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LETTER FROM DR. LIVINGSTONE. The following letter from Dr. Livingstone was El t5 read at the meeting of the Royal Geographical t, 0 Society on Monday night:— BEMBA, FEB. 2, 1867. My dear Sir Roderick,—This is the first oppor- tunity I have had of sending a letter to the coast, and it is by a party of black Arab slave traders from Bagamoyo. near Zanzibar. They had pene trated here for the first time, and came by a shorter way than we did. In my despatch to Lord Claren- don I gave but a meagre geographical report, be- cause the traders would not stay more than half a day but, having written that through the night, I persuaded them to give me an hour or two this morning, and if yours is fuller than his lordship's you will know how to manage. I mentioned to him that I could not go round the northern end of Lake Nyassa. because the Johanna men would have fled at first sight of danger; and they did 0 21 actually flee, on the mere report of the acts of the terrible Mazitu, at its sourthen extremity. Had I got them fairly beyond the lake, they would have stuck to me; but, so long as we had Arab slave parties passing us, they were not to be depended on, and they were such inveterate thieves,it was quite a relief to get rid of them, though my follow- ing was reduced thereby to nine African boys, freed ones, from a school at Nassick, Bombay. I intended to crass at the middle of the lake, but all the Arabs (at the crossing station) fled as soon as they heard that the English were coming, and the owners of two dhows now on the lake kept them out of sight lest I should burn them as slavers. I remained at the town of Mataka, which is on the watershed between the seacoast and the lake, from about fifty miles from the latter. There are at least a thousand houses (in the town), and Mataka is the. most powerful chief in the country. I was in his district, which extends to the lake, from the middle of July to the end of September. He was anxious that some of the liberated boys should remaiii. with him, and I tried my best to induce them, but in vain. He wished to be shown how to make use of his cattle in agriculture I promised to try and get some other boys, acquainted with Indian agriculture, for him. This is the best point I have seen for an influential station and Mataka showed his sense of right when his people went, witbout his knowledge, to plunder at a part of the lake —he ordered the captives and cattle to be sent back. This was his own spontaneous act, and it took place before oar arrival: but I accidentally saw the strangers. They consisted of fifty-four women and children, about a dozen boys, and thirty bead of cattle and calves. I gave him a trinket in memory of his good conduct, at which he was de- lighted, for it had not been without opposition that be carried out his orders, and he showed the token of my approbation in triumph. Leaving the shores of the lake, we endeavoured to ascend Kirk's Range, but the people belovi were afraid of those above, and it was only after an old friend, Katosa or Kiemasura, had turned out with his wives to carry our extra loads, that we got up. It is only the edge of a plateau peopled by various tribes of Manganja, who bad never been engaged in slaving in fact they had driven away a lot of Arab slave traders a short time before. We used to think them all Maravi, but Katosa. is the only Maravi chief we know. The Kantbunda or climbers live on the mountains that rise out of the plateau. The Chipeta live more on the plains there; the Echewa still fartber north. We went west among a very hospitable people till we thought we were past the longitude of the Mazitu. We then turned north, and all but walked into the hands of a ma- rauding party of that people. After a father zigzag course, we took up the point we ha'd left in 1863, or say 20 degrees west of Chimanga's, crossed the Loangwa in 12 deg. 45 min. S as it flows in the bed of an ancient lake, and after emerging out of t5 el this great hollow we ascended the plateau of Lobisa, at the southern limit of 11 deg. S. The hills on one part of it rise up to 6,600 feet above the sea. While we were in the lowlands I could easily supply our party with meat, large game being abundant, but up on these highlands of the Babisa no game was to be found. The country, having become depopulated by the slaving in which the peopled engaged, is now a vast forest, with here and there, at wide intervals, a miserable hamlet. The grain is sown in little patches in the forest, and the people bad nothing to sell. We had now a good deal of actual gnawing hunger, as day after day we trod the sloppy dripping forests, which yield some wreched wild fruits and lots of mush- rooms. A woman can collect a load of half a hun- dred weight; after cooking they pound them into what they call porridge but woe is me they are good only for producing dreams of the roast beef of bygone days. They collect six kinds, and reject about ten, some as large as the crown of one's bat. When we got to the Chambeze, which was true to the character of the Zambezi, in having abundant animal life in its waters, we soon got an antelope on its banks. We crossed it in 10 deg. 34 min. It was flooded with clear water, but the lines of bushy trees which showed it actual banks were not more than forty yards apart. We arrived here (at Bemba) on the last day of January it is a stock- aded village, with three lines of defence, the inner one having a deep dry ditch round it. I think, if I am not mistaken, that we are on the watershed we seek between the Chambeze and Loapula. I have not bad any time to take observations, as it is the rainy season, and almost always cloudy but we shall rest a little here and get some flesh on our bones. We are about 10 deg. 10 min. S., 31 deg. 50 min. E. altitude about 4,500 feet above the sea. The Loapula, or Luapula, is said to he a very large river, but I hope to send fuller infor- mation from Tanganyika. I have done all the hunting myself, have enjoyed good health, and no touch of fever but we lost all our medicine-the sorest loss of goods I have ever sustained; so I am hoping, if fever comes, to fend it off by native re- medies, and trust in the watchful care of a higher Power. The chief here seems a jolly, frank person, but unless the country is insecure, I don't see the use of his line of circumvallation. He presented a cow on our arrival, and a huge elephant's tusk because I sat on it. I have had no news whatever from the coast since we left it, but hope for letters and our second stock of goods (a small one) at Ujiji. I have been unable to send any- thing either some letters I bad written in hopes of meeting an Arab slave trader, but they all skedaddled as soon as they heard the English were coming. I could not get any information as to the route followed by the Portuguese in going to Cazembe till we were on the Babisa plateau. It was then pointed out that they had gone to the westward of that which from the Loangwa valley seems a range of mountains. The makers of roaj a have placed it (the Portuguese route) much too far east. The repetition of names of rivers, which is common in this country, probably misled them. There are four Loangwas flowing into Lake Nyassa, Would you kindly say to Captain Richards that I had to draw some rifles and ammunition from H.M.S. Wasp, and I shall (eel. obliged if he makes that right ?—With kindest regard to Lady Murohison, I am, ever affection* utely, you re, DAVID LIYI>GMOHB.


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