TIPYN 0 BOB PETH. Lady Mabel Selina Bridgeman, eldest daughter of the Earl of Bradford, is to be one of the bridesmaids at the Bamiage of the Duke of Connaught. It is reported that the first sod of the Ruthin and Cerrig-y-drudion Railway will be cut on St. David's Day, by Mr. Chas. Mainwaring. The Chester Town Cour.cil have refused, by fifteen votes to seven, to petition in favour of the Bill for giving par- liamentary votes to women. The Chester Literary and Debating Society have de- cided, by 27 votes to 12, 'that the Women's Disabilities Bill ought not to become law. The directors of the proposed railway from Rosebush to Fishguard hare announced that they feel justified in let- ting the contract for the first portion of the line. A football match was played at Abergele on Thursday evening, Feb. 13, by electric liglih, which is said to have been very successful. 0 The Rev. H. Rees, vicar of Conway, has been offered the living of Pwllheli, which is worth about 2130 more than his own, but has declined it. The prizes won by the 2nd FHntshire (Hawarden) Volunteers, during the last twelvemonths were presented by Mrs, Gladstone at Hawarden on Friday, Feb. 14. -A. Roman Catholic mission which the Very Reverend, the Father Athanasius has been holding at Mold was very well attended. John Hill Simpson, farmer, Audlem, and Arthur Robinson, of the Grange Farm, Wrenbury, were each hued £ 2 and costs at Nantwich Petty Sessions for not deporting the existence of scab amongst their sheep. The Art Journal for February contains a further con- tribution from the Dean of Chester on Chester Oathe- AIJ? restoredand unrestored," with illustrations by Mr. Alfred Rimmer. It is said that a ship containing 416 boxes of dynamite recently arrived at Mostyn, where the Custom House authorities refused to allow it to be landed, and it was or- round to Liverpool or Conway. On Tuesday morning, February 11. a little girl, twelve years of age, named Agnes Purcell, was accidentally drowned at St. George's, Salop, in a water tank at the her father's house. „ ir The Gardeners' Chronicle for Saturday, Feb. 1<>, contains illustration of a beautiful tot vine grown as a standard *or table decoration, in the form of a pillar or column, by *!• Sage, Lord Brownlow's Ashridge gardener. America is sending missionaries to England. For some time the religious public of Chester have been much exer- cised by the question What is Mr. Todd -a gentleman Who has been preaching to large congregations in that city. It now appears that Mr. Todd has been sent to Chester by the American Christian Missionary Society to "teach the Bible," at a stipend of £450 a year. The other day the body of Edward Mulligan, aged thirty-two, a shoemaker living at Bougliton, was found horribly mutilated in the canal, where his clothes had be- come entangled in the screw of a steamtug. The last that Was heard of him alive was at an inn where he was refused <lrink by the landlady. A. few days a°"0, as IVtr. Owen Jones, the landlord 01 fcne Ship and Anchor Inn, Flint, was returning home along the Holywell road, he was stopped by two men who Proceeded to rifle his pockets. Being a powerful man he resisted. They attacked him savagely, but he continued to struggle until a carriage came up, when they decamped, having secured only 3s. 9d. ITT W I At the half-yearly meeting of the Chester Water Works Company, held on Friday, February 14. an increase in the receipts was reported, and a dividend of six per cent. Per annum, free of income tax, was declared. A motion the re-election of the Chairman of the Board, Mr. "illiam Brown, as a director, was carried, after a strong and personal protest from Alderman T. Q. Roberts. -A. man named Robert Hughes was charged at the Chester City Police Court on Friday, Feb. 14, with com- uaittin., an aggravated assault upon Elizabeth Dodleston, & Woman with whom he cohabited- It was proved that on Thursday night the prisoner went home drunk, and with- out any provocation brutally maltreated the woman as she lay in bed. He had been several times convicted of serious assaults, and was now sentenced to six months im- Pnsonment with hard labour. The funeral of Mrs. Corbett Winder, who died recently the age of 86, w"as solemnized on Thursday, lebruary *■3, at Lebotwood, near Shrewsbury, and in accordance With the wishes of the deceased lady, was as unpreten- tious as possible. Amongst the mourners were Major Corbett, Mr. Uvedale Corbett, the Rev. Robert Corbett, the Rev. Lionel Corbett, and Mr. Reginald Corbett. The statue of Lord Hill which surmounts the column at the entrance into Shrewsbury on the London road, shows serious symptoms of decay. Large pieces of cement have fallen from various parts of it, and although an attempt is being made to restore it, it is feared that the material of which it is composed will in the course of a few years suc- cumb to the severities of our climate. It has been sug- gested that the statue should be replaced by one of more durable material. An enquiry has been instituted by the Bangor Board of -Wealth into the causes of the depression of trade in that district. At a meeting of the Board, held on Thursday, r ebruary 13, Dr. Ellis stated that vessels were kept wait- at Bangor for cargoes for weeks and even months. j^Qglish merchants complain of the port restrictions at Bangor, and it is believed that those restrictions have something to do with the decreasing demand for Welsh states. At Bangor County Court, the wife of Wm. Parry, of Jjrwynfro, Anglesey, who has filed a petition, applied to placed on the list of her husband's creditors for the sum of 2850. Mrs. Parry had obtained a judicial separ-, ation on the ground of an aggravated assault committed her by her husband; and she was to have the custody °f the children with an allowance of 20s. a week. The sum had been capitalised at 2850, for which she now sought to become a creditor. The Judge deferred his decision. At the last meeting of the Bangor Board of Guardians, Captain Verney proposed that the office of schoolmaster should be abolished, and that the children should be educated in a Board School. Mr. Murray Browne, after referring to the fact that a similar system answered well at Pwllheli, Festiniosr, and other places, said the children would be benefited by mixing with others, and would get good rather than harm by their journey to and from school. The question was adjourned. Three working men of Rhuddlan have been com mitted for trial on the charge of being ringleaders in a (so- called) School Board riot. It appeared that an anti-School Board meeting had been held, and that at the close of it the speakers were mobbed and stoned one of them was kicked and beaten until he was insensible, and others were Roughly handled. The carriage of the Chairman (Capt. ^onwy) was also attacked. The defence was, that the Persons anxious for a School Board were irritated by some ery offensive remarks made at the meeting, and that no aliize(I riot took place. riu he Duke of Westminster presided over a meeting at t ester Town Hall on Thursday, February 13, to consider e best means of relieving the great distress which pre- cis m that city. The Charity Organization Committee ^bmitted a scheme founded on the well-known Elber- £ }<« system, by which the city will be divided into dis- ^ts worked by Local Committees, consisting of clergy, suardians, and district visitors, with a central office for the Ration of all applications. The scheme was ap- proved by resolution, and the Charity Organization Com- fcT ee are to draught the details, which will be submitted another meeting. fo*i-L Arthur Pritchard, brewer, was_ summoned be- chsfJ Chester magistrates for neglecting to send his n' AmY aged 11, and Florence aged 9, regularly to m, The children were in the habit of attending an school, kept by Miss Cooper, but they were It J? a^.sent on account, it was said, of delicate health. as further contended for the defence that the children tov, educated, and that the summons ought never into* -e heen taken out. The magistrates, after a private Well IJ6w with the children, said they appeared to be Ti-ted, and no order would be made at present. ilWf! ^ec,essity for a School Board at Mold was curiously BOAW?3* the other day by a memorial presented to the the *rom a number of ratepayers who complainedot Cm X?e,nditure. The document began The humble thi °"?1 of we, the undersigned." and amongst other enh-w, stated that the memorialists viewed an intended reffro»-Cealent Public money," with a sense of deep Xh. An explanation was given them, and the Chair- Pmn«retnar'Je^ that if they were still dissatisfied their ^lection 0Ur8e wou be to choose a new Board at the next Week an old man named Thomas Radnor, of Clee com charged at Ludlow with having attempted to lon^ suicide. It appeared that the old man was no he f v1- work, and was in receipt of parish relief, and his In,8 throat while shaving,because being unable to pay at T nS was afraid he should be turned out of his cottage man H-e had always been a steady, hardworking Tu 6 maS1?1trate (Mr. Betton) told him he himself th;„ b,e responsible for his rent, and would see if some- £ «ig else could not be done for him by the Guardians. Hor« • s,°.me, words of kindly admonition, placed • toe silver in his hands and ordered him to be taken m a fly. he belief in witchcraft still survives in some parts of j*ales. At Caergwrle Flintshire, a Mrs. Braithwaite y* supplied a Mrs. Williams with milk but a short time tO rfused to serve her. Mrs. Eraithwaite had up to time been very successful in churning her butter, but \2°ut a month ago the butter would not come. She said it Williams had witched her. The neighbours believed jV aud Mrs. Williams was generally called "The Witch." these reports, Mrs. Williams went to_ Mrs. Braith- to expostulate with her, when Mrs. Braithwaite said, h1: ut with you; if you don't leave here I'll shoot you." bj' "illiatus on Thursday applied to the Caergwrle Magistrates for a protection o^der against Mrs. evpi, waite. She assured the Bench she was in danger, X0I1e believed she was a witch.— IheCler^.V hatdothey thenvi^16 reason?—Applicant: Because she cant churn on J? k* (Laughter.)—Mr. Kyrke: D6 they see you riding tet\ Applicant (seriously): No, sir. (Laugh- AjJ -j?he Bench instructed a police officer to caution At /Sv*aithwaite against repeating her threats.. the hester Countv Court an action was brought a„< CotoSurerand secretary of the Chester Autumn Sports r>xielif-1 i.e "° recover two prizes which, it was alleo > v'^ ave been awarded to members of the Maccles- >erp oiuuteer Fire Brigade. The prizes in question ^8a warc*eu in a race for firemen in full uniform, carrj Wsiter and a length of ladder. The plam- ^obin« n f° + Harrow came in first and second, and I'Cr, ? that When he was standing by the win- ut t £ ?3t 80™e°ue came up and kicked his bucket over, the It was further asserted, on the part ^ide,f TTil the condition on which the race was iSwJi man. with the fullest bucket should win Jhe t n.°t in the original conditions, but laid down after jhe tlac' commenced. The jud^e however, considered ^ken f s.° reasonable tb at he said^e very one ought to have Y, At Ator granted, and he non-suited the plaintiffs, farm quarterly Tmeeting of the Carmarthenshire 5?-t>er 0 V< i ^r- Lewis, of Gurrev Manor, read a ^"he use and abuse of lime. Considerable ?• lirrtfT16,0/ cpiui011 seemed to prevail as to the benefit • ^ewis, for instance, deprecated the use of ()nta,ill a caustic state on sandy soils, because those soil", ih cUy I? a,very limited quantity of organic matter, while ,> he said, lime improved the crops and the i; the s c°udition of the soil. On the other hand, one ]:^e, akers, Mi\ Coysh, thought sandy soils required ha e n'fJ, contained none, while clay soil contained V, a Lime, he added, would make a soil 1 t> 1 ri wpuld never make a soil light; on v.-ac, le Chairman remarked that his experi- a T)ar. 1uite the reverse. Mr. C. Bishop said he Was fu ere not long ago, in which he pointed out tlf Partov. common waste of farming in the district. Jfr lr. Tas commented upon at some length in several w-i,0 u Papers, and Mr. Gibson, of the Cambrian aii atMr-i u d drawn hints from it for his late pamphlet f fture, was at the same time kind enough to °^evei. e PaPer itself. That paper he had read there, a|p,Per n' Was used against him by a gentleman in the P of W* the country in a contest for the guardian- (Mr. Bishop's) parish. Because he had spoken and, perhaps, rather roughly, in telling the k be Pjain truths, which he and many others believed a farmers' good; he was represented as being y to the farmers.
FROM THE PAPERS. The definitive Treaty of Peace between Russia and Turkey has been ratified by the Sultan. The members of the Reform Club have fixed Saturday, Feb. 22, for giving a banquet to Lord Dufferin. At the London Bankruptcy Court on Thursday, Feb. 13, the liabilities of Mr. Chatterton, of Drury-lane Theatre, were stated at 940. 000. The revolutionists in Venezuela were defeated on the 4th Feb. by the Government troops, who entered Caracas on the 9th. During a terrible storm on Friday, Feb. 14th, on the Galician coast, two vessels went ashore, and 28 persons were drowned. We learn from Washington that the Senate has passed the Bill restricting the immigration of Chinese into the United States by 39 votes against 27. The sentence of dsath passed on Thomas Mumford, for the murder of his wife at Dover, has been commuted to penal servitude for life. The demand for the Duke of Argyle's book on the Eastern Question has been so great that the publishers have been unable to keep pace with it and the book is already out of print. The Crown Princess of Germany arrived in London on Saturday evening, February 15, to attend the Duke of Connaught's wedding. Her Royal Highness is on a visit to the Prince and Princess of Wales. Mr. John Bright says he "does not think the reci- procity dodge will do much." If one of its advocates is asked for the particulars of his improved tariff he will, adds the right honourable gentleman, be put in a fix. It is stated that there has been a serious split among the Spiritualists, which has led to the resignation of over twenty members, among whom are the hon. secretary, the secretary, one of the vice-presidents, and several mem- bers of the council. The attempt of the Conservatives to obtain possession of the seat for Cork county, held by the late Mr. M'Carthy Downing (Liberal and Home Ruler), has signally failed. Colonel Colthurst, the Home Rule candidate, obtained 8,157 votes whilst only 2,027 were recorded for his Con- servative opponent, Sir G. Colthurst. In a case tried at the Derby assizes, on Thursday, Feb. 13. in which two domestic servants were charged with theft, the judge (Mr. Justice Grove) having said the case wouldjbe adjourned till the following day, the jury objected, saying that they had made up their minds, and that neither the summing up of the judge nor the speeches of counsel would alter their verdict. The judge said that in these circumstances it would be a solemn farce to ad- journ, and after consulting with Lord Coleridge agreed to accept their verdict of not guilty. At a place near Teplitz, in Bohemia, on Tuesday, Feb. 11, a coal mine was suddenly flooded, the accident involv- ing the loss of twenty-one lives. The cause of the flood completely puzzled the local engineers, but on Thursday a light was thrown on the matter by the discovery that the famous thermal springs at Teplitz had suddenly dried up, much to the consternation of the authorities. No doubt is entertained but that the current of the stream had been diverged by the mining operations, or by some volcanic disturbance" originating in the workings of the mine. Several savants have departed for Teplitz to in- vestigate the matter. Pope Leo XII., in consequence of the approaching anniversary of his election, and of his "knowledge how necessary to him is the abundance of divine grace in the fulfilment of his arduous ministry in this time of mourn- ful strife, and while the church is labouring in such troublous waters," has announced an indulgence, in the form of a general jubilee, to the whole Catholic world, under conditions set forth in his proclamation. The jubi- lee is to extend from the 2nd of March to Whit-SUnday. At the Liverpool assizes on Monday, I eb. 17th, the charge against Richard Stevens, shipowner, Dublin, of having sent an unseaworthy vessel, the Reaper, from Garston to Ireland, she foundering on the passage, was disposed of. The jury returned a verdict of guilty, but Mr. Justice Lindley, influenced by the strong testimony of witnesses for the defence, that the Reaper was not unfit to go across the Channel, merely imposed a fine of £ 100, without imprisonment. J The celebration of the centenary of Sir Humphrey Davy, the great chemist—who, in addition to his many scientific discoveries, invented the "Davy" safety lamp-took place at Penzance, his native town, on Friday, February 14th. The celebration took the form of an exhibi. tion of scientific apparatus, in which was included a large and valuable collection of scientific objects, lent from the principal societies of Great Britain. The proceedings, which included a display of the electric light, were of great interest, and amongst the speakers were the Mayor of Penzance and the members for West Cornwall, Sir John St. Aubyn and Mr. Pendarves Vivian. Some letters headed Our Patient Clergy having appeared in the Standard complaining of the hard work and small stipends of the reverend writers "A Farmer" takes up the cudgels, and endeavours to show that clergy- men are not worse off than other professions and trades. Answering A Gloucestershire Reetor," who is aggrieved because his balance sheet for the year only showed a sur- plus of 298 the farmer assures him that he is a most fortunate man, as, with a considerable amount of capital employed his balance-sheet showed a loss of JS451. The farmer only wishes he had a fair taste of a country rector's fat living, and he would not complain. One of the most important points in the Fresh Water Fishery Act of 1878, now in full operation (says the Fish- ing Gazette) has not up to the present received sufficient prominent notice-it is that which prohibits the sale of fresh water fish during the fence season-from the 15th of March to the 15th of June. The practice of selling jack, perGh, roach, dace, and other white fish after the fishing season is over has in previous years been of common oc- currence. Jack and perch heavy in spawn, to the regret of anglers, have been exposed for sale at the fishmongers' shops, and in the vicinity of rivers most kinds have been actually hawked about the streets. There is no saving clause in the Act-whether the fish have been caught in public or private water it is no matter-there isnoescapefor the delinquents, and nothing should discourage snaring or poaching more than this prohibition. It is common law, and therefore will be dealt with as such.
THE LIVERPOOL STRIKE. On Monday there was a wholesale return to work on the part of the dock labourers at the reduced wages noti- fied by the steamship owners, and the strike may be con- sidered as practically oyer. The usual mid-day meeting on the St. George's Pier Head was attended by about 3,000 men only-a great diminution compared with pre- vious meetings—and the two men, Maitland and Fuller, whilst dwelling on the hardship of the labourers' case, left it to them to go in or not on their own responsibility. Owing to the still unsettled state of the relations be- tween the Liverpool dock labourers and the shipowners, the borough magistrates decided on Wednesday to retain for the present the extra military force brought into the town a fortnight ago.
MR. GLADSTONE. We take the following from a Portrait Article on Mr. Gladstone in the Weekly Dispatch:- The name was originally spelt Gladstanes or Gledstanes, gled being Lowland Scottish for a hawk, and stanes meaning rocks. It is still not uncommon in many parts of rural Scotland to call a man by the place of his abode at the expense of his proper patronymic. In earlier times such local apellations often ad- hered permanently to individuals, and it is to this process that the Gladstone family is indebted for its name. Every morning, by eight o'clock, Mr. Gladstone may be seen wending his way to the village church of Hawarden to engage in matins as a prelude to the work of the day. Even when Prime Min- ister of England he has been found in the humblest homes reading to the sick or dying consolatory passages of Scripture in his own soft melodious tones. The best controller of the national exchequer that the country has ever had, his personal charities are almost reckless. In the course of his long walks in the neighbourhood, of Hawarden his pockets have an aston- ishing knack of emptying themselves, and amusing stories are told of his having had to walk home inconvenient distances of ten and twelve miles in the dark because of his inability to raise so much as a third-class railway fare. As Prime Minister he refused an increase of salary, and when he quitted office he was so impoverished that his faujous collection of china is said to have been soldin consequence. All his known habits and recreations are of the most innocent and healthy kind. He has nothing either of the jockey or the gamekeeper in his composItion-a fact which may account for a good deal of the antipathy exhibited towards him by the enlightened squirearchy of England. Yet Mr. Gladstone has none of the lean and hungry look of a Cassius about him. He is not a total abstainer, but he is next door. He is pre-eminently a mens sana in corpore sano. As is well known, he is one of the most stalwart tree-fellers in England. His skill with his axe would not disgrace a Canadian backwoods- man, and he has a curious taste in carving and pottery which is almost scientific.
THE AFGHAN WAR. A telegram from the Viceroy states that General Stewart was within two marches of Caudahar on the 9th of Feb. Many of the camels in his baggage train had died from extreme cold, but the health of the troops was excellent. General Biddulph was still at Girishk. Gen- eral Roberts, who is at Koorum, is employing his troops in making a road on the left bank of the river between Thull and Peiwar. WITHDRAWAL OF TROOPS FROM CANDAHAR. General Stewart arrived at Candahar on the 11th Feb. from his expedition to Khelat-i-Ghilzai. He has reported to the Viceroy that General Biddulph is reconnoitring to the junction of the Helmund and Argandab rivers. The Viceroy telegraphs that the surplus troops, that is, those which are not required for its actual defence, are being withdrawn from Candahar. The Standard's correspon- dent with General Stewart's column believes that it is not intended to hold Candahar permanently, but the Pisheen Valley up to Koj ak will be retained, so as to secure future communications by the Thull route. t 7il SHERE ALI. It is reported that Shere Ali has returned to Herat, where he had an interview with Yakoob Khan. THE ADVANCE ON HERAT ABANDONED. jjtuW °F the Standard with the force further movement in tae direction of Herat, and the niamVodv he^eV6Cp Vanf a wiU fal1 back and ioin the main Doay liere. General Stewart will be vested ivith fU-th3fstro^ e'corl tht1 h.r. with a stron- escort, the^remainder of the troops with- drawing gradually, lhey will use the Thull Chotiali route, and this henceforth will be the principal road wfth India; indeed, no_other is practicable between April and September, owing to the deadly winds and floods.
EPJ-S'S COCOA.—GRATEFUL AND COMFORTING.—BY a thorough knowledge of the'natural laws which govern the operations of digestion and nutrition, and by a careful application of the fine properties of well-selected cocoa, Mr Epps has provided our breakfast tables with a delicately-flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills. It is by the judicious use of such articles of diet that a constitution may be gradually built up until strong enough to resist every tendency to disease. Hun- dreds of subtle maladies are floating around us ready to attack wherever there is a weak point. We may escape many a fatal shaft by keeping ourselves well fortified with pure blood and a properly nourished framfi.Civil Service Gazette.-Sold only in Packets labelled, "JAMES EPPS & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London.' "Tumble over and die on the spat. HIL.:S MAGIC VER- MIN KILLER is certain death to Rats, Mice, Ants, Beetles, Cockroaches, and all kinds of Vermin. Sold by chemists, -U in p.-c-Kets, 3d.. 6d., and Is., and by the proprietor, E. Hill, Wellington, Somerset. Sent post free for 7 or 14 stamps.—Lon- don Agents Barclays, Sangers, &c. Local Agent: G. J. Saunders cheIDist Oswestry. ROSBACH WATER.—Best Table Water known. I prefer it to the other Mineral Waters before the public. (Professor Wanklyn's Report.) Sold everywhere. Retail 6s. per dozen Pints 88. per dozen Quarts. Original packages, containing 50 Quart Olass Bottles, 29s., or 100 Pint ditto, 4lis. The Kosbach Company, Limited 35, Finsbury-circus, London, E.C. Lord Dufferin, the new Ambassador-Extraordinary st St. Petersburg, left London on Wednesday, February 19 to take over his new duties from Lord Augustus Loftus, who left St. Petersburg the next day, and will arrive in London on the following Saturday. It is expected the latter will not leave for New South Wales until the middle of March. t
FACTS AND FANCIES. AUTOMATIC COUPLINGS.—Scotch ma-riages.-Punch. A well-known Boston minister, in course of a sermon upon angels, alluded to them as an extinct race." A young Connecticut lady was taken aback when her swain got upon his knees before her and read a declaration of love which he had nicely written off. A Yankee editor, in quest of special attractions far his paper, says What we want for this column is personalities as mean as possible. Expense of lawsuits to be defrayed by the writer—funeral expenses by us. A Chicago naturalist claims to have discovered that crows, when in flocks, have regularly organized courts, in which they sit around and try offenders-a sort of crow-bar. An old coloured preacher was .lecturing a youth about the sin of dancing, when the latter protested that the Bible plainly said, There's a time for a dance." Yes dar am a time to dance." said the dark divine; "and it's when boys get a whippin' for gwine to a ball." When a woman combs her back hair into two ropes, holds the one in her mouth until she winds the other upon her tuck comb, and then finds that she has lost her last hair pin, she feels that the sex needs two mouths—one to hold the hair in and the other to make remarks with. A Yankee Journal has been puzzled by a female cor- respondent who objects to profanity because it is both wicked and vulgar, and writes to ask what she ought to say when a clothes line breaks, and lets a week's washing fall in the mud. AN OLD-FASHIONED WINTER?—The thermometer in Shrewsbury on the 24th December 1803, at seven o'clock in the morning, was two degrees higher than on the 24th of the previous June. A WELSH MOUSE.—The master of a sloop belonging to Cardigan, on leaving Liverpool in the winter of 1803-4, missed a Bank of England note for 215. When the vessel was unloaded, it was discovered in a hundred little pieces, beneath the coals, and forming a mouse's nest. The note was honoured. This is the dress that Chan-Lan-Pin, the Chinese Ambassador, wore at the White House reception the other day :—An underskirt of maroon silk, with an over- dress of dark brocade, the texture of which was brightened by a mixture of gold thread. This gorgeous dress was completed by a fur-lined silk over-garment, a basin-shaped hat, and an able diplomatic expression upon his wise and handsome face. WELSH AND SHROPSHIRE WALKERS.—Now that Weston has visited the borders of Wales in the course of his big walk, records of bye-gone feats of the same nature will be of more than usual interest. On Wednesday, Jan. 4, 1803, Captain Dicken, of the Shropshire Militia, for a wager of twenty guineas and a dozen of wine, walked with ease, from the Angel Inn, Yarmouth, to the Angel Inn, Norwich and back-47 miles-in 11 hours, or half an hour less than the stipulated time. In Nov. 1808 a ''stout-made man, not more than 5ft. 4in. high, and a native of Merionethshire," for a wager of 100 guineas walked 500 miles in 7 days, finishing his task in Hamp- shire. His mame was Dowlen, and he kept a public-house in Towcester. THE CONTENTS OF A SADDLE-BAG.—The Bishop of Grahamstown has been presented with a mitre, pastoral staff, cross, and a white cope of Japanese silk, very suit- able for the climate, and rich white damask silk stole to match, all of which can be carried on his saddle-bag. Dr. Merriman is not a ritualist. In the address presenting him with it the donors say:—" The morse for fastening the cope across the breast is a copy from an old pattern and, like the cope itself, is very chaste and simple, and suitable for a poor see and humble ecclesiastical surround- ings. The morse is of silver, chased with the vine-leaf in a cruciform arrangement of the leaves. It is set with four knobs or bosses, each with a yellow topaz, a fine amethyst being set in the middle." WHICH IS THE GSEATER Loss ?—Whose loss is the greater, that of an individual accidentally deprived of a leg or that of a lady whom a railway collision widows ? By a recent somewhat singular decision cited by the Sontags Courier de Vienne, the former, it would seem, merits the highest compensation. A lady whose husband, an engineer, met his death in a railway catastrophe, which occurred a short time since in the United States, sued for damages, and obtained a matter of five thousands dollars to compensate her for the detriment she had sustained financially, and console her for the grief the death of a spouse is commonly supposed to entail upon the survivor. The same magistrate, however, who awarded the widow this amount, granted a gentleman who had lost a leg in the same accident, an indemnity of fifteen thousand dollars, which apparent partiality awoke the resentment of the lady plaintiff. Fifteen thousand dollars for a leg," quoth she a leg, then, is worth more than a whole man Certainly, in certain cases," replied the Judge, who found to his own satisfaction, at least, that his decision showed the wisdom of a Solomon, since a man minus a leg cannot procure himself another, even with fifteen thousand dollars whereas a woman possessing five thousand dollars, finds easily another husband, not only as good as the one deceased, but, in many instances, better.
FROM LONDOM LETTERS. Tenniel has given us two laughs in eight days. He de- serves to be made a C.B. at least. We have been chuck- ling ever since at that lively Zulu jumping over a most comical twist in the Bull's tail, and seating himself on the only little seat still left on the burdened back of the op- pressed animal. To-day (Wednesday) Bull has become John Bull again. John is in bed. He is called by the Premier bearing the morning can in his hand, marked session, 1879. Lord Beaconsfield cries, as he looks in," "Hot water, sir Plenty of "hot water," not a doubt of it.-Liverpool Mercury. Dean M'Neile was not exactly a John Keble. The High Churchman did work which will last for all time. The Low Churchman was content to labour for the day in which he lived. Yet the admirers of the latter are hardly less ardent than the admirers of the former. It is proposed, indeed, to perpetuate the memory of the latter by the same means as have been taken to perpetuate the memory of the former. There is a Keble College at Oxford for plain living and "High" thinking. Tt is suggested that a rival M'Neile College should be set up for plain living and Low thinking. Keble College, however, is mainly due to the munificence of one donor. Who will spend a fortune oa M'Neile College ? The Rock, which foresees difficulties, sets its face against any attempt likely to end in a possible failure. A college it says, is out of the question. A scholarship is all that should be aimed at. But what had the late incumbent of St. Jude's, Liverpool, to do with Oxford at all ? His alma mater was Trinity College, Dublin. The proposal to connect him with the English University is almost grotesque.-Liverpool Mercury. I suppose the Parliamentary session will begin in earnest this week. It hung fire dreadfully on the first two days. The Opposition have real capital to work on; but then the Conservatives are so well drilled.-Bii-minghan Post. So Sir Henry Layard ie coming home. It is devoutly to be hoped, for the honour of our name and the credit of British diplomacy, that he will not be permitted to return. We have suffered enough by his work at Con- stantinople, and unless he is checked very speedily our suffering will continue for many months. There is no doubt that the astute excavator of Nineveh urgently pressed on the Ministry, the necessity of guaranteeing a Turkish loan of £ 20,000,000 in order to enable the Sultan to inaugurate the reforms we insisted on his undertaking. Sir Henry knows as weil ItS 1 uo that the Porte has no in- tention of carrying out one single scheme unless the money is given it to do so the array is three years in arrear of pay, the land is waste, the Christians everywhere are oppressed indeed, the more I read of the state of the country the more convinced am I that Mr. Gladstone was right, and that there is no hope for Turkey until the palace officials, together with all the Pachas in the country, are "sacked"—literally, I mean, in the Bosphorus. De- porting them would be rather hard on the land of their adoption. I remember last year talking to a very gallant Pacha, about the only Turkish gentleman I ever met. We were discussing the future of his country, and he naively remarked to me, There is no hope for this land until every Pacha had been hanged." I recollect well seeing him at a very nasty skirmish near Batoum, where, for a time, it seemed as if all things were going for the Russians, the Turks everywhere falling back, when he, in the most dashing manner, rallied them and saved the day. I can't say much for the conduct of the other officers, who made themselves conspicuous by their absence, while the men fought bravely. When the day was over he turned to me, and pointing to the troops, said, We Pachas are not worthy to command such men."—Birmingham, Post.
POETRY. FROM GWEN. Cold east and drear, Your chill breath wraps the world in cheerless gray. Sad east, while thou art here, Life creeps with halting feet its weary way. I feel you pierce my heart, oh cold east wind Sad east! thou leavest lifeless plains behind. The dull earth, watching. sleeps Within her leafless bowers, Until the west wind coming weeps Soft tears that turn to flowers. Oh cruel east! thou dost delay the world, Withering the leaf of hope, while yet unfurled. O'er this gray cheerless town The yellow smoke-mist hangs, a squalid pall, And night, too swift for spring-tide settles down Before the shades of mountain-evenings fall. I sicken here alone, dull day by day, To watch the turmoil wake and fade away. Why does my dear not come, Or write or send some loving little word 1 It is not here as 'twas at home. I have no companion but this prisoned bird; No friend in all the throng to hear my sighs! No glance, but the cold stare of alien eyes. No friend, nor love nor care To hold me; but when summer suns return And wake this stagnant and exhausted air, The little dearer life for which I yearn May wake, and make me happier an of old, Watching the innocent life my arms enfold. Cold east and drear, Spreading a noontide darkness on the town, You shall not blight my faith, nor make me fear, Nor leave me in despond, nor drag me down. I am alone but, if he loves me still, I am not all alone, sad days and chill. —Lewis Morris.
Dr, Newman has declined an offer of Pope Leo XIII. to make him a cardinal. The Medical profession are now ordering Cadbury,s Cocoa Essence in thousands of cases, because it contains more nutritious and flesh-forming elements than any other beverage, and is preferable to the thick starchy Cocoa ordinarily sold. When you ask for Cadbury's Cocoa Essence be sure that you get it, as shopkeepers often push imitations for the sake of extra profit. Makers to the Queen. Paris depot: 90, Faubourg St. Honore. Chest Complaints.—Thousands die annually through'neglect- ing a simple cough or cold. HILL'S MEDICATED BALSAM gives immediate relief, and completely cures coughs, colds, in fluenza, asthma, bronchitis, difficulty of breathing, consump- tion, and all chest complaints. It contains no deleterious sub- stances, is agreeable to taste, and can be taken by the most delicate adults and children. Testimonials have been received from all parts of the world. Sold in bottles, Is. lid., 2s. 9d., 4s. ed and 11s., by the maker, Edward Hill, Wellington, Somer- set.—London Agents Barclay & Sons, Farringdon-street, and F. Sanger & Sons, 150, Oxford-street, and most other chemists throughout the kingdom. Try it, and recommend it to your riends.—Local Agent: G. J Saunders, chemist, Oswestry. HOLLO WAY'S PILLS are admirably adapted for curing diseases incidental to females. At different periods of life women are subject to complaints which require a peculiar medicine; and it is now an indisputable fact that there is none so suitable for complaints of this nature as Holloway's Pills. For all the debilitating disorders in- cidental to the sex, and in every contingency perilous to the life and health of woman-youthful or aged, married or single-this great regulator and renovator of the secretive organs and the nervous system is an immediate cure. Their purifying _qualities render them invaluable to females at all ages. They are searching and cleansing, yet invigorating, a few doses will speedily remove every species of irregularity in the system, and thereby establish health on a sound and firm basis.
BYE-GONES. "V'V"V"w to! 1Ioo NOTES, QUERIES, and REPLIES, on subjects interesting to Wales and the Borders, must be addressed to ASKEW ROBERTS, Croeawylan, Oswestry." Real names and addresses must be I ffinen, in confidence, and USS. must be written legibly, on one side of the paper only.
I FEBRUARY 19, 1879. NOTES. wtn A WELSH DOCTRESS' BILL.—The following are among the very curious items of a Welsh doctress' bill, for the cure of a sore leg, and for the payment of which the patient was summoned before the court of requests at Shrewsbury:— a. d. For lancin and scalin the pantle- 10 0 For pills aurea, giltet with golt 7 6 For trams and cordivolls for hur as company 7 6 For lodgen an attendanos upon hur. 2 6 For runnin away an hindrin me to. hav time to cur her to perfection 2 6 For envy, hatred, an mallis, and foruttring several false storees on rae an my hous 10 6 For prakin the class in the class windos, with hur horsis nose 10 T)NAT,WnR. BATTLE OF CHIRK BRIDGE.—-As far back as 1876 you gave several references to the Cinder Hill Riots at Rhos and Chirk, which culminated on the 4th of Jan., 1831, in the Battle of Chirk Bridge. A ballad of the period, which you reproduced, showed how great were the apprehensions at Oswestry of an invasion by the colliers; and how large numbers of special constables were sworn in, and the North Shropshire Yeomanry were called out. From official documents I am able to present to your readers a list of the special constables, and some other particulars relative to the riots. First as to the con- stables :— Doc. 22, 1830. At a meeting of the Magistrates [of the Hundred of Oswesttyl held this day it was resolved, That it is expedient to swear in the out-pensioners as special constables for the Hundred of Oswestry. That it is also expedient to swear in all gentlemen, fanners, and respectable householders, and their workmen, to act also, in case they may be required, for the same hundred. Signed Thos. Kenyon, Jas. Donne, G. N. K. Lloyd, J. V. Lovett, H. P. T. Aubrey. Jan. 2, 1831. The following gentlemen were sworn special constables for one week:—Sir W. H. Clerke, Bart., Richd. Croxon, Esq., Edw. Croxon, Esq., Thomas Penson, Esq;, Richd. Jones Croxon, Esq. Before us Thos. Kenyon and J, V. Lovett. On the 3rd and 5th of Jan., 1831, the magistrates met to swear in specials, when the following attended and were sworn:— William Hammonds. Griffith Morris, Richard Minshuli, Robt. Richards, Joseph Jones, William Francis, Thomas Jones, Samuel Sides, John Vaughan, William Smeal, Abraham Morgan, John Jones, Charles Wilkins, Edw. Vaughan, Geo. Price, William Owen, jun. (pavior), Thos. Rogers (L. & R.), Edw. Edmunds, jun., Jas. W. Newcombe, Wm. Williams, Edw. Davies, Jno. Jones, Griffith Griffiths, Rich. Cross, Robt. Evans, Wm. Humphreys, Rich. Davies, Edw. Davies, Edw. Roberts, Edw. Davies, John Morris, Saml. Jones, Thos. Allen, Saml. Bickerton, Saml. Gittins, Saml. Pritchard, John Roberts, Rich. Morris, Robt. Jones, William Griffiths, John Thomas, Rich. Morris, Edw. Williams, Robt. Stanton, Chas. Thomas, Arthur Owen, John Phillips, Robt. Evans, Edw. Groom, Wm. Davies, Jno. Roberts, David Jones, James ter, Wm. Edwards, Robt. Jones, Stephen Windsor, John Evans, Thos. Jones, John Francis, Hugh Jones, Elias Phillips, Thos. Jones, Jno. Beckett, Mr. Churchill, Thos. Jarvis, Thos. Rogers (Stone House), Robt. Watkin, Jno. Jones, Thos. Davies, John Jones, Thos. Lewis, Robt. Oliver, John Painter, Thos Morris, Jno. Jones, Samuel Sides, John Sides, Wm. Jaspar, Robt. Roberts, James Lowe, J. M. Hales, Jno. Tomkies. John Parry, Wm. Williams, Thos. Roberts, Jno..Jones, Thomas Hughes, Henry Crutchloe, John Lot, John Davies, Chas. Osborn, Chas. Lewis, Jno. Harrison, Jno. Green, Geo. Wright, Jas. Williams, Rich. Hughes, Wm. Bolas. David Davies, Jno. Jones, Edw. Hughes, Edw. Jones, Wm. Nightin- gale, Wm. Edwards, Rich. Edwards, Henry Wainwright, Rich. Wainwright, Geo. Farmer, Walter Broughall, Robt. Morris, Lewis Evans, Thos. Jones, Jno. Thomas, Win. Owens, Will. Edwards, Edw. Edmunds (bricklayer), Edw. Humphreys, Chas. Stewart (fishmonger), Chas. Jones, John Mathews, Arthur Hughes, Lazarus Shone, Thos. Edwards (printer), Rich. Jones, Joseph Embleim, Isaac Robley, Thos. Hughes, Thos. Cadwaladr, Wm. Davies (schoolmaster), Joseph Jones, William Price, John Goolden. John Haves (plumber), John Lewis (saddler), John Morris, C. J. Hanmer (shoemaker), John Evans, Geo. Gough, Thos. Rodenhurst, Jno. Williams, Rich. Tomkies, Saml. Brayne, Thos. Morris, David Jones, John Minett, J. S. Venables, Hugh Williams, Saml. Thomas, P. Cartwright, Esq., Wm. Farr, jun., Jon. Meredith, William Farr, E. F. Venables, John Davies (Maesbury Fields). Henry Hughes, Wm. Meredith, Wm. Lewis, Jas. Thomas, John Warren, Thos Jones, Geo. Foulkes, Thos. Lloyd, Rich. Crowder, John Roberts (higgler), Rich. Worton, Edw. Edwards (wheelwright). Rich. Lewis (hatter), Robt. Lloyd (shoemaker), John Morris (butcher), John Jones, jun., Saml. Jones (assistant overseer), Richd. Thomas, Wm. Mellor, Edw. Edwards (solicitor), Edw. Payne (Maesbury), Chas. Jones (land- surveyor), Wm. Lloyd (skinner), John Davies (at Mr. Ed. Croxon's), David Jones (ostler, Red Lion, disharged, not having attended duty on either day), Robt. Morrall (solicitor), Thos. Williams (shoemaker), Saml. Vaughan (slater). Thos. Jones (excise officer), Thos. Stanton (watchmaker), Rich. Bill (ironmonger), Edw. Price (Treflach, blacksmith), Evan Williams (Llansilin, labourer), Edw. Baker (shoemaker), Edw. James (do.), Rich. Rogers (Whittington, joiner), David Vaughan (sawyer), Wm. Geo. Davenport (hair- dresser), William Rogers (artillery), Godfrey Roberts (at Mr. E. Croxon's), John Jones (at do., waggoner), James Roberts (stone mason), Rich. Morris (plumber), Wm. Wilton (tailor), Thos. Roberts (tailor), Wm. Bynner(tailor), Thos. Williams(Broomhall, labourer), Thos. Jones, Esq. (Brook-st.), John Edwards (ass follower), John Edwards (labourer), Jno. Vaughan, jun. (sawyer), Robt. Andrews (labourer), Jas. Bentley (fire man), William Marsh (Pant, labourer), Edw. Morgan (Morda, labourer), Edw. Smith, rope maker, Thos. Roberts, Llys Lane, labourer, W. B. Faune, gent, Edw. Thomas, fireman, Thos. Thomas, slater, David Evans, shoemaker, Thos. Evans, Hes- goed, labourer, John Evans, joiner, Saml. Oliver, tailor, Henry Francis, turner, Edw. Williams, shoemaker, Jas. Williams, do., John Hughes, do., Edw. Williams, labourer, Wm. Jones, brick- layer, Thos. Judson, jun., butcher, Wm. Francis, glazier, Jno. Humphreys, sawyer, John Tomkies, constable, Rich. Owen, bricklayer, Rich. Hopkins, maltster, Wm. Wright, shoemaker, Wm. Edwards, hairdresser, David Williams, tailor, Thos. Williams shoemaker, Thos. Jones, do., John Thomas, brick- layer Jas. Roberts, stonemason, David Jones, tailor, David Watkin, do., John Jones, sawyer, Owen Roberts, bricklayer, William Hughes, Gobowen, Edw. Rogers, Willow-st., Rev. John Phillips, Llanyblodwell, David Hamer, Glanyrafon, gent., Thos. Evans, Esq., Llwynygroes, John Edwards, Abertanat Hall, John Davies, Llwynytidman, miller, Edw. Poole, Trepennal, farmer, Geo. Savage, Llwynytidman, farmer, John Humphreys, do., farmer, Mr. Wm. Ward, ilany- blodwell, Allan Macdougal, butler to T. N. Parker, Esq., (for 6 months), Thos. Pierce, footman to do. (for do.), J. R. Kynaston, John Venables, jun., Whittington, Edwards, Edwards, Williams and Owen of Porkington. In Bye-gones, Sep. 20, 1876, BEN STARCH stated that 500 special constables were sworn in, who were armed with bludgeons cut for the purpose in Porkington Park. The official list, though it does not give so many, contains quite sufficient names to shew that no ordinary excitement prevailed. Amongst the list of names those who are liv- ing now must be very few. JARCO. QUERIES. OSWESTRY IN COACHING DAYS.—Are there any amongst the readers of Bye-gones able and willing to give us some records of Oswestry in the old coaching days ? Names of coaches, coachmen and guards —incidents of the road—something about the coaching- houses and their landlords, &c., &c., &c. If such as re- member would only put down what they know and such as remember what their fathers told them on the subject, would record their recollections, several littles would help to put the present generation in possession of much, I am sure, that would be of interest. NEMO. A SHROPSHIRE VEGETARIAN.—Thought- ful people have long come to the conclusion that even moderate drinkers, as they are called, take more alcohol than is good for their healths, and the depression of trade the nation is now feeling has brought prominently before the public the question of vegetarianism. There is no doubt we all eat too much animal food, and the working- class, in good times, waste more than they consume. An example of a fine hale old gentleman who was sparing in his consumption of butchers' meat and beer, is given in the Salopian Journal of Dec. 14. 1803, as follows :—" Died on Thursday last Mr. George Crank, of this town, aged 91 years, formerly a clothworker. He was a very ab- stemious man, living principally on vegetables, eating very little animal food, and drinking nothing but water and milk from his earliest years." Mr. Crank was con- sidered an eccentric man, for one reason because he never wore a hat, save when he went to church but a high tribute is paid to his clear judgment on all questions; and he seems to have died very highly respected by his fellows. SCROBBES BYRIG. COEDYRALLT.—Can any of the readers of Bye. gones give a correct account of the steps on the top of Coedyrallt Rock ? The account I have heard is, that a good number of years ago a young man and woman were walking along the top of the rock, going to a merry- making to be held at The Court, then a public-house, which could be seen from the top of the rock, when the young woman began to jump, wishing, in a joking way, that she could go that way, instead of going all the way round. The young man then came behind her, and gave her a push over the edge of the rock, which would be a fall of thirty or forty feet. It seems that the man had a good (or a bad) reason for wishing her made away with, but the strange part of the story is yet to come: on arriving at The Court who should be the first to meet him but the woman he had pushed over the rock. It is said that the man left the place at once and was not heard of for many years. It seems that the wind got under the woman's clothes and so let her gently down among the tops and branches of the trees, so that she got down without much hurt, and at once made the best of her way toThe Court by a much shorter way than the man would get. Anyhow the steps or tracks are kept up on the top of the rock and may be seen by any one going there. ROCK BIRD. REPLIES. LLANFYLLIN MEETING (Jan. 29, 1879).- "David Evans," mentioned as a steward, with Sir Watkin, of this meeting, was of the Vownog, Llanfyllin. His kindness of heart and genial manners were largely inherited by his son, the late W. Evans, Esq., of Glascoed. CTFFIN. Mr. David Jones, The Green, Llanfyllin, has in his possession a small silver cup, won at Cefn Bran races, by a horse belonging to one of his ancestors. Perhaps some of your readers may be able to give account of more of the silver CUDS won at these races. A.B. CHURCH AND KING RIOTS AT WREXHAM (Feb. 12,1879).—We are informed in Jones's Wrexham, published by Potter in 1859, that- The chapel in the middle of Chester-street, formerly be- longing to the Presbyterians, and now to the Independents, is the third building which has stood upon the present site. The first was destroyed in the Church and King riots, consequent upon the progress of Dr. Sacheverel to his living at Bridge- north (sic). The sympathies of the town were, at that time, with the Pretender, and it is said that Sir W. Williams (sic)- afterwards Wynn—playe-1 a double policy in the desecration of the Meeting House that he brought a mob of colliers to the town to participate in the work of demolition, and kept them in reserve at the top of Penybryn and next that he employed his influence, as an adherent of the Pretender, to dissuade the rioters from their violence. The dissenters, to this day, speak with affection of his approaching the mob, cap in hand, and entreating them to disperse. Mr. Jones is wrong here, I think, in connecting the name of Dr. Sacheverel with the Wrexham riots, that gentle- man's progress" having taken place nearly half a dozen years earlier, and in a previ.ms reign. He is also wrong in presenting the living of Bridgnorth to the doctor. Selattyn, near Oswestry, was the place, and an ancestor of the Lloyds of Aston was the patron. Mr. Jones is not right, either, in stating that Sir W. Williams- afterwards Wynn" addressed the colliers, as that gentle- man did not take the Williams baronetcy until 1740, on the death of his father who resided at Llanvorda. He had previously assumed the name of Wynn, so, in point of fact, he never was Sir W. Williams." N.W.S.
ASKEW ROBERTS, WOODALL, AND VENABLES beg to inform Solicitors, Accountants, and Allen of Business, who require small or large numbers of Circulars, Applications for Accounts, Prices Current, &c., expeditiously printed, that they will supply at 2s. 6d. per bottle a Lithographic Writing Ink, by which the original can be written on ordinary paper with an ordinary pen in their own offices, and then forwarded to the Carton Works, Oswestry, where it will be lithographed in facsimile, and the quantity required sent by return of Post.
IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT J'V\I"V'> vv Parliament, which adjourneiTon the 17th of December last, after the winter session, re-assembled 6D Thursday afternoon. HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY. Lord Traregave notice of a question as to whether application had been made by the civil or military autliori tiesit the Cape for an additional military force prior to the recent disaster.—Earl De La Warr announced his intention of introducing a Bill on the subject of the liability of employers for injuries to servants and the Lord Chancellor stated that he should call attention to the condition of business in the Higli Court of Justice. --The Earl of Cadogan said papers bad been laid on the table of the House with reference to South African affairs, bringing the cor- respondence down to the 13th Jan., and further papers were in preparation^—The Earl of Beaconsfield then made a statement as to the Ministerial programme for the session, prefacii:^ tt with a few remarks on the general situation of affairs. He deprecated the hazarding of opinions upon the terrible disaster in South Africa before authentic accounts were at hand, and. speaking of the' progress in regard to the Berlin Treaty, said tho- arrangements for the introduction of reforms in Turkey had beem very satisfactory. He added that the objects of Government interference in Afghanistan had been accomplished.-Earll Granville concurred in the hope that the Berlin Treaty would lead to a lengthened pacification of Europe. He complained of the want of official information about Cyprus, and questioned the policy of forcing troops upon, Cape Colony. He apprehenoled danger from the Government policy of extending our empire.— Earl Cadogan thought discussion on the disaster in Zululand should be deferred till authentic information had been received and pointed out that there was no mention in the communica- tion from Lord Chelmsford asking for troops of any cavalry being required.—The Earl of Carnarvon was not prepared to challenge the justice of the war. He suggested that Govern- ment should now send troops to the Cape from India or China, unless the unfortunate Afghan war had crippled the English forces in India.—The Earl of Kimberley confessed that he as yet saw no reason for this war, and thought it might have been avoided by judicious management.—Their lordships adjourned at 7.15 HOUSE OF COMMONS—THURSDAY. A number of notices were given by different members, after which, in reply to an enquiry by Mr. Coope, Sir Stafford North- cote stated that the Government, while they did not contemplate introducing any measure providing for the public audit of accounts of joint-stock banks, did propose to bring in a Bill for amending certain difficulties which had arisen as to the consti- tution of those banks. Replying to Colonel Mure, the Chancellor of the Exchequer explained that Lord Chelmsford telegiaphed that in the event of a war with the Zulus he would require more officers for special service, two battalions of infantry, and a regiment of cavalry. Subsequent despatches referred to the infantry only, and the cavalry was not again mentioned. These were the only applications received until after the recent lamentable loss. The Government at first hesitated to comply with the request, but, a fortnight later, two regiments were sent out, and had arrived in time to take part in the operations. —Mr. Birkbeck took his seat for North Norfolk, and Mr. Hicks for Cambridge. New writs were ordered for South Warwick- shire and for Haddington Burghs. The Chancellor of the Exchequer then made a statement with reference to the Minis- terial programme, substantially the same as that made by the Premier in the Upper House. Sir W. Harcourt thought more definite information necessary with regard to the policy of the Government in connection with the island of Cyprus. Colonel' Stanley contended that the allegations as to the unhealthiness of the island were much exaggerated, and defended the course adopted by the Government. Mr. Mitchell-Henry complained that so little reference had been made to the subject of Irish legislation. The Marquis of Hartington followed, and expressed regret that the Government had not seen their way to announce measures intended to promote a satisfactory settlement of the questions of the Irish University and intermediate education. With reference to the war in Afghanistan, he thought it a mis- take to seek to extend our north-west frontier. He asked for more definite information as to what had been done under the provisions of the Berlin Treaty. With regard to the disaster in South Africa he expressed his regret that so serions a blow should have befallen our troops; and as to the policy of the Govern- ment in that part of the world, he argued that the papers already published showed an inexplicable change of conduct. Mr. W. H. Smith stated that a good harbour could be provided in Cyprus at a cost of £ 180,000. Mr. Samuelson, Sir G. Elliot, Mr. Macdonald, Mr. Cogan, Sir G. Balfour, the Home Secretary, Sir H. James, Mr. Bourke, and other speakers followed. Major Nolan moved an amendment to the effect that the omission of all reference from the Queen's Speech, at the com- mencement of the session, and from the statement of the Chancellor of the Exchequer that evening, to legislation on all questions of reform in relation to the Irish land laws and to university education in Ireland, was au ill return for the in- creased burdens which the warlike policy of the Government was calculated to place on the Irish as -,yell as the English people. At the close of the debate the House divided, when there appeared for the motion, 72; for the amendment, 25; ma- jority, 47. The House was counted out at 12 30. HOUSE OF LORDS.—FRIDAY. In reply to Earl Grauville, the Marquis of Salisbury stated that communications had taken place between the Government and the Government of Russia with reference to affairs in Afghanistan, and the result had been the withdrawal of the Russian mission to Cabul. The nature of the communications would be explained in papers, which were now in the printers' hands. Lord Bury then explained the steps which it was pro- posed to take for the organisation of the volunteer force. Lord Cardwell expressed a general approval of the proposals; while Earl Cowper and Lord Truro raised objections to making the colour of the volunteers uniform the same as that of the army, scarlet, and also to the refusal to increase the capitation grant. In reply to Lord Truro, the Earl of Cadogan said that, although the Government had at first refused to send to the Cape tae re- inforcements asked for, they had sent additional men on the repetition of the request, but no application had been made for cavalry. The reinforcements had been despatched in the first week in December. In reply to the Earl of Carnarvon, the Duke of Richmond explained the preparatory measures which had been adopted with the view of preventing the spread of the plague to this country. On the motion of Lord Aberdare, a committee was appointed to enquire into the prevalence of habits of intemperance and how they had been affected by recent legisla- tion and otherwise. Their Lordships adjourned at half-past seven o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS.-FRIDAY. Lord G. Hamilton explained the reasons which had induced the issue of the recent Order in Council with reference to the slaughter of cattle landed in this country from the United States.—In reply to Mr. Waddy, Sir M. Hicks Beach said an official statement was being prepared with refer- ence to the plague, which he hoped soon to lay on the table.— In answer to a question put by Colonel Mure, Sir Stafford Northcote said that, both as regarded correspondence already published with reference to the South African war and the papers that had yet to be presented, it was proposed to give the House the whole of the information in the possession of the Government.—Mr. Lowther, in reply to Mr. Meldon, said it was proposed shortly to introduce a Bill on the subject of the grievances and claims of Irish National teachers.—The Chancel- lor of the Exchequer informed Mr. Chaplin that a Bill would be introduced dealing with the question of floods and Conser- vancy Boards. -Colonel Tottenham took his seat for New Ross, and Sir T. M'Clure for Londonderry.—Mr. Meldon called atten- tion to the nature of the borough franchise in Ireland, and moved that its restricte I character demanded immediate atten- tion, with the view of establishing a fair and just equality be- tween the three countries of the United Kingdom.—Mr. Gray seconded the motion, which was opposed by Mr. C. Lewis, Sir J. Leslie, and Mr. Smollett, while it bad the support of Mr. W. E. Forster and Mr. Blennerhassett.-At the close of the debate the House divided, when there appeared-For the motion 187, against 256; majority for the Government, 69.—In the early hours of Saturday morning, the Bill introduced by Mr. Rath- bone for the purpose of removing the disqualification attaching to voters who are sent to smallpox or fever hospil-tls-often much against their will-in order to prevent contagion, was read a third time and passed, by 65 votes against 40, notwithstanding the opposition of the Government. The disqualification attach- ing to a voter who obtains poor relief is not questioned by this Bui, which simply declares that a man suffering from some in- fectious disease and being compelled to go into a public hospital to avoid spreading the contagion shall not as a consequence be disfranchised, as is now the case. This is the first opposed Bill of the present session that has passed the Commons. The divi- sion took place about three o'clock. HOUSE OF LORDS—MONDAY. Earl De La Warr called attention to the state of the law with regard to the liability of employers to make compensation for injuries to persons in their service, and laid upon the table a Bill upon the subject.—The Lord Chancellor, while admitting the importance of the question, said the whole subject had been considered by a committee of the other House, and a Bill had been prepared. He, therefore, hoped that the noble earl would wait for its presentation before pressing his Bill beyond the first stae. -The Bill was read a first time. —The Lord Chancellor then introduced one of the pro- mised measures of the session-a Bill to amend the bankruptcy laws. He said the Government proposed to establish a court to which all debtors could appeal, and that the adjudication of a bankrupt should not in the first instance be by Court. A pro- visional order having been issued by the Court, the creditors were to meet and appoint a committee of inspection, who could order the discharge of the debtor by a majority of their num- ber and the Court could show its disapproval of the debtor's conduct by suspending the order for wh it time it thought fit. With reference to trustees, one important provision is that at the end of one year after his appointment, he shall be compelled to hand over all the money and property in his possession to the Court, unless a greater length of time should have been speci- ally ordered. Parliament will be asked to authorize the creation of an additional judge of the High Court of Justice, the Bank- ruptcy Court to be joined to the Chancery Division. Arrange- ments with creditors will be made not by resolution, but by deed, to be signed by a majority of the bankrupt's creditors and no deed will be registered for anything under five shillings in the pound. The Bill was read a first time. HOUSE OF COMMONS-MONDAY. The eariv part of the sitting was taken up with a more than ordinary number of questions and notices, the interest in which was unusually limited. For instance, Major O'Gorman gave notice that he should ask the Home Secretary whether, con- sidering the very lenient sentence passed upon the Glasgow Bank Directors, he would not take steps to either release or or mitigate the punishment of the convict whom he styled Sir Roger Doughty Tichborne, Bart.—Mr. Blake having asked a question with reference to the Clergy Co-operative Association, ttie Attorney-General replied that it was a limited liabiltiy com- pany, established under the Companies Act. It contemplated trading in grocery, tobacco, wines, spirits, &c., and there might be a refreshment room for temporal comforts; but he could not say that it was an association established for an unlawful act. He would not express an opinion as to whether clergymen join- ing it would be liable to punishment in the Ecclesiastical Courts, but he believed they would not if they abstained from acting as directors or from personally officiating at the stores. After a somewhat protracted discussion, the orders of the day were postponed, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer brought forward the resolutions of which he had given notice for the conduct of the business of the House, the discussion of which occupied a considerable period. The debate was ultimately ad- journed.—Dr. Cameron's Habitual Drunkards Bill was read a -iiii, second time.—The Attorney-General brought in a Bill for con- solidation with amendments the Acts relating to letters patent for inventions and Bill to amend the Acts relating to elec- tion petitions, and to the prevention of corrupt practices at Parliamentary elections. HOUSE OF LORDS.—TUESDAY. The house met at five o'clock. Lord Truro gave notice for an early day of a motion for the appointment of a commission to enquire into the condition, further requirements, aud manage mentof the volunteer force.—Answering the Marquis of Ripon, Lord Cranbrook said the Government were in possession of no information in reference to the reported proclamation by General Roberts annexing the valley of Kliartim, and the tele- grams received contained no indication that any such transac- tion had occurred. He had telegraphed inquiries to India upon the subject, but the reply had not yet been received.—The Duke of Richmond, in reply to Earl Granville, hoped next week to introduce a Bill for the Amendment of the Medical Acts, and at no distant date to present a Bill for the Conservancy of Rivers and the Prevention of floods —The Lord Chancellor pre- sented a Bill to Extend the Jurisdiction of County Courts in England from Z50 to 4200, and to empower the plaintiff to enter a suit for a larger amount, subject to the absolute right of the defendant to move it to a higher court. Reviewing the state of business, he came to the conclusion that the four gaol de- liveries were necessary, and that no increase, apart from the Judge to be created under the new bankruptcy Act, should be made in the number of judges. The Bill was then read a first time.-In reply to Lord Sidmouth, Lord Elphinstone stated that every precaution had been taken to prevent any accident occurring in disembarking the troops sent out to the Cape at Port Natal. Their lordships adjourned at five o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—TUESDAY. The speaker took the chair at four o'clock. Sir G. Campbell gave notice that on Tuesday next he will move that the summary tprohibition of the importation of cattle from the Unitotl States on account of the veiy partial appearance of the Pleuro Pneumonia already common and endemic in Great Britain, is an unnecessary destruction of a trade rapidly and immensely developing, and is calculated to deprive the people ef this country of the advantage of cheap meat. In reply to Mr. Grant Duff, Mr. Stanhope said no niformation had been received from the Maharajah of Cashmere as to whether he was carrying out or intending to carry out opera- tions in the direction of Chitral and the Hindoo Kursh. In reply to Dr. Cameron, Sir M. Hicks Beach said that, under the supposition that the question related to an outrage in Griqualand West, reported last summer, namely, that the Boer Volunteers had massacred a number of natives, including women and children, he had made enquiries, and had received a despatch from Colonel Lanyon denying the truth of the report, and this denial was confirmed by statements from certain missionaries. He found,lhowever, from extracts from papers sent to him by Dr Cameron, that the occurrences were said to have taken place in October, and he had directed further enquiries. -In answer to Sir A. Gordon, Lord E. Cecil said his attention had been called to Lord Chelmsford's despatch of Nov. 25,1878, and to a telegram which said no more supplies reqi'ned present to be^ent for Cape Colony and Natal. Acting on th,s the outstanding orders were not executed but prewntmn^wa^ taken to inform Lord Chelmsford, when he telegr October 26th, that the prev^us^tele^am^ re^erxed^ to commissariat supplies on y > orcjere(j to be despatched, ously cancelled, ""Ointment of a Select Committee Mr. Ddlwyn moved for tbe^ap^m^o 0gtimateg> in the o?dCe°rn in wh"ch they appear. He said the House was resnon- for the expenditure of the country, but at present there was not an adequate provision for the examination of that ex-1 penditure. Mr. Baxter seconded the motion, which was sup. ported by Mr• Harm an. amdI opposed by Mr. Hankey.-Sir H, & Ibbetson declared thafc the proposal vould not facilitate and would diminish the responsibility of Ministers, iT? JheT sameview.-The debate was continued by Sir Barfrtelot, Lord K, Montague, Mr. I¥ewdecate Mr Jjainft. Air. Rylands, Mr. Macartney, Mr. Parnell, and Mr. Walter.—On a division the motion was supported- by 95 votes whilst there were 153 against. Jt was therefore rejected —Mr' Mowbray moved as a standing order that no oppssed business except a money bill be taken after 12.30.—At nine o?clock Sir J Lubbock moved as air amendment to except from tœ operation of the rule bills which-Sad passed this committee. A discussion ensued, in which the following members took part: Mr Mon- de!la, Mr. Charley, Mr. Hope, Serjeant Simon, Sir. C. Dilke the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Sodson, Mr. Beckett Mr. Denison, and-Mr. Andersm-Tlie house divided on the-amend- ment, which was rejected by 81 to 57. The motion wiwthen agreed to, ami- was made a standing order.-The housfc' was counted out at 9.12. HOCSE OF COMMONS.—WTJXVESDAY. Mr. Balfour moved the second reading, of his Burial Tiaw Amendment BILJ The objects in view were defined as the re-- I lief of the clergy of the Established Church, the preservation* of the endowments for their original purposes, and that every Nonconformist throughout the country shoiid on his death be ried with such religious service as his frieads might desire- this being effected, without violating the pi^hciple of Church^ property. Mr. Balfour claimed for the particular compromise this, that whilst on the one hand he would' satisfy the great demands of the Dissenters, on the other he would not take anything from Churchmen which they nead regret. The use of churchyards he proposed to give conditionaSy, and in some-cases only temperarily. In no case did he propose to hand over aaurchyards to ttw Dissenters permanently. Whenever there was a cemetery within vhree miles, or at A convenient distance from a churchyard, the Noncon- formists would have no right of burial in the church- yard.-Mr. Beresford Hope moved that the Bill- be read a second time that day six months.—Its other opponents included Mr. Marten Mr. W. Egerton Mr. J. G. Talbot, Earl Percy, and Mr. Grantham while Sir C. Foster, Mr. Roberts-, Lord F Hervev^ Mr. Osborne Morgan, and Major Nolan supported it." —The Bill met the fate considered probable-it was talked out.
FOOTBALL. THE WELSH FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION.—A meeting of the Association was held at the George Hotel, Shrews- bury, on Monday evening, February 17, Mr. Ll. Kenrick in the chair. Mr. Morgan, of Newtown brought forward his objection in reference to the tie between the Newtown clubs being played at Wrexham, unless the fares of the players were paid. After the matter had been discussed, it was decided that the teams should meet at Oswestry on Saturday, February 22, the players to be allowed £ 2 2s. for expenses.
WALES v. LANCASHIRE. The return match between tnese Associations was played at' Wrexham on Saturday last, and resulted in a victory for the visitors by two goals to one. The Cambrians, however, put the ball through the posts three times, but on two occasions the player was ruled off siJe. Play was advertised to commence at two o'clock, but owing to the absence of the Welsh Captain (for whom a substitute had to be provided), it was not until nearly half-an-hour later that the ball was set in motion. Lancashire at once began to force the pace, Gledhill and Bury passing the ball into their opponents' quarters Daniels kicked it from near goal, but after a throw in it was again near the Welsh goal. Price and Vaughan took the ball up to the visitors' end, where, after some smart passing by the latter and Roberts, Lloyd put it through the posts, and scored first blood for Wales in about three minutes from the start. After the kick off the Lancashire for- wards got into the Welsh quarters. Heywood, however, returned the ball, and the home team got a throw in, and the leather was headed several times np to the visitors' goal, but got away, Lloyd eventually sending it behind the goal line. A rush followed the kick out. and a long shot was taken at the Welsh goal, which the goal keeper stopped. A run by Bury on the left was stopped by Edwards, and another long shot hit from the goal by Davies, and then Price and Roberts took the ball down and sent it behind the visitors' lines. Another attack on the Welsh goal followed, and K. Crosse gave his opponents a comer kick, which luckily went behind. The ball had again been behind the Welsh lines, when a combined rush was made- by the Lancashire forwards, and after a short scrimmage Bury breasted the ball through the goal at 2-50, thus making matters equal. Wales made another attempt to score, the left wings taking the ball down, and Heywood sent it behind the lines. Lancashire got a throw in, and the ball was kept in neutral ground for some time. The Welsh however got the best of the struggle, and two shots were taken at the Lancashire goal, both of which the goal- keeper got away, and then Gledhill ran the ball up to the Welsh end, and took a shot. Davie3 was on the alert, and kicked the ball away. Lloyd got a clear run on the left, and passed the ball to Heywood, who sent it on to Price; and the latter, after a little dodging sent it through the Lancashire goal; but with no result, as he was ruled "off side." The Welshmen returned to the attack after the kick out, and after one of the visitors had held the ball with his feet for a short time, it was sent behind the Lancashire lines. Lancashire now resumed the offensive, and pressed the Welsh backs, and after a free kick from hands, and an ineffectual kick at goal by Bury Haworth scored the second goal for his side at 3 5. The ball was kicked off by Price, and in touch by Vaughan. A run by Roberts was cleverly stopped by Suter. Price then made a smart run, but sent the ball a little wide of the goal. Roberts and Vaughan next got the ball in front of their adversaries' goal, when Suter got it away, and after a case of hands from K. Crosse it was sent behind the Lancashire lines near the corner. A run was made by the Lancashire right wings, who passed the ball in front of goal, but Haworth, who next played it, was "offside," and a free kick was given to Wales. Price and Vaughan then took down the ball, and Suter again returned it, and another attack was made on the Lanca- shire goal, through which it rebounded from Lloyd's forehead. An appeal was made for "off side," and allowed. (Time 3-15.) Wales next got a throw in in the Lancashire quarters. Crosse threw the ball well up, and the home team got a free kick for hands, and the ball was sent behind the lines a little wide of the posts. Another attack resulted in the goalkeeper Wales a corner kick, but nothing came of it, and the ball had been cleverly headed to the goal by Lloyd, and as cleverly got away by Magnall, when "half time" was called, and ends changed. Lancashire now got the benefit of the wind, and the right wings took the ball towards the Welsh goal, which was relieved by a case of hands. Price and Vaughan then took the play into Lancashire territory, but it was soon returned, and Hey- wood, who fell, handling the ball, the strangers got a free kick. This was allowed to go untouched through the posts. A throw in for Lancashire followed the kick off, and Edwards, in kicking the ball from his goal, sent it against Haworth, from whom it rebounded behind the lines (a near shave for the goal). Roberts and Vaughan on the l.,ft relieved their goal for a short time, but after a throw in the Lancashire men again approached the Welsh goal, and after Daniels had repelled one attack another was made, and a corner kick obtained. Lloyd got the ball out of the crowd, and making a quick run was soon in front of the enemy's position, where a corner kick was obtained. The downfall of the Lancashire stronghold appeared im- minent, but Gledhill was to the rescue, and aided by Bury took the ball to the Welsh quarters. Daniels got it away but Marshall brought it up again, and after Heywood had stopped an attack the ball was sent behind the Welsh lines. Lloyd and Vaughan and Roberts severally made runs and sent the ball behind the Visitors' goal twice, and then it paid the same number of visits to the rear of the Welsh fortress. Roberta and Vaughan got the ball in their opponents quarters and obtained a throw in. Cross put the ball well up, but the Lan- cashire backs kicked it away, and their forwards made an offen- sive move to the Welsh end where Daniels had something to do to get the ball away, aud Lloyd and Price getting in possession of it a run was made and Vaughan got a shot but just missed the mark. Marshall and Sharpies by some very quick passing got near to the Welsh goal and a fine shot by the latter just went over the bar. The ball was again behind the Welsh lines and then Heywood and Vaughan took it mid-way up the ground, where it was sent to Price who managed to elude the backs, and had no one but the goal- keeper between him and the goaL He, however, made a wild shot, and missed what seemed to be an easy goal. Lancashire next got a corner kick, which proved fruitless, and Vaughan appeared to have a clear run on the left wing, but he passed the, ball to an opponent in the centre, and lost a chance of scoring Wales next got a throw m not far from goal, and Cross put the td. i n, g°al> and a feeble attempt was made by Roberts and Vaughan to score. The ball was got away, and a free kick fell to tne visitors, after which the W&shmen made a run towards their opponents' goal, and Lloyd played the ball when he was "off-side." Two more free kicks were obtained by Lancashire, and an appeal made for a third, when time was called. A considerable number of spectators witnessed the same, amongst whom were Sir Robert Cunlitfe, the president, and the Hon. George Kenyon, a past president of the Association The Lancashire team were well organized, and played with ^eat unauimty, the forwards passing the ball with accuracy^ wVi AT6 SCnS Cj 11? ^ith both power and judgment, Gled- hill, Marshall, and Bury, of the forwards, bein°' particularly fast, and Suter was much the best back on the field Wale £ were weak in back players (although they have a number of first class men in the Association), and consequently one of the forwards had to play on the defensive, and the Matter could! without difficulty have been considerably strengthened. Lloyd played well, although almost unsupported, and is a very promising forward. We have, however, seen Price play with more dash, and Vaughan exercise more judg- ment. As however much we deprecate selfish play we must remind wing players that it is folly to pass the ball to a crowd when there is an open course UD the sidA- F. A cross played well as half back, but H. Edwards was evidently out of his place as full back. The Welsh were extremely un- fortunate m getting two goals disallowed for "off side, the last one more particularly, as it is difficult to see how the player from whose forehead the ball went through could have been off side" as he must necessarily have been behind the man who kicked the ball to him. The following is a list of the players :— LANCASHIRE. Goal, J. Magnall (Easley); backs, F. Suter (Darwenl and w Mather (Turton); half-backs, J. Snowies (Da £ ^,SJ £ and C. Tootal (Turton) right wing, T. Marshall (Darwen) W le" T. Bury (Darwen) and C. Whitehead (Bolton); centres, J. Gledhill (Darwen/ and W Howarth (Turton). Umpire, T. Hindle (Darwen)! X WALES. J^T1' n;?afe;JW:exi!am,) .-backs, H. Edwards (Civil Service) £ Camels (Ruabon); half-backs, E. A. Cross (Wrexham) and K. Crosse (Ruabon), captain right wing, J. Lloyd (Wrex- ^XV^and T vr (Tewt0,7"); Ieft wing. W. Roberts (Llan- gollen), and J Vaughan (Oswestry); centres, D. Heywood (Os%vestry), J. Pi-ice (Wrexham). Umpire. H. A. Hamshaw., Referee, C.
NOT SO PROSPEROUS, MR. WALL. The following letter has appeared in the.Standard:- SIR,-As you did me the favour to publish mv original com- plaint of the claim made upon me by Mr. Wall for the statu- tory penalty of 40s." for having permitted to be sung" a song from the opera of Maritana, will you now allow me to say that I have discovered Mr. Wall's unjust claim to be also illegal—the right to the copyright of Maritana being now iittb judice. I de- cline, therefore, to pay Mr. Wall the penalty demanded of me and I am considering whether or not I shall turn the tables on Mr. Wall by compelling- him to pay the expenses incurred ia resisting his unjust demand. I am, sir, your obedient servant, J. T. BURTON WOLLASTO*- Montgomery, February 11th.
THE CONVICT PEACE. The convict Peace, in Armley gaol, with the assistance of the warders who have charge of him, spends a good deal of his time in writing letters to his relatives and friends. An idea has got afloat that it was Peace who stole the famous Gainsborough portrait of the Duchess of Devon- shire. We are not yet a ware of the existence of any definite evidence connecting Peace with the picture robbery, which, it will be remembered, created at the time a great deal of public interest. It is, however, known that Peace told Mrs. Thompson a good deal about the picture of a beautiful woman with her hat on one side, which picture he afterwards spoke of as having been cut out of its frame. The Criminal Investigation Depart- ment has been communicated with, and the matter will be fully inquired into. It is stated that it was not really Peace's intention to commit suicide in making the desperate leap;from the railway train, but to escape. He had often imperilled his life before, both abroad and in this country, in hazardous situations, depending on his agility to carry him through. Mrs. Thompson's solicitor has written to the Home Secre- tary asking permission for her to visit Peace. It is under- stood that the request has been refused by Mr. Cross. In response to a letter from Peace, the Vicar of Darnall has had an interview with the convict. Mrs. Dyson was to leave Sheffield on Thursday for Cleveland, Ohio. The Treasury has settled her claims. and she would have left earlier had not the mail arrange- ments been interfered with by the steamers being re<l^r?^ by G-overnment for troops. Since her return to Sheffield it is said that she has had several offers of three music-hall proprietors have vainly attempted to in- duce her to accept engagements. It is stated on positive information that formally confessed to the murder of P.<3- <^ocit, at Whalley Range, Manchester, on the 1st At^rust, Io7o, tor which a man named Habron was tried sentenced to death, the capital sentence being afterwards commuted to penal servitude for life.
The Methodist Recorder announces the death of the Rev. J. Hooley, who was superintendent of the Wrexham Circuit from 1856 to 1859. ,-I