FRANCE. SPEECH OF THE DUKE DE BROGLIE. PARIS, Saturday.—The Duke de Broglie was enter- tained at a banquet by the Perfect of the Eure, and delivered a speech in which he said :—" The struggle which the Government is sustaining, not against institu- tions or public opinion, but against principles which tend only to destroy social order, is long and perilous. The evil takes all sorts of shapes, and to combat it we require the assistance and union of all well meaning citizens. That Union the Government endeavours to preserve, as it makes the force of the Assembly, which, when the time arrives, will put aside all disagreements to discuss the grave problems now occupying public at- tention. The National Assembly will solve them, with- out pa-:sion, abnndoning all pretensions and all personal sympathies." The Duke concluded as follows:- Let us rally around one who is the model of honour in public, as well as in private life." The Asscuiblcc Nationalc of this evening says that all the statements published by the newspapers with regard to the Fusioni^t negotiations are in exact. The only true announcement is that there is a complete and ab- solute union between the princes of the Houses of France, but otherwise no definitive plan has been agreed upon, no decision has been taken, no conference has been held with regard to their future line of conduct. VERSAILLES, Saturday.—The Court Martial was oc- cupied to day with the trial of five persons charged with the murder uf a federal oificer during the Commune, of having gone over to the enemy, and of having pillaged the Saint Ouen Docks. Four offthe accused were sentenced to death in con- tnmaciam; and the other, Ferol, a sailor, who had been arrested, was also condemned to death.
ITALY. RmlE, Saturday (Evening).—The Emperor of Ger- many has invited the King of Italy, in the event of his Majesty going to Vienna, to pay a visit to Berlin. Cholera is greatly decreasing everywhere.
SPAIN. THE CIVIL WAR IN SPAIN. HENDAYE, Friday.—It is impossible to ascertain the precise lossess in yesterday's combat, but, as a heavy fire was kept up for nine hours, they must have been considerable. The Republican column was provided with four mountain guns, which fired over fifty rounds i each. General Loma having failed in his attempt to get between the Carlists and the frontier, so as to intercept their communications with France, the affair must be counted as Republican defeat, even though the list of casualties on the Royal side appear to be largest. The Carlists were very hard pressed at the opening of the fight, but Dorregaray, having arrived with reinforce- ments, succeeded in turning the scale at nightfall. He removed his wounded to a village in the mountains. A delegate from the French ambulance was obliged to start alone from Behobie for the scene of action, all the French medical men whom he called upon to ac- company him having refused to go. Tbi" afternoon 50 horses were seized by Belcha's band within a short distance of the gates of Irun as they were about to be passed over into France. A captain and fifty men sallied from Irun and exchanged shots during half an hour with the scarcely visible Carlists, who were under cover in corn fields. Nobody was struck on either side, and the captain returning to Irun shut the gates.—Standard Telegram, Pour VEXDRES, Saturday —Advices received here from Carthagena state that Rear-Admiral Lobos has commenced throwing a few bombs into the town. The insurgent artillery vigorously replied. The greater part of the armed insurgents refused to shut them- selves up in the city, and occupied positions in the neighbourhood. Seville has sent a deputation of ngt- ables to Madrid to confer with the Government. BAYOXNE, Saturday.—According to Carlist advices several chiefs are organising batalions, composed exclu- sively of Cas iiians, destined to march upon Madrid in October. Marco has a numerous Carlist force in the Maestrazgo, and has cut off telegraph and railway communication between Barcelona and the towns of Morella, Castillon, and T rtosa. TheC.-rlists.under Clerical instigation, are everywhere burning the civil registers, the priests declaring civil marriage to be nothing but concubinage. MADHID, Saturday.—Advices from Barcelona an- nounce that a mutiny had b:-oken out among the artil- lerymen stationed there. The Captain-General, with a detachment of cavalry, succeeded, however, in putting it down. The mutineers were disarmed aud sent to a military tribunal for trial. According to advices from Carthagena a fight had taken place between some military and civil insurgents. Taere were several killed and wounded. It is added that the soldiers were in favour of surrender. FIG CERAS, Sunday.—Fighting is going on between 3000 Carlists and 5000 Republican troops in the direction of E stella or Llers. STATE OF SPAIN. MADRID, August 24.—At a meeting of the majority I- of the Assembly it was decided to elect Senor Castelar president, and Senor Gil Berges Preyer vice-president, of the Cortes. It was also resolved to vote the supplies of men and money demanded by the Government. The authorities of Bilbao have allowed a period of four days for all foreign vessels to quit the harbour, and have made arrangements for their leaving the mouth of the river. This measure has been adopted in order that the naval forces which will come to the as- sistance of Bilbao, should the town be attacked, may be at liberty to operate. Yesterday, in the Cortes, Senor Olave demanded the prosecution of General Hidalgo, the present Captain- General of Madrid, for abandoning his post when Cap- General of Vittoria. Senor Olave also asked if the statement was correct that it was the intention of the Government to appoint General Hidalgo as its repre- sentative at Washington. As Senor Olave left the Hall of the Cortes, and proceeded through the ante-chamber, he was met by General Hidalgo, who demanded of him what reason he had for the speech he had just made. As a sequence to this episode a duel is considered te be imminent. The Impartial demands the prosecution of General Hidalgo, in conformity with the penal code which ordains the punishment of whosoever shall attack a deputy for words spoken by such deputy in the sitting of the Cortes. MADRID, August 25.—The quarrel between Senor Olave and General Hidalgo has been arranged, and no duel will take place. The President of the Cortes has informed the Minister of War of the course pursued ^On Saturday there was a rumour that the crew of the frieate* Carmen had attempted to mutiny, but the at- tempt was crushed. Forty of the chief mutineers and instigators to insubordination were disembarked. Gene- ral Cabal lero de Rodas has arrived. BARCELONA, August 25.—The Carlists have burnt two bridges on the Gerona Railway, and have thus dis- troyed the communication with Madrid, Valencia, ana France. It is announced that by the end of the present month an absolute dictatorship will be established here, either by the men actually in power at the present time, or, as will probably be the case, by others.. BAYOXNE, August 25.—According to Carlist advices, the Carlists have ordered the municipa.lity of Gracia, a suburb of Barcelona, to pay to them the quarterly con- tribution demanded. A Frenchman has been arrested at Barcelona, caught recuiting for the Carlists. All the Professors of Law, and nearly all those of Literature and Philosophy, at the University of Vit- toria, have been dismissed in consequence of having re- fused to inscribe their names in the ranks of the volun- teers of the Republic. THE SPANISH SOCIALISTS. PORT VENDRBS, August 25. —Spanish advices received here state that the artillery of the naval division before Carthagena having been found too weak to hold out against that of the town, Vice-Admiral Lobo has with- drawn his ships beyond the range of the insurgent guns. Notwithstanding the offers made by the Madrid Govern- ment to the ex-artillery officers who resigned, they re- fuse, with few exceptions, to serva again. The Madrid Government has consequently empowered the military authorities of Bilbae to invite foreign officers to join the Spanish artillery. The Government is dissatisfied with the proceedings of Senor Guinea, the Governor of Cadiz, and has decided to replace him by a special commissioner, and will act in the same manner in all provinces which have been the seat of socialist insurrections. The mutiny of the 1st and 4th Regiments of Artillery in Barcelona is at- tributed to separatist influences. They had already loaded a gun with grape shot, when the captain-general reached the citadel of Atrazanas with his staff and a detachment of Carbineers, andeuceeded in overawing the mutineers. DEFEAT OF THE CARLISTS. FiGFERAS, August 25.—In the engagement which was fought yesterday in the neighbourhood of Estella the Carlists were surrounded by three columns of Republican troops, and completely defeated. They took to flight, and succeeded in carrying their dead and wounded off the field They withdrew as far as San Lorenzo Merga, near Saint Laurent de Cerdans in France. Tnstany and Don Alphonso were wounded. The Carlists have relinquished their intention of beseiging Berga.
OT-TRVGE AT SEA.—CORK, MONDAY—An American veXl called the Helen Angier which arrived at I, ,Vn nn tho ]9th instant for orders, sailed to- Queensto gh had got about twelve miles off day for Liverpool. hj f *t named Eldon Staples, the harbour when t,\e work in which they spoke to the hand at the same time threw on were engaged on deck DJ « A face of one deck a bucket of w, 'becl hisknife and plunged it in of the men, who uns tben rushed up the the abdomen of the >»ate- t in irons. The ship riffinc, but was arrested and put, ah'nce put back. The nwt* is in a precarious state.
REVIEW OF THE BRITISH CO US TRADE- (Abridged from the Mark-lane Express.) The past week opened with frequent showers, very beneficial to the meadows, turnips, and other esculents; but calculated to retard the harvest, and do some damage to the condition of new corn. But as the week advanced, the weather improved, and there may yet be a fine time for the completion of the gatherings. Our better acquaintance with the new crop fully confirms the general excellence of its quality; but unfortunately the deficiency in many places is equally plain. Slow credence has been given to this view of it, and many who were satisfied with its weight up to 651bs. per bushel considered it indicative of abundance, as it cer- tainly does in ordinary seasons but with the constant changes that have ruled from the commencement of the year, which up to a late period threatened the extinction of summer, the only wonder is that heat really came at last, and fine samples were the consequence The real cause of deficiency appears to have been severe blighting at night-time in the period of bloom, beyond the supposition of the greatest alarmist; so that on one side the ears have been comparatively empty, when the other has been filled with good corn. We have heard from growers of undoubted veracity that a field of 17 acres, being fine land, well farmed, on being thrashed, has only yielded 34 qrs. or 2 qrs. to the acre. Others again have only yieided 21 instead of 4 qrs., and dis- appointment is very general. There has, indeed, been a singular diversity in neighbouring fields, one being open to the blight, and the other not, and, as far as our inquiries have yet gone, our view is that we are considerably short of an average. The stocks on the farms are no criterion as to quantity, for in many places they are larger than previously known but they are quite out of proportion to the corn. These features of the case so nearly coincide with France, especially in the northern part of that kingdom, that we cannot feel surprised at some advance in our prices-s-ty, Is. to2s., when the French markets again show an advance of Is. 2d. to 5s. 6d. per qr., though Paris only notes an improvement in Flour of Is. 3d. per sack, and scarcely any in Wheat; but Californian sorts have risen from 56s. to 64s., cost, freight, and insurance, at the place of growth, and seems even there that they have over- estimated their crop, and farmers have consequently been more reserved in sales. It is too early yet to make exact estimates of the wants of both countries; but we really fear they will unitedly prove so great, as to drive up prices 10s. more before the yield of 1874 will be available. The arrivals off the coast since 15th August were 50 cargoes, of which 34 cargoes were Wheat, 10 Maize, 2 Barley, 2 Beans, and 2 Flour. The sales of English Wheat noted last week were 25,288 qrs. at 60s. 3d., against 30,432 qrs. at 59s. lOd. in 1872. The London averages were 58s. 3d. on 2,112 qrs. Wheat. The imports into the Kingdom for the week ending August 16th were 789,937 cwts. Wheat, and 82,301 cwts. Flour. Monday in Mark Lane opened on very small English supplies, but with heavy arrivals of foreign, principally from Russia and America. Though a fair supply of new Wheat was expected on the Essex and Kentish stands, very little came, the rain partly hindering; but the higher rates paiJ in the country appeared the chief cause. The high prices demanded on the pre- vious week were now paid, 63 to 611bs. white realising 60s. freely, while scarcely an old sample was to be found. In foreign there had been a large trade from Friday, at an advance of fully Is. per qr. on red samples and 2s. on white, especially C-liforniau and Australian sorts, this being occasionally exceeded. A large French demand had greatly stimulated the act- ing trade, at prices 3s. to 4s. beyond the late depression. On Wednesday there were 130 qrs. per coast, 62,900 qrs. foreign. With very little Wheat showing, either old or new, full prices were demand, and the tendency was still upwards. The foreign trade also continued very firm, and the extreme of Monday's rates was de- manded for both red and white qualities. Friday's returns were 488 qrs. coastwise, 98,185 qrs. foreign. The scanty supply of English kept prices very high. With a large attendance, there was a good trade in foreign red at Monday's rates, and white was 6d. to Is. higher. The supply of Maize was moderate on Monday, and lessened by 1,000 qrs. exported. The trade was good, and fully Is. over the previous rates were made. On Friday there were 19,400 qrs., when business was firm, at Monday's improvement. With scarcely any English Barley on Monday, and only one lot of Irish, the foreign supplies were mode- rate, and exclusively of grinding qualities. No new English appeared, and the foreign on offer was full- priced, feeding sorts sometimes bringing 6d. more money. On Wednesday there were 1,430 qrs. foreign. With nothing offering of the new or old crou of Eng- lish, prices remained nominal; but grinding foreign sold in retail, at Monday's extreme quotations. Friday's returns were 22 qrs. coastwise, 3,180 qrs. foreign. With the crop of English well reported, prices were unchanged but to sell grinding foreign was less easy, without some concession to buyers. The Malt trade was steady on Monday, and good qualities maintained previous rates, and so they did at the week's close. There were very few English Beans on Monday, and only one parcel from Sicily. Trade was very firm for all descriptions at previous rates, and it remained so on Friday. The show of English Peas was very limited on Mon- day but there was a good supply of white from Montreal. The few new English exhibited were held high, and white Canadian maintained the previous currency. No change was subsequently noted. With a somewhat improved supply of Linseed, there was no change in its value. In Cloverseed almost nothing was passing; and, with more new Rapeseed on show, prices tended down- ward. The weather being broken at the commencement of the week, less new Wheat was on show at the several country markets than expected, and very full prices were paid for what appeared-siy, from 63s. to 70s. per qr., and old was Is. dearer at Louth, Market Rasen, Birmingham, and Barnsley. At Liverpool there was an advance of 3d. to 4d. per cental on Tuesday on white qualities, with no change on Friday. Several of Saturday's markets were Is. dearer. The tendency on Spring Corn has been up- wards, with a positive advance on Oats and Beans in some places. At Glasgow Wheat was 6d. to Is. per boll dearer, and Flour 6d. to Is. per sack, there being no change in Spring Corn. Edinburgh was dull for Wheat, and dearer Is. to 2s. for Barley. Beans brought 2s. to 3s. more, and some fine new Oats sold at 38s. per qr. Dublin was firm for native Wheat, and 6d. per barrel dearer for foreign, white being quoted 33s. per barrel, Oats 15s. 6d. to 19s. 6d., and new Barley 18s. per barrel.
THE BANK FORGERIES.—A plot to rescue the prisoners Bidwell Macdonnell, and Noyes, the bank forgers now confined in Newgate, has been discovered by the prison authorities. The attempt was made by means of bribes to the warders, one of whom is in custody, letters im- Sicating him in the matter having been found m his nossession Two other warders were apprehended, She pAon ha. been put under the .urveUlance of ^"MoX'tovB^TTEii—The following letter from ft country lass to her sweetheart m Wick accidentally K rca» ye'mTglTt tit offlnee at beta eareles. mi'her wrwinderin j. didney com. to see me my muner wis w qfl<.„r(jav ve might comin ye when jea .dowu last Sat»rt.y. y S he •^r^wSSire mw to" he wild will dear very kind than bex • -t wag tjme for me will my mither said a w fcak me_ j carn which to marry if ye or Gord like, come I lick ye bayth. am ready ony ttme^y in wick. down next Saterday. y 7 mind come am f,ad „ ,^death — — ?ki; '? 'g; nS^Johno-Groat, Jour^l Tin VENTILATION OF COAL for "the channels convey it to any po ad0Dted is to use a ^Sioto the nUi £ r attached to a horizontal steam engine, but STROKE the shaft—which is ^y d the game prinCiplea^ piston, which is into the cylinder air which the common pu p. velocity through a pipe is afterwards iorcea wsh conduit pipes to into a chamber.an throughout its whole extent, any portion of the mine, 0^^ of pure air. The in- so as to gimple one, will, it is stated, vention, which is y o d. nge with the large enable colliery prop uge |Qr drawing foul furnaces, fans, Ac. w paling's apparatus, the air out of mines, as, w particular spot in unlimited air can be conveyed to^ y P mjne may be supplied quantities. By those m » dilate or dis- with pure atmospheric without decreasing the place the foul air, and t when the ordinary atmospheric pressure, as is the e principle of exhaustion is adopted, and, at f time, it will effect local ventilation Any numDer^ cylinders may be attached to produce a g P at one spot, or it may be so arranged tha small pipes can be coupled to the air c^a™ d carried any distance without the pressure be decreased. The invention may be applied to any mine, and to other rentilating purposes,
OUR INVERTEBRATES. (From the Sheffield Daily Telegraph.) This is a used up generation. Priding ourselves on our manliness, we are not half the men that our fore- fathers proved themselves to be. There are, of course, exceptions to every rule, but our observation sometimes leads us to think that the men of the present-and particularly of the" rising," generation might claim a closer relation to the mollusca than the majority of superficial observers may wot of. Please to remember that I am a vertebrate animal; you talk to me as God Almighty would not talk to a black beetle" -this was the remark which a celebrated counsel found it necessary a few years agotoaddress to a well-known judge. A great many people we meet from day to day by no means deserve to be designated as vertebrate animals." They are mere mollusca, they have no spinal column. Our impression may be wrong it does not lie within our province to inquire into the private affairs of this and that member of the community—but we are inclined to think that there is in the present day a far too strong tendencv to treat leniently the failures which occur in commercial and social Misfortune may overtake the most careful, the most prudent, the strongest in character among us. The man who has done his very best, ^but who has found that man is not in every case the "master of his fate"-this man ought to be treated not only with consideration but with generous kindness. But a rigorous inquiry must precede this kindness and generosity, if they are to be valued by the recipient. There may be a man who has worked hard and who has lived soberly, who has taken every means within his reach to place himself in that position in which he can claim the glorious privilege of being independent and yet that man may have to succumb to circumstances over which he has not had the slightest control. Generosity towards a man like this is an attribute worthy of the gods; but think you that he can value such generosity" if it is accorded without examination if it is given without knowing the reason why? H every Long Firm swindler, if every invertebrate animal who is not competent to look after his business, if' every man who can be seduced into those kinds of buying and selling which are not busi- ness—if men like these are to be treated with consider- ation" and leniency, what does your generosity avail to the man who has in reality been the victim of circum- stances ? He—a vertebrate animal even if unfortunate- objects to be ranked with those polypi of the sea-pools who expand indiscriminately by the side of any rock to which the tide may wash them, who attach their tentaculce to whatever dnttweed may come within their reach he is superior to the mollusca, and he would rather endure his fate as a criminal than be treated as a human mollusc. But it is not in our commercial relations only that we have to complain of the want of backbone—inverte- brateness seems to be at the present time far more epidemic than that cholera at which so many among us affect to be nervous. The present generation cannot afford to do as their forefathers did; they have not manliness enough. They want to begin in everything where their fathers left off. A young fellow in the present day comes from a school where he has been stuffed with a smattering of superficial i learning and a great many high-minded notions; he enters a counting- house and is ashamed to submit to the stern regular Is,- discipline which made his father a good man of busi- ness. Slight matters of detail are by far too small for his remarkably quick and clear eye; he deals with general principles ^e*y ge'ieral indeed, for they are by no means particular. He drops in" to his office of a morning—the office where his father, day by day, from morning to night has spent many a year in hard work—and looks languidly over the newspapers. Even there he does not find anything sufficiently piquant to tickle his jaded fane} lii» intellect is not of that order which can be trained to taKe an intelligent interest in any serious question of public policy. Probably-and especially if his father is a Radical he has an indistinct notion that it is''the thing to dash his conversation with a touch of Conservatism. But he does feel at a loss te know what is Liberal and what is Conservative— a point, by the way, in regard to which at the present day hesitancy is almost to be pardoned. However, it is always open to our invertebrate young| manufacturer to speak slightingly of the lower classes," and to express a wonder—'wliich he means to be extremely sarcastic— as to whether colliers when they drink champagne can tell the difference between the vintage dealt out by Moet and Chandon and the beverage of the Widow 0 Cliquot. Also he can discuss, by help of the newspapers, the points of the last divorce case, and the peculiarities of the dancer who has most recently made her debut. Upon these points he delivers himself with a gracious 'd I air of condescension to a barmaid who is in all probability a good deal better informed than himself, but who, with female tact, affects an air of innocent ignorance— may be speculating all the while whether she might not be able to draw the soft young fool into a promise of marriage, for the fulfilment of which a small consider- ation" in hard cash would afford far more than a full equivalent. Tiiis is a fair description of the manner in which one variety of the invertebrate animal common in such towns as London, Liverpool, Manchester, and Sheffield does away with his morning. By the time our invertebrate youngster has done with Barmaid, Brandy, and Seltzer," by the time he has finished his Curacoa and his mild attempt at flirta- tion, he finds that it is time to think about dinner. To young Monsieur Invertebrate dinner is an extremely serious business. lie never read English history, or he might remember that there was a man named Cobbett, who made a small figure in the world, and that this man wrote :-Despicable are those who suffer any part of their happiness to depend on their eating and drinking, provided they have a sufficiency of whole- some food. Despicable is the man and worse than despicable the youth, who would make any sacrifice, however small, whether of money, or of time, or of anything else to secure a dinner different from that which he could- have had with such sacrifice. —Despicable Why, is it not essential to a youth of the present time who would show himself fit for life that he should be able to speak learnedly and from experience as to those meats which the soonest pro- duce indigestion, and about those liquors by imbibing which he may most quickly reach a state of--well, for the sake of euphony, we shall say, happiness ? Dinner past, and the grumbling at the waiters ended, our modern young man, if he does not belong to the creme de la creme, may affect to return for a little to business. Not that he needs to do so—that would be very unfashionable. But j ust, as it were, for an exam- ple to the rest, he will look in" at the office for half an hour or so-after he has had a game of billiards. Those who have no vestige of backbone left, and who do not feel even the necessity of assuming a virtue which they have not, he will leave at the billiard-table or in the smoke-room, promising to rejoin them within an hour. This pronusej-wonderful to say-he faith- fuily keeps; at least he keeps it unless by the way he finds a biUiard-room more pleasant, or a barmaid more attractive. And after a few more Barnes and a few more brandies and seltzers, the youn| men find them- selves in a condition to repair to one or other of the paternal mansions—to IOIH, nerhana r the ladies-and, invertebrates as C°m?any °! languid complaints as to the denresai *r'A' °UF "business. Business, forsooth?S* nce f not understand the meaning of the TO A time, think that a buffet for a little with the wave, of ^S^raight develope in the present f?eneratirm backbone which at present is conspicuous by itsabsence. us y 1 iil. sence. I
ABERDAKE RAILWAY COMPANY THAVIOI* I of the above company was held'on y meet" at the offices of Messrs. Curtis Jenkin^ change-buildings, Mr. Alfred Georee in +>, an<u ? a dividend at the rate of 10 per cent chair, when income tax, was declared payable on nf1 «nnUJ?' rth September next, for the half-year to 30th JunSast une last. SUICIDE AT VAUXHALL STATION TV. U E with his windpipe completely severed was discowed on Sunday night m one of the s ° :f Vauxhall station of the South Western S night watchman going his rounds at 11 J' f thl closet doors fastened, and bebe 'T* °w °f any answer to his repeated kn0cTs8 open. The body is that of a man'of d?01' and hair, apparently about 35 years of aT$!TD in height, and was dressed inV brown^iW 5 I waistcoat, and black trousers of good rL^ °°a> -T spring boots with buttons. The E S f him were a white cambric pocket handkerehie^A pen" knife and pencil, and his under clothe gave no clue to his identity. The rl g°° i covered were quite cold, aid it i8 r ^&ro,ed to ^fe&to MR. H, RICHARDS M P., AND _MR H. RICHARDS, HAS RECEIVED AN ADDRESS U Society Of the Friends of Peace conlrlf 6 1French the recent vote of the House ARBITRATION. THE ADDRESS SAYS "ENRFANH ALREADY HAD THE MERIT OFSTRIKING THE FI?ST BLOW^ULAVERY anc AND AT THE OLD POLICY OF COMMERCIAL RESTRICTIONS HAS AGAIN, IN SOLEMNLY PROCLAIMING THE CONDEMNXN OF RESOURCE TO ARMS, STUCK A DECISIVE BLOW A^AFNST THE DEPLORABLE SYSTEM OF ARMED RIVALRY AND • lence, beneath which at thi, groan.. Not that w. flatter mrMl JUb jlffi. or expect to see demolished at ONCE the deplorable structure that ages have in turn built up and consolidated As you yourself have very justily SAID, IT TZS^-SO^E- times a very long time—before acknowledged truth be- comes applied truth. But the first step the most difficult. It is to get it acknowledged and it is this step, thanks to the indefatigable propagandism, and the benovolent men of whom you have been the organ, that England has accomplished so successfully Henceforth come what may, the question of international arbitration' has entered the domain of practical policy."
THE FORGERIES ON THE BANK OF ENGLAND. At the Central Criminal Court, on Tuesday, before Mr. Justice Archibald, the prisoners, Austin Biron Bidwell, George Macdonnell, George Bidwell, and Edwin Noyes, were again placed at the bar, and the trial was proceeded with. Mr. Hardinge Giffard, Q.C., Mr. Poland, Mr. S. T. Greene, and Craufurd prosecuted. For George Bidwell were Mr. Powell, Q.C., and Mr. Besley; Mr. Mclntyre, Q.C., and Mr. Moody appeared for Austin Bidwell; Mr. Metcalfe, Q.C., and Mr. Straight were for Macdonnell; and Mr. Ribton and Mr. Hollings defended Noyes. The case for the prosecution was practically closed on Monday, but on Mr. Giffard rising to sum up the evi- dence, Mr. Ribton, who represented Noyes, asked that a witness who gave evidence at the Mansion House should be called. After upwards of an hour's delay, Mr. Albeit Garing, proprietor of the London Bridge Terminus Hotel, was placed in the witness-box. He identified Austin Bidwell as having taken rooms in his hotel. The witness also recognised Noyes, and adhered to his statement that he seemed on familiar terms with Bidwell. Mr. Metcalfe then submitted on behalf of the prisoner Macdonnell that there was no case against him. He said that under the Extradition Act a person could only be tried for the crime for which he was surrendered. In this case there was no proof that the forgery was one of the, crimes for which the extradition order was made, and the case against Macdonnell could not, therefore, stand. Mr. Justice Archibald overruled the objection, on the ground that if advantage was desired to be taken of it it ought to have been brought forward on the plea of jurisdiction. Mr. Hardinge Giffard then summed up the case for the prosecution. He said that his friends had informed him that they were not going to call evidence, and under a recent statute he had now the right to be heard. The learned counsel said the question was reduced to whether or not all the prisoners, or any of them, had been parties or a party to the design of uttering one of a great many forged bills. He then proceeded to review the whole of the evidence, reminding the Jury that although each of the prisoners had his own peculiar vocation, yet he did not know where, assuming the Jury came to the con- clusion that they were guilty, there was the smallest difference in their moral guiltiness- Taking first the case of Austin Bidwell, Mr. Giffard contended that there was no ground for defence, as shown in the cross-examination, that he being absent from England when the forged bills were sent in, had been imposed upon by the other prisoners. As to Noyes, his plea of being a clerk was utterly upset by the evidence of his familiarity and inter- course with the other prisoners. In respect to the other prisoners, he was almost afraid to go over the evidence, as the facts spoke for themselves, and no evidence had been offered in defence. In conclusion, he asked the Jury to return a verdict that those four men had con- federated in a design, and the design, forgery, was almost unexampled in the history of this country. Mr. Metcalfe asked that Macdonnell might address the Jury. Mr. Besley made the same application with regard to George Bidwell. The required permission having been given. George Macdonnell made a statement to the Jury. He said that this proposition was worthy of considerable at- tention, as he would show the complete innocence of some of the persons concerned, although he was aware that it cut all ground away from his own feet. The prisoner then went on say that when the account at the Bank of England was opened there was no intention of fraud. He, Austin, and George Bidwell then went to America, and it was not until his return that he saw how business was transacted in this country. As the result of the discovery he now stood before that court. After tracing his proceedings until Austin Bidwell met with the railway accident, and the serious shock t'nat he then sustained, Macdonnell said that Austin Bidwell expressed his intention of having nothing to do with any fraudulent transactions. In pursuance of the design he gave him (Macdonnell) cheques to draw the balance of his account, which was to be forwarded to him in American bonds. Instead of so doing, the prisoner had engaged in the transactions which had been brought to light. He (Macdonnell) was the writer of Warren's name on the cheques, and Austin Bidwell had nothing to do in the matter, being, in fact, away from the country at the time. George Bidwell said that it had been his intention to throw himself upon the mercy of the Court, but after hear- ing what the prosecution had brought forward he felt it his duty to wait for an opportunity to be heard. HE had prepared a statement, but after hearing Mr. Macdonnell it would be repetition to read it. He could only say that it was the truth, and that Noyes had never been let into confidence. Mr. McIntyre then addressed the Court on behalf of Austin Bidwell. He contended that there was nothing to connect him with the other prisoners after the 16th January that there was no proof of his having been at Birmingham when the bills were sent there, and that, in fact, he was innocent of the fraud. After twenty minutes' deliberation, the Jury found all the prisoners guilty and Mr. Justice Archibald sentenced them each to the maximum punishment of penal servitude for life.
LABOURING MEM IN NEW ZEALAND.—An Auckland papers says :—" For some time attention has been oc- casionally drawn to the fact that labouring men in the Canterbury Province had been in the habit of going to their daily work in carriages. The Province of Auck- land is not a whit behind Canterbury in this respect. For several weeks past a party of men employed baling hay for the market, on a farm in the Tamaki district, have indulged in the luxury of riding every morning to the work in a trap with cushioned seats. They have been earning on an average 7s. 6d. per diem, and a few days ago they waited upon their employer, and repre- sented to him that it would be necessary for them to receive at least 10s. per diem in the future, as they could not keep up a horse and buggy upon less." EXECUTION OF MONTGOMERY.—On Tuesday morning, at a few minutes past eight, Thomas Hartley Mont- gomery suffered the extreme penalty of the law within the precincts of Omagh Gaol. As it had been formally intimated to the representatives of the press that only two of their number would be admitted, the reporters declined to avail themselves of the privilege, and not one representative of the principal papers in Ire- land witnessed the execution. The deputy governor stated that particulars would be supplied during the forenoon. The reporters formally applied for admission during the morning, but were refused. From other sources we learn that the usual procession was formed about eight o'clock. Montgomery marched firmly till he came to the scaffold, when he faltered, but almost immediately regained his usual firmness. Prayers were read by the gaol chaplain. Montgomery only responded to the Lord's Prayer, which he repeated in a loud voice. It is believed that he died repentant. He was dressed, as at the last trial, in a blue frock coat, and grey trousers, and had his long beard shaved off. None of his friends were present. About five minutes before the execution two letters were delivered by post at the gaol, addressed tQ the wretched man. It is supposed they were from his wife and his uncle, Mr. Bradshaw. There was little excitement in the town, the only occurrence being the gathering of a few people near the gaol to watch for the hoisting of the black flag. The prison bell was toiled, and ceased as soon as the culprit was dead. FURTHER CHANGES IN THE MINISTRY.—The Times suggest some further changes in the Ministry of con- siderable importance. Mr. Monsell is to retire from the Post Office, and to be succeeded, it is said, by Mr. Ayrton. The Duke of Argyll, who has been recently suffering from impaired health, will quit the India office, and his place is to be filled by Mr. Lowe; while the Home Office thus left vacant is to be offered to Mr. Bouverie. Since Mr. Monsell's frank confession of official effacement his retirement has been inevitable, and the choice of his successor is in some respects not an unhappy one. Mr. Ayrton would, of course, be better out of office altogether, but his appointment to the Post Office is, perhaps, the only device by which the country can secure any benefits from his adminis- tration of a department at all proportioned to the mis- chief certain to be produced by his unfortunate dis- position. Mr. Scudamore will probably dislike the change. The appointment of Mr. Bouverie to the Home Office would be a satisfactory one were it not that it would involve the transfer of Mr. Lowe to the India Office, and the consequent trial of the far from hopeful experiment whether a Minister who could not get on with a department in which he was alone will be able to work harmoniously with a Council.-Pall Mall Gazette. DEATH OF COLONEL MACKENZIE.—We regret to state that Colonel Kenneth Mackenzie, Assistant-Quarter- master-General, who has been engaged at the Dartmoor manoeuvres, has met with an untimely death. Colonel Mackenzie was, on Sunday afternoon, coming from Green Hill Farm, with the intention of proceeding to the head- quarters camp. He was accompanied by Captain Colomb, his brother-in-law, and was driving. They had to cross Gratton Ford, on the river Meavy, which was swollen through the recent heavy rains, and just at this point there was a heavy freshet. The colonel ATTEMPTED to Ford the river, but in so doing the horse was swept off its legs and the carriage overturned, and the occupants were thrown into the river. Both officers were carried down some distance by the current, but each ultimately succeeded in reaching the bank, though Greatly exhausted. Captain Colomb then left the colonel to obtain assistance with the view of saving the horse and carriage, the colonel saying, I am all right, and will try and get the horse out." When the captain returned with assistance he found the colonel lying on the bank dead. Surgeon Dodd, of the Royal Engineers, states that the colonel died in an apoplectic fit, brought on by over-exertion. The horse was drowned, having, with the carriage, been carried down the river a con- siderable distance. Colonel Mackenzie was not only an excellent and able officer, but also in his private character a most courteous and estimable man. The Globe reminds us that he bad seen servioe all over the world, and in- variably obtained the approbation of his superiors. Wherever there was hard work to be done which re- quired an industrious and clear-headed man of business- like habits." Colonel Mackenzie was at once selected His valuable qualities were particularly serviceable as e, member of the Quarter-master-General's staff at Balaklava during the Crimean war, and at Calcutta during the Indian Mutiny. At both these places the amount of work he got through was prodigious, yet he never seemed flustired-never failed in courtesy. His circle of acquaintances was large, and he was universally liked and respected.
THE EISTEDDFOD AT MOLD. V THE GRAND CONCERT. The grand concert in connection with this Eisteddfod on Thursday evening was a great success, hundreds being unable to find standing room. Mr. Edwin Harriss opened the programme by playing a splendid solo, Beauties of Wales," on the harmonium, which was much applauded. Let the hills resound," by Brinley Richards, sang by the choir, was encored and repeated. Eos Morbus sang "Come into the garden, Maud," with very good effect, and on being encored, gave Anita." Hearts of Oak," by Mr. Lewis Thomas, followed, Mr. Skeaf accompanying. 'I ying. Then came I will extol Thee," by Miss Edith Wynne, who was in good voice, and on receiving an encore, she sang "Clychau Aberdovey." The Welsh melodies, "Rising of the sun," "March of the Men of Harlech," and Ap Shenkin, were then given on the harp by Aptommas. and were redemanded. At this part of the proceedings the conductors of the Newtown and Llanidloes choirs came forward and were invested by Mr. John Gittings and Miss Parry, daughter of Dr. Parry, Bala. A duet, "Mighty Jove," was then sang by Messrs. S. Allen Jones and T. J. Hughes. Miss Mary Davies, a very promising young artiste, gave "The missing boat" very effectively, and was encored. "Just as of old," sang by Mr. W. H. Cummings, was the next piece, which was encored, and "The Minstrel Boy" was the song of response. After The Cambrian war song" bad been very creditably rendered by Mr. T. J. Hughes, Part II. opened with the public performance of Mr. Brinley Richards' new work, "Sound the trumpet in Zion." The words, written by Mr. S. C. Hall, are as follow :— Sound the Trumpet in Zion, the Lord is at hand To sign with the sign, and to brand with the brand, THPY come the earth burdened and bound, Who are they ? Who are they? all dismal and dark, And in soddened array Hark the wail of despair from that desolate train, They call on the mountains to hide them in vain Their doom is to live and endure to the last, Through ages on ages, remorse for the past. Sound the Trumpet in Zion, the Lord is at hand To sign with the sign, and to brand with the brand. And these clad in garments of light, who are they ? That chant the glad anthems of praise while thev pray The souls that ascend are the perfect just, Released and relieved from the burthen of sin, Released and relieved from the dust, For ever with earth love be Heaven love there, And the glory they all see that glory they share. The glory they see that glory they share. Sound the Trumpet in Zion, the Lord is at hand. The work may be described as an anthem for four voices. "Sound the trumpet in Zion" commences with a spirited chorus for four voices in B flat major, the melody of which is repeated. The second movement is an agitated chorus in G minor-" They come, the earth burdened and bound"—which is supposed to be deserip- tive of the woe which awaits the wicked. The effect in the full chorus-" They call on the mountains to hide them in vain"-is likely to become one of the favourite passages of the work. It is written in unison. The third and fourth movements are of a totally distinct character. And these clad in garment of white—who are they ?" in a melodious theme describing the souls of the blessed ascending to heaven. The music of this part is the most difficult of the whole, and will require considerable delicacy in treatment. This third movement is succeeded by one in the same key, and in common time-" For ever with earth love be heaven love there," which rises gradually to a climax, and ends with a grand diminuendo — "The glory they share" the soprano voices sustaining one note, while the other parts repeat the melody, and the piece is brought to a jubilant conclusion in the original key. The NEW work was sung by the Eisteddfod choir in capital style. The light and shade, upon which the acceptability of the work conriderably depends, were faithfully observed, while the phrasing and the intona- tion were excellent. At the close there were loud calls for the author, and the vast audience were most en- thusiastic in their demonstrations of delight. The latter portion of the piece from the andante, which is one of the prettiest movements in the work, was repeated, and three cheers were given for Mr. Brinley Richards. The anthem of those pieces which, unpretentious in them- selves, will bear repetition, and improve every time they are heard. Mr. Richards may BE congratulated on having written another anthem, which will add to his fame as a composer. Mr. Richards accompanied the piece, and Mr. A. Jones conducted. FKIDAY, August 22. The Eisteddfod is at an end. Everybody regrets that an ungracious quarrel has occurred, which has considerably marred the proceedings. The facts, as it now appears, were these :—It was disputed whether the choir from Birkenhead was a bona fide Welsh choir. The general committee said Yes," the local committee said No," but it was officially decided that the Birken- head choir was eligible for the competition. Then in the teapot arose a tempest. The five conductors, in rather an invidious spirit, decided that they would not compete against Birkenhead, which you will please to remember had already gained the prize. In vain did Lord Richard Grosvenor bring his pleasant eloquence to smooth the troubled waters. The Newtown and Montgomeryshire choir withdrew implacably from the emulation. They would not compete with the singer* and players of Birkenhead. The conductor said" Their friends had said they were cowards. Ha ha They were not afraid. Who was afraid ?" This was scarcely in harmony in the highest sense of the term, but it ended in a protest against the judgment of the adjudicators. If such a principle were allowed, what would come of the Eisteddfod and its tribunals from beginning to end ? Three other conductors then withdrew in a most humiliating manner, amid mingled applause and hisses. But we need not trouble our readers with the details of the long squabble that followed. It was full of the vilest Welsh, and everybody felt relieved when in the evening all traces of the disagreement bad disappeared, and Let the hills resound," by Brinley Richards, was sung, played, and encored. Eos Morlais, with whose titular designation our readers are familiar, then gave most tenderly" Come into the garden, Maud;" Mr. Lewis Thomas, with his stalwart voice, sang Hearts of oak," and Miss Edith Wynne, with "I will extol thee" and "Clychan Aberdovey" moved the audience, as was inevitable, to such a pitch of praise as must be a glory to the sweetest singer in the world. After that were sung those old bardic melodies The rising of the sun" and the invariable March of the Men of Harlech" and" Ap Shenkin, of ancient fame," came in agreeably, though perhaps a little noisily. It would be unjust to leave out of notice here Miss Parry, Miss Mary Davies, and T. G. Hughes. The song of the evening was Mr. Brinley Richards's new composition. This was splendidly rendered, and it was no ill com- pliment to Mr. Brinley Richards that his next piece, a pianoforte solo, failed to command much attention though noise and confusion prevented many from ap- preciating the skill and promise of Miss Bessie Waugh. Then came The Death of Nelson," by Mr. Allen Jones, and once more, Miss Edith Wynne, with her incomparable Home, sweet home." This morning Lord Mostyn, who had been promised for the chair, was unavoidably absent. Captain Douglas Pennant took the place which he was to have filled, and there was certainly no dissatisfaction on that score. The Bards, and the Druids, and the Ovates, having solemnised their matins in the field beneath the great mound of Mold, marched, accord- ing to the ancient custom of Welsh bards," with a modest air of might towards the "Pavilion," where they were welcomed at the gate by a woman the date of whose birth not man nor woman in Mold remembers, but who is known along all the country side as Venerable Mary." She is a famous knitter of stock- ings one piece of her work it is impossible to dis- tinguish from. the product of a loom, so close is it. There are some remarkable specimens of carving and turning. There is a noble example of the Scriptures printed with the Apocrypha in full; and there is a singular collection of Buckley pottery, notably certain beeswing and eyes with loathsome imitations of rep- tiles at the bottom such as would sicken any decent or logical palate. There was the display of walking sticks and wooden spoons, upon the former of which Mr. Scott Bankes pronounced judgment. He said that a walking stick was a stick by the help of which a weak or crippled man might more easily walk; but had the prize been intended for ingenuity he might have experienced a difficulty in making the award. We had a monkey carved in maple; beneath it a pro- minent set of knives, spoons, and forks; a little lower all the brightest of the Pagan godesses and nymphs beneath the imitations of a classic frieze and so forth, and we were by no means astonished to learn that this was suspected to be the work of a lunatic. We turned from this to the old Welsh Bible, black letter, printed in 1620, considered to be the first used in the parish church of Holywell, and the property of Mr. Jabez Jones, of London. It is a specimen in which the late Mr. Power and the living Mr. Burt would have de- lighted. It is well understood that all Welshmen are bards. Thus, upon the mortuary marble of one, a minstrel of the second order, is inscribed He was a poet;" and of a peculiarly good-natured man is recorded upon another, "He was a bard, but a proper sense of decency induced him to be buried in this spot. The last hours of the Eisteddfod of 1873 can claim only cursory record. Eos Morlais sang Brabam's The anchor's weighed," to the intense delight of an im- mense audience. Miss Wynne again excelled herself, if that be possible, in Ocean, thou mighty monster," and Mr. W. H. Cummings did not disappoint those who had before heard him sing, 0 ma maitresse." Several other songs were given, and God Save the Queen," most vigorously played and most loyally sung by a thousand throats, brought the Eisteddfod to a merry conclusion. In every possible respect the courtesy of the officials and others not possessed of official authority connected with it has justified the extreme of eulogy. We never met with more polite- ness, and never was less at a loss for information upon points of local interest. Well, with some of the green and blue robed bards we went upon an early excursion to-day, before the strings of the harps had been tightened, or the sweet singers of the Cymric Israel were in their places. They take a pride in the town, you may be sure, which from this evening abdicates its position as a music hall, and again becomes a market. It was with conscious dignity that, pointing to the church'of St. Mary, with its enrichment of painted memorial windows, the repudiated the old jingle— Pretty Mold," proud people, Handsome church without a steeple." But there is a steeple or rather a tower now, and it is the pride of the place. In the churchyard you see the grave of Richard Wilson, the landscape painter, whose memory the Welsh delight to honour, who began by drawing on walls with the help of a burnt stick, and who ended with a reputation second only in the opinion of the Principality to that of Turrner. He died, as the inscription tells us, in May, 1782, G9 years old, a comparatively poor man, who would have been utterly destitute except for an accidental bequest. However, conducted by a Druid in green and a bard in blue, we went to the spot and visited that envious corner of i romance Pentrehobb," where an open air concert broke the air into a hundred echoes of Cvmric min- strelsy. There is another MOUND here, and near it- whtre some extraordinary genuflexions appeared to be taking place-is "Call-bird field." We PARSED the gates of Leeswood HAL], and saw that whioh could F BE got at after a sharp drive, a true border WHE.RE RENAILLT ap Cruffvdd hanged the Mayor of Chester, in the year 1465. But our bardic friends are full of antiquity, and firm in belief. They insist that in all their castles, ruinous or not, has been born a Prince of the land, and when we stood os the Barley- hill, or rattled at M tesgormon, we were positively assured—criticism being out of the question with a bard on your right hand and a Druid on your left- that orat DRY had there it? origin d inspiration and its birth. Still, then, the men and women, the boys and girls, and the children of the Eisteddfod at Mold sing in chorus that they are pledged to honour the vene- rable name of their adored country." Now it is all over. The minstrels have dispersed — the prizes have been distribut.. D and with the single exception referred to, no heartburnings have been kindled. Whatever may be said, and how open the mark may be for that easy ridicule which aims where it likes and hits where it can, the Eisteddfod, notwith- standing s 'me peculiarities, and, if you will, a tinge of groresquent ss, is a national and picturesque institu- tion which Welshmen at all events would miss. A correspondent writes :—The Eisteddfod bus been a great success, and will leave a handsome surplus after paying all expenses. The terrible storms and rain on the first and second days caused a loss otherwise at least £ 290 more would have been added to the surplus. Among those who were made Ovates and Bards at the Gorsedd at the Harlech Eisteddfod were Mrs. Coulson, of Cors-y-gedol. This lady has an especial claim to the honours of the Gorsedd. being a descendant of Nesta, the daughter of one of the kings of tli Wales. Mrs. Coulson received the title of Ivores Meirion" (Ôgnifying a generous and noble-hearted person). A similar compli- ment was betowed, with the name of "Hugh Meirion," on Hugh John Reveley, Esq. (Brynygwin, Dolgelly), who presided at the first meeting. 1\1rs. Coulson and Mr. Reveley were introduced at the Gorsedd by Mr. Brinley Richards, and the Bard of the Gorsedd was Meurig idx-is." The ceremony took place on the hill outside Harltch Castle, a romantic spot, and fortunately the picturesque effect was heightened by most lovely weather.
ALARMING COLLI SON OFF HOLYHEAD The steamer Duke of Sutherland, belonging to th cargo line of steamers of the Lmdon and North- Western Railway Company, running between Holy- head and Dublin, came into Holyhead Harbour on Sunday morning in a disabled condition and shortly afterwards the three-mastc-d clipper, Maggie Tremble, from Liverpool to Valparaiso, was brought in by a s'eamtug and anchored. Toe steamer had about eiarht hundred passenger-, on board, chi-fly excursionists from Lancashire, who were returning home. The two vessels came into collision about fifteen miles off the breakwater soon after midnight. It is AVERTED that t.vo passengers are injured, one having his leg broken. Much damage is doue to the vessel. Ca-iiiL,. deck, and woodwork are smashed to splinters and irons doubled up, and a portion of the side of the vessel is bulged in. he clipper lost her figurehead. One of the passengefs on board the steamer gives the account of the accident:—"You have 11 probably received information of a COLLISION which occurred between twelve and one this (Sunday) morn- ing (ff Holyhead, between one of the London and North-Western Railway Company's steamers and a sailing vessel. A few particulars from a passenger in the railway boat may not be altogether uninteresting. We left Dublin shortly after seven p.m. and had a pleasant run until we came within sight of Holyhead Harbour. At a little before one o'cloik —I did not note the exac\time—we were within a few miles of the harbour, when my attention became lixrd upon an object which in the faint starlight almost had the ap- pearance of a rock in another second I saw it WAS a laige vessel in full sail, bearing across o ;r track in front. I was standing with a gentleman in advance of the paddle-boxes, and had just before noticed the captain looking intently thr ugh his gla.-s, and beard him cail out Port/' Several of the men made a rush at the helm, but too late, for we could see the collision was inevitable. The vessel came crash upon one of our paddle-boxes with a tremendous force, and with a noise which to those in the cabin sounded like thunder. Then followed a succession of noises of falling timbers, as if one of the vessels was falling to picces. The sailing vessel was thrown upon its side, but ours turned out to be only partially disabled. A scene of inde- scribable alarm ensued amongst the passenger- the fear being general that our boat would soon fill with water. This apprehension, however, fortunately proved to be without good grounds, as the injury to our boat appeared to be confined to the paddle-box, wheel, and a portion of one side. The lifeboat. and a quantity of luggage were swept overboard, and unhappily one young man was found to have a leg fractured by being crushed between a large luggage case and a railing near the broken paddle-box. For a considerable time our steamer hardly moved, the engine bt in,- at a stand, but in the course of an hour the machinery was ao-ain got to work, and the boat steamed slowly into the har- bour, nearly three hours behind the time due to arrive. Looking back upon the occurrence now, our escape from a watery grave seems miraculous, as, if the sail- INC vessel had struck our boat short of the paddle-box we should in all probability have been cut in two, and slender indeed would have been the chances of safety, the provision of small boats being totally inadequate for such an emergency.
BURSTING OF AX AIR BELL.—A melancholy ac- cident took place on Tuesday "morning at the Taybridge Works. It appears that while the workmen were engaged in building with concrete the foundation of the piers, the air bell at the top burst, and, out of fourteen men, six were unfortunately drowned.—An- other report states that early in the morning six of the workmen employed at the construction of the bridge across the Tay at Dundee were drowned. At about three o'clock they were inside one of the cylinders that had been sunk and the water forced out pre- paratory to building, when the castings burst, and the water rushed in. The poor fellows had no chance of escape, the air bell tumbling into the water, and the boiler falling on the top of the manhole. The engineer and his assistant were thrown into the water, but both managed to save themselves; and the foreman, who was entering the air lock when the unfortunate affair took place had a very narrow escape. The cause of the accident cannot yet be explained, but, it is sup- posed it arose from a hidden defeat in the casting. DB. CUMMING AND THE SHAH.-Dr. Cumming has again been improving the visit of the Shah this time he discoursed on the Shah, the Sultan, and the Khedive. All these potentates have visited England, and in every case, says the doctor, much gocd has resulted from the visit. The Shah, it seems, has promised to repeal the edict which orders the beht aiing of any Persian who embraces Christianity. The Sultan's acquaintance with our ways has had two effects, which show an odd contrast when bracketed together: his Majesty has tolerated Christianity, and allowed ladies to go about with unveiled faces. The Khedive has also learned the lesson of toleration, and now gives those of his subjects who adopt Christianity all the toleration possible. It would be well if, be- sides tolerating" that Christians should live in their territories, these rulers would punish their Mahometan subjects who persecute or assassinate the Christians. BISHOP FRASER ON CONFESSION.—In the course of his sermon at the consecration of a church at Carn- forth, the Bishop of Manchester said:—He must con- fess that he did not know whether he was amazed or grieved at some of the specifics which were now before the people. No doubt there was a great deal of preaching of the faith of the Lord Jesus Christ, but its faith was so articulated and broken up into dogmas that one section was not inclined to recognise another as Christians unless they held some special theory or other, which possibly had no sanction in Holy Writ and upon which the Scriptures were absolutely silent. In coming along in the train he had read some remarks made in an assize sermon by a well-known archdeacon in the south of England upon the subject of repen- tance, in which it was held that repentance was of no avail unless there was confession and absolution by the priest. He knew not what the arguments were upon which it was based, but the inference was logically clear that in no case was repentance available unless they had the sacrament of penance. He protested against such a doctrine being introduced into the Church of England, and he did not believe that such an idea would gain aDy hold on the minds of the peo- ple It might have an attraction for a few silly folks, but the great mass of the people of England were not to be led in that way. They wanted a deeper and more real religion, which would give them a deeper and more real sense of sin. He deprecated such revivals of mediasval associations, for they contained much latent mischief. They might be advanced in an age of freedom and in a spirit of freedom, but they must take care that it did not run into license. It was also he believed, an age of faith, and not at all a scett cal age. There seemed to be a yearning for Christ and for the coming of an authority which should not suDer- sede the exercise of their own reason, but an antbnrif» which they would feel had come from God. inasmuch as it would appeal both to their reason, to their affec- tions, and.to the noblest longings of tke soul.