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MERTHYR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD.

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MERTHYR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD. An Account of the Pauper Children belonging to Merthyr Twlvil: — Orphans. With widows. Total. Chargeable on the parish.. 37 186 213 Chargeable oil the union 19 180 !>(Jo Totals 5(5 372 4!8 On considering the above statement two questions arise. What is done with them! What should be done with them 1 The answer to the first is,—The orphans are placed out with any one that will take them for the lowest sum, totally regardless of what food and clothing they are allowed, and very often in localities such as Caedraw and Pontstorehouse, and with persons whose characters will not bear investigation. As soon as they are old enough to work, the parish allowance is stopped, and they take their chance! The circumstances of many of the children who have lost their fathers, but whose mothers are living, are also bad much cannot be done on two shillings a-week, which, we understand, is the usual allowance for each child. The next question is- What should be done with them'! This demands the earned attention of every well-wisher to his country and to human nature, not to say every Christian; and it in- volves another of some importance, nay, of singular importance, namely —What is education { To this we say that education is the fitting any one for that place in life which he is to occupy. It is not the acquirement of ¡ general knowledge to any given amount —it is not the mere bodily training or mental discipline —it is not the inculcation of moral or religious tenets: it is the edifica- tion of the whole man—the preparation of the entire being, physical and mental, for the work he is to do. If this be the case, we are sadly at fault: we have confes- sedly valuable material, and we neglect to work it. The wealth of this place consists as much in the industry and perseverance of the population as it does in the seams of iron and coal which are contained in the hills. It is therefore, our duty to bring up these children in the w ays of industry—teach them to get their own livin.r • thev will then become useful membeis of society, autf them- selves and their posterity cease to be a burden on others. Entertaining these views, it is with much pleasure that we have heard that it is the intention of our Board of Guardians to enter into this subject on Saturday [this da) J. We understand that it is proposed to erect an industrial school in some part of the union where land can be obtained on reasonable terms. We hope it will meet with success. GARDENING. —Of late years considerable improvements have taken place in the culture of fields and gardens which are now treated, not as chance dictated, or as cus. torn prescribed, but on well developed scientific principles tuid we are happy to find that among those who distinguish themselves in the practical application of horticultural science, a gentleman connected with this neighbourhood 13 likely to carve out for himself a prominent position. At the exhibition of the Horticultural Society of London, July nth, Mr. Jones, gardener to Sir John Guest, Bart. Dowlais House, showed four capital queen pines whose weights respectively were 41b. 1 ioz, 41b. 2±oz., and two 41b. Hoz. For the first of these, he received the large silver medal and for a Providence pine apple weighing 71b. 14c z. he received a silver Batiksian medal. At the meeting of the Horticultural Society, July 17th, Mr. Jones showed four queen pine apples, nicely swelled, well-grown fruit, whose weights were respectively as follows 41b. 5oz., 41b. 8oz, 41b. Uuz., and 41b. 12oz. and was awarded another silver Banksian medal. We find these facts recorded in the Gardener's Chronicle, and are happy to extract them for the perusal of our readers. Mr. Jones is, we believe, a native of North VVales. AUERDARE. — "ANCIENT ORDER OF FOR RESTERS." Thedj praiseworthy benefit societies held their aiiuual feast on Monday week. There are two Courts at Aterdare, namely, the Lady Harriett Ciive" Court, held at the Golden Lion, Mill-street and the other Dyftryn Cynnon," at Aberaman. The" Lady Harriett Clive" Court, headed by a bracS baud, proceeded to meet the "Dyftryn C) iinon" Court, so as to proceed together to hear Divine service nt Penypound Baptist Chapel, where they heard an excellent sermon on the occasion by the Ilev. William Edwards, in the absence of brother Thomas Price. The orderly and decent behaviour of the members, coupled with their appropriate and pleasing costumes, impressed spectators with favourable views of the ORDER. After the usual promenading the Courts separated to their respective places for the purpose of feasting and settling their accounts. The" Lady Harriett Clive" Court having done ample justice to the celebrated fare of roast beel, plum pudding, and cwiicda, (the provision of which reflected credit on the hostess, Mrs Jones), the cloth was removed, when brother Morgan Thomas, was elected to the chair, and brother B. Williams, to the vice- chair. The chairman in opening the proceedings delivered an excellent address on the duties and ..dvantages of benefit societies, and several of the brother hood followed his exam- ple with appropriate sentiments. T I,e following toasts were proposed by the Chairman, and responded to by all The Ancient Order of Forresters," "Let Brotherly Love con- tinue," 'theHottaud Hostess." and "the Ironmasters of Abcrdare. At eleven o'clock all parties left for their respective hemes, fully content with the proceedings of the ¡jill' CHOLERA.—This epidemic still continues to destroy the population of this district, though its ravages in Merthyr are much less severe than they have been and it is to be hoped that it is about to leave us. Throughout the h t week it continued rapidly to decline, and the public mind was beginning to be reassured. At the commencement of this week, this confidence gave way, on its being an- nounced in the returns that the three daily deaths of the preceding days ha,1 risen to ten on Monday; and it was feared that the mortality would again as- sume its former extent. But there does not appear to be sufficient reason for this; the phenomenon is of regu- lar oeCUITPllce; at the beginning of each week the mor- tality suddenly inn-eases, and the medical men used to dread the coming of Monday. The cause is entirely within human control, and as it arises from the drinking excesses of Saturday night and Sunday, the effect may (if men had but a wholesome fear of death before their eyes) be easily avoided. It is a singular but instructive fact, that in the open and central part of the town, and particularly in the High-street, the mortality has been very trifling. Until Monday morning last, there had been but two fatal cases in two months, from the lower shop to Pontmoriais; in the one at the Forester's Cottage, the man afilictcd with diarrhoea, rose in the dead of night, and there being no piopcr conveniences to the house, walked a distance of two hundred yards to the river side, and remained there for an hour. Next morning he was dead. In ihe other, at Pontmorlais, the boy had been ill il wllOle rlay; but no proper medical assistance was sought until within half-an-hour of his death. OnAIonday morning occurred another. This paucity of deaths in the High-street furnishes food for lellection of a very favour- able kind. Sinee our last report, the mortality has been as follows. For J'lcrthyr the returns were — Attacked. Dead. Account up to July 17t:> UtS 41U July IN, Wednesday 20 9 1\1, Thursùay 8 9 :!U, Frila\' 13 0 — 21, Saturday It .1 — 22, Sunday 11 a IStoudav 5 3 — 21, Tuesday 11 I (J Wednesday 12 4 — 27, Thurs lay 19 10 Totals 1.331 543 But, if the mortality decreases in Merthyr, it has in- creased very considerably in Dowlais, as appears in the following table,— following table,— Attacked. Dead. Account up to July 17th 193 71 July 18, Wednesday 29 9 — 1 y. Thursday 2.) 12 :lU, Friday. 25 13 :')I,SctturJar .n 15 22, Sunday 31 12 — 23, Monday 2) 10 — 24, Tuesday 28 9 — 25, Wednesday. 18 14 — 20, Thursday 19 14 Totals 423 179 For Aberllarr thc returns arp,- I Attacked. Dead. Account up to July 17th 131 28 J.ily 18, Wednesday 14 2 — 19, Thursday 28 2 20, 12 (j — 21. Saturday ly (I — 2}, Sunday i 0 23, Monday 4 0 — 2 1, Tuesdav 3 1 — 2"), Wednesday 4 1 — 26, Thursday I I Totals 208 3") The difference between the number attacked and those who died in Aberd ire, as compared with the returns for Meithyr and Dawdais, where the medical staff's are, we presume, quite as efficient, shows that at Aberdare, many cases ot diarrhoea must have been entered as cholera. 1 he total number of deaths in the three divisions of the disti-ict is- TOTAL. Attacked. D.'ad. Merlinr 54# Dowlais 423 179 Aberdare 208 3.3 1!) G 11 702 o MERTHYR POLICE COURT.-SATL-RDAY. [before H. A. Bruce & W. Thomas, Esqrs.] } fcdinund Ilees, Edward Ioites George and Samuel I a'cv, were summoned for neglecting to remove or cleanse a foul gutter running through their premises at l'edvvran Faeh Merthyr, after having received notices from the Hoard of Uuar- dians to do so. From the evidence of Supt. Wrenn, it appeared taut a gutter, at the plnce of which the defendants were either owners or occupiers, situate at lVdwran Faeh, was iu a most lililiy condition, and tilled with all sorts of impurities to the depth of two I'eet. It is a small neighbourhood, and upwards of twenty persoas had died of cholera in it. Mr. Frank James appeared to prosecute the case on the part of the guardians, and the services of the proper notices and the summonses hav- ing been prjfed, an order was made upon the defendants to cleanse aud cover the gutter in forty-eight hours and ,iv the costs. w Thomas Davies, charged by Mary Daniel with disobeying an order of aliihatiuu, v.as ordered lo pay arrears; having been i,| lie was excused costs. ° William Harrison, charged with having left his wife char'e- ahle to the parish of Aberdare, came to an arrangement with the parish ollicers. Several other cases were adjourned, or settled out of court. MO\UAY.-[HeforeW. Thomas and G. It. Morgan, Wsqrs.] H ilhain Richards, collier, was charged with having assaulted I .C. U. ur_\ b mner. It appeared that the officer was called to turn the del< ndaut out of a chape! at Heol-gerrig, where he had gone in a state of int jxicution, and was disturbing the congre- gation. Upon getting him outs.de he commenced an attack on the officer, and struck him several blows. Fined JOs. and costs and in dolault committed for one month to hard labitir. James Jones, charged by Ann Evans witll being the father of her illegitimate child, was ordered to pay 2s 61. per week towards its m xijitoumico, and 3-i. (id. costs. James Era,is, ch.ug d by I' C l'oj ulen with having been drunk aud disorderly in the streets on Saturday ui.rilt was U.iL'd 5i. 0 C11 .MICM OF CANNIBALISM. — Thomas Thomas, alias "Tom the Swan," beerhouse-keeper, of Dowlais, was charged by Daniel King with having viulently assaulted him 011 the 1 Otli instant, and bitten a piece out of his ear. The complainant positively swore that the defendant after beating and kicking him severely, actually bit a piece out of his ear, and spit it out of his mouth upon the ground. Tiie complainant exhibited his ear, and it looked as though a piece iiad been bitten out; but as lie stated that a person who witnessed the transaction was ill, the case was adjourned for his attendance. William if iIliams and David Lewii, stewards of the Candle of W ales Benefit Society, were charged by James Abbot with i-elu^ing to pay him sick relief, to which he was entitled. Or- dered to pay the amount claimed and costs. WEDNESDAY.— [Uefore II, A. ISruce & W. Thomas, Esqrq.] Mary Dowd, wite ot Dennis Dowd, was charged with having stolen a piece of bacon from the shop of Mr. Muses Harris" Victoria-street. It appeared from the evidence of Mr. Elward II iriis, that the prisoner came to the shop for butter; he left the shop for a minute to get her a sample, and upon his return he missed a piece of bacon from the counter; after the prisoner left the shop lie followed and fnuud the piece of bacon under her apron. The prisoner, who stated that she bought the bacon of a woman, was committed for trial at the assizes. The Superintendent was understood to say that she had been cjn- victtnl in October last of a very similiir offoucc. 1 homas Davies, a miner, 55 years of age and a married man. was charged with having committed a gross outrage upon the person of a little girl named Ann Morgan, aged 10 years, at Abercanuid, on tlie 9th iust. i he evidence is of course unfit for publication. It clearly showed what the prisoner's intention was. but the evidence of Kdward Davies, Esq., exculpated him from the capital charge. The magistrates told him that although he would not be committed for the capital ollence, he w is clearly convicted of a common assault, and would be fined the highest penalty, of £ o, and iu default committed to Cardill* Gaol for two months, lie was locked up. William Edwards, of Aberdare, was charged by Ann Richards of Meithyr, with being the father of her illegitimate ehild, to which he pleaded guilty. Ordered to pay Is. Gd. per week towards its maintenance, and costs. Betsy Caswell was charged by Margaret Smith with having assaulted her on the 16th July. This was one of the numerous cases brought before the bench that arise at the Pistyli" (water spout) where, from the scanty supply of water, large numbers of women are congregated waiting fur their turn, many hours both day and night, and all sorts of scandal and brawlin" is there indulged in by them. The evidence in this case was°so conflicting that the magistrates were compelled to dismiss it. David David, char.;ed with having assaulted John Lynch at Dowlais, on the 17th inst., was fined 5,. and costs. John Davies, labourer, charged with having deserted his wife and family, whereby they became chargeable to the parish of Merthyr, was committed for one month to hard labour.

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MONMOUTH SHIRE.

BRECON SHI RE.

CORRESPONDENCE.

Family Notices

P O R I OF C A. H. D IFF.

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