Che Swansea Gazers And OailD Sbippinci = Register Swansea, January 27, 1909. I
Swansea Harbour Trust. Weekly Trade Report. Officially Communicated. The returns of the trade of the port in ^he week just closed again shows a heavy decrease compared with the corresponding Week of last year, the loss being no less than 39,000 tons. The number of vessels in dock has seldom beeirso small. Extreme depression continues to dominate the coal trade, and the imports are again much under the average. There was a fair ship- ment of patent fuel, but there was a very quiet period in the general trade, there are however, several vessels to load next week. The shipments of coal and patent fuel were 59,798 tons. Imports include-Russia 1600 tons maize and 1420 tons barley, Holland & Belgium 810 tons general, New York 86 tons gen. Imports 10,890 tons, exports 64,812 tons and total trade 75,702 tons compared with 84,984 tons the previous week and 115,103 tons the corresponding week last year. Shipments of coal were- Norway 100 tons. Germany 3210 tons, Holland and Belgium 1200 tons, France 27,735 tons, Spain 4047 tons, Italy 5195 tons, Greece 1050 10118, New York 1170 tons, Brazil 1400 tons, Home ports 2928 .ons, total 48,058 tons. Patent fuel—France 1710 tons Spain 2840 tons, Italy 2000 tons, Greece 8210 tons, Brazil 1980 tons total 11,740 tons. Tinplates and general goods 5,014 tons, the latter for Germany, Holland & Belgium, France, New York, and home ports. Shipments of tinplate 22.584 boxes, and receipts from works 81,209 boxes. Stocks in the dock warehouses and vans, 219,528 boxes compared with 160,903 boxes this day week and 132,977 boxes at this date last year To load--Apollo for Antwerp, Juno for Amsterdam, City of Malaga for Hamburg, Adolf for Gothenburg, Vadso for Copen- hagen and Stettin, Laura for Reval &c, Princess Alexandria for Nantes and Bor- deaux, Perim and Skrim for Oporto & Lis- bon, Andalusian for Italian ports, Segontian ^nd Brescia for Mediterranean poHs Brook City for New York, Priam for China & Japan. Vessels in dock-Steam 40; sail 8 tot tl 48.
FOREIGN ARRIVALS A 0 MOVEMENTS OF LOCAL VFSSFLS IIudiksvall s arrived Stockholm from S'sea 15 Aq sger Etyg s arrived Aalbor? from Swansea Advance s arrived Treport from Swansea 19 e bnjperor s arrived Rouen from S'sea 18 MioK!17 S arrivftd S? Nazaire from S'sea 16 Ran' Angelo s arrived Genoa from S'sea 18 qJ; ld° s arrived Oran from Swansea 15 0b S arrive.d R°uen from Swansea 22 ■gjSldian s arrived Legue from Swansea 21 l^ettiore s arrived Havre from Swansea 24 £ in i 9 Roc^ s arrived ttouen from S'sea gsley a arrived Rouen from Swansea 19 Speedwell s arrived Ronen from Swansea 21 Trevarrack s arrived Bari from Swansea 21 Rowena s arrived Bergen from Swansea 16 Modesta s arrived Kiel from Swansea 18 Peterburg s arrived St Malo from Swansea 18 Fides s arrived Genoa from Swansea 19 City of Cadiz s arrived Hamburg from S'sea 20 Sagenite s arrived Rouen from Swansea 19 Bygland s arrived Savannah from S'sea 21
Local Chartering. Algiers, coal and fuel, 7.25 and 8.Z51rs, Orinon, Societe Commerciale Bordeaux, 6.50, Argo, Cleeves and Co Bordeaux, 5.50frs, Name not known, E W Cook Carthagena 6/9, Name not known, C Fuog Dieppe, 41Tt, Loughbrow, Evans & Rogers 2 Havre, 4/3, Achroite, Worms and Co Rouen, 5/ Speedwell, P H Coward Rouen, 5/4t, Gem Liner 2 St Malo, 4/3, Alacrity, S Powell & de Guelis
vllr Vaugnan's 'tear Book 1909 Now ready, and may be obtained from all Newsagents Price one penny
torn <ussa rAoootnrm KIMM we some of the entries in the aceoat tmtm shich she keeps with the greatest accuracy >or hot mm enlightenment. She must know vhere iMt ■onoy goen, she declares, and it is for that reaao* fea* ahe works so diligently over this record: September 1st-Bought 28 cents' worth of "nrnmnft| ohish turned out to be very bad indeed. T •iaSJ ootttimly never buy any more at that stove. September 2nd—Purchased a fair of shoes. HatfP ttways bought my shta of <*&nes, but the devil teaspted me, and I fell in other words, EtiMi Kuced me to try her bootmaker. I know I shall i to regret it. Paid 41dol. for buttoned aflataNb witiel don't fit well around the ankle.-4'50doJ. September 3rd—T> ine beauty of a lace collat. ■nrxed down from 5h cents (I consider this a real Wgain).—19 cents. September 4th—Spent 5doi, tor something, bo* asa'i remember to save my lit# what. Is it'possiblf tpmt It in the church plate in mistake for a dollai* ? BMot It should go toward 10y fall hat—5dol. September 5th—To four yards of ribbon at It mats a yard. This is the new shade of plum, as# immensely becoming. (I shall wear it with my yium-coloured waist.)* 1.10dol. September 10th—To dressmaker for new gown, l9dol. and 78cents. At least, I have not paid it tohe> all, and I cannot until some one of my relatives |)TM me some money, but I might as well put ift Iwwn and get it out of the way.—12-78dol.— Haltimert Ntvot.
I JERRY'S VOTERS HAD OBSTACLES. Apropos of the effort being made by the politicians of both parties to get the vote registered, a certain Oemocratio ward executive tells of an amusing but rather disappointing experience recently. The executive approached a resident of the ward who was of Irish birth, bat bad lived many years in the precinct, and soingia i-ig like the following convert lation ensused Jerry, I am trying to get all the DeJXIocratïe voters registered, and I depend upon you to tell me of some who have not registered." Shure, sir; 5 know of a number of the b-" who do be waiting to be coaxed a bit." .Well, tell me some of them, Jerry, and I'll no what we can do towards coaxing them." "Well, there's Bill Maloney, but shure he's Republican, and the praste himself couldn't make him vote the Dimocratic ticket. Thin there's Patsy Mahool, but faith he lives in the county. Tou might get Barney Sullivan av he was ov age. Tim Mulcahy would make his mark in a inert, but there's that little divarshun with M. ? agin Mm, and he daren't shew himself in the city, Ail the McToole by's would registe^and vote as often M you liken, but the three #*vthem have been tint up for a rucksshur at the christening last ireek." At this point in the enumeration Clfcia democratic voters th* ward executive site I '—Opiate hk t -.in .jht4,.
Pit <wplioretfcem: Pacterla. At a meeting of the Academy of Sciences at Henna, Professor Molisch, of Prague, communi- cated a paper upon phosphoresceut bacteria. He has been able to photograph the colon'es of a phosphorescent micrococcus by means of its owt tight. By inoculating large glass flasks of 1-2 litres capacity containing a suitable culture medium with the organisms, a "bacterial lamp" is obtained with which it is quite possible for an observer at a distance on one to two metres to read a thermometer or to see the time of a watch. On a dark night the "bacterial lamp" is visible at a distance of more than sixty paces. It is suggested that such cultures Af phosphors v-nt bacteria might be employed in powder magazines, or for attracting fish, as the flask might be sealed up and lowered into the water. Under suitable conditions the phosphorescent properties cf the cultures last for two or thaw weeks.
Micros Photography and Armour Plate. The application of micro-photography to metalSc tltd its revelations of the changes of metallio Structure produced by various methods of work* tag* have resulted in very striking improvements and discoveries in hardening steel. One of th, most remarkable is the Holder-Frith process-ix which the alteration in the texture of the metal is ftoduced by rearranging its molecular structure. Heat and electricity are uti};sed as exciting agent* On the crystals of whict the metal is composed, and are employed while the metal is surrounded bj mercury in a bermeti.ally-seated vessel. No great alteration in the metai is perceptible to the unaided Oye; but when examined under the microscope it *»• Been that the crystalline etructure is very muck ooore regular and uniform than before. This meant greater toughness, greater elasticity; the metal, a# e Horoloyical Journal points out, will withstand Crtiater, more sudden* and more continucKSb strain* throughout Its mass.
Diamonds and X-RRYA- A diamond when exposed to the violet rays 01 light becomes fluorescent, the most brilliant, diamonds giving out a clear blue fluorescence a&# less brilliant ones becoming violet. A yellow diamond submitted by Sir William Crookes to t}-¡. rays gave out a red light, and rather to the CUitnaj Of its owners subsequently tuined a dingy hrowr when exposed to daylight. The brownishne* provbd, fortunately, only a temporary effect. These experiments have suggested to Mr. Fuchs, of Chicago, the treatment of diamonds with X-rays, 4nd he says that he is able to bleach brownish and yellow diamonds by such means. This does not exhaust his claims regarding the possibilities of the y-raj-j By directing them through various metal) and. chemicals before they penetrate the diamo- he believes that colour can be permanently Imparted to the stone and that it will be possibli to reproduce thus the famous blue of the RoM diamond or the brown of a well-known diamond it the British regalia. In view of the other experi. ments which have been mentioned, the Illustrate Science jtfeics extremely doubtful, however, 4* \he permanency of Mr, Fuchs's methous
The Mystery of the Echo fhe sconce of acoustics is, as yet, in its hfanoy, ind men nave much to learn before they <. .n solve the mystery of tfee echo or predict her fleeting moods, writes Miss G-ertrude Bacor in ^o»d Word* tolatea in general terms the explanation of erhcw simple and easy to understand. SounC, as we know, is conveyed +,0 us by vibrations of the aiif, which spread around from the source of sound Katactly as waves of —iter spread in ever widening fftngs when a pebble Is thrown into a still lake. Very frequently it happens that these wavea of IOWld, in their outward course, strike against some Surface of such a nature that they are, by it, ieflected bac\ again without being broken and Scattered. Aud when it occurs that these wave* <M returned at iuch an angle as to strike the ear of a listener, we have what we call an echo. Often More than one reflection goes to th* making up ot an echo, the sound-waves being thrown from ov* •orfaee to another in their passage to the ear-jusf M a billiard ball will rebound from cushion V oashion on its way round the table. This, roughil do the cai-,se of the phenomenon. But so endles* Me the variations of circumstances ind inTiron- WMnt, and the effects they produce so far-reaching and hard to foresee, that we are continuaUy being taken unawares. Sometimes ¡-.he echo returns at fwickly that it cannot be distinguished front th* Mnglnal sound; and yet its undetected pret- aoce is enough to affect seriously the penetration Off a coice in a church or theatre Sometimes enc found will produce several echoes in different directions, which return and return again at different time intervals, to the great distraction ot fee hearers- Again the surface of the reflecting Object has a great deal to do with the nature M the echo returned. Certain substances seem to bave a tendency to absorb the sound-waves, aai Others to eflect them more readily. Another curious property of sound-waves, exemplified in many wall- V»owia buildiBgs, is the tendency » the waves te run found a apse or galle*<% aouch as » iravo of the sea, striking aslant on a shallow bay, Will mn round the shflft. This is th# explaaatta* ■ many familiar ac-onMtic curio*iti<-s. not*My M SifSMMs Whiaj^ring ttoUocy «( St. It+ml'