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! BY THE WAY.I !_<


BY THE WAY. < A Comervativft Club is to be established at Moun- tain Ash. The four sons of the late Mrs. Powell, Anne-street, Treeytior, are all ministers of religion. Three are in Walts and one in America. St. Nicholas for March iff full of matter that will entrance and edify the juvenile intellect. The lowest of our quadrupeds is particularly readable. At the Board of Guardians on Saturday Mr. Dan Thomas affectionately referred to Mr. David Davies as his "junior colleague." Mr. Davies wa* not there to return the compliment. A correspondent asks us tu institute a comparison, on the score of ability, iwtween the Aberdare and the Mcrthyr Guardians. We have our opinion, but wild horses couldn't drag it out of us. Catholic priests are generally good men of business. Canon Wade and Father O'Reilly are reckoned among the smartest memtiers of the Board of Guardians, and they mv always ab!e to hold their own in that assembly. Is Mr. Andrew Lang a gipsyThere is a uian in Xew YOlk, named Sitnson, who thinks he is, and not only he, but John Bunyan, Corlyle, Francis Jeffrey, and many others. Mr. Simson is coming to South Wales soon to see whether Morien, Mr. Maclean, and Mr. Rollel t Bird have any Romany blood in their vieus. It was at the meeting of the Brecon-road Li'>eial Association, when the question of "one man one hoard" was discussed. There was a creaking noise from a bench, which caused much merriment. That w-is a case of 6HJ men one board," and the bench raised its voice in revolt against the multiplicity of seats. Mrs. Humphry Ward's novel, Sir George Tiessady," pursues the even tenour of its way in the pages of the Century. Another noteworthy article in the March numlier is MrF. Crawford's sketch of the elder Dumas. The writer, as all the world knows, is the Paris correspondent of the I)ailu Nci,-s. The illu*trations, as usual, are exquisite. One of the speakers at the Brecon-road Lit)erat Aasociation meeting said that he met a local legislator the other day. He (the legislator) complained of the work he had to do for the sake of the public he had been at it all that day, and had only had time to eat I a bun since breakfast. Hard lines, this. If it comes t) one member one bun," things will get awkward. At a sale by auction at Merthyr on Tuesday, Mr. Thomas Wake, the well-known tobacconist, offered a certain annnllt for a certain article. Just after the hammer had descended, making Mr. Wake the pur- chaser, another gentleman went a shilling higher. "I bid another Khilling," ho exclaimed. "But you are too late," replied the auctioneer. "You are not a-wake, yet. MacmUlon # Magazine for March is a very interest- ing number. The personal reminiscence of the late Alexander Macmillan is readable, and throws ntucn light 011 the origin of the magazine. Other note- worthy contributions are: "Thomas Cathro's Clock," The remarkablea of Captain Hind, Master Thief of Sngland," The Songs of Piedigrotta," and A Domestic Drama." We are glad to Bee Mwinillan maintaining its old literary standard so well. Miss Jane Douglas Roleley, who has just died at Swansea at the age of ninety-six, was a daughter (f the late Captain Roleley, who served with Nelson on hoard the Victory. A relic in her {xwsession was the breeches worn by Lord Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar. Her grandfather kept the Mackworth Hotel at Swansea, where Ndson stayed, with the result that young Roleley entered the Navy, and ultimately became possessed of the breeches. A writer in a London paper saya The Welsh hin/l meat.s vndulotion, and refers to the wave-like rise and fall of the voice through sevcral semi-tones, now louder, now softer, which form the gamut of Welsh devotional utterance. It is said that only the Welsh Nonconformist preachers can produce it in perfection, though a good many of the Welsh clergy, having been brought up among Nonconformists, are fair proficients in the art. The effect of thi" singular sustained wail on a Welsh congregation is extraordin- ary, raising them at times to a pitch of emotional excitement." Very beautiful and poetical were the old" emUel- lishments of the Triads. They gave to the moon the titles, "Sun of Night, "The Beautiful," and "Sun of the Fairies." The stars were called Eyes of Serenity," Candles of Heaven or God," and "Gems of the Sky." The waves were the "Sheep of Gwen- hidwy," "Dragons of the Salt Deep," and "Blossoms of Oct-an." The flowers were "Gems ofj Shrubs," j "Bennties of Summer," and Eyes of Zepliyi- The herbs were called Mantle ot Summer," A spect of Beauty," and Hall Floor of Lon." and tho wind bore the appeJlation of "Hero of the World," Architect of Bad Weather," and Assaulter of the Hille." Mr. Birrell madj- an extraordinary comes- ion to the House of Commons the other night. He has been a member for six years. The library is a mag- nificent one, full of looks of historic value and philosophical calm." Yet during the whole six years he has never read a single hook in that library. Why ? The reason was he had no mind to bring to bear upon a book in the asphyxiating atmosphere of the Home, and the distress which came of being con- demned to spend so much time in doing nothing." Can it be that the asphyxiating atmosphere prevents Mr. Birrell from writing as well as reading books. Fortunately, it has no depressing effect upon his speeches. King Prembi and the Ashanti expedition are esti- mated to cost this country £ 120,000, against which the crown, gold dust, and jewels of the dethroned monarch tu-ty be expected to rank as assets. The regimental p-ty is set down at £8,500; medical establishment, J62,500 trsnsport and remounts, £ 67,000; provision", forage, etc., £ 2,700; trading establishment and service, £ 10,000; warlike and other stores, £ 15,000. The payment of the native carriers, estimated at about B<0,000, has been met out of the funds advanced by the Colonial Treasurer on the Gold Coast. The balance of the cot of the expedition, to meet which the supplementary estimate has been framed, will be ultimately repaid by the Colonial Government in instalments. Mr. G. D. Leslie, R.A., told Churns a stoiy of Lady Beacons-field which has the merit of being new I recollect once getting into conversation, on n railway journey, with a linen-draper, who told me that when he was serving in a London shop a lady came in and asked for some satin. None being good enough, the lady volunteered the information that she wanted the satin for the purpose of making serviettes with it. The customer was Lady Beaconsfield, and she pro- posed to have [tarts of one of the speeches of her hus- band engraved in gold upon the satin, which, when made into napkins, was to be used at a dinner party given to the most prominent members of the Conser- vative Party." Lady Beaconsfield, as is well known, was very proud of her husband, and no doubt the story is also true. Thus the Westminster Gazette We gather from a highly exciting article in the tMilu JVewts that our liberties, if not our lives, are seriously threatened by a piece of apparently harmless legislation. We are to be liable to summary arrest, trial without sworn evidence, and punishment by fine or imprisonment, for strolling over a common, or walking in our neigh- bour's neld, even though we have his permission. All this is to be made possible if Mr. Brodrick's Military Manoeuvres Bill is passed into law. It is a liorrib'e picture of our natural rights being snatched from us at the hands of a Ministry which took office to defend the Constitution. But we are not surprised. The liberties of Parliament already have disappeared in the guillotine, and now we have Tory journals point- ing out that the country does not care for a Govern- ment whose home policy is the gag and whose foreign is atrocity-mongering. We sigh for a bye-election, in i which we might depict the villainies contemplated under this Military Manceuvres Bill. We should do this with special satisfaction when we remember the Military Manoeuvre by which,Mr. Brodrick upset the last Government. The "Brabazon Employment Society," now being introduced into the Merthyr Union, was founded 14 year-) ago by the Countess of Meath, then Lady Braba7.on. She had in 1880 offered a grant for material to any workhouse or infirmary that would try her scheme. The offer was not accepted till 1883, and then only by one workhouse infirmary, viz., Kensington. At the beginning of 1892 there were but 20 branches formed, now there are 90. This show-) that the B.E.S. is at last being appreciated. Its object is to give an interest to the lives of that saddest of all sad classes— the non-able-bodied paupers. These poor people-old, infirm, crippled, blind—are neces- sarily doomed to perpetual idleness so far as the workhouse officials are concerned. The aim of the B.E.S. is to alter this condition of things by teaching the inmates light and pretty employment, without in any way intarfering with the rules of the house. No inmate can be employed that is not exempt from work- by the Guardians, and to whom the matron has not given her permission. The pride the pupils take in gradually producing good, saleable work soon revives the self respect lost by years of pauperdom, and the whole tone o{ the man or wotaan changes. All help given iu teaching the various kinds of work is volun- tary. Each branch is self-supporting. This is effected by a yearly sale, which is held in order to provide I money for freiih materials. Tho surplus (invariably I made beyond the amount of the original grant) i;nised in vai ious ways for the benefit of the workers. No payments of any kind are admissibly


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