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THE MURPHY RIOTS. Ten or fifteen thousand people are reported to have assisted at Murphy's lecture at Manchester on Saturday. A large number of police in plain clothes were present, but none in uniform. The speaking did not commence until five o'clock, and for an hour previous the crowd amused themselves by throwing all kinds of rubbish at each other. Here and there a stone was thrown, but the greatest good humour pre- vailed. On Murphy's arrival great excitement took place, and so great was the crowd that it was found impossible to drive the waggon, which was to be used as a platform, into the open space. It was, therefore, driven down a back street to the outskirt of the crowd, and was immediately surrounded by the friends of Murphy, who cheered lustily as he drove up, standing on the front of the waggon. There were about fifty or sixty Irish persons—men and women—in the crowd, and during the early part of tha proceedings they manifested a great desire to interrupt the meeting, hooting and howling, and openly vowing vengeance on Murphy. Mr George "Cruse was called upon to take the chair, and imme- diately upon his commencing to address the meeting. the Irish made a rush towards the platform. The remarks of the chairman were in consequence cut very short, and after a hand-to-hand fight in the crowd which lasted for some minutes was brought to a close, Mr Murphy was called upon to address the meeting. Mr Murphy, on coming forward, was received with great cheering, mingled with groans. He said Let every man have fair play and no favour. (Inter- ruptions by the Irish.) These men are Fenians. I am here as a Protestant—a Protestant to the back- bone-and I am determined to contest this borough, and be returned as the member for Manchester. Protestan's, be calm, be determined. The great Question for you to decide is whether you will have Popery or Protestantism in England. Those who are in favour of Protestantism say so. Those who are in favour of Protestantism, no surrender, liberty of speech, and freedom of conscience, say so. The Pope, you know, will not give you liberty—(great cheers and interruption from the Irish, who made a rush towards the platform.) These Fenians, these are the men who shot Sergeant Brett, but Murphy is not shot yet—(' Hear, hear,' and a Yoice He is giving it to them hot.') My tent is coming to Man- chester, and I am determined, as a loyal subject of her Majesty, to have freedom of thought and liberty of conscience. They can me a Lutheran, and so I am. (Cheers.) If you return ms to Parliament, I will represent you fairly. (A Voice Have you a pistol ? ') A man here asks me if I have a pistol. My arguments are pistols, and bullets too, to the Papists. A row ensued, stones being freely thrown about. One Irishman, who was said to have a dangerous weapon with him, was very roughly dealt with. Great interruption ensued in consequence of a number of Irishwomen making a raid on Murphy and his supporters. A general row afterwards ensued, and the Irish were finally driven off the field. The greatest excitement was caused in the neighbourhood, =1 c- and most of the houses and shops closed their shutters. A resolution in favour of Mr Murphy's candidature was proposed at the conclusion of the meeting, and carried by a vast majority. Murphy was afterwards carried shoulder height to a cab, and driven to the London-road Station, whence he took train to Bir- mingham. Several arrests are stated to have been made, and three or four persons injured. POSTAL COMMUNICATION EKTWEEN THE NORTH OF ENGLAND AND SofTH W AL:ES.-WC are glad to hear that united efforts are now being made to obtain more direct and consequently expeditious, transit of the mail, between the large centres of industry in the north of England, on the one hand, and the great smelting and colliery districts of South Wales on the other. As is well known, a very large trade, especially in metab, is carried on hetween the two districts but the present postal arrangements are such that a day's delay in the answer of letters can scarcely be avoided. The letters from Liverpool, Birmingham, Manchester, and the North do not arrive in Swansea and other towns of South Wales until 12 o'clock (noon), and the return north mail closes at about half-past one in the afternoon. This inconvenience arises in consequence of the mails being conveyed by the circuitous route of the Great Western Railway system. For a long time since the commercial communities of the two distriots have been agitating in favour of some plan beins adopted to afford more time for answering letters, but the Postmaster has invariably replied that no better plan could be suggested. The re- cent opening of the Central Wales Railway, however, will now afford a very much more direct and expeditious route for the mails, and it is to induce the Post-office authorities to adopt such route rather than the Great Western that the present efforts are being made. If the central Wales route is adopted, the letters from the north will arrive in Swansea b ;tween 9 and 10 a.m., and the return mail to the north be delayed until 5 a.m., and thus a whole business day allowed for correspondence. At a meeting of the corporation of Swansea on Wednesday, the 9 th inst, a memorial from the principal copper smelters, iron merchants, colliery proprietors, and traders of the district generally was presented, asking the council to take the necessary stepa to lay the matter before the i Postmaster-General with a view of bringing about the much-needed change. The memorial was unanimously acceded to, and the Mayor and other members of the corporation appointed a committee to carry out the necef- sary steps. It was stated that similar action is being taken in all the principal towns in the districts interested, and great hopes are entertained that the Postmaster- General will comply with the just and reasonable require- ments of such important commercial districts. THE SOUTH AFRICAN GOLD FIELD.-The following is an extract from the letter of a gentleman long resident in Colesberg, a border town of the Cape of Good Hope, having reference to the late discovery of gold to the north of the Free State: Colesborg, July 25. The bpecimens of gold which are now dropping in are very rich, and there can be no reasonable doubt that the gold fields are unprecedentedly rich. Some geologists and mineralogists have come out with the view of investigat- ing the localities where diamonds have been found, in order to give the discovery a practical and permanent character. The Governor has applied to the Cape Par- liament for funds to defray the expense of a commission to be sent by him to the gold fields to investigate and report. On receiving their repoit, which there is little doubt will be favourable, he will be justified in taking steps towards taking possession of the country. If Transvaal, and the gold country, including Moselikatse's (who, like Baikis, is willing') will be anntxed in one iell swoop. The post from the Transvaal, which arrived yesterday, brings some still later news from the diggings The diggers were in son:e places well down with their shafts, and were following the spoor, so 1o speak, of the gold, which (the dust) was becoming richer and richer as they descended, and as they were hourly expecting to come upon the larger description of nuggets. Oid Mr and his sons and some others are about to start from this. Certainly South Africa seems about to flourish, and much is the need. Admitting that the gold is a fact, then a great deal in the railway and bridge building line will be required, for when those extensive gold fields are pro- perly developed in all their bearings the population of the country will be doubled very rapidly, and the dis- tance from seaports will necssitate more rapid and certain means of transport than ox or even mule waggons afford. So much for the country at large. As to private individuals who have land there cannot be a doubt that the result will be to enhance the value of property in the Free State and Transvaal; because from those quarters will the diggers be supplied with draught and slaughter oxen, sheep, &c, while from the Free State (since horses cannot be reared in the South African Republic) must they be supplied with her ee.'