UP AND DOWN THE COAST. .r'J"i" "V" LOAFERS. In every town there are loafers who seldom work, but who always seem able to obtain drink. There are ragged loafers, out at knees and elbows, who hang about bridges, street-comers, railway stations, and stable yards, and ask passers-by if they have such a thing as a penny about them and there are respectable loafers-honorary mem- bers of the thirsty club—who are very particular about the cut of their clothes, and always speak of themselves as gentlemen These loafers use a good deal of their spare time in discussing public men and public events, and in their trot estimation are keen analysts of times and cha- racters. They are great wags, too. Over a glass of beer, they cast out their ghostly jokes, and laugh at them like gentlemen. They are very particular never to forget that they are gentlemen, and, of course, whatever they do they do like gentlemen. They swear and lie, and forget to pay de:;ts, but they never cease to be gentlemen Nothing is more interesting than to sit unknown and silent among a lot of these loafers, when they are "in funds," and have got the chill taken off. What ability they possess With what ease they settle the destinies of empires. How consummately they un- ra,-el the mysteries of life. Cabinets are reckoned up like sums in simple addition. The deep laid schemes of Premiers and Generals are seen through as easily as the holes in a ladder. Doctors without patients give Dr. Gull his quietus; lawyers without clients dispose of Lord Chancellors, and decide off-hand the nicest points of law; captains without ships manoeuvre fleets and win battles officers without commissions lead armies and de- cide campaigns tradesmen who never could earn a living at the businesses they were trained to make vast fortunes in trades they do not understand. Untrammelled by facts the loafer settles everything to his own great satisfaction. From his half-drunken and Imaginary attitude he looks down on poor hard working humanity as demn'd ungentlemenly, don't you know." Young men anxious to see what has been mis-named "life," sometimes fall into the hands of these loafers. Fortunately the mockery is so obvious—the shams are so distinctly labelled that only the very greenest are deceived. The loafers are so very particular to keep in mind they are gentlemen that when one of their number happens to get found out, which is deemed to be a most ungentle- manly proceeding, they cut him forthwith. Wrong- doing they delight in, but to be caught and punished is intolerable. MODEL MEMBERS. There is a Board of Guardians in Merionethshire which has a very high rate of pauperism. One of the members of that Board makes speeches about the evil consequences of out-relief. He is, in fact, very indignant the Board does not reduce the rate of pauperism, which he says, and says with truth, is excessive. Of course everybody knows that out-relief can only be checked by careful attention to the relief lists, but as soon as these lists are produced, and very often before, this member gets up and takes his departure! In the newspapers he appears very like a useful Guardian, but he is—a sham. A SUGGESTION. I have been informed on good authority that the drain- age of the flats at Aberystwyth has dried a spring at Llan- badarn, and is also drying up Simon's Well. What shall be done with Simon's Well after it is dried up, I cannot imagine, unless we convert it into a garden, and grow greens on it. MORE LIGHT. Aberdovey is as nice a place as there is on the coast, and in the matter of brass bands need not fear any compe- titor in Merionethire. It is not every town that owns more brass bands than lamps. Perhaps Aberdovey is the only town in the United Kingdom that boasts of two efficient brass bands and not one public lamp. Music is a humanizing thing, but light is not to be altogether despised, and with all proper humility I venture to suggest a compromise between light and music. Instead of two bands and no lamps let there be one lamp and one band. Will the members of the Local Board consider this proposal? There is another matter. Aberdovey can- not prosper as long as the hotel is empty. Every water- ing place must have a large hotel for a certain class of peopla. This hotel may land its proprietor with great regularity in the bankruptcy court; but, no matter, one of the indispensable requisites of a watering place is a large hotel. If it keeps the proprietor well, if the pro- prietor has to keep it, and the public have to keep the pro- prietor, still well, but not so well. HOPEFUL SIGNS. The country everywhere "with verdure clad is look- ing its best. The prospects of a bountiful harvest of use- ful and beautiful gifts are brighter than for many years past. Flowers are a glorious crop already. The lanes are full of the scent of hawthorn blossom. The fields are like jewels set in green, and gold. The mountains are each aseparateglory,and whoshall describe the woods? Nowisthe time for weary men to go into quiet places and give them- selves time to think. There is a meaning in this tangle of life, and never is that meaning made clearer than in quiet moments when irritating forces are removed. "To know how beautiful this world can be lanes, woods, and iields should be visited now. Once a mau learns how beautiful this world can be," it can never again be anything but beautiful to him as long as he lives. Bountiful harvests will bring gladness and plenty to thousands of homes where gladness and plenty are not frequent guests. Now is the time of rich promise to be fulfilled in autumn let us hope. A CONVERSATION. Tradesman—Really, sir, you are the thirteenth com- mercial traveller I have seen in my shop to-day. Commercial—I am sorry to hear that. Did you give any of them an order ? Tradesman—No, I certainly did not. There were eight of your sort here yesterday, and Commercial—There are six more at the hotel. We tossed odd man out" who should come first. Tradesman-Will you kindly tell the other six they might as well not come here. Commercial-Can't you give me an order? (Palls a sample of the goods he travels in out of his pocket.) Just a line, you know, if it is ever so little. Tradesman—Trade is bad. People have no money. Commercial—It is bad. I never saw anything like it, and the road is swarming with boy travellers. I expect to see the next lot in permabulators, accompanied by their nurses. Tradesman—I really cannot buy, Mister. It's no use, indeed. What do you ask for that (pointing to sample). Commercial—(Brightens up, and mentions a price which he thinks remarkably low)—You cannot do better than that, I am sure. If it were not for the wretched state of trade, you would have to pay about double the price I have asked you. Tradesman (walking to one of his shelves)—See here, I will sell you as much of the article you are offering, only a better sample, at lower prices than you ask. Commercial (examining article)—Do you mean it. Tradesman—I do. (Walks to his invoice file, which he shows. ) Commercial-Good day, sir. (Pockets his sample and disappears.) The Coast. PERRY WrSKLE.
ABERYSTWYTH. ABERYSTWYTH, Monday. WheAt, 7s. Od. to 8s. od. V bushel; barley, 5s. 6d. to 6s. 6d.; oats, 3s. Od. to 4s. 6d.; eg.s, 20 for a shilling salt butter, is. Id. to Is. 2d. t fresh butter, Is. 4d. t« Is. 6d. (R lb.; fowls, 4s. Od. to Os. Od.$couple; ducks, Os. Od. to Os. Od.; geese, Os. Od. to Os. Od. turkeys, Os. Od. to Os. Od. each; potatoes, Os. Od. to Ss. Od.$cwt. THE NIGHT SCHOOL.—The following report has been received from the Education Department, respecting the night school:—" The scholars have passed a creditable examination. The upper standards did well. The few in the two lowest standards did not do so well. It would be desirable to secure greater uniformity in the handwriting." The amount of grant was £ 19 14s. 6d. The meeting was adjourned, as the list of those who passed had not come to hand. T PATENT EXHAUST STEAM INJECTOR.—According to the Investor's Guardian, a company has been formed to ac- quire the patents granted to Messrs. Edward Hamer, James Metcalf, Edward Da vies, and Richard Metcalf, for improvements applicable to locomotive and other high pressure engines for economising fuel, and for improve- ments for feeding steam boilers or generators, applicable also for raising and forcing water and liquids for other purposes. The company was registered on the 26th April, with a capital of £ 24,000, divided into 2,400 snares of 4:10 each, the following being the first subscribers :—Messrs. David Davies, M.P., Llandinam, 250 shares Edward Davies, Llwynderw, 600; Thomas Webb, merchant, Car- diff, 50; Edward Hamer, Queen's Terrace, Aberystwyth, 600 James Metcalf, Powell-street, Aberystwyth. (300 Willi am Blake way, Shrewsbury, 25; andEphraim Wood, railway superintendent, Shrewsbury, 25. SCHOOL BOARD.—The ordinary monthly meeting of this Board was held on Friday, May 10. Present-The Rev. Canon Phillips (chairman),Mr. T. H. Jones, Mr. T. Griffiths, and Mr. W. Williams, clerk.—The Clerk said that wi h respect to the boy who was ordered to be sent to an Indus- trial School, he had written to the commandant of the IncHi-'trial Ship Clio, and had received a reply.—The Chairman said he could not see if the parent of the boy wa. too up or to pay all the money required for his main- tenance on the ship Clio, why the Board should not pay some of the money and the father the remainder. It a hard thing for a man to pay 4s. 0d. a week out a small income.—In the case in point the parent said he received only 15- a week, and he further said he was willing tha lad should <ro to an industrial school, but he was not willing, nor wrhaps able to pay the money required for his main- tenance.—The Clerk was asked to write to other industrial schools for the terms.—School Board Prosecutions A list of the names of those fined for not sending children to school was handed in, and the Chairman remarked that was the lilost sensible list the Board had yet received from the magistrates. P.-SPARKAU SUNDAY SCHOOL.—A Corespondent writes (_), Sunday, May 12, the Rev. Canon Phillips preached in the School House, an eloquent, impressive, and appro- priate sermon, on Psalm lxviii., 9, to a crowded congrega- tion. This school, of which he is the founder, has quietly grown up from nothing, to be a plant of goodly growth under, as he appropriately remarked in the words of his text. the fertilizing influence of God's gracious rain.' A suitable harmonium, purchased for the use of the school, was introduced and used for the first time by Miss Rosa Davies, of Antaron, and the numerous children, who like all Welsh people, have a strong aptitude for music, sang the hymns remarkably well to the accompaniment of their new instrument, greatly to their own delight, as well as to that of the whole congregation. Indeed it would be hard not to enjoy the harmonious out-pouring of so many little voices on so interesting an occasion. Sunday schools constitute, perhaps, the most powerful means of religious teaching. By them the old Welsh reformers of some eighty years ago, awakened their countrymen from the dangers of a slumbering religion, to a life of fervid and vigorous piety, and the respect due to these most use- ful establishments has continued to increase, for recently we have seen that two of the greatest statesmen of modern times have not considered it an unbecoming work to in- struct a class even of little children. May God prosper all such praiseworthy endeavours, and, that they may in- crease more and more, pour upon them—the continual dew of his blessing.' SANITARY COMMITTEE, MONDAY, MAY 13.— Present: Mr. H. C. Fryer, in the chair, Mr. John Paull, Mr. David Jones, Rest, Mr. Abraham James, Mr. John Edwards, Mr. Hugh Hughes, clerk, Mr. Morris Jones, and Mr. J. E. Hughes, medical officers, and Mr. David Jones, inspector. Chairman.—Mr. Fryer said he had much pleasure in proposing the re-election of Colonel Lloyd-Philipps. Colonel Philipps had, Mr. Fryer added, been chairman for the past two or three years, and had attended to the business regularly when able to do so.—Mr. Paull seconded the motion, and it was agreed to.-On the motion of Mr. Paull, seconded by Mr. David Jones, Mr. H. G. Fryer was appointed vice-chairman. Borth Water Stipplii.-The Chairman read the minutes of the Borth Parochial Committee which included the following result of the analysis by Mr. W. Morgan, of a sample of water from Ty'nyrhelig :— Grains per Parts per gallon million Total solids left on evaporation 5"95 85'00 Combinedchlonne. 2"00 28 57 Equivalent to sodium chloride (comuion salt) 3*30 47"14 Lead and copper none A minute trace of iron present Ammonia, free, 0'015 Do. :ilbumenoid 0'04 Total hardness 3t. temporary do. lx degree. Permanent do. 3 degrees. Water clear, colourless and odourless. The foregoing results prove that the water is of a very good quality, and is quite suitable for all dietetic and domestic purposes. The following letter also accompanied the report Dear Sir,—I have great pleasure in sending you the enclosed report. The water is superior to either of the two samples I recently examined, a glance at the results will prove it. I would recommend you to make much of it. It is far easier to find a worse quality than it is to find a better quality of water. Every care should be taken to prevent the surrounding soil becoming con- taminated with sewage water which will sooner or later find its way to the spring. All these I have no doubt you will look after." In consequence of the result of the analysis it was agreed to abandon the Gwastad spring for .Ty'nyrhelig spring.—The members of the committee attended the Sanitary Board to request that the scheme should be carried out as soon as possible.-Mr. J. E. Thomas presented his report on the scheme, in which he said the resident population was about 1,000, and the requirements would not exceed five gallons per head per twenty-four hours. The yield at Ty'nyrhelig was 20,000 gallons per twenty-four hours, which might be greatly increased if the different spring heads were opened up. The different waters would be conducted by means of earthenware socket pipes to the service reservoir which would contain 15,000 gallons, which would be three days' supply for the present population. The bottom of the reservoir would be 56 feet above the highest chimney stock of the hotel, and an average of 100 feet above the general level of Morfa Borth. It was intended to fix ten public water-taps in convenient places in Borth, but any housekeeper could have a private service by paying a rental as provided by the Public Health Act, 1875. Mr. Thomas added that in other places that plan made the water supply self-supporting. He estimated the total cost of the scheme at f:735. Mr. Thomas also presented plans and specifications. Letters from the Local Govern- ment Board were read respecting the area whence to ob- tain money for defraying the expense of the construction of the scheme.—The Clerk stated that no further advance had been made beyond the suggestion that a separate dis- trict should be formed for water-supply purposes.—Re- plying to a question the Clerk said he believed the pro- prietor of the hotel would not be compelled to take the water andpay forit, but he would have to pay part of interest on the borrowed money.—The Inspector said rather than be without water the people of Borth consented to be rated.—Eventually it was agreed to approve of the scheme, and the clerk was directed to ask the Local Government Board for their sanction to the scheme. It was also agreed to apply for power to borrow a sum not ex- ceeding 4;800, repayable in fifty years.—The Chairman re- marked that the annual repayment would be about £ 40.— It was also resolved that the towhship of Cyfoethybrenin should be the contributory district. The name of the Rev. R. Davies was added to the Borth Committee on the motion of Mr. John Paull. The Medical Officers.—A letter was read from the Local Government Board calling upon the medical officers' to send in their reports.—Mr. J. E. Hughes said he had sent in his report some time ago.—Mr. Morris Jones said he had prepared his report and it was as follows Mr. chairman and gentlemen,—The district under my charge as officer of health consists of seventeen parishers or town- ships. Its population in the year 1871 when the last census was taken was 11,628, and I don't believe the population differs materially at present. It shall form the basis of my calculation of births and death rates in the district during the year 1877. Births The total number of births registered in the district during the year was 370, which gives a birth rate of 31'81 per 1,000 which is below the average for England and Wales. Deaths The number of deaths registered in the district was 213. This gives a death rate of 18'32 per 1,000; the death rate for the previous year was 18'57 per 1,000. This, as I re- marked in my report for 1876 is too high for a rural dis- trict, especially when the death rate in Aberystwyth is' only 15. Causes of death — Contagious diseases There were ten deaths from contagious diseases in the district during the year, viz., 9 deaths from diphtheria in the townships of Ucha and Issayndre and one of fever in Melindwr. With these exceptions the district was per- fectly free from diseases of a contagious nature. Tuber- cular diseases Forty deaths from tubercular diseases were registered during the past year which corresponds exactly with the number in the year 1876. The deaths in this class are more numerous than in any other; and it appears the mining districts suffer more in proportion than the other districts. To take an example, the town- ships of Cwmrheidol, Melindwr, and Trefeirig. The total number of deaths in these townships was fifty-six. Of that number twenty-one died of consumption, or considerably more than a third of the total deaths. If we take Cwmrheidol alone, there we find the total number of deaths to be 27, and deaths from con- sumption, 10. Respiratory organs The number of deaths in this clase was 36, one more than in the previous year. The character of the work during the year was chiefly the removal of nuisances, such as manure heaps, but as these will recur if-left alone, constant attention is required. One htiuse in the district was closed during the year as unfit' for human habitation. I wish I could say it was the only house of its kind in the district. How to deal with this grievance at present I am unable to say, as if the houses that are unfit be closed, there would be no places for the inhabitants to go without causing such an amount of overcrowding as would be more prejudicial than the unfit habitations. In answer to a question, Dr. Jones thought the J high death rate in the mining districts was partly due to underground work, and partly to living in badly constructed houses. The death rate from consump- tion was always high. The present rate was about the same as last year. Aberystwith was only 15 per cent, which was particularly low. Inspector's Report.—Mr. David Jones, the Inspector, re- Dorted as follows Geptlemen,—Now all the notices served on going mines have expired, but in the majority of cases the compliance with the notices and the requirements of the Rivers Pollutions Prevention Act is not substantial and not what might be easily effected. Up to last Friday there were no fresh cases of smallpox in the neighbourhood of Cwmrheidol, and no additional death has taken place. David Rowlands, the person who introduced the epidemic was summoned under clause 126 of the Public Health Act to appear at the Town Hall, Aberystwyth, on May 8, and the magistrates fined him ,1::2, and the costs, and severely reprimanded him in addition. The operation of draining the Llanbadarn Flats has been the means of tapping, among other sources, the well which supplied the southern portion of Llan- badarn with water for dietetic use. The inhabitants of that part greatly grumble at their loss. The notice I served on the occupiers of the Black Lion Inn on the 27th March to( the effect that the house should be made habitable or emptied expired on the 8th May, but nothing has as yet been done. What further order will the Board give ? With reference to river pollutioD Mr, Fryer suggested that the recommendations of the Rivers' Pollution Commission should be printed and distributed among the mining agents. He had written a letter to Dr. E. Frankland, asking him if he had had any occasion to modify his recommendations. Dr. Frankland replied that he had no reason to modify in any way his opinion expressed in his report of the Rivers' Commission regarding the purification of mine water. He had still every confidence that the method of subsidence there recommended and illustrated would reduce mining" pollution to a minimum.—Mr. Fryer's suggestion was adopted, and the Clerk was directed to have 200 extracts printed.—As to the drainage of Llan- badarn, Mr. Hughes said he should no doubt have to supply his own tenants with water, but he believed no right had been acquired by the public.—Referring to the Black Lion, the Chairman said he had given the landlord notice that unless something were done masons would be sent to pull the house down. The lessee had then said he had plans to rebuild the place, but still not much progress had been made in that direction. It was decided to give notice to the tenant of the house to vacate it in seven days. Uninhabitable Houses.—The Chairman said a remark had been made by the medical officer respecting the num- ber of dilapidated houses in the district. The Committee had taken the subject into consideration on a previous oc- casion, but had recently allowed the matter to drop. The only thing they could do was to exercise constant pressure upon owners, in order to do away in time with dilapidated houses. COUNTY COURT, THURSDAY,' MAi- 16TH.—Before Homersham Cox, Esq., judge. Damage to Plantation.—Mr. Lavington sued William Morgan for £47 10s. damage done to a plantation by the defendant,* sheep, at Dyffryn Castell.—Mr. Griffith Jones appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Hugh Hughes for defendant.—Daniel Jones, the plaintiff's agent, gave evidence to the effect that the sheep got into the planta- oull tion, and cropped the tops of the young plants, and in other ways injured them to the extent of the amount claimed.—In cross-examination, defendant said he knew the defendant's sheep by the pitch mark W. M." That mark had been altered since 1877. Seme of the sheep belonging to Mr.. Lavington's tenant got into the planta- tion. The Cwmyrgwr sheep were marked with an "N." Knew David Morgan's sheep because he had kept defendant's sheep himself one year. Would swear that in November defendant had as many as thirty-six sheep. The 19th of November was hiring fair at Aberystwyth. It was very early on the morning of that day he saw the defendant's sheep. De- fendant was with him on the 15th when fourteen sheep were turned out. Those sheep were defendant's. There were more in the wood, some of them belonged to Mr. James, Penbryn. There were three sheep altogether be- sides those belonging to defendant. On the 23rd of Nov. turned twenty-nine sheep out. They belonged to de- fendant and bore his mark Closed some gaps in the fence in 1877 so that the sheep could not get in so easily as in 1876-5-4. Did not know whether sheep preferred the tops of trees rather than grass.—Re-ex- amined Had seen William Morgan put a sheep in on one occasion. His opinion was that someone was putting the sheep in the wood. It wasat night the sheep went into the plantation.—By the Judge: Mr Lavington,he believed, knew that he was there to give evidence that day.—Rich. Claridge said he remembered Nov. 15 when he went with Daniel Jones and Lewis Williams to assist in turning out seventeen sheep; fourteen *f them belonged to William Morgan, who said they were his, and he took them. Had many times seen defendant's sheep in the plantation. Thirty-six sheep wei e locked up in the stable. Some of them Were defendant's sheep.—His Honour sug- gested that defendant should make an offer.—The defend- ant declined to offer anything. The plaintiff's solicitor then made an offer but defendant would not agree.— For the defence, William Morgan, the defendant, was called, who said he was a miner. He took a field from Daniel Jones in September, 1877. He had twenty-five sheep at that time. They were marked W." Some were marked "N." Held another field from Captain Corbet. Saw some sheep in the plantation on November 15th. Helped to turn some sheep out of the plantation. There were none of the sheep his which were taken out on that day.—His Honour pointed out that Claridge had said fourteen of those sheep belonged to defendant. Defendant would do well to be very careful.—Defendant said the sheep taken out of the plantation on that day were not his. He did not receive the sheep.—By His Honour The statement made by Claridge was not correct. Did not take the sheep. Was called into the plantation to see some sheep which were said to be his. There were six marked W. G." Not one of them was his. Three were marked another way. The remainder were marked W, B," and belonged to Captain Bramwell. Had no sheep with W. M" on. His sheep were marked "W.N." On the 18th of November there were none of his sheep in the wood. Went to examine the sheep, but not one of his was there. On the 19th of November he was at Aberyst- wyth. On the 23rd had only seven sheep. Daniel Jones had never complained to him a word about his sheep being in the plantation.-A large number of witnesses were called as to the damage, which the defendant contended did not amount to more than 13 or k3 10s., and at last His Honour gave judgment for plaintiffs for 23 10s.
CARDIGAN. SCHOOL BOARD.—An adjourned ordinary meeting of this Board was held in the Council Chamber on Monday, May 13th, Dr. Thomas in the chair.—A precept was passed for £ 258, kl58 to be paid in a month, leaving the other zcioo to be paid in June or Michaelmas, as required. The tenders for colouring the school and Master's house were again referred to the committee. CONFIRMATION.—The Bishop of St. David's held a con- firmation in St. Mary's Church on Saturday, May 11. About seventy candidates for the rite were confirmed. The sacred edifice was beautifully decorated for the occasion. LEGAL.—The Right Hon. Lord Coleridge, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, has appointed Mr. Wm. Williams Smith, solicitor, and registrar of the County Court, a prepetual commissioner to take the acknowledg- ment of deeds by married women for the counties of Cardigan and Pembroke. THE RAILWAY.—The first cargo of rails for the Crymmych Extension has arrived ex "Heather Bell," and has been stacked near the site of the proposed terminus. BOROUGH PETTY SESSIONS, THURSDAY, MAY 9.-Before the Mayor and Ilr. Thomas Davies. Damage by Folds —William Morgan, Cardigan Mill, sum- moned John Miles and Ann, his daughter, of Greenfield-square, for allowing six fowls to trespass in his garden, doing damage to the extent of los.Fine(I 6d., 13. damage, and costs. MONDAY, MAY 13.—Before the Mayor and Mr. R. D. Jenkins. Dr-unk and Disorderly.-The case of P.C. John Richards against Benjamin Rowlands, saddler, St. Mary's-street, for being drunk and disorderly on the 23rd April came on for hear- ing.—The principal witness was Ir. W. W. Smith, reistrar of the County Court.—Two previous convictions within twelve months having been preved, he was fined 20s. and zel 4s. 6d. costs.
ABERAERON. PETTY SESSIONS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 15TIT.-Before Capt. Vaughan, Brynog, (chairman), C. R. Longcroft, Esq., and Captain Longcroft. Doj t Licenses.-Mary Evans, farmer, Bryndin, Llanarth, Thomas Jones, Cwrtrhydlyd, Llanarth, Thomas Evans, Felinfach, Llanarth, David Davies, Cefngoctre, Llanarth, David Herbert, Nantmeddalfach, Llanarth, Thomas Evans, Spite, Llanarth, Evan Parry, Perthpiod, Llanarth, were charged by Mr. Joseph Pocock, supervisor, Aber- ystwyth, with keeping dogs without licenses. Each defendant was fined 25s.. The Licensing Act.-Supt. Lloyd, Llandysail, summoned Jane Lewis, Penybont Inn, Llanddewi, Aberarth, for selling intoxicating liquors on Good Friday during pro- hibited hours. Defendant admitted the offence, and was fined,tl and costs.—Mr. J. Jones, LlaRddewi, Aberartb, was charged by P.C. Denis Williams, with being on the said premises during illegal hours. He admitted this offence but pleaded ignorance of the law. The Bench in consideration only fined him the amount of costs. D)-Yiikpiiitess.-P.C. John Jones, Aberaeron, charged Daniel Jones, Caanan, Cilcenin, and Daniel Rowlands, Asia Minor, with being drunk, disorderly, and fighting in front of the Feather's Hotel, on the 24th April. The complainant stated that Daniel Jones struck Daniel Rowlands first, and that Daniel Rowlands was not so drunk as Daniel Jones. The Bench fined Daniel Jones El, and Daniel Rowlands 10s. and costs. P.C. Dennis Williams charged James Lewis, mariner, Victoria-street, with being drunk on the 27th April at Aberaeron. Defendant did not appear as he was on his way to Quebec. The Bench inflicted a fine of 10s., and costs.—P.C. Dennis Williams charged David Williams, labourer, Pontfaen, Llanerchaeron, with being drunk and disorderly on the highway at Maesglas, Dihewid,* on the 9th May. Fined 5s., and costs.—P.C. Evan Hughes, Ystrad, charged David James, Refel Fach, Cilrederon, with being drunk on licensed premises at Maesglas Inn, Dihewid, on the 9th May. Fined 2s. 6d., and costs. Assault.-J ane Leonard, Peniel-lane, Aberaeron, charged DanielLewis, ostler, Albert-street,Aberaeron, with assault- ing and kicking her on the 16th April.—Fined 2s. 6d., and costs.
MACHYNLLETH. SAD DEATH.—An inquest was held on Tuesday, May 14, by David Howell, Esq., coroner, and a jury with Mr. G. W. Griffiths, as foreman, into the death of Mrs. Susan Davies, wife of the late Mr. John Davies, Manchester House. From the evidence of Mrs. Thomas, the deceased's mother, it appeared that about eleven o'clock on the 10th May, Mrs. Davies, after a short conversation in the shop with a customer and her mother, left to go upstairs. Afterwards Mrs. Thomas, wishing her daughter to take some refreshment, went in search of her. She was not in her own bedroom, but on Mrs. Thomas going into another room she saw Mrs. Davies suspended by the neck from the bedpost. Assistance was called in, and deceased was rescued, but she died on the 13th of May, three days afterwards. The evidence of the medical man, Dr. Hugh Lloyd, and other facts, led the jury to return a verdict to the effect that deceased committed the act whilst in an unsound state of mind. Much sympathy is felt for the deceased's family who hold a respectable position in the town. PAROCHIAL COMMITTEE.—At a meeting of the Sani- tary Committee, on Wednesday, May 15,^Ir. Rd. Jones in the chair, the Machynlleth Parochial Committee was granted a new lease of existence, with the addition of some new blood. The names of the members are the Marquess of Londonderry, Mr. Richard Jones, Mr. Rd. Gillart, Mr. Sackville Phelps, Xewlands, the Rev. Canon Griffiths, Mr. Edward Morgan, Colonel Strousberg, .Messrs, Joseph Evans, G. W. Griffiths, David Jcnes, J. J. Jones, Richard Owen, William Jones, Hugh Lloyd, John Evans, Edward Rees, Thomas Brees, Lewis Morris, Rowland Wood, Lewis Williams, Richard Lloyd, and William Pearce. BOARD OF GUARDIANS, WEDNESDAY, MAY 15.—Present: Mr. R. Gillart, chairman, Mr. Owen Daniel, and Mr. J. Hughes Jones, vice-chairmen, Mr. R. Jones, ex-officio, Messrs. J. J. Jones, L. P. Davies, Griffith Griffiths, David Jones, J. J. Humphreys, David Evans, Andrew Roberts, Griffith Jones, John Tudor, William Pughe, and David Evans, acting clerk. Statistics.—Out-relief administered during the past fortnight: Machynlleth district, per Mr. T. Thomas, £ 35 4s. Od. to 175 paupers Pennal district, per Mr. John .Tones, €51 10s. 6d. to 260 paupers; Darowen district, per Mr. D. Howell, zC52 Ss. 8d. to 266 paupers. Number in the house 33, last year 31; vagrants relieved during the past fortnight, 65. Service by Affidavit.— The Cierk read a letter from the Loca Government Board relative to the service of summons upon persons resident out of the union by affidavit; a custom, though observed by the Wrexham Union, which appears to be illegal. The Central Board replied that the subject would receive their attention.—A lengthy conversation occurred, and in the end it was decided to petition the Local Government Board to insert at their earliest convenience a clause in a Bill to make the ser- vice by affidavit legal. COlJTY COURT, WEDNESDAY, MAY 15.-Before Homersham Cox, Esq., judge. Claims for Jewellery.—'Ketmaxm. Zusman, travelling jeweller, sued William Breese, tailor, late of Machynlleth, for £ 5 10s. Gd., balance said to be due on a gold Albert chain.—Mr. Rowlands, solicitor, Machynlleth, appeared on defendant's behalf to dis- pute the claim.—William Samuel Rothband said lie sold the chain about two years ago, and defendant was to pay 10s. per month.—On eliciting the fact that an entrv had been made in a book, his Honour adjourned the case for its production.—Plain- tiff, however, obtained judgment for 10s. a month against David Arnold, mason, Machynlleth.—The total claim was £2 18s.—The same plaintiff also claimed £ 1 15s. of Robert Arnold, mason, Machvnlleth -)Ir. Rowlands called defendant, who said he was to send the watch back if he did not like it, or if it would not go. The watch went, but it did not keep time. He wrote to the plaintiff, and told him that he wanted him to take it back, but he would not do so.—Ann Arnold, defendant's wife, gave corroborative evidence, and said that her husband promised to pay 5s. a month for the watch. If, however, he did not like it, he could return it within twelve month.—His Honour said it was simply incredible that a Jew should allow a man to use a watch for twelve months, and not a get anything for it. Judg- ment would be given for the amount of the claim, as the watch was worth the money. C,aiin for lf'ork-. -John Owen and William Brees, labourers, Llanbrynmair, sued John Jones, surveyor of the Machynlleth District Highway Board, for lis. for work alleged to have been done.—Mr. Rowlands appeared for the defendant, and con- tented that the action ought to have been brought within three months. The question in dispute was whether Is. or 9d, per load should be charged for breaking stones. Mr. Rowlands admitted that a certain quality of stones should be broken at Is. a load and others at Od. The balance, however, \Va,. is. Id., and not 14s., and that balance was forfeited on account of breach of contract. The men were paid t2 14s. 2ft, and not £2 4s. (jd., ¡ as alleged by William Brses.—Plaintiff, Brees, then said he was paid £ 2 on going to measure a bridge, and his partner 4s. 6d. on the occasion of his marriage.—In cross-examination Brce j said he had never heard that any complaint had been made to th4 Highway Board respecting the way in which the contract had been executed. He was not discharged directly afterwards from the employ, but left of his own accord on account of what the Surveyor had done.—JolinWatkins having given evidence, John Jones, the surveyor and defendant called. He set in 1875 he contracted with William Brees for breaking fifty-six loads of stone at Is., and seven loads at 9d. In consequence of what occurred at the Highway Board he spoke to Breese about the way the stones had been broken. He saw the stones and found them too large, and there were also unbroken in the heap. He consequently deducted lid. per load, and paid Brees the balance £ 2 14s. 2d. It was on auother occasion that he paid Brees's partner at the Blue Bell.—An examination of the books showed thatt2 14s. 2d. had been paid by the Highway Board, and not £2 4s. tid., as alleged by the plaintiff.—His Honour non- suited the plaintiffs, and told them that the law would not allow them to bring an action of that kind except within three months. He had been with Mr. Rowlands on that point, but had thought it better to investigate the case in order to be fair to all parties. A Batcher's Claim.— David Richards, butcher, Dinas Mawddwy, claimed £6 Os. lid. for meat supplied in 1373 and 1875, of Mrs. Griffiths, widow of Dr. Griffiths, Cemmaes.—Mr. Rowlands ap- peared for the defendant.-The sum of 13s. 7d. was paid into court for goods admitted to have been supplied after Dr. Griffitlis's death. As the plaintiff was unable to state positively that there were any assts at Dr. Griffitlis's death, and the date of his decease, the case was adjourned to the next court.
ABERDOVEY. MARITIME.—The Norwegian barque" Nina," arrived here on Friday, May 10th, from Dobay (United States.) This vessel is about 900 tons burden, and is, we believe, the largest ship ever seen at the place. She brings a cargo of very fine timber for Messrs. Jones and Griffiths, timber merchants. THE FORE SHORE.—An obstruction has been raised that bars access to a part of the shore which from time immemorial has been, and still is, the place made use of for repairing vessels. The obstruction and the remon- strances in consequence have occasioned a good deal of excitement argumenta ad hominem being even about to be resorted to, so the spot has come to be regarded as a miniature Plevna, and the Knight of the Adze, who de- fends it, as a second Osman Pacha. The inhabitants would undoubtedly consult their interests by a little more attention to the subject of their fore shores. ABERDOVEY SCHOOL.—A correspondent writes: In several of the last issues of the Schoolmaster this school is advertised as the Aberdovey National School." The ad- vertisement states that a master is wanted and that "all applications are to be made to the Vicar." A history of this school and a little daylight on the dubious processes by which, what was originally an undenominational school pure and simple, has become a National School, would no doubt be interesting. This conversion of the Aberdovey School into a feeder or nursery school for the Church of England reminds us of a habit of the cuckoo which deposits its egg in a nest of another species of bird, the young cuckoo repays the care of its foster mother by ejecting the other young occupants from their own nest. A development of this little game of the cuckoo is not unfrequently met with, and something very like it is presented to us in the history of the Aberdovey school. Thus in the first instance the Dissenting trustees of the building were got rid of and Churchmen substituted, the original deed was discarded and another made. The Dissenting members of the committee had intimated to them that henceforth they would have no voice in the management of the school, and finally the present master who about eighteen months ago out of about seventy applications received the appointment, has to leave simply because he dissents from the Church. Such are some of the "ways and means" by which the Established Church expects to regain its lost ascendancy in Wales.
TOWYN. IMPROVEMENTS.—Our correspondent writes :—There is a moving spirit pervading the mind and stimulating the energies, of the inhabitants of this place. The tradesmen are many of them pulling' down their old places of busin- ess, to make room for others more in harmony, with the fashion and taste of the present time. We note the fol- lowing places, undergoing the ordeal of transformation and renovation. The Medical Hall is being enlarged, altered, and beautified. :Br;tn House, the property of Messrs. Jones and James, is undergoing the same process. Hammond's furniture warehouse is increasing visibly every day. Cadvan's Arms, has been made more worthy of the name it bears, and is now a fine house. London House, and the Cambrian Hotel, have also been improved. At the Corbet Arms Hotel, a cricket ground, of which the place may well be proud, has been prepared, and we un- derstand that a bowling club is about to be established in connection with it. THE AGRICULTURAL [SOCIETY.—A meeting of the Towyn Local Committee was held at the Corbet Arms Hotel, on the 14th of this month, when there were present the following members :—Mr. W. R. M. Wynne, chairman; Mr. Rowlands, Talybont; Mr. Rowlands, Henshop; Mr. Roberts, Tyddynyberllan; Mr. Williams, PenllvH Mr. Parry, Towyn ? Mr. Jones, Aberdovey Mr. Jones Vaenol; and Dr. J. Ff. Jones, secretary. It was resolved to add the names of the following gentle- men to the list of the committee Mr. Thomas Jenkins, Aberdovey; Mr. Owen Owen, Hendre, Mr. E, Hum- phreys, Hendre, Llwyngwril; Mr. D. Morris Jones, Maesypandy; Mr. Evan Evans, Bodila' Far Mr. Philipps. Mr. Hugh Evans, jPenywern; Mr. Edward Roberts, Trefaes; Mr. D. E. Kirkby, Llanfendigaid Mr. James, Dyffrynglungul; Mr. C. Elliot, Towyn and Mr. Ed- ward Roberts, Tyddynyberllau. Proposed by Mr. D. E. Kirkby, and seconded by Mr. Roberts, Tyddynyberllan, that the offer of Mr. John Jones, Bryndedwydd, for the fields and buildings belonging to the Neptune Hall, for 1:210s., and to have the use of such land and buildings in the month of September,for 14 days, be accepted for the Merionethshire Agricultural Society. It was .resolved to adjourn the meeting to the 16th of June, and to in- vite Mr. Ellis, the general secretary of the society, to attend. WTe understand that the prospects of a good show are increasing.
PWLLHELI. LEGAL.—Mr. Lemuel Jones, articled clerk of Mr. Owen Owen, solicitor, Pwllheli, successfully passed the inter- mediate examination of the Incorporated Law Society, held in London on the 11th April. HIRING FAIR.—There was a very large gathering of farmers and farm servants at the hiring fair at Pwllhali on Monday. High wages were given, but rather lower than last year. The same may be predicted of the Pen- morfa fair, held the following day. There were heavy trains on the Cambrian Railways on both days. The tradesmen of Pwllheli complain that they did less business than at previous fairs, which shows that the farm servants feel the necessity for economizing. COUNTY MAGISTRATES' COURT, MAY 8.—Be- fore Messrs. Owen Evans (chairman), Robert Carreg, B. T. Ellis, and the Rev. Thomas Jones, R.D. Cattle St?-ctying.-P.C. Edward Jones v. Griffith Evans, Ty'nllan, Llandegwning. Complainant said he found cows of defendant's several, times grazing on the road side. Defendant did not appear. He had been summoned several times before for this offence, but he seldom ap- peared in answer. He was fined 5s. for each head of cattle, with 10s. costs. BOROUGH PETTY SESSIONS, THURSDAY, MAY 2.— Before John Edwards, Esq. (Mayor), and R. Owen Jones, Esq. (ex-Mayor). Assault.—Evan Williams v. Evan Evans, Troedyrallt. —Complainant and defendant are both of them coal mer- chants at Pwllheli. Complainant is a phrenologist, and provoked defendant by saying that in that character he was able to use his influence in quarters to which defen- dant could have no access. Complainant said he was at the station gate on the 23rd April, when defendant, came up and took hold of him by the collar of his coat, and Kvan/.rriffith came there to separate them.—Evan Griffith said he saw defendant take hold of complainant, and he separated them.—Robert Williams said he only heard complainant say defendant could not get coals from the same place as Ic.-Defendant was fined 5s., and 12s. 6d. costs. PWLLHELI COUNTY COURT, TUESDAY, MAY 14. —Before Mr. Homersham Cox, judge. There were entered for hearing seventy-six new plaints, fourteen adjourned plaints, and twenty judgment summonses. Action on a Promissory Notc.-Griffith Jones, timber merchant, Pwllheli v. Robert Jones and David Jones.— The summons had not been served on David Jones, but on Robert Jones only. His Honour had given at a pre- vious Court an order upon the defendant for the payment of S2 per week, which had not been paid.—An order was now made for the commitment of Robert Jones for thirty days, in default of payment. Dr. John Roberts, Talafor v. Robert Jones.-This was an action for the recovery of R3 5s., being medical fees for attendance upon defendant's wife, but he had not paid any instalment, and Mr. Ivor Parry, who appeared for plaintiff, said that defendant way carrying his furniture away.—Mr. Cledwyn Owen, who was to appear for de- fendant, withdrew from the case,_ because defendant re- fused to promise him to give his evidence in English, when he knew he could. Defendant obstinately refused to give his evidence in English before the Judge, and said he had a receipt for the amount in his pocket.—His Honour seemed not to have caught that observation, and ordered his commitment for 30 days.—Afterwards the fact was mentioned to the Judge, and he re-called the de- fendant, who showed a receipt signed by the late Dr. Grif- fith for the attendance of Dr. Roberts, with a postscript by Dr. Griffith that he (Dr. Griffith) was to pay Dr. Roberts, 'and defendant said he had not called Dr. Roberts. His Honour stayed execution, but remarked that in law defendant was liable to pay Dr. Roberts, but his remedy lay in sueing the executors of the late Dr. Grif- fith for the recovery of the amount. Miss Evans, George Hotel, Criccicth, v. Thomas A. Picklcd.-The plaintiff sued defendant for the sum of £ 23, due to her. Defendant did not appear, but a letter sent by him to the Registrar was read by Mr. Cledwyn Owen, who appeared for plaintiff, offering either to give a pro- missory note for the amount, or to pay the amount in two instalments, viz., one half on the 26th June next, and the remainder on the 30th of Dec.—An order for that mode of payment was made. Richard Humphreys v. Robert Jones Evans, Llannor.— Plaintiff sued defendant for £ 1 2s. 6d., balance of wages. He had hired to go to defendant's service from May last co November, for JS9 os. He had received £ G 3s. Owing to illness, he went home before the commencement of hay harvest by permission of his master, and was at home for five weeks and two days. When he recovered he returned to the service of defendant, and stayed until November. —Defendant admitted plaintiff's statement to be true, but said he had been obliged to engage a man at 15s. a week to work instead of defendant, and deducting this from the plaintiff's wages, he contended that he had over- paid him by more than 10s.—Judgment for plaintiff.
CARNARVON. A CARNARVON SLATE TRANSACTION.—At Carnarvon County Court, on Tuesday, May 14, Mr. Horatio Lloyd heard an action, brought by the Treflan Slate Company, Limited, which has offices in Liverpool, against Mr. Ellis Roberts, quarry proprietor and slate merchant, for the re- covery of £ 33 10s. Sd. balance of account. Mr. Segar (in- structed by Mr. Gee, Liverpool) was for the plaintiffs, and Mr. Thomas (Roberts and Thomas) for the defendant. The Company, whose works are at Waenfav.T, near Car- narvon, was formed in April, 1876, and in September following, the defendant, who had had transactions with the lessees who previously worked the quarry, entered in- to a contract with the Company to take all the slates made, the price list compiled being based upon the charges at the Dorothea and Penbryn Quarries. This arrange- ment went on until March, 1877, when a new contract was entered into, under which the defendant was to pay cash as the slates were invoiced, allowances being made for discounts and cartage, the slates being delivered at the bank. When this contract was terminated by the Company in June on account, as alleged by them, of the defendant not adhering to it, £ 1,045 10s. 8d. had been paid, leaving a balance of £ 212 odd. A two months' bill for JH180 was given by the defendant, and on its becoming due on October 18th, he declined to take it up, as the slates were unmarketable, being badly dressed,, and not of the proper dimensions, but an action being threatened by Mr. Murphy, the endorsee, it was mcL. The present action was for the recovery of the balance still due. Mr. Leeming, chairman, and Mr. Trundell, the secretary of the Company, were examined in support of the Company's case. The defence was that there was no delivery of slates, that the delivery was to be at Carnarvon quay, and not from the bank, where a large quantity still re- mained that the quality invoiced was not identical with that delivered, but very inferior and not worth cartage from the quarry .and that the contract being for market- able slates only, the Company had already been overpaid £ 155. Mr. Davies manager of Talysarn Quariy, the late manager of the Company's quarry, and other "experts" were examined as to the indifferent character of the slate, and, on the other hand, Mr. Wilson, manager of the quarry adjoining Treflan, said that the samples produced in court were not fair specimens of the product of the quarry.—Judgment was given for the plaintiffs for JE31 16s., his Honour commenting upon the fact that the de- fendant had been receiving slates from the quarry month after month and made no complaint of the quality..
MARRIAGE OF LORD LISBURNE AND MISS PROBYN. The marriage of Miss Alice Dalton Probyn,eldestdaughter of Mr. Edmund Probyn, D.L. of Gloucestershire, and J. P. of Huntley Manor, near Gloucester, with the Right Hon. the Earl of Lisburne, of Crosswood Park, near Aberystwyth, Cardiganshire, was solemnised on Wednes- day morning, May 15th, in the parish church of Huntley. The sacred edifice, which was very beautifully decorated, was literally filled with the tenantry and inhabitants from the neighbouring districts. It was, however, the wish. of his lordship that the celebration should as far as possible assume a quiet character, owing to a recent bereavement in his family, and therefore the wedding guests were limited to a few of the nearest relatives. It was impossi- ble, however, as was evinced by the extensive display of arches, flags, banners, mottoes, and other bunting, that an event so auspicious should be allowed to pass without an outburst of enthusiastic feeling. As the bridal party began to arrive, hundred 's of the parishioners and others lined the way, many strew- ing flowers which they had brought from their homes. The bridegroom was attended by his best man, Mr. Vaughan Davies, of Tan-y-Bwlch. The bridesmaids were the next to arrive. These ladies— sisters to the bride-were Miss Evelin Probyn, Miss Blanche Probyn, and Miss Charlotte Eugenia Probyn. Prior to the procession, Mr. Groves Morris, organist of Christ Church, Gloucester, played an offertory piece, com- posed by F. C. Clarke, and dedicated to Mon. Wely, and as a processional hymn "The voice that breathed o'er Eden was sung. The marriage ceremony was performed by the Rev. H. Miles, rector, assisted by the Rev. C. W. Fowell. The bride was very elegantly attired, her trousseau, which was made in Paris, consisting of a dress of silvery white rich satin duchesse, with lace ruff and cuffs, wreath of orange blossoms, myrtle, lilies of the valley, and a veil of point d'Angleterre. The brides- maids wore Princesse dresses of cream white cashmere, torquoise blue silk, straw hats lined with the same shade of silk, trimmed with feathers to match. Mrs. Probyn, mother of the bride, were a dress of rich prune-coloured silk and grenadine, striped velvet gauze, with bonnet to match. Miss Probyn, aunt to the bride, was attired in brown silk and point lace, with bonnet to match. The choir, surpliced, rendered the Wedding Psalm, with good effect, to Beethoven's Chant (arranged by Turle); and at the conclusion of the ceremony Mr. Morris played the "Wedding March" (Mendelssohn); the bridal party meanwhile entering the vestry for the purpose of recording the nuptials in the church register, after which they returned to the Manor House to break- fast. The presents to the bride were very elegant and costly, and included presentations from the tenant farmers of her father, among them being a very beautiful silver tea service, appropriately inscribed with a con- gratulatory address, with the names of the tenantry, 104 in number. There was a presentation also from the servants and tradesmen to the estate, consisting of a handsome crystal toilet mirror, framed in open brass work, with a pair of candlesticks and inkstand to match. There were an inscription and an illuminated address likewise in this instance. The children and master of the Church School presented an elegant match box. His lordship presented to the bride a set of diamond rings, gold necklace, watch and chain, together with the family diamonds. The eaal received many presents both from the family and the bride's father and his own relatives A large number of presents were also received by the bride from friends residing in the county and neighbour- ing shires. The happy couple departed soon after one o'clock, and were showered with rice on leaving the Manor House. Along the line of route (four miles) to Grange Court, the tenantry of the squire erected a number of arches, while the railway station was decorated with flags a.nd evergreens. One of the arches here was raised by Mr. Woodman. The platform was carpeted and covered with rice. The bride and bridegroom left by the 1-50 express for the Continent. It may be added that the wedding cake was supplied by Mr. Gunty. During the afternoon heavy storms prevailed, but the journey from the Manor House was favoured by fine weather.
CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS.—Approximate return of traffic receipts for the week ending 12th May, 1878. 'Miles open, 178J. Passengers, parcels, &c., £ 1,761; mer- chandise, minerals, and live stock, Iel,902 total for the week, 1:3,663. Actual traffic receipts for the correspond- ing week last year. Miles open, 17841. Passengers, parcels, &c., £ 1,753; merchandise, minerals, and live stock, £ 1,866; total for the week, £ 3,619. Aggregate from commencement of half-year to this date, £631051, last year, £ 62,323. OSWESTRY AND WELSHPOOL NATURALIST FIELD CLUB, 1878.—The first excursion took place on Thursday, May 9. The party met at Gobowen Station, and then went across the fields to Selattyn Tower, and on to a quarry near, where some fine specimens of coral were found. They then followed the line of Ona's Dyke, visiting Offa's Stone on the way, till the road was reached, down which they proceeded to the limestone quarries at the Lawnt and from there by the Racecourse to Oswestry, where they did justice to a capital dinner at the Queen's Hotel. The only plants worth recording which were found were- myrrbis, odorata, sweet litely, habenana bifolia, butterfly orchis, and botrychiana lunaria (moonwortt). OSWESTRY AND WELSHPOOL TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION.— The quarterly meeting of this Association was held in the National School, Oswestry, on Saturday, May 11th. The attendance was small in consequence of the un- favourable stati of the weather. Mr. Scriven, the presi- dent, occupied the chair, and after a few remarks on the success of the Easter Conference at Plymouth, called upon the Secretary to read the minutes of last meeting. A paper was to have been read by Mr. Fewtrell, but he did not turn up. A circular from the Manchester Teachers Association was read by Mr. Nelson, about raising a fund to help in some slight manner to cheer the declining years of Mr. Selden, the late president of the N.U.E.T., who had been struck down by paralysis, and rendered unfit for further active service. The pension awarded him by the Government was so small that it renders him of necessity dependent upon others. In re- sponse to this appeal a subscription list was opened, to which each member added his name. The list will be kept open until the next meeting, and then the amount will be transmitted to the Central Committee. The Provident Scheme was discussed again. The Secretary thought that similar benefits might be obtained from the Shropshire Provident Society for smaller premiums, and that there was no occasion to form a branch of the Pro- vident Scheme of the N.U.E.T. in this district. Mr. Pugh was asked to compare the rules and premiums, &c., of the two societies, and to report at the next meeting, which is to be held at Welshpool on the first Saturday in July, and to be followed by a pic-nic in the park. The meeting concluded with a substantial tea. A writer in the Church Times has suggested that the old Welsh Archiepiscopate should be restored, St. David's or Llandaff being substituted for Caerreon. He thinks the Welsh would "rally round a national Welsh Church." Evidence which Mr. BATEMAN has given in connection with the Thirlmere scheme will probably receive the at- tention of the Liverpool Committee who propose to ob- tain water from Llanwddyn. Indeed, this well known engineer's opinion must be taken into account by all persons who are proposing to utilize valleys as reservoirs. Mr. BATEMAN said he never crossed a valley yet in which he did not find in the course of the valley, or close adjoin- ing it, a dislocation, or fault, or crack. Therefore, in all valleys there is the difficulty and danger of coming across one of these dislocations, and having to counteract, as the engineer best can, its tendency to let water run away. With natural hollows—which must not be confounded with valleys—no such trouble exists. Loch Katrine, for instance, which is only 363 feet above the mean sea level, is 800feet deep. The bottom is therefore more than 400 feet below the level of the sea. Loch Ness is 1,200 feet deep, its bottom being 1,000 feet below the level of the sea such natural depressions are quite watertight under enormous heads, and for this reason there will be no trouble in dealing with Thirlmere-a lake in a natural de- pression—though we earnestly hope it will not be dealt with. It will thus be seen (says a contempoiary) that we have the eminent authority of Mr. BATEMAN for stating that it is extremely injudicious to attempt to store water by throwing an embankment across a valley to impound the water of a stream running down it, and that in all cases natural lakes are to De selected, even though the distance which the wate has to be conveyed be augmented by the rejection of a. valley in favour of a depression site. Thirty of the livings, including some of the best, in the diocese of St. Asaph, are in the gift of the Bishops of LLANDAEF and St. DAVID'S. The arrangement is inde- fensible, because the bishops in South Wales are naturally disposed to select the best men they know, and these, as a rule, must belong to the dioceses of South Wales. Thus an injury is inflicted upon the clergy of St. Asaph, and upon the laity also, for a diocese where, the prizes within reach of the resident clergy are scarce will, as a matter of course; attract fewer able men. The grievance was discussed at a meeting of the local Church Association. at Denbigh last week, when steps were taken to direct general, attention to it. 1 SERIOUS RIOTING AT BLACKBURN. General rioting commenced at Blackburn about eight o clock on Tuesday night. Gangs of the lowest class of operatives of both sexes proceeded to the mills of most of the principal masters. The mob demolished the windows of a number of factories and weaving sheds. A portion of the rioters attacked the residence of Alderman W. H, Hornby, junr., called Broom House, and completely wracked the frmt of it, even tearing out the blinds of the rooms. Mr. Hornby con- fronted the roughs at the gate, and it is feared that he has been injured by stones thrown at the house. Several thousands of the mob marched along the road towards. Clayton Grange, nearly three miles from, the town the residence of Colonel Raynsford Jackson, which shared the same fate as Mr. Hornby's. The magistrates in consequence summoned detachments of cavalry and infantry from the barracks at Preston. It is impossible to report at present all the damage which has been done- to mills and house property. The more intelligent of the operatives severely condemn these disgraceful proceedings, which they fear will too effectually dry up the stream of; charity. On Wednesday immense mobs were congregated in the- streets, and there were occasional encounters with the police, the Lancers being also pelted with stones. Another company of Lancers and a hundred Dragoons, from Man- chester, were brought into the town to assist the civil authorities in preserving the peace and protecting private property. The borough magistrates were at the Town Hall all the day, and the Mayor issued a notice warning lawless people that the Riot Act had been twice read. It was computed that there were not less than 40,000 persons congregated ground the Town Hall. Much additional damage to property was done. At night a great mob was expected from Darwen, and a serious riot was feared. Dis- turbances have also, occurred at Burnley, and the Riot, Act was read there. ♦—
THE WELSH IN LONDON. A NEW MEMORIAL CHAPEL.—MR. DAVID DAVIES M,P., ON ENGLISH AND WELSH. On Wednesday afternoon, May 15, Mr. David Davies, M.P. for the Cardigan Boroughs, laid the foundation of the new Jewin Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Memorial Chapel, in Bridgewater Gardens, London, in the presence of a large number of people. The Welsh people in Lon- don formerly had their chief chapel in Jewin-crescent, but this was demolished in 1876 by the city authorities- for the purposes of street improvements, and it was not until early this year that they were able to secure a site- on which to build a new place of worship. The Rev. D. C. DAVIES, M.A,, the pastor, stated that the estimated cost of the site and building was £10,000, towards which they had received £ 3,000 for the surrender of the lease of the old Jewin chapel, and k.1,000 had been promised in subscriptions. Mr. E. SIMSER presented Mr. D. Davies with a silver trowel with which to perform the ceremony, and thanked him for his kindness in consenting to lay the memorial stone. Mr. D. DAVIES, M.P., having laid the stone, which bore an appropriate inscription, proceeded to make a few remarks. He felt sure that if every stone in the building was as well placed as the one which he had just laid, the building would be a most substantial one and, as far as he could see, he considered the work which had already been executed, was exceedingly well done. He had from his childhood taken a deep interest in the erection of chapels, and although of course he had a preference for Welsh chapels, yet he was also glad to assist in building English places of worship. He considered money so spent was very wisely and very usefully invested and he called upon them all to assist in liquidating the debt which neces- sarily existed at present. He was glad to see they had undertaken to erect a chapel worthy of their connexion, and worthy of the Welsh nation, for they prided them- selves upon being a nation, although the Principality was now amalgamated with England. They had their own language, and even if in time' English alone was spoken in Wales, the people would still have their Welsh blood to boast of. (Applause.) The Great Creator had no doubt taken greater trouble-if such an expression might be used, because, of course, nothing was a trouble, as we understand it, to.Him—with Wales than with England, and had provided the country with the most beautiful hills, vales, and rivers but they were always told that in Wales they did not build their chapels in accordance with the natural beauty of their country. In Liverpool there was a beautiful Welsh chapel, and he was very glad to find that in the present undertaking proper attention had been paid to ornamenta- tion, and in providing a building which would be a credit to the Welsh people. Their place of worship was to be erected in one of the most central parts of the city, and it would be well worth the sum which was to be paid for it. Especially was he glad that the sermons were to be preached in that chapel in the Welsh language, because he was sure that. he same sermon preached in Welsb would have a much greater effect on the congregation than if delivered in the English language. When Welsh people came to London and attended that chapel, if they heard a sermon in their own language it would make them think of their own land, and be a great inducement to them to contribute to the funds of the clinpel. He especially impressed upon them the necessity of working hard in order to wipe off the debt. Much had been done already, but a great deal still remained to be accomplished. Of course, coming to lay the memorial stone, he would be ex- pected to give something, and he had resolved to subscribe S200 to the fund. He was not content to do that alone. His friend the pastor was sanguine that they would pay off all their debt in twelve months. He did not go so far as that, but he would promise them if they would pay the contractors Lin twelve months he would give them ano- ther £100. If it took them two years to pay off the contract he would give them £ 50 each year. (Applause.) Mr. R. DAVIES, M.P. for Anglesey, expressed the plea- sure he felt at seeing them engaged in so important a work, and while they must naturally regret havin0, to leave the old chapel in Jewin-crescent, they must at the same time rejoice at being able to commence so large and beautiful an addition to the places of worship in London. He would give £100 to the fund. (Applause.) Contributions were also announced from the Hon. Han- bury-Tracy, M.P., and Mr. Osborne Morgan, M.P. The afternoon proceedings then closed. In the evening, a public meeting in celebration of the event was held at tha Falcon-square Chapel, Falcon- square. The proceedings were under the presidency of the Rev. D. C. Davies, M.A. After prayers had been offered up in the Welsh vernacular, Mr. David DnviP« M.P., addressed the assembly, pointing out the advisa- bility of Welshmen preserving their ancient language. He admitted the necessity which Welshmen in London were under of learning English, but he contended that the English was well able to take care of itself, as under the regulations of the School Board Act, which had now been in force for nearly eight years, every Welsh child was compelled to go to school and learn the English language. The Welsh language, he contended, had a peculiar character of its own, and appealed to the feelings of Welshmen more powerfully than could any other, and it was by promoting schemes such as the one now in hand that the somewhat scattered Welsh population of London were brought together, and that a knowledge of their mother tongue was fostered. Mr. H. Richard, M.P., also bore testimony to the peculiar genius of the' Welsh language, and to the comparative inefficiency of English as a substitute to Welsh ears. Addresses in support of the movement were also delivered by Mr. Morgan Lloyd, M.P., who spoke of the services to liberty rendered by the Welsh people at the dawn of the Christian era, and at the period of the Reformation by Mr. J. H. Puleston, M.P. by the Rev. R. Williams, and other gentlemen. From a statement made early in the evening by Mr. Stephen Evans, one of the treasurers of the fund, it appears that the estimated cost of the new building is a little over £10,000, of which more than half has been subscribed or promised. No less than seven places of worship in Lon- don are now supported by the Calvinistic Methodist body.
THE COTTON SPINNERS' STRIKE. The meeting of the Committee of the Spinners' Association and delegates^ from the various districts affected by the present strike took place in Manchester on Tuesday. Ihe Committee declined to accept the delegates' proposals, which were either to refer the matter to arbitration to work four days a week at ten per cent. reduction or fi. ve days at five per cent., or to submit to a reduction oi five per cent. The Committee maintained the resolution for a reduction of ten per cent.
LORD HARTINGTON'S MOTION. The debate on Lord Hartington's motion, which will commence on Monday night next, is expected to last three or four evenings. The Liberal leaders believe that they will be supported by every member of the Liberal party. Urgent whips are to be sent out on both sides.
V"JV"f'r- ABERYSTWYTH. Arrived.—;H. E. Taylor (ss), Richards, Liverpool; Jane- Ellen Williams. Plymouth; Thomas Jpjnes, IVlilford • Jane Morgans, Milford. °rQ » Sailed.-fl. E. Taylor (ss), Richards, Bristol; Eliza- c beth Davies, Jones, Bristol.
THE UPPER ANn VERXIEW. &.C.Angling has some- what unproved, some moderate baskets llaYin. been secured; but the only day the trout rose well was "U Thursday, after a heavy fresh, the water being a porter colour. One indefatigable young angler took on that day, on the upper portion of the, Vermew from Dreamy Down, fourteen and a half brace of verv good trout, all killed with the same fly, a modified kind of March, brown made sniill. The same gentleman also had moderate baskets on other daj s i. at eek killing altogether thirty-seven and a half brace of tiout in four days on different waters. But then he is a very good and most persevering fisherman, and though young, can hold his own with most anglers. I was surprised to see a few Marcn browas- on the water on Monday, and the yellow sally and also the yellow dun (the latter an. excellent fiv) were oil the water. The gravel fly, or spider, was. also showing- Tiiere was a nice little brown fresh down Vermew on luesday, and the fish seemed on the feed, but I did. not see or hear of any anglers on the water. We had a soaking day's raiii yesterday, and by night the Vemiow was bank full. There was also heavy water down the Severa and Tanat. The smaller tributaries were likewise very thick and high. The erniew is now going clown very fast, i should think the- for nln-! i° Pirti;dto wasp-grub fishing (a very deadly bait \? ■ 01 hsh) will have no lack of \>ait next autumn, for I thmK I nave never before seen such a naantitv oi queen wasps w about as I have for the last week or two. Weather now cold and gloomy,with E.N-. E,. wind.—A. (May 9) in l'Ite Field. Printed by EDWARD WOODALL, and Published for the Proprietors at the dwelling bouse of JACOn JOSES, High-street, Bala, in the county of Merioneth-, of JOHN UIESOX, 3, Queen's-road, Aberystwyth, in the co, Cardigan; and of DWID LL(m\ PORTMADOCJ V0. tL.3 connty of Carnarvon. Friday, May 1373.