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POET RY.

LITERARY VARIETIES. ,.-

I CORRESPONDENCE.

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CORRESPONDENCE. NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. «;lnj—Turnpike-gate riots, almost in every respect similar to the Rebecca riots, took place in Bristol and it vicinity in July and August 1749 Colliers from Kingswood, country people from Gloucestershire and Somersetshire, assembled, many naked with their faces blacked, and destroyed the gates at Bedminster, Ashton, Don John's Cros,, Dundry, Backwell, Nailsca, Redclifle, Totterdown, Teasford and Bath lioads, Hanham, Kingswnod, Stoke's Croft, &c., &c. They called themselves Jack-a-Lents, and had the letters J. L. on their hats and caps. They destroyed some houses, and were only stopped by the arrival of six troaps of Dragoon Guards, when the principal rinKleaders Derrick, Cox, Robert Price, Walter Fitzharding, Pierce Robins, and others, were apprehended, and sent off in postchaUes with armed escorts to Ilchester gaol.* From my old files. A PARMER. A letter wis drawn up by the citizens of Bristol to the Duke of Newcastle, Secretary of State, requesting his Grace to order the speedy trials of the several prisoners in the several gaols of the city for the same offence. —————<-————— PRICE OF SHOES. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SIR,—Several students of your neighbourhood have lately been engaged in answering aritlimetic.il questions. I wish that either of these, or some other person would solve the following enigmaAbout thirty years ago bar!: was worth £12 a ton at the port of Cardiff (it had been a little before as high as £14) hides were then varying from 4d. and 5d. to as high as 7d. per pound. In December 18-i S, bark was £3 per ton at the port of Cardiff; and Mr. J. W. Hall, of that town, paid for hides (and we believe it was the general price) the wretched price of ONE PENNY per pound and yet shoes and boots, to the composition of which bark and hides so mainly contribute, are as high in price now as when these materials were four times dearer and when there was a heavy duty on leather (now removed )!! The enigma to be solved is, where does the fraud exist ? Is it to be laid at the door of the tanner, the currier, or the shoemaker ? The poor working man is, no doubt, shame- fully treated,—the reduction of bark to a price which will not pay for stripping—the reduction of hides to a price which will scarcely pay their conveyance to market, and the re- raoval of the duty on leather, are no benefit to him. A satisfactory explanation of this apparently scandalous state of things will oblige your Constant Reader, A KIBBOR FARMER. INSPECTOR OF SCHOOLS FOR WALES. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SiB,—Tbe Blue Book" discussion, and the memorials recently addressed to the Government upon the propriety of appointing gentlemen fully competent to the above oflice, have found a response in the selection of the Rev. Henry Longueville Joues, of Beaumaris, M.A. Some folk are never pleased, and this case is no exception to the rule, for the Gazette had no sooner announced the appointment, than an article appeared in the Carnarvon Herald, declaring it an insult to the Principality, that Mr. Jones was no Welshman, and that he did not understand Welsh The Premier's declaration that the memorialists' wishes should have attention, led the country to believe, that a tit and proper person would be selected, and that my country- men may be informed on this poiut, particular inquiries have been made respecting Mr. Jones and I have pleasure in thinking, that, as regards the qualifications of an untried man, the selection made by the Government will prove satisfactory. The Privy Council required of the candidates that they should have taken high mathematical honours, including the differential and integral calculus; Mr. Jones, of course, passed this examination, for he was a Wrangler at Cam- bridge, twice Public examiner for degrees in that University, and many years Lecturer in his own College, Mr. Jones is still further qualitied by practice, for he conducted a Grammar school at Manchester for several years. Thus much for Mr. Jones's ability for office. As respects the nationality of this appointment, Mr. Jones is descended from, and connected with, some of the oldest families in Denbighshire and Flintshire; and since the attack in the Carnarvon paper, Mr. Jones has officiated in Welsh in one or other of the Churches in Anglesey, and especially in his own parish, Llandigfan Moreover, with Mr. Jones originated the establishment of tha Cambrian Archaeological Association, and its able expo. nent, the Cambrian Archaeological Journal. In common with many others, I feel ashamed of thii grumbling at a good appointment by the Crown, and I have been thus particular, because justice to the Country, to the Government, and to the character of the Gentleman appointed, demands it. Sincerely trusting that this appointment is but a fore- runner of many other benefits to be conferred on our long- neglected land, I remain, Sir, yours, obediently, ONE WHO WISHES TO SEE FITTING MEN IN PUBLIC OFFICES. Swansea, Jan. 1, 1849. THE MERTHYR GAS-WORKS. To the Editor of the Cardiff <$* Merthyr Guardian. SIR,-For the last month or six weeks I have been anxiously expecting a letter in your valuable paper, treat- ing on the subject that I now address you but although many complain, few seek to remedy. This has rendered it an imperative duty for me to lay the case before the public. Begging pardon for the presuuiptiom of intru- ding upon your columns, I beg to submit my complaint to your readers. What is complained of is the impurity of the gas manufactured iu Merthyr; so impure, that it is absolutely dangerous to be in a confined room lighted by gas. This calls for remedy; for it is a well-known fact that we pay more for gas in Merthyr than any other town in the principality. Situated as we are, surrounded by coal, one might fancy that it would be cheaper here; but alas! it is vice versa. But even the price would not be complained of, if the gas were pure. Every medical man will, I am sure, coincide with me when I state that it will, unless remedied, lay the foundation of many a pul- monary complaint. Doubt itt Look but for one mo- ment at the large drapers' shops in this town heated by gas, and tbe young men have to suffer the nauseous smell from five to ten Humble as this letter may be, Mr. Editor, I hope it will tend to inquiry in the right quarter, and effectually answer my and fellowtownsmeu's expec- tations. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, A SUFFERER. HEWITT TOWN. NEAR NEWBRIDGE. To the Editor of the Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian. SIB,—Having read in your paper of last week that some person had noticed the state of the road from Newbridge to Llantrissent, I beg you to insert a few facts, which I am compelled to feel in pocket as well as see, for the last three years. The water has been more often ruuning through the ruts that are in the middle of the road than through the gutters intended for its course. The dirt scraped off the road has been left for six months without being taken away, and the same dirt has beer. scraped four or live times in heaps, and allowed to remain until it would be worked by the travelling of carts over a second coating of stones. The case is so at present for half a mile from Penyrhi w to Hewitt Town. They bave been particular at times for the stones to be cut, to pass through a ring of small size, and at the same time, or at any time, I can take my tools to work at stones that are on the middle of the road, some of which will weigh a ton, or you may cut from one of ttie«e stones about 4,W0 of the size which they allow. Why not pay for cutting these stones instead of paying for carrying stones from a long distance, especially as the stones are required so small! A horse worth at least JE30 was killed owing to the cart upsetting in the ruts referred to in your last week's paper. If all that ought to be made public were mentioned, the GUARDIAN itself would be too small to contain it. I will, therefore, leave it at present, as I intend, if I can, to indict the road, if something be not done soon which ought to be done. Yours, respectfully, Jan. 1st. JACOB MORGAN, Penyrhiw. TITHE COMMUTATION. TO THE EDITOR OF THE TIMES. SIR.As your agricultural, as well as clerical readers, may feel anxious to know the result of the averages for the seven years to Christmas last, which has been published in the London Gazette of this evening, viz., s. d. Wheat 6 10[ per imperial bushel Barley 4 li ditto Oats 2 ditto I beg to state for their information that each Jfc.103 of rent-charge will, for the year 1849, amount to £100 3s. 7|J., or nearly 2 per cent, lower than la-t year. The following statement from my Annual Tithe Commu- tation Tables will show the value of CIOOof rent-cliarge for I beg to state tor their information tbat each Jfc.103 of rent-charge will, for the year 1849, amount to £ 100 3s. 7|J., or nearly 2 per cent, lower than la-t year. The following statement from my Annual Tithe Commu- tation Tables will show the value of J £ 100of rent-cliarge for each year since the passing of the Tithe Commutation Act, viz, For the year. £ s. d. For the year. £ s. d. 1837 98 13 9J 1815 103 17 lli 1838 97 7 11 1S45 102 17 8* 1838 97 7 11 1S45 102 17 8l 1839 95 7 4t 1847 99 18 10* 1S10 98 15 9J 1818 102 1 0 1S41 102 12 1849 101) 3 7} 1842 105 8 2i i ——————— 1»43 105 12 2^ 13) 1,317 0 81 1844 104 3 5j General average for the last 13 years £ 101 (j 2 j I ain, Sir, your obedient servant, CHARLF.S M. WILLICil. 25, Suffolk-street, Pall-mall, Jan. o.

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