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).---f FOREIGN INTELLIG ENCE.

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) f FOREIGN INTELLIG ENCE. THE first conference of the Ministers of the four Powers of the Holy Alliance took place at Verona on the 20th ult. The Duke of Wellington was the only plenipotentiary of a power not included' in the alliance, who was admitted to the conference. The expectation seems to be pretty general, on the Continent, that the Congress will leave Spain untouched. This happy disposition of the European Cabinets is attributed, to the in- fluence of England. Every arrival, however, tends to confirm that the Emperor of Russia seems dis- posed to resume his hostile position towards the Turks. Several circumstances are mentioned in support of this opinion: his recal of MM. Capo d'istria and Strogonoff" to his Councils—the former a, zealous adviser of war against the Turks, and liimself a Greek—the latter a person obnoxious to the Porte, from the line of conduct he lately pur- sued as Ambassador at Constantinople. That, however, which seems most worthy of notice, is the probability that this relapse of his Imperial Majesty has arisen from finding himself checked in his designsuponSpain.—To return to his peo- ple, having done nnthingworthyof the magnificent promises which he made to them when he set out upon this mission, would be mortifying in the highest degree to a Sovereign who is described as personally very vain. Whether the same influence which diverted the Emperor of Russia before from crossing the frontier between him and Turkey will lie equally effective, now, it were idle to enquire. The difficulty is, we think, encreaseil. Russia has liy this time found that her influence,in Europe is Considerable only in time of war. Such was the case in 1814 and 1815, and subsequently at the Congress of Aix-lk-Chapelle, whilst her troops were still in the heart of Europe, and no political -questions had arisen to create a schism of interests between the allied nations. The ex-Empress Maria Louisa is at Verona; and appeared, on the 16th, in one of the boxes, attired jn a simple but interesting manner. On her head she wore a plain round cap of Brussels lace, tied under the chin with pink ribbon; and her robe was of homely Scotch Tartan, made in the fashion of the country. She displayed neither pearls nor diamonds; and there was no adventitious circum- stance of dress to distinguish her from any female r3 i in a comparatively humble sphere of life. Her countenance is said to resemble the portraits of iier that are published in London, and appears both pleasing and intelligent, but wears an air of ^peculiar dejection. Tke intelligence from Spain is to the 25th lilt, and possesses some interest, though, up to the 14^1, no battle had taken place between the re- spective forces under Mina and D'Erolles. These two Generals were actively employed in manoeu- vring and disposing their forces. The Army of the Faith appears to be gaining. strength. An event has taken place at Estella as barbarous as any that has disgraced the sanguinary and fero- cious conduct of the Turks. A small garrison of the Constitutional forces, having been surprised, were, after a gallant resistance, compelled to ca- pitulate, and were ordered to be conducted to the mountains; but they were attacked on their way 4>y the royalists, and severil of them, including their commander, murdered. A few effected their escape to Rampeluna. An official communication has been made to the Spanish Constitutionalists, by the Portuguese Government, offering to assist them with troops to put down the Royalists.. In the frontier pro- vince of Entre Duero y Minho, 8,000 men are already stationed, under the command of Field MarsbatLuisdoRego, readyto cross the Minho, upon the first intimation from the Spanish Autho- rities that their services are required. According to another account, a corps of equal strength has actually entered Spain by the Algarves, and are to occupy the province ot Andalusia, so that the Spanish troops now stationed there may be enabled to march northwards. All was in perfect tranquillity at Madrid on the above date (the 25th), and it had been determined by the Ministry to bring to immediate trial those Noblemen suspected of having favoured the in- surrection of the guards oa the 7th of July. The loan to be raised has been declared by the "govern- ment at 40,000,000 reals de rente, answering to a capital of 800,000,000 of reals, equivalent, at the present price of Spanish securities, to about „ £ 5,600,000 sterling. Several agents, appointed by capitalists in London and Paris, were in Madrid, for the purpose of making proposals for supplying the Spanish Government with that sum, or different portions of it. The King of Portuga) has at length unequivocally expressed his disapprobation, real or assumed, of the conduct of his son. By a decree, dated Lisbon, Oct. 9, he has forbidden the customary rejoicings on the birth-day of the Prince Royal, until "by his obedience to the laws, and his father's orders, he has rendered himself worthy of his royal and pater- nal kindness." Papers from New Orleans to the 26th of Septem- ber have brought the intelligence that the BLick Slaves in that State are all flying to Mexico, to en- joy the freedom which has been given to all the 1 Blacks in that new Empire. Advices have been received from Pernambuco, dated the 17th ofSeptember. Some of the Members of the Junta supposed to be inimical to the Prince Regent, have been displaced by the popular voice, I'L p tijmuhuously expressed on the 16th September. Tranquillity was restored at the departure ofonr advices, and a new election was fixed for the Sunday following at Olipda. Next week (says a Morning paper) the merchants connected with the Brazils intend to have a public meeting, and at present it is tbeirdesign to present a memorial to Mr. Canning, begging that the in- > fhience of England may be used in Portugal to prevent the continuation, on the part of that Go. vernment, of a vain attempt to reduce their South American Colonies, for they never again can be Portuguese, and to attempt to prevent what is in- evitable from taking place, is only to prolong human misery. The Minister for Foreign Affairs has now a bright field of true glory to tread, and the nation expects from him that the interests of human nature, and the cause of civilisation and progressive improvement will be the foundation of his future fame, for Greece and South America at the present moment offer a theatre whereon British grandeur may long exert itself.

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