THE NATIONAL EISTEDDFOD. The Mayor of Carnarvon, Mr. W. A. Darbi- shire, has this week offered in connection with this year's National Eisteddfod the substantial prize of twenty-five guineas for the best essay on the Welsh slate quarries. He suggests, with the view of encouraging practical workmen to compete, that the essay should be in Welsh. He desires also, that competitors should take a broad and comprehensive view of the subject, dealing not only with the practical but with the indus- trial and economical aspects of the question, the mutual relations of capital and labour, and the probable effect of the application of protective tariffs or of Free Trade principles to this, the staple industry of North Wales. The Marquis of Bute, who is the president of the Cymmrodorion Society, has consented to become the president of the Royal National Eisteddfod of this year, which will be held at Carnarvon.
THE EDUCATION BILL. What the Welsh Members think of it. The Welsh Members, like other sections in the House of Commons, are unwilling to commit themselves on matters of detail, but On the whole their opinions are favourable to Mr. Birrell's proposals. We append the views of some of them Mr. Herbert Lewis said :—" I regard the Bill as the most practical solution of the education problem which is possible at the present time. In Wales we have especial reason to congratu- late ourselves upon the prospect of securing control over our own educational system through the medium of the proposed national council." Mf. William Jones considered it a very reasonable Bill, and eminently satisfactory as regards Wales, insomuch as it recognises the priticiple of autonomous authority in regard to elementary and secondary education, with full power to distribute grants, to inspect and examine, and to draft codes. In its other clauses, of course, it only deals with elementary education, and consequently is somtwhat cir- cumscribed in its educational scope, as it leaves the great territory of secondary education, training colleges, and the training of teachers practically untouched. Mr. William Brace said that the proposal to give a national council to Wales was a splendid idea that would receive the approval of every Welsh Member as well as of Whales as a whole. To secure the passing of the clause which provides this council will need complete unanimity on the principle if not on the details, and he trusted that the united wisdom of Whales would be directed to this end. Mr. Lloyd Morgan, while not prepared to discuss the details of the Bill, stated that it did not exactly accord with his personal views, for he was strongly in favour of secular education, and he was afraid that no compromise on that point could be considered satisfactory. Mr. WTm. Abraham (Mabon) welcomed the Bill as a genuine attempt to meet the great problems connected with the question of education. In particular he welcomed with open arms the proposal to entrust Wales, a country that had shown a real genius for educational development, with a National Council which would direct the elementary and secondary systems of the Principality in accord with the advanced and progressive views of its people. Mr. John Williams (Gower), said that he was disappointed on the right side by the speech of the introducer. He found in the address a real effort to meet with the present difficult situation of education in the country. Mr. Frank Edwards (Radnorshire), owing to an engagement on the Select Committee inquiring into Post Office grievances, did not hear all Mr. Birrell's statement, but what he heard gave him the impression that the Govern- ment had realised an important fact, viz., that there must not only be full popular control together with abolition of all tests, but that the people of this country will not stand a purely secular system of education. It was one of the ironies of the situation that the very people who are trying to drive the Liberals into this un- desirable course are the Anglicans who insist so strongly that they will have no religious food at all unless they are allowed to supply the meal. It was not to be expected that the Bill would please all parties, but he thought Wales would welcome it as a step in the right direction. Colonel Herbert felt very satisfied to know that under the Bill there was to be a separate settlement for Wales. The Bill- was a bold attempt to deal with the views of their opponents in a liberal and generous manner. With some amendments in Committee he thought the Bill might effect a permanent settlement of many of their present difficulties. Personally, he had felt all along that the direct way of settlement was by means of secular education alone. He still held that view, but being in a minority was quite prepared to consider the Government proposals with an open mind. Mr. Keir Hardie thought it a pity that the Government did not solve the educational difficulty in the only way possible by confiniug education to secular subjects. Mr. Sydney Robinson would have been better pleased if the Bill had gone back to the ad hoc principle, but was of opinion that it had within it the making of an excellent Bill. It seemed to him that the Bill provided the only possible way to satisfy the claims of the Roman Catholics. Mr. D. A. Thomas did not care to express approval or otherwise of the Bill until he had had further time to consider its provisions and to see it in print. At first sight he did not care for even the limited right of entry, and while he would be quite prepared to provide a million annually from State funds for the purchase right out of non-provided schools, it appeared to him that to pay rent, and at the same time to main- tain the fabric of the schools was an indirect way of endowing denominational education, because the money paid in rent, whether large or small, would go towards providing religious education in some form or other. He confessed himself to be a secularist in regard to educational matters, and therefore from his point of view Mr. Birrell's Bill did not go far enough. "The supporters of the Voluntary schools," he concluded, show no disposition towards a compromise, and if after the huge majority the country has given us we do not now secure what we want we shall probably never get what we are fairly .entitled to." Everyone approved of the proposal to hand over Welsh education to a National Council, but even under the 1902 Act it was difficult to find representatives prepared to sacrifice the neces- sary time to the transaction of educational busi- ness, and it would be more difficult still to find men to devote time to the work of a Council unless their expenses were paid. The followers of the Government of all sections would be dis- posed to approach the consideration of the Bill with every desire to magnify points of agreement and minimise those on which they differed. Mr. Br)nmor Jones said: The Bill is an in- genious attempt to make such arrangements as will avoid giving offence to the consciences of those belonging to the different religious denominations without the confiscation of the buildings of the Voluntary schools or the great expense of acquiring them at their market value. So far as Wales is concerned I ask myself whether the three principles which we laid down in our campaign against the Education Act, 1902, are fairly and reasonably complied with, namely (1) full public control over the management of all schools maintained wholly or partly out of public funds, (2) no religious tests to be im- posed upon teachers employed in any public elementary school, and (3) no definitive or distinctive religious teaching to be given in public elementary schools at the expense of public funds. The second principle is, no doubt, fully met. I cannot, after simply listening to Mr. Birrell, say whether the first and third principles are really and absolutely complied with. I think, however, if I under- stand the provisions aright, they are as nearly complied with as is possible if any distinctive or definite religious instruction is permitted in public elementary schools. "I suspect," he continued, "that the principal fight, as far as the religious difficulty is con- cerned, will take place on the clause giving extended facilities for religious instruction in cities, towns, and urban districts, which is intended, according to Mr. Birrell, to meet the special cases of the Roman and Jewish com- munions. It seems to me that it-will be difficult to exclude the Anglican Church from having the same facilities in urban districts where Nonconformity is weak. Speaking broadly I think it is a Bill which, if passed, would reason- ably meet conflicting claims, but a great deal will turn on the way in which it is worked. Of course we Welsh members are all delighted that the National Council clause is put in, and that fact will, I think, tend to make us as little critical as is consistent with adherence to the principles we have advocated in the country."
UN o'r pynciau a driniwyd yng nghyfarfod Undeb Annibynwyr Seisnig Gogledd Cymru yr wythnos ddiweddaf oedd Cristionogaeth a Thrafnidiaeth." Yr oedd rhai o'r siaradwyr yn amheu a ellid cario trafnidiaeth ymlaen yn' y dyddiau hyn yn gyson ag egwyddorion y Testament Newydd, ac eraill yn argyhoedd- edig mai Sosialaeth yn unig a all wneud mas- nach yn Gristionogol. Bu bron i bethau ddrysu yn lan yn Llys Ynadon Caer un diwrnod yr wythnos ddi- weddaf. Achos o Ddyffryn Conwy oedd ger bron, ac ni fedrai rhai o'r tystion ddigon o Saesneg i dystiolaethu yn yr iaith honno. Meth- wyd a chael cyfieithydd am gryn amser, ac un o'r tystion ar yr ochr arall a gafwyd i wneud y gwasanaeth hwnw yn y diwedd. DYWEDIR fod yng Ngheredigion 300,000 o ddefaid, mewn geiriau eraill, mae y defaid yno yn lliosocach bum gwaith na'r dynion. YNG Ngholwyn Bay y treulia Arglwydd Faer Llundain wyliau y Pasg. Bydd y gwr anrhyd- eddus yn llywyddu mewn eisteddfod yng Nghaer dydd Llun. Tebyg mai rehearsal yw hynny ar gyfer llywyddu yn yr Eisteddfod Genedlaethol yng Nghaernarfon, lie y mae yn mynd i dra- ddodi araeth Gymraeg. YR oedd Arglwydd Mostyn yn hanner can- mlwydd oed dydd Sadwrn. Medr ei Arglwydd- iaeth olrhain ei achau yn ol am ddeg canrif, i w wreiddyn ym mysg pymtheg llwyth Gwynedd. Llwyd yw yr enw teuluaidd, yn y ddeunawfed ganrif y daeth y cyntaf o'r tylwyth yn amlwg o'r tuallan i Gymru. Gwnaed Edward Lloyd yn Ysgrifenydd Rhyfel ac yn farwnig yn 1778. Yn 1831 y dygwyd y teitl o Arglwydd Mostyn i fod. Prif gartref yr Arglwydd Mostyn presenol yw y Gloddaeth, gerllaw Llandudno, ac y mae ganddo yno gasgliad godidog o hen lawysgrifau a chreiriau Cymreig. Yno y mae y "Delyn Arian" a roed yn wobr i'r pen campwr am ganu'r delyn yn Eisteddfod Caerwys yn ol arch y Frenhines Elizabeth. LLAWER a ganwyd ar hen gan y Mochyn Du" erioed. Feallai mai hon fu'r alargerdd fwyaf poblogaidd yn yr iaith. Gweinidog parchus gyda'r M.C., sef y Parch. John Owen, Burry Port, Sir Gaerfyrddin, a'i cyfansoddodd, rhyw ddeugain mlynedd yn ol, ond fe fu'n edifar ganddo am hynny lawer gwaith DYDD Mercher, bu'r pwyllgor a benodwyd gan Gymdeithasfa Gogledd Cymru i ystyried cynyg Mr. David Davies, A.S., Plasdinam, yng nglyn ag uno'r Bala a Threfecca mewn un coleg yn Aberystwyth, yn ymweled a'r dref olaf ac yn edrych dros yr Hotel Cambria, yr adeilad a brynwyd eisoes gan Mr. Davies. Fe gyflwynir eu hadroddiad a'u cymhellion yn y Sasiwn nesaf. Bydd y pwnc yn un tra "lIosgawl cyn hir.