DESTINY. DES TINY. I saw a Flower over a starlit brook, All sad and lone, bending ber dewy head And every time the ruffling night-wind shook The darkening waves, she bow'd, as though she read Some legend of ber destiny for there Were mirror'd a few stars, in their faint shining But half revealing, half with doubt entwining, The fate of all tbings, faithful, fond, and fair I looked again, that dreamlike Flower was gone— Over the brook the night-wind sigh'd alone, And, one by one, upon the stream did fling The purple leaves of that frail, faded thing, Sybilline, scattered to the waves to be Emblems (o others of like Destiny. Tail's Magazine.
GLEANINGS. EDUCATION IN ICELAND —In the island of Iceland, there is not such a thing to be found as a man or woman, not decidedly deficent in mental capacity, who cannot read or write well, while the greater part of all classes of the inhabitants have mastered several of the higher branches of education, wcludlng a knowledge of modern languages, and an acquaintance with classical litera- ture.—Porter s Progress of the Nation. Louis PHILIPPE'S PRECEPTRESS.—How often since my misfortunes have I congratulated myself on the education I gave the Duke of Chartres; on having made him learn, from bls clllld- hood, all the principal modern languages on having accustomed him to serve himself without assistance to despise every thing that was effeminate; to sleep on a plank of wood merely covered with a small mattress to face the sun, cold, and rain to habi- tuate himself to fatigue, by daily praclisising violent exercises and. lastly, on having taught him many branches of knowledge, and on having inspired him with a taste for travelling. All that he was indebted for to the chance of birth and fortune, he had lost; and nothing now remained to him but what he held from nature <m>i from me.—Madame de Genhs. PROGRESS AND EFFECTS OF EDUCATION.—The general desire for education, aud the general diffusion of it, is working, and partly has worked, a great change in the habits of the mass of the people. And though it has been our lot to witness some of the inconveniences necessarily arising from a transition state, where gross ignorance has been superseded by a somewhat too rapid communication of instruction, dazzling the mind, perhaps, rather than enlightening it. yet every day removes something of this evil Presumption and self-sufficiency are sobered down by the acquirement oi useful knowledge, and men's minds become less arrogant in proportion as they become better informed. There cannot be a doubl. therefore but that any evils which may have arisen from opening the flood-gates of education, if I may so say, will qaickly flow away, and that a clear and copious stream will succeed, fertilising the heretofore barren intellect with its wholesome and perennial waters.— Bishop of Lichfield. ScOTT AS A POLITICIAN.—His attention to the lower orders of the country people but ill accorded with bis high aris- tocratical visions and rlis political principles were as ill digested. He wrote and distributed the Visionary, a ppor, ridiculous pam- phlet, which he said was written in a style to meet the acquire- ments of the country people. It was distributed in the villages around, Galashiels, Selkirk, Darnick. Melrose; and a large parcel was despatched to Jedburgh, Kelso, &c. A conservative ac- quaintance of mine boasted, that not a single copy of the Edin- burgI, Review or Scotsman was received on the banks of the Jed. Mr. Harper, a great favourite with Sir Waller, and a very large, powerful man. was Used on to distribute, read, and explain the Visionary to his neighbours. I asked Harper what success he had. and what he himself thought of the pamphlet. O man," laid be, it's waesome to see 10 good a man in other respects, in such a state of bewilderment." Sir Walter presented me with some copies, and said, They may be useful to some of your Galloway friends." After having perused a copy, I returned the parcel, and said that it was my business to prevent such prin- ciples being circulated in my native country. Wty," said he, I have been endeavouring to prevent the rascals trom pulling down the old house about their ears and some of my best friends will render me no assistance."—Morison's Reminiscences, in Tail's Magazine. THE Five ARTS.—M I think," said an elderly lady with a mild countenance, that God gave the fine arts to man in order to heighten his enjoyment of life; and I do not see why one shoold seek a higher object for them. When I see in my room beautiful landscapes, charming family pictures-wben I see around me Iiortraits of my children, or of friend* whom I have loved and ost—then I value the artist, and thank God for the gift of the art."—" The creative art," said an old gentleman, positively, has no value in the long run for man, unless it reproduces his favourite objects. It is of value to you, gracious ladv, when it gives portraits of your friends I myself buy no pictures which do not represent horses and my brother Gustavus will not look at a painting unless it offer him cheese, butter, bread, and a good glass of ale Ha! ha! bOa Generally speaking," said another person, the highest object of art should be faithfully to represent scenes of real life in this way alone can art become useful and valuable to man, since in this way it has truth on its side, and the fancy is not bewildered by images of angels and devils, which only serve to make one fanatic or terrified at ghosts. Thus, success to the Flemish school!"—" For my part," said the rich Von S., I would not give two stivers for those who either paint life, or put it into verae. I know a little about genius, having such a piece of goods for my son; and humbly give thanks for that—which is good for nothing."—The Presi- dent's Daughters. ENGLISH PRACTICE AND FRENCH THEORY.—Why have the English people far more accurate notions of liberty than the French? Why do they accomplish far more for the civilization of the world than the French t Because, with the English, sys- tem is the child of institutions and with the French, institutions are the offspring of systems. The political faith of the English flows from the political education of centuries the political faith of the French is a fantastic fiction, spurning alike their national history, the history of the world, and the most obvious elements of human nature. I am willing to confess that the English cha- racter would be improved by a larger leaven of that tendency to generalize, whose excess is so striking an evil in the French. But to engraft generalization on our Saxon practicalness is a much easier task than to engraft practicalness on French general- ization. However allied to abstractions the principles that a nation or au individual ultimately adopts, still they should always be preceded by principles founded exclusively on national and individual facts. The very loftiest theories that visionaries have ever dreamed of human destiny, can be naturally and usefully infused into a national or individual mind, when a long and rigö. rous induction hath prepared the path for theoretical belief. And the same theories which to one nation or to one individual, are barren as I bedesert, are to anolber nation, or another individual, sug- gestive and salutary. Human perfectability, in its most elevated aspects, come. as aD appropriate consummation to the splendid train of English national efforts in favour of freedom and improve- ment. But what is it to the French but an empty sound, that fills its echo from time to time in the thunder of profitless convulsion ? —Rev. IVm. Macrall.
NUMBER SEVEN. The following interesting and singular compilation of the application of Number Seven, throughout the Scrill- ttires, will have a greater tendency towards exciting in the minds of yonth a desire to peruse the sacred pages, than volumes wiitten expressly for the pnrpose: — In six days creation was perfected, the 7tb was conseorated to rest. On the 7tb of the 7th month a holy observance was or- dained to the Cbaldees of Israel, who feasted 7 days and remained 7 days in tents the 7th year was directed to be a sabbath of rest for all tbings and at the end of 7 times 7 years commenced the grand Jubilee: every 71b year the land lay fallow every 7lh year there was a general release from all debts, and all bondsmen were set free. From this law may have originated the enstomof bind- ing young men to 7 apprenticeship, and of punishing ilcor- rigible offenders by transportation for 7, twice 7, or three times 7 years. Every 7th year the Jaw was directed to be read to the people Jacob served 7 years for the possession of Rachel, and also another 7 years Noah had 7 days' warRIng of the flood, and was commanded to take the fowls of the air into the ark by sevens, and the clean beasts by sevens the ark touched the ground on the 7th month and in 7 days a dove was sent. and again in 7 days after. The 7 years of plenty and the 7 years of famine were foretold in Pharoah s dream, by the 7 fat and the 7 lean beasts and the 7 ears of full and the 7 ears of blasted corn. The young animals were to remain with the dam 7 days, and at the close of the 7th to be taken away. By the old law, man was commanded to forgive his offending brother 7 times; but the meekness of the last revealed religion extended his humility and forbearance 10 70 times 7. "If Cain shall be revenged 7-fold, truJy Lamech 70 times 7." In the destruction of Jericho 7 priests bore 7 trum- pets 7 days. On the 7th day they surrounded the wall 7 times, and after the 7th time the walls fell. Balaam prepared 7 bullocks and 7 rams for a sacrifice. 7 of Saul's sons were banged to stay a. famine. Laban pnrsued Jacob 7 days' journey. Job's friends sat with him 7 days and 7 nights, and offered 7 bullocks and 7 rams as an atonement for their wickedness. David, in bringing up the ark, offered 7 bullocks and rams. Elijah sent his servant 7 times to look for the cloud. Hzekiah, in cleansing the temple, offered 7 bullocks and 7 rams and 7 he-goats for a sin-offering. The children of Israel, when Hezekiah took away the strange altars, kept the feast of unleavened bread 7 days, and again other 7 days. King Abasueras had 7 chamberlains, a 7 days' feast, sent for the Queen on the 7tb day Queen Esther had 7 maids to attend her; in the 7th year of bis reign Esther is taken to him. Solomon was 7 years building the temple, at the dedication of which he feasted 7 days. In the tabernacle were 7 lamps 7 days were appointed for an atonement upon the altar, and the Priest's son was ordained to wear his father's garments 7 days. The children of Israel ale unleavened bread 7 dais. Abraham gave 7 ewe lambs to Abimelecb as a memorial for a well. Joseph mourned 7 days for Jacob. The Rabbins say God employed the power of answering this number to perfect the greatness of Samuel, bis name answering the value of the letters in the He- brew word which signify 7 whence Hannah, his mother, in her thanks, says that the barren had brought forth 7," In Scrip- ture are enumerated 7 resurrections—the widow s son bv Elias the Sliunamite's son by Elisba, tbe soldier who touched the bones of the prophet, the daughter of the ruler of the synagogue, the widow's son of Nain, Lazarus, and our blessed Lord. Out of Mary Magdalene were cast 7 devils. The Apostles chose 7 dea- cons. Enoch, who was translated, was the 7th after Adam, and Jesus Christ the 77th in a direct line. Our Saviour spoke 7 times from the cross, on which be remained 7 hours he appeared 7 times; after 7 times 7 days sent the Holy Ghost. In the Lord's Prayer are 7 petitions, contained in 7 limes 7 words, omitting those of mere grammatical connexion. Within this nnmber are ^onnected all the mysteries of the Apocalypse, revealed to the 7 Churches of Asia; there appeared 7 golden candlesticks, and 7 stars in the hand of bim that was in the midst 7 lamps being 1he J spirits of God; the book with 7 seals; the lamb with 7 norns and 7 eyes; 7 angels with 7 seals; 7 kings; 7 thunders; 7 thousand men slain; the dragon with 7 heads and 7 crowns; the beast with 7 beads 7 angels bringing 7 plagues, and 7 phials of wratb. The vision of Daniel was 70 weeks. Nebuchadnezzar ate the grass of the field 7 years. The elders of Israel were 70. Tbere were also numbered 7 heavens, 7 planets, 7 stars, 7 wise men, 7 champions of Christendom, 7 notes in music, 7 primary euhurs, 7 deadly sins. 7 sacraments in the Roman Catholic Church. The 7th son was considered as endowed with promi- nent wisdom; the 7th son of a 7th son is still thought by some to possess the power of healing diseases spontaneously. Perfection is likened unto gold 7 times purified in the fire and vet we sav you frighten me out of my 7 senses." Anciently a child wad not named before seven days, not beln accounted fully to have life before that periodical day the teeth spring out on the 7th month, and are shed and renewed in the 7th year, when infancy is changed into childhood at thrice 7 years the faculties are developed, manhood commences, and we become legally com- petent to all civil acts at four times 7 man is in full "possession of bis strength; at five limes 7 be is fit for the business of the world; at six times 7 he becomes grave and wise, or never at 7 times 7 he is in his apogie, and from that time decav* • at'eiflit times 7 he is in his first climacteric at nine and ten times 7, or 63 he is in his grand climacteric, or year of danger; at ten times 7* or three score years and ten, has by the Royal Prophet been pro- nounced the natural period of human life.—There were 7 chiefs before Thebes. The blood was to be sprinkled 7 times befoie the Altar. Naaman was to be dipped 7 times in Jordan. In all solemn rites of purgation. dedication, and consecration, te oil or water was 7 limes sprinkled. Tbe bouse of wisdom in Proverbs had 7 pillars.
MEETING OF FARMERS AT CWMTWRCH. A Meeting of Farmers and others was held at Cwm- twrch, in the vale of Tawe, in this connty, on Friday last, for the purpose of taking into consideration the present state of the country. The meeting, which had been announced for four o'clock in the afternoon, did not take place until it was nearly six, at which time there were from six to eight hundred persons present. Mr. JOHN JONES, of Bryn Amman, having been elected chairmiin, said, that the meeting had been convened with a view of endeavouring to discover the causes of the distress which pervaded the country—why it was that so many people found it so difficult to obtain a living. No doubt many farmers, who would address the meeting, would ex- plain, from experience, the difficulties under which they laboured. God ami nature intended that every man should be happy, and they would be so, if all did to others as they would be done by. He would call npon any person present to make such statements to the meeting as be thought proper. Mr. B. HILL, then addressed the meeting. He wished the farmers to speak for themselves, as it was said by some that they laboured under no difficulties whatever, but that they were merely pretended difficulties. Let them then speak out boldlv, for let them depend upon it, that if they did not do something to help themselves, no other person would help them. If they had grievances, now was the time to obtain redress, as they had succeeded in awakening the attention of the country. Mr. JENKINS said he agreed with the sentiments ex- pressed both by the last speaker and the chairman. A gentleman lately told him, the farmers did not know what ailed them hut he would say that the farmers well knew what ailed them—they felt, the grievances under which they laboured,and he thought the voice of the people would do away with oppression. Mr. S. WILLIAM- farmer, next addressed the meeting. He wonld frankly state, that amongst the greatest griev- ances under which they laboured were the tithes, for they now paid one-sixtli of their substance in tithes, instead of one-tenth, as they ought to do. He would admit that, in a great measure, they brought this upon themselves by the Commutation Act, and by the mode by which they raised rents, by competing one with the other whenever a farm was to be let. Another of their grievances was the restriction upon the importation of goods from foreign countries—what was called the protective system. It had been held out to farmers, tint this system would keep up the price of their stock, and so better their condition; but that was aid merely to induce them to pay higher rents. It was, how- ever, a mere bugbear—a mockery invented to keep np the price of lanJ. and lie for one was of opinion it should be done away with directly. Mr. H. HERBERT, aho a farmer, said, that he thought every farmer wonld agree in considering the tithes a ge- neral squeesing on the people, together with the poor-laws, which were most unnatural, as they had not only increased the amount of the rates, which would not be complained of, did the poor receive them, but they received only 6s. in the ponnd out of the tates, the rest went to defray the ex- penses of management. Those laws, as well as the corn- laws, should be abolished. Mr. ÐAVID WILLIAMS, of Cwmgarn, then addressed the meeting, and denounced tithes and the new poor-law as grievances which pressed very heavily on farmers. Mr. JOHN HARRIES, farmer, of f oedyfalde, felt that the new poor-law was mismanaged, and that a very small pro- portion of the rates went towards the maintenance of the poor. If they did, he for one would not grumble in paying them, hot he was confident no good would result from the poor-law until the parishes had the management of their own poor, as they formeily had. Mr. M. DANIEL complained that farmers now laboured under such heavy burdens, that they could not make both ends meet. His rent was too heavy to enable him to live. Not only could the farmer not live, but he coutd not give the labourer sufficient wages to enable him to live. Mr. T. ISAAC, Cwm Amman, was of opinion that the great causes of their difficulties were the corn-laws and the new poor-law. Tbe rales should he expended for the relief of the poor, and not paid to officenwbo were in much better circumstances than himself. The CHAIRMAN then observed that all of them appeared to he ot opinion that rents were too high to allow the farmer to live-that the new poor law was a monstrous evil, and that tithes were most oppressive; but there were reasons for their complaints, and he thought one great evil was the corn-laws. By them, the landlords actually placed a price on corn before it was taken to mal ket.say 66s.; but suppose, when the farm is rented upon such a calculation, that instead of realizing 56s.,corn wonld fetch 46s. only, then the farmer was ruined-distress ensued. It might be said that the landlord wonld suffer also; but, it made no difference to him, as tong as the farmer had credit enough to find seed to sow, for if the firmer could not pay his rent, the landlord came in first with his distress, and actually took the produce of the very seed the farmer obtained on credit, and so sold off the poor fellow. That was the law of distress, which, he thought, ought to be abolished, and the landlord placed in the same situation as other creditors. The corn-laws were invented to keep up rents, and the conseqnences of these restrictive laws were ruinous both to the manufacturer and to the farmer, for they indnced the Americans and other foreigners to impose duties upon our iron, coal, and other productions, as well as on our manufactured goods, which proved most injurious to the people of this country. The Chairman also made some observations respecting the new poor-law, which he thought oppressive. Mr. JKNKINS, M.A., of Swansea, was the next speaker. After making a few preliminary observations, Mr. Jenkins said, that there was a good deal of combating and of dif- ference of opinion respecting the causes of the present dis- tress. Some persons thought it was all owing to the poor- law. He would not deny that Ibis hw was expensive in its machinery, and so far the cause of more money being taken from the farmers' pockets. Others thought tithes were the cause of distress He agreed that they were now vexatious, and in one particular decidedly tmjRt. There were also the turnpike tolls, which were felt to be a great Hardship. But why did they feel those hardships? Why complain of them KMp ? He would tell them why. Because the farmers, from the operation of the corn-laws, were in straightened circumstances. No one was more ready to endeavour to do away with these burthens than he was, but they should be done legally, and not by violence. It might be asked, why farmers, after having been paying at gates for years, now came forward as one man against them? It was, because of their distress, and because they found that they were going to ruin. The corii-laws had proved their ruin; by them the legislature misled the farmers, by professing to keep up the prices of agricultural produce to a certain mark, and by inducing them to give landlords a corresponding rental in consequence. The prices, however, became much lower than they had declared they should be. Thus, legislation, like a quack doctor, professed to do what it was unable to effect. This had caused the present distress among the farmers of Glamorganshire and Carmarthenshire. The people were a most oppressed people but, instead of relieving them, the law-makers seemed to think that military force was the only means of quelling disturbance—had built barracks and had sent the military to keep down the too bitterly ex- pressed feeling, but which feeling was the result of distress. That was not the way to relieve them. Mr. Jenkins spoke at great length in favour of a repeal of the corn-laws, and concluded by recommending the appointment of a Committee of farmers, to place the returns of their rents, their local and other taxation, and their grievances before the country. Mr. W. PRICE, surgeon, and several others, then ad- dressed the meeting, which separated after the following petition was unanimoutly adopted :— To THE QWKEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY.—The peti- tion of the undersigned freeholders, farmers, and other inhabi- tants of the several parishes of Languicke, Llangadock, Llandilo 8." a public meeting a'. Bryn Cwmllynfell this 22d day of September, 1843, Humbly sjiewetb,—That yoar Majesty's petitioners are at present suffering from the great depression of the agricultural interest, which depression, as your Majesty's petitioners firmly believe, arises from the want of demand tor the produce of land in consequence of the inability of the great mass of the people to purchase, in any other than limited quantities, the necessaries of life "That your Majesty's petitioners are also suffering from the high rate of rents which they are obliged to pay and alihoovh from the cause above referred to. the price of all agricultural produce is now so very low, the rent paid by farmers has not anell. "Yoar Majesty's petitione s are fully aware that rents do not legitimately come within the class of evils remediable by legisla- tion, yet they cannot bnt conclude, that this want of proportion between the value of land and that which land produces, is the result of legislative interference with the trade of the country. On. I he faith of enactments which held out hopes to the farmer which have not been realised, the agriculturists of tbill coolltry have for several years been paying in a higher ratio than the average prices of corn and other agricollural prodnce, for a series of years your Majesty's petitioners, therefore, pray for a repeal of the Corn-laws, and productive duties generally, on these grounds:—1st, that tney have, by restricting trade and com- merce, materially injured the markets for the farmer's produce 2d, that these laws, in giving an artificial value to the price of land, hate held out hopes to the farmer, which have not been realised. That yonr Majesty's petitioners, conceiving that the present Parliament was called under circumstances wholly different from those which at present exist in this country, and moreover, thai evems have occurred lo enlighten your Majesty's snbjects'with respect to the causes of the depressed state of trade, humbly im- plore your Majesty to exercise your Royal prerogative lo" dis- solve the present Parliament, and convoke a new Parliament that shall legislate in accordance with the gieat changes in opi- nion which have under the teachings of experience taken place within the last two years. your Majesty's petitioners as in duty boood will ever pray," &c. &c.
FATHER MATHEW'S MISSION TO ENGLAND. The Rev. Father Mathew arrived in Dublin on Saturday, after the complption of his first mission to England. On Monday he administered the temperance pledge to 6000 persons at Kingston, near Dublin. During the day the Rev. Gentleman gave a short description of his visit to London and the beneficial results of that mission. S'. Giles's and other localities in the" great metropolis," which were famous for vice, ciime, and all kinds of disorder, had now (he said) become places of quiet,contentment, and sobriety. Upwards of 100,000 persons of all ranks, in London, had pledged themselves to total abstinence, and among them were the Earl of Stanhope, the Most Noble the Marchioness of We/lellley, the Countess of Clare, Sir W. Walsh, the eldest son of Lord Stafford, the Earl of Surrey, son of the Dllke of Norfolk, a nobleman with all the blood of all the Howards" flowing in his veins, and they had informed him that they did so for the sake of good example. In Yorkshire there was hardly a member of the respectable body, the Society of Friends, that did not take the pledge. The Baptists al-o did the same, and, in fact, there was hardly any religions sect that did not do the same, for teetotalism had nothing to do with religion. It was the cause of morality, of good order, and of pence. Minis ers of all creeds flocked to him in London, and became teetotallers, and why should they not? And on Kenniugtoii Common an old lady, 101 years of age, came up and said she would not die easy until she took the pledge, knowing it was a good thing. The Rev. Mr. Mathew at the close of the day's proceedings departed for Cork.
MARTIAL LAW-SOUTH WALES. (From the Times.) Our Swansea reporter informs us, that the "opinion hourly gains strength that it is intended to place Carmarthen- shire and Cardiganshire under martial law." He adds, "that nothing can exceed the exasperation of all classes of people as this idea gains ground." The news, if correct, is important, and somewhat embarrassing to those who are called upon to pronounce an opinion upon public events as they arise. It is embarrassing, because if such an invidious measure is eventually shown to be necessary for the pre- servation of the public peace-if it really becomes the only practicable course by which the outrages which are dis- gracing the county of Carmarthen can be effectually sup- pressed—it must doubtless be embraced; and it would it]-fiecoinp those who exercise any influence over the public mind to impede by complaint or invective the effect of this bitter but unavoidable (if indeed it be unavoidable) remedy, But, on the other hand, even supposing this necessity established, it is not very easy to look with silent com- placency upon the proceedings of a Ministry or a magistracy who, h iving fiist, through their own ignorance, or neglect, or helplessness, allowed an evil to become irrepressible by oidinary means, proceed to make that consequence of their own delinquency a reason why they, the delinquents, should he trusted with extraordinary, unconstitutional, and most dangerous powers for its cute. That the mischief is one which must be put down admits of little diuibt. That organised hands honld proceed nightly through the country. pulling down toll bars, was itself an evil wholly intolerable in a civilised country, or, if this phrase is not applicable to Carmarthenshire, under a civil- ised Government. That i: was tolerated week after week, month after month, without the adoption of such measures of police or of conciliation as should even check the disorder, is the very crime for which we hold Ministers originally responsible—the very head and front of their offending. The evil is now far more virulent, the demand for effectual interposition more urgent; incendiarism—must we not add, murder—a cruel cold-blooded murder?—has been added to rebellion. Outrage has issued in atrocity and then a sworn jury, in one of the most astonishing verdicts we remember to have seen, has virtually told us, as far as twelve farmers can, that there is no use in looking to the ordinary admiui- strators of the law for assistance—that they will not, or dare not, do their duty. All this must surely be stopped. Unnecessary severity—unnecessary extension of power- unnecessary interference with the liberty of the subject— are without question among the greatest evils to which the body politic can well be subject. But measures which will terminate, or will check, or will show some symptoms of checking, this state of things are necessary, and must be determined upon, at whatever immediate inconvenience. Thus much in general. But when we come to particulars, we are obliged to ask, what prospect is there that martial law will answer this purpose? That the ordinary powers given by the Constitution to Government and magistracy, as at present wielded by that Government and that magis- tracy, are unequal to the emergency, is indeed obvious. The continuance of the evil shows it. But where is the fault—in the power, or in those who exercise it? If the radical disease is in the head, we may chance to get little good and much harm by strengthening the hands. It is common for power, when opposed and foiled, to call out fresh supplies of brute force, and fresh facilities for usiog it. It is the ordinary rough resource of despotic times, as it must be also the iiltima ratio of constitutional authority. In the former case it is tolerably easy and safe; but in the latter it is delicate and precarious. In a free country these overbearing tactics are always odious, and are far from insuring success. And, therefore, before we trust Home Secretary or Justice of the Peace with the direction of such an edge-tool as martial-law, we should be glad to have some guarantee that they know how to use it. Does their past conduct furnish such? What is the picture presented to us by the history of the Welsh disturbances? The authorities, armed with such powers as they have, have met with as ill success as can well be imagined. Have they deserved any better? Does their conduct bear the appearance of a manly contest with overpowering difficulties, cis riried on with vigour and discretion—with intelligence, consideration, and activity -with a proper estimate of the strength, the grievances, and the character of their adversary—and with a readiness to seize all the opportunities of successful action which that knowledge gave them ? or does it not rather resemble the vague, bustling, indeterminate, aimless struggles of a man who is embarrassed, not by the want of available force, but by not knowing what to do with what he has ? We fear these questions are soon answered. As to the magistrates, they have been pitted against the rioters, and have been found wholly inefficient for good. The fruitless gallopings of the military, the absence of any apparent plan for conciliating, for dividing, for discovering, or for anti. cipating the followers of "Rebecca," and the ease, the unimpeded ease, with which that leader has been able to accomplish all his plans, furnish sufficient evidence of their inefficiency and the account which we to-day publish of an important and unhappy mistake in point of law, committed last month by three of them (the Vice-Lieutenant of tbe county being among the nitniber)-a mistake which issued in the wrongful imprisonment of fourteen days of a Welsh farmer—is certainly little calculated to weaken this impres- sion. Nor does the Secretary of State appear to have been more able to help the local authorities than they were to help themselves. If he saw, as he might have seen, the hopelessness of conciliation while the magistracy continue sole mediators between themselves and the discontented poor-if he saw, as he might have seen, that there was much lo be amended which the magistrates would not amend, much to be investigated which the magistrates would not exhibit, much to be said, done, and thought of, which the magistrates would neither originate nor execute-if he, understood,as hemust have understood, that the continuance in such a country as England, and for months together, of a successful and wholesale resistance to law, baffling through a whole district the utmost efforts of police and military, was no light matter," but a grave shock to the very foundations of law and order-if he felt that the time for punctilio was gone by, and that whether the magistrates liked it or not Carmarthenshire was to be tranqnillised—and if he had himself any idea how to deal with popular dis- affection, he would most assuredly, during the last three or lour months, have excogitated some happier expedient than a fortnight's visit from a respectable police magistrate. On the whole, then, we see too much reason to apprehend that the disturbances will not be terminated without, but very little to hope that they will be terminated with, martial law. And if so severe a remedy is to be administered, we have a right to demand conchtsive proof that less stringent remedies are no longer practicable, and some better gua. rantee than the personal character of Sir James Graham and Colonel Trevor for the effectual application of this. And, atter every proof and every guarantee, we still shall not cease to feel with some bitterness that this assumption of extraordinary power on the part of the Ministry derives its sole justification from their;own past neglect orunskilfiilness. Since the above was written we have been informed by a correspondent 11 that a special commission is about to issue for the trial of the prisoners concerned in the recent dis. turbances in Sooth Wales. The presiding judges have not yet been named, but the most active exertions are hi progress on the part of Government to get together evidence against the piisoners already committed."
IRELAND THE REPEAL r*IOVF-NIFNT.- At the last weekly meet- ing of the Repeal Association, in Dnblin, a scene occurred, which shows that some of Mr. O'Cotinell's formerly most ardent followers are disposed to rebel against his authority, to throw overboard at once all conciliatory policy, or mere clap-trap deuionsti ation, and to proclaim open war against rents, tithes, and taxes The following is a report of the proceedings to which we i efer, and which merit attention as indicating the difficult position in which Mr. O'Connell will soon find hiuiselt placed, and that no cunning or dexterity will enable him much longer to succeed in his policy of keeping within the law, unless by losin- file allegiance which has hitherto been so implicitly awarded him, and sinking into the contempt, hatred, and indignation, which have invariably fallen upon leaders of faction when they have excited a revolutionary spirit and then shrunk from the consequences:— Mr. Connor, the well-known advocate of fixity of iennre, rose, as he said, to give notice that on the next day of meeting be would move the adoption of a resolution to the following effect" That until our national rights of self-legislation, in the possession of our own Parliament, and of a valuation and perpetuity of his farm to the tenant, we Repealers shall pay no rent, county cess, rent charge, tillie, poor-rate, or any other charge out of land." He was an enemy to oppression- Mr. John O'Connell begged to interrupt Mr. Connor. He highly approved of Mr. Connors conduct and untiring exertions to put an end to the dreadful system of extermination practised~by Itisli Tory landlords, but be could not agree in the motion of which Mr. Connor gave notice, therefore he hoped that it would be withdrawn. (Hear). Mr. Connor said if he was offered his life as the condition of withdrawing that notice, he would not accept it, therefore be would stand or fall by that resolution, he was determined. Mr. John O'Connell was sorry to be obliged to interrupt Mr. Connor again. Any member of the association had a right to give notice of motion, bat tuat motion should be a legal one, and not such as the present, which be believed to he entirely illegal. (Hear, bear, and cheers). He repealed, that that notice would bring the association under the notice of the law. Air. Connor said he would pay no charge out of land until the Irish Parliament was restored. (Hear, hear). Irishmen, con- tinued he, tbe humbug has been going on long enough, so I will Air. John O'Connell: I must call you again to order, sir. This association must lollow the dictates of the law. We have always avoided committing ourselves, and we will not now depart from the grt-at moral principle which we have established, and in pursuing which we have shown such a bright example to the rest ol the world. (Cheers). If obsertationssuch as Mr. Connor has given expression to were approved of by this association, it would endanger the great and gloriuus cause of repeal. ( loud cheering). 1, (continued Mr. J. O'Connell,), call on yoo again, Mr. Connor, to withdraw ihat noiice; if you do not do so, I shall be obliged to move that the chair be vacated and tbe meeting dis- solved. The Chairman I recommend yon, Mr. Connor, to adopt the very prudent and proper advice given you by the member for Kilkenny. I certainly will not receive any such notice. (Hear, ben ) J K Mr. Connor, I believe there is no one who entertains a higher respect for Mr. Joltu O Connell than I do. I have given notice of the motion, and all I want is that the gentlemen of the press shall give the motion in the newspapers, and thus it will pass through them to the people of Ireland. (Confusion). The Chairman said Mr. Connor treated the association with disrespect, if he brought forward his motion merely for the pur- pose ol having it inserted in the newspapers, and not to have it publicly discussed by the association. ( Hear, hear ) It was M motion which ought not to have been introduced there at all. A calm followed this scene of excitement, by the perusal of some money letters from the country, but it was not of long dura- tion, for J h Mr. John 0 Connell again rose, and said he regretted being obliged to re-enter upon a subject, the introduction of which pained him cojisid era[) ly-( bear, hear)—and if he called public attention to it again, anti called for a vote from the association which might not exactly JlIase Mr. Connor, he regretted it deeply Mr. Connor most only blame himself. (Hear, hear ) It was not treating the association fairly to introduce such a matter there. (Hear, hear!) The effect of socb a motion, if adopted, would be to divert the public mind from the peaceable progress they were making, and to bring them in direct collision with the law authorities ot the land. Had that notice come from any body else but him, it would not matter so macb-(Ioiid cries of bear, bear)-and at a moment, too, when tbev were informed, on the authority of the Carlow Sentinel, that opposition to rent bad begun in the county Carlow, and that it had even reached portions of Tipperary. He was not surprised at this unconsti- leitional ii iolence-tliis traitorism to repeal and the country, spread- III III Carlow, because that county was the blank in the repeal imap of Trelind. (Cheers.) He was of opinion Ihat thev should strike on the repeal roll the names of such persons as had taken part in, or who had not endeavoured to put an end to the violence in Carlow and Tipperary and that, in addition, they should adopt a resolution, to the effect that thev had heard with the strongest dissapprobation and deep regret the sentiments put forward that day by Mr. Connor, and if he persist in those senti. ments he must he prepared for the consequences with which the association, in doe regard for the cause of repeal and for the people, would have to 10 visit hiin. (Cheers.) Mr. Connor: By mv resolution I will stand or fall. While breath is i,i rnv body I will uphold it. (Confusion.) I am not the man to desert the people, if ten thousand cannon were placed before me. (Great uproar). Mr. J. O'Connell ag-ain rose amid loud cheering, and said lie never undertook a duty wiilt more reluctance in his life —he never felt more inward distrust of his ')'v ri powers to impress his opin- ions on the meeting—than he did on that occasion: but, in his opinion, Mr Connor ought not to be permitted any longer to remain a member of that association. (Great applause.) He had avowed principles which that association could not allow for one moment—(hear, hear!)—inasmuch as thev were in direct opposition to the law. The forms of the association required that notice of motion he given in cnse a member he struck off the list, but he (Mr. O'Connell) confessed that he fell inclined to ask the association to suspend the standing order, in order to move Mr. Connor's expulsion at once. (Cheers and confusion.) Mr. Con- nor s past services alone prevented him from asking the asso- ciation to do so; but unless he totally disclaimed those principles, he IVnuJd move his expulsion on the next day of meeting. Mr. O Neill Daunt said he would second it. Mr. Connor (much excited, and with uplifted arm): I will go to death in support of my resolution. Pounds, shilling*, and pence have been too long coming into—[The rest of the sentence was lost in the uproar which prevailed.]—The starving people of Ireland are to he fed. (Disapprobation.) Mr. Clements spoke s'rongly and empha'i^fillv against Mr. Connor s conduct. Messrs. Callaghan, O'Hea, Stritch, Murpliv, and Hamilton, o condemned the motion all seditions. Mr. Connor I acted on the principle of that motion myself. (Groans). Next year, millions of men, women, and children will be ,41arving-recollect that. Mr. Daunt:—It is by legal means we seek to relieve them- not by illegal measures, such as you propose. (Cheers). Mr. John O'Connell then moved the following resoltitiolis First-That this association has heard with horror and indig. nation the doctrines propounded by Mr. Connor respecting the payment of rents, county cess, tithes, poor-rates, or rent-charge, this day, in the attempt he made to put upon the books a noiice plainly and grossly illegal, and directly tending to create and encourage criminal outrage and violence thronghoot the country. Secondly—That if anything can add lo these feelings, it is the consideration of the time Mr. Connor has chosen for making such remarks-a time when, in the coonty of Carlow, where repeal has as yet made little progress, a violent and criminal opposition to rentll has, according to the public prints, already begun to manifest itself. Thirdly-That ibis association indignantly rejects, and re- fuses to insert on its books, or lo allow to be for a moment enier- tnined, Mr. Connor's notice and that they declare that all who put forward such doctrines, and offer such advice to the people as is contained in that notice, are either madmen or traitors to the glorious ciuse of repeal, to the iioble people who support that cause, and Old Ireland." Mr. O Hea seconded the motion, which was carried unani- mously. Thus rests the matter for the present. The meeting was soon after adjoorned to Wednesdav next. when Mr. O'Con- nell will attend. The repeal rent for the week was 14621. 17s. 8d. Mr. O'Connell held a large repeal meeting at Clifden, in Cotinemera, the extieme western point of Ireland, on Tuesday last. IRtsH LAW APPOINTMENT.—Mr. Pennefather, eldest son of Baron Pennefather, has received the appointment of first clerk at the Castle, as successor of Mr. Tighe Hamil- ton, who has been appointed second remembrancer of the exchequer, nnder the act passed last session. The income of botb office" is the same; but the Orange party have at length gained their point In excluding Mr. Hamilton from the Castle. The Dublin Evening Post thus refers to the removal of Mr. Hamilton Mr. Lucas, after a struggle of two years, has succeeded. Mr. Tighe Hamilton has been removed but in one respect the malcontents have failed. Mr. Hamilton gets the office vacated by Mr. Acheson Lyle, with, however, a reduced salary. Of the shabbiness of the arrangement we need not speak, or, at least, we shall be 8,'e"t for the present. But who i* the happy man that sue- ceeds, and w ill make himself acceptable, if he can—aud this is not such an easy thing, after all-to Honest Ned ? The handkerchief haa been thrown to the son of no less a per- sonltee than the Hon. Baron Pennefatlier-iiis eldest son and heir-Mr. John, the husband of the Earl of Glengall's sister, The place is a thousand a.year, exclusive of coals and candles-nnt a bad office, after all, bnt one which we should have previously imagined, wonld not be an object to the heir of a wealthy judge, and the husband of an earl's sister. Perhaps the office in question is regarded as a kind of apprenticeship to that of nnder secretary-at least, it will be said so, to save the dignity of the parties. After this, it is now a matter of course that the chief clerk must retire on the next change. Mr. Pennefather's term of office is, there- fore, a very precarious one." REDUCTION OF RENTS IN IRPLAND.-Among the mass of Irish news which comell to hand, the fottowing is in erati- fytng contrast to most of the restThe guardians of Lord Darnley, who is a minor, have instructed the agent of his Lordship's estates in the county of Meath to make a reduc- tion to the full extent of twenty-five per cent. on the rents of the tenantry. This is the most decided step yet taken in this country to reduce rents in proportion to the diminished talne of agricultural produce. The Darnley estates are the most extensive in the county of Meath, and, generally speaking, the farms have been rather moderately rented in comparison with the lettings of some other proprietor. From this reduction there are exceptions :-where land is held at a nominal rent, where the tenant has at present a good beneficial interest, and also in cases where middle-men have re-let their tands at rack-Ientll.-In the same county, Robert Fowler, Esq., of Rathmolyon, has made an abate- ment on the rent ot his tenants. In the connty of Kerry, H. A. Herbert, Esq., of Muckross, has made abatements to such of his Castleisland tenantry as have not beneficial leases, out of the March gale, varying from fifteen to twenty-five per cent."
M IS CELUNEOU S. ARRIVAL OE THE FIRST INWARD MAIL AT SOUTH A MP- TON.-Tiie Royal West India mail-packet the Dee arrived at Southampton on Wednesday, from St. Thomas's, and landed her mails, which were forwarded up by the nine train. The Dee fell in at sea with the Albena, 150 days from Hong-Kong, and having a bag of letters on board, the master requested the Dee to take charge of them, and which were landed here with the other malls; she also brings the Jamaica mails. Her dates are—Cuba, Ang,19; Jamaica, 21; St. Thomas's, 31; and Fayal, Sept. 13; be- sides 25 passengers, among whom is the ex-Presidtnt Boyer, ot St. Domingo. The Dee has 68,000 dollars. The other passengeis are Colonel Carrino, Colonel Corquerre, three ladies, two servants, and fonr ciiildreii Mr. Sherton, Mrs 4 Brown, Rev. W. Fife, Mr. Logan, Mr. Macintosh, Mrs. De Bellgrins, Mrs. Gomerez, servant, and infant: Mr. Rogers, Mr. Gill, Lieut. E. Wennington, Mr. Gordon, Madame Bronton, and Mr. Marlow. PUSEYISM IN THE Cl ,ry.-A Vestry Meeting was held on Wednesday in the Church of Allliallows Barking Mr. T. Howard, jtiu., Churchwarden, in the chair. The minutes of a meeiing held on the 2d nit. were read. By these it appeared that an attempt had been made by the Vicar, the Rev. J. Johnsknight, to introduce the Oxford mode of conducting the service. The Vestry had remon. strated with the Vicar, and earnestly requested that he wonld return to the "good old way" of their forefathers. To this the Rev. Gentleman replied, in a letter of much Christian feeling," that he was sorry the change had led to any difference of opinion, the more so because many of the congregation had left the Church in consequence; but that, in coinpliance wi It the wishes of his parishioners, the Service of the Church should in future be in conformity with the old practice."—Mr. Creaton was then selected Vestry Clerk in the room of his brother, who recently died very suddenly. DISCOVERY OF ANCIENT COI Ns.-A singular dis- covery of ancient silver coins took place, a few days since, at Lower Cumberland Villa, neaf this city, the residence of Robert Smart, Esq. A labourer, whilst employed in dig- ging in the garden attached to this villa, was suddenly ar- rested in his labours by the implement which he was using coming in contact with a hard and heavy substance, which, on inspection proved to be a mass of clay, that from its appearance had evidently been subjected to the action of intense heat. On separating the parliclescomposing it, a quantity of silvei coins were discovered, some portion of them much discoloured, and the surface of them consider- ably roughened, presenting, in fact, the appearance assumed by metals after having been submitted to the action of tire. The inotios of some of the coins are still legible, and three of them present, on the obverse, the bust of good Queen Bess,although considerably effaced on the reverse of these are the royal arms, and the dates 1571, 72. and 95. There are also coins of the reigns of Edward 6th, Charles 2d and of other sovereigns of England. How and when this trea- sure was secreted may long remain a mystery.- Bristol Gazette. THE BRITISH 111ON COMPANY.-On Tuesday a spe- cial General Meeting of the proprietors of this Company was held at the London Tavern, Sir G. Larpent, Bart., in the chair, to receive a Report from the Directors upon the passing of the Act of Parliament for the disposal of the Company's property to a new Company, and on other busi- ness. The meeting was not very numerously attended. The Report alluded to the successful issue of the late application to Parliament, and the means the Directors had adopted to remove the objections of the dissentient Proprietors. After some observations from Mr. Browniigjr, Mr. Hickens Mr. j M'Laoriii, Major Richardson, Mr. Jackson, Mr. S. Ricardo" and other proprietors, the Report of the Directors was re- ceived, and power was given to them to forfeit any nnmber of shares not exceeding 500. A Committee was also ap- pointed to aid the Directors it) wlIllllng up the old Company. The terms of rhe new Company were stated as follows:- Capital 400,0001., in 200,000 shares of 201: each, the new Company contracting to buy the estates, mines, and works of the old Company for the sum ol 200,0001 The works, in their present state, produce about 45,000 tons of finished iron per annum. The Committee entertained a confident expectation that the terms upon which the new Company had made the purchase, with the improving prospects of the trade, wonld make it a profitable IInde. taklflg. The Chair- man said the reports he had received showed a great illl- provement in the demand for this staple article, and that under the difficulties of the piesent Company two of the works were making a consideiable profit. The number of shares already taken in the new Company by the old Pro- prietors Has about 8000, and, as soon as 10,000 were sub- scribed for, scrip shares were to be issued. After a short discus-ion on the prospects of the njw Company, the meeting separated, REPORTED DEATH OF GEN. JACKSON.—An American paper contain the following paragraph, announcing the death of the former President of the United Stales; but an opinion prevails that the statement is not true This truly great man (General Jackson) is now numbered with the dead. He departed this life about the 22d inst., of hemorrhage of the lungs. Many were the friends and many the enemies that he had, during a long life devoted to the service of his country. The grave buries not human friendship, but human enmity. Men will forget party, and iiiiiie in doing honour and paying just tiibute, and awarding famft and glory to the Hero of New Orleans.' Long was he opposed to the wild Indian; and manv have been the dangers in which he has been placed, both when in the tented field, anrl when he filled the executive chair of the United States. His niiracu- Ions escape from assassination by a maniac ninst be fresh in the niemoiy of all. He was re-elected to the Presidency, and his name and his opinions are bailed by the democratic party with veneration and respect." SIRPETER LAIJRIK AND THE METROPOLITAN POLICP. At the Marylebone Vestry, oil Saturday, Sir Peter Laurie complained of the vast increase of the county rate by the enoimons sums paid f"r the attendance of police constables at the Middlesex Sessions. In addition to his pay as a policeman, each tnin for his attendance at the Session had formeily received 3s. 6.1. per day out of his county rates. He vSii r eler Laurie) hail, after considerable persuasion, succeeded in convincing the Board of Magistrate* sitting at Cleikenwell, of the pernicious effects of this system, and he had effected the reduction of the amount to 2s. a-day. It was his intention to persevere in obtaining a further tediic- tton of the amount payable to Is., for it had been ascertained that the high premium offered for the attendance of the police at the Sessions, had induced them to make and get up cases for the purpose of entitling themselves to the money. Being aware that the Vestry were in possession of valuable, data and information respecting the police, he hoped that he should have the assistance of the Vestry in the matter.—Mr. Soden said that he could corroborate the statement of Sir Peter, that inony of the police were in the labit of eetting up cases solely for the purpose of obtaining Ihe fees for their attendance at the Sessions.—Mr. Bushell ■"ggested the appointment of a Committee, but the Vestry clerk having intimated that there was a Committee on the subject of the enormous annual amount demanded for the support of the police in that parish already in existence, it was agreed unanimously, that the subject should be at once referred to them, and every other assistance to be afforded to Sir Peter Laurie in effecting his object. Loss OF THE BRIG DAPHNE.—Information was re- ceived on Tuesday, in the City, of the total loss of the brig Daphne, Capt. Robinson, belonging to Whitby. In the early part of last week she started on her ontward passage with a cargo of coals, and nothing occurred on board that could in any way alarm the crew during the voyage, until she arrived off Flamborongh Head, on the night of Tuesday laif, when, to their great surprise, they found she had several feet of water in her hold. Captain Robinson immediately gave orders for the pnmps to be set actively to work, in order that the leak might be discovered, and measures taken to stop it. In this attempt, however, they failed, as the water was fast filling np the hold; and as it became evident to tliein all that in a short lime she would go down, not a moment was lost in launching the ship's boat in order to save themselves; and after procuring a small portion of food, and what they could gain of their clothing, the Captain and crew got into the boat and shoved off. The boat was kept as near the unfortunate brig as was considered prndent, the Captain being anxious to learn her actual fate, and at about one o'clock on Wednesday morning she sank in deep water, about ten mile", off Flamborongh Head. The boat's crew then steered for the IlIod, the men rowing alternately they were, however, soon picked up by a Sunderland trader, and landed in Robin Hood's Bay, in perfect safety. FORGERY, AND DETECTION OF THE OFFENDER.— uJZO0 Wednesday Morning.—A plan of obtaining money by means of forged letters of credit was delected here yes- terday, and the offender placed in Clistody. His name is ™ 2I7L5"F. Bentlev. it tppeatt tha, ?" r?' ..«!! he called at llie shop of Mr. Isaacs, printer, in Castle-street and ordered 100 copies of a blank letter of credit 40 be lithographed by Monday morning. They pnr. ported to be for the County of Gloucester Bank. The order was dnly executed, and he paid Mr. Isaacs the sum of 12s which was demanded for the work. In the forenoon of the' same day (Monday)the prisoner called at Messrs. Franklins bullion brokers. Lord-street, with one of the orders filled up for 251.,dated Cheitetibani, Sept. 16, addressed to" Sir John William Lubbock, Bart., and Co., bankers, London," and purporting to be drawn in favour of 61 Mr. Jas. F. Bentley by h Edward Frampton," manager of the County of Glon- cester Bank. His order was discounted, bnt when the man was gone some suspicion arose in Messrs. Franklin's mind which led them to compare Mr. Frampton's signature on the fraudulent document with that upon one which was un- doubtedly genuine. The fraud was then detected, and Messrs. Franklin, conceiving that similar attempts might be made elsewhere among other parties, gave information to Messrs. Dtiranda and Laff, bullion brokers, in the Waterloo- road. It happened that the prisoner had called there to inquire if they would cash him a cheque upon Lubbock's for 60/ stating that he was going to Barbadoes, and he did not care in what kind of money he received it. He was told to bring the cheque, and in the meantime information was given to the police, so that when he returned with the cheqne he was taken into custody. From the documents found on him, he appears to have been residing in Canada and the United States, and one of his papers had written upon it, some scores of times, Edward Frampton," as if lie had been practising the imitation of that gentleman's itigna- ture. The prisoner underwent a preliminary examination before the magistrates on Tuesday, when he was remanded till Saturday. MURDER OF A HUSBAND BY HIS WI FE.On Mon- day evening, the 18th inst., the neighbourhood of Dilton's Marsh, Westbury, Wilts, was the scene of much excitement, occasioned by a report that Robert Cuzner, a weaver, who resided there, had been killed by his wife. The house was soon crowded with people, and the man, who had a few minntes before been seen apparently in perfect health, was found lyin-, dead upon the floor. It appeared on evidence before the Coroner, and subsequently before the Magistrates, Messrs. Ludlow and Pliipps, Ihat the deceased and his wife had lat- terly lived on very bad terms with earh other. On the even- ing above-mentioned a dispute had arisen between them, and he was shut out of the house by his wife. He afterwards pressed in, and on his entering, the door was closed. Soon after the neighbours heard a noise, as if they were struggling and pushing each other about the room. Presently the door was opened, and a cry for help was heard from the wife. On entering, the husband was found in the manner above de- scribed, and the medical attendant, in a very clear and satis. factory testimony, gave it as his opinion that death was occa- sioned by a severe contusion found on the back part of tbe head, and which it is believed he received in a fall. The wife admits that she pushed him down, though she declares she had no intention of taking away his life. After a patient and lengthened investigation, The Magistrates came to the decision of committing the wife, Elizabeth Cuaner, to the New Prison, Devizes, to take her trial at the next assizes for manslaughter. It is remarkable that Edward Cuzner, brother of the deceased, died about two hours after the unfortunate occurrence, his death having, it is believed, been accelerated by excitement, arising from the intelligence having been suddenly and incau- tiously communicated to him. Verdict returned at the Co- roner's inquest on Edward Cuzner-Natural death. THE PLANET.S.-The three planets, Jupiter, Saturn, and Mars, are visible every evening in the horizon to the south-east, between the constellations Aquarius, Capricorn, and Saggitarins. Jupiter it more brilliant than it has been seen for many years. The reason is this; when this planet was in opposition to the gnn, on the 16th of August last year, it was at its perihelion, while the earth was not far distant from its aphelion that is to say, at its greatest dis. tance from the sltn. It is catcutated that this year Jupiter is about twelve millions of mites nearer to our globe than it was in its opposition to the aim last year. Thus the four satellites or this planet can now be seen with telescopes of very ordinary power. The small planet Juno was in oppo- sition on the same d&y as Jupiter last year, bnt is not visible except through glasses of considerable power. Mars sets now towards a quarter past ten o'clock in the evening two 'TMI Saturn,and five hours later than Jupiter,' On the 22d of October, Mars will be in conjunction with Saturn, that is to say, in the same meridian, and on the 1st of Pe. cember will be in conjunction with Jupiter. These two brilliant stars will then be seen at about five in the evening, at a small distance from each other, on the same vei tical lint-. Venus now sets about the same hour as the Sun; she is not visible in the west every evening, except in the month of December. RECEIPT FOR MAKING EVERY DAY HAPPY —When you I ise in the morning form a resolution to make the day a happy one to a fellow-creature. It is easily done a left-off garment to the man who needs it, a kind word to the sorrovftil, an encouraging expression to the stiiving; trifles in them. selves light as air will do it at least for the 24 hours; and if yon are voting depend upon it will teil when you are old and if you are old, rest assured it will send you gently and happily down the stream of human time to eternity. By the most simple arithmetical sum, look at the result". Yon send one person-only one-happily through the day; that is 365 in the course of the year. and supposing you live 40 years only after you commence the course of medicine, you have made 14,600 human beings happy, at all events for a time, and this is supposing no relation or friend partakes of 0 the feeling and extends the good. Now, worthy reader, is not this simple ? It is too short for a sermon, too homely for ethics, and too easily accomplished fur YOIl to say, I would if I could." o AND POUND Foof,isn -The Re% S. D. Waddy, Wesleyan Minister, of Bath, who was a passenger on board the steamer Queen, at the time of the accident which occasioned her sinking, ftittes. that, amongst the losses sustained 011 that occasion, was one of 2,000i in sovereigns, the entire savings of twenty years, by one of the passengers, who, with his wife and three children, were going over to Ireland, to settle upon a farm which lie had requested his father to buy for him. By carrying his so- vereigns with him this man saved sixpence, the cost of an order upon the Bank of E(istern Counties' Herald.
BANKRUPTS from Friday's Gazette. To Sui render in Basinghall'street MATTHEW POTTEU, haberdasher, New Bond-street, October 7 Nov. 7. Alts Crowder and Maynard, Coleman-street. To Surrender in the Country. WILLIAM SHEPHERD, jifti., miller, Iron Acton, Gloucestershire Oct. 6, Nov. 3, at the Bristol District Court. Atts. Ray and Co Bristol. DAVID SMITH, worsted manufacturer, Halifax, Oct. 5 and 28 at the Leeds District Court. Alls. Stocks and Co., Halifax. THOMAS OSBORN, banker, Birmingham, Sept. 30. Oct. 28, at I he Blrmillgham District Court. Alt. Motterman, Birmingham. GEORGE STRAWBRIDGE, builder, Bristol, Oct. C Nov. 3 at the Bristol District Court. Att. Smith, Bristol. JOHN MASON KNIGHT, iionmouger, Rugby, Warwickshire, Oct. 5. Nov. 2, at the Birmingham District Court. Atts. Stone and Paget. Leicester. CHARLES CLARKE, wood dealer, Liverpool, Oct. 6, Nov 3, at the Liverpool District Court. Atts. Miller and Peel, Liver- pool. W (J COPPER ORE, Sold at TRURO, September 21 st lStS, Nit N Pg. I CWTS. PURCHASERS. ir PCF, Trcsaveaa 120 Eajli.li Copper Co., and Williams r.. busier, and Co. Oitto |03 Freeman ami Co. « r Ditto 102 English Copper Co., and P. Grenfel'l and Sons « 3 « l)itto lot Vivian and Song Dnto 8U Ditu, 17 (> Ditto 75 Ditto |! Ditto 71 Eni;Hi<h Copper Co. 4 i Dnto 53 t)l[l;l 10 6 Ditto 37 Vivian and "s.tns V. 4, Drno .35 1>. G,r„,ella,,l Sons 3 4 2 PoH.ee. Td Williams, F. ster, and Co. f. Dllto .,0 Ii4 ]>itto •• ■' '» Dittn 61 Din., r a Dilto .is I liiio (> Hiito .02 Enalhd. Co,,ptr Co. ,'i .0 Uillu, lW.a„(}c;, •• •• I D't'o 4!) Eodisl. Copper Co.. & Vivian & SonV 2 0 K -.8 Williams, Fo.er, and Co. « Onto 411 Dill. 5 15 OitU> -2$]),rto *r* 0 DLTC",WN. WP" CO., & Williams, roMcr, ann Cn. -> » Dmo ',1 r"nS' VV'">'a"ls- Nevill, Druce" Co", 6 Umo 02 Crown Copper C«, a„«f Williams, roster, ;tiid Co. Onto.. 42 English Copper Co. 's *• Freeman anil Co. „ Ditto 71 Vivian and Sons Ditto .60 Dill' i 1U (> Ditto :,3 Williams, Foster, and Co. 41^? Fowey Consols 110 Vivian and Sons t Ditto US Freeman and Co Z „ Ditto. 78 Williams, Foster, and Co. 1 Par Consols ..117 Vivian a„,| Sons ° Ditto Jlo Ditto 18 » Dilto -in |)MIO # 7 o YVh. Providence 0!> P. GrenfeH and Sons s I ?> S ,<, !>»:: a c, '$)i "J 7 ^leff">an(lCo, io *o W jj\t Caradon 90 English Coppe, Co. ? Ditto 81 Dnto 5 Ditto. jo Diuo 9 6 "fir*. '•'■ "• KSiv M & St. Aiiby n ) 40 Prce"»n and Co 6 15 « ■•*20G Total 3,2fi8 ffi S^r fi £ C<Wer. *57 ton, n ewl. a qr., A (-nt IIf Sale, 95. Ol.—Averase SI,I,rt. Xii).1 ,h. 0l,
METEOROLOGICAL JOURNAL, kept by J'OHN JENKINS, Wind-street, S*tknsLia, ■- o j App. Latitude of Observatory 51 37 10 N» Longitude 3 55 30 W» ) Height above Level of (be Sea 40 feet. j BAHOMKTKR HVGttO IF.TER. THERMOMETER. 1'l.tlVIOM ATKIt. j 9 A.M. 3 P.M. 9 A.M. 3 P.M. 9 A.M. 3 Q°»N,I«.Y of A.M.JP.M. Rain. Temp. Temp. I Pressure. of Preiiare. OF Air. Dew Air. Dew Dry. Wei. Dry. Wet. Min. Max. ID.Tenths. Hunri. Mer. Mer. Sept. ryl i 19 30-35 65 30-35 67 67 63 70 67 67 66 73 72 53 81 0 „ 0 „ 0 20 „ -30 66 „ -29 68 68 64 70 66 66 65 70 68 52 73 0 „ 0 „ 0 21 -36 65 -37 67 64 61 69 65 61 60 69 68 54 73 0 0 „ 0 22 „ -55 65 „ -58 67 66 62 70 66 65 65 70 69 53 73 0 „ 0 „ 0 23 6H 64 ,70 67 64 60 71 66 62 62 71 70 53 74 0 „ 0 „ 0 I 24 -70 64 „ -63 67 64 60 70 62 63 62 70 62 51 1 74 0 „ 0 0 25 .53 63 -65 I 65 62 58 66 60 61 58 66 64 55 68 0 0 0 I It will be observed Hint the Baroti)eler stood, on the morning of the 24th, at the extraordinary height I of 30in 70 liun., which, corrected to the level of the Sea, would he SOin. 79hun.— Wind being S.W. The results obtained from the observations recorded in the Philosophical Tr-nsakotions ror the last liO years, gives the greatest height of the Barometer for the month of September, 30in. 50 bun. j
High Water in Swansea Harbour and at the Passages fUR TIIK KNSUING WHKK. n.v. 8w*w»NS H«KMMR. TH« P«S<».I>». Atom. Even. Heiyhtf ~Hu^, KoKn R. N. H. M. W. I. || Saturday Sept. 3» 10 II 10 44 IJ 4 Snnrtay 5$t. 1 II 18 U 3 Monday S 40 t U 11 8 'i # -i J 3 .5 J S i5 i J'S 1,1 rC; S « w1 ?, IS I | MOON'S A an. Full Moon, s.h d.y, |,h.
■■■» iWatUfto. MARK-LANE, LONDON, Monday. Sept. 25— IVe have this mom- ing very fair supplies of IT heat from Essex and Kent. with a mo derate proportion of samples from other countries. The quality il certainly improved wee last week, and there is a much more recuht sale amongst the millers, who have been compelled to pay an advance & J °, LT 9"artjfr/°r.the be« "elected samp lei of old or the middling and ordinary qualities, however, there it n w-T" tale, without any improvement in orient TJ.. a slouf Wheat is more animated than for ^ne'Z. dein°«d for fortigtt readily effected at an advance of from l# 71' *aie* are> this dan se'nnight.—Having a liberal f per 9"arf«r •ome quantity of Foreiun afar, 9uPP*y of new Harley. with full is. per Wrier X^perSSTlLunh article SenerallZ supplied with Oats from Jreland andhavTfn i C°ntlnue to be weft there seems more disposition on the JnVt I deliveries coastwise, to purchase, and we scircely »ut,P 0/ <}ealer" and consumer* se'nmyht.-MaU is V"ce thU daV and the Flour trade is very firm but the best qualities
PRICE OF UKAIN. Quarter. Wheal, Hetl 38fo40 Maple.. Pine 4S 54 Wliile ,1^ Wliile, (new) 44 40 Hoilers.. ?? Z* '><d 44 5M Small liea»s I! t! f. £ •'»« 54 60 Old osrrt: ;;i zlK: •• « S 5** 3* Fee.1 OaU ".1?" Barley, grinding Fine L « Ditto, line mulling 4. 30 3i Poland I, "hU 5.' SI Fine ai .V"6., till Potato "•>lt »'«••»» •• 3(t 31 Pine J Pl.OtJR, per Suck of 280/6. _Bctt. 45.. to AO*. I Secuildl 40m. to 45s. PRICK OF i>J5EJ)S. Ijirnip, Swedes, per bush. —to — Clover, Red, ..percwi "ii Utberwii. 1.) 18 ^kinnh aT tt Mustard, SI 11 New Hamburg 4., k* vvt'"e » lo French A 17 canary, per quarter 75 80 Trefoil „t Grass 211 25 Caraway 42 4il I arcs, Winter 3 4 Coriander AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, per Qr. For the Week ending Sept. Itf lti43, and by which ittipollation is regnlateil. *• d. t, di I t j Wheat 50 10 Oats is 10 I Beans at r Barley.31 5 Hye .33 I | Peas ^33 £ PUICH OF MEAT.—SMITHFIKLD, Sept. 25. The change of the weather has had a favourable influence on the market generally. The supply of Beasts was moderate and ther/t being a good attendance of butchers, the disposal was more buoyant at 4*. for choice Beef, whilst some of the primext went 2d beyond There was also more inquiry for other descriptions, but with nn improvement ill priee.-Although. Sheep were plentiful, there was is brisker demand from the same cause, and best Jioivns reidilu ah tained 4*. 4d., and a general clearancewas effected.—For Lamb t her a was not only a good call for the best, but they supported Fridn, advance to a crown c*d. beyond this day se'nnight >, whilst other descriptions went off with more spirit.—Calves were short induced the salesmen to ask considerably hiatier nrir^a wt>L ? blished an advance of id (or 4 s. tod.j for To^JfxTstoneVndf: other sorts there was a decided improvement.-All were ete„r*H The Pig trade is looking up. Chohe dairy.fed readily obtained 4s. Hd., which was an advance of Ad. on last Monday* auouaioZ and the disposal of the larger Pigs was more lively than for soma weeks past. m To sink the olfal-per 8lbs. lieef 2s. 8(1. to 4s. 2d. Veal 1, ,1 .„ Mutton 3s. Ud. to 4s. 4d. |Pork.. 3*! «d'. to la. 8d i.amb 8d. lo 4». lad. NKWOATK and Lb*DENirall.—By the Carcase lleef. *s. 8d. to 3s. «,|. Veal 3s. Od. lo 4s. fr|. Mutton 2s. ml. to ,-ts. bd. Pork. 2a. 8d. to 4s. 81. kamb 4d. lo 4». 4.1. PRICE OF TALLOW AND SOAP, per Cwt. —— a. d. s. d. s. d. Town tallow 44 »i Melted Stuff 31 0 Curd ditto Yellow Kussia — 0 Ditto Kougli 20 0 Palm 0 Ditto So.4p .j,i 11 Yellow ^oap —• o (Jreaves 14 u White ditto.. — 0 I Mottled ditto.. 52 0 Dregs 5 0 UIUSTOL PRICE CURRENT.— Sept. 22. SUOAH. 1. I'OCKKK. s. Muse, veiy Hrown( per c.) 55 to— Fine ditto Il2/r>ll*4 Dry Itrown 50 5S Very line i-jn i. Middling. ^50 61 kum. t. d. t. d. Good nndiilings i 02 64 Jamaica (per gat.) ..2 4 3 Q :—Good and hue.. J 65 08 Leeward Isle ..1824 llolasaes 26 27 LOGWOOD. r. a. Jamaica (per ton.j ..5 0 — 9 cot- Fur.. St. Domingo ..9 0 10 0 Jamaica, triage (pet cwt.) 60 65 Campeactiy 0 0 0 U Oidiuary 6S ?0 Fustic, Jamaica 6 0 0 t> <Aiod dnto 72 75 — Cuba ..8099 Kmc ditto 78 88 OIL. MKt.i1111 105 115) Gallipoli (per tun) 54 0 55 0 '••Did ditto 120 1251 Sicily an 0 5| o PiUCK OF LEATHER. lb. lb. d. d. lb. lb. d. d. Crop Hides 11 tot-,t German Horse Hides ..I is to 16 Ditto ditto 40 48..12 13 Horse Knits .j| 13 Ditto dilto 50 till.. 15 17 Calf 54 64..23 24 Foieigti Hides SO 3;111 III)ift"(colilinon).. ..22 23 44) 4.1)..10 li Ditto ditto 40 4.).. 1 ti JS 1 15 Butts, Kiigluli 10 20..l4j !Dnto ditto 45 56..I7 22 iilllo ditto 24 20.. 15 1 <J Diuo dilto 81) 100.. 18 20 Unto ditto 'W 30..15 17 Irish Skins .14 J(f Ulito dl. 15 Jn tVelsti Skins 2T 3.1..13 15 Ditto, Foreign.. I ti1;1 ditto Jg Ditto dilto 22 2.12 I4 Ditto dillo 45 50..2I 2S Uitlo ditto 28 30.. 13 15 Dilto ditto 52 50.. 22 28 Unto dillo(e»t"a)31 36.. |3 |fi K.jps> hln^lish and Wel=li 13 18 ts. ti S..It lio Common ditto 35 40..13 |,JJ Ditto ditto 9 |u..l5 18 Niaved Hides Is 22.. 14 19 D1110, E-.S1 India ..13 20 "hoc ditto 20 23..13 13.} Seal Skins, Larue — Ditto, Small "Iii IT 121 134 0 I" Hull ditt0 .10 12 nhoulders, English ..fit Itf I.u^lisli Horse Hides 13 Ditto, Foreign 1 to Welsh (lilt. I.I liellies, Knglish i,oj I t Spanish dnto Ditto, Foiei^n 10 Uo. »tthoulBults,—s. (o—s. Od. ea. Printed and Published by WILLIAM COURTENAY MURRAY AND DAVIU REES. A. Nil, 58. WINU-STRKET, SWAN>E\. SATIJRDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1843*