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THE NEW MINISTRY.

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THE NEW MINISTRY. We have reason to believe that the following list com- prises all the principal appointments made up to Monday night THE CABINET. First Lord of the Treasury Mr Gladstone Secretary for the Home Department Mr Bruce L rd Chancellor Sir W. Page Wood Foreign Secretary Earl Clenc,on Secretary for the Colonies. Earl Granville Secretary for India Duke of Argyll Secretary of War Mr Cardwell Chancellor of the Exchequer Mr Lowe First Lord of the Admiralty. Mr Childers President of the Beard of Trade Mr Bright Secretary for Ireland. Mr Chichester t » Fortescue Lord President of the Council Lord de Grey and Ripon Lord Privy Seal. Lord Kim berlcy Postmaster-General The Marquis of Hartington Poor-law Board. Mi Goshen Lord Chancellor of Ireland. Mr Justice O'Ha- gan. The Attorney-General Sir Hobt. Collier Solicitor-General Mr Coleridge Lord-Advocate for Scotland Mr Moncrieti Lord Chamberlain. Viscount Sydney Lord Steward TheEarlofBess borough Commissioner of Works and Buildings Mr Lajard Joint Secretaries of the Treasury. Mr George Glyn Mr Stanislield THE TELEGRAPH AND THE POST OFFICE. Since the passing of the act to enable the Post-offiee to obtain possession of and work the telegraphs of the country, a deal jof preliminaiy work has been gone through for the purpose of enabling the government to take further action in respect of the survey bill which has yet to be passed. The arrangements made with the telegraph companies are based upon the purchase of the telegraphs at twenty years' purchase of their net profits. By the term net profits is not, of course, to be un- derstood the dividends paid, for experience has shown too well that these terms by no means represent the same thing in the accounts of public companies. For the purpose of ascertaining what were the net pro- fits of those of the companies which paid dividends, a commission has been appointed by the Accountant General to investigate fully the accounts of the different companies. This work is now approaching its close. What the result will be is of course impossible to say, but we should not be surprised if, at the close of the inquiry, it is found that a much better bargain for the country will be made than that which is generally anti- cipated and somewhat hastily condemned during the discussions on the bill in parliament. In the case of some of the companies which pay no dividend, and which are to be purchased on the hasis of the capital invested, it will probebly be found that there is a con- siderable discrepancy between the capital actually in- vesiM and the nominal amount of the shares issued.. This, of course, will require to be set right when the amount of the purchase money is definitely fixed. Some companies probably may not have appropriated out oi their receipts sufficient sums to keep their lines, works, and buildings in repair, and to provide the requisite funds for renewals. In such cases deductions and al- lowances will require to be made. In the case of one of the companies possessing a submarine cable, the terms of the agreement were twenty years' purchase, based upon the receipts of a specified period, subject, however, to such deductions the arbitrator might make on the ground of any difference that might be found in the durability of the submarine as compared with land lines. The inquiries into this branch of the subjeet have been very extensive, and a number of scientific persons have been called upon to report their opinions to the Pust- oillcr and in this case i" need not excite surprise if it should be found that submarine lines are exposed to greater risks and involve greater expense in repairs than the land lines. From the information that reaches us we believe a fnir and equitable arrangement will be made between the government and the companies whose pro- perty is sought to be purchased. In connection with these preliminary inquiries we may notice that a very complete collection of all the in- struments and apparatus used in electric telegraphy has been made by the post-office, a-4 arranged in the library of the establishment at St. Martin's-le-Grand. The collection has been formed with the object of enabling the authorities to select the best possible form of instru- ment for the purpose of postal telegraphy. It is a most interesting display, and one which shows in a reo a kable manner the vast progress which has been made since the first application of electricity to the purpose of tele- graphy. The earliest specimen is that of Cock) and Wheatstone in 1837, which required not less than five wires, and a return circuit to complete tl e communica. tion. The latest is that wonderful fast speed instru- ment of Sir J. Wheatstone, which in the rapidity of its transmission is nearly beyond the speed of the fastest writer. Messrs Siemens' instruments are represented by the admirable Morse inkers,' which work both way s on a single wire, and possess a speed of at least forty words per minute. The Wheatstone first referred to is, however, three times as great as that, and has the Capacity of transmitting as rapidly as an ordinary speaker can speak. About 120 words per minute is a good average of public speaking, and this machine in the hands of one young lady, Miss Hagerthy-one of the most skilful of the operators of the Electric Telegraph Company—has at times worked up to this speed. The other instruments include the double and single needle apparatus in use on mcret of the railways. Bain's chemi- cal printing instrument. Wheatstone'a alphabetical dial for use in offices, and adapted for private telegraphy, and Du Jardin's tj pe-printing machine, are also included in the collection. Mr W. H. Preece, whose telegraphic signalling arrangements for rail ways are so generally known, has also forwarded a very complete collection of his mode of signalling on railways. The machines are all fitted and adapted for working order, and have been subjected to every kind of testing that can be suggested. The government^ having'taken the matter in hand are working at it with earnest vigour, and there is everv reason to believe that the transfer of the telegraphs from the hands of private associations to the government will be attended with great aad lasting benefit to the public — Observer. The Black Hole of Calcutta, where so many of our countrymen perished in 1756, has been discovered by Dr Norman Chevers, who has been on the outlook for the place for eome years. On Saturday, at York, three boys were brougbt up on the charge of conspiring with others to set fire to and destroy the Industrial School at York, of which thc} were inmates, Fortunately one of the girls disclosed the plot. The prisoners, as the ringleaders, weie at once taken into custody, and they have since bei n con- fined in prison. A^ Glasgow correspondent, writing in reference--to L^rd Stanley's election to the Lord Rectorship of Glas- gow L n:versity, saysArrangements are about being made for a grand Conservative banquet cn a scale like the Peel banquet-a reunion of all the elite of Con- servatives in Scotland," j MR PEABODY. The following letter has been addressed to the Right Hon. Lor Stanley, M.P., (chairman) his Excellency Reverdy Johnson, United States Minister Sir Curtii M. Lampson, Bart., Sir James Emerson Tennent, Bart., and J. S. Morgan, Esq :—■ London, 5th December, 1868. My Lord and Gentlemen,—I b?g to acquaint you, who have so kindly undertaken the management of the fund set apart under my second deed of gift of the 13th April, 1866, for the benefit of the poor of London and its vicinity, that in pursuance of an intention which I have entertained since the creation of that fund, 1 am desirous now of adding to it'a further sum of £ 100,000. In con- templation of this I purchased, about three years ago, a tract of freehold building land of about fifteen acres it extent, at Brixton. near the City of London School, easily accessible, and within a few minutes' walk of fre- quent trains to and from London. This land has in- creased in value, and can now be let on building leases of eighty years at rents producing about eight per (ent. per annum on the coast, which is £ 16,285 17s 3J. This land I propose to convey to you with the same powers as are conferred by the deed over the other property of this trust, and with discretion to you either to deal with it as a source of income by letting it, or any poitiou of it, on lease or, should you deem it expedient, to retain it in your own hands, as sites for dwellings to be erecied by the trust. Pursuant to my letter of the 29th of January, 1866, I transferred to you, subjeot to a con- tingency therein explained, 5,000 shares in the Huason's Bay Company, which acc rdingly stand in your names, together with 642 additional shares purchased by the re-investment of the nccruing income of the previous 5,000. These 5,642 shares I have since redeemed con- formably to the deed of the 19th of April, 18G6, by the payment of £ 100,000 on the ht of February last. I have now to acquaint you that it is my intention, sa soon as the neces-scry deeds can be prepared, to hand the shares over to you, to be retained or dealt with according to your best judgment and discretion. The price of these shares shall be fixed '.n the 17th instant by the Stock: Exchange sales on that day, when I will hand to you a cheque for the baiam e to make the gift a cash value of £ 100,000. This amount will increase my former dona- tion of the second trust to £ 200 000, and, including mv gift under the trust fund of March 1802, of £ 150,000, a total of £ 350,000. I trust you will see manifested in this further donation an expression of my entire satis- faction with the manner in which you have conducted, the affairs of the trusts. — I am, with great respect, your humble servant, GEORGE PEABOT>Y." o> BRITISH PREMIERS FROM 17-34 TO I SOS. The following is a list of British Premiers during the last one hundred and fourteen years: — Time in Office. Appointed. Yrj. Days. 1754 .April 5-Duke of Newcastle. S 52 1762..Mav 29-Earl of Bute 0 322 17«3..April 16-G. Grenvilie 2 87 1765..July 12—Marquis of Rockingham 1. 2t 1766..Aug. 2-DukeofGraftoa 3 179 1770..Jan. 28-Lord North 12 34 1782.. Mar. 3-Marquis of Rockingham 0 132 1782..July 13-Earl of Shelburne. 0 266 1783 .April 5—-D:ike of Portland 0 250 1783..Dec. 27—William Pitt 17 80 1801.. Mar. 17 -.Lord Sidmouth 3 56 ] 804.. May 12—William Pitt. 1 246 1806 Jaa. 8-L.rd Granville 1 61- lS07..Mar. 13-Dukeot Potted. 3 1U2 1810..June 28 — Spencer Percival 1 352 1812..June 8-EflrlofLiverpool. H 307 1827..April 11 — George Canning 0 121 1827..Aug. 10 Lori G iderieh 0 168 1823..Jan. 25 —Duke oi' Wellington 2 301 1830..Nov.22-EarlGrey. 3 231 1834.. Juiy 11—Lord Melbourne 0 128 lS34..Nov. 16—Duke of Wellington. 0 22 lR34..Dec. 8 -Sir Robert Pt el. 0 131 18:35..AprillS.-Lord Melbourne 6 13S 1841..Sept. 3 — Sir Robert Peel 4 87 1845.. Dec. JO-L-ndJ"lm Russell ,0 18 1845..Dec. 20—Sir Robert Peel .0 ISO 1846..June 26-Lnrd John Russell. 5 239 1852..Feb. 22—Earl of Derby 0 30G 1852 Dec. 19—Earl of Aberdeen 2 45 Feb. 5-Lord Palmerston 3 17 1858..Fi b. 21—Earl of Derby 1 111 1S59..J une 13 Lord Palmerston' 6" 128 1865:.Oct. 20 — Esrrl-RusSfel'P^^r.- 0-~ 249 1866..June 27-Earl of Derby 1 238 1868.. Feb. 25 — Mr Disraeli 0 281 1868..Dec. 3-Mr Gladstone It will be seen from the abuve statement, that only five Governments since 1754 have exceeded that of L'rd Palmerston's in its duration, viz, the Duke of New- castle's, Lord North's, William Pitt's, Earl of Liver- pool's, and Lord Melbourne's. 4b FEARFUL SUBMARINE EAKTHII'-AKIS AND STORM IK THE ATLANTIC —Advices received in Liverpool on Tues- day, from St. Helena, announced the arrival at the island of the bark Euphrosyni, Captain Christie. Captain. Christie reports that on Oct. 9, when in lat. 26 36 S., lonl!.52 32 E, he encountered strong gales and squalls, with a tremendous, confused sea running, together with, thunder and lightning, from NW, the barometer rising and falling two-thirds of an inch at eaeli. fquall, tha lowest drop being at 29 30. The topgallant yards and masts were sent down, and the vessel hove to for 2(1 hours, under tnizen staysail, which was afterwards blown away. Captain Christie then bore away, and scudded away under bare poles for tour hours, the wind changiug from E to NE, and from X to NW- When the weather moderated the masts and yards were again set. up, sail vet, and 'he vessel put on her course. At midnght of tbe 8:tt and 9.h November, in about lat. 16 10 S, long. 4 \V„ tha sky suddenly beem-ite overcast with dense black-looking cloud8, and in all directions was beard a noise like dii-tant cannonading, whilo the sea was very contused. The com- pass vibrated very much, and alII lOst. lost his polariiy. Several large meteors shot out from the heavens, and tha fish jumped out of the sea, and struck against the sides of the vessel, which trembled so that the rumbling could he dis inctly felt as well as heard. The volcanic acriora o! the a continued during the night until sunrise,.whett the weather became clear and settled. There was a slight breeze from the S S E all the time of the convulsion, bus there was no p.rceptiMe variation in either of the baro- meters. It is Captain Christie's belief, from the manner in which the vessel tremhled, that she was passing over sotno dri a Uul submarine convulsion. DETERMINED SUICIDE — in inquest was held at the Coven;, y liarracks on Friday night, touching the deatk of Robert Allen, a private in the 1st King's Dragoon Guard*. It appeared from the evidence that the deceased had lately held. the rank ot corporal, and that having been reduced owing to intemperance, his habits had become still more dissipated. On Thursday he was found drunJ. behind his bed, and was (onfined in consequenea until noon the nest day. About 2 o'clock on Friday he was in one of the barrack rooms with a comrade by whom he was observed to be very down-spirited, attri- butable, it is supposed, to his being under confirlemenc to barracks for ten days. A few minutes after his com- rade had left the room, Allen being then alone, a gunshot was heard, and the deceased was subsequently found stretchpd on the floor insensible, a carbine lying near him. From the medical eviJence the deceased must have placed the carbine in his mouth, as the shot had passed through the back of his neck. When discovered life did not appear to be extinct, but death ensued in a very few minutes. The deceased, who was aged 30, had been eleven years a soldier. Tne jury returned a verdict to the effect that the deceased had shot himself but that there was no evidence to show in what state of mind ha was at the time.