toetee of tlie country, and consequent abridgement of the 3omforts of the population, to offer any opposition to statements of this nature: and yet was there one. Alternative left to him—an alternative to which, had he possessed the means, he would too gladly have resorted. The alternative was to show, by evidence, that the policy of Sir Robert Peel was a panacea for the suffer- ings whose existence he had been compelled to admit. Did Mr. Gladstone pursue this course ? Did he attempt to show that the measures of last session had been effi- cacious in restoring energy to our trade and manufac- tures, or that they afforded any hope for the future ? Did he verify that most reckless statement of Sir Robert Peel's, that the income tax had been paid out of what had been saved from the general reduction in I the expense of living ? Did he demonstrate how essen- tial a restricted trade in the necessaries of life is to the Welfare of a population necessarily dependent upon foreign countries for the means of supporting life? Did he define what over production" is, and how its existence could be imagined amidst a population emi- nently afflicted with destitution of the prime necessaries of existence? Did he, in short, do any thing to sup- port the administration in their present monstrous de- termination to render no assistance in removing that incubus from our manufacturing industry, by which the hateful commercial policy of his own party has for ages hampered it? Alas! alas! for our country's interest, 1his talented young statesman, from whom we might have hoped better things, this champion of religion, this professed friend to the best interests of our race, lie, even he, has lent himself to that sinuous policy which, while it has sunk the reputation of many, has in too many instances maimed every thing with which it has had to do. Oh! when shall we be enabled to congratulate the country upon a revival of justice and integrity in the maxims of its rulers!
The establishment of Local Courts for the decision of small causes, as announced by Sir James Graham in the House, last week, will be hailed with gratitude by the country at large, as from the great expense and risk attendant upon the present suits for the recovery of small sums, most per- sons are induced to relinquish their claims sooner than apply a remedy which has proved worse than the disease. But there is one point to which we beg to call the special atten- tion of our readers, as it will affect their interests more particnlarly-that is, the duty of petitioning both Houses of Parliament, to introduce a clause into the bill, making it incumbent upon those persons who may be appointed to the office of Judge in the Local Courts of Wales, to be perfectly conversant in the Welsh language, and thereby to preclude the necessity of liea;ing evidence through the medium of an interpreter-a practice which, by adding the expense of an interpreter to the costs, and by occupying the time of the Judges, will impose on the suiters and the public an expense disproportionate to the amount generally involved in small causes. Let petitions be sent, without delay, from every town and village in the Principality; and then we may reasonably expect that the framers of the bill will not oppose the just wishes of a large portion of her Majesty's subjects, but that they will allow Wales an equal participation with other parts of the kingdom in the benefits about to be con- ferred, by having Judges appointed to her Local Courts who can perfectly understand the language of the people between whom they may be called upon to sibitrate. At the Assizes for this county, which will commence at Swansea, at Wednesday next, there are about 29 prisoners for trial. Several of those are charged with minor offences, but there are some of an aggravated nature, of which the íive men charged with the murder of John Bowling, and Bees Giiffiths with having wounded Connor, stand amongst the most prominent. It is expected the Civil List will be a beavy one: the most important causes aie those between bis Grace the Duke of Beaufort and R. D. Gough, Esq., between J. H. Vivian, Esq. and the Swansea Water Works Company, and between Mr. James Hall and the Corporation of Swansea, as well as one or two Special Jury cases from the eastern end of the county. It is expected that the Soli- citor-General and Sir Thomas Wilde will be engaged in two of the cases. Lord and Lady James Stuart, and the Hon. Miss fituart, arrived at Whitehall-place on Monday last, from Cardiff Castle, after a residence of nearly six months at that delightful seat. The Rev. Thomas Davies, Curate of Llancynvelin, Cardiganshire, has been instituted to that Vicerage, on the nomination of J. B. Chichester, Esq. The Ball held at our Assembly-Rooms, on Tuesday oveuitog last, was well attended by the gentry of the town and neighbourhood. The Stewards were Howell Gwyn, Esq., of Baglan, and Illtid Thomas, Esq., Hill-House. The company did not break up until a late hour. On Thursday, the 9th inst., the Swansea Choral Society, conducted by Mr. Farndell, gave a concert at the Town-hall, Neath, by permission and in the presence of the Mayor, H. Gwyn, Esq. We understand the performances gave the highest satisfaction, which reflects much credit upon the conductor. WILHEM'S METHOD OF SINGING. On Monday «*enin" last, the second pnbISc examination of the class taught In' Mr. Williams on the above method, look place at the Town-hall, Swansea. Having, on a furrier occasion ex- pressed our admiration of the system as well as of the teacher's exeitions, we shall only say, that the second ex- amination has fully borne out the expectations entertaiued by the admirers of singing. Master W. P. Williams ac- companied the singing on the cornopean, which greatly enhanced the effect produced. In the course of the evening, Mr. Jenkins delivered a short address, congratulating the class upon their rapid improvement. On Tuesday last, the body of John Thomas, one of the two men who were drowned in crossing over fiom the wreck of rue Bresilien, near Neath bar,—an account of the inquest upon the body of one of whom appeared in our paper at the time--was picked up near Messrs. Strange and Parsons's wharf, having been in the water for upwards of eeven weeks. The body must have been sanded, as an active search was made at the time the accident occurred. It was not decomposed in the least, but had the appearance or being a little swollen. The Trinity steamer, belonging to Milford, com- manded by Lientenant Mott, R.N., anchored off Porthcawl breakwater, on Monday morning; and her commander came on shore, to examine into a representation which had been made to the Triniiy Board, lelative to certain limekilns situated on the sea shore. The brig Thomas, of and for Chepstow, Williams, master, was totally lost on Scomar hhnrl, in St. Brides Bay, during the tremendous gale on the 3d iust. VelY little of 0 the wreck has been picked up. The corpse of a young man from 20 to 23 years of age, was found near the spot, from which it is believed that the crew of the unfortunate vessel were all lost. QUEEN'S BESCH, FEB. 11.—JUDGMENT.—Smith versus Goldsworthy.—Tbis was an action brought by the British Iron Company a^ainsi one of the Shareholders, to recover arrears of calls. The defendant pleaded sundry breaches of the deed incor- porating the Company, and contended t hd those breaches had rendered it incompetent for plaintiffs to sue him The plea was demurred to, and the case argued at great length during the last term. Lord Denman lo-day gave the judo-mcul of the court in favour or the plaintiffs. CARDIFF SreiiPLR CHASE.—This affair, which was the subject of so much joyous anticipation for weeks past, and about the precise locality of which so much prudent mystery was maintained, came off on Friday last, at Penbill. Few sporting localities in the neighbourhood of Cardiff could be better selected, as well for the purpose of showing sport and affording a good run, as for giving the spectator an op- portunity of witnessing the ardour of the rare, and the hair breadth 'scapes" of the eminent double-ditch, than that chosen by the Stewards.—The following were the horses entered for the Handicap Sweepstakes of 5 sovs. each, with 401. added, for any horse to enter at the post: distance about three miles. Capl Griffith's Wareick, aged, b!k list. 3lbs.C. Vivian. Mr. Reynold's Ragned Jack, 6 yrs., scarlet body purple Ollp, 10M. 1211,s. Dally. Mr. Farqnariton's Pine Apple* aged, lOst. 7lbs. Mr. M. P. Llovd's Whalebone, 6 yrs., buft. and blaok cap, lOst A. Vivian. Handicap Stakes of 2 SO»R. each, with 301. added distance about two miles and a half. Mr. Edward Bradley's Duke, 6 yrs., list Wapham. Mr. M P. Lloyd's Jark, aged, buff and black cap, lOst. lOlbs A. Vivian. Mr. H. Lewis's Tartar, aged, black, lOst. Gibs. Vivian. Mr. W. Bradley's B),tilbridge, aged, white und black cap, lOst 21 b» At one o'clock a considerable concourse of spectators ha,1 assembled to witness the sport, and previous to the start there could not be on the ground, perhaps, less than 2.000 persons. Precisely at halt-past two o'clock •». bu^le sounded the note of preparation. All were on the qui rive. Men and horses were conveyed to a single point. All were eager expectation, and the word away" released horse and rider from ihe fret and suspense of five minutes' prancing and curvetting. The. start was in excellent style. A fine dash was made by the horses, and a good hearty cheer sped them CD their way. Ragged J'ick led awav in capital style, and with tho-e in his wake took his leaps in fine condition. The lead which he took at starting he kept through a hard run of three miles hardly pressed, however, by his competitors who nohly contested every inch ot 'he way. The honours of the field were nobly done by the animal*, and rtretyi., the annals of Steeple Chasing was fine' spot t exhibited. After a run of about 16 minutes, Ragged Jack came in, closely followed hy Turiar, amidst the cheers and huzzas ot the nnil- titude. The honours of the dav however were questioned by the tider of Tartar who insisted that Ragged Jack, when within half a mile of the goal, deviated fiom the pre- scribed ront marked by the flags, and ran at the wrong side of the post. At half-past three o'clock the second run took place, and like the former, created much excitement. The hoises were in fine condition, and did their work with spirit and vivacity, The race was won by Duke, the propert.y of Mr. Bradley, of Tregnff. After the chase, upwards or forty gentlemen sat down to dinner at the Angel Inn, Captain Griffith, of the Scots' Greys, in the chair; Mr. J. M. Kichards, of Plas Newydd, occupied the vice. Toasts and sentiments in keeping with the festivity of the day, clurac- teristiclly terminated the sport of the field. An ordinary was also held at the While Lion Inn, when upwards of forty gentlemen sat down to dinner, Mr. Win. Wbapham, jun., in the chair, and Mr. John Bird, in the vice. The landlord, Mr. P. Biid, proviited a bountiful supply of geod things, which the gnests did ample justice to, and the company ap- peared highly delighted, both with the sports of the day and the pleasure of tLc jevemng. SWANSEA HOUSE OP CORRECTIOV.—Mr. Wyatt, the architect, has been appoinied to superintend some extensive alterations intended to be made in our House of Correction, the plans for which have been approved of by the Secretary of State, and by Major Jebb, the Government engineer. The alterations will be effected upon the piinciple of the Model Prison, lately approved of by the Government, and accommodation will be provided for 36 more prisoners. The sum of 20001. has been granted by the County Magis- trates for the purpose, and we understand the works will be immediately proceeded with. BRIDGEND.— A Society has recently been established in this town, for the purposes of mutual instruction and improvement, the members of which meet weekly, and dis- cuss subjects, literary and scientific. We wish them every success, and sincerely hope that they will avoid party feel- ing, which in general is the bane, and proves the destruc- tion, of such associations. CAKDIFF MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.—The library of this institution received last week an interesting acquisition to its collection, by a present from the Marquess of Bute, of twelve volumes of the Bridgewater Treatise, handsomely bound in calf. This elegant donation, indicative it may be fairly presumed, of the regard of the noble Marquess for the prosperity of this excellent institution, has been suit- ably acknowledged by the committee in a vote of thanks unanimously accorded to his Lordship. SWAVSFA POLICE -Before the Mayor.—JFe&.U— Evan Davies was convicted in the penaity of five shillings and costs for being found drunk and disorderly.—Feb. 16. —Jenkin Jenkins, and David Jones, master mariners, and William Evans, mate, all of Aberayron, Cardiganshire, were brought up by policeman Thomas Jones, charged with hav- ing been drunk and interfering with him in the execution of his duty. The Mayor having heard the evidence, did not deem it expedient to enforce the strict letter of the law, they were accordingly discharged upon payment of legal expenses, and after having been reprimanded.—-Mr. 1. M. Moses was charged with obstructing the public pavement opposite iiis door, by the exposure of goods for sale. Dis- charged upon payment of four shillings and sixpence costs, having been cautioned not to repeat the offence. SWANSEA PETTY SESSIONS, Feb. 14—Before the Rev. S. Davies, the Hev. W. Hewson, D.D., and Col. Jones.- Richard Cade,shoemaker, of this town, was charged by police- man Thos. Jones, with beating his wife most brutally, although she had been lately confined. It appears that this man fre. quently beats his wife most unmercifully, and does not even spare his aged mother, though upVards of fourscore. The Magistrates discharged him, after having severely repti- manded and cautioned him.—John Edwards, farmer, was charged by Mr. Rees, the Inspector of Police, with being drunk. Reprimanded and discharged.—Mr. Robt. Emerson, pilot, made a complaint to the Bench against Messis, John Richards and Evan Daniel, the stewards of a Benefit Society held at the Ship, St. Mary-street, in this town. The ground of complaint was, that the defendants had expelled com- plainant from the above society, though he had been a mem- her for about twenty years. Mr Tr ipp, on the part of the I defendants, contended that complainant had been expelled by arbitrators, appointed in conformity with the enactments of an Act of Parliament, and that their decision was final; while the complainant, on the other band, said that the ar- bitrators had on several occasions engaged to meet him, but that they did not keep their engagements, and at last that they made an appointment to decide the matter, when he (complainant) did not meet them, in consequence of having been deceived so often, and the arbittaws expelled him on that occasion, on the ground of his being a member of two other societies—the Rechahite and the Oddfellows, which lie contended were not benefit societies in point of law. The reason given by the members of the club for not meet- ing complainant according to engagement was that he had Mr. \V. Jones, as an advocate, while they were unpro- vided with one. The Magistrates being of opinion that they had no authority in the matter, told complainant that he must submit to the decision of the arbitrators, who not being members of the club, eould have no bias one way or the other. NEATH TOWNHALL, Feb. 8.—Magistrates present, F. Fredricks, and Howel Gwyn, Esqrs.-William Morgan, policeman, charged Mary Davies, alias Mary Tybach, with stealing a quantity of wearing apparel, the property of Mary Griffiths and Elizabeth Hughes. Committed for trial.- Feb. 10, before F. Fredricks, H. Gwyn, and G. Llewellyn, Esqrs,—Sergeant Bowyer, G. 10, charged Morgan Thomas with assaulting Wm. Rees. The case not being pressed, he was discharged.—G 26 charged David Jones, Thns. Rees, and Evan Rees, with assaulting David Davies. They were discharged, complainant having to pay costs. Mr. Bird, from Mr. Cnthbertson's, appeared for defendents.—0. 30 summoned Mary Williams, of the Swan, Aberavon, for allow- ifig drunken and disorderly conduct in her house. This case was adjourned by the Magistrates, in consequence of the defendant having been convicted before. Mr. Bird ap- peared for the defendant.—Rees Preece, farmer, ot Coed- yrallt, charged Margaret and Mary Thomas with stealing a quantity of bent, the property of the Earl of Jersey. Fined 4s. each, and cautioned by the Magistrates.—Feb. 13, before the Mayor, Howel Gwyn, Esq.—Wm. Morgan, policeman, charged Wm. Davies with being drunk. This being his first offence, he was discharged, after a suitable admonition. On Friday, the 3d instant, while Kdward Llewellin was returning home from his work in the neighbourhood of Fal Gerig, in this county, he happened to turn into a collier s cabin, with the inteatiott of sheltering from the violent and tempestnons weather. Just after going into the cab. (the wind blowing at the time a hurricane) the cabin fell in, and completely covered tbe unfortunate pian, the weight being so great upon him, that it was quite impossible to extricate himself from his ptrMotu situation, and after remaining there the whole of the nigbt, he was discovered next tttornfrig about ten o'clock by some workmen belonging to Mr. Young, in a state of collapse. Medical assistance was procured, and every means resorted to, hut unfortunately without avail, as the poor man lingered till Monday night, and then expired. The Tivyside Gentlemen are taking the lead in re- turning a portion of their rents to their tenants. We are informed that Mr. Saunders Davies and Capt. Brigstocke, have each returned 10 lior cent; and that Mr. Colby, of Ffynouau, and Mr. Lewis, of Clynfiew, having gone to the extent of 20 per cent. We understand, that owing to the severity of the weather the Nora Creina was detained considerably beyond her time in her passage from Waterford for Bristol on 8a- turday se'nnight. Such was the stress, that it was thought advisable to throw a great number, we have heard 200 pigs overboard. Nora, which it a first-rate sea boat, did ha-r work famously. SERIOUS ACCIDENT. — A copperman, named Evan David, employed at the Upper Bank Copper Works, met with a serious accident on Monday last, by falling from a plank upon which he stood while tapping his furnace into the tapping pit, which was filled with boiling water. The plank, which was placed accross the pit, was started from its position by an exptosion of hot metal. There are but faint hopes entertained of the unfortunate man's recovery. SUDD EN DEATH.—ON Sunday se'nnight the Rev. Theophilus Davies, of Pemhiw, parish of Newchurch, Carmarthenshire, having ordered out his horse tor the pur- pose of riding over to attend Divine Service at his Chapel of Cana, w-is in the act of putting on his great coat, when he staggered two or three times, and sitting down, expired almost immediately. He was in the 71st year of his age, and had been a minister of the Independent denomination upwatds of 20 yaars, having built Cam chapel at his own expense. CAUTION TO SPORTSMEN.—On Monday se'nnight, Mr. D. B. Williams, of Abertbaw, appealed to the Com- missioners of the Dynaspowis district, against a game duty surcharge, which had been sent him by the surveyor of taxes at Cowbridge. Mr. Chadwick, the surveyor, called Capt. Boteler, R. E., to support the charge, who stated that he met Mr. Williams with a gun in his hand upon the cliff ned Fontigary, and believed him to he in search of rabbits. The Rev. Paul Ashmore confirmed this evidence, but was not aworu. Mr. W., in defence, said that lie was on the foot-path, and had Ln fact shot nothing hot a crow. The surcharge was, however, confirmed upon the supposition that he was shooting conies. Mr. W. demanded a cases, which was peremptorily refused. The extreme hardship of tliis case lies in the fact that Mr. Williams had the consent of the proprietor and tenant of the land to shoot the raboits. REBECCA'S OORRESPONDKNCE.—The following is a letter from the notorious Rebecca," who, in conjunction with her children," continues to excite so much alarm in the neighbourhood of St. Clears and other different places in Carmarthenshire, by their determined anti-toll-gate agi- tation. Suspicions have been entertained, and indeed ex- pressed, in the public prints, that Rebecca" is a Magis- trate, or some influential personage in the county but, from the language and oithography of the letter, which was sent to a brother of Mr. Bullin, of this town, who is the con- tractor for certain gates in Carmartnenshire, we cannot come to that conclusion, unless the whole be feigned. We copy the orthography of the letter verbatim et literatim — "Tuke Notice,—I wish to give yovi notice, espesial to those which has sworn to be constabls in order to grasp Becka iidn her children*, but i CHII sure yott that it will be hard mater for Bowl ins and company to finish the job that thev began and that is to kep up the gate at Lianfibangel, and weinfach gate. Now lake this few lines information for IOU to mind vourselves, von thaI had any collection with Bowling Mrs. M,c,bes Mr. Thomas Blue boar allthire property in one night shall be conllaration if they will not obev to this notice and that to send them vagabons away wliicii von are favourable to i alawavs like to he plain in all my engagnient, is it a reasonable thing that they impose so must on the comity only pickin poor iabrers and farmers pocets, and mu depend that all the gales that are on these small roads shall be destroyed, 1 am willing for the gates on the Queen Roads to stand it is shamful thiii}; for us Welshmen to have the sons of Hengost have a Dominion oter us, do you not remember the lon £ knive.i which flenjjnst liaih invented to kill onr forefathers and yon inav depend that vou shall receive the same if .1011. will not give up when I shall ^ive vou a vicit, and that shall be ill a short time and now I would jcive yon an advice to leave the place be- fore i will come lor i do determine that i will have niv way all t hrollght As for llie eonstablell and the poleesmen Beck 1 and ht-r childiens heeds no more of them than the grashoppers flyin in the sumi-r. There are others which are marked with BeccA, but thev shall not be named now, hut in cace thev will not obev to this notice she shall call about them in a short lime—faithful to Death, with ifie count v Rebecka and childrens. There was also sent to Mr. Bullin, two woodcuts, one of a man without a head, with a written heading, Receipt for the interest I took in the matter," and the other, of several persons marching with clubs, pickaxes, &c., with the head. ing Going to visit St. Clears gate, when we think proper — Doronia Buchan." -The inscriptions over the woodcuts are in a better band-writing than the letter, which is written on ruled paper torn out of a memorandum book It has been examined by some of the Carmarthenshire Magistrates, and the signature and writing corresponds with threatening letters sent to other persons. As iniimated in the letter, Rebecca" does not object to ihe gates on the Queen's high road, but destroys those on roads repaired by the val ions parishes, upon which the Turnpike Trustees have erected gates and demand tolls. This renders Re. becca" not uupopular amongst some farmers and others, many of whom have paid the fine, rather than he sworn ip as special constables.
TOWN COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS. The first Quarterly Meeting of the current year was held at the Townhall, on Friday last. The attendance of members was as follows Present. Absent. The Mayor, Mr. Starling Benson, Mr. Anbrey, Mr. D. Edwards, Mr. S. Dawe, Mr. John Grove, Mr. T.B.Etsery, Mr. David Jones, Mr. Glover, Mr. Wm. Martin, M M. J Michael, Mr. G. B. Morris, Mr. R. M. Philipps, Mr. Owen, Mr. Richardson, Mr. Sanders, Mr. C. H. Smith, ;vir> Vivian, M.P. Mr. W. H. S ith, Mr. D. Walters. Mr. J. J. Slrick, Mr. T. Edw. Thomas, Mr. R. Walker, Mr. O. G. Williams. The Chair was occupied by the Mayor, who read the minutes of the last meeting and stated, that he had, in accordance with a resolution passed at that meeting, delivered to Mr. Mansfield the requisite documents for the defence of the Corporation against the action to be brought against it by Mr. Hall.-The Mayor then read a letter from Mr. David Rowland. as solicitor to Mr. Vivian, M.P., in reply to a resolution carried at the last Council Meeting, requesting Mr. Vivian to deliver his bond for the sale of land at Bryn Mill, to the Swansea Water Works Company.—The follow- ing is a copy of the letter White Lion Court, Cornhill, Jan 25, 1843. SIR,-I have the honour to address you, to acknowledge, on the part of Mr. Vivian, the receipt of a copy of a resolution passed at a meeting of the Council, on the 13th inst., That the Mayor be directed to request Mr. Vivian to deliver his bond, or under- taking for the sale, to the Swansea Water Works Company, of such portion of the land that was required at Brvn Mill, for the purposes of the Works, in pursuance of the direction of the Lords of the Treasury.' Mr. Vivian having stated at the meeting that his compliance with the resolution might affect his private in- terests involved in certain legal proceedings he had taken against the Swansea Water Works Company, and having therefore re- ferred to me, as his solicitor, for an answer, I have to beg that you will take the earliest opportunity of acquainting the Council, that I deem it necessary, for the just protection of Mr. Vivian's private interests, that he should, as I now respectfully do on his behalf, decline to comply with the request the resolution contnins. In conveying that determination to the Council, I should wish to impress my conviction, that if the facts. and circumstances neces- sary for the formation of a correct opinion on the disputes be- tween Mr. Vivian and the Swansea Water Works Company, had been submitted to the consideration of the Council, the resolution would not have been passed, and it would have been obvious that those disputes had relation solely to private affairs and that the resolution had been moved to obtain some advantage for the Co.n. pany in the progress of the litigation. The Council will not, therefore, I feel confident, after this explanation, be surprised that Mr. Vivian should be advised to withhold his acquiescence from a proposition which furnish his opponents with means of continuing their resistance to his just claims, and of remaining yet longer in their present wrongful possession of his property, without having paid him any part of the priucipal of the purchase- money, of the interest, or even of the costs, by which it has been wrongfully asserted that he has oppressed the Company. I am, Sir, your obedient servant. DAVID ROWLAND. G. G. Bird, Esq., M.D., Mavor of Swansea." Mr W. H. Smith begged leave to make a few observations upon, what he denominated, that most extraordinary letter-ex- traordinary he must call it, on many accounts. It was anything but proper-it was anything but the course which ought to be pursued. to have a letter of that description read at that meeting, and from that meeting sent out, by the press, to the public, at that time—only a fortnight before the assizes at which the trial was to come on between Mr. Vivian and the Swansea Wati?r Works Company. In one part of the letter the writer lectured the Council; and there was another part, which he could Dot pass over without a remark—it was that portion of the letter which accused the mover of the resolution of taking a most undue ad- vantage of his position in the Council, to prejudice the public against Mr. Vivian's case, and in favour of the Company's, and thereby obtaining an advantage for the Company in the progress of the litigation. He, as the mover of the resolution, most posi- tively denied any such intention but, on the other hand, would assert, that he had no alternative but to pursue the course which he had adopted. He had repeatedly applied to Mr. C. B. Mans- field, and also to Mr. Rowland, for the document in question, but met with refusals then he was told by the letter, that what he did was intended to prejudice the public. The latter part of the letter, be would observe, was true in point of fact, though not in the meaning intended thereby to be conveyed He recollected, some time ago, making an application to the Corporation, but Mr. Dillwyn made an objection, because the Company were in a state of insolvency, and the application was rejected by a majority of one, that one having been produced by Mr. Dillwyn's double vote (he being Chairman at that meeting), which, in that instance, was perfectly legal. He had made arrangements by which to pay Mr. Vivian at six, twelve, and eighteen months' time. for the correctness of which he would appeal to Mr. C. H. Smith, with whose money Mr Vivian was to have been paid, but the proposal was rejected. On the 1st of January he went to Mr. Mansfield, Mr. Vivian's solicitor at Swansea, and offered to pay him costs and interest up ta that time that proposal was also rejected, Mr. Mansfield sating, that he would not consent to receive a part, unless ihe whole were paid, which could not possibly be done, as ibe Company were not able to pay 2000Z. at once con- sequently the action was left to take its course. Afterwards a mortgage was proposed he offered Mr. Vivian the best security for payment. Mr. Aubrey objected to Mr. Smith's proceeding with his state. ment. In his opinion it was irregular, and quite irrevelant to the business of the meeting besides which, it was altogether an ex- parte statement of the case. Mr. Walker thought Mr. Smith was perfectly regular. The Mayor said, that as Mr. Rowland's letter had been read to the Council, Mr. Smith had a right to offer his observations upon it. Mr. Aubrey said, the reason he made the objection was, be. cause he remembered hearing Mr. Vivian explain the circum- stances of the dispute, between himself and the Water Works Company, in a manner quite satisfactory to him. Mr. Smith denied that he wa3 irregular in his procedure. He intended that every shareholder, from whom even a penny was borrowed, should be paid; he hsd made arrangements with Mr. C. H. Smith to do no, Mr. Smith then proceeded to read a num- ber of letters, the correspondence between him, as the representa- tive of the Water Works Company, and Mr. Vivian and his soli. citor and concluded by apologising to the Council for the time he had occupied in reading the lelters, but he had done so in con- sequence of Mr. Rowland's tetter bearing so heavily against him- self personally, as well as against the Company with which he was connected. Mr. Aubrey, in pursuance of his notice, brought forward a reso- lution respecting the sale of some portion of the Corporation pro- perty. He had no strong feeling either for selling the property, or otherwise, though he rather leaned to the advantages of selling such portions as were pointed out, if the prices could be obtained which were set against them by the valuers. A very general feeling existed that the matter should be brought to a close in one way or another; and as a good deal of the correspondence with the Lords of tlie Treasury had occurred during his Mayor- ally, many persons had asked him to bring the subject forward for the decision of ihe Council. The permission to sell was sent them by the Treasury, on the lSlb of March last the lots were described, and a valuation, made by Mr. Adam Murray, set against each lot, the whole coupled with a condition that the te- nantry should have a right of pre-emption at those prices. The Council imagined that the prices fixed were not the highest that might be got, and they did not quite approve of the condition. He (Mr. Aubrey) was directed to communicate again with the Lords of the Treasury. In their reply, dated July 13th, they gave permission to sell at higher prices, if they could be obtained, but stilllequired that the tenants should have the right of pre- emption. In that state the matter then stood, and he wished to bring it to an issue. The arguments for selling were, that their bonded debts, being at that time 23,793/ burdened them with an annual payment of 1190/. Thepropertytobesoldproducedonty 2351. per annum, whilst, if sold at the prices fixed, they would fetch ll,421l., producing an income, or extinguishing bonded debts, to the amount of 57K-, saving 336/. per annum. The average time the various tenures have to expire, was fifty-seven years and a half. A good deal consisted of buildings, chiefly cottages, which long before that time would be in a stale of dila- pidation, and much of the land was coarse and poor, hardly worth more than 12s. to 15s. an acre, and much of it in a situation not likeiv to be taken for building. Taking all those arguments into consideration, he would conclude by proposing the following reso- lution:- That the property of the Corpoiation, which the Lords of the Trea- sury have permillerllhem to sell, he otfererlto the tenantry, at the price fixed upon such property by Mr. Hall and in case of their refnsins to take anil pay for the property at such price, then the sallie to be offered by public miction." Mr. J. J. Strick seconded the resolution. Mr. Philipps observed, that he was happy to hear the resolution seconded, that he might have an opportunity of opposing it. He thought Mr. Aubrey was wrong in saying the correspondence with the Lords of the Treasury originated in his (Mr. Aubrey's) I ri Mayoralty—it was first carried on when he (Mr. Philipps) was Mayor, and the intention was to sell only the portions of property held at short leases. As to Mr. Adam Murray's valuation, lie thought it to be the most monstrous and absurd valuation ever made. Mr. Philipps entered at length into details, comparing several pieces of Corporation property, to show the inconsistency of Mr. Adam Murray's valuation. He would object to all sales of long leases.—Mr. P. proposed an amendment to the resolution, to the eflect- "That a Committee be appointed to detect for sale such portions of the properly as are held at will, or by short leases." Mr. Walker seconded the amendment. Mr. Aubrey remarked, that Mr. Philipps was, at one time, anxious to sell. Mr. Philipps replied, that he wished to sell the short leasel onl v. Mr J. J. Strick could not-agree with Mr. Philipps in thinking Mr. Adam Murray's to be an absurd and monstrous valuation Oil the other hand, he would compliment both Mr. Murray and Mr. Hall, for their valuations differed but little from each other. Mr. Glover observed, that though in the aggregate Messrs. Murray and Hall's valuations approximated, yet in some parti- cular instances there was, indeed, a very wide difference. Mr. Glover cited several items from the two valuations, which differed widely. Mr. Hall said, it was impossible to give a correct valuation from the reserved rents. (We understood Mr. H. to say, that he valued according to the reversionary worth). Mr. Philipps remarked, that that furnished him with a still stronger argument for the appointment of a Committed. Mr. W. H. Smith could not say that he concurred in either the resolution or the amendment. He admitted the principle of selling, but was of opinion that tenders should be taken from parties desirous of purchasing. He objected to the wholesale sweeping disposal of property, though some portions might be advantageously sold, for many parlies holding Corporation pro- perty would not incur the expense of improving it, because the teuure for which they held it was so short.—Mr. Smith proposed the following amendment:— Th.1 a Ooinmiltee be appointed to value the pioperty anfl receivc tenders from any of the tenants of the Corporation who may be de. sirous of purchasing the fee simple of their holdings, with Ihe view of acc.,I.ti.ig slIch tenders as may be deemed expedient by Ihe Council; and that such Cominillee consist of Mr. Richanlson, Mr. Philipps, Mi. Glover, Mr. Essery, Mr. Michael, Mr. J. J, Striik, Mr. C. H. Smith, Mr. Aubiey, and Mr. W. H. Smith After a few brief observations from several gentlemen, Mr. Aubrey replied. He had heurd uo arguments which led him to aller his resolution. Some attempts had been made to shake the accuracy of the valu but Mr. Hall had explained them away, and notonetittte of an argument remained to snow that Mr. Hall's valuation was incorrect. He knew that if the Committee were appointed, and the business given into their hands, Ihal il was a, once shelved, that they should hear no more of it. Under those circumstances he would call upon the Mayor to take the sense of tne meeting on his proposal. Mr. Philipps having withdrawn hill amendmellt, after a short conversation respecting the formation of the Committee, a division was taken uiion Mr. Smith's amendment. For the Amendment. For the Resolution. Mr. Essery, Mr. Aubrey, Mr. Glover, Mr. Dawe, Mr. Hhilipps, Mr. J.J. Strick, Mr. Richardson, Mr. O. G. Williams. Mr. C. H. Smith, Mr. Michael. Mr. W. H. Smith, Neutral Mr. Walker. Mr. T. Edw. Tbomn, The ameodmput was consequently carried. » The Mayor then read the report of the Qaaj Committee, which was to the following effect:— 11 That the whole surface of the Quay it in a very bad slate of repair, and requires an entire coating of good limestone, and that it would be desirable 10 remove the ashpit altogether, it being a complete nuisance. "That a serious inconvenience has been long felt for the want of cranes, of the same description as those lately erected in the yard of Messrs. Francis, Richardson and Co., and one capable of taking up ten tons will answer all Ihe purposes required. That the Committee, taking into consideration the large revenue arising from quayage, aie of opinion that they are only doing justice to Tiadeis of Ihe port by making the arrangements as complete as possible. Tliey therefore recommend to the Council the adoption of the above report, and that the several matters referred to be carried into execntion as eat ly as possible." Mr. Glover commended the suggestions contained in the report, and hoped they would be adopted. He had frequently experi- enced much inconvenience from the want of proper cranes on the Quay. Mr. Smith observed that theQoay was a great source or revenue tothem, and that it was iheirdulr tngireil the best consideration in return. He would propose, That, the report of the Quay Committee be adopted, wilh power to carry the same into effect, to make arrangements for keeping the Quay in bitter order, hud such other regulations as they may deem necessary for carrying their views into operation, aud that the same be entered on the 3Iinutes." 1\Ir. Aubrey seconded the resolution, which was unanimously carried. The Mayor next read a notice given at the last meeting, "That, in consequence of the impression of the Common Seal of the Cor- poration having been discovered attached to a Corporation docu- me nt-a new Seal- an exactfllr simile, be procured by tie Mavor, and that, as soon as it is executed, the Seal now in use be dis- used and cancelled, by having a cross engraved on its surface." Mr. Philipps (jocosely) observed, that he was not at all sur- prised to find the Mayor take such an interest in the question of changing the Corporation Seal, because it involved the consider- ation of a Bird." The Mayor replied-It was a pitv that jTr. Philipps was not a bird, as lie liked to have a peck at every one. Mr. Philipps said that notwithstanding he would gladly second that proposition, for he would like to get rid of the portcullis arms which were oil the present seal, which had been productive of much mischief. The Mayor observed there was no change in that respect con- templated. Mr. Philipps :-Then they were only leaping from Scylla to Chart bdis Mr. Smith objected to changing the seal, the present having been in use for about 200 years If the seal were changed, law cases might arise, when they would be compelled to send wit- nesses to a distauce to prove the change. He thought it could not properly be done, without procuring a patent, similar to when names are changed. Air. O. G. Williams remarked that the bird then on the seal, bad better be changed intI\, an owl. Mr. W. H. Smith said, that the owl was an insignia of w isdom, he doubted wbsiher they (the Council) could lay any pretensions to that. The motion then dropped. It was then resolved, that the Corporation being in remainder Trustees for the town, of a donation of coins, medals, &c., made to the Royal Institution of South Wales, by Mr. G. G. Francis, in August last, the particulars of the donation and its acceptance by the Institution be entered in the minute book of this Corpo- ration, and that one of the printed copies of the correspondence be filed with the Corporation documents." Nir. W. Lewis's offer of 101. rent for the weighing house, on the Quay, was next taken into consideration. Several members ob- jected to letting the weighing-housa. The offer was oonsequently rejected. Mr. Essery proposed that Mr. D. Thomas's bill, amounting to It. 15s., for assisting Mr. Rosser to collect the quay tolls, be paid," which was seconded by Mr. Strick. Mr. Walker strongly objected to the payment of the bill, and asked Mr. Hall, if there was an order to the effect on the books. Mr. Hall replied, that Rosser had been promised assistance in collecting the dues. A lengthened conversation ensued, when Mr. Smith proposed an amendment, that it should not be paid unless an order to the effect were found on the books." It was quite irregular to pay on mere verbal agreements. Mr. Aubrey said, that had Mr. Smith been a member of the Council for a longer period, he would have been aware that it was a frequent practice. The man had been employed at every tide, and to pay him. Mr. Richardson llionght it a bad plan to employ persons with. out orders to the effect, but as it had evidently taken place in thai instance, it became their duty to par. The Coullcilthen divided upon the resolution, with the follow- ing addition made by the proposer, but that no such sums be allowed for the future." For the Resolution. Against it. Mr. Aubrey, Mr. Michael, Mr. Dawe, Mr. Philipps, Mr. Essery, Mr. C. H. Smilh, Mr. J. Snick, Mr. VV. 11. Smitb, Mr. T. Edw Thomas, Mr. Waller, Mr. O. G. Williams, Mr. Glover. Mr. Richsrdson, Mr. W. If, Smith proposed a resolution to the lWeot-" That the dues, oalielllhe Water bait.fTs dues, be collected, and added to the Corporation funds." This was a proposition of some im- portance 10 the Corporation, as the Layer-keeper intended bring- ing an action against them at the ensuing Assizes; and as hit claims, and those of the Water-bailiff, rested upon similar grounds, he thought the Council ought to put themselves in the befit position to defend their rights. He would conclude by pro- posing the resolution. Mr. Philipps seconded the motion, and remarked, that nothing could be clearer tban that all done respecting the Water-bailift"s case was illegal, and that in a Court of Ltw, the bond granted to that officer could not stand for a moment. Everything done by Mr. Aubrey was altogether illegal. The Mayor stated, thtt the Town Clerk wished to address the meeting, as Water-bailiff. The Town Clerk said, he was then in possession of the Water- bailiff's dues, which he b,d always received; and that it was quite absurd to suppose, that, by a resolution, written in their books, they could deprive him of those dues. If they were not satisfied, let them try the question again, but not in the tyrannical manner proposed bv Mr. Smith. It was the same as saying, H von attempt to collect your dues, you shall be thrown into the Nea." He would not object to he legally deprived of them, but would not sniiinit to Llangatelach Fair club-lasv ;the mode pro- posed was club law and inob-law. Thej should not crush him like a worm. Mr. Aubrey remarked, that Mr. Philipps had frequently said that he (Mr Anbrey) had acted illegally in signing the bond, and that statement had gone forth to tbe public. He could not allow Mr. Philipps lo repeat that statement without contradiction, He signed the bond in his official capacity a* Mayor and as the majority of the meeting decided tbat it should be signed, he was bound to do so. Mr. Michael said, that be dissented from that resolution at the time, and he was sorry he had not entered a protest in writing. Mr. Smith replied. He objected to the terms made use of by Mr. Thomas. The Council knew nothing of Llangafelach Fair club-law, &c. If he were entitlellto the dues, let him bring an action against them if not entitled to them, he could not com- plain. The matter did not concern Mr. Thomas so much as it did the Duke of Beaufort the utmost Mr. T. had was a life- interest in the dues. He would therefore move that the order be given to collect them. Mr. Smith's resolution was pot to the meeting, when there appeared- For it. Against it. Mr. R. M. Philipps, Mr. Richardson, Mr. Walker, Mr. Glover, Mr. Smilh. Mr. O. G. Williams, Mr. Aubrey, Mr. Dawe, Mr. Fssery, Mr. T. Edw. Thomas, Mr. J. J. Strick. After a conversation respecting the renewal of a lease to Mr. William Jones, Mr. Philipps delivered to the Mayor, Mr. Sutton Sharpe's opinion respecting Mr. Thos. Thomas's claim to a piece of ground, near where the old Castle stood, in Temple-street. He desired the Mayor to keep it until the next meeting. He thought he had given it to the Town Chrk before-but he had preserved a copy of it. The Town Clerk said, he recollected seeing ii in Mr. Pbilipps's hand, at a former meeting, but was confident it had never been delivered to him. r Several aocounts due from the Corporation were then read, when Mr. Philipps objected to the payment of 151. annually to Mr. Redhead. We understood Mr. P. to say that he would look into the matter. It was then resolved, "That the Swansea Gas Company be licensed to assign the sale of their late Works, for the residue of their term or inlerest therein, to Messrs. George Jones and Wm. Richards, with liberh for them to grant building-leases, in con- formitv wilh plans submitted and adopted by the Council." Mr. Glover gave notice, That at the next meeting he would move that a grant of 3001. from the borough fund be made in aid of ihe Paving Commissioners, for the public benefit." Mr. Walker gave notice, That he would propose a change in the clothing of the police, as far as the quality of the cloth, &o., went."—The Council then adjourned. The Great Western left Kingroad, Bristol, on Satur- day, at twenty minutes past four, P.M., for New York, via Madeira. She carried out 53 passengers, and 150,000l. in specie. DEATH FROM COLD -On Saturday, the 4th instant, a poor man named John Davies, a shoe maker, of Dow- laill, was found dead on the mountain, near that place, by some men going to their wo; k at half-past 4 o'clock in the morning. He went from home to some distance on the preceding evening, for the purpose of delivering a pair of shoes which he had made, and is supposed on his return to have missed his wav, as his shoes, &c., had the appearance of his having walked a great deal more than was necessary to complete the journey he had in view, and that he either fell or lay down, and perished on account of the extreme severity of the weather on that night. SAVAGE CRUELTY.-The most brutal outrage that ever was perpetrated in North Wales, occurred last week in the county of Montgomery, under such circumstances that we hardly dare to ask onr readers to believe the details, were they not furnished by persons holding official situations, and wh > have no motive in communicating the information beyond the hope of detecting the offenders. It appears that on Sunday night week the cottage of a poor old labour- ing man named Samuel Poppett, residing in a lone place near Priest Weston, in the parish of Clinvchstoke, Mont- gomeryshire, was bioken and entered by two men, who, after packing up every thing of value they could lay their hands upon, deliberately sat down and made a fire, and then asked the poor trembling old man what death he shollld like to die and whether they should bang or burn him? He replied that either would be very hard whereupon they bound his month tip with a handkerchief, and threw him on the fire, one of them kneeling on his body to keep him in the flames. The other wretch, meanwhile, gathered together a lot of old rags, which he placed on the old man's breast and neck, and then set fire to them and the torture became so extreme that the sufferer's senses forsook him, and he became utterly unconscious, in which state lie remained some hours. On recovering, he crawled to the open air, where he was discovered in the morning in a dreadful state, the flesh being completely burnt from his neck and breast to below his ribs, both on the back and forepart of his body, and his whole person converted into a mass of scorched and charred mummy. Yet be still survives, though gradually sinking. The inhuman brutes who committed this merciless cruelty are yet undiscovered; but there are traces of them; and the keen vigilance of the police of two counties, urged on by the common detes'ation of so atrocious a cruelty, will, we trust, enable ns next week to announce that they are in Montgomery gaoljawaiiing their doom.-Shretcsbury Chron.
INSOLVENT DEBTORS.—SOUTHERN CIRCUIT. HUNRY REVELL REYNOLDS, Esq., Commissioner. Herefordshire. Hereford, Friday, June 30. Radnorshire Presteigne, Monday, Jo) v 30. Breconshiie Brecon, Wednesday, July 5. Carmarthenshire.. Carmarthen and Borough, Friday, July 12. Glanwrganshire Swansea, Friday, July 14. Glamorganshire Cardiff, Monday, Jqlv 17. Monmouthshire Monmouth, Wednesday, July 19. LIFE-BOAT.—The subscription for this humane nn- j dertaking has proceeded at Aberystwith with praise-worthy success; being now nearly 1101. subscribed. HAYDN'S CHILDHOOD.—The father of this great man was a wheelwright in a sequestered Austrian village; and ex- ercised, besides, the functions of sexton and organist to the village church. He bad a fine tenor voice, was fond of his organ, and of music in general. On one of those journeys which the artisans of Germany ollen undertake, being at Frankrort-nn-the- Maine, he learned to play a little on the harp; and on holidays. after church, he used to take his instrument while his wife sung. The birth of Joseph did not alter the habits of this peaceful family. The little domestic concerts came round every wcek; and the child, standing before his parents with two pieces of wood in his hands, one of which served him as a violin, and the other as a bow, constantly accompanied by his mother's voice. Haydo, when loaded with years, and wilh glnry, often recalled the simple airs which he had sung—so deep and indelible an im- pression had those first meiodies made on his soul. Our readers attention is directed to the flowing communication (translated from the German) addressed to Messrs. Rowlands' Agent at Cologne — 13, STRAITZ EnGGASSE, COLOGNE, MR. Tn. S. DITOES, MAY 23. 1841. SIR,— I have much pleasure in informing vou of the ex- traordinary effects of" ROWLAND'S MACASSAI; OIL:" for above nine years I had not a particle of hair on my head, when I was casually recommended to give this celebrated Oil a trial. I accordingly purchased two bodies at vour establishment, and strictly lollowed the printed directions: in the course of two months inv head was covered with fine short hair, which I then had cut oft, and continued to persevere iu the use of the Oil. The result is, that after five months' perseverance, I can now boast of as good a head of hair as any man in this city. In justice to the inventors I make this acknowledgment, and shall teel great pleasure in satisfying any enquiry. I salute you with respect. ADAM BAUER, (Sen Advertisement.) gTH ARTILLERY BRIGADE. AN EXCELLENT FAMILY MEDICINE.—NORTON'S CAMO. MILE Pf) LS are confidently recommended as a simple hut certain remelh. to all who suffer from Indigestion, Sick Headach. Bilious and Liver Comptamts; they act as a powerful tonic and gentle aperient, imparting strength to the stomach, and composure to the nervous system. Sold in bottles at Is. 1 Jd. or 2s. 9d. each, by A. W illoughby & Co., late B. G. Windus, 61, Bishopsgate Without, and nearly all medicine venders. FOR GOUT, RHEUMATISM, AND RHEUMATIC GOUT.— SIMCO s GOUT AND RHEUMATIC PILLS are a certain and safe remedy; thev restore tranquillity to the nerves, give tone to the stomach, and strength to the whole system. No other medicine can be compared lo these excellent pills, as they prevent the disorder from attacking the stomach or head, and have restored thousands frum pain and misery, to health and comfort. So'd bv A. Willoughby & Co late B G. Wrindus, 61, Bishopsgate With- out, and nearly all medicine venders, at Is. 1^1. or 2s. 9d. per box. GUANO. — We copy the following account of experiments with Guano, from the Gardeners' Chronicle of the 7th ult.:— Having heard and read so mocb of Guano as a manure, I was, last spring, induced to make a trial of it, and I have found it, ;n manv instances, answer remukably well, as the following testi- monials will show. J. Lowe, Esq., of Brent, tried Guano last year. and had a large crop of barley and oat". He also sowed clover with the barley, which is likewise looking well. Tbis proves it to be a lasting manure, and not like nitrate of soda, 001 f visible jllst after tbe first application. Mr. C. Spear, Colebrorok Farm, near Plymouth, states that he applied Guano mixed with earth, and drilled it in with the seeds of Swedish turnips; but, having used it too strong, a great part of tbe seed was killed, but those which came up were of immense size, and were on the 10th of December very green, when compared with the other part of the field (manured with bone dust), and as heavy per acre. He is, therefore, perfectly satisfied with its superior fertilizing qua- lities. This gentleman fell into the same error as many other of my friends, some of whom drilled in the clear Guano with the seed consequently, it was so powerful, that as soon at tbe seed burst, the vegetative powers were destroyed. We find the best way of applying it is to mix four pounds of Guano with a bushel of ashes or earth. Mr. Shepheard, of Sutton, South Motion, says—" I sowed one hundred poonds of Guano on a piece of land for turnips, in a direct line through the middle of the field, and manured the other part of the field with the best rotten dung I could procure; but the difference in the appearance of the crops was so great that the coantry people, at large, could not help making remarks about it. The part that was manured wilh the Guano could be seen at a great distance." Mr. T. Moore, Kings- bridge, sowed fifty pounds on forty yards of grass land, the reo mainder of the field was dressed with strong rotten compost; bat that sown with Guano was far the best, and the cattle liked tbe herbage much better. It is now as green as the finest meadow. W. Moore, Kingshridge, sowed a small quantity on a lawn for trial; the part sown with Guano was covered with moss, and iookedverybadty. Beforetheotherpartsthatwerenntmanared. required cutting, this portion of the lawn was obliged to be cut twice; the moss was quite killed and Ihe herbage looked very fine. These are facts from highly respectable men, who are well known in the South of Devon. I have found it useful as a liquid manure by mixing four pouuds in about eight gallons of water.— W. E. Rendle, Plymouth.
To the EDITOR of The CAMBRIAN Merlbyr Tydfil, Feb 13th. 1843. SIR,—Thomas Stephens, in his last communication, hat perverted the expression he used, in reply to my indignant de- mand, that he would give publicity to the damning facta," which he basely held in intended terror over me. His real words were, They shall appear before the public," and not" All statements made by me. vou are at liberty (how gracious !) to question the truth of, and you shall be replied to." This, I am prepared to prove by evidence on oath. In conclusion, he thus advances another assertion, "Not having contradicted the truth of my statements, nor attempted to clear away the heaps which he says he labours under, he has left me nothing to reply 10." Now, I refer you, and your readers, to my last letter (Cam. brian, Feu. 4), for the truth or falsehood of this assertion. My words, in that communication, are as follows Your corres- pondent; Thos. Stephens (for which the initials B.C.D. were substitnled), has been allowed an ample scope of accusation, with but little interruption, and none from me, till now; although an extreme violation of truth has characterised his letters." What stronger denial nould I have made ? What more unqualified charge of calumny could I have flung at him? But I did not close my denial here, for I additionally observed, When per- aonal chancter becomes the object of vituperation and defamation, both the traduoer and (he vehicle of his injustice becomes equally responsible to the outraged party. Could YUIl, sir-coulct any other person, in bis ril(ht reason, have mistaken tbe palpaple meaning of sncb words ? Do theJ not convey An unqualified con- fw/ifrfon'tifThe truth of his statements f And does not 1111 retter conclude thus :—" Let every charge be at once brought forward, and I will immediately and finally reply." What heart in its right place would not have responded to this caH ? As a key to T. S.'s attacks on me, I beg to state the following circumstance:—The evening previous to tbe opening of the last Abergavenny Eisteddfod, Mr. Price requested that I would look with him over three essays, that, from their closer competition for the prize, and their different characteristics, had employed his attention much more loan the other compositions on the same subject; but, that he had satisfied his own mind respecting thern. We met, together with Mr. Rees, of Handovery. at the Angel Inn, for that purpose, and remained there till nearly day-break, in examining and deciding their respective merits and we finally awarded, with perfect concurrence, the palm of merit to the essay announced the following day as tbe successful one. It has since fully transpired, that Thomas Stepbens's composition was one of tbe two rejected ones and it is additionally said, that he like- wise failed on wbat has been generally termed the Great Prize; bence, I iufer, the wralb of bis disappointment. At rhe public meeting I mentioned ill my last, I applied the term llyfi'eint (toads) to Mr. Price's viiifiers, having particu- larly in view T. S., whose froth suggested the emblem; but, although aiming his shafts indiscrimiuately at others, from his Cimmerian darkness," his oum sacred name was not to be taken in va:n, even in allusion and he immediately puffed himself up for vengeance; which he, indeed, pretty lavishly spumed out. In this sla^e of his rampancy, he dubs himsplf a gentleman, its I follows:—" My conduct will show, that a llyfFant (a toad), the term applied to B.C.D. at a late publio meeting, by Ab Iolo, possesses more gentlemanly feelings than Prif-fardd D«heudir ever bad, &o." Now, sir, I will cnll out from bis own mouth a few specimens of his gentlemanly feelings," When 'I D. Jones," in his manly reply (in the Guardian, I be- lieve); objected to the comparison that had strangely enough sug- gested iiself to T. S.'s mind (Cambrian, Nov. 19), he was in pretty intelligible terms, pronounced "a fool" for the inference lhal he, wilh many others, thence drew. Soon after, in the same paper, T.S. calls Mr. Price Minos; but this complimentary term haying nnlackily, in typographical error, been Irausformed to Minus; T. S. eagerly oorrects the blunder in his 4th epistle, (Cambrian, Dec. 3) and further illuminates your readers, Mr. Editor, by informing them, that Minos was Pluto's Lord Chief Justice in plain English, that Mr. Price was the Devil's Lord Chief Justice. B.C. D. (Thomas Stephens, druggist, of Merthvr Tydfil), has frequently been called upon to stand forth, and advance his charges umier his proper name, like all honest man but slander and continued defumation were the ollly relurns he made and made, too, as he evidently flattered himself, with impunity, from his cimmerian darkness." But, wbell another person attacks him (under a fictitious signature, I presume, for I have not been aole to procure a sight of the Silurian he alludes to), the case is altered-his gentlemanly feelings" break ont most ferociously, and he denounces tbe writer or some one else as that coward, wbo, not daring publicly to express his convictions, privately stabs an author's fame and maligns his character. See Silurian, Nov. 5. To pass unnoticed, now, numerous olher foul epithets — hrre we have-a fonl; Minos, Pluto's Lord Chief Juslioe-alias the Devil's Lord Chief Justice (lhe truly worthy Mr. Price)—a pri- vate stllbher of an author's fame, and a maligner of character. In his 3d letter (Cambrian, Nov. 19), the following insidious assertion is advanced :—" One instance, in particular, relative to a late Cardiff Eisteddfod, deserves mention here, where a suc- cessful OBllctidale for the chair-prise, Wall, at the same time, tbe corresponding secretary, the identitv of whose handwriting in that capacity, with that of bis poem, afforded Daniel Ddu an op- portunit v, had he been so disposed, to have turned the knowledge thus obtained to the prejudice of other competitors." It is true, he then exculpates both parties from any such motive. I was appointed Welsh Corresponding Secretary to the Committee of that distinguised Eisteddfod, but I corresponded with none of its three worth, Judges during the whole period uf its trallsactiõ>ns, They are stiil alive, and can bear testimony to the truth of assertion. Willi the Honorary Secretaries of thnt Society, I had the pleaMure 01 some interesting corresJlondem:e. Hut I was the successfwl candidate for the chair-prize then, and the insinu- ation is manifest. After quoting my eulogy, as one of the adjudicators, on Iolo s Mynwv's Awdl Arwesl," T. S. (Cambrian, Jan. 28), in his 8th letter, adds the following striclure, as a commentary:—" State- ments are made, upon certainly respectable authority, of eulogIes passed upon composiliolls which had never been read; where the handwriting alone had beelt considered an unequivocal testimony, that they were the best that had ever been or would be written. Again, without intermission, he proceeds: these judges will have 10 thank the forbearance of a slanderer" for not bringing upon them the execrations of a cajoled nation, in not publishing damn- illg fuels, upon authority which scepticism would rlol reject." I leave it lo the heads and hearts 01 yonr readers, sir, 10 appreciate rightly, the character that could first of all nivepubtifity to such flagitious charges, and then crouch in his cimmerian darkness" from the call that demanded his" re<pectable authorities," his "authority which scepticism would not regrel" for them. In his 3d letter (Cambrian, 19th Nov.). he premises his inten- tion to say things strong, severe, and personaland. in good failb, he appears thenceforward quite rampant. At the close of his 8th letter (Cambrian, J,m. 28), he unequivocally sa*s, every sentence has its object, every line its mission. So has the calumny of every tradncer of character so has the bullet of every asssssin in broad-da*. To conclude, sir, Thomas Stephens seems anxious to stifle any denial of his charges, by holding popular vengeanoe ill terror over auy ooe who should presume to advance a single word in favour of the accused. Hear hlm- (Cambrian, 19ili Nov,)—"The man who would so far outrage public feelings as to claim for them the slightest share ot praise, would be with indignation censured, if not branded with infamy, and be pointed at as an enemy to his country." Earnestly en- treating you to insert this in common justice, and also T. S. < evidences and authorities, whenever presented, I engage to pursne this subject no longer in josr columns—a court of justioe will still be open for me. I am, sir, vours obediently, TALIESIN WILLIAMS (AB IOLO.) [ I am, sir, vours obediently, TALIESIN WILLIAMS (AB IOLO.) [ To the.EDITOR of The CAMBRIAN. SIR,-Io one of the late London Newspapers some very sensible advice was given, which I think might be well intro dnced into the Provincial papers, reoommending towns, at thi* time of general want of employment, to undertake some osefll I works for the improvement of their localities, and especially ill what might permanently benefit the poor and the writer noticed that they^ were employing several of the poor of Bolton, in Lan- cashire, in making a tank of great magnitude, for the gratuitous supplv of the place with water. We have a work of underground draining going on in the vicinity of Bridgend, which has nfforded employment to a great many people from the sarroundiug villages, who otherwise would have been ijudlv off. The advantages uf underground draining has long been known, but such works for- merlv nndertaken. were, I believe, comparatively trifling to whir we see in the present dm. in our part of Die country, as far hv I know, it is a novel sigln to see sixty or one hundred men drain- ing on one farm, and a field of twenty HCles of wet Und made drv in a few days which possibly proceeds from persons more gene rally perceiving that the returns from capital may be greater from draining an e,inte. than adding to its acres hv paicha.se; and that we may anticipate that the spiriterl example.of the pro- prietor of Brocastle will be followed. and that draining will be- come a great source of employment to the lil,o,irers of file at, well its be productive of great increase o! produce is Ihe sincere wish of A CONSTANT RFADI-K.
To the EDITOR of The CAMBRIAN. SIR,-A curious Meteoric phenomenon was observed bv mrself and two others, about three P.M. on Snndav last, white ascending the hill between Goitre-hen and Bettws. The appear. ance was that of a luminons body, proceeding apparently from th. regions of the north pole, and moving in a westward direction. I' Its apparent magnitude, at first, observed to be nearly thai of ■: full moon, seemed gradually to diminish, nntil a liitle hefnie reaching Ibe horison it disappeared. Its form for the most par: resembled that of a paper kits. having, like that a tail appended to iI, and following in its course. Its colour was like thai of burning in the twilig-hl, and its apparent velocity was sortle\ less than that ot the common shooting stars. Towards the end of its passage when it was observed through the medium of a thi i cloud, it piesenied the appearance of a piece of ice glistening in the sun. frol being versed in meteorology, I am at a loss LO account for the phenomenon. The apparent motion of the nietem however, being contrary to that of the earth, has suggested iiie idea that it might be (what the shootiifg stars have been latelv supposed to be), a body which our globe had to pass in ibis part of its annual course. But I atlaehno importance to the suggestion, conscious as I am that socti speculations are out of niv proper beat, if not beyond my powers. Others, it is probable, among your numerous readers, have observed the phenomenon which i have attempted to describe and observed il from different points of view. Should any of them, through the medium of vour paper, favour me with an explanation of the natural causes of what has so puzzled me, they will oblige, Sir, „ Yours, truly, Bridgend, Feb. 14, IS43. HYLAS.
To the EDITOR of The CAMBRIA N. I^br'g to inform your Correspondent, A Country Resident, that the Meteorological Observations are not fur- nished to the Royal Institution for the "exclusive use of the Council," but for the use of all persons who visit that Institu- tion, and take an interest in such a subject. Had there been a periodical published at Swansea, which made scientific information its principal object, the recomptnee A Country Resident" so courteously mmtions, would have been more tban sufficient lor me lo ba»e contributed to lhat publication lb» Astronomical and Meteorological Phenomena which I am in fhe habit of observing and it would give me pleasure to supplv the Cambrian with such Observations, if space could be afforded for the insertion. The hope of obtaining a knowledge of the laws by which the earth's atmosphere is influenced, is based upon tfie publication of multiplied observations, taken at various places, remote from each other-a peculiarity which belongs to Meteor- ology. It is to be regretted that the knowledge already obtained is not employed by the authorities connected with onr Maritime Ports, fur the protection of shipping. Two hurricanes, ol re- cent date, have occurred on our coasts, burling in their pro- gress destruction to ships and crews, who had ieft harbours of safety hours after the approach of the tempest was indicated by Meteorological instruments to observers. Much property and life would have been saved, had such itt- slruments been attached to the various Lighthouses, or to the spots were pilots usually meet or the appearance communicated by signal, as time is communicated to the shipping in the Thames from Greenwich Observatory. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, 50, Wind-street, Swansea, JNO. JTNKINS. 13th Feb., 1843. 1.
SWANSEA INFIHMAKV.—Abstract of the House Siirgem a Report to the Weekly Board, from the 7th to the 13th of Feb., 1843, inclusive: — 5 Remained by last Report 21 Admitted since .» 3—21 Patients. Discharged, Cured and Relieved I l Remaining -23 Remained by last Report 189 Out-door J Admitted since 28—217 Patients. Discharged, Cured and Relieved to Patients. Discharged, Cured and Relieved £ 0 V Remaining —197 Medical Officers for tin Week:— Physician, Dr. Howell; Snrgeon, Mr. Rowland. Committee:—W. R Grove, Esq., Chairman; L. LI. Dillwvn, h-,q- Vice-Chairman; Messrs. H. Bath, jun., Geo. Roils, and O. G. Williams. .õ.
BIRTHS. On the 14th inst., at Bryn, near Swaasea, tn. lady of R. U. Thomas, E-q., of a daughter. On the 12th inst., at Llanelly House, the lady of William Chambers, Esq., jun., of a son. On the 5th msiant, the lady of T. C. Morris, Esq., Spilma»- ttreet. Carmarthen, of a daughter. On the 4th instant, at Abercerv, Carmarthenshire, file lady of Thomas Davies, Esq., of a daughter. MAIKMSD< On the 9th instant, at St. John's Church, Cardiff, Mr. James Wait, of the National Provincial Bank of England, lo Mrs.Cro«- combe, daughter of the late Captain Harris, of Milford. On the 9tb instant, at Ffynnnnbedr, Trelech, by the Rev f. Williams, Bethlem, the Rev. E. Jones, Officiating Minister of the above Chapel, to idiss Ann Williams, youngest daughter of Mr. John Williams, of Warwenallt, in the parish of Mydrim, Carmarthenshire. OISB. On the lith inst., at Wellfiefd, ilt ;-he rale of Neath, wtiversallv, lamented, Mary, the beloved wife of Mr. John Thomas. In the pride of age, she was suddenly torn away from an afflicted bus- band and beloved children but it can be traly said, that she had placed her hopes in a merciful Redeemer. On ihe 11th inst., aged 17, after a lingering illness, Isabella, Ihe beloved daughter of Mr. Evan Evans, High-street Brewor*, Neath. She is deeply regretted and lamented by her family and numerous acquaintances. On the 7th inst., at Carmarthen, nged 93 vears, Mary Lodwick -having been a member of the Calvinistic Methodist Society upwards of 70 years. On the 8th inst., very suddenly, at his residence, Penvcoad, Carmarthenshire, John Daries, Esq., aged 26. On the 9th inst., in the 38th year of his age, Mr. David Thomas, late landlord of the Old Ivv Bush, Carmarthen. He has lefl a wife and family of seven children to lament his loss. On tlif 7th inst., at Fishguard, Anne, daughter of Mr. Peter Davies, lute of tlie C&stle Hotel, Fishguard. At Aberystwith, on the 7th inst., aged 27, 11, Hamphrers, wife of Mr. John Humphreys. On the 3d instant, at Troedyrhiw, CHrmartkershire, in the 18th year of her age, to the great grief of her sorrowing psrems and relatives, Elizabeth, the eldest surviving daughter of the Rev. T. Edwards, Rector of Llangeitbo. Her short oareer in this world was exemplary, and her end was serenity and peace. On the 28ih ult., at Velindre-uchaf, in the parish of Llanfyr- nach, in the connly of Pembroke, in the 94th year of her age, Mrs. Owens, relict of the late Mr. Owens, of Glegue, in Ùle parish of Clydev, in the above county, deeply lamented by a large circle of friends and relatives. On the 7th instant, aged 53, Jane, the beloved wife of Mr. John Thomas, statuary and builder, Berkley-place, Brecon, On the march from Peshawar, in No. ember last, Lieutenant Frere, of the 13lh Regiment (Sir Robert Sa'e's), son of Edward Frere, Esq., formerly of theClydach Iron Works, Llanelly, near Abergavenny. On the 5th inst., at Dodington, Glollceslersbire, after a short illness, Sir Christopher Bethel Codringtou, Bart.
SHIP MWS. SWANSEA,—(loasters Entered Inwards, the Rose, Jonta; and Moria, Francies, IroOl Hii-lol; John and Catherine* Kusier, from Liverpool; filosiom, Rreri, from Millebead. rrudeiite, bdwards, from Bridgewater; aad Surah, Crocker, from (710.. cester, wilh snndries; John and Ann, Lake, from Ilfracombe; Union Packet, Hawkes; an<t Friends, Cobley, troni Watchet, with floor; Rebecra, Eisierway, from llfiacnmbe, wilh sheep; £ jioma» and Sarah, Hiscux, from Newpmt, with iron James and Sarah, Williams, from Port Talbot; and M, Pickard, from Harlland, with copper Resolution, 100IIe.; Blanche, Howell; Hannah, Jones; and Philip, Evans, iron) Liverpool; Standard, Harries; Lerrin, Stephens; Emerald, Hanson I and Charlotte and Ann, Pearn, from Fowew; Ageuoria, Larker, from Dublin; Winsworth, Waters, from Looe; and Confidence, Evans, from Falmouth. with copper ore, and 11 more in ballast. Coisters Entered Outwards, the Maria, Perry; and Atalanter, Owens, for Neall), with uraiu (joiner, Evans, for Liverpool, with tin Ruby, SheaN. Dinas, Rees, James and Sarah, Williams; and Ann, Phillips, for Neaib Margaret, Connor and Bee, Wiley, for Llanelly, with copper ore IJ with coal and 5in ballast. Foreign Entered Outwards the Singleton, Lewis, for Antwerp, wifb copper; and Ellen Simpson, Leask, for Cuba, in ballast. PURf TALBOT.Sailed, the Kirhmond, Foley; Ocean, Hopkins; Osprey,tn)(s; Wm. Peai u, Rober'.s«n Heed, Hendi y Ibex, Davies; St. Pierre, Jones Queen Victoria, Sntton Cordelia, Vejsey; Hero, Loverinj; Ataiy Anne, Rees; Sophia, Copple^irh Pacific, George City 01 Exeter, Cawley; Ipy, Gweeg; and John, Teazles, for different place.. PORTHCAWL.—Arrived, the Fame, Nicholls, from Nelth; & Elizabeth, Prewett, from Bristol, with sundries Jane, Nomse, from Gloucester, wilh castings; Ann & Elizabeth, Jones, from Chester, with blackjack; Margam Packet, Rudge William Penn, Robinson anil Ibex, Davies, from Port Provideuce, Bush n and Anu, Busben, from Mine- beail, in ballant. Sailed, the Morning Sir, Thomas, for Liverpool; Cardiff Packet, Barrell; and Margam Packet, Ru.tge, for Cardiff, wilh iron; Two Brothers, Peter", for Waterford Fame, Nicbolls, for Cardiff; Elizabeth, E Iwar'ts. for Aberystwith Providence, Boshen and Aun, Butbeu, for Minehcad, wilb foal. MILFORD.—Arrived, the King of the Forest, Beynon, from London and Amelia, Jay, trorn Newport, for Liverpool; Sarah, Carlwallader, from Chepstow al,,1 Salacia, James, from Llanelly, for Dublin Ann, ( y White, Irom London, for Whitdlaven; Pilut, Lllçhtly, from Bristol, for Carnarvon; Louisa, Evan*, from Fi,hguard, for Porthcawl; & Charlotte. Garret, from Liverpool, for Milford. Sailed, the Mary Kelly, Beane; and Betsey and Martha, Jones, for Swansea Cyrus, Warren, for Dnblin Charlotte, Thomas, for Cardiff; Swallow, Poole & Dasher, Dfinkwater, for Liverpool; Belsey, Barrow; and Eleanor, Roberts, for Bristol; Christie Jare, Clay, for Bridge* ater Alice, Roberts, for Gloucester and Margaret, Williams, lor Newport LLANELLY.—Arrived, the E'nity,Thomas: and Hercules, (s.) Barrett, from Bristol, with sundries; Ranger, Griffith, from Waterford, with floor; Ann and Mary, Davey, from Water lor.], with wheat; Henry, Llewellyn; fiiacilla Eliz*, Jones; and Ocean Queen, Thomas, from Liverpool Welcome, Griffiths; and Margaret, Counor, from Swansea, with copper ore and 9 in ballast. Suite I, the Alice, Thomas, lor Chester; Govverian, Marker; and Hercules, (sj Barrett, for Bristol, with sundries; aud about IS more, in ballasi. BKISTOL.—Coasters Entered Outwards, the Rose, Jones; & Phoenix, Lodge, for Swansea; Neath Caslle, Davies, for Neath; and Britannia, Phillips, for Carmarthen. n.n_ .nn_
COUNTRY MARKETS. SWANSFA.—Whest, 6s. lOd. to 7s. 8d.; Bariey, 2s. 6d. to 3s. 0d.; Oats,2s. Od. to2s (id. per Imperial Bnshel. Beef,4d. to 6d. Veal, 6.1.10 7d. Mutton, 4jd. to 6d. Limb, 0d. to Od. Pork, 4d. 1115<1. per lb. Salt Butter, 8Jd. to 8id. per lb.; Cheese, 3 to 4d. per lb. CARDIFF.—Wheat,21.5s. 7|d.; Barley .11. 4s. ld. Oats, 158. • Beans, 21. Is. per qr. CARDIGAN.—Wheat, 5s. 9d. to 6s.3d., Barley, 2s. 6d. to 3s., and Oats, Is. 3d. to is. 6d. per bushel; lieef, 2^d. to 4 £ d.; Mutton. 3id. to 4 £ d.. Veal, 3 £ d. to 4d., and Pork, 3d. per lb. Geese, each, Is. 3d. to 2s.; Docks. per couple, Is. 6d. to 2s., Fowls, per couple, It.toXa.; Eggs, se.en for 3d.; Potatoes, per bushel, lOd, to Is. CARMARTHKN,—Average Prices.—Wheat, 5s.lOM.; Barley, 2s. 8d.; Oatt. Is. 54d. per Imperial Bushel. Cask Batter, 7d. to Od.; Cheese, 2id. to 3d. per lb.