MEMOIR OF ARCHBISHOP LAUD, 'THE LITTLE OXFORD BACHELOR.' At the time when Buckingham was on the point of leaving London for Portsmouth, he was visited by a Prelate, who came to say farewell, and who observed with surprise the change that had taken place in the Duke's countenance and tone. I know/said Buckingham, that your LorJship has good access to the King; and I pray you to keep his Majesty in mind to be good to my wife and children.' Have you any presentiment that evil will befall yon ?' asked the other, struck with the Duke's look and manner. I think,' answered Buckingham, seriously, z, ( that I am as likely to fall as another man.' The personage to whom Buckingham thus ex- pressed his apprehensions was a little man, with somewhat mean features and a florid complexion, but a piercing eye tiid 'a clj,-Pr,'iil countenance. wherein gravity and pleasantness were well com- pounded He was then known as William Laud, bishop of London, but destined to occupy a higher place in the episcopal hierarchy. Laud was a native of Reading, then celebrated for its clothing trade and its magnificent Abbey. He was the son of one of the wealthy clothiers in Reading; and after being educated at the Free- school of that town, he was sent to St. John's College, Oxford, and there became known as The Little Bachelor.' At the age of three and thirty, Laud was in- ducted into the vicarage of Stanford, in Northamp- tonshire, and gradually, by Buckingham's in- fluence, rose to be bishop of Bath and Wells. It was not without difficulty that King James con- sented to his promotion. But the importunities of the favourite at length prevailed, and the King, getting into a rage, complied with a protest. Then take him to vou,' exclaimed James, leaving the room, but, upon my soul, you will have cause to repent it.' Ere long Laud was presented to the bishoprick of London, and in that position, began to exercise immense influence over Charles. Knowing that Laud had been in the habit of guiding Buckingham, and feeling boundless confi- dence in his counsel, the King called the Prelate to the Privy council, and promised that lie should have the primary RS soon as it pleased Heaven to remove Archbishop Abbot. While Abbot was still living. Charles, 1633, made a magnificent progress into Scotland, and Laud attended the King with th3 object of forcing the liturgy upon the people of that country. The re- ception accorded to Charles was of a kind that might have misled a man even more intimately ncquainted than Laud was with the national character. The King had scarcely crossed the Tweed, when he was welcomed by the potent Earl of Home, attended by a feudal train of an- cient gentlemen, who all manifested profound loyalty (a train of six hundred merse gentlemen, gallantly arrayed on horseback), and as he ad- vanced northward, he was everywhere received with demonstrations of joy. In fact, the Magnates of the land vied with each other, and ruined themselves in entertaining him and his numerous retinue. 0 Perhaps Laud thought' that anything the King pleased could be done with a nation so loyal and he very soon began to take liberties. About mid- summer, Charles was crowned in Edinborough and, under Laud's auspices, the ceremony was so conducted as to give $rn.ve offence. Not only did Laud introduce a high altar, tapers, chalice, and genuflections, which the people looked on as savouring of idolatry; but he "put the Scottish Prelates to the test by prescribing them em- broidered habits, which to the people appeared to differ in nothing from those of the Romish hier- archy. The Archbishop of Glasgow, however, appeared without the prescribed robes and Laud rudely jostled him from the King's side. Stand back,' said Laud are you a churchman, and ivar.t the coat of your oruur Having established an episcopal see in Edin- borough. | and introduced 'singing men' to the Chapel Royal at Holy road, Laud came southward and he had scarcely reached London when he found himself primate of all England. Charles was the first to announce his elevation. I My Lord Grace of Canterbury, you are welcome,' said the King playfully, as Laud entered the presence chamber. It appears that at the very time when Laud was elevated to the primacy of England, and when directions were issued for his translation, be was offered a Cardinal's hat by the Pope. 'That very morning,' he writes. I there came one to me secretly, that evowed ability to perform it, and offered me to be a cardinal. But my answer was, that somewhat dwelt within me, which would not suffer that, till Rome was other than it is.' Many people, however, pretended to recognize the pro- bability of Laud going over to the church of Rome; and a court lady of the house of Cavendish, when asked by the primate why she had embraced the Catholic faith, replied-Tis chiefly because I hate to travel in a'crowd; I perceive your Grace and many others making haste to R ime and in order to prevent my being crowded, I have gone on before you.' In truth, Laud, according to the opinion of ) is contemporaries, had drawn so near the church of Home, and displayed such a passion for forms a.nd ceremonies, and so strong a determination to make the clergy supreme in the state, that he exasperated not only the Puritans, but many men between whom and the Puritans there was little sympathy. He sethimseifresolutely to enforce con- formity of worship, and made himself so busy in tracking out and hunting down every congregation of Separatists, that there were soon whole dioceses in which not a single non-conformist could be found Moreover, the work was carried on with little of that discretion necessary under the circum- stances. By means of the Star Chamber, and the Court of High Commission, both legacies left by the Tudors to the nation, but ne'ther a part of the old constitution, he dealt with offenders in a manner the reverse ji jenient. The victims were numerous; and a few msiatiees of the imprudent severity exprcised II ill suffice to show how much respect was paid to those immortal laws which the first Edward, and bis great minister, Robert de Burncl, had instituted to guard the persons and property of Englishmen. (To be concluded ill our next.) FPMAT.B TEI^GRAPHISTS.— The NEW Yoik Journal of the J'elegraphs says: Over our sanctum b a room where ab>ut fifteen young ladies may daily be found engased in telegraphic duties. The room is secluded, airy, find agreeable. It is rr: sided over by Miss L. H. S.-iow, a lady of superior A.-ceciitive ability, and a first-class operator. On Piii;;y last ten of the young ladies «-n! md received 3,135 messages between 8 a.m. and 41 ,.m or an average of 314 messages each. On the following Tuesday the R"fficJ young ladies sent and received over 3,000. The work was done well, neatly, corre^tlv, and to their very great credit. With such a recorl :,eye id no use in doubting the capacity of h-diea for taia service. The daily number averages about 2;2f\CI) I
i iv, OUDOvl\l.Ql:.l\ 0. It ts particularly requested that all remittances be m&dt to the TBTJSTKES, Herald Office,Il;"v street.-
TO CORRESPONDS A No notice can be take" of anon, ■ „»rnmunication> Wha ever is iutaiidoc fc~ insertion must be authenti- cated by the riamearii] aJjve's of the writer; net necessarily forpubSlfcation, b,-t as a guarantee ofgocd faith. Wccannot undertake to return rejected communicat ons.
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THE PEMBROKE BOROUGHS. THE members of the Pembroke Constituency residing in the neighbourhood of Pembroke Dock have been recently entertained in the open air by some election performances promoted in the interest of Sir Hugh Owen, who may be pronounced to be in serious political difficulties. Albion Square was the spot chosen for the entertainment, which we are informed was attended by an audience so numerous as to make it impossible to number them. The managers of Sir Hugh's benefit night" endeavoured to engage the best talent for the occasion, and if we are to judge from the published report of the meeting, their efforts were crowned with a fair share of success. The actors, it is true, were few in number, and not very well qualified to impart instruction to the electors but then it must be remembered that they were the best that could be obtained, and one at least of them more than atoned for their want of knowledge by the tremendous vigour with which he assailed the Irish Church establishment. Mr William Hughes—we can give our readers nothing further than his name— undertook the sensational part of the exhibition, and we do only bare justice to that gentleman when we state that he performed his task admirably, dis- playing a liveliness of imagination that must have astounded the better informed among his hearers. Mr Hughes, we conclude from his address, is an enthusiastic Liberal, and of course it would ill become a politician of that description to be over nice as to the accuracy of his statements when "the good of the cause" was tinder consideration. Com- pletely putting aside the facts of the case, he told his audience that "no man had ever discharged his duties as a representative better than Sir Hugh." It would be some satisfaction if we could indulge the hope, that Mr Hughes when he made this state- ment was not aware that Sir Hugh had rendered himself conspicuous for his neglect of parliamentary duties, and had been absent from his place perhaps more frequently than any other member of the House of Commons; but it is more than probable that Mr Hughes, being, as we conjecture, one of the Constituency, was fully acquainted with Sir Hugh's negligence, and thought, as the advocate of an un- popular cause, it devolved upon him to indulge in some flights of the imagination, and to t!Íve the parliamentary reputation of his client that high polish which strict truth denied it. Mr Hughes may have thought he was not called upon to be accurate in so small a matter when there was just a chance of deceiving the electors; and, perhaps, can satisfy his conscience by reflecting that the Liberal cause has had to depend very often for success upon a little truth mixed with a large amount of brag and deception. After a dis- I quisition on the hatching of eggs, Popish rites, and vestments, Mr Hughes reached his climax in the pathetic story of widow Ryan, whose two sons "were shot down like dogs" in Ireland because they would not allow the tithing man" to take more than he was entitled to in the form of tithes. This horrid tale Mr Hughes, in his simplicity, nar- rated to the assembly in order to illustrate the condition of things in Ireland, and to prove how intolerant and unjust the Established Church had been towards the Koman Catholics. Mr Hughes's ignorance of the mode in which tithes are now paid in Ireland may be of little consequence to anybody and we should regard itasahopeless task toendeavour to instruct one who shows such little capacity for the collection of facts but it is quite possible that some of those whom he addressed may not be acquainted with the real circumstances, and for their benefit we state that there is no tithing man" employed, and that the Church is paid by a tithe rent charge, which was a commutation for the tithes on terms that are very beneficial to the landowner." It is scarcely to be credited that Mr Hughes was per- mitted, without correction, to utter this rant$nd nonsense, and much more besides concerning the slitting of the noses of Dissenters, the clipping of I their ears, and branding of their chee's, at a meeting held at Pembroke Dock n the presence of Sir Hugh who I claims o be a Churchman as honest sis any.' But Mr Hughes was suffered to deliver himself of his wild soeech, and it is but another instance of how n uch men of the beMe:' sort will sometimes wink at when there is a proipect of gaining political capital. Mr Hughes's resolution of thanks to theattentive member was seconded by Mr James Williams, who after a reference to the thraldom of county gentlemen, declared that Sir Hugh as a member had turned out better than he expected." Or- dinary people would have considered this but indifferent praise, but the audience thought otherwise, and cheered vehemently. What Mr Williams's expectations were we have no means of ascertaining but as we now learn that be is satisfied with a representative who session after session plays the truant like an incorrigible schoolboy, it is evident that Mr Williams ex- pected little, and has not been disappointed. After the copious buttering of the inaccurate Mr Hughes and the faint praise of Mr Williams, Sir Hugh presented himself to the electors. His re- ception was magnificent-so say his supporters and if be loses the battIe-(and there is a pre- vailing impression that he will)—he will not have to complain that the applause was scant, or that the boasting did not come up to the usual Liberal standard. Hats, cloaks," and "doublets flew up," and had their faces been loose, this day they had been lost." The hon. baronet, "stifled wi I h the mere rankness of their joy," frankly owned his faults but was far from admitting that he deserved the penalty of rejection. Indeed, Sir Hugh went further, and told the electors they would be renegades if they did not continue to support him, & urged them to stick to him although he had failed to stick to them. He .— t. his absence from the ilouse of Commons, when Mr Graves brought forward his motion for the reduction of the Dockyards, in a tone ot such levity, that we doubt very much whether Sir Hugh is really cognizant of the great dangers which threaten the establishment at Pembroke. He excuses himself by saying that the Whipper told him that I nothing would come of Mr Graves's motion," and believing this state- ment he absented himself from the House. After this explanation, we are tempted to ask whether it is not too much of a joke to expect a consti- tuency to return :> man who deserts his post in this fashion? A more flagrant instance of duty neglected we do not remember to have heard of. Sir Hugh does say that he was ill at the time but, according to his own admission, his illness was not of a character to prevent his attendance had he not been deceived by the Whip.' Sir Hugh during the late sessions shirked his duty in an extraordinary manner absence was the rule and not the exception and if he is to be re- warded according to his deserts, there can be no doubt as to what the verdict of the electors will be. Aware of the influences which are used against Pembroke Yard, he should have sat out the discussion, and refuted Mr Graves's incorrect assertions respecting the capabilities of our arsenal. The preservation of the Dockyard is of the first importance to the county of Pembroke men who are divided in political opinions are agreed on this point; and we venture to assert that there is scarcely a man in the County who, had he been guilty of such serious negligence, could present himself, like Sir Hugh has done, before a Consti- tuency, and with a grave face say that "I am sure so small a thing will not he visited with dis- pleasure." An opportunity of doing the same thing again is not likely to be given to Sir Hugh. There is no doubt Mr Meyrick will be his suc- cessor, and the prosperity of the proprietor of the Bush Estate is so closeiy connected with the maintenance of the Dockyard, that the electors have the best guarantee that a watchful eye will be kept over every movement likely to effect the welfare of the establishment, and that every effort to promote its advancement will be warmly en- couraged. Sir Hugh has forfeited all claims to the confidence of the electors the greatest novice in parliamentary matters knows that the Whip -that gentleman for whom Sir Hugh has so much veneration-has no power to prevent discussion in the House of Commons, and to impute, as Sir Hugh does, the blame to the ''Whip" of his party is but a miserable attempt at justification. The man who abandons his post in the presence of the enemy ought to be summarily dealt with. Sir Hugh has been guilty of this serious offence he is now on his trial before the electors, and having heard his defence, we have no doubt that the issue will be—as it ought to be—a rejection of his services, and a termination of his connection with the Pembroke Boroughs.
OT HAVERFORDWEST BOROUGHS. THE opponents of the Conservative Candidate have been so industrious in the circulation of misrepresentations respecting the circumstances of his candidature, that he has felt it necessary to address a contemporary on the subject. Our Liberal friends seem to take especial delight in declaring, in the Press and out of it, that Mr Pitman is the nominee of Mr Phiiipps, of Picton Castle, although the statement has been over and over again authoritatively contradicted in the most emphatic terms. The Vicarjof St. Mary is abused because, in the exercise of his right as an elector, he has thought it his duty to support the candidate who will not help the Roman Catholics to extinguish the light of the Reforma- tion in Ireland and the worst slanders are pro- mulgated with a v^ew, if possible, to injure his good name. Numbers of Protestants ia this t i county, not connected with the Church of Eng- land, can bear testimony that Mr Philipps has al- ways been ready to afford them facilities for worshipping their Creator in the form they most approve, and one of his first acts after his succession to the Picton Estate was to grant a piece of ground for the erection of a Chapel for Dissenters, and the ceremony of its inauguration was, we believe, attended by a member of his family. Mr Philipps has granted numerous sites for the schools and chapels of Dissenters, and we doubt whether there can be found a stronger example of tolerance on the part of a Churchman towards Protestant Nonconformists than we have in the person of the Vicar of St. Mary. The tinemy —whose cause is actively assisted by the agents of the Pope himself—is not over scrupulous as to the missiles he uses, but we are certain that all his attempts to damage the fair fame of Mr Philipps among the Non-conformists in Pembrokeshire will prove abortive. Let the enemy, if he desires to do so, march shoulder-to-shoulder with Catholic Priests in his attack upon Protestantism in Ire- land, and raise all the clamour he can about his sympathy for Irishmen in the wrongs they have endured but let him, at the same time, be truthful in his statements regarding his political opponents, and permit them that freedom in the exercise of their vote and interest which he so loudly demands for himself. The Conservative Candidate will gladly assist in remedying any grievance under which Irishmen may suffer: he is in favour of the utmost liberty being secured to our Roman Catholic fellow subjects; but he will not we are sure league himself with Papists in an attack upon any division of the Protestant Church, or help to strengthen the hands of those who openly declare that the act of parliament which upholds the Queen's authority is a lie," and that it will be spit upon, trampled under foot, and rigorously disobeyed." The statement of Mr Pitman in the columns of a contemporary respecting the origin of his candidature is identical with that we published last week it is as follows:— If Sm,- The Cambria Daily Leader of this day has just been placed in my hands. The circulation being general amongst men of all political views, i imagine your wish is to convey to them accurate statements, In the report of Coloi.el Edwardes's progress at Fishguard it is stated I am the nominee of Mr Phiiipps, of Picton Castle. Al- low me, most positively, to contradict this assertion of your correspondent. I came forward at the desire of a very numerous body of Mr Scourtield's supporters, after a requisition had, in the ordinary way, been presented to me. Mr Philipps was not consulted until after I found the Conservative party in these boroughs desired me, ia the absence of any local candidate, to be the champion of their cause. It is due to one (of whom all the Prin- cipality may be proud for his life of devotion to his sacred duties, and who now is afflicted from his g-reat exertions IO that calling), to disabuse the puhiic mind of the falsê impression, that he wished to dictate to the men of Haverfordwest who they should select as their candidate. As a clergyman, feeling deeply the responsibility ot hold- ing intact Church and State, he may surely join wit" others in supporting huch views as he elieves the best for his country's welfare. As to the triumphant majority of Col. Edvrarcles» 1 await with confidence the sure testoi the numbers sli")Wll hi the polling boothy# ^vhiou pouaibiy give a very different result. S. PITMAN. Haverfordwest, August 10th, 1868.
MORAVIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL.—The annual treat to the oliildron of this setiool took place on Wednesday. The scholars assembled at the School-room at one o'clock and liavinit been arranged in procession, marched to » largo field in the vicinity of Priory Cottage, which bad been kindly lent for the occasion by Mrs Phillips. Tbe proces-ion was accompanied by the respected m)t:isterot the Chapel, the Rev J. A. Eberle, and by the teachers ot the school, and was preceded by un excellent drum fife band, composed of members of the Haverfordwest Volunteers. On arriving at the field, the children pa1"' took of tea and cake, of which a most liberal supply was provided. Subsequent)) they indulged in variOUs games, and the winners in some of the contests were rewarded with prizes, the uift of the minister of thO Brethren's Chapel, who was unceasing in his endeavolirl, to promote the enjoyment of the children. The treat was attended by a large number of visitors, who wer& admitted by ticket, and partook of tea and cake after the wants of the children had been supplied. Unfortu- nately at the close of the evening, heavy rain fell, all the managers, having regard to the comfort of tbe children, were obliged to put an end to the sports before the whole of the prizes, provided by the generosity of Eberle, had been distributed. The superintendent of school, Mr Bryant P-venis, took an active part in the arrangements, and was ably assisted bv the teaobe''8? The school now has on its books 103 ecbolars, nearly a' of whom were present at the treat, and during the noon were addressed with great ability by Mr Eben6' The number of visitors present were about 200, so that the total number of those who partook of tea and cake cceded 300 The thanks of all connected with the treat due to Mrs Phillips of Priory Cott;».ge, who exhibit" great kindness and attention, and readily placed at to disposal of the managers the conveniences which hou«e afforded. The arangements were admirably cari'ie out, and the treat, although the unfavourable curtailed the amusements, was a very great success. are informed that the remainder of the prizes will distributed among the scholars on some future occasiOn. CRICICKT. — RXJRTON J UN to LIS Y. PLMBROKK D°H0 JUNJOUS.—A match was played, at Burton, between above clubsy on Thursday, the 6ih instant, which in favour ot the Burton Juniors by one run and thr wickets to spare. The following is the score PEMBROKE DOCK JUNIORS. First Innings. Second Inning*- a W. Thomas, b It. WiUiama 8 b Baker 0 P. Maroony, b R. Williams. 4 b Baker, c Thomas.. W. John, b R. Williams, c 4, Morris 0 h R. Williams 2 H. Long, b Baker 9 b Baker W. Dawkins, b R. Williams, c ó Morris. g H. Adams, tl c R. Williams 9 BBaker,cR Williams g J. Williams, run out (t Run out 4: W. Braham, I) R. Williams 0 Run out g W. White, st R. VVilliams, b beaker 0 Baker 0 Not out T. Greenland, c T. Williams, 1 b Baker 0 b R. Williams T. Saunders, not out 3 9 3 Byes 4, wide balls 4 8 Byes 1, wide bal'8 S8 41 BUUTON JUNIORS. First Innings. Second InnlngS.s T. Baker, b Thomas. 14 b Thomas, c AdaLD W. F. Perkins, b Thonas, c d mS 0 Dawkins 5 T. Williams, 1 b w, b Dawkins 8 b c Hawkins \Z R. Williams, b Thomas 0 b Thomas, c John" 3 R-Thomas, bThomas.c Long 0 b Thomas 0 R. M Orris, b Dawkins, c Adams 3 b Thomas, 0 Jo 0 D. livans, I) Dawkins 0 Run out 1 i'.Rce",bDawkins,cMaroony 9 Not out J. Payne,bThomas, c John ..2 I. Picton, b e Dawkins 0 VV. Picton, not ont 0 Uoii, 1 3 Byes 4. 4 Byes 2, wide balls — 33 47 I