Skip to main content
Hide Articles List

10 articles on this Page



Detailed Lists, Results and Guides

THEOBROMA CACAO. South America is the home of this tree. Dampiers the voyager, who visited the Caraccas in 1682, says: —' The coast is a continual tract of high ridges of hill, and valleys, which alternately run pointing upon the shores from North to South. The valleys are from two to five furlongs wide, and in length from the sea three or four miles. Cocoa-nuts, of which chocolate and cocoa are made, are the main product.' A Cocoa plantation-or walk, as it is called-may contain some thousand trees, besides which, it has grouped about it the stately coral tree, as a protection for the young trees from the too scorching heat. They are not unlike the cherry in form, and seldom exceed twenty feet in height. The nuts are enclosed in pods as big as a man's fists put together, and will number almost a hundred in each. The crops are in December and June, and a well-bearing tree will produce twenty or thirty pods, which are gathered during a period of three weeks or so, as they turn yellow. As a ripening process, they are then allowed to lie in heaps, and afterwards spread out in the sun on mats, and when dry, each nut, (about the size of a kidney bean) has a hard thin skin of its own. When required for use, they are roasted, and the husks removed. Many millions of pounds of Cocoa are now annually consumed in this country, while prior to the reduction of the duty in 1832, the quantity was not half a million. But although this progress has been made, an adverse influence has continually been tending to check its con- sumption in the attempt of some manufacturers to gratify the public desire for a cheap article, and throwing on the'market that only which is inferior and adulterated. However, shortly after the reduction of the duty, the doctrine of Homoeopathy was introduced into this country, and greatly stimulated the use of Cocoa. Being almost the only beverage recommended to those under the homce spathic mode of treatment, it became very essential that a preparation of a quality at once attractive and pure should be made obtainable for their use. James Epps, the homonpatinc chemist first established in this country, was induced to turn his attention to the subject, and with the assistance of elaborate machinery, succeeded at length in perfecting the preparation now bearing his name. The very agreeable character of this preparation soon rendered it a general favorite. An addiiional recommendation was the facility with which it could be prepared for the table. It but required two teaspoonfuls of the powder to be put in a breakfast cup, then to be filled up with boiling water or milk, and the beverage was ready. But, although this preparation had been especially introduced for the use of homoeopathies, medical men of all schools soon began to recommend it. Its natural attractiveness of flavor, and its developed grateful qualities, soon obtained for it a position which had only been withheld from cocoa through misadventure. Dr Hassall, in his work, Food and its Adulterations,' says: Cocoa contains a great variety of important nutritive principles-every ingredient necessary to the growth and sustenance of the body.' Again, As a nutritive, Cocoa stands. very much higher than either coffee or tea.' Dr. Lankester, says:—'Cocoa contains as much flesh-forming matter as beef.' Dr Liebig, suys Theobromine, the most highly nitrogenised vegetable principle.' (The most nutritious food is as a rule highly nitrogenised.) Dr Hooper, says Adiiiirably adapted for the sick —for those in health it is a luxury.' Epps's Cocoa, or. as it is more frequently called, Epps's Homoeopathic Cocoa, is secured in tlb tlb and 4 9 lib tin-lined, labelled packets, and sold by Grocers, Con- fectioners, and Chemists. ROYAL NAVY IN COMMISSION tTEAM SHIPS. Aboukir, Jamaica Fox, par. service Pylades, N. America Adder, Chatham Frederick William, and West Indies Achilles, Channel Queenstown Racer, Mediter. Adventure, China Galatea, N. America Racoon, Portsmouth Advice, Queenstown Gannett, N. Amer. Ranger, Coast of Af. Albacore, Bermuda Gibraltar, Mediter. /Rapid, Cape Alberta, Portsmouth Gladiator, Devnport Rattler, China Alert, Pacific Gleaner,. Brazils Rattlesnake, \V. Af. Algerine, China Grappler, Pacific Researck, Chatham Amazon, Devonport Grasshopper, China Resistance, Medit. Antelope, W. Africa Greyhound, VV". Afric Revenge, Pembroke Arethusa, Sheerness Handy, W. Africa Rifleman, China Argus, China Hardy, China Rosario, N. America Assuiance, Medit. Harpy, Devonport and West Indies Asp, Pembroke Hastings, Queen's T. Royalist, N. Amer. Aurora, N. America Havock, China and West Indies Barossa, China Haughty, China Royal George,Dublin Basilisk, China Hawke, Queenstown Royal Oak, Medit. Banterer, China Hector, Portsmouth IU. Sovereign, Chan. Bellerophon, Prtmth Helicon, Portsmouth Salamander, Aus- Blk. Eagle, Wlwich Hesper, China tralia Blk. Prince, Channel Highflyer, E Indies Salamis, China Blazer, Queenstown Himalaya, Portsmth Satellite, Brazils Bouncer, China Hogue, Greenock Scorpion, Portsmth Brisk, Australia Hydra, Mediter. Scout, Pacific Bristol, W. Africa Hyaena, Milford Scylla, China Britomart, Dvnport Industry, Woolwich Serpent, China Bustard, China Insolent, China Severn, ord home Buzzard, N. America Investigator, W. Af. Sharpshooter, Brazil Cadmus, N. America Irresistible, Sthmptn Shearwater, Pacifia Caledonia, Mediter. Jackal, Scotland Sheldrake, Brazils Caradoc, Mediter. Janus, China Skylark, Gibraltar Chanticleer, Medit. Jaseur, W. Africa Slaney, China Charon, Devonport Kestrel, China Snipe, W. Africt Clinker, Plymouth Landrail, W.Africa Sparrow, ord home Clio, Pacific Lee, ord home Sparrowhawk, Pacfic Clown, China Leander, ord home Speedwell, W. Africa Cockatrice, Medit. Leopard, ord. home Speedy, Jersey Cockchater, E. Ind. Leven, China Spider, S. America Columbine, Pacific Liffev, N. America Sphinx, N. America Constance, N. Amer. Lightning, Scotland Spiteful, Brazils Coquette, ord. home Lily, North America Sprightly, Portsmth. Cordelia, N. Amer. Linnet., Brazils Staunch, China Cormorant, China Lion, Greenock Steady, North Amer. Coromandel, China Liverpool, Channel and West Indies Cornwallis, Hull Lizard, Sheerness St George, Portland 1 Cossack, Meditter. Lyra, Mozambique Stromboli, pas home > Curacoa, Australia Maiacca, Pacific Styx, North America Cygnet, N. America Manilla, China and West Indies ( Dapper, Dartmouth Meanee, Mediter. Supply, Woolwich Dart, Portsmouth Medusa, Sheerness Sutlej, Pacific 1 Dasher, Jersey. Megæra, store ser. Swallow, ord home < Ll Dauntless, Humber Mullet, W, Africa Dee, store service Mutine, Pacifiic Tamar, troop ser. i Defence, Channel Narcissus Brazils Terrible, Meiitcr. Devastation, (rd hm Nettle, Portsmouth Terror, Bermuda Donegal, Liverpool Niger, N. America Torch, W. Africa f D< ris, N. America Nimble, N. America Trafalgar, Queen's- » Doterel, Brazils and West Indies ferry, N.B. } Dromedary, W. A f. Oberon, Devonport Tribune, ord home }■ Duke of Wellington, Octavia, E. Indies Trinculo, Channel l Portsmouth Orontes, Prtsmouth Triton, Brazils « Duncan, N. America Osborne, special ser. Tyrian, Mediter. I Eclipse, Australia Osprey, China Urgent, Portsmouth Edgar, Channel Pandora, W. Africa Valorous, Cape Edinburgh, Queen'R Pantaloon, bombay Victoria, Mediter Ferry, N.B. Pelican, Portsmouth Victoria and Albert, Elfin, Portsmouth Pelorus, China. Portsmouth Enchantress,par.ser. Pembroke, Harwich Vigilant, E. Indies Enterprise, Medit. Pengnin, Mzmbique Vivid, Woolwich Espoir, W Africa Perseus, China Wanderer, Mediter Esx, Australia Phoebe, ord home Wasp, Mozambique Fairy, Portsmouth Pigmy, Portsmouth Weazel, China Falcon, Australia Porcupine, Channel Weser, Malta I Favourite, Dvnport. survey. Wildfire, Sheerness Fawn, N. America Princess Alice, De- Wizard, coast Syria Fervent, Bristol vonport Wolverine, N. Amer. Firefly, Mediter. Prln. Consort, Chan. Wye, store service J Fire Queen, Prtmth. Prin. Royal, China Wyvern, Devonport 1 Flamer, China Procris, Gibraltar Zebra, W. Africa Forward, Pacific JPsyche, Mediter.