CYNWYD. R. LL. BAKER, ESQ.'S WEDDING.-An event which Was to take place at the Prince of Wales Inn, in this village, was eagerly looked forward to for some weeks-viz., the celebration of the wedding of R. Ll. Baker, Esq., which took place at the Parish Church. Llangollen. on the 14th inst. Mr. Davies, of the Prince of Wales, who is a tenant to Mrs. Baker, received one of the 45 half barrels of the best cwrw," which Mrs. Davies indiscriminately distributed in connection with the happy event t) all who called at the house on that day from 6 o'clock to closing time, to do honour to the young couple. The rooms were full, and a most congenial evening was spent in proposing toasts and rendering songs. Among those who favoured the company with songs were Messrs. Davies, G. Davies, John Thomas, R. Griffiths, H. Jones. &c. All present unanimously wished health and happiness to Mr. and Mrs. Baker.
WELSH EDUCATION. IMPORTANT DEPUTATION TO WELSH M.P.'s In connection with the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, an influential deputation from the Welsh Educational Conference was received by Welsh members, in committee-room 9 of the House of Commons,on Thursday. The object was to present, with explanations, the resolutions passed at the meetings of the conference in Shrewsbury, in January last. The deputation was received by Lord Kensington, Mr. S. Smith, M.P.; Mr. E. P. Price, M.P.; Mr. A. J. Williams, M.P.; Mr. A. Thomas, M.P.; Mr. W. Davies, M.P.; Mr. W. F. Maitland, M.P.; Mr. T. P. Lewis, M.P.; Sir H. Vivian, M.P.; Mr. Dillwyn, M.P.; Mr. H. Richard, M.P.; Mr. T. E. Ellis, M.P.; Mr. Stuart Rendel, M.P.; Mr. Cornwallis West, M.P.; and Mr. F. Hanbury- Tracy, M.P. Earl Powis introduced the deputation, comprising Professor Rhys, of Oxford (chairman of the con- ference), Principal Viramu Jones (University Col- lege, Cardiff), Principal Reichel (University College, Bangor), Professor Ellis Edwards, M.A. (Calvinistic Methodist College, Bala), the Ven. the Archdeacon of Llandaff, Mr. Beriah G. Evans (secretary to the Society for Utilising the Welsh Language, Cardiff), Rev. D. Jones-Davies (rector of Benfleet), Mr. T. D. Marchant Williams, Captain H. Verney, R.N., Rev. W. Hawker Hughes (senior tutor of Jesus College, Oxford), Dr. Isambard Owen (honorary secretary to the conference), Miss E. P. Hughes (Principal of the Training College, Cambridge), Miss Dilys Davies, Miss Armstrong (head mistress of Lady Owen's School). The deputation was supported by the following members of the Council of the Honour- able Society of Cymmrodorion :-Major-General R. Owen Jones, Rev. J. Davies, M.A., Professor F. J. Roberts, M.D., Messrs. Howell, Thomas Owen Lewis, Richard Roberts, Lloyd Roberts, John Owen, Edward Owen, and E. Vincent Evans (secretary). Mr. Henry Richard was appointed chairman. Earl Powis (president of the Society of Cymmro- dorion), in introducing the deputation, called attention to the proceedings of the conference at Shrewsbury. Several subjects were then discussed, and would be fully explained by those appointed to speak on the present occasion. A movement was going on with a view either to change the constitu- tion of the London University or to establish another institution. It was possible a Royal Com- mission would be appointed to go into the question as to multiplication of universities. If so, it would be very important that those connected with Welsh colleges should appear before it and give their views. The Chairman very cordially welcomed the deputation from a very important representative conference, and said the Welsh peers and members would be glad to hear the sentiments of their friends with regard to so important a question. Professor Rhys (Oxford), after explaining the nature of the Shrewsbury Conference, said that the resolutions which the deputation laid before the members of Parliament were almost all passed by a unanimous vote. The inadequacy of the existing means of intermediate education in Wales and Mon- mouthshire was, they believed, a matter of universal admission. He need, therefore, only remind them that Lord Aberdare's committee of inquiry, of which he had the honour to be a member, reported in 1881 not only that existing endowments for this purpose were irregularly distributed, and the schools in a great measure ill-placed for the re- quirements of the population, but that the total sum of such endowments was, in proportion to the population, only about one third of those enjoyed by England, Wales being at the same time a poorer country and less able to provide for its educational needs. The report further showed that not much more than a quarter the number of boys who should be receiving intermediate education were actually obtaining, and not a tenth were receiving it through the medium of the public grammar schools. He then introduced Principal Jones. Principal V. Jones, Principal Reichel, Rev. W. H. Hughes, Prof. Ellis Edwards, Mr. B. Evans, Miss Hughes, and the Ven. Archdeacon of Llandaff having further explained the objects of the deputa- tion, Lord Aberdare moved the following resolution^: -That this meeting of Welsh peers and members of Parliament for Wales and Monmouthshire have listened with great interest to the resolutions and statements submitted to them by the representa- tives of the conference on education in Wales, held in Shrewsbury on the 5th and 6th of January, under the auspices of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion that we fully recognise the great importance and value of the opinions expressed and the conclusions adopted by an assembly which, from its representative character and wide practical experience, was so eminently competent to deal with the question of Welsh education in its various aspects that we desire, further, to assure the ladies and gentlemen who have met us to-day, and those whom they represent, that we are prepared to pay the most respectful heed to the views embodied in the resolutions submitted to us by them, and more fully expounded and developed in the remarks ad- dressed to us by the various members of the deputa- tion." The noble lord said he and those acting with him had come there to listen to the deputation, and it would be disrespectful of them not to tell what impression the reports of the Shrewsbury Conference and the speeches now delivered had made upon them. He had not had an opportunity of consulting his brother members of Parliament of either house, but he had carefully kept his eye upon their sayings from time to time, and he did not think he should say anything to-day which would not secure their sympathy and adhesion. For him- self, he must say that with the whole eleven resolutions he heartily agreed. (Cheers.) Those resolutions embodied suggestions, some of which were ripe for being dealt with immediately, some of which must be postponed to the more or less dis- tant future but he ventured to suggest that there were two measures which if carried would speedily lead to the adoption of the remainder. He meant a really good local government bill, which would create a strong representative body who could be trusted to deal with questions affecting local en- dowments, declaring what number of such schools there should be, and deciding as to technical and first grade, second grade schools, and so forth. Such a representative body could deal with these questions with an authority that scarcely any other body could possess. The other question was that of a university for Wales, and his belief was that if they could get these two measures carried they would have created two bodies which would give rapid and substantial effect to all the suggestions which had been made. (Cheers.) He was quite certain that the creation of a university for Wales— he spoke this very much more clearly and strongly, after the experience of the last eight years, than he and his brother members of the Parliamentary Com- mittee who Fat in 1881 ventured to do—would have an effect which he would describe as electrical. It would excite an enthusiasm and an amount of interest which the important subject of education had not yet received. (Cheers.) He could not help thinking as he listened to the speeches made on the present occasion, that if another depart- mental committee were formed and, as it were. to go through the counties of Wales calling for the opinions and suggestions of every class, what an immense improvement they would find in the feelings and thoughts which would be expressed on the subject. Eight years ago they received, no doubt, a great deal of valuable evidence and ex- cellent suggestions, but a great deal was crude, from a want of experience since obtained. Alluding to an observation which fell from Miss Hughes on the subject of girls' schools, the noble lord said a few years ago a strong council was formed of men deeply interested, and they set to work to discover a system of education adapted to these times, and not hampered by traditional ideas. He hoped the same thing would be done in Wales-that they would be able to found a systen of interim diate schools, in some respects on new lines, with the same admirable and fruitful results as had been produced oy Lile gins mgn schools in England. (Hear, hear.) If they could, as he had said before, carry these two measures the rest would to! low. (Cheers.) Mr. Osborne Morgan, M.P.. briefly seconded the motion. He remarked that he should like to say that Mr. Mundelia in his bill had but one object, and that was to meet the wishes and satisfy the wants of the people for whom it was intended and he (Jtlr. Morgan) felt sure they could not find any b, Her way of ascertaining those wants than by such gatherings as that. The chairman, in patting the resolution, said that he wished the members of the deputation to under- stand that the Webh members did very fully recog- nise the weighty character both of the conference 1 Jut was held at Shrewsbury and of the deputation by whom the resolutions had been laid before him and his colleagues. The resolution was then carried una voce,
SIR GEORGE TREVELYAN AND THE CHURCH IN WALES. Sir G. Trevelyan, in a speech at Cirencester on Wednesday night, said Lord Hartington had made a declaration of policy this month at Ipswich, and it was a very serious declaration. Lord Hartington said, I doubt not there are present in the audience a large proportion of Conservatives. If that is the case, I accept it as a proof that here, as elsewhere, exists in full vigour, in full force, an alliance for all practical purposes between the Liberal Unionist party and the Conservative party." What was an alliance with the Conservative party? He would take an instance from Lord Hartington's speech. Lord Hartington said there were great disorders in Wales, which, if not repressed, would have the same consequences as in Ireland. Now, what was the. cause of those disturbances in Wales ? Simply all the religious endowments of Wales which were given for the benefit of the whole Principality were entirely absorbed by the Church of a small minority, which was likewise the rich minority. (Hear, hear.) Lord Hartington said that even rebellion in an extreme case of tyranny and oppression might be justifiable. If Mr. Gladstone-(cheers)-had said that, he would not have heard the last of it for a twelvemonth. (Laughter and Hear, hear.") We had to listen to superannuated casuistry that the Church in Wales must be maintained because it was an integral and indivisible part of the Church. The Liberals intended as soon as they had the power to disestablish and disendow the Church in Wales -(cheers)-and to give the Welsh national property to the whole of the Welsh people instead of to a section only. (Cheers.)
MYFYBDOD UWCHBEN BEDD FY MAM. O, rr mam, tydi a'm gwyliaist Pan yn wan yn nechre' f'oes, Dy holl serch oedd tuag ataf, A chedwaist fi rhag llawer loes; Yn nosweithiau hir y gauaf Cedwaist fi rhag llawer cam, and yn awr nis gelli weini I mi mwy-fy anwyl fam. Gwylio wnaethost uwch fy ngwely, Gyda'th galon serchog, wiw, Gan gyflwyno fy nghadwraeth Nos a dydd i ofal Duw; Ond yn awr nis gelli'm gweini Gan mor salw yw dy wedd, Dan afaelion tynion angau, Yn ystafell oer y bedd. Trwm och'neidiau, taer weddiau, Ddaeth o'th fynwes gynes, gu, A chyrhaedd'sant at orseddfaingc Y Jehofa droswyf fi; Mwy ni chlywaf y cynghorion Da a roddaist irn' cyn hyn; Mae'r ymbiliau wnaethost droswyf Wedi tewi yn y glyn. Yn y bedd, ar derfyn deufyd, Rhwng cryfangau 'r angeu du, Mewn gwasgfeuon oer marwolaeth, A phoenau mawr y'th welais di; 0, nis gallwn edrych arnat Pan newidiai angau 'th wedd, Ar ymylcm tragwydctoldeb- Anwyl fdlD, ow, dyma 'th fedd! 'Nawr nis gelli wel'd y dagrau Redant hyd fy ngruddiau 'n Hi"; Yn y bedd ni ctalyw 'r ochneidiau Dyfnion wrth dy golli di, Ac ni elli gydymdeimlo Er mor ddyfned yw fy nghlwy', and mae'th ysbryd yn y nefoedd- Fy enaid, paid a wylo mwy. 'Nawr gorphwysa, cwsg yn dawel, Daw a'th geidw, ni chei gam TIu dy Iesu yn cyssegru R bedd o'th flaen, fy anwyl fam Er it' yma huno am enyd, Doi i'r lan yn laardd dy wedd, Hyn sydd gysur i'r amddifad Sydd yn drist ar fin dy fedd. Llangollen. E. D.
[CENTRAL NEWS TELEGRAMS.] L LLANGOLLEN ADVERTISER OFFICE, Thursday Evening. The Bank Rate remains at two per cent. The editor of St. Stephens Review was fined £ 2 0 and costs in the Queen's Bench Division, to-day, for commenting on the Bradlaugh case, which is still mbjudice. A large gathering of Germans and Americans, says a Central News New York telegram, paid an eulogistic tribute last night to the memory of the Emperor William. Her Majesty the Queen left Portsmouth, this morning, in the royal yacht Victoria and Albert, for the continent. A mist hung over Spithead, but the conditions were believed to be more favourable in the channel.
6s. 8d. to 7s. Od.; Oregon, Os. Od. to Os. Od.; Califor- nian, 6s. 6td. to 6s. lid.; red winter, 6s. 5d. to 7s. 2d.; Chilian, 6s. 7d. toJ6s. 8d.; Bombay, Os. Od. to Os. Od. Wheat: Moderate trade at Friday's rates. Flour quiet, steady. Maize Id. to lid. lower. Beans and peas unchanged.
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, fy DEATHS. V Persons forwarding to this office announcements of births, marriages, and deaths must at the same time give their names and addresses. When any addition is made to the simple notice of marriage a charge of one shilling will be made. BIRTHS. March 15th, the wife of Mr. John Jones, Penlan, Llangollen of a daughter. March 16th, the wife of Mr. J. P. Davies, draper, Llangollen, of a son. March 20th, at the Bon Marche, Cross-street, Oswestry, the wife of Mr. Thomas Phillips, of a son. March 4th, the wife of Mr Seth Roberts, Tanymanod- terrace, Festiniog, of a son. March 13th, at the Lodge Farm, Denbigh, the wife of Mr. David Davies, of a son. March 8th, the wife of Mr. John Samuel Jones, Trevor, of a son. Na'r lanwedd wawr-oleuni.-na diliau 0 hndolion tlysni, Na'r gan oleulan lili,— Emlyn bach, tecach wyt ti. MARRIAGES. March 17th, at Bethlehem Chapel (Independent), St. Asaph, Mr. Robert Lloyd, Greenfield-terrace, Vale- road, Rhyl, to Miss Catherine Hughes, 15, Queen- street, Llangollen. March 13th, at the Tabernacle Chapel, Aberystwyth, by the Rev. W. Jones, registrar, Mr. Henry Millman, to Miss Sarah Jane Jones, both of Aberystwyth. DEATHS. At 13, Regent's Park Terrace, London, Jan. 17th, after a few days' illness, Elizabeth Wynne, in her 91st year. In loving memory. March 18th, at Penycoed, Llangollen, aged 72, Mr. William Evans, spinner. March 5th, at Clydach Vale, aged 80 years, Mr. David Harris, Eglwysfach, Cardiganshire. Deceased was uncle of the late Mr. William Harris, Victoria Place, Llangollen. March 9th, aged 22, Miss Mary Ellis, Brynyffynnon, Garth, near Ruabon. Feb. 27th, aged 77, Jael, wife of Mr. Robert Jones, Llansannan. March 10th, aged 22, Miss Jane Parry, 145, High- street, Blaenau Festiniog. March 9th. aged 67, Mr. Ed. Jones, Moel-lladdfa, Cynwyd, near Corwen. March 12th, at Cross Foxes Hotel, Coedpoeth, Wrexham, Mr. J. Carrington. March 2nd, aged 52, at Old Coleham, Shrewsbury, Sarah, widow of Mr. John Davies, chief-constable. March 16th. aged 54, at Bethel House, Llanwddyn, Susannah, wife of Mr, Robert Jones. March 1st, aged 71, at Cefndriniew, Lawnt, Jane, wife of Mr. John Roberts, late of Pen'rallt, Llansilin. March 9th, aged 53, at St. Chad's parish, Shrews- bury, Mr. Ezekiel Wilkes. March 9th, aged 73, Mr. Ed. Rees, Penlan Bach, Druid, Corwen. March 12th, aged 38, at Fosrhydgaled, Aberystwyth, Mary Ann Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Morris Davies, J.P. March 14th, aged 12, Anne Williams, niece of Mr. James Pierce, master of the union workhouse, Aberystwyth.
RUTHIN. T COMPETITIVE MEETINGS.—The annual competi- tive meetings in connection with the Ruthin district Sunday schools of the Calvinistic Methodists was held in the Drill Hall, Ruthin. at 2 and 6 p.m., on Friday, the 16th instant. The meetings were largely attended, the evening meeting especially, it being inconveniently crowded, many being unable to obtain admission. The afternoon meeting was presided over by Mr. D. Hughes, and the evening one by E. Robert?, Esq., Record House, the Rev. William Foulkes, Llangollen, acting as conductor for the day. Prizes were awarded for music, essays, trans- lations, recitations, art, &c., and the committee have every reason to be satisfied with the success of the year's festival.
RHUDDLAN. ANTIQUITIES OF RHUDDLAN.—On the 13th inst., a popular lecture was delivered at this place on the "Antiquities of Rhuddlan." The lecturer was the Rev. T. Frimston, Garndolbenmaen, Carnarvonshire, and the chairman the Rev. B. Evans, Rhuddlan. The lecturer traced all the important events which took place within this ancient district from A.D. 795 to 1888, commencing with the period when wild beasts abounded in Wales. During the dis- course he exhibited a deer bone exhumed at the adjacent marsh, at a depth of nine feet. Also a full view of the ancient town was exhibited, and inscriptions found in the old Abbey on two monu- mental stones were delineated. The lecture occupied fully two hours, and it would well repay publishers, for the benefit of tourists and others, to avail them- selves of this excellent historical treasure of antiquity.
FESTINIOG. CONSERVATISM.—An association for the further- ance of Conservative principles has recently been formed in this place. In such a Radical stronghold the promoters of this movement have, to say the least, shown no little pluck in their efforts to disseminate what they gallantly term the glorious principles of Toryism." However, the outlook for the Tories in this part of the county is extremely discouraging. WAGES.—In response to the representations of the men employed at the Rhiw Quarry, Messrs. Greaves. the proprietors, have increased the wages of the slatemakers from 3s. 9d. to 4s. per day. A similar increase has also been allowed to the miners, but for some reason or another the wages of the labourers remain as heretofore. LECTURE.—At Peniel Chapel, the Rev. J. Evans (Eglwysbach) delivered a very interesting lecture on The progress of the four denominations in Wales," viz., the Wesleyans, Calvinistic Methodists, Independents, and Baptists. The audience was very large and the lecturer was in fine form. Dr. G. J. Roberts presided. TRUCKS ACT.—This act has at length, and after a somewhat protracted discussion, been adopted at several of the quarries. This will necessarily in- volve considerable changes in several respects, and will, for a time at least, cause considerable incon- venience to the quarrymen. This measure was never popular in this district, and it is generally believed by those affected thereby that the advan- tages gained will not amply compensate for the inconvenience, &c., arising from its adoption.
GLYNCEIRIOG. THE NEW RAILWAY.—After a full year of slow progress, we are glad to inform your readers that the two first sections, extending from Chirk Station to the New Inn at Llansantffraid, are nearly com- pleted. Also the Queen Bridge, constructed over the Ceiriog atDolywern, is finished. The arch of this bridge is 40 feet span, and the structure itself is a firm, well-executed work. The steam-engine made its first passage over it, on the 14th inst., with a long train of ballast trncks, to the great satis- faction of the on-lookers, who had provided a number of fog signals to welcome the advent of the fire-horse" for the first time to the Glyn Valley. The other bridge, near the middle Factory, is fast approaching completion. This is named the Jubilee Bridge, and is in style similar to the latter, excepting that the arch is of shorter span. When this is finished, with a few extras in addition, the line will be completed as far as the New Inn and we are anxiously looking forward to the 1st of May, which, We hope, will be the opening day for passenger traffic. In the meantime, two stations should be erected at Dolywern and Llansantffraid respectively. The third or upper section has been contracted for by Mr. Jellof, a spirited contractor from Dudley, who has already commenced operations, and pro- mises to have his portion completed in three months nence. Consequently, a continuous line from Chirk to Tregeiriog will be worked, which must prove a great boon to the Glyn Valley in general, a new opening being thus made with the commercial world. It is pleasing to add that the quarries, both the slate and granite, have already revived much.- A GLYNONIAN.
Dr. W. S. Wilson, Bishop of Glasgow and Galloway, died on Saturday, at the age of 87. The International Exhibition at Glasgow is to be opened by the Prince and Princess of Wales on the 8th May. General Boulanger has been deprived of his command in the French army, owing tj repeated breaches of discipline. The marriage or Prince Oscar of Sweden to Mdlle. Ebba Munk took place at St. Stephen's Church, Bournemouth, on Thursday. Thomas Bennet, manager of Messrs. Smith's book- stall at Wellington, Salop, committed suicide on Thursday morning by throwing himself in front of a passenger train near Wellington. On Monday two tons of po*di r, forming a blasting charge at the Lester Limeworks, Minora, were ex- ploded, and a large quantity of rock was displaced. The cost of the operation was £100. James Jones and Alfred Scamln.tt were exe-utsd at Hertford Jail, on Tuesday, for the murder of an 011 man named Philip Ballard, at Tup-dey, the deed known as the Herefordshire murder. The execu icill of William Arrow smith for the wilful murder of his uncle. George Pickeriil, at Prees, has been fixed to take place at Shrewsbury on Wednesday. The accused maintains that he is innocent. Air. Osborne Morgan has be n selected as one of the six chairmen of the Grand Com Dittoes^ tn Law and Justice, and Trade and Agriculture. This is a high compliment to the right honourable gentleman. For cruelly h. atin,, a child four years of ag", whom he had undertaken to train as a contortionist, a man named Felix Rosenbaum was, at Manchester sentenced to six months' imprisonment, with hard labour. -n It is expected that the make of cheese in Cheshire this season will be the largest on record, many dairy farmers having begun the manufacture earlier than usual, and others having abandoned the milk for the cheese tr^d1', owing to the unremunerativeness of the former. In the collision case between the Holyhead mail steamers Munster and Alex mdra, which was finished in the Admiralty Division of the High Court of Justice on Wednesday, S r James Hannen, the president, and the Trinity Masters, found that both Vessels were to bbrue. 'Ihe Master of the Rolls on Fr day gave Lord Colin Campbell Lave to appeal to the House of Lords against ,he recent refusal to grant him a certificate that his bankruptcy w;,s the result of misfortune, the Withholding of which certificate is a bar lo his hold- tag certain public office". Mr. D. Randall, the Liberal candidate of the woik- ing men, and Mr. J. T. D. Llewellyn, Conservative, Were nominated as candidates for the Gower Division of Glamorgan, on Wednesday. Rather than split the Liberal vote, Sir Horace Davey, the nominee uf the Liberal a soeiation, has wi hdrawn. Five men were drowned through the capsizing of a boat from the screw steamer Cambria, in Carmarthen 13?-y, on Sunday. The on y survivor of the occupants of the boat was a man named Thomas, who swam ashore. A comrade who attempted to accompany him, got within a dozen ya ds of land, and then suddenly threw up his arms, exclaiming I am done," sank, and was no more seen.
PARLIAMENTARY SUMMARY. The most important division of the session in the House of Lords took place on Monday, when the Earl of Rosebery called attention to the constitution of the House, and moved the appointment of a Select Committee to inquire into the subject. The Earl of Wemyss moved as an amendment that it was not a safe thing to place the constitution of the House in the power of a committee, nor consistent with its dignity to discuss before a committee the reason for its existence and that if any changes in the constitution of this House were wanted, they should be debated and made by the House itself on the motion of the responsible Ministers of the Crown. The Premier opposed both the motion and the amendment, and the latter was not put. The House divided on the original resolution, which was rejected by 97 to 50 votes. The Archbishop of Canterbury moved the second reading of the Church Discipline Bill, which does not propose to deal with ecclesiastical offences, but is framed to enable offences against morality, committed by clergymen, to be more speedily, cheaply, and effectively dealt with, and the Lord Chancellor moved the second reading of the Land Transfer Bill, the objects of which, he explained, were the development of the legislation introduced by Lord Cairns, the gradual application of compulsion to registration, and the assimilation of real to personal estate, and its effect would be to cheapen and simplify the transfer of land. Both were read a second time. The Cathedral Churches Bill passed through committee, clause 11 being struck out, and the Railway and Canal Traffic Bill and the Pharmacy Acts Amendment Bill were read a third time and passed. The House will proba- bly adjourn for the Easter holidays this day (Friday). In the House of Commons Mr. Osborne Morgan moved, on Friday, his resolution deprecating the acceptance by Mr. Marriott as Judge Advocate General of the duties of professional advocate to the ex-Khedive. Mr. Labouchere, Sir J. Fergusson, Mr. Dillon, the Attorney General, Mr. Bryce, Sir G. Elliot, and Mr. Bradlaugh continued the debate, and on a division the motion was negatived by 218 to 126. The National Debt Conversion Bill passed through committee and was ordered to be reported. The House was crowded on Monday night when Mr. Ritchie introduced the long-talked-of LOCAL GOVERNMENT BILL FOR ENGLAND AND WALES, a bill that seeks to effect a very great alteration in local government. In his speech in explaining its details, which occupied 2 hours and 20 minutes, the President of the Local Government Board pointed out that there had been a demand for decentralisa- tion, and he said they could not do that without reform. In the scheme it is proposed to leave the judicial work of the justices untouched, but to place the administrative work of the county in the hands of an entirely new body to be called the County Council. This council, which will be elected for three years, three-fourths of the members being chosen by the ratepayers and one-fourth elected by the council itself either from within or without its own body, will deal with the county rates, bridges, lunatic asylums,reformatories and industrial schools, the division of its county into polling districts, the registration of voters, and the public health. The management of the police in counties would be in the hands of a joint committee of the County Council and of Quarter Sessions, but the appointment of the chief constable would remain as at present. One of the most important duties devolving upon it will be the granting of licences. On this point Mr. Ritchie made an interesting statement. Some members of the House contended that there should be no provision for compensation to licensed victu- allers in the bill but the Government could not go so far as that. Unless the House assented to com- pensation being paid where renewal of licence was refused, the Government could not continue to be responsible for any power being given to the county authority to refuse to renew such a licence. Com- pensation should be paid, in fact, if the licence were refused on any ground except a justice's order. The payment of the compensation, he said, would come out of the county funds, or be charged on the district in which the licence was refused. But he added that one of his proposals was that the cost of licences should be raised 20 per cent. The County Council would also contribute to the maintenance of indoor paupers, and would have power to en- courage emigration. The Government, he said, thought there ought to be some provision for the emigration of persons not necessarily paupers but the idea that this plan, if carried out, would give much relief to the distress now prevailing was received with derisive cheers. What, he asked, after mentioning many other functions of the County Council, would be the position of municipal boroughs under the bill ? They proposed to make certain cities counties of themselves, those put in the bill being Liverpool.Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds,Sheffield, Bristol, Bradford, Nottingham, Hull, and Newcastle. London would be made a county, and the Metropo- litan Board of Works would cease to exist,an announcement that was loudly cheered. Grants in aid would come to an end, but a large and liberal measure of relief of local burdens was decided upon —the suggestion being that nearly six millions raised chiefly from the proceeds from various licences should be handed over to the County Council. The main object of the bill is to extend to counties the municipal privileges that have hitherto been enjoyed by boroughs. Mr. Ritchie received a graceful com- pliment from Mr. Gladstone, who said he had dealt with a complex question in a manner that did him high honour. The bill, or rather the bills, for there were two, were read a first time, and the second reading was fixed for April 12th. Mr. Parnell, on Wednesday, moved the second reading of the Land Laws (Ireland) Acts Amendment Bill, which sought to provide for the reduction of tenants' arrears of rent, as had been done by the Crofters Act. Mr. Powell Williams moved an amendment, declaring That no bill providing for a composition of arrears of rent in Ireland will be satisfactory to this House and effectual for the relief of the tenants which does not at the same time deal with their debts to other creditors besides the landlords." The second reading was negatived by 328 to 243 majority, 85. In the division on the amendment, 320 voted for and 230 against, giving a majority in its favour of 90. The House will adjourn for the Easter recess after the morning sitting on Tuesday. WELSH QUESTIONS. NEW MEMBER. Mr. D. A. Thomas took the oath and his seat in the House of Commons, on Tuesday, for Merthyr Tydvil in the room of Mr. C. H. Jones, resigned. He was introduced by Mr. H. Richard and Mr. Ellis. THE TITHE DISTURBANCES IN ANGLESEY. Mr. Bryn Roberts asked the Home Secretary, in the House of Commons, on Tuesday, whether he will lay upon the table the report received by him from the chief constable of Anglesey as to the alleged tithe disturbances in that county.—Mr. Matthews: The report contains matter of a confidential nature which I should not be justified in disclosing. I must, there- fore, decline to lay it on the table of the House. THE ANTI-TITHE AGITATION. In the House of Commons on Monday Mr. Osborne Morgan asked the Home Secretary if he could state the cost of the inquiry before Mr. Bridge.—Mr. Matthews said he should like to have notice of the question. Mr. Thomas Ellis asked the Home Secretary whether his attention had been called to a report in the Liverpool Daily Post of the 16th of March, of a deputation of parisiiioners to the Rev. T. L. Davies, vicar of Whitford, Flintshire, to request him to grant an abatement of 15 per cent, in the tithe rent charge because of their inability to realise prices for agricultural produce sufficient to meet the tithe rent charge and other outgoings, and to the reply of the vicar that he refused to allow one penny, saying, You will have Peterson and Todd upon you as soon as they have finished in Anglesey;" whether at previous sales at Whitford Peterson and Todd levied distraints and sold the distrained stock without giving any previous notice of sale and whether he would continue to countenance this method of tithe collection by sanctioning the employment of the police and military .—Mr. Matthews I have not seen the report in question, and know nothing of the alleged statement of the vicar. I have received a letter from Messrs. Peterson and Todd, who inform me that in every case they have given proper notice, and have kept in every other respect strictly within their legal right. The employment of the police is asked by the local authority, and not by me, and it is left to their discretion to apply for the assistance of the military if they think it necessary.
It is stated that the brewing business in Warrington and Burton-ou-Trent, owned by Sir A. B. Walker, will shortly be offered to the public as a limited liabiLty company, the capital Leing estimated at about three millions. Mr. D. A. Thomas M.P., who was elected last week to fill the vacancy caused by the retirement of Mr. C. H. James from the lepresentatioa of Mertl yr Tydvil, is a well known member tf the Welsh Baptist denomiration. He 113 a. Lradiate of Cambridge Univers ty.
THE PANTGLAS SLATE AND SLAB QUARRY COMPANY, LIMITED. Starting from Chirk on the G.W.R. line, a drive of six miles brings us to the village of Glynceiriog. The drive is a pleasant one, the road following the river Ceiriog, winds alonij through a valley rich in historical and other associations, the scenery pretty and in- teresting at first, becoming more and more beautiful as we proceed. At Glyn the valley makes a sharp turn to the left, the road being hemmed in on either side by great rocks, which in some places almost overhang the road. Though the Glyn valley, as it is called, is so beautiful, and though it aoounds in mineral wealth, slate, granite, china clay, limestone, and other minerals being found, it is but little known, owing chiefly to the want of railway communication. However, a line has now been made, and though only at present used for mineral traffic, it is hoped it will be ready for passenger traffic by the spring. Arrived at Glyn—a straggling, but not unpicturesque Welsh village—two inclines are seen, starting from the present terminus of the tramway. These inclines are very simple, at the same time ingenious contrivances j. the full trucks of slate running down pull the empty ones up by means of a wire rope and drum. This drum is regulated by a brake, great care and some skill being required. One of these inclines is three- quarters of a mile long, and a journey up this is an experience not easily forgotten. Rushing along up a steep bill, sometimes crossing wooden bridges, through which can be seen the white froth of a mountain stream dashing its way down the 300 and odd feet we are ascending, and then through a cutting in the rock, the sides of which seem as if they must hit the truck, and then with a wish, and a clank, and a roar, the loaded trucks rush by us, much too close to be pleasant. The trucks do not run so smoothly as a first-class carriage on the G.W.R. for instance, and as one jolts and bumps one can't help wondering what would happen if the rope (lid break. We first visited the Wynne quarries, a huge semi-circular excavation approached by a short tunnel from the rubbish heap outside, on which the rows of dressing-sheds are placed. Gangs of men were to be seen busily working in all directions, some high up on ledges of rock drilling and charging the holes for blasting, their only means of getting away from their apparently perilous position being by the aid of ropes or chains, up or down which they climbed like monkeys, inserting their feet in any nooks and crannies of the rock that presented themselves. These quarries can be traced back about 150 years, though the late Mr. D. C. Davies, a well-known mining engineer and authority on the subject, says in his book on slate quarrying that slates were obtained from the valley in the time of Henry VIII., he also states that the house in which he wrote that book was roofed with these slates in the year 1758, the slates being still sound and good. After inspecting the underground workings, which have only lately been commenced, we ha,d a conversation with one of the workmen, who told us he was 74 years of age, and had worked in those quarries since he was 10 years old. He pointed out to us many buildings, the roofs of which had been on to his knowledge for the past 60 years and over, one roof in particular he showed us, which had been on 90 years. We were also shown some slates taken off a house which bore date 1796, and had been built by the then owner of the quarry, the slates for the most part being perfectly sound, in fact, a great number of them were being used over again to roof some outhouses with. The sound of a bugle now warned us to beware of the blasting about to take place, and glancing again into the quarry we saw the whole of the workmen getting under cover except the few whose duty it was to light the blasts a second call on the bugle, matches were struck and applied to the bits of brown paper previously steeped in saltpetre, which were to communicate the light to the fuse itself. No sooner was the touch paper alight than men might be seen running up the ropes or sliding down with extraordinary rapidity, and various little puffs of smoke warned us the fuses were alight and it would be as well to get under cover as quickly as possible. A few seconds later a succession of loud reports were heard, blocks of rock as large as a man's head being hurled in all directions, while smaller bits rained down on the thick slate slabs which formed our shelter. Soon men were at work with crowbars, heaving away at huge blocks of slate rock which had been cracked off by the explosion. This reminded one much of a lot of ants trying to move the body of some huge blue bottle fly; however, inch by inch the block could be seen approaching the edge of the rock until at last down it came with a crash and was instantly attacked by men with chisels and hammers, who froughly piepared the blocks ready for their partners the dressers outside. These blocks are then taker out to the dressers, being weighed on the way, and :>.n the interesting process of splitting the slate takes place. Each shed is occupied by two men, the splitter and the dresser, the former placing a block of slate about two or three inches in width by his side, proceeds to split it in half, using a kind of broad chisel and a wooden mallet; this process is repeated until the slates are split to the thickness desired, each time requiring greater care in the operation. Some blocks can be split almost as thin as writing paper and far thinner than they could be used, while others again can only be split into thick or seconds slates, the only difference between firsts and seconds being in their thickness. Great skill and long practice are required to make a good splitter, and on his skill, care and patience, the succces;ful working of a slate quarry in great measure depends. After the slates are split, the dresser, armed with an imp: ment something like a bill hook, cuts them to the different sizes, turning out countesses, duchesse and even ,S.s princesses, as the different sizes are callj.), in great numbers. A short walk brings us to other extensive quarries, worked under the same management. Here, instead of one, we find five great pits or quarries of great depth, connected one with the other, and with the outside of the quarry by a tunnel over 1,000 yards in length. Here the same processes are repeated as bi fore, except the slate blocks on being rought out of the quarry are taken to the machine house, as it is called, where they are sawn and dressed by machinery driven by water power instead of by hand, thus saving time, and a great amount of waste. This is the first machinery for the purpose ever erected in the district, and was laughed to scorn by all the old quarrymen, who, with few exceptions, prophesied disaster; however, it has been found to answer admirably, and it is hoped that similar machines will before long be at work at the Wynne quarries. A great impetus to the trade of the valley, especially to the slate trade, will be given when the new railway to Chirk is finished. It is intended, we understand, to stock the slates at Chirk, close to both railway and canal, and then it is believed no quarry in Wales can equal the Pantglas for quick despatch. We were informed also they were nearer than any other slate quarries in the British Isles to London and ihe great Midland towns, the practical result being that railway rates are far lower from these quarries than from any 2- other in North Wales. As we have said, these quarries are very old an 1 of great extent; but they have hitherto been worked only on a small scale, the slates being carted about the country for local consumption. The present company have opened the quarries up to a great depth, and by means of underground workings, make slates only from the deepest and best parts of the vein. In quarries which are worked in the open only, slates have to be made from the top rock, and these, as many of our readers may be aware, are never so good and durable as those mAde from a depth. The Pantglas slates are of a deep true blue colour, and look extremely well ou a roof, because of their uni ormity of shade. No tinge of red or purple being mixed with the blue, ro,l ri ige rolls can be used to shoiv up t .e colour; whereas, in blue slates having this shade of red or purple, tiio latter tints are caught and shown up by the red ridge lolls, and the good effect of contrast between blue and red is lost. On the other hand, it is generally acknowledged that lew buildings are se> pleasing to the eye as are tnose built of red brick and roofed with these slates. The slates are also very straight and even, points of great importance to the si iter. 7 The durabi.ity of the slates has been proved by such facts as we have referred to in our narrative, and it has been found that.the colour does not fade or alter. Chemictl analysis shows also that the Pantglas slates are free from suipiiur or caroon, a very great recommenda.tio.i. One other point must not be overlooked. The quarries b(.,iii. easily and eiieaply worKed, requiring no steam engines to work machinery, and no pumping; and being so near the market, the Pantglas slates can be supplied at very moderate prices, cheaper probably than any others of I be same quality. At the present time we understand they are spècitied fur sowe very first-class buiidings in L mdon and elsewhere, and the demand is growing rapiiJy as tho slates become better known.—Th,e Railway Supplies Journal.
Epps's COCOA.—GRATEFUL AKD COMFOSTINJ. "By a thorough knowledge of the natural laws which govtru the OperatIOn, of dige-tion and nutrition, and by a cateiul application of the fine properties of well- selected COCOA, Mr. Epps has provided our breakfast tables w.th a delicately-flavoured beverage which may save us many heavy doctors' bills. it is by the judicious use of such articles of diet that a constitu- tion may be gradually built up until strong enough to resist every tendency to disease. Hundreds of subtle maladies are floating around us ready to attack wherever there is a wtaU point. We may escape many a LLÚ shaft by keeping ourselves well fortified with pure blood and a properly-nourish-d frame." Civil Service Gazette.—iVJade simply with boiling water or milk. Sold only in packets, by Grocers, labelled—" JAMES Errs & Co., Homoeopathic Chemists, London.Also makers of Epps's After- noon Chocolate Essence. (2209b)
CORRESPONDENCE. [WE do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions of our correspondents.—ED.1 To the Editor of the" LZangolLen Advertiser." Dear sir,-It is to be hoped there will be some use- ful members nominated for the next Local Board. We find one mentioned—Mr. C. B. Jones—whom we consider to be a thorough business man, who under- stands the building trade, sanitary and water works, gas management, &c., and we consider he would make a very good member. Men of this kind it is we want on the Local Board. -Yours truly, T. R. WILLIAMS. March 20th, 1888.
FOOTBALL NOTES. The football event on Saturday was the Association match betweenEngland and Scotland,at HampdenPark, Glasgow, when England won by five goals to none; and in Wales the semifinal tie for the national cup between Northwich and Chirk, at Chester, which the latter, after a good and fast game, won by five goals to none. Our readers will be pleased to hear that arrange- ments have been made for a series of exhibition matches to take place during the Easter holidays. On Good Friday the celebrated Preston team play an eleven selected from Llangollen and the sur- rounding district. On the Saturday following, a team chosen from the Vale of Clwyd, and including players from Denbigh, Ruthin, Rhyl, and St. Asaph, play the Vale of Llangollen team. On Easter Monday two matches will be played, the first between West Derby (Liverpool) and the Llangollen Rovers, commencing at 1 p.m., and in the second, Blackburn Olympic, who at the present time are one of the best teams in Lancashire, compete with the same team who oppose the Preston club on Good Friday. Our football friends will, there- fore, have plenty to occupy their time with during the holidays, and will, no doubt, witness some splendid games, as we understand it is the intention of the committee to get together the strongest possible teams in order to be able to hold their own in face of the strong combinations they are pitted against. The tickets for the four matches are Is., if purchased before the 30th March, after which the charge will be 6d. and Is. each match, and it is to be hoped that the club may be well supported in order to meet the heavy expenses incurred in having these matches played.
THE ANTI-TITHE AGITATION. Mr. Peterson and his emergency men renewed their raids upon the tithe-payers of the Vale of Clwyd last week. On one occasion, it is recorded, there were six policemen, and seven emergency men guarding the distraining agents from any possible attack by Mr. Howel Gee and a reporter, who were the only two other persons present during the day." A correspondent writes :—Matters are becoming more strained in the neighbourhood of Rhos between the receivers and payers of tithes. It seems as if the spirit of conciliation were impossible to tithe receivers. A case in point occurred this week, when a farmer called to pay his tithe after the receiver had agreed to allow a certain sum for trespass. After the cash had been paid an ill mood came over the receiver which induced him to retreat from his own agreement. Returning the cash to the farmer he stated that it did not matter, inasmuch as he had engaged the soldiers to come to his district. A more dangerous spot could not be found for the display of force, and all for the sake of 10s., which it had been agreed to allow, not as an abatement, but on account of land occupied by other parties. Major Leadbetter would do well to inquire whether his forces should be available for a case of this sort
John Parry, a native of Oswestry, and by trade a butcher, was arrested at Oswestry last week on a charge of uttering base coin in London, and on Wed- nesday he was conveyed thither by a Scotland Yard detective. fairy, who was on ticket-of-leave, had been in penal servitude for five years. For having permitted raffling at a bazzar held lecently, M. J. P. Hartley, secretary to the Acerington Liberal Club, was on Wednesday fined 5s. and costs hy the magistrates of that borough. Two other gentleman were each fined a similar sum for aiding and abetting. Joseph Addison, a gentleman, living at Maple- durwall, near Basingstoke, met with his death, on Friday, while hunting with Mr. Garth's foxhounds. Mr. Addison was seen to reel and fall as his horse was leaping a small grip, and it was afterwards ascertained that his neck was broken. The supposi- tion is that he fell from his horse while in a fit. The remains of tho late German Emperor were interred on Friday in the lioyal mausoleum at Charlottenburgh, the populace crowding in thousands along the line of procession to pay the last tribute of respect to their deceased ruler. The ceremony was of the most impressive character, and representatives were present from all the European Courts. Reports on Friday stated that fifteen trains were blocked up between Berwick and Newcastle, the passengers suffering discomfort. The (Snowstorm in We-tmorelan i on Thursday night is described as the severest ever experienced in the county. On the Derby- shire moors, between Sheffield and Froggatledge, over 500 sheep have been frozen to death. In Denmark and Galicia terrific weather baa been experienced.
LOCAL MARKETS. LLANGOLLEN, SATURDAY.—The quotations were as follow:— s. d. s. d Red wheat. 4 1 to 410 White wheat 4 4 to 5 1 White oats 2 9 to 3 6 New wheat 4 4 to 5 1 Beef (per lb.) 0 5 to 0 9 Veal ditto 0 6 to 0 8 Mutton ditto 0 7 to 0 8i- Porkditto. 0 6 to 0 9 Fowls (per couple; 3 0 to 3 6 Ducks ditto 4 0 to 4 6 Rabbits (each) 0 10 to 1 0 Soles (per lb.) 1 4 to 1 6 Plaice 0 4 to 0 5 Onionsditto. 0 0 to 0 if Potatoes (per measure) 2 0 to 2 6 Apples (per hund.) 3 0 to 4 0 Butter (per lb.) 1 4 to 1 5 Eggs 14 to 16 for 1 0 LIVERPOOL CORN,TuESDAY.—Wheat: Canadian,
WREXHAM, THURSDAY.—Wheat, 4s. 6d. to 48. 8d. per 75 lbs. barley, 3s. 6d. to 5s. Od.; oats, 2s. 9d. to 3s. 6d.; butter, Is. 2d. to Is. 4d. per 16 oz.; eggs; 13 to 14.for Is.; fowls, 3s. Od. to 4s. 6d. per couple, ducks, 4s. Od. to 5s. Od. per couple; geese, oa. to Od. per lb. j potatoes, Is. 9d. to Is. lOd. per 90 lbs.
OSWESTRY, WEDNESDAY.—The following were the quotations to-day White wheat, 4s. Sd. to 5s. Od. red wheat old, 4s. 6d. to 4s. 8d. per 75 lbs.; malting barley, 4s. 6d. to 5s. Od. per 70 lbs.; grinding barley, 3s. 6d. to 3s. 9d. per 70 lbs.; oats, 13s. oa. to 14s. Od. per 225 lbs.; peas 15s. Od. to 16s. Od. per 225 Ibe.; beans, 16s. Od. 17s. Od. per 240 lbs.; butter Is. 3d. to Is. 5d per lb.; eggs, 13 to 14 for a shilling; fowls, 3s. Od. to 4?. 6d.; ducks, 3s. 6d. to 5s. 6d. per couple geese, Os. Od. to Os. Od. each; turkeys, 0s. Od. to Os. Od. each; potatoes 10 to 12 lbs. for 6d. rabbits, per couple, 2s. Od. to 2s. 4d.; cabbages Is. Od. to 2s. Od. per dozen.
For MONUMENTS, TOMBS, HEADSTONES. AND WREATHS, AND EVERY DESCRIPTION OF MONUMENTAL WORK. APPLY TO WILLIAM WILLIAMS, AT HIS SHOW YARD IN MARKET STREET, LLANGOLLEN. [1563a] The Baquet Theatre at Oporto was destroped by fire on Tuesday night while the performance was proceeding. There was a full house at the time, and a terrible scene ensued, caused by the struggles of those in the building to escape. Whole families are reported to have perished, and the actual number of lives lost is est:matedat 80. Mary Ann Philips, aged 59, was sentenced to death at Glamorganshire Assizes, on Friday, for the murder of her husband at Cardiff, on the 1st of January. The condemned woman, in order to possess herself of the money of her husband, who was many years her senior, smashed his head with a coal pick and beat him to death with a broom handle. For a sustaining, comforting, and nourishing beveraga drink Oadbury's Pure Cocoa, and do not be pursuaded to accept a substitute. ESTABLISHED NEARLY 50 YEABS.—White's Celebrated Moc-ilaine Trusses. Single Trusses from 10s.; Double Trusses, from 18s. Sent free from observation and post free. CADBUJJY BROS. caution the Public against those Dutch Cocoas and their English imitations, sold as pure Cocoa, to which about 4 per cent, of Alkali and other agents are added,to give apparent strength to the liquor, by making it a dark colour. This addition may be detected by the scent when a tin is freshly opened. No Cocoa can be stronger than Cadbury's, which is guaranteed ABSOLUTELY PURE, WARNING.— When you ask for RECKITT3* BLUE see that you get it. The Manufacturers beg to caution 1 he public against imitation square Blue, of very inferior quality. TI13 Paris Biti.) in squares is sold in wrappers bearing thair name anJ. Trade Mark. Refuso all others. WHITE'S Moc MAIN LEVER TRUSS is the most effective nveution for the treatment of Hernia. The use of a steel spring, so hurtful in its effects, is avoided, a soft bandage being worn round the body, while the requisite resisting power is supplied by the Mac-Main Pad and Patent Levers fitting with ao much ease and closeness tuat it cannot be detected. Send tor descriptive circular, with testimonials and prices, to J. White and Co. (Limited), 22S, Piccadilly. London. Do not buy of Chemists, who often sell an IMITA- TION of our Hoc-Main. J. White and Co. have no t any Agents. (1671) llOLLOW,y' OiN'i'JtENr.—Miners a id Workers in the lioldlLHs.— I'll is invaluable and renowned Ointment is extensively used aud patronized by such people to their very great advantage, being easy of a.pphca.tifu.ui p.»r;,aoie iti small co iipass. When used in oonjauction. with Hollo way's Pills in accordanco with clear and concise directions for use which accompany each pot aui box, there are bat few of the diseases wnioh afflict m tnktnd which will not yield to the sanative powers of the combined remed es. Hollo way's Ointrnjiij and Pills do not deteriorate OJ Keeping nor oy oaaage of climate, aui 1, they oouU.n no deleterious m.neral drug, taey c ioU be used with the most pa. fecu s.feG.i under tae rIUoil4 [ adverse climatic and sanitary conditions.