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ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE JUBILEE…

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ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE JUBILEE FESTIVAL. The fiftieth anniversary of St. David's College, Lam- peter, and of the Very Rev. Dr. Lewellin's connection with it as Principal, was celebrated with much eclat on Thursday, June 28th, in the presence of four occupants of the Episcopal Bench, a large number of other ecclesi- astical dignitaries, about four hundred of the clergy, the majority of them being past members of the College, and a good sprinkling of the leading laity from the counties of Cardigan and Carmarthen. A brief history of the College from its commencement, as given in the calendar, will not be uninteresting on the present occasion. St. David's College was founded by Bishop Burgess, A.D. 1822, with the aid of subscriptions from the clergy of the diocese of St. David's, and others, among which were grants from the administrations of Lord .Liverpool and Mr. Canning, amounting to £ 6,000, and a donation of 21,000 from the private purse of King George IV. The land for the site was granted in part by the Lord of the Manor, Mr. J. S. Harford, together with a donation of .ci,ooo. The College was opened for students on March 1st, 1827, and was incorporated by Royal Charter on the 6th of February, 1828, under the name of St. David's College. Since that date two additional Charters have been granted by her Majesty Queen Victoria, making such alterations in the constitution of the College as seemed necessary, and giving it the right of conferring the degrees of B.A. and B.D. In the first Charter the King nominated the Principal, Senior Tutor, and Professors, to constitute with their successors for ever a body corporate under the name of the Principal, Tutors, and Professors of St. David's College, in the county of Cardigan. The Bishop of St. David's for the time being, is appointed visitor, and directions are given that the Senior Tutor shall be, and act as, Vice-Principal. The Charter of the ltith July, 1852, states that since the foundation of the College, very many of the clergy in the Principality of Wales have attained to great proficiency in Theological learning,' and directs that the Principal, Tutors, and Professors shall cause an examination of candidates for the degree of Bachelor in Divinity, to be held once in every year. In 1852 Mr. Thomas Phillips, of Brunswick Square, London, founded a new Professorship of Physical Science by a bequest of above £ 7,000. The Phillips pro- fessor, is also Professor of Mathematics. In 1854 the lecturer in Welsh, who had formerly been Senior Scholar and Assistant Tutor was appointed Professor of Welsh, and subsequently became Incumbent of Llanedi. On the 31st of January, 1865, a Charter was granted by her Majesty Queen Victoria, which declares that the course of education at St. David's College, Lampeter, ought to be extended so as to be equivalent to the ordinary course for a Bachelor's degree in the Universities of Oxford or Cambridge, and should include teaching in Hebrew, Divinity, and Welsh, and that to carry on the course of teaching there should be five Professorships, besides the Phillips Professorship, and the following branches of knowledge should be distributed among the Professor- ships-Greek, Latin, Mathematics (pure and mixed), Divinity, Hebrew, Moral and Mental Philosophy, Eng- lish Language, History and Literature, and Welsh, and that one of the Professorships should be held by the Prin- cipal, and another by the Vice-Principal.' The present society consists of a visitor, the Lord Bishop of St. David's, and the sub-visitors, the Lord Bishop of Llandaff, the Lord Bishop of Winchester, the Lord Bishop of Bangor, and Lord Powis; the Principal and Profesor of Greek and Theology, the Very Rev. Lle. Lewellin, M.A., D.C.L., Dean of St. David's, Jesus College, Oxford; the Vice-Principal and Professor of Hebrew and Theology, the Rev. W. Harrison Davey, M.A., late Scholar of Lin- coln College, Oxford; Professor of Welsh, Lecturer in Hebrew, and Bursar, the Rev. Joseph Hughes, B.D. late senior scholar and prizeman of t. David's College Professor of English and Modern Languages, Lecturer in Hebrew, and Steward, the Rev. J. J. Lias, M.A., late Scholar of Emmanuel College, Cambridge; and Pro- fessor of Mathematics and Physical Science, and Censor, Arthur William Scott, M.A.. late Mathematical Scholar of Trinity College, Dublin. In 1833 Bishop Burgess founded four Scholarships, the funds for the support of which were in fact derived from two bequests, one by Mr. Francis Burton, one of the Justices for North Wales, and consisting of £ 100, and a share in the Regent's Canal; the other the sum of E17J by Mrs. Martha More. The remaining and principal portion of the endowment is de- rived from the Bishop's own munificence. The Right Rev. Bishop Van Mildert, of Durham, formerly Bishop of Llaudatf, placed during his lifetime B500 at the dis- posal of the Visitor, which was appropriated to the estab- lishment of one open Scholarship of the value of £ 16 per annum. Bishop Burgess also by a final bequest added the Salisbury, of ths value of £ 25. By means of contributions to the Scholarship fund the three Butlers and the Van Mildert have been increased to Jg30. The value of the Martha More is 220 per annum; the Eldon Welsh, £ 25; the Eldon Hebrew, klo; and the Burton, E14. Mr. John Jones of Derry Ormond, founded during his lifetime an open Scholarship of £10, and at his death bequeathed 2333 bs. 8d., three per cent. consols for its maintenance. In 1834 Mrs. Hannah More be- nueathed 1:400, three per cent. stock, to found an open scholarship, value 210 9s. per annum. The Rev. R. Butler, rector of Inkben, Berkshire, added to previous benefactions a bequest of E2,000, which was applied to the maintenance of three scholarships. These scholarships have been increased from their original value to B30 per annum. In 1846 Mr. Thomas Phillips, of Brunswick Square, founded six scholarships of L24 each; and in 1847 the Rev. Daniel Bowen founded the Waunifor scholarship of 212. The Rev. David Evans, a native of Carmarthen- shire "ami Rector of Simonburn, Northumberland, also founded a scholarship in 1854 of the value of £ 16 5s. 6d., with a preference for natives of Carmarthenshire. Besides these the College awards annually four scholarships, one of B40 one of 1:35, and two of JE20, with a small number of exhibitions for students of limited means, whose conduct is satisfactory, and also two exhibitions in Hebrew, one in Welsh, one in modern languages, one in classics, one in mathematics, and one in physical science, each of the value of £10, and several prizes." The Jubilee Festival commenced with the formation of a procession in the College grounds, and after the members had proceeded through the town, a service was held in the Parish Church, which was filled to overflowing. The Very Rev. Dr. Llewellin read the Gospel, and the Rev. H. Morgan the Epistle. The prayers were read and intoned by the Rev. Professor Lias. the first lesson by the Rev. Professor Edmondes. and the second lesson by the Rev. Professor Davey. The sermon was preached by the Lord Bishop of Hereford, who took as his text the latter part of the 5th verse of the 4th chapter of the Second Epistle to Timothy—"Make full proof of thy ministry." It would have been more natural, perhaps, his Lordship remarked, and indeed he might almost say that very possibly their expectation de- manded it, that on an occasion like the present, so interest- ing to those who were concerned in the welfare of the Church in the Principality, that one of the four Welsh bishops should have preached the sermon, but as it had been entrusted to him, he accepted it with all cheerful- ness, and at once addressed himself to the task. In a sense a very limited one to be sure, but still in a sense, there'was a connection between the Diocese of Hereford and the Welsh sees which made the selection of the preacher that day less inappropriate than it might other- wise have appeared. He had joined with his four brothers in the obligation to take such order among others over the soul's health of the flocks committed to their charge within Wales as to see that the Prayer Book should be truly and exactly translated into the British or Welsh tongue, and he owed to Lampeter some few of his fellow workers in his diocese. But at all events he had been entrusted with a most honourable responsibility en that occasion. He conceived it to be his business, then, to say some words which might animate and encourage those who were being educated within the walls of St. David's College, to press them to manfully grapple with the work which had been set before them, and at the same time, if so it might be, to exhort those who in earlier days received their education there, to repay the culture which was supplied them at Lampeter by a diligent discharge of the offices to which that training had in some measure introduced them. As a preliminary remark to the exhortation which followed the text, he would say-" be fully persuaded in your minds and in your hearts, what the ministry is to which you have been called, or to which you trust that in good time you will come." There was an outward and an inner view of the question. First, as to the outward aspect in which the Church is presented. Remember, then, he would say to them, that they were members of a Church which claimed to be built upon the rock of which their Saviour spake to St. Peter, and so to be a true branch of the Church Catholic-that Church which the Lord Jesus produced with his own blood. If that was not at once a most sustaining and most suggestiv e thought he could not fancy what words meant. He was speaking, it would be folly to forget, in the hearing of some who had been very familiar with the arguments by which that truth could be irrefrao-ably established, and for their sakes he might at once leave that subject, but he was also speaking in the hearing of others who had never been called upon to study,"and therefore had never mastered the question as xn to the real foundation and true position of the Church of England, to which they belonged. There was no such fatal danger to the Church as ignorance on the part of her lay sons and daughters. Bold and intrepid assertions were made from time to time, or cunning or insinuating suggestions were thrown out, and if they were not re- ceived with that caution and allowance which was requisite, the result could not fail to be prejudicial to the true interests of the Church, if not positively dangerous to all Christians as witnesses for Christ. There were hundreds and hundreds of people, for example, who re- garded the Church of England as only one out of many sects. Hundreds and hundreds thought of her, If they thought at all, as some sort of child of the Church of Rome, but there were hundreds and hundreds more who thought that she became a Church at the Reformation. At that rate she would be some 300 years old, instead of being united by origin with the Church of the Apostles. But the truth was that the English Church after the Reformation was as much the English Church as Naaman was Naaman after he had washed in the River Jordan. Indeed. as his flesh then came agam, so was she again re- stored to the healthful tone at the Reformation. They did not arrogate to themselves, as one Archbishop had, a new Church, new holy orders, and a new religion. Their religion was the same as it was before, their Church was the same, and their holy order was the same, differing* from what they were before only as a garden weeded differed from a garden unweeded. She became Protestant in order that she might be more thoroughly and purely Catholic. It was impossible for a Churchman to be too cautious as to the admissions he might make on questions like those. They knew how common an argument it was with some Christians, that if everybody had their own, many of the endowments of the universities, and most of the endowments held by the Church of England, would belong to the members of the Roman Communion, inasmuch as they were given to the Roman Church originally. But the intelligent layman replied that it was no such such thing. It was to the Church of Eng- land the endowments were given, and to the Church of England they still belonged. The Church of England did not repudiate her connection. She did not separate herself from the Catholic Church at tne Reformation. She was the same Church still. Reformed, though God built it. Reformed, but still Catholic. Recovered from the errors which in course of time she had fallen into. But the same Church still to which her children in the early days belonged. God grant that her connection with the Church of primitive days. might never be severed. God grant that her catholicity might always be preserved. God grant that her children might be faithful to her, and appreciate the blessings which she had to bestow. He did not think that that was quite the time or place to speak at any length upon the nature of the connection that subsisted between the State and the Church, and the state of the country in which they lived but it would be impossi- ble to pass the question over altogether in silence, espe- cially with the knowledge so clearly possessed by him that there were some even in their own communion who would fain see the connection destroyed, believing that such a separation would be really beneficial to the Church. Of them he would say, truly they know not what they do, when by any words or actions of theirs they hastened the day of dissolution. Fain would he recommend to their attention the consideration of such words as these in Coleridge's Table Talk :—" The National Church requires and is required by the Christian Church for the perfection of each for if there were no National Church the mere Spiritual Church would either become, like the Papacy, a terrible tyranny over mind and body, or else would fall abroad into a multitude of enthusiastic sects, as in Eng- land in the 17th century." It is my firm conviction," said that doep thinker, that in a country of any religion at all, liberty of conscience can only be permanently pre- served by means of and under the shadow of a National Church—a political establishment connected with, but distinct from, the Spiritual Church." No doubt there were many seeming advantages in the independent action of the Church. At times, no doubt, the minds of church- men were irritated by what, perhaps, they thought was an undue or unjust interference with what they thought were the Church's rights, and in their impatience they would fain snap the chain which restrained them. They would fain make law for their own guidance, and being a law unto themselves, would regard the decisions of the Courts as mere state utterances. But they looked at one side of the question only, and that, as many of them who held with him were persuaded, from a mistaken point of view. They left out of sight altogether the advantages—the many patent advantages—which resulted from a connec- tion between Church and State. They forgot, as it seemed to him, the imminent danger to religion which would necessarily ensue in the country districts, especially if there were no material provision made for the due per- formance of the ordinances of religion. They thought of the large towns, in which, for the most part, their lot was cast, and where voluntary effort was greater but they did not weigh the purport of the wise words which fell from one whom he loved to call his master, and whom he succeeded in the charge of an important parish. They did not weigh the purport of such wise words as those which the late Dr. Hook used. He reminded his hsarers that where there was no National Church they who required instruction least received it most, and they who required it most had it not at all. They should, therefore, when considering the question, whether or not the placing of a man of education, respectability, and religion in each parish where "the inhabitants where too poor to support, or too ignorant to desire, an instructor, was an advantage to the country which would often only be properly appre- ciated when it was lost. His rev. brothers in Christ held the ministry in a Church duly planted, duly settled in the land. Let them, then, make full proof of their ministry, and with all the advantages which their position gave them-for they were many—let them wait on their ministry and endeavour to quit them like faithful, and in- telligent, and attached members of the Church. But if there were an outward aspert in" which the Church was presented to them, there was also an inner view which her children were permitted to take of her. Glorious things are spoken of thee, thou city of God Let him re- mind them of some of them, in the words of a late bishop, collected from the word of God itself. Con- sider," he would say to them, "that the Church was founded by Jesus Christ, founded by Him in order that by it might be made known the manifold wisdom of God, and that in it. by the salvation of man, there might be honour to Him for ever. The Church was the body and the spouse of Christ, the king's daughter, the queen at the right hand of the majesty. The Lord's vineyard. The Kingdom of Heaven, of God, of Christ. The mountain of the Lord to which all nations should come. The House built on a rock. The pillar and ground of the truth. The city of God. The Jeru- salem above, the mother of us all. To the Church it was promised by God Himself that all nations should come to her light; that kings should be her nursing fathers, and queens her nursing mothers; that no weapon formed against her should prosper; and that the nation and kingdom that would not serve her should perish and be utterly wasted. Some of them would possibly remember Jeremy Taylor's description of her. It was a tremendous responsibility to belong to such a Church. How much more, then, to have received the office of ministry in it He said it in all sober seriousness. He knew of no more blessed occupation on earth than to be entrusted with such a commission as that which the mercy of their God had put into their hands, to be able to assure a penitent anxious heart of forgiveness. It is true they were without strength. It was true they had sinned deeply against God. It was true that if God dealt with them after their sins, or rewarded them according to their iniquities, their case would be dreadful indeed. But God was reconciling the world unto Him by Christ, not imputing their tres- passes unto them. When they were without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly and if, when they were yet enemies, they were reconciled to God by the death of His Son, how much more, being reconciled, they would be saved by His life; and, therefore, being justi- fied by faith they had peace with God through their Lord Jesus Christ. He did not attempt, of course, in such a sermon as the present, even to hint at the important foundations of the Christian ministry entrusted to them. He had struck one note only of the heavenly harp, but that one would awaken many echoes, and produce much search- ing of heart among them. They were entrusted with the proclamation of the blessed Lord's gospel, with the ministry, the word of reconciliation. They were ambas- sadors to the people who surrounded them, as though God did beseech them, through their ministers, to be re- conciled unto Him. All their creed and all their cry should therefore be, "We pray you, in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God." Oh, that there was such a heart in them all! A consuming zeal for the salvation of those souls who were in any degree committed to their ministry! He had been led into that train of thought by the recol- lection of the circumstances under which, as he conceived it, they were gathered there that morning. The college of St. David's in Lampeter had for its main object the preparation of young men for holy orders. No doubt it served other purposes, for the course of education given there had been extended so as to embrace preparation for the Civil Service and other avocations in life, and its cur- riculum was as wide as that of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge twelve years ago but it was recited in the first charter granted to the College, as the reason for making certain alterations, and for giving the power of conferring degrees, that since the foundation of the Col- lege very many of the clergy in the Principality of Wales have attained to great proficiency in theological learning," as if the provision of clergy for the Principality was the main object which the CoHege had in view. No doubt it was so, and that primary object had been steadily and consistently pursued. They were mainly clergymen, he supposed, to whom he was speaking, and those who were undergoing training at the College. He besought them, as his brothers in Christ Jesus, and as his fellow-workers, to make full proof of their ministry. The times were very critical in which their lot had been cast. Perhaps, however, everyone thought his own times especially so, and might therefore be led to exaggerate the difficulties which threatened and impeded his progress. He did not say there were unusual perplexities in these days, though perhaps he might say so with truth; but without any supposition of exaggeration he might say that the days were evil to the Church, without saying to what source that evil might be ascribed. There was therefore the greater need that all her children and especially those who served at the altar and ministered of the holy things, should make full proof of their ministry by increased and ever-in- creasing faithfulness to their calling. There was, no r1i :V a ffreat need why they should be reminded of that. It was a fact, as he had read in an ordination sermon of great power, that in many cases ministerial exertions flagged with the lapse of years. A young man took holy orders, and at the time was deeply impressed with the responsibility and solemnity of the calling which he had received. His mind dwelt upon it. The duties and the responsibilities were charged again and again upon him. His whole thought was engaged with the failure or success of others, and he longed to be in the van of the battle doing his part as he felt and believed he could do it, against the kingdom of evil and building up the king- dom of light. He went to his parish with a sincere desire to maintain the cause of Christ and win souls to him. But then came the difficulties. Not that open opposition which nerved a manly spirit and made him more deter- mined, but those almost impalpable lets and hindrances which checked his influence and wearied his heart—hin- drances arising from the dullness and stolidity of inbred habits and prejudices of those around him. He seemed to make no progress, and then he looked round and saw others older than himself in the ministry, undisturbed and undistressed by similar want of progress attending their ministry, surrounding themselves with family and domestie comforts. He then insensibly got to think that he had pitched his note too high at first; that he had expected too much from himself and others, and then ensued the moral results and the relaxation of work. Perhaps lie even resumed the pleasures and amusements in which he used to delight before his ordination. Who would not, dreading jthe possibility of such a decline in his own case, earnestly pray against such an evident failure, and make full proof of his ministry ? Who would not with heart and soul, pray for the continual presence of God's Spirit, that he might behave himself wisely in the House of God, which was the church of the living God, the pillar and the ground of the truth ? He was speaking to some that morning—he wished the number were largely multiplied-who might be preparing for the ministry which they hoped would some day be entrusted to them. Let him speak a word of warning to such. The gift was noc yet given to them, but they were expecting it. Let them never forget that it was a most sacred charge that would be handed to them, not to be used for mere worldly advantage, but for the salvation of their own souls and the salvation of others. Let them never forget St. Paul's direction, "Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy let us prophesy, according to the proportion of faith; or ministry, let us wait on our ministering: or he that teacheth on teaching or he that exhorteth on exhortation." Walk warily in these dangerous days, and steer clear of all party designations. They should be very slow in committing them- selves to any party name. When there were great and im- portant principles at stake; when the eternal verities were constantly being questioned, it was no time to be playing with trifles. Listen, again, to what the Apostle Paul had said, Let no man despise thy youth, but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. Neglect not the gift that is in thee meditate upon these things, give thy- self wholly to them, that thy profiting may appear to all. Take head unto thyself and unto the doctrine continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself and them that hear thee." There was a duty and an ex- ceeding great reward. Might God strengthen them for the performance of the one, and in His own good time bestow upon them the other, for His dear Son's sake. Amen. The "Hallelujah Chorus" having been sung by the choir, under the direction of Mr. Tom Taylor Evans, the Dean prouounced the benediction, and the congregation separated. A very animating sight presented itself as the members of the congregation made their way from the church to the College. The different colours of the hoods worn by the Bishop, Clergy, and Professors-Oxford, Cambridge, and Dublin fraternising with Lampeter-the many tinted dressses of the ladies, who attended in large numbers, and the more sober hues of the row of bystanders on each side of the street, combined with the flags and banners that fluttered in the cooling breeze, made up a scene which, in another department, was only to be equalled by the enchanting scenery of that part of the Vale of Teify. Arrived at the College an attempt was made by the large assembly to enter the Examination Hall, where the de- grees are usually conferred. The consequence was an ex- cessive amount of overcrowding, and an equally excessive amount of warmth. Too much by far, in fact, to be com- fortable. However, the meeting had not long to wait. Very soon the Principal, the Very Rev. Ll. Lewellin, M.A., D.C.L., Dean of St. David's, Jesus College, Ox- ford, robed in crimson and scarlet, accompanied by the Bishops, Professors, and Examiners, appeared on the platform, ascended the throne, and held himself in readi- ness to confer the degress; the Vice Principal, the Rev. W. H. Davey, M.A., Lincoln College, Oxford, preparing at the foot of the throne to present the candidates, and the Rev. C. G. Edmondes, M.A., of Trinity College, Ox- ford, to adjust the hoods. Rising to address the meeting, the PRINCIPAL said-The year is come round once more. Once more the close has come and to reap the fruits and to see the results of it, and confer degrees upon all whom degrees are due, attends the close. My friend, the Examiner, the Rev. W. M. Collett, Oriel College, Oxford, will make a statement as to the result of the examination generally, and then I shall proceed in another language to confer the degrees. The Rev. W. M. COLLETT said that as the majority of those present had not seen the paper which had been printed, containing the results of the examination which he and his fellow-examiner, Mr. C. Taylor, had made, he would very briefly give them what had taken place. There were three classes of men who were reading for respon- sions, representing roughly, three degrees of merit. The first class contained those who had done really well the second class those who had done fairly well; and the third class, those who had satisfied the examiners, or, it might be, those who had only just satisfied the examiners. In the first class there was one only, Thomas Phillips, who also got two prizes. He was really very good; a young man of unusual promise, who, if he went on working as he did last year, ought to do very well. In the second class there were four names, D. L. Davies, D. Griffiths. junr.. W. L. Protheroe, and D. B. Williams, students who had done what he might term fairly well. They had satisfied the examiners, and it might be a little more than satisfied them. They were, in fact, what would be called at Oxford, rather good pass men. In the third class there was an innovation, he believed, consisting of the division of the class by means of a line, so that practi- cally what were really three classesbecame four. The three above the line had satisfied the examiners, and those who were below the line had, he was sorry to say, only just succeeded in satisfying the examiners. In fact, although there were six of them, had it not been the year of jubilee those six would not have appeared at all where they were now. (Laughter.) The second year men in the modera- tions were the best of the three. In the first class of the second year good work had been done. There were three names, T. Taylor Evans, L. J. Hudson, and J. Eales. Those three represented merit of a kind. The merit, however, did not all run in one groove, for while, for in- stance, T. Taylor Evans was head in point of marks, and represented the general, all round, average sort of merit, which always did tell in an examination, Hudson was dis- tinctly the best scholar, with the exception, perhaps, of one in the College, who had gone out that year. (Cheers.) Eales represented a considerable power of study and pure hard work. The second class of the second year men had done fairly well, and the third class had succeeded in satis- fying the examiners. Among the third year men John Jenkins was distinctly the best. His papers were remark- ably good and had the appearance that he was able to do better but that had been explained to the examiners by the fact that he (Mr. Jenkins) had been somewhat out of health recently. As to classics, he was glad that part of the examination contradicted an opinion held by some people, and one which he confessed he entertained himself a.t one time. Though the College was founded especially for the study of divinity, to cultivate men to be clergymen, yet it was extremely desirable that the curriculum should not run in one groove-that men who entered the College should have opportunities of pursuing such branches of knowledge for which they possessed particular aptitude. There were two men in that department, T. Rhys Jones and W. Rees. He was very happy to be able to say that Mr. T. Rhys Jones would not only have passed, so far as the speaker knew, anywhere, but had he been at Oxford and he (Mr. Collett) had been the examiner, as he very possibly would be, he would not only have given Mr. Jones tes- tamur, but should consider he had passed a very satisfac- tory examination. (Cheers.) Mr. Rhys Jones had passed in classics. As to Mr. W. Rees, who had obtained a second class in mathematics, he would no doubt have got a similar degree had he been at Cambridge. (Applause.) He understood that it was the wish of the authorities of the College that the degree of B.A. should represent a certain amount of merit of a certain kind, and he as an examiner from Oxford might say that the standard was quite as good as he had expected or even better. Those who knew the students whose names appeared in the list would know how far the examination represented the opinions formed of them. The PRINCIPAL remarked that the list pretty nearly represented the opinions formed in the College respecting the men and their merits. The prize list was as follows :— THEOLOGICAL CERTIFICATE. The Rev. S. W. Jenkins, B.A., Llanelly. THEOLOGICAL B.A. Class I: John Jenkins and Phillip Maddocks; Cardiff. Class II H. J. Williams, Merthyr; Herbert Hughes, Silian, H. B. Jones, Talley, and Herbert Jones, Talsarn (equal), and D. R. P. Davies, Fishguard. Class III Joseph Evans, Llanfairclydogau and T. P. Rogers. CLASSICAL. Class I: T. Rhys Jones, St. Dogmels. MATHEMATICAL. Honours. —Class II: W. Rees, Brecon. CERTIFICATES. W. Jones, Lampeter; R. L. Morgan, Llanfihangel Ystrad; and D. S. Jones, Llannon. BIENNIALS. D. Griffiths and D. Evans, Llanbadam; D. Worthington, Lam- peter; and Thomas Jones, New Quay. MODERATIONS. Class I: T. Taylor Evans, Merthyr L. J. Hudson, New Quay; and John Eales. Class II: Hugh Roberts, Anglesea; H. Wil- liams, Nantcwnlle and J. F. Rees, Llandilo. Class III J. Williams, sen., Trefnant, H. Harries, R. David, Cowbridge, Thomas Jones, sen., Llanddewi; and J. M. Jones (equal) Bangor David Jones, Llanon, and J. Williams, jun. (equal). RESI'ONSIONS. Class I: Thomas Phillips, Llanelly. Class II: D. L. Davies Llanon; D. Griffith, jun., Llanwenog; and W. L. Protheroe' Llandovery (equal), and D. B. Williams, Llanwnnen. Class III: Thomas James, Devil's Bridge; T. L. Davies, London' and J. L. Hughes,. Milford Haven.—J. 1. Richards, Rhymney; J. J. Jones, Lampeter; M. Morgan, Llanon; D. Bowen Car- marthen James James, Llanddewi; and John Rees, Swansea BIENNIALS. D. R. Mathias, St. Dogmels. PRIZES. Theology John Jenkins. Hebrew (Ollivant prize): T. Rhys Jones, St. Dogmels. Second year L. J. Hudson. Classics T. Rhys Jones, St. Dogmels. Mathematics W. Rees, Brecon. Science: T. Phillips. Bates'prize, T. Phillips. English History T. Taylor Evans, Merthyr. Logic: T. Taylor Evans. The degrees were then conferred, the candidates being loudly cheered as they stepped forward. This part of the proceedings terminated with fC brief Latin speech by the Principal. The luncheon was laid out in a large marquee erected in the College grounds, capable of containing five or six hundred persons. The chair was taken by the Very Rev. Dr. Lewellin, the Principal. The following bishops, clergy, and laity accepted invitations, and with few exceptions, were present-The Bishop of St. David's, visitor, Bishop of Llandaff, Bishop of St. Asaph, Bishop of Hereford; Archdeacons of Brecon (De Winton), Cardigan (North), Carmarthen (Williams), St. David's (Lewis), Montgomery (Ffoulkes), Llandaff (Griffiths) Canons Allen, D. Williams, and Lewis (St. David's), Lewis (Dolgelley), and Bathersby, George Griffiths, Mach- ynlleth Sir T. Lloyd, Bart., Sir John Mannsell, Bart., Mr. David Pugh, Llandilo, Mr. Gwynett Tyler, Mr. Goring Thomas, Mr. C. Bath, Swansea, Captains Parry, Tyllwyd, Vaughan, Mr. R. D. Jenkins, Cardigan, Major Bassett Lewis, Mr. P. Hughes, Allwyd, Mr. John Evans, Llandilo, Mr. Thomas Rees, Llandilo, Mr. Myers, Swansea, Mr. G. B. Hughes, Q.C., Mr. C. R. Longcroft, Llanina, Mr. W. Jones, Llwyngroes, Mr. T. H. R. Hughes, Neuadd Fawr, Mr. E. Jones, Llan- dovery, Mr. G. Thomas, Llanon, Mr. John Davies, Mr. J. Harvey, Haverfordwest, the Rev. Professor Grimley, M.A., Aberystwyth, and Mr. J. Lloyd, Gilfachwen; the Revs. William Winston, Penderyn, Aberdare, John Griffiths, Llandilo, Carmarthenshire, Thos. Thomas, Crigina, St. David's, E. Jones, Tyglyn, Cilia Ayron, W. Hughes, Caerwys, Holywell, James John Evans, Llanfi- hangel Heligen, Mr. E. Middleton Evans, H. Percy, Thomas Nash, Pembrokeshire, Samuel Danby, Market Harborough, Thomas Higgin Dunn, Tenby, Richard Jones, ComminsCoch,Montgomery, Evan Lewis, Llanfair Talhaiarn, John Powell Jones, Llantrissant, Morgan Evans, Llangwyryfron, Aberystwyth, Samuel Jones, Llangunnor, Carmarthen, John Lloyd Sinnett, Bangor ar Tsifi, James John Douglas, Kirni Muir, N.B., D. Bankes Price, Llangelynen, Conway, David Williams, Llanelly, Richard Bowcott, Llangadock, Carmarthenshire, Henry Harries Davies, Llangoed, Beaumaris, Thomas Lewis, Garth, Knighton, Thomas Thirlwall, Nantmel, Radnor- shire, Ebenezer Jones, Cilcain, Mold, Thomas William Jones, Llanstephan, Richard William Owen, Kidwelly, James Rowlands, Pwllheli, David Morgan, Machynlleth, T. R. Lloyd, Strata Florida, Tregaron, J. Brinley Richards, Bleddfa, Knighton, John Rees, Bangor, Aber- ystwyth, G. G. Williams, Llanfynydd, Carmarthenshire, William David, Llanychaer, Fishguard, Evan Evans, Hafod, Talsarn, Henry Morgan, Llanddewi Aherarth, Daniel Silvan Evans, Llanwrin, Machynlleth, John Bankes Price, Llandwrog, Carnarvonshire, Thomas Rogers, Boneath, Thomas Melville Raven Crake- hall, Bedale, David Rowlands, Llangadock, Wm. Roberts, Llangower, Bala, Peter Phelps, Treffgarne, J. Edmund Cheese, Ledbury, Evan Morgan, Llanfihangei Ystrad, Talsarn, John Evans, Llandovery, Thos. Charles, I Cilgeran, Cardigan, Thomas Evans, Llanrhystyd, Aberystwyth, Evan Williams, Talsarn, John Jones, Bridgend, Evan Jones, Newport, Pembrokeshire, David Lewis, Llanbister, Radnor, C. A. Nares, Latter- ston, Haverfordwest, Jonathan Marsden, Llanllwch, Car- marthen, John George, Aberpergwn, Neath, Lewis Evans, Newcastle Emlyn, Roger Williams, Llanedy, Llanelly, John Pugh, Llanbadarn Fawr, Aberystwyth, Walter Wm. Vaughan, Penybont, Rhayader, J. P. Lewis, Wis- ton, Haverfordwest, Jacob Lloyd, Llanwnws, Crosswood, Aberystwyth, Henry Evans, Penbrey, Carmarthenshire, L. M. Jones, Carmarthen, John Davies, Denbigh, Titus Lewis, Towyn, Merioneth, John David Jones, Newcastle Emlyn, Lewis Price, Llydwell, Brecon, Wm. Beach Thomas, Wymaston, Haverfordwest, James Jones, Cellan, Lampeter, David Williams, Llandrynog, Denbigh- shire, C. D. Thomas, Llangvfelach, Swansea, H. Lewis Davies, Ogmore Valley, Bridgend, W. Owen Edwards, Henfyenyw, Aberaeron, Evan Jones, Holyhead, Morgan Hughes, Bettws, Cross Inn, David Jones, Penrieth, Boncastle, James Williams, Llan- fair, Orelwys, Llandyssul, Charles Jones, Cardiff, L. Thomas Rowlands, Llanddewi-brefi, Stephen Williams, Lamphey, Pembroke, John Jones, Abergwissin, Garth, Knighton, Evan Jenkins, Llandovery, Joseph Williams, Llangair, Carmarthen, Thomas Edwards, Cwmdauddwr, Rhayader, Thomas Jones, Silian, Lampeter, G. Vaux, Collison Bacton, Hereford, Evan Rowland, Glan,Taf, Whitland, Lewis Williams, Trelech, Talog, Wm. Powell, Trifilar, Talsarn, Joshua Jones, Bodfari, Denbigh, W. A. Thomas, Nantmelin, Radnor, John Jones, Menai Bridge, Anglesey, Daniel Lewis, Rhydlewis, John Hughes, Bryngwyn, Hay, John Davies, Llandybie, Richard Berri- man, Aberporth, Cardigan, D. Henry Davies, Llanon, Llanelly, D. Griffiths, Cwmamman, Llanelly, John Parry Morgan, Llanasa, Holywell, David Williams, Mothbery, Llandovery, J. H. Harries, Cowbridge, James Griffiths, New Quay, David Pugh, St. Clear's, Carmarthen, Thos. Evans, Bwlch, Brecon, T. W. Jones, Taff's Well, Cardiff, Benjamin Lloyd, Coleford, E. Thomas, Whitchurch. J. -H. Gibbon, Bolton le Moors, James J. Phillips, Bogelly, D. R. Jones, Chirk, J. T. Griffiths, St. David's, J. W. Jones, Llandilo, Talybont, Asa Richards, Cardiff, David Francis, Llandygwydd, Cardigan, Joshua Davies, Llanllwni, Car- marthenshire, James Jones, Llanfihangel-ar-arth, W. Cynog Davies, Cardigan, W. T. Griffith Griffith, Honiton, Watkin Davies, Kerry, Newtown, Thomas Jones, Pem- broke Docks, E. Thomas Davies, Liverpool, Benjamin Edwards, Llanfihangel-creuddyn, Zachariah A. Green, Wakefield, E. E. Jones, Shipston-on-Stour, Worcester- shire, John Rees, Newport, Mon., W. E. T. Morgan, Newbridge-on-Wye, Radnor, D. C. Davies, Llangorwen, Aberystwyth, P. W. Green, Llansadwrn, Llandovery, John Jenkins, Mydrime, Carmarthen, J. Charles Lyons, Bridgewater, Somerset, D. H. Hughes, Cross Hands, Llanelly, David Jenkins, Dafen, Llanelly, Henry Jones, Llanweny, Thomas Jones, Eglwyswin, Cardigan, R.S.O., Thomas Lewis, Llansteplian, Thomas Williams, Oswestry, John Jenkins, Llandovery, David Pierce, Trowbridge, Thomas Alfred Thomas, Rhyl, W. J. Morgan, St. Asaph. W. G. Hughes, Cellan, John Jones, Dyffryn Clwyd, John Bowen, St. Lawrence, Haverfordwest, D. D. Evans, Carnarvon, J. F. Lloyd, Llanpumpsaint, Carmarthen, J. R. Buckley, Neath, D. Jenkins, St. Anne's, Carmarthen, J. Birch Jones, Elton, Bury, T. W. Vaughan, Denbigh, Alban Alban, St. Dogmell's, Cardigan, D. M. Jones, Ferryside, Lewis Lewis, Oakbrook, Derby, M. H. Umbers, Loftus-in-Cleveland, Yorkshire, C. F. Jones, Ruabon, H. C. W. Phillips, Leamington, Thomas Harris, Manafon, Welshpool, William Hughes, Chester, William Davies, late curate of Pembrey, W. Pascal Davies, Canton, Cardiff, J. M. Jones, Llanfwrog, Ruthin, S. W. Jenkins, Llanelly, Nathaniel Thomas, Llanged- eirne, W. D. Owen, Flint, William Davies, Wrexham, Evan Davies, Llantrissant. Thomas Edmunds, Lampeter Velfrey, Meredith Hamer, St. Peter's, Carmarthen, R. L. Protheroe, Penmorfa, Tremadoc, John Thomas, Llan- gollen, Stephen Thomas, Neath, William Morgan, Aber- dulas, Neath, Howell Harris, Abergele, David Howell. Llandilo, Carmarthenshire, E. Evans, Llandyssul, J. S. Edwards, Lampeter, E. Evans, Gellygair, J. Walter Rees, Rhos Llanerchrugog, Ruabon, John James, Cyfartha, David Jones, Pwllheli, Thomas James Bowen, St. Peter's, Carmarthen, Hugh Jones, Lampeter, Thomas Thomas, Abergwili, D. R. Morgan, Pwllheli, H. M. Williams, Merthyr Tydvil, T. Charles Evans, Aberystwyth, Alex- ander Williams, Goginan, Aberystwyth, D. Evans, Llan- elly, J. Matthews, Oswestry, C. Chidlow, Cayo, H. Debunsen, Falcondale, J. Cautley, Peterborough, Octa- vius Davies, Tregaron, R. Jenkins, Bettws, Thomas Edmondes, Cowbridge, J. Jones, Ystradmeurig Grammar School, the Warden, Welsh Institution, Llandovery, the Head Master, the Grammar School, Llandilo, the Head Head Master of the Grammar School, Carmarthen, Head < Master, the Grammar School, Haverfordwest, .the 1 Head Master, the Grammar School, Bangor, the Head ] Master, the Grammar School, Cardigan, Fredk. Edmondes, i Coity, Bridge-end, H. Jones, St. Dogmell's, W. G. Hughes, ] Llangerwys, H. De Bunsen, &c. j Grace having been said by the VICE-PRINCIPAL, the Rev. W. H. Davey, M.A., 1 The PRINCIPAL proposed the healths of her Majesty the i Queen, the Prince and Princess of Wales, and the rest of s the Royal Family. The toast was loyally received and t duly honoured. Sir THOMAS LLOYD then rose to propose The Bishops and Clergy of Wales." When, some weeks ago, he re- marked, he received an invitation to attend that festival he felt highly honoured and really proud. He then de- termined that nothing conceivable should prevent him at- tending. (Hear.) In fact, he had come down especially from London for that purpose. As a Welshman, and as a layman connected with the Principality, he felt proud of St. David's College. Although he could not remember the time when it was opened, a very honoured and near relative of his was present, and took part in the ceremony, and he (Sir Thomas Lloyd) had never ceased to take a lively interest in the College. He had the pleasure of numbering among those educated in the College many kind and warm friends. He believed that institution had effected very great things. (Cheers.) It found a want and supplied it. They were not ashamed to acknowledge that Wales was a poor country, and many of her sons who were too poor to become graduates of Oxford or Cam- bridge, and who wished to become ministers of the Church, found in St. David's College the means of the higher education they needed. (Hear, hear.) Great and good men had come forward, and what had been the result ? That College had turned out hundreds of clergymen, scholars and divines who did honour to it, and last, but not least, it had turned out gentlemen in the highest sense of the term, who by their preaching and doctrine had made, he believed, not the poorest branch of the Christian Church. (Applause.) He believed they had disseminated the Christian religion, and had done a great deal of good. As laymen they were proud of Lampeter. They looked upon it as the Athens of Wales, to which city it bore some points of resemblance. (Applause.) The Bishop of Llandaff, Dr. OLLIVANT, mounting his seat, said-Mr. Principal, my Lords and Gentlemen It was only a few minutes ago that I was informed that I should have the honour of responding to the toast to the Bishops and Clergy of Wales. The first thought that came into my mind was that it is very easy to ask a gentleman to propose or respond to a toast in this large assembly, but how can you get anybody to hear what you say. (Laughter). 1 remember about twenty years ago preach- ing a sermon in St. Paul's Cathedral, and I saw in a leading article in the Times the day after that "the Bishop of Llandaff preached and was heard about eight yards from the pulpit." (Laughter). I very much fear that will be the case here to-day. (No, no, and laughter). I have, therefore, taken the very unusual course of pre- suming tq stand upon this chair in order that I may do my best in behalf of the Bishops and Clergy of the Principality. I do not know particularly what the feelings of the College may be upon the subject, but I am sure, as a Bishop of the Church, I may say that those who are on my right and left, and I may add, that all the clergy are extremely thankful to you, Sir Thomas, for the kind compliment you have paid us—(cheers)—and we heartily wish prosperity to St. David's College. (Applause). When my connection with this institution commenced a very long time ago, at the time, perhaps I may say, when the body was in its vigour the mind takes an active interest in any high and honourable pursuit in which it may happen to be engaged, and the affections are warm to any object which is worthy of its regard. Under these circumstances my connection with St. David's College commenced, and, I may say, my attachment to it is a life-long attachment. (Cheers). And so far as it has been consistent with higher duties than regard for St. David's College, I have most conscientiously en- deavoured to promote its interest. (Hhear, hear). A great number of her clergymen are my clergymen, and I am happy to get them from this College. The Bishops of Wales are particularly dependent upon St. David's College, and they cannot do better than wish it most heartily success, that the blessing of God may descend upon the College, and that it may be more useful than ever it has hitherto been. (Cheers). I may truly say there are very few in this room who were present on the 1st of March, 1827. I know that my friend on the right-hand side (the Principal) was present. (Loud applause). I believe very probably the Archdeacon of Cardigan might have been present, but I do not know anyone else in this large assembly who could have been present. Now I say it without fear of contra- diction-referring to what Sir Thomas Lloyd has just now said, that the difficulties under which St. David's College was launched into existence were so great that they might have almost been deemed insuperable, and I think it might have been very well predicted that at the end of fifty years St. David's College had succumbed to the mani- fold difficulties with which it had been surrounded, and that its existence was rather a matter of history than of positive existence, at present a reality. (Applause.) I congratulate this company—this large company—that St. David's College, instead of being strangled at its birth as it might have been, at the end of fifty years maintains a high and honourable position—(loud cheers)—and that in the intervening time, I believe that, when fair allowance is made for all the difficulties with which it has been en- compassed, it has done a great deal of very excellent work, and, as Sir Thomas said, it has raised the character of the clergy throughout this diocese, throughout my own diocese, and throughout the country in general to a very great degree. (Cheers.) I say, making allowances for circum- stances, for that is what we must do in judging of any- thing. (Hear, hear.) We were without resources of any kind at the commencement. We were placed in a part of the country which at the time was in utter isolation, and we had not a single encouragement to offer to the students of the young institution. Under those circum- stances I cannot help thinking that St. David's College has done wonders. (Applause.) It is very true that it is not all its members who have graced the episcopal bench. (Laughter and cheers.) It is true i there may not be present in this company more than one archdeacon who has been a member of this College. It may be very true that it is not all the members of the College that have proved themselves such eloquent pulpit orators as my respected pupil and friend the Vicar of Llandilo. (Renewed laughter and applause.) But I say —where is the institution that has turned out more bishops in proportion, and more archdeacons in proportion? j (Loud applause.) That is the way to judge of institutions. By the results. (Cheers.) Now, I say this, and express my firm conviction- I am surrounded by clergymen from every part of the Principality, east, west, north, and south -I express my firm conviction and belief that the Church of England stands in a much more high and honourable position, is much more respected by the community at large in the Principality, than it was fifty years ago. (Cheers.) Now, there were some very eminent preachers in those days-I remember their names and sermons very well-but I think the character of the clergy at the present time is very much improved, and that the Church of Eng- land stands in a much higher position than fifty years ago. (Hear, hear.) True, there are a great many Dissenters in South Wales, but I maintain that these Dissenters are not a very great number, if you put aside the political Dissenters. They are Dissenters from a hereditary influence because the Church of England was asleep 100 years a"o. They are not Dissenters because they disapprove of the principles or the government of the Church of England. They wanted spiritual food. They did not get it in the established church, and therefore they sought for it in other channels. When the Church of England did awake the population had grown to such a degree that it was impossible for the Church of England to supply its increased wants. One hundred years ago my own diocese contained 107,000. It now contains 503,000 souls. The endowments have been to a certain extent augmented, but what are they in proportion ? How can we provide spiritual food for 503,000 in the diocese of Llandaff ? It is an utter impossibility. Therefore, unless the laity come forward and help us, unless we can multiply our ministers, our people must be Dissenters, br they must be heathens. (Hear, hear.) Therefore it is a call upon all persons, not only to propose the health of the Bishops and clergy, but to come forward and say, "We really will help you in your work." (Applause.) I made just now an allusion to the difficulties with which we were surrounded when the College was first opened. To me it always appeared that the best image of the College in 1827 was a ship put to sea without rudder, masts, or sails. (Laughter.) That was our condition with regard to Lampeter. Now I should have the privilege of aj-ail- way. If I look out of the window of the drawing-room I once occupied I should see a railway station, but in 1827 there was not a public conveyance that passed through Lampeter from the 1st of January to the 31st December. (Laughter.) I can now go to the railway and get into London in ten hours at the most, but when I lived in my old house near the College it took me two days to get to London. First of all we had to post to Llan- dovery, and wait there for the mail to London. Get up at half-past four o'clock in the morning. Get to Glou- cester that night and sleep there. The next day the whole journey from Gloucester to London was completed. So it literally took took two days and a half to go from Lampeter to London. Then with regard to the post, we only had it three days a week. (Laughter.) From Monday morning to Thursday we had not the slightest communication with the outer world. (Laughter.) Now, I say, to have established a College in such an isolated place as that was almost a death blow to us. But our great object was to educate the Welsh clergy. (Ap- plause.) Our pupils must have trudged from the utmost parts of Cardiganshire to Lampeter, or must have gone to the expense of hiring a post chaise or some convey- ance. The College was established to provide a cheap education for the Welsh clergymen. Let us go on a little more and consider what the condition of the College was. We had not a single reward to give to the students. We had not an endowment to pay an adequate staff of professors. First of all let me speak of the staff of professors. It looked certainly very grand on paper. There were two professors, a professor of Greek and professor of Hebrew, and those were professors of theology. We had also a professor of Welsh. Welsh, in my opinion, had much better have been learnt at school, and they ought not be have to teach the students to speak Welsh and study Welsh grammar when they came to the College. I think it ought to have been taught by the schoolmaster. (Hear, hear.) But let that pass. We had a professor of Welsh and one professor of mathematics, but no means whatever to pay him. (Laughter.) He was a very respectable and excellent clergyman who showed his love to the College by endowing it with a scholarship. Daniel Bowen of Waunifor. He was the professor of mathematics but I question whether he had much more to do than to add up the large balance in the "bank at Carmarthen. (Laugh- ter.) We had also a professor of natural philosophy in the excellent Archdeacon Beavon. So far that was our staff. We really had, besides the Principal, myself, and Professor Rees. To-day what do we see ? We see degrees sonferred. We have seen prizes, at least on paper. [The PRINCIPAL They are real.] Oh, they are real! But in the first five or six years we had not a single thing to see, but it so happened that a scribbler in a north Wales paper wrote upon the subject of the College, and one of the professors thought fit to answer the letter. It does lot always happen that when you are calumniated that .t does you harm. (Hear, hear.) Bishop Burgess, after reading the answer wrote to the person who penned it and said, "I see in your letter that you use the words 'Had I ive but a few scholarships and exhibitions to give to the students of St. David's College, I believe that the con- lition of it would be completely altered. Instead of having a very small number of pupils we should have a larger'number,' and so on, Tell me," he said, in this letter "what you particularly mean." Well, be ex- plained. He said what he did mean. Bishop Burgess replied, "I intend leaving a sum of monev to provide ex- hibitions and scholarships"—(cheers)—and when he was told that the Mortmain Act would prevent him fulfilling his kind intention, his answer was, "I intend to leave a certain sum of money in the funds." (Hear, hear.) He did leave that money, whick produces about 9120 a year for four scholarships of 930 each. Well, that was the be- ginning of good things. The example was followed, and followed to such an extent, that I think I am right in Baying that there are between B400 and £500 a year now given away in exhibitions and scholarships. (Applause.) Now, I do wish this was known. I don't believe it is known. People talk of the expense of the College. People cannot, however, get beef and beer, food and drink, for nothing. There must be expense. (Hear, hear.) You cannot help it. But when you have about £ 500 a year to giveaway in mitigation of expenses at this College, then, I say, that any young man of talent and perseverance may diminish his College bills nobody knows to what ex- tent. It is therefore a shame to talk of the expenses of St. David's College as some persons do. (Hear, hear.) I am thoroughly surprised that young Welshmen living, perhaps, not ten miles from Lampeter, should go to Queen's College, St. Bees, and nobody knows where, for the education they can get at this institution. (Applause.) I believe these two years English colleges have done in- finite mischief to Wales. They have doubtlessly done good to England, but mischief to Wales. (Hear, hear.) The fact is that education begins in England at a much earlierperiod of life than inWales. There was alarge class of persons who received a classical education at schools as boys and went into commerce, but at seventeen or eighteen years of age began to think they should like to dedicate their lives to God. These young men wanted a cheap education, and for them these two years English colleges are admirably adapted, because the good English education which the English lads have re- ceived as boys, and left off at the time of their leaving school for commerce or Government positions, very soon began to show its fruits, and the scholar was fitted to take the advantage of the College course given by those two years Colleges. But if a Welshman goes there at the age of seventeen or eighteen, having just began his edu- cation, he does so at a great disadvantage. (Hear, hear.) I don't blame him for doing it. It is his misfortune rather than his fault; and I know this that when English- men talk about the social condition of South Wales b they must do it with bated breath. There is, no doubt, a great deal of prejudice. They may say this English idea is not true but I know that it is true. An eminent clergyman who passed through St. David's College, and for whom I have very great respect, told me that when he was eighteen years of age he did not know the difference between the definite and the indefinite article of the English language. (Laughter.) I say then, that a man of that sort going to Queen's College, Birmingham, is utterly unfit to profit by the instruction given there. And they have told me so. I have expressed my sentiments to the Rev. Mr. Bates, the vice-principal of Queen's College, and told him that his College was doing us infinite mischief, and he candidly admitted that what I said was true. When a man went to Queen's College thoroughly unfitted to profit by the instruction given there, he came back very much as he went; whereas if he went to St. David's Col- lege he would have got a good education—(cheers)—and if he were a man of talent and perseverance I am sure he would find the expenses very small. It would also be much better for his interests to be a member of St. David's College. (Applause.) Let me allude to another topic. I did not see any B.D.'s conferred here this morning but it must be remembered that St. David's College had the power of conferring, not only the degree of B.A., but also of conferring the degree of B.D. Let me give you the history of that. A certain member of the Governing Body of the College wrote to Lord John Russell to say that there was a general idea and feeling throughout the Principality that St. David's College was wrong in not having power to confer the de- gree of B.D. That there was an intense desire for that degree, a-id that he would render good service to the Prin- cipality if he gave the power to confer tnat degree. Lord Russell replied that he thought there was a great objec- tion to giving that power to small institutions, and he recommended a plan of affiliating St. David's Col- lege with London University. lhat, however, was so contrary to the original idea of St. David s College, and so distasteful that it was not encouraged but the writer of the letter I have referred to ventured to again put the proposal before Lord John Russell, as he was then. He reminded his Lordship that the condition of South Wales and its clergy was not very different—it may be in some measure but not very different—from the condition of England in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and that Queen Elizabeth, in order to meet that desire gave to the Univer- sity of Cambridge, not I believe to the University of Oxford but to the University of Cambridge-the power of conferring the degree of B.D. to clergymen who, after being ordained put their names down on the books of the University, remained for ten years, that ten years to be employed in study, and at the end of that time again went to the University, passed a certain examination, and got the degree of B.D. It was suggested to Lord John Russell that perhaps her Majesty would confer that privi- lege on St. David's College. Lord John Russell went out of power. The Earl of Derby succeeded him. The Earl of Derby was reminded of what had passed between the person referred to and Lord John Russell, and he wrote immediately to say that the matter had come into his hands, that it had been the subject of conversation between himself and Mr. Walpole, and that they had made up their minds to grant a new charter to St. David's College, giving it power to confer the degree of B.D. (Cheers.) That is the history of the case. I thought that some of you would like to know it. (Hear, hear.) I have travelled rather far from the subject which was given to me. I offer my hearty congratulations to St. David's College on this festal day. (Cheers.) Let your past achievements, your bishops, your archdeacoe eloquent preachers—let them be an example to the men of St. David's College, and the College Uf and be a great blessing to the Principality, and DO jlp be more thankful'for it than the Bishops of WaleS. f plause.) I The PRINCIPAL, in giving'the health of "The 0, of the College," referred to his (the speaker's) cd t with the institution for fifty years. He aJe tbe had had the pleasure of proposing the toast i'1 JJ of Bishop Jenkinson, and for forty years, or )ie, under the sway of Bishop Thirlwall; and 110 Bishop Jones, the peculiar circumstances of 'e5 nation in its relation to that College and to rally, made the task additionally pleasant. The bl gentleman afterwards referred to the gratification when first informed of the selection of Dr. the satisfaction felt by the country, and how '^1? wards, in the presence of sixty clergymen he Kufl had had the honour of enthroning the Bishop at St- (Cheers.) J The Bishop of ST. DAVID'S (Dr. Basil Jones) R^I said—I shall not venture to aspire to the p nence which my right rev. brother, the Bishop daff assumed just now, unless I find that it necessary in order to make myself heard. (^/ Pride will have a fall. (Laughter.) Periiiit Dean, to thank you and to thank ships and the company present for 'fj kind manner in which you have recelVj!» to-day. My dear old friend, the Dean of St. spoken most kindly of the manner in which he | received my appointment as Bishop of this lhoceb that I will not refer further now, because I ;l111, o! a day not as Bishop of St. David's, but as Visi'0 -j C Davids College. It is the only justification. yA occupying this distinguished position on the rin'J the chair. Perhaps it may be necessary to uninitiated that the toast to the visitors is not as that of the visitors. As present I speak as the r J The visitor has power and jurisdiction over the co body. By the foundation charter of St. 2 the Bishop of the diocese for the time being was zKf visitor, and not only that, he was invested extraordinary powers, such as, I believe, have conferred on the visitor of any other corpor^jjj has power to enact, amend, and rescind statutes- «J to do pretty much whatever he pleases. (LaugM61'^ I think you will agree with me, that it is a re:"L/ instance of the forbearance of the successive vi^ j College, and a proof in refutation of the bishops are fond of power, that although the P1*# St. David's have for the last fifty years had power amend, and rescind, they had never enacted, bøf or altered a single statute, and that the Collega on for fifty years without any rules to govern it. and cheers.) It only shows the great advantages j (Laughter.) I assure you that it gives iue ^"74 pleasure to see here to-day so large a gather^# present and past members of this institution, an41 .(' who take an interest in its welfare. I much re^. we do not see here some who would have been P1'?^ circumstances made it possible. Two of the tfU._ are absent, one of them, the Bishop of Bangor! 'Lif to be present on account of domestic anxiety, andA Lord Powis, has been kept away by another aPP°.M^ We had also hoped to see among us a nobleman great interest in the work of education in \Vales, v. held an important educational appointment in with the education of the countrv, and who is of the Council, of the Aberystwyth College. 1 %i,a Lord Aberdare. (Cheers.) He at the last nl0VfA obliged to request us to excuse him, in consequ,JI1''j|^ i state of his health. Although the laity is very « sented here, yet I am quite sure that if this jj held at another time of the year we should liaVC |l larger number of the leading laity of the dioce^ than there are now. Iam inclined to attribute' # | sence of the laity to a great extent to the coufiJ^'L they feel in us. You all know the story of t'1, A £ clerk who kept his eyes shut when his vicar pre»c' J kept them open when a stranger was in t (Laughter.) I attribute the absence of the u. ( similar cause. (Laughter.) The right rev. Pve*M, addressed you has travelled so thoroughly ii history of the College and 110 man except my v rj'f. friend on the left knows it better than he does. jJ necessary for me to enter into it, and to poin^ J, from a small beginning the College has struggled if present position in spite of many discourag^01^ spite of much opposition, and in spite, I ill, have to add, of occasional calumny. I do not occasion like this to enter into controversial ( I do think it right thg,t we should take this opP^e of letting it be known to the world what is the tion of this College. (Cheers.) Sometimes we told of late that until a certain institution, 110 jj) 10 5reat distance from this place, was established, sh tion, the establishment of which, I must say, re greatest possible credit on the Welsh nation-(he —that until that institution was established the Wales no place of higher education which was logical college. Now I think it is very important should see exactly how far that is true. brue that St. David's College is a theological .0 e it is true that St. David's College is a theologte11 rwjjt 1 should be the last to advise the members of A p to be ashamed of it—(cheers)—for is not the^) P» mother and mistress of the sciences? (App'j there any higher object to which the human ruin1' vote itself than theology ? (Cheers.) There is a doubt, in which St. David's is a theological colteg^ft is also a sense in which it is not a theological y wl is a theological college in so far as that the prini^Jxjj f of its foundation was the reception and education 0, destined for holy orders in the Church of Englan » also a theological college in so far as theology forlJlof important part of its curriculum, and in the case 0 students may be said to form the greatest and portant part of the curriculum. But it is not a th^.< college in the sense in which any of the conii'J.. 1 called theological colleges in England bear that WfiA, Ifc theological colleges in England, to the case of V right rev. brother, the Bishop of Llandaff, has rey.$\ terms which I cordially endorse, are of two dy t< kinds. There is one class of theological college If main object of which is to supplement the w'°.rV English universities, and to give men whose ti been directed during the curriculum of the h mainly to secular subjects the opportunity of f t themselves especially for the work of the ministry^ in, is another class of theological colleges, the object 'fj is not so much to supplement the work of the Eng versities as to supply their place m the case of cf l(f 'g for holy orders, who cannot afford a university Jt n But in the case of each, both in the theological ,,e which are of a supplemental character and of thoSe j, like Queen's College, Birmingham, and St. t forth, the intention is to educate men who have. f { at the university, but the course of education or almost wholly theological. I think I am rig'1' k ing that at St. Aiden's, Birkenhead, and at St.$eLf one or two other places which I might name, tb%f genersd education whatever given. Now in'St li,i College, Lampeter, the case is extremely different though, as I said before, the theological education. V very important part of the work done here, yet f-Jf 5* upon a previons course of general education, 1 it is quite possible for a man to Dass through h1 'I here and take his degree with no more theology necessary at the English universities. The truth f *'J St. David's College, Lampeter, is a place of g'eI1/LV cation, although no doubt it is intended prima1'1 V used mainly for the preparation of candidate? Church of England. I think it right that th f t be put before the world. (Hear, hear.) s I Stl ter. I I am very loth on an occasion like this to <?»V controversy, but I cannot help, as gelotl possible, expressing regret that some of the proiJ1 another institution which I do not in any respeC as a rival institution to this, should have thought ^l! t sary to throw some doubt on the efficiency of this y by way of recommending another. (Hear, hear, lM plause.) I think that a little more acquaintance ed Il actual working of the College would have preveilt^ such statements as these, which were delivered i'1 ,f|l lecture, and which have since been published to t}1<WjJ.- (Cheers.) In the document to which I refer this B is described as the Episcopalian College of LatJ1 5 (Laughter.) I trust I am not travelling out of ¡111(1 if I venture to say that there is, so far as I know, copalian College at Lampeter, and I am not there is an Episcopalian Church either in Wales. I tlnnk lt is only due tQ ev coa^fj !i Christians that the, should be allowed to call the* what they please If J were to sneak of a cert:ll',i^ '« mination of Christians as Ranters," I think it pro^y nnPrTfa^ i thought uncourteous. J1 3? ° £ uch church in England as the Episcopal Sni, £ r h l r Vfhi.ch I am a humble1 and < °f which there are many minist^ » present is the Church of England, and whether the jri +1 -f he<l or Disestablished, you may depeiH!.i^ nat it will never content itself with a narrower ,^4 ? that. (Applause.) The fact is that to call the M S England an Episcopal Church, or to call its J1L pi Episcopalians, is altogether to lead the mind f issues, as if we were split off from the rest Church because we thought Bishops so i111?\ m r (Laughter and applause.) I must now. with mission of the Rev. Dean, say a few rt'U11 another character. I find that it is my I' duty, and I suppose it devolves upon me, a=T"i of the College, to propose a toast up to ,v,f 1&IL! remarks which I have just made will natural1^ nT' The toast is that of the "Principal Tutors, ;l". f p fessors of St. Davids College." I have told I think about the College, and what I think < £ ft working. Perhaps I may be allowed to say remarks which have been made public imputing + ciency in the College, have been, as it seems to Ji answered by the report of the examiners which R to day. (Applause.) Unless it should be tholI.^j. any that the examiners consider themselves 'i common courtesy, to say civil things, will you p<?r ti] to remark that about this time last year I was tr^ ft, on the line of railway which calls itself by a re^tV misnomer—the Manchester and Milfor'¡(laughtt Ý t, company with an old friend of mine who for s. filled the office at St. David's (\'lwJtheF^- Marshall, Christ Church, Oxford. (Cheers.) 1 € |r. he would not regard it as a breach of confidence ''J peat what he said in the railway carriage with re»l J it} the|good character of the College .lurin- the he examined its students. I will say that his rep'/V t was more favourable to the College than even. h.u e lieai(1 to-day. (Applause.) Therefore, going out of his way to say civil things, he exel~hee> cautious and due reticence. (Laughter and 1 have also had considerable experience of the "1.1. ^0Hege, and have been able to' ;g of the character of young men who have come as candidates for holy orders, and I do not standard of admission for holy orders in this .liji1''•' one whit lower than in the diocese where I was eS- (Cheers.) The men of St. David's College who ha j i to me have come up very fairly to the average, t e