BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, & DEATHS. Notices of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, should be sent to us in Manuscirpt, properly authenticated. W e cannot under- take to search other papers for these announcements, which are frequently found o be incorrectly printed, or turn out to be untrue. BIRTHS. On the 28th ult, at Merlin's Hill, in this town, the wife of Mr Joseph Drakeford, grocer, of a daughter. La e'y. at Hanton. near this town, the wife of Mr Robert Morris, of a son. On the 23rd ult, the wife of Mr Joseph Lewis, farmer, Norchard, in the parish of Boulston, of a son. On the 18th ult, at Dame-street, Carmarthen, the wife of Mr David Rees, fitter in H.M's Dockyard, Pembroke Dock, of a son. MARRIAGES. On the 5th inst., at the Register Office1, in this town, Mr Morris Thomas, of Prendergast, in this town, to Mrs Eliza Lewis, of the same place. On the .5th inst., at the Register Office, in this town, Mr Andrew Thomas John, of Crundale, to Miss Elizabeth. Jones, of Merlin's Bridge. On the 22nd ult, at Ross Church, by the Rev E Barton, Mr Joseph Powell, of Pembroke, to Mary Ann. youngest daughter of the late Air Thomas Hill, of Ross, Hereford- shire. On the 26th ult, at St. James's Church, Narberth, by the Rev. H. C. D. Chandler, Mr John James, house-builder, Haverfordwest, to Miss Elizabeth Harries, confectioner, Market-square, Narberth. On the 26Lh ult, at Pembroke, Sergeant-major Vince, of the 9th regt.. to Mrs Catherine Billington, of the Montague.' London-road, Pembroke Dock. On the 28th of April, at the residence of the bride's parents, by the Rev Thomas Johnston, assisted by the Rev James Voller, Alfred Thomas, of Toowoomba, Queensland, son of the late Mr John Rees, of Upton, Pembrokeshire, to Lucy Jane, daughter of the Rev Edwin Robinson, of Surrey Hill, Sydney. DEATHS. On the 30th ult, at Elliot's Hill, near this town, Mr Griffiths, farmer, formerly of Boulston Farm, highly respected. On the 28th ult, at Millin Pill, near this town, Susanna, wife of Mr Samuel Lewis, aged 45 years. On the 28th ult, at 60, Tabernacle-walk, Finsbury, London, after a long and painful illness, Mr Tlieophilua John Potter, aged 58 years.
HOI.LOWAY'S OINTMENT AND PILLS.—Marvellous cures of scsatica, stiff joints, paralysis of the limbs, and other crippling di eases of the bones, sinews, and muscles, have been accom- plished by Holloway's Ointment. It is the only unguent which produces any impression on these complaints. The Pills also work wonders. The ointment and pills should be both used at the same time, for the action of the one is greatly assisted by that of the other. Why should any human being suffer from the aborementioned maladies, when Holloway's Ointment and Pills are to be found in every city and town in the world? These noble noj|ilcaments are composed of rare balsams, and arc as benign aiM safe as they are powerful and effieacious. INTERESTING TO LADIES.—At this season of the year the important process of bleaching and dressing Laces and Linens for Spring and Summer wear commences, we would therefore particularly call the attention of our fair readers to the GLENFIELD STARCH, an article of primary importance in the getting up of these articles. The GLENFIELD STARCH is specially manufactured for family use, and such is its excellence that it is now exclusively used in the Royal Laundry, and Her Majesty's Laundress pronounces it to be the finest Starch she ever used. Her Majesty's Lace Dresser says it is the best she has tried, and it was awarded two Prize Medals for its superiority. The manufacturers have much pleasure in stating that they have been appointed Starch Purveyors to H.R.H. tte Princess of Wales. The GLENFIELD Starch is Sold in packets only, by all Grocers Chan- dlers, &c, &c. TOOTH ACHE arises from various causes, but the most common kind is that where the enamel and bony sub- stance is decayed and exposes the nerve, which is then liable to be attacked by cold, or injured through coming in contact with some foreign substance; and in such cases BUNTlm's NERVINE will give INSTANT RELIEF. Testimonial from E. Smith, Esq., Surgeon, Sherston near Cirencester. I have tried BUNTER'S NERVINU in many cases of severe Tooth-ache, and in every instance permanent Relief has been obtained: I therefore strongly recommend it to the public.' BUNTER'S NERVINE may be had of all chemists at Is 1| 1 per packet, or post free for 15 stamps, from J. R. COOPER, Chemist, Maid- stone.
FRIGHTFUL EXPLOSION.—An explosion, attended with the most fatal results, occurred on Tuesday afternoon ia the firework manufactory of M. Aubin, at 30, Rue de Belleville, La Villette, Paris. The workshops consisted of several buildings, and at the moment of the accident contained a great number of workpeople, most of whom were females, and it is stated that they were engaged in. the preparation of a species of firework intended to ignite by contact with the air. Soldiers and police-agents at once hurried to the spot, guided by the confhgratibn which succeeded the explosion, and immediate efforts were made, happily attended with success, to save one of the buildings still standing, which contained 600 kilogrammes of gunpowder. Twenty one dead bodies, blackened, mutilated, and quite unrecognisable, were drawn from under the ruins, and taken to the cemetery, where they were laid out on straw, and where there aoon collected a sad group of persons searching among the dead for traces of their friends. The aspect of some of the corpses was horrible. Twelve of the wounded were taken to the hospitals St. Louis and Lariboissiere, where five have succumbed, the lives of the rest being despaired of. A solemn interment of the victims took place. Pecuniary assistance has been conveyed to the be- reaved families by order of the Emperor, who himself visited the scene of the calamity,
CORRESPONDENCE. We do not consider ourselves responsible for the opinions and sentiments of our Correspondents BONCATH HIGHWAY BOARD. SIR,Will you allow me a small space in your valuable paper, as your report of the proceedings of the above Board has been mercilessly attacked by a correspondent of the Carmarthen Journal, and as a member of that Board I feel It my duty to say a few words in defence of your reporter. I shall pass by the insinuation ot the Journal's correspondent as to your reporter being an interested mourner over the decline of John Colby, Esquire's popularity, and only notice his remark as to my not having nominated that gentleman. His statement is quite wrong, as I did so, and was seconded properly, and the proposition would no doubt have been carried unani- mously, and the Board and district benefitted by his valuable services as chairman; but Dr. Jones of Llancych brought word from him that be would not accept office, consequently I withdrew my motion, when Major Lewis of Ciynfiew, was elected as our chairman, and B. Evans, Esq, its our vice-chairman, without oppo- sition. I am fully satisfied that the author of the report respecting the transactions of our Highway Board at Boncath is not a member, as his statements are quite wioog, and oanoot be supported j ho is certainly ill-dis- posed and nothing else, and for that reason I shall not consider him worth my further notice except he subscribe his name to his letter; if he does that, be shall know more about it if required. I remain, Sir, yours truly, GKOIIGE BOWKIT, Guardian of St. Dogmell's. Plasnewydd, May 25th, 186G. rHE GUARDIANS OF THE HAVERFORDWEST UNION AND THE POOR. SIR,-The Haverfordwest Union District is now under the Union Chargeability Act,' the avowed object of which, is, I believe, to improve the condition of the poor. That such may have been the honest intention of the framtra of the Act I will not deny but it is by no means likelv that such a result will follow the manner in which the Act is administered in this District. I am not an ardent admirer of rates and taxes I cannot say that I feel a thrill of joyous emotion when that much abused but useful functionary, the Rate Collector, makes his ppriodical appearance indeed I often think I should feel better pleased if his visits bore a greater resemblance to what angels' are said to be, i.e., 'few and far between.' Although this feeling is shared to a considerable extent by ratepayers generally, still, I do I not hesitate to say that the majority of those who pay rates would rather pay a little more in order that those who are no longer able to feed and clothe themselves should at any rate be provided with the necessaries of life. There is, Sir, now, and has been for the last few weeks a considerable amount of suffering among the aged poor residing in the District of the Haverfordwest Union. This suffering is brought about by the Guardians, who in their anxiety to do justice to the ratepayers, are doing that which I doubt not will be the means of lessening the number of those who receive relief; for to take fnm the aged and infirm a part of what was barely sufficient to sustain life is a sure way of getting rid of them altogether. And such, Sir, is the plan pursued by the Guardians of the Haverfordwest Union. True they have, when reducing the amount of relief, or taking it away entirely, informpd the poor creatures that they could go into the Workhouse.' But it is well known that to a great number of the un- fortunate poor the dread of the Workhouse is only ex- ceeded by that of the Jail. That feeling which has always prevailed in the British breast has not been lessened by that story of 'A Night in the Worlchouse' which sent a thrill of indignant horror through the land. Some of those aged paupers who have lately been de- prived of the trifle they were allowed and in its place offered the indoor relief' were in the habit of doing an odd job heie and there, and thus with the 2s or 2s 6d from the parish managed to eke out a living. Now, Sir, I contend that these persons who do all in their power to help themselves are the very ones who should be helped and encouraged. But our Guardians think otherwise, and either reduce the amount or take it away entirely and give them tve miserable choice of starvation or the Workhouse. Can we wonder at their not accepting the latter offer? The following fact will give your readers an idea of the manner in which the poor are treated in the Haverfordwest Workhouse. An aged woman who is, I believe, still in the Workhouse, was paralysed, and instead of necessary nourishment being supplied her, there was nothing but the bare Workhouse fare allowed which she could not touch, and not until those who waited on her positively refused to carry it to her, was there anything done, and then she was put on the sick list. When such cases as this occur, is it to be wondered at that Poorhouse and Prison should almost be considered as synonymous words? The Guardians surely cannot be aware of the destitution they are causing by depriving the deserving poor of relief and leavintthem the miserable alternative of going indoors. Such a system cannot be supported by the plea that it is mere economical and will lessen the poor rates for if a pauper who was receiving 2s 6d a week as outdoor relief be sent into the Workhouse what will the cost be ? At least double. I have no wish Mr Editor to see pauperism pampered but I do think honest poverty should be pitied noc punished. I am, Sir, Yours, &c., A WELL WISHER TO THE POOB. LORD BROUGHAM AND THE BEER-HOUSES. SIR,-There is a misconception abroad that Lord Brougham was one of the responsible authors of what has proved an unmitigated curse to this country, namely, the present beer-house system. I therefore claim your aid in removing so unjust an accusation against that veteran statesman and philanthropist. Nearly a generation ago, Lord Brougham—when moving the second reading of his Sale of Beer Act Re- peal Bill in the House of Lords-described the beer- houses as 'polluting the soil of the country, casting a dark shade over the minds of the people, and infecting and poisoning the atmosphere which the people ought to breathe.' It is no insignificant fact in our parliamentary history that when Lord Melbourne, the then Prime Minister, announced the intention of his cabinet to re- sign, Lord Brougham, in reference to his anti-beer Bill, said, I consider that Bill to be of more importance Ks regards the public morals than the resignation of any ministry; and I shall proceed, whoever ho'ds the ofliceof Minister of this country, in my endeavours to obtain The re- peal of a measure which 1 believe to be permanently fraught with mischief to the character of the country.' In the course of his eloquent speech, Lord Brougham said, Some of my noble friends have charged me with having changed my opinions upon this subject. "'How can you," ask the writers of the letters I am daily receiving, "how can you be against the Beer Bill who originally brought it in ?" If I had brought it in, and found that I had been wrong, that would be a good reason why I should change my opinions. But it so happens that I not only did not bring it in, but I opposed it in every way I could. I brought in a Beer Bill, but it contained a clause prohibiting, under severe penalties, the consump- tion, of beer on the premises.' Lord Brougham produced overwhelming evidence of the immoral effects of the beer-houses, and said he bad further examples which were too shocking for him to read to the House. These related to the 'most abhorrent cases of female prostitution, and of such profligacy and crapulous vice as he had never read or heard of before! He then delivered what has been termed a withering and eloquent invective' against merely palliating evil. The following is but a summary :—' To what good, or with what consistency, could the clergy occupy themselves in inculcating piety and morals on the Sunday, and visiting their parishioners, in order to tend their flocks and keep them in the right path ?-to what good was it that the Legislature passed laws to punish crime, or that their lordships should occupy themselves in finding out modes of improving the morals of the people by giving them education ?—what, in the name of Heaven, could be the use of all the education they could bestow,—what the use of sowing a little seed here, and plucking up a weed there, if these beer-shops were to be continued, that they might go on to sow the seeds, not of ignorance, but of that which was ten times worse-immorality broadcast over the land, germinating the most frightful produce that ever bad been allowed to grow up in a civilised country, and, he was ashamed to add, under the foster- ing care of Parliament, and throwing baleful influences over the whole community ?' Then, as now, it was asked, 'How about the Revenue?' To this question Lord Brougham made the fitting reply that he dealt with this subject on high moral and religious grounds, and that he really felt ashamed to treat it as a mere 'petty ques- tion of financebut if he did sink down to rest, he would say that he was perfectly confident that, instead of a re- peal of this Bill being an injury to the revenue, it would cause an increase of it. The great Duke of Wellington supported Lord Brougham's repressive measure; so did not the noble Marquis of Westminster, who feared it would 'ruin the beer-shop keepers;' he was in favour, however, of the suppression of 'gin-palaces' and 'ardent spirits,' which, in the words of Lord Brougham, he ad- mitted, were the parents of crimes of the worst descrip- tion,' namely, crimes accompanied with violence. The Duke of Richmond supported Lord Brougham, and said that if he were in office, the first thing he would direct his attention to would be the corrction of this I detest- able evil.' The Earl of Harewood said he had never heard anything from any human being but a complaint of these beer-shops. His words were—' This is almost the only subject I ever knew on wh ch there is one uni- versal feeling expressed throughout the country^' Fol- lowing the example of Lord Brougham, be said, I I oball not consider the subject as connected with revenue at alt. For the benefit of the people, at all risks, do away with the system which is one of the greatest evils that ever has been inflicted upon the people. It is absolutely essen- tial to the morals of the people that it should be done away with.' Unfortunately, Lord Brougham's warning voice has been disregarded, and 'at all risks' the evil has been continued but I believe the present Parliament will not pass away without an attempt being made by the Government to redeem its pledge of a rectification of our anomalous licensing system. The beer-houses are indeed universally condemned. Even the licensed vic- tuallers condemn them, but their condemnation, though deserved, is not perhaps wholly disinterested I quote it for its pungency. The Guardian of their interests lately stated that, 'Never was an Act of Parliament more thoroughly unsatisfactory in its working than that which enabled a host of beer-shops to be opened. We find too frequently that the person who opens such beer- shop is a man whose character will not bear investigation, and who deliberately lajs all his plans to make as much as possible out of those who earn their money like horses and spend it like asses!' Again, 'the beer-shop keeper collects about him the very dregs of society. It is in these places that robberies are planned and crimes con- trived. The beer-shop keeper is too frequently the banker of the thief,' &c. This is the character of these places as painted by their 'respectable' brethren. But what is the chief attraction to these beer-shops? and what causes the mischief which they inflict upon their frequenters and the public? it is the poisoning and maddening drink, that burning alcohol which is neither food nor physic, and which, in even stronger doses, is the staple trade of the public house and the gin-palace. I raise my voice therefore against the cause of the evil demon drunkenness and its deadly brood; and believing. with Lord Brougham, that it is dangerous and criminal for a State to rely for any portion of its revenue upon such a polluting source, I call upon the people to support those legislators who will give them a veto power for the suppression of this prolific cause of national llcmorali. sation, Yours truly, HENRY PITMAN. Manchester.
Margaret Williams tI. Martha Davies, of Pembroke I Tho for an assault on the complainant on the 17th inst. case was proved, and the defendant fined Is and 13s 0>" seven days. Paid. ^a^lance» East-end, butcher, v. John »au ywZ, and Cornelius Horgnn, for trespass in a fleld Rope Walk, on Sunday, the 13th inst. complainant stated to the Bench that the Police bt0 J0and 30 or 40 boys and girls in all, but he only to o!^ tWo tbem before their Worships as an example ifonM8" He wa8 not inclined t0 Pre8a the ease, if they dra promise not to offend again. The caso was witb- ^e*l °n Pa^ment cos^s ea«b, with a reprimand by Jkrtha Davies, of Monkton v. Charles Nicholas, and W tl ce' *w0 ^s' a^ou^ years of age, for an assault def I0w*u» sloaes at complainant on the 17th inst. The Tinfi? an^8 were fined Is and 6s costs each, or seven days. B°'h Paid. teJrVerseers of St. Mary, Pembroke, summoned 36 persons, fiiffK t8 of l^e Parisll» for non-payment of Poor and jjSQway Rates. One case was dismissed, five excused, jjj^'hdrawn, and 17 ordered to pay, or distress to be PEMBROKE FARMERS' CLUB. The usual quarterly meeting of this society was held tl1 Saturday week, at the Lion Hotel. The dinner was j6rved up in the most excellent style by mine host *jnies, about 50 gentlemen and farmers being present. ii chair was taken by Captain II. Leach, Coraton vice-chairman being Mr T. Lewis, Norchard. o»°ng those present were Dr Mansel; Mr I. William- j°.n; Mr Williams, Lamphey Park Mr Hayes, Alleston jjIe<U. W. O. Hulm Mr Trotter, Stackpole Court; Mr e,1» Roberts, Loveston; Mr J. Dawkins, mayor of the rt0»gh Mr S. Nicholas, secretary, &c., &c. After 6 cloth had been removed the usual loyal and other toasts were duly honoured. The names of the successful Competitors in sheep shearing were then read over and as follows — ^8t Prize—John Howells; Mr Balls, Brown Slade. ditto—Samuel Cuthb'ert; Earl Cawdor. t\ pommended — Charles Grace; Mr. Standerwick, Helton. The Chairman said that Mr Morgans, Lamphey, had "on the prize for 2 years old heifers, has heifer having PtOduced a living calf. (Hear hear.) Air Hood of Marlartge, asked what would become of th.e 2nd prize for heifers, as it had not, according to the etlPUlations brought forth a calf. The Chairman informed the meeting that the prize would be returned to the funds. The chairman 'kid that the discussion that evening would be con- tlnued from the last meeting, on 1 Agricultural Chemis- y>' They would be glad to hear any gentleman who anything to say on the matter. The Yice-Chairman said that at the last meeting it been proposed by Mr Hood that a discussion should place at this meeting, on the very able paper that then been read by Mr D. P. Saer, Pater. He 8«eved that Mr Saer had now been good enough to ?,ePare another shorter paper for the present meeting— war hear.)—and he would probably treat scientifically the subjeot, which could afterwards be practically fussed by the members. (Hear.) int uPon rising was loudly cheered, he said The woduction of a subject for discussion thi3 afternoon ind C°me ratber unexpectedly upon me, so much so Via^' kave 8carce^v had time to prepare myself th t a su*ta^e subject. I was under the impression *OBI Marledge, intended bringing forward at tK.remar^s connection with Agricultural Chemistry at this meeting. I was led to think so, from the fact of Hood proposing at the close of the last meet- fof' atthe principles of Agricultural Chemistry should thi^6. Bukject discussion at this meeting; and I nk it is to be regretted that he, or some other gentle- M.°f Practical agricultural knowledge did not take. 00 imtiative on the present occasion; as I believe of a practical nature would be more conducive 5 an animated and useful discussion, than the purely ones, which I am only in a position to offer (Hear, hear,) The subject to be considered at present meeting is that of Agricultural Chemistry.' conT it appears to me that the subject is too • prehensive to admit of being advantageously entered 6ff°' an.Seated upon in one evening. In aiming to %h"Ck made a mistake in my last paper, I confess was too long and too comprehensive to able my hearers to retain its principles, sufficiently to ln a good discussion after it was over. For this «8on 1 think we had better treat upon the subject in for ??*8tract» selecting those departments of the science ducussion which may be of the most practical im- tance and interest to the farmer. Since our last **6.the paper which I read has been publicly dis- ^Ut 0De a8"cultural newspapers of the ,l°t; doubtless many of you have read their articles n ll" should be pleased to think that my Rre contained uo fallacies; but I fear it contained a ttaD.y » yet.^ am rather reluctant to give way to <!ont P0^11^3 which they in a friendly way professed to r°Vert» and as there has been no definite subject for the present discussion, I will with your 8i°n propose that the three disputable points ti0 by the Welshman form the subject of our atten- p(e I have no doubt there are many gentlemen li Oelltt in a position to give some good practical obaerva- eith8 uPon one or more of those points, which would go jw to confute, or corroborate my statementa. (Hear, thr The Welshman very kindly only points out ree err e.errors in my paper, and for the benefit of those Mefl Ve not rea<* ^iscuasions in the paper, I will .^e8cribe them. The first of these is the con- 60(j.nation of the use of common salt, or chloride of )g jj11111' as a valuable general manure, which they state freejCotrect; and that I condemned the use of salt too i condemned salt as a manure upon the Wa&t 8 so^a was n°t 80 essential to growth of re<iuire its artificial application to the soil, the «801 • containing naturally sufficient soda to supply ^ats e^uire5ients of the plant. In support of these ff0r! u?ta 1 q.uoted the words of Mr Alfred Libson, HioK «8 WOr^on aSricultural chemistry, pages 61, 8^aPe of common ''ttt a smnll nu °ccurs in soils, and generally in ValnnKlp m°D aalt is often extolled as finable genera! manure; but however useful it may ill8ec^ngl aD a 0t. r cr°P3' or for destroying Us,.value f a general manure is very doubtful, thl8 °f thefC0Tly- 0n certain parts of the Use of Salt has been a»ended with j iaed improvements in the land but in this country theg Ces °f this sort are rare. In contravention of ? statements there is given from Liebeg's Laws of theSbandry,' a detailed account of some experiments in ^W,Se Sa^ 88 a manurin8 agent, performed on the ti0ll by Professor Kuhlman, in which the applica- °' salt alone, produced a marked improvement in of grass operated upon and its application as iary 8al-ammor)iac and sulphate of ammonia, ?fe t °e a better result. Again, in the same book experiments performed by salt upon cereals, of Bav • V lhe of the < Agricultural society Mth aa)rfla>' when it was found that the land manured *U<i aQd ammonia, produced twice as much as the with ammonia alone; and the land the Un with salt alone, produced a marked increase on lan<3, Theae experiments are certainly thp Jto^rds the use of salt as a manuring agent, |Ood eff th0y are performed on the Continent, where its *°fes8 BCtT ?re ^nown to be produced, as remarked by fco0(j °r Libson. What we want is evidence of its 441t effects in this country. There is no doubt that f^onj as common salt, nitrate of soda, sulphate of ra -&e., may be employed in the operations of the f^ttall marked success, not alone because they .w* ala °°ntr^ute towards the sustenance of the plant, *oh tK "8e they possess other peculiarities by thn „6u-ai? an? promote the action of the plough 1 m Branulating the soil and diffusing t* fioij6 substances_by faciliatingatmospheric action < and rendering substances into an available « .^°ut n!186 J.- piant, which previously, and iNion a?l .n' .was inoperative. Kow it is my K?eficial 18 m 8 *ay that salt exerts its W y townr/f '8 "Pon 8°ii> not by contributing di- 7 as eunnn 8 j substances of the plant in the same ewano, ana farm-yard manure ia known to do. | Leibeg. says that the effects produced upon crops by salt affords a pretty safe indication of the con- dition of the field. If all other substances are equal, its effects will be much less marked upon a field well tilled, than upon one not in the same state of cultivation. This shows that as the manuring prin- ciple of salt depends more upon its power of diffusing substances already in the soil than in directly contribu- ting towards the wants of vegetation; its use may be dispensed with, and replaced by a more careful and thorough tillage. No doubt there are many gentlemen present who have themselves employed salt, and are able from experience to give us some observations upon its value as a general manure, and in anticipation of such, I must remark that the words I made use of in my lecture, and have been so strongly commented upon by the Welshman, that or its doubtful value as a general manure, does not altogether imply that it is not useful in some cases, although all my research in the matter has so far convinced me that in all cases, it is better applied as an auxiliary to some nitrogenised or am- moniacal manure, than alone, and even under these cir- cumstances, the augmentation in the crops could not possibly take place, unless the soil contained the pnper quantity of the other necessary ingredients, such as phos- phoric and silicic acids, potash, &c., capable of being brought into operation. The next point, gentlemen, is the Humus question. My contemporary thinks that I place too much value upon the presence of this substance I in soils. Well, to those who strictly adhere to Liebeg's mineral theory it may appear so; but I still contend that a certain quantity of carb mised vegetable matter (or humus) is essential to all soils, since it not only con- tributes to the store of nitrogen in soils by the decay lof vegetable matter, but because it also provides plants with an abundant source of carbonic aoid, two necessary elements to the healthy development of the plant. Yet, on the other hand, in the absence of the proper quantity of mineral ingredients it would be of no avail whatever. Tu discuss this subject properly, which at present is so unexplored, and based on mere hypothesis, scientific arguments, of no direct interest to the farmer, will have to be employed, and I think it will be as well to leave it, and to consider the last upon our list-that is iron in soil. In my first paper I am stated to have con- demned the oxide of iron too freely, and to have stated that its presence in soils always exerted an injurious effect upon vegetation. These are supposed to bb incor- rect statements, but I hope the remarks I am about to make will lead to a discussion corroborative of my views in the matter. The subject of oxide of iron in soils is as interesting and as important a one as could possibly be introduced to your notice, since it is capable of leading you into a secret or two relating to the operation of deep or subsoil ploughing. In speaking of the oxida of iron in soils, the Welshman said I condemned its presence in soils too freely, and quoted as an illustration of the fact the character and fertility of the rich red lands of this county, which contained large quantities of iron. In this they were quite correct, for these soils are un- doubtedly the most productive in this county but they forget that the iron present in such soils exists in a very different form to the simple oxide or protoxide alluded to in my lecture. The red colour of those soils is due to the presence of the insoluble peroxide of iron, which form its absorbent qualities and from its power of de- composing water and forming ammonia is well known to be productive. The other oxide referred to does not perform these functions in the soil, until it has, by the action of water and air, and by absorption of oxygen from those bodies, become converted into the beneficial insoluble peroxide. This fact, no doubt, has been fully proved by many present in the operation of deep plough- ing. In the process of deep plougWng the subsoil which contains large quantities of unchanged or absolute oxide of iron becomes turned up upon the surface and here effects its injurious action upon vegetation, and the farmer is surprised to find his tormer rich red soil now poor and barren, producing nothing like its original crops, and it is not until it has absorbed sufficient oxy- gen to convert the simple oxide into the red peroxide that the soil regains its original fertility, and this is fre- quently a matter of several years. The best remedy to adopt where such mistakes are made is to use lime freely, and to thoroughly work and fallow the land. Such are the means recommended by scientific princi- ples, and may be worth your attention. Mr Saer resumed his seat amid great applause. Some little discussion then took place relative to the value of different artificial manures, but quite irrelevant to the paper read by Mr Saer. Mr Roberts, of Loveston, said they were deviating out of their course. They were all much obliged to Mr Saer for his kindness in introducing the discussion, but as regarded salt as manure, he had tried it upon turnips, and found that where salt had been tried the crop was worse, the leaf turning a dark blue colour. Dr. Mansel said he had taken the suggestion from Mr Hayes, and bad tried salt on mangolds, and it had fully answered his expectations. The roots were twice the size of those where salt bad not been used. Mr Williamson said he had tried salt several times on beet and on mangolds, which answered well. He thought it answered better for mangolds than with any other roots. He was sorry to differ with Mr Roberts, but such had been his experience (laughter). Mr Roberts said he had omitted to mention that it was upon heavy soil he had tiied the salt (hear, hear, and laughter) and that perhaps it would be better on light soil. Mr Hayes said he had used salt in Lincolnshire, and in this country with considerable advantage but with different lands he had met with different results it behoved them to be very careful how they used it: on dry lands a small quantity might be of use, but on wet lands bad; he should be glad to know from them the results of humus chemists, would doubtless be of much use to them in matters they did not understand. Mr Hood then proposed Mr T. Codd, Sageston, a3 a member of the club, which was seconded by MrOrmond, and carried unanimously. Mr Hayes said he should propose at the next meeting that the rule should be altered, in order to prevent the same animal winning the prize every year. He should therefore give notice to that effect. Mr B. Roberts proposed the health of the worthy chairman, Captain Henry Leach, which was received with great cheering, and given with musical honours. Captain Leach, in responding said, he thanked them most heartily for the kindness they had done him, he took much interest in the agricultural prosperity of the county, (hear, hear) and he wished them all much suc- cess in farming. (Hear, hear, and cheers). The health of Mr Saer was then proposed and duly honoured. Mr Saer responded in suitable terma. It was proposed by Mr Griffiths, of Merrion, and seconded by Mr Rees, Longstone, that Messrs. Tom Davies, Hayes, and Richard G. Lewis, Stephens, and Green be admitted members of the club, which was carried. The meeting shortly after separated.