W. BURGESS, BOOT AND SHOEMAKER, Late of 66, Wind-street, T> ESPECTFULLY informs his Friends and the Public of Swansea and its vicinity, that he has REMOVED HIS BUSINESS to 31, CASTLE-STREET, next door to the Chapel, and has for Sale a most extensive assortment of BOOTS and SHOES, of the best qnality, at considerably reduced prices. The following Goods made to order, of the first quality and workmanship: s. d. f. s. d. Ladies best Boots, from 4 0 to 0 6 6 Ditto Slippers, from 2 OtoO 4 6 Dilto Red and Satin, from 4 6 to 0 6 0 Gentlemen's Wellington, best, at 1 0 0 Ditto Clarence, ditto, at. 0 13 0 Dillo Cossack, ditto, at 0 10 6 Ditto W alkin;; Shoes, ditto, from 7 6 to 0 8 6 Ditto Dress Pumps, ditto, from 6 0 to 0 7 6
SWANSEA, FRIDAY, JUNE 1. — — 53" Several favours are unavoidably deferred till our next.
ON the subject of Negro Slavery, which has of late oc- cupied much of the attention both of Parliament and the country, we have seldom troubled our readers with any lengthened remarks; in the first place, because it is a question of so much difficulty, that we are in danger of advocating many errors whichever side we adopt; and secondly, because, how great soever may be i ts importance, it is of inferior moment to the great question of Reform, in which both it and every other question are included. However, as the Government has been engaged in an ardent struggle with the immediate abolitionists—have been defeated in one division, and only at length rescued by the co-operation of the Tories, we, as general support- ers of Government, may be permitted a few straight- forward and honest observations. The principal argu- ment in favour of continuing the Apprenticeship System until it expires legally, that is, as long as they possibly can, is simply tltis-" Parliament has sanctioned it, and to do otherwise would be breaking faith with the planters." This was mantained by Mr. BARRON, a thick and thin supporter of Ministers, who said that no contract more solemn had ever been formed by any legislature; and he felt it to be an ardent duty to enter his protest against the House entering again into the consideration of a question which was long gince decided. He must look upon any in- fraction of that contract as a gross breach of faith." By this line of argument every thing which happens at any time to obtain the sanction of the legislature, must be con- sidered as decided. Once law, it must be law for ever which is a strange notion to proceed from the lips of a man who calls himself a Reformer. On this subject we have the good fortune to agree with an Honorable Member with whom. it is probable, we never agreed before-we mean Mr. Sergeant JACKSON. With respect," he said, to an observation of the Honourable Gentleman who spoke last (if he understood him), that there had been a solemn compact on this subject, and that it was a knavish act, and even more, a robbery, to violate it, he would re- mark that the Honourable Gentleman (if he understood him !) proposed to violate it, and to commit his robbery, for he said that if the masters of the apprentices did not alter their demeanour towards them, he would be the first man to vote for the robbery From which it is clear that Sergeant JACKSON anticipates no alteration of demeanour on the part of the slave scourgers of the West Indies, which, in reality, after the long experience we have had of their conduct, would be absurd. Besides, Mr. BARRON'S remark supposes that he will at all times enjoy the op- portunity of registering his vote against the refractory planters, which possibly may not be the case. On the subject of the solemn compact, &c., Mr. JACKSON ob- served that this could not be a proper subject of compact; human misery and suffering, slavery under any shape or form, could never be the subject of compact between any contracting parties." But this was followed by a home thrust, which, though directed against Mr. BARRON, may wound the whole party of anti-abolitionists. The Hon. Member had admitted that the conduct of the masters was a VIOLATION of the principle of the compact; then, if they had not fulfilled their stipulations, what right had they to call on the other side to fulfil theirs?" In this way the silly argument fonnJed on the" solemn compact" prin- ciple, which could only be advanced by a person wholly conversed in the science of politics, was by the Learned Sergeant very summarily disposed of. Mr. ELLIS, an older and more practised debater, took other ground. He insinuated at the outset something about further com- pensation to the Negro-drivers, who have already by the supineness of Parliament been allowed to plunder this country to the amount of twenty millions sterling. On this, however, as a matter of small moment (it being im- material, in the opinion of those slavemen, how much money the people of this kingdom are compelled, on every occasion, to pay), Mr. ELLIS did not long dwell. But to throw out hints respecting the danger that would attend the immediate emancipation of the slaves, and the great responsibility of those who would undertake to effect it. Now, whatever danger there is must menace, not the people of this country, but the Negro-drivers themselves, whose tyrannical and oppressive conduct has created the danger, from which they therefore do not de- serve to be protected, supposing that in reality it exists. But, by the operation of the law as it now stands, the Apprentice System must die a natural death in the course of two years, unless it is secretly proposed and under- stood that the pel iod originally agreed upon is to be pro- longed. And if any great danger would attend the instant emancipation of the Negroes, there is little proba- bility that two years will suffice to render the measure safe. The Honourable Gentleman does not state the precise nature of the danger—but it must arise from one of two things—first, the incapacity of the planters to act justly, honestly, and humanely towards the Negroes; or, secondly, the unfitness of the Negroes themselves to be en, trusted with freedom. "But, by the admission of Sir CHARLES GREY, Vnder Secretary for the Colonies, and an opponent of immeditate emancipation, the Negroes are perfectly competent to be entrusted with their liberty. At a meeting in the West Indies the apprentices assembled were asked if any one should be so wicked as to try to fill your minds with the thought that you will be free in August, will you consent that such a person, be he white or be he black, or even a Special Magistrate, ought to be pnnished ?' The answer was' yes;' and this was a proof of a disposition to good conduct on the part of the Ne- groes. It proved what he had stated on a former occa- sion-that the Negroes were jit for freedom." And there- fore, because they are fit for freedom, Sir CHARLES GREY proposes to keep them two years longer in bondage, under pretence that, though fit for freedom now, certain preparations are necessary to prepare them for enjoying it I In fact, though the Government does not think pro- per to avow it, the danger and unfitness are on the part of the planters themselves, who have been so completely brutalized by the habits of long years of oppression and tyranny, that they are wholly incapacitated, for the most part, for sustaining the duties imposed on the employers of free men. Their conduct under the Apprenticeship System shows that a part of the advantages they desire to possess over the black man, is the power to flog and mis- use him—that they desire to compel him to break the Sabbath for their benefit-to whip his wife and daughter before his eyes—and lastly, to fill up the measure of their iniquity, they wished still to be able to stint him in his daily food Facts in proof of all this were stated by Mr. BAINES, the Member for Leeds, but nothing could make an impression either on Ministers, or their allies, who came to a resolution that whipping, starvation, and de- bauchery, should be practised under the protection of Government for two years longer. Out of the Honse, this resolution will be regarded with unmingled disgust. 11 The people neither will nor can understand the reasons which have enabled the senate to come to such a decision, and will probably thereby be more than ever convinced that no Parliament worthy of the name, will ever be elected until the Ballot shall have been obtained. Then but not till then, will the real voice of the people be beard in the House of Commons, which at present in many instances, represents the prejudices, interests, and, we may add, the bigotry of certain classes of the com. mnnity, to the great detriment of the nation at large. However, there is no room for despair. Puplic opinion is gradually getting right on the subject, and it cannot be long before the graud step shall be made.
SEVERAL of the London papers congratulate their readers on the tone observed by Sir ROBERT PEEL in the House of Commons, on Monday night, when deliver- ing his opinion on the Irish Municipal Corporations Bill, as likely to lead to a more conciliatory adjustment of the Irish questions to be brought before the House. For ourselves, we do not place much reliance on the Hon. Baronet's professions; as it is well known that for three years he and his friends resisted to the utmost, without caring to modify its details, the Ministers' plan for giving Municipal Corporations to Ireland; and in the words of an honest London contemporary (the Sun), we must say that if concession be now moderation and wisdom, previous opposition must have been factions violence and folly."
NEGRO APPRENTICESHIP.—Among the Members who voted in favour of Sir E. Wilmot's motion in the House of Commons, on Monday last, for the immediate abolition of the Negro Apprenticeship, were—J. J. Guest, Merthyr- Tydfil; B.Hall, Marylebone; J. Jones, Carmarthenshire D. Morris, Carmarthen J. H. Vivian, Swansea. Among those who voted in the Majority against the measure, were— Lord Adare, Glamorganshire Sir J. Graham, Pembroke; C, M. R. Morgan, Brecon; P. Pryse, Cardigan Lord G. Somerset, Monmouthshire; C. R. M. Talbot, Glamorgan- shire; Hon. G. R. Trevor, Carmarthenshire; W. A. Willi- ams, Monmouthshire; Col. Wood, Breconshire.—Sir R. B. Philipps, Member f >r Haverfordwest, paired off with Major Vivian in favour of the immediate abolition of the Negro Apprenticeship system. CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.( From a Corres- pondent.)-.After the very interesting and well-attended Public Meeting in support of this society held on the evening of the 21st, the following morning the Rev. Gentleman, the Deputation from the Parent Society, proceeded as is usual to Gower, where the sums specified in your last paper were severally collected. It is pleasing and at the same time a subject of thanksgiving, to find how much the interest in favour of the glorious cause of Missions to the Heathen is in. creasing around us. The people seem desirous of evidenc- ing, first, their love of the gospel, and, secondly, the high estimation in which they hold the instrumentality of the Establishment as conveying the glad tidings of salvation: wherever her Ministers are found faithful to their One Master," there a deep anxiety prevails amongst the people to be employed in extending, under God, the kingdom of the Redeemer. We have every reason to suppose, that the congregations in Gower were influenced by these feelings. On Thursday, the Rev. H. Wybrow proceeded to Loughor, where he held a meeting, at which the Rector of the parish presided; the School-room was crowded to an excess, several Clergymen were in attendance, and addressed the meeting in Welsh and English the collections amounted to 41. 12s. lid.; which, though trifling in itself, was enhanced tenfoU, from the circumstance of upwards of 10s. of it being in copper, evidencing the source from whence it flowed, and testifying that the labouring poor, though possessing neither silver nor gold, where desirous to do what they could in furtberancelof the Gospel of Him, who thronghlHe were rich, yet for our sakes became poor, that we through His poverty might be rich.On Friday evening a Meeting took place at Llanelly, for the purpose offorming an auxili- ary society, William Chambers, Esq. in the chair. We were much gratified to find a Layman willing to take an active part in this good cause. The several resolutions were moved and seconded by the Rev. Samuel Phillips, and the Rev. Mr. Havard, the Rev. Henry Crowther, and the Rev. James Buckley, the Rev. H. W. Jones, and Mr. Charles Rees.—The Vicar of the parish was appointed President; Mr. Morgan Williams, Treasurer; and Mr. Charles Rees, Secretary.—The collection amounted to 51. Is. 9d. We are happy to add, that the amount to be transmitted to the Parent Society, from the Swansea Auxiliary in conjunction with Gower and the neighbourhood, exceeds any former year, being 1521. 2s. 2d., after deducting all necessary expences. We understand that the French Government have appointed the Count de la Ville Marque to come to England, at their expense, as the Representative of Brittany, to be present at the next anniversary of the Abergavenny Cym- l eigyddion, under the Presidentship of Sir Charles Morgan, Bart., of Tredegar. The Count is a man oftiterary eminence, as well as of noble and ancient family. It is expected he will prolong his stay in Wales long enough to collect mate- rials for a wo, k upon the manners, customs, and antiquities of our ancient country. We may safely predict he will have a cordial welcome from his kinsmen. This renewal of in- tercourse between Wales and Brittany will form an in- teresting epoch in the history of both countries. On Wednesday se'nnight, a Meeting took place at the Freemasons'Tavern, London, for the purpose of effecting an union between the Cymrodorion, or lioyal Cambrian Society, and the Society for the Publication of Welsh MSS. The meeting was attended by a great number of influential persons of North and South Wales, among whom were the Marquis of Bute, Right Hon. C. W. Wynn, Hon. Col. Rice Trevor, M.P., B. Hall, Esq., M. P., J. J. Guest, Esq., M.P OctavinsMorgan, Esq., Rev. T. Price, SirT. Phillipps, Bai-t., Win. Richards, &c.,&c.,&c. Lord Bute and Mr. Wynu both spoke in favour of uniting the venerable Literary So- ciety of the Cymrodorion, founded by Mr. Wynn's grand- father, with the Society for the Publication of Welsh Ma- nuscripts, recently founded in South Wales, as the objects for which the Cymrodorion was originally founded, and which the Manuscript Society was now vigorously pursuing, would thereby be effectually attained by their united efforts. After some discussion, it was resolved,-that the two So. cieties should be so far united that they should co-operate in the main object; that the Cym odorion should exist se- parately, and retain its name, but be joined to the Welsh Manusciipt Society, which should preserve its present or- ganization, and proceed on its plan of collecting donations and subscriptions, and commencing transcripts for pub- lication that three gentlemen should be selected out of the present Committees of each Society to vote upon the choice of MSS. to be made for publication that whatever sums the Welsh Manuscript Society advanced towards the legitimate expenses of publication should be met by an equal advance by the Cymrodorion, for the same sole object of transcribing and printing Manuscripts. The Rev. Mr. Price undertook to communicate with some of the absent members of the Committee, and expresseil his own full concurrence in the proposed plan ofunton on the above-named ground; he also promised to transmit the result of his correspondence to the President and Secretary of the Cymrodorion, which he doubted not would be favourable to their wishes; he also very forcibly explained the necessity (if an union was effected) of providing distinctly for the objects of the Society alone, by not having anything introduced under the banuer of the united parties except the publication of old Welsh Manuscripts, with English translations, or other matters ex- clusively relating to the Principality. Several observations were then made by some of the honourable members who seemed to concur most fully with the sentiments expressed by Mr. Price; and the absolute necessity of not having Concerts or any other entertainments in connexion with the Societies, we understood, was most generally admitted, as tending to involve expenses which might pventually ruin their funds. Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart., of Spring Hill, ad. dressed the meeting, and pressed upon the attention of the Committee the benefit of securing the Liber Landavensis, by selecting it as one of the first Manuscripts for publication, as it consists of much interesting matter in Welsh and Latin, which would be of great service in elucidating the history of the Principality. Some measures of detail were then satisfactorily arranged, after which the meeting separated with the must perfect unanimity. Mr. John Cook, eldest son of Mr. Philip Cook, surgeon, of Tygw:n, near Clydach, was, on Monday last, admitted a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons, London. The fact of 36,000 mackerel having been sold in the 24 hours, on Friday and Saturday week, in Swansea, by one fish-salesman, proves the great consumption of the town. Thomas Wiliiams, from Bridgend, aged 16, under- went the operation of amputation of the leg on Monday last, at the Infirmary, nnder the care of Mr. Bird. We are happy to learn the patient is going on as well as possible. One of the Cardff and London Shipping Company's crack schooners, the Celerity, John Williams, master, com- pleted her last voyage from London in 80 hours,—having left Graveseud on Friday the 25th and arrived at Cardiff on Tuesday last, at day break. Fifty-two clergymen in Derbyshire have presented a memorial to the Archbishop of Canterbury, expressing strong disapprobation of the Benefices Plurality Bid. They state, that there are five^ thousand benefices now held in plurality, of which tv.o-thirds are sufficient alone to main- tain a clergyman; that the provision which prohibits the holding of livings, in plurality which are distant more than ten miles fiom each other, will leave the tremendous evil almost untouched," as of the livings at present held in plurality, "nearly three thousand are within ten miles of each other and above two thousand within five miles of each other." The Great Western Railway will be opened on Monday next, for the conveyance of passengers between London, West Drayton, Slough, and Maidenhead station.— See advt. At the late election of Guardians for the parish of Trowbridge, three of the gentlemen elected refused to act; and the Poor Law Commissioners have, in consequence, or- dered a fresh election to take place, and five ladies are now actually put in nomination as Guardians for the parish of Trowbridge for the current year. On Thursday se'nnight the foundation stone of the Royal Victoria Rooms, at Bristol was laid with much cere- mony. On the same day the extensive Cotton Manufactory in that city, commenced working. OBSTllUCTIONS ON THE HIGHWAYS.—Cattle or other animals suffered to stray upon the pubtic roads (a practice which so trequeufly occasions accidents and injury to pro- perty, and which is still shamefully continued), are liable to be impounded, and if when so impounded any person at- tempts to rescue them, be is subject to three months' im- prisonment. A SNUG MALTHOVSE DISCOVERED.—a MALTHNUSP -(not entered in the Excise Books)- was discovered at Maesbury, near Oswestry, on Wednesday week through the vigilance and perseveranceofM. White, supervisor, and Mr. Ball, officer of excise. These lynx-eyed gentlemen's attention had been drawn to a locked door, some weeks previous, at the end and inside of the entered malthouse of Mr. John Francis, the occupier of both. Furnished qnietlv with a search warrant, the above officers proceeded to Maesbury, whilst "John" was in Oswestry market and found the latter's son in the entered malthouse. On being questioned as to what the aforesaid door led to young Francis said his feythur kept a little oud drink and some wine there, and he coodna open it, as his feythur had the key of the door with him in the market." On this reply, Mr. White produced the search warrant, and as no assistance was rendered to open it by fair means, the officers immediately broke it open when a small apartment presented itself, and two bags of worked barley, ready for the kiln, were the first things secured. Through a small aperture in the floor of this room, the officers de- scended into a space beneath, just as large as they could stand up in here was found a small couch of barley and a bag of barley. Out of this place they ascended into a room over, on the floor of which was more barley in an. other process of working. The whole was not above twenty strikes, in three different processe sof working so that not above six or seven strikes could be wet and dried at a time; and the drying part must have been performed when the the regular malt was on the kiln, in a very careful way, to evade the suspicion of the officer who surveyed.— Shrewsbury Chronicle. NEW STEAMER USK.-We have much pleasure in announcing that a new and beautiful Steam Packet, named the Usk, biiilt expressly for the Bristol and Newport station, made her first appearance at the latter port on Wednesday se'nnight, and will commence herregntar trips in a few days. The Usk is pronounced by competent judges as admirably calculated for the peculiar navigation between the two ports and will considerably abridge the present average period of the passages. She i3 constructed with a round stern, is of very light draught, and in the accommodations for pas- sengers, is perhaps not inferior to any packet of her size on the water. Her saloon, comfortable and commodious, is flitted np with elegance, and the furniture and decorations do much credit to the taste and spirit of the proprietors. Capt. Parfitt, whose uniform civility and vigilance, merit honourable mention, is to command the Usk. CHARGE OF FORGEKY.— On Wednesday Mr. Wm. Cooke, timber merchant of this city, underwent an examina- tion before Thos. Davis and G. F. Knipe, Esquires, two of our city magistrates, upon the charge of forging the accept- ance of a bill of exchange for the payment of one thousand pounds, purporting to have been drawn by Thos. Robert Coomber and accepted by Messrs. Stiff and Sims, wire-manu- facturers of Blackeney, Gloucestershire, with intent to defraud Mr. Robert Bell, a shareholder in the National Provincial Bank of England, and others. The prisoner, it appeared, kept an account with the branch of the above Bank, established in this city, to which he was indebted the above-named sum and upwards, and to the Agent of which the bill was uttered. Afterthe examination of the witnesses the prisoner was fully committed for trial at the next As- sizes.-Hereford Journal.
CATARACT.—Those who are experiencing its dreadful effects in the shape of incipient dimness, or of a nearer approach to blindness, will derive the most important information as well as consolation from the very interesting contents of the popular Work on Cataract, advertised in another column of our paper The attention of our readers is directed to the following communication addressed to Messrs. Rowland and Son, 20, Hatton Garden, London (whose advertisement appears in another column). Hull, October llf/i, 1837. Genllemm- J have lately bad repealed proofs of the eflicacy of your MACASSAR OIL. in restoring the Hair and stopping it from railing off—indeed, I do not know of a single instance in which it has been used, in my extensive practice, without its valuable restorative, and beautifying effects being- visible in the very first application. I remains your obedient servant, w c bRooks. I .S. Permit me to remind you of the necessity of guarding Purchasers (in your advertisements) against Counterfeits,
Sw ANSEA IN FrrntA It .-A hstract ofthe House Surgeon's Report to the Weekly Board, from the 22d to the 28th of May, 1838, inclusive: — In-door C Remained by last Report 13 PatientsAAd"eA-inCe 3 C_ Kemaining 16 £ Remained by last Report 119 Out-door } j«ed »jnce 15-134 Patients 'sc',aroe">cured and relieved 20 '/Died 1 _2l V Remaining —113 Medical Officers for the Week:—Physician, Dr. Howell, Surgeon, Mr. Rowland. Committee:—T. Grove, Esq., Messrs. R. Aubrey, D. Sanders, and John Beynon. GLAMORGANSHIRE AND MONMOUTHSHIRE INFIRMARY AND DISPKNSARY, CARDIFF.—Abstract of House Surgeon's Re- port to the Weekly Board, from the 23d to the 29th of May, 1838, inclusive:- T Remained by last Report 6 In-door 1 Admitted since 1—7 Patimts. S Ulscliarged, cured and relieved 2 j' for irregularity, &c. 0— 2 V Remaining 5 ( Remained bv last Report 118 Out-door J since 18-136 Patients. barged, cored and relieved. 24 J for irregalarity, &c. 8—32 V. Remaining —104 Medical OJ/icers fur the Week:—Physician, Dr. Moore; Surgeon, Mr. J. Lewis. T mitors:— Mr. Thomas Hopkins and Mr.W.Jones. Mr. Tiios Jacob, House Surgeon. Copper Ore sold at Swansea, May 30, 1833. MINES. 21 CWT. PURCHASFRS. PRICE. Baliyinurtagk 101 Williams, Foster, and Co £ 3 8 0 Ditto ,,62 P. Grenfell and Sons, and Vivian and Sons 2 9 0 Ditto 60 Williams, Poster, and Co 2 11 0 Ditto. 42 Vivian and Sons 2 18 0 Mi l" 45 Wiliiams, Foster, and Co 3 8 0 Alliliica H7 Crow,, Copper Co 8 17 6 Ditto .8!) Ditto 9 8 0 l)»to 75 Ditto 0 10 6 Ditto 41 Freeman and Co 9 0 0 Goplapo. 100 Mines Royal Co IS 15 • Ditto 90 Williams, Poster, and Co. 17 15 t3 Ditto so Sims, Willyams, Nevill, Drnce, & Co. 17 17 fi Knockmahon 125 Vivian ami Sou 8 4 6 Ditto 93 Ditto 7 15 0 Ditto 35 Ditto 7 IS 0 ° Williams, Foster, and Co 8 ft 0 ligrony.. loo Ditto, and Sims, Willyams, Nevill, n. I>i lire, and Co., and Vivian & Sons 5 4 0 LJitto 57 Williams, Fostei, and Co 5 18 0 Ditto 57 Sims, Willyams, Nevill, Druce, & Co. 5 5 0 l.obre 107 P. Grenfell and Sons 1(5 12 6 j '110'1 •" 9*1 Vivian aud Sons 3 <1 6 L anrtidno 67 P. Grenfell and Sons 11 17 0 Llanberns 49 Ditto .556 Drvvsjcoea 39 Freeman and Co.680 Llandidno New) „ Mine t 22 Williams, Foster, and Co. '14 0 Ditto 16 Ditto .140 Llandcgai 17 Vivian and Sons 8 17 <i Ditto II Benson, I.ouan, and Co. 5 10 6 Ditto 9 Williams, Foster, and Co.836 Laxey 34 Ditto, and P. Grenfell and Sons ..360 Cainbiian la Benson, Loyan, & Co. 1 16 0 Ditto. 0 Sims, VVillyams, Nevill, Droce, & Co. 3 6 0 Ditto 5 Ditto .3)90 Llywjdd 22 P. Grenfell and Sons. 8 12 0 Simnca Dylluan 17 Ditto 6 6 6 f 1893 — Copper Ore for Sale June 13, 1838. At H. Bath and Son's tVharfa:—Kallymnrtagh, 556: Chili, 163 j Coniiorree, 123; Alliliies, 113; Union, 106; Ballygahan, 102; Copiapo, 08; Sygnn, 31 Llandidno New Aline, 31 • Pen' rallt, 31 ren' At Williams's Wharfs:—Knockmahon, 513; Tigroiiy, 90" Cronebane, 15; Valparaiso, 25; Peril, 40. na-t At P. Grenfell and Son's Wharfs:—Cobre, 242. ■ Total 21 Cwts 2349
BIRTHS. On the 19th alt., the lady of F. Irwin, Esq,, of Ebbw Vale Monmouthshire, of a daughter. On the 19th alt., at Sull y Rectory. the lady of the Rev. David Jones, Rector of Pant-teg and Tredunnock, Monmouthshire of a daughter. SKAXLXtXSS, On the 19th nit., at Margam, by the Rev. W. B. Knight, 1\1r. Thomas Jones, second son of Mr Thomas Jones, superintendent at the Margain Tin Works, to Sarah, second daughter, of i]r Thomas Jones, ironmonger, Newport, Monmouthshire. On the 20th ult., at St. John's Church, Brecon, by the Rev W. North, Mr. Thomas Thomas, printer, to Miss Marg-arct Prosser. ° On the 31st alt., at the Presbyterian Chapel, Lammas-street Carmarthen, by the Rev. D. Davies, Theological Tutor, of the College in that town, in t'ie presence of Mr. J. W. White, the Re- gistrar, Mr. William Jones, cabinet maker, to Miss Elizabeth Wechio. This being the first marriage which has taken place at the above chapel, the number of persons congregated to witness the ceremony was immense,—that large building being literally crammed. The service on the occasion was solemn" and the address of the minister appropriate. On the 23d ult., at St. Mary's Church, Monmouth, by the Rev G. Roberts, Charles Rosser, Esq., of Gloucester, to Emma eldest danghter of Charles Tyler, Esq., of the former place. On the 22d _ult., at St. Paul's church, Bristol, John Jones Esq., of'Cardigan, to Ann, third daughter of the late Wm' Stephens, Esq., of Huntspill, Somersetshire. On the 23d alt., at St. Mary's church, Monmonth, Charles Rosser, Esq., of Ktloe, Gloucestershire, to Emma, eldest dnn.ri. ter of Charles Tyler, Esq., of Monmouth. D%ED. On the 27th ult., at Swansea, much and deservedly o-rpttpd at the age of 85, Mrs. Franklen, relict of William Franklen Esq. As a pious Christian, she might justly have said but to'me to live is Christ, and to die, is gaio"-surely, the memory of the just are blessed. On the 29lh nit., in the 59th year of his age, Mr. Henry Bowen, bookbinder, of Swansea, son of the late Mr. John Boweii of Penhaily, Cardiganshire.-a man of upright principles and whose loss will be sincerely felt by his friends, but more esne- cially by his disconsolate widow. On the 19th nit., in the Village of Nicholaston, Gower, John Macnamara, mariner, aged 87. On the 19th ult., aged 83, Mrs. Mary Morgan, widow of tbelate mr. Edward Morgan, Greenway, near Brecon. On the 24th ult., at Llanthomas, near Hay, and formerly of Clyrow Court, Thomas Tully, Esq., much regretted by a numerous and extensive circle of friends. He was well known as a cele- brated breeder, and, during a long life, contributed exteusively to the improvement of the Herefordshire breed of cattle in that and the adjoining counties. On the 27th ult,, at Goodig, near Llanelly, aged 32 years, after a long illness, borne with christian fortitude and resignation, Eliza, the eldest and beloved daughter of John Wedge, Esq., much esteemed by all who knew her. Lately,in France, Richard John Hughes Starke, Esq.,aged 33. On the 24th ult., at Llandilo, Carmarthenshire, aged 17, Rees, only son of Mr. Thomas Thomas, draper, of that place L itely, at Waungron, in the parish of Lampeter, Cardiganshire, alter a few days nlness, at the advanced age of 103, John Thomas, late of Teagnefynydd. On the 17th inst., at Oswestry, after a lingering illness Mr. John Lewis, budder. formerly of Mylod, Montgomeryshire, aged 40. & On the 14th ult. at her house, Abbey-street, Chester, sincerely regretted, Henrietta Margaret, widow of the late Griflitil Rowland, Esq., surgeon, and daughter of the late Rev. Humphrey Henchmau. • On the 21st nit., at the Rectory, Grosmont, deeply and deser- vedly regretted by all who knew her, Jane, wife of the Rev. John George, and sister to the Rev. W. Powell, Vicar of Abergavennv. On the 29th ult., at his residence, Sion-Hill, Clifton, in the 72d year of his age, Samuel Lloyd Harford, Esq. On the 26th ult., after a long illness, Alexander Walker, Esq., one of the proprietors of the Gloucester Journal; a gentleman whose integrity and honorable conduct had gained him the esteem of all who had the pteasme of his acquaintance, and by whom his loss is sincerely deplored. On the 26th nit., in Gros veitor- sq it are the Countess of Har- rowby, and in Grosvenor-streel, the Countess of Amherst: by the deaths of these noble ladies, numerous families in high life go into mourning. On the 22d ult., ilt Dublin, the Marquis of Ormonde, after an illness of thirteen days, produced by a severe cold. His Lordship was Hereditary Chief Butler of Ireland, Lord Lieutenant of the County, and Colonel of the Kilkenny Militia. -<
COUNTRY MARKETS. SWANSEA.-Wheat, 7s. Od. to 8s. Od.; Barley, 3s. 6d to 4s Od.; Oats, 2s. 6d. to 3s. Od. per Imperial Bushel. Beef, 5d. to 7d.; Mutton, ád. to 6d.; Veal, fid. to 7d., Lamb 8d. to 9d.; Pork, 5d. to 6d. per lb.; Salt Butter, 9d. to lOa. per lb. COWBRIDGE.—Wheat, 7s. 6d. to St.; Barley, 4s. 6d. Oats, 2s. 6d. to 3s. 6d. per Imperial Busjiel Mutton, fid. and 7 £ d.; Beef, 6d. and 6^1.; Veal, 5d. and 6d.; Pork, 6d. per lb.; Lamb, lOd.tols.; Butter, Is. 2d. Cheese (best), 7d. Com- mon do., 4|d. to Od CARDIFF.—Average price of Corn at Cardiff market for the week ending May 15th, 1838: —Wheat, 31. 2s. 9 £ d.; Barley 11.12s Od.; Oats, 01.19s. Od; Beans,II.18s. Od.; Peas, 51.0s. per Imperial Quarter. Hay, from 51. Os. per ton. CARMARTHEN.—Wheat, 6s. 9d. to Ts.4d.; Barley, 3s. 6d to 3s.l0d.; Oats, Is, 6d.to 2s. Od. per Imperial Bushel.
THE COAL TRADE. [We have been favoured by a correspondent with the following analysis of, and remarks on, the Returns re- lating to the Coal Trade of Great Britain in 1837, which were moved for in the House of Commons by our res. pected representative, Mr. Vivian. A statement of facts on a subject so peculiarly important to this district, cannot fail to be interesting to a large portion of our readers, and we make no apology for devoting to it so considerable a space in our columns. —ED.J The following analysis of the account of the quan- tities of Coals, Cinders, and Culm, shipped coastways and exported in the past year, which has just been published by the House of Commons, on the motion of Mr. J. H. Vivian, M.P. for Swansea, has been made with a view to ascertain the relative importance of the different Coal districts of England and Wales, and the increase of each district in shipping trade in Coals during the past year, as compared with 1836. The quantity of Coals, Cinders, and Culm, shipped coast- ways and exported from the several ports of the United Kingdom in the year 1837 was 8,204,301 tons; in 1836 the quantity was 7,389,272 tons; being an increase of 815,029 tons, or 11.03 per cent. in favour of 1837. The following Table shows the separate proportions or this quantity supplied by England and Wales, Scotland, and lreland:- 1836. 1837. Increase. Tons. Tons. Tons. England & Wales 6.757.937 7,570.254 812,317 or 12.02 per ct. Scotland 624,308 626,532 2,224" 0.36 Ireland 7,027 7,515 488.. 6.94 Total 7,389,272 8,204,301 815,029 or 11.03 per cf The quantities shipped Coastways vere- 1836. 1837. Increase or Decrease. Tons. Tons. Tons. England & Wales 5,921,245 6,538,906 617,681 or 10 43 per ct. 11 Scotland 548,076 547,680 D. 396 or 0.07 Ireland 3,083 4,105 1,022.. 33.15 Total 6,472,404 7,090,691 618,287 or 9.55 per cl. The quantities exported were— 1836. 1837. Increase or Decrease. TOils Tons. Tons. England & WaleF, 836,692 1,031,348 194,656 or 23.26per ct. Tons Tons. Tons. England & Wales 836,692 1,031,348 194,656 or 23.26per ct. Scotland 76,232 78,852 2,620 3.44 Ireland 3,944 3,410 D. 534 .15.66 Total 916,868 1,113.610 196,742 or 21.46 per ct. In considering the prefixed Tableti, it mast be recollected that they rather overstate the amount of the Coal Shipping Trade of the United Kingdom on referring to the Parlinmeutarv Return, it will be observed that some shipments of coal have been made coastways, and, as well, exported, from ports which are not si- tuated in coal-producing neighbourhoods these shipments must of course have been previously included in the shipments of some coal-producing port, and are therefore twice entered in these re- turns. The quantity which should be deducted from the ship- ments coastways in 1837, on this account, is proba'ulv about 6,000 tons. In the account of the quantities of Coals exported, are included in the same manner shipments from London and else- where to the extent of about 35,000 tons, which must clearly have been previously included amongst the shipments coastways from other ports. London exported, in 1837, 34,413 tons-no doubt included in the coastways shipments from the North of England and Soatli Wales. The following tables will show the desci-iptions offuel, ofwliieh the quantities above given were composed, contrasting as before 1837 with the previous ) ear:- ENGLAND AND WALES. 1836. 1837. Increase. Tons. Tons. Tons. Coal C,478.262 7,216,387 738,125 or 11 39 per cent. Calm 266.256 339,081 72,825 27.35 Cinders 13,419 14.7861 1,361..11).19 Total 6.757.937 7,570,254 ;812.317 or 12.02 per cent. SCOTLAND. 1836. 1S37..Increase. Decrease. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Coal 622,398 624,893 2,495 — or 0.40 per cf Culm 852 1,206 354 — 41.55 Cinders 1,058 433 — 625 ..144.34 Total 624,308 626,532 2,849 Less Decrease in Cinders 625 2,224 or 0.36 per ct. IRELAND. 1636. 1837. Increase. Tons. Tons. Tons. a • 7,027 7,515. 488 or 6,94 per cent, Ireland has shipped no Culm or Cinders. In the tables which succeed, the gross ubipments already given are so divided as to sholv the qnantity supplied bv each of the Coal Shipping Ports of England and Wales. As the best mo e Of shewing the relative importance of the Coal Shipping Trade of the different Coal Districts, the ports which form their outlets are separated into five classes. The first embraces the whole of the South Wales Mineral Basin the second includes the Forest of Dean, the Bristol Coal Field, and the Coal District of Somer- setshire, near the Mendip Hills the third, the Cost Fields of the Tyne and the Wear, situated in the counties of Durham and Northumberland; the fourth, tbat' of Yorkshire; the fifth, the great Coal Field of Lancashire, and the minor formations of Cum- berland and North Wales. This account is deficient of the ship- ments coastways from Liverpool, of which it appears no account has been kept since the year 1834. The shipments of Coals, Cinders, and Culm coastways, from the ports forming the outlets of the South Wales Coal Basin, in the years 1836 and 1837, were as follows — 1836. 1837. Increase. PORTS. Tons. Tons. Tvtis. Swansea, including-) Port Talbotj^New- S 387>*U 491,965 104,622 or 27.01 fret. ton, and Loughor.. Newport 415,954 480,870 64,916 15 61 Cardiff 130,989 169,248 38,259 29.21 Llanelly 0 0 85,299 118,242 32,943 3S 62 '0 Milford 46,677 55,844 9,161.. 19.(34 o. Total 1,066.263 1,316,170 249,907 or 23.44 per ct For the Forest of Dean and the Bristol and Somersetshire Coal Districts, we take the ports of Gloucester and Bristol, thus- 1836. 1837. Increase. Tons. Tons. Tons. Gloucester 51,986 75,227 23,241 or 44 71 Bristol 3,888 4,974 1,086.. 27 93 Total ""00 55,874 80,201 24,327 ^43IApeT^t. From the Coal Fields of the Tyne and the Wear. 1836. 1837. Increase. Decrease. Tons. Tons. Tons. Tons. Newcastle 2,280.7132,392,494 111,781 or 4 00 „ « Stockton.. 916,4401.145.837 229,397 250^P Sunderland 971,458. 932,135 39,323 4 22 Total 4,168,611|4,470,466 341.V78 Less Decrease on Sunderland 39,323 F 301,855 or 7.24 per cent. From Yorkshire. 1836. 1837. Increase. Decrease. Tons. Tons. Tons. Goole 108,597 94,600 13,997 or 14.80 per cellt. Hull 11,434 10,897 537 4:93 P Total 120,031 105,4971 Nil. l"4~534^TI From the Coal Districts of Lancashire, Cumb^rlat7dTand^ Flintshire. 1836. 1837. Increase. Tons. Tons. Tons. Whitehaven ..403,332 409,493 6,161 or 1.53 n,r r«,i Carlisle 5,311 26,050 20.739 390 49P Chester 91,239 105.656 14,417 15 80 Lancaster 2,794 18,809 16,015 573 19 j Total 502,676 563,008 57.332 or IMT^WJT It should here be observed, that under the term "Cntm" most of the shipments of Stone Coal or Anthracite are made. Indeed, this mineral is generally known in the London market and in Hertfordshire, Kent, and other barley-growing districts' as Welsh Culm." The chief ports at which Culm is shipped' are Swansea. Neath, Llanelly, and Milford. The total quantity shipped in 1887 was 339,081 tons, of which these ports supplied 333,311 tons—Swansea having shipped 275,428 tons Llanelly, 16,323 tons Milford, 41,592 tons. The shipments of Cinders or Coke are chiefly made at Newcastle, and average from 10 to 12,000 tons per annum. In the preceding tables, shipments made at ports which are not in the neighbourhood of Coal districts have not been given, because, as alreadv explained, to do so would be to calculate on them twice. Neither will shipments of this nature be calculated on in the account of exports, excepting those from London, which are too important to be omitted. The following tables which will shew the quantities of Coals exported from the various ports in the years 1836 and 1837 j lbio. Ibil. Increase or Decrease. Tons. Tons. Tons. London 25,616 33,739 8,123 or 31.71 per cent. Swansea 18.524 34,995 16,471 or 88.92 per cent. Newport 5,578 7,183 1,605 28.77 Cardiff 2,251 3,840 1,589 70.59 Llanelly 19,759 30,268 10,509 53.19 J 46,112 76,283 30,174 65.44 Gloucester. 521 6JO 79 or 15.16 percent. Bristol 7,111 12,085 4,974 69.95 7,632 12,685 5,053 66.21 Newcastle.J 415,849 4/6,15 < 60,308 or 14.50 per cent. Stockton 36,943 46,516 9,573.. 25.91 Sunderland. 170,367 242,463 72*096 42.32 i- 1623,159 765,136 141,977 22.78 Goole I 2,910 4,749 1,839 or 63.20 per cent. Hull | 15,612 6,225 D. 9,417 151.28 18,552 10,974 7,578 69.05 Whitehaven 20,172 28,190 8,018 or 3975 Chester 2,273 3,175 902 39.68 Liverpool. 9.>,024 95,188 5,164 5.75 1 112,469 126,553 14.084 or 12.52 per Ctllt. The qnantities above given may he said to consist entirely of Coal The only exceptions of moment being, 965 tons of Culm exported from Swansea, 5,007 tons of Cinders exported fromNew- castle, and 674 tons of Cinders exported from London. The declared value of the Coals exported from England and Wales in the year 1836 was f 296,592 In the year 1837 it was3S6,561 Increase. f89,969 The next table enumerates the countries to which the above quantities were sent, contrasting, as before, 1837 with 1836. NORTHERN STATES OF EUROPE I 183ti 1831. Increase or Decrease. Tons Tons. Tons. France 805,140 m,133 Cti,993 or 32 66 per ct Hollanlt 127,83i 120.317 D.7,516.. (i 25 Belgium 1,204 2,325 1,12t.. 93.11 jrerniany 62,905 75,785 12.8S0 20 43 rrussia 43,560 49,925 0,365 14.61 Uenmaik S0.281 92,275 5,994.. 6.95 Sweden 15,689 13,035 D. 2,654 20 36 Norway 7 i65 10,379 3,213 44.84 Kuesla 58 500 58,; 38 238 .41 Total 608,277 694,911 SOUTHERN STATES OF EUROPE. Portugal, Azores, & Madeira 14,6)9 20,969 6,297.. 4293 hpain ami the Canaries. 8,274 14,348 6,074 73 41 7,538 15.837 8,29s> 110,10 i. 20,642 20,801 J59 .77 Mai a • • • • 8,868 12,030 3,102 35.06 I<>nidn Islands 72s 2,528 I ,S0si 247.25 lurkey, Constantinople,? and Greece ) 12,650 17,775 5,125 40.51 Morea and Greek Islands.. 40 7,;60 18900.00 To(*' _73,409 7llJsT Cape of Good Hope 4,192 fi.R Other Paris of Africa 16,652 27,810 10,620.. 50.9J To,al 20,844 3i,4fj7 East Indies and China o 470 ri New south Wales, &c 15,508 6,035 60 71 British North American) Colonies f 44,302 4975ti 5,452 12.31 till United SU.« of America.. 3S Oihtrr States" of North and") 2 868 5 091 2,W3 South America J 1,312 1,499) 187 14 25 Isles of Guernsey, Jersey, ) Aldemey, and Man J 60,590 78,740:18,150 29.95 Grand Total Die,868 1,113,610 206,973 Less Decrease 10,231 196,742 or 21.46 per ct The following tllble shows the Increase or Decrease of Trade, ys and Foieign, of the different ports and districts be- fore enumerated, in the year 1837, as compared with 1836. 1836 1837. Increase or Decrease. Tons. Tons 7* Sr*e' «»•»» Tariff 66,521 15 78 173,088 39,848 29.91 MM?- 10a,Oab 148,510 43,452 41.36 ll,ord 46,677 55,844 9,167 19.64 1,112,375 1,392,456280,081 25.18 ?2,507 75,827 23-320 °r 44 41 pcr ct- Br,s,oi I().9!>9 17,059 6,060.. 55.10 63,506 92,886 29,380 46.26 Stock?™ 2,696,5622,868.651 172,089 or 6.38 per ct. o T "•: ^3.3*3 1,192,353238,970 25.07 Sunderland 1,141,825 1-174,598 32,773 2.87 4.791,7705,235,602443,832 9.26 H„nC IH,6OT 99.349 IM2J58^ri2.^ Hu" 27,076 17,122 D. 9,954 58.14 138,583 116,471 22,112 18.98 Whjtel.aven 423,504 ~437^83 Carlisle a,311 26,050 20,739 390.49 Liverpooi(ex|>orts j only) 90.024 95,188 5,164.. 5.74 £ ,ailoaster 2,794 18,809 16,015 573 to jCl,esler 93,512 108,831 15,319.. 16 38 615,145 686,561 7I,416~ 1161 I 615,145 686,561 7I,416~ 1161 Having now completed our analysis, we will proceed lo offer VaTY °" tb?/ac,s w,hlc £ bef,n brought before us. And first, we would remark, that these returns can only jrive an idea of the extent of the Shipping Trade i:i Coals of each parti- ea!?h PHrt "T1of Coals taken from the nnin not enable us to form any determinate opinion and in many of the Coal districts the home consump- Uoti far exceeds the quantity shipped. The district which assumes the first place in the classification we have adopted, is that which includes the Coal Fields of Durham and Northumber and. It engrosses very nearly two- thirds of the whole Coal Shipping Trade of the United Kingdom, and it appears probable that more Coils are raised in this district than in any other. Bat, in instituting a comparison oithe relative importance of the various districts, it must be borne in mind, that the Cotinlies of Durham and Northumberland possess very few manufactorIes consnmlng Coal, as compared with the olher Coal districts of the Kingdom, and that the home consumption is almost confined to household purposes. The thickness of Coal in the Durham Field has been stated before a Committee of the Honse of Commons to be 32 feet on the i vne. and 2t feet 8 inches on the Wear. The depth of the pits varies from 80 to nearly 300 fathoms. Pemberon's pit at Monkwearmouth, near Durham, has been slink upwards of 290 fathoms, and is undoubtedly the deepest pit in Great Britain. It was commenced in May 1826, and in October 1834 reached the first seam—the Benshain, at 263 fathoms. The pit is still sinking, with the hope ofreaohingthe Hutton seam. The thick- ness of the seams in this Coal Field rarelv exceeds 3 feet. The quality of the Coal is for the most part good, and well adapted for household purposes. In the district which comes next in importance-tbat of Sonth Wales-ihe internal consumption of Coal is enormous, and in- V! nijely exceeds the quantity sent away. The Iron Works of merthyr l*dfil and Monmontbshire; the Copper Works of Swansea. Neath, and Llanelly the numerous Manufactories of Tin Plates the Iron Founderies, all consume enormously of Coal. An approximate estimate of the quantity consumed in these establishments it would he impossible to make with any exactitude, but we are certainly within the mark in taking the consumption of the Iron Works, in 1837, at 2,000,000 tons • of the various Copper Works, at about 300,000 tons and of the other Manufactories, at about 200,000 tons, which, added to the quan- tity shipped, wi11 make the production of Coals in the South Wales district 111 the past year little short of four millions of tons. The Bisin commences at Ponfypool on the east, and ends at St. Brides Bay on the west, being upwards of one hundred miles in length, and twenty miles broad at the widest part, in the Bitu- minous district, narrowing greatly in the Anthracite district,where Carmarthen Bay intercepts a considerable portion of the Basin. According to the late Mr. Martin (whose opinion has been con- firmed bv the eminent geologist, Mr. Conybeare, in a letter addressed to the Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee on the Coal Trade in 1830), the thickness of Coal ill this Basin is 95 feet, consisting of twenty-three workable veins or seams. varying in thickness from 1 foot 6 inches to 9 feet. The workings have hi- thcrto been confined to the tipper range of seams, and hare been principally carried on by adit or level much Coal is still work- able by these means, and the lower range of sepms are wholly un- worked. The average depth of the pits may be taken at from 30 to 35 fathoms, with very few exceptions: the only one of im- portance is the St. David's Pit, near Llangennech, which has been sunk III fathoms. The South Wales Basin prodaces a greater variety of Coals than any other Coal Field. In it are found Coals of a very bitu- minoas quality, adapted for household purposes, and chiefly shipped at Newport and Cardiff. It monopolizes the production of the steam-packet coals, which are found so well adapted for such purposes, that they are now used in theGovernment steamers, almost to the exclusion of all other descriptions this Coal is shipped at Swansea, Neatb and Llanelly. Culm is almost peculiar to this Basin, as is also Anthracite or Stone Coal, which has hitherto been used chiefly for malting, dying, and chemical purposes, hot which has recently been successfully applied to tbe smelting of iron ore; and as it is found in a district which teems with the latter mineral, th'scircumstance is likely to be productive of important consequences to that portion of the grand basin called the Anthra- cite Basin, which occupies its northern edge, commencing at St. Brides, in Pembrokeshire, and terminating near the Hirvyain Iron Works, hemg upwards of seventv miles in length. The class which succeeds comprises four distinct Coal forma- tions viz.: the great Lancashire Coal Field the small forma- tion in Cumberland, called the Whitehaven Coal Field the smaller formation which is situated near Lancaster, and thoJDoal Field of Ncrih Wales. With the exception of the Lancashire Basin, these Coal Fields are of no great importance. Of the minor fields, that of White- haven ships the most Coal-it is small, being 30 miles in length, by 4 miles in breadth—the seams vary in thickness from 1 feet 6 inches to 12 feet-the total thickness of Coal being 35 feet— the depths -of the pits are from 70 to about 170 fathoms. The Flintshire or North Wales Field exists in detached tracts, of which there are four, and altogether it is of considerable extent— on it are dependant the extensive Lead Works and Brick Manu- factories of Flintshire, the Copper Works of Anglesea, &c., and most of the Coal produced is consumed at home. The third dis- trict, near Lancaster, is of very small extent, and is generally considered to be a detached part of the Lancashire Field, which is undoubtedly one of the most important of the kingdom. Here also the shipments alone give no data to arrive at the quantity produced, and tne absence of any account of the shipments coast- ways from the port of Liverpool renders it the more difficult to form a correct estimate. The consumption of Coal, however, in the manufacturing districts of Lancashire and Cheshire, contain- ing the towns of Manchester. Macclesfield, and the importance of the Cottor. Manufacture of the kingdom, must he very con- siderable. The Coal Field has been extensively worked." The usual depths of the pits are from 125 to 168 fathoms, and enor- mous outlays have been tn»de in winning Coal. The Yorkshire Coal Field comes next. It is stated to be up- wards of 60 miles in length, and 18 miles in breadth—the seams vary from 2 to 6 feet in thickness—the depth of the pits is very great. The shipments, it will be observed, are of very incon- siderable amount, aud have decreased 19 per cent in the past year to account for this fact, we have only to consider the dis- tance of the Coal Field from the se'i, and the enormous internal consumption of the manufacturing district dependant on it. com- prehending, amongst many others, the important towns of Leeds, Hatifax, Wakefield, Sheffield, and the whole manufacturing part of Yorkshire. The few shipments which take place, are made from the ports of the river Humber, chiefly at Goole, to which place there is a canal communication. The Coal is well adapted for manufacturing, but not for hoasehold purposes; it is bitumi- lions, bnt "works small," and burns with a good deal of light ash. The country has been extensively worked, and in many parts is greatly exhausted, which has occasioned large Collieries to be opened near Halifax and elsewhere, on veins which average only 16 inches in thickness, and which lie at enormous depths, in many instances 50 fathoms under the older workings, where the thicker veins are found. The last class which remains to be considered is that which in- cludes the Forest of Dean, the Somersetshire Coal Field, near the Mendip Hills, and the Coal District on the western side of the Severn, called the Bristol Field. As our guide with regard to the former we have taken the shipments from Gloucester for the two latter, the shipments from Bristol, but in so doing we do not doubt that we are to a certain extent incorrect, for we believe that the majority of the exports from Bristol are derived from the port of Newport; in fact, the expense of working the Coal in the Bristol Field is so great, from the depth of the pits (many of which are 200 fathoms) and other circumstances, that Coals can be delivered at Bath from Newport, so as to compete wi ll the Coals raised in the immediate vicinity of that city. Neither of these Coal formations is of great extent the average diamrter of that of the Dean Forest is from 6 to 7 miles, and the Bristol and and Somersetshire Fields are eaclr about 12 miles long; the Bristol Field is the bioadest, the average breadth being about 3 miles the Somersetshire Field is of less extent. For very many years, these Coal Fields have been extensively worked, and the two latter are nearly exhausted. The Forest of Dean has long been known as a seat of iron manufacture, and the consumption of Coal in the different works is considerable. The Forest also snpplies the household consumption of a very large district. We have now enumerated the Coal districts of England and Wales, as far as they are indicated by the Parliamentary Returns on which these calculations and remarks are founded. There are some, however, tbe existence of wliitb is not noticed in these Returns. We allude to the Coal Fields of Staffordshire, War- wickshire, and Leicestershire, once amongst the most important or tbe kingdom, tbe Bilston and Dedlev Coat Districts buing been the first, and for a long period seat of the Iron manufacture, as thev still are of the Potteries. These formations. however, never of great extent, are now nearly exhausted. The £ KB-piarsteatsr sistmg of thirteen lamin* or distinctions of Coal. It is necessary" oftleVn^ r W,°rklnB lhese «ams, to leave a considerable portion Stiff 'XP08'*s support for the roof The exhausted state of tbe taffordshire Coal Field has been and will be productive of ver* 8r3,fiOUSArSerrel,° ibat distri°'' 8S was Prored in year 1836. Already has the chief seat of the Iron Trade been remo.^ oi onmoulhshire and Glamorganshire, and the manufactures or ™of & "e Brel,l) b? ,be "I i-cri" n„^i; Lhe e*ce.l,,ion of the small Coal formation of Shropshire Dak BrnT ST,tUa!ed 'I,e Iron Establishments of Coalb ool' fIronbrid^, &c., we beiieve we have now made some mention of every Coal District of England and Wales. alloeetherof aUii 'e ,°S in tbe fore«oinS analysis, 8re trade of ih» t- cheering nature, as regards lhe general Coal nr •. kingdom, and especially to those interested in tf- l,roSress South Wales District. It rppeai's the Vast v 'PP-,PgJrade °f E"Sl!ind snd Wai« ha. increased in Son h 'WHIMh" proportion of 12 percent, (the increase of Coal.wa\! i g apwaIds ot 25 rent-) > that the Shipments uave increased 10k per cent f South Wale* K^inrr 0fFfn TO!itlOVu23^ per cent-); tbat the increase in the Exports of England and Wales-and it is a fact well worthy of alt Xn i~d bel'cs is truly extraordinary! S' laCleaSe 'n °De -Vear wLicfa Ex^oi°tMo die'vaHof <he Tab!e ,howi"S ",e Auctu.tions iD (|le. of some consideration Frl^e our Coal, is also worthy of 3-| percent. Ho'lhnj Z ,n Proportion quantity, 6* per cent R °U"tr^ wh,ch ■«» as to greatest imfrea** u Russla,t,as not increased £ per cent. The porl. of ili« Mediferraifeali Th S'les of E«'op«-llie in E«p„„ ,u Af,,T,e E'a„0Us and the more encouraFing as they affect onr own district, possessed by the ports of thp nth 0nle suPe™or facilities commodation for esLls of ln,|^r!«aD' Coa' D1's,ricls- ,D ac" on which their Collieries^^ariVn' fl A 'r* gnmd 8CaIe which their winning hfl.p K perfect manner in force of their & beeD ,r,ade' and are carried on-(be adequate nature of Th°°S c^P,ta'whe» contrasted with the in- on lack of canita? ,the,c~al winnings in this Basin, consequent u- l • P ,a'> £ ad as to wonder that South Wales hold* », TheTc»r?„7°,°5J' Di"™'S "™»." Wa'es is desWnJ qaeS,1°n that tbe dist"ot of Sontb <l.« oi?- r 4 at at n0 *er? distant period, to become of an'thn r 5 °f th-e coa,.tra(k of this kingdom, but ci'so iSe manu^a?tures in which large quantities of Coal ar<« consumed and particularly of metals. On it are alreadv placed hfl7ar °- h"ndred,iron frmaces, constituting at least onl to •M"'0" tr °f ,he kin&dom 5 a"d 'bat this trade is l.kely to be still more concentrated in South Wales is the inf0, which may reasonably be drawn from the recent ai.olic^r'r tlie dan0"6 l° of iroa> as a'ready mentioned and from Fields ,Tn(Cr"S'"gexbaaS,,0n °[the Staffordshire and ilher Col" kingdom—more only reniaifiingSI)elterN'orks(atPoi-thCawl), and almost morio- considerable Potteries at Swansfa^ The of ft« P 7° as compared with those of other districts, is another argument in favour of the position here taken. Newcastle, and (he uor^ of Durham, are undoubtedly better placed for the suM o tb/ Nnr^nf1 r • a"d flsoJor ihe E*Port Trad« to .he Baltic til Rri«,^nl rfernTV' Netherlands. &c Bat tbe ports 0I the Bristol Channel command the supply 0f Ireland, of Cornwall where the consumption of the mines is immense, of lhe greyer part of Franee in which country the consump.ion is grea.er .ha" n any other with which we have intercourse, and where, as ha,, been shown, it is rapidly on the increase and of the ports of the Mediterranean, which South Wales commands, not only from I er position, but from the fact that she alone produces the Steam Coal which is there principally required from thi, circumstance also this Basin monopolizes the Exports to the East Indies and par- ticipates largely in the Export to Foreign West Indies', and also to the Channel Islands. The great resources of this Mineral Basin. which possesses a thickness of 95 feet of Coal, and jts peculiarly unexhausted condition as compared with the othFr Coal Districts, must, in fact, sooner or later, produce the effect which we anticipate. But, in order to realize these results great improvements must be made in the ports which form the outie)s improvements must be made in .he ports which form the outie.s of (he basin. The export trade in coals is chi-fly carried ou in vessels of large size, requiring to be water borne. Now, except- ing at Llanelly, where there it a dock, there is at present no ac- commodation for vessels or this description in any of our ports, tins remark applies particularly to Swansea, which, with it* m;nor ports of Neath, Port Talbot, Loughor, and Newton (all being ine.ludeo under the head "Swansea" in the Parliamentary Keturn), occupies the first place amongst the ports of the Bristol channel, both with regard to quantity shipped, and quantity exported. The verv great increase in the trade of Swansea in tbe past year, particularly in the exports, augurs well for her prosperity" hen the proposed improvements in the harbour shall he carried into effect. ilh additional accommodation for vessels requiring to be water-borne, there is no port in the Bristol channel which can compete with Swansea. At present, however, she owes a great dea to nature, and very little indeed to art; a state of thing* wh.oh we trust w.li S00n be allered, or that trade which Swansea will not allow to come to her, must take r.-fnee In he competing ports, where, as at Cardiff, Newport, and other place, ,r"rSl!eXtr,10:)S are TV m*kM* f"r increased fac [or lh,e, ^tension of trade. An inspection of the table of exports will show the extent in which Llanelly, notwithstanding the iiaturany bad entrance of that harbour, reaps the benefit or possessing a wet duck. Fourth on the fist of shipments coast. waJs, Llanelly ranks second in the list of exports, having ex- ported within 4,500 tons of the quantity exported from Swansea In fact, this superiority has hitherto given to Llanelly the whole* of the exporf trade of steam-packet coals to tbe East Indies -the greater portion of which Swansea would undoubtedly have' could she provide similar accomodation. in conclusion we would state, that in this paper we have had no object which is not professed we have endeavoured to point out the real bearing of the facts given in the Parliamentary retorn and feeling a strong interest in whatever concerns South Wales and her prosperity, it has given us much satisfaction to observe, in the progress of this analysis, how strongly every elucidated fact has corroborated an opinion which we have long entertained, pnd which has been here more than once expressed, viz., that the South Wales Coal Basin is destined at no distant day, lo boid the first place amongst the manufacturing and coal producing districts of the kingdom. 6 Swansea, 29lh May, 1838. A. 5'e *!elie*e the following particulars relating to the Iron, Conner and Tui plate Trades, w ill be found correct, or very nearly »<>—There are in t>lamorgaii<hire aud Afonrnouthsbire 103 blast furnaces for th. stTlelting of Iron Ore, which may be equal to the production of rather "lore h*» moa U" of Iron a year. The«e funtaces. l,o«ever a" « w ? e Probabiii(y's. that the av^raee make of Iron ir, South W ales is somewhat under 400 000 tons—Ther. are eleven Con fZ ,v',5, ""Ml at Swansea, (wo at Llam-llv, f Neat! and two at Aberavon. There .re also two Copper Wor'.s neat Liverpool, one at Am-lesea, and one in Staffordshire—ill on a very small scale. Tbe Copper Works of Sunth Wales melted in the year 1637 about 19 ',(Mia ions of Ore, producing about 18,000 lous of Copper- the Works of Liverpool, Anglesea, and Staffordshire produce aboat 1,500 to 1.800 tons of Copper annuaUy .-There are in Great Britain about tweotv Establishments for the manufacture of Tin Plates, producing onwards of 3W.000 boxes finoually of which 250,000 boxes are mad, on the South Wales Coal Field, 50,000 boxes on tke Fi*M of the Forest of Dean 70,000 boxes in Staffordshire, snd 15,000 lo 20,000 boxes in Shropshire.'
SHIP NEWS. SWANSEA.—Arrived, the Wm. and Jane, Barret; Dasher Ethei ly; and Richmond, Trick, with sundries; Mary, Mae' ra»h, with flour; Felicity, Thomas, with sand (inrnet Jones with limestones; kliza, Crockford, with sheep Minerva, fta-vev.Mith earthenware; TwinspCooper, with copper ore aud powder; M'incrvs Morgan, with erain Sir William Stainer, Brown, with porter- Chep- stow, Cnrliip, wilh hay and reed; Felicity, Thomas, with sand Thomas RUil Sarah, Williams, with iron; Providence, Patterson C.irleon, Hall- Industry, Mnrret; Venus, Parcells; Langport, Co* John and Mary' Cox; Nelly, Michael; Kitty, Dyer; Friendship, Westiake; Resolution' Reed; and Liverpool Packet, Westtake, from Bridfjewaier, with bricks' Gurnet, Jones; James and Sarah, Thomas Dolphin, Hawk and Fa: vorite, Givlin, with stones: Prude, Leaner; Catherine, Ellery; Willounhby, Thomas; Breeze, Wall; Fame. Hunt; Lomloti Packei Henbridse; Primrose, Hawkins; William Wise, Ellis; Merton Hos' kins; Waterloo, Fox Brotheis, Jenkins Barbirara, WilliamsLan- gerthrow, Climore. George, Mathews; Elirabeth, Gudae Swan Green- Castle Baynard, Ings; Par, Scantlebury; Fame, Greufell • Phoenix Thomas; Sarah, Hawk; Duke Wellington, Diaper; Catherine Pascoc- Catherine, Biyant; Dasher, Rosser; Erin, Burn; Mermaid, Doolittlej Catherine, Parnell Henrys Thomas John and Mary, Cridland; Ch*. lotte and Hannah, Smith Flower, Tippet Joseph, Care Elizabeth and Mary, Rees Maria, Howes and Industry, Painter, «ilh copper ore; Elizabeth, Jones; Daddon, Mellnish Sarah, Gibbs Lou isa, Williams; Swansea Trader, Channel Industry. Evans; Industry, Hnllm Wm. and Mary, Dingle; Ceres, Slocombe; Hope, Webborn; Ebeneztr, Langdon Mary, Burneli Sisters, Simmons; Tom Roberts. Samuel; Mary, Brown; Pole Tender, Vivins Britannia, Fwrsman Queen Ade. laide, Mathews; Lord Nelson, Porrer; Geraldine, Pearce; Release, Courtis; Malcolm, Pond Maria Cecilia, Veionnce; Brothers, Tvtfr- Providence, Duke; Alpha, Steer; Alarm, Topper; Richard. Carlisle'; It is. Lock Fife, Dare; tSarah, Hullen; Duke Wellington, Clock ford Voltiguer, Gnihoma; Racer, Stroud Jeone Paol, Malgorn Maiie e, Grace, Hainonean Charles, Flock; Sylph, Masson; Mary Ann, Ellioi Henry and Sarah, Williams; Dev»nshi-e, Lowther Britsnnh, Gould- smith; Gratitude, Jenkins; Hope, Beer; Happy Return, Herwain • St. Joseph, Conillandre Prosperous, Bell; Mary, Moule, Ruby, Jones- Looe, Govier; and Ann and Elizabeth, Lewi., all in ballast. CA R DI FF.-Foreign Entered Inwards, the Reolfina, Bolhuis. from Amserdani La Vearie Leonie, Quemeueur, from Brest; and Ellen, Brown, from Dunkirk, in ballast. Ditto Entered. Outwards, the Ebenexer, Grims, for Roiterdam LII Marie Leonie, Quemeneor, for Rochfort; Reolfina, Bolhuis, for Am- sterdam; Bcgerta; Backa, for Hamburuh Jane, Boyes, for Naples; Astrea, Mitchell, for Lisbon; William Pattison, for Hamburgh Ellen, Brown, and Mary Sweet, Sweet, for Oporto. Ditto Cleared Outwards, the Antelope, Pitts, for Lisbon Scio, Teas- dale, for Constantinople Seenymphe, Gardes, for Bremen; Maria Ca. therina, Swarf, for Amsterdam Rapid, Mathias, for Altona Osprey, Bnlletr, for Phitadftphia Cybele, Appling, for Boston Trusty, Pcrt- rees, and Betsey, Conch, for Rotterdam, all with iron. ('oatters lnwarlÙ. the Lady Charlotte (s.v.), Parfitt; Nantilos (s P.), Allen; Astrea, Mitchell; Friends, Davies, and Merthyr Packet, Ed- wards, from Bristol; Pheasant, Fisher, and Mary Jane, Boucher, from Waterloid Ststera, Lewis, from Gloucester; Liverpool Packet. West- lake, from Waichet; Elizabeth Ann, Jenkins, from Cork; Robert, Clampitt, fioin Newport; Ann and Susan, Waters, from Chepstow; John George, Gnlliford; Prudence, Edwards, and Friends, Bryant, from Bridgewaier, all with sundries Mary and Martha, Evans, from Ross, with pigs; Friends, Walford, from Bridgewater, with timber; William. Collins, Irom Newport, with bricks; Hurrell. Swaffin, fmm Dartmouth, with cider; TMo Brothers, Grenfell, from Falmouth, with beans; Thomas, Edwards, and Gytfdan, Jones, fiom Portmadoc, vi ilh slates 14 with iron ore, 39 in ballast. Ditto Outwards, the Castle, Jones, for Bristol; Endeavour, Green- ing, for Gloucester Mary Jones, Jones, and Cardiff Packet, Jones, for London, with sundries; Liverpool Packet, Westlake, for Swansea, with bricks; Bransty, France, for Liverpool, with iron and tin Tom Scott, and Hetty Clifton, Bannister, for Preston; Sophia, Mackey Eliza, Davies; Spread Eagle, Phillips; Hannah, Johnsou, and Isabella, James, for Liverpool; Swansea Packet, Morgan, for Cork; Thomas and Ann, Cassady, for Dumfries; Concord, Lewis, for Lancaster; Tredegar, Ellis, for Gloucester Salamanca, Hill, for Newcsstle; Catherine, Evans, and Union, Evans, for Glasgow; Globe, Buttall, for Hull; Hibernia, Ger- man; Queen Adelaide, Francis; Brilliant, Crocker Alatilda, Dowell el Margaret, Bouskell; and Good Hope, Brewer, from London, all with iron 39 with coal, one in ballast. LLANELLV.—Arrived, the Spraycombe, Marsh, from Bridgewater, with bricks; James, Gift, from Falmouth, with fish; Peggy, Davies, from Laugharne, with cheese Richard Jane Ann, Pearn, from Fowey Lord Rolle, Samnel; Ann, Samuel; and Olive Branch, Peters, from Truro; Commerce, Bennett; Severn, Hooper Henry, Stephens Wave, Rees; Providence, Russell; and Mary Ann, Pope, from St. Ives; lo- tegrity, Husbllnd; Naverino, Palnler; Jane, Quirk; Bristol Trader, Ruby. James Agenoria, Hawk; and Unity Thomas, from Swan- sea, with copper ore; Lark, Furlong, from Dublin; Towy, Daniel", from Carmarthen; John and Mary, Richards, from Barnstaple; Martha, Sheckpl, from Saundersfoot; New Parliament, Brabyn, for Rouen; Thomas, Parry, from Bristol; Kale, Richatds, from Littlehampton John and Shepherd, from Oxwich Bee, Bull; and Resolution, Steel, from Milford; Britannia, Leonard, and Sarah Treharne, Griffiths from Langharne George aud Jane, Griffiths; Caracticus, Harries; and Hero, Lovering, from Waterford; Maria, Griffiths; Pritland, Williams, and Hero, Madrim, from Amlwch, all tn ballast; MILFORD.—Arrived, the Mermaid, Griffiths, from Saundersloot for Rye; New Hope, Jones, from Bangor for London John, Griffiths, from Hayle; William, Williams, from Waterford; Samuel, Torkin, from Penzance; Venus, Davies, trom Aberdovey Wiliiam and Maria, Har. ries, and Gavel. Percy, from Newport; Hibbert Binney, Tuplin, from Cork; Lindshipping, Morgans, from Ross; Star, Rees, and Cambrian Packet, Davies, from Bristol for Milford. Sailed, a long list of coasters. BRISTOL.— Coaster? Entered Outwards, the Martha, Eynon, for Ha- verforrtwelt; Betsey, Evans, for Langharne; Fonmon Cutlet Davies, for Neajh and Rose, Jenkins, for Swansea.