Gohebiaethau. [Nid ydym mewn un modd yn gyfrifol am syniadau ein gwahanol ohebwyr.] NEED OF REFORM. To the Editor of "THE LONDON WELSHMAN." DEAR SIR,-Looking back over the past six months or so, one frequently finds in your columns complaints and criticisms of various adjudications at different Eisteddfodau. In addition to that, the attitude taken up by some people present (especially competing choirs and their conductors) as soon as a verdict is given against them, is by no means creditable-it is occasionally even disgraceful—especially to a Christian community. In order to secure the continual success of these com- petitive gatherings in London, a reform is needed in this respect Enthusiasm is all very well, but when it takes the form of bitter argument and loss of temper, it is indeed to be despised. Every competitor or member of a competing choir would do well to remember calmly at all times that there are others competing too, and that the decisions of the adjudicators are absolutely final. May I also add that their decisions are, in the great majority of cases, sincere and without bias. Surely, as Welshmen, we ought to grant that adjudicators do their utmost to give justice at all times, and if we are on the losing side once, then, instead of creating the least disturbance, we ought ever to be ready to congratulate the winner rather than find fault with the adjudicators or adopt means of expressing our dissatisfaction in any bitter way, for, by so doing, one only shows his high self-esteem—and that is nothing but conceit, a passion that should always be conspicuous by its absence. Nothing can be more harmful to the Eisteddfod than the unseemly attitude often taken up by losing competi- tors, particularly in the case of competing choirs. It seems as if everyone has quite pre-determined that he cannot be beaten, and, if beaten, instead of granting the possible superiority of others, immediately proceeds to find fault with the adjudicators, sometimes in a very spiteful and objectionable way. Such a spirit is entirely contrary to the true spirit ot the Eisteddfod-it is even contrary to the natural sporting instinct of human nature. Take, for instance, inter- 'Varsity competitions in any sport, where is the competi- tion keener than in these events ? Yet, there is not one atom of jealousy or ill-feeling evident-on the contrary, the loser is the first to heartily congratulate the winner. The same good spirit may often be seen in professional football and sports. Now, when one thinks of the high ideals and objects of the Eisteddfod, and, in addition, that the great majority of the participators are members of some Christian body or other, surely we ought to be able, at least, to equal the sporting world in point of accepting defeat and admiring the success of others as well as our own. The Welsh people do not easily see or admit the superiority of others, even when pronounced by strangers whose ability is unquestionable. If the Eisteddfod is to succeed harmoniously in London, we must in some way get rid of that feeling of self-assurance of success, and always remember that there are others competing, too. Above all, let us be gentlemanly enough to grant that adjudicators are sincere and just in all their remarks and decisions-if we fail to concede this point, we are not worthy to be called men. Enthusiastic competition, free from antagonistic rivalry and narrow-minded jealousy, is healthy, and, so long as it remains in that state, the Eisteddfod will succeed and maintain its high ideals and objects, to the edification of many. It will be a source of enjoyment to all music lovers, and nothing but gain can possibly result from it. May the next Eisteddfod season in London bring together again former competitors in vast numbers in keen and earnest competitions, ready either to win fresh laurels or to admire the talent of others who may come to the front. The loser to-day may win to-morrow but, remember, success is never to be predestinated by self-assurance. One may be good, yet there is always the possibility of another being better. HAYDN. GARSIWN." At Olygydd y LONDON WELSHMAN." SYR,—Tra yn darllen rhan o'r WELSHMAN am yr wythnos ddiweddaf, syrthiodd fy ngolygon ar y gair uchod,-yr ail waith i mi ei weled yn argraffedig fel ansoddair. Gan nas gwn ei ystyr, ac mai yn mhapyr Cymry Llundain y gwelais y gair yn cael ei arfer ddwy- waith yn y modd uchod, carwn gael eglurhad ar ei ystyr, neu gael eich rheswm dros ddefnyddio gair ansathredig, ac enw priodol fel ansoddair. Teg ydyw dweyd i mi glywed un o'r Aelodau Seneddol Cymreig yn arfer y gair mewn cymdeithas ddiwylliadol- eto yn Liundain-ond nid wyf wedi cael ei esboniad hyd yn hyn (cafwyd dipyn o sebon) ond y mae y sen gysyllt- wyd a'r gair yn parhau i daenu ei sawyr anhyfryd, ac yr wyf am wybod y rheswm am ei ddefnyddio yn awr genych chwi, neu farw yn yr ymgyrch. Vr wyf yn gwybod fod rhanbarth o un o drefi mwyaf henafol Cymru yn dwyn yr enw "Y Garsiwn," ac yn rhinwedd y ffaith mai yno y'm magwyd, ac fel darllenydd cyson o'r WELSHMAN, yr wyf yn protestio yn erbyn i chwi ddefnyddio enw cartref pobl barchus fel ansoddair i ddangos ei-ch anghymeradwyaeth o ymddygiadau "personau cyhoeddus mewn tref arall. Yr eiddoch, mewn gwaed oer, UN 0 ELANT Y GARSIWN.
AT EIN GOHEBWYR. E. H. DAVIES. -Gwneir, fe barheir y gyfres o erthyglau desgrifiadol am Gymru yn ein colofnau yn ystod misoedd yr haf. Yn y rhifyn nesaf rhoddir tipvn o hanes Aber- ystwyth a'i phrydferthion. B. D. JONES.—Diolch i chwi am eich nodiadau, a rhoddir lie bob amser i unrhyw newydd o ddyddordeb ynglyn a'r bywyd Cymreig yn y ddinas. D. WILLIAMS.—Mae'r ddau hanes fel pe'n gwrth- ddweyd eu gilydd, ond dylech gofio fod y Gymraeg ar y blaen yn mhob peth. Croniclo'r cyfarfod oedd yn mwriad ein gohebydd Cymreig, ond mae'n eglur fod son am y cinio wedi dyrysu tipyn ar ei frwdfrydedd cenedlaethol. TOM DAVIES.—Ei bybyrwch cenedlgarol berodd i'n gohebydd o'r Deheubarth ddweyd mae'r prif Arglwydd Farnwr fu ar ymweliad a Chymmrodorion y Rhondda. V Barnwr Vaughan Williams feddyliai, yr hwn yn ol pob gwir Gymro a ddylai fod yn y brif sedd gyfreithiol ers blynyddau lawer. Diolch i chwi am eich cywiriad. E. J. R.—Diau fod rhai pethau yn y cyfarfodydd y gellwch ei beio, ond ar adegau o'r fath dylech gofio fod y bobl yn cael eu cynhyrfu gan y teimladau dwysaf. Nid trwy feirniadu'r Diwygiad na phigo brychau ar ei waith, y mae i ni ledaenu'r ysbryd yn y tir. E. OWEN.—Dylech gael y papyr bob boreu dydd Sadwrn, fan bellaf, yn eich tref. Rhoddwch archeb am dano i'r Mri. Smith ar yr orsaf, a diau y gwnant ei ddanfon yn rheolaidd. GLANTAWE.—Yr ydym yn falch i glywed fod y fath gefnogaeth gynyddol yn cael ei roddi i'r LONDON WELSHMAN yn eich cymydogaeth, ac mor gynted ag y sylweddola'r bobl yng Nghymru y fath undeb gadarn a greir ganddo cydrhwng Cymry'r hen wlad a'u brodyr ar draws y byd, mae'n sicr y gwerthir miloedd yn ychwaneg o hono.
WHAT DO PEOPLE READ? A most interesting report of the books issued in the Newport public libraries has been sent us. The issue of volumes has exceeded that of any previous year, being 77,160 from the central lending department, and 23.630 from the branch lending library at Maindee. At the reference department of the former 30,601 volumes were consulted, and 6,640 in the patent library, making a gross total of issued and consulted books of 138,031. The libraries, viz., the central and the branch institutions, were open 308 days last year, so that there was a daily issue of 448. At the present time there are in stock 31,080 books, of which 19,274 are in the lending library, 4,739 in the patent specifica- tions department, and 785 in the patent journal section. It should be stated that these totals include the Maindee branch. As an auxiliary there are newspaper reading-rooms at Lyne Road and Temple-street. A movement is also on foot for the establishment of another branch lending library in Corporation Road, and con- sidering the public benefits already derived from the existing branches the necessary outlay should not be grudged. To find out with precision the actual character of the books which are being read is a matter which would involve much work. But it is possible with the aid of the librarian to gain an approximate idea. Picking out just over 100 works which Mr. F. Matthews (the librarian) calculated had been among the most popular, the book which came at the top of the list, singularly enough, was "The Benefactress," by an anonymous author. Imagine the feelings of some contemporary writers. The book had been issued 86 times in the year. There is also evidence in support of the claims of Newporto- nians to be considered musical, as the following issues show :—" Gondoliers," 83 times Mari- tana," 75; "Patience," 59; "Messenger Boy," 54. Generally speaking the list shows, too, that despite the commercial atmosphere of the town, Newport people are not unromantic. Kingsley's notable book, "The Heroes," is well up with 63 times issued, but both Guy Boothby and Henty's writings claim a greater popularity, the latter's Scouting for Buller being in more demand. Mrs. Henry Wood's "The Channings" shares the equal honour, but is just a trifle lower in position than Merriman's The Velvet Glove." I. Zang- will, E. S. Crockett, and Sir A. Conan Doyle are on a par, "The Mantle of Elijah," "The Stickit Minister's Wooing," and Sign of Four," having gone out 46 times each. In theological works or religious novels, many will be gratified to see that Farrar's Seekers after God holds a fairly high place, this work having gone out 47 times. One less in the number of issues is Marie Corelli's Master Christian" and Winston Churchill's The Celebrity" and "The Crisis." The demand for God's Good Man and The Eternal City," particularly the former, has been unprecedented for four or five months, and indeed is not yet satisfied. The two above- mentioned novels are at the moment undoubtedly among the best read, but they are not placed in the list because they have not been long enough in circulation. Lower in the scale of issue, hovering round the forties, are works by numerous writers, Kipling, Meredith, A. C. Benson, Anthony Hope, Sir W. Besant, T. Hardy, Manville Fenn, &c. But there is one very sad cause for reflection. The star of Dickens, Scott, Thackeray, and others is undoubtedly waning. Never was comparison more odious than that of the present list with one got out by the librarian in 1896. Then these authors were well up in popularity; now they have fallen considerably behind. It may be that the general public find so much difficulty in keeping abreast of present day fiction that they sacrifice standard works, and another cause may be the fact that cheap editions of standard works have enabled more people to possess them. Turning to volumes of an historical character, Beas Industrial History of England" comes first with 40 issues, and in the matter of bio- graphy, chief was Mr. J. Morley's. Life of Gladstone," which had been taken out 22 times. As regards other subjects, Geikie's Geology claimed 20 readers, and Protection and Free Trade literature has had its turn. Study is also shaped by local conditions and forms of industry. Galloway's Coal Mining and the Coal Trade has been off the shelf a good deal, as also books dealing with the iron and tin trade. Excellent use has been made of the reference library, but the accommodation for the private study of works of reference is sadly limited, and the remedying of this will sooner or later have to be seriously considered.
ARE YOU WEARING §One of those steel trusses which cause you about as much pain as the rupture, and which in the warm weather, when you are perspiring freely, cut and chafe you almost beyond endurance? If so, you will be glad to know that there is a simple method of cure which has enabled hundreds of ruptured people to rid them- selves entirely of rupture, so that no truss of any description was required. As an instance of what this method has done we are referred to Mr. George Clayton, 9, Slater's Buildings, Sutton-in-Ashfield, Notts, who had suffered excruciating pain from a navel rupture for 5 years, when he tried the Rice method. He was 60 years old, but it cured him so he gave up wearing a truss. A method which effects such cures deserves wide publicity, as well as thorough investigation by every ruptured person. To learn all about this method and how it has cured the severest forms of rupture, write for the book, sent free to all ruptured persons, upon application to W. S. RICE, Rupture Specialist (Dept. 2423), 8 & 9, Stonecutter Street, London, E.C. Don't wait until to-morrow—you might forget the address, but write at once now. Extract from the "WEEKLY DISPATCH," April 9th, 1905. Rupture. Statements that have appeared in these columns to the effect that it was highly improbable that rupture could be cured except by operation have been questioned by a rupture specialist, W. S. Rice, 8 and 9, Stonecutter Street, London, E.C., who has brought us indisputable proofs that he has cured ruptures of all kinds and conditions (among them ruptures of over forty years standing, people up to 84 years of age, and ruptures which to all appearances were irreducible), so that the truss was entirely dispensed with even in the hardest kinds of work. He has shown us the oiiginal letters from cured patients, the genuineness of which we have no reason to doubt, and has explained so thoroughly his method of cure, and his reasons for believing he c in cure the severest forms of rupture if his instructions are carefully followed, that we have now no hesitancy in believing that in many cases his treatment without operation is successful."