THE RUSSO-TURKISH WAR I ALLEGED RUSSIAN CRUELTIES IX BULGARIA. The Simidord correspondent teiegrrnplis :—The English Consul at Isiinge (Slivno) reports that many of the Mos- lern inhabitants of Sistova and Tirnova are scattered a!x>ut his district, whither they have tied to avoid the cruelties of the Russians and Bulgarians. He reports that the Russians press the Bulgarians into their service, furnish them with arms, and take them with them as they advance. Those Bulgarians who do not accompany the Russian troops behave with the greatest barbarity to the Moslem residents in the towns and villages, and to any stray Moslems whom they encounter on the roads. They scoop out the eyes of those whom they murder, and fill up the orbits of the eyes with bread. They insult the Moslem women by tearing off their "yashniash" and "feradjes." and by worse outrages. They also endeavour to force the women to change their religion. The Consul reports that the news of these outrages has created the greatest excitement in his district, the responsibility for which must rest on the Russians. The Times Shutnla correspondent says :—From cross- examination of six wounded female victims of Cossack barbarity near Sistova, I learn that women and children were butchered. I was slow to believe the reports of such senseless barbarisin, but now I find them to be too true. The Paris correspondent of the same paper states :— Count Schouvaloff, struck by the bad impression produced by the recent accounts of Russian atrocities, has sent an urgent telegram to Prince Gortschakoff, begging him to give the principal foreign eorre.spondeuts every facility for visiting the places in Bulgari:), named as the scenes of these excesses, so that the result of their enquiries, with their signatures attached, may be promptly telegraphed to him from the Russian head-quarters, with a view to publi- cation. The Journal d» Sf. Petersburg remarks in reference to the recent question in the English Parliament touching alleged Russian cruelties, that Parliament should at least appeal to the opinion of General Kemball. who has the Turks at his side and the Russians before him. The Sublime Porte has addressed the following telegram to its representatives abroad :—• "Constantinople, July 21. We consider it our duty to bring to your knowledge the exact text of a report, drawn up anil signed at Schumla, by representatives of foreign newspapers, the names of which are Manche-tn- Guardian, Koelnixrhe Z^itnnq, Standard, Frank- furter Zeitiriig, Journal des Debate, Morning Po.,t, Republii/ne Fraueaise, I'cther Lloyd, Wiener Tugblatt, Illustrated London Xewx, Xene Frcie Press, Timet, Morning Adrertiacr, Xcw York Herald, Scotsman, Egyptctersezz, Graphic, Winter Vomtndt Zeitung, Daily Telegraph, and Manchester Exa$$iincr. The Zeitung, Daily Telegraph, and Manchester Exa$$iincr. The undersigned representatives of the toreign press assembled at Schumla consider themselves bound to sum up collectively and support with their signatures the recitals they have separately addressed to their .newspapers on the acts of inhumanity com- mitted against the inoffensive Mussulman population in Bulgaria. They declare having seen with their own eyes, and ¡nterr"at'l, both atRasgrid and Schumla, children, women, and old men who had been wounded with lance and sabre cuts, without mentioning the wounds by firearms, which might be attributed to the chances of legitimate warfare. These victims give horrible accounts of the treatment to which the Russian troops and sometimes the -Bulgarians subject the fugitive Mussulmans. According tu their statement, the Mussulman population of several villages have been all massacred either upon the roads or in the villages which had been given up to pillage Every day more wounded arrive. The undersigned declare that women and children are the most numerous victims, and that their wounds are made by thrusts from the lance. This document acquires great significance and great value from the. quality and character of those who have signed ie, and whose Veracity cannot be placed in doubt." RUSSIAN ACTIVITY IX THE BALTIC. We (ijrtobe) hear from trustworthy sources that extra- ordinary activity is being displayed in increasing the Russian armaments along the Finnish and Baltic coasts. Men are working night and day at the Cronstadt Torpedo Factory preparing submarine torpedoes for the harbours, and last Sunday the steamer Ladoga conveyed 120 sailors to Wiborg, to be employed in preparing the channel there for the reception of them. Further detachments of sailors and workmen were to leave Cronstadt during the week to assist in the defensive preparations at Sveaborg, Hango, and other Finnish ports, to which places also large con- signments of naval stores were to be forwarded. These rvri-Mia/rM.f.ioris are (lne to the renresentations of freneml Todleben, who has reported the Finnish fortresses to be in a weak condition, and has been requested to personally superintend the works undertaken with a view to strengthening them. This sudden outburst of activity in the north is regarded at St. Petersburg as indicating the intention of the Russian Government to push matters to -in extremity, and to be able to sustain a conflict with England in the Baltic should this policy lead to hostilities. The detention of the Mediterranean squadron at Cronstadt, when it has been under sailing orders the last three weeks, is considered to be confirmatory of this opinion. CAPTURE OF THE SCHIPKA PASS. The capture of the Schipka Pass, which was announced on Monday, is a serious blow for the Ottoman cause, but in other respects the tenour of the news from the seat of war, both in Europe and Asia, is somewhat more favour- able to the Turks. The situation, it is stated, is still so critical that a single battle may at any moment decide the issue of the campsrtgn by making the Russians master of the road to Constantinople. GREAT BATTLE BEFORE PLEVNA. There has been a great battle, it seems, near Plevna, where a detachment from Osman Pacha's force, thrown forward from Widdin, has successfully repulsed the Russian ninth army corps, advancing from Nikopolis. Details of the engagement, which seems to have extended over two days, are still wanting but the fighting, it ap- pears. took place before Plevna on Thursday and Friday, July 19 and O, and it was the Turks who assumed the offensive on the first day, and the Russians on the second, At noon on Thursday, according to Osman Pacha's despatch, the Turks commenced a desperate engagement which lasted until evening. The results on that day ap- pear to have been indecisive, but the Turkish ('ommander claims to have inflicted considerable loss upon the Rus- sians, who were forced to abandon the greater part of their positions. In a later despatch, dated the following day, he stated that the Russians in three divisions re- turned to the attack, but that they were repulsed and com- pletely routed, with an innumerable loss in killed, as well as three wagons of ammunition, one train of artillery, and an immense quantity of arms and military equipments, The same news is officially communicated by the Turkish Government in another form, which states that the first day's engagement lasted seven hours, and that after Friday's battle, when the Russians attacked in several columns, they fled in disorder, and left behind them not one, but three artillery trains. Although the proportions of tne conflict rei erred to in these several despatches may be exaggerated, there seems t', I" little room. for doubt that Osman Pacha has achieved a sdhatantinl success over a considerable body of the Rus- siair right wing, and that the western flank of the invading army under the Grand Duke Nicholas is menaced. vVe hacl heard previously of a repulse of another division of the Russian right wing at Lom Palanka, nearer the Danube, and unless the Russians have considerable reserves at Nikopoli, or have constructed a bridge there to bring over fresh forces from Turnu Margurelii, they may lose Niko- poli itself as they lost Plevna, and sundry fortified posi- tions which they had previously captured in Armenia. The loss of Nikopolis, however, would be a minor evil compared with an attack upon their base at Sistova, which would necessitate the recal of the main body from Tirnova, as well of the forces thrown across the Balkans, and might expose them to the danger of being taken between two tires by a simultaneous advance jot the army under Redif Pacha, which covers the Rustchuk Shmnla line. Lonatz, which is situated due south of Plevna, on the river Osma, was captured on Thursday by a detachment of the Wladikawas regiment, after a sharp encounter near Selvi. with, body of C ircassians and Bashi Bazouks, v/ho lost some fifty in killed alone. There appears to have been some exaggeration in the Russian estimate of the prisrsnsrs taken at Nikopolis, which is now stated at 2,000, instead of 0.000. Indeed, Hassan Pacha, the com- mandant there, who is among the prisoners, declares that he never had more than 5,000 under him, instead of lo,000, as represented on paper, and the greater part of these managed to effect their escape before the capitu- lation, which was caused by failure of munitions. Regarding the operations of the Russian left wing, com- prising the 12th and 13th corps, under the Czarewitch, the intelligence is very meagre. Y/e have vague reports of the investment of Rustchuk, preparatory to the siege, but it is scarcely probable that the Russians will be per- mitted to encircle the town until they have fought a de-i cisive battle with the Turkish covering army. According to the latest advices, the advanced guard of the Russian 12th and 1:3th corps have readied Kadikoi, south of Rust- chuk, in the valley of the Lom and Jardinsk, south-west of Rasgrad. This latter position is one of SOllie veril, as it is commanded on three sides by strong Turkish positions -Rasgrad on the north-east, Shumla on the south-east, and Osinan Bazaar on the south-west; but the Russians have no doubt ample supports at hand. The new Turkish commander-in-chief, who succeeds Abdul Kerim, disgraced, is Mehemet Ali, a Prussian by birth, who distinguished .himself in the recent Montenegrin campaign, where he commanded the Eastern column operating by way of Kolaschin. When lie reaches the quadrilateral he will find his work cut out for him, as, in addition to the army of the Czare witch advancingfrom the west, he .will have to oppose that of General Zimmermann which is pouring into the country by way of theDobrudscha. It is stated that all the villages between Rustchuk and Kustendje. which wete evacuated by the lurks, have been pillaged which wete evacuated by the lurks, have been pillaged and sacked by the Bulgarian Christians. A substantial set-off against the repulse of the Russian rhdit wing at Plevna has been achievedby the. Russian inain army, under the Grand Duke .Nicholas, in the' capture of the Sehipka Pass of tne Lallans, where heavy fighting has been going on for some days. The plan of taking the pass in rear from the side or Jvesamyk ,loes not seem to have succeeded, as General GourKiio brigade was driven out of Kesanlyk on Friday by Raouf Pacha after several hours' hard fighting, but the assault from the southern end of the Pass doubtless contributed to the suc- cess of that which was made from the north by the main body of the 8th corps. No details of the capture are yet forthcoming. The Russian despatch merely states that the Pass was taken on the 19th (Thursday last), and occupied bytheOrlawa regiment, w ith two guns. Of the preliminary a<'htin<r all that we are told is that, on the 17th instant' the Orloff regiment, to which the siege of the Pass was entrusted, had an engagement with fourteen tabors of 7 Turkish troops, and lost in killed and wounded a little over 200 men. On the same day General Gourkho, at the southern end of the Pass succeeded in occupying Kesan- Ivk and the village of Sehipka. On the 19th the Orloff regiment resumed the offensive at the northern end of the Pass. when the Turks, who seem to have been quite de- moralised by the previous fighting, fled without making any stand or even firing a shot. They retreated west- wards, leaving behind them three standards, eight guns, and a quantity of arms. The capture of this Pass by the Russians fairly opens the door into Roumelia, as they can now bring through their baggage and artillery, but as i Raouf Pacha holds K'esanlyk, with a force of some 12,000 men, there will have to be a preliminary battle there be- fore the invaders can march oil Adrianople. It is reported that General Gourkho's corps lost 3,000 men in the battle which led to the recapture of Kesanlyk, but these losses will be soon counterbalanced by the arrival of the Orloff dragoons through the Schipka Pass, when the conflict will be renewed, under more qual conditions, and unless Raouf Pasha is promptly and largely reinforced he can offer but slight and ineffectual opposition to the masses of troops which are following in the rear of Orloff s regiment. In fact, the second and strongest line of the Turkish defences is now broken through, and nothing but a brilliant victory or a series of victories by the new Turkish comrnandcr in Bulgaria can stem the tide of invasion or prevent the occu- pation of the capital. THE WAR IX ASIA MINOR. From Asia we have news of further fighting on the Armenian frontier, near Alexandropol, where Mukhtar Pacha and General Loris Melikoff are encamped in view of one another. Under date Kars, 19th instant, Mukhtar Pacha telegraphs that on the previous day the Russians, advancing from their camp at Kiiruk Dara, attempted to turn the Turkish right flank at Chedklak, but were met by a body of regular and irregular cavalry, which, after a three hours' engagement, drove the Russians back to their camp. The latter then sent forward a body of 6,000 Cossacks, who were ^decoyed by the Turkish cavalry within range of the Turkish batteries, which promptly opened upon them with terrible effect, killing 2:")0 of their number, and 0111pelling the rest to retreat, after a vain attempt to capture the guns. On the Turkish side there were 35 killed and 58 wounded besides 80 horses killed. The Russian account of the same engagement, which is described as occurring at Basch Kaduklar, about five miles south of Kinuk Dara, states that the Turks were com- pelled to retreat, and that the Russian losses were only 10 killed and 20 wounded. The Turkish front, it is stated, extends over a line of 20 versts, and is well fortified, their right flank being stationed on the heights of Abaedsha, near the village of Gulubscha. In a cavalry engagement on the same day, near Sabotan, the Wladikowas Russian cavalry regiment is said to have cut it:; way through an overwhelming force of Turkish cavalry, by which it was surrounded, inHicting a loss of one hundred on the enemy. On the Turkish extreme right, near Bayazid, there have been some sharp engagements between the advanced guards at Djelaighedik, but the losses on either side were insig- nificant. In Asia "Minor hostilities have been resumed by the Russians. Having been reinforced, they crossed the frontier near Alexandropol. and on Sunday, the loth July, reached Parget, a few miles north-east of their old en- campment at Zaim. Thence, on Wednesday last, they sent forward a cavalry force to attack the right flank of the Turks, from whom alone any details have yet been received. A severe contest then took place at Yediklere, obstinately maintained for three hours, when the Russians, just as they had commenced a retreat, received a rein- forcement of 6,000 Cossacks, and renewed the fight. It was now the Turkish turn to give ground, which they did, maintaining good order, when suddenly a Turkish battery opened on the Russians, and put an end to the battle. The Russian losses are estimated at 250. The Turks acknowledge a loss of 93 killed and wounded. This is all the actual news received from Asia, though rumours were current of a great battle near Bayazid, compelling a retro- grade movement on the part of Faik Pacha and Ismail Pacha. THE SIEGE OF RUSTCHUK. Rustchuk is now completely surrounded, and we may look to hear of the commencement of the bombardment. It is said to have a garrison of more than 1;0, 000, and to be preparing for a vigorous resistance. The Russians have obtained a firm footing both above and below the town, and between Pyrgos and Parapan, a few miles higher up the river, communications are maintained. The river is said to have been bridged also at Nikopolis. It is not possible at present to form any precise estimate of the re- sult of the contest at Plevna on Thursday and Friday, July 19 and 20 but, making all allowance for possible exaggeration, it seems certain that the Russians have sus- tained there a severe check. From a Schumla telegram of Friday night we learn that the Russian attack commenced aoout lour o clocK on ihursuay afternoon, the obstinate resistance of the Turks, however, proving too much for them so that at nightfall, when the contest ended, the Russians had been driven back beyond their original positions. Reinforced during the night, with morning they advanced once more to the attack, sustaining terrible losses from the Turkish artillery. By mid- day, disheartened and weakened, they began to give way, and the Turks, who had till now stood on the defensive, became the assailants, and after twelve hours' fighting the Russians were compelled to beat a retreat. Osinan Pacha was said, by a telegram on Saturday evening, to be still pursuing the enemy. Higher up the river, at Widdin, the Russians have had an opportunity of testing of what mettle their allies, the Roumanians, are made, and the result appears to have been anything but satisfactory. To relieve the strain upon them, the order was given to the Roumanians to create a diversion by an attempt to cross the river some miles below Kakfat, the Russians supply- ing the boats that had been used at Sistova. The design becoming known to the Turks, they occupied the heights, and brought their guns to bear with such effect that the Roumanians refused to continue the effort. The Rus- sians, impressed with the perfect feasibility of the land- ing, bitterly blame the Roumanians for their cowardice. On Monday, however, some troops of the Fourth Division crossed above Nikopolis, and pushed a reconnaissance as far as Rahova. In the Dobrudscha, where Mehemet Ali, the new Generalissimo, has arrived. the Russians, moving up from Kustendji, are advancing upon Silistria and Bazardjik, while an army corps with In 330guns. including eighty heavy siege ordnance, is making ready for the in vestment of Schumla. Meanwhile the Russians have been pouring through the Balkans, by means of the Sehipka Pass, and it is estimated that now at least 35,000 are south of that line of defence. It is evident that they are exerting themselves to the utmost to push on a force to the gates of Constantinople, and there seems to be no prerly organized force capable of resist- ing them. The greatest alarm is felt in Southern Turkey, where the speedy occupation of Adrianople is looked upon as certain. It may lie that the fears expressed are some- what exaggerated, with the express design of precipitating English action in the matter; but the troops of Raouf Pacha, now at Yeni Saghra, and those of Suleiman Pacha, at Adrianople, will scarcely be able to offer serious oppo- sition. .r" I KA^GKO. In Montenegro a'renewal of the strife appears imminent. Prince Nikitt, at the head of the Montenegrin army—in its entirety, if we except six battalions guarding the Albanian frontier—arrived on Sunday near Nicsics, and it was expected that the bombardment would commence' on Tuondav, The Turkish troops have crossed the frontier with the oljiect of thwarting' this project. Nothing could be more inopportune for Turkey at the present juncture. THE DUTY OF ENGLAND. .Mr. E. A. Freeman, writing to a Manchester paper with reference to the advance of the liberating army in Roumelia, says:—"Now is the time, while there is an instant s breathing space, for her Majesty's Government to make up their minds where and how they will take their stand in the path of an invasion threatening the Dardanelles and, if they have already made up their minds, now is the time to give clear utterance to their convictions. The nation is anxious, but not panic- stricken. Sincerely desirous of peace, the great majority of Englishmen recognise, nevertheless, the obligations of Imperial and international duty." He adds:—"It is thought the course followed by our present Government- through the blindness of one of its members, through the crooked schemes of another—that the work which should have been done by Europe is left to be done by Russia. We had hoped to give the enslaved nations a better alter- native than that of Turk or Russian. If there is no other alternative left it is not our doing, but the doing of Lord Beaconsfield and Lord Derby, and we will not step in to constrain the enslaved nations to the worse alternative of the two." A Central News telegram from Vienna reports that three battles were fought on Sunday and Monday to the south-west of Rustchuk," the slaughter being immense on both sides. On Sunday the Russians were compelled to retire, but the result of Monday's fightincr was unknown. The Daily Neirj correspondent says:—"When the bom- bardment of Rustchuk from the Bulgarian side will begin it is difficult to say. The siege train is on its way, but it crORses at Simnitza, a fearful way round. Supplies are difficult, as the base of the whole force now in Bulgaria is still Simnitza, where there is still but one bridge. An early attempt is expected to drive the Turks now around Rustchuk into their fortified tefences, bnt the investment of the place is not yet imminent, as the progress of the troops destined for that purpose is but slow. The Rus- sian army of Rustchuk has advanced to the line of the Lorn River, touching the Danube at Pyrgos, and is slowly wheeling on that pivot" to invest the fortress. Nearly 40,000 men are now jammed into the angle between the Danube and the Lom. The Turks have abandoned the line of the Lom without fighting, and one part is be- lieved to have retired on Rustchuk and another to have fallen back on Schumla." In an official telegram to St. Petersburg the Russian repulse in an attack on Plevna on the 20th is admitted. A Bucharest telegram as- serts that Raouf Pasbl, the Turkish minister of marine, has teen defeated at Eski Zagltra, with a loss of 15,000 men. This report needs confirmation. The panic at Adrianople has subsided, as the inhabitants have great confidence in the energy and ability of Sulei- man Pasha, between whose well-seasoned troops and the Hussians a battle is shortly expected. A Russian official despatch from Alexandropol reports that a Turkish attack on the left flank of the Russian position at Alchasoff was repulsed. In the same telegram it is admitted that the insurrection in the Terek territory of the Caucasus is again assuming a disquieting character." Although the position in Europe is favourable to Russia, the Czar is ap- parently not indisposed to listen to terms of peace if they are of a reasonable and satisfactory tenor; but that there can be no question as to the direct advance with all due speed on the Turkish capital if the Turks do not avert this movement by suing for terms which will give satisfac- tion to Russia. 0
ENGLAND VERSUS FRANCE.—For generations chocolate has been unported in large quantities into this country from France. IVe are glad to find the tables turned at last, and that CcUebiirys, the makers of the well-known Cocoa Essence, have opened elegant premises at 90, Faubourg, St. Honore, Pi^is. Their Cocoa Essence being perfectly genuine is a beverage far better suited to warm climates than the thick heavy compounds of Cocoa with sugar a.nd starch generally sold.
BALA. N.yrioXAL SCHOOL BAZA* it. On Monday, July 16, a sale of needlework and fancy goods was held at the Rational-schools. The stalls were presided over by the Misses Jones, Fron Dderw, the Misses Williams, Fron Beuno, Miss Field, Miss Birch, and Miss Llewelyn Jones. The refreshment department was under the management of Mrs. Royle, Bryn-y-Grocs, and Mrs. Anwyl, Eryl Aran. At intervals during the afternoon Mr. Ernest Smith played in a masterly style some selections from various composers on the pianoforte. From the com- mencement of the sale at two o'clock p.m., until its close at 7 30 p.m., the room was crowded with purchasers. The proceeds, which were in aid of the above-named schools, far exceeded the most sanguine expectations of the promoters of the sale. The room was tastefully decorated with ferns and flowers. PASSING COUNTERFEIT COlx.-On the 6th of July, be- fore W. P. Jones, Esq., Ann Fox, wife of Owen Fox, was charged with this offence, committed at Llanuwchllyn on the 5th fiily.Fobn Pugh, Llanuwchllyn, said I am a wood turner and japanner by trade. I met the prisoner on the road near my house a few minutes after four o'clock yesterday, the 5th of July. She was going towards the railway station to meet the 4.15 p.m. train for Bala. Prisoner asked me to make her a gross and a half of can handles. I had made her some before. Prisoner paid me four shillings and sixpence, as I thought, in silver. I was in a hurry, and put the money in my pocket at once. In about half an hour I had occasion to pay a man two- pence. I then took the money which the prisoner paid me out of my pocket, and then found that t\ shilling pieces were counterfeit, and that two shilling pieces and the sixpence were good coin. I had only fourpence half- penny in my pocket before the prisoner paid me, it was in copper. I had not received any other money before I discovered that two of the coins paid me by the prisoner were counterfeit. I wrapped up the counterfeit coin in a piece of paper, and delivered them to the police officer when I saw him this morning. My instructions from the prisoner were to send the goods, when made, to Bala station, to be left till called for.— Prisoner declined to ask any questions.—William Evans, police constable, Llandderfel, said It is my duty to go to Llanuwchllyn twice a week. I was there this morn- ing (6th July). I there saw Mr. Pugh, the last witness. He gave me two counterfeit coins, representing the cur- rent coin of the realm called shillings. I produce the coins delivered to me by Mr. Pugh. Mr. Pugh informed me he had received them from a woman in payment of an order given him by her. He described her as about forty years of age, travelling about the country selling tin wares. I learnt where prisoner was, and got Mr. Pugh to identify her, and I then apprehended her. When the prisoner was taken into custody she said, laiii very sorry, I did not know of such thing.—The prisoner was then remanded to Monday, July 9, before 0. Richards and E. Evans Lloyd, Esqs., when Lewis Davies, draper, Llan- uwchllyn, said I recollect seeing the prisoner at my shop on Wednesday last, the 4th July. She asked me-for some goods and I served her with them. She offered me a shilling in payment. I declined to take the coin, as I was under the impression that it was a bad coin, and she then gave me a good shilling. I am not certain if any change was given prisoner out of the shilling. Prisoner 'handed the bad coin to her husband in my presence. William Thomas, stationmaster, Llanuwchllyn, said: I re- collect seeing the prisoner at the Llanuwchllyn railway station, on the 5th July. Prisoner came to the booking office and asked for three third class tickets to Bala, at five pence each. She paid me for them with a shilling, and three pence in copper. Prisoner came to meet the 4'25 p.m. train for Bala. After the train had left I found a bad shilling in the drawer, the coin in the drawer before were all good. I had counted them previously. I did not take a shilling from any other passenger going by the 4"25 train. Consequently, I am certain prisoner gave me the bad coin. I did not notice it was bad when I took it. -By the Bench It is my duty after each train to balance the cash, and in consequence f know that the money in the drawer, previous to the prisoner's paying me, was good coin. I gave the coin to P.C. E. P. Evans.—P.O. E. P. Evan, Bala, said On Saturday morning, 7th July, I received a coin from Mr. Thomas, the last witness. I produce it. It represents the current coin of the realm, called a shilling. It is a bad coin, and the one I received from Mr. Thomas. Adjourned to Saturday, 14th July. Prisoner was further remanded, but admitted to bail 111 E4t), and one surety in 1:40.- The case was again proceeded with at the Petty Sessions held on Saturday, July 14, before W. P. Jones, O. Richards, R. J. Ll. Price, E. G. Jones, and E. Evans Lloyd, Es(-is. Passingham appeared on behalf of the prisoner.—Joseph Tyson, tailor, watchmaker, and silver- smith and jeweller, said I have examined the two coins produced by P.C. William Evans. They represent the current coin of the realm called shillings the two coins produced are counterfeit coins.—Cross-examined by Mr. Passingham The coins will not stand the test of caustic.—John Pugh, cross-examined by Mr. Passingham, said I have lived at Llanuwchllyn nearly three years. I have during that time had one transaction with the prisoner. She paid me before hand for the goods ordered. The goods were to be sent to Bala Railway Station till called for. She gave no address. I was to send the goods by the guard. Prisoner was on her way to the Llanuwch- llyn Railway Station when she ordered the goods from me. I was going from my workshop to the village to take a job to the blacksmith. The job would take the blacksmith ten minutes to do. It was wanted immediately, as it was part of the machinery. I took the money from the prisoner, four shillings and sixpence in silver, as I thought. I found at the blacksmith's that two coins were bad. I had not received any other money previously, nor had I changed any money that day. I left the house in the morning with fourpence half-penny in copper. I seldom take money without examining it, but I was in a hurry at the time. I counted it on my hand once and put it in my pocket. She had the money in her hand to give me. I did not execute her order. I did not see her with a purse.—William Evans having verified the evidence given by him, was cross-examined by Mr. Passingham, and said I apprehended the prisoner, accompanied by P.C. E. Pearce Evans, who was close by at the time. Prisoner's husband and others were present. We took the prisoner to the lock-up at Bala. Prisoner went very willingly. We searched the camp where the prisoner was. We had not got a search warrant. We searched on the ground of the charge against the prisoner. I did apply for a search warrant. I consider I was justified in searching. I was not asked if I had a search warrant. I was allowed to search the place. We made as good a search as we could. Prisoner gave me all the facility she could. I did not find anything in the shape of coining instrum !uts, or any base coin. I have known the prisoner for about five years as a hawker of tin wares. I have not heard anything of the prisoner as being dishonest.—Lewis Davies haviu,; verified the evidence given, said I could see a colouring on the side of the coin presented in pay- ment by the prisoner, which drew my attention to it. 1 thought it was a bad coin, and I told the prisoner so. 1 did not ring it. The colouring on it made me notice it more particularly, and that was the reason I thought it was a bad coin. —Cross-examined by Mr. Passingham I will not swear it was a. bad coin. I have seen good coin discoloured similarly. I would not be surprised if the prisoner had good coin discoloured. Prisoner has had transactions with me for many years I shoiiy say for eight or ten years. I have always found her honest and straightforward, both in cash transactions and on credit. Prisoner's husband was by my shop door when prisoner gave him the coiu. Her husband rang the coin on the floor, and said that he thought it was right. It was a stone floor. The prisoner handed me another shil- ling immediately I declined the one she first tendered. I should say that the prisoner's transactions would be in small coins. I have no idea of her transactions, but they are up at Llanuwchllyn very often. I should say they are considered honest, straightforward people. That is my experience. I am still of oninion that the coin first ten- dered me was a coin. It appeared so. There was a traveller in the shop at the time, and I did not take as much notice as I otherwise would have done.—William Thomas verified the evidence taken as correct.—Cross- examined by Mr. Passingham I keep an account of the money received in a book. I have not got the book here. I have a pretty good memory. There may have been j from £ 2 10s. to t'3 in the till before the prisoner paid me. The money was in gold, silver, and copper. There were some shillings in the till. I cannot say exactly., how many. There was from JE2 10s. to £ 3 after the train left. Four passengers left by that train. I counted the money in the till about three o'clock or a little after. I found the bad coin in the till after the 4 25 p.m. train left. I have once previously found a bad coin in the till. The booking office was open about five minutes before the train arrived. I had about a minute and a quarter to book each passenger; there was no hurry I had plenty of time to look at the money while booking. I gave the bad coin to the constable on the following Saturday. I kept it in the safe in the meantime.—E. P. Evans verified the evidence given by him, and produced the shilling given to him by Mr. Thomas.—Cross-examined by Mr. Passingham: I have known the prisoner for about eighteen years. I never heard anything wrong of her, nor anything particularly good. I take particular notice of all who camp about. I would hear if anything wrong took place.—J. T. Taylor said—I examined the shilling pro- duced by P.C. Evans. It is a counterfeit coin.—The prisoner was remanded to Saturday, July 21; to be ad- mitted to bail if satisfactory to the justices.
PWLLHELI. INSPECTION OF THE POLICE.—On the 17th July, Colonel Cobb visited Pwllheli, and inspected the police force of the Pwllheli Petty Sessional Division, and the books kept by Superintendent Williams. He declared himself well satisfied with the appearance of the men, and also with the manner in which the books were kept. He also ex- amined the Magistrates" room, the house, and the cells, and said that unless proper drains were made to carry the water and sewage off the foundation, he should be obliged to condemn the cells. COUNTY MAGISTRATES' COURT, JULY 18.—Be- fore Messrs. Robert Carreg (chairman), and B. T. Ellis. Keeping a Dog without a Licence.—H. Damerel v. Griffith Lewis, shopkeeper, Llaniestyn.—Defendant-did not appear.—S. C. Houston, excise-officer at Pwllheli, proved the case.—The defendant was fined 35s., mitigated penalty. Ale Home offence.-Ellen Davies, St. Tudwell's Hotel, Abersoch, was charged with having men on her premises drinking after closing time.-P.C. John O. Davies said that on the 2nd July, he visited the St. Tudwell's Hotel at 10*28 p.m., when he found six men there drinking. They had glasses before them.—Mr. T. J. Roberts said that one of the men, the captain of the Ocean Child, had just arrived that night from Pwllheli, and therefore he was a bona fide commercial traveller.—P.C. John O. Davies said that four of the men found on the premises had previously been turned out from other public houses at closing time that evening, and they proceeded to the St. Tudwell's Hotel.—Mr. T. J. Roberts further observed that the defendant also kept ship stores, and Captain Edwards was there ordering stores, and waiting for the bill when the officer came in, without finishing the drink they had ordered before ten p.m. He contended that the men were bona fide travellers.—The Officer said there were six men sitting down at 10*28 p.tn.,four or whom had been turned out of other public houses before.—For the defence the defendant was called, and said that about twenty minutes to ten Captain Edwards,, of the Ocean Child, Captain Roberts, of the. John, and Captain Lewis, of the Mary Lewis, came to her house. The first had come from Portmadoc that day, and Captain Lewis had been to Abersoch that day about a cargo. Captain Edwards wanted some ship stores, and defendant went with them to the stores, they leaving the glasses not drunk on the table.—Captain Moses Edwards, of the Ocean Child, said he had gone there from Portmadoc that day. The distance of the Mary Lewis from the shore was about two miles; bu$in cross-examination lie said the Mary Lewis was at Penrhyndu, and it was proved that the distance from that point to the St. Tudwell's Hotel was considerably short of the distance the witness had estimated. There were some arguments as to whether travelling a distance of three miles over sea constituted the voyager a bona fide traveller, the decision being that it did not; but in this instance the case was clear, and the Bench decided to deal with defendant as leniently as pos- sible, and fined her 5s., with costs but not to recui-d the conviction on her licence. Maintenance of Parents.—-Mr. W. Jones, collector for the Pwllheli Union, applied for a summons against Thos. Evans, Mur, Llanengan, to call on him to show cause why he does not contribute towards the maintenance of his mother, also against John Jones, C'onglygadlys, as a defaulter under an order of maintenance made at this court the amount due being £ (> 18s. lOd.—The summonses were granted.
PORTMADOC. SUNDAY SCHOOL EXCURSION.—The excursion of the Wesleyan Sunday School to Menai Bridge took place on Wednesday, July 11, and although the weather was most unfavourable a great number went. THE VOLUNTEERS.—On Saturday, July 14, the Port- madoc Volunteer Corps, under the command of Captain Spooner, paraded the principal streets of the town, pro- ceeded by their excellent band, under the conductorship of Sergeant Strowger. This was their first public appear- ance after their return from the Rhyl review. They looked very smart and soldier-like in their new scarlet uniform, and the townspeople would be gratified to see them out oftener. An inspection of the corps will take place on the lltli of August. THE CONGREGATIONAL MEMORIAL CHAPEL.—The Building Committee of this chapel met on Tuesday evening, July 17, to open the tenders for the erection of this new chapel. Four tenders were received for the first part of the con- tract, i.e., the chapel only. The tender of Messrs. Wni. Jones and E. Humphreys, Portmadoc, contractors, to do the work for £ 4,048 was accepted unanimously by the Committee. The work will be commenced at once, and on the 9th August the foundation will be formally laid, on the occasion of the meeting of the Congregational Union here. FLOODS.—In consequence of the great quantity of rain which has fallen in this 'neighbourhood for several days past, especially on Sunday, July 15, when it fell without intermission all day, the rivers were greatly swollen. In the neighbourhoods of Maentwrog and Dolberniaen a great quantity of hay was carried away by the floods. So far it has been a very bad season in this neighbourhood for the hay harvest. PETTY SESSIONS, JULY 1.3rrij.-Befoi-c 0. Griffith, Esq., (Chairman,) and Major Mathew. Highway Offences.-P.C. John Roberts v. Watkin Williams, Criccieth.—Defendant was charged with per- mitting three of his carriage horses to stray on the roads at Criccieth.—Defendant admitted the offence, and was fined Is. 6d., and 10s. (»d. costs.—Meshech Williams, carter, Portmadoc, who did not appear, was summoned by P.C. Edward Owen, for permitting his pony to Stray on the Beudgelert Iioad.—The case was adjourned. Drunk and Riotoiti.-P.C. Owen -Tolies v. Henry Jones and Thomas Wormbv. They were fined 2s. 6d. and 10s. costs each.—P.C. Owen Jones v. Robert Jones. He said defendant was drunk at Tremadoc on the 9th dune. De- fendant did not appear and a warrant was ordered. Larceng.—P.C. Thomas Williams v. Richard Williams. Defendant was brought up in custody and charged with stealing two pairs of stockings, value 3s,-IL pleaded not guilty, and consented to be tried summarily.—Lie was bound over to appear for judgment when called for.
BARMOUTH. PETTY SESSIONS, JULY 13.—Before Charles Jones, Esq., and the Rev. John Jones. Offence against the P, of the Cambrian Railways Company.—Elizabeth Davies, of Tynllan, Dyifryn, in the parish of Llanddwywe, was charged with being on the rail- way platform at Dyffryn, on the 29th June, and using abusive langnage to the station-master.—Frederick Marsh said I am station-master at Dyffryn. On the 29th June I saw the defendant on the platform. Defendant came by the train from Portmadoc to Dyffryn without a ticket. She said she got into the train at Portmadoc. We collect tickets at Dyffryn. We .are bound to collect them at Dyffryn. Defendant had no ticket. In most cases we charge from the place the train ",tarts from. Defendant refused to pay me. Defendant offered to pay from Port- madoc. I refused to take the money. She afterwards paid from Pwllheli. She said she would report me to Mr. Wallace for asking too much. Defendant called me a thief, and said I had kept a parcel of hers for days, and had opened it and spoiled a bonnet of hers. She then left the station, but returned to the station and said I had opened a box of oranges belonging to another person, and had stolen some, and also had stolen some cloth from another parcel. Defendant called me a scamp in Welsh. She insinuated that I was going to keep the difference in the fare. She also said many things in Welsh I did not understand.—John Hughes, porter at Dyffryn station, gave corroborative evidence.—Fined 5s., and 12s. costs. Robbery from the Pe?-s,) ii. --Daniel Samuel and John Davies, two tramps, were brought up in custody charged with a robbery from the person of William Jones, shop- keeper, Festiniog, on the night of the 11th July, on the road from Barmouth to Harlech.—Win. Jones said that on Wednesday night, the 11th, he was at the Lion Hotel, Barmouth, on his way to Harlech festival. Witness left the Lion about ten o'clock, p.m., intending to walk to Harlech. Saw the prisoners on the road. Prisoners said they were going to Harlech. All went then along the road together for about a mile. Witness said lie was tired and would lie down a bit. He then went through a gate into a flelll and lay down and went to sleep, with one of the prisoners on each side of him. He awoke about four o'clock in the morning and fouml th;t 9 his watch was gone, and also his money. He had about three pounds in gold and thirteen or fourteen shillings in silver. He gave information of the robbery at the Bar- mouth police-station to P.C. Rowlands.—P.C. Rowlands traced the prisoners to Dolgelley, and afterwards by the policemen at Dolgelley to Corris, where they were appre- hended.—P.C. Thomas Cadwaladr, Dolgelley, said: 1 went to Corris in search of two tramps. Saw them in a shop at Corris, and apprehended them. I searched them, and found on Daniel Samuel a sovereign in gold, seven shillings in silver, and threepence in copper, and a gold watch, which I produce, and on John Davies two sovereigns in gold, nine shillings in silver, awl fourpence in coppers.—The prisoners were remanded to Dolgelley gaol for 'a week.
DOLYDDELEN AND VICINITY. UNPUOPITIOUS WEATHER.—The weather has been very bad for haymaking during the last week or two. Farmers are making many complaints. ARWEST FARDDONOL GLAN GEIRONYDD.—This festival came off on the 13th Julji The first meeting began about eleven 0 clock a.m., when a large number of persons as- sembled together. The proceedings were opened by Mr. W. J. Roberts (Gwilym Cowl yd)" An address was de- livered by Gethin Jones, Gwalchmai, the Revs. John Gower (loan Gwyr) and Thomas Roberts (Scorpion), and several others. Glan Geironydd is a rather inaccessible out-of-the-way place, fo.ur miles from the town of Llan- rwst. It is alleged, though without the least foundation, that Taliesin Benbeirdd had his residence at this place once. The remains of an old building are to be seen which is stated to be those of Taliesin's Court. At this place during the last fifteen years has been held the Arwest. Owing to some unknown cause it was not so popular this year as it used to be, though the fact was perhaps partly due to the state of the weather this year, as it was very y gloomy in the morning, and the rain came down in torrents in the afternoon. The meeting at the Town Hall was sparsely attended in the evening. Many ovatefe, druids, and bards were examined and ordained at Bryn y Caniadau. It seems to me very much like children's play, neither better nor worse.
ABERDOVEY. THE LATE STORM. The weather here lias been any- thing but seasonable during the last fevt days. Sun- day, the 15th July, was exceptionally tempestuous, there being a high wind with a heavy downpour of rain, with- out an instant of cessation all day. The river became much swollen in consequence. Considerable loss must have been sustained by some holders of land contiguous to theDovey, as a great number of carcases of sheep were seen floating seaward. They were at once laid hold of by order of the Inspector of Nuisances, FRONGOCH QUARRY.—The working of this quarry, which is close to Aberdovey, is about to be resumed, and on a more extensive scale than before. Several hundred quarrymen, it is said, will be at work within a few weeks. This, no doubt, will be a great boon to the neighbour- hood, a boon in which Aberdovey will largely participate. UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.—In the list of the success- ful candidates at the recent London University Matricu- lation examination the name of Mr. H. L. Jones, late schoolmaster at Aberdovey, occupies a place in the first division. The successful candidate was prepared by Mr. E. Hughes, Dinas Mawddwy.
BORTH. SCHOOL TREAT.—This delightful sea-shore was visited on Friday, July 13, by the Comminscoch Church Sunday School, numbering, including parents and friends, about 140. They arrived at Bortli about eleven o'clock in the morning in waggons and carriages, beautifully decorated for the occasion. In the first vehicle we noticed the Rev. J. Pugh, vicar 0f llaqbatlarn, also Mr. Hugh Hughes, jun., of the same place. After enjoying the pleasures of the beach tfoc some time they repaired to the Uppingham School lecture-room, which was kindly lent them for the occasion, where they were entertained with an abundance of tea and cake, under the management of Mrs. Hughes, Troedrhywgwineu, Mrs. Hughes, Wernphillip, and several other friends. Other games on the sea-shore followed, and then the party returned in the evening, highly pleased with their day's outing.
PENCARREG. DEATH OF THE VICAII.-Oll Wednesday, the ISfch July, the Rev. Thomas Jones, the vicar of Pencarreg, died itt the advanced age of seventy-seven. He was apt),ointe(I in 1835 and held the office up to the time of his decease, acting as rural dean for the district for some years in the interim. The living, it is believed, is in the gift of Sir Pryse Pryse, of Gogerddan.
iVO QUiiiilES, and REPLIES, on -subjects interesting to X0l'L,b, QUiiiilES, and REPLIES, on -subjects interesting to bale# and the Borders, must be addresxtd to "BYE-GONES, Croeswylan, Oswestry." Real names and add reuses must be gi ven, in confidence, o;nd MSS tmi-st be written legibly, on one aide (l the paper only.
JULY 25, 1877. NOTES. PLNBEDW NEAR MOLD.—I was tempted the other day to walk to Moel Arthur, a strong British post, and. on my way I met a simple Cambrian, who told me in broken English that Penbedw was at one time noted for its ancient library, and a collection of "picters books is shure," which, I suppose, meant illuminated manuscripts. At the church of Nannerch, hard by, there is a monument m memory of Charlotte Mostyn, grand-daughter of Sir Ken elm Digby, and I conclude therefore, that, in some odd way, that eminent man's treasures managed to creep into Penbedw; few, according to some accounts, that estate came into the Mostyn family in Henry the 8th's reign, and one of that race probably married a Digby. I am curious to learn, 1st, how the property came to the Mostyns; 2nd, which of the Mostyns became connected with theDigbys; 3rd, what books (if any) of old Kenelm's reached Penbedw 4th, what became of them and 5th, how the estate passed away from the ancient Welsh family of Mostyn to the English one of Buddicomb, which is now in possession. The neighbourhood of Mold, Nannerch, Ysceifiog, Caerwys, Bodfari, demands better attention than has so far been given to it, for, unless Nature belies herself, there must have been some wonderful British exploits perpetrated in ancient times there, and they deserve to be banded together for preservation. AN ANGLO-SAXON RAMBLER. JOHN WESLEY'S PREACHERS (June 20, 1877).-Amollg,t the preachers appointed by Mr. Wesley there was no one better known than THOMAS OLIVERS. There have already been references to-him in Bge-flones, and in the second volume of the Arm invui Magazine^ llld, there is an account of his life, written by himself. I don't know whether this has ever been reprinted, but it is worth it, and would, I think, command a large sale. Oliver says:— 1 was born at village called Tregonan (sic) in Montgomery- shire, in 1725. My father died in December, 1729. Mv mother was so afflicted on account of his death, that she died of a broken heart in March following leaving me and another son, not two years old, behind her, My mother s father, Ilr. Richard Humphries, took care of my brother, and, when he dieil, left him to the care of his eldest son. Mv father's uncle, a man of property, took care of me while he lived; and when he died left me a small fortune ordering in his will that the interest of it should be employed in bringing me up, and that I should receive the principal when I came of age. The person to whose care he left me was Mrs. Elizabeth Tin lor, eldest daughter to his son-in- law Mr. Thoma-s Tudor, an eminent farmer in the parish of Gordon (sic), in the same county. And as she was unmarried she committed me to her father's care in whose house I was boarded till I w,s eighteen years of age. Olivers then describes the way in which he was brought up. He was sent to school every day, and to church twice on the Sunday learnt his catechism, said his prayers morning and evening, and sang psalms. For all this lie soon came to be reckoned the worst boy who had been in those; parts for the last twenty or thirty years." About this time he was bound apprentice, and was so idle and vicious that lie did not half learn his trade, and when his time was up he gave himself wholly to dissipation. It was then that he became entangled with the sister of Lady Pryce (see June 6, 18ï7h and'he hints that his con- duct in regard to this woinan'was so bad that lie left the district. He says- Pset off for Shrewsbury. Here I continued for some time, and amongst various things that I have much reason to he ashamed of, ] went one night to the Methodist meeting, and out of mere wantonness nude use of some very indecent language as I came out. From Shrewsbury he went, for a time, to a village three miles off, where he seems to have been somewhat straitened in circumstances, and uneasy in mind, and, he says— From hence I went to Wrexham. I had not been here long before 1 was taken ill of a violent fever, of which most people expected me to die. As it was known I had little or no money, a Methodist—Mr. John Memis, now Dr. Memis of Aberdeen— who was then a journeyman to .an apothecary in the town, visited me without fee or reward, and, I believe, under God, saved my life. His illness does not seem to have caused Olivers to lead a better life, for very soon we find him, with a companion, committing an act of arch-villainy," and running away from Wrexham in debt. First they went to Shrewsbury, then to Bridgnorth, and afterwards to Bristol. Here it was that he first heard Mr. Whitfield preach, and it was at Bristol, under Mr. Whitfield's preaching, that he ex- perienced that change of lie art that caused him to forsake his old ways, and lead a new life. It Was here, too, that he used to follow the great preacher as he walked the streets," and "could scarce refrain from kissing the very prints of his feet." Another week I will give the further course of this energetic, and, in some respects remarkable man. PURITAN. QUERIES. HUGH LLEWELLYN, 1790.—Can any one give your readers some account of Hugh Llewellyn, whose death was recorded in some of the magazines of 1ï!JO? He is said to have died at Lean Cad- wallader" (wherever that may be), in thelloth year of his age; and we are told that he was well-known in the neighbouring counties for his musical skill, particularly on the Welsh harp, which he played until within a fortnight of his (leath." TAFFY (1). MOEL VAMMA ON FIRE !-The Annual Register for 1773, contains the following letter :— Holywell, Flintshire, Feb. 2. The memory of man cannot recollect such quantities of snow to have fallen in these parts, as last week; my house is three stories high, and I can hardly lay me down in security in the garrett. Men, women, children, and cattle, have found their tombs in the snow. The night before last, Moelfamma (a very high mountain in this neighbourhood) was heard to utter, as it were, deep grotiis; the adjacent hills trembled from their roots. Thelnoise at eleven o'clock was like the sound of lllistant thunder, from the rolling of hugh stones down a craggy precipice. At twelve there was :1¡. loud clap, and the vortex of the hill threw up in the same instance vastbodie.s of combustible matter; liquid fire rolkl llnungst the heaps of ruins at the close of all, nature seemed to make a grand effort, and rent one side of the mountain, which was solid stone, into an hiatus, whose breadth seems to be about 2^0 yards the summit of the hill tumbled into this vast opening and the top appears level, which before was almost perpendicular. All is now hushed but in the places where the fire melted the snow, the earth throws out the ver- ilure of May. At Ruthin, as two persons were foolishly endea- vouring to make their escape from the danger, they were buried in a drift; several made their escape from St. Asaph into the sea, and fell victims to their timidity. How much truth is there in this most marvellous narra- tive, and how much is due to the excited imagination of the writer? G.G. REPLIES. EPITAPHS (Sep, 25, 187")).—In one of the Jots belonging to the -Alyttoli Collections" recently sold in London, and which has come into my possession, there is the following in On Mr. Thos. Farmer late of Wolverhampton Who died May 12, 1790 Aged 20 years of a consumption Beneath this Karth is laid a modest Youth, Who trod the paths of Honor, Virtue, Truth Scarce had his Parents fixed the; destin'dPlan, And blooming Youth had ripen'd into Man, Scarce had there Hearts, warm with paternal Joy, Beheld their Wishes in their Fav'rite Boy When Death in Terror on his Victim rush'd, Struck the fell blow, and the fair fabriek crush'd Hence, Reader, deign'to learn thy tickle State, Youth's flatt'rinij hopes, and Lifes uncertain date, All, all must perish, old wise young and gy, When < iod commands, all Nature must obey Vain are the Tears the weeping Parents shed, The Grave for ever closes o'er the Dead. Can any reader say who Farmer was and where lie was buried V On the same sheet the following also appears :— An Epitaph in Worfield churchyard written on the Gravestone of the late .Toan Elcock of Bromley in the parish of Worfield, Daughter of Willni. Stokes of Houghton. Her Temper mild her Love sincere, In prime of Life was summolÙI here; Her Disposition good and just, Has paid the Debt we ali soon must. There are some other epitaphs on the same sheet but none of them pertaining to the district covered by Bpc- gones. J.S.D. MR. J. CRESSETT PELHAM (June 6, 1877).- I was told the other day that there is a, mail still living who worked on the roads breaking stones with Mr. Pelham and I was also told that the story goes that the last time he contested Shrewsbury, Mr. Pelham freely offered to the Free and Independent Electors 210 a piece for their votes and when the contest was over refused payment, severely chiding the corrupt voters for their venal conduct. SCROBBE.S BVRIG. The paragraph quoted by TOLD appeared in the Salopian. Journal of April 24, 183: and that to which it refers on January 9 of the same year. It is perhaps need- less now to say that Mr. Pelham never did ''turn up" and the estates devolved on his nephew, the Rev. Henry Thursby, who on succeeding assumed the additional sur- name of Pelham, and to whom a few weeks ago his portrait was presented by his tenantry. OLD SAOP. RUMOURED DEATH 0. MR. CRESSETT PKLIIAM. — From an announcement that appears in the A static Journal for this month, -there is, we fear, no doubt that JOHN CKESSETT PELIIAM, Esq., formerly M.P. for this county, and more recently the representative of the borough, is nomore. The announcement to which we refer is as follows :—" Death, at .Mauritius, August 29, Mr. Pelham, passenger on board the Nerbudda." It is well known that Mr. Cressett Pelham sailed from Liverpool, for the Iiast Indies in the autumn of 1837, and we have the best authority for stating that he had made an ap- pointment for meeting a gentleman at the Mauritius on his re- turn, which is a fact confirmatory of the notice that we have quoted. To Mr. Pelham's numerous friends, his death will be a source of deep and lasting regret, and his numerous tenantry and dependants will long deplore the loss of a landlord and master benevolent and kind in the highest degree, t o a manner somewhat eccentric Mr. Pelham united the accoinplisiiiiients of a gentleman and the attainments of a scholar. Deeply versed in the constitutional history of his coiuitrv and m she classic lore of early ages Mr. Pelham maintained those principles of public conduct that he supported with an uncteviating consistency and with a feeling Qf high-minded integrity that will cause him to lie revered by his political supporters as long as memory shall con- tinue. Of him it may justly be sail, that a more true-hearted Englishman never lived; anil we are sure tniiit many hundreds who will read this notice, and to whom .nr. Pelham was per- sonally known, will feel that in his death the country has sus- tained the loss of as firm a patriot as ever .801,t in the legislature of Great Britain, and of as ardeiti an admirer of the great prin- ciples of the British constitution as ever drew breath under its protecting and genial influences. Most happy should we be. if we could believe that the announcement to which we hav re- ferred did not relate to Mr. Cressett Pelham, but we feas that any such belief would not 00 well founded. -==:=-==-=-=--==--===--===--====-==_
The ardent anti-Ritualist who is charged with having, in an excess of Protestant fervour, damaged the confessional box in St. James's Church, Hatcham, was on Friday, July 2.0, com- mitted for trial at the Central Criminal Court. ¡ ++t..w.. -)li Miliar IMPBRIAL PARLIAMENT. .J"n.r,r. w HOUSE OF LORDS.—THURSDAY. J ue Earl of Beaconsfield, ia reference to the resolution «f the House of Commons on subject, defended the appointment ot Mr. Pigottto the controllership of the Stationery Department He stated his reasons for disagreeing with the Commons committee that technical knowledge was a -necessary oualiti- eation for the office. He denied that personal feeling "had "any- thing to do with the appointment, which was made ft on the pur- est oi motives. He had no personal knowledge of Mr. Pi^ott whose iather had been transferred from vicarage of Hu"h- enden thirty years ago. Lord Beaconsfield concluded by stat- ing that he had declined to accept Mr. Pigott's resignation. Earl Granville said lie regarded parliamentary criticism upon ministerial patronage as one of the greatest safeguards of good government, adding that he thought Lonl Beaconstield's ex- planation was entirely for the consideration of the other house. -Lord Penzance, Nord Northbrook, and Lord C.irdwell having testified to the ability of Mr. Pigott, the subject dropped.—Lord htratheden called attention to the progress of the Turco-Rnssian war, in order to urge that if we persisted in taking no part in the war we could not hope to influence the negotiations which must be entered upon when the fightIng ceased.—Lord Gran- ville having deprecated the introduction of thesubiect at the present time as inopportune, the Earl of Derby combated Lord Stratlieden a contention that the neutrality maintained by this countrj would, if persisted in, prevent iti influencing the negotiations that would ensue at the close of the war. His lordship confirmed the ministerial statements made elsewhere that there was nothing sinister in the return of the British fleet to isesiKa iiay. After this explanation the house adjourned. „ „ HOUSE OF COMMOXS-TIIIUSIMY. Ir. Forsyth drew attention to a circular issued by the Work. ing Men s Church Defence Association, containing a form pledging his constituents to vote for no candidate who would g not pledge himself to vote for the repeal of the Public Worshio Regulation Act, and he asked the Speaker if this was not a breach of privilege.—llie Speaker was of opinion that, although expressions contained in the document were calculated to influ- ence freedom of discussion on the part of honourable members and so far was highly reprehensible, still he could not sav that it went so far as to constitute a breach of privilege. In reply to questions, Ir, Bourke said the reports received bv the Foreign Office as to the alleged lu:;sialJ atrocities in Bulgaria would be printed and laill oil the table, and the House would then be able to judge for itself as to their, authenticity.—The Marquis of Hartington asked if the Chancellor of the Exchequer could give the House any information as to the progress of public busfliess. He pointed out that most of the measures an- nounced by the Government in the speech from the Throne had scarcely advanced a stage, and remarked that, if they were to be proceeded with, the Session would be prolonged beyond its usual limits.—The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in reply, menbooed the Bills the Government intended to drop, and those it was. desirous of proceeding with this session, and added that it was hoped the prorogation would take place about the 12th August. —The Marquis of Hartington was afraid that the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who had mentioned nine important Bills that the Government was desirous of passing in what remained of the Session, was taking too sanguine a view of the situation, and advised him to revise his list.—The House then went into' committe#on the Supreme Court of Judicature (Ireland) Bill. HOUSE OF LORDS.—FRIDAY. In the House of Lords, the business transacted was of limited interest, relating to the undistributed portion of the Kirwee booty, and to Coolie emigration from India to the British West India Colonies. The Factories Acts Amendments Bill passed through Committee, and, some other Bills having been advanced, their lordships adjourned at 6 25. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—FRIDAY". The Chancellor of the Exchequer drew attention to what took place in the House on Monday in reference to the resolution censuring the Government for the appointment of Mr. Pigott to the controllership of tne Stationery Department. lie was pre- pared to meet the motion upon the ground that the appoint- ment was not in accordance with the recommendations of the 61 ( e Select Committee, but he was unprepared for the statement that the father of Mr. Pigott had private and political relations with the Prime Minister. He was fully convinced that the ob- servations o& the lion, member for Hackney iu regard to Lord Beaconsfield's relations with the'fatlier of Mr. Pigott, passing as they did without any auswer, had a very material effect upon the vote at, which the House arrived; but the Prime Minister had now shown that those statements were without foundation. The resignation which Mr. Pigott had tendered in consequence upon the vote of the House had not therefore been accepted, and it might be attended with inconvenience if a resolution were to remain on the journals without having any practical effect. He left the matter in the hands of the House.—Sir W. Barttelot gave notice of a motion for Monday withdrawing the censure conveyed in the former resolution.—ft was agreed that no fur- ther debate should now take place, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer intimated that on Monday he should move the sus- pension of the orders, to enable the hon. baronet's motion to be brought on early.—The consideration of the Irish Judicature Bill in Committee occupied the remainder of the sitting up to the time for adjournment at seven o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—SATURDAY. Being unable to make much progress with the Irish Jnrtica- t.l1l"f.1. Kill nn ItrJ(ln.v nHl'ht. iiwirin to. +hn 1 1. no few of the Irish members, the House of Commons met again on Saturday anil resumed consideration of the measures in com- mittee. Mr. Biggar and Mr. Parnell were as conspicuous as ever in throwing obstacles in the way of progress, but beyond protracting the proceedings for an hour or two their opposition was fruitless, and the Bill passed through committee. HOUSE OF LORDS.—MONDAY. Earl Granville asked if the Government could afford the House any information as to certain rumours with reference to the movement of British troops to the Mediterranean.—The Earl of Derby expressed satisfaction at being able at once to answer a question which was both natural and opportune. What had happened was this. The Mediterranean garrisons were at present below their full complement, and it had been thought desirable, in the present uncertain and disturbed con- dition of Europe, that they should be strengthened to the extent oi about three thousand men. This was the sole founda- tion for the rumours which had appeared in the newspapers. The Duke of Richmond, in reply to a question, said the recent outbreak of cattle plague in the metropolitan area was only a continuauioii of wllat was rep.ortell some time ago. Heexplained the precautions that were being taken to prevent it from spread- ing. HOUSE OF COMMON'S.—MONDAY. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in reply to the Marquis of Hartington, made a similar explanation to that given in the Upper House with reference to the rumours current as to the hasty despatch of English troops to the Mediterranean. The right hon. gentleman said the rumours were based on the fact that the Government, in the present state of affairs in the Mediterranean region, have thought it right to raise the garrison of Malta to its proper complement. This was the reason why troops were being despatched, and this was the only answer that he coulil give. -The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved that for the re- mainder of the session, orders of the day have precedence of notices of motion upon Tuesday, Government orders having priority, anil that Government orders have priority on Wednes- day. Monk objected to the privileges of private members being thus infringed, and moved an amendment confining the resolution to Tuesdays.—There followed a warm debate, and a somewhat unusual scene, Mr. Chaplin accusing the Iriish representatives of "stubborn insensibility to every sentiment and evsyy feeling by which gentlemen were goverile(i. "-After some angry debate, the Chancellor of the Exchequer expressed disapprobation at the unbecoming language which had been used, and pressed for a vote on the motiou,-The amendment was lost on a division by an overwhelming majority.-The orders of the day having been postponed, Sir W. Barttelot brought forward his motion to rescind the resolution carried by Mr. Holms on Monday last 011 the subject of Mr. Pigott's appointment.—Mr. Reginald Yorke seconded the motion.—Mr. Holms made a lengthy justification of his former remarks, but expressed his readiness to withdraw that part of the resolution whiCll conveyed censure, although he was still of opinion that the appointment of Mr. Pigott was not in accordance with the best interests of the country —A long debate followed, resulting in the resolution being unanimously agreed to. -The House afterwards went into Committee of Supply. HOUSE OF LORDS-THURSDAY. The House met at five o'clock.— The Married Women's Pro- perty (Scotland) Bill, the object of which is to protect the earn- ings of married women, was read a second time.—The Telegraphs (Money) Bill was also read a second time.—The Factories Act Amendment Bill and the Registered Writs Execution (Scotland) Bill were read a third time and p:isse(I.-E-ii-I Cadogan gave notice that on Monday he should call attention to the proposals of the Government consequent upon the report of the Commis- sion on Army Promotion and Retirement.—Their Lordships rose at 25 minutes past five o'clock. HOUSE OF COMMONS.—TUESDAY. The House met at four o'clock. Mr. Whalley asell whether, with referenca to the dispatch of troops to Miilufi, in any contingency hostile action wp.s contem- plate^ towards Russia, and if so, what was the contingency, and whether any other r ui opcan Power concurred in any such action or policy. Also, whether the Government had not already re- ceived froni Russia a complaint of breach of neutrality, and if so, would it be laid on the table?—The Chancellor of the Exchequer said Her Majesty's Government had received no "Oli complaint of a breach of neutrality from Russia, either in writing or in any other way. He declined to answer the rest of the -III reply to Mr. S. Lloyd, Mr. Boiukesaid that the negotiations for a renewal of the Treaty of Commerce with France were for the present suspended. A proposal made at the Conference by the trench Commissioners was now under the consideration of Her Majesty's Government. The French Government had proposed that after the elections—now being held—were concluded, the negotiations should be resumed. —Mr. Lowther, in moving that the House go into Committee 011 the South African Bill, explained that its object was to authorize a federation of the South African Colonies, denying that it was a crotchet of Lord Carnarvon, but pointing out that it was a. Statesmanlike policy to promote the security, progress and good government of tile various South Afric,ln,eoll,lntiiji ies-- Sir George Campbell complained that adequate provision was not made for the fair treatment of the natives, and moved as an amendment a resolution to that effect.—The provisions of the Bill were criticized at some length by Mr. "r- E. Jenkins, Sir H. Holland, Air. Parnell, and Mr. O Dounell, who for two hours inveighed against the policy of the Government in South Africa, contrasting it with its conduct to Ireland, during: which several attempts to count the House were made by Mr. Biggor and Major O'Gorman.—Mr. Cowan described the charac- ter of the Dutch Republic, and strongly supported the Bill. Sir C. Dilke and Mr Courteney oppo-sea tiie bill. On a division, the amendment wtsnegitive(I by 22. to -1.. Another division, was challenged on the origin-Cl Motion, winch was carried by 139 to r>. The House went into committee, hut progress was at- once reported.—Several Bills were advanced a stage, and the- House adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.-WEDNESDAY. The House having gone into Committee on the South African Confederation Bill, an almost unprecedented scene took plaj«, arising out of the systematic and persistent obstruction of the- [Irish members. Mr. J aineh, memher for Meath, complained that it was very dirhciut for aim to get a hearing, under the in- timidation which so many members resorted to in order to pre- vent his doing 111s duty.—-The Chairman called upon Mr. Parnell to withdraw his imputation of intimidation.—Mr. Parnell. said, the intimidation he intended to refer to was that of the- ^n-- Si which was deliberately intended to prevent his- doing his duty, but ho should not allow himself to be prevented from speaking whenever he thought it necessary. —Mr., Parnell was repeatedly called to order.—The Chancellor of the- fcxeaequer called the Speaker's attention to the difff- ciuty 111 which the Government was placed ill conducting public husinessby such proceedings as had just taken place and moved that. She hon. imam er for Meath should, be im- pended from his functions of spsaking and taking part in the de- bates of the HOILSQ until Friday next. The Speaker ("died u oon 1 b'-|Parnell to giwj any explanation which lie might desire. Mr. Pamell proceeded to ilo so, bi'i. he made oad worse-by eompi5ain- ing that lie had been subjected to menace not only 1-y the y.; ess, but by members, of that Horjse. Mr. R. Yorke thereupon vaeved that these wor<s be taken down, which was done, and the ob- jectionable sentence having been reai out, Mr. Parnetl denied having used the words insetted to htm, notwithstanding tluir verification by certain h-jfl. members. Mr. PavjieU was then called upon fey the Speaker to withdraw, and he left the House. The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved that, Air. Parnell,. having wilfully and pers;.6tently obstructed pablic lousiness, was. guilty of ao-ntempt, and chat he bj-suspended froixL the service of the House- until Friistiy. Then followed a. long debate. Eventually it was dectfwl to adjourn the debate until Friday. Jfj'hc effect<tf this decision waxiShatMT. Pasucll resumed hiss,at, and when the debate on the Sc&th Africa* Bill was taken u;* he 1. also Testinieil his ol^a)ructiveness. Progress was reported, and the iguuse adjournwi; at six o clock.
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