TOWYN COLOURED WATER.—The heavy rains on Mon- day and Monday night flooded the mountain sides with the result that the water supply of the town was very much discoloured on Tuesdav and Wednesday. This happens frequently and 'some steps should be taken to prevent it if possible. HAR\ EST THANKSGIVING.—The annual thanks- giving services were held at St Cadvan's Church on Wednesday, October 15th. The English service which was at eleven o'clock was well attended, and the Rev W. Llovd" vicar of Dol- gelley, preached an eloquent sermon. There was a very large attendance at the Welsh service which was at seven o'clock, when the Rev W. Lloyd again preached an effective sermon. The Church was nicely decorated with flowers, corn, and evergreens. The collections at each of the services were given to the S.P.C.K. DISTANT Hopr,The nights were verv dark last week, but there was a glimmer of light on the decapitated column on the monument in Cambrian-square. It might have been light pro- duced by artificial means or possibly it was the reflection of the hope engendered by the news that the long promised lamp was on the road from somewhere in the far north. Anyhow, hope lives in the moonlight which has come to the rescue, and it is much to be hoped that the lamp will arrive before the obscuration of the moon takes place again. ENTERTAINmE.N,r.-An entertainment was given in the Assembly Rooms on Wednesday, Oct. 8th, by a choir of boys and girls from the Princess Alice Orphanage, Birmingham. The chair wa* occupied by Mr H. Haydn Jones, J.P. There was a fair attend- ance and an excellent programme was gone through by the Choir, which included selections on the dulcimer, sleigh bells, tubepbone, corillon, land other musical instruments, duets, trios, and action songs. The Chairman, in an eloquent andirnpressive speech, dealt with the many excellent reasons for supporting such institutions. Mr Thomas Durley, from the Orphanage, also gave an interesting lecture, dealing with the work of the Institution, which was atten- tively listened to and in which he appealed for funds to carry on the good work. Needless to say a good response was made to his appeal. Sister Freda Tye accompanied at the piano.
THIS PAPER. THE circulation of the Cambrian News has doubled itself since the reduction to a penny, and since we published one edition for the north and another edition for the south. The advertisements, the general news, and the leading matter go into both editions. The northern edition mainly circulates north of the Dovey, and the southern edi- tion south of the Dovey. The circulation of the southern edition is greater than that of any English newspaper printed in Car- diganshire. The circulation of the northern edition is greater than that of any English newspaper printed in Merionethshire. We are prepared to test this statement at any time. Those who advertise in the Cam- brian News are empowered to act for us in meeting any statement that questions the excess of the circulation over any other paper in its district. The Cambrian News circulates about as many papers in Aberystwyth as there are in- habited houses.
RE-ASSEMBLING OF PARLIAMENT. PARLIAMENT has re-assembled to complete the committee stage of the Education Bill. Since the House of Commons adjourned a great deal has been said, mainly against the Bill, but the total result cannot be claimed to be in favour either of the defeat or of the withdrawal of the measure. Sug- gestions of compromise fill the newspapers, and both sides have unquestionably realized that whatever happens afterwards, a measure of some sort must be passed. The Prime Minister makes this quite clear. There are, of course, the irreconcilables on one side who will have nothing but the defeat of the Government or the with- drawal of the Bill, just as there are the out-and-outers on the other who will have the Bill, the whole Bill, and nothing but the Bill. Besides these there are the thoughtful men in both parties who realise that there must be modification of demand and moderation of assertion in order that the work of educating the children of the country may continue. When men like Dr MACNAMARA and the Bishop of HEREFORD are in favour of com- promise, our readers may be sure that there is a good deal more to- be said for the Bill on educational grounds than might be supposed by listening only to the more extreme section. The Govern- ment is strong enough to pass the measure, but whether it is shrewd enough to disarm virulent opposition by wise concessions remains to be seen. Before 1870 the cry was that School Boards would kill what was called priestly ascendancy. The School Board system was going to spread from end to end of the country. There were numberless and endless speeches about the twenty-fifth clause. The Bill passed. The Church of Englacd not only survived, but now in the year 1902 the Church of England is found in exclusive possession of thousands of elementary schools. We do not believe that it will make any material difference to the Church of England what concessions are made to Nonconformists in the election of school managers. We feel that the agitation, which is still confined to de- nominational circles, is more or less unreal. We do not mean that Nonconformists are not ia earnest in their opposition to the Bill, or that the Government does not seek to give the Church of England unfair advantages and preferences. What we mean is that the agitation is more noisy than forceful. The rank and file of the people do not care much about the issue either way. The average working man and his wife are not very much in love with elementary education as it has been administered during the past thirty years, and they are disposed to leave the parsons and the ministers to fight the matter out. There is nothing at stake that the masses of the people think it is worth while to make a fuss about. In thousands of communities the Church of England got command of the elementary schools be- cause it undertook to save the expense of School Boards. The cost of a School Board has been the measure in thousands of districts of the people's interest in what is called religious or non-religious elemen- tary education. We believe that Noncon- formists have been unwise in not teaching I religion in schools. We do not mean by religion Free Will, or Predestination, or Eternal Punishment, or Final Pergeverance, or Immersion, or Sprinkling, but those great principles of right life that all Nonconformist denominations are agreed upon. We see that the Church of England has to give a political bias to its religious teaching which is quite different from the political bias given in Nonconformist religious teaching, 0 Z5, and we also see that the Roman Catholics have to give a quite different theological turn to all religious instruc- 0 C5 tion than is given by the Church of England or by Nonconformists. There can be no such thing anywhere as non- religious education. Of course a child can be taught the multiplication table with- out bringing in relig;ous instruction, but the child cannot be taught to read, or be made conversant with history, or be taught to think, or be made moral with- out bringing in religion. The unrealness of much of the opposition to the Bill is due to the untenable pre- sumption that children can be taught the elements of knowledge without religion. The Bill will pass and then the conten- tions will die away as they died away after 1870, unless the Government is unwise enough to force into the Bill rankling conditions, and then an agitation will be started that will work its way slowly into the hearts of the people, and there will be a revolution in which religious systems of all sorts will fare badly. If the Church of England insists upon the numerical control of the schools maintained by public money, there will be fight that in the end will upset the Church of England. Again, if Noncon- formist teachers are excluded from being teachers in the bulk of the elementary schools of the country, there will be a fight that will upset the Church of Eng- land. These two points will tell continu- ously upon the masses of the people and will have political and religious effects not easily measured or, perhaps, conceived. The masses of the people are deeply dis- satisfied with thp. results achieved by education, and if the Government unwisely fix attention upon their measure by embodying in it two reasonable grounds for further discontent, the Church of l, England and other churches will suffer' sooner or later. We should be glad to see education taken entirely out ot the hands of the churches; but that is practically impossible, and it is no use asking for legislation that can have no practical results. As far as we can see the Bill will pass.. It will give the Chureh of England the right to appoint masters in all voluntary schools it will give the Church a preponderating voice in the management; and it will further give their schools more public money in order to teach their religious opinions. We are not going to discuss the thousand and one suggestions for avoiding these z,9 provisions which, if they are embodied in the Bill, will most likely give rise to consequences of the most disastrous kind. Then will begin a real agitation which will end in a revolution that will terminate a good many things besides the connec- tion between the Church and the State. After all, what the Church of England has to fear is not the Nonconformist opposition to the Bill, but the power of the Government to force it through both Houses of Parliament with all its obnoxious provisions intact. The denomi- national agitation agairst the Bill has practically spent itself, but if the Bill is passed in its present form there will soon be a much more serious condition of things to face. Both Mr. CHAMBER- LAIN and the PRIME MINISTER practically state that th6 Bill will be forced through before Parliament rises.
A DISGUSTING PROPOSAL, Two years ago we ought to have heard the last of the disgusting proposal to build a urinal at the back of the Women's Hostel, Aberystwyth. The Town Council was then defeated, but after lying low for two years the work, we understand, is now to be carried out regardless of decency and everything else. We ask the women of Aberystwyth whether this dirty proposal is to be carried out simply be- cause it is so nasty that they dare not discuss it ? It is incredible that a number of men who are supposed to be sane should be determined to build a urinal within sight of the windows of an institu- tion where more than two hundred young women reside. If this scheme is carried out the lowest sort of men will always have a good excuse for lurking about the back of the Hostel and the difficulties of management will be indefinitely in- creased. If this project is to be carried out to spite the College authorities, the object is despicable. If it is to be carried out merely because the members of the Council are ignorant or obtuse, then the fact is deplorable, and it is high time for the ratepayers to do something in their own behalf. If it is said that there is no suitable site for a place of this sort, the Council may be referred to the waste ground adjoining the Boar's Head and near the Queen's Hotel Vaults. That a urinal should be built behind the Hostel and within sight of the windows of that institution is so obviously wrong that it ought not to be necessary wrong that it ought not to be necessary to make protest against so unjustifiable a project. We know that the subject is unsavoury, but we are not going to allow this dirty scheme to be carried out merely because it is dirty and the discussion of its details is objectionable. If there is no other way, surely the College authorities could obtain an in- junction to prevent the erection of the place. But an injunction ought not to be necessary. Notwithstanding the fact that money could not be borrowed for this thing, it is to be built out of the rates
THE ABERYSTWYTH ELECTION. THE ratepayers of Aberystwyth are helpless. They are not satisfied with the way the business of the town is con- ducted and would gladly get rid of the four retiring members, but reputable men who are asked to offer themselves as can- didates decline, and we confess it is difficult to press them. The whole pro- ceedings which led to the resignation of Mr D. C. ROBERTS were so discreditable that the people seem to have abandoned all interest in their own affairs and to be waiting for some champion to clear out the municipal stable in order that there may be a fresh start. We have no more to say than has been said already as to the need for reform. The state of things could not be much worse. Individual ratepayers shrink from entering the Council where they feel that they would be powerless. Reform must start from the general body of ratepayers. Any new candidates to be of use must feel that if elected they will neither be the creatures of the it old gang" nor the mouthpieces of officials. If a number of ratepayers banded them- selves together and, apart from politics, or denominationalism, or personal con- siderations, determined to get rid of the present members of the Council, leaving other people to nominate candidates, the town might in four or five years be rescued from its present position. The resigna- tion of Mr D. U. ROBERTS was inevit- able and indicates the low-water mark of the Council. He has never been vindicated and has received no repara- tion. The charge made against him has never been withdrawn. Mr C. M. WILLIAMS made an accusation against him and the TOWN CLERK. He refused to withdraw the words, but said he did not blame them. Not blame them, in- deed. If they were guilty of the charge, they ought to have been blamed. Mr D. C. ROBERTS published his full and most satisfactory explanation of the pro- ceedings in his farewell address to the electors in our issue of October 19th, 1900, but to this day he has not been vindicated, and Mr 0. M. WILLIAMS'S accusation stands, that the motion Mr ROBERTS made was made to delay the matter. We have known Mr D. C. ROBERTS ever since he entered public life, and we are sure, however much our readers may differ from us on many subjects, that they will heartily agree with us that there is no man in Wales who can with less justice be accused of double dealing than Mr D. C. ROBERTS. Two years have passed since this dis- graceful episode, but we feel as strongly now as we did then and, in our opinion, it is due to Mr D. C. ROBERTS that he should be vindicated by the ratepayers from the charge that he took a course of action simply with the object of delay- ing an alleged right course of action. We know that Mr ROBERTS has discouraged all expressions of public opinion in his own favour, but this is a matter that affects the public as much as it affects him, and now is the time that his accuser should be brought definitely to book. We should be glad if four new men n were elected-Mr D. C. ROBERTS, Mr DAVID LLOYD, timber merchant, Professor ANGUS, and Dr MORGAN, for instance—or Mr RUFUS WILLIAMS, Mr JOHN WATKINS, Dr HARRIES, and Mr T H EDWARDS, in- surance agent, or four of those who have offered themselves during recent years. The election of four fresh members would betoken interest on the part of the ratepayers, but perhaps it is too early to expect the ratepayers to take that sort of in- terest which only those can possibly feel who have intimate knowledge. Before the end of another year the ratepayers will be in possession of facts which cannot fail to stimulate their interest. We believe that when the report of the Ratepayers' Association on the Borough Finances is published, even the most tolerant and apathetic will feel that the time has come for action. That report cannot deal with last year's accounts, for the Abstract of Accounts, which was due last March, has not yet been issued, but there is plenty of material without going into accounts which have not yet been placed in the hands of the ratepayers. Obstacles have been thrown in the way of the Rate- payers' Association's investigations. No disposition has been shown to place before the ratepayers the information that is needed. There are reasons why the retiring members should not be able to pass out of the Council until the condition of things for which they are responsible has been thoroughly dealt with. We believe the time is not far distant when the ratepayers will be justified in asking the whole of the members of the Council to resign, so that deliberate judg- ment may be passed on their action and inaction.
UNPROVIDED FOR, ONE of the great drawbacks of small towns like Aberystwyth is that there arc no adequate or comfortable places of public resort for young people during the long winter nights, and young women are, if anything, less adequately provided for than young men. From this part of the year until late in spring young people are to be seen in doorways, passages, and at sheltered corners, trying to be cheerful under the most adverse and depressing circum- stances. The Conservative Club, the Junior Radical Club, and the Working Men's Institute provide for a few, but the great bulk have no places to which they can resort for company, amusement, light, and warmth. Some of our readers may ask why these young people do not go home and improve their minds First of all, the bulk of them have no homes in which they can find the necessary accommodation. The average dwelling house of the average working man does not lend itself to comfort, or quietness, or light, or company. It is only necessary to walk about the town at nights to be made to realize that many of the young people have no places to which they can go for shelter, light, warmth, and companionship. Nobody, particular, is to blame for this lack of social accommodation. The young people themselves do not feel aggrieved and make no complaint. In the end, many of them may drift into public houses, and if they do drift there it is not for those who have soft-carpeted, well-warmed, and brilliantly-lighted drawing rooms to cen- sure them. Let our readers try to imagine how they would pass the time after work hours, between now and next May, if they had no- where to go when it rained except a draughty passage or a sheltered door- step. The exceptionally endowed youth may provide for himself, but if the bulk of youths were like him he would not be exceptional, and it is on behalf of the pathetically helpless majority that we write. The first step towards any reform is a clear realization of need and a distinct conviction that something can be done. We very much question whether the well-to-do residents of Aberystwyth realize the utter desolate- ness of many young people in small towns like Aberystwyth, and still more in rural districts. Many of them are not adequately clad and not a few are underfed. As a rule they have no money to spend, and it is useless to ex- pect them to rent premises or to pay for fire, gas, and attendance. We may be told that they find money to enable them to smoke. This is true, and they will continue to smoke. One of the greatest difficulties in the way of assisting the young people now under consideration is that they not only have no money to spend, but they would be unwilling to spend it in providing places of public resort for themselves. Besides, many of them are rough and not a few of them have habits that are not over- refined or too scrupulously clean, as may he inferred from the state of the Marine Parade near the seats which they have patronised on fine evenings. The chief difficulty in providing for these young people is not in securing premises, although that is a difficulty, nor in obtaining the money to discharge the inevitable financial liabilities, but in securing the wise, patient, specially-endowed individuals who can manage these resorts, and who are so constituted as to give up their time and freedom to the arduous and unthankful task. The beginnings of much social degradation are to be found in the cheerless streets and lanes of small towns and villages. If young men and young women were all philosophers, the matter would be comparatively easy of settle- ment, or if Aberystwyth were three times its present size solutions would be less difficult to find. As a rule, when anything is attempted in the way of provision for the young, people we are dealing with, the effort fails because there is a notion of lecturing them, or educating them, or too narrowly restrict- ing their freedom. There is nothing new in the need we are discussing, and no- thing fresh has been discovered in the ways of dealing with it. We call atten- tion to the subject because the need is old, the difficulties well known, and the possible courses well tested. Familiarity breeds apathy and indifference, if not contempt, and it would be an excellent thing if the thinking men and women of Aberystwyth and other small places could be induced to consider the hope- leas condition of young people who, after their work hours, have nowhere to go except the public house. The object of this article is not to elaborate a scheme, or to fix blame, or even to suggest plans. All we wish to do here is to remind our readers how desolate many young people are all through the long winter months, and they are desolate not because of any fault of their own, or because somebody has neglected his duty, but because times have altered, circum- stances have changed, and new require- ments are entailed by the growing in- telligence and education of the young. There is much that could be done, but the first thing is for the public to realize that it is necessary to do something, and the public are, as yet, a long way from that realization. We ask our readers as they hasten through the storm-swept streets on dark nights, to give a thought to the young men and young women who have nowhere to go and no means of amusement. We know that in some quarters not much importance is attached to the need for amusement, and many amusements are classed as wicked, or de- grading, or frivolous, or childish. There are always a few who do not require external aids either to amusement or education, but nobody would object to provide schools because a few youths will educate themselves in spite of all difficulties and obstacles. This is equally true ef amusement. There are a few of both sexes who can find entertainment without any external aids, but the great majority are as powerless to entertain themselves as to educate themselves. Our main object on this occasion, however, is not to discuss in detail the question of amuse- ments. We shall be satisfied if we can succeed in inducing our readers to give thought to the young-mainiy those between fourteen and twenty-one—who have practically no resoit during the long winter nights but the streets or the public-house.
EDITORIAL NOTES. The death is announced of Mr GEORGE WIGHTWICK RKNDBL, brother of Lord RENDEL. Only a few weeks ago another brother of Lord RENDER'S died. • Our Aberayron correspondent takes it for granted that the CHIEF CCNSTABLE of Cardi- ganshire is a candidate for a similar position in the county of Durham solely on account of the higher remuneration. It may be that Mr HOWELL EVANS has been 5old that Durham would be more beneficial t) him from other than pecuniary points of view. *• The Daily News is a vez-f pious paper, so pious that it will not publish betting news. On other subjects it is not so particular. For instance, it will lie about Lord PENRHYN and the quarry dispute in the most barefaced and persistent way, but that is different! It is by lying about Lord PENRHYN hat the Daily News and other papers hope to conciliate him, we suppose. Mr RITCHIE, one of the most important members of the Government, says they intend to ask Parliament to sit whatever the length of time to which the sittings should extend, until they dispose of the question which they were asked to consider when Parliament met on Thursday last. We are glad to have this assurance. Once the Education Bill is passed, there will be a simple issue before the country which can be fought out without doing injury to every child in the country. The MARQUIS OF HAMILTON, Conservative member for Londonderry, has announced to the Ministerial Whip that he feels unable further to support the Government in regard to the Education Bill unless some compromise can be arrived at which would largely increase the popular control of voluntary schools. This is the attitude of far more people than the extremists on both sides are willing to believe. • An inquest was held in London this week on a man who died after eating what were called chlorodyne" lozenges. It transpired that there is no chlorodyne at all in the lozenges. A witness said these lozenges were a pious fraud. There was really no chlorodyne in the lozenges at alL He bought them wholesale. It was a trade thing. People had got used to asking for these lozenges as chlorodyne lozenges," and they get them. They are very popular. He sold thousands of them. This is one of the numerous ways in which the people are humbugged, and like it I ♦ • War is, no doubt, a most glorious thing but it has to be paid for in many ways. The Labour Department of the Board of Trade in its report on the condition of the labour market in September, says that the general state of employment has continued to decline, and is now not only worse than a year ago, but below the average fcr the month of September in the last ten years. The.falling off is most marked in the shipbuilding and engineering trades. We have not yet reached the bottom of the decline. Locally there are signs of collapse. There are two business failures in Aberystwyth at the present time and rumours of several more. « The Rev J. L. KYLE, the vicar of Carlton-in- Cleveland, has taken the licence of the Fox and Hounds Inn at Carlton and purchased the property. He has placed in as manager a parishioner who was a farmer and is superin- tending the working of the inn. It is his de- sire to sell the very best of everything and provide suitable refreshment? for the visitors who annually go to this village. The house is open only six days in the week. The MANAGER gets a profit oaly on the non-intoxicants sold. We suppose that all sorts of people will feel it to be quite respectable to go to this parson- kept public house? • The oldest inhabitant does not remember a heavier shower than that which fell at Aber- ystwyth about nine o'clock on Monday night. The streets were washed clean, and once more the Town Council's trust in the elements was justified. There was a sense of great fresh- ness after the heavy downfall. Of course, the ground of the outdoor stable in North- parade is still red with ordure, but the muck- hole pools were well laundered. The Ystwyth and Rheidol rivers were well filled on Tuesday morning, for the heavy shower had been pre- ceded by a steady fall of rain throughout the day. Rain is very much needed all over the country. 'It » Mr HANBURY, the minister for agriculture, is not a genius, but we think he means well. The other day, speaking on the question of railway rates and the advantages given to the foreigner to place his goods on the English market, he said British farmers could help themselves. They should combine and send their produce in large quantities. They could not expect railway companies to carry small freight at the same rate as they would charge for large quantities. At the same time, the difference was far greater than it ought to be. He should not cease pegging away at the railway companies to reduce their rates, and he should like the charges made by the different companies to be more alike than at present. Combination among farmers to send large quantities of produce by single shipments is as out of the question as if a would-be passenger were expected to get a large number of other people to go with him to any place he wished to visit before he could obtain reasonable terms from the railway companies. It is a most curious feature in railway company policy that the companies seem to think that they ought to be forced by the public to adopt enlightened methods. The United Kingdom Alliance has issued its fiftieth annual report, in which it is stated that the Executive are of opinion That the "condition of the Temperance Party seems to demand that in the immediate future education rather than agitation should be the chief work of the Alliance, for in this age and in this country temperance egislation, to be solid and enduring, must be built upon knowledge." We are glad to see this change of attitude. In these days everybody is in favour of temperance, and, after all, it is temperance that is needed. Far more time and energy have been wasted in trying to make one teetotaler than would have removed half-a-dozen causes of in- temperance. By all means let those who wish to abstain totally abstain totally, but there'is no reason why those who do not accept total abstinence should not be allowed to work agaiist those social, economic, physical, and mental causes of excess which so commonly prevail. The great foe of temperance is the State. This is a fact that is not realized yet, but it will be realized. We believe that municipal filth, in- sanitary houses, exhaustive labour, insufficient food, and absence of healthy recreation tend to intemperance. Why should we be excluded from the list of temperance workers simply because we will not accept that all or no- thing policy" which the Alliance says it does not advocate ? This paper has never been on the side of intemperance, but has always been treated as a foe by the extreme temperance party. In temperance and religion the policy of the leaders seems to be implicit obedience and non-resistance, and that is a policy we have never submitted to and never will submit to. The United IKing- dom Alliance as an educational force may do great good. The price of silver is under two shillings an ounce. This means that every time the Gov- ernment coins five shillings the sum of Lwo-and- sixpence is profit. What do the Socialists think of this large margin of profit! And profit which is not the result of labour either. ♦ ♦ It is said that the new volunteer regulations are working havoc among the London volun- teers. A number of commanding officers are resigning or threatening resignation, and the corps are becoming depleted of rank and file. There is no immediate need for volunteers. The only real way to meet the military needs of the country is conscription. • « At the Llandrindod Council meeting on Fri- day, Mr JEFFREY JONES, the chairman, resigned his position in protest against the rescinding of a resolution which had been carried on his casting vote. There was no other honourable course open to him. It is to be hoped that he will not retreat from the attitude he has taken up when the members of the Council come to him and assure him that they did not think he would mind the insult. £'! ø Children are sent to school for far too many hours. Why should not the school time for secular instruction be reduced by one day a week so that religious instruction could be given on that day, attendance being optional. Or ministers and clergymen might be allowed half-an-hour in the morning for religious instruction, suitable arrangements being made for the different denominations. Either method would test the desire of the people for religious instruction. ♦ • The chairman of the Merionethshire Quarter Sessions, Mr W. R. M. WYNNE, in charging the grand jury, expressed his regret that the grand jury should have been forced to attend seeing that there was no business to transact. Surely it is not beyond the capacity of the Government to put an end to the farce of put- ting grand juries to great expense and incon- venience to do nothing. This is not a local but a national grievance, and something ought to be done. Mr WYNNE was presented with a pair of white gloves. • An agricultural meeting was held at Lam- I peter on Friday. There was not a large attendance. Mr J. C. HARFORD presided, who referred sympathetically to the death of Mr T. H. R. HUGHES. The other speeches were somewhat of the thrice-boiled colewort order. Still, anything is better than nothing, perhaps, if it tends to stir up those engaged in agri- culture. All that was said has been said by the same speakers many times before, and it was none of it very original even at first. There are many important sides to agricultural co-operation [which the speakers do not appear to have considered. < w Mr BRYN ROBERTS has spoken out plainly in reference to the half-and-half Liberalism of Mr ASQUITH and Lord ROSBBERY. Mr BRYN ROBERTS truly says that eaeh candidate should be questioned, and if he did not unequivocally and unreservedly undertake to abide by Home Rule as part of the living policy of the party, to adhere to the traditional Liberal foreign policy of Mr GLADSTONE, renounce the Liberal League, and undertake to stand loyally by Lord SPENCER and Sir H. C. BANNERMAN he should be rejected. There is not much fear of Wales going for namby-pamby Liberalism. We stand by Ireland: that is certain. Mr BRYN ROBERTS'S speech is timely and to the point. • The meetings of the Aberystwyth Ratepayers. Association were resumed after the summer season on Tuesday evening last. There was a good attendance. Several ratepayers who are not members were present. Why not join ? The annual subscription is only half-a-crown. A proposal to condemn this paper received no support whatever, although no attempt to defend it was fmade. The EDITOR refused many years ago to defend himself and he is not going to start now. Anybody who does not like this paper can cease to buy it, and anybody who does not agree with it is perfectly at liberty to differ from it. The Association is on the way to do good work for the town. ft One of the Denbigh papers is quite hurt that the Rev D. E. JENKINS should be dis- turbed merely because the death-rate of that town is only about one or two :per thousand more 'than the average of sixty-two large English towns Of course the average of Denbigh should be below that of the large towns of the United Kingdom. Why, Mr JENKINS is asked, make a fuss over a few unnecessary deaths ? Why, indeed ? We have been asked the same question many a time. The Aberystwyth Town Council not long ago wanted to try us because v.-e said that children were done to death in that town. Since then, other children have been done to death in Aberystwyth by filth diseases. Is it not good, sound Christian work to try and save the lives of the people? Mr BALFOUR, in his speech on the Education Bill, said Our countrymen by a vast majority are of opinion, and personally I li agree with them, they are of opinion, irres- pective, I believe, of political party or Church membership, that religion should be taught to the young of this country." This is true. Of the masses of the people it is more true than of the denominationalists. There are members of the Church of England and of every other denomination who would rather see the children of the nation grow up in utter ignorance than see them well educated in denominational schools of a kind different from their own. The Church of England has thrown the greatest obstacle in the way of the Bill by insisting that in more than half the elementary schools of the country the teachers shall belong to the Church of England. The Nonconformists have a case, but it was not the duty of the PRIME MINISTER to put it. ♦ t •» Mr LLOYD MORGAN, M.P., made a sensible speech at St, Clears the other day on the Education Bill. After a resolution had been proposed and seconded protesting against the Bill, and asking municipal authorities not to carry it out, Mr LLOYD MORGAN said he wished to utter one word of warning against the action of the County Councils in deciding be- fore the Bill was passed not to carry it out. If County Councils adhered to this determina- tion he was sure that the education of the country would suffer, and that the Board of Education, with the Government behind it, would have no other alternative but to carry out the Act itself. The Bill provides that if a County Council fails to fulfil its duties, an Order, directing what is to be done, may he made by the Board of Education, after local inquiry, and the order may be enforced by mandamus. The Carnarvonshire Council's decision not to administer the Act is not only foolish but will be inoperative. ♦ • On Tuesday, the PRIME MINISTER delivered an important speech at Manchester on the Education Bill. In reply to the question why the Government brought in this Bill, he said "The existing educational system of the country is chaotic, is ineffectual, is utterly behind the age, makes us the laughing stock "of every advanced nation in Europe and America, puts us behind, not only our "American cousins, but the German, the Frenchman, and the Italian, and that it was not consistent with the duty of an English Government, of a British Government, to allow that state of things longer to continue without an adequate remedy." This is true. There can be no question about it. Educa- tional reform is absolutely necessary. The un- fortunate thing is that it is also true that the Church of England is determined to get privileges and preferences which are unreason- able and will never be peacefully granted. We see in the PRIME MINISTER'S speech still more possibilities of compromise. Besides, as was asked by him, what is to become of popular education if this Bill does not become law ? This is a question that the extreme opponents of the measure do not try to answer, and we do not blame them for not trying to answer it, but those who care more for education than for denominationalism ought to try and find an answer. Mr BALFOUR will have to find one sooner or later. j The Cambrian Railways traffic receipts for Uhe past week show an increase on both passengers and goods. The increase on both items amounts to £140. This is satisfactory as far as it goes. We trust the improvement will become more pronounced. A movement has been started at Aberyst- wyth to establish a co-operative society. There is far greater difficulty in starting a co-operative society in a town like Aberyst- wyth than in a manufacturing town. Take this year for instance. The season has been a poor one. Many of the shopkeepers will be expected to give long credit. A co-operative society would give no credit. This is not the first time there has been an effort to establish a co-operative society at Aberystwyth. • One of the conditions upon which the Aber- ystwyth College authorities withdrew their opposition to the promenade extension scheme was that seven feet should be added to the private ground that is to be railed off from the public. Does anybody in the town be- lieve that Mr C. M. WILLIAMS'S statement is true, that it is entirely wrong—absolutely incorrect," that the College authorities opposed the promenade extension scheme. We would give the College the necessary ground, never- theless. The College is not altogether respon- sible for having defenders who make entirely wrong and absolutely incorrect statements. Why do not the College authorities act like ordinary men of business and put themselves right with the people of the town. We do not expect exceptional ability from academic per- sons, but there is surely no reason why they should not act with ordinary common sense. Mr C. M. WILLIAMS'S statement was entirely wrong-absolutely incorrect." The College did oppose the scheme, but wisely backed out. There are at last signs of a satisfactory way out of the education muddle. At Llandudno on Monday, a Liberal and Nonconformist con- ference representing the six counties of North Wales was held to consider the Education Bill. Resolutions were adopted condemning the measure on several grounds and calling for the establishment of a national system of secular education. A great public meeting was held in the evening, at which the principal speaker was Mr BRYCE. In his address, he analysed the claims of the Bill, dealt at length with clerical claims respecting it, protested against its unconstitutional principles, and in conclusion called upon the Liberal party to work steadily to put the education of the country on a truly public and national basis. It may take time to wrest education out of the hands of the clerics, but that is the solution. Then the elementary teacher's religion will be no more enquired into than the religion of a civil service servant.
INQUESTS AT PENNAL. LEEDS SOLICITOR'S DEATH. Mr James Wilson Addyman, the gentleman who met with a bicycle accident while returning from Towyn to Pennal six weeks ago, died from the effect3 of the injuries on Tuesday morning at the Flag Ion, Pennal, where he was staying for a holi- day with his family. He passed away in the presence of his wife, Mrs Addyman, and Mrs Hobson of Richmond, Surrey, his sister, and Mr Evans of Leeds, bis partner. It seems that while descending a steep hill on the road he lost control of the br&ke, and, failing to pull up in time, he dashed against a wall, crushing the bones of his wrist, and receiving several other injuries. Deceased was a native of Harrogate, and belonged to the firm of Addyman and Evans, solicitors, Leeds. If he bad lived he would be fifty-one years of age on Wednesday. He was a well-known figure in Leeds and Harrogate, and much sympathy was expressed with the relatives when it became known that the accident had terminated fatally. The son of a leather merchant at Knaresborough, he was first educated at Wesley College, Sheffield, and graduated in 1871. In the same ypar, he was articled to a firm of Leeds solicitors and commenced practising on his own account is 1879. He also acted as vice-constil at Leeds for Sweden and Norway, and Brazil. The deceased was a Liberal Churchman, but for many years had not taken any part in politics, and was evidently more interested in scientific pursuits and sporting. He took a prominent part in the construction of the Hull and Barnsley Railway, and afterwards brought forward a scheme for the construction of an electric tramway between Leeds and Bradford. When it was seen that his condition was not improving, Dr Mayo Robinson, of Leeds, was sent for, and on Sepember 19th he performed n opera- tion which involved the amputation of one of the armf. The body was conveyed from Machynlleth Station on Thuriday morning, and the funeral took place at Harrogate on Friday. The deceased leaves a widow and two young sons. THE INQUEST. Mr R. Guthrie Jones, deputy coroner, held an inquest touching the death of Mr James Wilson Addyman, who died on Tuesday morning from the effects of a bicycle accident. The Rev Gomer Price was foreman of the jury.—A vote of con- dolence was passed with the deceased's family. Alfred Edward Evans said he was a solicitor practising at Leeds and a member of the firm of Addyman and Evans. He gave evidence of identification and described how the accident occurred. There was no sign of guarding cyclists or warning of danger on the hill. Jonathan Richard Evans, Independent minister, said he was on the road about five o'clock in the evening and was told that an accident had occurred on the hill. He put his handkerchief on the de- ceased's wrist so as to stop the bleeding. De- ceased said he had gone violently against the wall and had injured his wrist by protecting himself. Witness thought the hill was most dangerous and accidents were numerous. Dr William Williams said he had been ealled to see the deceased and found several wounds. His condition rapidly became one of blood poisoning which was the cause cf death. An amputation was performed to prevent the spread of the septic condition. The jury returned a verdict according to the medical evidence and added the following rider That the jury desire the C.T.C. to erect a danger signal un the hill. ANOTHER INQUEST. On Monday, Mr Guthrie Jones held an inquest at Pennal on the body of a farmer named John Evans, who died at seven o'clock on Sunday morn- ing. From the evidence, it appeared that de- ceased was leading a cow with a rope when the auimal bolted. In attempting to stop ir, he was thrown to the ground and received concussion of the brain. Deceased, who resided at Abercar- fanucha Farm, was sixty-five years of age, and leaves a widow and a large family. He was buried on Tuesday and much sympathy was shown with the relatives, who are highly respected in the district, The deceased was a deacon at Pont- perthog C.M. Chapel.
ABERDOVEY DEBATING SOCIFTY.-Last winter a successfu series of united debating meetings were held in the place. There does not appear to be any sigoij of another course this year. Where are the leaders ? GOLF.-It is surprising how the game of golf has taken hold of some of the Aberdovey shopkeepers. They spend their Wednesday half holiday down on the golf links in all kinds of weather. HALF HOLIDAY AND EARLY CLOSING.-The arrangement for this winter by shopkeepers, coal dealers, and others for the suspension of business, at one p.m. on Wednesday and evening at eight p.m. (Saturday at tea p.m.) works fairly well. TEMPERANCE.—On Sunday evening a temperance meeting was held in the Town "Hall. Addreases were delivered by the Chairman the Rev W D Evans, (C.), and the Revi Owen, (M.C.), D Tecwyn Evans, B.A., (W.) The singing ^was very good.
(Uorrcspcrniicttce. All letters must be written on one side of the paper and accompanied y the name and address of the writer, n,, necessarily for publication but as a guarantee of good faith.
DR EDWARD JONES MEMORIAL. SIR,-As a great number of your readers sub- scribed to the above memorial and some time has elapsed since the fund was closed, I am sure it will be of interest to them to know how the fund stands. A sum of X143 Ils 6d was collected and the following were appointed trustees of the said fund, viz.: Dr Hugh Jones, Caerffynon Mr Thomas Edwards, Blaenau Mr William Hughes. Mervinian House; Mr Hugh Pugh, N. P. Bank Mr William Williams, Maesifynon Mr Richard Williams, Argoed; and myself. It was found impossible to invest the amount collected in any trust security which would re- turn JE5 to cover the scholarship decided upon for the memorial. The Trustees therefore decided to overdraw in the bank a sum sufficient with the amount col- lected to return the £5 per annum. This money was invested in Liverpool Dock bonds and the last dividend received has cleared the overdraft in the bank, so that for the future there will be L5 available each year for a scholar- j ship for the best boy or girl from any public elementary school in the district, the arrange- ment for the granting of such scholarships being in the hands of the Governors of the Dolgelley County Intermediate School for Boys and Dr Williams's School for Girls.-Yours, etc., R. JONES GRIFFITH.
Death of ftlr. M- ittiam R, Ir ILonnell. The news arrived in the town on Saturday morning that Mr William McConnell, proprietor of the Aber- gynolwyn Slate Quarry, Abergynolwyn Estate, and Talyllyn Railway, bad died on Friday fat (Knockdolian Mansion, Colmonell, Ayrshire. The deceased was ninety-five years of age and retained his full faculties unimpaired to the very end. Mr McConnell had been connected with the Slate Quarry since 1862 and when the Company then formed was wound up some twenty years ago he purchased the whole concern, consisting of the Quarry, the railway, several farms, and nearly the whole of the village of Abergynolwyn. For all that long time Mr McConnell has worked the Quarry on his own account and was a model employer. It is highly creditable to him and to his Manager (Mr Meyrick Roberts) that there never has been a strike at the Quarry. The deceased was a very strong personality and followed the working of bis great undertaking most closely to the end of his days. Up to quite recently he had monthly returns made to him showing the result of the working of ,the quarry, railways, &c. The news of his death caused a grave state of things in the minds of those directly and indirectly connected with the works and to them undoubtedly the event is one of great importance. Mr Meyrick Roberts, manager of the Quarry, and Mr Hugh Thomas, chief accountant of the Com- panies, were summoned to attend the funeral, which took place en Tuesday, the 14th of this month. A correspondent adds that Mr McConnell has been in connection with the Quarries for nearly forty years. He was a shareholder in the old Com- pany for about thirteen years until he bought the whole concern about twenty-three years ago. He was one of the best of employers of labour who ever came into Wales. He never failed to pay the men to the day and hour and the very best feelings always existed between him and the men. Hew" always ready and willing to help his men and to do everything for their comfort. He was always under the right impression that he could not expect the best out of his men unless they were made comfortable in their homes, as well as in the Quarries. He divided his estate into small divisions to enable some of his men to keep a cow or two or to grow potatces and other vegetables for family use. He also con- verted.one fieldlinto plots of from 200 to 400 yards and fenced all the plots off into gardens, for which he charged id per yard rent. He considered these gardens were ery great help to the men not only in the way of providing vegetables, but as a place to go to in their spare time instead of going to the public house. On the occasion of Queen Victoria's jubilee, he paid two days' wages to every man in his employ at the Quarries and cn the railway and the wharf. It might be said without exaggeration that he brought more money into Wales than any one man during the past twenty-three years. Mr McConnell was not one of those who grumbled at everything, but was always in good temper whether matters were gloomy cr bright. He also employed nundreds 01 men in the cotton works in Manchester and in the Deeside Ironworks, as well as in three or four coalpits in Derbyshire. He spent a very busy life and was well prepared for the next world. Of late years, he was assisted at Towyn, not only by Mr Meyrick Roberts, but by Mr Yates. He leaves a son who takes an active interest in the Quarries and will doubtless follow in the footsteps of his revered father.
CRICCIETH. NAUTICAL SLCCESS,-Ur W. Watkin, son of the late Capt W. Watkin, Marine-terrace, has passed the examination qualifying him as chief engineer. PF,RSONAL. -Ttic rector, the Rev J. Lloyd Jones, M.A., and Mrs Lloyd Jones are spending their holidays at Buxton. THE CHURCH.—The Rev D. 1. Hughes (well known as a Welsh writer by the name of Morfi"), conducted the morning services last Sunday at the Parish Church, in Welsh, and at St. Deiniol's in English. At night, Mr Hughes preached in the L!anystnmdwy Parish Church. WEDDING.—Mr John Humphreys, only son of Councillor H. Humphreys, was married on Wednesday, in the Wesleyan Cnape!, at Pwllheli, to Miss Deborah Roberts, only daughter of Mr Robert Roberta, Porthyraur. Owing to the con- tinued serious illness of the bride's father the wedding was a very quiet one, and the bride was given away by her uncle, Mr H. E. Williams, Mynydd Ednyied Farm. The newly-married couple left by an early train in the afttraoon for Trefriw. HORSE AND DOG SHOW.- The Committee met again on Tuesday nigat, Mr Ince in the chair. After the routine business connected with the last show was disposed of, the meeting resolved itself into a committee to make arrangements for the proposed entertainment, to augment the funds. The first Wednesday in December was agreed upon as being a better date for holding the entertain- ment than the day in November previously pro- posed. The Committee decided to meet again next week to further consider the arrangements. BURIAL BOARD.-A meeting of the Burial Board was held last Tuesday night, Mr W. G. Evans presiding. The appointment of Cemetery-keeper was deferred until the next meeting. It was de- cided to push forward the work cf widening the Cemetery road (Mr Morris Jones's contract), so that the whole improvement shall be completed before the end of t,he year. There was no otaer business of public interest before the meeting.
PENRHYNDEUDRAETH ADDRESS.—The Rev R. Roberts gave a lecture on Daniel Rowlands to the Minffordd Literary Society last week. PRESENTATION.—Mr R. G. Pritcbard, Castle House, has been made the recipient of a valuable presentation (in celebration of his recent marriage) by Fron C.M. Chapel, of which he is deacon. APPOINTMENTS.—Miss Edwards, headmistress of Minffordd Infants' School, has received an appoint- ment at Penygroes, and will be succeeded by Miss Hughes, of Rhyd. The latter will be succeeded by Miss C. Williams, of Penrhyn Girls' School. DEUDRAETH RURAL COUNCIL.—Mr Wm. Jones presided at the monthly meeting on Tuesday. The Surveyor to the Festiniog Urban Council, wrote stating that attention would be given at once to the road leading from Tanybwich to Llanfrothen. —It was resolved to inform the Carnarvonshire Joint Sanitary Authority that the Council could not join the Carnarvonshire movement for joint hospitals as they were negociating with the Festiniog Urban COuncil .-Complaints of nuisances arising from manure heaps, etc.. at Talsacnau were received, and it was agreed to serve notice on the owners.—A committee was appointed to inquire into a complaint by the Penrbyn Parish Council as to the Penlan.uchaf road.—Consider- ation of the engineer's report as to Minffordd drainage scheme was deferred.—Mrs Holland wrote threatening to withdraw the concessions which she has made in connection with the Harlech water scheme unless the work was proceeded with at once.—It was decided to reply, pointing out that the delay was unavoidable through changes in the plaus and that she had benefited by the changes.—The estimate of ordinary expejnses for the ensuing half-year was stated to be £ 373 com- pared with f347 in the corresponding period last year. A balance in the Bank of ,£119 was re- ported.—Mr T. Jones was re-appointed sanitary inspector, on the proposition of Mr Robert Richards, seconded by Mr J. R. Jones.
LLANDYSSUL. COUNTY COUNCIL. Captain William Davies, Rhydowenfach (L.), has been returned unopposed in succession to the late Rev T. Pennant Phillips, to represent the south ward of thp Llandyssnl parish on the Cardiganshire County Council. It may be remembered that the late Mr Phillips was also returned unopposed eighteen months ago. THANKSGIVING SERVICES. Thanksgiving ser- vices were held in the Parish Church and its associated churches on Monday and Tuesday laet. The officiating clergy were the Revs E. O. Jones (Llangunllo), Ogwen Davies (Cray), W. Parry Williams (Conwil), J. T. Hughes (Llanfibangel), and H. Jones (Pencader). The Unitarian churches of Llwynrhydowen and Bwlcbyfadfa held theirs T? Wednesday evenings when the Revs D. Evaos, Cwmbach, Aberdare, and E. O. Jenkins, the minister, officiated. At Bwlchygroes, Horeb, and Seion, Llandyssnl, the Rev Dan Evans, Hawen, preached powerful sermons to large congregations,