he sympathised with the difficulties which the police generally had in obtaining the strict observance of the law. He referred to the means which publicans adopted for eluding the vigilance of the police by sending out scouts to a distance from their houses, so as to secure sufficient warning of the approach of the police, so that when the constables arrived the houses were empty, and properly locked up, and with the present means it seemed to him that the police could not get more than one conviction per Sunday. Going into details as to the strength of the force, he suggested that as Saturday, being pay- day, involved hard work on the force, not more than one-third of the police in each division was available for Sunday duty, and even then each man would have to watch 24 houses. What he suggested was that his resolution should be adopted; after which a sub-committee could be appointed to con- sider the matter, and report to that committee at the next meeting. Mr. Davies seconded the motion, and it was agreed to; after which the following were ap- pointed a sub-committee to deal with the subject w-n- ma/n"er suggestedHis Honour Judge Williams (chairman), Sir J. T. D. Llewelyn, Tr -ft JoneST' uWil3,iam Jones (Naviga- tion), CE. Thomas, John Cory, J.J. Griffiths, H. P. Charles, E. H. Hedley, and G. C. James- five justices and five members of the Countv Council. J THE SALARY OF THE CLERK. On the motion of Sir Hussey Vivian, seconded by the Chairman, it was resolved to fix the salary of Mr. Franklen, as clerk to the committee, at £50 per annum. The committee then adjourned. FINANCE COMMITTEE. The finance committee of the Glamorgan County Council was held at the Town Hall, Swansea, on Tuesday, Sir John Llewelyn, Bart., presiding.—The estimate of receipts and expendi- ture for the year ending March 31st, 1892, was prepared, which shows an expenditure of -8119,457, out of which amount the sum of .618,500 was de- voted to the carrying out of the Technical In- struction Act, which entails a rate of Id- per £ 1, and £ 20,000 towards the roads and bridges of the county, the increased expenditure upon the same entailing an additional Id. rate. After very long discussion, it was moved by the Chairman, seconded by Mr. Hunter, that the said estimate be recommended for adoption by the county council. A letter was read from the solicitor in the case of Rev. McLucas, which was ordered to lie on the table. The report of the district auditor on the county accounts was considered at length, and the following resolutions were adopted on the motion of the Chairman, seconded by Councillor James Lewis :-—" That the recom- mendations of the district auditor upon the 'I future keeping of the treasurer's and chief constable's accounts be adopted." That a re- quest be made to all magistrates' clerks to pay all moneys in their hands to the treasurer on the last day of each quarter." The report of the county auditor was received and ordered to he printed and circulated. It was moved by Councillor Moore, seconded by Councillor Morris, and resolved, that the statement of accounts for the year, as certi- fied by the auditor, be published as last year, with the addition of insertion in the Welsh news- paper.—The question of reconsideration and arrangement of the salaries of coroners was then gone into in detail, with the following result:—Mr. Cuthberts on's salary to remain at £175; Mr. Strick's salary to remain at £230; and the final decision to be postponed. Mr. E. B. Reece's salary, as representing the county, was fixed at £250; Mr. S:ockwood's salary, £24; Mr. Rhys's salary, £550. An expenditure of £11,753 was ordered on account of roads and bridges asylum extension, JE11,340 Aberavon Intermediate School, £ i,500; Aberdare and Merthyr, .82,100 each; and Ystalyfera, £ 2,100. + SWANSEA PUBLIC LIBRARY COM- MITTEE. MR JOHN DEFFETT FRANCIS AND THE FINE ART COLLECTION. The usual monthly meeting of the Swansea Public Library Committee was held on Tuesday evening at the Central Library, in Alexandra- road. There were present, Alderman H. A. Chapman (in the chair), Alderman J. Lewis, Major Lewis, Alderman F. Rocke; Messrs M. Tutton, David Jones, Gwilym Morgan, Philip Rogers, J. M. Mayne, J. Deffett Francis, John Carr, George Nancarrow, J. Williams (Dany- graig), J. Griffiths (High-street), D. Davies, Walter Lewis, and Charles Davies. The report of the Finance and General Purposes Committee was adopted, on the motion of Major Lewis, and the Visiting Com- mittee was appointed, as usual, for the month ensuing. Mr J. Deffett Francis, in his report, as hon. curator, said that 671 works of art at present in the curator's department, were the most important he had yet given; and when he said that only eight, out of those 67 works were in the possession of the British Museum, they would recognise the importance of the gift. Some of his friends had been extremely liberal, and on this occasion, as on all others, had kindly given him the aid he asked for. Alderman James Jones gave him a couple of guineas, Mr William Walters £ 5—(applause) —and £ 5 of his (the speaker's) own, made up a total of £12. He had already spent £3 2s 6d, I and the balance in hand would not be sufficient for the framing, &c, of the engravings, &c, he had presented. Mr Francis went on to say that it must be patent to them that during the 15 years he had. been a mernber of that Com- mittee, he had met with an immense amount of antagonism, but he had never allowed that opposition to interfere with him, or with his desire to benefit the oncominc race. It was especially necessary to consider that of all the people he had ever met, and he had mixed with a good many, he had never found any people so entirely ignorant as the Welsh were, of the qualities, character &c of their own race. His object, in the presentations he had made, was to elevate his fellow-towns- people in the intellectual sphere; and in view of the approaching Eisteddfod, he wished to ^ave essentially Welsh exhibition. Dr John Williams, he mentioned in that connec- tion had generously promised to lend him a lot of things, they could not, by any means, secure elsewhere, and Mr J. Richardson Francis had a number of original drawings, which he had generously offered for the purposes and objects he (Mr Francis) had in view. (Applause.) The Chairman proposed that a sum not exceeding £15 be given to Mr Francis for the purpose he required. Mr Philip Rogers seconded, and it was carried unanimously. Mr David Davies wrote to the Commi ee, and attended personally, with reference o e bad conduct and disturbances fea £ certain boys, at the St. Helen s Branch Library, of which Mr Davies is the care- t&The matter was referred to the Town Clerk for legal advice, and if the evidence is satis- factory, summonses will be issued against four lads, named Leaker, Davies, Gammon and AUpori the adoption of the Librarian's report, Mr Nancarrow, on behalf of Mr Walter Lewis, who had been compelled to leave at an earlier stage, asked if a catalogue of the reference department was complete, and was informed that such a catalogue was in course of compila- tion. This was all the business. LONDON GAZETTE. (From Friday Night's Gazette.) BANKRUPTCY ACT, 1883.—RECEIVING ORDElts.- Thomas J ones, Carmarthen-road, and Herbert-place, St. Helen f-road, both Swansea; cord-wainer. FIRST MEETINGS AND DATES OF PUBIC EXAMINA- TIONs.-William Thomas, of Trehose, Llauwinio Carmarthenshire, farmer; first meeting April 11' at eleven a.m., at the Official Receiver's, Carmar- then public examination April 11, at noon, at Guild- hall, Carmarthen.—John Griffith, of Castellfryn-in- Llanfair, Merionethshire, formerly draper and grocer, now commercial traveller; first meeting April 16, at noon, at the Official Receiver's, Chester- public examination April 23, at one p.m., at the Police-court, Blaenau Fes tiniog. -Cyrus A. A Lewis, Ebbw Vale, provision dealer; first meeting April 10, at noon, at the Official Receiver's, Merthyr public examination April 17 at 10.30 a.m., at the County-court Office, Tredegar- -Thomas Jones, Carmarthen-road, and Herbert. place, St. Helen's-road, Swansea, cordwainer; first meeting April 10, at noon, at the Official Receiver's, Swansea; public examination May 11, at 11.30 a.m., at the Town-hall, Swansea. Charles J Dufour, Market street, Builth, Breconshire, plumber; first meeting April 10, at one p.m., at the Official Receiver's, Llanidloes; public examination April 16, at 10.30 a.m., at the County-court, New- town. NOTICE OF DIVIDEND.-William R. Morgan. Godfrey-street, Cardiff, now trading at Bute-street' Cardiff, lately residing at The Walk, Cardiff, and rading at Bute-street, Cardiff ironmonger • final V '5? £ a Ai" ;e. Charles E. Dovey's, 21, Queen-street, Cardiff. ADJUDICATION.-Thoinas Tones, Carmarthen-road St" Swansea. (From. Tuesday Night's Gazette.) Thomas Cardiffrosd, Aberaman, grocer—Thomas Williams, lately American' Market, Water-street. Aberavon, grocer and provision merchant.-David James, White Hart Inn, George-street, George Towa, Merthyr Tvdvil innkeeper. FIRST MEETINGS AND DATES OF PULLIC EXAMINATIONS— Thomas Williams, Water- street, Aberavon, grocer. First meeting, April 15, at noon, at the Official Receiver's, Swansea public examination, April 21, at 11.30 a.m. at the Town-hall, Neath.—John Davies, Alma-terrace Cymmer, Glamorganshire, quarryman. First meeting, April 14, at noon, at the Official Receiver's, Merthyr; public examination, April 21, at 2 p.m., at the Court-house, Pontypridd. John Watson, Dean-street, Aberdare, engine driver. First meeting, April 20th, at 11 a.m., at the Official Receiver's, Merthyr; public examina- tion, April 27th, at 10.30 a.m., at the Temperance. hall, Aberdare. NOTICE OF DIVIDEND.—John A. Williams, High-street, Haverfordwest, watchmaker and jeweller. Final dividend, Is. 10d. in the JE payable April 15th, at the Official Receiver's, Carmarthen. ADJUDICATIONS.—Thomas C. Thomas, Cardiff- road, Aberaman, Aberdare, grocer.—David James George-street, George Town, Merthyr Tydvil. innkeeper.
♦ COMMERCIAL FAILURES. failures'in"! ^}e!cly Gazette> the number of mS jln f a"d Wales gazetted during the week in* wldf of vV,°^ Ti\e ™mljer in the correspond- The failures were dk^fhiiSi ln8 a decrease of 45. ine iauures were distributed amongst the following trades, and for comparison we give the nnmw/n in the corresponding weeks of 189) and 1889. Builders, Building Materials 9* 17 Chemists and Drysalters ». 2 3 « China, Glass, Earthenware 2 — 2 Confectionery. Toys, Fancy Goods 1 6 3 Corn, Coals, Minerals 2 5 8 Drapery, Clothing Textures 21 21 23 Farmers 8 6 9 Furniture, Upholstery 5 3 3 Horses, Vehicles 1 2 2 Jewellery, Watches — 2 2 I«»H»er 8 15 12 Metals 4 4 9 Paper, Printing, &c 3 7 1 Provisions 21 21 33 Wines, Spirits, Beer, Tobaccos 11 12 10 Miscellaneous. 8 24 38 106 151 174 1'f'1. -1. '.2"- _Æ -'1- T:'t_- __I "I me iiumuei ui uius U1 saie in Ein^iana ana Wales registered at the Queen's Bench for the week ending April 4 was 161. The number in the corresponding week of last year was 200, and the corresponding weeks for the three previous years 245, 242, and 282. The receiving orders gazetted number 65, showing a decrease of 1, and the number of registered deeds of arrangement was 41, a decrease of 41. In Ireland there were 32 judgments registered, a decrease of 1; bills of sale 1;. showing an increase of 1; bankruptcies gazetted was 8 an increase of 1, and the registered deeds or arrangements an increase of 6. The Scotch returns show that we have published 20 recorded protests, a decrease of 2 and 18 failures, being a decrease of 8. The totals fop the portion of the year to ADHI 4, are bills of sale registered for England and Wales, 2,427, an increase of 73; the receiving orders gazetted number 980 a decrease of 171, and the registered deeds of arrange- ment 741, a decrease of 223. In Ireland the totals are judgments 626, a decrease of 44; the bills of sale 104, an increase of Ii); and the bankruptcies gazetted number 38, a decrease of 11, and the registered deeds of arrange- ment, 72, an increase of 50. In Scotland the totals are recorded protests gazetted 264, a decrease of 4 and the failures 328, a decrease of 117. AGRICULTURAL INTELLIGENCE. THE CORN TRADE.-On the month a net rise of Is. 7d. in the average is disclosed, though the rise from the 32s. 6d. current early in March to the 35s. 3d. with which the month ended amounts to as much as 23. 9d. per quarter. The finest sorts of English wheat are now saleable at 423. to 40s. per quarter, and farmers are not over eager sellers. The latest markets since Easter have been uniformly firm in tone. London has put prices up a full shilling from the currencies of March, while the Essex markets are also fully Is. dearer; and in the more distant counties, such as Devonshire and Cornwall, and in the entire north Is. 6d. to 2s. more money is paid. Sales of British wheat since harvest are estimated at 5,434.561 quarters, against 6,032 313 quarters in 1888 9 To the total for the present season March contributed 862,439 quarters, which is rather more than January or February contributions, but less than the average rate for the last three months of 1890. Foreign wheat has advanced Is. to Is. 6d. per quarter since the resumption of trade. Californian has made 43s. to 44s. at some markets and 42s. 9d. at Mark Lane. Spring corn has been dearer at some of the principal markets, while no exchanges show a decline. Last week's imports included 14,000 quarters of barley, 85,975 quarters of oats, and 102,600 quarters of maize, these being- all moderate quantities, Sand the total of barley being the smallest weekly arrival for !a lone- period, Farmers are not profiting by thi, scarcity of foreign barley as they ought to be doing, though 6d. recovery on the imperial average is reported. Oats, with 400.003 quarters in th& London canaries and 115,000 quarters in six other ports, are difficult to place. The Scotch markets, however, report 6d. improvement from the other side of taster Russian shipments of oa^s for March were 488,000 quarters against 369,000 quarteKand 275,000 quarters in the two preceding- years. 31 he arrivals of grain and seed laden ves- sels at ports-of-calllast week included fourteen wheat, one flour, and one maize. A cargo of Californian wheat, arrived on Thursday, sold for 42s. 6d. per quarter. The other cargoes at ports- or-call remain unsold. Cargoes on passage and for shipment have been in brisk request: and on Friday and Saturday the following prices were paid for wheatCalifornian 41s. 9d. near at hand, 41s. prompt shipment; 40s. 9d. South Australian, 39s. New Zealand, 39s. 3d. No. 1 Bombay, 38s. 3d. Delhi, 37s. 9d. No. 2 Calcutta, 36s. red Karachi. Maize made 28s. 9d., and Galatz, loading, 28s. 6d. for Novorosssisk, sailed 27th March; 28s. for Poti, June shipment. Canadian peas for April skipment made 32s. 6d. per quarter, being is. 6d. in advance; but Calcutta linseed, varying from 41s. to 44s. 3d. was too irregular to be called either dearer or cheaper from the end of March. In cottonseed on passage £ 5 15s. was made. Average quanti- ties of American flour are afloat, and there are good supplies of Calirornian and Hungarian on passage- Cargoes oft coast equal 60,000 quarters of wheat-—Mark Lane Express.
Is France losing her old character for sobrietv The consumptIOn of alcohollaøt year amounted to over one million and a balt The dental vibrato,, is an apparatus for rpnileriog application of the well-known pi" .slmp1^ a? utilised in medicine, and sometime In h« »,8h0C^ country fairs. An induction i™, ■ ■ ° had at rapidly intermitting current *mDR V?'* alecricitv .rent 18 th« source of tbe srasDinJ mntal K i!atleQt receives the shock by the secondary cfrcu^of ?hne°t?|d P°leS tbn nn«.4 circuit of the coxl. The forceps of of fh? !L are also connected in the circuit of the current. The consequence is that the fnri n ji 8, the peculiar sensation of pins a a needles, produced by the intermittent current traversing his nerve«, and the actual pain of loosing the tooth is said to be masked. The vibrator has been introduced into the Institute of Medical Electricity. THBOAT IRRITATION AND CouaH.—Soreness aud dryness, tickling and irritation, inducing cough and affecting the voice. For these symptoms Use Epps's- Glycerine Jujubes. In contact with the glands at. the moment they are excited by the act of sucking, the Glycerine in these agreeable confections becomes actively healing. Sold only in boxes 7$d„ tins Is. !M.. labeiled James Epos and Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London." Dr. Moore, in his work on Nose and Throat Diseases," says The Glyeerine- Jujubes prepared by James Epps and Co., are of undoubted service as a curative or palliative agent," while Dr. Gordon Holmes, Senior Physician to the Municipal Throat and Ear Infirmary, writes :—" After an extended trial, I have found your Glycerine- Jujubes of considerable benefit in almost ail forms of throat disease." [63