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MISCELLANEOUS. COMMERCE AND TRADK.—Little improvement is visible in the manufacturing districts. At Manchester there has been a considerable extent of business transacted, both in goods and yarn, but at the same low prices as before. The last appears to furnish the best demand. The inquiries for long cloths have been considerable, and the calico printers are more busy. The state of prices, and the fear of further decline, under even this aspect of things, by no means yield consolatory reflections. As to the prospect for the future, much will depend upon the coming harvest. The Liverpool cotton sales have been fair in amount at steady prices. The total sales for last week were 28,000 bales. The woollen trade remains much the same as our last week's report stated, the lowness of prices defeating the effect of any in- crease of orders. The London trade during the week offers little worthy of notice. The tea deliveries, last week, reached 446,453|bs. The accounts brought by the Great Western slate, that trade is exceedingly dull in America; but that this is in some degree ascribable to the langour of the hot season. Money was abundant, and interest at six per cent. The Americans had made honourable provision to pay the foreign dividends on their stock, and a large amount of ex- change had been remitted by the Great Western for the purpose. CANADA GOVERNMENT BILL.—The amendment on the Canadas union bill, brought forward by the Duke of Wellington, and assented to by Lord Melbonre, is repre- sented in all the newspapers as delaying the union of the provinces for fifteen months; whereas the amendment is merely to give the governor-general the power of proclaim- ing the union at any period within fifteen, instead of within six months. Lord Melbourne, therefore, in assenting to this, gave up nothing; for the governor-general may proclaim the union, if he sees fit, the day he receives the act. To delay it beyond six months would necessitate his calling to- gether another assembly in Upper Canada, which would be very objectionable; the more so, as the time—four years— of the last assembly has expired, and such postponement would involve all the excitement of another election in the Upper Province, which might proceed with local matters of legislation not in conformity with the interests of the United Provinces. Ministers could never have allowed such a clause to be inserted in the bill.—Morning Chronicle. NATIONAL EDUCATION.—The Committee of Council on Education resolved on Wednesday that a report'be pre- sented to her Majesty in Council, embodying the following recommendations: — 1. That before any person is recommended to the Queen in Council to be appointed to inspect schools receiving aid from the public, the promoters of which state themselves to be in connexion with the National Society or the Church of England, the Arch- bishops of Canterbury and York be consulted by the Committee of Privy Council, each with regard to his own province; and that they be at liberty to suggest an* person or persons for the office ot Inspector, and that no person be appointed without their con- currence.—2. That the Inspectors of such Schools shall be ap- pointed during pleasure, and that it shall be in the power of each at all times, with regard to his own province, to with- draw his concurrence in such appointment, whereupon the au- thority of the Inspector shall cease and a fresh appointment take place. 3. That the instructions to the Inspectors with regard to religious instruction, shall be framed by the Archbishops, and form part of the general instructions to the Inspectors of such schools, and that the general instructions shall he communicated to the Archbishop before they are finally sanctioned. That each Inspector, at the same time that he presents any report relating to the said schools to the Committee of the Privy Council, shall transmit a duplicate thereof to the Archbishop, and shall also send a copy to the Bishop of the Diocese in which the school is situate for his information —4. That the grants of money be in proportion to the number of children educated and the amount of money raised by private contribution, with the power of making exceptions in certain cases, the grounds of which will be stated in the annual returns to Parliament." In reply to a communication on the same subject from the Secretary to the Education Committee of the General As- sembly of the Church of Scotland, their Lordships have stated that inst ructions formed on the same principles as the above, but modified so as to render them applicable to any peculiar circumstances in Scotland, will be issued to the Inspectors for that country. TRANQUILLITY OF IRELAND.—The progress of the judges at the assizes is signalized everywhere by their con- gratulations to the grand juries upon the extreme lightness of the calendars. In Clare, which, some years ago, bad been in a state of insurrection, Judge Ball thus addressed the grand jury:—" My task is one of a very satisfactory description. On referring to the calendar, I perceive that the aggregate number there set down is 34. On examin- ing it more minutely yon will be surprised to hear that, out of those, nineteen might have been disposed of at the quarter sessions; many of them are of a description that do not warrant their being sent to the assizes, such as stealing asses, sheep, and larcenies of that description." His Lordship thus concluded Had a proper course beeu pursued, I would have had to congratulate you on having only fifteen cases for trial." There are but 65 prisoners for trial at Clonmel assizes, including minor offences. The usual number was nearly 200. In the calendar for the city of Waterford, it is stated, "Prisoners for trial, 0! THE GENERAL SHIP-OWNERS' SOCIETY.—The annual meeting of subscribers was held at the London Tavern a few dags ago, to hear the report for the year 1839-40, and tran- sact other important business. George F. Young, Esq., having been called to the chair, the report was read. From that document and the speeches that followed, it appeared that the committee of the society complained that no bill had been brought forward by the Government to reform the Pilotage Act. They regretted an unsuccessful application to the Warden of the Cinque Ports for a reduction of the rates of pilotage on vessels towed by steam into harbour. They complained ot unequal duties upon colonial, foreign, and Btitish timber, existing to the injury of the British merchant and colonist, and also that French vessels laden with sugar from the Isle of Bourboji were permitted to trade at the Cape of Good Hope, while English ships were not allowed by the French to load or unload in the Isle of Bonrbnn. Other complaints of the unfair restrictions upon British shipowners and colonial trade were made. The Stade duties imposed on English shipping by the Govern- ment of Hanover was another matter of complaint, as was also the unfair advantages possessed by the Powers of the Baltic, more particularly by Prussia, The committee and the speakers both allowed the continuance of great activity in maritime commerce, urging at the same time the ne- cessity of more national vigilance. DISCOVERY OF THE ANTARCTIC CONTINENT.—An in- teresting, rather than an important geographical discovery, has this year been made in the Southern Antarctic Ocean, of an island or continent with a coast of about 1,700 miles from east to west, but situated so far to the south as 64 to 65 deg.; it will be unavailable for tillage or settlement, though highly useful for seal and whale fishing. The most singular coincidence is, that it was discovered by the French and Americans on the same day, January 19, 1840, at the distance of 720 miles from each other. By reference to the map, it will be seen the above discoveries are in the longi- tude of New South Wales, and a continuation most pio- bably of the same continent; for a series of large islands was discovered in 1830 by Mr. John Briscoe, of the navy, who, when commanding the brig Tula, on a sealing voyage, fell ill with the lacd in lat. 67. long. 50 (that of the Mauritius) and coasted it for 300 miles. He was also driven off by severe weather and icebergs-Sydney Herald. THE EAST INDIA COMPANY—We understand that the chairman and other members of the court of directors of the East India Company will visit Lancashire in the course of the present week, for the purpose of witnessing a number of experiments in the cleaning and preparing of cotton wool. We a e informed that the intention of the company is to take immediate steps for extending the culti. vation of cotton in the East Indies, and for bringing it to the English market in good condition, after having been thoroughly cleaned by the best machines. The object of the chairman and directors in visiting Lancashire, is to as. certain what kind of machine wilLdo it most thoroughly. We hope that this is the evidence of a new spirit in that powerful body. POSTAGE REDUCED TO THREE FARTHINGS.—The postage covers are now to be had for 9d. per dozen. This has been effected by the novel plan adopted by some of our enterprising publishing booksellers, of using the post-office penny covers as a medium forissuing general advertisements, as well as notices of publications connected with the trade. The profit on the advertisements, together with the advan- tage of an increased publicity to the bocks issued by the publisher, afford an adequate compensation to the vender. In this way the public are gainers to the extent of 25 per cent. on the government price of the stamps. The plan has been as yet only partially tried, but in the event of its more general adoption—a result which seems all but certain—a gratuitous circulation of the penny postage covers may reasonably be anticipated as the effect of increased com- petition. The penny postage scheme of Rowland Hill will thus be turned into an universal free postage I —Caledonian Mercury. THE LATE LORD DUDLEY.—Though an only son, yet from infancy he never knew the happiness of domestic life, having been, at the early age of six months, placed by his rather whimsical parents in a separate house and establish- ment, where they occasionally visited him but liis educa- tion was entirely superintended by a succesion of nursery govefnesses and tutors, and he always declared that his only experience of a happy home was when placed at last under the roof of Professor Dugald Stewart, at Edinburgh. His life of early solitude engendered those peculiar habits which occasionally clouded the lustre of his shining abilities, and, among other strange customs, he acquired so uncon- querable a habit of thinking aloud, that his intimate friends used to say, in allusion to his two titles, that Dudley was speaking to Ward." The ludicrous effect produced by these public meditations during his Majesty's cabinet councils became a principal cause of his retirement from office. On one occasion, when a gentleman took him home in his carriage, to avoid a shower of rain, he conversed diligently with himself during their progress, saying, I suppose he will expect me to ask him to dinner! I'm afraid it must be done." His companion being fond of a jest, instantly commenced an accompaniment, muttering to himself quite audibly, If he asks me to dinner, I shall certainly not go!" Upon hearing this, Lord Dudley laughed heartily, made an t apology, and insisted on the invitation being both given and I accepted. IMPORTANT DISCOVERY.—Mr. John Wimbridge, of Presteign, has discovered a chemical process, by means of which steel may be so hardened as to cut glass more easily than the diamond. SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION.—Mr. Marsh, chemist, connected with the Royal Arsenal, recently discovered that it is all invariable rule with iron which has lemained for a considerable lime under water, when reduced to small grains or to an impalpable powder, to become red-hot and ignite any object with which it may come in contact. This he ex- perienced by scraping some corroded metal from a gun, which ignited the paper containing iI, and burnt a hole in his pocket. The knowledge of this fact may be useful in accounting for spontaneous fires, the origin of which bas never been traced. USE OF OPIATES.—There is not another county where narcotics are so much used as in that of Lincoln. It has been calculated by one who has turned his attention to the magnitude of this growing evil for many years, that in the south of Lincolnshire (i. e. in the fenny parts) every second customer who enters the shop of a druggist is a pur. chaser of opium, laudanum, Godfrey's mixture, or ether; and every third customer who enters that of the grocer fetches away tobacco. The use of opium and laudanum is much on the increase, but not, as stated in the newspaper press, in proportion to the spread of teetotalism; on the contrary, it will |»e invariably found that all opium or Ian* danum takers are beer or gin diinkers, while teetotallers are bound by the principles of abstinence societies to abstain from every intoxicating agent. The practice of opium- taking is not confined to the aged and infirm.—Lincoln Gaz. NEW DUTIES.—According to papers published by the order of the House of Commons, the general duty on Coffee is to be reduced from Is. 3d. to 10±d., and that on coffee grown in any British possession from 6< to5d., while the duty on coffee merely imported from British ports within the limits of the East India Company's Charter remains at 9rf. We apprehend that the intention and effect of this alteration will be to cause the coffee of Brazils and other foreign countries to be imported directly into this country wiihou; being sent first to the Cape of Good Hope, and at the same time to ensure to coffee grown in British possessions its present protecting duties. CONSUMPTION OF ARDENT SPIRITS.—The quantity of ardent spirits consumed in Great Britain last year was 29 millions of gallons, which is more than a gallon per head, including man, woman, and child, of both sexes the popu- lation, it is thought, not being 21 millions. LIBEL BY A CLERGYMAN.—A legal friend informs us that there is at present a very interesting case in the court of Session. A Clergyman in the course of addressing his congregation, alluded to a published work, the author of which he denounced as "an infidel scoundrel." The author has brought an actiou of damages, and great interest is excited as to the law of the case—whether the clergyman's is a case of privilege.—Ayr Advertiser. RAILWAY TAXATION.—The duty on Railway passen- gers in 1840, up to the time the Committee of the Commons made its Report, was 72,716Z., of which 53,0002. was received from the Grand Junction, Great Western, Liverpool and Manchester, London and Birmingham, and the London and Southampton.—Railway limes. A RUNAWAY RAILWAY ENGINE.— On Saturday last, through the negligence of the engineer, an engine left under the care of a boy at Masboroug, escaped from the station there, making the best of its way, at the rate of about a mile per minute, to Sheffield. The boy leaped off when he saw the engine moving. Considerable damage was done at Sheffield through the violence of Ihe impetus with which the engine rushed upon the station and buildings, and notwith. standing every attempt to stop its progress, the damage will not be repaired for much less than 250L The damage would have been greater had not an old man thrown something upon the rails, and upset the engine. EXTENSIVE ROBBEIly.-l,OOOl. REWARD—On Wed- nesday morning information was given at the Mansion-house and metropolitan police-stations of the following felony :—■ It appears that foreign bonds and securities, that is to say, 11,0001. Danish Bonds, 21,000i, Brazilian Bonds, and 100,000 guilders, Dutch Five per Cent Bonds, and which amount together in value to about 40,0001., were recently stolen from a foreign house, and were traced to the posses- sion of Robert Brine, formerly carrying on business under the firm or style of Robert Brine and Co., wine-merchants, 21, Pudding-lane, Monument-yard; and having absconded, being charged with feloniously receiving the said bonds, knowing them to be stolen, the above reward of 1,0001. has been offered for his apprehension and the recovery of the securities. It is supposed that his wife and three children have accompanied him in his flight. ARISTOCRATIC OUTRAGE AT HOUXSLOW.—At an early hour on the morning of Monday last, or rather at a late hour on the night of Sunday, the town of Hounslow was frightened from its propriety by the freaks of a party of" fashionables" who had passed through tbe town in a "splendid foiir-in- hand" in the course of the afternoon of the previous day. It appears that, on their return, these "scions of noble houses" drew up at the outside of the George Inn, and, whilst their horses were being refreshed, alighted from their vehicle, and amused themselves by breaking, with stones, the windows of the neighbouring houses. They then com- menced pulling down the poles in front of the barbers' shops near at hand, and wrenching the knockers off the doors, and that belonging to the door of Mr. Friburg, a respectable baker in the town, they threw, with great violence, through a window of the house, and it fell on the pillow of Mrs. Friburg, close to her head Mr. Fribnrg instantly jumped out of bed, and, raising the window, called for the police, when the whole party mounted their drag," and drove off at full gallop towards town, before the police could muster in sufficient numbers to prevent their departure. THE LATE MYSTEKIOUS ROBBERY AT BATH.—At the Bath sessions, on Saturday week, William Douglas and Eliza- beth Barrett were charged with stealing 526 sovereigns from the dwelling-house of Mr. Windsor, professor of music, in Park-street, Bath. The trial created the greatest interest, and lasted ten hours; the court the whole of the time was crowded to suffocation. It may be remembered by' our readers that in the month of May last, on Suuday, the 10tb, during the time Mr. Windsor's family were at church (ac- cording to the statement of the female prisoner), a tall gentle- manly man called at the house of Mr. Windsor, and, asking if the family were at home, he said he was the gentleman Mr. Windsor expected from Liverpool, when he was shown into the drawing-room, to remain there till Mr. Windsor returned from church. Barrett stated he asked her for a glass of ale, but on her telling him she had not the key, she brought him, agreeable to his request, a glass of water. She said she had a good opportunity of noticing him he was a handsome man, remarkably well dressed, and had three rings on his right hand. She left him in the drawing-room, and never saw him more. On the return of her master from church, he was in- formed that there was a gentleman waiting to see him, and on his going to the dining-room he found no person there; on the table however, was a glass of water and an open fin cash box, the lock of which had been forced. In the box was 127l, in notes. Mrs. Windsor, who was from home at this time, was immediately sent for, when on her arrival she said, independent of the notes, there was 526 sovereigns in the box, and which had been stolen. She had been saving the money up for a long period, unknown either to her husband or fa- mily she kept the box in a well, out of sight, at the top of the bureau. There were sixteen witnesses called for the pro- secution, but they were totally unable to bring the case honae to the prisoners. The evidence was very weak, and all cir- cumstantial. The female prisoner lived in the service of Mrs. Windsor, as cook, and Douglas was her sweetheart, and was in the habit of continually coming to-the house, and was stated to have been there on the morning of the robbery. After half an hour's deliberation, the jury returned a verdict of not guilty. The Learned Recorder, Mr. Jardine, said there was a good deal of doubt and mystery in the case, and the verdict was a very proper one." Not the slightest new light was thrown on the case by any of the witnesses, and the rob- bery remains as great a mystery as ever. OUTRAGE ON A LADY.—On Saturday afternoon, Mrs. Harris, a lady who resides with her husband, a gentleman of fortune, and keeping a large establishment at the top of the hill at the entrance of the town of Elstree, the mother of eleven children, and it is understood at the present moment again enceinte, while walking along the high road in the vicinity of her residence, found herself suddenly in the midst of a horde of Irish labourers, who importuned her for alms, which she declined giving them, having only half a sovereign in her purse. Having freed herself from them, and proceeded a short distance along the road, she, from the excitement she laboured under, being of a nervous temperament, swooned away,in which state she was found by a tradesman who was driviug that way in his cart, who jumped out to her assist- ance, and 06 her reviving offered his services to see her to her residence. Mrs. Harris, however, unfortunately declined his offer, and proceeded on her way; but the individual be- fore mentioned missing her from the road, went to the house of a gentleman named Carter, near the spot, and informed the servants of the state in which lie bad found Mrs. Harris, and of his having suddenly lost sight of her, requesting them to see after her. One of the servants accordingly went in search of her, and on proceeding into a plantation at the side of the road, he observed at a short distance the unfortunate lady lying extended on her back with her clothes disturbed, and a ruffian in a situation which conveyed strong suspicions as to his intentions. On seeing the servant approaching, the fellow ran away and effected his escape. On reaching Mrs. Harris, she was found to be in a state of insensibility, and assistance being procured, she was carried to the house of Mr. Carter, and from thence conveyed in her own carriage to the residence of her husband, where she received every medical attention her distressing state demanded, but during the night and on Sunday and Monday she laboured under continued fits of fainting and hysterics. All that could be elicited from her during the intervals of composure was, that while passing through the plantation, she was accosted by her assailant, who stopped her and threw her down that she offered him her purse containing the half-sovereign be- fore mentioned, which he robbed her of, and, falling into a 1 swoon, what further occurred she had no recollection of. In- formation of the outrage having been communicated to a ma- gistrate residing at Elstree, with a description of the feliow, as far as it could be obtained from Mrs. Harris, instructions were given to the poiice to use their utmost energy in ap. prehending the villain. In the course of Sunday, by dint of great exertions, they ascertained that a dissolute character named John Beaumont had on Saturday night been seen with a purse in his possession, answering the description of that stolen from Mrs. Harris, and in the course of the same night they succeeded in lodging him in safe custody. On Monday the ruffian, who is about 27 or 28 years of age, was conveyed for examination before Mr. Phillimore and Major Abbs, of Pinner Hall, at the residence of the former gentleman, when he was identified by Mr. Carter's servant as the individual assaulting Mrs. Harris at the moment she was discovered. Mrs. Harris was ill too dangerous a state to be present, aud in the absence of her testimony and -direct evidence as to what had become of the pnrse and half-sovereign, the greater charge fell to the ground. They fined the fellow in the full penalty of 5i. for the common assault upon Mrs. Harris, and in default of payment committed him to the house of correc- tion for two months. THE WOODEN PAVEMENT.—A day or two since, Smith was holding forth at great length to Jones, on the mamtold excellencies of the wooden pavement. "Capital thing, Jones; excellent thing; what a pity that all the parishes don't adopt it!" True," replied Jones, and so easily effected too. A wooden pavement! why, if only some of the parish authorities would but lay their heads together, all London might be covered with it." A COOL CHARGE.—I once gave admission to a gen- tleman for himself and family, and having some legal busi- ness to transact for me, he came behind the scenes for a few minutes between the play and farce, to speak to me and then returned to his party. When his bill of costs was, some time after, sent in, one of the items ran thus: To attending yon in your room at the theatre, 6s. 8d." (the night be and his household entered free); but then, as Dr. Johnson said in reply to an inquiry as to who such a gentleman was, I am afraid he is an attorney. Bunn's "Stage." PRRStAN WIT. Many owners of gardens near cities in Caboul are accustomed to charge a certain sum to visitors, who are allowed to enter and eat fruit at discretion. The Peistans, who must invent a joke upon everything de- clare that, at Caboul, the eaters of fruit are weighed on entering and on coming out of the gardens, and are charged for the difference; and they tell how that a certain wag put stones in his pocket, which he threw awav in the gardens, so that, when he had eaten his fill off fruit and was weighed on coming out, he v*as found lighter than when he h d -one in; a problem which long puzzled the wise men of" tbe cily of one hundred thousand gardens. "-Conolly's Journey to India. A ROYAL RtVAL IN T k.4 DE.-Charles V., going to see the new cloister of the Dominicans at Vienna overtook a peasant who was carrying a sucking-pig, and whose cries were so disagreeable to the emperor, that, after many ex- pressions of impatience, he said to the peasant, My friend, do yon know how to silence a sucking-pig?" The poor man said modestly," that he realy did not, and should be happy to learn. "Take it by the tail," said the emperor. The peasant, finding this succeed upon trial, turned to the emperor and said, "Faith, friend, you must have been longer at the trade than me, for yon understand it better!" -an answer which furnished repented laughter to Charlei and his court. LrrERAKYCoRREsPONDENCE.Mr.Thompson'scora- plunents to Mr. Buggins, and requests he will in future pre- vent his piggs from trespassing on his gronnds."—" Mr. Buggins's compliments to Mr Thompson, and requests that in future he will not spell pigs with two gees. Mr. Thomp- son begs to request that Mr, Buggins will add the letter e to the last word in his note just recei, ed, so as to represent Mr. Huggins's wife and family. Mr. Bnggina returns Mr. Thompson's note unopened. The impertinence it contains is only equalled by its vulgarity."—American paper.

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