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= CARDLFF BOARD OF HEALTH. last was the day for holding the usual fortnightly J-1" but as there was not a sufficient number in at- bv n^106 *° con9'itute a legal meeting, it was determined °8e present, at about a quarter past 11. that no busi- .e,8f,houUl be impacted that day. They did not separate, "Wever, but remained together, with others who came J B.ubsequently; and, yvith iMr. Rammers plan for the j !ape of the town before them, entered upon a most ?ereBting- discussion respecting that measure, and other '1?* connected with the sanatory condition of Cardiff, j, ,jQ Thursday fast (yesterday),'a special meeting was C (1> at Which there were present,— Mr. William Williams, Mayor, in the chair; ^'iermati Bird j Alderman Morgan, R.5I. »» Moore, M.D. | lid ttie following councillors:- John Batchelor I Mr. Griffith Phillips II W. A. Bradley Prichard .»• Richard Cory Tredvren Edwards „ Charles Vachell r-Edward Evans „ William Vachgli Harris I „ W. B. Watkins < David Lewis „ John Williams, ? + »• John Own ttQ •a- ^0rtner meeting the Board entered into a resolution, l0^Ulr'nK the agents of Sir Charles Morgan so to lay out of ||? Riding ground within this borough, the property Of (he h It) *ixt e, norahle baronet, as to leave roonj, for a street v In reply to that order, Mr. B. J. Davis, ten(j-ewl,orl» wrote to remonstrate with the Board, con- °n various grounds, that it was unreasonable, g0 l^ating that he would appeal to the General Tjj the Local Board persisted in. their intention, liy .l Board declined to deviate from the course taken tyL and Mr. Davis appealed to the General Board, res. retluired an answer to his allegations. The Clerk jft- a reP'y which he had prepared; and the Board, hS(j ,COniplimenting him for the ability with which he it t it up, on a very short notice, resolved to send ^estio who will have to decide the of the accounts was read by the Clerk. It Pend*11 exce"ent analysis and digest of the Board's ex- 'lure, and will be found in our advertising columns, dji stated at the Board that, although the Surveyor *ho °Uk'e l^e work formerly done by the scavengers, ic entered into contracts for sweeping the streets and thB ^?Slng, yet, by carrying out the system devised by «erk and Surveyor, a saving qf about £ 600 per was effected. *°.r widening the Bute Dock-road, three tenders were t in, namely, from— Allen, whose price was. £ 136 Turner 156 Price 183 ^ork t0 be doEe was fully described in the Sur- d's specification. Tr d^011 motion Mr. Batchelor, seconded by Mr. •ele W^n' l^e I,elson w^° 3en' >n t',e lowest tender was Ijj .c*e" to effect the improvement so much required in Part of the town. Batchelor complained of the state of Charles-street, _l?w most important thoroughfare, but which is actu- y 8 most impassable. ^.r- Charles Vachell said it was the intention of the Parties interested to pave and pitch the street as soon as had completed their buildings. desultory conversation ensued. ■^r. Batchelor and others made observations which th°^ed that they were quite dissatisfied with the delay thi*' -ad taken Place in Putt'n& the causeyvay in some- lng like proper order. It might be rendered passable by Positing gas-ashes upon it. Mr. Batchelor urged the A °Priety of carrying out the local regulations fairly and •« j y and impartially throughout the town; and said, ^vish to offer no impediment to building; but yvhile encourage building we must not encourage filthiness dirtiness, neither must we permit great holes #to re- the causeyvay of an important thoroughfare." e infer from some observations which followed, that teps will be immediately taken to effect a temporary "'Provement. Mr. W. B. Watkins complained of the disgracefully lrty state of the Wharf and its approaches. A conversation ensued respecting the widening of the r'dge over the feeder, near the Roman Catholic meeting It was stated that Lord Bute's trustees would 'Uingly do so but unless means were taken to yviden "e road under the Taff Yale Railyvay as well, the im- provement which would be effected by Lord Bute's trustees would be of little avail. A plan was suggested, *°d will probably be carried out, for having side paths °f foot passengers similar to what is provided under the Railway bridge in Crockherbtoyvn. The expense of the |°regoing improvement will, we hear, have to be borne p the district. It was said that all that could be expected J'0"! the railyvay was permission to widen the road. Others said that the owners of property in that quarter "light to contribute. The Clerk set the matter at rest by otltilag that it would be quite competent for the Board 0 a special district rate upon the district that would e benefitted by the improvement. The Surveyor is to Prepare plans, specifications, and estimates,—a motion to at effect having been made by Mr. Batchelor and se- conded by Dr. Edwards. The Superintendent's report was read. It disclosed a Mate of things truly disgusting,—in fact, the details are too revolting to be published. Alderman Moore gave a very able summary of Mr. Grainger's address to the few gentlemen who met re- cently-(tbe address was published by us in full)-and then said that there was no place in the whole town where tlagging (so strongly recommended by Mr. Grainger) was blore needed than in Landore court. Mr. William Vachell said there were stables in that place, and where there were horses flagging should not laid down. Mr. Batchelor said that every court and close street the town should be flagged. The Board entered into a discussion upon the rate of °r|ality in this town, which, as reported upon •facial authority by us, was shown to be most alarming. members thought there yvere modifying circum- ances, but the opinion of Mr. Edward Evans was (in ect) that the disclosure showed a state of things without Parallel, and loudly called for remedial measures. •n • ^erk entered into an explanatory statement re- ^Pecting the negotiations entered into with Lord Bute's on^or poasewioo of ground for drainage works, ajr East Moors. The "heads of agreement" have 0jj. 8 J' appeared in our columns. They were strongly confp •'i? and a committee was appointed again to dav read11 The following terms were this hi tha e Pa|,ts within brackets having been inserted at the suggestion of the committee:- j.?'. T.h? re.n' t0 b* twopence per square yard for the quantity lihl V- e"glnes and tanks. aud £ 2 per year for th* te-. y.a n8 'he sewer through the property. A right o way W1H be granted free of extra charge. To remain as first proposed. 1 ■e dra'na=e °f that portion of Bute-street, and of the and situate to the south of the cut or canal leading from the *>iite Docks to the Glamorganshire Canal, and lyiug between the eastern side of such canal and the western side of Bute spelts, to be abandoned by the Board of Health [it being un- derstood that by this agreement it is hot intended to exempt the Bute Docks from any taxation in respect of drainage to Which such docks would have been liable had this agreement not been entered into] the trustees undertaking to supply suffi- cient main drains in all the streets already erected, or to be erected, within the above limits, simultaneously with the pro- ceedings of the Board of Health. This district being drained at the expense'of the Trustees shall not be charged with the rates made for the purpose of draining and keeping in repair the drains [so long as the said district shall be efficiently unfleiTec- tually drained, to the satisfaction of the Local Board, by the Jrustees of the Marquess of Bute both with regard to maiu grains, house, and all other drains], in other respects the Local to have all the powers over this district that are vested In them by the l'ublic Health Act of 1848. 6. Respecting openings in the main drains for draining the and,—abandoned. These terms were considered with much patience and Attention but were not sanctioned. Mr. Batchelor said the Trustees were endeavouring to e a good bargain. By draining Bute-toyvn, as they ere proceeding, they made their outfall at the packet 'P, while the outfall for the town drainage yvas proposed 0 be three miles off. He entered very fully into the question, and argued in favour of having the outfall for e town sewage at the Dnmballs, where it would be j^Bptied and carried out to sea by the tidal yvaters, without Producing any nuisance. He did not touch upon the questions of 11 pipe" and 11 brick," but conifned himself to afBrming that by going to the Dumballs, and uoing no more than the layv gave them poyver to do, they ^'ght effectually drain the town without entering into arrangement yvith anybody. He contended that the utnballs was a more eligible outlet; and that Mr. Rammell might adopt it with advantage in carrying out III! plan with certain alterations. ° Mr. W. B. Watkins adverted to the great difficulties ™ich they had to contend with should they persist in endeavouring to go to the East Moors. The obstacles Were almost insuperable and with the view of having the town drained within a reasonable time, he proposed that the drainage should be carried to the Dumb/dls, behind the ballast bank. f The Clerk: How can you do that without consulting all engineer 1 Mr. Watkins replied that three-fourths of the en- gineers who had sent in plans for draining the town, had "elected the site named by him for an outfall. Mr. Charles Vachell said that all had chosen it. Mr. Batchelor seconded Mr. Watkins' motion. The Mayor intimated that as it went to rescind a pre- vious resolution, and as no notice had been given of it, he could not submit it to the meeting. An argument ensued on the point raised by his Wor- ship. Ultimately Messrs. Watkins and Batchelor gave Way; and the former gentleman gave notice, by which whole question will come on for regular discussion atthenextmeeting. Upon the motion of Mr. David Lewis, it was ordered that the future fortnightly meetings of the Board be held on Tuesdiijs,—to commence on next Tuesday foitnight. [The foregoing is but a brief summary of a protracted BUtlng, ]
AN INQOEST was held at the Town Hall, on Wednesday last, before the coroner, R, Lewis Reece, Esq., on the body of a man unknown, which had been found drowned in the Bute-dock on the previous Monday afternoon. The deceased appeared to be from 18 to 20 years of age. William Baker, a seaman, deposed that on Monday after- noon last, about two o'clock, while at his work, and Walking along the quay-wall on the western side, he ob- Berved something apparently jump up in the water and then roll over witness then observed the face of a mane arid having a boat-hook & obtained assistance brought th, body of a man ashore. This was near No. t Tip. The body was about 18 or 20 feet from the quay-wall. Witness ^•formed a police constable whom he met, and with the Policeman, look the body to the dead house. The body "PPears tr» have been in the water a long tune—the flesh Was r. fr There appeared marks of a heavy blow o th°Tg £ H left eye-the flesh and skin cam iorehead.' near washed the body with a mop. S? Vffv -V' 8 Ion said he was requested by the"<?' |Je'fSUf Police, to examine a body found >. Superintendent of Police. buria, d. The he Bute-dock, he did so a He examined the °dy Wa8 m a very decomposed & th(U J*u,se spoken of by the Wlt"es8''sidered it might have **°uld occasion death. He con he water. TheDMgT>d after dealh' anV!!eve been occasioned by ^he blood from the nose might have injured# being some time in the water; the skull -Verdict, Found drowned." # wa8 al, ONGyviNLAis. — Our usual quiet little f ce|e. alive on Monday, the Gth inst., in c0.nfe\rm8 ball and orating the anniversary of the Lewis 8 Ar re_ tea party. The gathering yvas numerous aDtl « on the 8pectable, and the yvhole of the arrangements Host liberal scale, and reflected the greatest credi Worthy host and hostess, Mr. and Mrs. former oi whom, we regret to add, was nessing the happiness of his visitors, by being confine his bed from indisposition. About 150 met to enjoy the festivities of the evening, and we were much gratified to perceive several of the leading gentry of the neighbour- hood mingling in the lovely dance, and courteously dis- pensing the comforts of the sideboard to their less aristo- cratic neighbours. The punch was scarcely a whit in- ferior to Simpson' and the" Champagne" bright, sparkling, and genuine" Moett's." Nor did the happy group think of separating until the Partletl)3" of the neighbourhood had almost tired of announcing bright »' Sol's" jipproach, with » eok° M if all was they might meet to trip the old yon- IttWijjf gin Mil Hiber gaily tho Hew prq in.
CARDIFF POLICE.—TUESDAY. [Before the Mayor, William Williams, E.q.J Robert Day, a seaman, of Bristol, was ordered to be im- prisoned and kept to hard labour for fourteen days, for deserting from the vessel Nora Creina and refusing to pro- ceed on the voyage after having signed articles. TIIUl.SDAY.-[Bcfore Wm. Williams, Esq, Mayor, and Giitnth Phillips, Erq.] TRUMPERY CHAIIGE AGAINST A TRADESMAN. John Edwin Simester, ot Jaines-stieet, Buxe-docki, ap- peared to answer a summons obtained by Thomas R. Davis, broker, for having unlawfully stolen his umbrella. Mr. John Bird attended on behalf of Mr. Simester. Prosecutor said—I I've in George-stieet, Bute-docks. I recently lost my umbrella from my lodgings. About three weeks after-on the 30th of November—1 saw Mr. Simester walking down George-street, on the opposite side to which I was standing. He had my umbrella in his hand. He spoke to me fi st, and asked me what borrowed coat that was which I had on. I said I had paid fur it, and then ob- served that the umbrella in his hand looked very like a bor- rowed one. I crossed the road, took his arm, and walked down to the bottom of the street with him. In the mean- time. I took hold of the umbrella he was carrying to see vrhpther it belonged to me. I found it was mine. Mr. Morris: How do you know it was yours ? Prosecutor: There had been a hole by the button which fastened the band, and it had been sewn up again. One of the ribs wa" broken. There were njne ribs altogether. The Mayor: Had you your name on it? Prosecutor. No, Sir; but I could recognise it among a thousaud.-He then proceeded—I told Mr. Simester that it was mine. He said it was not — that he had bought it in Cardiff and paid for it. I told him I had paid for it, and both of us could not pay for the same article. I told him it was mine. and I claimed it from him. He said-" Your impudence! Do you think I am going to give you my umbrella ?" I asked for it again, but he refused to give it me. We parted then and in the afternoon of the same day, I was passing by Mr. Simester's house, and he was coming towards it trom the docks. I told him then that he must make a mistake with regard to the umbrella, which we had been talking about in the morning, but which he had not at that time with him. He said—"I must S"1 that it is not mine. It was left at my house by a packman—one of Wallace's men," he further stated that he expected the man would call at his house the next Friday, when be would send for me to talk to him. Friday came, but i was not sent for, The next day (Satur- day) I met Mr. Simister as he was passing through George- street. He told me he had seen the packman, who said he had not left the umbrella at his (Simester's) house, neither was it his. Then the defendant said he did not know how he came by it: it must have been either left by myself, or by Mr. Richards, a gentleman I live with, at his house. Last Friday I was going by Mr. Simester's house, when he called me in, and I was shown an umbrella. I took it in my hand, and said it was mine. I knew it directly and desired him to take it back. j. Mr. Bird: You were too much of a gentleman to take it back yourself? Prosecutor: I am talking to the Magistrates, Sir.—Mrs. Simester said it should not be taken back-rr«He would see it in blazes first; and asked me did I want tp make her hus- band a thief? I said-" No; I know nothing about your husband. I lost my umbrella and found it with him. She called me all the names she could invent, and I then left. In answer to the Bench, Mr. Davis stated he bad not seen the umbrella since. Cross-examined by Mr. Bird: I live in a public house. I kept my umbrella in the parlour of the house. I saw it there the day before I missed it. I am not aware whether any persons went into that room to drink during the inter- vening time. They might have done so. Mr. Simester keeps a Temperance Hotel. He is a painter and glazier besides. I saw two umbrellas in his house besides my own. I saw Mrs. Simester, and desired her to send it to my house, I was going another way. Mr. Bird: Did Mrs. Simester tell you to take it along with you? Witness: She did. Mr. Bird: And yet you charge that man with being a thief? Witness: I found the umbrella with him. Mr. Bird: You charge that man with being a thief, when Mrs. Simester asked you to take it back? Disgraceful! (To the Magistrates): I do not know whether you will pro- ceed farther with this. The umbrella had been tendered to him. The Bench did not see that they could proceed with the case; which was accordingly dismissed. Mr. Bird hoped the Bench would make some expression of opinion. The defendant was a highly respectable man, and would not for an instant disgrace himself with such an act as that imputed to him. STEALING POULTRY AT RADYR. Henry Angwin was charged with having in his possession fifteen fowls, supposed to have been stolen. Mr. Thomas Williams, of Waterhall Farm, in the parish of Radyr, deposed that on Tuesday night last, he lost fifteen fowls from the waggon-house on his farm-an open shed, under which the birds were accustomed to roost. One of them was a pullet of the Cochin-China breed.-F,fteeo fowls, all picked, were here laid on the table. One of them -a cock—Mr. Williams identified by some peculiar marks on its legs and body. Its comb, too, was of a very un- common character, but that the prisoner had torn off while at the police-station. The comb was produced by the Super- intendent, and witness immediately recognised it. Mr. Williams stated that he could not identify more, but if his brother were present, no doubt he would be able to do so. Several of their legs were ripped similarly to those he had lost, but he would not ewear positively they belonged to him. However, if their Worships would allow him he would cut open some of their crops, and see what they contained. He was in the habit of always feeding the fowls with small wheat.—Mr. Williams then cut open the crops of several, and in each found precisely the same description of grain as that which he had mentioned. With regard to the number wituess had reckoned thirty-six fowls on Monday last, and he had now but twenty-one remaining. P.C. Sheppard said he received information on Wed- nesday of some fowls having been stolen from Waterhall farm. He suspected the prisoner, and was on the look out for him. Between six and seven o'clock in the evening, he saw him in an eating-house, kept by Mr. Norris, in Bute- street, offering some fowls for sale. He had six on the counter, one of them being the cock which had been iden- tified by Mr. Williams. Witness asked him where he got the fowls from, to which be replied some he had from Car- marthen, and a portion from Cowbridge-that he was in the habit of receiving them from Carmarthen twice a week. He also told witness that they were sent by a man named Thomas Thomas from the latter place, but those from Cowbridge he had purchased there himself the previous day. Witness then examined the basket, and found nine fowls therein, which, together with those on the counter, corresponded with the number lost. The prisoner was then conveyed to the station, where he stated that he had ob- tained the fowls from the son of Thomas Thot&as, of Car- marthen. who was also named Thomas Thornas—that he bought forty fowls and five geese of him, on Wednesday morning, in the road below the Cardiff Arms, and gave 2s. a couple for them. When taken to the station he gave his name, but refused to state where he lodged the previous night. In his defence, the prisoner said he neyer, saw Mr. Wil- liams before in his life, neither did he know where his farm was. He sold several fowls on Wednesday. One pair he sold to Air. Norris, besides others on board the vessels in the docks, and one to a lady in the street. He also sent some to Bristol to a Mr. Richards by the packet. He had three dozen and f.)ur, and paid E2 for them. He had pur- chased five geese, for which he paid 16s. As to Mr. Williams feeding the fowls with wheat, other people might do so as well as he, coming from country farms. If the ease were adjourned for a day or two, he, no doubt, could bring for- ward the parties from whom he had purchased the fowls. The Magistrates committed the prisoner for trial.-The fowls were ordered to be given up to Mr. Williams. VIOLENT ASSAULT. George Nyne was charged with assaulting Margaret Hurley, a young girl; living, as also does the prisoner, at a Mrs. Protheroe's, in Whitinore-laoe. Last Monday night, complainant went home, and finding Nyne in bed and the door open, made some observations as to his carelessness, when he immediately jumped up, felled her to the ground, and kicked her.—He was fined 10s. and costs, or fourteen days'imprisonment.—Prisoner applied to the Bench to be allowed time to pay, which was refused, Mr. Phillips re- marking-These poor girls are to be pitied-not to be abused in that manner. It was a great wonder one of her ribs was not broken. DRUNKENNESS. Rees Rees, a collier, who stated he came from Aberavon, was fined 5i. for being drunk. He was found lying down in the middle of the road near the Cardiff Arms in a state of helpless intoxication, and great trouble was taken with him at the station-house before he recovered. DISORDERLY CONDUCT. Ann Williams, alias Moss, was charged with breaking the windows of John Gale; but the damage having since been repaired, she was cautioned as to her future behaviour, and discharged.
COWBRIDGE PETTY SESSIONS. Tuesday, December 14, 1852. [Before R. C. Nicholl Carne, Esq., Captain Entwisle, Captain Boteler, and Captain Jenner.] James Knapp, of Cowbridge, labourer, was charged on the information of John Richards Homftay, Esq., with setting a snare for taking and killing game on Sunday, the 5th instant.-David Coatee proved having seen de- fendant in a field in the occupation of Mr. James Ballard, about 11 o'clock on the Sunday morning menlioned, and that he also sayv him (Knapp) set a yvire in the hed^e and then go in company yvith three little bojs to a plan- tation close by, and that they started and followed a hare from there, and that the hare was caught in the wire he had seen Knapp set. The witness also stated that he found three more snares in the same hedge, The hare, with the wire around its neck, as found, was produced. -In answer to the charge defendant said he and the little boys had only been throwing stones into the hedge after birds, and he called two of the boys as witnesses, who corroborated his statement; but it being evident they had been tutored by the defendant what to say, the magistrates convicted him, and (the case being a very bad one) fined him jM and costs: in default of payment to be imprisoned in the House of Correction at Swansea for two calendar months with hard labour. Committed. LLANTRISSENT PETTY SESSIONS. 10 rH DEÇEMÏlËR, 1 8'à2 [Before E. M. Williams, Esq., and Captain Hewett.] John Rees, of Lnntwit Vardre, banksman, and Evan Morgan, of the same place, engineer, were charged with assaulting Richard Barrett, an Irish labourer. Com- plainant stated that on Monday, the 29th ult., lie went to Dyheyvidd Colliery to look for work, and was told there that the ganger he wanted to see was down in the pit; that he asked defendant, John Rees, to allow him to go down to speak to the ganger, and that he went into a tram for the purpose of going down, but that instead of being let down he was lowered and raised several times, and that water and tar were poured down upon him. Defendant Morgan was the engineer employed for lowering and raising the trams on the. occasion. In answer to the charge defendant Ilees said the complainant jumped into a tram as it was going down, and that the water and tar that dropped on him were nothing more than the ordinary droppings from the chain and works, and would have dropped quite as much upon any other person going down. This statement having been prcved by a witness, the case was dismissed. Edward Day, of Newbridge, baker, was charged with assaulting Honora Dempsey. Allowed to settle out of court. John Walker, of Dinas, sub-contractor, yvas charged yvith assaulting Edward Hudson, labourer. Adjourned to the 17th. inst. William Thomas against the Surveyor of Highways of Castle Hamlet, Pentyrch, for not repairing a highway.— At a previous special sessions, Mr. Williams, of Hendre- scythan, land surveyor, was appointed by the Magistrates to examine the road complained of, and he having to-day reported that the surveyor was progressing with the repairs as fast as the weather permitted, the case was further adjourned to the 14th January next. [Before Captain Hewett.] Patrick Fitzgerald, of Treforest, sayvjer, was charged with stealing a piece of timber, of the value of 2s the property of Mr. John Edwards, of White-cross, near Caerphilly, mason. Committed for trial at the next Quarter Sessions, but admitted to bail.
POLICE FORCE FOR AUSTRALIA.-Three sergeants and fifty constables have been selected from the police force, in the metropolitan district, and placed under the charge of Mr. Freeman, who is promoted to the rank of superin- tendent, and they will embark at Plymouth on the 18th instant for service in Australia. THE DUKE'S RELIGIOUS OriNioNS.—We can state (says the Morning Advertiser) from the testimony of one who was cognisant of the fact, that the favourite religious book with the Puke of Wellington, during the last tyvelve months, wasBaxter's Saints' Rest,—a work which, as many of our readers are aware, is one of the most spiritual and experimental ever written.
KAFFIR WAR. Extract of a letter from an officer in the 74th Highlanders: "Post Retief, 16th Oct., 1852. 1 believe I may now say that the Kaffirs are in flivht in every direction, and longing for peace. This is offered to the Tambookies i but Macomo, Saiidilli, and Co., are outlawed, while their followers, by a late proclamation, are permitted to live among the fiiendly chiefs, who are compelled, if they harhour them, to be responsible for their conduct. The Hottentots, though not very formidable, must still be pursued. I think they will be a banditti for some time to come and we shall all be obliged to ride armed, and with some strength, until they are shot down. I have in my patrols killed about twelve or more Hottentots, and eight or nine Kaffirs, during the last ten days, and I feel that in every one I see shot a just retribution falling on these ruthless murderers, who, holding the best land in the colony, and with greater advantages than the European settlers, lie in wait for and cruelly massacre every strag- gler they can surprise, and still rebel against an indul- gent and paternal Government. Col. Buller, of the Rifles, now commanding our division, is going to send me over some companies of the 9ist and Rifles, with Fingoes, &c., to sweep through Zuur Hoek, and an ex- tensive tract of bush lying behind the hills facing us, and, in fact, between this and Eland's Post. The Governor has been very kind to me. ce 17th October. The constant and severe duty has compelled me to keep no less than three horses, and I have lamed the two good beasts which carried my pack through the Amatolas and Watercloof campaigns, and indeed long after There is a race here worse than the Kaffirs, a white people called Winklers, who sell bad sugar to the soldiers at two shillngsa lb. (brown), and coffee, &c., in proportion. These villains make by the war, although lately we have driven them from the Camps until they came down to a fair price. The thieves have asked me 3s. 6d. for a bottle of beer! which costs at Bombay, or at Cape Town, 5d. We pay through the nose for many things in this way. "P.S. Sunday Night, 17th Oct. I am obliged to send off a second Express after mid- night: there is a move into the Colony by some Hot- tentots and Kaffirs, and I am expecting 300 men to clear some of the country I described in my letter of yesterday. Poor Captain Hearne of the 12th Foot has been mur- dered, and two privates, in their way to join their column, near the Fish River Bush in the Colony, but we must keep moving, and a little more will finish them. My Fingoes killed a fine Ostrich here yesterday, and I have a good store of feathers for the ladies."
SOCIETY FOR PROVIDING ADDITIONAL PAS- TORAL SUPERINTENDENCE AND CHURCH ACCOMMODATION IN THE DIOCESE OF LLANDAFF. A quarterly meeting of the committee was held at the Town-hall, Cardiff, on Tuesday, the 14th December. PRESENT: The Bishop of Llandaff. Rev. H. L. Blosse. The Archdeacons of Llandaff J. Evans. and Monmouth. „ H. Rickards. The Chancellor ofthe Cathedral K Knight. Church. R. Knight. The Precentor. „ C. Knight. The Chancellor of the Diocese. E. Hawkins. W. A. Williams, Esq. „ J. Jones, Shire Newton. C. C. Williams, Esq. „ L. Morgan. E. P. Richards, Esq. „ H. Thomas. The Rev. J. M. Traherne. The secretary, H. A. Bruce, Esq., was unavoidably absent, as the 14th had been fixed upon by the returning officer for the day of election at Merthyr. A general expression of pleasure was manifested at the enlarged sphere of usefulness which was opening upon one who had contributed so largely to the gratifying results which have attended the operations of the society. The Arch- deacon of Llandaff acted as his substitute. The minutes of the former meeting having been read, the following grants were made :— ST. JAMES, PONTYPOOL.— £ 10° towards the enlarge- ment of the Chapel, on condition that 150 additional free sittings be provided therein. SHIRE NEWTON.— £ 50 for the restoration and en- largement of the Church, provided that 100 additional free sittings are secured therein, or a like proportion for any smaller number. PENTYRCH.— £ 10 for rebuilding and enlarging the Church, provided that 120 additional free sittings are secured therein. CANTON,—An additional grant of JE50 was made towards building a Church in this rapidly increasing district. The case appeared an urgent one, as new houses are daily being completed; and the purchase of a large plot of building ground by the Freehold Land Society seemed to threaten a vast accession of population, which will be wholly unprovided with the means of grace. LLANHILLETH.—A grant of JE100 was made to meet a grant of JE200 from the Tithe Redemption Trust for the purchase of the Impropriate Tithes of this parish, pro- vided that the object be secured at a rate not exceeding 20 years' purchase on the net value. It was resolved that the next annual meeting be held at Newport on the Thursday in Easter week. The prospects of the Society are most cheering. It has already made grants for the maintenance of addi- tional Curates in fourteen of the most populous and des- titute localities of the Incase; while under its auspices ten new Churches /fre already either completed, in building, or immediate prospect of erection; but, still, fresh and pressing applications are being made for aid, and large and increasing populations are yet to be sup- plied with the privileged and otdinances of the Church. We look, therefore, anxiously for enlarged support, and sustained exertions to increase the resources of this excellent institution. COWBRIDGE GRAMMAR SCHOOL. On Wednesday, the 15th instant, the vacation com- menced at Cowbridge Grammar School; and on thatday the prizes awarded for merit, in the several branches of study, were distributed by the Head Master with some appro-pi iate and encouraging 'I-etnarkis tcr*Wcii~young're-' cipient. The scene was one of animation and interest; and we may be assured that the rewards of merit were fairly won, as general tokens of applause greeted each lad when he stood forth to take the hard-earned and coveted book. Upwards of seventy boys are now receiv- ing their education in this important institution, and it is vigorously accomplishing the work so much desired for the southern portion of the Principality, in providing a sound and liberal training alike for those youths who are destined for the future service of the Church, or intended to embark in the various callings of civil life. On the same dav the Archdeacons of Llandaff and Monmouth attended to examine the candidates for the five Exhibitions, of £ 10 each, provided by the liberality of a connexion of our Diocesan, for Welsh-speaking boys who are intended eventually to pursue their prepa- ration for Orders at St. David's College. On this occa- sion seven candidates presented themselves for competi- tion and after a careful viva voce examination, and the review of the various replies to questions previously issued by the Archdeacon of Llandaff, the choice fell upon Messrs. Davies, Evans, Lewis, Thomas, & Williams while the examiners expressed themselves as much pleased with the efforts of the two unsuccessful candi- dates. After the distribution of the prizes, and the announce- ment of the mmes of the successful candidates for the Exhibitions, the boys were addressed by the Archdeacons of Llandaff and Monmouth, and the Rev. Thomas Edmondes. The former bore testimony to the sound scholarship and careful grammatical training which had marked the examination of the candidates who had ap- peared before him in the morning; and alluded to the credit reflected on the school by the recent class list of the University of Oxford, where the name of Howells appears in the second class, treading nearly in the steps of his uncles—alumni of the satne institution—and, like them, closely connected with its former Head Master. The prizes for the midsummer examination were then announced, with their respective subjects, when the' Aichdeacon of Llandaff requested permia ion to offer another of two guineas for an Alcaick Latin Ode, on the death of the Duke of Wellington; one of five guineas, on an historical subject, having yvith continued generosity been again proposed for a copy of Latin Hexameters, by the Rev. J. M. Traherne. The proceedings of the day terminated with three heaity and joyous cheers for the Head Master, indicative of the kindly feeling which he, by firm and kindly con- duct, has excited in the hearts of his pupils. We would gladly subjoin a list of the recipients of the several prizes-tokens, we trust, of future triumph on a wider field this, however, we must defeir until another opportunity, as we are not in possession of a correct record of their names. -1..
MERTHYR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD. SIR IVOR BERTIE GUEsT.-The youthful baronet is now residing at Dowlais House, having arrived at the close of last week. The first intimation he had of his honoured parent's death was from a London paper, the dispatches having, probably, crossed him on the way. TEMPERANCE HALL.—The meetings held here on Sun- day last, assumed an entirely new character and on that day, the Rev. Griffith Roberts, ex-Wesleyau minister, and now Independent minister of Briton Ferry, preached two sermons to the Weslevan reformers, yvho now form a considerable body. Mr. Roberts had obtained consider- able reputation as a pulpit orator, during his former stay at Merthyr; and on his recent visit, bis eloquence and independencejustined his popular renown. BEEF, BEEF. -Roast beef and plum pudding have, from time almost immemorial, been accounted very desirable things, and particularly during the Christmas season. And our butchers seem to be somewhat of the same opinion for, during the early part of this week, they have been exhibiting some remarkably fine cattle, bought at the Bristol cattle show, and intended for the tables of the good people of Merthyr. Mr. Llewelyn Williams had two remarkably fine oxen-one of them, a Devon ox, being a really noble fellow. Mr. W. JOBes Ulld Jlr. John Griffith also had two very fine cattle, both of which will do them much credit Upon matters of this kind we are a considerable authority, and know the five points" of an ox almost as well as Sam Slick knew those of "a hoss." We inspected those animals very carefully— poked a finger here & "ave a dig in the ribs there, fingered lumps of fat in one place, and grasped handfulls of beef in another, were extremely sagacious about breeds, looked exceedingly knowing, and at last, with becoming gravity, delighted the expectant owners with the fiat of approba- tion. Much credit is due to the butchets of Merthyr generally; they supply us yvith capital meat; and yve only yvish they would content themselves with a little less profit. BOILER EXPLOSION. At the close of last week, the boiler used for generating blast, on the premises of Mr. Daniel Watkins, near the iron bridge, gave way at both ends from the pressure of steam, carried away a thick wall, and projected missiles of brick, stone, and iron, to a considerable distance. The boiler was an old one brought from Neath, and exploded on the ifrst trial. One of the bricks, at the distance of about fifty yards, fell in through the roof of one of the Ynysfach houses but no personal injury was sustained from the .explosion, which took place between eight and nine in the evening, and might have been productive of much harm. FATAL ACCIDENT.—On Friday last, at one of the Ply- mouth Collieries, a young man, aged 23, named Thomas Parry, was killed while filling a tram under ground, by the fall from the top of an enormous stone, which crushed him beneath its weight. He was a sober, steady, and industrious young man, well known and much respected; a teetotaller, and a member of the Merthyr Library. A coroner's inquest was held upon the body, and a ver- dict of accidental death recorded.
HASTINGS ELEcnon.—An objection has been taken on behalf of the Conservative members for this borongh to the recognizances entered into by the sureties for the peti- tioners against their return. The objection was argued by Mr. Brown, for the sitting members; and by Mr. J. A. Russell, for the petitions; and the Examiner of Recogni- sances decided that the objection was a valid one. This gets rid of the petition.
ELECTION 02 HENRY AUSTIN BRUCE, ESQ., AT IKER-THYIt. [BY OUR OWN REPORTER.] MERTHYR Election took place on Tuesday last, December 14th. The vacancy caused in the repre- sentation by the recent and most lamented death of Sir JOHN GUEST, Bart., has been supplied by the election of HENRY AUSTIN BRUCE, Esq., of Duffryn, Aberdare, whose reception in Merthyr, on Tuesday, by gentlemen of the greatest respectability, by the trade of the place, and by the inhabitants generally, must have been truly gratifying to him and the members of his family who accompanied him. If any proof were wanting of the high estimation in which this gifted and excellent gentlemen is held by the community for whom he has so successfully, and with such enlightened zeal, exerted himself for several years, and by whom he is intimately known, we would, with perfect confidence, point to tht friendly manner in which they welcomed him upon this occasion-to the respectful attention with which they heard his address to'them throughout, and to the satisfaction which was plainly depicted on the countenances of dense thousands when the Returning Officer made the formal announcement that Mr. BRUCE was duly elected." Soon after ten o'clock large numbers of people were assembled in the open space in front of the market-place, where a commodious hustings had been erected; but the proceedings did not commence till eleven, when Mr. BRUCE, accompanied by Mr. ANTHONY HILL, Mr. BRUCE PRYCE, Rev. J. C. CAMPBELL, Rev. JOHN GRIFFITH (Aberdare), Rev. WILLIAM BRUCE, and a most influential body of professional gentlemen, agents, and tradesmen, (who formed a procession), walked from the Castle Inn to the Vestry Room, on the Glebeland, in which the usual preliminaries were gone through under the management of Mr. OVERTON,, Deputy Returning Omcer,—BENJAMIN MARTIN, Esq., the Returning Officer for the Borough, being in the Chair. At about half-past eleyen the Returning Officer, Mr. BRUCE, Mr. HILL, Mr. OVERTON, and a large party of gentlemen ascended the hustings, and the vast multitude, numbering at à low estimate eight thousand persons, principally workmen, apparently, closed round, forming one of the most compact masses of human beings that we ever saw crowded together. Not the slightest indecorum was committed. We can safely affirm that the respectable conduct of the people upon this occasion reflects credit upon the neighbourhood generally; and Cardiff, Newport, and Monmouth would do well to take a lesson in good manners from Merthyr. We have been present at many public gatherings in Merthyr and Aberdare during the last nine years,-we were at the great political meeting of the industrial classes held in Merthyr on the cele- brated "10th of April," but -.we have invariably, without a single exception, found the workmen of this populous district civil, orderly, and willingly obser- vant of the rules which govern free and fair public discussion. The windows, whence a view of the hustings could be obtained, were crowded with fair occupants. The RETURNING OFFICER said, Gentlemen and Brother Electors, We are met here to elect a burgess to serve in Parliament for the Borough of Merthyr Tydfil, Aberdare, and Vaynor, in the roofA of the late Sir John Guest. I have to request that the meeting will give every elector a fair and impartial hearing. If any gentleman has a candidate to propose it iscjiow the time to do so (hear, hear). I. r Mr. ANTHONY HILL, proprietor of the Plymouth Iron Works, immediately stood forward incl said, that the preliminaries prescribed by law having been gone through at another place, he then presenJfe<T himself before the electors to propose for their election a member for this borough—the borough of Merthyr Tydfil—in the place of their deservedly respected and deeply lamented represen- tative lately deceased (hear, hear). He therefore begged to propose Henry Austin Bruce, Esq., Duffryn, Aberdare, within this borough, as a fit and proper person to repre- sent them in Parliament (applause). Having done so, he (Mr. Hill) had little more to add. It was quite need- less and unnecessary for him to make a single observation in praise of Mr. Bruce. They all knew him. He was known to them in the capacity of a gentleman and a man of honour. He was known to them in his public capacity of magistrate-as one who had invariably made every effort in his power to promote the best interests of the community. It was therefore with great confidence that he proposed Mr. Bruce as a fit representative of the borough in Parliament (cheers). It was intended that Mr. PURCHASE should have seconded the nomination; but on the morning of the election it was discovered that either by accident or design his name had not been included in the list of voters. Mr. DAVID WILLIAMS, of Yniscynon, colliery pro- prietor, seconded Mr. Hill's proposition and in doing so he assured the electors that he had been called upon to discharge a duty which he did not feel himself by any means competent to fulfil. It appeared that it was deemed expedient to select some person from the con- tributory borough of Aberdare as a seconder of the nomination, and who had they filed upon but a poor collier (laughter). It was true that at Aberdare they had been a small community, but they were increasing in wealth and importance and they were not growing in numbers alone, but in the best wealth, namely, in good principles (cheers). Inasmuch as he came forward to second the nomination of Mr. Bruce, they would naturally ask him, upon what principles he did so. They were assembled together as neighbours, and as reformers. 9 He had therefore been asked why he, as a reformer and a .Free-trader, supported Mr. Bruce? He would can- didly answer them, that he believed Mr. Bruce went quite as far as he (Mr. Williams) did in political ad- vancement-with the exception of one question—and that was the ballot (loud cheers). He would freely adiftit that he did regret Mr. Bruce was not an advocate of vote by ballot (applause). But he (Mr. Williams) had been asked why he supported the nominee of the ironmasters! He begged to assure them, in the most decided and emphatic manner, that he was not to the slightest extent influenced by the ironmasters (hear, hear). He supported Mr. Bruce on independent grounds. He could not help that the ironinasters had fixed upon the same candidate as he had (hear, hear). He assured them, and he knew they would believe him, that he had not concerted with any of the iron- masters. He supported Mr. Bruce because he believed him to be a man of really independent principles that he would support progressive principles of reform, and that he would not be swayed by any party (applause). He, therefore, supported Mr. Bruce on account of his principles, and irrespective of any other party who sup- ported him: he stood on his own bottom (hear, hear). Some of them had returned with mines of wealth from the gold fields of California or Australia, but if they had the ballot they would possess a privilege which gold had not the power of purchasing. lIe had a very high opinion of Mr. Bruce's moral character—of his inde- pendence & straightforwardness, and he sincerely hoped that he would soon become a convert to the ballot (cheers). He, therefore, felt great pleasure in seconding the nomination of Mr. Bruce as a fit and proper person to supply the vacancy occasioned by the death of their lamented neighbour, Sir John Guest (loud cheers). Some of the electors loudly called' upon Mr. Williams, who is an accomplished Welsh scholar, to address them in the ancient language of the country; and he did eo with much energy and effect. Mr. WILLIAMS said that inasmuch as they called upon him to address them in Welsh, he would very yvillingly do so. He then briefly recapitulated what he had stated in English. lie supported Mr. Bruce because he had a high opinion of his indepeadent principles. He did not support Mr. Bruce because the ironmasters supported him. And if he thought that Mr. Bruce entertained the same principles as many of those who supported him, Mr. Bruce would not have found him (lIr. Williams) amongst his supporters (cheers). He felt fully convinced in his own mind that Mr. Bruce was a man who would give every subject the fullest and most deliberate consideration, and that his vote would be governed by enlarged and liberal views. As he had be fore stated, he hoped Mr. Bruce would come round to the ballot (and cheers). The RETUUNING OFFICER having asked if any elector had another candidate to propose,rand receiving no reply, declared Mr. Bruce to have been duly elected (prolonged cheering). Mr. BRUCE then advanced to the front of the hustings, and Was received in a most friendly manner by the dense multitude who stood before him. He said,-Geullernen, On assembling so soon after the late election to perform again your duties as electors, there is one thought, I am sure, yvhich presses upon all of you as it presses upon me, that we should not be assembled here to-day but for the loss of one who was the first juid only member for Merthyr,—of one who filled so large a place in the hearts of the people of this borough (tear). Gentlemen, Sir John Guest was born in the borough of Merthyr. For nearly seventy years he lived here. Tor twenty years he was your member; and, gentlemen, he represented you not merely in Parliamclll,- he ",vus not merely the repre- sentative of the liberal opinions."hield; by vou,—but he was eminently the representative of that industry, perse- verance, & integrity, which has failed* the people of Mer- thyr to the high consideration whteh they hold among the manufacturing towns of England (applause). But, gen- tlemen, it is not merely as the architect of a great fortune -it is not merely as one who was in the first rank of the merchant princes of this country—that he will be remem- bered by you he will rest in your memories as one of the first of the great manufacturers of iron who acknoyv- ledged the responsibility' of property by promoting, to the utmost of his power, the welfare and education of the working-man (applause). He was the first in this district to found a Church. He was foremost in estab- lishing schools, on an immense scale, and did his best to call forth the artistic talent of the people of Merthyr by founding drayving-schools and drawing forth the musical talent of the people, that talent which was lately so greatly admired by our friend and visitor, Mr. Layard and the last public act of his life was one which eminently testi- fied his warm regard for the working classes (hear, hear). I own I felt honoured at having been selected by Sir John Guest to announce to his workmen and the people 01 Dowlais, that in his desire to encourage provident habits, he employed me to make the announcement that he would establish a Savings' Bank, and would become personally responsible for every farthing that would be deposited in it (applause). That was the last public act of his life- an act which will do his memory honour, and cause it to live long in the hearts of the people of Merthyr as that of a just and upright man who had sincerely at heart the welfare of those by whom he was surrounded (applause). —Leaving that subject, Mr; Bruce came to the consi- deration of his political views, upon which, he said, he would be the more explicit as, during the years he had spent among tLem in his position as police magistrate, he had scrupulously avoided all public expression of his political opinions, which must, therefore, be unknown to far the greater part of the electors except as generally put forth in his address. This was the more necessary, as he and they could not but remember that, on former occa- sions, such political interest as his family possessed in the borough had been exerted against their late member. He (Mr. Bruce) observed that he was called in the papers sometimes a Conservative and sometimes a Peelite, and he was informed that the gentleman in mustachios, who came down in such hot haste from the Reform Club, had denounced him as a Derbyite in disguise (laughter). Now, gentlemen, continued Mr. Bruce, I am neither a Conservative, a Peelite, nor a Derbyite, taking those party names in their ordinary sense. I am an inde- pendent man, wishing to enter Parliament free from all party ties, and to form my own opinions on questions as they arise according to the light of my reason and the dictates of my conscience (applause). But let me explain. I do not repudiate the term Con- servative in its largest and broadest sense. If by the term Cotiseryauve is meant that I desire = to maintain the ihstttutloae of the country, but to maintain them by adapting them to the altered circum- stances of society, and the onward march of events and progress of ideas, then I am a Conservative, and so are nineteen-twentieths of the intelligent portion of the com- munity (hear, hear). But if by that term be meant a bigotted adherence to antiquated opinions, that I look fondly and regretfully at the past instead of boldly and hopefully to the future,-if it means I am to remain sta- tionary while the world is moving around me, then I re- pudiate the designation (applause). As to the term Peelite, I hardly know what is meant by the title (hear, hear). No man holds in higher reverence than I do the memory of Sir Robert Peel. I think a more patriotic statesman never existed, nor one who reflected more clearly the spirit of the times in which he lived, and the wants and opinions of his country. His name is for ever con- nected with the extinction of those laws which, in my opinion, pressed cruelly and unjustly on the great body of the people (applause). He faced such a storm of con. tumely and insult as few men have the courage to en- counter. There are many with fortitude enough to face the scaffold or the dungeon, who would have shrunk from the pangs that he endured, from the reproaches and calumnies of alienated friends. He is gone, but history has already done justice to his name. The hundreds may still pursue his memory with charges of treachery and hypocrisy, but the millions bless him, and his name is as a household word, loved and honoured in hearths and homes where plenty and content have replaced want and misery (applause). But though I reverence his name, and should have gladly supported his policy, I can be no fol- lower of his followers. Doubtless, Sir James Graham, Mr. Gladstone, the Duke of Newcastle, and Mr. Sidney Herbert, are men distinguished for abilities and high statesmanlike qualities, and likely to support the cause of popular progress; but they have no coherent or defined system of policy; they do not act together, and no man can tell where they may be found next year. I am, therefore, no Peelite. As to being a Derbyite, I think the best answer to that is that for the last fourteen years; that is, ever since I first studied the subject of Political Economy, and was capable of forming independent opinions, I have been a sincere Free-trader (loud cheers). I trust you will not think the worst of those opinions because they are not hereditary, but the result of private study and my own re- flection (hear, hear). Being, then, a Free-trader, how can I call myself a Derbyite 1 It is true Lord Derby has accepted Free-trade as a political necessity, but I hold that nothing good or great is ever done in this world without sincerity. Now, who can call Lord Derby sin- cere as a Free-trader (hear, hear) 1 It is true that office was thrust upon him by the breaking up of the Whig party and being in office he accepted Free-trade as an inevitable evil. He and the rest of the Government are still, therefore, Protectionists in principle, and only Free- traders by policy (hear, hear). But somebody must govern the country, and as long as he brings forward good measures I see no reason why I should not support them; yet I cannot call myself a supporter of Lord Derby's Government; for I feel that had his party remained in opposition they would still have been Protectionists, and that we are, therefore, separated in principle (hear, hear). It may be said that Sir Robert Peel opposed the Reform Bill, and afterwards accepted it. Very true. But re- member this the moment the Reform Bill was passed he acquiesced in it, and never opposed it again; but Lord Derby and his party vigorously opposed Free-trade policy for five years after the repeal of the Corn Laws, and never till they came into office was that opposition abandoned (hear, hear). It may be said that Sir Robert Peel was not always a Free-trader, and that he was once a Protectionist, and why, therefore, should not Lord Derby and his party change their minds as well as Sir Robert Peel. The fault I find with them is that they have not changed their minds. Sir Robert Peel was a sincere convert. Lord Derby is no convert at all; and I, gentlemen, am therefore no Derbyite. But I have been told since the commencement of the election,—" Make what resolutions of independence you please, you must infallibly be absorbed into one of the two great parties of which Parliament is composed. You may resist a little at first, but such must be your end." Gentlemen, I see no reason why I should thus lose my individuality,-why I should vote in the lump rather than in the detail,—why I should indolently adopt the opinions of others instead of taking counsel from my own reason and conscience. Besides, the House of Commons is already divided into many sections of opinion. You have Derbyites, Peelites, Whigs, Cobdenites, and the Irish Brigade of banded Roipanists. Never, therefore, was there a better oppor- tunity for forming an independent party, whose votes shall be guided not by the interest of faction, but by the merits of the measures proposed.—Mr. Bruce then proceeded to notice some of the results of Free-trade, proving that in spite of great reduction of duties, the increased con- sumption would fully suatain the revenue at its former pitch. In the year 1845, only 2,500,000 quarters of corn had been imported. Since that time, the annual importa- tion had amounted to 10,000,000 quarters. But, in his opinion, a still more incontrovertible test of general plenty than the increased importation of corn was the enormous increase in the consumption of sugar, which had recently been the subject of discussion in Parliament. It is always open to an objector to say that more foreign corn was imported because less corn was grown at home, and the want of statistical information made refutation difficult; but sugar was the poor man's luxury, and, when we find that the consumption, which, from 1810 to 1845, had remained nearly stationary, at the rate of about 200,000 tons a year, sprung, in the five years from 1846 to 1852, under the operation of reduced duties and foreign competition, from 206,000 tons to 382,000 tons, at an annual saving to the people in the cost of JE 10,000,000, no other proof was needed of the impolicy and cruelty of the protective system, or of the increased comfort and prosperity of the working-classes under the existing law (applause). It had been computed that, under the old law, the consumption of sugar by, thfe working-classes yvas at the rate of nine potuids .pen head per annum. In the year 1852, it was at the?&te of-twenty- three pounds per head per annum (applause), The next point be should notice was one of great interest to the working-classes of Merthyr, namely, the extension of the suffrage (hear, hear). Other classes might be considered as adequately represented, but doubts existed whether the same might be said of the working-classes. By the Reform Bill, it was intended, by the operation of the ten- pound houseHold- ch»u*e, to admit tb the franchise a con- siderable number of the upper classes of workmen. He had carefully examined the register of Merthyr. It con- tained about 950 voters, none of whom could strictly be called workmen, unless included under the qualification of keepers of ale or beerhouses. Of these, there were no less than 260, being considerably more than one-fourth of the electors; so that, practically, the only access by the workman to the franchise was through the portals of a beerhouse or the bedizened doorway of a gin-palace (hear, hear). The desire for the franchise by the working. classes was, in his opinion, natural and honour- able, and might be made the means of elevating their character by indulging their wishes as far as was consistent with safety to the Constitution..He objected, indeed, to their admission in such masses as would swamp and override the other and more wealthy and educated classes of society that would be pure class legislation it would virtually invest the working-classes with the whole power of the state (hear, hear). But he was anxious to open the franchise to all such workmen as really and fairly deserve iI, and who had proved by their conduct that they were worthy of being entrusted with it. This, he thought, might be done by extending it to all workmen who were depositors in Savings' Banks to the amount of JE50 or thereabouts. Such men would have proved, by their providence and self-denial, that their admission to the franchise would not only not endanger the State, but would give it strength and stability. He was sure that the working-men whom he was then addressing would feel the necessity of the restriction he proposed upon the number of voters. His conduct towards the yvorking- classes had been no sham—no pretence—as suggested by a wretched placard which had disgraced the walls of their town. Ever since he had lived among them, he had laboured to elevate the working-classes, by encourage- ments—by reproaches--by every argument in his power to convince them that they were not what they might be,—that, as compared with other parts of England, their wages were high, their means of savin" abundant, and that, were they but steady and provident, their condition yvould be far other than yvhat it now was (cries of "No, no.") You say (continued Mr. Bruce) that wages are too low. A 'Voice So they are (cheers). Mr. BRUCE: I hope they will soon be higher. As far as I am concerned they cannot be too lih'h. What I want to see is a proper use of them (applause). If you were to earn 4s. a-day instead of 3s., and one shilling went to the beer-house, what the better would you be 1 [Indications of assent ] You know very well that I wish you well, and that I think high wages, properly managed, necessary to the elevation of the yvorking classes (applause). How can the Dorsetshire labourer, whose yvages are hardly sufficient to enable him to keep soul and body together, and to supply his family with scanty food—how can he be expected to IIpply any time or thought to self-improvement, or to spend any money on the education of his children t But you at Merthyr are far better off; and, as far as I am concerned, it is my wish to see wages as high as can be without in- fringing oa capital. If you infringe on capital you ruin the source whence employment is afforcled and yvages paid. I have already told you that I think the possession of £ 50 a proper qualification for the franchise but, in some cases, an industrious, deserving man may have had a large family, or been overtaken by misfortune, and so have been prevented from saving that sum. He may, however, by his diligence and talent. have attained the positionofforemanor Overman to him, too, I would yvillingly extend the franchise. The position he had attained by his industry "8ud good cojiduct yvould be a security for the proper exercise of the trust re-posed in him.—In allusion to an exclamation from the crowd Mr. Bruce s,iid,-A friend of mine there seems dissatisfied (laughter). I cannot hope to please everybody. It is enough if by fair and liberal arguments I can succeed ill satisfying the majority of my constituents. I now come to a subject to yviiich I have observed that many of the electors attach a very high importance — I mean the ballot (hear, hear). I entreat a continuance of that attention and candid hearing which you have hitherto given me (cheers). You want the ballot because the electors, and especially the poorer ones, are exposed to two great dangers—bribery and intimidation. In my opinion there is no great difference between these two offences. No doubt in society men who admiuister a bribe are thought more meanly of than those who report to intimidation or perseclltioll; but it seems to me that there is little moral difference bet.veen forcing a man by threats to vote against his conviction, or tempting him with money to betray his trust. I detest bribery—I detest intimidation (cheers). I openly aud plaiuly assert that no men so effectually promote the cause of the ballot as those who thus interfere with the conduct of the voter (loud cheers). But in endeavouring to avoid these evils we must be careful not to fall into grea:er; and iu considering the ballot we must well weigh these two points,-its influence on the moral character of the people, and the probability of its giving that security to the voter which is expected from it (hear, hear). You may think that the ballot is an unmixed good—that there is no harm or danger concealed in it, and that with its protection you could give your vote in perfect safety. Now, gentlemen, in the first place I say that to be an elector is to fill a post of great dignity, to be exercised for the public good and every man has a right to know how every other elector votes-whether he exercises his trust in accordance with his expressed opinions or other- wise. The ballot would release him from this wholesome check. All our proceedings in this country are public. As a magistrate I have often felt the great advantage of publicity; and that often an angry or peevish disposition was checked by the presence of bystanders. All the judges of the land give their decisions openly, however unpopular or distasteful they may be. Members of Par- liament cannot conceal their votes; and the open voting of the House of Peers subjects them powerfully to the influence of public opinion. All posts of trust and dig- nity are exposed to more or less danger, and there is no reason why the elector should escape his share of it. It is not many years since an Irish Judge was dragged out 6t his carriage and murdered, in the streets of Dublin, because he had delivered an unpopular sentence. The greatest of English Judges, Lord Mansfield, had his house gutted and burnt fir a similar reason. And I myself saw the Duke (f Wellington take refuge in Lincoln's Inn-square, fiom the violence or an in- furiated mob, because he had voted, us he always did, according, to his conscience (heaf, hear)4 fsotf, is to the moral effect of the ballot. We all know that the ballot is not wanted for gentlemen. It may often be unpleasant to them to vote against their intimate friends, lut they have no reason to fear intimidation or per- secution. The two classes who cry out for the ballot are the shopkeepers and workmen. Let us take the case of the shopkeeper first, and let us suppose the ballot to be in operation. If he wishes to conceal the manner in which he proposes to exercise his vote he must not only keep a careful silence, abstaining entirely, as few shopkeepers would like to do, from all political discussion at the very moment when he is most deeply interested in politics, but he must have re- course to such shifts, and subterfuges, and equivocations, in his attempt to avoid detection as cannot but greatly affect his moral character. He will be exposed to the continued solicitations of the candidates or their friends. No power of dissimulation will shelter him from dis- covery, while his attempts at evasion must inevitably sink him in his self-esteem. His only escape from danger will be by telling the candidate he most fears that he will vote for him, even though he should be determined to vote against him-that is, in plain language, by telling a lie (hear, hear). The workman's position is somewhat different. Let us suppose the ballot in operation in Merthyr; and that Mr. Bruce and Mr. James are the rival candidates. The employer would intimate to the workman that his candidate was Mr. Bruce-that he hoped he would support him. Now, to use a favourite division, three courses are open to him. First, he may say to his master, You have been a good friend to me. I do not care much about politics. I will give my vote to your candidate." No doubt that man is not acting up to the theory of the franchise. He is giving his vote on personal rather than on political grounds but I ask you to be candid and to dismiss all sham and pretence, and to tell me whether nine votes out of ten are not given on personal grounds' I do not think that under any cir- cumstanoes I could attempt to punish a man who was in my power for giving his vote against me; and I am sure that my neighbours know this well, yet I am confident that there are twenty or thirty voters living in my imme- diate neighbourhood who would on all occasions support me, or my friend, without enquiring or caring what his or my politics were. I believe the larger part of them have no politics at all. Half of them do not know at this moment who is the Prime Minister; and I am positive that many of them never even heard of Lord Derby, but they would vote for me because they think I am a good neighbour (applause). We talk about the weather or the crops, the price of corn or the price of iron, but not a word is ever said about politics. They do not know what my politics are, nor do they care my interest with them is purely personal. Now all this is doubtless very wrong and very unconstitutional; but we all know that it is a common case, to change which we must change human nature, or very much-iexiend the amount oT poli- tical knowledge. But, secondly, let us suppose that the voter has strong political opinions, and is determined to act conscientiously, and to take a different side from his master. Here, no doubt, he runs the risk of discharge or persecution. This, doubtless, is an evil, but it is, as I said before, such an evil as accompanies every public trust; yet I believe the amount of persecution thus practised to be greatly exaggerated. A ten-pound elector is likely to be a good workman; and a good workman is as necessary to his master as his master is to him. And although, no doubt, he might suffer from being dismissed, this sort of political martyr generally finds some compensa- tion. I acknowledge, however, the hardship and the evil; but show the system in which the good is exempt from evil (hear, hear)! The third course open to a voter who objects to his master's candidate is to deceive him,-to pro- mise to vote for him, but in fact to vote against him. But effectually to deceive his master he must not only tell a lie, but for days together he must act a continual lie (hear, hear). He must associate with voters on the other side. He must raise his voice and fling up his cap for the candidate he opposes. He marches to the poll with his secret enemies. He must watch his lips in the con- tinual terror of betraying himself; and up to the last moment of giving his vote he must act the part of a coward and a hypocrite (hear, hear). Nor does the deceit end here. We know that when elections are over, the triumph of the candidate is often celebrated by a dinner, where he drinks the health and shouts the name of the candidate he detests, and walks home for ever a disho- noured and degraded being. Yet even then he is not safe. The secret of his voting is sure to ooze out. He talks of it to his wife (laughter), and she to her neighbours and sooner or later the truth inevitably becomes known, and, therefore, I say that the ballot is as inef- fectual in practice as it is immoral in tendency (hear, hear). But you may say the ballot is practised in America. The people of America are not a mean-spirited, cowardly people: they are manly, independent, and fearless as any nation upon earth. But here, gentlemen, is the common mistake. In the more respectable States of America the ballot is not a method of secret voting. The elector votes as openly as he does here. A gentleman well known in these parts for his able reports on the con- dition of the working-classes, who, I may say by the way, is now engaged in preparing an act against Truck, which I hope will prove an effectual bar to that oppressive system, I mean Mr. Seymour Tremenheere, went last year to America to examine into various institutions, and to see how the working-classes were getting on there. He was present at an election in Boston, and saw the whole process, which was as open as in this country without the slightest attempt at concealment. [Mr. Bruce described the mode followed.] He afterwards attended a meeting in their famous Faneuil Hall, at which 5000 persons were present, at which the subject of secret voting was discussed. No sentiment produced louder cheers than the assertion that he who did not dare to exercise his vote openly was unworthy of having a vote at all. The broad ground was taken that a vote was a solemn trust, over the proper performance of which all were interested in keeping a vigilant eye; and great in- dignation was expressed that the manly voter who did not fear to exercise his trust openly should be confounded with the timid one who endeavoured to conceal it (hear, hear). But the most striking experience in America as to the immoral tendency of secret voting is that mentioned in the Travels of Sir Chas. Lyell, a writer of the extreme liberal school. Sir Charles enquired of a senator of the State of Mississippi how it was that his State could have been so dishonest as to repudiate the payment of their public debt. The answer of the senator was, that the great majority of people in the State affected in conversation to condemn repudiation, but that they did that in secret which they would have been ashamed to do openly. Per- haps some of you do nut know what repudiation means. I dare say you know that a new state is added almost every year to the American Repuhlic. Emigrants flock there with little money, but plenty of land and in order to make railroads and canals, they borrow money of other states or counties, on the security of their state. This money, so borrowed, the people of Mississippi spent in public works, and then refused to pay it on the ground that their former Senate, or Parliament, could not bind them. This disgraceful and dishonest system of repudia- tion, which was in fact no better than stealing, was prac- tised by several states in America. In all of these states, without exception, Ballot was in force. In no state did repudiation occur where open voting was practised (loud cries of hear, hear"). I will conclude my string of American authorities by one of the highest weight. Among American Statesmen, next to Washington and Franklin, none stands higher in reputation than Mr. Randolph, on whom chiefly fell the task of drawing up the constitution of America. About twenty years after the in- dependence of America was achieved, Mr. Randolph, being in England, was asked whether the Ballot pre- vailed in his state of Virginia. I scarcely believe," he answered, "we have such a fool in all Virginia, as to mention even the vote by Ballot; and I do not hesitate to say that the adoption of the Ballot would make any nation a nation of scoundrels if it did not find them so" (much cheering). These, gentlemen, are my reasons for being opposed to the Ballot. I think it a dangerous ex- periment, more than doubtful in efficacy, and of certain immoral tendency (hear, hear). Mr. Bruce was listened to with marked and respectful attention but at this stage of the proceedings the anxiety of the more distant portions of the crowd to approach the hustings produced some confusion; and Mr. Bruce concluded by sajing,— Gentlemen,—It was my intention to have addressed you on various other subjects; but as a great many peo- ple cannot hear at all, and prevent those who are near me from hearing, I shall now couclude my remarks and in offering you my most hearty thanks for your kind atten- tion, and fur the high honour you have this day conferred upon me, let me venture to express a hope that you will continue to me, as your member, that confidence and moral support which you invariably vouchsafed to me as a magistrate (loud cheers). Mr. Henry Thomas, cooper, an elector who has long been identified with the cause of The People's Charter," as it is called, addressed the meeting in sup- port of Chartist opinions, and put a questiou to Mr. BRUCE respecting the suffrage, which elicited from him a reply to the tifect that the object of the franchise was not to give a vote to the greatest number of indivi- duals, but to secure the return of (558 good members (hear, hear). The better the class of electors, the better the elected was likely to be (cheers). All electors, there- fore, should be persons of intelligence and good cha- racter. The ten pound qualification may be a clumsy device for securing this end, but at any rate the possession of a certain amount of property not only gave an indivi- dual a stake in the country, but generally secured a cer- tain amount of education (hear, hear). Mr. Gould, another strenuous advocate of Chartisrn, next addressed the meeting, and spoke of wages, the price of iron, and other subjects. He asked the work- men whether they were better off under Free-trade than they were under Protection and he asked Mr. Bruce whether, if the workmen were to send a petition to Parlia- ament for having a court of arbitration for settling dis- putes respecting wages and other matters between mas- ter and workman, he would undertake to present it and to support its prayer ? Mr. BHL'CU, in reply, said that all experience proved that the interference of the Legislature, ou the subject of yvages, did more harm than good. The attempt had been rnade, and especially in one memorable iustance, i namely, the Spitallields Act, where the wages werciixed S at a certain amount. The consequence was that the silk trade left Spitalflelds for Norwich and other places, where ¡ the Act was not in operation, and where Parliament had not interfered beyond its province in the regulation of wages. The fact was that yvages depended more on the supply of labour than on anything else. When iabourwaa abundant wages were low: when scarce yvages became high (hear, hear). Wages yvere not im- mediately dependent on the price of iron, but only in- directly so. When the price of iron yvas high the demand generally had increased, and with demand the demand also for workmen and so yvages went up (hear, hear). Nor did yvages depend on the price of food, although Mr. Gould, whom he (Mr. Bruce) did not know before to be a Protectionist—(laughter)—seemed to think that wages fell with the price of food (hear, hear). There is no doubt that but for the low price of food, during the last three or four years, the sufferings of the workmen of Merthyrwoutd have been considerable (hear, hear). The low rate of yvages, during the period referred to, had been caused NOT by the fall in the price of food but by the low price of iron, caused by overproduction conse- quent on the railway mania. Mr. Bruce was decidedly opposed to Universal Suffrage, the consequence of which would be subversive of good government. Reference was made to the letter which we gave in our last number (copied from the Times) on the subject of the dissipated habits of some classes of workmen during periods of high wages. The proceedings concluded with a vote of thanks to the Returning Officer, which was moved by Mr. Henry Thomas, seconded by Mr. Bruce, and carried unani- mously. The Returning Officer briefly returned thanks. Three cheers were given for Mr. Bruce and for the Ballot.
At the Bristol Bankruptcy Court, on Monday, Mr. Alexander Nicholls, of Cardiff, hawker, passed his last examination. Sm CHARLES MORGAN'S celebrated Cattle Show—the great event of the year in Newport-is appointed to take place on Tuesday next, in the new Cattle Market in that town, where ample accommodation will be found for stock of all kinds. As heretofore, thousands will be attracted by this extraordinary gathering but we are sure that Newport is quite able to receive them with good old English hospitality. The Ordinary will take place in the Town-hall, as usual, we presume.
CORRESPONDENCE* To the Editor of the Crdif aild Merthyr Guardian. SIR, —In your last wee v's paper, in the leadi article of which vou display -uch proper taste and yo d feeling towards a retired candidate, and recommend ti bt "bye-gones should be bye-trones," at the same time that you indulge in the lowest perso ialiticss, you say that you had been well informed that I (because your allusion to my present residence is too marked to leave any doubt as to whom was meant) had said, that I held the repre- sentation of the borough in my pocket." I deny in the strongest manner that I ever uttered a word that could directly or indirectly be so considered; and as you profess never to give insertion to articles without being authen- ticated by the name of the author, I request you to desire your informant to substantiate his accusation, or that you or he should appear as slanderous libellers. I remain, Sir, yours respectfully, D. W. JAMES. Cwm Rhondda, Dec. 15th, 1852. [We have inserted the above gentlemanlike epistle, having a sympathy for delicate sensibility, and not for- getting a gross attack on the Glamorganshire Clergy on a festive occasion at Dowlais, in August last. We can inform the writer of it that the communication he complains of was given to us by a gentleman well acquainted with, and residing in, the borough of Merthyr -(not, we assure him, the excellent member for that place, nor any one connected with him)—whose word no respectable man ever doubted.-Ed. C. and M. G.] THE POCKET BOROUGH. Land of cold iron, coal, and coke, J s has your Borough in his poke When coal and iron both grow hot, The pocket burns—the Boroughs not. Oh J 8, thou wert no puddler bred, To handle iron when 'tis red: Stick to the tan thro' wind and weather,- Thy home, theptV —thy substance, leather. A, MOULDER.
[For "whole" in our last read "all:" we must insert this for the poet's sake.] ORIGINAL CHARADES. (No. 17.) (Msop in a new guise.) 'Tie night! Behold The Astronomer walks forth! The Heavens, from South to North, Above my FIRST, glitter with stars untold. His eyee in rapture gaze On Planets' stately march or Comets' fiery blaze, Until his absence fear creates,- An absence which my SBCono intimates. They find him—think you where? With upturned sight-for earth no care,- (He had" outwatcned the Bear"),- When the star-gazer fell, And with a force my WHOLE may tell, E'en to the bottom of an open well. —— ø" SOLUTION OF CHARADE No. 16. SOL says 'tis day. Gamblers, on ACE intent, Where will ye find, for time and health misspent, SOLACE!
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS. BIRTHS7~ Dec. 7, at Newport, the wife of Mr. John Quick, currier, of a son. Dec. 4, at Rose Cottage, Sketty, the wife of Mr. John H. Hitchings, assistant surveyor of taxes for the county of Glamorgan, of a daughter. Dec.' 8, at Heavitree, near Exeter, Mrs. Arthur Stewart, of a daughter. At Worthing, the lady of Lieutenant-General Sir John Forster Fitzgerald, M.P., of a son. MARRIAGES. Dec. 15, at Cowbridge Church, by the Rev. Thomas Edmondes, Mr. Frederic William Smyth, to Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Morris, Great House, Cowbridge. Dec. 13, at Llangynwyd, by the Rev. R. P. Llewelyn, M.A., Vicar, Mr. Archibald Cook, surgeon, to Miss Cecilia Morgan. Dec. 11, at Aberdare Church, by the Rev. David Griffiths, Curate, Mr. Benjamin Evans to Miss Anne Evans and Mr. David Morgan to Miss Louisa Griffiths. Dec. 13, by the Rev. Hugh Richards, Curate, Mr. Thomas Price to Mary, daughter of Mr. Thos. Morgan, Green Dragon Inn, Aberdare. Dec. 14, by the Rev. Isaac D.-Jenkins, Curate, Mr. William Francis to Miss Margaret Williams. Dec. 7, at the English Baptist Chapel, Newport, by the Rev. Thomas Gillman, Mr. Joseph Daniel Kerby to Miss Mary Heles, both of Canton, Glamorganshire. DEATHS. Dec. 3, at the Rectory, Whitchurch, near Monmouth, the Rev. George Pyrke, incumbent of Whitchurch and Ganarew, aged 69. Dec. 9, at Newport, Townson Fell, youngest son of Mr. W. Moreton, agent, aged three years and a half. Dec. 9, at Newport, Mary, the wife of Mr. William Tombs, Commercial-street. Dec. 3, at Peterwell Villa, near Carmarthen, aged 77, Elizabeth, widow the late John Johnes, Esq., of Dolau- cothy, Carmarthenshire. Dec. 12, of paralysis, Lieut..Colonel John Castle Gant, in the 76th year of his age-for many years a magistrate for the county of Middlesex, and a Deputy-Lieutenant for the Tower Hamlets. Dec. 6, at Weston-super-Mare, aged 70 years, William White, Esq., barrister-at-law. Nov. 10, at Barbadoes, of yellow fever, after four days' illness, Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Williams, Command- ing the Royal Artillery in the West Indies, aged fiO. Dec. 12, aged 20, Louisa Katherine, daughter of Colonel and Lady Laura Meyrick. While escorting cattle for the subsistence of the troops, Capt. James C. Hearn, of the 12th Regt. of Foot,—mas- sacred, while at some distance from his party, by the Kaffirs and Hottentots, near the Fish River Bush. At Mackinch, Scotland, Dr. Sievwright, formerly Moderator of the General Assembly of the Free Church. Dec. 11, at Cheltenham, Sarah, widow of Lieutenant- Colonel W. L. Watson, C.B., aged 65. Nov. 6, at Barbadoes, Mary, wife of Lieut.-Colonel Wright, commanding Royal Engineers, in the West Indies. Dec. 14, William Ballantine, Esq., who, for 27 years, was one of the Magistrates of the Thames Police Courts. Dec. 6, in the 21st year of his age, at the residence of his father, John Richard, eldest son of Edmund Francis Dayrell, Esq., of Lillingstone Dayrell House, in the county of Bucks. Dec. 9, at Chigwell, Essex, EJward Questel Williams, aged 23 years. Nov. 17, on board II.M.S. Dauntless, at Barbadoes, Arthur C. Couper, fourth son of Colonel Sir George Couper, Bart., of malignant yellow fever. Dec. 14, at Gloucester-road, Regent's-park, of conges- tion of the lungs, Mary Ann Moukhouse, aged 43 years, deeply lamented.
PORT OF CARDIFF. IMPORTS. VESSELS LOADING FOREIGN'. 9th to 1 Gth December, iuclusiv^. Ships and Masters. Tons. Cargo. if here Hound. Tarquin, Doughty 500 iron New Orleans Ailsa, Ilarper 900 coal 1'mama. John Miller, Vaughan 1050 iron Mobile Mary, Eustis 1000 iron New York Express, Turner 500 coal Valparaiso Lillias, Cousins 650 iron New Orleans Adironuck, Taylor 900 iron New York Sirius, Muider 6')0 coal San Francisco Mersey, Hames 01)0 coal Cape Good Hope Macedouia, Prebble 613 iron New Orleans Cambria, Shaddick 60J coal Simon's Ujy Mathilde, Ilentian 30K coal Panama Levetzow Gunther 3/iO coal Ilavannah Helena, Ourman 373 coal lliode Janeiro Charles Kerr, Kirley 8UU coal Cape Good ilo^e Elliott, Brown 343 coal Ilavannah Ileury Nesraith, Stanley 3;)) iron New Orleans Nora Creina, Latham coal Antigua Amazone, Notzke 600 coal Barcelona Michael, Abela 4t,0 coal Malta Nuovo Esempio, Vaulich ODD coal Malta Juno, lloepner 55D coal Algiers Marietta, Bojonovitch CU0 coat Malta Ottava, liosqoist 300 coal llavannalj St. Michael Angelo, Unbin 43 ) coal Alalta Express, Walshaw 4DO co il Barcelona Evangelista, Orlolf 350 coal Athens Ercole, Domeniei :t. coal Gibraltar Uortense, Hocket 2:!8 coal 'J'ouloti Iris, Jeanne Cadiz Eaglewing, Mills 18 ) iron Valencia Pere Chanvelon, Cassaril 142 coal Nantes Sarnin, Bayles 150 coal St. Helena Aglae, Fortin 3C0 coal Peter Miade, Mojensen 104 iron Elsinore Jeune Heroine, Talleviu 115 cual Kociiefurt Ollina, Jonet 1 (30 coal Chareule Wf.wskaper, Mohlberg doi) coul Barcelona Antoni, 1'lisso:1 UJ coal Nantes Smtina.H.tri.t.Saekon 150 coal Copenhagen Margaret Littiejjhn, Samson, 188 coul Gibraltar Troubadour, Crawford 400 co il lUrcelonn Ceres, Falk 110 eoal Gibraltar Tribune, Geare lot) iron Nice Alida AtkillJ., 8chottcq laO iron liutterdam Benjamin, Soula 1?5 coal Nantes John, Scott 300 coal Havre Industrie, Hapsteilli J 5 > coal Alicante Temperance Star, Wright 2UJ coal Havre Monibars, Olive '.i0 oat N inths Doris, Kooger ] 40 cual Messina Alexander, Boje 5.10 coal Alexan.lrii Henrietta, Vandernean 10dO coal Panama Antagonist, make (i.)0 coal Manilla Standi a, Westman 450 coal llavannali Saina, Loftburg 423 coal 15 noelona Industrie, Ilofi'steadt 50) coil Havannati Taunton Packet. Pine 1^5 r ,al Marseilles Kate Swanton, Morse 6 ,0 iron New York Yankee Blade, Gray 600 iron New Orleans C FREIGHTS AT CARDIFF, DEC. 13, 1S52. s. d. s. J. Dungaivan 5 0 Llanelly. 0 o Southampton 9 0 Plymouth 0 II Cork 0 Falmouth 5 G Waterford 5 9 London It) 3 Newry (5 <; | Liverpool C :i Syvansea 3 G Sligo ]() (i Dublin (j G Duudalk 0 0 Belfast G 3 Portmadoc 0 (> Gal way 9 0 Bristol 2 3 Litnerick 0 0 Wexford 5 q
In len years, sixty thousand houses have been built in London. MEMORIAL TO THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON.—The sums already subscribed and promised amount to nearly £ 50,000 THE CONVICT KinyviN.—The day fixed lor tne EX.C 1- tion of Kirwan is Tuesday, the 18th of January next, at Kilmainham Gaol. LISBUKN ELECTION, — The polling took place on Friday at Lisburn. when Mr. Roger Smyth was elected by a majority of 13 over Mr. Ioglish, the Lord Advocate. The conduct of the supporters of the successful candidate was ruffianly. ARCTIC SURVEY.— lhe Hudson's Bay Company are lis about to dispatch a boat expedition, under Mr. llae, to tii„ Arctic Sea, to complete the survey of the northern shores of America, between 300 and 400 miles of which remain Unexplored. INUNDATIONS IN PORTUGAL—A letter, dated Lisbon Nov. 27, contains the following statemerit "The heavy rains that have fallen during the month almost without intermission until within the hut few dav- have produced dreadful inundations in many pan* of il,^ country particularly in the low landa ofthe U.^teio ,»r Upper r»gus, yvuh great destruction of property and Itiei atriuta states, that a Rreat partofthe line marked for the projected railway to SunUrem is under wa-er I'l! o, course, will render it necessary to alter the line, UL le J ?.* p^r^. 1151 "»