QUIPS AND CRANKS. Sntd by Tm hoSewhSppedX he*?'brttpr, and trJPrr f!Ah V>" ™'<& JU. lattlv the mrish schoolmaster, out of curiosity, put tae -sued, until an urclna, whose i»rocl v1,? t r earn considerable notoriety for the youngster What is the difference between a spider and a ciucL OM& fe I,«l«ri»taally on s web, ».d tl.e other a «ob "KSKJUSW- M. of 3I;in9, »H. » noted f^hi^lou-sermons, with many divisions, that one dav when he was advancing among the teens, he reached at length a kiivl of resting P^ace, 1T1 ki3 discourse i at len^uw ..in he agkdd fae question And what shaU iliy more: A voice from the congregation earnestly re'1?°^Vi'v. aif English Volunteer, at the recant ™trmn'camoarm, "well, it will certainly be a most bS bSV; and all I have to say is, may Heaven s-and W fhe rHit' Deil pick out your e'en Jf or your wacked wish," rep lied a Sc >tch volunteer; "may Heaven standby °UAt a'late'fun-*ral the^undertaker arranged for the hus- band and moth r-ir-law to ride in the same W "Must I," said tbe broken-hearted man, must PlA\«Y*i the streets there are now in a much cl-aner condition than a few weeks ago,_ and thau Sr hnldi v' a handkerchief to one's nose it is prssible to pa^s through several of the principal thoroughfares.
EOOLESIASTIOAL Ti-e II"v E. T. Smith, Vicar of Cannock, has intimated lii<» intension to i 'in the Church of RoMie. The liev Dr Finlayson, of the Unite I Presbyterian Chircb,was found dead in bed at Cambeltown, on Ihurs- dav morning, Oct. 17tli. Only a few days ago his congrega- tion presented him with £ 3,000. The Bishop of Peterborough held his primary visitation at Peterborough on Friday, Oct. ISth.. He dealt with the quebtion of cathedral reform, the revivification of Church the clergy, and the duty of the Church I i!, foM-f. :n her controversy with the world. It is stated that the movement in aid of the Irish Church, initiated by the Archbishop of Canterbury ha, resulted in the collection of £ 43,000, which will be part.y applied to he Episcopal Endowment Fund, and partly to the fund for the n.«i«trnce of noor parishes. r ordinal Bounecho.se has written a letter to the Debats • 1 Vp there is no foundation whatever for the rerltly lleSr.Phe,l from P„i;. ,h.t «1>* P.p. State-ueI", Victor Emmanuel. 18 Tt1ii'rXortPd in Roman Catholic clerical circles m Dublin that Cardinal Culien, now in Rome, will not return to Ire- land as the Pope desires he should not leave him but hil a nlac? equal to that of Carmnnl Antonelii. It is stat'd that DrMoran, the new Bishop of Carlow, is to become Archbishop in Dub-in and Canon M'Cabe.now with Cardinal Culien m TJome tak'r-s the place of Dr Moran in Carlow. The' Bishop of Carlisle (Dr Goodwin) spoke at a meeting in Carlisle the other evening, on Church Defence, and ad- verted very pointedlv to the question of the disestablishment ti Chinch of England. It was very notable that he did Hn nirsi*rsfcsr»» that would LSVhtvSil coffers of the Church; but, on the con- trirv spcnnd to tre.it the question as one of e.^ediency on.y. The Church! he said, had property of her own wh.eh be- JV7, her as a corporation. He did not say the Legis- lature had no right to deal with all property that had a public rharac- r «uelTa9 charities; but the property of the Church of Ei-land belonged to her exactly in the same way in which tli property of any other great corporation belonged to it, and so long as it used its money for the good of the Church and for the purposes for which it was given, it wcu1'1 r'ot be srood for the nation to take it away. Such a courV'. would do an infinite amount of mischief and no com- Den-atin" good, and those most anxious to overthrow the Church, "to take-her property, and reduce her to the condi- tion of a mere sect, would be themselves some of the first to feel the r,,zu ts. Therefore they should keep things as thev a^~ andstand by the Church of England as by law estab- lished, and determine that her property should not be con- -t-;v.rr mpn's meeting in connection with the Con- J^tionaFUnion was held on Friday night, October 18th, attended. Mr Charles ReeJ, M.P., presided, but was unable to arrive until after the commencement of the proceeuings. In the meantime, Mr Geo. Potter, of London, addressed the meeting on the advantages of the proper observance of the Sab'batb, and said it was owing to this that England owed her prosperity, her influence, and her liberty. He alV referred at some length to the opening of picture gal- fprip- and museums on the Sabbath, and advocated that cause. Mr Charles-Reed, M.P., who was very well re- Xl:pri si:d history testified that the Congregationalists had f^'r centuries past been the true and faithful friends of civil and religious liberty. They had always been on the si :e of the people. He alluded to the movement in London in favour of devoting a portion of the Sabbath to amusements, and warned his hearers that if they allowed the d:y to be given up to pleasure they might depend upon it it would also be given up to work. Addresses were also delivered by the Rev. Thomas Green and the Bev. L D. Bevan. The meeting was very successful. During the meetings of the Congregational Union at Nottinghm1, last week, the Vicar ol St. Mary's (the Hev F. Morse M.A.) had especially thrown open that edifice- the mother church of Nottingham—for the inspection of (jf.l„-M-es The result of personal contact between the Vic t" "and a number of the visitors on one of these occa- was a request that he would hold a service. He readilv a=s-nted, and at five o'clock on Thursday after- noon "'Oct. 17, a congregation respectable in point of num- bers.'and n*arly all males, assembled in the church. After a short service, occupying about twenty minutes, the Vicar preached briefly from Galatians iii., part of the 18th verse Ye are called one in Christ Jesus." The rev. gentleman said he believed sincere Christians of all denominations were one at heart. He saw few signs of their becoming more like one another outwardly, but if they would only draw nearer to Christ they would be sure to find ways to draw nearer to each other. The Times reporter gives the following amusing resume of one of the meetings of the Congregational Union. W* need"hardly say that a great many intelligent Dissenters do not aree with the opinions expressed at this meeting: "At last night's crowded meeting m the Mechanics' Hall, the political" side of Nonconformity was more distinctly shown. Disestablishment was the subject to which the speakers id'-vays recurred. Mr Miall's name was londly cheered, and emphatic applause greeted two allusions to the secession of the Rev. Capel Molyneux from the Estab- lishment. Dean Stanley was not in favour either with the speakers or hearers. Mach laughter was caused by the Rev. S. Pearson, of Liverpool, saying that parties in the Church of England swore by the same creeds, and he might almost say that they swore at the same creeds. A stroke made specially at the Evangelicals by the Rev. J. G. Rogers, of Clapham, was equally effective. He said, in reproaching them for not coming out of the Establish- ment, it should be remembered that they had not had the advantage of being educated, as many of the Dissenters had, in a catechism which stated that the 'chief end of man was to Glorify God and to enjoy Him for ever;' they had been brou-ht up in a catechism which said it was their duty to serve God 'in the station of life into which it had pleased Him to call them.' Not that he believed the livings' weighed with them they got too few of them. (Laughter.) Alluding to the Broad Church party and their schemes of comprehension,' he said, whoever they are goin-- to comprehend let it be understood that the Congre- gationalists of England do not want to be comprehended. Hurrahs, as well as the more ordinary applause, endorsed the observation."
A BISHOP ON DISSENT. There is a growing feeling among the sects that their differences hinder the spread of Christianity, and that it any good on a large scale is to be done there must be a cessation to all bickerings, and a recognition of those great principles which are held in common by them. At the opening of a new church at Dudley, last week, Bishop ^r-iv'i^on (Archdeacon of London, and brother of the Bishop of Rochester) replied to the toast of Church and Oneen 'and said—"Our position with regard to the Mon- archy is this. The Church practises loyalty in its true princii !es, and I hope the Church will always set this exml!> I am not going to say one word about the Divine right of Kin"S and if I thought the position meant that we we'-e to put tie crown on the King or Queen an 1 ignore the T>eopl°, I would leave the Church. If. there is one thing more sabred to me than another it is the rights of the peopK especially the poor. I have just come from the conW at Leeds, and on my way here I read in a paper the'account of another congress, which was nottnat of the Church of England, and I was stiuc.c with what I then read. The only debate we had at Leeds was, IIow shall v/ co nearest to the Dissenters ?' and nlthoug h thera were two°s:des, the harshest was, 'Don't go tc.the Dissenters. If vou want to conciliate them, tell them the p.am, honest truth. Tell them we differ from them in many things, but we agree with them in many fundamental things. The other debate I read was not that of the whole body of Dissenters, but the principal part and they were six out of seven in opposition to the Church of England. I must a ay mv principle is to guide all to good, and next to an honest Churchman I honour an honest Nonconformist, believ'r," that the Church has lost many good men whom she m'isrht have kept, and the Nonconformists have re ceived them. I must say my own feeling is, -lel us guide these good and Christian men, and if we would d > that it must be by telling them that, while we differ cn certain things, we agree upon the main principle. ine time is coming when Christian men must look upon this important fact, that differences in the Church are a grand mistake. If there is anything to be conceded, I;would be the first to •conce le it ^im-—
WoulfFit not be misleading a foreigner or a countrymen in search of some one to carry his luggage, to tell him ♦horn was a t>lace close at hand which announced that it had the best porter ia the ueighbourhood.PuncA.
MUTES, QUERIES, a,id PEPLIES, on subjects interesting to 1Valcs and the nvxd be addressed to 'Bye-j(ov.es, Caxton Works, Oswestry^, and not to the Editor of the paper in which they appear. Peal naine-s and addresses must be sent, in confidence, and the writing must be legible, and on one side the paper only. Old newspapers, books, and -AIS.S. carefully used and promptly returned.
NOTES. TOWYS-LAND CLUB MUSEUM. Nt tes on some of ti e articles exhibited at the Powys-land Club Annual Meeting, 7th Oct., 1S72 THE GOLD CHAUC*. belonging to Welshp0(> parish church. It was given by Thom is ÐáV., s, B (! in IGö2. It bears the following Latin inscriptions- Ihomas Davies Anglorum in Africa. pla-a, occidentitll I)rocur.,ttor gencralis ob vit.am multifaria Dei misencoraia ibidem con- servation -calicem hunc e purissimo a^ro Lvcjniano con- flatum (a), Dei honori et ecclesiffi de Welshpoole ministerio pernetuo sacrum voluit. A quo usu b.S. siquis facinorosus eundem Calicem in posterum alienaret (quod ivertat Deus) Dei viudicis supremo tribunali pajuas luat. Cal. Apr. ix., MDJLXI1." Tne ehalice is stated to be of the value of sterling In a printed copy of the inscription in some books between the words eondatanVand "Dei," at (a) the following words have been interpolated clxviii minis valentem." This interpolation probably is the authority for the value of the chalice. It appears t be of the purest gold, but it is open to doubt whether i.t is so valuable as the interpolatiün would indicate. The weight of it would be the best test. The following shield of arms are engraved upon it, but the tinctures do not appear: "vir. a lioa passant sa., between three fleurs-de-lis pu. Theyare the armorial bearings of several leading families in Mont- goniery, hire -I-'tigh of Mathafarn, Pryce of Gunley, and others. They may lead to the identification of the donor, Thomas Davies. (See 0. A., July 10.) A SILVER CHRISTENIN G B AVL, belonging to the same ch ireli, presented by John Edmunds, Etq., Laiiiff d Pool in 1773. He was the great grandfather of Kicuard John Edmunds, Esq., of Eddeiton, near W elshpool (where there is a portrait of him) and also of the WHO of Lielm' Howel Evans, Yicar of Oswestry. A LARGE SILVER VASE, belonging to R. J. Edmunds, E-q. A magnificent piece of plate, standing about twenty inches high. The handl, s are formed of "Two goats rampant," and the ornamentation is of a high character. Oil the lid the following is iuscribed :—" Piosperity to the Piincipalitv of Vv'ales,' root and branch, and may it endure for ever." "On one sidu-" To Richard Edmunds, Esquire, this social cup is presented, and gratefully inscribed by the most Loyal and Honourable Society of Ancient Britons, London, in memorial of the weigh I Y and important duties zealously and beneficially discharged by him as Treasurer of that Institution for a long series of ytars, 1810." The good old King, God bless him." The Prince of Wales." "Undeh a Brawd.Garwch." On the other side—"Heb Dduw heb ddim, Duw adigon." Prince of Wales's feathers sur rounded by His Royal Highness George Prince of Wales." Richard Edmunds was the son of John Edmunds, the donor of the christening bowl, and the great-uncle of 11. J. Edmunds, Esq. THE Two SILVER MACES belonging to the Cor- poration of Pool. They are inscribed "The Gifte of Edward Vaughan." He was Member for the County of Montgomery in 1060, and was of the House of Glanllyu, but by marrying the heiress of the Purcells became possessed of Llwydiarth jure uxoris (see Mont. Coll.) It is probable that the Royal Arms at the top of the maces are those of Queen Elizabeth. It is possible that the gift of Edward Vaughan in the 17th century had been orna- mented with the heads of earlier maces bearing the Iloyal Arms of Elizabeth. A SMALL MINIATURE BROOCH, exhibited by John Robinson Jones, Eaq., of Brithdir. This contained a beautifully executed portrait of George Robinson, Esq., of Brithdir, in his uniform as Governor of one of the British possessions in America. It was painted by Copley, the father of the late John Singleton Copley Baron Lyndhurst, and is one of the few miniatures executed by that celebrated arti t. J. QUERIES. WILSON'S PARENTS.—Wilson, the great land- scape painter, was b, r.,i at Penegoes in the year 1713, of which parish his father was incumbent. Is there sufficient evidence to prove that he sprang from a Trefeghvys family —that his father and grandfather were residents in that parish—and that the Rev. John Wilson was buried in Trefeglwys churchyard? A search among Trefeglwys Parish Registers would settle this point—? IlOBEHT CLIVE.-Tlic register of the parish of Clent for the year 1681, contains an entry of the marriage of Robert Clive of Wombridge, in Herefordshire, with Elizabeth, daughter of Mr Richard Amplilett of Cleut. In Burke's Peerage this Robert Clive, who was the grand- father of Robert, first Lord Clive, is styled of Styche and bis mother is stated to have been the daughter and heir of Martin Husbands of Wormbridge, in Hertfordshire. Cm any of your readers poiut out where the error lies, or reconcile the foregoing stltements ?-Vic or,T, in Notes and Queries. REPLIES. THE YOUNG ROSCIUS (0. A., July 24, lSi2).- "Pyrr's House, near Shrewsbury," is known now-a-days as Pyiii's arm, and lies close to the town of Wem. Probably Betty inaugurated amateur dramatic entertainments at Wem after he retired from the stage and subsided at this farm, but I wonder n'me of your Wem readers have been able to answer the query.So,K. During a recent visit to Shropshire I heard some particulars about Betty, the Young Roscius, from the de- scendants of those who knew him. Before coming to Fym's Farm, Wem, Betty and his father lived near London, and a Wem person wentjto superintend the removal of his furniture into Shropshire. The entertainments in- augurated by Mr Betty were amateur plays, and the per- formances took place in the Wem Grammar School there are people in Wem now who remember them one was for the benefit of a poor baker in Wem. Lady amateurs per- formed in these entertainments one I have heard of was a Mrs Griffiths, a relative of old Mr Roberts, a magistrate of Wem—a brother of his, I think, lived at or near Oswes- try. For some tine the Young Roscius and his father lived in Chapel-street, Wem, in a house by them called Tally-ho Cottage, a name it still goes by amongst some of the oldest inhabitants. Betty and his mother are buried at Lopping- ton, three miles from Wem, and the funeral of the actor passed through Wem on its way to that village.—P. H. SIR JOHN POWELL (O.A. Sep. 18, 1872).- There were one or two references to this "upright judge" in Notes and Queries a year or two back, and in that serial for June 10, 1871, there is an extract from Dr Thomas Rees's Description of South Wales, p. 382, in which it is stated that Broadway House, to the westward of Lang- harne (a place since taken down) was the residence of Sir John. He died in 1096, at the age of sixty-three, and was buried at Langharne, where there is a monument to his memory. The writer supplements the notice by Dr Rees with, If anyone wi sheil to test the accuracy of the above, his shortest course will be to stop on the South Wales Railway at r, erryside, to cross over to LLmstephan by boat, to walk two miles, when lie will find himself in view of Langharne Castle, and an old man ready to carry him on his back across the river." Probably the reason why Sir John Powell's name does not occur in Williams's Eminent Welshmen is because be was born in England.—CAER- PHILLY. Sir John Powell was a native of Gloucester, though of Welsh parentage. He was born in 1645, and having gone to the Bar was made a Sergeant-at-Law April 24th, 1686, and a Justice of the Common Pleas April 21st, 1687, when he was knighted. He had previously represented Gloucester in Parliament. On April 26th, 1688, he was removed to the Court of Queen's Bench, just in time to sit with the other judges at the trial of the Seven Bishops. It is somewhat singular that three Welshmen should have been among the most conspicuous figures at that cele- brated trial Powell on the Bench; Lloyd, Bishop of St. Asaph, as one of the accused and Sir William Williams, the Solicitor-General (called by Macaulay" the Apostate Williams "), with the Attorney-General, Powys, the prin- cipal counsel for the Crown. Owing to Powell's manly declaration on that memorable occasion against the King's dispensing power, James n. deprived him of his office in July of the same year. He was, however, replaced on the Bench of the Common Pleas by William III., in 1695 (Oct. 28), and was advanced by Queen Anne to the Queen's Bench, June 18th, 1702, where he sat till his death at Gloucester, on his return from Bath, June 14th, 1713, in the sixty-eighth year of his age. See Watkins's hniv. Biog. Diet., 1826, Chaliner's Biog. Diet., Phillip's Diet, of Biog. Reference■ See also Burnet's Own Times, and Mac- aulay's History of England.-E. B. (Ap RHYS).' Sir John Powell was borii at Pentre Meurig, in the parish of Llanwrda, near Llandovery, Co. Caermar- then he died at Broadway, and was buried in Langharne Church, in the same county. I have his autograph signa- ture and a long pedigree. In early life be attended once a month in this town (and the house is known) where he gave legal opinions. Ilia brother, a clergyman, marrieda Breconshire 11 dy. Sir John PowellVJeldest son settled in Monmouthshire.—JBRECOV. INDUCTION OF A VICAR (O.A. Oct. 9, 1872). —When the present Vicar of Much Wen lock, Shropshire, was inducted to that living in 1812, lie entered the church alone through the chancel door, whilst the person who was empowered to induct him remained outside and locked him in. After the lapse of a few minutes the key of the door was handed to him through a hole made in the win- dow, when he unlocked the door and came out. He then ascended the belfry and tolled the big bell, which part of the ceremony was deemed indispensable; but I am not aware that any degree of superstition was attached to it. The two churchwardens and parish clerk were present to witness the proceedings.—LLALLAWG. VAVASOUR POWELL (O.A. Aug. 21, 1S72).— Vavasour Powel married Penelope, the daughter of William Vavasour, of Newtown, Montgomeryshire, and Eliza, his wife, daughter of Hugh Powel, cf Edenhope or Ednop. William Vavasour, his father-in-law, was the son of Andrew Vavasour, Sheriff of Montg. meryshire in 1.563, by his wife Anne, daughter of James Leech, Sheriff of Mont- gomeryshire in 1551. (See Mont. Coll., vol. iii., p. 337, n. 1.) Willimus Vavasor et David ap Owen ap Hoell Goch, ginose" apptar as Capital Constab. Hundred de Newtowne" on the Sheriffs roll 31 Oct.. 39 Eliz., 1597. See also 1563. Andrew Vavasour, Sheriff of Montgomery- shire. (Mont. Coll., vol. ir., p. 385.)—LL.
A poor young man remarks that the only advice he gets from capitalists is to "live within his income," whereas the difficulty he experiences is to live without n ) income.
TIPYN O BOB PETH Mr Sartoris, M.B., set sail for America last week. The Llanfair silver lead mims.in, the parish of Llanfair- clydogau, in the county of Cardigan are going to be re- opened, after having been closed t,-n. years. There have been very heavy fibods in the neighbour- hood of Mold, caused by the incessant rain. Denbigh is one of the military ce-ntres under the new army localization scheme, and the barracks are to be erected at Caegwyn, on the Mohbroad. The parish ahurch of St. Aisaph was re opened on Friday, October 18th, after being restored at a cost of £ 1,800. The Surveyor- of Holywell has been requested to abate a nuisance on his own premises. Perhaps he was so busy looking after other people that ha had no time to attend to his own resideaae; Mr Thomas Lloyd Evans,, assistant to Dr Steel, f e' Blaenavon Ironworks, was presented with an address on vellum, and a purse containing 161 by the inhabitants of the town, lasb week. The United Coalmasters' Association, of South Stafford- shire has threatened to lock out fifty thousand men ia, consequencs of a. demand fur increased wages by the- engine tenters. In the churches of Wales- the ministers have been offeJr ing up pi^yers for fine weather. In some places nearly all the harvest has been gatlbered, but there is still a gcod deal of grain in the fields The Flintshire Observer has been informed that applica- tion will be made to Parliament for power to extend, the Holyvveil railway to Mold, via IVoithop, and to maks a branch line from Northop to Buckley. A fiollier from BrYrrlb named Edwin Johnson, has been fined, including costs, JE1 2s. 2d., at Holy well, for being drunk and incapable. Johnson is, or rather was, a teeeotaller, and had broken his pledge on coming to- drink the-waters at St Winifred's Well. The body of a farmer, named Robert Orme-sod, was discovered in a pit near Martou, and the coi oner's jury returned a verdict to the effect that he committed suicide whilst in an, unsound btate of mind. At a, recent meet'ng in connection with the 3o?thcoming eisteddfod at Mold, it was resolved that any surplus that may arise from the eisted Ifod shall go towards the sorroation of a free library and literary institute, for the benefit of the town and neighbourhood of Mold. The doctors of the Tiverton Infirmary have struck in consequence of the appointment of a youth, sixteen years of age, as house surgeon. It is alleged that this boy was appointed over the heads of older and better quaiqecl men, by local influenca, and several subscribers have expressed their indignation at what they term "a piece of family patronage." The Fishery Commissioners have hld a court at Bangor, to inquire respecting the weirs at the mouth of the river Ogwen, the property of Lord I'enrhyn. After a full inquiry, the commissioners decided that the weirs were used mora for the capture of sea iish than of salmon, and therefore did not come under their jurisdiction. The magistrates of Denbigh agreed to allow the publicans to keep their houses open till eleven on week days on condition that they closed on Sundays with the exception of a short time for dinner and supper beer. The publicans have not kept their promise, and one of the magistrates said the publicans had disgraced themselves. The publicans say that the new arrangement was understood not to commence until October 20th. At Beaumaris, Owen Jones, the son of a farmer, has been lined for goir.g a courting after eleven o'clock at night. Jones, who is a staunch teetotaller, is in love with a publican's daughter, who lives at the Prince of Wales Inn, and the other night he went to visit her after the legal hour for closing, and was pounced upon by a police- man and summoned. The magistrates said they had no option, and must fine the unfortunate lover 5s. and costs. It is said that a Chester rate collector who has a some- what disagreeable way of performing his duties, went to a tradesman in that city the other day and was paid with sovereigns which were nearly red hot. The collector, of course, dropped the coins somewhat hastily, with an ex- clamation which some people would call profane. Since then the collector has been very careful how he touches gold that is tendered to him by ratepayers, lest it should literally burn a hole in his pocket." A drunken man who was traveling on the Pembroke and Tenby Railway list week opened the carriage door when the train was going at the rate of about twenty miles an hour, and in order to prevent the madman losing his life the guard, named Davies, walked on the footboard of the train and tried to close the carriage door. Davies was precipitated on to the line, and the engine driver, seeing what had happened, stopped, hnrl went in search of the guard, who was discovered unhurt, walking after the train. Mr Bruce-Pryce, father of the Secretary for the Home Department, died on Friday, Oct. 18th, in his eighty-ninth year, at his residence, Duflryn St. Nicholas, near Cardiff. The deceased gentleman assumed the name of Pryce, in addi- tion to that of Bruce, in 1837. In the year 1829 he was appointed stipendiary magistrate of Merthyr Tydvil, a post which he held for several years, and which was subsequently filled by his son, the present Home Secretary. In 1837 he unsuccessfully contested Merthyr against the late Sir John Guest. He will be succeeded in his estate by Alan Cameron Bruce, his eldest surviving grandson. Tha Home Secretary is the second son of the deceased.
CAN THIS BE TRUE ? A friend (says the Nonconformist) writing from Stratford on-Avon, sends to us the following letters apropos to an invi- tation to dinner recently sent by the Mayor to two High Church clergymen in the neighbourhood "Wilmcote, Oct. 3, 1872. Mr Mayor,—We beg to thank you for your very kind invitation to dinner at the Town Hall, on the 16th instant. We trust, however, that you will not think it a liberty if, before accepting the invitation, we venture to enquire whether the ministers of all denominations' will ba included in the same toast with the bishop and clergy. We make this enquiry because we understand that this has been the previous cus- tom.—We remain, Mr Mayor, yours very faithfully, J. W. DoyER. "H. E. LOWE. The Worshipful the Mayor of Stratford." Wilmcote, Oct. 7, 1872. "Mr Mayor,—With many thanks for your courteous reply, we much regret that we are unable to accept the invi- tation.-We remain, Mr Mayor, yours very truly, "J. W. DOVER. "H. E. LOWE. The Worshipful the Mayor of Stratford." So the two clergymen preferred to dine alone rather than to wish the good health of any Disseuter. Can Dissent be en- croaching upon them ?
THE WARWICKSHIRE ARISTOCRATIC FRACAS. The counter-charges of assault perferred against each other by Lord Conyers a.ad Mr Tuckwell, tutor to Mr Liebart, of Wellesbourne Hall, again occupied Lord Leigh and a very full bench of magistrates for seven hours on Saturday, October 19th, at the Warwick county petty ses- sions. On the night of the 30th ult., having heard Lord Conyers had accused Mr Tuckwell of making insulting gestures at him, Mr Tuckwell and Mr Liebart went to demand an apology from his lordship. An altercation ensued at the lodge gate, and Lord Conyers and his wit- nesses were positive that, after calling his lordship a liar, Mr Tuckwell struck Lord Conyers on the face with his fist, who retaliated with a blow with his stick. Then, whilst his lordship was walking towards the house, Mr Tuckwell ran at him, knocked him down, and assaulted him whilst he was on the ground. Lord Conyers received a very severe wound on the right knee, which confined him to his room for nearly a fortnight, and he was still unable to walk without a crutch. Mr Tuckwell, who was corroborated by Mr Liebart and a footman, was positive Lord Conyers was the aggressor, and that he struck Mr Tuckwell with his stick directly he called his lordship a liar. Then Lord Conyers bolted up the carriage drive, but tripped and fell on the gravel, and thus injured his leg. The Bench, after conferring upwards of half an hour in private, said they considered the charge against Mr Tuckwell made out; but as he was under the im- pression Lord Conyers had accused him of ungentlemanly conduct and threatened to horse-whip him, they thought justice would be satisfied by the defendant paying the costs. The charge against Lord Conyers would be dis- missed? they recommended that the one against Mr Lie- bart, charging him with inciting Mr Tuckwell to assault Lord Conyers, should be withdrawn, and they expressed re- gret that the latter had ever been preferred. The case again excited very great interest, and the court was crowded with country gentry.
A PAUPER'S LETTER. A pauper has sent the following letter to a London Board of Guardians "Gentlemen,—I beg to inform you, through the medium of your respected chairman, that having to be at the contrary end of the metropolis at the time the Board will be sitting, I send this written applica- tion, because I would not willingly treat you discourteously, and as the approaching Friday will be the last time I shall present myself before the relieving officer for the usual relief, at least for gurne time to come, that circumstance will not afford the necessity for my troubling you at the next sitting. My reasons for relinquishing the weekly allowance arises from no augmentation of my meagre pecuniary resources, but is prompted by a desire to try which of two things is the harder to endure—viz., the con- sciousness of being a pauper, or the excision of the weekly allowance. I have felt the humiliation of the one, and am going to peril myself with the bitterness of the other, and a brief trial will speedily determine which of the above is the heavier burden to sustain. As for a situation, the thing is entirely beyond beyond the line of probability, if not of possibility. The highest recommendation for moral character seems to avail me nothing in consequence of my being so far advanced in life. Such is the prejudice against age that I have no more chance of obtaining a situation in England than a merchant would have of disposing of a cargo of skates and warming pans in the West Indies. If ever a man between sixty and seventy should be called upon to fill a situation in this country, it will be when fans are at a premium in Greenland and oranges grow in Nova Zembla. I am now doomed for the remainder of my life to be the sport of fortune, or rather of her imperious daughter Miss Fortune, and I shall have henceforth to drudge harder for pence than I did when in office for shillings, although that office was a very humble one."
Lady: Mr Professor, can you tell me what is a periphrasis" ?—Learned Professor, A periphrasis ? Oh it i3 simply a circumlocutcry and pleonastic cycle of oratorical sonorosity, circumscribing an atom of ideality lost in a verbal profundity."—Lady: Thank you, air."
ROM THE PAPERS Marshal Bazaine is in such ill health that it is feared he will die before the indictment against him can be drawn up. Ev&ii Kennedy, the shepherd Injured in the Kirtlebridg.e collision, near Carlisle, died on Tuesday at Dumfries. Two- other passengers are in a critical position. It is stated that Mary Ann Cotton, between the interval of leaving her third husband and marrying her fourth, acted as- housekeeper to a surgeon in 3pennymoor, who suddtnly I dlsmissed her nnder very suspiei-ous circumstances. Hengler's circus, at Stieffiel,i-wiis re-opened on Tuesday. Th accident is said to have been caused by heavy rains. Miss Emery, a performer, inmost seriously injurad, and nine sufferers are in the hospital, and thirty are biing treated at their own homes. rFive pilots were drowned ru. Sai urcl.,iy afternoon,. Oct. i, :l:f)th, on the coast of Forfarshire, by the capsizing of,a boat in which they had gone to spesk-a passing vessel. Four of the deceased were married-man with families. The Globe understands hat the result of Captain Tyler's investigation as to tha cause of the Melvedon acci- dent, is that it arose from a spring of the eng ne breaking, and not from any defect of the permanent way. Richard Collier Hennessy,.analytical chemist ofrMiddles- borough, died a few days ago .from injuries reJeiveJ on th 4th of June last while having a friendly fencing:bout. The brass end of his opponent's walking stick had gone in be- tween the bone and the eye and injured the brain, causing inflammation and an abscess. The death of the historian of the Reformation, M. Merle d'Aubigne, is announced from Geneva. He had readied a ripe age, having bean born in 1794, but his death was sudden. He was found dead in his apartment at eight o'clock on Monday laorning, October 23:t, and had appar- ently been dead for some hours, as his body was cold. Agcois train on. the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway was thrown off the line at Pembeaton, near Wigan, on Saturday rrorningi October 19th, by the loose-uiug of a drawbar. The engine of a goods train, posing in the oppo- site direction, WAS also thrown off the rails. The line was blocked up for two hours. It will be remembered that Colonel Tomline, M.P., pre- sented to the committee of the- Newspaper Press Fund the engraved plaise of The Pool of Bethesda," after Mnrillo, which was engraved in line for Colonel Tooiline by the late Mr R, Vesnon. Mr Graves, of Pall Mall, has purchased the plate Ssom the Newspaper Press Fund, and has deter- mined to. issue only a few artist's proofs. The Prince Imperial has passed his examination for entrance into the Royal Military Academy, and will enter upon his studies after the vacation. It is repoited that the Erapsess was anxiously waiting while the examination took place, and heard the result from the professors with great delight. It is. thought doubtful whether the young Prince will wear the uniform of the Royal Artillery. A shocking tragedy, which would have been fatal to three lives, was prevented at Stamford on Friday, Oct. 18th. A young woman named Harding threw herself and her two children, aged five acd two years, into the river where it was deep water. They were with much difficulty rescued. Domestic trouble is said to have prompted the wretched woman to the committal of such a terrible act. A laundress named Keil was convicted of a cruel theft at the Hammersmith Police Court, on Saturday, Oct. 19th She was sent with a medical note to a relieving officer, and obtained from him half a pint of I)r,iiitlv, and a ticket for a shilling's worth of milk, for a dying man. In the evening the relieving officer found her lying senselessly diunk on the hmding outside the sick man's room. She had drunk every drop of the brandy. She has been sentenced to two months' imprisonment. On Saturday morning, October 19th, Admiral Sir Thomas John Cochrane, G.C.B., the father of Mr Alexander Baillie Cochrane, the Conservative member for the Isle of Wight, died at his residence, Quarr Abbey, Ryde. in his eighty-third year. Deceased was the senior admiral of t'-e fleet, and the grandson of the eighth Earl of Dundonald. He was member of Parliament for Ipswich for four years, was nine years governor of Newfoundland, and served in several important expeditions. The Eastern Counties line at Ivelvedon, where the accident happened on Thursday, October 17th, was cleared on Friday forenoon, and tile traffic is now car- ried en as usual. No deaths had occurred yesterday, be- yond the lady who was killed on the spot; but it is feared the "uard and driver cannot survive, and others of the pas- sengers are in a critical state. The total number of per- sons injured is said to be thirty. No cause can be assigned for the accident, as it is said that the line at that point was in first-rate condition. Another mysterious tragedy has occurred in London. On Thursday, Oct. 17th, a lady and gentleman, who stated that they had just arrived from the Continent, engaged apartments for a week at 18, Golden-square. They retired to bed at ten o'clock on Friday night, and at r eleven on Saturday morning they were found dead in their room. A Bible was clutched in the hands of the man, and a railway rug was partly over the head of the woman, who was sitting dead and rigid in a chair. Upon the table was a phial labelled strychnine," and a memorandum stating that the writer had left C3 to bury them with, that it was to be done as quietly as possible, and that the landlady was to have £1 for her trouble and the contents of the trunks. There was no other paper or clue to the identity of the people. A serious collision took place on the river at mid-day on Saturday, October 19th. The Rotterdam steamer Batavier was proceeding down the river on her outward voyage, when she met the Turkish vessel, the Sharkee, coming up. The two vessels came into collision in broad daylight, when the Turkish steamer cut the Dutch passenger boat down to the water's edge, and in ten minutes she sank. The crew and passengers, of whom there were about thirty, were saved, but all their property, together with the general cargo, went down in the vessel. An accident of a very remarkable character, and one which it is feared will terminate fatally, has happened to a young womar, named Maria Sharkey. She was employed asaspoon and fork buffer at the silver-plate manufactory belonging to Messrs H. Wilkinson and Co., of Liverpool. The shafting in the buffing wheel runs along over the win- dows. The unfortunate young woman had been cleaning the window over the buffers at which she worked, and had turned round to jump off the bench. She gave a spring, when the very large chignon she wore was caught by the shafting, which tore not only her chignon and net, but also her hair and scalp completely off her head, and one of her ears. She was taken to the Public Hospital and Dispen- sary, where her injuries were attended to. At first it was thought .they would certainly prove fatal, but on Thurs- day night she was somewhat recovered from the shock, though still!in a very precarious condition. The straw-plaiters at Dunstable are suffering from com- petition with the Chinese, who are sending bales of Can- ton plaits" to our straw hat manufacturers at about half the price the home-made article costs. The Pall Mall Gazette says :—" This fact opens some grave and interesting questions concerning the future of labour. If our straw- plaiters are driven out of the market by the Chinese, surely other artizans and handicraftsmen must stand some chance of beino-driven out also. We have said that the Canton plait is very nearlv as good—in fact, the only difference is, that the English "is a little more elegant and finished. But there are many kinds of work which we pay high for and which is ill-done, and if skilled Chinese labour were once to come into competition with unskilled English labour, the atte r would have no chance." A subject which has more than once before been dis- cussed in the papers has again come to the surface. A correspondent of one of the London papers, referring to the custom of putting on mourning for deceased rela- tives, says If mourning is to be worn as symbolical of the mourning heart-and this seems its only mean- ing—then, at all events, it should be a true sym- bol, not a conventional one, and those who do not mourn should wear no black. For is it to be supposed that thus it truly is—that under the deepest crape lies the heaviest heart ? It cannot be disputed that there must be many deaths which cause no emotion beyond a sense of relief, and deaths which are a matter of comparative in- difference to those who are obliged to spend money-which might be far more usefully employed—in arraying them- selves in garments testifying to a sorrow they do not feel. Is not this a system of shams-a system of deep-rooted hypocrisy? Yet everyone bows to the conventional de- cree, and many poor souls have gone so far as to feel them- selves wanting in proper respect to the departed when poverty has obliged a deficiency in crape and paramatta." On the score of expense the writer also condemns the practice."
A CARD. Populaiity has its drawbacks, as the following letter from Mr Charles Mathews points out:—" Mr Charles Mathews presents his compliments to the whole human race, and begs to state that, much as he loves his fellow creatures, he finds it impossible to provide for the necessities of even the small population of London alone. The enormous number of applications for assistance he daily receives, chiefly from total strangers, makes it necessary for him to apologise for not entirely supporting the applicants and their families and it is with shame he is obliged to confess himself unable to accomplish so desirable an object. He has had quite enough to do to fight through his own difficulties, and has been and is still labouring at a time of life when many men would be glad to be sitting quietly by their firesides, in the hope of acquiring a small independence for his old age, which "endeavour would be completely frustrated were he to dvot.) all li-, hard-earned savings to the necessities of others. He hereby declares, upon his oath, that though he has lately traveled thousands of miles, and met with all the success he could wish, and is at the present mo- ment basking in the sunshine of public favour, he is not a niillionaire and, though warmly attached to his species in the plural, he has at last learnt to value it in the singular—his specie having become equally dear to him. is not that 'he 'loves Ctesar Ie3S, but that he loves Rome morv He admits the force of the old quotation, Haud ignara mali mise:is succurrere disco,' but he offers this new translation—' Having so long suffered distress of his own, he has learnt—though rather late—to feel for the necessities of the one who is most in want of assist- ance—namely, himself !'—Gaiety Theatre, Oct. 15."
HOLL-JWAY'S OIXTIIEXT AXD PILLS.—Fear not.—Though surrounded by circumstances disadvantageous to health, these remedies, properly applied, will cut short fevers, in- fluenza, inflammation, diphtheria, and a host of other com- plaints always lurking about to seize on the weak, for- lorn, or unwary. The superiority of Holloway's medicines over others for subduing disease has been so widely and fully proved that it is only necessary to ask the afflicted to give them a trial, and if the instructions folded round them be followed, no disappointment will ever ensue, nor dangerous consequences result. In hoarseness and ulcerated sore throat the ointment should frequently be rubbed on the neck and upper part of the chest; and it will arrest the increasing inflammation, allay disquietude, and gradually cure.
WORK AND WORKERS. All the railways which have their termini in Calcutta now ns Indian coal. The East Indian 11 dlway Com- pany consumed 247,000 tons of Bengal coal in I SCO. and the Eastern Bengal in the previous year consumed 16,000 tons. Some new works have, we understand, been recently con- structed near Battersea, for the production of horse nails by machinery. It is said that there is a consumption of no less than 150 tons per week cf. these nails, all of which had hitherto been manufactured by hand labour. The new machinery has, it seems, proved im every respect satisfactory, aHd will give employment to a large number of young women from seventeen to twenty-five years of age, thus ex- tending the sphere of female labour in a direction altogether unexpected. The Builders' Weekly Ri$r,rter says—" The rate of wages in England, compared withthose paid ine verv other country, except the 1 nited States, are decidedly f&vournble, and there is perhaps more of what we know as comfort'here tlun in any other part or the-world. Thir, inforiii,ticii is afforded us by means of* the reports furnished by our diplomatic and consular agents in various parts, and the statements therein made are thoruughlv tasted before pub- lication, and are, therefore, to be depended upon. The old superstition of the superior well-being of England, if it was false in the days of the Com Laws, has become a truth under the rule of IHee Trade. Our workmen are far better paid, looking. at what the pou^d will purehase, than those of any other country, including even America. If wages rise a man is no better off if the necessaries of life go up in an eqiial ratio; and this is so universally ad- mitted that there is no need to demonstrate its truth."
WEST TANKERYILLE. The recent discoveries in this mine are fresh evidences to show that whea mining fields are being selected, and a search for mineral deposits made, the cardinal point with the engineer should be, not merely that lodes exist, or that the rocks traversed by the veins belong to this group or that series but what is the direction of the veins and are all the condisior.s present which are indispensable to the bringing in, depositing, and tilling up the lodes with con- genial matrix, and precious ora. It is interesting to look back on the history of Shropshire lead mining, and reflect on the working and re-working, and subsequent abandon- ment of oue mine after another, until the whole list (one t solitaiy usine excepted) waxed old in ruin and desolation and the district was pointed at as a warning to the speou- lator. Such, we say, was. the true picture of Shropshire lead mining some fifteen years ago. But no sooner did men csase to believe in rule of thumb, and where it there it is," when a new interest, resuscitated life, end fresh indomitable vigour, were created and brought into judicious exercise, with a result that to-day places Shrop- shire in a high position as a lead producing district. Snailbeach and Tankerville and Roman Gravels, »ich in l;>des and rocks—-(we say rich in rocks for after all, ihis is the grand secret of successful mining)—whit mine?, are like then ? Where do we see such wonderful rans of lead ore ? Knowing as wo do, what the district was, and now is, in the opinion of men, practical men, we reiterate t h state- ment, that to be successful, our mining engineers mu^t be able to read the order and superposition ot the rocks, to work out the problem in which is wrspt up the a»socia- tion, or link which associates, the mineral lode with the strata, as well as have some knowledge—some theory if you like—of the power of electricity, of chemical action, cohesion, and kindred forces, which conjointly work to. ( gether, and fill up the veins. Even a desire to know j these things leads men to think with method, and, in that way, gives them a position above their fellows. We have mentioned some of the great mims of the dis- trict, the l,rese t success of which we attribute to judicious selection, under a knowledge of the questions involved in our premises. We again call the attention of our readers to the discoveries ii West Tankerville. Courses of lead ore, like those in California engine haft, now over 30 fms. from surface, and in the winze sinking below the 1.3 fms. level on the same lode, 12 fms. north of shaft (the pre- sent depth of winze being nearly on a level with the bot- tom of the shaft), are, we thiiik sufficient to show how well the sites have been chosen, and how correctly the rich ore has been literally bored ink>(for comparatively, a shaft, or winze, is but a borer hole), and deposits of lead dis- covered, worth in the aggregate £ 112 per fm. Looking at the depth at which the surrounding mines began to reveal their deep deposits, and seeing that West Tankerville is also beginning to increase in productiveness in a like manner as depth analogous to theirs is reached, there can be only one opinion as to the future prospects and increasing value of this property. The present yield of the Shropshiee mines (the number of those sellin,7 iead is six,) amounts to, in round numbers, 740 tons a month, at £ 14 per ton, giving a money value of IC124,320 per annum.
A COACHMAN SUEING HIS LATE MASTER FOR LIBEL. Mr William Reynolds, a gentleman of independent means, residing at The Erwy, near Ruabon, was sued at the Oswestry County Court, by James Langley for having maliciously and falsely libelled his character. Mr Swetenham, of the Chester and North Wales circuit, instructed by Messrs Chester and Urquhart, 11, Staple Inn, London, appeared for the plaintiff, and the de- fendant was represented by Mr Chandler, of Shrewsbury, instructed by Mr Kyffin G. Salter, of Ellesmere. The damages were laid at £ 100. The case, which had been remitted for trial from the supe- rior courts, was heard before the following jury:—Messrs Robert Ellis Hughes, Joseph Evans, William Lowther, John Morgan, and Robert Porter. The defendant's plea was not guilty." Mr Swetenham, in opening the case, said that the plain- tiff had for many years acted as coachman in gentlemen's families, and had for about a year been in the service of Mr Reynolds, a gentleman who resided at The Erwy, near Ruabon. The plaintiff was desirous of getting married, and left the defendant's service because there was no cottage in which he could live. Hearing that the Rev. J. S. Rogers, Rector of Selattyn, was in want of a coachman, the plaintiff applied for the situation. Before engaging him Mr Rogers very properly applied to Mr Reynolds for a character, and, on April 8th, Mr Rogers received a reply, stating that there was no reason to doubt Langley's honesty, steadiness, and sobriety; that he was a good driver, and if looked after would make a very good and efficient servant. On the faith of such an excellent character Mr Rogers engaged the plain- tiff, who entered into his employment on April 22nd, receiving 18s. per week. On May 7th Mr Rogers was surprised to receive a letter from Mr Reynolds, in which that gentleman stated that since he had given the character to Langley, he had discovered that lie did not merit the confidence which had been reposed in him. Mr Rogers replied on May 8th, thanking Mr Reynolds for the information, and requesting to know what Langley's faults had been to cause the with- drawal of the good character which had been previously given. On May 9th, Mr Reynolds wrote to Mr Rogers to the effect that Langley and his late bailiff Jones, were in the habit of absenting themselves on Sunday nights, representing that they were attending chapel whereas they were spending their time at a public-house, known as the Boat-house, and that on week days they fre- quented another public-house, near the Erwy, called the Three Pigeons." Mr Reynolds's communication, in addition to casting the imputation of untruthfulness upon the plaintiff, went on to state that since Langley had left his service he had discovered that fourteen bottles of fine old port and a bottle of brandy had been abstracted from his wine cellar, a hole having been cut in a board to admit a person's arm, and as Jones and Langley were the only servants in the household who took beer, suspicion naturally rested upon these two men. On hearing of the charges which had been brought against him, Langley went over to the Erwy on the following day, and had an interview with defendant, the result of which was that he returned with a letter for Mr Rogers, in which the defendant said that James Langley seems to be innocent of taking the wine, and Jbas denied spending his Snndays in the manner I stated. Please, there- fore, consider him innocent until I get further information." On the following day Mr Rogers received another letter from Mr Reynolds, saying that Jones and Langley had called upon him, and that he could not positively say that they had taken the wine or been untruthful. Mr Rogers did not dismiss the plaintiff, but insisted, if he wished to remain in his service, upon his clearing himself of these charges which had been preferred against him by Mr Reynolds. As the defendant would give no apology or retract one syllable of what lie had written, the matter was put into the hands of Mr Henrv Davies, who, on May 16th, wrote to the de- fendant, and'demanded from him an apology in writing, and the payment of five guineas compensation to enable Langley to pay the expenses which had necessarily been incurred. But, instead of Mr Reynolds acting upon the suggestion, Z, and sending an ample apology aud that, to him, paltry sum of five guineas to indemnify the plaintiff for his costs, he went to his solicitor, Mr Salter, of Ellesmere, and that gen- tleman, acting under his instructions, wrote to Mr Henry Davies on May 18th, giving him a friendly hint to make further enquiries into the alleged defamation before he com- menced proceedings. As the plaintiff could get no apology from the defendant, he had been compelled to resort to these proceedings in order to vindicate his character. The Rev. J. S. Rogers said the plaintiff was his coach- man. Upon the receipt of the second letter from Mr Rey- nolds he had told him he would have to leave his service unless he cleared himself from the charges which Mr Heynolds bad made against him. Under the circumstances he did not con- sider the letters as privileged communications. The defence set up was that the communications were privileged; that the defendant had acted bona fide in the mater; and that the Y>!aintiff had not been damnified in any way. Mr Chandler contended that the defendant had not been guilty of any actual malice, and that lie had acted in honest, good faith, believing that he was simply discharging a duty what he owed to Mr Rogers. The Judge left it to the jury to say ■whether ^here had been actual malice on the part of the defendantin the let- ters which had passed between himself and Mr Rogers or whether they were of opinion that the defendant was only doing that which, rightly or wrongly, he considered was his bounden duty to Mr Rogers and society to do. Tiie Jury returned into court after an absence of about three quarters of an hour, and the Judge, addressing the fore- man, asked: Do you find there was actual malice on the part of the defendant? Mr R. E. Hughes We find that there has been malice with some indiscretion.—But has there, in your opinion, been actual malice? No, but we think there was some indiscretion on his part.—Then I must direct you to find a verdict for the defendant, because the law says that communications respecting the characters of servants are privileged, and, unless there be actual malice, an action for libel cannot lie. A verdict was accordingly entered for the defendant.
A publishing friend says that the exercise he likes best is a run upon a book.-Punch.
POLITICS. .-the Gazette contains the Speakers notice of writs ior Tiverton and Richmond. J Mr H-race Greeley has declined several invitations to speak at public meetings on account of his wife, who is dying. inT*10 blowing are the returns from April 1st to October 19th :-Receipts, £ 30,915..495 expenditure, £ 11,660,693: balances, £ 2,977.931. 1\[r Morley, M.P. for Bristol, has become a member of the Anti-Game Law League, to which he has made a donation of JE21. f tf10 Pr°P°sa^ that M. Thiers should be made President or tne rrench Republic for life is strongly opposed by the Pans i emps, which maintains that if it were acred upon the relllt must be the political bankruptcy of France. The Dublin correspondent of the Ti:~ics states that Mr Gladstone having publicly stated in a letter to the Mayor of Berry that the Cabinet was p-ledged to consider the question of the purchase of Irish railways b\- the State, the people of the north ar prepat in to assist the ministry to arrive at a conalusion by putting on them a little gentle pressure. A series of public meetings is to be held. The proprietors of extensive eollieriesat Ringwood, near Bristol, having received a demand fron: their men for an advance of ten per cent upon their wages—a similar de- mand having been conceded three weeks siiice-have ir, formed them that their services will not be required afte. Saturcaj- ne:i unless the- relinquish the "stint" syster, which restricts the "get" to four tons each man per day.
THE PRICE OF COAL. Writing to a Manchester contemporary, "One In- terested'*says that the following is n, comparative state- ment oS the price of coal per ton as delivered at the pit's mouth in the neighbourhood of Wigan in November, 1871, and is week Nov., 1S71. Oct., 1872. s. d. s. d. Jour-feet Wigan coal 6 G 15 6 Five-feet ditto. q 0 15 0 Six-feet ditto 5 C !) 0 Burgie 4 p [ 13 (j Best enine slack 3 0 12 3 Second ditto 2 9 12 0 These figures are given by an impoitant D)m in a circu- lar to their customers. It would be interesting to know what proportion of the advance indicated is to be attributed to the rise in the wages of the colliers.
AX AUDACIOUS SWINDLER. At Westminster Police Court on Monday, October 21st, Henry Gazermere, a man about fifty years of age, was charged with endeavouring to obtain a charitable contri- bution by false pretences. Mr Henry Morgan Vane, of 74, Eaton-place, said he was secretary to the Charity Commission in St. James's- Fquare. Two letters had been received at his private house b'st week, delivered by the prisoner. They were to the effect that Mr Oliver Pugh, the Registrar of the County Court at Llanfyllin, m Wales, was dead, and his widow in great distress. One of the gentlemen in the office gave the prisoner 5s. for the benefit of the widow but from letters received it appeared that Mr Bugh, who was a solicitor in large practice, was alive and well. The pri- soner called again on the previous morning for an answer to the letters, and in reply to Mr Vane said the widow lived in Judo-street, -danchester-sojUare, and could not come herself, as she was ill and had two children to attend to. The prisoner also said he was a rflation cf Mr Pugh's, and could therefore vouch for the authenticity of his state- ments. He was then given into custody, as the whole matter was a fabrication. Mr Woolrych said he must have oral evidence of Mr Pugh's being alive, and under these circumstances he should remand tho prisoner. Mr Vane said he would be so prepared on a future occa- sion, and anotbercharge or other charges would be preferred against the prisoner. Mr Woolrych remanded him for a week. e
MELANCHOLY SUICIDE OF A FARMER'S WIFE. On Thursday, Oct. 17th, Llandrillo was thrown into considerable excitement when the S2.d news became known that -Mrs Gwen Evans, the wife of Mr John Evans, Waunrydd, a small but respectable farmer, had committed suicide by hanging herself with a rope in her bedroom. It appears that the unfortunate woman had been unwell a few weeks ago, and had at different time3 shown signs of insanity, but she had so far recovered that nothing unusual was seen in her conduct. However, last Thursday, her husband went to a neighbour's house to assist with the thrashing machine, leaving the deceased and a lad in his employ at home. When he returned, about four o'clock in the afternoon, he found the door locked and the key taken out. He effected an entrance by breaking through an old window, when he found the key of the door placed on the dresser in the kitchen. He immediately searched th rooms, all of which had their doors closed, and on entering the bedroom he saw the deceased hanging with a cord round her neck. He at once gave an alarm, and several men went back with him to the scene of the shocking spectacle; they cut the body down, but it was quite cold and stiff, which showed evidently that the sad act was committed soon after Mr Evans left | the house in the morning; and this opinion was corro- borated by the fact that the servant lad, who was working in a field close by, went at the usual hour for his dinner and found the door fastened then. The inquest was held on Friday evening, Oct. ISd1 before the deputy coroner, Mr W. Williams, Bala Afr Edward Jarrott, Plasyn-fardre, being foreman of the jury. The first witness called was Mr John Evans, husband of the deceased, who deposed I live at Waunrydd, in the parish of Llaudrillo. Gwen Evans was my wife. We had been married twenty-five years. Deceased complained some time ago of great pain in her head, but she had been all right for the last three weeks. Dr Walker, Corwen, visited her during her illness twice. She suffered from great flatulency at times her behaviour during her illness was as usual, only when conversing she seemed to get confused. Had greatly altered for the better during the last three weeks. Conversed freely about domestic affairs in the morning before I left home to assist with the thrash- ing machine. I left the house about eight o'clock, and did not return till about four o'clock. The servant lad was near the house so as to attend on her. When I re- turned I found the door locked and got in through the window. I was greatly frightened by seeing the door key placed on the dresser inside, and I began to make a search and found her hanging to a cord in the bedroom where we used to sleep. I did not touch her then, but went to my next neighbour to give an alarm. Three men proceeded with me back. It was they who cut her down. She was fifty-four years of age.—The next witness examined was Robert Roberts, a lad thirteen years of age, who deposed My mistress sent me to work in a field close to the house soon after my master left. I went for my dinner between one' and two o'clock, and found the door fastened. Went back to my work. My master came home about four o'clock. I told him I had had no dinner and had not seen my mistress since breakfast. It was impossible for my master to come home without me seeing him.- Edward Owens, Cynwyd, said I went with the other men to the house of John Evans and assisted in cutting the body down. When hanging the body did not touch the ground. A cord was round the neck, fastened to the ceiling at the top, and the body was quite cold and stiff. The jury, after a brief consultation, returned a verdict That the deceased committed suicide while labouring under temporary insanity."
A Dundee contemporary states that the lite Sir David Baxter has left £ 50,000 to the Free Church, £40,OOa to the University of Edinburgh, and from £ 10,000 to £ 12,000 to found a mechanics' institute;11 Dundee, besides minor bequests for the public benefit. The Prussian Chambers resumed their sittings on Tues- day, after the recess. In the Lower House the Minister of Finance brought forward next year's Budget, in which the revenue is estimated at nineteen millions in excess of this yeiir. Government proposes to devote about seven millions and three quarters to the reduction of the public debt. Fun, in antwer to a Cambrian correspondent, says— "Come! Stanley found out Livingstone, and you haven't found out Stanley as yet. He does not seem anxious to belong to Wales, and why should Wales be so greedv to gobble him up? In Jonah's time Whales would give up even a profit, that couldn't agree with them. This is to much. Here's Vesuvius wanting to break out again. The seismographs supply most unpleasant information, We do not want to be rude, but if the peace of the continent is again menaced by an inflammatory action, appeal will lie to 1\1. von Bismark.—Punch. A Yankee lad was observed intently wathing for a woodchuck to come out of his hole. TJ1 you suppose you can catch him ?" asked a pisser-hv Catch him contemptuously answered the boy; «rve got to him, stranger. We are out of meat." it. LorJ Carnarvon the other day, speaking to some pro. vincials, said, He was a great advocate for good English beer, and thought there was nothing better and more truly English altogether." His lordship is right only the sooner the publicans manage to get something of the kind to sell the better for the public. -J)fd-?,. A DESIDERATUM—Judy learns from a cOlJtemporary that a novel institution exists in the parish < f Mansfield Notts. It is called a Union of Hearty \V orshippers ? and the object is stated to be a more universal and hearty joining in of the congregation in the Common Prayer and Praise of the Church Services." The next thing Judy would like to hear of is a little more vnion in the Church itself. When ttiis eomes about we shall get on. A^Wisby Chap' has been favouring the claimant with a "threatening letter wh,eh the big man read with much unction to a metaipg of his supporters at Bradford. It ran as follows Ibis is to warn thee if tha tells ory moor foul and blagardly lyes abaht honest folk thert-l1 be them in that hall to-morn't need as will mak thee wish thee sen bacij at Wagga-Wr-gga. Soa moind what tha ses. PRICES OF DOMESTIC ARTICLES.—In almost every branch of trade an advance in prices has taken place, nor is there any present prospect of an improvement in favour of the consumer it is, therefore, with mnch satisfaction Mes«n» Horniman announce the fact that their pure teas are still being so d at the old prices, which will remain unaltered and are now so moderate as to meet the wants of all classes. The decided preference for Rorniman's Tea arises from its laving a strong dark-colcured liquor, rich and full flavour, grateful to^the palate, and invigorating: to the sj stem] ™