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^ C 0 R- RES P 0 N DR N C-…

Family Notices


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A SEASONABLE SUGGESTION.—"Sanitas," writing to the Medical Press and Circular, refers to the folly < f persons plunging into a bath after a full meal, thus risk- in" sudden death from congestion or some other fatal mischief. Numbers who escape such a calamity are sufferers for their imprudent mode of immersion, shiver- ings, headaches, and other symptoms often succeeding but the true cause rarely suspected, The writer there- fore suggests that notices should be put up in appro- priate places, requesting no person will bathe within two hours of a meal, and suggesting the desirableness of all I persons consulting their medical adviser before taking a ¡ sea bath as to the ueed or benefit of doing so. A MISER.—IA inquest was nelti at Uirnr.ngham on Thursday, respecting the death of an old man named Richard Tovey, who was a painter by trade. Deceased occupied a very mean dwelling, and to all appearance he was poverty stricken. He was a mtmber of a money club, and an old man named Waro* was in the habit of drawing money for him every wt On Saturday, the 6th of June, Ward called on h„7n' and observed that his voice was husky, and he was :ightly muffled round the throat- Deceased complaint sleepless nights and great depression. He gave VTard a note which, when the latter got it read by a ne'^bour, was found to con- tain a request that Ward's wife should come to see him. Mrs Ward went to the hosse and found that Tovey had cut his throat. Mr Oakes, surgeon, was sent for, and ultimately deceased was removed to the Queen's Hospital. When a constable Went to the house to search it, he found no less than £ 4.27 9s 6d in deposit receipts in the house, also a bank book with credit for X20 in it, five shares in the Old Union Mill Company, and two watches. On the way to the hospital with the policeman, according to the statement of the latter, Tovey said that he should leave his money to the Blind Asylum. Both to,the surgeon who attended him first, and to Dr. Jolly, deceased said that he had cut his throat himself He died on the 16th. Dr Jolly stated that he believed deceased signed a will when in the hospital. Con- sidering the evidence that had been given of the state of the health of deceased, the jury returned a verdict of Suicide while of unsound mind." THE WiriTRBAiT AND THE HERRfNG.-At the last meeting of the Zoological Society, Dr A. Gunther, of the British Museum, gave a resume of his researches into the distinctions between the different fish of the herring family. The British species of this im- portant group are the herring, the sprat, the pilchard, (which is identical with the sardines of the French coast), and the two species of shad. These species are readily distinguished from one another by the numbers of their vertebrae and that of their scales, the relative position of the fins and that of the teeth. One of the most important results arrived at by this pminent ichthyologist is the absolute identity of the I whitebait and the herring. In the last volume of the Catalogue of Fishes in the British Museum,' Dr Gunther describes the whitebait as a purely nominal species introduced into science in deference to the opinion of fishermen and gourmands, and states that every example of whitebait examined by him- self were young herrings. The late Mr Yarrell, who has been followed by most naturalists, regarded white- bait as a distinct fish, but the circumstances that it has the same number of vertebrae (56) as the mature herring, the same number of lateral scales, and an identical arrangement of fins and teeth, a combina- tion of characters found in no other fish, prove con- clusively that it is the fry or young of the herring moreover, an adult whitebait in roe has never been discovered. With regard to the effect on the supply of herrings occasioned by the destruction of the young fry, it is probable that the number of eggs deposited by the mature herring is so large and dis- proportionate to the number of fish that attain matu- rity that the capture of a portion of the fry could have no appreciable result in diminishing the multi- tude of mature fish. ACCIDENTALLY SHOT.—A most distressing and fatal accident occurred at Doddington, about seven miles from Lincoln, on Monday week, which resulted in the immediate death of Mrs Elizabeth Pick worth, the wife of a farmer, aged 56 years. The coroner's inquiry, held on Thursday evening, showed that it was purely accidental. Mary Law, servant, deposed that she was sitting in the living room, sewing, Mrs Pickwolth being also in the room, writing, when Joseph Pickworth, her step-son, came in and got a powder flask a shot flask, and some wads out of a drawer. He put them on the table, but did not use them. Presently she heard a gun go off, and saw Mrs Ptckworth fall from her chair. A granddaughter of the deceased, ten years of age, said she was sitting at the table and saw Joseph get the caps out of the drawer; the gun was then in the corner. She heard it go off. Joseph did not wad it. He was the favourite of the deceased. Benjamin Pickworth said he heard the report of a gun, and on going towards the house he saw his brother Joseph saddling ahorse, and he said he had shot his mother, and seemed much distressed. He went off directly for e doctor. The gun was kept in the corner of the room, and belonged to Joseph. On Sunday morning witness loaded the gun to shoot sparrows, but as the servants were then coming home from church he put it back in the corner without discharging it. Joseph had been shooting sparrows with it before, but had left it unloaded, and witness did not believe that he knew he (Benjamin) had put it down loaded, as he went out when he did so. The jury examined the gun, and found the right lock imperfect and unsafe, so that the least would make it go off. On J. Pickworth being cautioned, he said:—On Monday, about 9.30, I came into the house and spoke to my mother, and then took up the gun and laid it over my arm. I did not know it was loaded. I laid the things on the table, and as I did so it went off. It may have caught against the chain of my watch. I hai shot it off on Sunday and put it away empty, and did not know it had been loaded again. The jury were per- fectly satisfied that the death of Mrs Pickworth was quite accidental, and returned a verdict to that effect. Stamford Mercury. WHAT ARE NECESSARIES FOR A YOUNG GENTLE- MAN ?-In the same court the case of Ryder v. Womb- well, which gave rise to the above-named question, was argued. The cause was originally tried before the Lord Chief Baron, and the action was brought by a firm of jewellers in Bond street against the younger son of the late Sir George Womb well, to recover the price of goods sold to the defendant, and the defence raised to the claim was that at the time the goods were supplied the defendant was under age and that the articles in question were not necessaries even for one in his condition of life. The articles in question consisted of, first, a pair of crystal, ruby, and diamond solitaires, price £ 25; secondly, a white glass smelling-bottle, silver mounted, and ornamented with coral, pearls, and turquoises, £6 10s thirdly, an antique silver goblet, with inscription, a present to to the Marquis of Hastings, £ 15 15s;. fourthly, a pair of coral earrings, S13 13s. The solitaires were us-d as sleeve-links, and they were forrnad of crystal set in gold, and iolaid with diamond in the form of a horse-shoe, the nails being represented by rubies. At the trial it was proved that defendant had an income of £ 500 a year, and that he lived alternately with his mother and eldest brother. The Lord Chief Baron held that the smeliing-bottle and the earrings could not be meant for a gentleman, and ordered those items to be struck out of the account. For the other articles the jury gave a verdict. Leave, however, was reserved at the trial to both parties to move the court in opposition to the ruling of the Chief Baron Accordingly, a rule having been granted 011 behalf of the detendant on argument, the majority of the court held that the Chief Baton's direction was correct, and that he ought to have withdrawn the question as to the solitaires and the goblet from the jury, but Baron Bramwell dissented from this decision, and held that the Chief Baron ought to have withdrawn the case altogether from the jury, on the ground that none of the items in the account could be held to be necessaries, 'lhe court took time to consider judgment. In a trial before Baron Martin a witness was called who interlarded his account of a conversation he had heard with so many says I' and says he,' that he was hardly intelligible. The counsel, failing to make the witness comprehend the form in which he was wanted to make his statement, the Court took him in hand, with the following result My man, tell us exactly what passed.'—' Yes, my lord, certainly, I said that I would not have the pig.'—' Well, what was his answer?'—'He said that he had been'keep- ing the pig for me, and that he —cNo, no, he did not say that-he could not have said it. He spoke in the first person.'—' No, I was the first per- son that spoke, my lord.'—' I mean this—don't bring in the third person-repeat his exact words.'— 'There was no third person, my lord, only him and me. Look here, my good fellow-he did not say he had been keeping a pig, he said, I have been keeping it.'— 'I assure yon, my lord, there was no mention of your lordship's name at all. We are on two different stories, my lord. There was no third person; and if anything had been said about your lordship I must have heard it.' ESCAPE FROM THE BALAKLAVA CHARGE.-One of those who returned to our lines with the remnant of the 4th Light Dragoons had been a prisoner in the hands of the enemy. I speak of Sir George Womb- well, then an extra aide-de-camp to Lord Cardigan. When last we saw Wombwell he was not far from the front of the battery, but his charger had just been shot under him. He so quickly succeeded in catch- ing and mounting a stray horse as to be able to join the 4th Light Dragoons when they came on, and advance with them down to the guns. There, how- ever, his newly caught horse was killed under him, (as his own charger had been some minutes before), and, this time, he found himself surrounded by some twenty or thirty Russian lancers, who took from him his sword and his pistol. and made him prisoner. It happened that Capt Morris (then also, as we know, a prisoner, and with his head deeply cut and pierced by sabre and lance), was brought to the spot where Wombwell stood; and it is interesting to ob- serve that, in spite ot his own dreadful condition, Morris had still a word of timely counsel that he could give to a brother officer. Look out,' he said to Wombwel!—' look out and catch a horse.' At that moment two or three loose horses came up, and Wombwell, darting suddenly forward from between the Russian lancers who had captured him, seized and mounted one of these riderless chargers, and galJ iped forward to meet the 4th Light Dragoons, which he then saw retiring. He succeeded in join- ing the regiment, and with it, returned to our lines. When Capt Morris(unhorsedandgrievously wounded) found himself surrounded by Russian dragoons, it was to an officer, as we saw, that he surrendered his sword. That officer, however, quickly disappeared, and then the Russian horsemen-Morris took them to be Cossacks—rushed in upon their prisoner, and not only robbed him of all he had about him, but convinced him by their manner and bearing that they were inclined to despatch him. Morris, therefore, broke away from them, and ran into the thickest smoke he could see. Then, a riderless horse, passing closp. to him, Morris caught at the rein, and was dragged by it a short distance, but afterwards fell and became unconscious. Upon regaining his senses, Morris became aware of the presence of a Cossack, who seemed as though he bad just passed him, but was looking back in a way which seemed to indicate that he had seen the English officer move, and would therefore despatch him. Morris gathered strength from the emergency, found means to get on his feet, and once more sought shelter in the thickest smoke near him. Whilst standing there, he found himself run down by another loose charger, but was able to catch hold of the horse's rein, and to mount him. He turned the horse's head up the valley, and rode as he could but just as he fancied he was getting out of the crossfire, his new horse was shot under him, and fell with him to the ground, giving him a heavy fall, and rolling over his thigh. Then Hgain for some time Morris was unconscious and when he regained his senses, he found that the dead horse was lying across his leg, and keeping him fastened to the ground. He then set to work to extricate his leg, and at length succeeded in doing so. Then, getting on his feet, he ran on as well as he could, stumbling and getting up over and over again, but always taking care to be moving up hill, till at last, when quite worn out he found himself near the bodv of an English staff officer-tiie body, he presently saw—of his friend Nolan. Remembering that Nolan had fallen at a very early period, in advance of the brigade, Morris inferred that he must be nearly witbin the reach of his fellow-countrymen so being now quite exhausted, he laid himself down beside the body of his friend, and again became unconscious. Besides the three deep ugly wounds received in his head, Morris, in the course of these his struggles for life, had suffered a longitudinal fracture or split of the right arm, and several of his ribs were broken. There was a circumstance in the lives of Nolan and Morris which made it the more remarkable that the dead body of the one and the shattered frame of the other should be thus lying side by side. On the flank march, Morris and Nolan, who were great allies, had communicated to each other a common intention of volunteering for any special service that might be required in the course of the campaign and they found that each of them, in anticipation of the early death that might result from such an enter- prise, had written a letter which, in that event, was to be delivered. Norris had addressed a letter to his young wife, Nolan had addressed one to his mother. Under the belief that the opportunity for hazardous service of the kind they were seeking might be close at hand, the two friends had exchanged their res- pective letters and now, when they lay side by side, the one dead and the other unconscious, each of them still had in his pocket the letter entrusted to him by the other. When Morris recovered his conscious- ness he found himself in an English hospital tent. Terribly as he has been wounded and shattered he did not succumb. — 7 he Invasion of the Crimea, by A, W. King/ale.


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