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STRIKE! I've a liking for this striking," If we only do it well; Firm, defiant, like a giant, Strike, and make the effort tell One another, working brother, Let us freeiy nuw advise; For redectiun ami correction Help to make us good and wise. Work and wages, say the sages, Go for ever hand in hand As the motion of an ocean, The supply and the demand. My advice i., strike for prices Nobler far than sordid coin; Striltu with terror sin and t'nur, And let man and master join. Every failing now prevailing In the heart or in the heaù- Make no clamour-take the hammer- Drive it ùown-and strike it dead Much the chopping, loppin?, propping, Carpenter, we have to do Ere the plummet, from the summit Mark our mural fabric true. Take the measure of false pleasure; Try each action by the square Strike a chalk-line fur your walk-line; Strike, to keep your footstep there The foundation of creation Liei in truth's unerring laws; Man of mortar, there's n" shorter Way to base a righteous cause. Every builder, painter, gilder, Man of leather, man of cluthes, Each mechanic in a panic With the way his labour goes. Let him reason thus in seasol1 Strike the root of all his wrong, Cease his quarrels, mend his morals, And be happy, rich, and strong. —From the Churchman's Magazine. RALPH HoYT.
RAILWAY ROLLING STOCK.—The total number of locomotive engines on railways in the United Kingdom is 3942—being about one locomotive to every two miles of railway. The number of first-class carriages 2413, capable of holding 49,226 passengers; the number of second-class carriages 3413, capable of holding 124,703 persons; the number of third-class carriages 2954, capable of holding 121,807 persons; the number of composite carriages 1114, capable of holding 3-5,^39 persons; and the number of other carriages 1470, capable ot holding 4231 persons—making together 11,364 carriages, capable of holding 335,206 passengers. The number of horse- boxes is 154j, capable of holdiog 4547 horses; the number of cattle-waggons 7127, capable of holding 76,696 head ot cattle. The number of carriage trucks is 1561. HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT AND PILLS, THE BEST REMEDY FOR THE CURE OF BAD LEGS.—Extract of a letter from Messrs. Trenchard and Whitby, booksellers, Yeovil, dated 20th, Nov., 1851.—"To Professor Holloway. Sir,—The following extraordinary case has come to our knowledge. A woman receiving parochial relief from this union, was suffering so severely from a very bad leg, that she was about to be removed to her own parish, under a medical certificate, as being permanently disabled; some delay, however, occurred, and in the meantime she used your Pills and Ointment, which have effected a perfect cure, sod she is now enabled to go into eerviw," r
FRIDAY'S LONDON GAZE rTE.-BA.NKRUPTS.
FRIDAY'S LONDON GAZE rTE.-BA.NKRUPTS. Owen Sturgis and William Adams, College-villas, New Finchley-road, St. John's-wood, builder John Hunter, Hove, Sussex, cowkeeper Joseph White, East Cowes, Isle of YVhite, shipbuilder James Holbeck, Marylebone-street, Golden-square, gold laceman Edward Roe Bensley, Hornsey-down, holloway, builder Frederick Payton, Birmingham, brick-maker Harriet Pearce, Newport, Monmouthshire, publican William Bennett, Foster-mill, near Hebden-bridge, York- shire, and Horwich, Lancashire, cotton-spinner TUESDAY'S LONDON GAzE,r,rrl,HANKRlip,rs. Edward Ablewhite, Mortimer-street, Caveudish-square, coachbuilder John Sayers, High-street, Wandsworth, carpenters Henry Miles Haviland, Denham, Buckinghamshire, cow- keeper Samuel James Lucas, Hingham, Norfolk, grocer William Hains Collins, Chepitow, Monmouthshire, grocar Edward Harper, Stamford, Lincolnshire, draper Henry Turbeville Edwards. Liverpool, builder John Cubbon, Liverpool, joiner William and Issac Shaw, Macclesfield, joiners
SMITHFIELD, MONDAY. The arrival of cattle and sheep from the continent into the port of London during the past week has been consider- able. The Custom-house return giies an entry of 1086 oxen, 1292 cows, 506 calves, 483 pigs, and 9877 sheep, making a total of 13,244 head. There was a very larye supply of all descriptions of meat at Smithfield to-day, and. the trade was very slow, whilst last Friday's prices were barely sustained. Of beef, the supply comprised upwards of 6000 head, being a number much more than sufficient to meet the ordinary wants of the butchers. Prime Scott fetched 49. per stone of 81b., and other kinds In proportion. Calves went off slowly at previous rates, Of muttoo there was a supply of 31,000 head of sheep. South Downs just made 5s. per stone on the average, half-breds 4s. 8 1., and Polled sheep 3s. lOd. There was no change wnatever to notice in the quotation for pork, and the trade was but middling. Beef. 2s. 8d. 3s. 8d. 4s. Od. I Veal 3s. 4d. 4s. 41 Mutton 3s.l0d. 4s. 8d. 5s. Od. | Pork 3s. 4d. 4s. 0D
THE METAL TRADE.
THE METAL TRADE. £ s. d. £ d. litorc-Bar and bolt toii 0 0 0- 9 0 0 In Wales 0 0 0—87 6 IN LIVERPOOL 0 0 0- 8 15 0 In Staffordshire 0 0 0—910 0 Sheets (single) 0 0 0-U 10 0 (double). 0 0 0-13 0 0 HOOPS 0 0 0-1015 0 NAIL RODS » 10 0-10 0 0 RAILS(WALES) •••• S 7 S DITTO (STAFFORDSHIRE).•• •••* 0 0 0 8 7 & CHAIRS 0 0 4 10 It PI-, NO.I, CLYDE NET CASH 0 0 0— 3 3 0 3-5THSNO.*L & 2-5THS NO. 3.. 0 0 0—3 3 6 NO. 1, IN WALES 0 0 U—4H) 0 SCOTCH L'IG, NO. 1, IN LONDON. 0 0 0- 4 5 0 COLD-BLAST, NO. 1 Foundry 5 10 0— 6 10 0 CHARCOAL BARS 0 0 U-14 10 0 STIRLING'S PATENT IN GLASGOW. 0 0 0 3 12 (I TOUGHENED PIGS$INWALES. 4 0 Q_ 450 SWEDISH 0 0 0-11 fO 0 RUSSIAN CCND íJ 0 0-11 0 0 INDIAN CHARCOAL PIGS IN LONDOU 0 0 0- 6 0 0 STRRL-Swedishkeg 0 0 0-16 0 0 Do. FAGGOT 0 0 0—0 0 0 SRELTHA-ON THE SPOT PER TOU 21 5 0-U 10 0 DITTO, TO ARRIVE 21 5 0-21 10 0 ZiNe-Englis,h sheet 0 0 0-30 0 0 CORI'BR—SLIEETS,SHEATHING& BOLTS..LB, 0 0 0- 0 1 0 Bottoms. 0 0 0- 0 1 1 TOUGH CAKE. TON. 0 0 0-10710 0 TILE 0 0 0-107 10 0 OLD COPPER.«•••.•••»..LB. 0 0 0 0 0 0 YELLOW METAL 0 O 0-0 0 10* WETTERSTEDT'S PAT. METAL.CWT. 0 0 2 0 0 » 0 0 SHEET 0 °~33 0 0 SPANISH,"IN BOND 1 » » 0 0 TLIR—BLOCK CWT- J 6 3 » INGOTS ° 0 0- 0 0 0 BAR 0 U— T> 3 O REFINED ••••••*• 0 0— 0 0 0 ORAIN 0 0 0- 0 0 0 Fine GRAIN 0 0 0- 0 0 DITTO BARS. 0 0 o_o 0 0 DITTO GRAUULATED 0 0 0- 0 0 0 Banca. 0 0 0- 6 2 0 STRAITS 0 0 0— 6 0 0 TIN PLATAS-IC COKE. 0 0 0-L 7 0 0 0 0- 1 13 0 IC CHARCOAL O 0 0-112 0 PXDUT« 0 0 0— 1 18 0 CANADA PLATES 0 0 0—13 0 ? «DI0K3,L.VER .PER LB. 0 0 O—O ° 518 8EVeral aales have taken place, at ''TE Scotch from 62*. 6d. 9- Y* M. B., AOD 72S. FOR AMERICAN BRAN<* OME SPELTER—PURCHASES HAVE BEEN MADE TO • *-L 5S. AND £ 21 10* IA PLATES—IN MODERATE DEMAND-^ ,G F5RNII COPPER—WITHOUT ALTERATION.—MININU RN, JBANCA TIN-A FAIR BUNNESS J,NLNS JOURNAL. SATURDAY, | rietor W at Published by the sole ?R°J^vn, 'ia th^P ^BBB.EB'.at his residence, Orockhe ■parish ot Saint John the Baptist, inpritlte(i b„ Cardiff and County of Glamorgan, aU ouke-street ? at hlS GeneVil1 Printing OlHce ioVrown au, 111 the said Parish of Saint John, tl' orders r* unt>' atoresaid. Advertisements aad received by the following LONDON1: MESSRS- Barker & White, 33, Fleet-st.; Messrs. Newton & c°■' 5' ^ANVICK-S<1UARE Mr. G. Reynell, 42, CHANCERY- lr. Deacon, 3, Walbrook, near the >iausipa"fe I, Joseph Thomas, 1, Finch-lane, Qornhill» A'Umoud, 27, Lombard-street; Mr. c# Barker, U, Birchiu.laue \V. Dawsou and Sou, 74, Cannon-street, City; ;>lr. S. Eyre, li», Uouver.ie- street, ileet-street; VLR_ w< -f homas, 21, Catheriue- street, trail f \yt Everett anj s0n, 14, Finch-lane, and 17, Koyal Exchange. LOCAL AGENTS:— ABERDARE fhos. Evans. BRECON .Mr. John Evans, Clerk of Peace Office BRIDGEND Mr.W. Leyshon, Stamp Orfice MERTHYR .Mis. M. W. White, Stationer NEWBRIDGE jVIr. C. Bassett, Chemist, &• NEWPORT ..Mr. M. Evans, Stationer, and Mrs. I Edwards, Commercial-street. NEATH Mr. W. P. Rees. )> Mr. Alfred Hay man, Chemist SWANSEA Mr. E. Griffiths, Printer, High-street TAIBACH Mr. James Bird, CWIO Avon Workt And by all Postmasters and Clerks on the Road. This paper is regularly tiled in London at Lloyd • Coffee-house, Citj. Peel's Colfee-nouse, Fleet-street. The Chapt. r Coffee-house, St. Paul's.—Deacon's Collee-house, Walbrook; and AT tha CITY ot LOUDOU | NEWS Roomt, 6t). Cheapentet I,
POET K Y.
POET K Y. AN IMPROMPTU, Pencilled in the presence of The Greek Slave," by a Glamorganshire man. No marble womb shall Arl e'er find With greater beauty there enshrined No hand from rocky bed lay bare A spirit purer or more fair Than Thee-a stone endowed with mind, A Slave that has enslaved mankind For all with captive heart havp sighed, "Oh thou art Beauty petrified." Crystal Palace, New York, W. D. Oct. 4th, 1853.
'TIS HOME WHERE'Ell THE HEART…
'TIS HOME WHERE'Ell THE HEART IS. Tis home where'er the heart is Where'er its loved oues dwell, In cities or in cottages, Throned haunts or mossy dell: The heart's a rover ever, And thus on wave antI wild, The maiden with her lover walks, The mulher with her child. 'Tis bright where'er the heart is Its fairy spells can bring Fresh fouutaias to the wilderness, And to the deserts-spring. There are green isles in e.lch ocean, O'er which affection glides And a haven 011 each rugged shore, When love's the star that guides. Tis free where'er the heart is Nor chain nor dungeon dim, AI. y check the mind's aspirings, The spirit's pealing hymn The heart gives life its beauty, Its glory and its power,— 'Tis sunlight to its rippiing stream, And soft dew to its flower.
LITERARY VARIETIES. Silence is a gift without peril, and a treasure without enemies. The man who was driven to distraction has had to walk back. He will never be a great or a good man, who knows not the sweet uses of being alone. What wind would an hungry sailor wish for at sea ?—A wind that blows fowl and then chops. EFFECTUAL PREVENTIVE.—There exists, in some parts of Germany, a law which runs thus;—" Any person drinking in an alehouse during Divine service, on Sunday, or other holiday, may legally depart without paying." SOLUTION OF HAUNTED HOUSES.—A Haunted House is a tenement of any number of ordinary stories, to which is added an extraordinary ooe, in the form of 8 Ghost Story. LAZINESS.—Martial, the witty Roman poet, speaking of a lazy barber of his time, complains that, while he was te- diously going over the face of a customer, another beard grew out. TAKE THE HINT.—A Persian philosopher being asked by what method he acquired so much knowledge, answered —" By not being prevented by shame from asking ques- tions when I was ignorant." RESULT OF A CONVERSION.—" Sal," cried a girl looking out of itn upper storey, ot a small grocery store; addressing another girl who was trying to enter at the front door, We've all been to camp meeting, and been converted, so that when you wauts any milk on Sundays, you'll have to come in the back way. WATER AND MORALS.—A very slight declivity suffices to give the running motive to water. Three inches per mile, in a smooth, straight channel, give a velocityof about three miles per hour. Now, what is true of water is equ-illy true of morals. The best of men only need a slight push from adversity to obtain a downhill momentum. Be careful, therefore, how you lose your equilibrium. APHORISMS—Good nature, like the bee, collects honey from every herb. Ill-nature, like the spider, sucks poison from the sweetest flower. The strife with evil never ceases. We are afloat in a leaky ship, and must keep pumping to keep it from going down. A man's true prosperity often begins when he ia said to be ruined; and his ruin when he is said to be prospering. VALUE or A PLOUGII—Among the Caffres agriculture is considered to be a kind of labour unworthy of a warrior, and Iii therefore left entirely to the women. When they fint saw a plough at work, they gazed at it for some time in as- touished and delighted silence at last OI1C of them "ave ut. terance to his feelings in this exclamation—" See how the thing tears up the ground with its mouth! It is of more value than five wives!" FKANKLiN AND TKENCII.—Franklin, when he was ambas- sador to France, being at a meeting of a literary society, and not well understanding the French when declaimed, determined to applaud when he saw a lady of his acquaint- ance express satisfaction. When they had ceased, a little child, who understood the French, said to him—" But, grand papa, you always applaud the loudest when they were praising you." Franklin laughed heartily, and explained the matter. PUNCHING.—"Judge, you say if I punch a man even in fun, he can take me up for assault and battery ?" Yes, Sir, I said that; and what I said I repeat. If you punch a man you are guilty of a breach of the peace, and can be ar- rested for it." Ain't there no exceptions ?" No, Sir, no exceptions whatever. Judge, I think you are mistaken. Suppose, for instance, I should brandy punch you, what then?" No levity in court, Sir. Sheriff, expose this man to the atmosphere. Call the next case.American Paper. CHEAP TRAVELLING.—A wager was laid a few days since by some passengers in a train that a person could travel by rail in this country 132 miles for a shilling. The wager was accepted, when the case of the Shropshire Union line was Itated-it is a branch in connexion with the North-Western whereon the third class fare charged for the distance be- tween Shrewsbury and Wellington—11 miles-is one penny, and by going backwards and forwards between those two places 12 times, the traveller can accomplish the 132 miles by railway for twelvepence. THE MODEL LADY.—She puts her children out to nurse, and tends lap-dogs—lies in bed till noon—wears paper- soled shoes, and pinches her waist—gives the piano fits, and forgets to pay her milliner—cuts her poor relations, and goes to church when she has a new bonnet-tume the cold Shoulder to her husband, and flirts with his friend''—never saw a thimble—don't know a darning-needle from a crow- bar—wonders where puddings grow—eats ham and eggs in private, and dines on a pigeon's leg in public-ruos mad after the last new fashion—doatson Byron—adores any man who g-rins behind a moustache, and when asked the age of her youngest child, replies, Don't know, indeed ask Betty!"—■Fanny Fern. EVIL OF EXTRAVAGANT EXPENDITURE.—One of the most mischievous phrases in which a rotten morality, a radically false and vicious public sentiment, disguise themselves is that which characterises certain individuals as destitute of financial capacity. A kind, amiable, good sort of maD," so runs the varnish, but utterly unqualified for the man- agement of his own finances—a mere child in everything relating to money. &c."—meaning that with an income of £300 a year, he persisted in spending £600; or with an income of £500, he regularly spent £1000, according to his ability to run in debt, or the credulity of others in trusting him. The world is full of people, who can't imagine why they don't prosper like their neighbours, when the real obstacle is in their own extravagance and heedless ostenta- tion. The young clerk marries and takes a house, and pro- ceeds to furnish twice as expensively as he can afford and then his wife instead of taking to helping him to earn a livelihood by doing their own work, must have a hired servant to help her to spend his limited earnings. Ten years afterwards you wiil find bim struggling under a double load of debt and cAildren, wondering why all the luck was always against him, whilst his friends regret his uuhappy destitution of financial ability." Had they from tbe first been frank and honest, he need not have been 80 unlucky. Through every grade of society this vice of in- ordinate expenditure insinuates itself. Let a man have a genius for spending, and, whether his income is a guinea a day or a guinea a minute, it is equally certain to prove in- adequate. If dining, wining, cigaring, and party-giving won t help him through it, building, gaming, and specula- tion will be sure to.— Home Circle. A HUMAN PINCUSHION. Kitty Hudson, whom many still remember as the Arnold post, was born at that village in 1765, and when six years of age was left with her grandfather, Mr. White, the 8«xton of St. Mary's, Nottingham. Here a young woman resided in the capacIty of servant, who used to reward Kitty with a stick of toffy for every" mouthful" of pins she procured in sweeping the pews and aisles of the church. The poor child followed this practice till she could neither eat, drink, nor sleep, without pins or needtes in her mouth. Often she got out of bed to supply herself with them, that she might induce steep. To such an extent did she carry the strange practice ere it was discovered by her friends, that her double teeth had almost disappeared. At length ehe began to perceive a constant numbness in her limbs and a great inability to sleep. After various medical applications she was removed to the General Hospital, Between the time of her admission and June 12, 1785, when she was finally dismissed cured," she underwent a most astonish- ing series of operations. Great numbers of pins needles and pieces of carious bone were extracted frocn'her feet' legs, arms, and other parts of her body, while both her breasts were removed with the knife. While in the Infir- mary, a young man, named Goddard. who "had sweet- hearted her from a child," happened to be an out-patient for a complaint in his helld, through whIch he lost an eye. He used to cheer her by saying he would marry her if she loatatt her limbs, providing her life was spared; and she afterwards said, it was the kindness of this young man, and her attachment to him, which enabled her to bear up under her protracted sufferings. Six months after her discharge from the Infirmary she was married to the faithful Goddard, to whom she bore nineteen children. It is supposed she died in Derbyshire, whither she went on her husband's death.— H, H. Wylie's Old and New Nottingham.
THE BISHOP OF LLANDAFF'S SPEECH.—WELSH…
THE BISHOP OF LLANDAFF'S SPEECH.—WELSH DISSENT. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SIB,—Your impression of the week before last contained a most noteworthy speech, purporting to have been made by the Bishop of Llandaff, at a recent meeting of the Church Pastoral Aid Society. That speech was noteworthy for two reasons:— First, because it was the picture of a people commonly supposed to be very religious, essentially so. Secondly, because it haidly contained any sentence uttered originally by the Bishop himself, but seemed to be extracts from periodicals of great authority among these people. If a speech is to be considered telling, this is certainly the way to make it. The public will naturally be curious to hear what reply will be made to it —though it is scarcely possible to conceive any can be made, except through that process, said to have originated in Russia, of eating and swallowing their own words. It was not the Bishop of Llandaff that spoke the speech, but the Diwygiwr, the Traethodydd, and the published sermons from their own pulpits. These accuse the Welsh of Neology, of Mormonism, of unchastity, of intemperance, and even of infidelity. Then. with a degree of consistency which is quite charming when we look back to 1848, the year of the Blue Books, they call upon their readers and their hearers not to deprecate those who raised their skirts at that time in the famous Llyfrau Gleision, but to take care that no cause be given for any exposure-whatever 1 Where, where is the Vicar of Aber- dare, so famous in the Blue Book history? We trust that this melting process has not suffocated him Or, where is Sir Thomas Phillips; where is Artegall ?—those doughty champions, whose reedy spears were levelled in vain at the Blue Book Commissioners. What the Blue Books said in '49 the authorised publications of the Dissenters say in '53 with tenfold vigour, because they have all the weight of confessing convicts. There is one fact to be learnt from this—men of wisdom and thought are learning it—that whatever religion the Welsh have now, or, however religious they may be, it is quite clear that practically their present religion is nothing. We take the facts from their own mouths, their own publi- cations.* He that runs may read them. That religion which hardly considers unchastity a crime, that religion which countenances the. practice of visiting the public tavern direct from the religious meeting, that re- ligion which regards the telling ot untruths as mere matter of circumstances, or as a neighbourly act of kindness, when ope man may lie for the good of another, that religion which values its ministers most as violent political agitators rather than as preachers of the gospel, cannot surely claim either lot or part with thereligiou of Christ. When such matters as these are practically the elements of any religion, the Bishop of Llaudalf may well and justly call upon the public to support any society which will aid him in dispersing throughout his Diocese men of principle and education as ministers of religion. And it may be added that until such men are found ministering among the people, they will ever remain at the same low standard which unhappily their own publications so graphically de- fcribe them to be in. But there is no need ot description. Landowners, magistrates, the great manufacturers, boards of guardians, relieving officers, all who have any connection with the lower orders, touch upon tbc same chord, to bear witness of the very low scale of morality which everywhere pervades them. Nor can it pouibly be otherwise when we take into consideration the elements of which Welsh Dissent is composed. Liberal members of Parliament,— Bright and Cobdeu (who has married the daughter of Ii. Dissenting Welsh miner at Machynlleth), with too many others, who would be Cobdens and Brights themselves, think it the grandest and the most patriarchal system the earth has eyer witnessed since Abimelech W49 king. But let it be defined it is essentially dilferent from English Dissent. It is a system of religion followed by a very small number of people; these speak but oue language, that lpn^uage is confined and limited, without literature or without art. Its professors and teachers are neighbours and equaú,- the latter depending entirely on the former for his daily bread and, as many of them can testify, very hard bread it is too. In ninety-nine cases out of a hundred the teacher is not better educated than the taught, and that at the lowest minimum, influenced by prejudice, by ignorance, and narrow-mindedness. A thiuking person need not be told what is the result of a system like this ? It is just what it is i-where all come up to the same standard the stan- dard is never raised, because there is no necessity apparent of its being so; and so will it ever remain as long as the people are uneducated, and are made the tools of men remarkable for craftiness and low cunning. The Bishop of Llandaff reads Dissenting publications, and, as we have recently seen, he turns them to a good and a moral purpose. If we had no other argument for a Welsh-speaking and a Welsh-reading Bishop, his lordship's usefulness in this alone would be quite sufficient. Yours, &c., October 16, 1853. A CONSTANT READER. • See the Bishop's speech.
CARDIFF POLICE —MONDAY.I
CARDIFF POLICE —MONDAY. [Before William Williams, Esquire, Mayor, and Griffith Phillips, Esquire.]. Thomas Jones, landlord of the Carpenters' Arms beer. house, Bute-town, was charged with keeping his house open, and allowing persons to drink there at twenty minutes to twelve o'clock on Saturday night last. P.C. Taylor proved the charge. Fined in the mitigated penalty of ten shillings, including costs. Edward Queleh, landlord of a beerhouse in Bute-street, for a similar offence, was also fined ten shillings, including costs. Wm. Evans, landlord of the Holly Bush, beerhouse, Ellen- street, Newtown, was charged with keeping his house open for the sale of beer, during Divine service, on Sunday last. P.C. Shepherd proved that he found five persons drinking in the house at twenty minutes to 12 o'clock. The defendant acknowledged the offence, and was fined ten shillings, including costs. James O'Brien was charged with keeping an unregistered lodging-house in Ellen-street, Newtown. P.C. Shepherd stated that on the 11th instant, he visited the defendant's house, and found eighteen persons sleeping there. Fined £ 3 Rnd costs, or one month's imprisonment. Edward Davies, of Mill-lane, who did not appear, was charged with keeping an unregistered lodging-house. P.C. Shepherd (who is a very efficient officer) proved the charge. He was also fined .£2 and costs, or one month's imprisonment. James Wall, of Thomas-street, Newtown, was also charged with keeping an unregistered lodging-house. P.C. Shep- herd proved that he found twenty persons sleeping in the house. Owing to some extenuating circumstances, be was admonished and dischaiged on promising to get his house registered. John John, landlord of the Swan beerhouse, in Bute-street, was charged with keepinlt his house open for the nle of beer, at twenty minutej past eleven o'clock on Saturday night test. Fiued in the mitigated penalty of ten shillings, including costs. John Davies Tiley, landlord of the Foresters' Arms beer- house, was charged with keeping bis house open during Divine service, ou Sunday last. The house was represented by P.S. Rollins (who proved the charge) to be of no great repute. Tiley was fined twenty shillings and costs, or one month's imprisonment. Paid.
MERTHYR COUNTY COURT.
MERTHYR COUNTY COURT. l Held before TUOMAS FALCONER, Esq., Judge.] This Court sat upon the 13th, 14th, and 15th of October. There were 26l causes, 12 judgment summonses, and 4 insolyency cases entered for hearing. WILLIAM WILLIAMS versus GEORGE MORGAN. This was an action for the price of goods delivered to the wife of the defendant. It appeared that Eleanor Michael and Eleanor Jones lodged ill the house of tbe defendant; that they paid two shillings each a month for their lodging. The wife of the defendant came to the shop of the plaintiff, and had goods entered in the names of the two girls and in a pass-book. The goods were delivered to the girls, and they settled with the wife of the defendant for the price of them and paid her. The defence was that the wife of the defendant bad no implied authority to pledge the credit of her husband for the goods supplied to the girls, as such goods were not necessaries purchased for the family of her husband. — His Honour said, that there was a hardship in the case, and that he conld not infer an implied authority on the part of the wife to pledge the credit of the husband for the goods furnished to the two girls. They were not in tbe house under a contract for board as well as lodging they paid sixpence each for lodging simply. The plaintiff might have ascertained, by inquiry, that their boarding and maintenance were not provided by the defendant—for the names of the lodgers were given to him. The wife acted as the agent for Michael and Jones, and not as agent acting for her husband, who bad no profit or advantage from the goods supplied, though it may be true the wife has received the money from Jones and Michael for these goods. His Honour said that he was not willing to shake the secu- rity of tradesmen in many similar contracts that were made in the district for the supply of goods for the maintenance of workmen, where such contracts are made by the wife of the person with whom the workmen lodges, and are entered in the books of tradesmen to the credit of the husband, naming, in order to facilitate his charge against, or settle- ment of, accounts with the lodgers, the names of the lodgers in their (the tradesmen's) books but he said he could not extend the rule which sanctioned contracts on the implied authority of the wife to a case where the goods were entered in the name of the lodgers who did not board with, nor were maintained by, the husband, and where the goods were not supplied to enable the husband to fulfil any con- tract he may have made with the lodgers. The wife did not in this case act as agent for the husband, but as agent for the lodgers, and the lodgers were named by her. The plaintiff has been misled, and judgment can only be given for the price of the necessaries supplied for the use of the family of the defendant. WILLIAM JONES versus JAMES JONES. This action was adjourned by consent to the next court. It was brought for the amount of the distributive share of an intestate's estate. At the last court his Honour had held that he had jurisdiction to hear the cause. Mr. Simons stated, that since the last court 110 application had been made to Vice-Chancellor Wood, who had declared that the Judge of the County Court had no jurisdiction in the cause, but was of opinion that he could not interfere. An appli- cation had then been made to the Lord Chief Justice Campbell, who declined to interfere to prevent the hearing of the cause, being of opinion that the Judge of the County Court had jurisdiction in the case. JENKIN FENKIM V £ TSU& WILLIAM LEWIS. This was an action for f 7 17s. 54d., the price of goods supplied to the defendant, and to some other workmen, ou his credit. The dispute in this case was, whether the goods supplied to the other men had been supplied on the credit of the defendant alone. The plaintiff stated that none of the men should have had the goods on their own credit, and that they were supplied on the word of the defendant. The men were still lodging with the defendant, and did so when the goods were first supplied to them.—His Honour being of opinion that the evidence of the plaintiff was con- firmed by that given on the part of the defendant, gave judgment for the amount sued for. JOHN WORN versus WARREN & DENROCHE. This was an action for JE26 18s. 111d., the balance alleged to be due for work done in the excavation of earth and for ballast on the railway. The sum of JE60 5s. 8d. had been paid. Mr. Simons appeared for the plaintiff. Judgment was given for the sum sued for. WILLIAM WILLIAMS versus JOHN HARRIS. This was an action for an assault committed when the plaintiff had seized the goods of the defendant under an execution of the court. Mr. James appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Simons for the defendant. Judg- ment was given for the sum sued for, viz., £ 2, his Honour censuring the defendant and his witnesses for the evidence they had given. THOMAS MORGAN versus EVAN EVANS. This was an action for £22 13s. 4d., the balance of a bill delivered for £47 13s. 4d., on which the sum of £2;) had been paid. Mr. Simons appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. James for the defendant. After the case had proceeded for some time, judgment was taken by consent for jE14, the dispute relating to the price of work and materials in the completion of a house built by the defendant. INSOLVENTS. The petitions of three insolvents, namely, of William Jones, Nathaniel Harris, and Daniel Owen Davies, were dismissed.
A SERIOUS PRACTICAL JOKE was played at the ex- pense ot the public during the Lord Lieutenant's visit to Balhnasloe. Some one climbed into the gas works and turned off the main cock. involving the whole town in total darkness. The greatest consternation prevailed in the hotels until the affair was rectified. The soiree, or reception, which their Excellencies heldjat Garbally, was going on at the time, and the brilliancy of the drawing room having suddenly given way to the sable hues of darkness, was, to say the least 01 it, a little disagreeable. -Limerick ChrÚ1Úclf. The earnest remonstrances of Lord Clarendon have procured theretease ofMisa Cunnicghame, the Scottish lady who was imprisoned for disseminating Protestant hooks in Tuscany. Without undervaluing the feeling of duty which no doubt influences many excellent people to proselytise wherever they go, and without the slightest sentiment save that of contempt for such law-makers as the Grand Duke of Tuscany and his priestly advisers, we cannot hut think that the great towns of England afford a sate and ample field for the exertions of these self-consti- tuted missionaries among heathens quite as uoinstructed as Italian peasants. We are of course rejoiced that English firmness has caused the Grand Duke to resign his prisoner, and we shall be equally glad to bear that Miss Cunninghame has selected some of the benighted ParIahs ot London, or tbe proverbially drunken inhabi- tants of either of the capitals of her native country, as the next objecto of her RELIGION* pbilaotbropj.—TAE Field.
GLAMORGANSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS.
GLAMORGANSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS. The Michaelmas Quarter Sessions were commenced in the Town-Hall, Swansea, on Monday last, October 17th, before the following magistrates:— HENRY THOMAS, Esq., Chairman. HENRT AUSTIN BRUCE, Esq., M.P., Vice-Chairman. Sir George Tyler, j 1!, O. Jones, Esq. John Ilenry Vivi-ii, Grillith Llewellyn, Esq. Howel Gwyn, Esq., M.P. William Martin, Esq. The Dean of LUnduff Matthew Moggridge, Esq. Starling Benson, Esq. Evan Morj^in, Esq. Rev. Samuel Davies I John Rowland, Esq. L. Llewelyn Dillwyn, Esq. T. Edward Thomas, Esq. H. E. Evans, Esq. Iltid Thomas, Esq. P. S. Grenfell, Esq. Itev. George Thomas Rev. John Harding Admiral Wa de Christopher James, Eiq. C. C. Williams, Esq. J. Gwyn Jeffreys, Esq. E. R. Wood, E-iq. THE GRAND JURY. Mr. T. S. SUTTON, Foreman. Mr. T. Andrews Mr. C. 11. l'ett — W. Griffiths — F. C Shepherd — John Phillips — William Hutchins David Smith Joseph Evans John Thomas Thomas Davies James Joni-s Jenkin Francis John Towusend Thomas Jones Philip Davies John Thomas — David Tennant — William Williams — James Godfrey — Morgan Lewis — Frederick Evans The usual preliminaries were gone through by the Clerk of the Peace. The CHAIRMAN, in addressing the Grand Jury, said that since the last period when they were there assembled for the discharge of their duty, it had seemed good to the legis- lature to pass an act which he deemed it his duty to take some notice of. It was an act to substitute, in certain cises, other punishment in lieu of transportation. Many circumstances were occurring on the other side of the world, to which he would not particularly allude, which had rendered it improper to continue the practice of trans- portation for short terms. The principal provisions of the act were these:—That when parties, under the old system, would have been transported for the term of fourteen years and over a period of fourteen years, the punishment of transportation still continued. But in lieu of transportation for terms varying from seven years to fourteen years, a change was made, and prisoners would have to undergo what was called by the name of Penal Servitude," which was substituted for transportation in certain proportions. For example, where a sentence of seven years' transportation might h*ve been given, the court would now give four years of penal servitude. He wished to call the attention, of the grand jury to this for the purpose of showing that the legis- lature did not mean to diminish the severity of punishment: ou the contrary, they had substituted a punishment of a more aggravated kiud, for four years in penal servitude was at least equal to seven years transportation. It would be obvious that by substituting penal servitude for trans- portation the convicts would be deprived of all those chances and privileges which they now enjoyed in consequence of being removed to a new field of action in the other end of the world, aud also by the scarcity of agricultural labour in a new colony. All those advantages would be taken away, and iu place of them that kind of punishment which was popularly known by the name of The Hulks" would be substituted, which was nearly equivalent to penal servitude. —The Chairman read the section of the act, by which the authorities might direct convicts to be employed at hard labour of various kinds. With reference to the calendar, he said it contained the names of twenty-four prisoners. Of those, twenty-three cases were larcenies of 1111 ordinary character but there was one of a more serious nature, as two women and a man were charged with having taken forcible possession of the prosecutor's property in a house of a certain description. The others were cases of larceny not of an aggravated description. The remaining case was one of riot; and he thought it necessary to repeat to them the legal definition of a riot, which was, that whenever three or more persons met together to support each other by force in the execution of any private enterprise, whether lawful or unlawful; aud whenever they use such a degree of force as to cause terror to any chance passer-by—or, as it was termed, to Her Majesty's lieges—then the offence committed amounts to a riot. If the evidence should show that such violence as to cause terror to casual passers-by was used by persons who assembled on the occasion in question, they would probably think it to be their duty to find a true bLl. It appeared to be one of those assemblies in which Irish were contending against Welsh, or Welsh against Irish; and any proceeding of that kiud, where class fought against class, was likely to cause just and proper terror in the minds of anyone. The grand jury then retired. J. Gwyn Jeffreys, Esq., qualified as a magistrate for the county. BRITON-FERRY ASYLUM. The license for this admirably regulated asylum was renewed for ninety males and eighty females. A memorial having been presented from the Guardians of the Merthyr Union to the effect that a Magistrate from that district should be appointed a visitor, the Rev. John Griffith, of Aberdare, was added to the present list of visitor". THE COUNTY BUSINESS. The various journals of the County Prisons were produced and signed. Reports were read relative to the state of the prisons, which appeared to us to be satisfactory, but the prisoners are crowded, and in some instances the regulations cannot be enforced as they would be if there were greater ac- commodation. Rev. GEORGE THOMAS, one of the visiting magistrates. said, that as he lived at a distance from the County Gaol, he wished to retire to make room for some person residing fearer to Cardiff. If the Clerk of the Peace could suggest any one he (Mr. Thomas) would be glad to withdraw. The CHAIRMAN said that if any vacancy occurred he should suggest that Mr. Bassett should be appointed. Mr. Bassett was afterwards added to the list. REPORT OF THE FINANCE COMMITTEE. At a meeting of the Finance Committee, held at Bridgend, on Thursday, the 13th day of October, 1853, Sir George Tyler, M.P in the chair,- Your Committee have examined the Treasurer's account for the last quarter, and find a balance of jE2866 141. 6d. due by him to the county. By such accounts it appears that a loss of £382 18s. 8d. has been sustained by the sale of Exchequer hills, and payment of interest, to pay off the balance due by the county, on the loan for the purposes of a lunatic asylum. The several bills for the past quarter, amounting to X.1136 15s. W., have been examined and found correct. Your Committee direct the attention of the Court to the great expense caused by the late floods in June last, by which the bridge at Pontwalby was wholly destroyed, the Twrch and other bridges greatly endangered. An iron bridge, of 71 feet span, in lieu of the former has nearly been completed. The foundations of Cardiff bridge have been completed, and those of Twrch are nearly so. The constant floods have greatly delayed the wurks at the latter. They recommend the sum of X600 to be paid to Mr. Ritson, the contractor for the stone works at Pontwalby, and f400 to Messrs. Hughes & Co., the contractors for the iron bridge, on account of their respective works. Your Committee find that during the past quarter no less than 132 coroners' inquests have been held. Having estimated the expense of the ensuing half-year, and taken into account the balance in the hands of the Treasurer, they find a rate of lid. in the pound, producing £ 281(j, will be required. Your Committee have to bring under the notice of the Court the continued absence of the County Surveyor, whose duties have been performed by deputy: Mr. Thomas Edward Thomas, one of the Visiting Justices of the House of Correction at Swansea, having communicated to your Committee an application from the turnkeys at such prison for an increase of wages, your Committee would recommend that the salaries of such officers at both county prisons should be enquired into. A memorial from the several police serjeants and constables of the County Police force, praying for an increase of wages, has also been laid before your Committee; and they submit the same to the favourable consideration of the Court. Expenditure from Midstimmer to Michaelmas, 1833. Gaol. r,House of Correction. £ d. zC s. d. MaintenanceofPrisoners. 139 10 2 180 G 1 Clothing 33 10 5 28 7 10 Incidental Expenses 68 5 10 63 8 3 Repairs ••••••?. 45 17 3 9 1G 6 Salaries 184 8 0 149 18 0 Conveyance of Prisoners to Trial and from Trial, and allowance 32 I) 1 8 12 3 Conveyance of Prisoners for Trans- portatioii 22 10 6 8 17 6 Relief to ditto ou discharge 1 C4 1 2 3 Total 14 7 450 8 8 -;4 7 Add Total Gaol 547 14 7 Clerk of Peace, his Quarter's Composition 50 0 0 „ his Bill for Business done 68 4 4 >» for Money paid ig 17 ly Coroners- Mr. Cuthbertson, from 14th June to 1st Oct. Fees 45 9 0 Expenses 25 4 10 —————— 70 13 10 Mr. Collins, from 18th June to 27th Sept Fees 39 6 9 Expenses 46 3 0 85 9 9 Mr. Overton, from 17th June to 29th Sept.. Fees 60 5 7 Expenses 37 1 9 97 7 4 Mr. Reece, 15th June to 30th Sept., Fees 55 18 8 Expenses 38 15 0 Mr. Verity, from — to 17th Sept., Fees 1 9 8 -8 94 13 8 Mr. Verity, from — to 17th Sept., Fees 1 9 8 Expenses 0 18 0 2 7 8 Lunatics 39 4 6 Stationery, &c 35 15 q County Bridges. ]560 9 6 Sessions-Mr. Coke, attending as Deputy Clerk of Peace, at Midsummer Sessions, 4 days 12 12 0 93134 18 8 GEO. TYLBB, Chairman. LLOUGHOR BRIDOE. The CLERK of the PEACE said that this structure, joining the two counties of Glamorgan and Carmarthen, was in a most dangerous state. No order was made thereupon. Mr. Bassett, C.E., the deputy county surveyor, sent in a voluminous report on the present condition of the county bridges. A COUNTY RATE of one penny farthing in the pound was ordered. ABSENCE OF THE COUNTY SURVEYOR. Sir GEORGE TYLER referred to Mr. Barber's protracted absence. No limited time was mentioned as the extent to which that absence was to be prolonged. He was absent on his own responsibility: and as far as it went he asked the leave of the court: but he (Sir George) did not find any record that leave had been granted to him for any specific time. The CHAIRMAN said Mr. Barber was gone to Bombay. Mr. GRENFELL said it was to Borneo. He had seen a report from Mr. Barber dated at Borneo. The CHAIRMAN said that the best way to proceed would be to give notice that at the next Quarter Sessions the office should be declared vacant if they heard nothing from Mr. Barber in the meantime; and that at the Easter Quar- ter Sessions his successor should be appointed. His deputy would, of course, take care to communicate with him rela- tive to the intention of the court. Mr. MOGGRIDGE said that the gentleman who acted as Mr. Barber's deputy was his partner. He thought that cir- cumstance made some little difference. Mr. GRIFFITH LLEWELLYN had been told that Mr. Barber was so well satisfied with his situation that he was not likely to come back. The Chairman's suggestion was acted upon. PAYMENT OF TURNKEYS. Mr. T. EDWARD THOMAS brought forward an application on the part of the turnkeys of the Swansea Gaol for an increase of salary. The application by the officers was not made tlireatenitigly-as a strike, accompanied by a declara- tion that their services would be withdrawn unless their wages were increased—but it was made in the most civil terms. They said that in consequence of the great increase in the price of provisions they found considerable difficulty in maintaining their families, and they wished to call the attention of the uiaeistrates in quarter sessions to their position. He (Mr. Thomas) had promised to bring the matter before the court, and he then did so. The visiting magistrates were unanimous in recommending that the ap- plication should be acceded to provided it were done at Cardiff. He (Mr. Thomas), therefore, had been in com- munication with his friend. Mr. C. C. Williams; and he believed he (Mr. Williams) was quite prepared to second the proposition that au advance should be granted. It was well known tbat during the necessary absence of the Governor, the head-turnkey had charge of the prison-H most responsible position-and the second turnkey h id to discharge the duties of his senior. Therefore, their situa- tions became of great importance. Mr. C. C. Williams concurred in the recommendation that the principal turn- key should have his wages increased from 21s. to 25' the second turnkey to 21s.; and the third from 15s. to 17s. per week. He trusted the magistrates would not think the pro- position an unreasonable one. Mr. C. C. WILLIAMS did not receive the communication in time to have taken the opinion of the visiting magistrates (so we understood); but as the officers filled offices of great responsibility, and were men of character with whom the visiting magistrate# werq well satisfied, be thought the In- creased salary applied for should be granted,—taking into consideration the high price of provisions, and that wages had been generally advanced throughout the kingdom. He had great pleasure in seconding Mr. Thomas's proposition. The CLERK OF THE PEACE said that as no notice of the proposition had been given the increase could not be granted at these sessions. He would enter a notice of it for next sessions. The CHAIRMAN said that he would move, at the next sessions, that such a sum should be granted to the officers as would be equivalent to the amountof increase if the pro- position were now carried,-that is, if the increase were granted at the next sessions. PAYMENT OF COUNTY POLICEMEN. A memorial from the County Police Force for increased pay, was read by the Clerk of the Peace. They founded their application upon the great increase iu the price of provisions, and on the circumstance that police pay had been advanced all over the kingdom. Sir GEORGE TYLER said that the memorial had come before the Finance Committee, and they had recommended it to the favourable consideration of the court. Captain NAPIER, having been referred to, said that the wages now paid were 18$., 20s., and 22s. A conversation followed. It was suggested that an ad- vance of ten per cent. should be granted but Mr. Vivian and Mr. C. C. Williams thought it would be better to grant an even sum per week additionally. The CHAIRMAN said it should be understood that the advance was not to be irrevocable; but would be withdrawn if circumstances altered. Notice was given to have the memorial brought under the consideration of the court next sessions. Mr. J. G. JEFFREYS asked if the salary of the superin- tendents was to be advanced? The CHAIRMAN replied in the negative, observing that the superintendents were on a different footing. POLICE RATES. The following rates were ordered :— Merthyr £ 330 16 5 1 Ogmore £ 66 5 5 Newbridge 227 16 6 | Swansea 175 3 1 I The CLERK OF THE PEACE read a statement of accounts upon which the coutt made the order for raising the above sums. No rate was required for the Merthyr Stipendiary Magis- trate. NEW COUNTY VALUATION. Mr. R. O. JOSES said that the Rev. Robert Knight had requested him to state he would not be able, on account of his health, to act upon the committee appointed to make a new county valuation. The Magistrates heard with regret of Mr Knight's inten- tion to withdraw from the committee; and appointed Air. Griffith Llewellyn to supply the vacancy. THE NEW GAOL COMMITTEE. Mr. STARLING HENSON asked in what state were the pro- ceedings of this committee? Mr. R. O. JONES said that the committee had met in Loudon-had had a long uiscuss¡OIJ, and had separated without deciding anything. They were to have met ugain in September; but no meeting took place. It was determined to continue the gaol committee. NEWBRIDGE POLICE DISTRICT. Mr. CHRISTOPHER JAMES made a statement relative to the necestilty for IIn uddilluull ollicer for Ihis districI; and was told by the CLERK OF THE PEACE that the force could only be increased oy memorial — frwin five magistrales ill the district, we believe. We understood Mr. James to inti- mate that steps will be taken to have au additional police- man appointed. THE BRIDGE AT PONTYPRIDD. The next notice was,—To consider the expediency of en- tering into an agreemeut with the hundreds ofMiskinand Caetphilly for the improvement and future repair of the bridge at Pontypridd. Rev. GEORGE THOMAS said he believed he was the means of having thill notice entered, and he rose to make 8 few observations with reference to it. It was now most inconve- nient for the present wants of the country aud be wished the court to appoint a committee, totally unconnected with the district, who should confer with the two hundreds of Miskiu and Caerphilly, with the view of entering into an arrangement by which it could be made a county bridge. After a brief conversation between the CHAIRMAN and several magistrates, the Clerk of the Peace read the Act of Parliament which had reference to the matter. Rev. GEORGE THOMAS stated, at some length, various circumstances connected with the bridge, and said he wished to obviate any difficulty which stood in the way of having the bridge made regularly II county bridge. A local sub- scription had been entered into, which amounted to £600 with the view of rendering the bridge more convenient. Mr. CHRISTOPHER JAMES said that a new bridge would be built much cheaper than rebuilding the old oue. Mr. MATTHEW MOGGRIDGE was opposed to any plan for taking down the old bridge. His object was to preserve it as one of the most beautiful bridges in the neighbourhood, which attracted the visits of numerous parties, and as such attraction was of real value to the place. On that account, to say nothing of its picturesque effect, he was opposed to its removal. If practicable, let them build a new bridge but it was very desirable to retain the old one. Mr. L. LL. DILLWYN said they should not hastily make it a county bridge. A desultory conversation followed. Captain MORGAN agreed with Mr. Moggridge that it would be a pity to take down the bridge. Hey. JOHN HARDING thought they were much indebted to Mr. Moggridge for taking up the question, for it would be a thousand pities to take the old bridge down. Rev. GEORGE THOMAS said they did not want to take it down but as it was most inconvenient, they wanted to have a new bridge if it could be erected. The CHAIRMAN suggested that a committee might be appointed and named Sir George Tyler, Mr. R. 0 Jones, Mr. Greufell, Captain Morgan,and Mr. Benson-live magis- trates who have not the remotest interest in the district. He (the Chairman) thought it rather a hard thing to refuse an enquiry, especially as the bridge had a considerable traffic over it, and as the two hundreds had raised a large subscription. The old bridge was an object of antiquarian beauty; and certain gentlemen had expressed a hope that it should not be destroyed. He thought it was a case for enquiry by a committee. Rev. GEORGE THOMAS spoke of Aberavon bridge as having been made a county bridge. Mr. C. C. VVILLIAM8 mentioned Ely bridge, as another instance in support of the statement that district btidges were, under certain circumstances, adopted by the county. Mr. CHRISTOPHER JAMES 1 should strongly recommend Mr. Thomas to build a bridge on the rock above, as I did on the rock below (laughter). Rev. GEORGE TUOMAS then moved that the gentlemen named by the ChliirmliD be appointed a committee to en- quire into the best means of making the bridge at Ponty- pridd more convenient, and to report to the sessions thereon. The CLERK OF THE 1h:ACE said that the motion must be in accordance with tbe words of the Act. Mr. C. C. WILLIAMS seconded the motion. Mr. L. LL. DILLWYN would hold up his hand against it, because he did not think a prima, facie case had becn made out to cause the county to interfere with the view of making it a county bridge. Aberavon aud Ely bridges, to which reference had been made, were on the great line of mail road through the county, and were widely different from the bridge in question, which was merely one of local importance. He thought they should be most cautious in entering upon any enquiry of the sort suggested except with reference to existing county bridges. Mr. MATTHEW MOGGUIDQE said that in the western dis- trict they had been putting many county bridges on pa- rishes. The bridge between Swansea and Lloughor, here- tofore a county bridge, had been put on the parish; and if that process was good in one case why not in another ] The Magistrates proceeded to a division. The motion for the appointment of a committee was carried by a majority of two. NEW POLICE STATION FOR ABERAVON. Mr. GRIFFITH LLEWELLYN gave notice that at the next sessions he should move that a new police station should be erected at Aberavon. THE SECOND COURT. The CHAIRMAN said that Mr. Bruce, M.P., the Vice- Chairman, was JO court; but WAS advised by his medical attendant that it would be Impossible for him to sit through the calendar; and as heir Vice-Chairman could not sit, he begged to move that Mr. R. o. Jones be appointed to preside in the second court. There were eighty-four pri- soners.—Carried unanimously. TRIALS OF PRISONERS. BRITON-FBRRY MARGARET Raine was charged with I having stolen one smock frock, and one pair of tiousers, the property of William Morgan, of Briton-ferry. Mr. Mills appeared for the prosecution. Mary Morgan deposed put- ting some clothes out to dry about eight o'clock on the morning of the 20th July. The prisoner came to the house about one o'clock on tnatday. A short time after the pri- soner had left the house I miased the clothes. I followed the prisoner, and having overtaken her asked her if she had taken the clothes. She denied having them, but on search- ing her bag I found the missing articles. Mary Owens deposed to seeing the prisoner near the court of the pro- secutor's house on the day mentioned. Guilty. One mouth's hard labour. BEIDGEND.— Willism Morgan, 40, farm labourer, was charged with having stolen some deal planks, valued at two shillings, the property of the (jountefl8 Dowager of Dunraven. Mr. Thos. Allen appeared for the prosecution, and, after briefly stating the case, called Thomas Lewis, who ou being sworn deposed I am a sawyer residing at Bridgend, and am in the employ of Lady Dunraven. I was employed sawing up planks into boards on the 16th of July. I cut UP a. P!*nk into three parts. I reared up the planks against the pine end of the farm after they were sawn. There was a letter D in red paint on the plank which I so cut up. Some time in the month of August I was shewn four pieces of timber, and having compared them with two other pieces of plank in our possession, we found It to correspond exactly. Cross-examined by Mr. Giffard, who appeared for the prisoner:—Those planks were cut in the usual way. I did not miss any of the planks when the constable came to me about this matter. The witness was subjected to a long and searching cross-examination by Mr. Giffard. Several other witnesses were then called and examined; after which Mr. Giffard, in addressing the jury for the prisoner, pointed out to them the very unsatisfactory and inconclusive nature of the evidence. The Chairman, haiog summed up the evidence, the jury returned a verdict of Not Guilty. SWANSEA.—John Jones, aged 27. was charged with steal- ing one cloth jacket, Valued at 15s the property of Mr. Henry W. Holloway, clothier, &c., High-street. Verdict,— Not Guilty. Charles Gannet was charged with having stolen a loaf of bread. Verdict,——Guilty. Sentenced to 14 days'imprison- ment, the first aud last three days solitary confinement. Catherine Evans, 38, was charged with haviog stolen one tin toy, valued at 2s., the property of Mrs. Elizabeth Brooks. Verdict,—Guilty. Sentenced to one month's imprison- ment. Thomas Welsh, 30, railway labourer, Michael Murphy, 30, miner, Timothy Conelly, 45, miner, and John Ryan, 22, miner, were arraigned upon a charge of having, at Fos, in the month of September last, riotously and unlawfully as- sembled together to disturb the peace, to the terror ol the Queen's subjects. ,11 Mr. H. Allen appeared for the prosecution, and address- ing the Chairman, remarked that he had recommended the whole of the prisoners to plead Guilty to the charge upon certain conditions, namely, that they should then be re- quired to enter into their own recognlsances to come up and receive the judgment of the Court when called upon. The whole of the prisoners then pleaded Guilty to the charge. The Chairman, in addressing the prisoners, remarked that they had pleaded Guilty to an offence known by law as a riot—an offence for which they might have been severely punished but the counsel for the prosecution, acting as he (the Chairman) thought with great discretion and sound judgment, had recommended the prisoners to plead Guilty to the charge on certain conditions, namely, that their recognizances be taken in the sum of £20 each, to appear personally and suffer the judgment of the Court (if called upon); and in the mean time, if they struck a blow or did anything of the kind calculated to disturb tbe peace, they would be liable to be punished severely, in addition to for- feiting the recognizance of £ 20, or if they could not pay that sum, they would have to lie in prison as long as the Court would direct. He would again remark that the course which had been followed towards the prisoners he considered was a merciful and proper course—merciful bt-cause (although the case was not one of those aggravated ca^es which were met with some times, but one in which a large number of Irishmen had beaten some six Welshmen, and therefore was more of a factious fight than a riot), if they had been found guilty would have been visited with a severe pun shmeot; and a proper course, because it would answer all the purposes required, and prevent the recur- rence of another such a scene. They would now be required to enter into their own recognizances of £:20 each, to keep the peace towards all persons for some time to come. The prisoners were then discharged from custody. Eli Williams, charged with stealing from Mary Thomas the sum of twelve shillings and eleven pence. Sentence— Six lIlo<1ths' imprisonment with hard labour. John O'Herne, charged with having stolen a pair of trousers, was öeutenced to one month's imprisonment with I.ard labour. SECOND COURT. Before ROBERT O. JONES, and J. G. JEFFREYS, Esquires. SWANSEA.—Anne Gwynne (alius Wynn), aged 26, mar- ried, was charged wittl atealiug one gowu, valued at 10s., the property of Mary M'Cinu. Mr. Josiah Rees appeared tor the prosecution. The evidence proved that some months 1il.:0, Mary M'Cann went to Bristol, leaving her box of wearing upparel safely locked with the landlady of the house in which the prisoner lodged. On the prosecutrix examining her box ou HER return FROM BRISTOL, she FOUND the lock had been tampered with, the box broken open, and two shawls and two dresses taken away. Mr. Simon Goldberg deposed that the prisoner pledged a gown (iden- tified by the prosecutrix as her propertv),at his shop for 2s.. on the 8th of June. The jury found the prisoner guilty. A previous conviction was then proved against the prisoner, and she was sentenced to four years' penal servitude at the hu;ks. Mary Thomas, singlewoman, pleaded guilty to a charge of stealing a piece of clolh troll) the shop of Mr. W. H. Tucker, draper, Castle-street, Swansea. Sentenced to one calendar month's hard labour. Emma Edwards, a widow, aged 43, was indicted for having, on the 18th day of August last, stolen one metal fork, the property of Mr. John Hoare. The prisoner pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to six weeks' hard labour. ABERAVON.—Mary Cummins. 43, wife of Richard Cum- mins, was charged with having stolen two candlesticks of the value of Is the property of Mr. J. Jones, of Aberavon. It appeared from the evidence that the prisoner had been em- ployed as a charwoman by the wife of the prosecutor, in which capacity she had appropriated the articles to her own use. Verdict, Guilty. Sentenced (two or three previous convictions having been proved against her) to four years' penal servitude. n SWANSEA. Ann Fielding was indicted for having stolen one pound of tea, the property of Matthews, Brothers, and Co., tea merchants, Castle-square. The prisoner pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to one month's hard labour. Charles Hill. aged 30, was indicted for having stolen six wheaten biscuits, of the value of 3d., the property of John Buller,^of Swansea. Pleaded Guilty. Sentenced to two months imprisonment. Mr. Cox, the governor of Swansea House of Correction, stated that be did not believe the pri- soner to be sane, and wished to have the decision of the court revoked, but his application was not granted. Griffith Willis, aned 19, pleaded guilty to a charge of having stolen one flannel shawl, the property of Elizabeth Abraham, and was sentenced to six weeks' hard labour. Ann Charles was found guilty of stealing a quantity of coal, the property of J. H. Vivian, Esq., and was sentenced to one week S hard labour. BILL IGNORED. The Grand Jury threw out the bill against Evan Jones, 51, and Wm. Morgan, 40, charged with having stolen some timber the property of the Swansea Vale Railway Co. The prisoners were discharged. PROSECUTOR ABSCONDED. The prosecutor absconded and forfeited his recognizances in the case of Margaret Waterhouse, and John Jones, 40, Known under the cognomen of" Jack the rag," charged with hating stolen the sum of £6 18s. 6d. from the person of Matthew Doran. This concluded the business of the sessions at Swansea. The court was then adjourned to Cardiff. CARDIFF.—WEDNESDAY. The business ol the Michaelmas Sessions was resumed at Cardiff", on Wednesday, before HENRY THOMAS, Esq., Chairman. Robert Oliver Jones, E*Q., C. C. Williams, E-q., Richard Bassett, Esq., Herbert Edward Evans, E?q., ltev. Roper Trevor Tyler, Birt Jeuner, Esq.. Sir George Tyler, M.P., Walter Coffin, E'q., M.P., Evan David. Esq. Thomas Falconer, Esq., Judge of the County Court, qualified as a Magistrate. THE GRAND JURY. Mr. John Evans, wine merchant, Cardiff, Foreman Thomas Lister, druggist, Cowbridge „ Philip Bird, dealer iu wine, Cardiff „ Thomas Ballard. junr., wool stapler, Cowbridge „ Philip Davies, Toudu Shop, shopkeeper David DavieJ, st-itioner, Cowbridge „ William Edwards, ironmonger, Bridgend „ Henry Fry, dealer in wine, Cardiff „ John Jones, draper, Cowbridge „ Morgan Joseph, coal merchant, Llantrissent „ John G rierson, draper, Cardiff' „ Thomas Henry Lowder, saddler, Cardiff 1. William Vachell, junr., ironmonger, Cardiff „ Thomas Jones, victualler, Aberkenlig » Thomas Miles, grocer, Cowbridge » Thomas Millward, confectioner, Bridgend Thomas Nicholas, timber merchant, Cowbridge „ Henry Perrott, wine merchant, Cowbridge William Frederick Smith, ironmonger, Cowbridge John Thomas, druggist, Cowbridge „ John Thomas, ironmonger, Cowbridge „ George Warde Towgood, draper, Cowbridge „ Daniel Vokes, gentleman, Cardiff The CHAIRMAN, in addressing the Grand Jury, said lie was sorry it was not in his power to congratulate them on any diminution either in the number or the quality of the caSes that would come before Ihern. The calendar con- tained the names of sixty-one persons. The majority of ther\offences were of a venal character; but there "ere five cast's of wounding and stabbing and different kinds of aggravated assault, which were brought under the juris- diction of the court by Act of Pailiament. The remaining cases were larcenies. There were only two cases on which he thought it necessary to remark, and those were assaults upon two children, relative to which he offered some ob- servations for the guidance of the Grand Jurors, whom he afterwards dismissed to their important duties. TRIALS OF PRISONERS. Edward Williams, aged 25, was charged with stealing two brass cocks, the property of William Crawshay, Eiq. Counsel, Mr. Thomas Allen. Verdict, Guilty. Sentence -Two months at Cardiff to hard labour. STEALING A WATCH. Robert Jones, aged 18, was charged with stealing a watch, the property of Joseph Rees, of Cardiff.—Mr. IleTiry Allen was counsel for the prosecution j and Mr. Giffard defended the prisoner. The prosecutor was returning home, in August, rather late in the evening, and haviugdrauk some beer, when it is supposed he lost his watch, or was deprived of it. He re- membered going by the Cardiff Arms, but then lost his recollection, ami was led home by a person named Thomas, who lives at Canton, as does aIm the prosecutor. The pro- secutor discovered in the morning that he had lost his watch, but made no complaint to the police: Mr. Thomas did for him. P.C. Pepperell, of Bristol, saw the prisoner in Bristol, in the shop of Mr. Coles, Bristol, offering to pledge a watch. The prisoner said he had bought the watch of a shopmate, six months previously, in Cardiff, having given three gui- neas for it. Cross-examined: I told him I WIU a policeman, and that he had better be careful what he was saying. I am sure he said it was in Cardiff he bought it. The prisoner's statement was put in. In it he said he had bought the watch of a female in the Happy Return public- house, for teu shillings. Mr. Giffard made an ingenious speech to the jury in be- half of the prisoner, who was acquitted after a brief con- sultation. EMBEZZLEMENT. William Sealey, aged 16, pleaded guilty to the charge of haviug fraudulently and feloniously embezzled the sum of seven pounds, the property of his master, Mr. Tuotnas Wilks, of Cardiff. Sentence—Si* months to hard labour at Cardiff'. WOUNDING AT MERTHYR. Ellen Simpson, a woman of decent appearance, about middle age, was charged with cutting and wounding Patrick Cronin. Mr. Thomas Allen conducted the prosecution and Mr Gitfud defended the prisoner. Patrick Cronin said that on the night of the 3rd of Sept., he was at the Three Mariners public house, Caedraw, and the prisoner was there also. with about twelve or fourteen others.—A dispute had happened between me and her husband; and his brother asked me what I wanted with him, and took a stone out of his pocket, and hit me on the side of the head. I defended myself as well as I could, and the prisoner came up with A hammer and struck me on the head three times. She haj a knife ill her hand also. A policeman came in. J was covered with blood. Cross-examined I found a stone at my feet, and took it up and threw it at Simpson and it hit him on the head. There was no blood 011 him at all. Judith Leary said that she saw a stone thrown at the pro- secutor by prisoner's brother which "caused the blood to fly out of his head like out of the spout of a teakettle." She afterwards saw the prisoner, who had been standing looking ou, with a knife in one hand aud a hammer in the other, go up to the prosecutor, and strike him on the forehead twice and draw blood; and then turned round with much satisfaction to her husband and said, » Well done;" and then when she espied an opportunity she struck prosecutor a«ain and made he CUT larger The prosecutor afterwards gave prisoner s husband a slight crack on the head with a stone. I A quart would not ho d all the blood that Cronin shed. She afterwards struck prosecutor's brother Mike with a knife. Before the row began she was engaged in knocking the fire out of the stones with a hammer or poker. Tuepohce-constabte who apprehended the prisoner said that he found her in a high state of excitement with a knife in her hand, apparently determined to stab Patrick Cronin. Mr. Giffard addressed the court and jury in a very effec- tive speech; and then caaed- Timothy Dunn, who said that Patrick Cronin hit prisoner with his fist on the side of her head, upon which she struck him back with a little hammer. Her husband seemed to have been much ill-used, and she was "saving him as much as she could. He could not say whether there was a quart of blood over prisoner's husband. •« A pint of blood thrown over a person would show a great deal" (laughter). Bridget White said that she was in the "row." There was a good lot of people there; and they were all fighting. Prisoner's husband was cut. Witness saw the blood all over him. She saw pokers, stones, and other weapons used in the "row," which from all accounts was a most Irish affair altogether. Cross-examined Unless the prisoner came, sure her husband would have been murdered. She put her hus- band behind her, and faced Patrick Cronin, and struck him. She had nothing but the hammer. Judith Leary had the poker in her hand, and was trying to use it, but the police- man prevented her. Verdict,—" Guilty of a common assault, but committed under circumstances of great provocation." Tuere was a second charge against the prisoner for haviog stabbed Michael Cronin, in support of which no evidence was offered, as it all arose out of the same "row," The sentence of the court was one month to hard labour at Swansea. MALICIOUSLY WOUNDING AT MERTHYR. William Emanuel was charged with having unlawfully and maliciously wounded one Robert Jones, at Merthyr. Mr. Giffard was counsel for the prosecution; and Mr. Henry Allen for the defence. Robert Jones sworn; I am a sinker at the Plymouth Iron Works. On the 3rd of October I was in the Colliers' Arms, Merthyr. John Evans and Richard Williams were there. I saw the prisoner there only at the time he struck me. There was a row there about a dog. I did nothing. I rose up and George Watkins struck me with the. pint. The prisoner struck me then with a poker. The blow struck me down on the settle, and I became insensible. I shewed my eye to Mr. Dyke. I went to my lodgings between two people. Cross-examined: I had drank a share of two quarts of beer between four of us. I had been in the house about twenty minutes. The dog was a bull-dog belonging to Richard Williams. It was not set upon a boy; but the boy was provoking the animal. I did not see the prisoner there when the quarrel begnn. I never stood up and said I was the best man in that or any other house or place. There was a regular fight all round when I was struck. I undertake to swear that the prisoner is the man who struck me with the poker. Re-examined I had nothing at aU to do with the quarrel aboutthedog. I was sober. Rowland Jones sworn: He saw the prisoner strike the prosecutor with a poker, on his eye, on the day iu question. No blows had been struck previously. Mr. Dyke, surgeon, described the injuries which the pro- secutor had sustained. They were of a serious nature— permanently affecting the discharge of the left eye-lid's functions. There was a cut on the eyebrow, which pene- trated to the bone; it bad now healed. Rees Williams corroborated the evidence already given against the prisoner. Mr. Henry Allen addressed the jury in behalf of the pri- soner; and then called,— George Watkins, who said,—I was in the Colliers' Arms on the evening in question. Richard Williams had a bull. dog with him, with which David Lloyd went to play, and the dog went very savage. David Lloyd struck the dog, and Richard Williams did hiss him on, and threw him in David Lloyd's face. David Lloyd defended himself against the dog, and was then struck down by Richard Williams. I asked Richard Williams why he struck him, and he knocked me down immediately (laughter). That was two of us he knocked down. I got up as soon as I could, and knocked Richard Williams so hard as I could. There was a regular fight through the house all, immediately. William Emanuel was not then in the house; nor when Robert Jones got the hurt. Robert Jones did say he was the best man in the house. I swear he said so. [Witness kissed the Testament in proof of his sincerity.] William Einanuel came in and was bitten by the dog, imrnediatcly on his coming in. It was I had the poker in my hand, defending myself, as we were only two in the house opposed to three men, each of whom wa. big enough to eat me (laughter). I was playing with the poker, stopping them to come on, and 1 SUppose it struck Robert Jones on his eye. I had been drinking a little drop. Cross-examined: I meant to hit him rather than that he should do me any harm. He should not have come on so quickly. I got the poker by the fire. I got it because I was afraid of my life. I w is before the magistrates; but. I did not tell them I had struck the blow because they did not ask me. llold, Mr Goodere the next day He-examined It was said to me that I had better not charge myself. I did answer everything they did ask me. Mrs. Jane Williams, landlady of the Colliers' Arms, gave evidenceT which was rather iu favour of prisoner's innocence uftttischargo. Thom»« Thomas and LgwU Lewis gave similar testimony, The Chairman summed up the evidence very farefaWy j and the jury, after a short consultation, found the prisoner guilty ofacommon assault." The Chairman, in sentencing the prisoner, told him he had been guilty of a very pevere and murderous assault; and ordered him to be imprhaned for four months. The Court was'then adjourned. SECOND COURT. [Before R. O. Jones, Esq., and C. C. Williams, Esq.] Margaret Doherty, Judith McCarthy, and Mary Diiscoll, were charged with stealing llOlbs. of coal, the property of Wm. Crawshav, Esq., of Merthyr Tydvil, on the 4th of August last. Judith McCarthy pleaded Guilty. The other prisoners were found Guilty, and severally sentenced to. one week's imprisonment, and to be kept to hard labour. Joel Davies, a respectable-looking young man, was charged with stealing one half-sovereign, the property of his master, Mr. Samuel Thomas, grocer, of Merthyr Tydvil. From the evidence of the wife of the prosecutor it appeared that the prisoner, who was assistant in the shop, was suspected of stealing money from the till, and on the 28th of July she marked a half-sovereign and placed it in the till. In a short time she discovered that it was ex- tracted and, after naming it to her husband, the prisoner was searched, and the half-sovereign found in his purse. The jury returned a verdict of Not Guilty.—-Comigel for prosecutiou, Mr. W. MiDs attorney, Messrs. Overton and Morgan. Mr. Thomas Allen defended the prisoner; attorney, Mr.J. Bird. After the jury in this case had given their verdict, the Chairman discharged them. Margaret Murphy, Martha Phillips, and Honoia Murphy three Irish girls, pleaded guilty to the charge of stealing coal, the property of Anthony Hill, Esq of Merthyr- Tydvil, and were sentenced to 14 days' imprisonment in the gaol at Cardiff, and to be kept to hard labour. Catherine Murgan, a married woman, also pleaded guilty 10 the charge of stealing coal, the property of Anthony Ilill, Esq and was sentenced to be imprisoned for 14 days in the gaol at Cardiff, and to be kept to hard labour. Isaac Isaac, a decently attired young man. was charged with stealing a coat, the property of Thomas Rees, land- lord of the Railway Inn, Aberdare. Verdict, —Guilty Sentence—To be imprisoned and kept to hard labour in the house of correction at Swansea for two calendar nronths. Counsel for prosecution, Mr. Lloyd; attorneys, Messrs. Overtou and Morgan. Thomas Lewis and Keziah Jones were charged with stealing 901bs. weight of coal, the property of tbe Dowlais Company, on the 2nd of August last. The jury returned a verdict of Not Guilty. Counsel for the prosecution, Mr. Kets; attorneys, Messrs. C. H. and F. James. Elizabeth Harris was charged with uttering false and counterfeit coin, well knowing the same to be counterfeit. The particulars of this case appeared in the GUAHDIAN of the 23rd July last. The jury found the prisoner guilty, and she was sentenced to be imprisoned in the gaol at Cardiff for two calendar months. Counsel for the prose- cution, Mr. Mills; attorney, Mr. R. W. Williams. William Sutton, labourer, was charged with stealing one pair of moleskin trousers and other articles, the property of Philip Hopkins, of Merthyr Tydfil, on the 3rd instant. The jury found the prisoner guilty. Sentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour, ia the house of correction at »N\yan?e<i, for six weeks. Counsel for the prosecution. Mr. Mills; attorneys, Messrs. C. H. and F. James, Merthyr. David Price, of Hirwain, was charged with stealing two iion tram plates, the property of W Crawshay, E-q., atHir- IVllin, on the 13th inst. The jury found the prisoner guilty. Sentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labour, in the house of correction at Swansea, for six weeks. Counsel for prosecution, Mr. T. AHen attorney, Mr. H. J. Hollier. The Couit was then adjourned. ( Continued in our third page,)
GENERAL MISCELLANY. DUTY ON SPIRITS.—It is shown by a Parliamentary paper (obtained by Mr. W. Williams, M.P.) recently issued, that in tbe year ended the 5tb of January last the duty on spirits was—on foreign, £I,4í7,904; on British £ (>,226,730; and on rum, £1,103,5S4. THE SEPARATION OF OLD MARRIED PEOPLE.—From a return recently issued, it appears that in workhouses in Middlesex there were on the 1st of January last as many as 141 married couples above (iO living separate; while only 40 of the age were living together in workhouses. NEWSPAPERS AND ADVERTISEMENTS.—From Mr. Williams's late return to the House of Commons, it appears that in 1851 the stamp duty on newspapers and advertise- ments amounted to £362,224; in 1852, to £396,.)14; and in 1853 (year ended the 5th of January), to £591,152. THE LATE SHIPWRECK ON BARRA-HEAD GLASGOW, Sunday Alternoon.—The steamer Islay arrived at the Broomielaw early this morning with 4Q passengers, saved from the disastrous wreck of the Annie Jane. They left Harra in a small sailing smack on the morning of Wed- nesday last, arriving at Tobermory in the course of the same night, were thence forwarded to Glasgow. The majority of the passengers are pretty well attired, having obtained clothing from the wreck of the boxes which were cast ashore; but many are totally penniless, and 18 of the number bad to receive food and shelter during the night in the Palice-office. Captain Mason, with the remainder of the passengers, including most of the women, still remains on Rara. NEW YACHT FOR HER MAJESTY.—PORTSMOUTH, Oct. 10.- It has been made known that a new steam yacht is to be built for her Majesty in lieu of the Victoria and Albert. It is a pity-that this determination was not arrived at earlier. An order for the Victoria and Albert, to be altered by lengthening, and to have new engines of 170 horse more power put into her (which were ordered of Messrs. Penn and Son), had been issued; and accord- ingly the vessel has been stripped to a complete shell; her tine .engines of 430 horse power, by Maudslay (which have always done their duty faultlessly, and are in prime condition for farther work), have been dragged out with merciless hurry and disregard of their value; lIer hull and fittings have been battered about with most destructive zeal; all in order to get her transformed into the article resolved on, and with the least possible delay. She has been docked and blocked and ready for the process of cutting, and now, at the last moment, that which should have in the first instance rendered unnecessary any med- dling with the old yacht, has been done. We are glad there is to be a new one, because the Victoria and Albert has been a moat ill-contrived, inadequate vessel for the < purposes she is expected to serve; she never would steer 1 or berth her complement of officers without resorting to s tbe necessity of packing two in one cabin, "cribbetf and 1 confined," and could not steam up to the speed of several 1 line-of-hattle ships now in commission. The new yacht will, we hope, be made to remedy these defects, and redeem the character of the Queen's yacht. She is to be an iron yacht, upon the paddle principle, and of 600 horse e power. We believe we may add further, that the Victoria and Albert having exhibited in such a bad light the workmanship of a royal dockyard, under a Crown 1 surveyor, the new yacht will be built at a merchant ship- building estabhshment, and we believe Mr. Ditchburn ) (the builder of the beautiful iron royal yacht Fairy) will l have the contract, The name to be given to the new t yacht has not yet transpired, but it will doubtless appear 1 £ ji /7 '8t 0t tlie Ko>'al Yacht Squadron (Cowes).- 2 he Field. THE PRICE OF COALS.—'The great advance in the price of coah, and their pr¿sent high cost in the metropalis and throughout the klll¡tdom, are matters for grave considera- tion, and are attributed, according to the interests of the 11 several parties concerned, to a variety of causes. Coal- c masters, men. ship-owners, and sailors, have been all, by r the incieased price of every article, subjected to increased s expenses, and while everything else had risen aud was | rising, coal could hardly have been expected to remain stationary. The advance is traceable to a combination of c circumstances, and there is scarcely any class less fairly J chargeable with the causes than the coal proprietors. The public are scarcely aware, and are, consequently, but little disposed fairly to estimate the many difficulties with which they have to contend on the one hand, more or less obliged J to submit to the exorbitant demands of their pitmen, and, a on the other, subjected to the great advance of freight. 1 Those who are acquainted with coal mining operatious, are 1 conscious that iu extensive collieries there is necessarily a I great investment of capital, and that some are liable to < heavy rents; that many of the proprietors are under heavy contracts, and that almost all of them have been the victims of extensive strikes. The pressure of all these causes con- curring, has necessarily imposed upon the coal proprietors I the necessity of protecting themselves from consequences which would otherwise be ruinous to them; and, while wages and provisions are rising, it follows, as a necessary result, that an article of consumption so dependent upon both must also rise in proportion. In addition to general causes, which the coal trade shares with others, but perhaps in a greater degree than any, thus accounting for the pre- sent advance, there are also special grounds which tended to produce it. The wages which pitmen can earn are known to be very high, so much so that they are now enabled to limit their hours of work just as they please, thus capri- ciously reducing the production of coal at the very time when their masters are under contracts to supply large quantities, in many instances at low rates. It must be also remembered, that in many collieries the men have recently refused to work at all; and when we add to these causes that freights have nearly doubled, while shipping has be- come scarce, the public will at once see that the coal owners, instead of being greatly benefitted by the altered state of circumstances, are, in fact, ruinous sufferers by it. Mining Journal. NEW MOTIVE POWER.—Dr. Carosio, a Piedmontese, has g invented an electro-magnetic apparatus, called the hydro- dynamic pile, which, he says, will create a new motive g power, and effect a revolution in the production of light and heat. The apparatus is based 011 the theory of electro- j chemical equivalents, and on what is called Farraday's law —viz., that the electric current is equal to the chemical action, and that, consequently, the electricity which serves to decompose water into oxygen and hydrogen gas, is equal to that resulting from the combination of the two gases in forming water. The apparatus consists —1. Of an electric battery formed of several cells, on the principle of Grove's pile, in which the electric j_ current is produced —2. Of a series of cells in which water becomes decomposed, and produces oxygen and hydrogen.—3. Of two reservoirs iu which the two <j gases accumulate under a pressure of several atmospheres. —4. Of two cylinders in which movement is produced by the elastic force of two gases.-5. Of two other reservoirs in which the gases, after having produced the movement, are re-conducted anew, to be afterwards distributed io the cells of the battery to produce the electric current.—-A-.od of some other machinery seeming to regulate the equili- ) brium of the pressure of the gases to distribute acidulated water, &c. By this apparatus Dr. Carosio obtains—1. formation of water by the combination of oxygen and -j hydrogen gllses.-2. An electric curreut always in propor- tion to the said combination.—3. The decomposition ot the water in axygen and hydrogen gas proportionate to the electric current, and equal to the quantity of water recom- posed.—4. The separation of the gases at the very spot at c which they begin to develope themselves; the gases in passing into two reservoirs, in which they are retained under the pressure of a given number of atmospheres by the augmentation of their elasticity, produce movement by means of a mechanism similar to that of ordinary steam- J engines.—Aud 5. After having produced the mechautcal effect, the two gases are separately re-conducted into the apparatus, in which the recomposition of water takea piace, to repeat the eaine series of phenomena—the elec ric cur- rent, the decomposition of water, and movemen a THE CODRSE OF STORMS.—Very ,lJ,r'^a,nes swept over the Atlantic Ocean in 1 7 P °' last month, aud. as it is exceedingly des.rab e every la. formation respecting the course and progress of these hur- I ricanes should be known, if the shipmia lets now iQ port who were within reach o< them, y fging upon their track, as indicated by the .well cjf the ocean, will send an abstract of their logs to the Underwriters-rooms in tbe course of the ensuing week, the secretary will undertake to forward them to L?''doD seientific Calculations at j the Admiralty, provided an office has been formed on the basis of that recommended at the conference recently held at Brussels for collecting and disseminating such informs- 1 tion; or, if not, they wi e ransmitted to Lieutenant Maury, ia Washington, by the steamer on Wednesday week. As far as we can ye earn, these hurricanes appear to have ccommeuced on the 3rd of September, to the wind- ward of Antigua. They then swept over the northern part of the West ludia Islands, taking the southern sides of St. Domingo and Jamaica. On the 5th they reached the coast of Florida, increasing It) force as they proceeded. 00 the 6th, 7th, and 81h they extended along the coast of America, within the range 01 lat. 30 and 40 N., and long. 6" and 78 W., evading the northern coasts of the United States and the southern coast of Nova Scotia-in New York the hurri- j canes being alone indicated by a heavy swell. We ne« ] hear of them, on the 9th, skirting the northern edge of «ne ] Gulf Stream and southern edge of the Great Bank ot foundland, the Tuscarora, which arrived here on ^,e.~i of September, having encountered them on that a e 41 N., long. 57 W.; and tlie two following days» and 11th of September, they took an easterly cou greatest force being about midway between lrehini1 <ind Newfoundland. They then appear to have taken a more northerly course, without quite reaching OAS land, and expended themselves in less vio en ga s. le information required from shipmasters is the ati u e an longitude of their vessels each day from the 3rd to the 11th of September, the force and direction of the wind the state of the sea, and height of the barometer, it recorded. Any additional facti that may appear to any shipmaster of con- sequeuce, as bearing upon the subject, would give Ithlh '11\40 TO their report*.—Liverpool Albw, WHAT THE REFORMATION IS TO u?.—"There is not an individual in this country, be his religious opinion what it may, who is not interested in the maintenance of the Reformation. Not only our whole system of religion, but our whole system of religious toleration, in which so many people are interested, depends npon the laws on which the Reformation was foutideti. Disko of Wellinyton, House of Lords, March 18 1827. THE PorB AND THE BILLIARD CUE.-A letter from Rome, in the Augsburg Gazette, says: -In the palace of the "Vatican a uumber ot workmen are at present occupied in arranging the floors of the Pontifical apartments, and putting down marble or mosaic in place of the brick which has in general constituted, up to the present time, the flooring of these rooms. The regimen of walking exercise in the open air, recommended by the medical advisers of the Pope, does not appear a sufficient remedy to keep down his increasing corpulence, and he has been lately ordered, in addition, to play an hour every day at billiards. This his Holiness does from five to six in the evening, generally with Mgr. Stella. The intelligent portion of the public can no longer re- main inattentive to the convincina personal evidence which has been given by FIFTY THOUSAND respectable individuals, as to the extraordinary cures ellectcd by Messrs. Du BARRY'S RRVALENTA ARABICA FOOD, in various stages of the under- mentioned maladies, and after medicine had utterly failed, or had. in many cases, aggravated the original symptoms: -Dyspepsia (indigestion), constipation, functional irre- gularity, obstructions, acidity, cramps, spasms fits, heartburn, diarrhoea, nervousness, biliousness, affections of the liver and kidneys, flatulency, distention, palpi- tation of the heart, nervous headache, deafness, uoises in the head and ears, giddiness, pains between the shoulders, and in almost every part of the body, chronic inflammation and ulceration of the stomach eruptions on the skin, scurvy fever, scrofula, impurities, poverty of blood, consumption, (if not beyond human aid) dropsy, rheumatism, gout, influenza, grippes, nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, after eating, or at sea, low spirits, spleen, general debility, paralysis, cough, asthma, tightness across the chest, phlegm, inquietude, sleepless- nes, involuntary blushing, tremors, dislike to society, un- fitness for study, delusions, loss of memory, vertigo, blood to the head, exhaustion, melancholy, groundless- fear, in- decision. wretchedness, thoughts of self-destruction &c. Amongst those who have joined in this magnificent testi- monial of gratitude are such men as the Hight Hon. Lord Stuirt de Decies, the Venerable Alex. Stuart, Archdeacon of Ross; Major-General King; Captain Parker Bingham, R.N., &c., &c. The catalogue likewise includes the names of hundreds of ladies, who, with a uoble resolution, over- coming for humanity's sake their natural repugnance to publicity, have come forward to describe their long-con- tinued sufferings under the anguish of disease, and the misery of fruitless medicine-taking, and their final delivery from all this wretchedness by the use of the light and agreeable Revalenta Food. In numbers of instances it has been the salvation of women in pregnancy, and of delicate nurses and infants and the duration ot chronic diseases, which it has effectually overcome (after all other methods of cure bad been used in vain) was, in some cases, upwards of sixty years. If we designate the discovery of this Food as the greatest physical blessing which the good fortune and ingenuity of an individual have yet conferred upon the human species, we feel that we are speaking quite within bounds; and we can only express our hopes, for the sake of society at large, that the use of this inestimable prepara- tion may become as universal as its capacities for good are certain and inexhaustible. For further particular* we relcr our readers to Messrs. Du Barry's advertisement in our to- day's columns,
LONDON MARKETS. CORN-EXCHANGE, MONDAY. At this morning's market there was a very small show of wheat from the neighbouring counties. The extreme humidity of the atmosphere caused most of the samples to come to hand in very indifferent condition, which circum- stance rendered buyers cautious still a fair clearance was made at prices not obtainable at the close of last week, tbe decline of Friday being recovered. The large arrival of foreign wheat failed to influence importers, who showed more disposition to raise than to lower their pretensions. There was a good country and a fair local demand. A tolerable extent of business was consequently done at about the rates of this day se'nnight. There was a good deal of inquiry on French account, without, however, leading to actual business but the prevailing opinion is that we shall have a revival in the export demand. The transactions in floating cargoes were not important. Very full rates were asked. Flour met with rather more attention, and good fresh American could not be bought on as easy terms as last week. There was an increased supply of Englisb barley, consisting, for the most part, of secondary quality- Picked malting sorts were readily placed at the extreme rates ot this day week, but the commoner kinds scarcely sold so well. Foreign barley was in lively request, and brought fully as much money as before. The value of malt was very firmly maintained. There were hardly any oats of home growth fresh up, and the foreign arrival WAS not large, the greater part of the 38,000 quarters reported having come to hand previous to Friday. There was a de- cidedly improved demand for this grain, and Friday'* reduction was almost wholly recovered we therefore con- sider prices nearly the same as on this day week. New beans were about Is. per quarter cheaper. Old were scarce and maintained their previous value. In quotations of gray and maple peas we have no change to notice. White boilers were cheaper. Holders of seeds demanded en- R.pa MU held at £a2 per last, and for canaryseed 70s. per quarter was asked. New carawayseeJ sold at 44S., and for fine old 48S. was demanded. Tares rather slow. CURRENT PRICKSofGRAIM & FLOUR iu MARK LANB. s. s. S. »• Wheat English. 58 76 White Peas 65 .68 Rye 34 38 Gray Peas 40 42 Barley 32 42 Oats (Potatoe) 24 Rye .34..38 Gray Peas 40 42 s. s. S. »• Wheat English. 58 76 White Peas 65 .68 Rye 34 38 Gray Peas 40 42 Barley 32 42 Oats (Potatoe) 24 Malt 64 70 Ditto (Feed) 22 27 Beans 40 42 Flour 54 70