ViVINO LIFE FKO Vl SHIPWKBOK IN lses. The year which is now closing will long be remem. bered as o!:e of tha stormieat on record. It is, however, satisfactory to find that the year will also be well re- membered for the great exertions which have been put forth to save shipwrecked leraoos. It appears that during the past twelve months the boats of the Royal National Life b at Institution have been instrumen-al in saving, during boisterous weather, the crews of th following distressed vessels on the coasts of the British Isles :—Sloop Industry, of Whitby, 2 schooner Mal- grave, of Whitby, 2; schooner Seven Brothers, of Wicklow, 3 ship Oasis, of Liverpool, 21 schooner Maria, of Newport, Montnonthsbire, 5; schooner Ed- ward Stcnard, of Lancaster, 5; several fishing boats be. longing to Pittenween and St. Mormon—rendered assis- tance schooner Mischief, of Carnarvon, 6; schooner D mglaa Pennant, of Carnarvon, 4 smack Clipper, of Great Yarmouth—saved vessel and crow, 6 schooner Anne, of Aberystwith, 4; brig Eilen, of Sunderland- rendered assistance; brig Britain's Pride, of Falmouth -saved vessel and crew, 8 schooner Denbigh3hire Lass, of Beaumaris, 4; schooner Sarah Caroline, of Girvan, 5; smack Kate, of Ipswich—assisted to save vessel and crew, 4; schooner Kate, of Llverpool- re dered assistance barque Kate Agnes, of St. John's, N.B., 14; smack Gloucester Packet, of Cardigan, 2 ship Omega, of Newcastle, 7; schooner Gipsey, of Cheps'ow, 5; Pilot Gig belonging to St Ives, 1; S ihooner March, of Liverpool, 2 schooner Richard, of Bangor, 3; brig Phoebe, of Scarborough — rendwe 1 assis tauce, schooner Avenie, of Nantes, 1 schooner ^Ex- change, of Goole, 3 barque Sparkling Ware, of Sun- derland, 14; Ship Nictaux, of St. John's, N.B.—ren- dered assistance brig Jabez, of Scarborough, 8 Schooner Seiina, of Swansea, 2 schooner Wave, ot Atoston—saved vessel and crew, 4; ship Con way Castle, of Liverpool-rendered assistance; Fishing Boat be- longing to Looe -saved boat and crew, 2; smack Cymro, of Alinwich, 2 shop Richard, of Goole, 3 'two Withernsea fishing boats, 9; brigsntine Agenoria, ■of Lowestoft, 5; schooner Athol, of Ardrossan—ren- dered assistance; biijantine Douglas, of Guernsey- assisted to save vessrl aud crew, 7 brig Arran, of Irvine -saved vessel and crew, 5 schooner Dasher, of A'mwch —assisted to save vessel and crew, 4 Swedish barque Balder-saved vessel; schooner John C. Wade, of Newry, 4; schooner Margaret Cunningham, of Whit- oy, 2; yaehtFoam, of Wisbeach, 1; ship Empire Q/jeen, of Dublin-saved vessel and crew, 21; French smack Jules Josephine, 4; brigantine Nameless, 7 schooner Emily Ann. of Carnarvon, 3 brigantine Helen Anna, of Cork, 5 brig Peregrine, of Cork, 8 schooner Sarah Pringlo, of Liverpool, 3; schooner Annie Jane, of Runcorn, 1; ship favourite, of Fleetwood—rendered assistance s) ip R. H. Tucker, of Wisconsin. E.S., 27; echoorit-r Vivid, of Wexford, 5; brig Oscar, of Tons- berg, 8 Newbiggic fishing boat-saved vessel and ciew, 4; fishing coble Genile Annie, of Redcar, 3; pilot coble Sybil, of Redcar, 2; ketch Garside, of Bridge- Water, 2; schooner Airdrie, of Stranraer, 4; scbooter Elizabeth Davy, of Goole—assisted to save vessel and crew, 3; several Buckie fishing-boats, 45; schooner Carnsew, of Hayle, 4; schooner Victor, of Grimsby- a ssisted to save vessel and crew, 5 smack Rover, of -Annan, 1; fishing boat Active, of Cellardyke-assisted 'to save vessel and crew, 4 Government lighter Devon, I];; .S. S. Ganges, of H nIl-remained alongside, and ren- dered assistance; S. S. Augusta, of Bristol—rendered 'assistance; barque Betty and Louise, of Hemburgh, 9 brigantine Francis, of Shields, 4 flit William, of Car Inarvon- assisted to save vessel and crew 2; brigantine Theodoras, of Liverpool—assisted to save vessel and crew 15; brig Rochdale, of London, 7; ship Grand &>nny, of Liverpool—remained alongside brig Robert and Surah, of Blyth, 8 smack Mary, of Hull, 5; ihooner Mary Jane, of Padstow, 3 f sloop Emporor, of Gr; msb -remained by vessel; Austrian barque Mea, 17 barque Anne Scott, of Arbroath, 9; barque Mauda, °f Liverpool—saved vessel; smack Canton, of Scar- torough-saved vessel and crew, 4 barque Honfleur, Of Sandiford, Norway—sived vessel and crew, 13; schooner William Henry, of Belfast, 5; barque William Gillies, uf G.-e 'H' c! 15 ship Chilian, of London, 18 Atlanta, of Kirkwall, 11 schooner Vision, of, Drogheda, 5; barque North Britain, of Southampton, schooner Mail, of Alloa —saved vessel and crew, 6 lugger Ranger, of Yarmouth—saved vessel and crew, ^1; brigantine Ino, of West Hartlepool, 6; schooner ^udence, of Aberystwith, 4 brigantine Jane, <f Qrkingtcn, 4 sloop La Jeune Fanny—saved vessel aQd crew, 3 sloop Le -Jeun Erneste, 5 and sloop ^■Ugustine—assisted to save vessel and crew, o. 1 b 0 list makes a total of 558 lives rescued by the lift ooats of the institution from the above-named disasters, addition to 23 vessels saved from destruction. During jko same period the Lifeboat Institution granted rewards °r saving 259 lives by fishing and other boats, making a erand total of 817 lives saved mainly through its in- It""naentalityo In the same period, the crews of the Vek°ats of the Society, at a very large expense, have ]1j^er. asaBEibled or put off in repiy to signals of distress *42 times to ships not eventually requiring their ser- *'ces. It often happened that on these occasions the •f^oat crews had incurred much rjpk and exposure j. rcughc-ut fctoimy days and nights. The number of saved either by the lifeboats of the Institution, or > E special exertions for which it has granted rewards its formation, is 17,795, for which service 90 gold 'dais, 792 silver medals, and £ 28906 in cash, have been jL*ec\,?9 'awards.. When we remember that nearly ery Lfe 8a*ed by lifeboats has been rescued under Perilous circumstances, it will at once be seen what •pat- benefit has been conferred by the Lifeboat Institu- °n, not only on the poor men themselves and on their 0^ntry.aIsa on their wives and children, who would herwise be widows and orphans. Since the beginning the present year the Institution has spent £ 18,813 on j8 194 lifeboat stations on the ooasts of England, Scot- and-Ireland and since its first establishment in it has expended £ 212,820 on its lifeboat stations. e Would strongly urge on all who recognise the sacred- ?3 cf human life, the duty, and even the privilege to bith ^0rw6!d the lifeboat work, a work which has been manifestly blessed by Providence, and Vk *laa brought relief to many thousands of men, °f th lnstea(* being this very day valuable members- in 6 Co«imunity, would have been long ago engulphed case,e r?8'ng 'waves of the tempest, leaving, in many ot Wjdows and orphans to suffer'not only the misery °tllpeTeJiVeiI,,rnt' bul t.'le Pan38 °f destitution. We will 'oat T L^-AT CONTR^UL'ON8 ARE received for the Life- Btid h by all the London and country Bankers, Strp«7 \t8 Secretary, Riehard Lewis, Esq, at 14, John ec> Adelphi, London. octz ^iCiED P.itESENOTATION.A little incident W«i™rln a lar«° Te8tlbule of her Majesty's Chapel Cantp v tehall» on SuDday las>' The Archbishop of hold (-il'ect) was in the vestry there,/and about to rui J-8.}381 ordination for the diocese of London. The 1>° e diocege is for all candidates to be habited in Hole !C6S' 'heir academical hooda and plain black '(i, v cr scarfs (as worn in the Church of England for V( i8t 300 year?)One young man presented himself He an embroidered scarf or stole, wiih gold cross decoration on the back. Just before the candi- h;b' -vere moving to ascend the staircase to the cbapel, 'he. ^a°didate in question was waited upon by one ot N Br„ bishoP'8 chaplains, with a kind message from L i&ncl lhe Preseut "f a plain black silk, which a-ke^ to substitute for the one that he had on. Nst XL'FACRUI!.E OF WATCHES AND CL CKS. — A 'eflylnheresljnS an^ instructive little work, describing .^tcii great clearness, the rise and progress of 1' \V" R1 cloc^ making, has just been published by Mr b.rovl eDf°P» °f25, Old Bond Street, 99, Westbourne Sill. the City Steam Factory, 58 and 60, Ludgate 6?^ dfea • ^.00^> which is profusely illustrated, gives a t. crfPtion of the various kinds of watches and Wul! lhe',r Pr?°es, and no one should make a f'NiUi6 w['.k°ut visiting the above establishment or i^idiD this truly valu able work. By its aid persons V C(^ aQy Part of the United Kingdom, India, or Ajj °nies, are enabled to select for themselves, the a<^apted for their use, and have it sent to' V°i^ti»i ^er^ec^ s?^ty. Mr Benson, who h6lds the adT1 of.^ales, sends this pamphlet i ibo't in on receipt of two postage stamps, and we ibo't in on receipt of two postage stamps, and we 8tron«1y recommend it to the notice of the, Swcbaser, 1
| DISSENTING M tNIS !T;R'S EXPERIENCE. The Rev A. F. Douglas, miuister of an Independent chapel at Alnwich, has just published a little work, catted "The Pastor and his People," in which he live the following description of a dissenting minister: —" His first attempts are easy and successful. He is willing to be pleased with his people they are willing to be pleased with him. He thinks highly and gratefully of them they perceive it and return his affection. This makes the wheels run smoothly, and all parties are pleased. But this happy relation- ship soon comes to an end. He begins to discover that they are not so perfect as he imagined, and he cannot altogether hide his thoughts. Here is the first little rent, which may eventually cause the whole edifice to totter. Then it is whisoered in his ear that Mr Brown must be disaffected, but in such a modest degree that a very small amount of attention will put all to rights, and he does what is suggested. He is completely successful, and delighted with his success; but,—ah, that but-the individual in question has tasted the sweetness of power-he will be heard of again. Once more, a neighbour of Mr Brown's takes a similar fit. He or she has taken offence at something in the sermon, and some officious tell-tale confidentially discloses the secret, and the good man is off again on his miserable errand. It was all a mistake-nothing was further from his thoughts. The explanation sincerely tendered, is graciously accepted; but another seed of evil has been sow n, which will, in due time, bring forth fruit. Yet, again, the discovery is made that some families receive more of his pastoral attention than others These others become indignant on learning the astounding fact; and he alters his course and painfully distributes his favours more equally, remembering e p:cially the neglected quarter; but from this quarter he will hear again. Travelling his rounds in a brown study, he p isses some touchy matron or ancient maid without so much as a nod of recognition, and here is another fly in the pot of ointment which it will take some trouble to extract. Some mon'ey is to be gathered, or some missionary work has to be done, and there are conflicting interests. Diotrephes loves the pre-eminence and demands it, while Mrs Jones thinks her husband better qualified for and better entitled to the post of honour; or Miss Robinson has strong objections to the mode in which a fellow spinster proposes to do the work and openly and secretly expresses her dissatisfaction, being all the while only jealous of said lady's superior im- portance. In the midst of the contending elements does the poor pastor endeavour to mediate, taking the side of neither, whatever De his private feelings, as to the spirit of the respective disputants; but let him do his best. and some smouldering embers will remain which all his efforts to quench will only keep alive, and a new plague-spot is added to his daily life. Thus simply, thus naturally, are the seeds of dissen- sion and dissatisfaction sown in his path and the sad thing is that they are most fruitful seeds; in every instance where he has painfully smoothed down the ruffled surface, he has given his people a taste ot their power. Once this passion is awakened it will not be allowed to go to sleep. The cry will be Give, give,' and each time more than on a former occasion. And thus he becomes a slave, weary of his life, be moaning incessantly his hard fate, carying on his bending shoulders each day a new load of care, scarcely daring to breathe his sorrows to his most confidential friend, lest the hue and cry of failure be raised, or lest his fast- departing self-respect should utterly leave him, through the consciousness that others know his moat pitiable condition." o THE CHATHAM CONVICT ESTABLISHMENT.—For some short time past a few of the most desperate among the convicts at the Chatham Convict Establishment have shown signs of insubordination and been guilty of acts of violence similar to those which preceded the outbreak which occurred at this prison some few years since, on which occasion the assistance of the military had to be called in to put down the outbreak. The mutinous spirit shown by the convicts culmi- nated a few days since by some three of the pri- soners assaulting their warders, after having been guilty of certain acts of gross insubordination. Immediately on the occurrence, prompt steps were taken by the officials to punish the offenders as a warning to the remainder of the prisoners. The convicts concerned in the outrage, all of whom are men of the most depraved character, who are under- going lengthened periods of penal servitude, were placed in irons, and an investigation into the circum- stance at once instituted by the Director of Convict Prisons, who attended at the- convict establishment for that purpose, the result being that each of the convicts concerned in the attack and aesault on the warders was ordered to receive three dozen lashes and to undergo other punishments in 'the prison. The corporal punishment was inflicted inside the prison a day or two since, and some idea of its severity may be inferred from the circumstance of the cries of the convicts who were receiving the punish- ment being distinctly heard a considerable distance beyond the prison walls. In addition to this punish-1 ment inflicted on them they will forfeit all the privi- leges they may have obtained in the prison, and will not be eligible to have any portion of their sentesc^ of penal servitude remitted. The prompt manner in which the insubordination on the part of a few of the convicts was met by the authorities has had the desired effect, and there have since been no further attempts at any violent behaviour by any of the prisoners. It is intended to enlarge the convict establishment at Chatham, so as to enable it to accommodate about 300 additional prisoners, or rather more than 1,600 in all, the whole of whom are to be employed on the public works which are now being carried out at Chatham. The new buildings will he erected by the convicts themselves, the bricks required for the work, as well as those used in the construction of the new docks and bas-ins, having been made by them, the number of bricks manu- ¡ factured during the past summer alone having been 20 millions. THE MANUFACTURE OF J EWELLERY -The striking development of Fine Art productions in this branch of the industrial trades since the period of the great Ex bibition is admirably exemplified in a most interesting little work just published by Mr J. W. Benson, who holds the appointment to H.R.H tbe Maharajah of Burd- wan, of 25, Old B.nd Street; 99, Westbourne Grove; and the City Steam Factory, 58 and 60, Ludgate Hill. It is profusely illustrated with the most beautiful designs of Bracelets, Brooches, Earrings, Lockets, &c., &c., in every conceivable style, and with prices altaohed; and thus the intending purchaser is enabled to make a selec- tion suited to his taste, and have it forwarded to any part of the United Kingdom, India-, or the Colonies. The price of this most useful guide is Twopence, for which it is forwarded post frep.,and any cne who contemplates a purchase, either for personal wear or for a wedding, birthday, Christmas, or other present, it will be found of the very greatest service. THE DANGERS OF SMOKING IN BED.-A melancholy case of death by burning was reported to the authorities at Hamilton A few-days ago. An old man, named Robert Cr<isbie, a weaver, resided alone in a small garret at Barnhili, in the parish of Blantyre. It appears that he had thrown himself down oii the bed with his clothes on> and it is supposed: he bad afterwards struek a-match, lit his pipe1, and fallen asleep, •hen his clothes somehow caught fire^ A neighbour named Wilson was aroused by Croabiela: crie»i w>d went to hii assistance, but the poor man was so severely burned that he died the next poor man was so severely burned that he died the next morning. fle was 68 years of age.
MARTIN v. MACKONOCHIE. Ie Counsel is matter of persuasion law is matter of injunction; counsel acts upon the willing; law upon the unwilling." It is seldom that even a legal writer States a legal and popular distinction with greater terseness than in the words quoted from Blackstone and happily this regard for law pervades all classes of the community. Now that a final Court of Appeal has pronounced judgment against the Ritualists, it is to be hoped that their leaders- lay and clerical-will submit to the law. Division within the Church is always to be regretted, in so far that it weakens the organized power of the Church in its aggressive forces against those evils it is its special province to combat; and seeing that the Church, as a part of the Constitution, is directly attacked in Ireland, it is specially important that she should be united within herself. The case of Martiu v. Mackonochie was elaborately argued in the Court of Arches, and the decision of that Court was substantially against the Ritualists. Our readers will remember that on the question of ceremonies Sir Robert Phillimore held, that DO sound argument their lawfulness could be deduced merely from their identity with those in use before the Reformation, nor from their disuse since the Reformation but that the real test. was whether or not such ceremonies were necessarily connected with those novel ies which the Church of England rejected at the Reformation and further that whatever was expressly prohibited in the Rubric was prohibited altogether; and what- ever was expressly ordered by the Rubric was com- pulsory. On a construction of the Rubric, it was ruled that the elevation of the paten and cup was illegal, that the use of incense, during the cele- bration of the Communion, was illegal that the mixture of water with the wine was prohibited.. The two points decided in favour of the Ritualists were, that the amount of kneeling to be employed by an officiating minister was in the discretion of the, Bishops respectively, and that the use of candles was lawful. Sir Robert Phillimore did not conceal his regret, that the exposition of the law of which he was the organ, might wound the "feeih gs of some, whose love for the Church of Christ was as un- questionable as their loyal:y to the Church of Eng- land-men, who think no ornament too costly, no service too magnificent, for the House of God." In Martin and Mackonochie, on appeal. Sir Robert Phillimore's judgment has been sustained, in so far as it was prohibitory, and the points in favour of the Ritualists are overruled. The ceremonial of Church services now stands upon the Book of Com mon Prayer, and the Act of Uniformity. In a national sense this must be satisfactory, and although the process by which it has been reached is costly, the gain is great. In a leading case, to adopt a technical phrase from the lawyers, it is desirable that the judgment of the Court should rest upon some defini'e principle which may be understood, when stated by itself. Every layman will appreciate the following illustration :— "Their Lordships are of opinion that it is not open to a minister of the Church, or even to their Lord- ships in advising her Majesty, as the highest ecclesi- astical tribunal of appeal, to draw a distinction in acts which are a departure from or violation of the Rubric, between those which are important and those which appear to be trivial. The object of a Statute cf Uniformity is, as its preamble expresses, to produce an universal agreement in the public worship of Almighty God,' an object which would be wholly frustrated if each minister, on his own view of the relative importance of the details of the service, e'e to be at liberty to omit, to add to, or to alter any of those details. The rule upon this subject has been already laid down by the Judicial Committee in 4 Westerton v. Liddelt,' and their I Lordships are disposed entirely to adhere to it:—' In the performance of the services, rites, and ceremonies ordered by the Prayer-book, the directions contained in it must be strictly observed no omission and no addition can be permitted.' The opponents of the Church of England will reproach her members, as heretofore, that she is an Act of Parliament Church; but that in no sense detracts from the purity of her doctrines, while it is the evidence of her national utility, and her lay members are forthwith assured that their feelings shall not be outraged by novel ceremonies, which point directly against the Reformation. Those who feel their consciences aggrieved by the simplicity of the services of the national Church may find relief in separation. Remembering the many eminent and conscientious clergymen who have officiated in her pulpits in past times, and the verge and room to be found within her pale for all Christian-minded men of moderate views and ambition, the number that may leave the Church, because she is anti-Ritualistic, cannot be many, and these she is better without. To be nominally within the Church of England, but really with that of Rome, is not desirable, and only those who come within that rule need leave the Church as established by law. A MAN SHOT AND EATEN BY DOGs.-On Wed- nesday last the neighbourhood of Ightfield, a small village near Whitchurch, was thrown into an excited state by a report that Mr li. Whitfield, farmer, of 'Ightfield, had been found lying in a ditch on his farm shot through the head. Mr Whitfield was in the habit of going out shooting, with his gun and dogs, and on the morning in question went out soon after daybreak. He returned home to breakfast about eight o'clock, and after partaking of this again went out with his gun. About twenty minutes or half an hour after a shot was heard. About two hours after this a man on the farm saw the dogs in a field, and thinking that they were after the sheep he went to them, when to his horror he found Mr Whitfield lying dead in the ditch. The npper portion of his head was blown entirely away. The dogs had actually eaten the flesh and licked the blood from the head of the unfortunate man. An inquest was held, and the jury returned a verdict of "Found shot, but not suiiicient evidence to show whether by accident or design." Deceased was a single man, aged 38. The dogs were shot. EXPLOEATIONS OF A BULL,-On Tuesday a bull, which was being driven along Bell Street, Dundee, went out of his way, and being brought to a stand in a court, whence there was no back entrance, he stepped into a room, the d,)or of which was open. Below this room is a cellar containing preserves of considerable value. The strength of the floor above these was not sufficient to support the weight of the bull, who fell through it, but was upheld by the joists and forced out. The animal next went into Mr Lowe's house, smashed a table in the lobby, ascended a stair, entered into a bedroom, went up another stair, and tried to ascend a third when his progress was stopped by a policeman, who drove him to the street, and left him in charge of his astonished owner. DEATH or Sitt R. MAYNE.-—Sir Richard Mayno, who had been seriously ill for severel days, flied on Saturday) in the 73rd year of his age. He was the fourth son of the late Mr Justice Mayne, one of the Judge's in the Irish Court of Queen's Bench, and Was educated at Trinity Colletre, Cambridge, where he was B. A. it) 1817, and M.A. in 1321. In the following year he was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn, and on the institution of the metropolitan police force, in 1829, he received the ap- pointment of Chief Commissioner, a post which now becomes vacant. For his services as chief of the police he.was made a C.B. in 1847, and on the close of the Great Exhibition of 1851 was awarded the honour of knighthood. SHIPPING CASE.—At the Swansea Police Court on Monday, John Elson, senior, John Elson, jun.' Philip Powell, and William Furrell, were sum- moned at the instance of Captain Bar ett, of the Swansea Seamen's Home, for having unlawfully boarded a certain vessel before her arrival at the place of her discharge, whereby they had rendered themselves liable to a penalty of £ 20 each, or three months' imprisonment. Mr Smith, solicitor, ap- peared for the prosecution, and stated that these proceedings were instituted under the 337tli sec- tion of the Shipping Act, which stated that every person not being in Her Majesty's service, and not duly authorised, who should go on board any ves- sel before her arrival at her place of discharge without the consent or permission of the captain of such vessel, was liable to a penalty of JS20. The Act of Parliament distinctly stated the matter, in order that neither the mate nor any other person should give the petmission. These proceedings were taken at the instance of the Swansea Seamen's Home, and the Bench would at once see that if persons were permitted to go on board vessels and endeavour to induce the crew to go elsewhere, that then the place provided for the seamen would prac- tically become useless. The barque Pacific arrived in the port on the evening of the 14th December, and when hear her berthing place in the North Dock two runners belonging to the Home went on board, and there found the whole of the defen- dants, and John Elson, junior, was soliciting one of the crew to go with him, and not to the Home. Captain Robinson, of the Pacific, and Daniel Wil- liams and Robert Jones, the two runners of the Home, were then called, and deposed upon oath the facts stated by Mr Smith. The defendants Elson said that one of the crew had written to them stating that he should board with them when he came to Swansea, and they only went on board to see that man. They had no idea they were doing wrong. The other defendants stated that they had been called on board to work, not by the captain. The Bench, after a long consultation, said they were of opinion the charge had been proved, and fined defendants 20s each, including costs, or four- teen days' imprisonment. THE FATAL ACCIDENT AT CARDIFF.-The inquiry into the death of a pilot named David Jones, which had been adjourned in consequence of the illnesg of the principal witness, Samuel Gainer, who was in the boat IPith the deceased at the time of the accident, was again opened at the Town Hall, on Monday week. Mr Yorath appeared to watch the case on behalf of the widow, and Mr Ingledew for the captain of the E!y. The two men, David Jones ('he deceased) and Gainer, both of whom were in the employ of the Bristol Packet Company, were on Saturday, the 12th instant, in the Gutway, in a small boat, waiting the arrival of the steamer Ely, from Portishead, their duty being to tell the cap- tain of the Ely that the berth for the steamer was ready, and to take the stern rope and fasten it to a buoy. Ou the night in question she was expected at a little after five, but her bow lights were not seen till about six. It was very dark at the time, and the boat, which was on the westward side of Gutway, was pulled further in, nearly on to the mud. Gainer called out to the steamer, Port," and then Stop her," and soon after the steamer's bow struck their boat amidship, cutting her in two, and knocking both of them into the water. Gainer said he came up on the other side of the steamer, but he never saw anything of the deceased after he fell into water. In his opinion the helm of the steamer was not "ported" but "starboard," or the accident would not have occurred. The steamer, after she struck the boat, ran aground, and was afterwards towed off by the Iron Duke tug boat. The captain of the steamer, who was called as a witness, contradicted the statement made by Gainer that he called out "Port," "Stop her," but the order was "Come along easy." He also denied that the steamer was going at full speed, and said she was going very slowly up the Gutway. Some large vessels moored across the gut," opposite the lock gates, prevented his see- ing the leading lights on the pier heads, by which he usually steered. He found a bank in front of him and came to a stop, not knowing which way to go. His proper side would have been on the east side of the Dolphin, but at that time he was on tl,e west side. Every assistance was given to Gainer when the accident was discovered, and efforts made to find the deceased Jones but his body was not found for two hours. Two other seamen on board the steamer gave corroborative evidene5. The jury, after a long consultation, returned a verdict of Accidentally Drowned," but censured the captain, considering he was greatly to blame in being out of his proper course, and advised him to be mere cautious in future. ALEXANDER SELKIKK, THE ORIGINAL OF ROBIN- son CRusoE.lt was iately announced that Com- modore Powell and the officers of Her Majesty's ship Topaze had erected, in the island of Juan Fernandez, a tablet to the memory of Alexander Selkirk, the tablet bearing the following inscrip- tion In memory of Alexander Selkirk, mariner, a native o. Largo, in the County of Fife, Scotland, who lived on the island in complete solitude for four years and four months. He was landed from the Cinque Ports galley, 96 tons, 18 guns, A.D. 1704, and was taken off in the Duke privateer, 12th of February, 1709. He died Lieutenant of H.M.S. Weymouth A.D. 1723, aged 47 years. This tablet is erected near Selkirk's look-out, by Commodore Powell and the officers of H.M.S. Topaze. A.D. 1868." The following letter has just been sent to Commodore Powell :—" Having seen a paragraph in an Edinburgh paper, taken from a letter received from the West Coast of South America, in which the writer mentions that Commodore Powell and officers of Her Majesty's ship Topaze are about to erect on the island of Juan Fernandez a tablet to the memory of Alexan- der Selkirk, whose history is popularly believed to have afforded Defoe the materials of his attractive story, and that the countrymen or Selkirk will be glad to know that naval officers at this distant 11 period wish to show respect to his good name", we beg to return you our sincere thanks for the great honour done to our departed relation, we being the only lineal descendants of the name, and having in our possession au interesting relic, which he had with him on the island—namely, his flip-can, of which Howell, in his Life of SelMrky gives the following description But by far tbe most interesting relic is his flip-can, in possession of his great-grand-nephew, John Selcraig. It holds about a Scottish pint, and is made of brown stone- ware glazed; it resembles a common porter jug as used at the present day. On it is the following inscription and poesy-as in former times every- thing belonging to a sailor that would admit of it bad its rhyme 1.1 Alexr. Selkirk, this is my one. "When you me taka on board of ship, Pray fill me full with punch or flip." In conclusion, we beg to state that if you or any of your officers were ever visiting Edinburgh, and wishing to see this relic, we would feel proud in showing it to you, or to any other person who may feel interested ia seeing it. In name of our relations, I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, THOMAS SELCRAIG, 2, Glenorcby Place, Greenside. row. Edinburgh."