BREAKFAST.-Epps'S COCOA.—GRATEFUL AND COMFOBT- IlfG, Bv a thorough knowledge of the natural law4 which govern the operations of digestion and nutrition, and by a Careful application of the properties of well-selected cocoa. A Epps has provided our breakfast tables with a delicately- flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctors •^fls-"— Civil Service Gazette. Made simply vnth Boiling IT ter or Milk. Each packet is labelled—JAMSS EPPS k Co., JQ myopathic Chemists, London. Also, makefs of Epps's ftQaoine a very thiu beverage for evening use..
'll0rfhtg. Bangor Steeplechases have been fixed to take place on Tuesday, March 19th. The date of Baschurch Steeplechase has been altered to Thursday, 11th day of April. The celebrated greyhound, Master M'Grath died suddenly on Sunday night. A GOOD DAY WITH THE TANAT-SIDE HARRIERS.—On Saturday, Dec. 16th, these bounds met at Llansaintfraid Bridge. A hare was soon found in an old fallow belonging to Mr Kempster (who always appears glad to see the hounds hunting over his land). She provd one of the right sort, as she went quite straight for about thirty minutes almost without a check, and was lost in some cross roads near Trenanny. Found again in a hedgerow close to irewglan Hall. Puss first made for Llansainffraid, then turned to rjcrht, skirted the Rhysnant wood", and entered Bryn- mawr covert. She then took the road, and ran down towards the Four Crosses, where she would have crossed the canal, had not some boys on the bridge headed her. She then ran back up a lane, where the hounds checked for scarcely a minute. Up to this point the pace had been tremendous and the scent breast high however, Rocket and Butler soon got on her line again, and hunted her slowly over some wet fallows, which tried the hunting capabilities of the pack. Puss then lay down in a hedge- row and jumped up in full view of the hounds, and was pulled down in the open after as good a run of forty minutes as one could wish to see.-TANTAILA.. THE UPPER SEVERN AND V.ERNIFW.-After an extra- ordinary long continuance of dry weather and low water for the time of year, the rivers have at length freshened. Not that we have had any rain, however, except on the moun- tains. There was a heavy gale from the S.W. on Mon- day, and this brought about three feet of water down the Verniew on Tuesday morning. This has set the salmon on the move, and I noticed above one hundred leap at one of the Verniew weirs in the course of half an hour. They were mostly large fish-some of them huge fellows. There were plenty of 30-pounders. Salmon are very late in spawning this year, and we cannot fail to have a very protracted spawning season. Anglers will be pleased to hear that au unusually large number of fine trout have been seen spawning during the last two months in the tributary brooks of the Upper Severn. Some of the trout must have been as heavy as 41b. Since writing the above rain has commenced, and of a character that will be sure to bring down heavy water.A. in the Field (Dec. 20). THE SEVERN.—The late thaw and recurrence to ro kl weather have made little change in the river. There was no snow to he melted, and the water rose very slightly when the frost left us. It was sufficient, however, to bring up a few fine salmon, and to help them on their way to the spawning grounds but it has been a subject of special remark this season that the quantity of salmon seen in the Severn on their way to the top of the river has been, as compared with the last two seasons, remarkably small. Last autumn, after the closing of the fishing season, the salmon appeared in the estuary in swarms, and, subsequently, they ran up the Severn, and its lower tributary, the Teme, in shoals. This year there was a small run of fish just at the end of October, and for a few weeks afterwards fish were seei in the lower part of the Severn, but none appeared to reach the upper s,treams-at least, not in any appreciable quantities. The same state of things still continues and whereas at this time, just before Christmas, the spawning beds in the Upper Severn, the Verniew, the Tanat, and the Teme ought to be Well occupied, the local water-bailiffs report almost a total absence of fish. It is true there have been no freshes to speak of, and so dry a season in jNovember a-ad December has not occurred for some years. In the Upper Severn. and Verniew district the only fish that have been observed of late have been between the mouth of the Tanat where it falls into the Verniew, and the mouth of the Verniew where it joins the Severn. In the Teme a few fish showed at the time of the last fresh in that river, some six weeks ago, in the vicinity of Ashford weir, below Ludlow, and again a few miles lower down, at Meadows' Mill weir. The small brooks falling into the Teme, which have generally been well supplied with spawning fish,"have this year not a salmon in them and only two beds of spawn have been seen between Tenbury and Ludlow, which part of the river abounds in fina breeding grounds. S. in the Field.
COURSING FIXTURES. Carnarvonshire Jan. 10, 11 Waterloo Cup Feb. 21, 22, 23. Eccleston and Alford (Cheshire).Feb. 27, 28 RACING FIXTURES. 1872. Carmarthen Feb. 6 Birmingham Feb. 5, 6 South Staffordshire Feb. 13 Derby March 4, 5 Lincoln March 18, 19 Bangor March 19. Liverpool Spring .< March 20 21, 22 Lichfield April 1, 2 Abergavenny April 4, 5 Baschurch April 11. Chester My 7, 8, 9,10 HORDLEY COURSING MEETING. I FRIDAY, DECEMBER 22ND. (By permission of the Rev. W. C. E. Kynaston.) STEWARDS—Hon. G. Kenyon, T. L. Boote, Esq., Wvnn Griffiths, Esq,, I. S. Hodgson, Esq., and R. G. Jebb, Esq. JUDGE-Mr Warwick. FLAG STEWARD—Mr R. Lloyd. SLIPPEB—Mr Stockton. THE HARD WICK CUP. Mr T. Jones's be d Blue Ruin beat Mr Boote's f b Miss Emilia. Mr Taylor's r and w d Hardface beat Mr Morgan's bk and w b Hasty Jane. Mr Evans's be b Chit Chat beat Mr Kenyon's bk d The Friar. Mr Harries's w and f b Hilda beat Mr Wynn Giiffiths's f and w b Blide. Mr Owen's bk b Lufra^baat Mr Harries's w and bk d Patri- cian. Mr Hughes's r b Hermia beat Mr Morgan's f d Lord of the Isles. Mr Foulkes's be and w d Fire On beat Mr T. Jones's bk b Black Barnsley. Mr Wynn Griffith's bk d Bitter Sweet beat Mr Boote's be b Blue Stocking. n. Blue Ruin beat Hardface. I Lufra beat Hermia. Hilda beat Chit Chat. j Fire On beat Bitter Sweet. III. Hilda beat Blue Ruin. ) Lufra beat Fire On. iv. Mr Harries's Hilda, by Boanerges-Theatre Royal, beat Mr Owens's Lufra, by Racing Hopfactor-Sal Volatile, and won. THE HORDLET STAKES. Mr Hughes's f d Hector beat Mr Heatley's bk d Master Hock. Mr Foulkes's bk and w b Faith beat Mr Morgan ns f b, Isis. Mr Kenyon's bk b Rosalie beat Mr Evans's r and w b Evening Belle. Mr E. Jones's f and w b Beauty beat Mr Welch's f and w b Haste Away. I II. „ f Rector beat Faith. Rosalie beat Beauty. III. Mr Hughes's Hector, by Crown Imperial-Koyal Blcod, beat Mr Kenyon's Rosalie, by Wolsey-Rosette, and won. THE HA. WKSWOOB STAKES. Mr Jebb's Worse Still beat Mr Evan's Berwyn. Mr Foulkes's Huntres3 beat Mr Owens's Ltipuite. Mr Morgan's Hasty Jane beat Mr Thomas's Patrician. Mr Cariledge's Myrtle beat Mr Heatley's Master Hock. u. Worse Still beat Huntress. Hasty Jane beat Myrtle. in. Mr Jobb's Worse Still, by Wolsey-Romp, beat Mr Morgan's Hasty Jane, by Racing Hopfactor-Hardwick Lass, and won. 1,:an¡ -j b .Il ;i:j: tn Ir!dlry coursing meetings began, and numberless other meetings have in the interim sprung up all over the country, yet, we doubt if any one of them has, up to this time. surpassed, in point of genuine excellency of sport, old Hordley. To Mr Kynaston and his tenants it is impossible for those who love the grey- hound to be too grateful for the sport and hospitality of last Friday. So many unexceptionable trials have rarely been witnessed in this neighbourhood in one day. Through the considerate kindness of the tenants the meadows had been cleared of stock and kept quiet, the consequence of which was that the hares were found everywhere in the right places; and then the dogs were slipped right well by Mr Stockton, who is "as fresh as a four-year-old," while Mr Warwick, rarely mounted, rode the long courses gallantly, and decided like a Waterloo judge. Some of the trials were of great severity. The Lancashire dog, after going a few hundred yards, turned short back with the hare close before him as much as to say—" If you want to catch those hares, you may do it youreelves. I will have nothing more to say to them." Mr Cureton, Mr Timmiss, and Mr Reece had, with their usual hospitality, provided miscellaneous refreshments for the participators of the sport, and a hearty welcome was given to all. The exertions of Mr Lloyd, as flag steward, deserve a wortl of praise.
A YOU-G POSITIVIST.-Parson "What's a miracle?" —Bov "jDunno." Paitson "Well, if the sun were to shine"in the middle.of the night what should you say it was ?"-Boy. "Themoon." Parson But if youi were told it was the sun, what should you say it was ?"—Boy A lie Parson:" I don't tell lies. Suppose I told you it was the sun, what would you say then Boy That yer wasn't sober I,Pa)tch WHISKY.—Of all spirits consumed in England none have increased in consumption to the same extent as whisky, and this is in a measure accounted for by the great improvements that have taken place in distillation, and the large amount of capitalinvested m its production, both in Scotland and Ireland. But, after all, the distilla- tion of the article is not the only important point for, as is also the case with brandy, the value of whisky depends to a great extent on its age. We know of one London firm-W. and A. Gilbey—who have about 3.000 puncheons (300,000 gallons) always maturing in bond, and for this purpose they have lately adapted a building well known to most travelers by the London and North-Western Railway as the Round House" at Camden-a building originally erected by the railway company at considerable expense as an engine house. Here are stored large stocks of all the most famous whiskies of Ireland and Scotland. Were the system pursued by this firm more generally followed, it is not difficult to imagine a time when whfeky would be a strong competitor with brandy, more especially should the French government be induced to charge an export duty on Cognao b.-andy.-Standard, 20th l December.
gtrjriruttal. FARM CAPITAL. The following is an extract from an excellent paper on this subject, read before the Kingscote (Gloucestershire) Farmers' Club, by Mr F. Burnett:—"What is to be done with our arable land to increase the produce, so as to give a higher per centage if an extra capital is expended ? Go fifty miles from home and ask the question, and nine out of ten you ask will tell you, deep cultivation. You may say, I go near the rock now.' The reply will be, 'Go to the rock, and take a little of it, so as to increase your soil.' Practical experience does not agree with this, and it would not be advisable to increase our capital in turning up the rock which lies near the surface of the greater portion of the Cotswold hills. Where there is depth of soil, even if that soil is only what we call a cold or dead sand, an in- crease of canital would rerny the outlay of subsoilin« This involves another question whether it is more advan- tageous to use horses or steam ? The answer would be horses, if this is the onlv cultivation that steam could be applied to; but I am of opinion there are many other uses, such as cultivating stubbles after harvest, cultivating across the fallows in the spring, and I am not sure whe- ther it would not be advisable to have a traction engine to perform all our stationary operations on the farm, and also road work, such as hauling dung a long distance, takino- out corn, bringing home coals and feed from the station this would be increasing the capital. Now let us see whether we can make it anything like advisable to do so. Let us take a 10-horse portable engine and set of tackle I saw working on Mr Peacey's farm a short time ago, known by the name of Howard's roundabout system. The engine, Brown and May's double cylinder (which is preferable to a single cylinder), cultivator and windlass made by Howard. It was working on a stiff clay pea stubble, six inches deep %nd at the rate of seven acres per day, which, in comparison with reports we hear of quan- tities done, is very small but an average of seven acres per day, we believe is nearer the truth than thirteen or fourteen. The work was done in a first-rate manner, much better than it would be possible to do it with any amount of horse-power, the cost 7s. per acre, including every expense. Price of engine, cultivator, drags, rope- porters, pulleys, carriage, and a lot of extras, £ 550. Mr Peacev said he was porfectly satisfied with the manner in which he bad increased his capital. When he purchased it he sold off his fourteen working oxen, and believed the exchange was much to his advantage. This is his third year of working it, and had he to buy another set he would have the same sort, with the exception of a Smith's windlass instead of a Howard's. I said that I believed a double cylinder engine was preferable, but Messrs Howard worked a 10-horse single cylinder portable engine and 5-tined cultivator at Wolverhampton, on a clover lea, seven and a half inches deep, and cultivated three acres in two hours fourteen minutes, which in a day of ten hours would be thirteen and a quarter acres. Then there are Smith and Fowler, pioneers of steam cultivation their doings are continually before the public, the latter as prize-takers, and the former, according to his own account and many others, is a practical steam agriculturist, and weekly-I may say c!ailjr—gives us account of all his operations. Therefore I need not allude to the system of working or cost, as most of you rrust be well acquainted with it. I must not forget to mention the Fisken system, which I rather like the idea of, brought out by the Ravensfcliorpc Company, and which obtained a prize of E25 from the Royal Agricultural Society at Wolverhampton, and since the first prize of B150 at Breslau, in Germany. It has the advantage over all their roundabout sets of cultivating fields of extra size without moving the tackle. You may work to or from the engine, and it is of no consequence whether the man with the cultivator is in sight of the man with the engine or not. As it is not necessary to take the engine into the field that is to be cultivated, it can be placed at the side of a pond or stream, where it will supply itself with water. The cost of tackle is all ut zC120 more than that of Mr Peacey's mentioned, and I am doubtful whether to keep in repair so much Manilla rope would not be more than the maker's calculation, which is 6d. per acre. It would be too much to expect you to listen to a very minute detail of this or any other system of cultivation. They are not very different in their performances or price, when the quantity done per day is taken into consideration. Their minor details or merits is not so much our question as is it advisable to have them ? We have heard much of late about traction engines, and after what we saw of them at Wolverhampton they must be worthy of our consideration. To quote the words of the Royal Agricultural Society's Journal, "Whether considered in point of economy of fuel as a driver of machinery, or of efficiency for traction purposes upon a farm, Messrs Aveling and Porter's 10-horse power engine was far ahead of any of its competitors." As regards using them as traction, drawing cultivator ploughs, &c., or any other agricultural implement behind them, I do not believe they will ever become general; the weight must be too great a pressure on the land, even with india- rubber tires, but it must be a great advantage to move of themselves, and take the needful implements or machinery to accomplish their work without the aid of horses. I have often thought when we have a dry time after harvest how I should like a 10-horse traction-engine to draw a cultivator and drags behind it if it even pressed the soil a little tight, and cracked the rock a little under, it could not do much harm. I doubt not the time is not far distant when the greater-portion of the heavy road work will be performed by them. The expense of working a traction-engine for stationary purposes is no greater than a portable, with the exception of the first cost, which, for a 10-horse engine, is E320. I saw an account the other day of a traction-engine made by Messrs Ransome, Sims, and Head, of Ipswich, under R. Thompson's patent, built for the Indian Government, which ran from Ipswich to Edinburgh, a distance of 450 miles, in seventy-seven hours. Having thus brought the subject of steam cultivation before you, giving my opinion of quantity and quality of work done, cost of operation, and first cost of implements, I will leave it for you to draw com- parisons, so that you may arrive at a most decided conclu- sion, whether it would be most advantageous to invest an extra capital In steam cultivation. I need hardly state that it is an acknowledged fact that steam can be, and is, used most advautageoiisly in threshing, grinding, chaff- cutting, and even root-pulping.
DEATH OF A WATERLOO VETERAN AT MONTGOMERYSHIRE. During the last month a most noteworthy person, of the name of John Manuel, died at Llawryglyn, Trefeglwys, in his ninetieth year, He was born in the year 1782, and enlisted at Llanidloes in a militia party from Brecon, in the year 1798, being then in his seventeenth year. Ou the way to Brecon he was advised to return to his native place, as being, according to his outward appearance, a very unlikely person to do honour to the party which he had enlisted in. However, young John wai determined not to return, and followed them to Brecon, at which place a bounty of 230 was offered to him for joining the 79th Highlanders, which he at once accepted, and from which place they (the 79th) had orders to march for Scotland, and thence to Ireland, at the time when the rebellion of 1799 was on its decline. When their services were no more required there, they were ordered to Egypt in the year 1801, to be under the com- mand. of Sir Ralph Abercrombie, whose melancholy death as is so well-known, occurred during this period, when the French were expelled out of Egypt. After this, the regi- ment was ordered to the scene of the Peninsular war in Spain. Manuel was one of the regiment under the com- mand of Sir John Moore, who retreated to Corunna in 1809, retiring for sixty miles under the fire of the enemy. John Manuel was taken prisoner by the French, and was imprisoned for three years in the citadel of Briankon. At the termination of this period, he was exchanged and restored to his old regiment, the 79fch Highlanders. Shortly afterwards, we find the regiment marching for Waterloo, and Manuel fought under Picton against the bravest of the brave," Marshal Ney, in the battle of Quartre Bras. Picton fell within thirty yards of the sub- ject of these remarks, and soon afterwards John Manuel had a ball through his head, which passed from ear to ear, part of the left ear being taken off. He fell unconscious, and remained so durina the whole nf fbA nichf and in the morning found himself half covered with water in a ditch. A garden was close by; hunger induced him to help himself to a few gooseberries, which, being unable to bite, he squeezed between his fingers, and let the juice drop into his parched mouth. From this place he. with others who had met with a similar fate, made his way to Brussels, where he obtained medical aid. As soon as he felt himself able, he determined to leave for his home, where he was heartily welcomed as one of the brave men who had nobly fought for their country. He was loved and honoured until the day of his death, and his memory will long remain. His pension was Is. per day, and he received above 21,000.- Communicated.
THE ILLNESS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES. k It is reported that the Prince of Wales will proceed from Sandringham to Windsor Castle as soon as his im- proved condition permits of his removal. At the funeral of the groom Blegg, at Sandringham, on Thursday, hot- house flowers sent by the Princess of Wales were placed upon the coffin. The funeral procession, by request of the Princess, passed by the principal front of the hall, in order that she might see it. The London correspondent of the Manchester Guardian telegraphs that the offer of a baronetcy has been made to Dr Gull, who has shared with Sir William Jenner the immense responsibility of medical attendance upon the Prince during his illness. Dr Gull is about fifty-six years of age. The services of Dr Lowe will be acknowledged by a knighthood. He is M.D. Edinburgh, 1857, and is the author of several scientific papers in the medical journals, besides being a sound botanist. CHRISTMAS-DAY AT WINDSOR CASTLE. On Monday for the first time since the death of the late Prince Consort her Majesty the Queen spent Christmas at Windsor Castle in the bosom of the Royal family, whose members included their Royal Highnesses the Duke of Edin- burgh, Princess Louise, Prince Arthur, Princess Beatrice, Prince Leopold, and the Marquis of Lome, all of whom are now staying at the Castle. The day opened cheerily, the bells of the Chapel Royal of St George, Windsor Castle, just ringing peal after peal, and being followed with the merry music of St. John's bells, New Windsor. In the morning good news with respect to the progress of his Royal High- ness the Prince of Wales arrived at the Castle, and thus Christmas-Day was ushered in with such "glad tidings of comfort and joy," as scarcely a week since were not expected to fall to the lot of the Sovereign. During the day the Castle, St George's Chapel, the Long Walk, Windsor Great Park, were visited by numerous holiday folk from London and elsewhere.
Uncle John is a bad hand at guessing Bessie's riddles. charades, &c. She calls him enigma-ramus.-Fun.
I Cf,orrtsl)ottdritrr. PENNY READINGS AT BARMOUTH. SIR,-A paragraph appeared a short time ago in the Cambrian Neivs with regard to getting some Penny I Readings held in this town. For this purpose a meeting was convened and preliminary arrangements made. However, I hear that an objection has been made by the Calvinistic Methodists of Barmouth, but I should like to know upon wh it basis such objections are made, and whether it is more immoral to attend profit- abls Penny Readings than to parade the streets at night, singing and causing disturbances, of which we heard so many complaints in the summer. The object of Penny Readings (as we all I- CW) is to entertain young people miu c>re ■ cnt them being led astray, and it there had been any harm in them, we should not. and them so generally patronized in the neighbouring towns, viz., Bala, &c. I may add that the proceeds of these meetings at Barmouth were intended for a good cause, viz., a reading room.—Yours, &c., Barmouth, Dec. 12th, 1871. No HUMBUG. (The following letters have appeared in the Qswesry Advertizer :— THE LATE DEMONSTRATION OF THE CAMBRIAN EMPLOYES. SIR,-In your issue of the 6th instant, a report is given of the demonstration of the Cambrian Works employes in connection with the nine hours system. Near the close of that report, it is stated that under the new arrangements the weekly hours of labour will be reduced from fifty-nine to fifty-four. Allow me to correct this statement by say- ing that ever 3ince the Cambrian Works were first opened, fifty-seven and not fifty-nine hours have always constituted a week's work. If this statement be allowed to exist un- corrected it will lead your readers to understand that we have been behind the age in the nine hours of labour, and that our employers have exacted more from us than those of similar establishments. I have waited, and hcped that the committee appointed to carry out the demonstration would make the correction, but in vain. Now, sir, my object in writing this is to do what I conceive to be common co justice to the Board of Directors and Mr Walker, our superintendent, for granting so valuable a boon, unsolicited by us.—Yours, &c., AN EMPLOYE. Oswestry, December 23rd. SCHOOL BOARD RATES. SIR,—Will the Clerk to the School Board in Llangollen kindly answer me the following question :—What is the date of the transfer of the school or schools to the Board ? Does the R45 alluded to cover any expenses incurred before the date of such transfer ? Is the Board going to build any schools in the parish ? Has the Board given the ratepayers anything which they did not possess before the election of such Board ? What is the present cost in salaries of two certificated teachers, two pupil teachers, sewing mistress, and clerk to the board ? (all in one sum if he prefers.) And, lastly, I'll bet him a new guinea hat that, if the compulsory powers are put in force and the whole machinery set in full work in the parish of Llangollen, the rate in two years hence will be nearer sixpence in the pound than a penny or three farthings, as the advocates for the Board so violently asserted; and you Mr Editor shall be the judge. I hope the Clerk" observed your little reproof to the DeaurnariR Board. Time only can prove the value of a measure, and it. appears to me that the Nonconformists are the first to kick against the Education Act, although when it was first passed they seemed delighted with it. Why the great cry at the little conference the other day? And now I have only to add that I hope "the Clerk" will answer my questions plumply and plainly, and I am quite williug to wait and judge the School Board" by its deeds and not by its promises-only ht me judge for myself.—Yours &c., WALTER B. C. JONES. Bronygraig, Corwen, December 22nd, 1871. A LLANFYLLIN VETERAN. SIR,-The following is taken from the Times of the 19th Dec., written by the Rev. Robert Jones, vicar of All Saints, Rotherhithe, London (who is a native of Llanfyllm), on behalf of old Robert Jones. Two others left their homes to fight their country's battles, so there were three Llalafyllin boys on the bloody field of Waterloo; but this old man has outlived the other two, and he will require but little help, and that little not long. Should any of your readers wish to befriend this old veteran, my address is MAURICE LEWIS JONES, Llanfyllin. To the Editor of the Times. "Sir,—However deep my sympathy for those who have fought old England's battles, I should have felt some re- luctance in asking for even a small space of the Times in the interest of a mere Waterloo veteran. But the follow- ing case from, I might almost say, its uniqueness, will plead for me. "Revisiting my native place, Llanfyllin, a few days ago, after an absence of many years, I found myself almost a stranger among strangers. The tide of time since I had left it had ruthlessly swept away esquire, parson, and people. There was, however, one face that was familiar to me. It was that of an old soldier, Robert Jones, who had fought with Sir John Moore at Corunna, assisted at his funeral, and having left his chief alone in his glory," was present at several engagements in the Peninsula, at the siege and burning of Flushing, and lastly, at Waterloo. Addressing the old man, now in his eighty-fifth year, I found that he and his wife subsisted on the splendid parochial allowance of 2s. per week, and what his "missus" made by selling cakes in the street. This was all that for his sere old age he had been able to extract out of the cannon's mouth." May I ask you to befriend this old veteran ? A word in your columns will bring him all that he wants for his simple life. The bailiffs of the town, its presiding magis- trates, in conjunction with Mr Maurice Lewis Jones, whose address is "Llanfyllin, Montgomery shire," and who will kindly receive and acknowledge any subscrip. tions, will see to the proper disbursement of any moneys intrusted to them.—I am, &e., ROBERT JONES. All Saints Vicarage, Rotherhithe, Dec. 16." KINSALE PRIZE DAIRY FARM. SIR,—As your last publication contained a letter respect- ing the Kinsale Prize Dairy Farm, with Mr T. Ward's signature attached, I feel in duty bound to answer it. The report of the judges selected by the R.A.S.E. appears to have given rise to considerable controversy, dissension, and ill-will in one quarter at least, together with false statement.. I myself considered the practical knowledge of the judges proof against specious pretences, and before giving the Society's prize, to quote their own words, I knew that they must feel convinced there was sufficient merit." Now, I shall fearlessly assert that I consider Kinsale farm to be accurately reported, as regards its state when I entered upon it, with the exception of the word w un- tenanted" being substituted for "unlet for some time." I was well aware at the time I took it, that without the co-operation of the landlord, which my pre- decessor had enjoyed, and a considerable outlay on the part of the tenant," the farm was quite useless to me or any other man; and Mr Ward's giving the farm up goes far to prove the fact that he was then of the same opinion. Referring to Mr Ward's statement that he had improved the farm and laid out as much money upon it as I have done, I think it deserves no further notice from me than this, that the present condition of the farm and it3 state under Mr Ward's management speak for themselves, and 1 am confident that no fair-mindedman and competent judze who knows the farm would support Mr Ward in that assertion, any more than they would in his statement that I had really only one competitor for the prize, when he knows perfectly well that I had four, and one of them a very formidable opponent indeed. I refer to Mr Walker, who makes more of his dairy stock than any one I have met with, in my experience. And now, in conclusion, I beg to say that any success I have met with, and the many complimentary letters I have received from different gentlemen and friends who have known the farm during Mr Ward's tenancy m d Iny -1 I will, I hope, act as a spur to still further exertion.—I am, &c., JOHX CLAY, Kinaale.
THE WEM CONTROVERSY. THE NEW EVAN GEL FROM WEM. SIR,-Will Mr Curtis, or his seconder "Parishioner," kindly inform me through your colums in which line his apostolic succession came to him when there were rival Popes excommunicating each other, and is he descended from Boanerges. If so, something must have weakened him. -I am, &c., ANTI-HUMBUO. A QUESTION FOR THE WEM EVANGEL. SIR I should think that both Mr Curtis and his apologist, A Parishioner," must now feel the humiliating nature of the position that they have chosen to take up in reference to the challenge thrown down to the former by Mr Champness; and after perusing the letters in your issue of Saturday last must be convinced (if they are not two of the veriest numbskulls in existence) how untenable that position has been rendered to them by the onslaught of your several correspondents. I doubt not that for the present your readers have heard the last of both of them but before altogether losing sight of them may 1 be permitted to ask each of them (if they are really twain) one question, to which, I am sure. a reply will be anxiously looked for by your readers in general, and by he parishioners of Wem in particular. First, to that "Burning and shining light," Mr Curtis. Can he, after giving the name of the bishop at whose hands he received ordination and the date of such ordina- tion, give the names of the bishops or archbiskops who consecrated the said bishop, and date of such consecration, together with the names of all previous consecrating bishops and archbishops, and dates of their several oonse- crations, back to the time, say, of the Norman Conquest ? It is useless for him to shirk the question by saying it is an absurd one, because, if his boasted apostolic descent is the all-important thing that he would have us believe it is, he ought to be able to go back through all the very intri- cate mazes of our Episcopalian appointments to the time of the very first of them. If he can do this, he is, in duty to his order, bound at once to give the world the benefit of his researches; and thus he will set at rest the vexed question of who was the first bishop of Jerusalem. At a great assemblage of Jews in Hungary in the year 1650, To enquire into the Scriptures concerning Christ," no one was allowed to take part iu the deliberations who could not prove by record their lineage direct from Jacob. Many were able to do this, and many who had but a few links missing in their chain of evidence as to their ances- g tors were merely regarded as strangers. I shall anxiously lock for Mr Curtis to make his case out be, conclusively as a direct descendant of the apostles as the Jews alluded to proved their direct descent from Jacob. Failing to ac- complish this task his parishioners may be excused for venturing to regard him as nothing more than a stranger, and hia case will be rather analogous to that of another "c/aimant who, so contend his opr/0nent does not • any one point resemble the origin^ j ind(?ed sha] be surprised to hear that the clair^ of Mr Curtis in thig respect, judged by the test I Plopoie, are anything more than a gross imposture. ° Now for my qiiestion to Parishioner," with his petu- lant sneer, J the hot-bed of Dissent." How long has he been a -arishioner? or his he a father or a grandfather who ^ould tell him what the spiritual con- dition of the Parishioners was fifty or sixty years ago ? If »°. *5 fia> enquire from them to whom they are most in- debted f^r the religious privileges ti:ey now enjoy? To the so- called successors of the apostles, CT to the despised and calumniated Dissenters. If he gets from the source I 107c suggested a "plain unvarnished account," very shame will compel him in future ever to hold his peace.— Yours, &c., ISAAC HARPER. j Wolverley Lodge. A DEFENCE FROM WEM. SIR, —What a nosegay have we been favoured with by our Dissenting brethren in your last impression As it will be impossible for me to notice all the whimsies, mis- representations, omissions and commissions contained in the replies of your five correspondents, I shall confine myself to the not over difficult task of exposing Mr Sigma's" comprehensive epistle-i. e., allowing it to be I, com taken at his own estimation. First, your correspondent says, "I assume that any minister of the State Church has a perfect right to insult young ladies in the presense of their friends, or even under the parental roof," &c. This is, from beginning to end, entirely a false statement. My words will not bear such a construction. In the next place, I can see no great necessity for quoting the Latin motto admonishing a shoe- maker to stick to his last, and applying it to a clergyman. Again, a tendency is easily discernible throughout his letter to try and prove what no one has attempted to dis- prove for instance, "Sigma" says, We hence learn that a good sound sermon on this text ( ) is one which teaches the Popish doctrine of baptismal regeneration." Most decidedly that Popish doctrine of baptismal re- generation" is just what those words do teach, and I defy him to prove anything to the contrary; because Roman Catholics believe it right to keep the Lord's Day, is it then necessary that Protestants should desecrate it. ¡ We now pass on to these words-" I had supposed there was but one infallible individual in the w< rid, but here is a plet for infallibility set up on behalf of the Church of England. Hear this logic. Dr Pusev teaches one doctrine and Dr Colenso another, &c., kc. Now I must call upon your correspondent to give my own words, vherein he can trace this said plea, or stand again convicted of making a false asertion and as to the Pusey and Colenso point, I admit that the former teaches doctrines in the Church of England, and sound catholic doctrines too but the latter —as Sigma" ought to be aware, or he is sadly behind the times-has been pronounced a heretic by Convocation, excommunicated, and another bishop has been consecra- ted in his stead long flgo. But one word more before I part with Sigma's" infallibility." Can he deny that every Protestant who professes to interpret the scripture according to his own private judgment, lays a greater claim to infallibility than the Pope himself. The next thing I'll do will be to give your correspondent a few plain facts to show that "the numerous Protestant sects" differ "gund,inentally" from each ether in point of doctrine. First, there is a very important cla.53 of schis- matics in this country, called Irvingites, or, as they style themselves, the Catholic Apostolic Church, who believe in the "Popish doctrine of baptismal regeneration," and in the doctrine of the Real Presence in the sacrament of the altar, to all intents and purposes. Now I cannot suppose that "Signm" will undertake to prove that the religious tenets of his sect or denomination, whatever they may be, do not differ very widely and fundamentally from those of the Irvingites. Secondly, wiL he affirm that the heretical teachings of the sect called Unitarians, who disbelieve the doctrine of the Holy Trinity, are com- patible with the belief of the Independents and Congrega- tionalists on that point. Must not the doctrines taught by one of them be fundamentally wrong ? Thirdly, will he argue that the erroneous doctrine of predestination held by the followers of Calvin is taught or believed by t'ne various Wesleyan Methodist sections, Quakers, kc ? By the way, I may as well remark that the last-mentioned class of individuals repudiate any idea whatever of sacra- ments in the Christian Church. But let us proceed. There are yet a few other points in Sigma's" letter which I will notice as briefly as possible. At the commencement of his third paragraph he says, Is your correspondent unaware that the so-called Church of England as such, had no existence till some 1,400 or 1,500 years subsequent to the beginning of the Christian era?" I answer yes. The Church of England was governed in the pre-reformation times by the same episco- pal ministry, taught the same sacraments, believed all the fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith, in common with the Church of the present age. He then tells us, the line of grace then, if line there be, must have come through the Romish priesthood." As this is evidently a quiet bit of quibble to evade a direct reply to the state- ment I made in my former letter, viz. "That every minister of God's Church, be he bishop, priest, or deacon, can trace his line of succession by the sacrament of ordin- ation direct through a series, of 1,800 years, to the time I when Christ appointed the first pastors of His Church," I shall pass it over without any further comment. Proceeding further, we find he attacks the second order ef the Christian ministry, and assumes that the office of the priesthood is a nullity. Hear his own words :—" The Christian ministry is not a priesthood any so-called priest then is Antichrist." In the first place, I must in- form him the word priest is attained by an English ab- breviation of the more primitive term presbyter, but I imagine the gist of Sigma's" objections, lies not merely in the terms priest or presbytsr, but in the sacerdotal functiors attributed to the priestly office. I will therefore prove from the NeW" Testament, and from the writings of the apostolical fathers, that this office was held in exactly the same estimation by the early Christian Church as it is by the Catholic Church of the present age. First, we learn from the New Testament Scriptures that the order of presbyters, priests, or elders, as they were sometimes called, was instituted by the apostles themselves after the I' ascension of our Lord, and that they conferred upon all who were set apart to that office, by the laying on of hands, the authority to teach the word of God, and to administer His sacraments; see 2 Tim. i., 6; also Titus i., 5. Then again, we find St. Peter writing thus:—"The presbyters which are among you I exhort;" also, we find St. Paul and Barnabas ordained presbyters" in every church they revisited so in Acts xv., 2, we read of the Christians at Antioch sending Paul and Barnabas to Jerusalem, to consult with the apostles and elders upon the question of circumcision. And the testimony of the fathers j to the necessity of the priestly office is equally conclusive. I will give just three quotations from Archbishop Wake's translation of the genuine Epistles of the apostolical fathers. let, 6t. Clement (whose name St. Paul cclio us is Written ill the Book of Life), writes in his Epistle to the Corinthians, sec. xliv., So likewise our Apostles knew by our Lord Jesus Christ, that there should contentions arise upon the account of the ministry and blessed are those prit-sts who. having finished their course before these times, have obtained a fruitful and perfect dissolution." 2ndly, St. Ignatius (to whom St. John the Evangelist committed the pastoral superintendence of the Church of Antioch, in the sixty-seventh year of the Christian era), in his Epistle to the Magnesians, see. xiii., admonishing that Church to unity, use3 these words Together with your most worthy bishop, and the well wrought spiritual crown of your Presbytery and your deacons, which are according to God, &c." Lastly, in the account given us of the martyrdom of this Saint, sec. ix., we read, The Church of Asia attended this holy man by their bishops, priests, and deacons, all hastening to him if by any means they might receive some part of his spiritual blessing." But I find there are yet a few of "Sigma's" sage saying-s to be considered, and Mr Editor, if you will grant me a little more patience, I will do my best to bring about a finale. He says at the commencemem of his sixth paragraph, Now a few words upon absolution and confession as to the latter, Christ is our only Mediator in any sense of the word. Scripture saw He fulfilled every mediatorial function, necessary in ::nn. in heaven: 1st John ii—1." I ask what has either I this quotation or the bosh he writes, got to do with confession or absolution. Next we are told there is complete salvation by Him, and no man can come unto the Father but by Him." I wonder who your correspondent ever heard say anything to the contrary ? Again we read, He has no deputies." Per- haps not, but St. Paul says, "We are the ministers and stextards of His mysteries," and Christ Himself said to the pastors of His Church, Even as my Father hath sent me so send I you, and lo I am with you alway. even to the end of the world." Also we are to understand, that "the drawing of men to Christ belongs to the Holy Ghost." Did not Christ say to some of His disciples, "Follow me, and I will make f you fishers of men." Again, says this learned" Sigma," auricular confession perverts the plan of salvation, by ren- dering a third party necessary." Then does he consider preaching toe gospel to the heathen perverts the plan of salvation, because that act also renders a third party neces- sary ? His words certaialy admit of such an idea. His next hit is to dispose of the quotation I made in my last letter, from St. John's Gospel, xx., 22, 23, wherein Christ confers the power of forgiving and retaining sins, by stating that "He was addressing the whole body of disciples." Now "Sigma," you know better. If not, I pity your ignorance; but you are trying what effect a good handful of Protestant dust will have upon some of our eyes. However, if I give yonr intelligence too much credit upon that point, I must recommend you to refer to St. Matthew's gospel, x., 1,2. There you will have sufficient proof that the words disciple" and apostle" are often used by the evangelists synonymously. All the remaining rancorous stuff in your correspondent's letter is not worthy the name of argument, so I shall not take the trouble to refute it. By the way, with what jubilant words "Sigma "ivincls up his abortive replv. His words are—" Possibly you ('Parishioner') will be equally disappointed now that vour mouse of a letter has brought forth a mountain." Let the impartial reader judge whether my present mouse of a letter has not pretty well excavated his so-called mountain," and exposed to view the emptiness and deceitfulness of its unwieldly proportions. In conclusion, I bog to inform your correspondents that I am but a simple lavman, and am in no way connected with the clergyman whose name the Dissenters of this parish have by this time, I should think, bandied about to their hearts' content, nor has he the remotest idea who "Parishioner" is. And, again, I may say I had not the slightest intention of having my letter headed A Defence from Wem that was left to the editor. I had no such end in view. Also, I give 0 them to understand that it is not my intention to prolong this correspondence any further; but should they still feel inclined to bring the doctrines of the Church of England to the light of the law and testimony, I can confidently recom- mend them to the study of a little work by the Rev. M. F. Sadler, M.A., called Church Doctrine Bible Truth:" there ev will find a more able exposition of the teachings of our Church than can possibly be expected to emanate from the pen of your humble servant, Wem, Salop, Dec. 18th, 137L A PABlSfiiQJiSS.
A WHOLESALE MURDERFR 1ST FRANCE. The little town of St. Omer was agitated during the greater part of last week with one of those st and sensational trials which belong to the very romance of crime. On W ednesday, December 20:1. Joseph Lemettre, a man twenty-five years of age, but -vho looked far younger than his years, was put on his trial charged with twenty-seven crimes, comprising arso2. hi-hway robberies, burglaries, and murders. He was a c ptivatin- youth, with a-i open face and a cheerful sTI:j1.e, who looked cawy around on the crowded and excited audience, and emed to bear himself with the air of perfect innocence. For seven years he had been a servant in the farm house at Selles. and his quiet conduct and regular habits had gained the confidence of his employer. III the village where he lived, and in some neighbouring villages some ¡ great calamities had happened and great crimes been committed, but only a passing suspicion that this simple, cheerful youth was connected with them ever seems to have been felt. Fires, robberies, mur- ue* st me of them accompanied with brutal violence, took place, but no trace was ever found by which the per- petrators could oe detected. The young farm servant took place, but no trace was ever found by which the per- petrators could be detected. The young farm servant hved ori m the farmhouse of Selles, doing liis w rk to the satisiaction of his emp oyers, and keeping the confidence and esteem of his neighbour. In the autumn -f 1S70 ha was called to serve his country in the battlefield and went with nis battalion to Arras. While he was a way there was a complete cessation of the series of crimes which had kept the people d Andreselle, in terror. slight suspicion fell on him when he returned in April last, which led evemually to a resolve to watch him. But though with his return the reign of terror began, he felt safe enough to set up a household of his own. On the Lth of Jane be was married at Ambletcuse, and the weddng, for one in his position, was an unusuady grand one. On the 25 th the return v. ending feast was to be given, and at nine in the morning of that day toe bride and bridegroom returned. Thy happv and husband having got home so early attempted to^do a stroke of business before the feast. But suspicion was already upon him, his movements w, re watched, h, was taken in the very act of breaking in the house of the vilirige cure, man} artic, s stolen in previous robberies were found upon him and m his house, and instead of returning to the wedding feast in w:n sent off to prison. He at one. confessed to several robberies and murders, and after a trial of four days he was found guilty late last Saturday night, and condemned to deatn. The 1 rig s-ries of crimes of which Lemettre has thus been convicted, began soon :,fter his enga^ris by a farmer, (I Dely, uf Selles, in 1861. On the 16th October :-i that year three stacks were burned, and the loss fell uh the owners. On the 25th a widow's house and shed weri bnrned down. On the 6th of November the bundings f a neighbouring farm were destroyed oy fire and Lemettre was for a moment suspected, but managed to clear hyns^lf. In February, 1865, the farmhouse at the same tariji was broken open and an attemnt made to fire it. In the aummn the farmer DeiV died, and Lemttre remained in the service of the" widow, who in 1807, married a farm servant named Louis S-.uv".ge. whose I rother had married one of Lemp_ttre' sister- Lj the autumn. Louis (e Gi.ines, one of the irie-i on the farm, had a trunk broken open and his savings of 620 francs stolen. The Sauvages left the farm soon after this a"d went to live at Ouvringhero. taking Lemettre with them, and a series of outrages V.-egan. Sauvage, aud, as was suppose 1, Lemettre, also were fired at, and a box -f powder was found Traced against the wall of the house. On the 1st of December, 18G8, a brewr's carman, Philippe Preuvost, was barbarously a,-s,iled, hurt, mutilated, and robbed on the road from Andresselles to Ronville and a few nights after the house d a widow who lived near th-j main street of Andresselles wai oroken open, and the widow was murdered in an attempt to escape. The murderer took hor watch and jewelry, but fail cl to find a sum of 1,200 francs which the poor woman had just received, and of which no doubt, the murderer was in search. On Christmas Eve the priest's house was br<>ke,i open during the midnight mass, and a purse of money and some church ornaments were taken. The next year fovul Louis de Guines once mure in possession of a small hoard, b'1t two robberies in January deprived him of the whole rmount. In June Lemettre took a house in the main street of Andresselles, on the 23th the fair t. ok place, and at midnigh the body of one of the visitors, a Sne young man, named Adul he Cuignv. was found dead avJ ho.-ribly mutilated in the roadway near Lemettre's .'■table. A wine- shop keeper named Foucart and his two sons were suspected of the murder hut their innocence was proved by the fact that another .-on who had been left in charge of the wine-shop was found murdered in his bed. This was on the 29th of October. On the 22nd November a farmhouse was entered in the ;.ight and some properly stol,P, a.i a farm servant named Alalfey threw out hints of some reasons be had for suspecting s >mc body; but the hints werev.ot followed up. In February this >ia!foy was sent to help to cm wood on~a neighbouring farm, but never returned. Early in 51 arch his murdered corpse found in the well of an ui.occupied house. The next event was a burglary at a neighbouring village in August, and then matters rem lined Vaiet till Lemettre, who had gone to the war in Oetob r, returned in April. Then the crimes began again by the rt;i, ry of a house of a retired priest at Poterie: that of the Abbe Flour, cure of Manighem, in the same neighbourhood, and that of the Abbe CADI,r, ot Bazinghen, were next assailed. This last burglary took place on the 4th of June, and completed the series. Lem ttre was married on the 1-ith June, and it was in attempting to follow up his successful robberies by another on the vi ry nay of the return wedding f.ast, that he was watched and captured.
LICHFIED DIOCESAN CHURCH EXTENSION SOCIETY. The annual meeting of the subscribers and friends of this society was held Oil Monday, Dec. 18th, at the Guildhall, Lichfield. The Venerable Archdeacon Moore presided. There were also present i he Ven. Archdeacon Allen, the Revs. Chancellor Law, Hon. H. Bagot, Prebendary Erer- 1.,11, F. S. Bolton (R.D). J. F. Smith (H.D.), J. S. Broad, A. Xewdigate, J. K. Marsh, Colonel Bag..ali, and Mr Charles Gresley, honorn-rr secret iry.—The cinmittee re- ported with deep regret the death of the society's treasurer, Mr Thomas Salt, one of its most liberal supporters and one of the Church's most devoted friends. They had. how- ever, the satisfaction of vlding that the office had been accepted by his son, S'r 'lhomas Salt, M.P, A small al- teration has been made in one of the societv's laws, so that instead of the grant to parsonage houses behig con- fined to cases where the net income of the living wti.4 an "er 4C200 a year, a grant of £ 100 could now be made towards the purchase of a site for a parsonage, where the land was of considerable value and the net income of the living ex- ceeded £ 200, and did not exceed £ 300. This extension of the rule had been made prir ripally with the intention of meeting cases in populous p' t(;os. wh.re, generally, land could only be obtained at a very high price. The work of the society during the I)P-t year had consisted in giving £ 1,390 towards the buiidin- of four new churches and enlarging three existing churches, bv which 1C21 s'aings were given, all of which were free and unappropriated S258 towards the building of four temporary churches, by which G67 sittings had been gained—all free £ 1.000 to- wards the building of five part.. jage houses £ 500 towards increasing the endowment of ;i ve poor benences f 1,740 towards providing forty-four ad litional curates in special districts, and £ 16 5s. toward;, seating three temporary places of worship: the total of grants a-iv. Biting to £ 4,904 5s. The demands c.:i the society during the bst two years had been very heavy. There was in this much cause for thankfulness, inas i-iucl) as it aff orded proof of the progress of the Church in thJse reat wo ks to which the society gave help, while at the same time it showed a great need of that care and caution with which the committee had endeavoured to act in the distribution of its funds.— The Venerable Archdeacon Aden proposed Thr.t the re- port now read, with the audited sntement of accounts, be approved and printed, and the ats of vhe general com- mittee during the past year confirmed.—The resolution was seconded by the Hon. and Re H. Bagot, and car. ried unanimously.—On the motion of Colmel Bagnall, seconded by the Rev. J. K. Marsh, it was resolved that the thanks of the meeting be g ven to the Bishop, trea- surers, secretaries, and committees, and all who have promoted the well-being of the institution during the past year, and that they be requested to continue their respec- tive services; and that Mr Thomas M.P., be ap- pointed treasurer of the society.—The customary vote to the president terminated the proceedin gs.
ARRIVAL IN Tow-N.-Eprl Granville, at his residence in Bruton-street, from Walmer Castle, The latest intelligence from the Afri diamond fields is of a very cheerful character. The ar nexation" policy of the Government Ihas not produced much serious on- position, and diamonds continue to t ■ found in larDe quantities. OSWESTRY COTTAGE HOSPITAL AKD XnlIXG Asso- CIATION.-Trinity Church offertory, £": 2s. Id WeJ-h Baptist Chapel, 10s. Mrs Cottam, 10s. F. G. Builer Swete, treasurer. A MISHAP ON THE GREAT WESTERN RAIT.WAT.—Owing to a couple of trucks getting off the line rear Salt ney. be. tween four and five o'clock on the afternoon c~ Tuesday, D: c. 26th, the traffic during the afternoon an I evening was s'iightly delayed, it being nearly two hours before the block was re- moved, and the line reported clear. BRECON AND MKRTHYR RAILWAY (61 miles "Pen).-Rc- turn of traffic for the week ending Dec. :4tb, 1871: Pass"n. gers, parcels, &c., C240 5s. Od. goods and live stock. £ 1,212 15s. 51; total, £1,453 Os. 5d.; S23 16s. 53. per mile per week. Corresponding week last year (COS miles open). -Passengers, parcels, &c., £ 2oG 17s. G:. oods and live stock, £ 1,102 188 8d.; total, £1..339 16s. 2d. k22 Id. per mile per week. Increase for this week, 3:1. A-rre. gate from 1st July, 1871, k34,124 18s. dltto, 1870, £ 31,333 2s. 8d. Increase for twenty-fiiv? weeks, £ 2 786 15s. 9d. ST. ASAPH.—ORDINATION.—At an o-diu~.tion held in the cathedral church of St. Asaph, on Sunday, the 21th December, 1871, by the Lord Bishop of the diocese, the following were admitted deacons :—William Gilbert Berry B.A., Christ Church, Oxford (Grammar School, LlanrwstV David Evans, B.A., St. David's College, Lamoeter (licensed to^Colwyn curacy) John Jones, 1). A QF. David's College, Lampeter (licensed to the curacy of Llanfair Dyffryn Ciwyd) Evan Joseph i'ees, B.A., Jesus College, Oxford (licensed to the cur cv of Ban-iew)'* Joshua Pritchard Hughes, B.A., BalliolC ile?-^ Oxford, bv letters dimissory from the Bishop nf Llandaff William Rees, B.A., St. David's College, Lawpvter, by letters dimissory from the Bishop of St. David's. Pri ,0; — Wra. Owen, B.A., Jesus College, Oxford Watkui Herbert [ Wiiliarr.fi, M.A., Christ Church, Oxford.
edicine." The real question in the case is, whether there •ttrt ai1^ reasonable evidence that the respondent wilfully falsely called himself, or pretended to be, what he Jjjj »ot. I think that there was no such evidence. Baron Well said I am of the same opinion; and I may tio rve, in passing, that we have in this case an illustra- °f the reasonableness of putting the burthen of the jjjSjjttient on the party who has to establish his case affir* gZjf?ve)y. The question depends upon the construction of 40 of the Medical Act. That section is intended w^otect the public from being imposed on by persons willy representing themselves as legally qualified medical It appears to me that on the true construction of that Dg^011! if any person wilfully and falsely called himself a Medicine, he would be liable to a penalty,although t thgT8 in reality a member of the College'of Surgeons, or of 30 ^potliecaries' Company, and was so registered. Section f may observe, is confirmatory of that view, for that sec- Ptopowers any registered nerson, tmon acouirin"- ativ jua iiica I r qualification, to have that subsequent qualification in- lUahf: 'n "le reS'sker 'n substitution or in addition to the cation previously registered. Assuming that the re- 's\rhat was n0^ a Medicine, the question the her 'ias assumed the title "wilfully and falsely," for w ^Jatuto does not impose the penalty for mere incorrect- tio S." Now" wilfully" cannot here mean merely "inten- ij^'y" as opposed to "accidentally (which is the meaning 4 has), for a man cannot accidentally call himself ^ct°r 0f Medicine, and therefore the section must be read raii ltin« to falsity. I see no evidence of that, and I «C0t helP observing that the information was a rather stop to take for no one can doubt that the respondent a ^oreign diploma of some kind, and had, on the 'ijJWi of that, called himself for a number of years r Kf^y." Is it to be said that because he has not name down on the passing of this statute, he 'fully and falsely pretended to be, or taken or used l e iia'—or'iii-le of, Doctor of Mcdicine ?' The justices jNdthat he had not, and I think they were right." Mr ^"tteram sar' was very singular that that very ques- had recei, great consideration at the hands o £ the fester Bench of Magistrates. r Chandler—My friend is going to cite a case which, tt kver the decision was, we are not entitled to have 1 they have given notice of an appeal, and therefore j, °Ught not to be before you to prejudice your minds, and ^efore my friend ought not to bring it before you. Motteram pressed his right to cite his case, "he Bench decided in his favour. Chandler xsked for a note to be taken by the Court ^his obiection. Mr Motteram. said the Bench would understand him as 2?' putting it forward as a binding authority upon them might use it or not just as they pleased. The Leices- magistrates considered it a case of very great impor- r^ce, and they adjourned their decision. Their judgment ?as prepared—and he said it even in the presence of Mr jpuvvards—by probably the ablest magistrates' clerk J? England, Mr Stone. He (Mr Motteram) knew that magistrates were in the habit of referring to his (Mr ?tone's) work in most cases. Of all the magistrates' clerks J* England he was admittedly the first. That judgment jas prepared by him, adopted by the Bench, and read by JJ*-1 "tone at their request. Mr Motteram then read the ■ in the Leicester case. That case, he said, with <JI Eliis v. Kelly," which he had already quoted, on all fours with the present. The learned counsel «ea commented upon the case against Mr Andrews as <}llows:—Now, gentlemen, if you come to consider this e in all e in all gs bearings, and consider the defendant as a t'aja who is in possession of a foreign diploma, which valorizes him, in America at any rate, to call himself a of Medicine, to practice as such, and even to re- over his fees, can he be said to use a title wilfully and .^Isely to which he is not entitled, when he has really a ^tle by a foreign diploma. What the value of this lorna may be, or what the value of the examination 5^7 be, I do not know, and do not care. All I know is that defendant has passed such an examination as the head the Phila(ie'phia College thought necessary, and we are inquiring into the wisdom of those proceedings. They Sjjl justify their own acts sufficiently when called upon, r^ey have the power to give these degrees, and create a J^rtain distinction. This diploma has been .given, and distinction has been created. Then why should not lnan use the distinction in this country when it is Ranted by a foreign country. Why should it not be ? There is no offence in doing so if the man uses the ?tle he has got. The diploma was given to him, therefore ?°W can it be said that he falsely calls himself M.D. when has been conferred upon him. While I admit he has ed the M.D. to practise as a physician, if you like, I say is quite unimportant. He cannot receive a single ?tilling; but that is another question. The question here J8 why cannot a man use the letters M.D., when be has J]* his pocket, or hanging up in his shop, the very diploma Juich confers upon him the title. I cannot conc°ive any- Jhin^r stronger than the cases I have cited to you. There ft distinction in words only between the cases I have jjten turned and the case now before you. There is no solid distinct ion—and I speak now a3 a lawyer—between this CQ¡¡e and the case of Ellis versus Kelly. It is utterly ab- d to point out a distinction, or to say that if he puts ^1-1). after his name it implies that he is registered as M.D. J^der Act of Parliament. I say that if a man uses those Jitters, he is entitled to do so by the college that granted Jhem—nay, I go further than that—I say that even J* the college had no power to grant them, they profess "to have the power, and Mr Andrews is justified in Assuming they have the power, and therefore could not CoIllmit the offence of falsely and wilfully using the title. After a few further remarks, Mr Motteram continued- And now I wish to say a few words upon the way the case has been introduced. What, I say, can it matter whether the defendant has been an errand boy or not. If he has been, so much the better for him, as my friend at last ad- mitted, though from the spirit of his opening I scarcely think he was sincere when he said it, for then he must tell you that he has assumed a certain position, that he has got a high-stepping grey horse and a tiger with buttons to grive him. Really, gentlemen, if the Medical Society instructed my friend to import this into the case I am ^shamed. Surely, to say the least of this, it was bad Jfcpte on the part of the Medical Society. What good can V* do ? What good, I may ask you, is it, unless it is to pre- judice the case. My friend at least might have felt for 1ny position. He has been, as I know, in the position I at this moment, when I felt that there must naturally he a bias on the part of one if not more of the members of the Bench against the defendant, and who may not be a Regular member of the honourable profession to which they belong. I must submit that I should have felt plea- sure if I could have divested my mind of that feeling Miich I have placed' before them. In reference to the Opinion of the courts above on gentlemen who are inte- rested, sitting to deliberate upon a case, I believe these °pinions to be unanswerable, as also those arguments in Regard to the complaint which has already been disposed Of by a higher court. These arguments of the judges Jhould have the same force here as there, and if the de- dant is convicted Shrewsbury will be the first place ^uere a different view of the law has been taken, and jjhere the authority of the Couri of Exchequer has been hrown overboard. George Lever was then called, and, having been sworn, was Xamined. In reply to the Magistrates' Clerk he said—I reside at 399, ■Lodge-road, Birmingham. I am by profession a doctor of Medicine, holding a diploma from the Philadelphia College. l' Mr Motteram—Have you ever been over to America ?-A. have. Q. Do yon know the colleges there?—A. I know the Colleges in Pennsylvania, America. Q. Is that the seal of the medical college ? (pointing to the seal en a diploma produced in court).—A. That is the Seal of the Pennsylvania University. (The witness also knew the signature of Professor Buchanan, which appeared Oil the diploma. He had studied at the colleges, and had re- tired a present of books from the Professor). Mr Chandler asked the ^ness to read the diploma, which Was in Latin, but he d, .,ned to comply. Mr Motteram said the Court had no right to ask the fitness to translate a document. rr«.».«;lsr (to witness) t Y.T, it ? t Mr Motteram—You can please yourself about answering the question. In reply to Mr Chandler, the witness said he knew nothing %bout wliat was in the diploma. He was an Englishman. NVheii he passed his examination he was examined viva voce. lie did not get a gold medal, but he got some books Mr Chandler—What examination did you go through ? Witnes*r £ -I object to answer. Mr MotMi, said Mr Chandler had no right to ask the quer Mr Chandler -I will take the decision of the Bench. Dr Watts—The Bench think that Mr Chandler is right. Witness-Thev do not examine in classics. I attended the lectures. The lectures were on anatomy, chemistry, and Materia Medica. I decline to say who wers_ the lecturers. *here was a hospital. I am practising in Birmingham. I have registered myself in Pennsylvania and New York. The defendant got his diploma through a body of examiners that duly authorised to examine, X cannot tell what the ex- Mi on was. The diploma could b- obtained without 'oflslaeraijie Jau^hcer took place at the witness persisting -onounce diploma with a long i." :e magistrates then retired, and in a few minutes Mr -e veturned into court and said: I have taken the opinion my brother magistrates, Mr Motteram, and as you have sorue" personal objection, I have decidcd not to take part in tliis case. Mr Motteram: I am very glad, and I only regret that this did not occur before. Mr Keate: Oh, I ha*e not taken any part in the case. I merely sat here as a spectator. r Motterham: I am bound to believe you, sir, when you sa7 so. Mr Keate It is a very great compliment on your part to Say so, especially after the way you brought it forward. The Magistrates returned into court in a few minutes, Tvhen Dr Watts said Mr Andrews, you will be fined zE20, in- clUding costs, and in default two months' imprisonment. Mr Motteram then asked for a case, and gave notice of appeah (Applause.)