TilL GREAT SOULLEUS' RACE FOR £400. KELLY V. SADLER. At last the question of the supremacy of the Thames has been settled in such a manner as to leave no doubt of its proving which ia the best of our London watermen. Since the race for the championship of England, jost two Weeks ago, between Kelley and Ren forth, the aquatic world has confined its attention entirely to the issue of the race between these two old opponents. The stakes have been from time to time posted with regularity, but the prior attraction of the championship race absorbed for the time the attention of the sporung mind. When, however, it was shown on that occasion thnt Renforth was by far superior to Kelly, and that he had proved himself in like manner better than Sadler at the Thames Regatta, it was thought thai a splendid race would result, and the public were not disappointed. Putney a ion after two began to get crowded, and in a very short time no less than a dozen steamers were assembled at the start, and after some delay they were morabailed in crder a little above the bridge. On .shore the towing- path was densely thronged with pedestrians, and in the grounds on the Middlesex side there were many groups of sightseers. Both men came off from the boat houses about 2..15. and amidst much cheering they quietly p'iddlsd towards the umpire's boat, where the ceremony of tossing was gone through, this time in favour of Kelley, who took the Middlesex shore..A delay now occurred in consequence of the starting boats not being imposition; but as near three o'clock as possible the two scullers got away together. K lley, rowing about thirty nine strokes a minute, at once showed in front, and boring over to Saddler at the point be was quite half a length to the good. Sadler during this time had been rowing slower, and looked about hi-fi with much unconcern, so much so that offars were made to back. him. In making the shoot the boats again came into d'in»erous proximity, and below the Soap Works Kelley, with a slight lead, was clearly out of his water; but no foul occurred that was apparent, though the sculls of the men were overlapping. On getting up to the Soap works Pier, Staler came up very rapidly, and amidst tremendous excitement, he got level with and passed Kelly, and the odds rose on him to two to one. The ex-champion, however, was not to be so easily beaten, and by a splendid spurt he got his boat's nose past Hammersmith Bridge first by one yard only time, eight, minutes fifty nine seconds. The steamers, that bad all along been crowding on the men, now behaved shamefully, and no less than six of them, headed by a tusr, the Tiger" by name, environed the n ei as far as Chiswick Church. The draw from them must have been very great. Kellv on emerging from the bridge led by half a length, and before the Doves he was clear, the shouting being frantic. Going up by the eyot he put clear lengths between the boats, and B Imes Bridge he passed leading by three lengths, in nineteen minutes forty three seconds. From this point to the end he kep; Well a head, and won eventually by three clear lengths, in twenty three minutes twenty six seconds. The easy way with which Kelley held his own after passing the Doves has more than confirmed his ability to stay; and it is no unimportant fact, as tending clearly to show where the weakness of his opponent lay -that Sadler in his race with Chambers, and in the contest on Tuesday with Kellay, gave way on both oc- casions at the same spot, ab )ut two miles from the start. It has been urged on his behalf that on the day of his race with Chambers he was far from well, and from that Very day the origin of the Putney iuies'ine quarrel arose. However much credence can be attached to this. it is strange that again in his defeat at the hands of Renforth in the Thames Regatta it was urged that he Was not in good condition. His rowing, however, in August last was qnite as fast as that of Tuesday and had he not upset he would have occupied the same Position as Kslley did in his race with the Tyne cham- pion. Kelly on Tuesday, though wearied from a severe race two weeks before, seemed not a whit staler, and his plucky spurt in the shoot to take Sadler's water was quite in bis form of yore. There were not a few on board the steamers who thought 'hat Sadler, after the Soap Tvcrka, was rowing within himself; but to those Who were near enough to study the ac ion of his limbs it appeared that his want of speed was due to deficiency of vital power. The most curious feature of the day Was the marked difference in the styles of the men. Kelley rowed with the same short, forward, far-back stroke, while Sadler with a well measured swing, reached out over his toes and caught the water well before the rowlocks. His style was by far the most taking, and as they rowed neck and neck from the Crab Tree to Hammersmith Bridge it contrasted very favour- ably with the more digging stroke of Kelly, who was all through the race doing quite two strokes a minute Quicker than his opponent. At the start Kelly was timed to do thirty nine strokes a minute for the first five Minutes Sadler rowing 37, and when the pace had begun to tell, Kelley got down to thirty six, from which he never faltered, except to spurt, to the finish Sadler at the same time rowing thirty four, without the semblance Of Pny life. '1 here was especially noticeable in the sculling of both men the absence of that grip of the Water at the beginning that is so especially a character- istic of the Tynesiders, and which was shown to such advantage in the style of Renforth. It is said thaI kelley will now retire from the river as a sculler, and leave the place that he has so ably defended so long to be filled by some rising man. The Thames, alas, in this Respect, is far behind the Tyne, which in the person of Renforth, has one who, with care, may hold his position »or years to come. The steam boats should not escape censure for their conduct on Tuesday, though it had no efrect on the result; but it only shows that unless some Other means are taken, sucb as preventing them going through the bridges by chains hung low from the para- Pets, (,r some such means, after the start the authority of the conservancy is set at nought, and the helter- skelter is as furious as ever when the race is exciting. The moral of the last two races the aoquatic world must take to heart, and feel convinced that watermen can still low genuine races, and that the river has not yet de- generated into the ruffianly condition of the ring. Could Hot something be done by government to increase these National spcrts of men, as is done for the improvement of horses by Queen's Plates ? Surely man is the 8Uperior animal, and taking all things into consideration, tbfcre is less cheating on the river than on the turf. Three depths from hydrophobia have occurred at Halifax within the last few days. A publican in town, named Greenwood, was'bitten on the lip about two months ago. On Wednesday he began to show signs of hydrophobia, and died on Satur- day. A Fenian demonstration in memory of the three rrartyrs of reform," Allen, Larkin, and O'Brien, was attempted on Sunday in London, but it proved fc miserable failure. Finlen was the leading spirit, <tnd that fact alone was quite sufficient to con- ^tnan it. A WOMANJS VOTE IN DUBLIN.-During the Mling in the North City Ward, a woman, named esgie Bruce, presented herself to record her vote Pim and Corrigan. It was found chat her name f on the register, and after going through the 0rm of voting she wa3 borne away in triumph by 11 enthusiastic crowd of matrons and spinsters V TRE MANUFACTURE OF WATIICS AND CLOCKS.—A t1?st interesting and instructive little work, describing fly, but with great clearness, the rise and progress of jltoh and clock making, has juzt been published by Mr (j «. Benson, of 25, Old Bond Street, 99, Westbourne b and the City Steam Factory, 53 and 60, Ludgate jJ '• The book, which is profusely illustrated, gives a 1 description of the various kinds of watches and clocks, MH! tlle*r P"ces» an<* D0 one should make a purchase thi visiting the above establishments or consulting fthv tru,y valuable work. By its aid persons residing in 4re *>art the United Kingdom, India, or the Colonies, enabled to select for themselves the watch best jOPted for their use, and have it sent to them with t0 .^ct safety. Mr Benson, who holds the appointment flreg e Prince of Wales, sends this pamphlet to any ad too °n receipt of two postage stamps, and we cannot hto ng,y recommend it to the notice of the intending laser.
ERUPTION OF VESUVIUS. NAPLES, Nov. 17. We have it at last—the most stupendous erup- tion I have witnessed fer many years. As you will remember, Vesuvius after a long repose began last year, on the 13th of November to give indica- tions of life. Since then it has been more or less active, when on the 8th of last month it flared up very brilliantly, and then sank again to compara- tive- repose. Thus the mountain has been in 11.0, u- for twehe months, bringing forth at times little more than mice, until at length it has pro- duced a giant. Of its action during the last week 1 spoke in my last letter, as I did also of the guarded manner in which Prolessor Palmier! al- luded to the probability of a great eruption. For myself, 1 expected one, and have not been disap- pointed. On S iturday night a column of fire rose continually to a great height, obedient to an im. Z, pulse which seemed to be given every two or three seconds. The light iell for some miles across the bay, and the waves by their undulations seemed to increase its intensity, giving it the appearance at times of a path inlaid with millions of flashing diamonds, at others of a path oi solid lira, while he clouds which obscured the summit prevented us from seeing what was going on, though from the redness of the atmosphere above it was easv to conjecture that the strife or elements was great. :e On Monday (that is yesterday) the clouds had cleared away, and looking from my window I witnessed, not a column, but a huge body of b]ac^ smoke, rising, I should say, upwards of two thYu- saod feet in the air; it was not a rigid column but through tue glass appeared to be lormed of innu- merable tirciets, rolling one over the other and mingling in their ascent. How grand it Was What au idea of power it gave! Unloriuaatel v for the perfect beauty of ths spectacle, a south west wiud carried it inland, and. we shall doubt- less hear of whote districts bemg.covered with that impalpable powder which generally insures a pood harvest in the following season, The courfe of tue lava, which flows most abundantly, was pjprked oy a white smoke, which rose all the way the summit down to a point L ng past the Atria del Cavallo. Like the sluggish vapour from a marshy country, it rose slowly and lingered alone the wiiole line, at points, however, ascending to aeon- aider,ible elevation, suggesting the probability of another huge mouth having been opened. On such a scene it was that the sun, which was then rising, shed its light, irradiating the eastern side ot the column, while the other side continued dark, fiiroughout the day itpoured forth its volumes of circling smoke, and when night came such a spectacle presented itself as most would o-ivo their eyes to have seen. No language I feel is auequate to a description of its glories. The whole mountain seemed on fire the heaven seemed on tire; the sea was on tire; it was no longer a path ol light that I saw, but a long extended sheet of hre, and, as some solitary sail moved across it one might have imagined that he was looking upon another and not a better world, such an one as the genius of Virgil or Dante might create. Inis morning precisely the same work is going on, though we caunot see all the operations. Praises Of cloud envelope the summit of the moun- tain, but above them I see ths form as it were of the disimprisoned giant curling and writhing and stretching high into the heavens. At the base of the cone is visible that line of vapour which indi- cates that the lava is still flowing rapidly and abundantly. Towards evening, perhaps, the curtain will draw up, and display another such gorgeous spectacle as we witnessed last night. It is, of course, the great theme of the day, and even San Carlo and Prince Humbert hide their dimin- ished heads. From a description of the eruption of Vesuvius, which I have seen and still see, I pass to a de- scription of a wonderful fail of shooting stars or meteors on Saturday morning, which I did not see. In vain I watched on the night of the 4tb instant, when the exhibition was to come off. I give the description of it in the words of one of the sailors of our bay I was awakened several hours before alba, by what I thought was lightning, and getting up I saw what I bad never seen before. Every star in the sky seemed to be falling, or shootiig, in di- ferent directions, and as they shot I could hear a ish, ish, and as they fell they left behind them a long trail of light, as it were, of vivid lightning. I thought the end of the world was come." Another m'ln of the same class speaks of long planks of sheets of light drawn across the sky." More scientific reports will doubtless be forth- coming, but at present I give you only the vivid impressions of unprepared and uninformed minds. It is well to mention that the weather has been .most tempestuous of late; for many days it had been blowing a hurricane from the south west, when on Friday the wind chopped round to the north east, from which quarter it was blowing with fearful violence when my informant thought the end of the world had come. NAPLES, Nov. 23, EVENING. Professor Palmieri reports to-day that the lava ejected by the cones is less copious, and has lost much of its velocity. The villages lately threatened are therefore relieved from imminent peril. The reports from the cones are now very infrequent, and there is much less smoke. Prince Humbert visited the scene of devastation on Mount Vesu- vius to-day, and assigned 10,000 lire from his privy purse towards the relief of those persons whose lands and houses have been overwhelmed by lava. The Princess Marguerite is about to organise a lottery by subscription for the same benevolent object. THE MANSLAUGHTER AT THE CAMBRIDGE ELEC- TION.—COMMITTAL.—The inquest on the body of Mr Lofts, the porter of Christ's College, who died from the effects of a blow from a stone on the day of polling for the election of M.Ps. for the borough of Cambridge, was resumed on Monday. The Rev the Master of Christ's College, Dr Cartmell; Mr Gunson, tutor, of Christ's and Mr Fuller, of Carlton Cham- bers, solicitor to the University, were present to watch the proceedings. George Clarke, shoemaker, aged 22, the man charged with having thrown the stone, was brought up in custody. On the deposi- tions taken at the previous sitting being read over, the prisoner said he had no questions to ask. Mr Lucas, surgeon, being recalled, said in answer to the Coroner, that he should infer from the nature of the wound that the stone was not thrown with excessive violence, and that it came a distance of about four or five yards. Mr John Eliott Hewison, undergraduate of St John's College, and Mr Randolph Eddowes Healey, Trinity College deposed to having seen stones thrown by the crowd from the outside, and that one of those struck the deceased on the head. The Coroner having summed up, a verdict of Manslaughter was returned against Clark, who was afterwards taken before the magistrates on the same charge. It will be recollected that Clarke admitted to an acquaintance, and also, to the constable who appre- hended him, that it was he who threw the stone, and the magistrates, having heard th^ evidence, at once committed him for trial.
I ELECTION HUMOURS. The Daily News contains an amusing article under the heading "Country Electiofi Humours, Voters," it says, "will turn stupid if much pressed, and sometimes they will leave town, or stick in the house and not come out till the books are closed. One old man, who had never been quite' staunch, was once looked up by the Blaes at five o'clock on the polling morning. You needn't come nigh me,' he said the Yellows were here an hour ago, and I'll get up for none of you and so he kept his bed all day. We remember another who had been dozed through his beer, and then put away peacefully to bed. His shoes, coat, waistcoat, and hat were also removed from the chair, as a precaution, in case he did awake too soon. As good luck would have it, he awoke about twenty minutes to four, instantly realised the situation, and, raising from bed, just as he was, in his trousers, shirt, and stockings, ran down stairs and into the street, amid loud cheers, and j'Jst got polled off in time. His friends and the committee had been looking for him everywhere, and thought that, the other side had taken him out of town for, the benefit of the air, although they had guarded all the approaches night and day, and looked into every suspicious cab. In one borough bottling rose into a ,cience, and'it is among the traditions of its head inn that forty men were once kept there in bed, or (as they put it) out, for fear that the other party should secure and temper with them. That borough knew its value to a nicety. It always returned one member for purity's sake, and if the second member would not pay the regulation price per head, both parties understood each others views so well on the currency question through their mutual solicitors, that a third was brought down to ruin him, and be;it him if he oi l not consent to pay. In some boroughs the electors got pay from both parties. A well known money lender used to tell plaintively how he invited eighty doubtful electors to an early break- fast, and that they found a twenty pound note under each of their plates. They took the notes and enjoyed their breakfasts very much, but when they departed, after cheerfully grasping his Jiands, it was not to the poll, but to a second breakfast at their host's opponents, who gave them 'a pony,' and secured their ultimata support. The modes of paying by the Man in the Moon and the Good and safe man have all been told. At one of the university towns the members got a daring spirit— a second year man, and afterwards a very distin- guished Indian oOicer—out of one of the colleges, to hold the sack, and he was such an able financier that he won the election. When the petition was tried before the House of Commons committee, the college tutor, finding that matters were becoming hot, gave him an exeat. He took a cruise in a yacht till all was over, and the committee failing to dis- cover the missing link, upheld the mayor's return. An M.A. was also very much implicated, and the opposite party having searched high and low to find him, it transpired afterwards that he had been looking on disguised in the very committee room where he had been daily inquired after with much affection, and when all was over he returned to the place and wrote a very lofty letter, saying he was surprised at the remarks which had been made upon his absence at the call of duty, and that he was there to meet his aild with that flash of safe valour a most interesting crisis ended. Some quaint old fellows hang on the skirts of elections. Thayseem to live for nothing else, and annual Par- liaments would be meat and drink to them. One of these was so staunch to his colours, and some old common rights, that when he was buried a bunch of yellow gorse, plucked from there, was thrown, like an immortelle, on hiscolTla. In another borough the Blues were so proud of the Liberal cause, that one desired to be buried by the paved footpath through the churchyard, so that the voters might pass his grave when they went to poll in the porch. A veteran miner sported an immense blue hat. Under its shadow he had drunk oceans to the health of the cause, but once when a mean candidate came who wouldn't even give a poor fellow his beer,' his feelings were so outraged that, at dead of night, he marshalled a small procession of sympathisers, dug a hole, buried his hat and adjured the cause for ever. Some voters never will be on the losing side if pc." sible, and watch the temperament of the candidates, and other indications of the political barometer, up to the eleventh hour for guidance. A veteran of this sort, as usual, refused to promise his vote in a county. A day or two before the nomination he came and voluntarily pledged himself to plump for the Liberal. I won't vote for t'other men,' he said, they're bate (beat). One of them's been to me and given me such a blowing up for not promising—he's bate, I know it,' and the old political weather puppit was right at four p.m. Votes are often lost through nervousness. Men won't take cards, or they fling them down and can't refer to them. Some of them tremble like aspens when they are asked the question, and perhaps give the wrong name, and down go the fatal marks before they can recover themselves. At the Chelsea election one deaf man put down his card and shouted Freake and Hoare,' in a stentorian voice, and then came, Oh, no—stop Dilke and Hoare.' in a still louder key, and only just in time. Some voters, again, never care to get the candidate's name into their head—they all name the Premier of the day, aad refuse to amend and for some time after the late Earl of Carlisle had joined the peerage, a West Riding yellow would always declare for Morpeth, and nowt else.' 'Richard Cobden' was also honoured after this persistent fashion. Such are termed the freaks of elections. There always will be some spirit thrown into them and all's well that ends well." » There is a ramour of a matrimonial arrangement between the young King of Bavaria and the Grand Duchess Mary, only daughter of the Czar; the King is a Roman Catholic, which it is just probable may prevent the conclusion of the engagement. AN IRISH HIGHWAYMAN.—An'Irishman, driven to desperation by the stringency of the money market and the high price of provisions, procured a pistol and took to the road. Meeting a traveller he stopped him with, ""Your money or life." Seeing Pat was "green," he said, "I'll tell you what I'll do—I'll give you all my money for that pistol." Agreed." Pat received the money and handed over the pistol. t, Now," said the traveller, "hand back the money or I'll blow your brains out." "Blaze away, my hearty," said Pat, niver a dhrop of powther there's in it at all." THE MANUFACTURE OF JEWELLERY.—The striking development of Fine Art productions in this branch of the industrial trades since the period of the great Ex hibition is admirably exemplified in a most inteiesting little work just published by Mr J. W. Benson, who holds the appointment to H. RH. the Maharajah of Burd- wau, of 25, Old Bond Street; 99, Westbourne Grove; and the City Steam Factory, 58 and 60, Ludgate Hill. It is profuselv illustrated wsth tbelnoat beautiful de- signs of Bracelets, Brooches, Earring, Lockets, &c, &o. ia every conceivablo style, and with prices attached and thuS" the intending purchaser is enabled to make a selection suited to his taete, and have it forwarded to any part of the United Kingdom, India, or the Colofiies. The price of this most useful guide is Twopence, for which it is forwarded post free, and to any one who contemplates a purchase, either for personal wear or for a wedding, birth-day, Christmas, or other present, it will be lound of the very greatest service.
PRESS PRIVILEGES IN PARLIAMENT. The case of Wason v. Walter was decided in the Court of Queen's Bench on Thursday, and the Court gave judgment. It raised for the first time for the occasion of a court of law, the question whether reports of debates in Parliament are privi- !eged that is to say, whether, if correct, fair, and bona fide, they may be made the subject of an action for libel. This was an action of libel brought by Mf Rigby Wason against the Proprietors of the Times newspaper, I or publishing a report of a de- bate in the House of Lord" on a petition presented on his behaif; praying for an inquiry into the conduct of Sir Fiizroy Kelly, who had recently been appointed Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and also for publishing a leading article comment- ing on the debate, and reiterating some of the statements made by the peers who took part in it. At the trial before the Lord Chief justice at the Guildhall, the Jury found that the report was ac- curate and faithful, and the article a fair comment on a matter of public interest. Upon this finding his lordship directed a verdict for the defendants, and a ruie for misdirection raised the question. whether th's ruling was right. The case was argued at great length on Thursday and Saturday week, anil judgment was reserved. The Lord Chief Justice now delivered judgment. He said the case was argued a few days since before his brothers Lush, Hannen and Hayes* and himself, and they took time to consider their judgment, not because their minds were not made un ht the close of the arguments, but because, owing to the importance and novelty which the point involved, they thought it desirable that their judgment should be reduced to writing. The main question for their decision was, whether a report in a public newspaper of a debate in either houses of Parliament containing matter disparaging to the of an individual which bad been spoken of in the debate was action- able at the suit of the party whose character was called in question. They were of opinion that it was not. Important as the question was, it came now for the first time before a court of law for de- cision. Numerous as were the instances in which the conduct and character of individuals had been called in question in Parliament during the many years Parliamentary debates bad been reported ia the public journals, this was. the first instance in v. hich an action for libel founded on a report of a Parliamentary debate had come before a court of law. There was, therefore, a total absence of direct authority to guide them. There were, indeed, the dicta of judges having reference to the point ia question but they were conflicting and inconclu- sive, and might be said to be extra-judicial. The judgment was very elaborate, and extended to a considerable length. Judgment for defendants. ACORNS AT MARK LANE-.—Acorns have been introduced into the London corn market at Mark Lane, and have been sold within the last for night at 064 per ton in the warehouse; a ton is about 5 qrs, equal to 40 bushels, at the estimated weight of 56 los per bushel. In'another case they were sold at at 12s per (F. to be delivered at the Great Western Railway Terminus in London. Some kiln-dried acorns have been offered at £ 7 per ton. but that is not considered a paying price, as the waste in drying is so great.—Medical Times and Gazette. SERIOUS ACCIDENT TO VOTHR-.—0:I Friday in the division of North Derbyshire five voters were pro- ceeding from Bonsall to Matlock Bridge for the purpose of recording their votes, and when they had reached Latterway n ill the driver got off the box to put the slipper on thecarriage wheels. The horse immediately ran away, and the hill being very steep the carriage was overturned. Some of the passengers jumped out, and Moses Fearn, George Kinder, William Charlesworth, Charles Broom, and Henry Grafton were more or less injured. None of the five were in a fit state to proceed to the booth to record their votes. or McRDEit OF A GAMKKEEPSR BY A FARMTSR.—• About one o'clock'on Saturday morning three of the Earl of Lisburne's parkkeepers came upon a gang of poachers, 'four in number, near Dolfawr farm, Llanilar. Joseph Butler, the deceased, arrested one of the poachers, when Wm. Richards (of Cefncocb, Llangwyryfon, a farmer well known in the neighbourhood) deliberately presented his piece and shot unfortunate Butler dead through the heart. The murderer made his escape, in company with two of his associates, but, the police are upon their track, and all three are almost certain to be in the hands of justice before many hours are over. O:1e of the poachers, Morgan, Jones, a farmer's son, of Ty'nllwyn, Llangwyryfon, was arrested on the spot by one of the keepers, and handed over to policeconstable Jones, Llanilar, by whom he was conveyed to Aberystwyth, where be is now in custody. A brother of the prisoner is one of the three still at lar;;c.-Aberystwith Observer. THE NEW MEAT MARKET IN SMITHFIELD.—On Tuesday this market, one of the largest, if not the largest, in the world, was for the first time opened to the public, and, under a special Act of Parlia- ment, old Newgate market, which it is intended to supplant, and which bad long been unequal to the requirements of the metropolis, and a great public nuisance besides, from that time ceased to be. It opened about three in the morning, the usual time, and continued open nearly twelve hours. There was a fine show of meat and poultry, the sales- men having been put upon their mettle for the occasion, and the spacious building was crowded throughout the day. The market, however, is hardly yet in full working order. The stalls and shops, ab jut 170 in number, and for which there has been an eager competition, though all let, are not yet all occupied, but by the end of the present week there will probably tot be a vacant place. The shops and stalls are well arranged for exhibiting the meat to the best advantage, and are fitted ¡up with many ingenious mechanical contrivances for moving it from place to place. At present the railway arrangements for conveying the meat direct to the market are not complete, and in the meantime it has, as heretofore to New- gate, to be carried in vans from the various me- tropolitan railway termini. This is a manifest inconvenience, and causes much dissatisfaction in the corporation, who have at great expense pro- vided a spacious siding immediately below the market in connexion with the Metropolitan Rail- way for the reception of the meat on its arrival, and hydraulic apparatus for raising it into the z, building. Contemporaneously with the inaugura- tion of the new market on Tuesday week a com- modious thoroughfare sixty feet wide, and con- necting it on its northern side with Holborn, was opened by the civic authorities, and desig- nated jCharterhouse street. This will afford an easy access to the market from the western parts of the town, and facilities for conveying the meat sold in it in those directions. Mr H. Low- man Taylor, the indefatigable chairman of the Corporation Markets Improvement Committee, paid a visit to the building in the course of the day, and satisfied himself that the arrangements 0 which the committee have laid down for the r alagement of the market were being carried out,